Tafsir al-Baqarah #05 – Story of Adam, Eve, and Satan #2
Channel: Mohammad Qutub
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We'll be left on the island of South Africa, Santa Ana be known
for their overland,
running again, published Friday Saturday was
extended from earlier because of almighty.
I said prayers and blessings from Prophet Muhammad sallahu wa salam. So we found the right elements and offers the following guidance until the day of judgment and Glory be to You know, knowledge that we accept that which may have taught us in the
wise, with your brothers and sisters As Salam aleikum wa.
We continue with the scene of the verses of Surah Baqarah.
And the last we left off, we were talking about
the verse where the bliss had misguided adamant what and caused them to eat from the forbidden tree, which resulted in their expulsion from habit and descent to the earth.
let us remember a few things.
the Quran talks about
and how we're
Okay, and being told that they are forbidden from going to the, or eating from the tree. So it applies to other Hawa.
However, very interestingly, in Islam,
it seems that the blame
rests more with them, or the cylinder halwa. In stark contrast to the biblical narration, where the blame is upon her work,
that she was trying that
she was the cause. Right? And they say that we are misogynist or misogynistic, right that we somehow do not like the females or we have something against female client, the Quran when Allah subhanaw taala talks about the sin, he says about their own learning technologies from what I saw,
but who from our
lives seems to be resting squarely upon Adam, ladies.
This could be for several reasons. Number one, he is a prophet.
Number two, he is the caretaker.
Yes, he was also commanded. Allah azza wa jal says well tackle a bear colada. Both of you do not come near this tree for Turku.
Both of you in avoiding it. They're both responsible.
But Adam really Scylla is a prophet and other Peninsula is also the caretaker right? He's the leader of the family.
Allah azza wa jal says wa salam, Attenborough Babu for Hala and when he comes to the repentance as we'll see,
a setup as well. In this particular item, even though we know repentance came from both the both repentance Allah subhanaw taala set
that up on
be he can emerge him better laid in who would tell him why why he
maybe if you read in the translation, you'll see it says that he received words from his room his Lord.
So Allah subhanaw taala
turned to him in repentance, or accepted his repentance.
mentioned again the references that Allah has set up below.
Let us look at this word fella called Adam.
He received words and maybe everyone is thinking what are these words?
What are these phrases that Adam peninsula that have once said that would
be a cause for Allah subhanaw taala to forgive the term
Without repentance, the not call
here seems to give us more meaning than the word receive is not just that he is receiving
the word teller God
gives us the meaning that many adverbs or Arabic speakers should know about, which is when you say someone would use the word tele, can you use it in conjunction with someone when receiving and hosting a normal and welcome guests?
So you see,
Karhu you, you welcomed him with open arms.
So there seems to be more than just receiving.
This is Adam Alayhis Salam welcoming these words and these phrases through which he will receive the repentance of Allah's power to Allah, he's welcoming into an open arms for Tana ha.
He's welcoming it, he's looking forward to it, he wants it more than anything. And he's receiving it in the best way and
acting upon it. sending those phrases with complete penitence and repentance to use.
The Tanaka will be kalimat
This is the recitation that they have the majority of the overall
but there is an authentic Naresh Shah sorry recitation of the Quran.
Linguist would find this interesting, where we find that Adam Allah He said in this particular sentence is not the high laptop.
This is the majority but then I've got a double the Rafa the rugby he can imagine it in one authentic recitation. And this is the recitation of the wooden cathedral much
than that may be Kelly, my turn.
What does this mean? It means that
the love of God the receiving the receiver now is not
the receiver on the words the phrases,
as I've already said that was the word received Subhan Allah. This is an authentic recitation
with tomato, okay.
So now we have another interesting meeting. And that is that not only that, Adam welcome and receive these words of penitence in the best way. The words and phrases were receiving, in return, they were receiving each other, they were coming to each other and welcoming each other, the importance of the repentance.
So now untie who is invited in this case, but Allah either
be kalimat dilemma is far right. And that is, but for me.
