Kamil Ahmad – Lessons from the Seerah #76 The Conquest of Makkah P4

Kamil Ahmad
AI: Summary © The speaker discusses the history and actions of the Prophet sallam's men, including the loss of the woman of high rank from the lower class and the destruction of the shrine. They emphasize the importance of following laws and avoiding mistakes. The speaker provides lessons on the importance of justice, the movement of Islam, and the importance of obeying leaders and authority. They also discuss the mistakes of leaders and the importance of disarming idols and statues.
AI: Transcript ©
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We continue in the Seerah of the Prophet

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Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

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having reached, Fatihamakkah,

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the conquest of Mecca.

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And we've gone through

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the major events

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that took place

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on that day when the Prophet

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entered Mecca

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after such a long time.

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There were just a few more

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incidents

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and events

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remaining to be covered

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concerning

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the

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conquest of Mecca and some of the incidents

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that took place thereafter.

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So we'll be going through,

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some of these tonight

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And so

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last week we had

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gone through,

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some events,

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on that day like the Islam of

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the father of Abu Bakr,

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as

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well as the Islam of Hind binturitba,

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the wife of Abu Sufyan.

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And we also mentioned that the Prophet sallallahu

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alaihi wa sallam gave several khutbas,

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several sermons

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on that day and the days that followed.

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And so we went through some of those,

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sermons.

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And we also mentioned the famous statement of

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the Prophet

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that there is no more hijrah

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after this day.

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And we spoke about what that meant

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and how,

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you know, the hijrah that was mandatory,

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it was no longer mandatory, the hijrah to

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Medina.

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And so today, we'll be looking at some

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of the remaining events,

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that followed.

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Now

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first of all how long did Rasulullah

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remain in Mecca

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after

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entering it.

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He remained for a total of 18

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or 19 days.

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And remember that this was

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during the month of Ramadan.

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The prophet

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entered Mecca on 20th

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of Ramadan.

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However, what we learned from the various narrations

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is that he sallallahu alaihi wa sallam did

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not fast.

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And

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he continued shortening his salah

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during his stay in Mecca.

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And

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what we learned from this

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what we learned from this

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is that 1 is still considered

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a musafir, a traveler.

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And he enjoys the rukhas, the concessions

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of a traveler,

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even if

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he reaches his destination

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and he's staying there.

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So

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the concessions

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that the traveler enjoys,

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not having to fast in Ramadan,

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shortening your prayers, etcetera,

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This is not only during your travel

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until you reach your destination, but even while

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you're there.

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And we learned this from,

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what the prophet did when he

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remained in Mecca

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during

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this period of time. And so the concessions

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of travel only end

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They only end

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when you return home

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when you return home and you're no longer

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considered a traveler.

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An incident that occurred

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during the Prophet's stay in Mecca.

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And this incident

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has been narrated in

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Sahih al Bukhari and other books.

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And it is that of

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the woman,

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The woman who was caught

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stealing.

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The woman who was caught stealing.

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And she belonged

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to the family of Banu Mahzum.

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Banu Mahzum was a prominent noble family from

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Quraysh.

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They weren't just any

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family in Quraysh.

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Several noble people or leaders of Quraysh belong

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to this family,

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such as

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Al Walid ibn al Mughira, the father of

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Khalid ibn al Walid,

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as well as

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Abu Jahl himself

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and others.

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So

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some of the leaders

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of this family,

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they

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now were in a dilemma.

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Because now you have a woman who's been

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caught from this family, she's been caught stealing.

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And the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam now

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has authority over Mecca.

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Mecca is in his control.

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The Islamic laws are gonna be implemented.

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So the prophet was told about her

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and her crime, and so he ordered that

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her hand be cut off.

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Now

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the family was concerned.

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Why? Because

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these people were used to

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They were used to the fact that

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the weak

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and the slaves and those who didn't have

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any protection from the lower class in society,

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they are the ones who are punished for

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crimes.

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But if you belong to the nobility

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and the upper class,

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then

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there are ways out.

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There are ways

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out.

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So they wanted to appeal the verdict

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of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

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So they wanted someone to go and speak

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to the Prophet Sallallahu

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Alaihi Wasallam.

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Who did they choose

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for this task?

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They chose the son of

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Zayd ibn Haritha.

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Zayd ibn Haritha was

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the beloved companion of the Prophet

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He was like a son for him

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and he had passed away recently

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as a shahid in the Battle of Muttah.

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We mentioned his story

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And now his son, Usama ibn Zaid,

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was also very beloved to the Prophet

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And

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Quraysh knew this very well.

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So they went to Usama,

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radiAllahu anhu,

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and they asked him to speak on behalf

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of this woman.

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So he agreed

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thinking that he was doing something good.

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And so he spoke to the prophet sallallahu

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alaihi wa sallam about it.

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When Rasulullah he sallallahu alaihi wasallam

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heard Usama

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intervening on behalf of this lady,

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his face changed in color,

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and he said,

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Are you

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intervening

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concerning

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ahad from the Khudood of Allah?

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You dare speak to me

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to intercede

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and prevent

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a punishment, a prescribed punishment

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from the prescribed punishments of Allah.

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Usama

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he said, You Rasulullah

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Istafirli.

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Ask Allah to forgive

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me. Then the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam,

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he went out in the open,

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and he delivered

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a short khutbah.

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He said,

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what destroyed the people before you

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was

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that a person

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of high rank from the upper class in

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society,

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if he

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stole, if he committed theft,

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then they would spare him.

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But if the same was done by a

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person

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from the lower class, a poor person,

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they would

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apply the punishment on him.

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And then the Prophet said,

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I swear by Allah,

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if Fatima, the daughter of Muhammad,

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should steal,

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I would have her hand cut off.

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I would have

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her hand cut off.

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And so look at how seriously the Prophet

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sallallahu alaihi wa sallam took it.

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He didn't let this pass

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lightly.

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He took it seriously and he showed the

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people the seriousness of the matter.

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And so the hand of this woman was

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cut off.

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Her hand was cut off. In 1 narration,

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it mentions that

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she sincerely repented to Allah,

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and she changed for the better.

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And so

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Aisha

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says that she would visit me after that

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when she would need something from Rasulullah

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Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, and I would speak to

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the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam

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on her behalf.

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And so this is the story of

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the woman who was caught stealing. This occurred

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while the Prophet was in Mecca

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after

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Fatimaka, the conquest of Mecca.

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Now we mentioned that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

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had destroyed

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the idols

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in and around the cabin.

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This was the very first task that he,

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you know, went to

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fulfill.

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And so now Mecca was purified

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of Kufr and Shirk and manifestations

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of it.

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And so Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam wanted to

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now spread the sovereignty of Islam

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in the surrounding areas

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of Mecca.

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And so he sent

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different companions

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on missions to go and destroy

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the major idols,

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the big idols that were honored and worshipped

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around Mecca.

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And

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the 3 main idols

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that

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were prevalent

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around Mecca,

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they are the 3 that Allah

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mentions in the Qur'an,

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and they are

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Allah

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says in

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Suratul Najm

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Have you considered

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the idols of Allat and and

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the third 1, Manat?

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Do you prefer to have sons attributed to

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you,

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but you attribute to him to Allah daughters?

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Why does Allah say this?

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Because

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there were superstitious

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beliefs concerning these idols

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among the mushrikun.

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They believed that these,

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idols represented

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daughters of Allah

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and elsewhere.

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Allah tells us in the Quran elsewhere that

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the mushrikoon,

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they attribute daughters to Allah

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and they say that the angels are the

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daughters of Allah.

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And so Allah Azzawajal goes on to say,

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in here

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in Sultan.

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Allah says, then this is truly a biased

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distribution.

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You're attributing to yourselves

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what you consider to be honorable

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and that is males,

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sons,

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what you attribute to to Allah, daughters.

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And so Allah tells us that these idols

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are mere names that you and your forefathers

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have made up.

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And so

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we'll see

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now why

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why they consider these to be daughters

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or why they consider to

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be why these idols were considered to be

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goddesses

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or females in nature.

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So we're gonna talk about the destruction of

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alhurza

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and manat.

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As for alat,

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then it didn't happen right now.

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It's gonna happen later on because allat

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was

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the main idol in Ta'if.

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And the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam until

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now had not conquered Ta'if.

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Once he does, which is gonna happen soon

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in the Sirah,

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that is when he destroys

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Allat.

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As for Al Uzza,

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the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam sent Khalid

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ibn Walid radiallahu an with 30 horsemen

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to destroy it.

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And this was a big idol

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that was situated at a place called Nakla

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near

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Qudayd

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which was east of Makkah towards Taif.

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So Khalid ibn al Walid radiAllahu anhu went

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there.

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And when they heard of him coming,

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the custodians

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of this idol, they ran away.

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And the 1 responsible

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for the idol,

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the main caretaker

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of the idol,

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he took a sword

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and he put it around the neck of

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Al Aruza,

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and he told Al Arzah defend yourself against

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Khalid.

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And if you don't,

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then you deserve what's gonna happen to you.

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So Khaled ibn al Walid, he came

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and without finding any resistance,

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he destroyed

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Al Rizza

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along with the shrine that was built over

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it.

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When he came back to Mecca,

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Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam asked him, what did

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you do?

