Ahsan Hanif – Quran Tafseer – Page 85 – Gender Roles And Responsibilities

Ahsan Hanif
AI: Summary © The importance of men as drivers of their community is discussed, along with their responsibility to fulfill their responsibilities and desire for comfort. The speaker emphasizes the need for constant struggle and fighting to overcome fears and desire for forgiveness. The importance of showing proper self-use and avoiding showing one's image of oneself as evil is also emphasized. The responsibility of the Prophet sallal is also discussed, along with the importance of learning to be a dictator and avoiding prayer until fully infected. The importance of avoiding going to prayer in a certain state until fully infected is also emphasized.
AI: Transcript ©
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Welcome to another episode of our tafsir page

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by page. InshaAllah ta'ala. Today we are on

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page 85,

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which is in the 5th juz of the

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Quran

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in Surah and Nisa. In the previous episode,

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we mentioned a number of instructions that Allah

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gives concerning the role of the husband and

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the wife and the relationship between

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these two very important members of our community,

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every husband and every wife being the building

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blocks of the family because essentially they will

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then become parents.

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Those two people have a very important role

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in Islam and that is why the Sharia,

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whether it's in the Quran or through

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the sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa

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sallam mentions a number of instructions, guidelines, recommendations

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for these two people.

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Their rights that they have are important,

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their role and function that they play in

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the community is also extremely important.

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From the issues that Allah 'Azza wa Jal

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mentioned, as we touched upon in the previous

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episode is that men have a certain responsibility

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that Allah has given to them. And we

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spoke about how that responsibility

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should be understood

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in the correct context and always when Allah

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gives instructions like this, the best way to

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understand them is simply to look at the

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example of the Prophet and

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that is from the mercy of Allah and

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from the wisdoms of sending messengers

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with revelation, not just revelation by itself but

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a Messenger that brings that revelation, understands, explains

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and applies that revelation.

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So when Allah speaks about the husband being

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the head of the family, what does that

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mean? Let us look at the Prophet and

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the way in which he showed this. And

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the prophet salallahu alaihi wa sallam is as

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we know the best of examples. And so

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that is one of the issues that Allah

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subhanahu wa ta'ala mentioned in the previous verse.

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The role of the husband and wife therefore

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is extremely pivotal because those two people,

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once they have children by Allah's decree, they

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become parents, the mother and the father,

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their children essentially become the future of the

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community. They are the next generation.

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And so every

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group or every pairing of husband and wife

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that then become mother and father did their

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duty, upheld the responsibility that Allah has placed

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upon their shoulders to the best of their

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ability because no doubt guidance is from Allah

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and Allah is the one who ultimately

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guides and misguides, but the parents can only

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do what they can that is humanly possible

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in terms of fulfilling their responsibility,

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then Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala will honor and

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bless our communities. And that is something that

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you found

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and still find in certain communities.

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But you it has become especially

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in many societies now in the west and

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even to be fair in in the rest

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of the world, it is becoming the case

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now with those bonds are becoming looser, and

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that structure is becoming more fractured. And so

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we don't find that same level of due

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diligence and dedication that's been given now

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to our family members. And that's because sometimes

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people don't think that that's as important as

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perhaps getting money and earning an income and

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being able to buy certain things, comforts and

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so on. Whereas before, people considered families to

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be extremely important. And so sometimes, if I

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have to sacrifice

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a level of comfort, but ensure that I

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can give my children the education, the upbringing

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that they need, we would do so. But

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people now have certain different priorities.

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And so for us, as Muslims,

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we know that from the greatest means of

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sadaqatil jariyah, of continuous charity, is righteous children

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by Allah's permission. So therefore, if something looking

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at it from an Islamic point of view,

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a viewpoint of the akhira and reward, then

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note that those people, those children of ours,

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in terms of the time, the commitment, the

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effort,

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the the love, the support that we show

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to them, the education and tarbri that we

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give to them, they have an extremely important

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role not only in terms of societies and

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communities

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but in terms of our own legacy, what

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we leave behind and InshaAllah the reward that

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we can accumulate.

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Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala also mentioned

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the issue of differences between spouses and how

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they should appoint judges from their families to

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come and arbitrate and try to reconcile between

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them. And then Allah mentions to us the

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rights of other people, those in the community

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in general, from them are those people who

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have rights over us because of their situation,

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they are poor, they are orphans, they are

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needy

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and some of them have rights over us

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because of their connection to us and their

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relationship, their relatives, their parents, their neighbors and

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companions.

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So we begin Insha'Allah Ta'ala today from verse

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38 and that is the statement of Allah

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Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala.

