Tafsir Surah ash-Shura (42) #7 – Differences – An Introduction

Haitham al-Haddad


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The Surah is the center of the Bible and its use in relation to individual qualities. The atmosphere of the Surah is important for individuals to live together to build society and build society in a "guided" mode. The speakers discuss the importance of testing people and finding out who they are going to with their actions. There is a significant difference between Muslims and non- Muslims in terms of their behavior and their behavior, and the importance of finding the right conclusion for one's opinion and avoiding conflict.

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You are listening to Lesson Seven.

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See you soon it should be Sharif Dr. Hayes, Al Haddad. haffi the hula brought to you by Islam 21 c.com.

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Take care articulating Islam in the 21st century,

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Rahim hamdulillah Raible Alameen wa salatu salam ala Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi arginine.

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As you know we are doing the Tafseer of Surah T Shura Chapter Four Tito

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the surah. The name of or the title of the surah is

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a shura consultation. And we said number of times

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many scholars said that this solar,

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of course, is the mercury Sula. But its main topic is to talk about Revelation. That's why we see that Elijah no other spoke about Revelation a lot in the solar and we will see that throughout the surah. In fact, last time, we started with that first part that talk about

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the talk about Revelation. Okay, Malika hyena Isla Yuka, Rohan work at radical hyena in a Quran and our be a little in the Omen Quran and how that that is the first part that talked about Revelation.

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This is what many scholars have said but we said that we notice

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that the surah speaks also about the qualities

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of the believers. And you know in Surah

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In Surah, 10 phoron, Allah Allah Allah Allah although Surah 10 For Aneesa Mackey surah Allah Allah, Allah Allah spoke about the qualities of the believers were able to run in the name shenana Are we how are you their father, whom will you know, Nepal husana on leadin, Avi tunel, your VMs who did on what the Yama until the end of the surah.

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But if you notice that these qualities are focused on the qualities of individuals, but the qualities that are mentioned in this Surah Surah Assura, I mean, they are the qualities of the individual that are needed in order for them to live together.

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Okay, that is

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a fundamental difference. And that's why we said that this surah is although a Mackie Sula, but it has some qualities of a Madani surah. And it was that was proven because the surah was among the very last soldiers that were revealed in Medina. So the imita as if it was a preparation for the Ummah, that is going to build a society in Medina, as it was a preparation for Muslims to build their society, their estate to their country, in Medina. So that's why the surah mentioned some of those equalities that believers have to have in order for them to build a society.

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Okay to live together.

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And we mentioned some of those equalities. We will mention them when Allah Allah Allah, Allah says, well the Anastasia Bucha, when Allah Allah, Allah, Allah said,

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in fact, from different places, but anyway, when Allah Allah, Allah, Allah says, well the DNA edit and guna kava, if we want our fish, we then have the Buddha starting from that way then they become angry, they will not forgive. And then when Medina Surya will never be unwelcome Osaka wa amerihome, Shu Rabina This is a fun the mental quality that they they're they're martyrs or their efforts are decided based on what based on Shura when we met

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them then Allah Allah Allah says well arena either outside Beholder W homie until soon which is Oh say attends a year to Metro FM and alpha was ALLAH if they were wrong the ad or anyone committed any kind of aggression? They will of course, they will take revenge or they will defend themselves. Yeah. But Allah Allah Allah Allah said after that, after approving that, they they have the right to defend themselves or to take revenge. Okay, and we've talked about that in details. Although they have that right. Allah Allah Allah says feminine alpha also that I do and Allah in the hula you will want him in the one who forgives

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And then one who tries to reconcile. Yeah, he will have the hesita war with Allah. Allah Allah. Yes. So again, forgiveness and reconciling are two important qualities for people to live together to build their societies. Yeah. And Allah Allah Allah Allah approved that while I'm an inter Surah double Neva ICARDA him in fact with a commodity he may also be those who took revenge or those who

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maybe retaliate is the wrong way but they defended themselves in a way that maybe they have

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they have acted or they have committed what was committed against them. Yeah, generally speaking, don't take it Yanni with the details. We'll talk about the details later. They have the right to do so. Yeah. Then again, Allah, Allah Allah warned against the loading in severe oil, the DNA of the moon and NASA out of the way if I needed help with the economic warning against one, then Allah Allah, Allah, Allah says Again, one among sabara will love Allah in daddy cabinas, will OMO those who have Sobald means have support towards the mistakes of others. Yeah, or even the aggression of others and those who forgive them. Of course, that is one of the noble matters. Yep. So these

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qualities are unique to be honest with you. Yeah. The the qualities that talk about forgiveness and how people can live together and the quality of Shura are unique for this surah. This surah is murky Surah as we said, and that case was normally talk about matters related to Eman and to hate, but this is what we said that this is Yanni that unique one of the key unique qualities of the surah as if it is although it is a maxi Surah but it talks about many subjects and their explanation of this as we said that it prepares the Muslim or as if it was preparing the Muslims to build their own society. In Medina, therefore, we are

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looking at this. And looking at the way the revelation that was mentioned a number of times we can say that this surah is talking about the main two components of how people can govern themselves. They need why, and they need what Shuara Yeah, they need right, and they need Shura, and we will elaborate on this more once we come to the shura issue. Moreover, brothers, if you notice that this surah to prove this point, you know, if you notice, sorry, you notice that this surah talks about if T laugh a lot

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about these agreements a lot. Yeah. As if it says in this atmosphere of FTF. Yeah, this agreements between people, if they want to build a society to live together, despite their differences, how are they going to live? How are they going to build the society? They need? Why? And then it Sure.

