Quran Tafseer al-Baqarah – ‘Naskh’ Abrogation

Mohammad Qutub

Date:

Channel: Mohammad Qutub

File Size: 56.78MB

Episode Notes

Share Page

Transcript ©

AI generated text may display inaccurate or offensive information that doesn’t represent Muslim Central's views. Thus,no part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.

00:00:01--> 00:00:44

Smilla Rahmanir Rahim Alhamdulillah here have been either being forced to attend with asleep or let's say you didn't know email me now have you been a bit passive Mohammed Abdullah while he was here with Tabby or in woman Tabby on behalf of CERN in Chile, Medina Subhana choleric. Milena Ilana Alam tena in Lima Hakeem Mishra in the surgery via silly Emery 100. Rhonda Thurman, Lisa and EF God McCauley, I praise Allah Almighty. And I said prayers and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa Salam is noble family, righteous companions and all those that follow them with the right guidance until the day of judgment I mean, glory be to you Allah, no knowledge have we accept that

00:00:44--> 00:00:57

which you have taught us Indeed you are the All Knowing the all wise, my dear brothers and sisters As Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. I hope everyone is doing well insha Allah.

00:00:58--> 00:01:01

Today, we continue with the Tafseer of Surah Al Baqarah.

00:01:02--> 00:01:24

And just a quick reminder that what we covered last time are the verses where Allah subhanaw taala instructed the Muslims not to use the word RA in and to use the word Lorna instead. And we spoke about what is meant by that, and what we can also extrapolate

00:01:26--> 00:01:29

in terms of understanding from that prohibition.

00:01:30--> 00:01:49

And afterwards, the ayah that also mentioned that the disbelievers from the people of the book and from the mashallah keen, do not desire or wish to see that Allah subhanaw taala has brought down to you any good.

00:01:50--> 00:02:02

And this is a specific reference to guidance from Allah subhanaw taala, talking about the prophet hood, having the final religion, the final Testament,

00:02:03--> 00:02:11

that being for the Muslims, this is not something that they wish for you.

00:02:12--> 00:02:25

And we spoke about that in length as well. And we can see it Subhanallah even in our time, in the sense that until now you will find

00:02:26--> 00:02:27

many,

00:02:28--> 00:03:04

let's say let's forget the Jews for a second, even the Christians, many Christians who are friendly towards Muslims, but they cannot clearly admit that yes, what you have is truly the truth. And the final revelation from Allah subhanaw taala and that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is a bonafide prophet of Allah. Otherwise they would accept Islam, but rather they consider Islam a Christian heresy, right. So we can see that, though, they may

00:03:05--> 00:03:21

or they may accept you receiving some kind of good in the dunya in the sense that they don't mind if you have a decent life, but when it comes to Revelation, no, that's, that's not something that they would accept,

00:03:22--> 00:03:39

regarding what we have received, and this being the final revelation and that which is supposed to be followed by all people. And we come to today's idea where Allah subhanaw taala says that we live in a shape under regimes will

00:03:42--> 00:04:04

mean in our noon see TV hearing her Lee her LM dalam and law coalition hearing called the lambda alum and nulla who was

00:04:07--> 00:04:07

one

00:04:10--> 00:04:16

dude, he knew what he while I now see.

00:04:18--> 00:04:22

Man, I mean, in a wound see

00:04:24--> 00:04:26

man and saffman If

00:04:27--> 00:04:30

we do not do Ness,

00:04:31--> 00:04:32

have

00:04:33--> 00:04:34

any as

00:04:36--> 00:04:37

a woman see her?

00:04:38--> 00:04:39

What does this mean?

00:04:41--> 00:04:46

Man and self mean? This is a reference to notice

00:04:47--> 00:04:49

what is in us and how do we understand it?

00:04:51--> 00:04:59

Nests here refers to the phenomenon of abrogation and this is correctly trans

00:05:00--> 00:05:00

laded

00:05:02--> 00:05:13

you will find in many of the common translations that we use the form phenomenon of abrogation man and SAS, this is necessary.

00:05:14--> 00:05:23

If we go back to the Arabic nests could mean a few things. It could mean eliminating something.

00:05:26--> 00:05:33

And thus we would understand here man and Sackman idea that Allah subhanaw taala may eliminate a certain area,

00:05:35--> 00:05:53

it could also give the meaning of copying. And this we use even in modern Arabic parlance, not to copy something, okay, copy, a book, copy,

00:05:54--> 00:05:58

some article, whatever it is, all of this comes under also.

00:06:00--> 00:06:01

Unless, to copy

00:06:03--> 00:06:19

nassef meaning to copy something from one place to another. Notice also gives you the meaning that you are it's almost like you are keeping that you're keeping one part but then you're putting some of that in something else, okay?

00:06:21--> 00:06:22

And scholars have tipsy

00:06:24--> 00:06:29

talk about pneus based on those Arabic definitions.

00:06:30--> 00:06:42

In the case of a nest for the verses of the Quran, this is the phenomenon of abrogation to abrogate an AI

00:06:44--> 00:06:49

let us see what some of them are for Serena the Sahaba and Tamar inside them out this.

00:06:50--> 00:06:52

So, the narration

00:06:53--> 00:07:09

upon the authority of the companions of Abdullah witness route, probably Allah Allah said man in SA mean Aya means nuth be to help Baja one new bed delu hochma Ha

00:07:11--> 00:07:13

knows better hot meaning

00:07:14--> 00:07:28

the what is written that in the area remains meaning the area itself remains, but the hokum the ruling

00:07:29--> 00:07:31

that we deduce from that is,

00:07:32--> 00:07:39

is Mansukh is abrogated, meaning it is not applicable anymore.

