A Thematic Commentary On The Quran #01

Moutasem al-Hameedy


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flames Miller Honda Rahim hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayidina Muhammad, Allah Allah He was happy he has remained well that I do. So I would say officially, officially This is the first

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segment in the series which we named thematic commentary on the Quran. It's a thematic commentary on the Quran. And this will try to basically detect something or seek something which is the seamless flow of the Divine Wisdom. In the words of the Quran.

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We said the Quran is internally consistent, very interconnected.

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And at a shallow kind of approach or reading the Quran might be challenging, because it might seem to be random in its presentation of certain ideas, and treatment of certain issues. But there is a beautiful flow, but it does not yield itself easily. And we said it requires a lot of investment in order to arrive at that. So since we spoke last week, I've been putting a lot of thought in this and

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actually thought to do something that I believe will be very useful. We said we will start taking or dealing with the sorrows of the Quran right from the beginning from salty, fatty Halbach Allah, Allah Imran so on and so forth, to saltiness. And I thought just two

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which is the classical way. And I thought, let's do it slightly different this time. And what we're going to do, we're going to actually take two rounds with the Quran. First round, we're going to take a very short, quick overview over the main themes, or the central themes of every surah.

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So probably in two three segments, we'll be able to cover the whole Quran. So we'll go from Surah Fatiha to saltiness. just mentioning the Surah, the central theme, or what we believe to be the foundational verse in it, that all the other verses basically

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stem from it and feed back into it at the same time. So this should give us quite a like a good overview

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into the sources and what There's main themes are

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just a reference the scholars of the of the past did not

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write exclusively or specifically on this topic, the themes of the Quran the themes of the source, but you will find a lot of segments in the books of Tafseer. Specifically, you will find in

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and of syrup Barbary, you'll find a lot of hints and a lot of side notes about issues like this. You will find them finding the Tafseer of the Pharaohs of El Pharaohs Abadi as well, one of the scholars of language and tafsir. He also has a lot of beautiful hints. You will find

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someone who's slight consider him to be contemporary. He's from the 20th century, the famous Tunisian professor and scholar of the MacArthur said UCLA had been assured by him and I showed him as a beautiful powerful div zero babalons, which is called the Harrier with 10 wheel. It's a very profound tafsir. And every student of knowledge should have access to this book should read through this book. It's quite enlightening. It's actually it's a game changer for those who study to see it.

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So there are hints but

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as I said, the majority of the oldest call of the classical scholars, as called as a vote, did not write about this, they went into each verse broke it down spoke linguistically, from a film perspective,

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from a soul effect perspective,

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an historical sometimes tweeting thing historically or chronologically, and so on and so forth. But

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to have something completely on what the scholars these scholars call us to call Maqasid, or sewer, so what we call the central theme of a surah, which is an Arabic, el mundo, AC or del Mobile a year, which is the unity of the theme in a surah is called by the classical scholars MCQ pseudo Surah OMA Casa de sewer, the main intent behind the surah which is the theme, the main theme behind the surah. And if you remember those who were with us last last week, we said one of the scholars who really attempted to do a great job

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With this is an enamel Buckeye, right? And one recalls the name of his book

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Jim Adora right Gemma adore of it, and I would love them outdoor fitness when it was sold. Basically piecing together these

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precious stones are the gems, which are

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basically how the verses and the surahs connect together. He has another book, which is a smaller book. So this book is about eight, I think eight or nine volumes, the one way, which is another Medora, he has another book, which is more of a shorter version of this. And it's called to say don't never finish raffia Lama Casa de sua, he says, looking from above, like getting a vintage point be good vintage point over the intense of the source. And he actually makes a segment or a section for each solar chapter of each Surah, the number of the verses, the main theme of the verse, and then he moves to talk about the merits of the verse. And then he explains a little bit for

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about, let's say, 1520 pages of the longer swirl like source, local Quran, Allah Emraan. With a shorter source, obviously, it's shorter, and then he moves on. So it's quite systematic. It's not like his bigger version, the bigger book, which is very detailed. So we're going to use it and I have to, you know, I have to be clear from now. This is a learning process even for me. So I'm going through a process of learning and I'm sharing with you. I've been for a binder quiet for quite some time. And I've been struggling with a memory but it is not easy to deal with. Like sometimes I can't see his point how he picks this to be the main theme of the surah. It really doesn't make sense to

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me. But this is one of the great scholars of Tafseer and language.

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And again, you have scholars, we have contemporary scholars.

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chef Dr. Musa yar.

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Anyone heard of thrombocytopenia? So anyone today who started studies the science of the Quran, a normal Quran. The classical book, the standard book, standard textbook on this is written by Dr. Musa yar

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every student of knowledge who studies the Aloma Quran, the sciences of the Quran, they have to study his book. It is like it is the default textbook for any student of knowledge who has to study this. So he says that trying to find the main theme of a surah and for every surah he says

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Allah Yehuda Ali come in a couple of he says sometimes this is going too far. Because sometimes it's not easy to find something like this. Then he says we're fee he has a little holier than Allah He behind him. And there it's a slippery road. Cuz it might a person might say something about Allah or about the Bukoba of Allah, which is not necessarily accurate.

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Okay, so as we are talking about these things, we have to clarify right from the outset. These are attempts of scholars, these are ways to see how the ideas connect together. So this is a human effort. It is a human effort. But is it helpful, extremely helpful, when it brings the surah together for you in one unity, it makes it easier for you to read through it to enjoy it to see the connections because our minds or brains work on connections. If things are not connected, they're not relevant. So these kinds of connections, they help you with understanding and comprehension, and they help you most importantly with memorization, her father of the Quran, by the way, some of them

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they create mind maps of how the themes connect.

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And when transitions happen from one theme to the other, it helps them when they when they rehearse that often. It makes their memorization more stable because they have a map as to where they're moving.

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you also find for example, Dr. Masada Yara speaks about he says the verses of the Quran

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with the shorter ones Kosala sewer, the shorter lugs inches and salt in Nassau little falak sorta Samad salted calculon He says most of the shorter sorrows, they have one theme.

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One single theme, the whole surah is about one theme.

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Like for example, on hula hula had

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Salta Summit. And the theme of our summit is a floss a toe hate which is sincerity to Allah singling out Allah with our intentions and our actions.

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And he says then with the longest sorrows which are longer than that, and the longest sorrows,

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some of the, I would say, slightly long sorrows. They have also won

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theme, some of them an example is Surah, to neighbor, and Madarsa alone. Surah number has one theme treats one theme, and this is a death, resurrection. The next life.

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It's all about this. There are supporting themes, but it's completely about one theme. But then he says the longer sorrows have more than one theme. And more than one thing, but it's not difficult, even for those longer sewers, to actually bring the pull the strings together and bring them connect the dots in a way where you can find all of these themes that are so raw seem seems to be dealing with fragments really, they actually connect to one thing, and that's what we will try to do here in this class insha Allah to Allah. Again, I'm happy to see some some of you have the notebooks some of you have the translation of the Quran, some of you have the notepads or whatever, and I'm assuming

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if you have your tablet or your notepad that you're actually has have a text to look at, or you're taking notes.

