Fiqh of Worship #25 – Pillars and Mandatory Acts of Prayer
Channel: Hatem al-Haj
Series: Hatem al-Haj - Fiqh of Worship
File Size: 30.08MB
Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah
some I'm about to proceed shala Today we'll go over our candles allow
us the pillars of the prayers and their mandatory acts. And they are 12 pillars and seven mandatory acts according to an armada, you know, in hero and the Hanbury madhhab. And other books you'll find 14 and eight. But sometimes it's just because of the division and sometimes there are minor differences. But at any rate in on the 12 pillars and seven mandatory acts, and then he will define the pillars and define the mandatory acts and everything.
And I just wanted to mention to you about the statement of annainsea Buddha law, the people worship Allah subhanaw taala and the claimants of sofas and others with ease with the claimants of sofas, I'm worse of themselves
about the you know, the, the regular, you know, folk, the common folk, the people, the ordinary people, and how many of them, it depends on the item and it's also but you know, so the all the math
and the phone and all of this, the common folk can actually exceed them, in face some of the common folk can exceed them and face and come can come ahead of them in the Hereafter, by their devotion and sincerity, you know, they know very
less, you know, they know very little, and that they never heard of all of this stuff, they never heard of stations, the word in the poem or the word had or, you know, but they do it features do, you know, they didn't hear of it, they didn't learn it, they just do it. And that is the ultimate goal is for us to actually do all of this exposure. You know, all of this knowledge can make us insolent and arrogant. So when we talk about you know, senior spouse as like a glassboard and C and beyond and through and so on and so forth. And you try to practice then you go home and your spouse starts to argue with you and you say you know to them be neutral here. So you say to them,
or you ignore them you ignore they're they're basically just loud
sort of commotion. And then you just you see beyond them keep in mind you could be the most arrogant filthy person in the whole world you're trying to exercise Sufism here, but you're exercise it from a point of arrogance, because you're arrogant he and all all you earned all your gains, is the information that someone said see through them a they're like see you think of them as glassboard Allah is the one who decreed this for you. So basically trying to exercise this from a point of arrogance, it doesn't work it would not make you have an attitude. It is when your heart truly sees Allah, beyond all these things are all of these events.
And you see through the events, keep this in mind Hawaii's economic report and he was able to exceed you know, that grades the luminaries of Italian who the profit side to armour or Apple back, if you see zodiark cybersafety, who valued
or aka or this or that, the greatest of that ever in the luminaries of the debate that he said to armour when you see them ask them to make the app for you. He did not he told the armor when you see why seven amateur coronae unknown fellow from the deep end of the valleys of idiom and Shepherd, unknown Shepherd in the valleys of the oven, not known to anyone, not distinguished in any discipline of knowledge.
And the prophets also set the armor if you see him, you armor. You have there been a prophet after me it would have been a homer. You know, Homer and Mohandas inspired if you see you always ask him to
ask him to pray for you.
And wiser in the status with Allah subhanaw taala and deserve to be mentioned by the prophet sallallahu Sallam to us a hobby in this way.
Because he is one of the common folk, the ordinary fool. So at the end of the day, it's it's about you know, the work of the heart. It's not about the not even the knowledge of the heart. It is about the work of the heart. What do your heart actually do this
or not that is what matters
are canister narrow it back to the pillars of the prayers and the mandatory acts the pillars are 12 the mandatory acts are seven.
And the most important here that is not mentioned because this is this is the quantifiable rulings.
