Explanation of Surah al-Kahf (3) Ayahs (22-28)
Channel: Ali Albarghouthi
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Shalom. We're about to start in sha Allah so as always in the hallways the brothers make your way start to make your way in sha Allah outside
and also a reminder inshallah before we start for the sisters in sha Allah because I bear is listening so I would want inshallah from the sisters if you're listening to this right now is hopefully you are listening to it
if you are there in the masala you're there simply to listen if you're not there to attend the lesser lecture and listen to it in sha Allah similarly just make your way out of the masala So, sha Allah just be mindful of that and be respectful of everybody else out there who is there to listen Milazzo just so no talking, no side conversations no phone, simply focus on the lecture inshallah. The
Smilla hamdu lillah wa Salatu was Salam ala Rasulillah while he was happy he was salam. Alaikum alumna myInfo now one foreigner Bhima Olympia now was in Illman herbal al Amin Allahumma, in Cracow Ashok Rika was neighboured ethic.
So we nila zoodle. Here we're coming to the conclusion of the story of the people of the cave.
And we've reached last time i a 21. And now with Isaiah 22. Allah azza wa jal is gonna explain to us the confusion that they have over their number and He will teach us a lesson about this. That is, the confusion that they have about their entire story.
who they were and what, where they were located and their names and the name of their dog and all of these things, right.
And one of the things that people disagree over is their number so Allah azza wa jal records that disagreement, and he says say Hakuna Matata to rub your own kill womb, they will say that they are three and the fourth is their dog. And that's one saying, Why are Kowloon and they also they say, I'm certain Sadie so whom Cal boom, there are five and there are six is their dog. And he labels these two origin men bill, right?
This is blind guessing.
This is blind guessing. So the image that Allah azza wa jal brings here, to kind of underscore what they're doing with these numbers, is he says Ultraman build hype as if you are taking a stones and blindly close your eye and you're trying to hit a target with them, you don't know where the target is, origin will be meaning you're trying to hit a target, not knowing where it is, and your eyes are closed. There's a Will you ever hit it that way?
So this is regimen Buildsafe. So anyone who talks without evidence, and he's not going to be able to reach the right answer, this is a regimen built up, right? And even if you hit the target, you hit it what accidentally. So he's saying both all of these opinion, or regimen behave just simply People are guessing their numbers. And then he said, Why are Kunis about to with him, you know whom Cal warm and they say that they are seventh? And the eighth is their dog? And he does not label this saying as blind guessing.
And the scholars of Islam including the beginning of which is even though at best, all the Allahu Anhu right? He says they are seventh and the eighth is their dog is a based on what is based on two things. One, that Allah Zota does not criticize that opinion. He doesn't call it blind guessing that's one. The second that in the Arabic construction if you notice it
when Allah azza wa jal says third, and their fourth or third, fourth, fifth, I thought I'd better home right? Come society soon.
When he comes to sepa, he says with them, you know, there's a well,
right, there's a well,
the while there they say it's for firmer connection between the numbers
right. So that first and second opinion likes the word and
in English right, you can say it right in English, the translation will always say n. But in the Arabic there is no end. Only when you come seven, and the eighth, there is a word and he said this word loyalty sock meaning that there is a greater binding between the two, meaning that this is the right number
Sabha, there are seven and the eighth is their dog. Right?
Then Allah azza wa jal says what Paul Robbia Allah movie ADT him May Allah Muhammad Allah Colleen, he says Allah azza wa jal truly is the one who knows their number only few know them. So, Abbas says, I am well, I'm among the few who know their number. I'm among the few who know their number, based on what based on the deduction that he had gotten from this idea.
So even though you may know that they are seventh, and the eighth is their dog, Allah Xeljanz still knows more about them than you and knows about their number more than you.
So no matter how much knowledge you have about a thing, even when you think you know everything about it, Yet Allah knows about it more than you do. So that's why Allah says even if you slept, say, seventh and eighth, seventh and eighth is their dog, still Allah knows about their number more than you. So always seek your knowledge from Allah subhanho wa Taala and never be contented with or proud with what you know, because the what you know is always derived from Allah azza wa jal, and you always need more of it. Right? Unlike the People of the Book, as we will come to see insha Allah who take pride in what they know to the extent that they reject everything else. So Allah azza wa
jal says what
may Allah Muhammad Allah Khalil, only few people will know them. Then Allah azza wa jal says fella to marry him in LA mera Umbra Hera. What at the stuffy him in Houma, hada. He says then, so don't argue about them, except briefly.
Hi. And don't ask about them. Anyone from among them. Don't about don't ask about the people of the cave, anyone from among them, don't ask for a photo from them. And these two directions are important because they teach us something beyond the story itself.
LED tomography him in them Iran liar. That is, if you want to argue about them about the people of the cave or about their number, let that argument be quick, brief. Wha here our meaning, you know, on the surface is not deep, he just say and you let go of it. So you Why is that for a couple of reasons. One is that the other party does not know anything to add to what you have. Because if they can argue with you, they're just simply guessing. And you have the truth from Allah azza wa jal. So tell me, what is the purpose of that argument? If they know nothing? And you know the truth? What is this argument going to be about? You simply state, Allah said, this is the other number. Allah said
this about their story. But don't engage in an argument with the foolish and the ignorant, especially if they believe that they know, or if they're going to bring or whatever they're going to bring to the table is simply their guesses and their opinions. So what's the benefit of that argument? So let it be brief state what Allah told you, and let go of it. So the first is because they don't know. The second is, what is the benefit of that argument anyway? So if we can sit and debate their numbers? So ultimately, right, even if we know that they are seventh, and the eighth is their dog? Well, what if they actually were three, and the fourth was their dog with the story
change? is still the same story? What if the numbers are unknown to us with the story change? Absolutely the same story. So there are details sometimes that Allah has zoton will take away from his story. And he takes away from the story because they are not relevant, and they are not important. So Allah tells you focus on this, rather than that. But if Allah were to tell you about their numbers, and about their locations, about all their names, and about the name of their dog, you know, because they actually talk about these things. The first one was named this one and the second one and the name of the dog was this or it was that. So what's the benefit of their argument?