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As I said, it will be extremely helpful, this class will be helpful for those who want an opportunity to go over the Tafseer of the Quran.

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This class will help to serve as a peaceful for them. So they can pace their reading, as they follow with us can follow with us and they can do their reading and I recommended that you either follow tafsir Ibn katheer is available in English, which is the abridged version is available in English. The same theory that's in English is not the full version by the way. It's an abridgment

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or time series study, which I believe came out last year or two years ago, which is extremely valuable and beautiful.

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if anyone wants an English source

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there is a book by Sheikh Mohammed Al Ghazali hum Allah Tada. It's called an Arabic network of Syrian mobile Al Quran towards a thematic understanding of the Quran. It's it's a one volume book, and it's been translated into English and the translation. Sometimes it's better than the original text. This is one of the rare occasions where you find that translator actually does more than justice to the original text. I'll get you the name of the

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of the translation. I'll get you the name of the translation. I believe it's available online of the book. But if you put Mohamed lazarey thematic tafseer or thematic, thematic tafsir you're going to find it the English translation is although Sheikh Mohammed LaSalle is extremely eloquent, he writes so beautifully one of the best styles of all time in my personal assessment, he's not only it wasn't only for pay, but he was also an excellent writer and he wrote so many books more than 100 books.

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So the translator has written the book in English in a way that I would say even like supersedes the original book in Arabic so so that's helpful. So again, anyone who wants to do their own Tafseer I definitely recommend that they use this class as a pacer. It will help them because when you read on your own, it's easy to sometimes you know put off and postpone and sometimes get distracted but if there is some kind of Halaqa or some kind of

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a structure that helps you keep up with I think that will that will be a good a good as good as good assistance inshallah. So again, another another thing so as we will be doing this with with the Quran, which is a thematic commentary on the Quran, I will be going over a small book

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written by she had the Romans Sadie she has documented Sadie is the teacher of Abner Athenian or him Muhammad Allah.

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He wrote a beautiful, simple book, easy book on some of the principles on tafsir the principles that will help us

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you know, interpret the Quran. These are the foundational principles of the ancient exegesis of the Quran relative zero of the Quran. And they're extremely important and helpful.

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And I'm going to actually use the commentary on that text which is a very short commentary from his own students Jacob North Ami. So a few few have access to the Arabic language. Probably it's probably translated into English is it translated into English and one has come across this? I think it's been translated into English even said these principles of Tafseer I think they have been translated into English share from north they mean made us very short commentary on it, and he calls it a Telugu Allah Allah hadal Hassan Animoto Hello kabhi tafsir Al Quran Italia Kyla commentary on our added Hassan the beautiful principles

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Are the pupae beautiful Maxim's

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relating to the Tafseer of the Quran

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so the class will be made up of two segments. I'm not going to probably spend 10 minutes on this I will read and translate into English make very short commentary and our main class or main halacha will be on our discussion on the thematic commentary on the Quran. So I will start with the principles of Tafseer insha Allah hota Hana

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Smilla Rahmanir Rahim Colin Morley fidelity Schaffer Allah Abdul Rahman bin Nasir said you're allowed to add a few more Demetri, Qatari

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son and Motorola kabhi tafsir Al Quran

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Al hamdu lillahi Mahama don't want us to know when to stop you don't want to talk about your human at all the bIllahi min surely and fusina will see you at your Medina Johan de la who further mobula will make your blood further heard the EULA. What should I do Allah Allah Allah Allah azza wa jal actually Kyla wash I don't know Muhammad Abdul Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa early he wants to be he will send them out to Sleeman, Kathira and Matador. So this says that Chef commandments Sadie says in the introduction to his book, which is titled The beautiful Maxim's relating to the Tafseer of the Quran, he praises Allah subhanaw taala and he mentions

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and he says for her that he was sold on WakaWaka feet of serial Quran And Kareem gelida to Mecca dar Lima to Nephi Torino kadhi Amida Allah Michaela Mila he will at the end he will go to her adjure lumen was for her in the abdomen booklet of Syria woman hygiene for me and Allah He may or Engel Allah cathedra Minetta facility helliya We had him Huth enough here. He says, These are principles and Maxim's about the Tafseer on the Noble Quran, they are great in their value. And their benefit is huge.

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They help the one who reads them and contemplates them these rules, to understand the words of Allah and to be guided by them.

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And the reality of these principles is far more profound than their weddings.

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Because these principles, they open for the person, the paths to Tafseer and provide and provide him with a methodology and a structure to understand from the words of Allah, what will be very beneficial in understanding the books of Tafseer.

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Or joola has a look who and he attended Mr. Sadhana mean ilardi He and your team and that was something that you like the hallway after Helen I mean, has there any god he will count on me he may Hakuna suburban delusory either me nothing will who didn't count. I mean, he says when we ask Allah, that Allah completes for us and fulfills for us our intent, our intention behind this and the reason behind this book. And we ask Allah subhanaw taala to show up on us or to show us with His blessings and his generosity and to give us whatever will be a reason for us or a means for us to attain beneficial knowledge and complete guidance. Where Adam and Eve Siri alumi validate lock follow

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what Oh, Joe boo ha ha ha il Allah and Allah Amma rabita booty Kitabi with difficulty V Mahoney with at the EBIT where ethna me and Abby daddy Khawaja Allah Humphrey Island, Marathi are at home SNL ma Hibben. He's saying and know that the science of Tafseer is the highest of all sciences.

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And it is the best and the most obligatory

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and the one that Allah loves the most is because Allah subhanaw taala commanded us to contemplate his book and to try to understand its meanings and to take guidance from its verses. And Allah praise the ones who engage in that effort. And Allah made them in the highest ranks and Allah promised them the highest rewards. Fellow un*able Abdul Jabbar here are Ohmori Hey, if you had fun Nila Mia Candela caca Theon PGM Bhima who have little metallic Aragon Mikasa do azul also equally her record either to SRT Dean masala moody Dean with dunya will ask you what kind of hatred Abdi is a health and below that will fade you what what we will hear it will be up to you I just saw

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the hat. He's saying he's saying so if a person spends his own light his whole life and the most precious, you know periods of his life, studying this science, this would not be too much

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because of the due to the the virtue and the merit of this

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Science, which is the greatest of all endeavors and is the principle of all principles and it is the foundation of the pillars of the deen

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and it is a means to rectifying the matters of the deen and the dunya and the Ashura and if a person follows it, then a person's life would be full with guidance, goodness and mercy and a godly life and righteous deeds.

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For National an umbilical our ID what the wobbly Halawa ages Allah the sob hillock so the unknown even fatter headed abdiel Babauta had to end the whole ADA with a double album inhabited that he empty letting to obliqua whatever you know, haha woman has ya. Let me that ILAs Yeah, that was mostly what Kathy FLCL when I said when you meet, then I'll be hanging out for you what oh Philippi when the Jelena had in the in the money, he will call me. He's saying let's get into the principles

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in a way that that is characterized by brevity, its brief, is brief. So he's saying isn't we're not going to expound we're not going to go into great lengths.

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He's saying, we're just going to mention what is beneficial be to the point because if Allah opens the door of knowledge for someone, and Allah facilitates the way for a person to learn, and a person takes a few examples, there are applications of the rule

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and the person figures out the methodology, then there is no need for more explanation and for wasting time with more elaboration.

