Manazil as-Sa’ireen #41 – Chapter on Character

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Hatem al-Haj

Channel: Hatem al-Haj

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Salam Allah said and certainly you are of a great moral character in Nakata Hola Hola. avi

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the scholars The move is your own

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interpreted this to mean Aflac you know manners, conduct behavior and some of them interpreted this to mean Dean that your dean is a great Dean

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and all of this is applicable Why is it all applicable? There is not that much difference between the prophets character and the dean because the prophets character was the itself

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because he was the model the last kind of thought I sent. So he was the practical demonstration of this the

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in human model

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is a rather low honor said can Hello Paul Pura

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Hakeem aska describe the whole look of the prophets of Salaam, the manners of the prophets of Salaam to us. So his sermon Hakeem figured, you know, this was a good time, you know, I have Nina Heiser here. And

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I get asked her a question, you know, like, a really complicated question like that would require a lengthy answer. So I get to listen to a minimum Nina Ayesha talking to me for a couple of hours. So she told them Can I follow Common Core and his

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or his manners? Or were the Koran or the Quran was his manners?

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Or it means that his manners were the embodiment of the poor and the demonstration of the Quran. So inshallah Hakeem said I figured that I was done that I should now walk away

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you know, so she did not need to explain the lack of the prophets of Salaam she did not need to sit down and talk about the lack of the prophets of Southern for a couple of hours. She gave him this quick you know, brief answer, but it is extremely comprehensive because that's what it is. The prophets of Salaam was the practical demonstration of the teachings of the Quran. And his Deen was his of luck and his rock was his Dean and the dean is Baba o'clock

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when we say that the dean is about about a flap we do not mean by this that the dean is just being nice. That is the sort of the humanism or more of the ISM of our contemporary times the dean is not just being about nice, but Aflac does, what Aflac also mean that you should have the proper manners with Allah subhanaw taala where is it just proper manners with the people with the creations I mean proper manners with their creations should emanate from should come from should be a result of your proper manners with a last minute either in another hibel halka nanohub maharlika falletto We love the creations because we love their maker we love their Creator. So the proper manners with the

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people is bought a demonstrator is a result of your proper manners with Allah but having you know no manners with Allah subhanaw taala and being nice was a creations does not mean that you have proper Aflac you because most deserving of your proper Aflac was the is the one who made you the one who created you, the one who brought you into existence from Adam from nothingness, he is most deserving of your flock. So there is no conflict between saying that the dean has been about holed up and

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saying that the dean is not just being nice because being nice

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As part of it, it's not all of it, it is it is an important part of it. And it certainly, it's like a litmus paper test. If you have piety and if you have if you're conscious of God all the time you will be kind you will be benevolent you will be merciful, you will be nice, but the dean is not just about niceness, the dean is not a self development program that makes you you know, nice and good.

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Basically citizen

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that is part of it, but that is not all of it. When you will when you go home and you know, stand up in the in the middle of the night and pray to a cause that is good manners. That is exhibiting your good manners, your good manners with Allah subhanaw taala when you wake up for salata, and that is exhibiting good manners with Allah subhanaw taala you persevere and worship persevere

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in

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serving Allah subhanaw taala and the cause of Allah that is having good manners with a loss of pronounce. So the deen is all about good manners but this does not mean just that this does not mean that it is limited to be nice with people that is part of it. But most importantly being good to your Lord who created you that should come first.

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Then in a moment how do we recommend listening to my audio

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and hold my audio in a hidden with a candy foo men narrative character is the true nature to which the pretentious one relapses I'll hold up my urge to lie hypnotically is the pretentious one. So, my rtra he that which to which he relapses? So, the pretentious one, you know someone who acts really humble, you know, and then you just poke him and then he explodes.