00:07:41--> 00:07:53

Okay, so it means the verse is still there, we still read it. But the ruling does not apply. The ruling that it talks about does not apply.

00:07:54--> 00:08:02

And you will find that this is the most common type of nests in the Quran. As we will see,

00:08:03--> 00:08:12

the verse is still there, and we recite it. But that ruling does not apply anymore, it is abrogated.

00:08:14--> 00:08:32

And knowledge of this is very important when you talk about obscene and other things in Islam, because you may try to apply a certain ruling that has been abrogated. It doesn't apply anymore.

00:08:33--> 00:08:36

It's not that common in the Quran,

00:08:37--> 00:08:56

as a phenomenon and NES compared to not having NES, but you will find it in some of the verses. And this specific type, as we said is the most common one we still recite the iron, but the ruling doesn't apply.

00:08:57--> 00:08:58

So, this is a man then

00:09:00--> 00:09:20

this is a mess. And this is fairly agreed upon between the scholars the meaning of Ness. And there's another authentic recitation instead of man's man noon sick and the meaning is essentially the same.

00:09:23--> 00:09:40

The second part is where you will find a lot of difference of opinion. So man suck Minaya. I will see her and I will get to the examples just let us understand the verse and what it means literally first.

00:09:43--> 00:09:44

Nunes he has

00:09:46--> 00:09:59

known Sia, Arabic speakers, how many Arabic speakers just raise your hand? You don't have to be originally Arab. If you know some Arab, then you can be described as an Arabic speaker. Yes, brother Arabic speaker No, here okay.

00:10:00--> 00:10:00

Okay.

00:10:02--> 00:10:08

Yeah, I think Brother has some Arabic handler, okay. No, let's see.

00:10:10--> 00:10:14

What is the meaning? Let's see the answer. human.

00:10:15--> 00:10:18

Human, no, the verb

00:10:22--> 00:10:25

to forget right? And ESEA

00:10:26--> 00:10:27

piensa

00:10:30--> 00:10:36

noon see ha. This is how some scholars understood, I will see her

00:10:37--> 00:10:39

being forgotten

00:10:41--> 00:10:46

being forgotten a wound see her, and we'll say a lot about that inshallah.

00:10:48--> 00:11:00

The other authentic recitation also, or let us call it with a lot of recitation more precisely, a woman said,

00:11:02--> 00:11:02

Nancy.

00:11:06--> 00:11:15

This comes from the other aisle in Amman Nessie was here to Finn cool Cuf a nicey

00:11:16--> 00:11:32

nicey is delaying. So, this is how some scholars understood it. Then Sabha meaning we do not abrogate do not have an IRA or delay it.

00:11:37--> 00:11:39

And there is a third possible meaning.

00:11:42--> 00:11:53

Because non si ha may not only be a reference to the verb or the meaning of the verb NESEA, meaning to forget, but also to leave.

00:11:56--> 00:11:58

And some scholars might give the example of

00:12:00--> 00:12:12

the saying of Allah subhanaw taala natural law, her financier whom they left Allah, so he left them that Nursia also gives you the meaning of leaving something.

00:12:13--> 00:12:14

So

00:12:16--> 00:12:32

well known see her, some scholars understood it as leaving it, leaving the ayah there and not abrogating it. So almost the opposite of abrogation. And this was the preference of Alabama Tabare.

00:12:35--> 00:12:46

So the meaning would be in that case, man and sacrament 18 A wound see ha we do not abrogate do NASA have an idea or leave it as is

00:12:47--> 00:12:49

without abrogation,

00:12:50--> 00:12:53

that to be hiring minha we'll come to that.

00:12:54--> 00:12:55

The other meeting we said

00:12:57--> 00:13:01

I will not see her or cause it to be forgotten.

00:13:02--> 00:13:03

And interestingly,

00:13:05--> 00:13:12

the translations that I had a chance to look at mentioned, this meaning only the forgetting.

00:13:15--> 00:13:16

Al Hasan Basri

00:13:18--> 00:13:30

or the Allahu Anhu mentions that verses were revealed to your Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then he was made to forget them.

00:13:35--> 00:13:38

And Imam activbody says,

00:13:39--> 00:13:41

There is nothing

00:13:42--> 00:13:44

that would

00:13:48--> 00:14:03

not allow such an understanding of the idea. He said, It is perfectly acceptable, that the Prophet salallahu Salam be made to forget some areas that are going to be abrogated.

00:14:06--> 00:14:08

Notice forgotten completely.

00:14:09--> 00:14:15

So he's saying there is no problem with that understanding. And there's nothing to prevent that

00:14:16--> 00:14:54

logically or otherwise. But his preference is for the meaning of leaving the idea as the opposite of abrogation, because he says, in terms of the idea, and the expression linguistically, this is clear. So this was his preference, otherwise, he says that meaning is sound. And there is nothing to prevent that meaning as well, which is completely forgetting the idea. So, if we understand it that way, that's another type of nests

00:14:55--> 00:14:59

of abrogation. In the first one, the IRS

00:15:00--> 00:15:02

means and we recite it until today

00:15:03--> 00:15:04

but the ruling

00:15:05--> 00:15:20

that we extract from it is not applicable in terms of fickle right? The other one our noon see how we may cause it to be forgotten completely? It's not in the Quran at all.

00:15:22--> 00:15:26

And of course, the ruling is not there either.

00:15:28--> 00:15:30

Are there such examples? Yes, there are.