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And he says, We ask Allah subhanaw taala to help us with his support and assistance and his blessings and we ask Allah to make us from those who are guided and those who are guiding others. Now I won't necessarily read everything say from nothing mean says because these words don't need a lot of clarification. But children I mean, says can have no Masada nobody Allahu Anhu Jaco lo Allah more than tonight Who ebuild Allah Moby Kitab Allah him in need of help to La he

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drew Moscato the Allahu Anhu used to say, if I know someone knows more about the book of Allah more than me,

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and like camels reach him, basically I have access to that person, I would travel and go to that person. And that shows that the love and the keen desire to learn more about the Quran, although he was the most knowledgeable of the Quran, among like, generally speaking among the companions, because he asked the Prophet SAW Selim about everything in the Quran.

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So he says, If I find someone who knows more, I would travel to them.

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Call it the Tula

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the first rule

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or the first principle is is called lumen Salah chapati upon what Amelia Island was at her home in Abu Dhabi here was a hill mostly Lottie Lee fella with the new Fleetway and Jack amakhala. To Allah will double your time in Abu Dhabi here. He's saying Whoever follows or takes away or a path

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or does something does a certain deed and approaches it

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in the right way, approaches this thing in the right way through the right gates,

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then this person is bound to arrive and get what they seek, as Allah subhanaw taala says, and enter the houses through their doors through the doors. What could Lama aluminium autolube occur the hurdle amaro what a general term Anthony what is an authoritarian lucidity, mostly that theory he will arrive and none of you who are humble are more divergent to what he's saying. And whenever

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what you're seeking is, is great than this advice to follow the right path. To take the right means to everything, it becomes more incumbent and becomes more necessary

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because such ways will help you complete your research in the best ways and will make you arrive at your destination make you get what you want. And he's saying there's no doubt that will we are engaged with now wishes to see it and the principles of Tafseer is one of the loftiest and most important things

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for element and how the Quran Allah Aleem and Zillah hula hula he dieted Hulk they were shot at him one now if he couldn't be worked in was a man in your shoe in Ohmori work Huami her in her Khurana. Yeah, the reality ACOEM he says know that this Glorious Quran was revealed by Allah subhanaw taala for guiding the creation and showing them the way and that in every place and every time it leads to the most guided of ways and

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More straight of paths. In the huddle Quran I had the realty here at one has insulted Islam this Quran indeed leads to the most Street for Allah Nassim Taleb coma Anna Killa Mila he come out to La da who Sahaba while the Allahu Anhu for in a home can or either. Oh, ashleigh Yeah 10 o'clock let me eliminator Jr was who had the format, let's see him in an email and he will tell me Well, for one zero and while while they're

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saying people have to learn the meanings of the words of ALLAH, just like the companions did, or the Allahu Anhu. They used to recite or read or learn 10 verses at a time.

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And they would not go beyond that they will not move on to another set of 10 verses until they have

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whatever these verses indicate in terms of faith, Eman on terms of knowledge and information and in terms of action, and they would use these verses to understand their present reality and their conditions.

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For you, I tell people, no matter what led him in, well, we're in Kaduna, the our media whenever he had, where you don't if he had me on my shadow nominal, Howard if he will walk or anyone will do that TV him while you're at him.

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So they would believe in every thing the Quran says the words of the Quran say like the news about previous nations, about matters of the unseen about Allah about the Day of Judgment, they would believe in everything they told.

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And they would follow all the commandments and avoid all the prohibitions,

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and they would frame their reality.

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And whatever incident incidents happen in their life, they would frame that with the words of the Quran. So their words so the Quran the words of the Quran become become the lens through which they understand reality. Can someone deal with

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Well, you have Simona and foster home Hello Hunka Emona be here alone, and they would hold themselves accountable. Are they upholding these words of the Quran and staying true to them? Or are they falling short? Or are they not giving them the rights? What k factorial either 30 I didn't know more enough. Yeah, we're Aja de mana Casa Minha okay for the Hello. So Mina O'Meara, Barbara

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and they would also seek the ways to remain steadfast and consistent on the things that are beneficial.

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And see, wherever they, wherever they have a deficiency, they would make it up and fix it. And they would find ways to get rid of the harmful things. But yet they don't be rude to me, Hey, we're gonna be here we'll be here. So they would be guided by the knowledge and the information in the Quran. And they would seek to embody the character that is preached in the Quran and the etiquettes that are taught in the Quran, where Allah subhanahu wa Bucha min early mill Rabee was shahada more Joan at him Omotola gonna be married Fatima Honey When Emily be my octopi. So they, they know that this is these are words addressed to them from the one who knows the seen and the unseen, and that they

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are required to understand its meanings and to act upon its guidance. Feminine Celica topicality selaku, Wajid though which had defeated the booty kala Mila, in fact, in fact, in fact, shahada Holy Bible or Abba movie Elmet tafsir worker we refer to who was there that basura to who is saying, so whoever follows this way, which was taken by the companions, and

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worked hard and exerted themselves in reflecting on the words of Allah.

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Then the biggest door or the greatest door to tafsir will open to that person.

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And their knowledge will strengthen and their insight meaning in the Quran into the Quran, the meanings of the Quran, will will grow we're still gonna be heavy hit believe it and Kathy tickle lowfat were inevitable who will hurry Jiya were hustles on either Canada I mean, Lulu mill Halabi Yeti journeyman, we were Canada who Imam on what Imam bcrta Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what huali Hema only he had

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In Nevada acabado winning alcohol mobile app, he's saying. So a person who does that follows the wave of the companion, the wave of the companions will be alone, it would suffice him it would be enough for him and it would save him from getting into issues of great technicality that have little benefits and issues that serve as distractions, some discussions, discussions that serve as distractions, and sometimes you read in a book, and sometimes, you know, the writer or the author flies off at a tangent, right, they start talking, they take a digression, they start expounding on something, and then you lose the, you know, the, the consistency of thoughts and the continuity of

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your of the ideas. So he's saying, if you take the waves of the wave of the companions, and understand that I've seen reflecting on the words of Allah subhanaw taala, you don't need a lot of the technicality that will just serve to distract you and is more of a digression.

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And he says,

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especially if this person has taken a good share, or a fair share of the knowledge of the Arabic language.