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And then he starts the all the arrogance in the world comes out of him, all the Presidents or everything comes out because he was provoked, he was poked, he was triggered. So, that poking basically or you know provoking him, got out his true nature got out his or her true nature, he was acting pretending to be humble and nice and kind and calm and forbearing and so on. But once he was triggered or once he was provoked, the true nature came out. So, the cftr says, Remember the heart of your hemolysis and colloquium IRA hidden with a colony forming knotty character is the true nature to which the potential one relapses When does he relapse when the mask falls off his face, he

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relapses when does the mask fall off his face when he spoke triggered

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in circuit you know, certain circumstances that would bring out his or her true nature and a lot you could see this you could observe this was a lot of people that they they act a certain way and they may act this way in front of you for years and then all of a sudden they just explode

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or they relapse into their true nature that is why

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even when you talk about character character, Hero character in Latin, that means the the Empress figure on the coin, it is the the figure that the Empress on the coin. So, it is something that is genuine that is innate in you know and that is established that is a firm firmly entrenched inside you.

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So, it is your it is your internal picture. So if your

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is your external picture, your help your creation, external image external picture, your hook is your internal image. Your hollow is the internal image that is why I have an image gallery here and because it took it also from ebony misguiding me love is no mercy on both of them.

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He they define Pollock to be what to be and I'm using Daddy's here but they're comparable definitions because it took it from Muskogee. The final the final one up to be hi Ric cough enough's does the Ron had a fire bizu latinosdelmundo very difficult and what are we? So it is hi Ross you have enough it is a firmly entrenched

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form of the soul or the ego. It is basically a state of them.

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Self, the ego, an inner state of the self or the ego

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does the unhealed file from which actions emanate from that is the actions themselves are not the whole, the whole look is the inner character from which the actions result from which the actions result. So, when we say that bocalee is when you act stingy that comes from show which is possessiveness that's the inner, the quality that results in both the or stinginess.

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It is your show your possessiveness, excessive greed. So, so high Ric happiness it is the firmly entrenched inner state of the soul of the self of the ego. So, your internal image does not fit file from which actions emanate or actions result be sued, I think, with facility and ease, Minh refiguring, where are we without reflection or deliberation without reflection, or celebration?

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things that you do spontaneously. So, someone who is benevolent when they see, you know, a needy person, they spontaneously they don't think about when they receive their help, or to the rescue. They don't reflect they don't celebrate, they don't think about it, it just their natural

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reaction or inclination. Now having said this, someone may say, does that mean that it is just something that was given to you, it is the interim of image and just like Allah subhanaw taala created your external image, Allah also created your internal image. So it's a done deal. Like you can change your external image and you should not be extended the exchanging your external image Allah does not want you to do that. Also your internal image is not changeable.

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So are these athletes?

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changeable? Can we change them? Can we refine our club? Oh absolutely. Yes, Allah does not want us to change. You know what a moron.

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tala si pancetta Allah and I will command them to change your creation. But that is your that is the physical creation. That is not basically the characteristics of the the of the self of the soul because Allah subhanaw taala wanted you to refine your character. And Allah wanted you to change your character and he says in the law of detachment, Hatha Yoga euro, maybe emphysema does not change the state of the people until they change their own state. That is your that is your inner character.

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Well, is then an app developed by an AI? is it all about nature or nurture a combination of both? It's a combination of both is nature are responsible for some of it? Yes, because when I shut up knob the price shop job the price when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said shut up the price in the figure hustler take your head boom Allahu Allah sudo and helmore Anna, you have two qualities that Allah and His Messenger love hedeman Anna forbearance tolerance and deliberation, you have those two beautiful qualities clemency forbearance, tolerance and and deliberation. So

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then as I said to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, those are two characters that I developed are Allah subhanaw taala inculcated in me, the prophets of Salaam said to him belt, your belt Allah him know you have been created this way. dibella which means natural,

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inclination. So Allah, Allah, Allah created you created you to be to naturally have this Helm and enter this clemency and forbearance and deliberation.