00:15:32--> 00:15:35

Some of it has to do with fic

00:15:36--> 00:15:38

and others know.

00:15:40--> 00:15:51

Having said that, when we talk about NASSCOM talk about abrogation, abrogation applies to the act can the rulings

00:15:53--> 00:15:57

making something that is halal haram or haram halal

00:15:58--> 00:16:01

or otherwise, of the other ACA?

00:16:02--> 00:16:08

We don't have nests with regards to the tidings, the stories.

00:16:09--> 00:16:17

Allah subhanaw taala is not going to mention a certain story, and then do notice and say no, it's actually like this.

00:16:18--> 00:16:33

No, of course not. This applies to rulings. It doesn't apply to issues of anarchy that either there cannot be necessary in that. And we said all of the prophets peace be upon them all came with the same essential Partida.

00:16:35--> 00:16:41

This just applies to rulings fic rulings clear.

00:16:42--> 00:16:52

So now, when we say oh noon see ha. And Al Hasan Basri is telling us some of the verses the Prophet SAW Selim was made to forget completely.

00:16:54--> 00:17:10

And some of the Quran was abrogated, where it is not being recited anymore. So I guess even Malik tells us about the incident of bigger Morona

00:17:11--> 00:17:30

when some of the clans of Valerian and the Quan and others came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and claimed that they had become Muslim, and asked him to send some people to assist them, and to teach them. So the prophets I send them send Psalm 70

00:17:31--> 00:17:35

of the cream of the crop. They used to call them the Koran,

00:17:37--> 00:17:40

the reciters experts in the Quran.

00:17:43--> 00:17:44

So

00:17:45--> 00:17:47

these people

00:17:52--> 00:17:56

actually, were doing this out of treachery.

00:17:57--> 00:18:09

And they cost these people and they trap them. They cause them to fall into a trap, and they killed them all.

00:18:10--> 00:18:16

So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did Knut you know Knut

00:18:17--> 00:18:18

what's Knut?

00:18:22--> 00:18:23

What is called wood

00:18:27--> 00:18:29

Do you know this incidence? You heard of it?

00:18:30--> 00:18:32

What did the Prophet SAW Selim do?

00:18:37--> 00:18:38

Uh huh. How?

00:18:43--> 00:19:04

30 days he did collude against them. collude is where you do do against the enemies of Allah subhanaw taala. Usually for a particular incident. He did it for 30 days. He wouldn't do it after the firm after every fund, either after every fuddled or some of the problems.

00:19:05--> 00:19:15

Some of the obligatory premiums maybe this is something you've never experienced. I don't know if you'd have you experienced it here. Has this ever happened? No. This is a sunnah

00:19:16--> 00:19:20

Subhanallah I've forgotten that. It's been a long time.

00:19:23--> 00:19:30

So this is what the prophets of salaam would do. At the end of that salah, it might be pleasure it might be

00:19:31--> 00:19:41

he would make the DUA like in the Quileute and he would make too hard against them. 30 days he did Knut against these people for what they did.

00:19:42--> 00:19:51

So as I said, But Malik says that Quran was revealed about them, and we used to recite it

00:19:53--> 00:19:55

Burnley who are under Coleman

00:19:57--> 00:19:59

and now called Lucky now banner

00:20:00--> 00:20:03

For all the unaa urbanna

00:20:04--> 00:20:06

this used to be a Quran

00:20:07--> 00:20:08

that was recited

00:20:10--> 00:20:11

the meaning of which is

00:20:14--> 00:20:20

indeed verily tells our people that we have met our Lord. And

00:20:21--> 00:20:25

He is pleased with us and has made us pleased.

00:20:27--> 00:20:35

This was for under was recited, but it was what? completely forgotten afterwards, right? It's not recited anymore.

00:20:36--> 00:20:41

So this could come under this category, our noon sea High

00:20:43--> 00:20:46

Noon sea high, meaning it's not in the Quran anymore. It's forgotten.

00:20:48--> 00:20:59

Maybe we know about it, but we don't recite it as opposed to min sec, abrogation where it's still there, but the ruling does not apply.

00:21:00--> 00:21:09

Other is is one, anyone can tell me another item that used to be Quran and is no longer recited. That is completely forgotten now.

00:21:13--> 00:21:20

No, was che che for Jammu humulene. But anybody know this is all

00:21:22--> 00:21:26

stuff you've never heard of. This is the idea of regiment,

00:21:27--> 00:21:32

the higher of Raja, the idea for stoning. In the case of Xena.

00:21:34--> 00:21:40

It was an iron and it was recited. But then it was abrogated, but what abrogated how

00:21:42--> 00:21:47

the recitation was abrogated, the Thilawa. The ruling

00:21:49--> 00:21:53

is still there. This is another category now. So now we have

00:21:54--> 00:22:19

the abrogation of the ruling. But the verse states and we said this is the most common type. Then the abrogation of the verse itself is not in the Quran, but the ruling still applies. A Rajim applies, but through the Sunnah, before it was an ayah in the Quran.

00:22:20--> 00:22:40

So now this is the abrogation of the ruling. But the verse is no longer recited as Quran. Right. And then finally, the abrogation, which is the forgetting as we just said, a renewal see here, where it is no longer in the Quran, and the ruling does not apply either.

00:22:42--> 00:22:48

Did we give you that we given an example of that? No, not yet. Can you give me an example?

00:22:52--> 00:22:53

In the past,

00:22:55--> 00:22:56

the

00:22:57--> 00:22:58

there was an area

00:23:00--> 00:23:13

that breastfeeding as we know, breastfeeding is a cause for prohibition. Right. For there to be a Amma haram or haram relationship, right.