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Okay, is it clear? So this is the atmosphere of the surah and this is the theme of this great Surah Okay.

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Last time, we started talking about the second part of the Surah, which is about revelation in the beginning of a surah. We said that Allah Allah Allah praised himself. Yeah, I mean ANC in cough can eradicate Aiko and Adina mean communica Allah will as he is all hugging the humanity similar to Matthew, a lot of people who will do you will tell them, yeah, Allah praised himself. And Allah introduced the concept of what he yeah to humanity, because this is what this is a matter of praise for Allah, Allah, Allah Allah that He does not leave people without guidance. Okay. And also, this in this way He Allah Allah Allah praises himself and tells people what he wants from them. Then,

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after that, of after the six ayat, Allah Allah, Allah Allah spoke about Jorge and many scholars consider this as a second part of the surah and they started with what Can daddy cow hang in

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In a couple an anomaly yield no problem and however to enjoy human labor fee, very fulfilled Jannetty we're very fishy. Yeah. And the meaning of that is as we said, likewise,

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we reveal to you a plan that is Arabic Quran in order for you Mohammed to warn on Malcorra and every thing all towns around on Quran which means to make Indar off the entire humanity. As Elijah Allah Allah confirmed this a number of verses in the Quran are now Seneca in the curve and leniency but you don't want to do we have sent you to the entire humanity and that was confirmed in number of verses in the Quran. Allah, Allah Allah says so you will warn the people of Omokoroa which is Mecca and people of the towns around Makkah as well. And we said that Allah Allah Allah started with the Indar although in some ayat Allah Allah Allah started with the Beshara with the DAT Mohamed Salah

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and SLM will bring glad tidings to believers. But in most of the iron to the indoor preceded the visual warning preceded what preceded giving glad tidings. Yeah, and we spoke about that, Allah, Allah Allah concluded that

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verse number seven, by talking about the reality of this life, the reality of this life is very AppConfig Genetti or video conversation, a party from the people will go to hellfire and a party will go to Paradise or the other way. Very often agenda a party will go to Jana and the other party will go to hell fire. Okay, we spoke about that.

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Then, Allah Allah, Allah says, what I will sha Allah who Allah Allahu wa Heda what can you do? Romania Showfield remedy will live in one Amanda who knew when he went on sale, I think we explained also this idea that had Allah Allah Allah

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will Allah, Allah Allah could have made them then means what the entire humanity as what as one OMA, how? Allah Allah Allah Allah could have made them on either all misguided or all what? Guide

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Yeah, but why Allah, Allah Allah made us like this.

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Why Allah Allah Allah Allah made us like this. Okay, what can you do? Romania Shah of Iran Mati Allah Allah Allah Allah we will see why Allah Allah Allah made us like this. Okay, but he concluded in this ayah by saying no, they are not going to be one nation either alphalisa type or other unhealthy so well hola Nicola Natsume matter where he that and legendary maniac follow the nanny LuBu yo team so over man feel buddy when

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you have a horrible means hadn't people would be uncovered all of them will be COFA we would have given the kuffar incredible things that people will say oh, they were given those things because they are unhappy. Yeah, so the people all will be misguided. No, Elijah, Allah Allah did not want all people to be guided and he didn't want people to old people to be misguided. He wanted that some people will be guided some people will be what misguided? Yeah, we will elaborate on this more now. Okay, so Allah, Allah Allah says, what can you find Romania Russia who fear Allah, okay, admits whom He wills into his mercy in the dunya and in the akhira. In the Africa Of course, it is the agenda.

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And then Allah Allah Allah says worldwide in winter, Madam meanwhile, he went on to say the wrongdoers the volume moon, yeah, the why the Moon, they have committed bone against themselves, they have committed one mainly against themselves by what by worshipping other than Allah, Allah Allah, they will not have any one to support them on the Day of Resurrection Man oh man, what do you what? NOC Yeah, they will not have a close companion. to intercede for them. They will not have a nurse seal someone to give them any kind of help or support. Yeah. Then Allah Allah says AMITA Holloman Dooney here I will be those of on the moon and reality and instead of taking Allah Allah

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Allah as the Wali

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as the close

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companion to them. No, they have taken what other than Allah Allah Allah Allah as Alia means as close companions, close companions. What does that mean? It means that they are closer to them than anyone else means that they will seek help from them. Yeah, they will make dua to them, they will invoke them when they have when they wanted something they will not ask Allah, Allah Allah because Allah Allah, Allah, Allah is not close to them. They will ask those partners. Yeah, because they believe or they feel that those partners are closer to them than Allah Juliana. Yeah, so Allah Allah Allah Allah says in reality AMITA Hello I'm here. Although it comes like a question, am it tougher

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though? No, it means well, yeah, barely tougher do indeed they have taken besides Allah, Allah Allah min Dooney besides Allah Allah Allah Elia

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Yeah, I will yeah means close, the close friends are companions.