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We do see this year when your kids were born, the fairest day they are born, you started to figure out some of their character, you know, from the first. You know, if you're observant, you will develop you will start to figure out how to start to sort of identify with the kids and figure out

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some of the characteristics.

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But doesn't that does not mean that it's that we're not the time we are born. Because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam himself also said a number of aluminium wilhelma with the Harlem Omani at the heart on fire errata Amaya tapisserie

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beautiful Hadith, reportedly

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polarity. And this, this Hadees is about optimism and hope. It's about optimism and hope the Prophet said a number of elements. You know, being knowledgeable is by learning, when I'm at home with the handloom and being forbearing is about practice to Harlem, just like he said, talam, helmet Harlem and Manhattan, the there is sort of some similarity

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between the two words in form, but create the similarity grade the similarity in the the meaning that is intended here. Because most people know that the enemy is by learning, acquiring knowledge is by learning, all people agree to this right or wrong. But most people, particularly when it comes to forbearance, they thought, they always tell you, your spouse must have told you this before I have a short fuse, you know, so, the people to tell you that it is just beyond my control, I have, you know, I am like this, it's beyond my control. So being forbearing being haleem is something that is beyond my control, I snap after, you know,

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that is an excuse that people tried to make

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for their failure, actually finding their character for their deficiency and their their failure and their shortcomings. But the province of Southern picked him in particular, to put it in contrast with knowledge, detail of the people as much as you admit that, you know, knowledge is acquired through learning, I am telling you, Hashem is also acquired through practice, to be forbearing tolerant, and tolerant, is also acquired through practice with enamel Hellmuth bit, hello, how many

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were made yesterday, sorry, YUKA. And whoever pursues that which is good, will be granted what he pursued and whatever avoids watch it, which is evil will be protected from it.

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So

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So then, we understand that that hold up is your internal image, we understand that that part of it is by nature, part of it is by nurture, but we understand that what however, Allah subhanaw taala created you, he asked you to to work on it, and refine it and work on your weaknesses and prove them and work on your strengths and

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work on your weaknesses.

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Or your deficiencies.

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Or your injustices, your inadequacies, and suppress them, and work on your strengths and enhancement.

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And then we will come back maybe later. This is a very rich topic. And I'm trying to be as fast as I can here. Because I do not want to take from the time of the class, we usually do this we have been unfair to the class. And I do not want to take from the time of the class. But this particular topic is a very rich topic, topic of hordak.

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So we'll come back to it and see.

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Or maybe we'll just talk about it. Now. You know, the idea here is that sometimes you struggle to change your flock and some of your flock may not may may be too hard for you to change. And in this case,

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it was like a QA, like the QA tests. If there is a question that is, it's like the I'm sorry, the MC q tests or exams? If there is a question that is too hard for you skip it, unless this question will come back and haunt you.

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Or, you know, it is a series of questions. And if you don't answer the first question, you will not be able to answer the second and the third, then you want to spend a little bit of time figuring out that question. But if they are unrelated, and this question is too hard for you, skip it move on.

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Because the idea here is that we don't worship any of these men acid we don't worship any of these stations. We worship Allah subhanaw taala and whatever we need to do

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you know what we should live our lives to please Allah subhanaw taala to serve the cause of Allah subhanaw taala so it remember time and me are sitting together and look at how the the the look at what they were usually talking about. So they were sitting together and they were talking about this issue. You know, if there is a particular character that you cannot overcome, what should you do?

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So, if a miracle allows his teacher so he say, no time rahamallah asked him, What do you think? And with me, I said to him, sometimes this

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nefs is like

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a dumpster, the more you search through it, the more filth will come out. So sometimes what you need to do is to build a bridge over this dumpster and cross over it.