00:23:14--> 00:23:24

So at that time, it was 10 feeds, Russia robot, and it was Quran.

00:23:25--> 00:23:40

And that was the ruling that it was 10 That would be a cause for that prohibition in the relationship such that damn well so so that that person essentially becomes a Muharram. Okay.

00:23:42--> 00:23:55

Then, the verse itself was abrogated, it's not recited, and the ruling itself is also abrogated, right? Because it's not tenable anymore.

00:23:56--> 00:23:58

So this is an example of

00:23:59--> 00:24:07

something where it was abrogated in terms of what you recite and also in terms of the ruling itself.

00:24:09--> 00:24:21

Furthermore, you might have heard the Hadith level care can I live near them? Anybody? No candidate me Adam worthy earn him in the hub laptop.

00:24:24--> 00:24:28

If the child of Adam has two values of gold,

00:24:29--> 00:24:32

he will seek a third Subhan Allah

00:24:33--> 00:24:35

never satisfied.

00:24:38--> 00:24:41

Now some narrations mentioned that this was recited as Quran

00:24:43--> 00:24:45

so there are verses

00:24:46--> 00:24:59

that have been abrogated in these three different types. What about the versus that remain button or rather the first remains but the ruling is not applicable anymore. We said this is the most common type. So I want to say

00:25:00--> 00:25:04

See all hands coming up now give me examples of that type of mess.

00:25:07--> 00:25:11

A verse we still recite, but the ruling does not apply.

00:25:16--> 00:25:18

Okay, well I can Luffy

00:25:19--> 00:25:26

the end of Surah Baqarah we will get to this in sha Allah Allah wills, we will get to those that I am.

00:25:28--> 00:25:29

If you

00:25:31--> 00:25:36

conceal what is within you or what you are thinking or you reveal it,

00:25:37--> 00:25:43

you are going to be held accountable for it. This was abrogated.

00:25:45--> 00:25:59

We still recite it, but the ruling doesn't apply what we understand from it doesn't apply and we'll see how inshallah when we get to that higher if we do at the end of the surah McCullough, where are we now we're finished quite a bit.

00:26:01--> 00:26:10

Other examples, we recite the verse but the ruling doesn't apply anymore. There are several This is the most common type.

00:26:11--> 00:26:12

What else?

00:26:16--> 00:26:17

No.

00:26:22--> 00:26:41

Okay, okay. Not drinking when you are going to pray? That's a good one. Because this is actually talking about the gradual prohibition of alcohol, right? It was gradual, at one point, they could drink, but not when they were about to pray.

00:26:43--> 00:26:46

If someone comes and says, Oh, okay, then, you know,

00:26:47--> 00:26:54

I'll apply that one. That doesn't apply it ever again isn't meant to whatever again, it is brother.

00:26:58--> 00:27:03

They have sorted it out, which prohibits alcohol completely. Right. Exactly.

00:27:05--> 00:27:08

Other examples, famous examples.

00:27:12--> 00:27:14

The issue of fighting

00:27:15--> 00:27:17

now, anyone know that won?

00:27:20--> 00:27:21

The issue of the idea

00:27:22--> 00:27:23

of

00:27:25--> 00:27:30

a lady who becomes a widow because her husband died.

00:27:31--> 00:27:47

You've heard some of these No, these are some of the examples, you will read the IRA and then there will be another IRA that actually abrogated meaning the ruling no longer applies, but we still recite it Okay.

00:27:49--> 00:27:53

Man, saffman at noon see?

00:27:56--> 00:27:59

Now the TV hiring mean her I will miss lee

00:28:02--> 00:28:08

then we will bring something better than it or like it.

00:28:12--> 00:28:14

So, the reason behind the pneus

00:28:16--> 00:28:23

and there are many reasons and wisdoms is that Allah subhana wa Taala is telling us he will bring something brand better.

00:28:25--> 00:28:26

One may ask

00:28:28--> 00:28:29

better how,

00:28:30--> 00:28:31

in what way?

00:28:33--> 00:28:41

And is that somewhat problematic to understand? Does that mean that some Quran is better than others?

00:28:43--> 00:28:49

Let it be higher in minha we will come or we will bring something better than it.

00:28:52--> 00:28:58

Here let it be how you remain how to be an ambassador the Allah Allah said he said

00:28:59--> 00:29:05

that we are going to bring something that is easier for you.

00:29:07--> 00:29:10

And most of the time we will find

00:29:11--> 00:29:17

in the nest that Allah subhanaw taala actually eases

00:29:18--> 00:29:19

the

00:29:22--> 00:29:26

ruling for the Muslims. So maybe what first

00:29:27--> 00:29:33

was obligated was more difficult. And then Allah subhanaw taala is it?

00:29:35--> 00:29:45

In the case of the iru mentioned the end of Sultan Bukhara we see that in the end of certain Muzammil, we see that as well that which has to do with pm

00:29:46--> 00:29:48

and how it was

00:29:49--> 00:29:59

an obligation according to many opinions in the beginning, then Allah subhanaw taala is that so in a lot of the cases Allah will ease it. There are some cases

00:30:01--> 00:30:05

where Allah subhanaw taala may actually make it more difficult

00:30:08--> 00:30:15

but there also it is better, why? Because of the reward that you are going to get.

00:30:17--> 00:30:27

And having said that, of course we are dealing with illness now with regards to the Quran otherwise there is nothing in the Quran and also in the Sunnah.