The most important here is devotion and you know your your sincerity and your cushy one and then so on and so forth. But we're talking here about the quantifiable rules and laws and these are important, it is the basically the outer shield that protects the work of the heart inside you know the outer shell has to also be fixed and has to also be compliant. So standing tech via Fatiha bow and rising from Belen prostration, sitting after between the prostrations tranquility, which is to have you know, to not make haste, last child sitting during the last childhood, and the first lien, these are the 12 pillars of the prayer. So,
he started by saying the pillars are 12 but he did not identify for us what the pillars are versus the mandatory actions versus the sudden so it may be helpful to begin by this distinction between pillars mandatory actions and sudden so what is the difference between pillars mandatory actions in the Hanbury method we will not go into detailed comparative fat today because it will be so complicated, so confusing, and it may just not be that helpful, but we'll just point out a few things. But many, many pillars mandatory actions
and then sudden
errors. If you forget them, or you intentionally omitted or skip them, your Salah is in valid. That's it invalid you have to repeat
manner mandatory actions. If you admit them intentionally omit or skip them. Your Salah is also invalid in the hanratty malherbe. And we will do a little bit of comparative stuff here. But in the Hanbury method, the mandatory actions which is basically the other tech beers after the first beer test be Subhana Allah subhana wa vilavi minarik who wants to do saying something out loud, even Hamadan or benalla can
say in a bit for me when you sit between this is to seduce the first shout out sitting for the first shout out, saying alongside Allah Mohammed Ali Mohammed Ibrahim Anika hamidah Majeed, the route raves about ebrahimian this is also added, omitting any one of those intentionally invalidates your prayer and the humbling method. And if you admit it, if you forget it, then you can make up for it by Sousou this frustration of forgetfulness this differentiates between the pillars and the mandatory actions because for the pillars, if you forget them, there is no makeup for them. If you forget them, and you're inside the prayer, you need to repeat that tracker. If you forgot to record
one record, you need to repeat that whole record go back you know if if you did not get to the for the next tracker, go back to that record and start anew.
And repeat the tracker so there is no makeup you can make to the saddle because you forgot a pedal you have to make up for that pillar. And when you make to do this sound after you made up for that pillar, you made the sound because you forgot
but for the for these if you forget one of these.
If you forget the first the shout out, what does the harmonica prescribe for you in this case? If you forget the first child, don't worry about it. If you have already stood up for the third that are calm, okay, carry on with your prayer at the end of the prayer makes you this will be fine. We'll be fine.
The sooner than anything that is not the theater as another mandatory actions, you know the doing this or any thing.
Any thing that is a son in the prayer
if you forget them, or you embed them intentionally yourself, is that valid? So that's the sermon is it prescribed for you to make so do this sample if you forget them in Banbury mazahub
If you forget a verbal sudden, so now, the variable one, it is recommended to mix this up. If you forget some layer, which is actual, which is some action that is recommended, then it is only permissible to mix this up. So if you forgot to do this, they will let you make yourself you want to do to do it, but they don't recommend it for you. It's not recommended, it's just bad, it's permissible if you want to do anyway. So that is the distinction between pillars, mandatory actions and sudden pillars, no makeup for them, you will have to pray for prostration forgetfulness, not to make up for them, but just because you forgot the only makeup for them is to make them to repeat
them. Mandatory actions, if you forget them carry on praise at the end, and you're fine. So and then you don't need anything here supply is valid, you don't need to worry about anything, if you want appraisers out then go ahead.
Okay, so I started here by saying OPM standing GAF capable standing if capable, and if he is not capable, not only, you know, not capable in the sense that he cannot stand them. But if the his doctor told him any particular act of worship, will cause your condition to worsen, or will cause your healing to be delayed, then that he's not capable, even though he's capable, like I can still make it but the doctor told me if you do this, if you sit like this in
if you sit like this and that shackled your your meniscus will, will not heal in your knee here, whatever in your knee, tear that you have in your knee will not heal, I could still see it, you know, it there is very slight pain or maybe even no pain, but the doctor said if you do this, it will not be then you certainly have an execute you have an execute standing if capable, and like we said, standing is on pillar only aim for standing is not a pillar in Cerner. If you decide to pray your pm would light sitting the prophet SAW them did and I reported that the Prophet Solomon would pray a long night prayer sitting so he has he was usually standing in a foreign government you know
his feet crack but sometimes he said and sitting is permissible whether or not you are tired exhausted sick. If you want to sit in here and after prayer you could sit how much of the reward you get half of the reward of the ones standing this applies to whom people who are able to stand but decided to sit people who are unable to stand how much of a word they get for the profits on the last mmm said is America Abdo Salford, Cotabato maca model so,
when when the slave of Allah becomes sick or travels, he will get the reward of that which he used to do. So he had more payment when he was healthy and at home.
Okay, so standing for those who are able to stand is a pillar in that part of the prayer unless they are incapable, you know, onboard of a flight they are capable because they're or ship and it's you know, they can't stand it otherwise they'll fall off and or they're sick or they are at war or some reason that makes them incapable of standing in the front of the prayer. The second base that could be it could be the opening that could be like Vietnam,
is by consensus required.