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So though,

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and stop searching for more fails, because the more you search through your soul

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and deficiencies, the more you will discover, and you will get too busy

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finding your own deficiencies and fighting your own problems. So what

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if you can build a bridge over and cross over it do that several times said to him, I heard some of the Mushaf say

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that those deficiencies and those diseases are like the snakes and the scorpions on your, on your path or in your paths.

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And if you get distracted, fighting them all off,

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they will keep you they will interrupt your journey, they will keep you from reaching your destination can imagine you're walking certain paths through the desert, trying to reach your destination. And then you expect and there's snakes and scorpions in your past,

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you spend your time killing each one of them off, so that you clear your path so that you could get to your destination,

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you will be wasting a lot of time. Sometimes what you need to do unless the snake or Scorpion can catch up with you later and haunt you and you know cause you, you know, irreparable harm, then you need to take off to take care of the snake or Scorpion promptly. But if the snake is not going to be able to catch up with you, just move on, move on, don't get distracted. Because ultimately the pleasure of Allah is what you're seeking, not the refinement of your ego,

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you're refining your ego for the pleasure of Allah, but if the refinement of your ego will come at the expense of this pleasing Allah subhanaw taala you need to move on, because the pleasure of Allah should be your ultimate goal, not the refinement of your ego. Take another example, you know, so, kind of rock and roll also also mentions this example,

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the example of a

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like

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a town people people in a particular town, but a beautiful town.

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They there is like a river that floods every year and destroys that town or their place of residence and so on. Some of them said, We must build a dam

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and they build the dam. And every time they build the dam, they

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the river overcomes the dam. So some of them said we must go figure out where this river comes from, and block it at the you know, the man bar or the spring or where the source wherever it is coming from. Stop it from from the beginning of its course. And those people went and did not come back. Because you know, the river was the source was too far away for them to be able to find the source. And it's possible also that they got to the source, but they weren't able to stop it.

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But some people said

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and some people said we'll forget about it just live you know the it floods once a year. We still have nine months we still have 10 months just live your life and forget about it.

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And you know whenever it comes, we'll figure it out when when it happens. And those people that the river flooded over their city or town and destroyed

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residences and caused a lot of harm

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to them. But he says the best people are the people who said well let us try to reach some of the water so that when the river floods, it does not cause much destruction and we can use some of this water for good purposes. So it's not like they're sort of changing the course of the entire river, but they're trying to reach channels.

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Some of the water into smaller streams coming off of the rivers on both sides, and then they took the take this water and use it to irrigate some of their land and, and so on. And so, when the river floods, whatever reaches this the return will not be overwhelming and will not be destructive, and they will use some of the water for good purposes. And even a tie in posits that the people who did this are the most intelligent people. Because sometimes the force of nature may be too hard to overcome

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the force of nature with inside you may be too hard to overcome. So you want to return it. Abu Bakr you know, lived his life his entire life probably alone who having certain characters that were not shared by Homer. And the same applies to armor, you know, he had certain characters that were not shared the Bible, but each one of them have their own, when you hear about abubaker and Homer and these are the best of the best after the Prophet sallallahu sallam, these are two different people that have two different like sets of characteristics right or wrong. They they were able to reach out to them to use them for the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala without obliterating their internal

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image they still armor was their armor to the day he died and a worker was terrible worker to the day to the day he died throw the alarm on home. So, sometimes it may be it may be that you want to just reach out and see some of this energy for a good cause for the you know the cause of Allah subhanaw taala and not completely

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stop the flow of the river or block that this these natural natural forces.

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Okay.

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Is this clear? Okay.

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This is extremely important because ultimately the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala is what you're looking for. And if we, if we try,

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if we try to refine our intention, for instance, if I try to make sure that I am sitting here talking to you for the sake of Allah alone, I would have probably not come today or last week or, you know, I will just stop because it may be completely impossible to ascertain that your Nia is for Allah subhanaw taala. What you can do is you can try as much as you can to say the truth and to not cater to the audience and not basically

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change the narrative or try to please someone at the expense of displeasing Allah subhanaw taala

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but then to ascertain that your intention is pure, and is it is all for Allah subhanaw taala may not be possible.