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And instead of taking Allah, Allah Allah as their closest companion, okay. They have taken other than Allah, Allah Allah as their closest companions close, the closest helpers for them the closest people, the closest ones that they worship. Then Allah Allah Allah says them is the point they missed the point why because for Allah who who will really

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is actually is the close companion who looks after anyone, this is the meaning of when he when he Okay, man oh man when he and when I mean? Well it means

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in Arabic language, a close person who will give you support if you need.

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Yeah, this is when he, he is a close person. Okay, he will give you support when you need. That's why you will hire, okay? Or even when it comes from closeness to you, not just the closeness to you. Yeah. Both of you are endorsing each other and support each other. When you need. Okay, when you need each other. So Allah Allah, Allah, Allah saying, Allah who will worry and they'll worry is one of the names of Allah, Allah Allah, that's why you can call someone Abdul Wali, yeah, it was, it is one of the names of Allah Allah, Allah Allah. And this is of course, it is clear that this is one of the names because Allah Allah, Allah says what? For Allah? Who? Who already? Yeah. This is one of

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the names of Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah and as we said, the meaning of it is the Guardian, the supporter, the close one to you for Allah who who will worry, how are they taking Alia besides Allah, Allah, Allah and Allah, Allah Allah is the only not only that, he is the one who what gives life to deaf people were who are your he'll nobuta? Yeah, and not only that, we're who are other conditions, but then he will pause everything or maybe the better translation is to say that he is able to do anything, yeah, he is able to do anything, okay. Now, this idea, the meaning is clear, as you can see, but this idea is telling them that even you did not use simple logic, that you took

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this as Alia as your helpers, supporters, God, guardians, and you make dua to them. You wanted them to help you but they are helpless. And Allah is the One who, what? Allah He is the real helper, a real guardian, a real supporter? Yes.

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He is the one who gives life after death. He is the one who resurrects people. Yeah, he is the one who owns okay life and death. And not only that, he is able to do anything despite all of these, you did not take him as worth as the wedding. You did not worship Him. That does not make sense. By and as we have said number of times, that

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Allah Allah Allah created in us, yeah, the fifth Parag to worship Him. And if we use our apple, our intellect correctly, correctly

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We will be guided to worship Allah de la.

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Yes, as we mentioned this number of times of enemies are different Hakuna loan polo booya Corona beer, having played walked around traveled, yes. Having today have a whole group that they think about. We mentioned the difference between Auckland last time, but they would have thought pondered. If they have thought and pondered, use their alcohol correctly, they will come up with a conclusion that what? That Allah is the only God and he needs to be what needs to be worshipped. Once we say that they use their Apple correctly. As we said last time, please do remember this brothers, the apple, the alcohol is not the only is not the function of the brain on lead. Yeah, the afterlife is

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the function of a combination between the brain and the heart. In fact, the real apple lies in what in the heart? Yeah, the real alkyl lions in the heart. And maybe I have mentioned to you or not that even now they discovered medically that the heart has nerves or has what is it? Nero Nero cells? Yeah, that has the ability to think.

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Okay, they have discovered that and maybe if you go online and do some search, you will see that they have tested,

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they have done so many strange tests that when they move the heart, the actual physical flesh, from one body to another body, the other body will start having the feelings of the previous person.

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Yeah, so that the flesh is not just a flesh, it is a flesh that has an element of what of thinking, okay, that's why Allah Allah Allah linked the real apple okay to the heart more than he linked it to the brain, because the main functions are carried out by the apple. And you can say we can say also that is it is a combination between the function of the heart and the function of what of the brain. Now, if the person uses his output, which is the combination of both, he will be definitely what guided?

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Yeah, no one, no one. No one, okay can claim that he thought? Yes, he thought about the existence of God, and thought about Islam. And then he found out that his Apple does not accept that. Yeah, no one can claim that. If someone were to claim this, okay, you will see that this person has an element of Hawa desire, or out of guns inside his heart, he doesn't want to submit to what his apple led him, which is what, which is that he is a slave of a supreme being. You okay? And that's why the filter up the filter, we said that, that Allah Allah, Allah, Allah created us upon Phaedra word is the filter. Again, the federal law is something that created in ourselves, created in our hearts, or

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created in the apple, which is a combination between the heart and the mind. So if a person uses his apple, in fact, he is using his fifth chakra as well. That's why he will be guided without a shadow of a doubt. Because he will be using what he will be using the quality that Allah Allah, Allah created it in him, which is what which is the fact that there is no God but Allah de la.

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Okay, bye. So

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again, there are a number of countless number of rational proofs in the Quran. Yeah, rational proofs in the Quran. That listen, if you want to worship someone, yeah, there is no one worthy to be worshipped except to accept your Creator. Yeah. But if someone said I don't want to worship someone, by again, again, he will never feel content

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internally and the Quran has confirmed this in number of verses as we have said. Then after that after these verses, Allah Allah Allah, Allah Luke, use the used Allah Allah Allah mentioned what why?

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Okay, so he introduced us he introduced the concept of why, by right in the beginning of the Surah, when Allah Allah, Allah says, Karateka haga 1111 Kominek Allah Allah as he's hacking, and then just now which is what will cadaveric our Hanaa in a couple and anatomy and it won't get oh no problem. However, they will give me an alpha fee variable they will Jannetty we're very comfy save after two ayat Allah, Allah Allah says, We're ma left on V human che in for Hakuho illa Allah.