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And that person had a good fair understanding, a comprehensive a comprehensive understanding of the Sierra or the life of the prophet saw Salem, and how he dealt on his like his affairs and how he dealt with his companions and friends and how he dealt with his enemies. He's saying all of these elements help you understand the Quran

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and he says what matter it Mullah Abdul under Quran if you hate to be an equally shy one who carried on with me and massage him obey you know Allah, Hassan Ali Hassan and Madonna equally her. Would you rather have the editor loose behind ie when a Zilla had actually worked? In Hadith in Serbia in Oh La, la la held on the whole Ala Moana. Okay, how could throw tufa at her with a Malatya he's saying and whenever the person knows that the Quran contains guidance about everything. Quran gives you answers about everything. And that the Quran is enough to cover all of

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all of the sources of benefits all of the Masada and it clarifies them and the means to them. And it actually encourages the Quran encourages to get the beneficial things and it advises against the bad things. And whoever keeps this principle in front of them, like their guide, keep it as their guide. And which is basically the Quran is enough for everything. That's the principle he's talking about the Quran is sufficient, it has the guidance,

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then whoever has this principle

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as their guide, and they try to apply it on every situation, whether present or even future or expected, then

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the enormity and the potential of this principle will start to reveal itself and the benefits of it will reveal themselves. Why? Because once you are under the impression that the Quran does not present answers, you're not going to invest in it. If you are under the impression the Quran does not answer contemporary issues, you're not going to invest in it you're gonna go to YouTube, right? Or you will go to

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any any kind of website, you know, Wikipedia or you will go to anything to find answers will go to experts. But

00:33:33--> 00:33:40

if you are, if you have the belief, if you have the certainty that the Quran has guidance for everything

00:33:42--> 00:33:58

then you will invest in the Quran, you start to search for the answers in the Quran. And oftentimes some you know, there's, I would say a naive question or an obnoxious question comes about, okay, what does the Quran say about you know,

00:33:59--> 00:34:06

iPhone x 10, right or whatever? Or galaxy? S 10. Right, whatever.

00:34:08--> 00:34:12

Okay, this is an eighth question. Because the Quran

00:34:13--> 00:34:57

gives guidance about the most important issues about life. Because five years from now, you probably won't have your Galaxy extend right? It will be history. The Quran deals with the bigger issues. And even the Quran tells you how to deal with your phone by the way, and even tells you what phone to buy, but you need to invest. It does tell you but because we said if you remember last week we said the Quran does not only give direct guidance, immediate guidance about things do this do that. The Quran builds a reservoir of wisdom within you if you invest in it, which builds a background a very powerful framework or background for you. And a worldview that will help you navigate almost every

00:34:57--> 00:34:58

aspect in your life.

00:34:59--> 00:35:00

Almost there

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

Every aspect in law I'll give you an example very simple example.

00:35:04--> 00:35:23

Allah Subhan Allah says, Allah decree in controllata, Allah mon asked the people of knowledge, if you do not know, let's say you want to you got interested into in photography, you want to learn how to start shooting and taking photographs and imagery and the cameras and all these you know

00:35:24--> 00:35:31

all the ins and outs of photography as as as a as a profession, you will know about that.

00:35:33--> 00:35:48

This is the Quran tell you anything about this, it does, it gives you the goddess says, First, I had a decree in contaminated I'm gonna ask the people of knowledge if you do not know. And the people of knowledge is not like your your classmate because they have a couple of cameras.

00:35:50--> 00:36:28

It's not someone who knows a little bit more than you do about about photography, you go to the people have knowledge you go, who's the highest authority who are like, you can go online here, right? Who has the best online course on photography, who's offering who's in town offering the best kind of training on photography, you go and take that. So the Quran does give you guidance about all of this. So again, sometimes a person is shallow in their understanding and they want to sort of ask questions and think a like, okay, the Quran doesn't give you guidance about every everything. Well, I mean, sorry, if if that's how you understand things, then see you maybe in 20 years, hopefully you

00:36:28--> 00:36:30

will be a little bit more mature, hopefully.

00:36:32--> 00:36:33

Okay, so.

00:36:35--> 00:36:57

So this is the first principle, which is basically and what I find here is to be too, so first following the way of the companions and understanding of the Quran, which is to the Quran 10 verses or another narration five verses at a time, and reflect upon them, learn whatever is in them, and try to implement them and try to see the world through them.

00:36:58--> 00:37:37

Dig out the wisdoms to get the knowledge. And that you can't get that by I mean, a book of Tafseer and a commentary or classroom Tafseer can give you the basics about this. But for you to see your life through the verses of the Quran. What does that mean? It means you have to take time out of your schedule, you have to hold the book of Allah in your hands, you have to take these five verses, and you have to read them repeatedly, and reflect upon them and ask yourself questions. Not at a superficial level, but at the deep, profound level that basically has to do with the meaning of your life. What does that tell me?

00:37:40--> 00:37:45

How can I benefit from this? How does this relate to my life? How does this relate to my situation?

00:37:47--> 00:38:05

You take it personally, you take the Quran at a personal level. If you start doing that, then that's the way you that's the way of the companions, right. And the second thing, he said, keep in mind that the Quran, it has guidance about everything you truly need for honors guidance. So you believe in this is a principle

00:38:07--> 00:38:33

1010 kita, but to be an equally shade, as Allah Subhan Allah says, and we have revealed the book, it clarifies everything, and everything, it doesn't have to state everything could state the principle behind something. And it could be teaching you the wisdom that is necessary for you to handle a specific set situation or a technical situation. So the Quran does help you deal with life in that sense.

00:38:35--> 00:39:07

Okay, so that's the first principle. So we're going to stop here, and next week, inshallah we'll move on to the third year, or the second principle isn't Allah to Allah, and we will give some examples on it as well. So now we move on to the thematic commentary on the Quran. And again, I would say, as I said, I definitely recommend you guys get your own copy for this class on have a translation of the meanings of the Quran, get your own copy, if you can bring it here, it would be very helpful.

00:39:08--> 00:39:09


00:39:10--> 00:39:30

I would prefer that you actually read, I'm going to tell you what we will talk about what the verses are now we're just gonna go over the source. So it's hard for you to go like, cover 10 Jews in a week, I understand. But once we take the second round over the Quran, we start going over. And probably I was also thinking, by the way, I was questioning the speed Shall we cover?

00:39:31--> 00:39:58

As we said, initially, each juice in two months, and then brother hasn't made that announcement. And he just said, just a month. And actually I felt tempted that we could actually do a juice every month. It's it's it's quite, it's quite actually doable. I might be and I think it's actually more conducive to the style of the class rather than us going into more details. So we'd focus so let's say

00:40:01--> 00:40:13

Yeah, most likely will be able insha Allah to cover one juice every month. I think that's that will. It will not take us to a great length where some people will feel a little bit bored or overwhelmed.

00:40:14--> 00:40:44

Okay, the translation that I personally recommend, it can take any translation of the meanings, but the one I really recommend and I find it to be quite helpful and accessible to most people is the clear Quran which is by Dr. Mustafa hottub imam of Masjid Anatolia here in Mississauga, mashallah, he did quite a good job. May Allah reward him? There is different prints of this book. I prefer this one which has the Arabic and English some of them have the English ones only the English text

00:40:50--> 00:40:54

with a Class A Tafseer, I would definitely recommend even Saturday.

00:40:56--> 00:41:10

Yeah, they see it will carry him Rama did have zero of shame inside etc. Will Karima ramen. Again, it's one of the books that you can find everywhere, almost everywhere in Arabic. And as I said it was translated in English.

00:41:12--> 00:41:30

And he'd have saved that you can find as well you have access to you don't have to go and buy one. If you have one at home, you have access to one like a soft copy. still use it to follow use it to follow again, what are we doing? We're doing a commentary, we're not doing it have seen necessarily doing tafsir Okay,

00:41:31--> 00:41:36

so a few points inshallah as we start, so what I will do today, we will start talking about the main central

00:41:37--> 00:41:52

verse in each surah. And as I said, this is an effort I've been trying to, you know, work on for a while. And what I noticed from reading the some of the commentary by some scholars about what the main theme in a surah is, sometimes they differ.