So now the words are receiving either, at least
amongst all of this, thinking about all of this, the beauty of the repentance
and thinking about the fact that Allah subhanho wa Taala has facilitated the repentance for other believers and made it easy for him, gave him what he needed to deserve the forgiveness of Allah subhanho wa Taala
What were these words? According to the majority opinion, it is the phrase that we read in Surah
where they send identical what a lot better one to Santa, what ended up duck field and our Honda an akuna nominal capacity.
Such beautiful words of repentance, meaning rockbottom Allah man,
our Lord, we have wronged ourselves. And if we do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will be of the losers.
Notice in this in the beginning of these phrases that Allah subhanaw taala taught, the money set up.
There is a declaration,
a declaration by the person.
So before seeking the forgiveness, there's a declaration or Allah or our Lord, I have wronged myself, I have done wrong, this confession there, right.
There is a confession, there is a declaration of guilt and an admission of guilt.
When we seek our Lord's repentance, when we speak to Allah subhanaw taala, we tell him about our situation. Tell him, tell him what you have done.
Tell him why you are seeking His forgiveness. We have wronged ourselves, then we continue to rock ourselves, may Allah forgive us fall have been a phenomenon for Santa.
Furthermore, not only am I asking for forgiveness, I am declaring if you do not forgive me, I am going to be of the losers. Because anyone who is not able to gain the forgiveness and mercy of Allah subhanaw taala will definitely be the losers and the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala is there to be had, it's there to be received. Just ask for it, work for it.
This is it seems to Allah Maha that what they said. And some scholars have mentioned other things as well, such as the power to lower the hand IQ and similar words where he asked for forgiveness and mercy from his Lord.
When you look at all of this now,
think to yourself, What Original Sin
They keep talking about Adams Original Sin,
as if it is something that has turned the world black. Every single newborn is born inherently evil because of this original sin that they inherited from their father either.
What Original Sin are you talking about? Allah forgive him.
Allah gave him the words of repentance. And he said it in the best way that they sought his repentance and they got it for them will not be he can imagine Fatah Lee.
Adam repented and Allah accepted his repentance Allah turned to him in repentance when he accepted his repentance that I met the lady means turning to him in repentance.
Tell by Lee means he accepted his repentance filma tell him Leah to do
repentance and Allah azza wa jal accepted his repentance, it is finished, there is no original sin, the prophets I will send them send
them Cameron loves and Bella
Original Sin item sin has been erased much less
putting that sin on every other human being that has ever lived
with little miss this injustice is this standard does not accept this.
we mentioned before
we said it is considered a minor sin because the prophets and the messengers peace be upon them all.
are free and cannot and will not do or commit major sins. But according to the majority of scholars have gotten the sooner they say that they can possibly commit minor sins. But there's a but yet
it will be shown
and they will seek forgiveness from it. And Allah will forgive
that's the difference.
And that's the difference between Adam and his enemy.
employee sick committed a sin.
And He continued in his rebelliousness, that he challenged the massager. And he said, Leave me and I will take as many of them with me to hellfire. And you will not find them obedient to you along
with the cause of the disobedience, rebellious, the diametrical opposite of what Adam, what did
That's the difference between the believer and the disagreement between the believer and
the believer will immediately come back, no matter what they have done, no matter how big the sin is better than Prusa.
We will not despair of the mercy of Allah, no matter what sin is committed.
We'll do our best to avoid everything that Allah azza wa jal prohibited and to perform what He commanded. But if we fall, we will keep getting back up and we will ask Allah for forgiveness. This is what the believer does. This is what all of those prophets did.
He said, no other he said,
When he asked for his son, the mood or the he said, when he talked about, he sought the forgiveness because he judged too quickly. Musa he said,
when he killed that man by mistake, all of them came directly back to Allah and said something close to this declaration and confession of guilt.
So when you think about this issue about the prophets in the messengers, and
can they commit minor sins? Can they not? Does this contradict the rest of
the infallibility? The prophetic infallibility, we say it does not in any way contradict the prophetic infallibility of the MDF is upon them all. Because they repent from that mindset and it is shown it is immediately shown.
Because they are ultimately a role model for everyone else to find.