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And if he says after that, complete purity of intention, if you want to ascertain confused, complete purity of intention before any action, you may just freeze he may just stop but you continue to do the what is good

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for Eddie, you can you continue to you continue to purify your intention to the best of your ability.

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But don't stop something good that you're doing. Because you have not ascertained the purity of your intention. Because it may be beyond you. They didn't say earlier on if I know that a lot will accept one said that from me I will do want to meet him

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didn't

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say when he was asked

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a decent conductor who cannot allow every hobbies that you report narrated was for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala he said McKenna life ahwazis whatever is complete purely for Allah subhanaw taala is Aziz which means mighty it means very rare to come by. It's very rare to accomplish that complete purity of intention. So the bottom line is

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we are working

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In theory find the character but the refinement of the character is not the ultimate goal the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala is the ultimate goal. If you're doing something good don't stop

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Don't stop it continue to do it and continue to simultaneously work on your intention and work on your character and continue to improve improve your character but don't get distracted your journey. The ultimate destination is the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala not a particular achievement

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that is self serving

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that then implement Hara we said what Summer Academy donatien we have an subwoofer one Hello with me arcanum fee here do Allah put in our bedroom model if you are careful what stomach carry metal not clean you have to solve

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the theorists of this knowledge which is knowledge of the South have agreed that the soul is all about moral character that the South is all about moral character. And it Catalunya him en la bobadilla Katana Rahim Allah said episode one Hello from Zara like it for the whole of the desert Alec episode for some solve is all about luck. It's all about character, whoever whoever out does you in character out does you solve.

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That is that is what to solve is is all about.

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And we're talking about the sunny facade. We're talking about the Sheraton South we're talking about the goodness out of here. But the word dissolve itself we will not be able to basically do away with it. And some people you know, no one, no one denies the importance of this Gaya purification of the soul the importance of refinement of the character the important importance of spirituality and morality and Islam they are inseparable from Islam. spirituality and morality are inseparable from Islam. But some people they think but because in many Sufi paths or that many deviations appear in,

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in and Sufi theories and so on and so forth, some people say well, the Sabbath is not a word or Sufism is not aware that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam coined himself or his Sahaba or even the tiger in some people may say, although it may have started to appear during the debate,

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so let's do away with it. So, that the negative connotations and the negative implications of the word and the negative practices of some selfies are not being promoted, but that it will not be possible, it will not be possible because it is has become an integral part of our heritage or legacy. And it is not possible to do away with the word because of its

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sort of central place in our tour us.

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So then what we would do is to fight for pure proper, good Sony shot I dissolve. And that's it and to say that whenever you find this or that deviation, this deviation does not belong to the pure path of the soul. This is not the cellphone deny deny of LG or any of visual hierarchy of mortal physicality of a sokrati

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Goofy, there's another self of rabbit hole all the way this is not the pure to solve this is a deviant form of the soul. And that would be that would be the the the fight the fight is not against the some of the fight is for it is to save it from, you know, deviant doctrines and practices that may have painted the image of the soul. So that's clear, right.

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Then the sheikh said, What a miracle MP doodle Allah put our budget on Morrow for capital.

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And

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all of it revolves around one axis, central pool. All of the all of the topics of this hour revolve around one central theme. Basil Maru forecasted as a extending kindness and refraining from harm, to extend kindness, kindness and to refrain from harm to withhold yourself from causing harm and to extend kindness. We're in nema eudract income with Alec fee Saraswati is here to the enemy of duty or sub. This may be attained by three qualities knowledge of benevolence and patience. When my other co encounters Alec fees that are said to be the enemy for the enemy and Judea sub she accept that these two qualities customer doesn't model for Kafeel as you know to extend kindness and refrain

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from heart

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In order for you to be able to achieve this, and to be a person that is always extending kindness and refraining from harm, you need three qualities, dude, and sub m is knowledge awareness.