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Khali ibn alwaleed he said

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I destroyed Al 'izzah.

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The prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam asked him

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did you notice anything?

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He said no.

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The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said then

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you did nothing.

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Go back.

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So Khalid ibn Walid,

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he was upset. He thought he had accomplished

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his mission.

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He destroyed the idol

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so he went back.

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And now this time

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he finds

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a naked woman with messed up hair

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and she was throwing dirt on herself.

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And she was yelling.

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So Khaled ibn Walid, he took his sword

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and he killed her.

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Now when he went back to the Prophet

00:16:56 --> 00:16:58

sallallahu alaihi wa sallam,

00:16:59 --> 00:17:00

he told

00:17:00 --> 00:17:03

the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, I found

00:17:03 --> 00:17:05

this naked woman and I killed her.

00:17:05 --> 00:17:08

So the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said,

00:17:09 --> 00:17:10

that was al Uzzah.

00:17:10 --> 00:17:12

You have killed her.

00:17:13 --> 00:17:14

And so it seems that

00:17:16 --> 00:17:16

Al Ruzah

00:17:17 --> 00:17:19

was some kind of jinn

00:17:20 --> 00:17:21

or shaitan.

00:17:23 --> 00:17:23

And

00:17:25 --> 00:17:26

it was an idol from the outside,

00:17:27 --> 00:17:29

but there was a jinn living inside of

00:17:29 --> 00:17:30

it.

00:17:30 --> 00:17:33

And that shaitan now came out in the

00:17:33 --> 00:17:34

form of this

00:17:34 --> 00:17:37

of this naked woman. So when Khalid ibn

00:17:37 --> 00:17:38

Walid executed her,

00:17:39 --> 00:17:41

that was now the real end

00:17:42 --> 00:17:43

of of Al Uzza.

00:17:43 --> 00:17:44

So

00:17:44 --> 00:17:45

this

00:17:45 --> 00:17:47

superstition that was attached to

00:17:48 --> 00:17:50

this idol was because of this jinn

00:17:51 --> 00:17:52

that was living

00:17:53 --> 00:17:54

in it, deceiving the people,

00:17:56 --> 00:17:58

into thinking that, you know, it was a

00:17:58 --> 00:18:00

God that can speak

00:18:01 --> 00:18:02

and that has powers.

00:18:03 --> 00:18:04

And so Rasulullah

00:18:04 --> 00:18:06

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam he said,

00:18:07 --> 00:18:09

Al Uzza will no longer be worshipped

00:18:09 --> 00:18:10

after

00:18:10 --> 00:18:11

after this day.

00:18:16 --> 00:18:18

After that, we have the destruction of Manat.

00:18:21 --> 00:18:22

This idol

00:18:23 --> 00:18:24

was along the coast

00:18:26 --> 00:18:27

of the Red Sea,

00:18:28 --> 00:18:30

and it was close to Qudayd in a

00:18:30 --> 00:18:31

place known as al Mushallal.

00:18:32 --> 00:18:34

And this was the idol

00:18:34 --> 00:18:35

that

00:18:36 --> 00:18:39

al Ausin al Khazuraj would glorify and would

00:18:39 --> 00:18:40

worship.

00:18:40 --> 00:18:41

As for Al Rizzah,

00:18:42 --> 00:18:45

that was the main idol of Quraysh.

00:18:46 --> 00:18:47

And that's why

00:18:49 --> 00:18:50

Abu Sufyan

00:18:51 --> 00:18:53

what did he say on the day of

00:18:53 --> 00:18:53

Quhayd?

00:18:55 --> 00:18:56

When

00:18:57 --> 00:18:58

the prophet

00:18:58 --> 00:18:59

and his companions retreated

00:19:02 --> 00:19:04

and Abu Sufyan came after them

00:19:05 --> 00:19:08

and told them, you know, this is for

00:19:08 --> 00:19:09

what you guys did to us in the

00:19:09 --> 00:19:10

Battle of Badr.

00:19:12 --> 00:19:13

And then there was a back and forth

00:19:13 --> 00:19:14

between him and

00:19:18 --> 00:19:20

So Abu Sufyan said,

00:19:22 --> 00:19:25

we have a luza wala ursa lakum.

00:19:25 --> 00:19:27

So he was referring to this idol, an

00:19:27 --> 00:19:30

rizza. So the prophet said, would you not,

00:19:30 --> 00:19:32

you know, reply to him?

00:19:33 --> 00:19:33

Umar

00:19:34 --> 00:19:36

said, what should we say? The prophet said,

00:19:36 --> 00:19:37

say to him,

00:19:38 --> 00:19:38

we have

00:19:39 --> 00:19:41

Allah as our mawla, and you have no

00:19:41 --> 00:19:42

mawla. So

00:19:43 --> 00:19:46

Al-'Uzza was the main idol of Quraysh.

00:19:46 --> 00:19:48

And as for Manat,

00:19:48 --> 00:19:51

this was the main idol that was worshiped

00:19:51 --> 00:19:53

by al Aus and al Khazraj.

00:19:53 --> 00:19:56

And they were the inhabitants of Yathrib of

00:19:56 --> 00:19:57

Al Madina,

00:19:57 --> 00:19:59

who later on became the Ansar of the

00:19:59 --> 00:20:01

prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam.

00:20:03 --> 00:20:05

And in their days of Jahiliyyah al Ausin

00:20:05 --> 00:20:07

al Khazraj, what they would do,

00:20:09 --> 00:20:10

it was their tradition when they would go

00:20:10 --> 00:20:11

for hajj

00:20:12 --> 00:20:13

or umra.

00:20:15 --> 00:20:15

Instead of

00:20:17 --> 00:20:19

initiating their Hajj or Umrah from the mikat,

00:20:20 --> 00:20:21

they would do it from this idol.

00:20:24 --> 00:20:24

And

00:20:25 --> 00:20:27

they believe that if you've done that,

00:20:28 --> 00:20:30

then you're not supposed to run between Safa

00:20:30 --> 00:20:31

and Marwah.

00:20:32 --> 00:20:33

This was their belief.

00:20:35 --> 00:20:37

And so while everyone else would run between

00:20:37 --> 00:20:38

safa and marwa,

00:20:38 --> 00:20:41

Al Aus and Al Khazaj if they initiated

00:20:41 --> 00:20:42

their ihram

00:20:43 --> 00:20:43

from

00:20:44 --> 00:20:45

Manat, the idol,

00:20:46 --> 00:20:47

they would not run between

00:20:48 --> 00:20:49

Safa and Marwa.

00:20:49 --> 00:20:52

And so this continued until they accepted Islam.

00:20:52 --> 00:20:54

And then Allah revealed

00:20:55 --> 00:20:57

in the Quran in Surat Al Baqarah.

00:20:58 --> 00:21:00

To get this superstitious belief out of their

00:21:00 --> 00:21:01

hearts, Allah

00:21:02 --> 00:21:02

said,

00:21:13 --> 00:21:16

Safa and Marwa are among the symbols of

00:21:16 --> 00:21:16

Allah.

00:21:17 --> 00:21:19

So whoever makes a umrah or Hajj to

00:21:19 --> 00:21:21

the house, to the Kaaba,

00:21:21 --> 00:21:23

then let them walk between

00:21:23 --> 00:21:24

Safra and Marwa.

00:21:26 --> 00:21:29

So Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam sent

00:21:30 --> 00:21:30

sad

00:21:31 --> 00:21:32

ibn Zaid

00:21:32 --> 00:21:33

al Eshhali,

00:21:34 --> 00:21:36

who was a native of that land where

00:21:36 --> 00:21:38

Manat existed.

00:21:40 --> 00:21:41

He sent him with 20 horsemen

00:21:42 --> 00:21:44

to destroy Manat.

00:21:45 --> 00:21:46

When they reached there,

00:21:47 --> 00:21:48

they found

00:21:48 --> 00:21:49

the custodian

00:21:50 --> 00:21:51

guarding Manat.

00:21:53 --> 00:21:55

And he asked them, you know, what do

00:21:55 --> 00:21:55

you guys want?

00:21:56 --> 00:21:58

They said, we want to destroy Manat.

00:21:59 --> 00:22:01

So the custodian said, go ahead,

00:22:02 --> 00:22:04

thinking that they couldn't do it.

00:22:05 --> 00:22:08

So Sa'd ibn Zayd, he approached the idol.

00:22:08 --> 00:22:09

And

00:22:09 --> 00:22:12

once again, the same thing that happened, with

00:22:12 --> 00:22:12

Al Uzza

00:22:13 --> 00:22:14

happened again.

00:22:16 --> 00:22:18

It's mentioned in the narration. It says

00:22:18 --> 00:22:20

a naked black woman came out to him.

00:22:21 --> 00:22:22

Her hair was all messed up, and she

00:22:22 --> 00:22:25

was wailing and beating her chest.

00:22:25 --> 00:22:27

When the custodian saw this,

00:22:28 --> 00:22:29

he had some hope.

00:22:30 --> 00:22:32

And so he said to her, Manat,

00:22:33 --> 00:22:35

take care of these men who are disobedient

00:22:35 --> 00:22:36

towards you.

00:22:37 --> 00:22:38

But his words

00:22:39 --> 00:22:40

and her appearance

00:22:41 --> 00:22:44

did not have any effect on Saad ibn

00:22:44 --> 00:22:44

Zayd

00:22:45 --> 00:22:46

and his men.

