Kamil Ahmad – Lessons from the Seerah #73 The Conquest of Makkah #01

Kamil Ahmad
AI: Summary © The Prophet's plans to advance to Mecca and inspection of spies and monitors are discussed, as well as the use of spies and monitors to keep secretive plans secret and the use of spies and monitors to prevent anyone from leaving execution. The Prophet sallali Alaihi wa sallam recounts the events of the previous year, including the spread of Islam in Mecca, and the importance of showing support to their enemies. The history of Islam and the importance of showing one's true stance are also highlighted, along with the use of psychological warfare and loyalty among Muslims.
AI: Transcript ©
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Last week we looked at

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how the peace treaty

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that was between the Muslims and Quraysh

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that they had agreed upon

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at Hudaybiyyah,

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how this peace treaty

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had been breached

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by Quraysh and its allies.

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And the treaty was meant to go on

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for 10 years

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but it was already violated

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less than

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2 years

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into it.

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So now we mentioned how Quraysh,

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they went into

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a frenzy

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worrying about what's going to happen next,

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so they sent Abu Sufyan all the way

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to Madinah

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to try to agree with the Prophet sallallahu

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alaihi wa sallam to revalidate

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the treaty and even extend it.

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And we looked at his visit to Medina

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and how he returned to Mecca

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in utter humiliation.

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So the attempts of Quraysh to

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basically repair the damage,

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it all failed

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and now Rasulullah

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Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam had made up his mind

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to advance to Mecca

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for what would be

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the one major event in the seerah of

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the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, and that

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is Fati Mekkah,

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the conquest of Makkah.

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So we're gonna start looking at

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this major event from today

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and we'll continue on with it,

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next week Insha'Allah.

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Now initially,

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as we mentioned last week,

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the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

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he concealed his plans.

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We mentioned

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how Abu Bakr radiAllahu an

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noticed his daughter Aisha

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was preparing food that she would normally prepare

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for when the Prophet would go out on

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a journey

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and

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specifically when he would go out,

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for battle.

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And so Abu Bakr asked her what was

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going on

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and she did not let out any information.

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But eventually,

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eventually the Prophet

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started to let the sahaba know

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about his plans so that they could

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get ready

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for

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this battle.

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However,

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the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam gave strict instructions

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to everyone

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to keep this a secret.

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You know, this

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journey and this plan

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was not

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to be

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let out. The plans were not

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to be let out to anyone outside of

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Madinah.

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And so the Prophet did not want Quraysh

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to even get the slightest of hints

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of the fact that he was advancing towards

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Mecca.

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And this time it was gonna be even

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more difficult to do that, to keep it

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a secret. Why?

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Because

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of how huge

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you know his force was this time as

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we're gonna see.

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And so such a huge force

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going all the way to Mecca,

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you know it's gonna be difficult to

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conceal

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the plans.

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However,

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nonetheless the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam did

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what he could. He did what he could

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to try to make sure that no information

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was leaked.

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And so in order to do this, he

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took several measures.

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Number 1,

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he sent out

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a fake sariyah,

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An expedition of

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8 men

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under the leadership of Abu Khattad Radiallahu Wa'an

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to a place called Bal Tun

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Ilam which is north of Medina.

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And so the purpose of this was to

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deceive

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the enemy

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that if

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people think he's

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going out,

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you know, to fight someone, they'll think he's

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going northwards,

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which is the opposite direction of Mecca.

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And so Abu Qathada and his men, they

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they reach

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this area,

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and they don't find any enemy

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and no threat.

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There's nothing there

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so they return. On their way back,

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they get news that the prophet salallahu alaihi

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wa sallam has already

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left Madinah on his way to Mecca and

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so they they joined.

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Number 2,

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the Prophet

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sent spies

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and monitors

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in and around Madinah.

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And so he put Uramur ibn Khattab radiAllahu

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anhu in charge of these

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spies and monitors,

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and they were supposed to be stationed at

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different places

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in and around Medina,

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and he gave them instructions

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to not allow anyone

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from outside Medina to have

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passage

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into or even near Medina,

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and

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for these monitors to carefully watch

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anyone who seemed to be leaving Medina heading

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towards Mecca.

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Thirdly,

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and as we have seen throughout the Sirah,

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after the Prophet

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would take

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the means that he was able to, that

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are in his hands,

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whatever he is able to do in order

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to achieve his goal, he would then put

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his trust in Allah

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and he would ask Allah for his aid

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and his help. So here, even this time

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it was no different, the Prophet salallahu alayhi

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wasalam,

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he made dua to Allah.

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He said, O Allah,

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take away their hearing and their sight

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so that they are not able to see

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us until we come upon them by surprise

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and so that they do not hear

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us except

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upon a setting.

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Now one day,

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the Prophet

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got

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Ali ibn Abi Talib,

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and Zubayr ibn Al Awam,

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and Al Miqdad ibn al Aswad, these 3

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companions,

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he got them together.

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And he told them he was gonna send

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them on a mission. The

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Ali

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narrates the story himself

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and

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it's found in Sahih al Bukhari.

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The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said to

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the 3 of them,

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I want you to go to a place

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called

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Rawlat Haq.

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There you will find a woman

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and she has a letter with her.

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I want you to bring that letter to

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me.

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Ali radiAllahu anhu says that we set out

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with our horses

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and we ran at full pace until we

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reach the place

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where we found the lady.

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He says, We went up to her and

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we said,

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give us the letter that you have.

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The woman she said, I don't have any

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letter.

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So Ali radiAllahu anhu said,

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Either you give us a letter

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or we're going to strip you of your

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clothes.

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Meaning we're gonna strip search you

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because Rasulullah he salallahu alaihi wa sallam told

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us that you have a letter

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and so you have a letter.

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So when she saw that

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they were serious,

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she asked them to step aside

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and then she took it out, she took

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out the letter from her braid, she had

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it hidden in her hair.

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Ali radiAllahu anhu says, We then brought the

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letter to Rasulullah hu sallam

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and he opened it

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and he found how this it was a

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letter

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that contained a message

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from Haltib

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ibn Abi Baltah,

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the companion,

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to some of the Mushrikun of Makkah,

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informing them of some of the plans

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of Rasulullah

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Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

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And so here we have

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a major

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security and intelligence breach.

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Here you had one of the Muslims,

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hapib ibn Abi Balthaha radiAllahu an,

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acting as

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a secret agent

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for the kuffar

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among the Muslims,

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passing on intelligence information

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to the enemy.

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When Rasulullah

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hee wasalam read the letter,

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he called Halperb

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and he asked him,

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oh Halperb, what is this?

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Habib he replied,

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O Messenger of Allah,

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don't hurry in giving your judgment about me.

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I was a man closely connected with Quraysh

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but I did not belong to their tribe.

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While the other Muhajirun with you

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who left Mecca,

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they have their relatives in Mecca

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who would protect their families and their properties.

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So I wanted to make up for my

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lack of blood relation to Quraysh

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by doing them a favor,

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by informing them of your plans

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so that they may protect my family. And

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in one narration it says

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that it was his mother that he was

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worried about.

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He says,

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I did not do this because of kuthr

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or illtidad,

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apostasy,

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nor

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out of preferring kufr over Islam.

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And so here we see

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why

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this companion did what he did.

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He had left Mecca with all the other

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Muslims when they made hijrah to Medina,

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But he was different.

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He did not have he did not belong

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to Quraysh like the rest of the Muhajirun,

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but he left behind

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family, and wealth, and property.

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He was worried

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that if the Prophet

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now comes into Mecca with his army

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and there's fighting and whatnot,

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That

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the kuffar of of Nakkad, they're gonna take

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revenge. They're gonna kill all the Muslims there

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or

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the relatives of Hadid

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because they don't have any protection. They're not

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from Quraysh,

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and they'll confiscate his his property, his wealth,

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etcetera.

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The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

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he said to the companions around him,

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he said, Habib has told you the truth.

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Now,

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Rumr ibn al Khattab radiAllahu anam was there

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And he said, O Messenger of Allah,

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allow me to chop off the head of

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this munafiq, this hypocrite.

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The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said,

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Hati participated

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in the Battle of Badr.

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And who knows?

