Karim Abuzaid – Know Your Lord Audio Book 02 04 – Enjoining the Significance of Monotheism Tawheed

Karim Abuzaid
AI: Summary © The concept of settling for pleasure and forgiveness is essential to the church's actions and is the basis of their actions. Mon appetite for forgiveness is also an important part of their desire to remove evil from individuals and their branches. The speakers emphasize the importance of seeking forgiveness and expanding one's chest to see faith. The causes of polytheism are not the same as those of the beast, and "moneddereism" is a transitory and metaphysical experience. It is also a way to avoid suffering and achieve the benefits of a lesser good. The world is becoming increasingly stressed, and the hereafter is a mercy thing for those who pursue their Lord.
AI: Transcript ©
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Chapter 4. Enjoining the significance of monotheism.

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Ibn Taymiyyah

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and his student ibn al Qayyam

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were 2 scholars who excelled in explaining the

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concept of monotheism

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and calling people to it.

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From their scholarship

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comes a reminder for the muslims

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who have strayed

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or who have favored a cultural interpretation of

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Islam

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which is in violation

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of some aspects of monotheism.

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These reminders are organized into 13 lessons.

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1. Islam

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has 2 fundamental principles

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Ibn Taymiyyah Rahimahullah said,

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Allah

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built the religion of Islam

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upon 2 fundamental principles.

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The first is that Allah is to be

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worshiped alone and that nothing is to be

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associated with him

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And the second

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is that no one has the right to

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be worshiped except Allah and he is to

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be worshiped only according to that which he

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legislated

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as conveyed by the tongue of his prophet.

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2. Monotheism

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Tawhid

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is the first and last affair. Ibn Taymiyrahima

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Allah said: The beginning of the religion and

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its end and its outwardness

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and its inwardness is monotheism

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and making the whole of the religion sincerely

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for Allah.

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It is the actualization

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of the statement

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'La ilaha illallah.' Ibn al Qayyum said: 'Monotheism

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is the first thing that is entered into

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Islam with and the last thing one departs

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with from the life of this world.

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The prophet

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said,

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'Whoever's last words

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will enter paradise.

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Therefore

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the prophet said,

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'Prompt your dying ones to say,

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It is easier to die upon

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what has been known and practiced in this

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life. Hence

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we are advised to keep one's lips wet

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with and one's actions

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consistent

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upon the statement.

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3.

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Monotheism

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Tawhid

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is the basis of good.

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Ibn Taymiyyah said

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monotheism

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is the basis of the welfare of the

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people

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and committing polytheism

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is the basis of their corruption

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because justice

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is associated

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with monotheism

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and because monotheism

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is the origin of justice.

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In contrast

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desiring elevated status

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is associated

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with corruption

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because

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it is the origin of oppression.

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Ibn Taymiyyah

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also mentioned,

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the basis of good is monotheism and faith

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and the basis of corruption is polytheism

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and disbelief.

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He also stated

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indeed

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the foundation of the religion is enjoining the

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good and forbidding the evil. In the peak

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of good is monotheism

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and the peak of evil is polytheism.

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He also said,

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polytheism

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is the greatest corruption

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just as monotheism

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is the greatest good.

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The products

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of manifest polytheism

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is destruction and failure.

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Ibn al Khaim

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reminds us of the words of Allah. 'Had

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there been within the heavens and earth gods

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besides Allah, they both would have been ruined.

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Or monotheism,

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tawhid

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and seeking forgiveness.

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Ibn Taymiyrahima'alaha

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said. Monotheism

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is the aggregation of the religion

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which is its foundation

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and its branches

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and its essence

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and it is good all of it and

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seeking forgiveness

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removes evil all of it.

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So from these emanates

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all good as well as

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the cessation of all evil.

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Ibn Taymih also

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mentioned

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whoever

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actualizes monotheism

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and seeking forgiveness

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then evil must be removed from him.

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It is due to this that Yunus

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evoked his Lord with monotheism

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while in the belly of the fish.

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Allah said,

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he called out within the darkness,

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'There is no deity except you,

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Exalted are you.

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Indeed,

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I have been of the wrongdoers.

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Also,

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prophet Nuh-huh,

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Noah, alaihis salam,

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called his people to monotheism

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to seek forgiveness,

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to remove harm from falling upon them.

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Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala reported that prophet Nuh

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said,

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worship

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Allah, fear him and obey me.

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He, Allah, will forgive you

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of your sins

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and delay you for a specified term.

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Indeed,

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the time set by Allah when it comes

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will not be delayed if you only knew.