00:22:46 --> 00:22:49

And so Saad radiAllahu ani, he killed her

00:22:49 --> 00:22:50

on the spot,

00:22:50 --> 00:22:51

and then they destroyed

00:22:52 --> 00:22:54

the actual idol and the shrine that was

00:22:54 --> 00:22:55

built

00:22:55 --> 00:22:56

That was built

00:22:57 --> 00:22:59

over it. So once again we can see

00:23:00 --> 00:23:01

how,

00:23:01 --> 00:23:02

you know, there was

00:23:04 --> 00:23:04

this superstitious

00:23:05 --> 00:23:06

belief

00:23:07 --> 00:23:10

that was that revolved around this idol

00:23:11 --> 00:23:13

of it being a female

00:23:14 --> 00:23:16

attributing daughters to Allah,

00:23:16 --> 00:23:19

how these idols represented daughters of Allah, etcetera.

00:23:20 --> 00:23:21

So we see the reason for that.

00:23:22 --> 00:23:23

So these were the 2 idols,

00:23:25 --> 00:23:27

al Uzza and Manat, as we mentioned.

00:23:28 --> 00:23:29

Allat,

00:23:30 --> 00:23:32

We'll talk about it when we talk about

00:23:32 --> 00:23:34

the siege of a Ta'if and the Prophet

00:23:34 --> 00:23:36

sallallahu alaihi wa sallam conquering Ta'if and then

00:23:36 --> 00:23:37

after that he

00:23:38 --> 00:23:39

destroyed,

00:23:40 --> 00:23:41

Allat.

00:23:41 --> 00:23:42

But there's 1 more

00:23:43 --> 00:23:44

idol that we'll mention here

00:23:45 --> 00:23:46

and that is

00:23:46 --> 00:23:47

sua.

00:23:48 --> 00:23:48

Su'a.

00:23:50 --> 00:23:53

This idol originally belonged to

00:23:54 --> 00:23:56

the people of Nuh alayhis salam.

00:23:57 --> 00:24:00

And as we mentioned in the beginning of

00:24:00 --> 00:24:01

the Sira,

00:24:01 --> 00:24:02

when we spoke about

00:24:03 --> 00:24:06

the shirk that was prevalent among the Arabs,

00:24:07 --> 00:24:09

the 1 who introduced idol worship

00:24:10 --> 00:24:11

into Arabia was

00:24:12 --> 00:24:13

Amr ibn Luhay.

00:24:16 --> 00:24:17

And 1 of the ways he did this

00:24:18 --> 00:24:20

is with the help of a jinn.

00:24:20 --> 00:24:22

He managed to

00:24:22 --> 00:24:23

dig out

00:24:24 --> 00:24:25

the idols

00:24:25 --> 00:24:27

of the people of Nuharihis salam.

00:24:28 --> 00:24:29

The idols that Allah mentions

00:24:30 --> 00:24:31

in Surat

00:24:43 --> 00:24:45

The people of Nuh they said to 1

00:24:45 --> 00:24:46

another

00:24:46 --> 00:24:48

do not abandon your idols

00:24:48 --> 00:24:49

especially

00:24:49 --> 00:24:49

Wadd

00:24:50 --> 00:24:51

and Sua

00:24:52 --> 00:24:52

and Yahuuth

00:24:53 --> 00:24:55

and Yaruq and Nasr.

00:24:56 --> 00:24:57

So these idols,

00:24:57 --> 00:24:59

they became history.

00:24:59 --> 00:25:01

They were buried in the flood

00:25:01 --> 00:25:02

but

00:25:03 --> 00:25:04

Amr ibn Lou Hayy,

00:25:05 --> 00:25:07

who came centuries before the prophet, sallallahu alaihi

00:25:07 --> 00:25:08

wa sallam,

00:25:08 --> 00:25:10

he somehow managed to

00:25:11 --> 00:25:12

unearth these idols

00:25:13 --> 00:25:15

and, you know, they started to be worshiped

00:25:15 --> 00:25:16

among the Arabs.

00:25:17 --> 00:25:18

So Su'a became

00:25:19 --> 00:25:21

the idol of the tribe of Hudayl.

00:25:22 --> 00:25:24

And so with the conquest of Mecca,

00:25:25 --> 00:25:28

many tribes accepted Islam along with this tribe,

00:25:28 --> 00:25:29

the tribe of Hudeil.

00:25:30 --> 00:25:32

So now it was time to destroy their

00:25:32 --> 00:25:32

idol.

00:25:33 --> 00:25:36

So Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam sent

00:25:36 --> 00:25:36

Amr

00:25:37 --> 00:25:38

ibn al-'Aas

00:25:38 --> 00:25:39

for this mission.

00:25:40 --> 00:25:42

Amr ibn al-'Aas

00:25:42 --> 00:25:44

he tells a story himself.

00:25:44 --> 00:25:46

He says when we reach the idol,

00:25:46 --> 00:25:48

its custodian was there

00:25:49 --> 00:25:51

and he asked us what do you want?

00:25:51 --> 00:25:54

I said, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ordered me

00:25:54 --> 00:25:55

to destroy it.

00:25:56 --> 00:25:57

So he said, you won't be able to

00:25:57 --> 00:25:58

do that.

00:25:59 --> 00:26:00

So I asked why is that?

00:26:01 --> 00:26:04

He said because you're gonna be prevented from

00:26:04 --> 00:26:04

doing so.

00:26:05 --> 00:26:08

So he had this belief that the idol

00:26:08 --> 00:26:10

has powers. It's gonna defend itself.

00:26:11 --> 00:26:13

So Ahamr ibn al-'has,

00:26:14 --> 00:26:14

he said,

00:26:15 --> 00:26:17

even until this very moment

00:26:18 --> 00:26:19

you're still persisting

00:26:20 --> 00:26:21

upon baqil, upon falsehood,

00:26:22 --> 00:26:23

He said, woe to

00:26:24 --> 00:26:25

you, does it hear?

00:26:25 --> 00:26:26

Can it see?

00:26:27 --> 00:26:29

So 'Amr ibn al-'Az he was saying,

00:26:30 --> 00:26:31

that's it Islam has spread,

00:26:32 --> 00:26:34

Islam has been victorious.

00:26:36 --> 00:26:38

Shirk is now finishing

00:26:38 --> 00:26:40

and you're still remaining upon,

00:26:41 --> 00:26:43

you know, these superstitious beliefs of yours?

00:26:43 --> 00:26:46

Then Amr ibn Aas, he approached the idol

00:26:46 --> 00:26:47

and he destroyed it.

00:26:48 --> 00:26:50

And he gave orders to his men to

00:26:50 --> 00:26:52

destroy the shrine that was built over

00:26:53 --> 00:26:55

it. Then he told then he turned to

00:26:55 --> 00:26:56

that custodian

00:26:56 --> 00:26:58

and he asked him, now what do you

00:26:58 --> 00:26:59

think?

00:27:00 --> 00:27:00

Right?

00:27:01 --> 00:27:02

The idol was destroyed.

00:27:03 --> 00:27:05

So the man he said, Aslamtulillah.

00:27:06 --> 00:27:08

He said, now I accept Islam

00:27:09 --> 00:27:09

sincerely

00:27:10 --> 00:27:11

for Allah.

00:27:12 --> 00:27:12

So these were

00:27:14 --> 00:27:15

the idols that the Prophet

00:27:16 --> 00:27:18

gave orders to be destroyed,

00:27:20 --> 00:27:20

around

00:27:21 --> 00:27:21

Mecca.

00:27:23 --> 00:27:24

Next,

00:27:25 --> 00:27:26

Rasulullah

00:27:26 --> 00:27:28

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:27:28 --> 00:27:31

sends Khalid ibn Walid

00:27:33 --> 00:27:34

to the tribe of

00:27:35 --> 00:27:35

Banu

00:27:37 --> 00:27:37

Jazima.

00:27:39 --> 00:27:41

And this tribe was close to Mecca.

00:27:42 --> 00:27:43

And this story is

00:27:44 --> 00:27:45

found in Sahih al Bukhari.

00:27:47 --> 00:27:48

Khalid ibn al Walid

00:27:49 --> 00:27:50

went with

00:27:50 --> 00:27:51

300 men

00:27:52 --> 00:27:54

to invite these people to Islam.

00:27:56 --> 00:27:56

So

00:27:57 --> 00:27:59

they accepted Islam.

00:28:00 --> 00:28:01

However,

00:28:02 --> 00:28:04

they didn't know how to express that.

00:28:05 --> 00:28:08

So these people were not educated enough to

00:28:08 --> 00:28:09

say aslamna,

00:28:10 --> 00:28:12

that we have accepted Islam.

00:28:13 --> 00:28:14

Instead

00:28:15 --> 00:28:16

they

00:28:16 --> 00:28:17

said

00:28:19 --> 00:28:21

Saba'nah. What does Saba'nah mean?

00:28:22 --> 00:28:22

Basically,

00:28:24 --> 00:28:26

when someone would become a Muslim

00:28:28 --> 00:28:29

in the early days of Islam,

00:28:31 --> 00:28:32

the people of Quraysh,

00:28:34 --> 00:28:35

they would say

00:28:36 --> 00:28:36

Saba.