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Perhaps Allah has already looked at

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the participants of Badr and said,

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iaamaloo

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ma shaitum

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faqadukhafaratulakum.

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Do as you please. Do whatever you want

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because I have already forgiven you.

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Now we mentioned this hadith

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when we spoke about the status of the

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people of Badr

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and it went to prove how their status

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is

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as a group

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is the highest among all the companions.

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So here Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

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did not say that Hataib

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did not deserve to be killed.

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He didn't respond to Umar

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or to what Umar

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had said

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regarding Haldib being a hypocrite.

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Rather he clarified

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that the reason he should not be killed

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is

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because

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he participated in

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a great event, and that is the battle

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of Badr.

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And so this shows us the high status

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of

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those who participated

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in that battle.

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But nonetheless the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam

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excused

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Hatub RadiAllahu alaihi wa sallam

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and he did not punish him, he did

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not take any further action against them.

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Now

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after this, Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala revealed.

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Which Surah?

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Surah Allah

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Subhanahu

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Wa Ta'ala says,

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And the rest of the ayat.

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Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

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says, oh you who believe,

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do not take My enemies and your enemies

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as trusted allies.

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Don't ally with the enemies of Islam.

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Showing them affection even though they deny what

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has come to you of the truth.

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They drove the Messenger and yourselves out, meaning

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out of Mecca

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simply for your belief in Allah your Lord.

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If you truly come out for jihad in

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my cause and seek my pleasure, then do

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not take them as allies

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disclosing secrets to them out of affection towards

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them

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when I know best whatever you conceal and

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whatever you reveal and whoever of you does

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this has truly

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strayed

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far from the Right Way. So here Allah

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Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

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rebukes

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the likes of Hadib that

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this is not what a Muslim is supposed

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to do.

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Now after this,

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Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam marches 4th

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for Mecca,

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and this was in the month of Ramadan.

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Precisely,

00:16:12 --> 00:16:14

the 10th of Ramadan

00:16:14 --> 00:16:16

of the 8th year of the hijrah is

00:16:16 --> 00:16:18

when they left Al Madinah.

00:16:20 --> 00:16:21

The force that the Prophet

00:16:22 --> 00:16:23

had gathered

00:16:23 --> 00:16:25

was an army of 10,000

00:16:25 --> 00:16:26

men strong.

00:16:28 --> 00:16:30

It was the largest army

00:16:31 --> 00:16:33

assembled by the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:16:33 --> 00:16:34

thus far.

00:16:35 --> 00:16:38

It consisted of all of the Muhajirun

00:16:39 --> 00:16:41

and all of the Ansar

00:16:42 --> 00:16:43

along with

00:16:43 --> 00:16:45

some of the tribes

00:16:45 --> 00:16:46

that surrounded Madinah,

00:16:47 --> 00:16:48

like Sulayim,

00:16:49 --> 00:16:50

Aslam, Ghifar,

00:16:51 --> 00:16:52

Muzayna and others.

00:16:54 --> 00:16:55

And so this shows us

00:16:57 --> 00:17:00

what we previously mentioned after the Treaty of

00:17:00 --> 00:17:02

Hudaybiyah. The Treaty of Hudaybiyah as we mentioned

00:17:03 --> 00:17:04

was a golden opportunity

00:17:05 --> 00:17:06

to spread the dawah.

00:17:08 --> 00:17:10

And we mentioned those who

00:17:10 --> 00:17:11

attended

00:17:11 --> 00:17:13

at Hudaybiyyah were only

00:17:14 --> 00:17:15

a 1,400

00:17:16 --> 00:17:17

of the Sahaba.

00:17:19 --> 00:17:21

But now you have 10,000.

00:17:22 --> 00:17:24

This shows us that the dua had spread

00:17:24 --> 00:17:26

during this small period of time.

00:17:28 --> 00:17:30

Now in the initial part of the journey,

00:17:31 --> 00:17:32

it's Ramadan

00:17:33 --> 00:17:35

and the Muslims were fasting.

00:17:36 --> 00:17:38

But when they were getting closer to Mecca,

00:17:39 --> 00:17:41

the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:17:41 --> 00:17:43

ordered the Muslims to break their fast,

00:17:45 --> 00:17:46

and he took some water,

00:17:47 --> 00:17:49

and he drank it in front of them

00:17:50 --> 00:17:51

to basically lead by example.

00:17:53 --> 00:17:55

And so they broke their fast for the

00:17:55 --> 00:17:55

remainder

00:17:56 --> 00:17:56

of the journey.

00:17:58 --> 00:17:59

Now on the way,

00:18:00 --> 00:18:01

there were a few

00:18:02 --> 00:18:03

notable individuals

00:18:03 --> 00:18:04

who came from Mecca

00:18:08 --> 00:18:10

to join the Prophet

00:18:11 --> 00:18:13

Among them were, first of all,

00:18:14 --> 00:18:15

Al Abbas

00:18:16 --> 00:18:19

ibn Abdul Muttalib radiAllahu an, the uncle

00:18:19 --> 00:18:22

of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. We already

00:18:22 --> 00:18:24

mentioned how Al Abbas,

00:18:25 --> 00:18:27

he had already accepted Islam

00:18:28 --> 00:18:28

previously.

00:18:30 --> 00:18:32

And we mentioned how he stayed behind in

00:18:32 --> 00:18:33

Mecca

00:18:34 --> 00:18:36

and he kept his Islam as a secret.

00:18:38 --> 00:18:39

And Rasulullah

00:18:41 --> 00:18:42

made use of him as

00:18:43 --> 00:18:43

a spy

00:18:45 --> 00:18:47

who he could depend on to,

00:18:47 --> 00:18:48

you know, send him information

00:18:49 --> 00:18:51

about what's going on in Makkah.

00:18:52 --> 00:18:54

But now, Al Abbas radiAllahu anhu had made

00:18:54 --> 00:18:55

up his mind

00:18:56 --> 00:18:57

to leave Makkah

00:18:58 --> 00:18:59

and make hijrah

00:18:59 --> 00:19:00

to Madinah,

00:19:00 --> 00:19:02

and so he left with his family.

00:19:03 --> 00:19:04

And

00:19:04 --> 00:19:05

coincidentally,

00:19:05 --> 00:19:07

they meet the Prophet

00:19:08 --> 00:19:11

as he was coming. And it's mentioned that

00:19:11 --> 00:19:12

they met,

00:19:12 --> 00:19:14

at a place called Al Juhfa,

00:19:15 --> 00:19:18

which is closer to Madinah, but in between

00:19:18 --> 00:19:20

Mecca and Al Madinah.

00:19:21 --> 00:19:23

And so, Al Abbas

00:19:23 --> 00:19:24

joined the army.

00:19:28 --> 00:19:30

Another individual who left Mecca

00:19:32 --> 00:19:33

was Abu Sufyan

00:19:34 --> 00:19:35

ibn al Harid

00:19:36 --> 00:19:37

ibn Abdul Muttalib.

00:19:39 --> 00:19:41

Not the famous Abu Sufyan, we're going to

00:19:41 --> 00:19:43

talk about him shortly.

00:19:44 --> 00:19:46

But this Abu Sufyan, he is

00:19:46 --> 00:19:48

the cousin of the Prophet

00:19:49 --> 00:19:50

Abu Sufyan,

00:19:50 --> 00:19:51

ibn al Harith,

00:19:52 --> 00:19:53

Ibn Abdul Muttalib.

00:19:55 --> 00:19:56

He was not only the cousin of the

00:19:56 --> 00:19:57

Prophet

00:19:57 --> 00:20:00

but he was also his brother from breastfeeding.

00:20:04 --> 00:20:05

And the 3rd individual

00:20:07 --> 00:20:09

who left Mecca

00:20:10 --> 00:20:12

to meet the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:20:13 --> 00:20:15

was Abdullah ibn Abi Umayyah

00:20:16 --> 00:20:17

ibn Muhirah.

00:20:20 --> 00:20:21

And he was

00:20:21 --> 00:20:22

the stepbrother

00:20:23 --> 00:20:26

of Salama, the wife of the Prophet Sallallahu

00:20:26 --> 00:20:27

Alaihi Wasallam.

