Fiqh of Zakat #2

Hatem al-Haj

Channel: Hatem al-Haj

Episode Notes

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Fiqh of Worship – Zakat-able Assets, Zakat Threshold, and Livestocks

Episode Transcript

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And we don't need to talk about this right, it's one of the five pillars of Islam.

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But

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but the conditions of obligation some of them apply to them cannot the person being addressed by the obligation of the care. And we said, according to the majority, what everybody, even the you know, the child and the insane and according to remember honey for the children insane are not addressed by this obligation.

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We talked about it being obligatory certainly on every Muslim

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is not obligatory on non Muslims, it's obligatory on every Muslim who is free, every free Muslim, because obligatory on them.

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But then we talked about, you know, the conditions of obligation

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that pertain to

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the assets itself, the assets itself, that that you own. And last time, remember, we talked about complete ownership, and we spent the whole time on complete ownership, meaning, the assets you do not only own legally, but you own in reality, in actuality, you do own the money, you do possess the money, you have control over the money, you can dispose of the you could, you know, invest the money or do whatever you want with this money. And we talked about different exceptions and so on and so forth. But the one thing that you want to remember is that the principle here is what you have to have complete ownership of that money you have to possess as you possess the money be able to

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control the money. The one practical difference or exception here is that if you like in your investments by yourself, there still socketable you know, so you put your money into a bank account like or you put your money into, like some sort of investment portfolio and you cannot get it out before five years, he did this yourself, voluntarily electing the investment. Any, like thin investment that you do by yourself are still accountable, even though you know, the money is you don't have complete control over the money because it is you who decided to not have complete control over them.

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Okay, and then we talked about the passing of the household. And then we talked about money that you earn during about how if you're the cat, you date on Ramadan, second, what about money that you earn just last month or a few months ago, and we talked about the difference between

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the different mazahub In this regard, we talked about the possession of marijuana, he found that mostly it would be the easier position to follow and the more practical position to follow

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that you add everything up and on the IRS account, you date you figure out how much you have any base account on everything that you own. On that day, the position of the FAA and a man

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half mad which is that every increment of money has its own How would be practical if you inherited like or you acquire the large sum of money at one point. But otherwise, if you're in acquiring small increments of money throughout the year would be very difficult to follow the Chaffee or the Hanbury position in this regard, and then today inshallah we will talk about the capital what is the capital

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the capital assets, the countable assets, and we will also talk about the threshold the cap threshold which is on the sub and both of these are also conditions of obligation in addition to the passing of the how, in addition to the complete ownership, so the environmental Kodama Rahim Allah says here while he was in love your body and where

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is equitable assets his account is only obligatory on four types of property or assets, a set amendment but he method and harm one, free grazing domesticated livestock, free grazing livestock, free grazing domesticated livestock. So remember

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to

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encourage mental art, that which comes out of the land, but which is produced or extracted from the land

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and we will come back to it three as man silver and gold prices, you know, silver and gold

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What are the two ga merchandise, anything else is not as accountable anything else is again as a capital. So we have only three things that are accountable and one is three different types of assets that are as a capital and one with a contingency which is merchandise. So if it is not livestock, it is not currency, currency, livestock or something that came out of the land.

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That is crops, mind metals and treasure troves, crops, mind metals and treasure troves. These are things that come out of the land, if it is not livestock, if it is not something that came out of the land, it is not

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currency, gold and silver. And forget about honey, because it will complicate issues. You know, it's controversial in the you know, although and that is worth considering honey is accountable. But you know, the, there's nothing traceable authentic here to make it, but, but it will complicate issues for us. So, comes out of the land,

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livestock and currency, otherwise nothing else is acceptable, unless, unless

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it becomes trade goods by your intention you intend to sell it. And then once you intend to sell it, no matter what it is, it is acceptable. If it is merchandise for sale, prepared for sale moderated by preparing for sale, it becomes the cannibal even if it was not socketable by the potential, inherently, it's not inherent these accountable by elements are not inherently a category. Although gold and silver are inherently is accountable, whether or not you're intent, you know, that's gold that is not for

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jewelry, you know, but if you have gold, you do not intend to sell, it's not for jewelry,

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than it is inherently is a capital meaning whether or not you intend to sell, but if you have diamonds,

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the diamonds will not be accountable, unless you intend to sell the diamonds, or you intend to sell whatever this you have apartments, you have

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cars, once you intend to sell them, they become the capital. Otherwise, our cars is a capital inherently not the capital.

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You know,

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our

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livestock is a cattle inherently is a capital, whether or not you intend to sell them. Now, if the livestock become if the you know you have livestock, and then you intend to sell them do you pay is a cap

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a little bit adjara or there's a cap of livestock, or the jar is a cap of trade goods is the kind of merchandise if you have you know anything that you intend to sell by intending to sell them, they become merchandise. And there's a capital that will be binding in them will be there's a cat of adjara or there's a cat of merchandise and we will come back to it. So but when we talked about stocks Last time, we said that stocks if you sell and buy stocks, then you either as a candidate you will pay on the stocks will be what is the cap although the job is to gather merchandise 2.5% on the total. If you do not do this, if you're not of a trader, if you just buy the stocks, then it's a

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long discussion that we started last time and we will come back to inshallah in a week or two.