00:30:30--> 00:30:31

And the

00:30:33--> 00:30:53

scholars are in agreement that Quran can abrogate Quran and Quran can abrogate sunnah and Sunnah can abrogate sunnah there's some difference if sunnah can abrogate Quran and many scholars are of that opinion as well. That an authentic hadith can abrogate

00:30:54--> 00:30:54

an A

00:30:58--> 00:31:14

The reason I'm telling you this is because that to be highly mean obviously. So we said sometimes, there may be something that is it was easier before then it was made more difficult, such as fasting.

00:31:16--> 00:31:22

was the first thing of Ramadan always an obligation? No. Before that, what was it?

00:31:23--> 00:31:40

The first thing of three days, the first thing of Ashura was an obligation. What came later was more difficult, but for a very good reason. This is Ramadan, right? The blessing of Ramadan and the fasting of Ramadan.

00:31:42--> 00:32:10

That tea behind you didn't mean ha it is better for you sometimes in that it is easier for you. And sometimes it is still harder, but you will get more reward and it is still something that you are able to perform that to be higher in Mina, we come with something better. We replace it with something better. I wouldn't be three or something like it.

00:32:12--> 00:32:24

There is no real change. There's a change but it's not about harder or easier. Such as what another famous example of NUS having to do the Kembla

00:32:25--> 00:32:27

did we always pray to Makkah

00:32:28--> 00:32:36

know the Muslims are praying first to Jerusalem. Right? Then it was switched to Mecca.

00:32:38--> 00:32:40

harder or easier, not really

00:32:41--> 00:32:46

the same. But Allah subhanaw taala abrogated it

00:32:47--> 00:32:50

like to be hired in minha. I will miss lee.

00:32:52--> 00:32:56

And this example is an excellent segue

00:32:57--> 00:33:04

into understanding why this Aya is mentioned here.

00:33:07--> 00:33:17

Amongst what the criticism of the Jews and exposing them to the Muslims, why here because the Jews made a big deal about NUS.

00:33:20--> 00:33:21

So

00:33:23--> 00:33:40

part of what they criticized is this, oh look at the Muslims. Look at Muhammad. One day he says this and one day he says that one day he commands nessa many commands that one day He prohibits this that he privates that

00:33:41--> 00:33:43

or one day practice that He permits.

00:33:44--> 00:33:46

Why does he make up his mind?

00:33:48--> 00:33:53

You see, this is one of the things that they criticize it for.

00:33:54--> 00:33:58

Another reason they criticize the concept of pneus

00:34:00--> 00:34:03

is because they claim

00:34:04--> 00:34:12

that it is against the magnificence and greatness and omniscience of Allah.

00:34:14--> 00:34:15

Of course, this is a

00:34:17--> 00:34:35

very good reason for us to be sarcastic, as we will see. But this was the claim that Allah is above something called pneus. Allah does not change his mind notice. They are understanding from nessa

00:34:36--> 00:34:38

something else called badass.

00:34:41--> 00:34:53

Which is that Allah subhanaw taala it's almost as if Allah realizes something is better, are not so good. And then he changes it's as if he's changing his mind.

00:34:55--> 00:34:56

This is called the Baghdad

00:34:59--> 00:34:59

to undertake

00:35:00--> 00:35:08

Then something new realize it and then commander prohibit based on that. So their claim was,

00:35:09--> 00:35:12

this is why this is absolutely

00:35:13--> 00:35:18

unacceptable, because we cannot say this about Allah.

00:35:21--> 00:35:23

But there's a third reason as well.

00:35:24--> 00:35:27

And that is that they did not accept

00:35:28--> 00:35:46

abrogation, not within the Sharia. But across the Sharia has, what does that mean? It means they do not accept that the Sharia of Musa and the Torah

00:35:47--> 00:36:17

is changed by anything else or abrogated by anything else. What the Torah commands, is what is the truth and what it prohibits is the truth and that cannot change. So when resilinc is Salam is coming and saying, that I am coming to permit for you some of that which was prohibited, they did not accept it. They did not accept him or Christianity. And similarly, they do not accept Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi, Salam and Islam.

00:36:18--> 00:36:40

So they are rejecting nests now abrogation on another level, which is across the Sharia is not within the Sharia that how can one shall we abrogate another, this is the truth and there is nothing else and therefore they rejected a silence Allah and Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

00:36:44--> 00:36:46

So they had issues with NASA.

00:36:48--> 00:36:53

And thus, Allah subhanaw taala tells us here man

00:36:55--> 00:36:59

in the middle of this is talking about Benny surah.

00:37:04--> 00:37:05

It is

00:37:07--> 00:37:40

or if we continue, just finish that that part of the idea that to be hiring mean how we have an entire Allah and Allah Allah condition continues. Do you not know that Allah subhanaw taala is capable of all things, and he is talking to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and obviously everyone that follows the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the expression Subhan Allah, the expression seems to indicate that NASA is going to be problematic for some

00:37:42--> 00:37:55

LM Tala and Allah, Allah collusion, don't you know that Allah is capable of all things. So if you have an issue with Ness, remember, Allah is capable of all things. And of course, it means ALLAH does what he pleases.

00:37:57--> 00:38:05

So it's no issue. If he abrogates or doesn't, leaves the iron ore eliminates it

00:38:08--> 00:38:11

causes it to be completely forgotten. No issue.

00:38:13--> 00:38:31

As we said, the understanding of any man of tomorrow as well, this is not a problem at all, and does not contradict either some of the verses that talk about how Allah subhanaw taala is going to teach the prophets of salaam to read and not forget.