And what will it bring you? Nothing. So that's why Allah azza wa jal says, If you're going to discuss something and talk about it and argue, pick the most important thing and the most beneficial thing and that's the thing that you talk about. Otherwise, stop because there's no benefit in its state with the truth is and leave it. The third reason is that of course, the more you argue, the more heated the argument turns, and then the more that you would dislike this person and he dislikes you. So not everybody, when they argue they follow the etiquettes of arguments. They actually want to prove the truth. They actually want to seek the truth, but rather they want to win at all cost,
even if they have to lie at times. So don't
engage in an argument unless there's benefit in it. So for all those reasons were Allahu Allah, He tells us Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam, you do not need to discuss them beyond what Allah Azza wa Taala given to you stated and move on for all the reasons that we've mentioned.
And then he also when he says what are the stuffed up him in Omaha and do not ask them about the people of the book? There's also lessons in that first of all, why not ask them? Again, because they know nothing.
They're just simply going to guess. So why ask the people of the book about them?
And by the way, people are fascinated with asking people of other scriptures and other religions and other cultures about this in that. So Allah is telling you, do you or are you seeking confirmation from them? And they don't have the truth that you have.
So why ask them about these details? They do not know how Medallia salatu salam knows and he told you what you need to know. Don't dig deeper because the prophets Allah Allah wa salam said LA to South Dakota Halal Kitabi wala to cut the boom, he says don't believe the people of the Book nor deny them. Because some of the stories some of the details that they will bring to you. If they are not confirmed or unconfirmed by the Quran and the Sunnah. You don't know what to do with them. They're just floating out there. It could be true, or maybe it's not.
So what do you do with it? Does it add anything to you? So in addition, in addition to it being another non essential knowledge, it's actually be could be counterproductive could be distracting. So the first thing is that because they do not know, right? The thing is the other thing also that at times they cannot be trusted,
that wicked high and the truth.
The does that mean that we are we don't ask the people of the book about anything?
No, in fact, you could ask them about things. And in fact, the Quran directs the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam A times to ask them, but to ask him about what
that ask them. For instance, did you receive prophets and messengers before? And were they people or angels? Did you receive books from Allah azza wa jal or not, these statements that they can bring back to the people of Mecca, confirm the message of Muhammad Ali salatu salam, so we're not asking them about details. He's not asking them to about something that is missing. So he's seeking it, he's saying simply to convince the people of Morocco or anyone who's in Duck, he says, you respect the Jews and the Christians right as the people of the book and the McKinsey did.
As people have the book, yet they turned to Muhammad Ali salatu salam, and these they said, What about him? How come Allah did not send an Angel? How come Allah azza wa jal did not send that miracle and that miracle? So he said, Ask the people of the book, did he sent angels or people as Prophets and Messengers? What will they say? People? Did he give them books or not? They say yes. So I'm also confirming, and I'm following the same thing, the same example, as the prophets before me. So you ask the people of the book for confirmations like that that's possible about what they know, that's possible. But ask them about these things after Allah had supplied you with the answer. No,
you don't ask them. Right. And that tells you also another benefit from it is that at times you can ask or it's legitimate to ask a person about certain matters, but not others.
Right. So a person for instance, could be knowledgeable in a branch of knowledge. Branch had discipline of knowledge. Let's say for instance, in the Tafseer, but not in Hadith, or in Hadith, but not in Sierra or Sierra but not fit, or in the dunya but not the hair or the axilla but not the dunya so it doesn't mean that you should ask everybody about everything
in what they know and hear that Allah azza wa jal says, don't ask them about anything meaning after Allah azza wa jal had given you what you need. That's what you need enough. And remember also the story that we bring that when
Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saw amagno, hilltop and he was reading from the Torah, and the prophets of Allah who Allah Azza wa sallam got angry. And he said, If Musa alayhis salam was alive, he would not have an option but to follow me. Right? So here because the Quran was still fresh, and the guidance that is that is available in the Quran should be sufficient. Why would you be reading anything else? Write for confirmation or for guidance or what have you. And that he directed to Omar? Oral the Allahu Anhu. So the guidance that you
you find in the Quran is sufficient. And that story tells you because no one knows the details of that story. besides Allah azza wa jal and then what he had supplied in the Quran.
Then Allah azza wa jal says, What are the colon Alicia in NIFA Island Delica hada Illa. Aisha Allah, here he is speaking to His Prophet alayhi salatu salam, and he says, And do not say to a thing, I am doing this tomorrow. Right? I'm surely doing this tomorrow. Except that is except if you add to it, if Allah wills
and here that brings a narration that is available in the books of Tafseer. That could explain this, but that narration is weak. So I'm going to explain it to you. But I'll have something in sha Allah to add to it. And then ERATION says that the Metcons
went to the people of the book in Medina, the Jews of Medina, and they said, tell us about things that we could ask this man.
Right, something to challenge him with to disprove who he is to expose them things right that he had to be difficult for him.