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But generally speaking, these are the different types of assets that will be socketable. Like free grazing livestock. Free grazing livestock would be the first one. And why did we say free grazing livestock? Because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said facilities occur in free grazing livestock is obligatory on free grazing livestock or binding in free grazing.

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Livestock said Emma said Emma, you know she's so free grazing meaning it goes out to public pasture and grazes on just like the public pastures. So, if it is if you feed if you feed yourself most of the year, if you feed it yourself most of the year, it is not the capital according to whom according

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To remember hanifa Imam Shafi Muhammad who said it would be socketable, Eman Malik only

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a medic only. This is by the way interesting, there is like a Sunni issue here that is interesting.

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Can you identify those sodiq in short of apparent inconsistency that is interesting here

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huh?

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Yeah. So,

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yes, correct. So, it is basically that email more hanifa was expected to take a mathematics position and the mathematic was expected to take him behind the position, they were expected to switch the sapphires and honeyberries were not expected to switch. Why is this because there is something called divergent implication right now human mohalla divergent implication.

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So, when the prophet SAW Selim says there is obligatory on free grazing lifestyle,

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free grazing lifestyle,

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by the diversions not the conversions, the diversion the implication, then Zakah is not obligatory on non free grazing livestock, right,

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that the Prophet says again is not obligatory on non pre grazing livestock, he did not, but we understood from by the diversion the implication of human mikhailova that it would not be a memorable hanifa does not really act upon human Mahadev

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you know, hanifa does not act about on the minimum height of human medic image if any man made the act of human Mahadeva and not with whom Caliphate is different prayer has different rankings, you know, some are stronger than others and sometimes with the higher rankings everybody acts on it, but in general, generally speaking, a member hanifa does not act on my form and mohalla for divergent implication, and has to be convergent implication the Prophet has to have Senate or it has to be understood implied inferred from the speech of the prophet SAW some he had a but has to be congruent with the meaning not play version. So, if I say to you, when everybody when when people when people

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come in the morning, hello Hassan and Mohammed and Ibrahim in

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and then we have Hassan Mohammed Ibrahim and Ali come in and then you say to Ali, you will not allow them it was not expressly or explicitly prevented, but by diversion complication, you know, if I know that five people are coming, and I tell you let four of them come in and I mentioned the four than I am saying, although I did not say it, that fifth should not come in.

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But anyway, so even if it does not act upon this humans mannequin Shafi does not act upon this in Shara not in Canada, not in in you know, you know, basically courts, procedures or anything, not an understanding the speech of people because everybody acts on this and understanding the speech of people but no one ever says the Sharia has to be explicit. You know, you don't understand things from the diversion complication, the shuttle has to be explicit, so he doesn't act on it. But here

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the prophets of Salaam said there is a cap binding on free grazing livestock.

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And we would expect that Mr. Malik and Shafi anathema would say,

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then it is only free grazing livestock then there is no Zakat on non free grazing livestock, but even medically not say this. So he asked him Alec, don't you act on mohalla?

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We keep in mind that we that's why I said apparent inconsistency, because two Americans will remember how many body fat will come back to you and tell you there is no inconsistency whatsoever. It is your own misunderstanding or limit understanding because you go to a mechanic and say to him, don't you know,

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he will tell you yes, I asked him.

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But here, this word free grazing livestock, how does it matter

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is basically it came out from the mouth of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam because that was the norm.

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The that was the norm of the day like that was basically their livestock was free grazing. So it was not that he wanted to single out free grazing livestock. But this that is what that's all they had. They had said they did not have maluca which is an unfree raising lifecycle to feed yourself. They just have salmon. So he was telling them the same. So just like when the Quran says, you know,

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or bacon or vapor quality for Germany sacrilegious to the end. So

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Judy, come here in your labs, you know, your your stepdaughters that grew up in your lab. Well, if your stepdaughter did not grow up in your lab, the sister maharam or not she is, I mean, if she didn't ever sat in your lap if he married her mother, when she was old enough, and she actually never sat in your lap. But because the norms is that your stepdaughter will grow up like your daughter in your lap sitting in your lap, then

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then that description was used in the air. But here in America saying this is just like this, you know, it's inconsequential. It's legally inconsequential, because it was mentioned, because that is what they had. They had said MLB did not have models. So that's amendment, that's how it even medic would come out of this. He will say yes, I act upon the diversion implication, but I act upon the diversion of the implication when there is suitability,

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when there is a reason to make the distinction between

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that which has been mentioned, or specified free grazing, and that which has been omitted, non free grazing, but here, I don't see the suitability to separate between them. And I see that this word free grazing or samah, was used, because that is the word that they used for livestock, because they did not have the other type. Where that you fed by yourself. Well, Mr. Mr. Verma would say we disagree, we do see some suitability, because of the added expense when you feed them yourself. This is an added expense. And that is why the concession was made the you know, for you, basically, or you were exempted from paying the Zika. Because you spend the money on livestock, and this could be

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quite expensive. And it could be a deterrent if we also impose the Zika it could be a deterrent for people from

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you know, growing cattle and sheep and so on.