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Monotheism

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is enjoined

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along with the seeking of forgiveness

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istighfar

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in multiple places in the Quran

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such as the statement of Allah

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So know, O Muhammad,

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that there is no deity except Allah and

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ask forgiveness

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for your sin and for the believing men

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and believing women.

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And Allah knows of your movement

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and your resting place.

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Ibn TaymIr Ham'allah stated

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monotheism

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removes the origin of polytheism.

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In seeking forgiveness

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Istighfar

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erases its branches.

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So

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the most profound praise is saying, there is

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no god but

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And the most profound supplication

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Dua

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is saying, 'I seek Allah's forgiveness.'

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5,

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great emphasis

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was given to monotheism.

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Said, the prophet

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the prophet would actualize monotheism,

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tawheed,

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to teach it to his ummah

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such that a man

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said to him, 'as Allah wills

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and as you will.'

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So he said,

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'Have you made me an associate with Allah,

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rather

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as Allah alone wills?

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Ibn al Qayyim

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said, Indeed,

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the prophet guarded the aspect of monotheism

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with the most exceptional protection.

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For example, he forbade Muslims

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from the observance

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of the voluntary prayer for Allah,

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the glorified,

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at the rising of the sun and its

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setting,

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so that it should not be a means

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to the resemblance

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of the worshippers of the sun,

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those that prostrate to it in these two

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circumstances.

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Likewise

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by his obstructing the means to polytheism

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by prohibiting prayer after asr and the fajr

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due to the connection of these two timings

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with the two timings

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in which the polytheists

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prostrate for the sun.

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6. Monotheism

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Tawhid

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expands the chest.

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Ibn al Qaybrahim Allah said

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nothing

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expands the chest more than monotheism,

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Tawhid

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and this expansion

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varies according to the completeness of monotheism,

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Tawhid.

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Allah

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said, so whoever

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Allah wills to guide, He expands his breast

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to Islam

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and whomever he wills to send astray,

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he makes his chest tight

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and constricts

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as though he were climbing into the sky.

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Ibn al Qayyim, Rahim

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said in Zad al Ma'ad,

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as monotheism,

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tawhid,

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and guidance

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are amongst the greatest causes

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of an expanded chest.

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Polytheism,

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shirk and misguidance

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are among the greatest causes

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of a constricted chest.

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The light of faith

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iman

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also expands the chest and pleases the heart.

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Consequently,

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one who is deprived

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of this light is imprisoned.

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7.

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Monotheism

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repels

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worldly

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afflictions.

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Ibn al Qayyim

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said, nothing prevents

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the misfortunes of the world like monotheism

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that is why the supplication of distress

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is done with monotheism

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and as an example of this we remember

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the supplication

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of And mention,

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the man of the fish,

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when he went off in anger, and thought

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that we would not decree anything upon him,

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and he called out within the darkness,

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'There is no deity except

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you, exalted are you indeed

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I have been of the wrongdoers.'

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The supplication

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is so empowered

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with the virtues of monotheism

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that no distressed person used to supplicate with

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it,

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but Allah

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drove

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his distress away. On the other hand

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nothing causes great distress like polytheism

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and nothing saves man from it except monotheism.

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Therefore

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it is the refuge

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and the fortress of all creation.

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Ibn al Qaym

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said in Zad al Ma'ad as for the

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supplication

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dua

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of dun Nun,

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Yunus, Jonah

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then indeed there is within it from the

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perfect completion of monotheism

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and declaring the Lord, the mighty and majestic,

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of being free

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of imperfection

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and deficiency,

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as well as an acknowledgment

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of the servant of his wrongdoing and sin,

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that which is from the most far

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reaching supplications

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of distress

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and anxiety

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and grief, it is likewise

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the most far reaching

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of means to Allah, the glorified

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in securing one's needs.

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8, monotheism.

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Tawhid

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couples with safety and security.

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Ibn al Qayyim said

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monotheism

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tawid is the greatest bastion of Allah which

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whoever enters it

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then he is

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from those that are secure.

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He stated

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that it means

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fear

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is always alongside polytheism

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and safety

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is always alongside monotheism.

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Actualizing monotheism

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is essential

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to those who seek security.

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Ibn al Qayb also

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said

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monotheism,

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Tawhid,

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is from the most potent of factors

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for protection from fears. And polytheism

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is from the most potent of factors

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for the occurrence of fears.

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9.

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Monotheism

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is shelter from distress.

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Ibn al Qayyim

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said,

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monotheism

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is the refuge of its enemies

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and its supporters.