00:20:29 --> 00:20:30

Now both of these two men,

00:20:31 --> 00:20:32

Abu Sufyan ibn al Harith

00:20:33 --> 00:20:35

and Abdullah ibn Umayyah

00:20:36 --> 00:20:38

were staunch enemies of the Prophet

00:20:42 --> 00:20:43

who had waged

00:20:44 --> 00:20:45

years of war

00:20:46 --> 00:20:48

and before the wars, persecution of the Muslims

00:20:48 --> 00:20:49

in Mecca. Abdullah

00:20:51 --> 00:20:51

ibn

00:20:51 --> 00:20:53

Abi Umayyah is the son of

00:20:54 --> 00:20:55

Abi Umayyah.

00:20:56 --> 00:20:57

He's from that family that

00:20:58 --> 00:20:59

you know,

00:21:00 --> 00:21:01

was staunch in their hostility

00:21:02 --> 00:21:05

to the Prophet and the Muslims. And he

00:21:05 --> 00:21:06

was no different. He was

00:21:07 --> 00:21:08

he used to persecute the Muslims.

00:21:09 --> 00:21:09

He would

00:21:10 --> 00:21:13

mock the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:21:14 --> 00:21:16

and he participated in all of the battles

00:21:16 --> 00:21:18

against the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

00:21:19 --> 00:21:20

When the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam heard of

00:21:20 --> 00:21:21

these 2 men,

00:21:22 --> 00:21:24

he didn't even want to meet them.

00:21:24 --> 00:21:26

This is how much

00:21:27 --> 00:21:28

this is how much

00:21:29 --> 00:21:30

he hated these 2 men.

00:21:31 --> 00:21:32

They were leaders of Quraysh.

00:21:36 --> 00:21:39

However, they had come to sincerely accept Islam.

00:21:41 --> 00:21:42

Like we mentioned previously,

00:21:43 --> 00:21:44

Khalid ibn al Walid,

00:21:46 --> 00:21:47

Ahamr ibn al Hawass,

00:21:49 --> 00:21:51

And so these 2 men had also left

00:21:51 --> 00:21:52

Mecca

00:21:53 --> 00:21:55

after seeing that, you know, that's it. The

00:21:55 --> 00:21:56

future is for Islam.

00:21:57 --> 00:21:59

Allah had guided their hearts and now they

00:21:59 --> 00:22:01

had come to accept Islam.

00:22:03 --> 00:22:05

So although initially the Prophet SAW Alaihi Wasallam

00:22:05 --> 00:22:06

did not even want

00:22:08 --> 00:22:10

to see their faces, salama, she managed to

00:22:10 --> 00:22:12

convince the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:22:13 --> 00:22:13

to

00:22:13 --> 00:22:14

basically

00:22:15 --> 00:22:17

accept them, and so he met them,

00:22:17 --> 00:22:17

and

00:22:18 --> 00:22:20

he accepted their pledge, and

00:22:21 --> 00:22:24

you know, they accepted Islam at his hands,

00:22:24 --> 00:22:25

and

00:22:25 --> 00:22:26

they

00:22:26 --> 00:22:28

joined the army.

00:22:29 --> 00:22:30

Now both of these 2 men, to show

00:22:30 --> 00:22:32

how sincere they were,

00:22:33 --> 00:22:34

they went on to

00:22:35 --> 00:22:39

basically defend Islam and the Prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:22:39 --> 00:22:41

wa sallam. Shortly after the conquest of Mecca,

00:22:41 --> 00:22:42

not too far after.

00:22:44 --> 00:22:46

We have in the Battle of Hunayn, which

00:22:46 --> 00:22:47

we're gonna talk about

00:22:48 --> 00:22:50

after the conquest of Mecca,

00:22:50 --> 00:22:53

Abu Sufyan ibn al Harith, he would stand

00:22:53 --> 00:22:54

with the Prophet

00:22:56 --> 00:22:58

all the way until the end.

00:22:59 --> 00:23:01

And we're gonna talk about the Battle of

00:23:01 --> 00:23:03

Khanin and how difficult it became, how a

00:23:03 --> 00:23:05

lot of people left,

00:23:06 --> 00:23:07

the army and the prophet

00:23:08 --> 00:23:09

stood ground with only a few of the

00:23:09 --> 00:23:12

companions. Among them was Sufyan ibn al Abu

00:23:12 --> 00:23:14

Sufyan ibn Harif.

00:23:14 --> 00:23:16

As were Abdullah ibn Abi Omayyah,

00:23:18 --> 00:23:20

then when the prophet went out

00:23:21 --> 00:23:23

to lay siege to Ata'if, which was also

00:23:23 --> 00:23:25

right after the conquest of Mecca, and we're

00:23:25 --> 00:23:27

gonna talk about that.

00:23:28 --> 00:23:30

In the siege of At Ta'if,

00:23:30 --> 00:23:32

he stood ground as well

00:23:33 --> 00:23:34

until he was killed and so he was

00:23:34 --> 00:23:37

martyred. He died as a shahid in the

00:23:37 --> 00:23:39

lifetime of the Prophet Sallallahu

00:23:40 --> 00:23:40

Alaihi Wasallam.

00:23:42 --> 00:23:43

So now the Muslims

00:23:44 --> 00:23:45

were reaching close to Mecca.

00:23:47 --> 00:23:48

Up until this moment,

00:23:49 --> 00:23:52

Quraysh were not aware of this massive army

00:23:52 --> 00:23:53

approaching that.

00:23:55 --> 00:23:56

This was as we said

00:23:57 --> 00:24:00

due to the smart moves and precautionary measures

00:24:00 --> 00:24:03

that the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam made in

00:24:03 --> 00:24:04

making sure

00:24:05 --> 00:24:06

that no news would reach

00:24:07 --> 00:24:08

Mecca.

00:24:09 --> 00:24:10

On the other hand,

00:24:11 --> 00:24:13

as we have seen throughout the Seerah,

00:24:13 --> 00:24:15

whenever Quraysh

00:24:15 --> 00:24:16

would make a move,

00:24:17 --> 00:24:20

whenever they were prepared for battle,

00:24:21 --> 00:24:24

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam would immediately be alerted.

00:24:25 --> 00:24:27

And so this shows us that

00:24:27 --> 00:24:28

the intelligence

00:24:28 --> 00:24:29

gathering

00:24:30 --> 00:24:32

of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:24:32 --> 00:24:34

was at a much higher

00:24:35 --> 00:24:36

caliber than

00:24:36 --> 00:24:37

that of Quraysh.

00:24:39 --> 00:24:40

Even though

00:24:40 --> 00:24:43

their resources, the resources of the Muslims and

00:24:43 --> 00:24:43

their abilities

00:24:44 --> 00:24:47

were much less compared to that of Quraysh.

00:24:47 --> 00:24:49

The Muslims were few in number

00:24:51 --> 00:24:52

and they were only

00:24:54 --> 00:24:54

located

00:24:55 --> 00:24:56

in and around Madinah

00:24:57 --> 00:24:58

Whereas Quraysh has

00:24:59 --> 00:25:01

all of Hejaz and you know all the

00:25:01 --> 00:25:03

other tribes, the major tribes

00:25:04 --> 00:25:05

of Arabia are with them.

00:25:06 --> 00:25:06

But yet

00:25:07 --> 00:25:08

we see how

00:25:08 --> 00:25:11

the intelligence of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:25:11 --> 00:25:13

was far more superior.

00:25:16 --> 00:25:18

So now the Muslims reach a place called

00:25:19 --> 00:25:19

Maruthuhran,

00:25:20 --> 00:25:22

which is just north of Mecca.

00:25:23 --> 00:25:25

And here Rasulullah hee sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:25:25 --> 00:25:26

gave them orders

00:25:27 --> 00:25:28

to camp for the night.

00:25:29 --> 00:25:31

And he told them to light fires.

00:25:32 --> 00:25:33

It's mentioned that

00:25:34 --> 00:25:36

10,000 fires were lit

00:25:36 --> 00:25:37

to give them light.