00:28:36 --> 00:28:39

This person has become a Saba.

00:28:40 --> 00:28:43

The Saba, were followers of a religion

00:28:43 --> 00:28:45

who believed in 1 God

00:28:46 --> 00:28:47

and they even believed in some of the

00:28:47 --> 00:28:48

prophets.

00:28:49 --> 00:28:52

They didn't really worship idols,

00:28:52 --> 00:28:54

but they did believe in,

00:28:56 --> 00:28:57

different gods.

00:28:59 --> 00:29:01

And Allah mentions them in the Quran.

00:29:02 --> 00:29:02

Asabi'un.

00:29:03 --> 00:29:05

Allah mentions them in the Quran.

00:29:06 --> 00:29:08

So Quraysh would use this label

00:29:09 --> 00:29:11

as a derogatory term

00:29:11 --> 00:29:12

for anyone

00:29:13 --> 00:29:15

who would become Muslim. So

00:29:16 --> 00:29:17

they wouldn't say

00:29:18 --> 00:29:19

so and so,

00:29:19 --> 00:29:20

aslama,

00:29:21 --> 00:29:23

so and so has become a Muslim. They

00:29:23 --> 00:29:25

would say, so and so, Saba.

00:29:25 --> 00:29:27

He has become a Saba.

00:29:29 --> 00:29:30

So now

00:29:31 --> 00:29:32

Khalid ibn Walid

00:29:33 --> 00:29:35

told them to become Muslim

00:29:36 --> 00:29:37

And they said, sabatna.

00:29:38 --> 00:29:39

They said,

00:29:39 --> 00:29:40

we have

00:29:41 --> 00:29:42

we have accepted Islam,

00:29:43 --> 00:29:44

but they didn't know how to say it

00:29:44 --> 00:29:47

properly. They didn't know that the the term

00:29:47 --> 00:29:48

we should use is aslamna.

00:29:49 --> 00:29:50

We have accepted Islam.

00:29:51 --> 00:29:52

Why? Because,

00:29:52 --> 00:29:54

you know they they weren't educated.

00:29:56 --> 00:29:56

They

00:29:57 --> 00:29:59

used the term that they had picked up

00:29:59 --> 00:29:59

from others,

00:30:00 --> 00:30:03

And they heard this term being used all

00:30:03 --> 00:30:05

the time for anyone who becomes a Muslim.

00:30:06 --> 00:30:08

So they just repeated that, and they kept

00:30:08 --> 00:30:12

on saying Sadatna, Sadatna. While Khalid ibn al

00:30:12 --> 00:30:13

Wali, he's looking at them

00:30:14 --> 00:30:14

and

00:30:15 --> 00:30:17

you know he he's not

00:30:17 --> 00:30:19

he's not accepting it from them.

00:30:20 --> 00:30:20

So

00:30:21 --> 00:30:23

then when he saw this and he saw

00:30:23 --> 00:30:25

that they were just repeating the same thing,

00:30:25 --> 00:30:27

he thought that what they were doing is

00:30:27 --> 00:30:29

they were mocking him

00:30:29 --> 00:30:31

and they were making fun of Islam

00:30:32 --> 00:30:33

and they were insulting Islam.

00:30:34 --> 00:30:36

So he started killing them 1 by 1.

00:30:38 --> 00:30:40

He killed them, and he took the rest

00:30:40 --> 00:30:41

as prisoners.

00:30:42 --> 00:30:43

And then he handed over

00:30:45 --> 00:30:47

1 captive to each of his companions,

00:30:48 --> 00:30:49

to his army,

00:30:49 --> 00:30:50

and he gave instructions

00:30:51 --> 00:30:54

to each of his soldiers to kill his

00:30:54 --> 00:30:54

captive.

00:30:57 --> 00:30:57

So

00:30:58 --> 00:31:00

in his army was Abdullah ibn Umar,

00:31:01 --> 00:31:02

radiAllahu anhumaha.

00:31:03 --> 00:31:04

Abdullah ibn Umar,

00:31:05 --> 00:31:08

and he narrates this himself, and it's in

00:31:08 --> 00:31:08

Sahih al Bukhari.

00:31:09 --> 00:31:11

He says, in the name of Allah,

00:31:12 --> 00:31:14

I am not going to kill my prisoner

00:31:15 --> 00:31:17

nor will my companions

00:31:18 --> 00:31:18

kill theirs.

00:31:20 --> 00:31:22

Abdullah ibn Umar, he saw this as a

00:31:22 --> 00:31:22

clear mistake

00:31:24 --> 00:31:25

on the part of

00:31:26 --> 00:31:27

Khalid ibn Walid.

00:31:27 --> 00:31:29

These people have become Muslim,

00:31:30 --> 00:31:32

and now we're being told to kill them.

00:31:34 --> 00:31:36

So he refused to comply to the orders.

00:31:37 --> 00:31:40

Not only did he himself not do it,

00:31:40 --> 00:31:42

but he also said his companions,

00:31:43 --> 00:31:45

those who had come with him, his buddies

00:31:45 --> 00:31:47

who had come with him in this,

00:31:47 --> 00:31:50

in this small army. He said they are

00:31:50 --> 00:31:52

also not going to comply with your orders,

00:31:52 --> 00:31:53

oh Khalid.

00:31:55 --> 00:31:56

So now when they went back to the

00:31:56 --> 00:31:57

Prophet

00:31:59 --> 00:32:01

they brought it up with him, and they

00:32:01 --> 00:32:02

told him what happened.

00:32:03 --> 00:32:06

And so the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:32:07 --> 00:32:09

he told Abdullah ibn Umar

00:32:10 --> 00:32:12

that what you did was right.

00:32:13 --> 00:32:14

And then the Prophet

00:32:15 --> 00:32:16

raised his hands

00:32:17 --> 00:32:18

and said,

00:32:19 --> 00:32:20

O Allah

00:32:21 --> 00:32:22

Inmi abraoo ilayka minnaaswanaram

00:32:23 --> 00:32:24

Khaled.

00:32:25 --> 00:32:26

O Allah,

00:32:27 --> 00:32:28

I am free

00:32:28 --> 00:32:30

from what Khaled has done.

00:32:30 --> 00:32:31

I disassociate

00:32:32 --> 00:32:32

myself

00:32:33 --> 00:32:36

from what Khalid ibn Walid has done.

00:32:37 --> 00:32:38

And he said it twice.

00:32:39 --> 00:32:42

And so these people, the Prophet was saying,

00:32:42 --> 00:32:44

they should not have been killed.

00:32:45 --> 00:32:47

They made a mistake.

00:32:48 --> 00:32:50

And what Khalid ibn Walid had done was

00:32:50 --> 00:32:51

a grave mistake

00:32:52 --> 00:32:54

while the Prophet approved

00:32:54 --> 00:32:55

of

00:32:56 --> 00:32:58

the actions of Abdullah ibn Umar

00:32:58 --> 00:33:00

for disobeying the orders

00:33:01 --> 00:33:03

of Khalid ibn Walid.

00:33:03 --> 00:33:04

Now

00:33:04 --> 00:33:07

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam felt sorry for these

00:33:07 --> 00:33:07

people

00:33:08 --> 00:33:10

and what had happened to them

00:33:10 --> 00:33:13

So he sent Ali ibn Abi Talib

00:33:14 --> 00:33:14

to

00:33:15 --> 00:33:16

pay the dia,

00:33:16 --> 00:33:17

the blood money

00:33:18 --> 00:33:19

as compensation

00:33:19 --> 00:33:21

for those who were killed.

00:33:22 --> 00:33:22

Why?

00:33:23 --> 00:33:25

Because they died as Muslims.

00:33:26 --> 00:33:28

Right? It's not as if they had died

00:33:28 --> 00:33:30

as kuffar and here the prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:33:30 --> 00:33:31

wa sallam is paying

00:33:31 --> 00:33:33

blood money on their behalf.

00:33:33 --> 00:33:34

No.

00:33:34 --> 00:33:36

The prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam never did

00:33:36 --> 00:33:36

that.

00:33:37 --> 00:33:39

He would only pay the blood money, the

00:33:39 --> 00:33:39

dia,

00:33:40 --> 00:33:42

for a Muslim who is killed even if

00:33:42 --> 00:33:43

he is killed by mistake.

00:33:43 --> 00:33:46

And these are part of the akham of

00:33:46 --> 00:33:48

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala. Allah mentions these

00:33:48 --> 00:33:49

rulings,

00:33:50 --> 00:33:51

in Suratul Nisa.

00:33:52 --> 00:33:54

So anyways, the prophet

00:33:56 --> 00:33:58

sent to Ali radiAllahu anhu with this task,

00:33:59 --> 00:34:00

and not only

00:34:01 --> 00:34:01

did

00:34:02 --> 00:34:03

he,

00:34:05 --> 00:34:07

pay the blood money but also

00:34:07 --> 00:34:08

he

00:34:09 --> 00:34:11

returned to them any belongings that were taken

00:34:11 --> 00:34:13

from them by the Muslim army.