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Then you go through the mobile app, and you tell him, you don't act on the diversion application. Why did he act on it here? You know, generally don't act on their version of implication, why did you say that the cat is obligatory on the on free grazing lifestyle. A mammal hanifa will tell you because this was a mobile phone video because honestly, the default is what

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the default is baratas Zim. Zim is the default The default is that non liability, no one is liable. No one is required to do anything and ask No matter if you take leave Lastly, and no one is liable for anything and no one is left. There are no obligations. And then the prophet SAW Selim said there is the cap binding on free grazing livestock. So I said there is the cap binding or free grazing lifestyle, non free for grazing livestock hided not excluded from this.

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The default

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they belong to the default in the first place, everything belongs to the default and the profit took out from that default free grazing livestock and made Zakah obligatory on them. So no inconsistency here. So everybody will try you know, so it is one of the examples that show that will show us that it was really their their their legal thought was extremely the things were thought out. Things were not hastily, like proclaimed on a whim, like as the setting like we usually do, you know, sit down and then just start trying to babble answers. Whenever we get questions. They thought out those things very well before they said the

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anyway.

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So here is, according to the majority now is obligatory on free grazing livestock

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And then as far as metal armor that that which comes out of the land that which comes out of the land we'll have a whole chapter for this but that means three things. One of them is crops, the other one is mind metals. And the third one is treasure troves. If you find treasure,

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then he said, what a man currency.

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And he said that as man He did not say, gold and silver. He said that us mad, which would give us room to add to gold and silver.

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Any currency, any currency in the past, you know,

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gold and silver, we use those prices for commodities. Nowadays, we have this paper money. That's pretty worthless.

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It's used as price for commodities.

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So,

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in all of the rulings that apply to gold and silver, or the vast majority of rulings that apply to gold and silver, will now apply to currency. When it comes to commercial routings. You know, where in gold for man is this, these rules do not apply. But when it comes to the commercial rulings, the rulings that apply to golden silver apply to currency. So rubber is aka. Everything that applies to gold and silver applies to all forms of currency. And then he said we're all loaded the data and merchandise prepared for sale. And then the chef proceeded to say what is the Gaddafi say in Nevada kata abalone Saba, there is no as a cat on any of this until it reaches than a sub or there's a cap

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threshold or the socketable minimum. But that's the bofi massada sub

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base Abby illustre mFl as a pr kharsia

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then, okay, so there is no Zakat on any of this until it reaches that asabe if the value reaches or exceeds the sub then there's a cap is obligatory on the full amount, except for free grazing and domesticated livestock for which there is nothing obligatory on that, which falls between two brackets, which falls between two brackets, what does he mean by this, you have for everything except the treasure trove in the Hanbury method, because in the autumn of I have there are some other differences also like the HANA fees for them also mined minerals or mined metals.

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There is a software mined metals, but if you want to remember now the hunt

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for everything,

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there is an assault there is a calculable minimum there is a cap threshold, except for tracer trolls,

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except for treasure troves, there is no cap for tracer troops, if you find something a treasure that was buried and you find that

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then you will have to give 20% of this in Zakat and there is no socketable minimum there is no as a capital minimum, but for everything else there is a capital minimum. So what is this a capital minimum

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capital minimum So, what is the capital in the first place?

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The four types

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are is the capital so let's say

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Okay, so, the asset

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This is the the

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capital minimum and this is the amount of the cap. So, if we say here, livestock we will come to livestock. So let's defer this until we come to it because we will come to it in a little while and so on.

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But if you say golden silver and cash gold, silver and cash which we will use the word currency for gold, silver and cash, we will use the word currency for gold, silver and cash.

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Gold, Silver cash.

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Gold is worth 20 dinars what is 20 dinars 85 grams,

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silver is 200 Durham's what is 200 Durham's? 595 grams.

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So, what is cash

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cash in the home value mother will be whichever one of the two but I

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According to contemporary scholars from mathematics, FL Islami and so on, they said it is gold it is according to gold, it's not according to silver, this is not about right or wrong, you know, it is according to either gold or silver, but mathematical Islam, he said that gold is the gold standard, gold is more standardized and silver, gold is more stable than silver, gold is a better indication on prosperity and poverty than silver because the prices of silver vary too much. And if we make this acceptable minimum, now, based on silver, then a lot of poor people will have to pay the cap and the cap was not meant to be obligatory on poor people. So they said if you have cash, see if the

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value of this cash is equal to 85 grams of gold.

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Okay, so but if you have silver, then the socketable threshold for silver is worth 595 grams, not the value of 85 grams of gold because silver has a distinct designated by the Sharia is like a threshold. So you don't tinker with this you just leave it alone. The issue here has to do with cash. If you have cash, should you have the value of 85 grams of gold or 595 grams of silver to be called wealthy enough to pay the cap madama Alpha ami data Amazon Amazon earnest money they said that it is gold and silver, you go by the value of the 85 grams of gold, what is the value of 85 grams of gold now and it is 24 karat gold 24 karat gold? Because you need to figure this out when

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people ask you well this is this is where it is coming from 85 grams of 24 karat gold.

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What is it now

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$39 per gram multiply 39 times 8533 15 if you have 30 $315 3350

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on yours account due date, you're wealthy enough, keep in mind you combine trade goods, gold and silver according to the stronger position according to the stronger position chosen by him era him online, he combined those things together because they belong to one category.