But keep in mind that the hierarchies consider this to be a prerequisite not a pillar, it's a prerequisite like in a year they added to the new year. But a prerequisite which is sharp is just like the Roku but it's basically a disagreement and
classification not in meaning. Because a prerequisite is also required for the validation of the act of worship.
It's just that they consider it to be or not to be part of the salon that you consider
to be an induction into an initiation induction into the salon which will start after that
The same applies for them with aseema. It basically ends the solides as part of this one. Anyway,
remember the majority consensus required the majority consider it a pillar. So standing in the first tech deal, keep in mind that it again is not included in any of this.
So if someone did not make up any of it, even in the first era, he is allowed the data.
So it's like beer is just saying Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. But certainly we haven't we want to observe some of our profit zone. We want to make it fit a day. This is by agreement and the first thing we're they disagree after this about the other tech beers. So you may prefer to dine in the first tech VIERA, but this is not a bitter, only saying Allahu Akbar is a pillar for those who do not speak Arabic Can you say it can be say a lot of work but in any other language?
Okay. So for those who speak Arabic, you cannot say about any other language by consensus.
For those who speak, who speak another language,
then we have low the majority said that you cannot speak Allahu Akbar, Marquis sapphires and honeyberries they said that you cannot speak of an ISA cannot say Allahu Akbar in any language. If you know Arabic, the Hanafi said people who are Persian or this or that they can say Allahu Akbar, in their own language, even if they know Arabic,
even if they are able to say that I Maliki Chavez. Somebody said no, they can't. The bottom line is none of the Hanafi scholars tells people nowadays to say Allahu Akbar any language so just
like move on the long run has to be Southern Arabic If you know Arabic along but has to be Southern Arabic has.
But yeah, so everybody says along from them
for different reasons.
Like a brother, you know, the they used to say that, in their training in the Marine Corps is part of the Marine Corps. And he went to his, whatever, superior you know, I feel threatened. I think that if I say Allahu Akbar, someone would shoot me.
so Allah in Arabic, but for people who are truly incapable of saying it in any other language, that it can be translated until they say until they can say it, in whichever language they can, can be translated in whichever language they speak until they learn it in Arabic, according to the Safa is alconbury is the medic, he said, No, no translation.
So that's that could be it can then fatica and Fatiha. This is by agreement whereby agreement has to be set in Arabic, by agreement has to be said in Arabic.
Because we said that the more money for disagreed for first with his disciples over the possibility of translating Fatiha and he allowed it to be translated and his two disciples or his disciples sort of convinced him, he recanted his position.
And then they came to an agreement at the end, that Fatiha has to be said, in Arabic. What if you cannot save it? Before the end? What do they prescribe for someone who cannot say fabulous? First of all, the prophet SAW someone came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and said to him, I can say, I can basically
get down any part of the Quran or memorize any part of the parameter Teach me or they could say, and the prophets are sometimes said to him say Subhana Allah come to the La la la la la la, la, la, la, la, la, la, la la, la la la, la la la la, la hora de La Villa. And then, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam also in a hadith says, If you and if you can read any part of the Quran,
fac Metalab or Kabir who had never met who was better
than praise Allah glorify Him and then can say that Allah praise Allah 800 Allah glorify himself
and say Allah, Allah, Allah, so 100 a lot a little
Hug. So in the Hanbury mother have they say that if he cannot say, in fact you
can say to her, and you you memorize part of the operand that is equal to
recite, because of this, the closest thing to in fact the highest score and recite them resolved that correct?
If you did not memorize any part of the plan, but you can you were able to memorize one I have in fact you have repeated a number of times that will be equal to the length of the recitation of a factor. So you you you already memorize the 100 a lot of blood on me, this is all he could do is stand up and he said, Come to me come to the mean 100 100 I mean,
a number of times that's equal to the recitation of the facts or any part of it.
Then if you cannot do this, if you cannot do this, then you say any Zik you know, and they prescribe some kind of law 100 Allah Allah Allah Allahu Akbar. So para la, la, la, la, la, la, la, la La are these sorts of merge of the two are hobbies and they take some of the victories in the two a hadith and prescribe subpanel la, la la la la la la. What if you cannot remember this?