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Allah Allah Allah Allah, he mentioned that he created people multifeed there will be party in the final file and there will be party in the Paradise. Yeah, Allah Allah Allah mentioned Estela differences explicitly here and this is okay while I'm off telephone fee him in che in Kokomo in Allah whatever you differ on then okay, it's just judgment or the judgment on it belongs to Allah Allah Allah this is maybe a letter on translation and the meaning or literal translation and general meaning which is clear. Yeah. Anything the ISS one after halftime fee mean shade

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Okay, the translation here and whatsoever and in whatsoever Yeah, this is better translation in whatsoever mentioned in whatsoever anything? Yeah. In whatsoever you defer.

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Okay, that decision there off is with Allah, Allah Allah.

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Okay, bye. What is here some scholars said, Allah, Allah Allah is informing Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam extending Mohamed salah, send them all Mohammed, when you differ with the machete keen tell them that the ruling or the decision belongs to Allah to Allah. Okay. The decision belongs to Allah, Allah Allah the decision is with Allah Jalla. So, whatever you differ with them, we should get some other scholars said no. Yeah, like even get here he said that I have to AMA

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anything that you defer over all people. Yeah, and either entire humanity between Muslims and Mushriks between Muslims and kuffaar or within Muslims themselves, if they differ over something, whatever that is, then the decision belongs to Allah, Allah Allah by

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the decision belongs to Allah, Allah Allah here Illa Allah hokhmah who will come here is not a verb is a noun.

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Yeah, is a master. What does that mean? Because if it is a noun, method and follow do who like in the what is mentioned in the other either the internetseiten vishay in furrow do it Allah, when you defer over something rude do means they refer it but here the ayah did not say follow Dooku it says For Hawkmoon the decision belongs to Allah or the decision is with Allah, Allah Allah. So some scholars said it stands as a verb,

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as the ayah the other it says follow do refer it to Allah. This is one opinion. Yeah. The other opinion says, No, you might differ over something. And how lies with Allah, Allah, Allah you might know it, you might not know it. The the, the, the real judgment is with Allah Allah Allah, we might know it we might not know it, but definitely that decision what is right what is wrong belongs is with Allah. This is another opinion, a third opinion. Yeah, it says, Whenever you defer over something, okay. refer it to Allah by saying we don't you know, Allah knows best.

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anyway, it doesn't look that there is a major difference between those opinions. They complement each other. The Hub belongs to Allah or the hub is with Allah. We have to refer any matter of differences between us to the book of Allah, Allah Allah and to his sunnah, the sunnah of Prophet sallallahu Sallam

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If we need to refer this difference between us, to Allah to Allah means to his book,

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okay to Allah means to his book and to the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sahbihi wa salam, okay.

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And also we need if we differ over something we need to say, Allahu Allah.

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Yeah, but it doesn't mean once we say that Allah who are alum, it doesn't mean that we don't know.

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In many matters, we know a man came to our club ask one man, he said, What is?

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I forgot exactly what he asked him something. And the man is, it was a simple question. The man said, Allahu Allah.

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I would say to you and you don't know. Or you don't think that I know that Allah knows. Of course I know that Allah knows I want you to answer the question by not to tell me that Allah knows best. I know that Allah knows best which means that yes, Allah knows best but we know the rulings of so many things. Now this

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has introduced the concept of what

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a tariff

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here the IRS says Walmart the left on the Himanshi

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okay, it means that we are going to work

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to default

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Yes or no

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Yes or No? How

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that we are going to differ anyway. What did you take this from

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this is in in the other I will come to that I have Surah toon

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AHA no butter from this area.

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Excellent. This is one well I'm sha Allah Who Ludhiana who Mata Wahida. This is one it is clear that Allah Allah, Allah Allah will he would have made them or made us as one OMA, this is one thing. And then that was confirmed when Allah Allah Allah Allah says worked. One after after him for him in shape, when you differ refer it to Allah and his messenger which means that you are definitely going to what to different which means that the difference and the other is Allah Allah Allah Allah says in surah

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In Surah tooth while I as a rule number 20 fina in la mala Buka Walidah Anika fala home

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and they will never cease back to different means people by you except to those whom Allah Allah Allah have bestowed His Rama. Now, some scholars said

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Does that mean that the people of Rama will not be will not differ?

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Yeah, inshallah taught because whatever Allah says, they will not cease back to default, they will continue what to defer, except to those whom Allah, Allah Allah have bestowed His Rama on does that mean that those whom Allah Allah Allah bestowed His Rama on will not differ? Are you following me?

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Is the question clear? Yeah. What is the answer? This is one interpretation that the people have Rama they will not differ.

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But the other correct interpretation that no, they will differ. Yeah, there will differ, but there are people of Rama, the people of Rama their differences are included in the Rama

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Yeah. So it doesn't mean that they are going to differ and they will continue to differ. It doesn't mean that these differences will be a source of what other

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No, they are these differences are sources of what

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sources of what have Rama please listen carefully. This is one of the fundamental concepts. Here this caller said.

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Yeah. The differences between first of all before we talk about the differences between people. This confirms that Allah allowed those differences. Allah wanted people to be different.