00:41:53--> 00:42:03

Sometimes they differ, why? Because you will find in Surah, Al Baqarah, quite a lot of themes. And a lot of them are strongly present in the Surah. To say there is about five to six,

00:42:05--> 00:42:35

I would say major themes and sort of Bukhara you will find them. So one scholar will pick one of them as the most dominant, and then it will link the other themes to it as branching out from it. So we'll make it ticket as the reference point. Another scholar would take actually, another one of those five main themes. And they in their in their estimate, this is actually the the most central and soulful Bacara. And it sort of weaves everything together, threads everything together.

00:42:36--> 00:42:56

So they take it as the central theme and the other ones as branching out of it, and so on, and so forth. So it's quite flexible. As I said, it's a human effort, but it's extremely helpful. It's extremely helpful because it gives you a way, a framework to approach the surah and see how it flows and how it's unified. Okay,

00:42:58--> 00:43:05

so our class is a thematic commentary on the Quran, it's about the seamless flow of the divine wisdom.

00:43:08--> 00:43:56

So these are guidelines about the Quran, Quranic text that we have to keep in mind as we are going through this class. And these serve as foundational principles and as the guidelines that will help us organize our thoughts as we are going through, you know, the themes, the main themes in the Quran. So the Quran is perfect, the text of the Quran is purposeful, there's a reason behind it. There's a reason why everything is being said, why every word is put there. Why this verse comes after that verse, and why there is a specific sequence of verses why the sewers are ordered in this specific way. Why some Surah begins with a story then ends up you know, breaking down the story why

00:43:56--> 00:44:15

sometimes the principles are mentioned first and then the surah follows the reasons of the Quran is perfectly so there's nothing random about the Quran. And this is extremely important why because it helps us know that there is intent behind this order and this organization

00:44:16--> 00:44:43

so we search for it automatically when you know there is intent behind something you start trying to start searching for it. But if you just think it's random Hey, assaults on Bukhara just starts with okay Jellicle Kitab Allah fie the missions three types of people. Then it mentions about you know, people in Jannah and people in the Hellfire then it talks about the story of the creation of Adam, they just happen to be like this, they just happen to be like this. No,

00:44:45--> 00:44:58

this sequence is intentional, there is purpose behind his purposeful there is purpose. So what we try to do in this is actually try to get some of those purposes try to arrive at some of those purposes. Number two is systematic

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

systematic means it's very well connected, it's very well structured.

00:45:04--> 00:45:06

So there's nothing random.

00:45:07--> 00:45:42

There's no like gap in the Quran in the universe, or some kind of an abrupt jump, even what seems to us at a surface or the first glance, as as, as a, as a sudden change that might, some of us seem inappropriate, this is our own fault, we're not seeing the point. That kind of Swift change, again, is purposeful and is part of a system. So when we know that we try to see that system will try to detect the patterns or will help us three, the Quran is internally consistent.

00:45:43--> 00:46:24

Meaning there's no contradictions, there is no contradictions. So that means when there is a seeming contradiction on the surface, okay, that means we have to do a little bit more hard work, we have not understood the point. That's what it means. The Quran is internally consistent, not only in what it suggests in information, the Quran is consistent, even in its themes, themes are consistent. So a theme would support another theme, and a theme would pave the ground for another theme. So it's consistent, and all these themes, you know, form one unity, that's the internal consistency.

00:46:25--> 00:46:29

The Quran is cohesive, cohesive, in a sense,

00:46:30--> 00:46:57

that's the flow of ideas, the flow of ideas, so the transitions of the Quran, from one idea to the other from one story to the other, and then coming back to a principle then going back to our story, then coming back to the same principle, then speaking about some details that have to do with this principle. Okay, all of these actually show a beautiful state of cohesion. And we are,

00:46:58--> 00:47:29

you know, we after this, we're going to chase that and we try to find it, we try to find the cohesion. All of these, by the way, are taken from one verse, a last one that says, Well, okay, and I mean, in the hydrilla, Hina, what you do 50 laugh and Kathy, if it were from other than Allah, which is the Quran, they would have found within it. If T Laffan is one of the very comprehensive words in Arabic, if the laugh means disorganization,

00:47:30--> 00:47:38

it means lack of fluency. It means contradiction. It means lack of cohesion, cohesion, and also

00:47:40--> 00:47:44

stylistic inconsistency, inconsistencies.

00:47:45--> 00:47:47

So all of these come from this verse.

00:47:49--> 00:47:55

The, the next principle is, the Quranic text is profound in its nature,

00:47:57--> 00:48:04

is profound in its nature. So oftentimes, people who have

00:48:05--> 00:48:10

something negative to say about the Quran or about a verse in the Quran or meaning of the Quran,

00:48:11--> 00:48:22

most of the time, their problem if like, if you inspect that carefully, you will find that it comes from lack of a profound understanding of what these verses are talking about.

00:48:24--> 00:48:34

So the Quran has a profound nature and we have to take it seriously. We have to take it seriously. So when Allah subhanaw taala, for example, says again,

00:48:35--> 00:48:55

when Allah says for several 100 degree in quantum law to the moon, as the people of knowledge, if you don't know, well, the surface meaning is basically Okay. When I don't know something about the religion, I ask people who have the knowledge and that's it. But if you take a more profound at the more profound level, Allah is saying ask the right people who have the knowledge and they can give you the guidance.

00:48:56--> 00:49:39

Allah thicker or not people of knowledge only added thicker are people of reminder where people have the Quran what does that mean? That means these are these are people who spent who devoted their life to the Quran. So it's not only knowledge they have, but they have embodied the Quran. They have embodied Islam. These are the people you ask because you're not only for after information, what you want is full guidance. And if the person does not embody that guidance, they cannot give you advice by the way. It's just like when you go to a bad lawyer, and they know all the loopholes in the law, right? Okay. And they basically they're gonna go against the law they're gonna go against the law

00:49:40--> 00:49:42

that's not people of the vicar.

00:49:43--> 00:49:53

These are not people who are thicker people have thicker are people who like their their passion into something that knowledge about something and they are so faithful to that kind of field.

00:49:54--> 00:49:59

So again, so you take it take a deeper Wow, that's profound. So that means in every area of my

00:50:00--> 00:50:09

Life, I go to the people who have mastered that kind of discipline or that area. These are the people that I go to. These are the people that I refer to.

00:50:10--> 00:50:51

So the Quran is deep in its nature. Now, the next principle is that it's natural. The Quran is natural. What does that mean? That has to do with our fitrah. The Quran addresses our nature or human nature. So it resonates with us, and we need to seek that resonance. We need to seek it, we need to find it and Allah subhanaw taala explains the mechanism of guidance. Allah says in the Quran, Thurman you read the letter who any idea who you are sure, so the Rahu the listener, whoever Allah wants to guide him, or her if Allah wants to go to person, a light expands their chest for Islam.