00:25:39 --> 00:25:40

Now it so happened

00:25:41 --> 00:25:42

that

00:25:42 --> 00:25:43

Abu Sufyan

00:25:44 --> 00:25:45

ibn al Harb,

00:25:46 --> 00:25:47

the other Abu Sufyan,

00:25:48 --> 00:25:49

the leader of Quraysh,

00:25:49 --> 00:25:50

along with

00:25:51 --> 00:25:52

2 other men,

00:25:53 --> 00:25:54

Budayl ibn Warqa

00:25:55 --> 00:25:57

and Hakim ibn Hazam.

00:25:59 --> 00:26:00

They had come out of Makkah

00:26:01 --> 00:26:03

scouting for information on the possibility

00:26:05 --> 00:26:06

of the Muslims coming.

00:26:07 --> 00:26:09

Now this was not based on any

00:26:10 --> 00:26:12

intelligence that reached them.

00:26:14 --> 00:26:15

As we mentioned,

00:26:16 --> 00:26:18

the prophet was

00:26:18 --> 00:26:22

successful in making sure no information leaks and

00:26:22 --> 00:26:24

reaches Mecca. So they never came out

00:26:26 --> 00:26:27

because they got word,

00:26:28 --> 00:26:30

but only based on suspicion.

00:26:31 --> 00:26:31

Why?

00:26:32 --> 00:26:33

Because as we mentioned,

00:26:34 --> 00:26:36

Abu Sufyan had returned from Medina

00:26:38 --> 00:26:40

without any success

00:26:40 --> 00:26:41

in,

00:26:42 --> 00:26:43

you know, renewing

00:26:44 --> 00:26:45

the peace treaty.

00:26:46 --> 00:26:47

And so

00:26:50 --> 00:26:53

he was worried that, you know, maybe the

00:26:53 --> 00:26:54

Muslims are gonna come.

00:26:55 --> 00:26:57

And so he along with these 2 men,

00:26:58 --> 00:27:00

they went out and they were basically looking

00:27:00 --> 00:27:01

for travelers

00:27:01 --> 00:27:04

who could give them in any information that

00:27:04 --> 00:27:05

they had on,

00:27:05 --> 00:27:08

you know, on the possibility of the Muslims

00:27:08 --> 00:27:11

leaving Medina heading towards Mecca.

00:27:12 --> 00:27:13

So at night,

00:27:14 --> 00:27:16

they were close to the Muslim army,

00:27:18 --> 00:27:20

and they saw the lights of this huge

00:27:20 --> 00:27:21

encampment.

00:27:22 --> 00:27:24

Abu Sufyan asked, Who are these?

00:27:26 --> 00:27:29

Budayl ibn Warqa, remember Budayl ibn Warqa, we

00:27:29 --> 00:27:30

mentioned him previously,

00:27:31 --> 00:27:31

he is from

00:27:32 --> 00:27:32

Khuzaa,

00:27:33 --> 00:27:33

the tribe

00:27:34 --> 00:27:36

that had allied with

00:27:36 --> 00:27:39

the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. So

00:27:40 --> 00:27:43

he says, This is Khuzaha preparing for war.

00:27:44 --> 00:27:47

Abu Sufyan being a very intelligent and wise

00:27:47 --> 00:27:49

man, he said, no. Khuzah

00:27:51 --> 00:27:52

is much less than this.

00:27:53 --> 00:27:54

Their numbers are much less

00:27:55 --> 00:27:57

than what we see here.

00:27:57 --> 00:27:59

This cannot be Khuzaa.

00:28:01 --> 00:28:01

Meanwhile,

00:28:02 --> 00:28:02

Rasulullah

00:28:03 --> 00:28:04

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam,

00:28:05 --> 00:28:06

he had his army

00:28:07 --> 00:28:07

well protected,

00:28:09 --> 00:28:11

so he had guards all around.

00:28:12 --> 00:28:14

So some of these guards,

00:28:15 --> 00:28:17

they came across these 3 men

00:28:18 --> 00:28:20

and they arrested them and took them to

00:28:20 --> 00:28:23

the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

00:28:24 --> 00:28:25

In one narration,

00:28:26 --> 00:28:28

it says that it was Al Abbas

00:28:30 --> 00:28:31

who

00:28:31 --> 00:28:32

came across them.

00:28:33 --> 00:28:35

When he saw, he recognized Abu Sufyan,

00:28:37 --> 00:28:39

he told him, Come with me. You better

00:28:39 --> 00:28:40

hurry up and meet the Prophet

00:28:42 --> 00:28:44

If any Muslim sees you, they're gonna kill

00:28:44 --> 00:28:45

you.

00:28:46 --> 00:28:47

So he took

00:28:48 --> 00:28:49

Abu Sufyan with him,

00:28:50 --> 00:28:51

and

00:28:52 --> 00:28:54

as they're rushing to the Prophet

00:28:56 --> 00:28:57

guess who sees Abu Sufyan?

00:28:58 --> 00:29:01

Rumur ibn Khattbab, and he recognizes him.

00:29:02 --> 00:29:03

And he says,

00:29:04 --> 00:29:05

This is Abu Sufyan,

00:29:07 --> 00:29:08

we have to kill him.

00:29:09 --> 00:29:11

But Al Abbas, he protected them.

00:29:12 --> 00:29:14

He protected Abu Sufyan, and he rushed with

00:29:14 --> 00:29:15

him to the Prophet

00:29:17 --> 00:29:19

before Umar could reach him.

00:29:20 --> 00:29:22

So now when they reach the Prophet Sallallahu

00:29:22 --> 00:29:23

Alaihi Wasallam,

00:29:24 --> 00:29:26

where Umar radiAllahu an is trying to convince

00:29:26 --> 00:29:28

the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam to have

00:29:28 --> 00:29:30

Abu Sufyan killed

00:29:30 --> 00:29:32

while Al Abbas was appealing

00:29:33 --> 00:29:35

to him to spare his life.

00:29:36 --> 00:29:37

So as they were arguing,

00:29:39 --> 00:29:41

Al Abbas radiAllahu anhu

00:29:41 --> 00:29:42

he got angry

00:29:43 --> 00:29:45

and he said to Umar,

00:29:46 --> 00:29:48

If he was one of Ben Wuhadi

00:29:49 --> 00:29:50

Ben Wuhadi

00:29:51 --> 00:29:53

is a family from Quraysh

00:29:56 --> 00:29:57

of which Umar

00:29:57 --> 00:29:58

belongs to that family.

00:30:00 --> 00:30:01

So

00:30:01 --> 00:30:04

Al Abbas says to Umar, If he was

00:30:04 --> 00:30:05

one of Banu Adi

00:30:06 --> 00:30:07

from your clan,

00:30:07 --> 00:30:09

you would not have said so. Meaning you

00:30:09 --> 00:30:11

would not have said, Let's kill him.

00:30:12 --> 00:30:14

But because you know he is from Banu

00:30:14 --> 00:30:15

Abdul Manaf,

00:30:16 --> 00:30:18

who is Banu Abdul Manaf?

00:30:19 --> 00:30:21

They are the family of both

00:30:21 --> 00:30:22

the Prophet

00:30:23 --> 00:30:24

and Abu Sufyan.

00:30:29 --> 00:30:30

And so

00:30:31 --> 00:30:32

hearing this,

00:30:33 --> 00:30:34

Rama

00:30:36 --> 00:30:37

he stepped back

00:30:39 --> 00:30:40

and he said

00:30:41 --> 00:30:42

to Al Abbas, wait a second.

00:30:44 --> 00:30:46

Wait a second Al Abbas.

00:30:47 --> 00:30:50

Your Islam is more beloved to me than

00:30:50 --> 00:30:52

the Islam of my own father Al Khattab

00:30:53 --> 00:30:54

if he had become a Muslim

00:30:55 --> 00:30:58

because I know that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:30:58 --> 00:31:01

would become more pleased by the Islam of

00:31:01 --> 00:31:02

you

00:31:02 --> 00:31:04

than if my father was to become a

00:31:04 --> 00:31:05

Muslim.

00:31:06 --> 00:31:09

And so here, Umar ibn Khattab radiAllahu

00:31:10 --> 00:31:11

he diffuse

00:31:13 --> 00:31:15

this, you know, potential war that was gonna

00:31:15 --> 00:31:16

erupt

00:31:17 --> 00:31:17

between

00:31:19 --> 00:31:22

him and Al Abbas, and obviously the families

00:31:22 --> 00:31:23

of both

00:31:23 --> 00:31:24

of these companions.