00:38:33--> 00:38:43

This is talking about a different type of forgetting here we're talking about completely forgetting and eliminating that Aya from being recited as Quran. So it's a different thing.

00:38:45--> 00:38:48

Not only the Jews had an issue with NUS

00:38:51--> 00:38:55

there were some Islamic scholars as well, who had an issue witness.

00:38:56--> 00:38:58

Not many, but some.

00:39:00--> 00:39:11

And that's why when scholars talk about this, they say quite clearly that there is large consensus amongst the

00:39:13--> 00:39:24

four first pious generations and also this many of the scholars that came afterwards the later generations as well, that NASA is absolutely correct.

00:39:26--> 00:39:48

But there are some who rejected it, maybe for certain reasons, or maybe they didn't quite understand it. But if you look at the textual evidence in the Quran and the Sunnah, is quite clear that there is something we call pneus

00:39:49--> 00:39:52

and it is acceptable and it is not in any way.

00:39:53--> 00:39:59

Illogical or it doesn't make sense. We see it in the eye very clearly when software

00:40:00--> 00:40:00

And

00:40:01--> 00:40:05

maybe they try to understand it in different ways.

00:40:07--> 00:40:10

Of course here, the idea is talking about what

00:40:11--> 00:40:40

the abrogation of verses not so much the abrogation of a Sharia or a book, but it seems to be an indication also of the abrogation of the previous Sherry has the previous books Elata Allah and Allah Allah coalition in ardeer. So, in other words, I have no doubt this is not an issue this is not something to be confused about.

00:40:41--> 00:40:57

Allah subhanaw taala also says in the other area, what either but then area to McKenna area tin wala who Allah will be value in a Xin Paulo in terms of time.

00:40:59--> 00:41:04

And if we replace an area with another, this is also a reference to

00:41:07--> 00:41:20

what Allah who will be my unison, again notice he knows some people will have an issue with Allahu Allah will be my unison and Allah knows what he is bringing down

00:41:22--> 00:41:29

called or even Nama and thermostat, then they will say, Oh, you are just fabricating things, they will say that to Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam.

00:41:32--> 00:41:37

So there as well, Allah subhanaw taala is telling them,

00:41:38--> 00:42:18

Allah knows what he's doing. Not the team behind you didn't mean how Wisteria, if we abrogate, we're gonna bring something better. There's a reason for it. You might ask why. This was a beautiful example, alcohol, the prohibition of alcohol, it happened gradually, there was a reason to prohibited gradually, there was a reason to face bathe and knock this to face Jerusalem as no Kembla for a time, and then to be facing Maccha as the Qibla for the rest of time. There is a wisdom there there's a Hikmah

00:42:20--> 00:42:31

so you find the Heckman in the lesson as well. And then Tamela and Allah Allah call me Shane Kadena Allahu Allah, Allah will be my universal, have no doubts.

00:42:33--> 00:42:36

But then, we come to this issue of

00:42:38--> 00:42:52

is Allah subhanaw taala changing his mind to heart Allah? absorb this Allah, what are you talking about? There's a huge difference between NUS and Budhha. Furthermore,

00:42:54--> 00:42:55

ness.

00:42:57--> 00:42:58

You need to understand

00:43:00--> 00:43:06

in terms of the revelation of Allah, Allah being the omniscient, knowing everything.

00:43:08--> 00:43:37

So when this happens, this is not something Allah realized, God forbid, we don't talk about Allah like this, by the way, brothers and sisters, please be careful. Sometimes I hear people saying something like Allah decided almost as if he made a decision, or he realized something, Allah decided that this was better for me or something like that. We don't talk about Allah that way. This is in the previous knowledge of Allah subhanaw taala.

00:43:39--> 00:43:47

Allah knows everything, before it happens, and it is all written and decreed.

00:43:49--> 00:44:04

So it was decreed already that this idea is going to apply for a certain time. For you and me, it looks like what, oh, something happened, something changed, oh.

00:44:06--> 00:44:18

Something was realized. No, it was already decided in the knowledge of Allah azza wa jal, this is going to apply for a certain time only. And then it's going to be abrogated.

00:44:20--> 00:44:23

Like so many things we see in the Sharia.

00:44:24--> 00:44:26

So there is no issue whatsoever.

00:44:27--> 00:44:39

It's not about Allah azza wa jal realizing or changing his mind, okay. This is already decided before the creation of the heavens and the earth. Okay.

00:44:42--> 00:44:48

But then, it is very audacious, of the Jews to claim

00:44:49--> 00:44:52

How can there be such a thing as NASA

00:44:54--> 00:44:59

and then to even talk about Allah changing his mind that they read their Torah

00:45:01--> 00:45:03

Have you read the Old Testament lately?

00:45:06--> 00:45:09

Do you see it in the Torah? Absolutely.

00:45:10--> 00:45:24

You will find it in a cross Sharia has, and you will find it in and within their Sharia as well. Across missionaries. They know and the the Old Testament mentions

00:45:26--> 00:45:31

some of the rulings that changed. Is everything the same from the time of Adam Of course.

00:45:33--> 00:45:37

One of the things that changed is Adam Ali Salah meringue

00:45:39--> 00:45:44

his sons to his daughters right on be it one twin,

00:45:45--> 00:45:50

one from this pair to the twin from the other pair. But this was abrogated.

00:45:53--> 00:45:54

No Hala has Salam.

00:45:55--> 00:45:57

All animals were permissible for them.

00:45:59--> 00:46:03

At the time, this was abrogated by what by the Torah?