You could say one of them. Just think about like, if you want to teach someone new, how to pray, teach them Allahu Akbar. And then they could use it for like a beer to him. And they could use it in place of an Fatiha they just keep on saying Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, for the time Fattah for the duration, that the resolution of an Fatiha takes. So that is basically the resolution of a Fatiha for those who are unable to recite it. However, everybody is required to learn it. Everybody is required to learn it in Arabic.
Can you recite it from a paper? Yes, you can resize? You can resize fervently, preferably don't hold the paper if you could keep it in front of you without holding it, it is preferable so that you could hear about busy Can you hold the paper? Yes, he can hold the paper and recite Fatiha forever paper. What if you memorize in fact
in fact, the assumption of the shaft is and many honeyberries said you still could hold paper and recite for other you know, for the Qur'an in general, you know, if like if there is an emergency,
you know, no one is doing this anymore. And that is also some sanity like just move on, you know,
because this is
a hand body position.
That insalata Fargo also the man who does not memorize the good portion of the Quran.
So let's say that, you know, it's a community they don't have like an Imam, and that they asked some one of them to lead. And every time instead of that Father, someone is reciting sort of cornhole Allah had, and people started to get bored
and then require demanding something like more can the Imam hold?
Here, he carries on In fact, he carries ocklawaha the salons complete, but the people just want to listen to more Quran it's a lot of fat. Can he hold the paper and recite crap from Sharpies? And somebody said yes. So Java is that many bodies? So the eschatological
Japanese and many hundreds of years but move on, you know, don't do this. Please, certainly not here.
But you are talking about a small community in a small place or remote place and very Ma'am, they are having some special circumstances. And this is when you tap into those controversial issues. But unless the unless they are these special circumstances, you don't want to bring up controversial issues to stir controversy. Because the the then your heart is corrupted. You have a problem. The if you're just wanting wanting to show off, you're like you're the repository of information that is full of controversial issues. You have you have a problem big problem okay then bowing, bowing.
And then rising from bowing these are also pillars of bowing and then rising from balance. Why is it that you find some hierarchies not all hierarchies are quick in rising like they arise and they prostrate quickly because this is not to menina in this part or this is not a pillar for them.
Rising from bound is not a PLR from them so if they actually went from Roku office to dude that works, that's valid.
But none of them because because when the Messiah teach the Messiah teach people what what that which is preferable to the Messiah don't teach the people do that which is the bare minimum, you know the bare minimum. So, most of the people most of the hafeez would not even, you know, know that he could actually do that that would be valid, because when they are taught in the masjid, when they are taught in the maktab they are taught what, what is good, what is perfectly the complete fold perfect way of prayer.
So, most of the controversial issues are limited to classrooms, really, you know, whatever controversy that manifests eventually in the prayer Whoa, is very limited, very limited.
So, bowing, rising from bowing
and then prostration and sitting between the two prostrations sitting after the prostration
and tranquility in all of this because the Prophet sallallahu wasallam kept on saying to them see salah and Lucy salata, the one who, whose prayer was defective, or the one who pray pray them properly. The Prophet kept on telling him, so modified, da da da da da da La Haman. some mustard have inserted some Marfa hot dogs in the desert. So he kept on telling him and then rise until yours completely straight and then prostrate until you have Toma Nina. That is thinness tranquility Toma, Nina in your studio, then sit up until you have to Nina in your doodles. So in the Hanbury method to Marina and each one of these pillars is a pillar in and of itself have that Toma Nina they tell you
so from Nina in pm is the period that is required to recite Fatiha as a PA Toma Nina Kane ruku answer Jude is the theory that is required the size of Hara. Bharara once Toma Nina, Hindus are sitting between the two sides, that is the period where you can say are fairly ones, okay? Because they say that every one of these fetters has a verbal action attached to them, it is when you make that verbal action once that would be enough to menina or stemness tranquility in this theater. So that is what they mean by tranquility stemness calmness, not making haste in every pillar. However, however, this is basically the bare minimum we're talking here we're not talking about you know
zakka from the angle of the scale or the angle of the subwoofer, we're talking about Salah from the angle of fit to my Nina St suppiler bellarine. Once and coming up, it's pretty quick, you know, no one would advise you to do that. It's just that this is the bare minimum. So if you are being called to the emergency room,
like they're, they're not the emergency room, probably.