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So if you're as a cat, if you have the

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if you have

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when it comes to cash in particular, if you have 3315 you're wealthy enough to pay the cat now, how much is one gram of silver

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45 cents

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multiply this by 595 grams

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to 6775. So if you have to say $267.75

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you would be so that is why the scholars of masma said that, you know a lot of people couldn't have this money or they could be their poor as not that much.

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So you do you don't actually require them to appraise a cat, if they only have $300 in the you know, all the own, it's not like $300 in their wallet, all they possess in terms of cash is $300 and in all of their accounts and all of their receivables and everything and

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so, okay, so that So, is it clear now why the madman said make gold in the gold standard Okay. Now, what is

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when it comes to crops, when it comes to crops, there are two different types of crops.

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There are crops that are irrigated without effort, you know, hand taking you know, they just

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Easy to like to plant and grow and stuff and crops that are irrigated with effort those are irrigated with with rain and you know without effort 10% will be the rate

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Oh, I forgot to say 2.5% here, this is after you reach down asabe which is the socketable threshold, you will pay 2.5% on everything you have. He said on everything you have not just the sub or above that is up. So, let us say you have $4,000

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because some people you know, some people may think that I will have to take 3315 subtracted from the 4000 and then I pays a cat on 600 or no, you're paying Zakat on everything you're paying Zakat on the 4,002.5% on the 40,000. He said except for livestock. Because when it comes to livestock, if you have five camels, one sheep is you pay one sheep in zakat. If you have 10 cameras you pay to ship in Zika. If you have seven camels, what do you pay one sheep, just like 589. So between the brackets between the brackets, you do not pay on the three extra cameras that you have above five. The last bracket that you reached is five, until you reach the next bracket which starts at 10

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you're paying like people in the last bracket brackets apply only to lifestyle bracket brackets do not apply as a cap other than to livestock. So, when it comes to currency, you will pay on the total 2.5% when it comes to crops, you will pay 10% or 5% depending on the effort required for irrigation of the crops. When it comes to trade goods, trade goods,

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trade goods in the math hub, the same will apply whether gold or silver if your trade goods reach that asabe of gold and silver, then you will have to pay the gap. According to the you know the contemporary scholars, they said use gold is because it is the gold standard. So if you're have 85 grams of gold or worth of trade goods or more

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then you will have two basic ads on your merchandise and there's a cap on merchandise exactly is exactly like there's a cap on currency it is 2.25% it is 2.5%

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What if you have

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we said we will not cover livestock here right? Okay.

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What comes out of the land is not only the crops, but there are two other types that come out of the lab.

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Mind the metals and the treasure troves. Mind the metals you extract metals from the ground. Those mines the methods according to the masochism, sraffa is gotta be gold or silver. According to the Hanafi Eddy impressionable metals. According to the ham bellies, any thing that comes out of the land that has value even if it is liquid, it doesn't have to be impressionable

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would be accountable. So private companies that own oil wells will have to pay this account private companies not states.

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So

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in this case, what is this a cat on mine the metals according to the handbell is not the HANA fees, the HANA fees will make it 20% but what is the according to the hand varies and still 2.5% mines metals, it's still 2.5%

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and is there an asabe for mined metals? Yes, the same applies 85 grams of gold

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85 grams of gold hand we're saying that the homies did not say this. This is our sort of contemporary choice we choose gold over silver because silver is value is very unstable. And it will make a lot of people rich, who are actually not.

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Okay, mine metals and then what else?

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treasure troves.

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treasure troves.

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So, the Hanban is figured if

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if you actually found something valuable buried, you know forget about the sub you found something that is equal to like worth 40 grams of gold buried you just doing this and find like a treasure then, you know, you pay on anything there is known as our beer. Whenever you find

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pay,

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how much do you pay on treasure troves?

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20%.

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Because of the

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lack of effort that there is there's he just second treatment from Atlanta from a lot

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unlike extracted methods, acquired somewhere.

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So this is going to solve and this is how much you pay

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nisab is clear,

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like ethical threshold is pretty clear. Now, we did talk about this before when we talked about that, how it when do you need to figure out if you have an SOP, and Windows for the HANA, Hana fees, which is easier, don't worry about anything, you would have done asabe at the beginning of the year, and the end of the year, don't worry about any dips below that in sob in the middle of the year. But

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it seems that, you know,

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this is easier, like if you want to apply, but it seems that the Shafi I'm very position may be stronger, because the point here is that it is Allah subhanaw taala is considering you to be rich, if you stayed above then is out if you stay afloat above the nisab for a year, and now you're rich, now you pay this again. But if someone keeps on dipping below the threshold, you know, and you know, you come up and you dip and you come up and either you don't really you're not really considered rich. So for this phase of combat ease, once you dip, you start a new year when you get to the threshold, once you cross the threshold, you start a new year so here's the line here and this is a

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sub and then you're like this

00:37:30--> 00:38:06

so if you're like this, then Okay, so here you start you start basically the year here here's a cat here here and it ends here, but when it ended keep in mind even canopies will not consider this to be when not requires a cap from you because when you as a candidate came you did not have an assault. They will not ask you to basic cap, but for HANA fees. What they will do is let us say yours a cab do they use a cat here started here Harvey

00:38:08--> 00:38:25

and here's a cat judy is here. This is one year. Here's the calculator you're here. You're above the surface here. And you're above the surface here. You depth below here. They don't care. You know you now you have

00:38:26--> 00:38:51

they don't they will tell you you need to pay years ago shafa is on hand bellies will tell you what, since you dipped, you start your ear here. You came to the surface back here and then you depth again. So you start here. See if you complete one year above the surface. Let's say your year ended here.