So the Jews said, asked him about three things, asked him about a row,
asked him about a king, who had power in the east and power in the West, this is a little corny, and asked about youngsters who slept for many years. What happened to them? Or what is their story? If he tells you these things, he's a prophet.
Alright, so they go to the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam. And this is how I told you that the Mexicans used to respect right, the people of the book. It's ironic at the same time, they respect them, but at then at the same time, they reject the message of Allah when it comes to them. So they will go to Muhammad Ali salatu salam, and they said, tell us about this and this and this. He said, I will tell you tomorrow, come tomorrow. So tomorrow, he's expecting that Gibreel Allah His Salam is gonna come with the answer, but he doesn't. And the next day, and he's delayed and delayed and delete for 15 days. And the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam was upset and sad because of it. And
they started to say, Well, if you knew if you're a prophet, you would have told us already.
And then afterwards, if this was revealed well at the colon militia in NIFA, I don't Danica don't say to anything, I will do this tomorrow. Except if Allah wills it. Right. Now, we said that this narration as it stands, with all of its details is weak. Okay, but
there are other narrations that tell us what that the Metcons actually used to do this, they actually did this. And it's authentic, that they would go to the people of the book, and they would ask them, give us something to ask this man. Right? You We are the people who have knowledge. So they will extract what they have. And they say ask him about this. So the authentic narration is about a rule. So in one incident, the Metcons they'll say give us something to ask him and they said ask him about a rule. So it was revealed is Aluna Can you rule the rule? Holman Emery Rob be here they ask you about a rule I say to them, of the rules are of the affairs of Allah azza wa jal that
belong to him, meaning, it's not your knowledge. This is knowledge that is with him, well, not with Tito, Minella ilmi Illa kalila, you're only been given a little bit of knowledge, mean Allah has a lot more that he did not share with you. So that is an incident that is authentic. And another incident that happened in Medina, this is without the mediation of the polytheists of Mecca, but the Jews themselves and it seems that the issue of a row who was of importance to them or a debate among them, so a group of them were passing by the prophets a lot he was hitting him one of them says, Ask him about a roof.
So some say you don't ask him because we're afraid that if you ask him he'll come back with something that you hate to hear.
Others said no, we're going to ask them so the ASK HIM
and the prophets Allah Allah wa salam just pauses for a little bit. And this idea was revealed again for for him or upon him. And there's a lunar kangaroo again, say a row is of the affairs that belongs to Allah azza wa jal, and you only been given a little bit of knowledge. So when they heard that you only been given a little bit of knowledge, the rabbi said, what we have been given only a little bit of knowledge, we had been given the knowledge of a Torah, and those who have the knowledge of a Torah have abundance of knowledge, okay? Then Allah azza wa jal revealed or re revealed the last area in Surah Alkaff Hullo kennelled Barrameda delicately, Matthew, Robbie says if
the sea was the ink for the words of Allah azza wa jal, the a the see will be exhausted, even if your work to bring many sees after it, meaning that the knowledge of Allah Azzawajal
L is inexhaustible compared to what you know. So compared to what you know, your knowledge is very small, right? Even if Allah had given you the Torah, right? So they did ask, that's one thing. And even you hear
in the Quran that they do ask you about Docker mean, right? says in the Quran, it says say that they ask you about the Quran. So somebody is asking is Ilona kangaroo? Somebody's asking? So it's very possible that they've asked them about these three things. Okay? It's just the narration itself is weak. And it's possible also, that the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam. Right, forgot to say insha Allah or don't say it's happened. Why would why? Why do we not say that it happened? Because we don't have solid evidence to say it actually happened. But we say it may have happened. And if it did happen, we say that Allah would have tested his Prophet alayhi salatu salam, like he tested whom
Sulayman Alayhis Salam because Surah Eman something similar to it happened so should a man as is reported in the Sunnah he said lot often the leader to Allah me it Marathi Tada oh very centered. Tada Amiata Ferris infeasibility la he said sir, a man was married to Allah a woman. So he says I'm gonna be intimate with 99 to 100 Women's tonight so that they will give birth to 90 Faris mighty soldiers who will fight for the sake of Allah azza wa jal. And he forgot to say what Insha Allah, so none of them got pregnant except one that brought half of human.
Okay, that's it. And if he had said, insha Allah, it would have happened.
So Allah azza wa jal just tested Sulaiman like that. And it's possible that this had been the case with the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam, or it's possible that he was speaking here to the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam to teach him that, but also through him us. Because that also happens in the Quran. Allah will speak to His prophet, and the intent is the listeners. Right? So it's possible either way, you will lo LM. So what is the direction here? What are the colon Malaysia in Indonesia? I don't Danika hudon Illa Yasha. Allah don't say to any thing. I'm doing this tomorrow, except if you add to it insha Allah? Why is that? Why is that because you do not know. And notice the
phrasing. I'm doing this tomorrow. This is happening tomorrow. Because you do not know if this can happen. Because what you're saying here tomorrow, this will take place. So how do you know that this will take place, you have no power over this. So when you say Insha Allah, you're reminding yourself that all power belongs to him, so he could stop it or we could allow it. And you're asking also for tayseer and baraka for ease so that this will take place and for the baraka when it takes place.
So, are we allowed a times right? To say,
I'm going to do this or I want to do this without insha Allah or must we always add in sha Allah? So the scholars have said he said, If you are telling them this will happen tomorrow? You have to say Inshallah, right. But if you're telling them about your intention right now, meaning, are you going to be here tomorrow you say yes.