00:34:13 --> 00:34:15

And then Ali radiAllahu anhu, he had some

00:34:15 --> 00:34:16

leftover money and

00:34:18 --> 00:34:19

he gave it to them

00:34:20 --> 00:34:22

just in case as a bonus. He left

00:34:22 --> 00:34:23

it with them.

00:34:23 --> 00:34:26

And so this is how Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi

00:34:26 --> 00:34:27

Wasallam

00:34:27 --> 00:34:29

he dealt with

00:34:29 --> 00:34:30

this mistake of

00:34:31 --> 00:34:31

Khalid

00:34:32 --> 00:34:33

ibn Walid

00:34:36 --> 00:34:39

And so these were some of the outstanding

00:34:39 --> 00:34:39

events

00:34:40 --> 00:34:42

that remained to be discussed

00:34:43 --> 00:34:43

following

00:34:44 --> 00:34:44

Fatimaqa,

00:34:45 --> 00:34:47

the conquest of Mecca. Next week

00:34:47 --> 00:34:48

we'll move on

00:34:49 --> 00:34:52

to mention how Islam was now spreading,

00:34:52 --> 00:34:53

and

00:34:54 --> 00:34:56

tribes were entering into Islam,

00:34:58 --> 00:35:00

in huge numbers. And we'll also mention some

00:35:00 --> 00:35:02

of the prominent

00:35:02 --> 00:35:03

figures

00:35:03 --> 00:35:05

from among Quraysh who accepted

00:35:05 --> 00:35:07

Islam after,

00:35:07 --> 00:35:09

the conquest of Mecca.

00:35:10 --> 00:35:12

And so we conclude with some of the

00:35:12 --> 00:35:12

lessons

00:35:14 --> 00:35:16

that we learned from tonight. The first lesson

00:35:16 --> 00:35:16

that we learned

00:35:18 --> 00:35:19

is,

00:35:19 --> 00:35:20

that we see

00:35:21 --> 00:35:23

from what we have discussed tonight is the

00:35:23 --> 00:35:25

justice of Islam.

00:35:26 --> 00:35:29

We learn from the story of the woman

00:35:29 --> 00:35:32

from Banu Meghzum who was caught stealing

00:35:32 --> 00:35:33

that

00:35:34 --> 00:35:37

whenever there is a double standard in society

00:35:38 --> 00:35:39

in applying justice

00:35:40 --> 00:35:40

where

00:35:41 --> 00:35:42

the lower class

00:35:44 --> 00:35:44

is punished

00:35:45 --> 00:35:47

while the upper class are spared.

00:35:48 --> 00:35:52

How the Prophet mentioned, such a society will

00:35:52 --> 00:35:53

be destroyed by Allah.

00:35:54 --> 00:35:56

Allah will destroy them.

00:35:57 --> 00:36:00

He will take away any barakah from that

00:36:00 --> 00:36:00

society.

00:36:01 --> 00:36:03

And so unfortunately nowadays,

00:36:04 --> 00:36:07

not only do we have a double standard

00:36:07 --> 00:36:09

in applying the law

00:36:09 --> 00:36:10

of Allah,

00:36:12 --> 00:36:14

But in fact, we don't even have

00:36:14 --> 00:36:16

the law of Allah applied

00:36:17 --> 00:36:19

in many Muslim countries.

00:36:21 --> 00:36:21

So if

00:36:22 --> 00:36:24

Allah would destroy a society

00:36:25 --> 00:36:26

and take away

00:36:26 --> 00:36:28

barakah from that society,

00:36:29 --> 00:36:30

just because

00:36:30 --> 00:36:32

they have a double standard in applying the

00:36:32 --> 00:36:33

law of Allah,

00:36:34 --> 00:36:36

then what would be the case where

00:36:38 --> 00:36:39

as we have it today,

00:36:40 --> 00:36:42

where the laws of Allah are not even

00:36:42 --> 00:36:42

applied

00:36:43 --> 00:36:44

to begin with?

00:36:45 --> 00:36:47

In 1 hadith the Prophet

00:36:48 --> 00:36:48

says,

00:36:49 --> 00:36:51

applying 1 hadith

00:36:52 --> 00:36:52

on earth.

00:36:55 --> 00:36:55

The hudood

00:36:56 --> 00:36:58

are the prescribed punishments of Allah

00:36:58 --> 00:36:59

for different crimes.

00:37:01 --> 00:37:03

Those punishments that are,

00:37:04 --> 00:37:07

you know, enshrined in our Sharia

00:37:08 --> 00:37:09

that we find in the Quran or in

00:37:09 --> 00:37:10

the sunnah

00:37:10 --> 00:37:11

for certain crimes.

00:37:12 --> 00:37:13

And theft is 1 of them as we

00:37:13 --> 00:37:14

mentioned,

00:37:14 --> 00:37:15

as Allah

00:37:15 --> 00:37:17

mentions in Surat Al Maidah.

00:37:18 --> 00:37:19

And so these Hadud,

00:37:20 --> 00:37:20

the prophet

00:37:21 --> 00:37:22

says applying

00:37:22 --> 00:37:25

1 head on earth is better for its

00:37:25 --> 00:37:26

people

00:37:26 --> 00:37:26

than

00:37:27 --> 00:37:29

40 days of rain,

00:37:29 --> 00:37:30

than 40

00:37:30 --> 00:37:33

days of rain. And so there's more barakah

00:37:34 --> 00:37:36

in applying the Hudud of Allah

00:37:37 --> 00:37:38

than rain

00:37:38 --> 00:37:39

that brings

00:37:39 --> 00:37:40

vegetation

00:37:40 --> 00:37:41

and khair and,

00:37:42 --> 00:37:43

you know water,

00:37:44 --> 00:37:47

for us and animals to drink from etcetera.

00:37:48 --> 00:37:49

And so this shows us

00:37:50 --> 00:37:51

how much

00:37:52 --> 00:37:52

barakah

00:37:53 --> 00:37:54

we're missing out on.

00:37:55 --> 00:37:56

You know when we

00:37:56 --> 00:37:57

look at

00:37:58 --> 00:37:59

the Muslim world today,

00:38:01 --> 00:38:02

look at our state.

00:38:05 --> 00:38:07

This is 1 of the main reasons for

00:38:07 --> 00:38:10

why our Muslim countries are in the condition

00:38:11 --> 00:38:12

that they are in

00:38:12 --> 00:38:12

economically,

00:38:13 --> 00:38:13

financially.

00:38:14 --> 00:38:15

You know, why is it that,

00:38:16 --> 00:38:17

you know, our Muslim

00:38:18 --> 00:38:19

society suffer this way?

00:38:20 --> 00:38:22

It's not because we don't have resources.

00:38:24 --> 00:38:25

You know,

00:38:25 --> 00:38:27

go from east to west and you see

00:38:27 --> 00:38:28

Muslims are sitting

00:38:29 --> 00:38:30

on huge

00:38:31 --> 00:38:32

swaths of land,

00:38:33 --> 00:38:33

huge

00:38:35 --> 00:38:37

amounts of resources, natural resources

00:38:39 --> 00:38:40

that could bring

00:38:40 --> 00:38:41

riches

00:38:42 --> 00:38:42

to to

00:38:43 --> 00:38:44

to those societies.

00:38:45 --> 00:38:47

So it's not that we are lacking

00:38:48 --> 00:38:48

in

00:38:49 --> 00:38:49

resources,

00:38:51 --> 00:38:54

and we cannot become independent

00:38:54 --> 00:38:55

and well off. No.

00:38:56 --> 00:38:58

It's because Allah

00:38:58 --> 00:39:00

has taken away the barakah.

00:39:01 --> 00:39:02

Why? Because

00:39:03 --> 00:39:04

we have

00:39:04 --> 00:39:05

replaced

00:39:06 --> 00:39:07

the laws of Allah

00:39:08 --> 00:39:09

with man made laws.

00:39:10 --> 00:39:12

And we are running our countries

00:39:13 --> 00:39:14

based on

00:39:14 --> 00:39:15

man made constitutions

00:39:16 --> 00:39:17

instead of

00:39:18 --> 00:39:20

the law of Allah

00:39:21 --> 00:39:22

and the constitution

00:39:23 --> 00:39:24

that is based on the Qur'an

00:39:25 --> 00:39:26

and the Sunnah.

00:39:27 --> 00:39:29

The second lesson that we learn

00:39:30 --> 00:39:32

is destroying idols

00:39:32 --> 00:39:34

and other manifestations

00:39:34 --> 00:39:35

of kufr

00:39:35 --> 00:39:36

and shirk.

00:39:37 --> 00:39:39

We saw how Rasulullah Sallallahu

00:39:39 --> 00:39:40

Alaihi Wasallam

00:39:40 --> 00:39:41

made it a point

00:39:42 --> 00:39:45

to destroy all of these idols that the

00:39:45 --> 00:39:46

people of Jahiliyyah

00:39:47 --> 00:39:48

were so obsessed with.

00:39:49 --> 00:39:52

And so he made this a priority of

00:39:52 --> 00:39:52

his

00:39:53 --> 00:39:55

and he did not delay it

00:39:55 --> 00:39:56

and he didn't hesitate

00:39:57 --> 00:40:00

in giving orders to destroy

00:40:01 --> 00:40:03

them, right? The Prophet didn't say, well, you

00:40:03 --> 00:40:06

know what? These people, they just became Muslim

00:40:06 --> 00:40:06

today.