00:38:53--> 00:39:03

Everybody will say your base account because you stayed above the surface for the entire year. This is clear right? Easy. Okay, good.

00:39:05--> 00:39:07

Next the chef talks about there's a gap of livestock.

00:39:09--> 00:39:13

Next the chef talks about the cat unless it's disambiguation

00:39:14--> 00:39:16

this ambiguous Okay,

00:39:17--> 00:39:20

so let's talk about the cap on

00:39:21--> 00:39:28

livestock the sheep said here and I'm not gonna you know spend that much time is because you guys

00:39:29--> 00:39:31

don't seem to own that much less than

00:39:33--> 00:39:47

that I gotta say him as a cat on free raising livestock. Well, here is Roscoe and well this refers to the free grazing domesticated livestock, which is taken to pasture and it is of three kinds. First camels when I say a fee

00:39:49--> 00:39:52

Hamsun that as the fee.

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

Okay, so I'm not going to reread all of this because it's

00:40:00--> 00:40:14

pyrrha so forth from what from one from one to 41240 nothing is obligatory from five to nine

00:40:15--> 00:40:26

one from 10 to 14 to from 15 to 19

00:40:27--> 00:40:32

three and that is three watt sheep or goats

00:40:33--> 00:40:53

from 20 to 24 425 it will be a camel not asleep once it reaches 25 So, 25 to 35 it will be one year old

00:40:56--> 00:40:59

mental mccard or even a loved one. So, a one year old

00:41:00--> 00:41:04

female and if you can find one then it will be a two year old male

00:41:13--> 00:41:19

and then next bracket is what 36 to 45

00:41:22--> 00:41:36

and next bracket is 46 to 60 and next would be 61 to 7576 to 9091 to 120

00:41:43--> 00:41:44

Okay.

00:41:45--> 00:41:47

So, that covers everything right

00:41:48--> 00:41:52

and then after 100 from 121 onwards.

00:41:53--> 00:41:54

So,

00:41:56--> 00:42:03

from 121 onwards for every 40 you will have to be gives a cat two year old female

00:42:04--> 00:42:07

and for every 50 you will have to give

00:42:08--> 00:42:09

three year old

00:42:11--> 00:42:15

female. All of them are females except only

00:42:17--> 00:42:24

here. If you don't find a one year old female, you could give a two year old male

00:42:27--> 00:42:46

okay one year old female is called vinta Mahathir Mohamad comes from childbirth. One year old female is called bent Mahathir Mohamad, the word mccobb means childbirth, meaning that her mother is pregnant and about to give birth, because that's how they they figured out their ages.

00:42:47--> 00:43:05

The two year old is called Ventura Boone, Ventura Boone, meaning that her mother has loved and has milk and her mother is now breastfeeding. She gave birth she's good breastfeeding and so that her daughter is called dented a boon

00:43:07--> 00:43:12

minted a boon the meaning the daughter of a breastfeeding candle.

00:43:13--> 00:43:23

So two years old, three years went to be a hacker hacker means what? That she hooked up to her cap or uncooled

00:43:24--> 00:43:26

which means that she is

00:43:29--> 00:43:42

that that she can be written like you can write her that she is big enough to, you know that you can write her as three years old, and then a Java is four years old.

00:43:44--> 00:43:55

And then, we said before a funny minute, is a five year old, that is the one that you could actually sacrifice in how the animal type.

00:43:57--> 00:44:05

So here from 26 to 45, it will be a two year old female, three year old female

00:44:06--> 00:44:11

from 46 to 6061 to 71, four year old.

00:44:14--> 00:44:15

Female

00:44:18--> 00:44:18

Wait a second

00:44:20--> 00:44:31

61 to 74 year old, Yes, correct. And then 76 to 90, it will be a two year old female

00:44:33--> 00:44:58

to two year old, two year old female and then to three year old female. And then after 121 for every 40 camels you will pay a heifer which is a three year old female and for every 50 year old pay, he does which is four years old. So when you reach 200

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

200 is worth 450s

00:45:04--> 00:45:18

or 540s you have the choice of paying 450s to have the choice of paying for three year old female camels or five

00:45:19--> 00:45:22

do we are all female goblins

00:45:24--> 00:45:26

correct? Yes

00:45:29--> 00:45:31

No one here how scammers

00:45:42--> 00:45:44

okay then

00:45:45--> 00:45:47

next one next type of

00:45:49--> 00:46:32

weed before he moves on to the next one which is cows. He says webinars with Alison Philomena Judah adna minha Omar has an hour issue another human were insha Allah min However, this is a narrow screen of the human. If one owes a camel of a certain age, but can't find it, he should pay one age level less than it plus two sheep or 20 their hands or if he prefers, he may pay one age level higher and take two sheep or 20 Durham's like you did not find a three year old camel, you could give to the cat collector, a two year old piano