And when used by you saying that you say yes, my intention now is that I'm going to be here tomorrow. If you're reporting your intention, you don't need to say insha Allah but if you say it, that's great. But if you're simply reporting the present, yes, my intention is to be here tomorrow. You don't need insha Allah because in sha Allah is for the future, but will he be here tomorrow? Meaning Yes, you will see him here in this spot, tomorrow you have to say in sha Allah,
right. And that is a that is a direction from Allah as of today's Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam and for everybody else, so that it will be as they see data only hydrated, if you want to actually be able to achieve this to reach it, elicit and bring the help of Allah azza wa jal by saying Insha Allah, in addition to what we said, Baraka Baraka in it, and they said that an O that is the next one, okay? And you can also may be attached to it or a benefit to it. If you say you Allah, He, I'm going to do this, and you soon attached to it in sha Allah, that cannot be considered a breaking promise that you would have to compensate for meaning Wallahi I'll bring you this tomorrow in sha
Allah, if you don't bring it right. By the way, unit tension shouldn't be that you want to
break the promise. But if you add to it, or preface with Insha Allah, then it's not going to be considered an oath that when broken you need to compensate by what, you know,
the fifth year, you don't, you're not gonna have to. So this is something good to keep in mind. If you want an exit, if you don't want to be really held responsible for it before Allah azza wa jal that says I took an oath and I have to fulfill it. So if you say well Allah He and then add Insha Allah, then there's a way out. If not, then you'd have to fulfill that oath or that promise that you meet.
So here when Allah says He continues, in that year sha Allah then he follows it by saying with CO Rebecca II, then a seat, it says And remember Allah when you forget, it means that if you forget to say Insha Allah, when you remember it, say it.
Right? When you remember it, say it is okay. What's the benefit now, since maybe an hour had passed, or a day has passed, is say, to get used to it and Baraka.
So if that thing that you're supposed to do has not happened yet, and you remember, after you've left after a people had were listening to you have left
and you said, oh Subhan Allah I forgot to say insha Allah say, insha Allah for what? To bring in the name of Allah azza wa jal for ease in achieving what you want to achieve and for the baraka than the name of Allah that will bring. So even if you forget, remember Allah by saying in sha Allah also right? It can have two other meanings to it. Right? And the more meanings that you find in the Quran, the better because it becomes more and more inclusive of Allah's guidance. So the other meaning is that if you forget Allah, meaning you become neglectful of him, and you catch yourself, remember him.
So if you're stray away, if you forget Allah's name, if you forget to recite the Quran, if you become angry and you forget to say our OB La Mina shaytani R rajim. Anything that takes you away from Allah xojo Nisha and Allah Fla heedlessness. And then you remember Allah azza wa jal remember him to bring you back. If you find yourself in that state, pull yourself back into the remembrance of Allah azza wa jal. So that's a second meaning. A third meaning is that if you forget something, remember Allah to help you remember it.
Okay, remember Allah to help you remember it, that if we say that forgetfulness or some forgetfulness is from the shaytaan as we will encounter in the story of Musa alayhis, salaam, warm and sunny who Illa shavasana and eth Cora, the thing that made me forget about the fish is the shaytaan.
The thing that made me forget about remembering it is the shaytaan. So the shaytaan at times could block your memory from certain things. So if the shaytaan is blocking, how do you remove him by remembering Allah zodion So that you would remember it back? Okay, so there is basis to ICT when a person forgets and he remembered Allah Zoda so that he would regain whatever he had forgotten, right? So what core Rebecca either in a seat, remember ALLAH, if you forget, remember these three meanings in them will call us and say SAE and Europe, Billy Acaba, minha, Russia, a say I hope that Allah will guide me to come closer to the truth in this matter. So this could be referenced to the
story of the people of the cave before the full story was revealed. So meaning that when you promise them and you want to say tomorrow, I will tell you say Insha Allah, and and so ask Allah azza wa jal, I hope from Allah that Allah will guide me to be closer to the truth beyond what I have at this time. So it could be about that story, or rather general, that this is a DUA, that whenever you are seeking guidance, whenever you want to plan something, that you make such a DUA, I hope from Allah I'm asking Allah to guide me to greater guidance in my affair, to be closer to the truth day after day. So a person who asked Allah azza wa jal in his future projects endeavors ask Allah azza wa jal
for ease and Baraka by saying Insha Allah, and then asks him to be guided to the truth through this dua or similar dua. Then Allah azza wa jal will facilitate the truth to him. Allah azza wa jal will facilitate guidance for him because he's reliant on Allah azza wa jal in terms of what yes I will do but only if Allah wills it and I'm asking you Allah to guide me to the truth. So I am better than what I'm out today. Right? That is the etiquette that is the dua that is teaching his prophet Allah He
Salatu was Salam, right?
The next area
he said subhanho wa Taala Would it be too few caffeine Thirith? Me I didn't see Nina was dead who decide they stayed in their cave 300 years and they are added nine.