00:50:52--> 00:51:37

That was caused when they talk about this. And some of them are referred to reverse and solid and nor what Allah's Pantera says about Light upon light. And the scholars say this is the light of the footrot, which is already in the heart, this almost shining by itself without being lit without a fire. It's almost shiny by itself. It's like the oil of the olive tree. And that's the fistula. It's about to shine, even without any fire in the fire here in this verse is resembles the revelation, because it's the source of light. So the fitrah is almost shining and showing us the truth, almost even without the need of Revelation, but Allah still gave us the revelation.

00:51:38--> 00:52:16

So many scholars, when they spoke about expanding the chest, they said that's it when the human nature is their human nature is addressed by this revelation. So the Quran resonates with us resonates with our human nature. And it awakens human nature. So that in this indents this since the Quran is natural, so when we recognize the flow of the divine wisdom in the Quran, that will help us connect to the Quran at an organic level and a natural level rather than an intellectual level only. And that's the problem with many people when they study the Quran. For them, it's intellectual thing, okay, it's like they're studying mathematics, or physics.

00:52:17--> 00:52:46

The problem is that this this does not engage their hearts for them as accurate as academic work. But we want to take the Quran at an academic level, but also at a deeper level. So it connects to our house becomes more of a complete experience, more of a complete experience. And the last principle that we are going to have is that the Quran is complete. The Quran is a complete revelation, there's nothing missing, and there's nothing to be

00:52:47--> 00:53:07

complimented. Like, you know, there's nothing missing that you can complete and say okay, we have to add this we have to add that to Quran. This is the final version of the Quran and it's compatible, and it's consistent, it's coherent, and it flows beautifully. And there is no element missing, the whole recipe is there.

00:53:09--> 00:53:21

So we're going to keep these as guidelines inshallah as we move on. And here I want to start with salts and Fatiha so we're going to go over. So my approach here in this halacha will be to detect

00:53:23--> 00:53:28

the I would say, central verse, I'm leaning towards calling it the foundational verse.

00:53:29--> 00:53:34

And this verse harbors the central theme.

00:53:35--> 00:53:57

I'm not going to say the themes now, we're going to see and we're going to say the themes I will allude to the themes, I will allude to the to the themes, I will state them, I'll allude to the themes here, but I will state we will state the themes in the second round after we've done we've had the first go over the Quran with the second one Shala we're going to state the themes because we're going to work on them. So Surah Al Fatiha.

00:53:59--> 00:54:12

The central verses er can Abu do what he can to stay or Allah it is you that we worship and that you help that we seek everything in Surah Bacala feeds into this everything.

00:54:13--> 00:54:26

This verse whole Surah Al Baqarah together, connects it together. So it's an Fatiha connects it together. This verse, yeah, can I will do what he can to stain. So what's the theme?

00:54:27--> 00:54:29

Yeah, can I would?

00:54:30--> 00:54:38

Uh, yeah, can a stain. That's the central theme of Surah Al Fatiha everything in it has to do with that at Hamdulillah. Hanuman has to do with this.

00:54:39--> 00:54:43

Rahim has to do with this. You can trace it back to this.

00:54:47--> 00:54:58

Maliki only then feeds into this and comes out of that same thing had an assault on everything. So if you understand that central theme, you've got sort of

00:55:02--> 00:55:07

was the I would say the Yeah. You've got the syrup of solar cells.

00:55:08--> 00:55:09

The word

00:55:10--> 00:55:15

yes, you have the key definitely. But you have the concentrated solar cell fat.

00:55:16--> 00:55:20

So to speak, you have the concentration of Surah Al Fattah here it is

00:55:23--> 00:55:33

the yoke. Oh yeah. Okay. Oh yeah, you have you have the concentrate and you can dilute it later on as you studied. Okay, so that's Surat Al Fatiha.

00:55:36--> 00:55:37

Surah Al Baqarah

00:55:39--> 00:55:43

Surah Al Baqarah she has the longest surah in the Quran.

00:55:45--> 00:55:52

The central verse or the foundational verse in Surah Al Bacala. There is a mistake as I'm writing it as I wrote it with bat it's Yeah, okay.

00:55:53--> 00:56:03

Yeah, Johan Budo. Como Lydia, Hola, como la nina mon publikum, la la comme Takane. I'm going to be using this as this translation.

00:56:06--> 00:56:11

And this is verse number 21 in solitary Bukhara, verse number one, unsalted Bacala.

00:56:12--> 00:56:44

Everything in Surah, two Bacara is an explanation on this. Everything, whether it's themes, or with a singular verses, or stories, that explanation of this, of this verse. So verse number 21, the translation of the meanings or humanity, Allah is addressing all of humans so sort of Riverclan this sense is what is an address from Allah to humanity.

00:56:45--> 00:56:48

Allah is speaking to him as a message to humanity.

00:56:50--> 00:56:52

worship your Lord,

00:56:53--> 00:56:56

worship and your Lord

00:56:58--> 00:57:12

who created you and those before you those who came before you, so that you may become you might have taqwa, mindful of him. He is translated in mindful but Taqwa Toccoa is more

00:57:14--> 00:57:18

everything is also the baccarat has to do with this. Everything.

00:57:22--> 00:57:33

So it's an address to humanity is to everyone. So if you want someone Someone wants to know about Islam, and about what Allah wants from people in Islam, the better resort or

00:57:35--> 00:57:41

the better results look like for Muslim wants to know how to worship Allah or Buddha or bacame worship your Lord.

00:57:42--> 00:57:48

The Better go over Surah Al Baqarah understand it carefully, and they will know how to worship Allah.

00:57:49--> 00:57:53

Allah back home, if you want to know why you should worship

00:57:54--> 00:58:03

Allah, you better go to sort of deliberate because Allah gives you enough reasons and so as a Bukhara why you should worship and worship Him and as quoted in the word back home, your Lord.

00:58:05--> 00:58:12

Right? If you want to know the meaning of worship, it's in Surah, Al Baqarah, or Agudo, the meaning of a bad it's in Surah Al Baqarah.

00:58:14--> 00:59:03

halacha co created you so it's addressed to you. And those who came before you, humanity are under the same obligation. They share the same lineage, same ancestry, the same fate, the same experience. Those who came before you is the same experience. So you have a connection to the people who came before. And you have so much to learn from that human history. Keep that in mind, a human history, though, you and those who came before you shared human history. Now, come on, so that you may arrive at Taqwa what is dukkha. We will know what Taqwa means assault on Bacala tells you in detail what the core means we're going to break it down from saltan Bacara. And also there's a hidden

00:59:04--> 00:59:10

theme here, which is basically states of being like taqwa,

00:59:11--> 00:59:18

or earned their cause and effect in terms of behavior. So in a sense, you control your destiny.

00:59:19--> 00:59:23

Allah saying you want to have taqwa, you do this.

00:59:25--> 00:59:34

So it's not about fate. It's not we have freedom of choice, and our actions, and our decisions are consequential.