00:31:25 --> 00:31:27

Anyways, we're gonna come back to this statement

00:31:28 --> 00:31:29

of Umar radiAllahu

00:31:31 --> 00:31:31

anhu.

00:31:33 --> 00:31:35

Rasulullah he sallallahu alaihi wa sallam then told

00:31:35 --> 00:31:36

them

00:31:38 --> 00:31:40

to go and come back in the morning.

00:31:41 --> 00:31:43

So when he met them the following morning,

00:31:44 --> 00:31:47

he offered these 3 men to accept Islam

00:31:49 --> 00:31:50

and then they would be safe.

00:31:52 --> 00:31:54

So Budayl ibn Warqa and

00:31:55 --> 00:31:56

Hakim ibn Khizam,

00:31:57 --> 00:31:59

they accepted Islam right away.

00:32:00 --> 00:32:01

As for Abu Sufyan,

00:32:02 --> 00:32:03

now remember

00:32:04 --> 00:32:05

who is Abu Sufyan?

00:32:06 --> 00:32:08

He is now the de facto leader of

00:32:08 --> 00:32:09

Quraysh.

00:32:11 --> 00:32:12

And

00:32:12 --> 00:32:14

we know his years

00:32:15 --> 00:32:16

of enmity against Rasulullah

00:32:18 --> 00:32:21

He was the last remaining senior

00:32:22 --> 00:32:22

of Quraysh,

00:32:23 --> 00:32:24

with all the senior leaders

00:32:25 --> 00:32:27

either having been killed

00:32:28 --> 00:32:30

or some of them accepting Islam.

00:32:31 --> 00:32:33

That's it. He's only he's the only one

00:32:33 --> 00:32:34

left now.

00:32:36 --> 00:32:40

And so Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam asked him,

00:32:40 --> 00:32:41

Abu Sufyan,

00:32:43 --> 00:32:44

do you recognize

00:32:44 --> 00:32:45

that there is

00:32:46 --> 00:32:47

no God

00:32:48 --> 00:32:49

except the 1?

00:32:51 --> 00:32:52

Abu Sufyan said,

00:32:53 --> 00:32:55

How generous and kind you are.

00:32:56 --> 00:32:59

If there were any gods besides Allah,

00:32:59 --> 00:33:01

then they would have given us protection

00:33:02 --> 00:33:04

and they would have defended us.

00:33:05 --> 00:33:06

So here Abu Sufyan

00:33:07 --> 00:33:09

has accepted the premise

00:33:11 --> 00:33:12

that only Allah

00:33:14 --> 00:33:15

deserves to be worshiped,

00:33:16 --> 00:33:18

Thus renouncing his belief in

00:33:18 --> 00:33:20

his idols and false Gods.

00:33:21 --> 00:33:22

He has accepted

00:33:23 --> 00:33:24

the first part of the shahada.

00:33:25 --> 00:33:28

Then Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam says, Isn't it

00:33:28 --> 00:33:29

time,

00:33:29 --> 00:33:30

Abu Abu Sufyan,

00:33:31 --> 00:33:32

that you testify

00:33:32 --> 00:33:35

that I am the Messenger of Allah?

00:33:37 --> 00:33:38

To this Abu Sufyan,

00:33:38 --> 00:33:39

he said,

00:33:40 --> 00:33:43

There's something in my heart against this until

00:33:43 --> 00:33:44

this very moment.

00:33:46 --> 00:33:48

And so here he accepted the first part

00:33:48 --> 00:33:48

of the shahada,

00:33:49 --> 00:33:51

but now he was having a difficult time

00:33:51 --> 00:33:53

accepting the second part.

00:33:55 --> 00:33:56

Showing us

00:33:56 --> 00:33:59

that for many of these leaders of Quraish,

00:34:00 --> 00:34:01

it was a power struggle.

00:34:04 --> 00:34:06

They didn't want to accept Islam because they

00:34:06 --> 00:34:08

didn't want to see the authority

00:34:08 --> 00:34:10

going to someone else

00:34:11 --> 00:34:12

other than themselves.

00:34:14 --> 00:34:15

It was a matter of leadership.

00:34:17 --> 00:34:19

And in this case, Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wa

00:34:19 --> 00:34:20

sallam

00:34:20 --> 00:34:21

is the leader.

00:34:22 --> 00:34:24

I don't want to bring myself under him

00:34:24 --> 00:34:26

because I am the leader of my people.

00:34:27 --> 00:34:28

Right?

00:34:29 --> 00:34:31

So then, Al Abbas

00:34:32 --> 00:34:34

he said, Woe to you, O Abu Sufyan.

00:34:36 --> 00:34:36

Testify

00:34:38 --> 00:34:39

by the shahada, meaning both shahadas,

00:34:40 --> 00:34:41

become a Muslim

00:34:41 --> 00:34:43

before your head is chopped off.

00:34:44 --> 00:34:45

Then Abu Sufyan he said,

00:34:46 --> 00:34:46

Waashhadu

00:34:47 --> 00:34:48

anna Muhammadar Rasulullah

00:34:50 --> 00:34:52

Right then and there he said and I

00:34:52 --> 00:34:54

testify that Muhammad

00:34:54 --> 00:34:55

is

00:34:55 --> 00:34:57

the Messenger of Allah. And so this is

00:34:57 --> 00:34:57

how

00:34:57 --> 00:34:59

Abu Sufyan finally

00:35:00 --> 00:35:00

accepted

00:35:01 --> 00:35:02

Islam.

00:35:02 --> 00:35:06

Then al Abbas radiAllahu anhu told Rasulullah sallallahu

00:35:06 --> 00:35:08

alaihi wasallam that look,

00:35:08 --> 00:35:11

Abu Sufyan is a man who loves status

00:35:13 --> 00:35:15

and position. And we could see this, as

00:35:15 --> 00:35:16

we have seen so far.

00:35:17 --> 00:35:18

Al Abda said,

00:35:19 --> 00:35:22

He loves that, so O Messenger of Allah,

00:35:22 --> 00:35:23

give him something.

00:35:24 --> 00:35:25

Give him something.

00:35:26 --> 00:35:28

So the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said,

00:35:29 --> 00:35:31

We are now about to enter Mecca.

00:35:32 --> 00:35:35

Whoever enters the home of Abu Sufyan is

00:35:35 --> 00:35:35

safe.

00:35:36 --> 00:35:38

Whoever closes his door is safe.

00:35:39 --> 00:35:41

And whoever enters the masjid is

00:35:42 --> 00:35:42

safe.

00:35:43 --> 00:35:46

Rasulullah He Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam then gave instructions

00:35:46 --> 00:35:47

to Al Abbas

00:35:48 --> 00:35:50

to hold Abu Sufyan back from leaving

00:35:51 --> 00:35:53

and to have him wait by the mountain

00:35:53 --> 00:35:53

pass.

00:35:56 --> 00:35:57

Now there was a reason for this which

00:35:57 --> 00:35:59

we're gonna come to later.

00:36:03 --> 00:36:03

The Prophet

00:36:04 --> 00:36:04

had

00:36:05 --> 00:36:07

divided the army into battalions,

00:36:08 --> 00:36:10

And each battalion had

00:36:11 --> 00:36:12

a banner,

00:36:12 --> 00:36:14

and they were divided

00:36:15 --> 00:36:16

according to their respective tribes.

00:36:18 --> 00:36:19

So each battalion

00:36:20 --> 00:36:21

was passing through this

00:36:22 --> 00:36:23

mountain pass

00:36:24 --> 00:36:25

1 by 1

00:36:25 --> 00:36:27

because it was narrow

00:36:28 --> 00:36:30

and the entire army couldn't go through.

00:36:32 --> 00:36:34

So as each battalion

00:36:35 --> 00:36:38

came through the mountain pass, Abu Sufyan was

00:36:38 --> 00:36:39

standing there with Al Abbas.

00:36:42 --> 00:36:44

He would see 1 battalion coming through. He

00:36:44 --> 00:36:46

would ask Al Abbas, who are these?