And some scholars have said, you know, in the way that Allah azza wa jal had constructed it in this particular manner, it may be in reference to solar and lunar years. So, in solar years, they are 300. In lunar years, they are 309. So, that's an opinion of several people have Tafseer when they refer to this idea, some other people have said, they say we'll really have no evidence to state that the difference is intended by Allah as though did we simply say 309 years, if it corresponds to 300, and solar years, wonderful, but we can't say that that construction is because of the difference between solar and lunar Allahu Allah, but do actually
some of them have a city and they note the difference between the solar and the lunar year and that's why it's 300 and then plus nine, Allahu Allah. And then even though he told us how many years they stayed, still, Allah Azza askwoody, Allahu Allah, Mohammed Abu, Allah knows best how much time they spent with all of this, right? And that tells you that even in mathematics, right, even in very precise things, even if you know it, Allah Zota knows more about it than you do. Right? So you're always always dependent on Allah azza wa jal not like the people who say, Well, we've been given this knowledge or if we have this knowledge, we have a lot of it. You always will say I have a
little bit of it. Yeah, Allah give me more. So Allah knows best, how long they stayed. And definitely he knows what they went through. And definitely they he knows how long it took and how difficult or how easy all these details are with Allah as Odin we all know, we only have very superficial knowledge about the past. That's why Allah says, the whole day was similar to you or to him alone belongs, the hidden of the heavens and the earth, meaning he's the only one who knows it. Right? No angel knows it unless Allah teaches it.
No Prophet knows it, unless Allah teaches it. Otherwise, they wouldn't know whether it would be like any other human being. The Jinn do not know it because they are like the inside like human beings. So no one it like, intrinsically, innately has knowledge of the Unseen except to Allah xuejun. Okay, Allah azza wa jal knowledge is innate in him, no one teaches him. Right? Everybody else is taught. Everybody else is taught. And everybody else has limited their knowledge. Even Gibreel or the salon. Right? Even his Rafi mica a all of those, right? They have limited their knowledge and even Muhammad Ali Salatu was Salam. And we've discussed before we said that the Prophet alayhi salatu salam does
not know the light except that which Allah had taught him, right, otherwise doom. So when rain is going to fall, who is going to birth again give birth to whom this person is gonna go to Jana or hellfire, Allah azza wa jal only knows it. And the prophets would know it only when he teaches them, no labels somehow it will also be He Will Smith, he says, How well does he see and how well does he hear? How wonderful is his seeing? And how wonderful is his hearing mean that he sees everything and he hears everything? And if that Allah azza wa jal if that is our His qualities, then you would seek guidance from Him and you would seek knowledge from him because everybody else has limits in what
they see. Right? Even two people see the same thing, they will not report it the same way, right, the same thing, but they will not repeat the same thing. So Allah has knowledge is perfect and complete.
And humanity lacks that. So Allah continues Marla homing Dooney Himawari while are usually call few, how can we hit harder, it says they have no helper and supporter except him.
And he does not include anyone in his judgment. And that is the superiority of Allah Azzawajal in terms of what a who takes care of you and supports you. So this could be referenced to the story of the people of the cave, man whom in doing him in Bali, there is when Allah is your Willie see how he takes care of you. Alright, see how he took them. They were incomplete weakness and dependence. Our lead out our earlier no defenseless, there are no what to do. Allah took them and he protected them in the cave. And then he allowed them to exit and he made them a model and example when Allah is your wellI you are the strongest and those who oppose Allah
isodiol have no supporter and no protector and that makes them the weakest even though they may seem, or they may think that they are strong. Alright.
So when we come to the following story, we're not going to get to it today. But when it comes to the following story, you will understand that how you may think that you are very strong, but without Allah asserted, in fact, at that moment, you are the weakest. And the people of Eman are the strongest, even though they look that they're not strong either in number physically, financially, but they are strong because at that moment, Allah is with them. And this is how you will see the world differently than the people of the dunya do. What you should if you help me I had a he does not include anyone in his judgment. You're no one has an entrance or an exit or an inch in Allah's
judgment. And two types here hokum could refer to the creation or what he says, meaning in his creation, meaning if he creates anything, he doesn't consult anyone, no one suggests anything. He does it as he wishes subhanho wa taala. So he has no helpers. So this is one type of hokum
or you can say also another type of Helcom is what his words meaning the Quran, His commands, he does not consult anyone about how much does he obligate, how often does he obligated he obligated subhanho wa Taala as he wishes, now, usually COVID hekman Do not partners. Of course, the prophets Allah Selim can make dua, he can plead, he can implore, but he's not a shriek. He's not a partner, in the judgment of Allah azza wa jal, and that tells you that this judgment is emanating, is coming from the one who knows all and he sees all and he's all powerful. So his judgment in creation is complete. And what he says is complete His commands, his stories, his prohibitions are complete.
Now, it says if someone will ask the Where do I find this judgment? That this complete guidance? Where do I find it? Where do I seek it? How do I learn from it? The next is says what's normal? Oh, Haley came in Kitabi robic
follow and recite what had been revealed to you from the book of your Rob. That is this as his judgment is there. And his guidance is there. You seek it, you want it, you want to be enlightened by it. You don't have to look for it anywhere else with Luma Ohia elite coming kitab. You're at Tila here. And again, the more comprehensive the meaning, the better. It Tila means two things to read and to follow. So we say love it means both read it and follow it. Right. So it Lou Taylor, yeah. And Mr. Kobashi, what follows the thing teller, so read it
and follow it, because this has been revealed to you.
Okay, so in thinking about it, that this is something that live given to you. And this is Allah's revelation
that this is something really precious. So take it, and adopt it, and follow it esteeming that it is Allah's revelation, this is not the opinion of someone, or not the judgment of a council, or the most of the smartest people on Earth who came out and they said, This is how we were supposed to live and this is what you're supposed to eat, and what you're supposed to avoid. Because if they've done that a lot of people will listen to it. He says this is the one who created all of them, this had been revealed to you. So follow it. That means that attach yourself continuously to the book of Allah azza wa jal and don't be distant from it because it has Allah's judgment. And then Allah says
damn well, but did Attica Lee Marathi he, there is no changing of his words, what integrate them into any human data you will not find a refuge other than him.