00:46:33--> 00:47:12

plus 20 Durham's silver currencies or two goals to make up for the difference or for you could give a four year old he does not have a three year old you can give a two year old and give the difference to the cat collector or if you prefer you could give a four year old and get two sheep or 20 their homes from a cat collector you know, but that is the difference. Anyway in between the two and three and four year olds

00:47:13--> 00:47:14

when he said now I stand in

00:47:16--> 00:47:18

a second type of scales when I say

00:47:20--> 00:47:37

variable he had to be out of era Santa Illa or by Amazon Alexa turn lsvt in VR, it has been configured to be almost in some of equaliser as interfere with equaled out by Amazon. So there is no cap okay

00:47:39--> 00:47:46

3030 cows you know then solve for cows cow threshold what was the calculation for gallons?

00:47:47--> 00:48:02

All right. So calculation for cows 30 if you have less than 30 cows, there is no Zakat on you. If you reach 30 cows, then you will have to give one year old

00:48:04--> 00:48:08

male or female that is the only time the male is equal to the female.

00:48:10--> 00:48:13

every other time the male is cheaper,

00:48:14--> 00:48:15

so or less valuable.

00:48:18--> 00:48:27

But this is the only time where the male is equal to the female. That's why in cow and camels we said you have 25

00:48:28--> 00:48:34

men to my heart, which means the daughter of pregnant woman about to give birth

00:48:35--> 00:48:47

to a one year old sea camel will be obligatory and only if you cannot find the ventajas you can give a vanilla buena vanilla boon is two years old, not one year old.

00:48:48--> 00:49:03

So if you can't find the one year old camel, you could give the male the two year old male come here in backup for some reason that we believe there must deal with them.

00:49:05--> 00:49:13

The male and female one year old cow is their equal. So

00:49:14--> 00:49:15

a br br

00:49:16--> 00:49:30

now if it reaches 40 then it will be a Mosin musen and baugher is like 70 remember when we said that in Ohio and happy we said 70

00:49:31--> 00:49:46

which is which is basically valid Okay, our had is a five year old camel or a two year old cow, right? So masina and bacara is the finnian box and he and Hussein are the same thing. So a two year old

00:49:50--> 00:49:53

female cow here because it's not my son it's missin

00:49:54--> 00:49:59

only here only in this category only in this bracket with me

00:50:00--> 00:50:09

Male be equal to a female. So for the it will be two. Now what about 50?

00:50:11--> 00:50:23

Say, what about 60? Or 60? would be to 230s. So if it is 61 it is to one year old

00:50:24--> 00:50:48

male or female cow. What about 7070 will be one of each 70 is 30 plus 40. So, one one year old and one two year old, what about 8080 will be to two year olds? What about 93 331 year olds? What about 100?

00:50:49--> 00:50:55

You figure out the maximum that would be binding on you here. What is 100

00:50:56--> 00:51:08

for the plus 30 plus 30? So, one two year old and two one year olds, and so on and so forth. Okay, is that clear? cows? This view

00:51:12--> 00:51:18

what about cheap? Well are cheap now I salicylic on him? Well, I say afiya

00:51:20--> 00:51:31

Hata who are buying it as a result we're headed for he has autonomy Italian flavors that were held up last year. Some of you currently may adventure. Okay, she

00:51:33--> 00:51:39

if you have 39 sheep, how much is the cap? Are you willing to pay?

00:51:40--> 00:51:41

None.

00:51:42--> 00:51:52

Once you have 40 and sheep, sheep and goats are the same thing. By the way. cows and buffaloes are the same thing. sheep and goats are the same thing. Okay.

00:51:54--> 00:51:56

You have for the sheep,

00:51:57--> 00:52:01

how much? How much one sheep

00:52:04--> 00:52:05

you have?

00:52:07--> 00:52:11

What happened? This is for the to 120

00:52:12--> 00:52:21

right? For the 120. And once you have one more, that's 121 to 200

00:52:25--> 00:52:25

becomes

00:52:26--> 00:52:43

two 201 all the way to 399 is three and then if you have 400 it is four and then afterwards hero It is like one per every five per every 100.

00:52:44--> 00:52:46

So, here

00:52:48--> 00:52:51

the Hadees makes it sound

00:52:53--> 00:53:01

you know some people can be confused about this bracket, but this is what it is from 200 to 399 it's a very large bracket.

00:53:02--> 00:53:06

So three from 201 to 399.

00:53:07--> 00:53:08

But then

00:53:10--> 00:53:34

after the 201 you know because it says here in amiata in favor of Russia from if you could imagine sir, up until 200 if it is more than 200 by one meaning 201 three will be binding and afterwards it is one sheep per 100 sheep. So

00:53:35--> 00:53:36

huh

00:53:39--> 00:53:45

400 would be four but 401 is for 499 is what?

00:53:49--> 00:53:57

Yes. So 505 606 599 Stan fine. Yeah.

00:54:03--> 00:54:04

What does it say?