00:40:07 --> 00:40:09

Let's go back to Medina. Let a few

00:40:09 --> 00:40:11

years go by. Let these people,

00:40:11 --> 00:40:14

you know, become accustomed to Islam and its

00:40:14 --> 00:40:15

customs,

00:40:16 --> 00:40:17

then we'll go and destroy those idols.

00:40:19 --> 00:40:20

No. Why?

00:40:21 --> 00:40:21

Because

00:40:22 --> 00:40:23

this

00:40:23 --> 00:40:26

is related to the very core and the

00:40:26 --> 00:40:27

foundation of Islam.

00:40:28 --> 00:40:29

The concept of Tawhid

00:40:30 --> 00:40:33

and shirk is the opposite of a Tawhid.

00:40:33 --> 00:40:35

And so the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:40:35 --> 00:40:36

as we mentioned,

00:40:37 --> 00:40:39

as soon as he entered Mecca,

00:40:39 --> 00:40:41

the very first thing that he did,

00:40:42 --> 00:40:42

the same morning,

00:40:43 --> 00:40:45

he destroyed all of these idols.

00:40:47 --> 00:40:48

He didn't hesitate.

00:40:48 --> 00:40:51

He didn't say, well the people of Quraysh,

00:40:51 --> 00:40:53

they're attached to these idols. It'll take some

00:40:53 --> 00:40:55

time. No. Right away.

00:40:56 --> 00:40:57

And then we see how

00:40:58 --> 00:41:00

he did the same with the idols, the

00:41:00 --> 00:41:00

major

00:41:01 --> 00:41:02

idols around Mecca.

00:41:04 --> 00:41:06

And so in doing so, he was following

00:41:06 --> 00:41:07

in the footsteps

00:41:08 --> 00:41:09

of his father Ibrahim

00:41:10 --> 00:41:12

who did the exact same thing,

00:41:13 --> 00:41:15

smashing the idols of his people.

00:41:15 --> 00:41:16

Allah

00:41:17 --> 00:41:19

did not rebuke Ibrahim

00:41:20 --> 00:41:22

when he narrated his story to us.

00:41:23 --> 00:41:23

Right?

00:41:24 --> 00:41:27

Allah Azzawajal did not criticize Ibrahim

00:41:28 --> 00:41:31

anywhere when he mentions that story,

00:41:32 --> 00:41:32

right?

00:41:33 --> 00:41:35

Showing us that what he did was completely

00:41:35 --> 00:41:35

right,

00:41:36 --> 00:41:37

Right?

00:41:39 --> 00:41:39

And so

00:41:40 --> 00:41:41

likewise,

00:41:42 --> 00:41:43

whenever Muslims

00:41:43 --> 00:41:45

conquer any land

00:41:46 --> 00:41:47

and they have sovereignty,

00:41:47 --> 00:41:48

they control,

00:41:49 --> 00:41:50

they have the ability

00:41:51 --> 00:41:52

to remove these idols

00:41:53 --> 00:41:55

and other manifestations of kufr and shirk,

00:41:56 --> 00:41:58

they have to do the same thing.

00:41:58 --> 00:41:59

They have to swiftly

00:42:00 --> 00:42:01

destroy and level

00:42:02 --> 00:42:04

any idols that are worshipped or

00:42:04 --> 00:42:05

even not worshipped.

00:42:06 --> 00:42:08

But if they are idols and statues,

00:42:08 --> 00:42:10

they need to destroy them.

00:42:11 --> 00:42:13

The same goes with any tombs

00:42:14 --> 00:42:15

and graves

00:42:16 --> 00:42:16

that people

00:42:17 --> 00:42:18

are going to them

00:42:18 --> 00:42:21

and worshiping them. They need to be leveled.

00:42:22 --> 00:42:23

Right?

00:42:24 --> 00:42:25

And

00:42:26 --> 00:42:28

this rule applies

00:42:29 --> 00:42:31

to all times and to all places.

00:42:32 --> 00:42:34

And that's why 1 of the first things

00:42:34 --> 00:42:34

that,

00:42:35 --> 00:42:35

you know,

00:42:37 --> 00:42:38

that resulted

00:42:39 --> 00:42:41

in the dawah of Sheikh Mohammed ibn Abdul

00:42:41 --> 00:42:45

Wahab when he conquered various parts of the

00:42:45 --> 00:42:46

Arabian Peninsula, 1 of the first things that

00:42:46 --> 00:42:47

he did was

00:42:48 --> 00:42:48

he would level

00:42:49 --> 00:42:52

these tombs that were built over graves,

00:42:52 --> 00:42:53

and he did not spare

00:42:54 --> 00:42:55

a single

00:42:55 --> 00:42:58

grave, not even the graves of the companions

00:42:58 --> 00:43:00

of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam.

00:43:00 --> 00:43:03

And so Baqiyyah in Madinah today,

00:43:03 --> 00:43:04

you see it as

00:43:04 --> 00:43:08

flat without any structures built on it. But

00:43:08 --> 00:43:11

several centuries ago before he had come in

00:43:11 --> 00:43:11

before,

00:43:12 --> 00:43:14

you know, the the the his students came

00:43:14 --> 00:43:15

in

00:43:15 --> 00:43:16

and,

00:43:16 --> 00:43:19

you know, took over Medina. Prior to that

00:43:19 --> 00:43:22

there were statues or there were shrines

00:43:22 --> 00:43:26

built over the various graves of the Sahaba

00:43:26 --> 00:43:27

radiAllahu anhu.

00:43:28 --> 00:43:31

And so even today, the same applies. And

00:43:31 --> 00:43:33

so we Muslims should not be afraid.

00:43:35 --> 00:43:38

We shouldn't think that just because the Kuffar,

00:43:40 --> 00:43:42

as they have done today

00:43:43 --> 00:43:43

through

00:43:44 --> 00:43:47

their international organizations, through the United Nations.

00:43:48 --> 00:43:49

They've

00:43:49 --> 00:43:50

established

00:43:50 --> 00:43:50

international

00:43:51 --> 00:43:51

laws.

00:43:52 --> 00:43:54

And 1 of these laws is that that

00:43:54 --> 00:43:55

you're not allowed to destroy,

00:43:56 --> 00:43:58

you know, ancient archaeological

00:43:58 --> 00:43:59

sites, etc.

00:44:00 --> 00:44:02

It doesn't mean that we Muslims have to

00:44:03 --> 00:44:05

abide by these laws when they go against

00:44:05 --> 00:44:07

the teachings of Islam.

00:44:08 --> 00:44:09

And so that's why,

00:44:09 --> 00:44:11

you know, not too long ago,

00:44:13 --> 00:44:16

about 20 plus years ago, we had the

00:44:16 --> 00:44:17

famous incident of,

00:44:18 --> 00:44:19

in the year 2, 001,

00:44:20 --> 00:44:22

the Taliban who had controlled

00:44:23 --> 00:44:24

more than 90%

00:44:24 --> 00:44:25

of Afghanistan.

00:44:25 --> 00:44:27

This was before 9/11.

00:44:27 --> 00:44:28

We're not talking about

00:44:29 --> 00:44:29

today.

00:44:30 --> 00:44:33

We're talking about, you know, 23 years ago

00:44:33 --> 00:44:35

in March of 2, 001.

00:44:36 --> 00:44:38

Once they had controlled most of the Afghanistan,

00:44:38 --> 00:44:42

they went to 2 huge massive statues

00:44:43 --> 00:44:44

and they were statues of Buddha

00:44:45 --> 00:44:47

And they destroyed them.

00:44:47 --> 00:44:48

Right?

00:44:48 --> 00:44:51

They destroyed them. And this caused a huge

00:44:51 --> 00:44:52

international outcry.

00:44:53 --> 00:44:55

And it was led by the Western world.

00:44:56 --> 00:44:57

And so

00:44:58 --> 00:45:00

we Muslims should not care about that.

00:45:00 --> 00:45:03

And so the lesson here is that when

00:45:03 --> 00:45:05

we are just when we are determined to

00:45:05 --> 00:45:06

do something

00:45:07 --> 00:45:08

for the pleasure of Allah

00:45:09 --> 00:45:11

and it is in line with our Sharia,

00:45:12 --> 00:45:14

then we should not be deterred from doing

00:45:14 --> 00:45:14

it

00:45:15 --> 00:45:17

seeking the pleasure of the people. This is

00:45:17 --> 00:45:20

the lesson that we learned from this. Right?

00:45:20 --> 00:45:22

We shouldn't become deterred

00:45:24 --> 00:45:25

from doing something

00:45:25 --> 00:45:27

when we are seeking the pleasure of Allah.

00:45:28 --> 00:45:30

We shouldn't become deterred from doing it

00:45:31 --> 00:45:32

to please the people.

00:45:33 --> 00:45:34

So here you have

00:45:35 --> 00:45:37

the pleasure of Allah versus the pleasure of

00:45:37 --> 00:45:38

the people when it

00:45:38 --> 00:45:39

when it conflicts.

00:45:40 --> 00:45:42

You have to put forward the pleasure of

00:45:42 --> 00:45:43

Allah subhanahu

00:45:43 --> 00:45:44

wa ta'ala.