00:46:05--> 00:46:06

Many things

00:46:07--> 00:46:19

that were permissible before were made prohibited by the Torah. So they concur. There is pneus of course Jerry as things changed,

00:46:21--> 00:46:38

but then within there, Shania, as well. And the Old Testament mentioned that, if you remember when we talked about the red heifer, when we talked about the slaughtering of the yellow cow, the Old Testament mentions the red heifer, why, if they come into contact with a dead person,

00:46:40--> 00:46:46

ritual purity, and how they are to cleanse themselves, are they applying this now? No.

00:46:47--> 00:46:55

So, this is less you have, you have abrogated the idea. This is not something that you are implementing.

00:46:58--> 00:47:03

And one of their rabbis who eventually accepted Islam,

00:47:05--> 00:47:13

addresses them and says, Therefore, you are forever impure, because you are not implementing the right way to purify yourselves.

00:47:14--> 00:47:24

Or you would have to say, this is monsoon This is abrogated. Or maybe you abrogated it so Allah cannot abrogate but you can ever again, is that how it works.

00:47:27--> 00:47:30

Similarly, with the issue of slaughtering,

00:47:31--> 00:47:45

and bringing their slaughter to the door of the tabernacle, this is mentioned in the Old Testament as well. This is something that was meant to it was abrogated. So there's abrogation within your book as well within your Sharia.

00:47:48--> 00:47:57

Not only is there pneus, there is much worse than that, or rather, that which is completely unacceptable, which is

00:48:00--> 00:48:11

the torah is is one mentions, how Allah subhanaw taala changed his mind, to Allah, Allah, my whole when we talked about it,

00:48:12--> 00:48:30

when Allah subhanaw taala was going to destroy many slavery for worshipping the calf, Musa alayhis salam was discussing it with him and convinced him not to destroy them so Allah decided not to destroy them to Heil Allah.

00:48:31--> 00:48:38

This is how the Torah talks about Allah azza wa jal. So you are criticizing NES

00:48:40--> 00:49:04

seemingly, purportedly because you are claiming that it implies that Allah changed his mind when your own Torah says this about Allah in different places, that Allah somehow changed his mind or regretted regretted creation after seeing the evil that they did Allah come up.

00:49:08--> 00:49:14

And then they have the audacity to criticize pneus. And this was something

00:49:15--> 00:49:23

in the issue of polemics that was debated across the centuries between Muslims and Jews as well.

00:49:25--> 00:49:26

Then next year,

00:49:27--> 00:49:43

I lambda Allah, and Allah Allah who will Kusum our table out what Melaku mean, Gunilla, meanwhile, you will receive so this idea as well continues down that road

00:49:44--> 00:49:44

of

00:49:46--> 00:49:58

making the Muslims hearts firm and taller than Allah Allah subhanaw taala Don't you know that to Allah belongs the dominions of the heavens and the earth again. In other words,

00:50:00--> 00:50:15

Why would you have any issue with Allah subhanaw taala abrogating? Isn't he the one who sat down the Quran, Allah abrogated it because he knew that it had a certain time and that it was going to end

00:50:16--> 00:50:19

for good reason and he is the most knowledgeable.

00:50:20--> 00:50:29

So Allah, Allah and Allah, Allah who will, who will talk to Him belong the domains of the heavens and the earth, he owns. He owns

00:50:31--> 00:51:04

everything the universe is his, it belongs to Allah. He is the sovereign. Everything in it therefore also belongs to Allah. Allah does what He wills. Now you shall know whom you saloon, they will not ask his Sir He is not asked. Allah is not asked about what he does. They are asked. Allah does what he pleases Allah Tala man Allah Allah will cause some earth he will. So if he was the heavens and the earth,

00:51:05--> 00:51:07

everything belongs to him.

00:51:09--> 00:51:21

What is the issue? If Allah subhanaw taala abrogated this iron or that whether he abrogated the ruling or completely made the ayah to be forgotten that is up to Allah

00:51:24--> 00:51:39

Wilma Allah Cuming Gunilla Him you will you will earn a safe and they will not be for you. Besides Allah subhanaw taala any when he anyone to assist or help you

00:51:42--> 00:51:49

or to rather than when he in someone to support you and to assist and help you?

00:51:52--> 00:52:04

No one besides Allah subhanaw taala Allah is reminding them reminding the Muslims here. What may Allah commune do nila, he knew when he you will enter so you don't let anyone

00:52:05--> 00:52:20

somehow confuse you about your book about your Sharia. Because this is exactly what the Jews were trying to do. Confuse the Muslims. So Allah is telling them you will not have anyone besides Allah.

00:52:21--> 00:52:27

Who is your Willie, who will take care of you and support you and be there for you.

00:52:30--> 00:52:33

Place your confidence in Allah Alone.

00:52:35--> 00:52:50

So it is making the hearts of the Muslims firm upon the deen. Despite these Shabazz, these misconceptions that the enemies of Allah will try to confuse the Muslims with

00:52:51--> 00:52:52

how they will Allahu Allah.

00:52:54--> 00:52:58

Allah, Allah, Pico masala Allahu senemo baraka and Amina Mohammed

00:53:10--> 00:53:12

Yes, brothers and sisters anything

00:53:16--> 00:53:20

tough one, NASCAR is not easy.

00:53:34--> 00:53:39

Just rather, what is the Vedic history?