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It saves its enemies from the distress and

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misfortunes

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of the life of this world.

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Meaning that the people

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of polytheism

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will call out to Allah

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alone when in distress.

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Allah

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may answer them but he also knows they

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will return to polytheism.

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Refuge for them

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is transitory in this life

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unless they die upon monotheism.

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And Allah

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is the most merciful

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and accepts

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sincere repentance.

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Allah

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said, and when they board a ship they

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supplicate Allah

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sincere to him in religion,

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but when he delivers them to their land

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at once

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they associate others with him. As for the

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beloved servants of Allah

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an emphasis

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on monotheism

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during times of trial

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saves its supporters

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from the distress

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and misfortunes of this world in the hereafter.

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That is why prophet Yunus alaihi salam resorted

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to it and Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala saved

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him from the darkness of the whale's belly.

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Monotheism

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brings ease

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as a matter of perspective

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and a matter of reality.

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This is Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala's way with

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his servants.

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Nothing prevents the misfortunes of this world

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like monotheism.

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Nothing causes great distress like polytheism.

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10, monotheism

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and the sins of the servant. Ibn Taymiyrahima'ullah

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said when speaking about the varying forms of

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sins, a servant, upon sound monotheism,

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mixed with lesser sins,

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is better than an individual

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who has only the sin of polytheists

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and is without any other sin.

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He also wrote monotheism

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that has with it lies is better than

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polytheism

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that has with it truth.

00:13:39 --> 00:13:40

Ibn al Qayim

00:13:40 --> 00:13:42

said the greater the monotheism

00:13:43 --> 00:13:44

of the servant

00:13:44 --> 00:13:46

then the forgiveness of Allah is complete.

00:13:47 --> 00:13:50

So whoever meets him, not having associated

00:13:50 --> 00:13:52

anything with him at all, then his sin

00:13:52 --> 00:13:55

will be forgiven for him, all of them,

00:13:55 --> 00:13:56

whatever

00:13:56 --> 00:13:59

they may be. And Allah will not punish

00:13:59 --> 00:13:59

him

00:14:00 --> 00:14:00

due to them.

00:14:01 --> 00:14:02

Ibn al Qaim also

00:14:03 --> 00:14:03

said,

00:14:03 --> 00:14:04

so the Muslims,

00:14:05 --> 00:14:06

their sins

00:14:06 --> 00:14:08

are the sins of a person of monotheism.

00:14:09 --> 00:14:10

That monotheism

00:14:11 --> 00:14:13

erases their traces in totality.

00:14:14 --> 00:14:14

Otherwise,

00:14:15 --> 00:14:18

that which is with them from monotheism

00:14:18 --> 00:14:21

will exit them from the fire, if Allah

00:14:21 --> 00:14:23

is to punish them on account of their

00:14:23 --> 00:14:24

sins.

00:14:24 --> 00:14:26

As for polytheists and disbelievers,

00:14:27 --> 00:14:29

then indeed their polytheism

00:14:29 --> 00:14:31

and their disbelief thwart

00:14:31 --> 00:14:33

their good deeds.

00:14:33 --> 00:14:34

So

00:14:34 --> 00:14:36

they will not meet their lord with a

00:14:36 --> 00:14:38

single valid act from which they hope for

00:14:38 --> 00:14:39

salvation

00:14:39 --> 00:14:42

and nothing from their sins will be forgiven

00:14:42 --> 00:14:42

for them.

00:14:43 --> 00:14:43

Allah

00:14:44 --> 00:14:45

said, 'Indeed

00:14:46 --> 00:14:49

Allah does not forgive association with him,

00:14:49 --> 00:14:50

but he forgives

00:14:50 --> 00:14:52

what is less than that

00:14:52 --> 00:14:54

for whom he wills,

00:14:54 --> 00:14:58

and he who associates others with Allah has

00:14:58 --> 00:14:59

certainty fabricated

00:14:59 --> 00:15:00

a tremendous sin.

00:15:01 --> 00:15:01

Therefore

00:15:02 --> 00:15:02

polytheists

00:15:03 --> 00:15:04

or disbelievers

00:15:05 --> 00:15:06

will be bereft

00:15:06 --> 00:15:08

of benefit in the hereafter

00:15:08 --> 00:15:11

because the benefit of lesser good is nullified

00:15:11 --> 00:15:13

by the tremendous injustice

00:15:13 --> 00:15:14

of polytheism.