00:54:15--> 00:54:24

Because yes 120 to 300 is three and that is usually what how it is written like but then you figure

00:54:25--> 00:54:42

you figure that after this it says one more for every 101 more for every 100 so if you have 350 it is one for every 100 so it means three still

00:54:55--> 00:54:57

oh one k for the

00:55:01--> 00:55:11

Oh yeah this this is no absolutely yeah this is not one to 40 it is 40 will be 140 will be one

00:55:22--> 00:55:51

for the one all the way up to 120 120 to 200 is to 201 to 300 is three and after this, it is one per 100 which still means the 399 will be three, because you after the this bracket, you will give one sheep for 100 See,

00:55:52--> 00:55:53

when he said

00:55:54--> 00:56:02

when sadhika Dyson went to our Walla Walla Walla Walla Walla, Walla

00:56:04--> 00:56:06

Walla, cara, Mo, Ilana Tara ob

00:56:08--> 00:56:27

Okay, so a male goat may not be taken as a cat or a one eyed animal, a very old one, a mother that has just given birth and his nursing care offspring, an animal about to give birth or fatten the beast the husband singled out to be slaughtered.

00:56:28--> 00:56:44

And then he said, what are your own Saha hidden fees are a seminal backer Neela Boone McCann vinta Muhammad is Adi Maha elantech Mattia to the Quran Alma Rodan fields the hidden min

00:56:46--> 00:57:30

which means neither He neither the worst nor the best kinds of properties Do you know, we will not cover this, he must only give as a cat healthy female animals, except for the 30 cows and the two year old male camel instead of the one year old female camel, if he cannot find one. However, if all his sheep are male or sick, it would be acceptable to pay just one of them, he is only obliged to pay a six months old jazza just from the sheep for a one year old female, which is funny Yeah, from the goals and the recommended age level

00:57:31--> 00:58:30

of other kinds, which is as per this chart, unless the owner of the property chooses to pay an age level that is higher than what is obligatory. If they are all young, it is permissible to pay one that is young have there are a mixture of healthy and sick male and female and young and old, he must pay a healthy mature female, its value should be an average of the whole flood. If it is a mixture of foreign and Arab animals, cows and buffaloes, goats and sheep good and bad, fat and thin, he should pay one of average value. So in other words, unless you know it is permissible to give the male animal which is in two scenarios only. And one scenario which is the Aurora. The two scenarios

00:58:30--> 00:59:17

where you give a meat animal is for 30 cows, you can give a one year old male or female. And the other scenario where you could give a male animal as yours a cat is for 25 gammas 25 cannons. What is obligatory is one year old she can if you don't find her, you could give a two year old male camel. If you don't find the one year old female camel, what is the other occasion where you could actually give male camels or male beasts Enza cat, if all of your flock is males? If all of your flock is males, then you could give a male

00:59:19--> 00:59:40

What about your flock being a mixture of sick and well male and female you have to give the well how well female because what Mr. Mousavi said you know you should not take of your luck the worst the gift to Allah for the sake of Allah. So you'll get like a female

00:59:41--> 00:59:43

who is healthy or well

00:59:46--> 00:59:58

and give it as they can. But Someone may say but is this fair? Because I you know I have a mixture I have my 40 sheep are a mixture of you know, sick

01:00:00--> 01:00:09

male female second healthy, but the alternative to a healthy female, that is not your best healthy female or not your best

01:00:10--> 01:00:44

sheep, but that will have range in value or will be comparable to the average value of your flood. So, you have, like you have for the sheep, for instance that are of different values, some of your sheep are $20 or like $200 and some are 300 and some are 600 and so on. So, you will give a healthy female, that will be

01:00:45--> 01:00:47

$350

01:00:48--> 01:00:59

the, you know, the worth of it will be about $350 still healthy, still female, but we'll be clear, clear, I don't need to

01:01:00--> 01:01:01

this is clear, right?

01:01:02--> 01:01:12

Okay. I'll take the questions later, but this is this point is clear average take the average And likewise, if you have buffaloes and cows and you have like different types of

01:01:14--> 01:01:56

beasts, then the one that you will give will be equal comparable to the average value of your flock. So, you you could do this even mathematically, you could say, you know, I have you know, for the sheep, the price of this is this the price of the business, you combine them all and you divide them by 40 you can bind the value of all of them all in divide them by 40 and you come up with the average $334 and you give one that is equal to $334. The last point

01:01:57--> 01:02:05

that will finish in just a few minutes in a solid amount of in southern Minnesota in Holland, Canada and Canada, Morocco, Morocco, mala Vito

01:02:06--> 01:02:12

what kind of Morocco Morocco won't be too much trouble well hidden for Hartman's Academy

01:02:13--> 01:02:21

offers and further reason for boo maryada him Raja Allah. He has asked him men who would like to ask

01:02:23--> 01:03:07

him if a group of people share joint ownership of the sameness labs a capital threshold of free grazing domesticated livestock for an entire house and their fields for pasture stuffed animals, barns milking sheds, and watering holes are the same. watering holes in the metal hub is controversial. Because then the ruling on there's a cap is as if they were one person. If one of them pays the obligation from his property, the others should reimburse him according to their share. Joint property has no effect except on free grazing, domesticated livestock. So you will have

01:03:08--> 01:03:11

we together have 45

01:03:12--> 01:03:15

sheep, we together have 45 sheep

01:03:17--> 01:03:18

you

01:03:20--> 01:03:20

okay.