Right. So there is no change for his words meaning, what? Again, his words meaning his what he said, or his words meaning what he created when he because he creates with B. So there is no change in them.
Because what Allah creates, stands out is no one can change it. Right? And what Allah says, right, no one should want to change it. So in the Quran, it's protected and other books they try to change it, but lamb Oba delicacy Marathi, he it means that no one should want to change it. If it means the words of Allah azza wa jal, the Quran protected, no one can change it. But it's not just simply that no one can change it. It's also the no one wants to change it or no one no one should want to change it. Why? If you read like a perfect novel, would you want to change anything in it?
You love the ending you want to mess with the ending you say want to leave the ending the way it is all the characters or what they said because you love it so much. You say no one should tamper with it because it's perfect, at least in your eyes. Perfect. It relates to my life. So leave it so in the Quran because it's perfect is no one should want to change it. So all these calls of the believers or disbelievers want to say at the Quran and lady had the Oba did change this Quran. They're doing this blindly and out of ignorance and stubbornness, but no one who can read the Quran would say it should change. Salaam Oba Dilek anima T. And no one has the power to change the words
of Allah azza wa jal what entered you them into an animal data you will not find a refuge besides Allah azza wa jal meaning if you want to turn left and right, no one can protect you if you want protection, except Allah as urgent.
And hear the whole idea in its totality could also mean that
follow and read the book of Allah azza wa jal or else you will not find anybody else to protect you. Right? All right, that is in life, you think about it, think about it, your protection is either going to come from Allah as origin, or no one else is going to protect, because nobody else can. And that protection and that knowledge is only going to come from the book of Allah azza wa jal, or you're going to what not fearing for a future or a protector. So you either follow this, or you will be alone, you will follow this, we will be distraught and in anguish, so that's why he tells his Prophet alayhi salatu salam, and he tells us hold on to the book of Allah azza wa jal, in terms of
recitation and in knowledge, and in practice, so you have to read it in order to follow it. Right? Otherwise, how will you follow it and you have to understand it in order to follow it. So make it a chain of read, understand and follow and value it as something unique that had come from Allah Zota that tells you something that nobody else on Earth can so that we can say that's the first protection that's the first refuge right? The next one is was bad enough soccer
was bad enough sec, Amanda, the United honorable home and sit patiently and be patiently with those who are calling upon the ROB Bilka to well ashy in the morning and in the evening, meaning at the end of the day, you really do in our chat there are seeking his face. What I do, I can home to reduce Xena tell HYAH to dunya don't look beyond them seeking the beauty of this life.
So there is a story behind this, which is that the people, the Mexicans and the Metcons there are classes, the very rich, and then you had the very poor. And those who accepted Islam predominantly in the beginning were those who were poor. So sad. I'm gonna be what costs are the yellow annual reports. That's it, I was sitting with Bilal, and so high and the likes of those Sahaba may Allah be pleased with them. And then some of the kuffaar they come to the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam. And he said, Seek as a gathering other than this gathering, or chase these people away because we don't want to be seen with them. Like our class, what we were right our smell and their smell, they
just don't go together. We don't want to sit if we want to talk to you. We don't want to sit and be sitting next to them because that is what denigrating
That's disgraceful. So kick them out, or a gathering for us different than theirs. And Susana will be will Casali Allahu Anhu he sits with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did not give him an answer. And he was mulling it over many, he's just simply thinking, because as a request, you must admit that it is very attractive. Right? And if people are not listening to you in Mecca, and now the rich and powerful they come and tell you give us our special own gathering. And you could say to yourself, well, what is wrong with it, at least I could talk to them later, they could change. So I'll remove the poor people, right? Those who smell those who look bad or shabby clothing or what
happened? Let's remove them. And let's let me talk to the elites. Maybe somehow I could convince them. So the Prophet Solomon was mulling it over it and then Allah has revealed this what was was enough circa Now you sit with them right? And don't look beyond them. So this tells you that that request that they were made was false. That request right was based on pride and arrogance, not really wanting to learn, but simply to argue right? Simply to put the Muslims down.
I'm simply they were seeing themselves better than them and they deserve something that is greater. So Allah azza wa jal is saying that this is not Islam. This is not Dawa. And this is not not the way that you're supposed to come into Islam. You come with humility, you come with submission and surrender to Allah azza wa jal not the other way. So that pride needs to go away. And Allah azza wa jal is not going to break the hearts of the believers for the sake of you.
So that's what he says these people whom they're criticizing, these are the people who are seeking Allah's face and Allah's pleasure. So he says, sit patiently with them.
Now, why does he tell his Prophet alayhi salaatu wa salaam to sit patiently with them?
And of course we are the followers. Because sitting patiently with them is not easy. Doing what they're doing is not easy. It needs a lot of patience. But suppose you find those people who are sitting patiently, day and night, calling on Allah azza wa jal by the way that does not mean that they do nothing except this, but they worship Allah azza wa jal so you find them in Salah, you find them in piano, they work and all of that, but they worship Allah azza wa jal continuously and consistently
Why is it difficult to be around them?
Because the shaytaan is going to come at your knifes is going to come and everybody else is going to come to convince you to go away.