00:15:15 --> 00:15:16

Allah

00:15:16 --> 00:15:17

said,

00:15:17 --> 00:15:20

'On the day they will see the angels

00:15:20 --> 00:15:22

no glad tidings would there be for the

00:15:22 --> 00:15:23

Mujrimoon,

00:15:24 --> 00:15:24

criminals,

00:15:25 --> 00:15:26

disbelievers,

00:15:26 --> 00:15:27

polytheists, sinners

00:15:28 --> 00:15:28

that

00:15:29 --> 00:15:31

day and they angels will say, 'All kinds

00:15:31 --> 00:15:34

of glad tidings are forbidden to you. None

00:15:34 --> 00:15:36

will be allowed to enter paradise

00:15:36 --> 00:15:39

except the one who said, La ilaha illallah,

00:15:39 --> 00:15:40

and acted practically

00:15:41 --> 00:15:43

on its legal orders and obligations.

00:15:44 --> 00:15:46

And we shall turn to whatever deeds they,

00:15:47 --> 00:15:47

disbelievers,

00:15:48 --> 00:15:48

polytheists,

00:15:49 --> 00:15:52

sinners did, and we shall make such deeds

00:15:52 --> 00:15:55

as scattered floating particles of dust.

00:15:55 --> 00:15:56

Monotheism

00:15:57 --> 00:15:58

is the key to paradise.

00:15:59 --> 00:16:01

There is an appropriate means for everything

00:16:01 --> 00:16:02

which is desirable

00:16:03 --> 00:16:05

and the individual with wisdom who desires to

00:16:05 --> 00:16:06

enter paradise

00:16:07 --> 00:16:09

will apply the appropriate means to attain it.

00:16:09 --> 00:16:10

Ibn Qayyam

00:16:11 --> 00:16:12

said,

00:16:12 --> 00:16:13

Allah the glorious

00:16:14 --> 00:16:16

has made for every desired matter a key

00:16:16 --> 00:16:18

to open it. He made purification

00:16:19 --> 00:16:20

the key of prayers.

00:16:21 --> 00:16:23

In the same way the key of the

00:16:23 --> 00:16:24

pilgrimage

00:16:24 --> 00:16:28

is entering into the state of ihram. The

00:16:28 --> 00:16:29

key of piety

00:16:29 --> 00:16:30

is telling the truth.

00:16:31 --> 00:16:32

The key of paradise

00:16:32 --> 00:16:35

is to believe in the oneness of Allah.

00:16:35 --> 00:16:38

Ibn Qayyam Rahim Allah stated similarly

00:16:39 --> 00:16:40

that without monotheism

00:16:40 --> 00:16:42

there is no expectation

00:16:42 --> 00:16:43

of gaining paradise.

00:16:44 --> 00:16:45

For indeed

00:16:45 --> 00:16:46

monotheism

00:16:46 --> 00:16:49

is the key to its door. So whoever

00:16:49 --> 00:16:51

does not have a key with him then

00:16:51 --> 00:16:54

its door will not open for him.

00:16:54 --> 00:16:55

Likewise

00:16:55 --> 00:16:56

is the case

00:16:57 --> 00:16:58

if he came with a key that has

00:16:58 --> 00:17:01

no teeth for it, the opening will not

00:17:01 --> 00:17:02

be possible with it.

00:17:03 --> 00:17:04

12.

00:17:04 --> 00:17:06

The devils have no authority.

00:17:07 --> 00:17:08

Ibn Taymiyrahima'u'llah

00:17:08 --> 00:17:10

wrote that the devils

00:17:10 --> 00:17:11

have no authority

00:17:12 --> 00:17:14

over the hearts of the people of monotheism.

00:17:14 --> 00:17:15

This is a testament

00:17:16 --> 00:17:18

to the might of that which monotheism

00:17:18 --> 00:17:19

attributes.

00:17:20 --> 00:17:20

Ibn Taymira

00:17:21 --> 00:17:22

mentioned likewise:

00:17:22 --> 00:17:23

When monotheism

00:17:24 --> 00:17:25

becomes manifest

00:17:25 --> 00:17:26

the devils flee

00:17:27 --> 00:17:29

and are rendered futile and diminish.

00:17:29 --> 00:17:32

So they become manifest in places wherein the

00:17:32 --> 00:17:33

influence of monotheism

00:17:34 --> 00:17:35

is hidden.

00:17:35 --> 00:17:38

Ibn al Qayyim Rahim Allah said, The enemy

00:17:38 --> 00:17:41

of Allah came to know that Allah, the

00:17:41 --> 00:17:42

highest,

00:17:42 --> 00:17:44

does not allow him to gain ascendency

00:17:45 --> 00:17:46

over the people of monotheism

00:17:47 --> 00:17:47

who possess

00:17:48 --> 00:17:48

sincerity.