00:45:46 --> 00:45:48

The third lesson that we learn

00:45:48 --> 00:45:49

is

00:45:50 --> 00:45:51

concerning obeying

00:45:52 --> 00:45:54

the leaders in Islam.

00:45:54 --> 00:45:57

And so in our deen there is a

00:45:57 --> 00:45:58

lot of emphasis

00:45:58 --> 00:45:59

on obeying

00:45:59 --> 00:46:01

those in authority over us.

00:46:02 --> 00:46:03

And so we have many

00:46:05 --> 00:46:07

ayaat in the Quran where Allah

00:46:09 --> 00:46:11

commands us to obey

00:46:11 --> 00:46:12

our leaders

00:46:13 --> 00:46:15

and those in authority over us.

00:46:16 --> 00:46:16

However,

00:46:17 --> 00:46:17

however,

00:46:18 --> 00:46:18

this obedience,

00:46:20 --> 00:46:21

it's not supposed to be unrestricted

00:46:23 --> 00:46:23

or unconditional.

00:46:24 --> 00:46:25

Rather,

00:46:25 --> 00:46:26

it is conditional

00:46:26 --> 00:46:28

to the obedience of Allah

00:46:28 --> 00:46:29

and his messenger

00:46:30 --> 00:46:31

salallahu alaihi wasallam.

00:46:32 --> 00:46:33

And so we learned this from the actions

00:46:33 --> 00:46:34

of who?

00:46:35 --> 00:46:36

The actions

00:46:36 --> 00:46:38

of Abdullah ibn Umar radiAllahu Han.

00:46:39 --> 00:46:40

When he disobeyed

00:46:40 --> 00:46:42

the orders of his leader,

00:46:42 --> 00:46:47

his amir Khalid ibn Walid radiAllahu an, who

00:46:47 --> 00:46:50

ordered him to do something that he saw

00:46:50 --> 00:46:51

as being clearly haram.

00:46:53 --> 00:46:54

And so

00:46:55 --> 00:46:57

without a doubt this was disobedience to the

00:46:57 --> 00:46:58

Amir

00:46:59 --> 00:46:59

and

00:47:00 --> 00:47:02

Abdullah ibn Umar radiAllahu anhu he knows very

00:47:02 --> 00:47:03

well

00:47:03 --> 00:47:04

the teachings of Islam

00:47:05 --> 00:47:07

that tell us that you're not supposed to

00:47:07 --> 00:47:08

disobey

00:47:09 --> 00:47:10

your Amir.

00:47:11 --> 00:47:11

Right?

00:47:12 --> 00:47:13

However,

00:47:13 --> 00:47:15

he also knew very well

00:47:16 --> 00:47:19

that 1 is not supposed to follow the

00:47:19 --> 00:47:20

orders of the amir

00:47:21 --> 00:47:21

when

00:47:22 --> 00:47:24

the orders are not in line with the

00:47:24 --> 00:47:26

teachings of Islam. As the Prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:47:26 --> 00:47:27

wa sallam says,

00:47:31 --> 00:47:32

There is no obedience

00:47:33 --> 00:47:34

to a created being

00:47:35 --> 00:47:38

when it means disobedience to the creator Allah.

00:47:39 --> 00:47:39

And so

00:47:41 --> 00:47:44

even though we know that, you know, mutiny,

00:47:47 --> 00:47:47

where

00:47:48 --> 00:47:50

soldiers or commanders of an army disobey

00:47:52 --> 00:47:53

the higher in command.

00:47:53 --> 00:47:55

This is something very dangerous,

00:47:55 --> 00:47:57

and it's not tolerated.

00:47:58 --> 00:47:59

It doesn't go unpunished.

00:48:00 --> 00:48:02

You know, it's something severe and even in

00:48:02 --> 00:48:04

our deen, you know, our our deen is

00:48:04 --> 00:48:05

no different.

00:48:05 --> 00:48:06

You're supposed to obey

00:48:07 --> 00:48:10

the leader, even the military commander

00:48:10 --> 00:48:12

and you're not allowed to disobey him.

00:48:13 --> 00:48:15

But here, Abdullah ibn Umar, not only did

00:48:15 --> 00:48:16

he disobey himself,

00:48:17 --> 00:48:20

but he told his his his boys, his

00:48:20 --> 00:48:20

companions

00:48:21 --> 00:48:23

that you guys are not gonna follow his

00:48:23 --> 00:48:24

orders as well.

00:48:25 --> 00:48:27

And so the lesson we learned from this

00:48:27 --> 00:48:31

is that if a Muslim leader tells us

00:48:31 --> 00:48:32

to do something haram,

00:48:33 --> 00:48:35

we must disobey him in that.

00:48:35 --> 00:48:38

We must disobey him in that. This is

00:48:38 --> 00:48:40

where many Muslims get it wrong.

00:48:40 --> 00:48:41

They have

00:48:42 --> 00:48:43

a wrong understanding

00:48:43 --> 00:48:44

of what it means

00:48:44 --> 00:48:46

to obey our rulers.

00:48:46 --> 00:48:48

And so when they see Muslims,

00:48:50 --> 00:48:52

not complying with the laws,

00:48:53 --> 00:48:56

that the rulers of Muslim countries legislate

00:48:57 --> 00:48:59

and they rebel against

00:48:59 --> 00:49:01

that, they say, oh, you know, this is

00:49:01 --> 00:49:02

haram.

00:49:03 --> 00:49:04

You have to obey the rulers.

00:49:05 --> 00:49:08

And so we have to look at everything

00:49:08 --> 00:49:09

in context.

00:49:09 --> 00:49:10

It's not black and white.

00:49:11 --> 00:49:13

Right? There are times when the rulers are

00:49:13 --> 00:49:14

not supposed to be

00:49:15 --> 00:49:17

obeyed, and this is 1 of those examples.

00:49:17 --> 00:49:19

Finally, the last lesson that we'll mention

00:49:21 --> 00:49:21

is

00:49:22 --> 00:49:23

how to deal with

00:49:24 --> 00:49:24

the mistakes

00:49:25 --> 00:49:26

of the leaders.

00:49:27 --> 00:49:28

We saw how Rasulullah

00:49:28 --> 00:49:30

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam dealt with the

00:49:31 --> 00:49:32

mistake of Khalid

00:49:33 --> 00:49:35

ibn Walid radiAllahu anhu.

00:49:35 --> 00:49:37

Here you had innocent Muslims

00:49:38 --> 00:49:39

who were killed.

00:49:39 --> 00:49:40

Right?

00:49:41 --> 00:49:42

These people,

00:49:44 --> 00:49:47

you know, inside their hearts they had accepted

00:49:47 --> 00:49:49

Islam. They had sincerely accepted Islam.

00:49:50 --> 00:49:52

However, they didn't know how to express that.

00:49:52 --> 00:49:53

Khaled ibn Walid.

00:49:54 --> 00:49:55

He killed them.

00:49:56 --> 00:49:57

The question is

00:49:58 --> 00:49:59

why did he kill them?

00:50:00 --> 00:50:01

He killed them

00:50:01 --> 00:50:02

because

00:50:02 --> 00:50:04

of what is known as tawil.

00:50:06 --> 00:50:08

He made a wrong judgment.

00:50:09 --> 00:50:10

Right? Why

00:50:11 --> 00:50:13

didn't the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam fire

00:50:13 --> 00:50:14

him?

00:50:15 --> 00:50:16

Why didn't the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:50:16 --> 00:50:18

imprison him? Why didn't the prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:50:18 --> 00:50:19

wa sallam punish him?

00:50:20 --> 00:50:22

Because it was an honest mistake.

00:50:23 --> 00:50:23

Right?

00:50:24 --> 00:50:26

And so Khalid ibn al Walid

00:50:27 --> 00:50:30

did not assume that these people had accepted

00:50:30 --> 00:50:30

Islam.

00:50:31 --> 00:50:31

Instead,

00:50:32 --> 00:50:35

he had thought that they were insulting Islam.

00:50:35 --> 00:50:36

Right?

00:50:37 --> 00:50:39

And that was absolutely clear to him.

00:50:40 --> 00:50:41

So he killed

00:50:44 --> 00:50:45

them. If

00:50:45 --> 00:50:48

he had actually thought that they had accepted

00:50:48 --> 00:50:48

Islam,

00:50:49 --> 00:50:50

he would never have done this.

00:50:51 --> 00:50:53

He would never have killed them,

00:50:53 --> 00:50:54

right?

00:50:55 --> 00:50:56

And so

00:50:56 --> 00:50:58

if he had done them thinking that they

00:50:58 --> 00:51:00

had accepted Islam,

00:51:00 --> 00:51:02

then it would have been a different story.

00:51:02 --> 00:51:05

The Prophet would have punished him without a

00:51:05 --> 00:51:06

doubt. Right?

00:51:07 --> 00:51:09

But here Khalid ibn Walid, he did not

00:51:09 --> 00:51:12

kill these these people assuming them to be

00:51:12 --> 00:51:12

Muslims.

00:51:13 --> 00:51:15

He killed them assuming them to be kufaq.

00:51:15 --> 00:51:15

And

00:51:16 --> 00:51:17

so

00:51:17 --> 00:51:19

that is how the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam

00:51:19 --> 00:51:22

dealt with him. He didn't punish him. He

00:51:22 --> 00:51:25

didn't relieve him of his post.