So if you don't sit if you don't put yourself you don't force yourself in the beginning to be with them. You're not going to be able to do it, sit for an hour and do the Quran. So if I like that discipline, okay, how can I sit if I don't force myself I need to be somewhere else you say no sit for an hour. And then later on you could do whatever you want to do but an hour it for Allah azza wa jal just like you force yourself to fast, even though you may not feel like it, or half an hour for the good of Allah xojo But I don't feel like it because I don't have the habit. So you want me to sit with them? after fajr and the remembering Allah azza wa jal till sunrise, and you want me to sit
with them after us or maybe for an hour or two to remember Allah or even half an hour How will I do this is to force yourself and ask Allah for it, and keep forcing yourself until it becomes a habit. But you need the sub was bad enough sicker. And the fact he says that you need to be with them is telling you that that is also another refuge of yours. Because to try to do the right thing on your own is difficult. Right? You need reminders. You need those who will support you. You need those who will chase the shaytaan away. You need those who will tell you brother or sister This is wrong. This is right. Even if you dislike hearing this advice, but they will tell you, you need those who will
inspire you not to do haram because there's so many of them out there. You need those who are reminded to do halal. So if you're not around that group, how will you be in that refuge that will protect you like the people of the cave? You need the company
so it's been of circa you need to find them if they say I don't know where they are, ask Allah for them. Ask Allah for them, right like anything else. And when you find them, you be patient with them in their dua in their dhikr in their learning, sit patiently and understand that when you are patient with them, that Allah azza wa jal, Allah azza wa jal will forgive you your sins. Right? There's a hadith the meaning of it, the meaning of it is that those who are sit sit in the Halacha has of knowledge of remembrance of Allah azza wa jal, Allah azza wa jal will say to the angels, I have turned their good deeds, their bad deeds into good deeds.
So you say why do I get a gain from this that what do I gain from sitting and listening in circles of knowledge to things Hadith, Quran, sunnah and this and it's not always easy to sit and it's not always convenient to come. And you need to find with a fight with traffic sometimes fighting myself, fight with family. Why is it important to be here because you are actually helping your own self with your own Eman and then also you're helping everybody around you who sees you. He says so and so was here. You get used to people right or companions of the Halacha companions of Salah companions of the Friday prayer companions of righteousness. So when you see them you miss them their presence
encourages you to come and they'll ask you later on. Or where are you brother we didn't see you What were you sister we did not see you that's the good company that you want to keep. So here Allah as a real is highlighting this be patient with them. Because it does take a lot of patience, immense patience, you will have a lot of things that that want to take you away.
And he says what what i do i can home to reduce Xena tell HYAH dunya don't look beyond them seeking the beauty of this life because that's the distraction
Imagine yourself sitting in the company of Saad and Bilal, and Salman and what have you, and they are poor, but they are sincere. And next to them or not very far from them, there is another circle of the rich sitting over there. And they have the best of clothing and the best of food and the best of drinks, and the best of smells.
You're supposed to what if you're sitting in this halacha look only at people in this halacha and don't take glances at those in the other halacha? Because when you glance over there, what would you want to do? Move
because it's beautiful, and it's attractive. And so Allah is teaching you something very important about the dunya. If you're going to glance if you're going to look you will run after it.
If you want to protect yourself from that, you should stop looking Lata do I Inaka? No. Why are you looking to reduce Xena tell HYAH to dunya if this is what you want, this beauty of this life, they are seeking Allah you want to they want the beauty of this life, Allah will give you beauty in this life and more of it in the earth era. But if you're serious about this, don't look elsewhere. Right? Because you're not gonna learn, you're not going to learn, right? And subhanAllah you know, some of the a&e, even contemporary or late scholars of Islam. Some of them shave, they'll be sitting in a halacha.
And sometimes a person would walk right or a bird would fly, and they'll see the students looking at the bird. It's an extraordinary event, right? So they're looking at the bird. And they will scold them, and they say where are you looking in and where's your concentration? And what is your focus on a bird like it's enough for a bird to fly to distract you focus on this, right? Meaning be serious about it. Right. And so if you want the akhira be serious about it. Not like if you're driving down the ravine on the street, and whenever you see a fancy car you look at it and you want to see the model and the make and the year because you're fascinated with cars and every time you
pass by a wealthy neighborhood rich neighborhood you look at the houses now pick the order you want to estimate how many millions the cost and everybody you every time you pass by an expensive shop you look inside and you want to see how much the merchandise is there and how much they paid for it and could I afford it and could it not? All this is Xena to hieratic dunya so what is it that you want the Xena because that's the thing that you'll be thinking about the car and the House and the and and the brands and what have you
but if that is not your aim, free your mind of these things and focus on what benefits you Alright, so this is what he says
don't look at it. Okay, don't look at it to protect your heart and to protect your eyes and mind well how to terminate offend knuckle boohoo Andy Karina with Baba who again I'm rule Furuta and do not listen to the one that we had made his heart neglectful and heedless of us. And he followed his desire and his affairs were in loss.
So in addition to everything, someone is going to come and tell you when you're trying to be to follow the right path, someone is going to come and tell you, what are you doing.
So Allah, Allah is saying, don't listen to them. Someone is going to tell you you're wasting your life. You want to believe in the next life? You will live in heaven and hell. Aren't you wasting your life? Aren't you wasting your youth on these things? Go enjoy your life. Nothing is guaranteed. So Allah is saying this is going to be a fitna that you're going to face those who will come to them have you doubt the path of Allah ascertain by telling you leave it and discard it? So Allah is saying, look at them, and you'll understand whether they are worthy of listening to or not, who are they? So Allah azza wa jal says often knuckleball and decree now his heart does not remember us.
And he follows his desire and his affairs are in loss. It's easier to notice the last one, his affairs are in loss, look at his life, look at his focus priorities, what is good, what is important for him and not this tool will tell you who that person is. And by the way, this will allow alum is a progression
because it begins with a fun knucklebones Karina that when your heart is empty of the remembrance of Allah azza wa jal meaning ALLAH is not on the inside, it's empty. So you're absolutely not going to listen to Allah azza wa jal right to Allah is not the main thing here. So if on the inside you're not listening to Allah, what are you going to listen to?