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Dude is what?

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benevolence you could say that with his benevolence. It's usually translated as generosity.

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So you could say do this benevolence, was sobre is patience. So Adam is when basically make you aware of what is right and what is wrong. You need to be aware of this, right? because keep in mind that this is a huge issue. Assigning more value to human action is a huge issue. This has been what philosophers deliberated over for centuries, for 1000s of years. How do you assign moral value to human action and Allah subhanaw taala help us and Allah Spano tala showed us the way in the last pinata, yes, a lot of not.

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A lot did not say that our human intellect will have no role. human intellect does have a role. And you should never listen to someone who tells you give up your intellect or follow me. without, you know, like, at the dead body, in the hands of the washer, you should never give up your your intellect, because that is a

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that's a lost gift to you to use it, to recognize him, Allah gave you this intellect to be able to reach him. So how could you give it up, if this is the last gift,

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if this is your the tool that Allah subhanaw taala gave you to reach to reach him. So but at the same time, Allah said that your intellect is not complete, and that you need guidance and you need to feed and you need divine assistance to be able to tell apart good from evil,

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right from wrong. So Allah subhanaw taala sent the revelation for this purpose, to be able to assign more value to different human actions and tell you what is right and what is wrong in a detailed manner in a detailed manner to boost your federa which is your intuition. Allah is telling you your intuition is important to use use your cetera your natural intuition. Staff the callback consult your heart, but he use it in light of the guidance that I have sent to you through my messengers. So Adam is important, the light of knowledge is important to dispel the darkness

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of ignorance

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and Jude and sub judice benevolence and sobre is patience. Kevin of time, Rahim Allah said that there are four origins of all good character of all good manners

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for origins, those are

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sub

00:38:17--> 00:38:18

sadaqa

00:38:19--> 00:38:19

effect felt

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so sub his sub

00:38:27--> 00:38:30

endurance patience, perseverance sub.

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So, there is courage.

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If Adler is justice,

00:38:38--> 00:38:39

if is

00:38:41--> 00:38:47

what usually translated as abstention or abstinence or continence or chastity,

00:38:50--> 00:39:20

chastity chastity because I for us, what he is used within that context, but that is not what I phrase about that is part of what life is about. chastity is part of what life is about. But it is is more like an extension or continents more of continents, more or continents, it is basically to be able to withhold yourself from that which is the meaning unbefitting low etc.

00:39:21--> 00:39:27

But it is not the ability to withhold yourself that would be Sabra right self restraint sub

00:39:28--> 00:39:30

but it is the aversion.

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The aversion to that which is unbefitting.

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So, that is what I fear is about it is the aversion. It's not that you're trying to hold yourself. Like

00:39:47--> 00:39:53

because efa is not only from from sexual lust from less than that said like

00:39:54--> 00:39:59

it is also if, like the there is like dubious

00:40:00--> 00:40:15

wealth that you inherited For instance, if is just give it up or trade yourself of it, or money that you acquired in some way or money that you may be able to acquire.

00:40:16--> 00:40:43

But you say to yourself, no this this is dubious, this is not wholesome, this is not pure. So to stay away from it is an F, but efa is not the ability to restrain yourself from taking that money, if it is the version that you have inside you to that money, you have the aversion to this money. So, f is basically when you see, you know,

00:40:46--> 00:40:48

like an example that maybe like to

00:40:49--> 00:41:01

drive dramatic, but in the end, like when you see that the wife of your neighbor, for instance, for the wife of your friend, and then the

00:41:02--> 00:41:12

feeling the shaitan whispers in your heart, or your mind, you know, to look again, because he or she, you know, the spouse

00:41:14--> 00:41:35

looks good. F is the F is is that once you remember that this is the wife of your neighbor, this is the wife of your friend, or once you remember that this is not your Hillel spouse, this is not your spouse, once you've already met you remember this? You develop have Verizon,

00:41:36--> 00:41:37

not just

00:41:38--> 00:41:57

restrain aversion. This Gus, you know, the desert of Verizon, just like the money is he how, how we how much we love money, but the $2,000, that you're not really quite sure whether they belong to you or not.