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This is the first yarn you can

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And what hashtag that or make it

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Allah wanted people to want

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to be different.

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Allah wanted humanity to differ

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This is a divine a divine law.

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in Surat, in Surah

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insurer can Hajj Allah Allah Allah Allah says, Allah inshallah Allah, Allah Allah Allah Allah says Allah and Allah and Allah Amina sama

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fact I'll be here tomorrow it my telephone everyone who are women eligible due to the Doumbia telephone.

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We have already been sued Wamena Nursey what Tao be, well an army telephone anyone who can add it in if salami needed

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ala Gendo Allah says in this ayah Allah Allah Allah created everything different

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and I'm Tara and Allah hands and Amina sama in

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the heat Mr. Ratan Mukhtar elephant Aloha, the first thing Elijah says water yeah, Allah Allah Allah Allah what? Yeah.

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What Allah Allah Allah Allah because of this water on the earth Thammarat fruits will come out will grow those camarat are Metallica.

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There are different agree this is the first thing

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this is the first thing mechanic

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warming algae Valley Judah Don't Be humble Romo telephone Allahu Cadbury

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and among the mountains, there are roots in the mountains and those roots in the mountains do that means roots in the mountain and those roots are my telephone and one academic they are different and they give themselves the mountains are also different.

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And then Allah Allah Allah, so this is you know the fruits are more tenifer the crops are different, yeah, we have so many vegetables we have so many fruits, we have so many seeds and so on agree so many plants and so on. So many Jonnie landscape.

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I agree. No two mountains are the same. No two roads in the mountains are the same.

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Yeah, no to even weathers are the same. So the landscape is completely different.

00:37:36--> 00:37:53

To other landscape escape, and then Allah Allah Allah said even the animals are different even the human beings are different warming and see what the what the yeah and if among the people and that the work and the mortality for everyone who can lick.

00:37:55--> 00:37:58

They are different. Yes.

00:37:59--> 00:38:35

So Allah, Allah, Allah wanted this and no need, in fact, no need to bring a delete from the Quran and Sunnah because we see it, Gary, who you see that people in terms of color they are different as Allah Allah, Allah mentioned in terms of their mental ability, they are different in terms of what they like what they don't like, even people what they are different, they are different youth. As if you may say you can say that no two people are exactly the same. Even the twins

00:38:38--> 00:38:39

Yeah, by

00:38:42--> 00:38:55

now, this is the first concept or divine law that Allah Allah Allah wanted people wanted humanity wanted their creation to be different. The second point is

00:38:56--> 00:38:59

what is the second question that we should ask

00:39:02--> 00:39:03

what is the second question

00:39:06--> 00:39:06


00:39:08--> 00:39:11

yes, this is the second question Why

00:39:14--> 00:39:21

Why Allah didn't know Allah wanted people animals everything landscapes to be different, why?

00:39:24--> 00:39:28

How how it is mercy differences is mercy.

00:39:32--> 00:39:41

Too much confidence that we will be the same. If we are all the same, there will be no conflict. There will be conflicts when we are different.

00:39:46--> 00:39:47

Will be boring?

00:39:57--> 00:39:59

Time to show the poodle Falada Lala Yes.

00:40:00--> 00:40:24

Excellent point. But someone might argue the coder of Allah Allah Allah can be shown by what created the human beings but all the same and mountains but all the same. Yeah, trees all the same but he showed that he can create different things. It is true that this shows the Qudra of Allah Allah Allah yes five no the brother there Yes brother. Yes

00:40:27--> 00:40:30

different purposes Yeah, okay good.

00:40:31--> 00:40:32


00:40:33--> 00:40:33


00:40:37--> 00:40:41

Beliefs that I've just discussed, which is

00:40:43--> 00:40:49

yes by why Allah de la. Okay. Did this okay. Partially.

00:40:51--> 00:40:53

Partially is this that it doesn't?

00:40:54--> 00:40:57

It doesn't fulfill the wisdom of Allah Allah Allah Allah.

00:40:59--> 00:41:19

Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah and Allah Allah Allah Allah. Yeah, he wants to create okay and he likes to reward people and he likes to punish them if they go against his will. So this is His Majesty. This fulfills His Majesty

00:41:20--> 00:41:38

okay if the word fulfills his is Yanni correct word by this is His Majesty. Yeah, this is one thing. The other main thing is what this fulfills His Majesty from another perspective which is what testing people

00:41:41--> 00:41:55

it manifests yeah accent manifest is better than fulfills Yes. Yeah. It manifests His Majesty Okay, which is what creating people first of all

00:41:57--> 00:41:57

So, the

00:41:58--> 00:42:27

rewarding people rewarding some and punishing others. And the second important principle that this life is created as a test. This is a fundamental difference the fundamental fundamental reason and it is okay. It is one of the key Divine laws that people in many times forget

00:42:29--> 00:42:31

which is what testing

00:42:33--> 00:42:42

Allah created this life created us with different abilities different colors, different nations different backgrounds different different different in order to what

00:42:44--> 00:42:45

to test us

00:42:47--> 00:42:48


00:42:49--> 00:42:58

hello, Apple note our li label Welcome to test you create a death and life to test you in

00:42:59--> 00:43:09

this inner cannula Halyna below beluga. Are you mastered? We created this land and we have decorated this earth to test them

00:43:10--> 00:43:15

in a hurricane in Santa Monica. And I'm challenged him to test him Naphtali

00:43:16--> 00:43:23

Okay, many verses in the Quran confirms that the reason is what is to test people.