00:53:42--> 00:53:52

From Jerusalem? Okay, that's a good question. Why was the Qibla changed? Well, one of the lessons possibly Allah Allah is that

00:53:55--> 00:54:05

Allah subhanaw taala was confirming to the Muslims, that Jerusalem is much a holy place

00:54:06--> 00:54:10

and one of the sacred

00:54:12--> 00:54:23

places of Islam just like vodka and we know that those are the three most sacred sites in Islam are those three

00:54:24--> 00:54:26

Masjid Al haram in Makkah,

00:54:27--> 00:54:46

masjid and never we in Medina and and masjid and Assam and these are the only three massage and that it is permissible to visit for religious tourism meaning as worship as an act of worship. I am going to visit

00:54:47--> 00:54:59

Masjid Al haram or the budget of the province of Silla or bait and muck this May Allah liberate it and grant us a visit to it. It's an act of worship. We don't go anywhere else

00:55:00--> 00:55:10

as to any other Masjid as an act of worship as tourism, that's something else just playing tourism, but as an act of worship,

00:55:11--> 00:55:12

only these three massage it.

00:55:13--> 00:55:14

So,

00:55:15--> 00:55:25

it tells us from the very beginning al Masjid Al Aqsa the sanctity of a masjid outside holiness for Muslims

00:55:26--> 00:55:32

and this is something that cannot be argued Okay. Of course

00:55:34--> 00:55:35

the connection

00:55:36--> 00:55:43

between Maccha and beta lock this very interesting.

00:55:44--> 00:55:45

In fact

00:55:48--> 00:55:55

even Tamia, Allah mentions that Maccha is the beginning

00:55:56--> 00:55:59

and the missing upside is the end

00:56:00--> 00:56:02

in many ways

00:56:03--> 00:56:06

so, one of the ways is

00:56:07--> 00:56:17

when you talk about this OMA, the beginning of this OMA is in Makkah right. The end will be

00:56:19--> 00:56:32

in Philistine in Baden McInnes, right, because we know it is out of a Masha Wellman shove. It is where people will be brought together at the end of time.

00:56:33--> 00:56:36

And from there they will be resurrected.

00:56:37--> 00:56:41

So Marquez the beginning and outside is the end.

00:56:43--> 00:56:45

There is a connection between them.

00:56:46--> 00:56:51

And we know as well, that the first Masjid to be built is

00:56:52--> 00:56:54

the Masood Hara, right?

00:56:55--> 00:57:08

And then a Muslim axon was built after that. The narration mentions 40 years, right. But then scholars were trying to understand how that is. It is ancient, of course.

00:57:10--> 00:57:41

So there's that connection that cannot be interrupted or cut between Maccha and between beta and McCullers. It's not just Makkah and Medina. Oh, and the Jews have bait and muck this Jerusalem? No. This is one of the three holy sites for us as well. If they claim it is their holiest for us. It is the third holiest, the fact that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was made and taken there. And to pray as Imam

00:57:42--> 00:57:47

with the rest of the Prophets, peace be upon them all following him very symbolic.

00:57:49--> 00:58:06

That this is how it ends. And yes, that at that point, the upper hand will be for Islam. And all of the prophets are following Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and this will be the case at the end of time as well.

00:58:09--> 00:58:13

We may also say that in the beginning,

00:58:15--> 00:58:19

there were still a lot of idols all around al Qaeda.

00:58:22--> 00:58:31

And the idols continue to be there but the Muslims were supposed to get rid of those items, right? And eventually they were able to

00:58:33--> 00:58:37

in the beginning, they were praying to Al Masjid Al Aqsa

00:58:39--> 00:58:46

before they were told to then change their complaint to Al Masjid Allah.

00:58:48--> 00:58:55

Of course, of course, this is the Surah Surah is what I mentioned when the prophets of salaam was taken to

00:58:57--> 00:59:03

alphabets and then they may urge when He ascended into the heavens

00:59:09--> 00:59:11

anything else on nest

00:59:22--> 00:59:24

it's well understood, makes sense.

00:59:26--> 00:59:27

It's not hard to understand

00:59:31--> 00:59:31

that

00:59:38--> 00:59:42

so tell me what are the three types of NESC now that I mentioned?

00:59:43--> 00:59:53

See how well you were listening or how will you remember other I know you were listening three types. yella? It's logical, right? It makes sense.

00:59:55--> 00:59:56

Something that

00:59:58--> 00:59:59

was forgotten

01:00:00--> 01:00:00

forgotten.

01:00:02--> 01:00:03

Meaning what?

01:00:04--> 01:00:08

Meaning that Okay, so there's there's either the loss,

01:00:09--> 01:00:23

but I lost him or I can tie them I'm good. Okay. Okay, so the verse is no longer recited as Quran, but the ruling still applies very good. This is one type, then second type

01:00:24--> 01:00:29

the opposite of that. Right? The verse still

01:00:30--> 01:00:40

exists but the ruling has been abrogated. And we said this is the most common type in the Quran, right? The third type quite rare

01:00:47--> 01:00:57

again, logically just think about it. So it's not recited, but the ruling applies, it is reciting, but the ruling doesn't apply. Lastly,

01:00:59--> 01:01:06

it's not the verse is not there anymore and neither is the ruling. Exactly. These are the three types.

01:01:08--> 01:01:14

What is there a fourth type? Since you have two things, right. So in terms of possibility, you have four possibilities, right?

01:01:15--> 01:01:22

Right, those who study possibilities you have two so two times two is four. What is the fourth one?

01:01:24--> 01:01:30

The is there the ruling is there as well? Right? That's That's logical.

01:01:34--> 01:01:35

Okay

01:01:41--> 01:01:44

I'm a lot higher as a pilot Hello, I'm digna shadow Allah.