01:03:30--> 01:03:37

You and I, we have let's say you want to have 95 sheep

01:03:39--> 01:03:40

95 sheep.

01:03:43--> 01:03:46

I own 65 year old 30

01:03:48--> 01:04:16

they have the same Shepherd they have they go to the same place they go to the same pasture they go back home the same place everything is the same. So we basically share the expenses so the expenses are lighter. In this case, we share the expenses. Now, do we pay the cat? Do you pay this account on 65 and I pay this account on 30 which means I'm not paying Zika

01:04:17--> 01:04:20

or do we pay the cat on 95?

01:04:23--> 01:04:26

Okay, so who said you basic cat on 95

01:04:30--> 01:04:31

shafia ramen.

01:04:34--> 01:04:41

Sapphire Sapphire is on honeyberries Sadie pays a Calvin 95 Mary keys would agree with them only if

01:04:43--> 01:04:57

each one of us had an assault like it was the split was 40 and 55. If the split was 4055 the mannequins will say you will pay for as a Catholic.

01:04:58--> 01:04:59

It is one end

01:05:00--> 01:05:19

The corporation is one entity here, we're not looking at you as separate owners, we're looking at you as a corporation. The court the one that has been addressed by this account here is the corporation. Which means what the say we have

01:05:20--> 01:05:37

130 130 and 130. Let's say my share is 110, your share is 20

01:05:38--> 01:05:51

your shares 20. So we both have 130. And we said there's a cap is what 40 to 120 is what one sheet,

01:05:52--> 01:05:56

we have 130 So, we pay to ship,

01:05:57--> 01:06:02

but if we pay it separately, you will pay one

01:06:03--> 01:06:05

high pay none.

01:06:08--> 01:06:40

Okay. So, sometimes joint ownership will mean that there will be more as a cap. Sometimes joint ownership will mean what, there will be less zakat. It depends on the brackets depends on the brackets. But in general, joint ownership is consequential. It means consequences means what means now, there's a gap, the corporation will be addressed by it as a cap, not the individuals.

01:06:41--> 01:07:00

And this will be according to the majority, if each one of us happiness up according to the mimetic according to the amount of stuff no matter whether or not we have nisab like, if I own 20 you own 110 you own 110 and we pay to

01:07:02--> 01:07:04

ship in the cat

01:07:05--> 01:07:11

then you will come back and then the two sheep came out from your flood

01:07:12--> 01:07:17

from your flood, then you will come back and tell me you are responsible for what

01:07:20--> 01:07:21

No, not one.

01:07:27--> 01:07:58

No, because because, you know, we paid two on 130. So, I am responsible now for whatever the math that you will use now. So it will be two times 20 divided by 130. So four divided by 13. For 13. I have a goal for that's my responsibility.

01:08:06--> 01:08:11

No, why are you paying three your pay three from 201

01:08:19--> 01:08:19

what

01:08:24--> 01:08:29

oh, there is one level wrong here. So it is

01:08:31--> 01:08:38

just corrected us that one level wrong. So then the sub is 4040 to 120 is

01:08:41--> 01:08:57

one 121 40 is 121 121 to 200 would be to 200 then 123 100 is three and then afterwards it is one for 100 which means that still 399 will be three.

01:09:00--> 01:09:05

Okay, so here. So here what we have here is

01:09:08--> 01:09:12

what happens when you go back and you tell me you're responsible for this.

01:09:13--> 01:09:24

Now, the madman took the Maliki position when it comes to corporations. They said corporations that want the target to have the high Shafi position.

01:09:25--> 01:09:35

Aside from livestock in algo hanifa said joint ownership is not consequential in anything including lifespan, he magmatic amount of surface method

01:09:37--> 01:09:40

and the emetic they said it is

01:09:41--> 01:09:49

consequential in livestock event Malik said if each one of them has been installed in Savannah said regardless

01:09:50--> 01:09:55

what about corporations that are not in livestock, such as you know, apple, for instance,

01:09:57--> 01:09:59

how their corporations you know

01:10:00--> 01:10:04

corporations or any corporation any basically enterprise

01:10:05--> 01:10:06

is wholly

01:10:08--> 01:10:18

consequential in this regard. Only the amount Mr. Face said yes. Only in the face of Yes. So when you have a company like Apple that wants the basic app for instance.

01:10:19--> 01:10:33

Then the magnet all those companies that want a basic app on behalf of their shareholders, their mass market all them x include the people who have less than than in saw,

01:10:34--> 01:10:54

because they are not addressed by this academy took the mannequin position. The Zed x include the people who have less than than asabe and pays a cat on behalf of everyone else. And in this case, they don't need to worry about paying there's a cat on their shares or stocks in your company. Exactly.

01:10:55--> 01:11:06

Yeah. So that would be easier if the companies do this. They take the Sharpie position with this caveat, you know with which is that like the medic, he said in livestock,

01:11:08--> 01:11:19

it will only be applicable to people who own more than than Islam. If they do this, it will be easier for everyone. But apparently Mr. Stafford Sorry for the delay.