00:43:24--> 00:43:56

And this is the ultimate aim of Sharia. Now, people talk about aims of Sharia and they say ultimate aim of Sharia is to maintain the welfare of people. This is not for Allah lemons, it'd be a Quran and Sunnah to maintain welfare of people. If Allah Allah Allah wants to maintain welfare of people, that men maintain the welfare of people or have a humanity who didn't create by calamities.

00:43:59--> 00:43:59


00:44:00--> 00:44:20

And if they say this is the Sunnah konia This is the Sunnah Ecklonia but not to the Sunnah Sharia by we say even that that is wrong because at one point the Sunnah konia has to meet this initial idea what Allah Allah Allah wanted to happen and what Allah Allah Allah commanded us to achieve

00:44:21--> 00:44:43

okay, it is impossible that the humanity achieves what achieves that will fare the best welfare system in everywhere. Why? Because Allah created cavities. Yeah, so this goes against what he created. Okay, brave.

00:44:44--> 00:44:50

So what is the ultimate aim of Sharia? Now ultimate aim of Sharia, is to

00:44:51--> 00:44:52

pass the test.

00:44:55--> 00:44:59

by glorifying Allah, Allah Allah. Allah created this life

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

To test people

00:45:03--> 00:45:09

okay to test people and if we combine between this area Hala Kalamata will hire

00:45:11--> 00:45:13

or the other similar is that

00:45:14--> 00:45:36

for example well they call a customer what are the fishy to me What can I ask you Alma Lee everywhere Cummins, He created everything to test you with the other is that Allah Allah Allah Allah says warmer Haluk to general Ilaria Boone, I have created and genuine and for one purpose which is what to worship me. Here he said to test people and he said and here he said what?

00:45:37--> 00:45:44

To worship me. Is there any contradiction, no contradiction worshipping Allah, Allah Allah is how to pass the test.

00:45:46--> 00:45:46

Was it clear?

00:45:48--> 00:45:52

This is the test and this is how to pass it both are same.

00:45:53--> 00:45:53


00:45:55--> 00:45:56

Reason why

00:45:57--> 00:46:00

the incident examples because the differences between

00:46:02--> 00:46:03

they have some

00:46:05--> 00:46:46

gender in the same so, yeah, so that is out of the test is what your domain Yasha and this manifests His Majesty gelada at the end and this is the theory we need to understand the theory of this life. Allah Allah Allah created it as a test. Those who pass the test by worshipping Him, they will what they will be admitted into the Rama of Allah, Allah Allah and that manifest the Majesty of Allah, Allah Allah this is the summary of this life. Is it a clearly a bit of this? Is it clear? Yes or No? Tell me I want to know Yes. No, what?

00:46:48--> 00:46:49

Is it clear?

00:46:51--> 00:47:04

Okay, now, this is the second main concept that this life is a test. Allah wants people to be different in order to work to manifest or to fulfill that test.

00:47:06--> 00:47:09

Okay, now understanding this principle

00:47:10--> 00:47:26

is so useful. So useful. Why? Yeah, why Russia is bombarding our brothers and sisters in Syria and look at the people in Syria being killed there. Yeah, it is a test.

00:47:28--> 00:47:44

It is a test from Allah Allah Allah Allah test for them and test for us as well. Whether we are going to help them or not, whether we are sha Allah hola masala mean whom Allah can Leah below that Allah Cumberbatch again to test you whether you're going to support them or not.

00:47:46--> 00:48:05

Is that clear or not? Yeah, some Muslims and please listen to this. I have received so many questions from different people. They are saying oh, we are we had enough with the differences between Muslims. Yeah, we had enough I say to them, I had enough as well.

00:48:06--> 00:48:08

But, but this is life.

00:48:09--> 00:48:24

This is life. Life is a test. Why Allah, Allah, Allah allowed Muslims to differ on ideological things, to test them. Why Allah Allah, Allah, Allah created Kufa and Muslims to test us.

00:48:25--> 00:48:48

Clear and maybe I have mentioned that this is story with a mamoun. I have Have I mentioned it more than once. Okay, Allah when he was a scholar, although he only had this issue of how to Quran, but he was a scholar, and all in fact, all the whole of our scholars at that time. Yeah.

00:48:50--> 00:48:56

He was a basket Caliph. And he used to sit with people one time he saw

00:48:59--> 00:49:01

a Muslim who left Islam.

00:49:03--> 00:49:05

He left Islam.

00:49:06--> 00:49:18

And then he told him, You used to be Muslim. And now move the COUNTIF you said yes, I used to be Muslim, but I left Islam. He said why?

00:49:19--> 00:49:33

You need to tell us because if there is a doubt we will clarify it to you. If there is no doubt, we will apply the head. Okay, which is capital punishment because you may did

00:49:34--> 00:49:42

so the person said I was I left Islam because there are so many differences in Islam.