This is the difference. So when you look at that, instead of thinking about do they or don't they
look at their humanity disproves their humanity, just like us, they may commit some minuses. But what differentiates them from everyone else, is how quickly they come back to Allah in repentance, and seeking His forgiveness.
In who and
indeed he is to learn, He is the One Who accepts repentance. He is the one who guidance to repentance as well. He is the one who helps us to repentance because we ultimately know that despite the free choice that Allah subhanaw taala has given us we know, we believe in other and we know that this is through the guidance, assistance and decree of Allah subhanaw taala. And thus, even when we succeed in something
that ostensibly is a result of my effort alone.
We know for a fact that if it wasn't for Allah's guidance and help, we would not have succeeded in that. And seeking forgiveness and repenting is the same.
our He is the Most Merciful,
comes before his anger.
This is why he has the name of our man. Allah have
to two most important names of Allah subhanho wa Taala
that we see in the Quran, Allah and Rama
the only ones that talk about Allah subhanaw taala.
In the independently they are stand alone Names of Allah Subhan Allah and Allah. The rest usually come after in Allah
In the form of what I see is a key and even a key.
But Allah, Allah, or stand alone names for us,
because he's Mercy comes before this anchor.
He is about him.
Then Allah subhanaw taala says
in her journey,
another reference to the dissent and the expulsion from Jana.
Bulla to mean her journey, ha. So we said
descend from it, all of you. We talked about this before, and who this is possibly referring to.
And here this seems to be another reference to it for a good reason. Wouldn't that be a Tomita Jamila in TN Nicole mini Huda Furla feminine who who they have a whole family.
So descend from it all of you.
in my agenda for mini Huda? Or if guidance should come? My guidance should come
to you from Intel, Yahoo dad, and whoever follows My Guidance. Now family well,
why is it repeated here? Why is the reference repeated in the first one, Allah subhanaw taala was telling them
that, first of all, he was informing them of their enemy, he was informing them of the ensuing eternal battle
that will occur between humankind and
Iblees. And those that follow him.
So he sent a bill to Buffalo company back when.
In the second one, he says, cooling and feta means Virginia. Now he's mentioning
the way forward the solution
what to follow, he told you about the problem, the challenge, the battle, the animosity and the enmity of at least, what's no way out to Allah, you follow my guidance,
you follow my guidance and everything will be fine by the end
fermenter. So now, putting that bill to mean her Jamia?
descend from it, all of you, either a bliss Hawa.
Possibly their progeny, also their descendants as well, all of you descend to it.
And then he says
there is a way out. There is something to be learned from this experience in Jannah.
This is the way out. You follow my guidance, you tried it now, you saw the effects.
The only way to deal with this in your abode.
Until the day of judgment,
if you follow my guidance, but the man at the tier that couldn't mean it would have been
here we see that the guidance is the guidance of our boss
to the mini who the
mini from Allah subhanaw taala even though Subhan Allah notice the beginning of it, who
this is Java, this is collective, but when he talked about his guidance, he said if guidance comes to you from me, me me, not me. Now, the guidance comes only from Allah subhanaw taala the guidance is upon us.
So let us seek the guidance from Allah azza wa jal
through his teachings, his book, The Sunnah of his prophets of Allah and he was seeking the guidance from there.
Why do human beings seek guidance from seemingly everything else? And everyone else? People looking for guidance elsewhere? The guidance is from Allah azza wa jal
when the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam
So Musa and he said I'm sorry, so Oh, my goodness, I'm
the books of the people of the hook that
So the process of Silla got angry.
And he told me
if Musa was alive, he would have no other option but to follow me.
Of course, I know this raises questions about do we read the sources of the People of the Book? And what do we think about that? And so on and so forth. And it seems to Allah Allah here that possibly, Bob was maybe looking for more of the heart, more of the truth in the sources of the people in the book, so the prophets of Allah cylinder,
it's a different situation, if someone is reading to know
their beliefs, possibly for purposes of Dawa and so on so forth. But it seems that the anger of the prophet The reason behind that, is this okay? To not look for any other
any other truth? Do you have multiple been given authentically of the Quran and the authentic sunnah of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, and ultimately, this is through the guidance of Allah. But people continue to preoccupy themselves with looking for guidance and the way forward from all kinds of other things.
very dismayed and shocked that a
Muslim country, the Muslim majority country,
as I was told by a professor
in the Masters in the postgraduate level, Masters and PhD, they do not like to see quotations from the Quran and the Sunnah.