00:41:58--> 00:42:29

Or you're not quite sure if I write this on my tax return or this is like a dubious statement. It's not really a lie, because a lie would be a lie. And the but it's a dubious statement. And I'm not really sure. Should I be should I do this or should I not have f version is to feel aversion to that money that you may get through although you'll love the money, although lust is an integral part of us. But then when the IFA comes in

00:42:30--> 00:42:57

the it will create that aversion and it will not be a matter of self restraint, but a matter of aversion, a matter of disgust. You're disgusted with yourself, you're disgusted with a thought, who whispered something in your mind that that is inappropriate. And then this, this will be immediate, like use of alayhis salam, you know, what I could have met be will hammer the hell out of Robert hanabi.

00:42:58--> 00:43:01

So he was about to,

00:43:03--> 00:43:12

he had he not seen the the board had of his Lord assigned from his Lord, he would have almost done it.

00:43:13--> 00:43:17

But he saw that sign from his

00:43:18--> 00:43:32

from Allah subhanaw taala from his Lord. So, this is a anyway, so f is this aversion to that which is low that which is unbefitting is justice.

00:43:33--> 00:43:43

Sabri is self restraint. shujaa is Scourge. If you think about it, and we don't have time to reflect on each one of them, you will find that

00:43:44--> 00:44:29

from these all good characteristics emanate, they result from these four original characteristics and they emanate from them. And you mix it's about mixing. The same applies to the origins of bad characters. You also mix them in different measures, and then different bad character characters result from them. So what are the four original, the four origins of backpack that Allah mentioned two of them and Soraka has an enormous amount of data similar to audio developed by nim and now sparkle, Amina Mohammed had in Santa Monica Valenzuela. We have offered the trust that the heavens and the earth and the mountains and they refuse to accept the refuse to carry, carry the trust of

00:44:29--> 00:44:40

choice, choice. Choice is what we are about, you know, that autonomous, that the ability to make autonomous decisions.

00:44:41--> 00:44:44

Even Emmanuel Kant, one of the biggest

00:44:45--> 00:44:59

parts of his theory is autonomy if it's theirs versus heteronomy. You are you making autonomous or heteronomous decisions autonomy means the ability to make a decision that is not subject to your natural inclination.

00:45:00--> 00:45:51

To be freed from your natural inclinations, and Allah subhanaw taala, the distinction of humanity, the glory of humanity is comes from that point when Allah breathed into us from his soul. And we're not saying that we're part of the Divine, but we're saying that there is something, something different about us something different about humanity, this breathing into us, you know, a live breathing into us from his soul. That that is that is where all the complexity of free choice and determinism comes from. We are free agents to some great extent. Yes, we are still controlled by, you know, the destiny and the other. But we are free agents, to a great extent. And this all comes

00:45:51--> 00:46:07

from that moment. We are not like animals, we don't only respond to our inclinations, we do have the ability to control our inclinations and theorize over our inclinations and to make autonomous decisions.

00:46:10--> 00:46:11

So, we

00:46:13--> 00:46:27

actually accepted that trust the samatar urban develop the they refuse to have free choice, they want it to be subdued. All the creations wanted to be subdued, they did not want to have any free choice, they wanted to be just

00:46:30--> 00:46:45

to have no choice, we accepted the choice. And then Allah subhanaw taala says, No, who can have a look on Jehovah, certainly he was wrong do a wrongdoer and ignorant A man was like a wrongdoer and ignorant.

00:46:49--> 00:46:53

You could say what but what Allah wanted wanted us to accept.