00:49:44--> 00:49:48

I was confused and many people do say this now. So

00:49:49--> 00:49:59

yeah, there are so many differences in Islam. I don't know what is what. So I'm gonna say to him, yeah, yeah. Hi baby Salah and maybe by he said

00:50:00--> 00:50:06

First of all the differences. We have two types of differences. One

00:50:07--> 00:50:18

are minor differences. Yeah. Kevin Tila Afifi cavia to Salawat. He will again please our minor differences and some of these minor differences complement each other.

00:50:20--> 00:50:39

This is one type. This is Omri rephrasing what was said to him, he didn't say to him, yeah, Habib is a navy, by okay, but I'm rephrasing what he said. And then the second, the second type is yes, there are some major differences between what, between Muslims

00:50:40--> 00:50:50

Then he said to him, if there are no major differences between Muslims over the deen, then there will be no test.

00:50:52--> 00:50:52

Look at this.

00:50:54--> 00:51:00

Yes, there will be no test, there will be no purpose of life.

00:51:01--> 00:51:12

Clear? Look at this very profound answer. Then he told him by you. Are you telling me that because that man became Jewish?

00:51:14--> 00:51:24

He called he changed his religion to Judaism? Then he told him, are you telling me that there are no differences in Judaism?

00:51:25--> 00:51:29

Are you telling me that there are no differences between Christians?

00:51:31--> 00:51:40

No, no. So why when it comes to differences between Muslims, we make a big fuss out of it. When it comes

00:51:41--> 00:51:43

to the differences between non Muslims.

00:51:45--> 00:51:51

This is the only diversity and this is in order for people to learn how to tolerate each other and to

00:51:52--> 00:51:55

Subhan Allah Allah. And now whenever

00:51:57--> 00:51:59

they always discuss this, who speaks for Islam?

00:52:01--> 00:52:02

But who speaks what Islam?

00:52:04--> 00:52:06

Okay, who speaks for Christianity?

00:52:08--> 00:52:13

The Pope, he doesn't speak for Christianity. Because what?

00:52:15--> 00:52:40

As you know, that Christians, they differ in everything, all of them. They're just agree on one thing, only only one thing. And I have confirmed this. I'm not expert in this field. But I have asked the experts by all of them said that Christians they agree on one thing only, which is what?

00:52:44--> 00:52:45

No, not even that.

00:52:47--> 00:52:48


00:52:49--> 00:52:50

this is what?

00:52:52--> 00:53:11

Yes, that Jesus came to save humanity or to sacrifice. He wants to sacrifice himself for humanity, or he dies for okay. The sins for the sins of humanity by this is the only thing they what

00:53:13--> 00:53:24

they agree on. Otherwise, who is God? They differ. Who is Jesus? They differ. What is the relationship between God and Jesus? These are the fundamentals. Yeah.

00:53:26--> 00:53:47

They also differ over that. So, but people don't say that the this is a big issue. I've been told this brother, it will Islam he was Christian. He was a priest. He told me Do you know that there are more than 1000 Bibles?

00:53:48--> 00:54:22

Yeah, there are more than 1000 paddles, and later on the interpretation, and if each one has 10 interpretations, then we'll have what 100,000 interpretation 100,000 form of Christianity. I mentioned these are always mentioned next to my house, there are three churches, none of them, those who pray in this church, they don't come to this church. And sometimes I thought that the church down the road is for blacks. Yeah, but I saw some black people come to the other church.

00:54:23--> 00:54:30

By but Hello, this is their church. This is the other church and yeah, Alhamdulillah we don't have that much.

00:54:32--> 00:54:59

Okay, and those who have major differences. In Islam, we clearly say that you're not Muslims. Those who differ in terms of who is Muhammad? Is he the final messenger, not the final messenger? Who is here, Carlos, you're not Muslims. Don't force yourself to if you want to be Muslim and known as Muslims, you need to believe that Muhammad is the final messenger

00:55:00--> 00:55:30

If they believe methionine if they believe that Ali or Hassan or Hussein they were better than the Prophet ourself, we said to them, let them De Luca, Malia Dean, you have your deen and we have our own D Okay, if they saw if we differ on the fundamental issues, it is clear that this is Iran and this is Cofer or this is not Islam. So, those differences Allah allowed them to happen to what to test us

00:55:31--> 00:56:02

okay. Now, the difference is just to come, there is a lot to be discussed about differences, because this surah talks a lot about differences. Yeah, and this is the beginning just the beginning by the differences between people in general can be the very fundamental differences such as email and cocoa. Now, within believers, there are also major differences and minor differences. By

00:56:04--> 00:56:08

the last thing we will mention now and we will continue the discussion later

00:56:10--> 00:56:15

is differences between Muslims a form of Rama or a form of other

00:56:17--> 00:56:31

Is it a manifestation of Rama of mercy or is it a form or manifestation of other punishment? Is it something to be praised or something to be displaced?

00:56:36--> 00:56:38

Is it a good thing or a bad thing?

00:56:42--> 00:56:46

It depends if there are major differences then what

00:56:48--> 00:56:55

then it is a bad thing okay. If it is if there are minor differences, it is a good thing

00:56:57--> 00:56:59

Yes, even if the major difference

00:57:03--> 00:57:06

that becomes a good thing but there's no reconciliation for

00:57:07--> 00:57:07


00:57:10--> 00:57:20

by eonni are we saying that the differences between Muslims should be reconciled and the resolve So, there should be no differences between Muslims

00:57:23--> 00:57:24

affects the unity of proceed

00:57:28--> 00:57:34

it should be an Allah Allah Allah allowed for muda had to exist.