00:36:46 --> 00:36:48

Al Abbas would say, they are so and

00:36:48 --> 00:36:49

so.

00:36:49 --> 00:36:51

They are Riffar.

00:36:51 --> 00:36:52

They are

00:36:52 --> 00:36:53

Sulayim

00:36:53 --> 00:36:54

Muzayna.

00:36:56 --> 00:36:58

Whenever he would mention this,

00:36:58 --> 00:36:59

Abu Sufyan would say,

00:37:00 --> 00:37:02

what do I have to do with Rifaq?

00:37:03 --> 00:37:05

What do I have to do with Musayna?

00:37:06 --> 00:37:08

What do I have to do with Islam?

00:37:09 --> 00:37:09

These tribes

00:37:10 --> 00:37:10

are nobody.

00:37:11 --> 00:37:12

I am from Quraish.

00:37:13 --> 00:37:14

What do I have to do with these

00:37:14 --> 00:37:16

people and the and these tribes? You could

00:37:16 --> 00:37:19

see how, you know, tribalism was rooted in

00:37:19 --> 00:37:20

his heart.

00:37:23 --> 00:37:24

However,

00:37:25 --> 00:37:26

one particular

00:37:26 --> 00:37:28

battalion caught his attention.

00:37:29 --> 00:37:32

He asked, who are these? Al Abba said,

00:37:33 --> 00:37:34

these are the Ansar.

00:37:36 --> 00:37:39

And so he noticed something different about them.

00:37:40 --> 00:37:40

He noticed

00:37:42 --> 00:37:42

power

00:37:43 --> 00:37:44

and strength.

00:37:45 --> 00:37:45

And so

00:37:47 --> 00:37:49

the banner of the Ansar was with who?

00:37:49 --> 00:37:51

With Sad ibn Rubadah.

00:37:52 --> 00:37:55

And he was the leader of Al Khazraj

00:37:56 --> 00:37:57

Before Islam,

00:37:58 --> 00:38:00

he was one of the best companions of

00:38:00 --> 00:38:02

the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

00:38:03 --> 00:38:06

When Sa'd ibn Abu Ghada saw Abu Sufyan,

00:38:06 --> 00:38:07

he said to him,

00:38:10 --> 00:38:11

today is the day

00:38:12 --> 00:38:13

Al yawm yawmul Muhammad.

00:38:14 --> 00:38:16

Today is the day of the epic battle.

00:38:17 --> 00:38:19

Today is the day in which the sanctity

00:38:19 --> 00:38:21

of the Kaaba will be violated.

00:38:24 --> 00:38:24

Meaning,

00:38:25 --> 00:38:25

the haram,

00:38:26 --> 00:38:29

no bloodshed is allowed there. But on this

00:38:29 --> 00:38:29

day,

00:38:30 --> 00:38:31

it will happen.

00:38:32 --> 00:38:33

So here Sa'ad ibn Rubad

00:38:34 --> 00:38:34

he

00:38:35 --> 00:38:37

was taken away by his

00:38:37 --> 00:38:38

valor, his enthusiasm

00:38:39 --> 00:38:41

for, you know, what was happening

00:38:42 --> 00:38:44

which led him to say these words.

00:38:49 --> 00:38:51

News of his words reached the Prophet Sallallahu

00:38:51 --> 00:38:53

Alaihi Wasallam. And

00:38:54 --> 00:38:57

the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said,

00:38:57 --> 00:38:58

Sad

00:38:58 --> 00:38:59

is mistaken.

00:39:00 --> 00:39:02

Rather this day is the day in which

00:39:02 --> 00:39:04

Allah will honor the Ka'bah.

00:39:05 --> 00:39:07

Meaning that the sanctity of the Ka'bah will

00:39:07 --> 00:39:08

not be violated

00:39:09 --> 00:39:09

and that Rasulullah

00:39:10 --> 00:39:12

radiya wasalam did not have any intentions

00:39:13 --> 00:39:15

to shed any blood

00:39:15 --> 00:39:16

in Makkah.

00:39:17 --> 00:39:21

Then Rasulullah radiya wasallam ordered that the banner

00:39:21 --> 00:39:23

of the Ansar be taken away from

00:39:23 --> 00:39:26

Saad ibn Hurghada and be given to his

00:39:26 --> 00:39:26

son

00:39:28 --> 00:39:30

Qais. And this was for two reasons.

00:39:31 --> 00:39:32

Number 1,

00:39:32 --> 00:39:35

Rasulullah He Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam did not want

00:39:35 --> 00:39:37

sadib bin rughada to have

00:39:37 --> 00:39:38

authority

00:39:39 --> 00:39:40

when he could potentially

00:39:40 --> 00:39:41

misuse it

00:39:42 --> 00:39:44

and cause bloodshed in Makkah.

00:39:45 --> 00:39:47

And Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam was doing everything

00:39:47 --> 00:39:50

he could to avoid that from happening. He

00:39:50 --> 00:39:51

had no intentions

00:39:54 --> 00:39:56

of shedding any blood in Mecca.

00:39:57 --> 00:39:58

And secondly,

00:39:59 --> 00:40:00

at the same time,

00:40:01 --> 00:40:03

the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam did not want

00:40:04 --> 00:40:05

to hurt the feelings

00:40:06 --> 00:40:07

of this great companion.

00:40:08 --> 00:40:11

Of course, Sa'd ibn Ubada would comply with

00:40:11 --> 00:40:13

the orders of the Prophet and would not

00:40:13 --> 00:40:14

rebel against his decision.

00:40:15 --> 00:40:15

Right?

00:40:16 --> 00:40:18

But there would probably remain something in his

00:40:18 --> 00:40:19

heart

00:40:19 --> 00:40:21

for being stripped of

00:40:21 --> 00:40:22

the banner.

00:40:23 --> 00:40:24

So this is why the Prophet SAW wasalam

00:40:24 --> 00:40:27

handed it over to his son,

00:40:27 --> 00:40:29

right? To his son, please. So that he

00:40:29 --> 00:40:30

feels

00:40:30 --> 00:40:32

that it's still with me.

00:40:36 --> 00:40:38

And so these were the events

00:40:41 --> 00:40:42

leading up to the conquest

00:40:43 --> 00:40:44

of Mecca.

00:40:45 --> 00:40:46

Next week, we're gonna basically

00:40:47 --> 00:40:49

talk about how the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:40:49 --> 00:40:50

entered Mecca

00:40:51 --> 00:40:52

and what happened

00:40:52 --> 00:40:55

after that. We're gonna conclude with

00:40:55 --> 00:40:57

just a few lessons that we learned from

00:40:59 --> 00:41:01

what we have gone through today.

00:41:03 --> 00:41:04

The first lesson that we learned,

00:41:05 --> 00:41:07

what is the ruling of

00:41:08 --> 00:41:09

spying for the enemy?

00:41:11 --> 00:41:13

We see what happened ibn Abi Bail Taha

00:41:14 --> 00:41:14

did,

00:41:15 --> 00:41:16

sending the letter

00:41:17 --> 00:41:17

to Mecca

00:41:18 --> 00:41:19

and he was caught.

00:41:21 --> 00:41:23

The scholars have differed,

00:41:23 --> 00:41:25

some say it is an act of kufr,

00:41:26 --> 00:41:28

others say it's a major sin,

00:41:29 --> 00:41:31

but from the story of Halqib

00:41:31 --> 00:41:32

we

00:41:33 --> 00:41:35

can see based on what he himself said

00:41:36 --> 00:41:38

that it is most likely an act of

00:41:38 --> 00:41:39

kufr.

00:41:40 --> 00:41:42

What did he say to the Prophet Oh,

00:41:42 --> 00:41:45

Messenger of Allah, I did not do this

00:41:45 --> 00:41:46

because of kufr

00:41:47 --> 00:41:48

or apostasy,

00:41:49 --> 00:41:52

nor because I preferred kufr over Islam.

00:41:53 --> 00:41:55

So he considered it

00:41:55 --> 00:41:56

to be an act

00:41:56 --> 00:41:58

of kufr and apostasy,

00:41:58 --> 00:42:00

which is why he is saying here that

00:42:00 --> 00:42:02

he didn't do it because of that.