But if you have something really really important that you have to attend to, and you must pray before you attend to it, knowing the bare minimum is good because if you want to really do your prayer and time and then tend to that which is extremely important that you need to attend to
then that is where knowing the bare minimum is good. And that is when you know you stand up if you want to do the bare minimum Salah in the Hanbury mouth. So
do the pillars for you just the fetters stripped from anything else. And then you know one Raka only betters
so he would say, Allahu Akbar. You don't have to raise your hands because you know,
stop Hitler. So you don't say Allahu Akbar, he recited Fatiha, and then you go down, Suppan or beer, I don't even need to say that, but that the duration that that one does be how things are panning out are the ones that during this duration, and then you arise and then you go down.
And that is one record. You know, that is complete. So basically if someone has to enter something as freedom
ortant they can finish the foreign cars in somewhere around 60 seconds.
Anyway, so the but these are the
mini mini they're the skeleton, the bare minimum. You want your salad to be robust and healthy, right? You want your salad to be healthy. You don't want your salata. combinators emaciated?
Any disambiguation? Yes.
We spoke about before about making use of the prayers that people have for many years, would it be advisable to because it might become overwhelming to do
just to the bamboo, yes, you can do the bare minimum, if you want to make, like the 200,000 prayers that you missed.
It may be advisable to do the bare minimum. So it's not overwhelming.
recently like he was giving a talk on salon, somebody has to say he was in a police academy. He didn't want to train for the officers. So he said so you can pray in your car. But then he's given up the stand. Are there any other men that have already you know?
If it reaches a point of compulsion, then it is but if it doesn't reach the point of compulsion, no embarrassment does not count. If it reached the point of compulsion or fear, you know, like re like, sort of legitimate justifiable fear or compulsion, then it is okay. And then it is okay. Also, if you know they say one of the things in when it comes to standing,
is that you do not have to stand if you are in
prison with a low ceiling. So you don't have to do the extra work basically, this
just sit down if there is a low ceiling, and they used to have those in the past and they like
to give a safiya
if someone is claustrophobic and you get to put in one of those cells, it's just a crazy thing. Yes.
Have you prayed just to have a better is okay, we will come to it if you pray just to the pillar is if is invalid according to the homebodies because you omitted the mandatory actions willfully. But according to the majority and undef and other reports in the convention. So we're saying here, pray with Lipitor is no mandatory actions. If you emit all the mandatory actions, it will be according to
small a and capital A plus age.
s, capital H, capital M capital S, so authorized hanafy authorized Maliki authorized safaree m one report that
will validate your prayer. So I personally don't teach new Muslims the Hanbury way. I teach them according to this other reports of the hungry man have that would consider those men that reactions preferable not mandatory, preferable not mandatory, they are preferable than the other method. So what is considered the mandatory in combat acceptance some disagreements and the shuffling method over alarmist comment on it Muhammad, but in general, the mandatory actions in the Hanbury method are preferable in all the other hand, that is also a report from Mr. McDermott quarterly report and the henneberry method. So it's smallie he has to authorize the view in somebody's mouth have capital
A is that these mandatory actions if you admit them your prayer is invalid. But in the other reports in the mental health which is consistent with the majority of scholars, the three of them as I have, these are preferable actions if you have met them.
They don't invalidate your prayers.
And you Muslim is deserving of concessions or not is simplification. Absolutely. So if you teach a new Muslim You don't have to be hardcore combat easy, you don't have to teach him according to the author is the view in the method choose the other view in the method which is consistent with the majority and simplify things for him. Okay.
And this is basically simplification without compromise, because they did not disagree over this after the Prophet made it. You know, cut and dry and clear like this.
In the middle of a summer day and half the profit made it clear they would have not disagreed.
So, this is not this is not basically compromise This is facilitation.
Okay. And then after after tranquility The Lost Child lost a child is considered a pillar in the hand very metal up and sitting for the last child is another pillar and the first asleep according to an arm that the first this theme according to the other books in the mantle of unauthorized view of the mother.