Subhan Allah in an Islamic with an Islamic focus, not something else. They're studying Islam.
Don't quote Quran. Oh, then what should I put?
The current can't throw it. That's okay.
How is that for seeking guidance in something else?
The guidance is here.
That's where the guidance is. Allah subhanaw taala is the one who guides Allah subhanaw taala is the one who knows best Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, wa who are not very forthcoming. Does he not know who created who he created?
He is the one created. He is the one who's gonna guide he created he'll tell you the way forward he'll tell you the solutions. So on the first one, he told you, this is your do it lease.
Take him as an enemy. Then, when the
inmate tn Nicolini.
Chairman debate, that whoever follows My Guidance
no fear will be upon them. Nor will they experience any sadness, makers of those
many scholars sent this means
they will not fear anything
in what will happen in the future in the last year. They will not fear
the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala because Allah azza wa jal has prepared reward for the paradise for them. The no fee will be upon the minute piano on the Day of Judgment, on a day where many people will be afraid and experienced few like they've never experienced.
Many scholars said this, they will not experience fear later on. And this is very understandable and absolutely correct.
And in a hadith of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam, whose authenticity is in question because scholars of Hadith, different about it. The Prophet alayhi salatu salam said that Allah azza wa jal will not cause a movement to experience
two phases of fear or two phases of security. If they fear him in the dunya they will not experience fear
and if they do not fear him in the dunya and they feel secure, of his punishment, they will not
occupied security in
this or that.
For the hope for
these people feared Allah and the dunya they will not be cause to fear
we might even say that
this is in general
yes, they fear Allah subhanaw taala
they experience fear of Allah subhanaw taala. But
they will not experience fear because they will be caused, and they will experience security in this dunya as well.
And if you look around you,
we can see that as
we can see that the movement
who follows the guidance of Allah subhanho wa Taala
tranquility, peace, we keep talking about Islam as the religion of peace.
And it is, and part of the peace, that the Muslim experiences is inner peace. You look around you, you find Subhanallah the Muslim
may experience all kinds of problems and adversity
and they find peace, through
obedience to Allah subhanaw taala that's how they find peace.
And that's how they face their fears.
Because ultimately, they fear Allah azza wa jal, and they feel nothing else. No fear will be upon that.
And contrast the opposite. Those who do not follow the guidance of Allah,
do they find peace? Have they found tranquility? Have you talked to people like this? Do you know that they are experiencing all kinds
all kinds of adversity, the lack of peace, they're looking for themselves, they're trying to find themselves, they have actually used those words. I am trying to find myself
because they've lost themselves. They're looking for themselves. They're looking for Allah, they're looking for guidance, they experience a severe vacuum in their hearts.
So they worry all the time.
They experience all kinds of fear.
They are drowning in an inch of water,
as Arabs like to say, where Muslims if they're experiencing something small like that, this is nothing. You will find Muslims experiencing some of the worst difficulties yet they are able to
live their lives and submit to us.
Indeed, the solution to all kinds of psychological problems that human beings face is turning up to a loss.
And people only found that kind of inner peace when they became Muslim and followed the guidance of Allah Subhan
Allah hopefully well
nor will sadness be upon them.
Normal service be appointed in that which they
may be missed of a dunya
maybe they are things that they did not get to, quote unquote, enjoy like others.
They will not care because of what Allah subhanaw taala has for them in an Astra the prophets of salaam sending the authentic for this dunya cinch. mean
we're channeling that will come.
is the prison of the evening
and the paradise for a Catholic for the disbelievers.