00:42:04 --> 00:42:05

If he didn't consider it to be an

00:42:05 --> 00:42:07

act of kufr, why would he? Why would

00:42:07 --> 00:42:10

he say that? So he considered the act

00:42:10 --> 00:42:11

itself to be kufr,

00:42:12 --> 00:42:13

but he was clarifying

00:42:13 --> 00:42:15

what was in his heart. He was saying

00:42:15 --> 00:42:17

that, I did not intend

00:42:18 --> 00:42:18

that.

00:42:20 --> 00:42:22

We also see in the reaction of Rama

00:42:24 --> 00:42:26

a proof that this is an act of

00:42:26 --> 00:42:26

kufr,

00:42:27 --> 00:42:27

right?

00:42:28 --> 00:42:29

He proposed to the Prophet

00:42:31 --> 00:42:32

to kill him

00:42:34 --> 00:42:35

because he is a munafiq.

00:42:37 --> 00:42:39

Only a hypocrite would do something like this.

00:42:41 --> 00:42:43

Again, if Umar did

00:42:43 --> 00:42:45

not consider it to be an act of

00:42:45 --> 00:42:47

kufr or nifa,

00:42:47 --> 00:42:49

then why would he ask the Prophet

00:42:50 --> 00:42:51

to allow

00:42:51 --> 00:42:53

him to kill Haldim

00:42:57 --> 00:42:59

And so to all those Muslims out there

00:43:00 --> 00:43:02

who allowed themselves to

00:43:03 --> 00:43:03

basically

00:43:04 --> 00:43:06

work as agents for the kuffar.

00:43:07 --> 00:43:09

Spying on the Muslims, conveying information

00:43:10 --> 00:43:12

about the Muslims to the enemies they have

00:43:12 --> 00:43:13

committed,

00:43:14 --> 00:43:15

an act of apostasy,

00:43:16 --> 00:43:17

an act of kuffar.

00:43:18 --> 00:43:18

They are

00:43:19 --> 00:43:20

considered to be munafiqun,

00:43:21 --> 00:43:23

and so it's not a light matter,

00:43:24 --> 00:43:25

it's something dangerous.

00:43:26 --> 00:43:27

So sometimes

00:43:28 --> 00:43:30

we're approached by intelligence agencies and this

00:43:31 --> 00:43:33

started to happen a lot after 9:11.

00:43:35 --> 00:43:36

And either out of pressure

00:43:38 --> 00:43:40

or because of the money that they were

00:43:40 --> 00:43:40

offered,

00:43:41 --> 00:43:42

many Muslims,

00:43:42 --> 00:43:44

they gave in and they worked

00:43:45 --> 00:43:47

for the kuffar against the Muslims, and so

00:43:48 --> 00:43:50

these people need to repent to Allah

00:43:50 --> 00:43:53

before it's too late. The second lesson,

00:43:54 --> 00:43:56

the strong sense of loyalty

00:43:58 --> 00:44:00

among the companions of the Prophet

00:44:01 --> 00:44:03

We see this in how

00:44:04 --> 00:44:05

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:44:06 --> 00:44:07

had disciplined

00:44:07 --> 00:44:08

the Sahadah

00:44:09 --> 00:44:10

to keep secrets

00:44:10 --> 00:44:11

of the state

00:44:12 --> 00:44:12

as

00:44:13 --> 00:44:15

top secret and not disclose them to anyone.

00:44:16 --> 00:44:19

On the other hand, he would train

00:44:19 --> 00:44:21

them to be on alert

00:44:22 --> 00:44:23

of the enemy movements,

00:44:24 --> 00:44:25

bringing him any intelligence

00:44:27 --> 00:44:28

of the Kufar

00:44:29 --> 00:44:30

and what they're planning on doing.

00:44:31 --> 00:44:33

We mentioned how

00:44:33 --> 00:44:35

this made the intelligence

00:44:36 --> 00:44:39

gathering of the Muslims to be superior more

00:44:39 --> 00:44:40

superior to that of Quraysh,

00:44:42 --> 00:44:42

even though

00:44:43 --> 00:44:44

the resources of the Muslims

00:44:45 --> 00:44:46

was much less.

00:44:48 --> 00:44:50

So because of their loyalty to Allah

00:44:51 --> 00:44:52

and His Messenger

00:44:53 --> 00:44:56

and the Muslims, the sahaba would not leak

00:44:56 --> 00:44:57

any information

00:44:58 --> 00:45:02

that would harm and endanger Islam Muslims

00:45:02 --> 00:45:03

to the end.

00:45:04 --> 00:45:05

The case of Hataib

00:45:06 --> 00:45:07

was

00:45:07 --> 00:45:09

an individual case,

00:45:10 --> 00:45:11

right? It was an exception

00:45:12 --> 00:45:14

and we showed how the Prophet

00:45:14 --> 00:45:15

was immediately

00:45:16 --> 00:45:16

informed,

00:45:18 --> 00:45:19

Right? And this was too wide.

00:45:20 --> 00:45:22

How did the Prophet find out that how

00:45:22 --> 00:45:24

to have sent a letter?

00:45:25 --> 00:45:26

Jabir came to him and told him.

00:45:29 --> 00:45:31

The point here is that the Sahaba

00:45:33 --> 00:45:36

will not disclose any information about the Muslims

00:45:36 --> 00:45:38

to the kuffar due to what?

00:45:40 --> 00:45:41

Due to their Alwala Warbarah.

00:45:43 --> 00:45:45

Right? Due to their loyalty.

00:45:46 --> 00:45:47

One of the things

00:45:48 --> 00:45:50

that we Muslims suffer from today

00:45:50 --> 00:45:52

is a lack of loyalty,

00:45:53 --> 00:45:54

a lack of Alwala.

00:45:56 --> 00:45:56

And,

00:45:57 --> 00:45:59

you know, not having a proper understanding of

00:45:59 --> 00:46:00

this important

00:46:01 --> 00:46:02

concept in Islam,

00:46:02 --> 00:46:03

of alwalaaalbaraaalbaraa.

00:46:04 --> 00:46:05

So many Muslims today are not

00:46:06 --> 00:46:07

only willing to give information

00:46:09 --> 00:46:09

to,

00:46:10 --> 00:46:13

you know, to the kuffar on, you know,

00:46:14 --> 00:46:15

on a single incident basis,

00:46:16 --> 00:46:18

but rather they're willing to work

00:46:19 --> 00:46:22

long term for the kuffar giving them information

00:46:22 --> 00:46:23

about the Muslims.

00:46:23 --> 00:46:25

The third lesson that we learn

00:46:27 --> 00:46:29

is that Muslims do not think

00:46:31 --> 00:46:33

along tribal or nationalistic

00:46:33 --> 00:46:34

lines.

00:46:35 --> 00:46:37

We see this in the dialogue that took

00:46:37 --> 00:46:38

place between

00:46:39 --> 00:46:41

Ibrahim Arbaas Saffab and

00:46:42 --> 00:46:42

Ali Abbas

00:46:44 --> 00:46:47

And so when their argument got heated

00:46:48 --> 00:46:48

and

00:46:49 --> 00:46:51

Al Abbas said what he said

00:46:51 --> 00:46:52

to UHram and

00:46:54 --> 00:46:56

then how UHram

00:46:56 --> 00:46:58

responded, he said

00:46:58 --> 00:46:59

Look, Umar Abbas,

00:47:00 --> 00:47:02

you know, your Islam

00:47:02 --> 00:47:04

is more beloved to me

00:47:04 --> 00:47:06

than that of my father if he was

00:47:06 --> 00:47:07

to become a Muslim.

00:47:08 --> 00:47:08

Umar

00:47:09 --> 00:47:11

was making it clear to Al Arbas

00:47:12 --> 00:47:14

that this is not how we Muslims think.

00:47:14 --> 00:47:15

What did Al Arbas say?

00:47:16 --> 00:47:17

He had said

00:47:19 --> 00:47:21

that basically he was putting down

00:47:22 --> 00:47:24

the family of Umar ibn

00:47:26 --> 00:47:27

You know,

00:47:27 --> 00:47:29

Umar wanted to kill Abu Sufyan.