00:51:25 --> 00:51:25

Right?

00:51:26 --> 00:51:28

Why? Because he made an honest mistake.

00:51:29 --> 00:51:32

And so you don't deal with every situation

00:51:32 --> 00:51:34

and every mistake and error

00:51:34 --> 00:51:35

in the same way.

00:51:37 --> 00:51:38

And this is what we learned from the

00:51:38 --> 00:51:41

actions of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:51:41 --> 00:51:42

from this story.

00:51:42 --> 00:51:45

Ibn Kathir, and we'll close with this. Ibn

00:51:45 --> 00:51:47

Kathir he says commenting on the story.

00:51:48 --> 00:51:51

He says Khalid ibn Walid intended

00:51:52 --> 00:51:53

to give nusrah,

00:51:53 --> 00:51:56

to give victory to Islam and its people.

00:51:56 --> 00:51:59

Although he made a mistake in the situation

00:52:00 --> 00:52:00

thinking

00:52:01 --> 00:52:02

that these people

00:52:02 --> 00:52:05

were insulting Islam by saying Sabatnah Sabatnah.

00:52:06 --> 00:52:08

He did not understand from them that they

00:52:08 --> 00:52:09

had embraced Islam.

00:52:10 --> 00:52:10

Consequently,

00:52:11 --> 00:52:13

he killed a large group of them and

00:52:13 --> 00:52:15

he captured the rest,

00:52:17 --> 00:52:19

killing most of the captives as well.

00:52:20 --> 00:52:21

Despite this, Rasulullah

00:52:21 --> 00:52:23

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:52:23 --> 00:52:26

did not remove him from his position,

00:52:26 --> 00:52:29

but continued to keep him as a commander.

00:52:29 --> 00:52:30

Although,

00:52:31 --> 00:52:33

he salallahu alaihi wasallam disavowed

00:52:34 --> 00:52:36

the actions of Khadid in this instance

00:52:37 --> 00:52:38

and paid compensation

00:52:39 --> 00:52:40

for the blood and the property

00:52:41 --> 00:52:42

wrongfully taken.

00:52:43 --> 00:52:44

This indicates

00:52:44 --> 00:52:47

1 of the scholarly opinions that the mistake

00:52:47 --> 00:52:49

of the Muslim leader is to be compensated

00:52:50 --> 00:52:53

from the public treasury, from Baytul Mal, and

00:52:53 --> 00:52:56

not from his own wealth. Meaning,

00:52:58 --> 00:52:58

the Prophet

00:53:00 --> 00:53:00

did not order

00:53:01 --> 00:53:02

Khaled ibn Walid

00:53:03 --> 00:53:03

to pay

00:53:04 --> 00:53:06

the dia from his own money.

00:53:06 --> 00:53:07

Why? Because

00:53:07 --> 00:53:08

it was a mistake

00:53:09 --> 00:53:10

that is,

00:53:11 --> 00:53:11

you know,

00:53:12 --> 00:53:13

associated with

00:53:14 --> 00:53:16

with the government and with the amir.

00:53:17 --> 00:53:19

Ibn Kathir, he goes on to say,

00:53:20 --> 00:53:21

for this very reason,

00:53:21 --> 00:53:24

Abu Bakr as Sudirk radiAllahu anhu did not

00:53:24 --> 00:53:26

dismiss him, did not dismiss Khalid

00:53:27 --> 00:53:30

when he killed Malik ibn Wayra

00:53:30 --> 00:53:31

during

00:53:32 --> 00:53:34

the Riddah wars, the apostasy wars.

00:53:35 --> 00:53:37

Interpreting his actions

00:53:37 --> 00:53:40

when he chopped off his head and took

00:53:40 --> 00:53:41

his wife, Tamim,

00:53:41 --> 00:53:42

for himself.

00:53:45 --> 00:53:47

In the time of Abu Bakr radiallahu anhu

00:53:47 --> 00:53:48

when he was a Khalifa,

00:53:50 --> 00:53:51

Malik ibn Wayra,

00:53:53 --> 00:53:54

he had apostated,

00:53:57 --> 00:54:00

and he did not send zakat to

00:54:00 --> 00:54:02

he didn't recognize Abu Bakr as being the

00:54:02 --> 00:54:04

khalifa of the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam.

00:54:05 --> 00:54:07

So he was no longer sending zakat.

00:54:08 --> 00:54:12

So the prophet, Abu Bakr radiallahu an, he

00:54:12 --> 00:54:15

sent Khalid ibn Walid to fight, Malik ibn

00:54:15 --> 00:54:16

Wayra.

00:54:16 --> 00:54:19

Malik ibn Wayra was brought to Khalid ibn

00:54:19 --> 00:54:19

Wayra,

00:54:20 --> 00:54:22

and he said the shahada.

00:54:22 --> 00:54:23

He said the shahada,

00:54:24 --> 00:54:25

nonetheless,

00:54:25 --> 00:54:27

Khalid ibn al Walid chopped off his head.

00:54:28 --> 00:54:30

Why? Because he was still not he was

00:54:30 --> 00:54:31

still preventing

00:54:31 --> 00:54:32

Zakah.

00:54:33 --> 00:54:35

And Zakah is a pillar of Islam.

00:54:37 --> 00:54:38

And that same day

00:54:39 --> 00:54:40

he took the wife

00:54:40 --> 00:54:43

for himself, the wife of Malik ibn Wayra.

00:54:43 --> 00:54:44

He took her,

00:54:44 --> 00:54:45

for himself.

00:54:47 --> 00:54:48

So Abu Bakr

00:54:50 --> 00:54:52

did not relieve him of his position.

00:54:53 --> 00:54:56

So Umar ibn Khattab he got very angry

00:54:57 --> 00:54:58

and he said

00:54:58 --> 00:55:00

to Abu Bakr he said dismiss him,

00:55:01 --> 00:55:04

fire him because there is recklessness in his

00:55:04 --> 00:55:04

sword.

00:55:05 --> 00:55:06

He's he's reckless,

00:55:06 --> 00:55:08

he's careless with his sword. Minikkalidib

00:55:09 --> 00:55:09

min alwaleed.

00:55:10 --> 00:55:12

Abu Bakr radiAllahu anhu he said,

00:55:12 --> 00:55:13

I will not

00:55:14 --> 00:55:17

sheathe a sword that Allah has unsheathed against

00:55:17 --> 00:55:18

the mushrikun.

00:55:20 --> 00:55:22

I am not gonna rest this sword.

00:55:23 --> 00:55:25

This is the sword of Allah

00:55:25 --> 00:55:27

as the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam testified

00:55:27 --> 00:55:29

when he said, saif min suyu filaa.

00:55:31 --> 00:55:33

This is the sword of Allah.

00:55:36 --> 00:55:38

Nonetheless, Abu Bakr radiAllahu Anhu did not dismiss

00:55:38 --> 00:55:40

him. Why? Because the Prophet

00:55:41 --> 00:55:43

himself did not dismiss Khalid

00:55:44 --> 00:55:45

ibn Walid when he made the mistake that

00:55:45 --> 00:55:46

he made.

00:55:47 --> 00:55:48

It was later on

00:55:49 --> 00:55:51

in the time of Umar radhiallahu an, he

00:55:51 --> 00:55:52

had this personal,

00:55:53 --> 00:55:54

you know, problem with

00:55:54 --> 00:55:56

Khalid ibn Walid.

00:55:56 --> 00:55:57

And so

00:55:58 --> 00:55:59

he did relieve

00:56:00 --> 00:56:02

Khalid ibn Walid from his position.

00:56:03 --> 00:56:04

But he mentioned the reason for that.

00:56:05 --> 00:56:07

Right? Khalid ibn Walid was

00:56:07 --> 00:56:09

winning battle after battle.

00:56:10 --> 00:56:12

You know, he was undefeated.

00:56:14 --> 00:56:16

So when he relieved him, he said the

00:56:16 --> 00:56:17

reason I'm doing this,

00:56:17 --> 00:56:19

I don't want people to think

00:56:21 --> 00:56:22

that the victory

00:56:23 --> 00:56:25

is coming as a result of Khaled.

00:56:26 --> 00:56:27

I want the people to know

00:56:28 --> 00:56:30

that victory is only from Allah Subhanahu Wa

00:56:30 --> 00:56:33

Ta'ala. And that's why Khaled ibn Walid

00:56:33 --> 00:56:35

even though he was the mujahid that he

00:56:35 --> 00:56:35

was,

00:56:36 --> 00:56:38

he did not he did not die as

00:56:38 --> 00:56:39

a shahid.

00:56:39 --> 00:56:41

He did not die as a shahid.

00:56:41 --> 00:56:44

He died on his deathbed for this for

00:56:44 --> 00:56:45

this reason.

00:56:46 --> 00:56:47

Nonetheless, these are the lessons that we learned

00:56:47 --> 00:56:48

from

00:56:49 --> 00:56:51

what we have learned from the events of

00:56:51 --> 00:56:51

tonight

00:56:52 --> 00:56:53

And so we'll continue next week inshallahum

00:56:54 --> 00:56:54

ta'ala.

00:56:55 --> 00:56:55

Subhanakallahu

00:56:56 --> 00:56:56

Muhammadik

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