00:46:54--> 00:47:04

At the end of the day, Allah meant for us to accept and allow one to us to accept and certain human beings will end up with, you know, in,

00:47:05--> 00:47:12

in the garden in paradise for eternity in general for eternity, because we accept them,

00:47:13--> 00:47:31

because we accept free choice. So, here when we say no government, Buddha, it does not mean that every man it means that these characteristics are part and parcel of human creation, there is some tendency towards as well, and some tendency towards

00:47:32--> 00:47:39

injustice, and ignorance. But many human beings would overcome them

00:47:40--> 00:47:42

and would rise over these

00:47:44--> 00:48:02

inequities in them, and we've overcome them and that is how they will be deserving of, you know, eternity and paradise of salvation and eternity in paradise. So, those are two characteristics of man

00:48:03--> 00:48:16

that that from from which a lot of evil originates, but then the other two are characteristics that are different from Zalman Janet in some extent, because Don and Jan are never good.

00:48:18--> 00:48:20

Can you imagine? Good zone

00:48:22--> 00:48:32

Could you imagine good jack? Good ignorance. They're never good. You know, they say ignorance is bliss was really true.

00:48:34--> 00:48:37

But john is never good zone is never good.

00:48:38--> 00:48:50

There are two others that that are considered to be of the four original origins or sources of of even character of even character. Shaoguan.

00:48:51--> 00:49:00

Shaoguan Gotham shower is lost amygdala is what shower is last but here it means desire in general or cravings, cravings

00:49:01--> 00:49:42

passion, let's say shower is passion. Could be the sometimes it's it's all of this it depends on the context you know words do not have inherent meanings and you put them in in a certain context and then they would have the you know, the meat the meaning would be obvious. So the pet shower could be lost could be cravings could be passion could be desired. Here, let's say passion in this context, and then another verb is usually translated as anger. But here we may say the proverb means defensiveness, defensiveness, so could you imagine, good without them?

00:49:45--> 00:50:00

Yes, absolutely. The preference is all of us to get angry for Allah subhanaw taala. When the bounds of Allah are violated, he would get angry, he would not get angry for himself, but he will get angry for Allah subhanaw taala and the person who does not get angry from

00:50:00--> 00:50:04

Allowing the bounds of a law violated is just insensitive

00:50:06--> 00:50:11

and not conscious of his Lord. So, could you imagine good loss?

00:50:12--> 00:50:21

Yes, you can imagine good loss. If it is holiday it is good. So then shall we Salwa may

00:50:22--> 00:50:45

or may not see him in Africa when Robert medpharm bfcm about so if you don't have someone GABA, if you don't have cravings, you will not be eating food. You know, you will not be looking after your own interests. Because you don't have passion you don't have cravings you don't have desire, it's just like you are lifeless person.

00:50:46--> 00:50:59

And if you don't have other if you don't have this defensiveness, you will not defend yourself, you're not protecting yourself you're not you know, a very hard So, shall we are not playing

00:51:01--> 00:51:08

shall cover volume, injustice or inequity, ignorance, Shadow, passion,

00:51:09--> 00:51:26

anger or defensiveness are all the four origins of evil character, two of them are absolutely bad all the time. And two of them may or may not be bad, Shaoguan, whatever the two that may or may not be bad.

00:51:32--> 00:51:48

We can do justice to this topic in one session. So maybe, maybe we we stop here. And then we talk about the three the three levels, because if I try to squeeze in the three levels in the next seven minutes, that would be unfair. Right?

00:51:50--> 00:52:14

Yeah. So I think we just stop here and come back to the rest of this next time so Allah for next time we'll talk about the three different levels. The first level is about having the proper manners with the people with the creations. Second level is about having proper manners with the Creator. Third Level according to the minimum, Holloway usually has the level of self dissolution self annihilation orphanet

00:52:16--> 00:52:18

for the other stuff in Article 100 chalant