00:17:49 --> 00:17:52

The following verse Iah reveals

00:17:52 --> 00:17:54

Sherpaan's statement.

00:17:54 --> 00:17:55

Iblis

00:17:55 --> 00:17:56

said,

00:17:56 --> 00:17:59

'By your might I will surely mislead them

00:17:59 --> 00:18:02

all except among them your chosen servants.'

00:18:03 --> 00:18:04

This is evidence

00:18:05 --> 00:18:05

that the devils

00:18:06 --> 00:18:08

have no authority over the people of monotheism.

00:18:09 --> 00:18:11

As the enemy of Allah knew that whoever

00:18:11 --> 00:18:12

adheres

00:18:12 --> 00:18:14

and has recourse to Allah,

00:18:14 --> 00:18:15

the mighty and majestic,

00:18:16 --> 00:18:19

and makes himself sincere to him and places

00:18:19 --> 00:18:22

his resilience upon him, that he will be

00:18:22 --> 00:18:25

unable to lead him astray and misguide him.

00:18:25 --> 00:18:26

Allah

00:18:27 --> 00:18:28

also said,

00:18:28 --> 00:18:31

and when guidance comes to you from me,

00:18:31 --> 00:18:33

whoever follows my guidance,

00:18:34 --> 00:18:36

there will be no fear concerning them,

00:18:37 --> 00:18:38

nor will they grieve.

00:18:39 --> 00:18:39

Allah

00:18:40 --> 00:18:41

also said,

00:18:41 --> 00:18:43

indeed, there is for Shaifaan

00:18:44 --> 00:18:45

no authority

00:18:46 --> 00:18:47

over those who have believed

00:18:48 --> 00:18:49

and rely upon their lord.

00:18:50 --> 00:18:51

13.

00:18:51 --> 00:18:52

Inviting to monotheism

00:18:53 --> 00:18:55

is inviting to our lord.

00:18:56 --> 00:18:57

The statement of monotheism

00:18:58 --> 00:19:00

La ilaha illallah meaning

00:19:00 --> 00:19:02

there is no one worthy of worship except

00:19:02 --> 00:19:03

Allah

00:19:03 --> 00:19:05

is a statement incumbent

00:19:05 --> 00:19:07

on all of the creation

00:19:07 --> 00:19:08

among those

00:19:08 --> 00:19:10

who are sincere to know their Lord.

00:19:11 --> 00:19:11

It

00:19:12 --> 00:19:13

means that the science of monotheism

00:19:14 --> 00:19:15

is undetachable

00:19:16 --> 00:19:18

from those who pursue our Lord in love

00:19:19 --> 00:19:19

and sincerity.

00:19:20 --> 00:19:21

Ibn al Aym

00:19:22 --> 00:19:25

said, the earth and the heavens were founded,

00:19:25 --> 00:19:27

the creation was created,

00:19:27 --> 00:19:30

and by way of it Allah the Most

00:19:30 --> 00:19:31

High sent his messengers

00:19:32 --> 00:19:33

and revealed his books

00:19:34 --> 00:19:35

and legislated

00:19:36 --> 00:19:39

the prescriptions of religious law and because of

00:19:39 --> 00:19:41

it the scales were erected

00:19:41 --> 00:19:44

and the registers were set up and the

00:19:44 --> 00:19:44

souk

00:19:45 --> 00:19:45

of Paradise

00:19:46 --> 00:19:47

and the fire

00:19:47 --> 00:19:48

came to arise,

00:19:49 --> 00:19:51

and by way of it the creation was

00:19:51 --> 00:19:52

divided

00:19:52 --> 00:19:54

into the believers and the disbelievers

00:19:55 --> 00:19:56

and the righteous and the wicked.

00:19:57 --> 00:19:59

The calling to this is a calling to

00:19:59 --> 00:20:00

accountability

00:20:00 --> 00:20:01

and the acknowledgment

00:20:02 --> 00:20:04

that our Lord has a divine right to

00:20:04 --> 00:20:07

judge, and that the dispensing

00:20:07 --> 00:20:10

of justice neither benefits nor harms him

00:20:11 --> 00:20:13

rather the significance of fidelity

00:20:13 --> 00:20:14

to monotheism

00:20:15 --> 00:20:17

is for our own benefit,

00:20:17 --> 00:20:20

and calling to it is a mercy.

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