00:59:35--> 00:59:42

All of that isn't sorted. By the way, clearly, we're going to come to see okay, so that sort of buckle. Let's move on to solid Alia Milan,

00:59:44--> 01:00:00

shall I give you a test to guess? We'd like to get sorted out and run so that anyone have found it to be very difficult to arrive at something scholars have tried to talk about the intent of sorts, Ali Emraan actually give different answers. But if you again, this is the principle of profound

01:00:00--> 01:00:03

and try to dig deeper always dig deeper you can actually connect them

01:00:06--> 01:00:08

so let's add Emma and this one I would like to give a try

01:00:20--> 01:00:35

say this is one of the main themes which is last verse and sort of ATM runs one of the one of the main themes, but I personally could not see how everything else is sorted Bukhara branches out of this, that was my issue with sub and patience.

01:00:36--> 01:00:59

And then we'd like to give it a try. So inshallah as we go over the sorrows, like the second round when we go a little bit more details, that's why it's important to do your your homework, if you read what we are going to cover, we will have some questions we'll have a discussion and that's extremely helpful for us to understand by the way unlearn it enhances our learning experience. So if you do that it will be very helpful but

01:01:04--> 01:01:17

all in contempt when Allah say if you love Allah then follow me and this is a bit too general to be a theme I could connect this to everything in the Quran not only sort of early on what you see. So sometimes you could we could go to global which is too general

01:01:19--> 01:01:56

and that would not help so could get could give something to general and it could connect to everything but we would lose the what is what is special about this surah so we have to narrow it down go a little bit higher resolution, but not too much. Because if you go higher resolution if you go for caveman it's going to be too specific it's going to be too specific which is like a smoother wasabi arrow the verse is too specific. Some of the other things in the Surah will be have to be excluded. So we want to find the sweet spot in the middle where there is something that is general enough

01:01:57--> 01:02:03

and is not too specific. Okay, so it has not become too general.

01:02:04--> 01:02:10

So we lose what is special about the surah and this does not become too specific where we lose the main theme of the surah

01:02:14--> 01:02:16

the okay let's find out

01:02:21--> 01:02:28

well, I tell Seymour be heavily Lahinch me and well for Roku okay

01:02:39--> 01:02:40

yeah, which is

01:02:42--> 01:03:04

verse number one or three. Were totally more heavily Lehi Jimmy Anwar Rocco with Corona Mehta Lucha Alikum is going to murder and live Urbina who will be confessed baton BMAT he acquired a quantum head of Shiva health Lotrimin and narrative and cada comb minha Cavalli k will be you know, Hola Hola, como, de la la comme

01:03:06--> 01:03:06


01:03:07--> 01:03:09

this includes patients by the way,

01:03:10--> 01:03:21

and it's definitely part of loving Allah right. But let's, let's just go over this verse again, since it's the so I'm not going to stay the central theme, but I'm gonna give a lot of hints about it.

01:03:22--> 01:03:31

So I'm going to read the meat, translation of the meanings and hold firmly to the rope of Allah. Everything in the sort of either way, is about this.

01:03:32--> 01:03:37

Okay, and do not be divided this so much about division over there and saw Talia Milan.

01:03:39--> 01:04:14

And remember, Allah has favor upon you, when you were enemies, the favor of Allah in Islam, which is which is Islam itself, right? You were enemies. So Allah gave you two things by means of Islam. Allah brought your hearts together. Right and brought unity among you. So you were enemies then he united your hearts. So you by His Grace became brothers. The Quran so Talia Milan talks a lot about this and the importance of this and what couldn't come to Malaysia for high quality manner.

01:04:16--> 01:04:36

And you were at the, at the brink of a fiery pit and he saved you from it. So there is issue about Muslim relationships together, Muslim to Muslim Brotherhood. And there's an issue of the your gut your state of guidance, religious state and the social state

01:04:37--> 01:04:37


01:04:39--> 01:04:41

the religious state

01:04:42--> 01:04:43

and the state of the Muslims.

01:04:45--> 01:04:56

These are the these are the two sub themes of Surah Talia and Milan. So without Angela and talks about this and talks about that. They actually take 90% of the surah these two themes, okay.

01:04:58--> 01:04:59

And call the common hacker Velyka up

01:05:00--> 01:05:03

Hola Hola como el de la la calm the dawn and thus

01:05:06--> 01:05:22

Allah makes his revelation clear to you so that you may be rightly guided clarification of the guidance. Okay and all the reverses and signs of Allah and guidance. So guidance and what are totally more

01:05:24--> 01:05:43

they actually they contain within themselves with all of us all Italian blonde is Assam and he died at his arm and he died at a ceremony they Okay. By far this is the central like foundational versus sort of by far like there is no rival to it. Okay so Ratan Nisa.

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What do you think the central verse or the foundational verse in Surah Nisa is?

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Sometimes you will find it

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in the middle. Sometimes you'll find out the beginning sometimes towards the end.

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Sometimes you have a few verses rivaling over which one and it's difficult to choose.

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Yes. Yes. Surah Nisa, the first verse, and then the whole sort of branches out of it.

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Yeah, you had NASA to come and lay the Halacha come so it's about humanity, humans, okay. It's also about Tafawa, which we hadn't sorted Bacala and Rob, become your Lord.

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Who created you from one single soul? One single so you all came from the same person?

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social connections, You all belong to the same family. Okay. But then, okay, there's other issues with the family. Next No, hello, hello, come in has Ojha, even the spouse of that soul came from it.

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Right. So that shows the connection between humans and the closeness and then husband and wife and everything that has to do with them. Well, the theremin humare, Jalan Cathy Young when he says, humanity, men and women came from that, right? So nations, other nations, and tribes and so on and so forth, how they connect, what's the relationship, how to deal with them?

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Reminder of humans, you know, all being the same race, right?

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Men and women Allah didn't say just people, men and women, issues of men and women, how they relate to each other, all of them are there. And all of that is done within the context of Taqwa fearing Allah subhanaw taala. And being mindful of him and dutiful to him, what what up Allah again, tech wise again, so that shows and let etha sir Aluna be your devotion to Allah that you ask through Allah and you ask Allah while or harm you seek nearness to Allah and you seek your needs to be fulfilled, through your being dutiful, to your kids to your relations, being dutiful. Again, relations

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in the LOC and add a couple of labor laws and watch her over you.

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Okay, I gave so many hints. So many things. Okay. Let's move on to next Surah So let's

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So what's Alma ADA

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Slotomania has a name by the way, like a companion saw the alarm who's consulted Magadha or soret? Who knows? A little code

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agreements sort of agreements.

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The first bit or the first verse? Yeah, uh, you had a lady and man Oh, for local wood,

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or you believers or you who believe, honor your obligations, and accord is not obligations.

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So a lot of code are your agreements, your covenants

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and that means

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your transactional covenants and agreements, business transactions, rent, sales, whatever, services, employment, honor them.

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Social agreement, which is not necessarily not necessarily explicit through a social contract. Social Contract is extremely important. And that's why Allah Subhan Allah commands us within Maru for what is known what is accepted in society as long as it does not go against system because going against the norm of a society disrupts it creates a lot of trouble and a lot of issues, create troubles for you and for others and will lead to grave consequences. Going against the norms of society as long as they are not against Islam, by the way, is playing with fire. Many people don't realize this even with smaller issues, by the way

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His people have a social contract, I expect you to behave in a certain way, even though I don't know you, I've never met you, I expect you to behave in a certain way. You're, I can figure you out to a great extent that I'm safe. And I can deal with you. We have some common grounds. I feel safe.