And knifes you and how our right? What about our because you're going to follow your desire, whatever your desire tells you you're going to do? Because Allah and the desire are opposites.
If you're not listening to Allah, definitely listening to a desire, right? Sort of like you know what Allah in method Allah Allah's example is far above that a doctor who's telling you to die it or your your desire, you're listening to the doctor who's telling you don't eat and eat. Or you say, I'm not going to listen to him, I'm going to follow what what I feel like eating. So either Allah zoldan or desire. So if Allah is not there, you must follow something. And it has to be that that desire, and you follow your desire, you give it complete rain, the affairs will be endless, you will lose the earth era for sure. And you will lose the dunya as well. You wouldn't know what to do, who
he says, Oh, those are not examples. You don't listen to them, because they only going to come and try to invade whatever you're trying to do. And they're going to try to corrupt it. So he says these are not people to listen to, but rather you know, to listen to the pious and the righteous, even if they are poor, even if they are weak, listen to them because we'll Akeeba the outcome belongs to the righteous, or Lord. So I'm sorry, I took a little bit longer than what I intended, but I couldn't kind of leave without at least
summarizing the ayah So if there's more to say about it in sha Allah, I will do it in the law as of next time Inshallah, behind me, do we have a question? Or maybe two maybe yeah.
So I'm a sinner.
Na, Baraka Luffy. Exactly. So his question is that the prophets Allah is no prohibition for Omar not to read the Bible. He said, Is it because it's was simply the Quran was being revealed at that time? Or is it still applicable for us today? Who say that for the majority of Muslim it's applicable till today, those who should read or want to read the Bible would be specialists, and Mutasa. Soon, those who know what to take what to leave and how to deal with it, because if the average Muslim goes and picks up the Bible, first of all, he didn't even finish reading the Quran, it didn't finish understanding the Quran for you to jump into another book and try to digest it. Second, it may
present a temptation or a challenge for you if your Eman is not strong. If you don't know what to do with what you're reading, it could really test you and challenge you. So we say in with the hustlers the specialist, the specialist is someone who does what first understands Islam and has a proper foundation of it. And then he's focused on this for a reason. And he's doing comparative religion are focused on specific aspects of Christianity, Judaism or any other religion. So he goes to their books, so we don't have to, and He extracts from that what we need to see beyond that the average Muslim is say, you have enough to do okay without jumping into something else or lower
Baraka logic. And the other question
be this the same thing is the same better than the love or the Allah's permission? Insha Allah is the same thing right?
Getting the details,
what would you say to those who say, I will be answers?
Now, so what do we say to people, if we say, well don't argue and just state the details that are unmentioned, but nothing beyond it, that they will say that the Quran is missing other details right. So what do we say to that? How would you respond to it? We say that Allah azza wa jal willingly omitted these details. That is, it is clear in the Quran, unlike, you know, the Bible, the Bible has everything or not everything but a lot of details necessary. And a lot of it unnecessary. And a lot of it even is not reliable. But the Quran you can see it intentionally leaving out details and sometimes including some details, and they tell you that that happens for a reason. Because the
Quran extracts the lessons and tells you to focus on them and removes any other distraction by telling you this is not needed. Just focus on this and this and that. And you could see that clearly right when you are reading in some of the books that are commentaries on the Quran, when they start focusing on details that are taken from the people of the book, they miss the message of the Quran or Allah is focusing on so Allah has focused us on this, but some are saying no, we want to know about the names of these people and I want to know about the dates and we want to know about the location and even if you know all of that it still does not change the
essence and the lessons of this story. So we are saying that the details Had Allah who wanted to supply them he would have supplied them. And since Allah did not supply them, we cannot trust you with those details. So what we say is, this is sufficient for us, Allah Allah, if some of these data details, again, through the work of a specialist can provide a better, clearer picture, then there is no Vianney problem in taking them. But that is really the the work of the specialist, whether it's the people of Tafseer, or what have you, because they know how to go in what to extract and what to keep a sight of Allah, does that help
ensure they've lost one shot?
So say someone was trying to basically start practicing slavery.
And there's any use really, really hard to do certain
advice would you give them in terms of fruits? Like in terms of benefits?
No. So how to convince someone who's starting to practice Islam and is fighting certain aspects of it difficult, what do you say to them, to try to convince them to actually perform all of the
end I acknowledge first of all, the difficulty that that difficulty is common and some of it is inescapable that meet for the rest of your life, you may not be able to escape some of that difficulty, but that should not be determined. Because everything in life why you want to study you want to get a job, you want to get married, everything is difficult, and everything has a price. So for saying that this is the truth, it must come with a price. So understand it also as as a type of sacrifice and Jihad like a person who goes to jihad must lose something. So also when you're coming to Salah you must lose something right a little bit of time, a little bit of energy. You want to put
on the hijab, you must lose something but consider this a sacrifice for the sake of Allah azza wa jal and I mean feel that Allah is watching you as you are doing it. You're not doing it because somebody is forcing you. But Allah is watching you as you're doing it. And that's a sacrifice for his sake, the more that you feel closer to him subhanho wa Taala the better it is right? And if you don't mind, I can answer this question in sha Allah next week, so I don't delay people when they want to pray, but inshallah I'll keep it in mind and I will answer it more inshallah. Next week, Baraka lofi comm Subhanak Elohim decrescendo