00:47:32 --> 00:47:33

And Al Aqsa said,

00:47:36 --> 00:47:38

If he was from your family,

00:47:39 --> 00:47:41

you wouldn't be saying this. But because he's

00:47:41 --> 00:47:42

from our family,

00:47:42 --> 00:47:44

you're saying this.

00:47:44 --> 00:47:45

And so, Umar alaihi

00:47:46 --> 00:47:49

wa'am responded to him and said, No, Abu

00:47:49 --> 00:47:50

Abbas, we don't think like this. We Muslims

00:47:50 --> 00:47:52

do not think like this. We do not

00:47:52 --> 00:47:54

behave like this. We don't think along tribal

00:47:55 --> 00:47:55

lines.

00:47:56 --> 00:47:58

He was saying that he was more happy

00:47:59 --> 00:48:01

over the Islam of Al Abbas

00:48:02 --> 00:48:04

because he was the uncle of Rasulullah Sallallahu

00:48:04 --> 00:48:06

Alaihi Wasallam and that must be beloved to

00:48:06 --> 00:48:08

the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

00:48:10 --> 00:48:10

And so

00:48:11 --> 00:48:15

whatever pleases Rasulullah salallahu alaihi wa sallam, it

00:48:15 --> 00:48:16

pleases me.

00:48:17 --> 00:48:18

Whatever displeases the Prophet

00:48:19 --> 00:48:20

it is displeasing

00:48:21 --> 00:48:22

to Me. And so Rama

00:48:23 --> 00:48:23

was giving

00:48:24 --> 00:48:25

Al Abbas, a lesson

00:48:26 --> 00:48:27

in how we Muslims think.

00:48:28 --> 00:48:29

We do not view things from a tribal

00:48:30 --> 00:48:31

or nationalistic

00:48:31 --> 00:48:34

view. We Muslims, we base things on our

00:48:34 --> 00:48:35

alwalaa walbaraa.

00:48:36 --> 00:48:38

If a person is close to Allah,

00:48:39 --> 00:48:42

then we are loyal to that person.

00:48:43 --> 00:48:44

If a person is far away from Allah,

00:48:45 --> 00:48:47

then we disassociate

00:48:47 --> 00:48:49

ourselves from them, it doesn't matter who they

00:48:49 --> 00:48:49

are.

00:48:50 --> 00:48:52

The final lesson that we can mention

00:48:54 --> 00:48:55

is waging

00:48:56 --> 00:48:57

a psychological

00:48:58 --> 00:49:00

warfare or psychological battle.

00:49:01 --> 00:49:02

When Rasulullah

00:49:03 --> 00:49:04

gave instructions

00:49:05 --> 00:49:07

to Al Abbas radiAllahu anhu to hold Abu

00:49:07 --> 00:49:08

Sufyan

00:49:08 --> 00:49:09

back from

00:49:10 --> 00:49:10

leaving

00:49:11 --> 00:49:13

after he had accepted Islam.

00:49:14 --> 00:49:16

And to have him wait by the mountain

00:49:16 --> 00:49:16

pass,

00:49:17 --> 00:49:22

there was a reason for this. When Abu

00:49:22 --> 00:49:23

Sufyan would see

00:49:24 --> 00:49:25

the overwhelming

00:49:25 --> 00:49:26

forces

00:49:28 --> 00:49:31

and strength of the Muslim army.

00:49:31 --> 00:49:32

They were 10,000

00:49:32 --> 00:49:34

strong on their way to Mecca.

00:49:36 --> 00:49:38

When Abu Sufyan would see this,

00:49:38 --> 00:49:40

he would see 1 battalion after the after

00:49:40 --> 00:49:43

the other coming through this mountain pass,

00:49:43 --> 00:49:45

and you would see the strength of the

00:49:45 --> 00:49:45

Muslims.

00:49:48 --> 00:49:50

That this is what the Prophet had brought

00:49:50 --> 00:49:51

to conquer Mecca.

00:49:53 --> 00:49:55

It would put an end to any

00:49:56 --> 00:49:57

thought

00:49:57 --> 00:49:58

of resistance.

00:50:00 --> 00:50:03

Because although Abu Sufyan had just accepted Islam,

00:50:04 --> 00:50:05

he was still

00:50:06 --> 00:50:07

a new Muslim,

00:50:08 --> 00:50:09

and he was still a leader of his

00:50:09 --> 00:50:10

people

00:50:11 --> 00:50:13

and if he goes back to Mecca,

00:50:13 --> 00:50:16

his people may not be willing to surrender

00:50:17 --> 00:50:18

and so they may want to put up

00:50:18 --> 00:50:19

a fight.

00:50:21 --> 00:50:23

If Abu Sufyan didn't see this,

00:50:23 --> 00:50:26

right, if he didn't, if the prophet did

00:50:26 --> 00:50:27

not show him

00:50:28 --> 00:50:28

his army,

00:50:29 --> 00:50:31

then he would have gone back to Mecca

00:50:31 --> 00:50:34

thinking, well, let's fight because we have fought

00:50:34 --> 00:50:35

them in many other battles.

00:50:39 --> 00:50:41

Now Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:50:41 --> 00:50:44

was well prepared for war. Let us not

00:50:44 --> 00:50:44

think

00:50:45 --> 00:50:48

that he could not fight Quraysh.

00:50:48 --> 00:50:50

He came well prepared

00:50:51 --> 00:50:52

and his army could easily

00:50:53 --> 00:50:55

enter Mecca defeating any resistance.

00:50:57 --> 00:50:59

But what did we mention?

00:50:59 --> 00:51:00

The Prophet

00:51:02 --> 00:51:05

had no plans of shedding any flooding Makkah.

00:51:06 --> 00:51:07

He didn't want to do that this time.

00:51:08 --> 00:51:11

And so here, he wanted Abu Sufyan to

00:51:11 --> 00:51:14

see how strong the Muslims were so that

00:51:14 --> 00:51:15

they would just surrender.

00:51:16 --> 00:51:18

And so this psychological

00:51:18 --> 00:51:19

tactic,

00:51:19 --> 00:51:20

it worked.

00:51:20 --> 00:51:22

And when Abu Sufyan

00:51:23 --> 00:51:24

went,

00:51:24 --> 00:51:26

when he saw this, he went back to

00:51:26 --> 00:51:27

Mecca,

00:51:28 --> 00:51:30

but before he went back to Mecca, he

00:51:30 --> 00:51:31

told Al Abbas,

00:51:31 --> 00:51:32

he said,

00:51:34 --> 00:51:36

no one can defeat these people.

00:51:37 --> 00:51:39

He said, by Allah, Abu

00:51:40 --> 00:51:41

Abu Fadl is an Adas.

00:51:42 --> 00:51:44

He said, by Allah, O Abu Fadl,

00:51:45 --> 00:51:46

the kingdom of your nephew

00:51:47 --> 00:51:48

has become greater.

00:51:50 --> 00:51:51

He's talking about the Prophet

00:51:53 --> 00:51:54

Al Abbas said,

00:51:55 --> 00:51:56

not kingdom Abu Sufyan,

00:51:57 --> 00:51:59

but rather it is Prophet.

00:52:00 --> 00:52:02

Again, look at how Abu Sufyan is thinking.

00:52:03 --> 00:52:05

All he's thinking about is power

00:52:07 --> 00:52:10

and authority and kingdom and leadership.

00:52:11 --> 00:52:13

So anyways, Abu Sufyan, he went back to

00:52:13 --> 00:52:14

Mecca

00:52:15 --> 00:52:17

and he told everyone about what he saw,

00:52:18 --> 00:52:20

and conveyed the message of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi

00:52:20 --> 00:52:24

Wasallam that whoever enters the home of Abu

00:52:24 --> 00:52:25

Sufyan is safe,

00:52:26 --> 00:52:29

whoever closes their door is safe, and whoever

00:52:29 --> 00:52:30

enters the masjid

00:52:31 --> 00:52:31

is safe.

00:52:32 --> 00:52:34

And so after this, next week, we'll move

00:52:34 --> 00:52:36

on to what happens, how the Muslims enter

00:52:36 --> 00:52:37

Mecca,

00:52:37 --> 00:52:39

and what happens after that.

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