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That that makes socialization and transactions and dealings and everything that makes life go smoothly. But when someone is not bound by the social contract, by the way, we go to survival mode.

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We don't know what we're dealing with. So see, so people freak out. That's why, by the way, sometimes, and I understand sometimes there is racism in every society, but sometimes we overuse that sometimes just people, generally speaking, reject what's what's what's different, and they're scared of it. It's a natural human reaction.

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And then we labeled as racism.

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So sometimes you just have to understand human nature. That's why the prophets of Salaam, for example, in the house was salam and labasa shahada, the prophet Salam prevented and prohibited a per a person to wear or to dress up in a way that is different from the people different from the masses.

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So how do how do you know that someone is not gonna grab your tablet and smash it against the wall? How do you know that? Do you have any guarantee? No, but there's a social contract is inappropriate behavior. It's your property, right? That's the social contract.

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Again, there's a natural contract, we have a natural intuitive contract the fitori contract with Allah.

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So Rottenmeier talks about all of this

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talks about human business transactional contracts, talks about the social contract, talks about our natural filter a contract with Allah and talks about our conscious

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commitment to Islam as another type of contract. That's what sort of the media talks about. And then it talks about other nations and their contract sort of diverse, or the story of Alma EDA is actually about this is about the contract thing. And so on and so forth. We'll come to see even hedges mentioned that there's a contract there. So we're going to talk about this.

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can take one more Surah surat

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Yeah, I'm not saying themes. I said, I'll just mention the verse and I'll give hints these themes we're gonna go over the Quran like this and this quick fashion, probably maybe I'd say three Inshallah, three weeks should be enough. Then once we're done with sort of the NAS we'll go back to solid fatty head and start dealing more at a depth when sha Allah and I'm leaning more towards this every month we'll finish with user B in the latter Han

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Solo to Anam.

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Citizen M gave me a lot of hard time, really like I couldn't figure out the central theme and I read here and read there and I they didn't come together from different scholars they didn't come together.

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But the first verse

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Alhamdulillah Allah the Halacha sama Watty will although he had a little naughty one note from Marina Cafaro bureaux behind me, I did oh, let me see how it's translated here. The meanings, all praises for Allah Who created the heavens and the earth and made darkness and light, yet the disbelievers set up equals to the Lord in worship.

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The Arabic is very profound, honestly. And hamdulillah

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it means Allah is complete is perfect, and he deserves all the best, and he does everything that is just right.

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He's the one who created the heavens and the earth. That's his little baby, His Lordship is the Lord. And he made the darkness and the night and all of these have literal meanings. And they have symbolic meanings. All right, they have symbolic meanings,

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then the disbelievers

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make equals to the Lord.

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What does it talk about? Talks about Allah who Allah is, Allah talks about himself in a beautiful way salted and ham like no other solar. So most of the surah is just about Allah description of Allah. even Allah says that he como la hora, Bukom, La ilaha illa who have Agudo it's a profound verse in Surah Al Anam. This is your offer the description of Allah. Allah says, this is your Lord, no one is worthy of worship but him so worship him. That's a beautiful, profound, Allah speaks about himself in interviews, he introduces himself to us in detail. And he shows that he's the only one who deserves to be worshipped, no equals and he talks about how equals and

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equals are attributed to him and so on and so forth. Then he goes into details about prayer and about slaughtering animals and about how to deal with animals and just sleep

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and how this has to do with Allah himself and the rights of Allah

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okay Should we take one more a lot of a lot of gave me how time anyone can figure out a lot of

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really gave me some tough time Allah because it's quite diverse. It is quite diverse

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and our

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no one wants to give it a try

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it's verse number two.

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And if lamium saw Kitab on Zillow ileka funnel you're confused sada rica Hello Joe Minho between the Ravi, why the CARA meanie and

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this is a book or a book

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that was sent down to you or prophet do not let anxiety into your heart regarding it. So that

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so that you may warn the disbelievers and as a reminder to the believers.

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So let's start off is about the book

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is about the book of Allah and how to deal with it. Okay, and how to warn with it and how it serves as a reminder then it talks about how people different people deal with the book and what's going to happen to them based on that.

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Okay, let's stop here.

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Yeah, McRib is in about five minutes, six minutes. Okay, so we will stop here inshallah. And next week, hopefully we'll cover quite a good number of sources with the central verses or I would say, the foundational verse in every surah

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and this should give a good journey, quick trip or journey through the Quran. Before we take a more in depth one of the central themes and the main themes in through the Quran. And throughout this Inshallah, I'll be sharing some quotes from some scholars about this about the methodology that we are following. So we're going to stop here, I can take one or two questions before we close

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any questions?

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So okay, just just to remind you, it's, it's good again, you can follow up FCL as we are moving along, Inshallah, this will help you pace your research and

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preferably have, I would say, have the translation at least have the translation of the meanings of the Quran and follow with us and when I give you a homework to read, it will help us a lot during the Halacha inshallah and help us keep going according to a reasonable pace that is suitable hopefully to everyone.

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And again, if you want to follow another level, if you want to follow with Alcoa, JSON by Chef haven't been steady on the principles of the Tafseer of the Quran then we'll be going over this slowly. So our Holika has two segments

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and then at some point inshallah we will merge both of them and you will see how they're the principles help us understand the the themes of the of the Quran Yeah, and that's it Charla

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why Yeah. So questions again Yeah

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Is this a puzzle

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some people standing behind

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okay, I see why the puzzle was there.

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So, this is okay.

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Yeah, the device says what I totally will

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hold on to the rope of Allah and be united. Without this. There's no unity and if there's any unity without holding on to the rope of Allah, it's not the Unity Allah talks about this for the verse a little bit on the side here and go to your question. Your question is a third key question. Second line when it starts in the gym, or where does it start from behind the Imam?

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Yeah, some people are have the understanding that they should start on the far right but that's not you know, you don't

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Want to be with the far right or the far left?

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Yeah, be in the middle. Be in the middle. It's politically safe. Be in the middle site where the Imam starts. That's really where the line starts. Yeah.

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Well, you

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central what

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come from?

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Oh, yeah. Okay. That's a good question, a central theme in a surah. Is it only in one verse?

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Well, that's why it's central. It's everywhere. You can trace it back everywhere. That's why it's central. Because if you can't trace it any, like even a say in 30% of the verses, you can't trace it, then it's probably not central.

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Right? But yes, there is a verse that sort of harbors the most intense expression of this central theme and that's what we call the foundational verse in the song.

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Okay, so we searched for that verse, but sometimes it might be difficult to find one verse that is quiet, like expressive of the theme or gives a very good idea of the theme.

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So then we might use two verses in that case, why haven't got to that point yet? Okay.

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Okay, just I'll come along

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and see you Inshallah, next week 730 seconds welcome locker, I saw a lot of the brothers mashallah someone who made the effort to come early May Allah God that's a great improvement, and inshallah will help help us with the class. I said, I'm taking this end of a seriously so shall let's put our hearts and hard work in it just like on the hill. So last, let me know Mohammed Well, you certainly you were Salam, every Friday at 730 in the latter Allah

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and we will let you know if there is an interruption of those a special event. We'll let you know the week before we hit Nila.