00:57:35--> 00:57:39

So, we have formed hubs to exist. So,

00:57:40--> 00:57:43

this means that in order to be

00:57:44--> 00:57:47

an owner of mercy we should not have formed

00:57:53--> 00:57:57

a form of mercy to have more than one option

00:58:05--> 00:58:11

Okay, so, yeah, then they the variety of options is a form of Mercy

00:58:13--> 00:58:21

Yeah, Dave is this applied along the road Yeah. And you can be Sunni you can be shared you can be roughly you can be a piano you can be

00:58:26--> 00:58:27

which is the principal

00:58:29--> 00:58:39

and Allah so, yeah Annie we are talking about the minor differences the minor differences are form of mercy is this what you mean?

00:58:40--> 00:58:40


00:58:43--> 00:58:44

There can be differences in

00:58:51--> 00:58:58

differences, for example. So the difference is in fact our minor differences and they are praiseworthy.

00:59:04--> 00:59:05

And you

00:59:08--> 00:59:13

need to look into the look into why the differences

00:59:14--> 00:59:15

Yeah, so

00:59:17--> 00:59:17

I never

00:59:21--> 00:59:24

say that person's wrong, but 1%

00:59:26--> 00:59:27

at the same time, we're not

00:59:28--> 00:59:34

by him So the conclusion is what the difference is in fact is what is praised worth is good.

00:59:36--> 00:59:41

Differences on but differences on Arcada are bad

00:59:42--> 00:59:44

by the brother their

00:59:46--> 00:59:48

fight, okay, we'll answer that inshallah next week.

00:59:51--> 00:59:52


00:59:54--> 00:59:56

you have any questions

00:59:58--> 00:59:59

think about it. Yeah.

01:00:00--> 01:00:05

Think about it. Until next week. Yeah. And inshallah we'll talk about questions. Yes. I think

01:00:10--> 01:00:10

you know those

01:00:12--> 01:00:12


01:00:13--> 01:00:14


01:00:22--> 01:00:26

extracting lessons from the How did they achieve to coexist?

01:00:27--> 01:00:28

I'm not going to say that, you know,

01:00:29--> 01:01:05

how did it happen that they coexisted? Yeah, the question is, the brother is saying that during the abassi period, okay, and the beginning of the, or the end of the Romanian period, there were some sects, major sects in Islam such as the Shia for example, yet they were living under the one umbrella, which is the Philippines. So how did they manage to live under one umbrella? Is this your question? By we'll talk about it inshallah. Next week, yeah, yes.

01:01:10--> 01:01:11

Emphasis and

01:01:13--> 01:01:16

is it correct answer is literally saying anything.

01:01:17--> 01:01:18


01:01:20--> 01:01:21

Yeah, what do you mean?

01:01:23--> 01:01:25

That's my question. There are many things we did

01:01:26--> 01:01:39

and the Helcom is does not belong to Allah. So the question is, okay, the question is, the ISS will knock that off to V MinJae. Ernie think whatsoever

01:01:40--> 01:01:43

by you defer over

01:01:44--> 01:01:49

okay, then you have to refer it to who to Allah and his messenger

01:01:50--> 01:01:59

but we differ on so many things that we do not find the answer is that we don't find the answer is in the book of Allah Allah Allah.

01:02:00--> 01:02:05

This is the question we don't need to we don't need to refer it to Allah.

01:02:07--> 01:02:10

Yeah, what is better iPhone or Samsung?

01:02:12--> 01:02:14

Five for example.

01:02:15--> 01:02:20

Okay, this is one of the points that I was planning to speak about next time in short

01:02:22--> 01:02:22


01:02:24--> 01:02:26

That's it like any other question Yes.

01:02:29--> 01:02:29

Was a different

01:02:31--> 01:02:32

show that that had

01:02:36--> 01:02:44

sort of faltered Yeah, so the only made the mistake yeah. And I'm Tara Nawaz. And Amina sama EMA and yes. Okay. Is it solid?

01:02:48--> 01:03:04

Okay, yeah, this is a good question. What is the ayat of surah Fatah when Allah Allah Allah mentioned that he could he send water and the water created different fruits and okay and there are different people etc. And then Allah Allah Allah says in action Allah having a bad day.

01:03:05--> 01:03:15

Indeed those who fear Allah, Allah Allah or the scholars or those the scholars, fear Allah, Allah Allah, we will come to two

01:03:17--> 01:03:26

in one of the ayat of surah Trishula, when Allah Allah Allah says one after the food, I mean by the manager in mobile yum by now that

01:03:27--> 01:03:48

can be a source to solve the differences and can be what if there is no, if there is no justice if there is no Taqwa of Allah, Allah, Allah Allah, then that will add to the differences okay. So as if Allah Allah Allah, Allah is saying that

01:03:49--> 01:04:10

the alien will solve the differences between people or the scholars will admit that these are differences and those differences are normal natural differences, but this is assumption because this is not a Tafseer. This is Yanni double reflection. That might be right, it might be long.

01:04:14--> 01:04:17

Like any other questions, Baraka Luffy Condesa como fella