It is both the sleeves not the first one.
But we set it up the first sleeve is said aloud and the second sleeve is quieter. Just close to the keys closest to the harmony here is very close to the medical so that all Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa
now I have
the mandatory actions, all the other tech beers in the salon are considered mandatory. So aside from the first like beer, or any other type of beer is mandatory, so basically, according to this view, if you even don't make any tech beers, go down to Puerto Rico or come up with this dude come up say nothing all the time. he recited the Fatiha and he made the first Kabira
you recited Fatiha, you made the first beer and he will say the last dish out and you will make the last asleep and that is all you need to say in the Salah. Because all the other you know, are considered mandatory in the math lab. They're considered preferable according to the majority. So the other tech beers which is all the thick beers between the movements that's being purchased a soprano or bellavance or Panama Belladonna and we said that the mandatory has been has once perfect plus B goes anywhere from three to 10 the lower end of perfection is three the highest and the perfection is 10 for the highest and the perfection for any one ferret the one who's praying alone
is what no ceiling you know, but for the man highest and the perfection instead because the Imam is also the there are people behind you. So
is this beer semi obviously it's me Ali Mohammed or Veronica Hannah St. Semi Ali Mohammed is mandatory on the Imam and the moon Ferran the moon would not say something out loud, even happy that the moon would say or Bella callaham don't save America hunger is mandatory on the man on the moon and the moon ferret all three of them. mm moon and the moon ferried while the moon fairing means the one who's praying alone by himself saying arbitrarily between the two sets the some of you may be surprised that this is a mandatory thing this is very peculiar at this very moment for that for that another. No other method considers your job at all. And many of you will be even surprised to see
here on this list. But Rob definitely between the two says this is mandatory in the Hanbury method, you have to save up for me at least one's first childhood the first child
is a year old child and sitting through the first round the first round is the one after the second Raka in
a try Raka or
the troca prayer
it so in a prayer that is more than two records the first child and sitting for it is mandatory.
I said all of this is preferable and according to the majority saying Allahu Allah mahanta is celebrating me at the end of the prayer is also mandatory in the math lab. The other view in the month I have which is considered authorized is that it isn't
my orange you could say to the both are a capital e and a two
because the disagreement is intense over this be mandatory or
covered, but according to the majority salaat ebrahimian is certainly it is not required.
So these are the
these are the mandatory actions which are considered certain according to the
so after the the fitters that even have to put them aside for having in our cam lotta musala to elevate. Without these fitters the prayer will not be fulfilled, meaning you can't make up for them by just frustration, you will have to redo them.
And if you're outside of the prayer, you have to redo the entire prayer.
redo the record, if you're inside the prayer, redo the entire prayer if you're outside the prayer. After the mandatory actions, I'm gonna put down a set for how he impacted her on the Battle of Salatu. Antartica Has anyone said, said that.
If these acts are left out intentionally, the prayer is invalidated if left out, if left out of forgetfulness, the prayer the praying person should pray the frustration of forgetfulness for it. So as we said,
Why now I have a stolen laptop to the salave'a. I'm Dr. Eddie boosah. Who
was to do Lisa, we're apart from the east, the rest are preferable Act, the prayer is not invalidated by intentionally leaving them out. And the frustration of forgetfulness is not mandatory in the case of forgetting them. So apart from that, well, then seven, these 19 are better than mandatory actions apart from these 19 actions and sayings, you're the rest of the actions in the prayer will will be certain that will not invalidate the prayers if left out.
That's it for the word about the ark. And that was a better understanding of the prayers. Like I said, when you are teaching new Muslims, please just keep it simple. So if you are met, and some of them are extremely smart, and you know, they can even memorize things faster than you. So for those, for those who are extremely smart, don't be rigid. If they want to learn more, teach them more, but for your ordinary folk, just keep it simple. Teach them how to pray by only giving them the pillars and when it comes to the pillars. The how many men have is the most robust with errors. So if you go by these peppers, you will be covered you will be covered very well.
Just these 12 acts and like I said,
like you guys suggested someone has many prayers, the makeup he could use the bare minimum to make up for them. Someone is in a real hurry to attend something really important. He can use the bare minimum to finish his prayer
and attend to what he needs and quality of