Why is that? Because if you know what Allah has prepared for the believers in
you will truly understand that you were in a prison
because you cannot go and I
I get what Allah subhanaw taala has prepared
for now hopefully, well, no sadness will be upon them relatively in the dunya and of course in an X Abba,
they will be forever
pleasure because of what I was
the opposite what Latina CAFO what kept the movie? Hula because
those who disbelieved
Dafoe committed comfort and denied our science because the movie Adriatica sides could apply to the versus the verses of the Quran or side they are i et Okay, and everything that Allah subhanaw taala has created are all science. When you disbelieve in Allah and His signs, then you have no other abode.
Other medical those are the ones who are us haven't done they are the companions of the fire. How are they the Companions of the Fire? That's how good now because they will abide in there for effort like
goofy haha they do, they will be in there eternally. This only applies to those who committed Cofer
and denied the sight of Allah subhanaw taala. Eternity in Hellfire is only for them.
a sincere Muslim, no matter what sins they commit.
Though they may be punished in hellfire, Allah protect us
they will not abide eternally, and
they may be punished in hellfire, but the eternal abordagem
in sha Allah.
But the ones who will abide eternally in hellfire are the disbelievers who deny the cycle of loss.
These verses conclude this remarkable story
of Adam an excerpt from the beginning, when we were talking about
how Allah subhanaw taala told the angels with I will put a fence around the Earth, right Subhan Allah.
And of course, we learned so much, but if we can just try to take a quick look. Now, you know, with all of these verses, and maybe look at it with a quick summary, we see that Allah subhanaw taala was telling the angels from the very beginning when I'm going to put a heavy on the Earth.
Even though afterwards he told us
he told Adam live in paradise. He didn't tell him leave paradise. He didn't tell him to descend, he said live in paradise
and eat from wherever you will, he wanted them to stay in gender, and he knows that something else will happen.
Right. And we mentioned verses from other sources that clarify that Allah furthermore told them, This is your enemy. Don't allow him to misguide you don't allow him to expel him from Ghana
and so on and so forth. But we know ultimately from the very beginning that was created for
for Earth for the right to be studied for on earth, He will inshallah return to parents.
So what was that whole episode?
That was an introduction.
That was a quick introduction to dunya episode in Paradise was an introduction to what is going to happen here in the dunya.
You are going to have all kinds of things in front of you
there are so many permissible things, do all that is permissible. Just avoid the few things which are prohibited. Unfortunately, these few things are increasing with time. May Allah help us that's why the prophets are seldom sent
The one who is clinging on to is Dean, right? It's patient. It's like It's like he's holding on to a piece of code. Even when increase, there will be lack of our will.
Things will get more done
Little said, one of them will have 50 rewards of whom, like the rewards of the sahaba. They said O Messenger of Allah, like one of them, he said no like one of you.
Because you find helpers,
when you want to be steadfast, they will not find helpers, things are getting more difficult. But Allah is rewarding you more
just avoid this tree
is exactly like what we are seeing now.
And I said, I'm experienced the difficulty
was introduced to this. And
then I set up this did
the guilt of sin,
and the sweetness of repentance, and the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala all of it. It's like a little story of everything happening to his progeny here and
when they said all Allah will you make upon it, someone who will corrupt and shed blood. He said, I know what you do.
He's going to make on it, and he's going to put on it. Someone
who has knowledge and the capacity to learn and build this dunya and accept this responsibility of Khilafah I don't, he is going to obey me by choice
is going to be my choice.
And we'll see that in what happened because we were told and they said, but then they sought the forgiveness of Allah subhanaw taala And Allah is Ever forgiving and merciful to those who repent and seek forgiveness. So he has been given knowledge and choice. And while a good number will continue to disobey and avoid the guidance of Allah subhanaw taala a good number
will follow His guidance. And the last part would have been words and no fear will be uncomfortable or sadness. Those who disobeyed and turn the other way
will be relegated to the depths of the fire for eternity. We ask Allah
for forgiveness, we ask Allah, Allah for His mercy, we declare we confess to him our many sins.
Then Hakuna nominal Hasidim, when you think about how other families setup God's will, what he was after? What he was waiting for.
We think to ourselves, if only I can get what Adam got.
Well, I told him what he said.
and learn from it.
As Adam and Excella all of the prophets didn't, from their mistakes, love to Allah Salam, salam alaikum