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Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala is saying that he

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also does not like those who spend their

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wealth to show off,

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those who do not believe in him for

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the last day and indeed whoever has Shaitan

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as his companion

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has an evil companion.

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Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala says in this verse

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remember at the end of the last episode

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we mentioned those verses that Allah says that

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he doesn't like the arrogant,

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doesn't like those who are boastful, doesn't like

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those who are miserly, don't spend upon those

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in need and those who then order others

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to become miserly and not to be charitable

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and those who conceal the many bounties and

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blessings that Allah has bestowed upon them. And

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likewise from those people that Allah doesn't like,

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Allah mentions in this verse are those people

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who do spend but they only spend to

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show off not because they believe in Allah

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in the last day and that is those

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people who feel like they should spend or

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they want to spend to get the accolades

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of other people and their praise and to

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garner their affection. And so they will spend

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to show off, they will spend to impress,

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they will spend to show that they are

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charitable, that they are not haughty, they are

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not arrogant, that yes I have this money

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but I will give, they are not sincere

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in that sense.

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They don't do it for Allah and they

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don't do it for the last day. And

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often you will find that one of the

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major differences between those people,

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and I am speaking about Muslims here obviously,

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those people is that those people who spend

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sincerely for the sake of Allah azza wa

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Jal it doesn't make a difference to them

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whether they are known or unknown

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whether their names are mentioned or not mentioned,

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whether people acknowledge them or don't acknowledge them,

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whether people thank them or not because their

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main intention is the praise of Allah subhanahu

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wa ta'ala and it is the reward of

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Allah

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whereas those people who know they need to

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be known, their names need to be mentioned,

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they need to have a record, it needs

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to be photographed, documented, spread and shared. Often

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you find that those people have this internal

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maybe issue that they that they're struggling with

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between the sincerity aspect and between God willing

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the praise and the accolades of people and

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their and their affection. And so that is

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something which a person has to be wary

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of because we know that riya shaming off

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is something which destroys and nullifies deeds. Allah

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subhanahu wa ta'ala only accepts that which is

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purely and sincerely. 46 subhanahu wa ta'ala, may

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Allah

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give us

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sincerity and sincerity is one of those issues

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that needs constant

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struggle and fighting. Constantly you have to battle

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with your heart because Shaitan is ever present

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trying

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to take a person's intention and sincerity away

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from Allah

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and to dilute it by adding into it

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these other means and

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other paths that lead to dunya and so

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on and so forth.

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And

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so here Allah says that these people who

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show off and they spend in the way

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of Allah showing off then Allah Subhanahu wa

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ta'ala accepted from them, but rather they have

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followed the path of Shaitan, and whoever Shaitan

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becomes their companion, then what an evil companion.

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And so all of us have as we

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know, as the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, a

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devil that runs through us, he is constantly

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whispering to us, constantly

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commanding us and encouraging and prompting us to

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disobey Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. And then we

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have also our fitra and our conscious that

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tells us to worship Allah Azza wa Jal,

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our Iman that points us towards Allah Subhanahu

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Wa Ta'ala.

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And if we choose

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as a companion Shaitaan,

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then that is a sign of evil, but

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rather we have to battle Shaitaan and his

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temptations and within that there is a great

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reward and a great honor from Allah Subhanahu

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Wa Ta'ala because Allah knows how difficult that

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can be especially at certain times, in certain

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cases, in certain circumstances, it can be extremely

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difficult and that is why Allah azza wa

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Jal praises those people who are able to

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overcome the whisperings of Shaitaan and Allah azza

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wa Jal has opened the door of forgiveness

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and tawba for those people who sometimes fall

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into the temptations of Shaitaan, but then they

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regret what they did and turn back to

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their Lord seeking his forgiveness Subhanahu wa ta'ala.

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Allah says in verse number 39.

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And what harm would it do to them

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to believe in Allah in the last day

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and to give charitably from the sustenance that

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Allah has given to them. Indeed Allah knows

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them well.

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These last couple of verses, the last verse

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we took in the previous episode

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and the verse that we took before this

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verse 38 and now verse 39 speaks about

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these attributes of these people and they are

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primarily disbelievers.

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But these verses that speak about the disbelievers,

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those attributes can apply to the believers as

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well. The difference is that the person has

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already committed shirk, they don't worship Allah ajaw

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and then they have these other attributes that

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are evil.

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The believer who does worship Allah, believes in

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Allah, has the Tawhid of Allah Azza wa

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Jal has to be wary lest some of

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those attributes apply to them. So you can

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be a Muslim and you can show off.

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You can be a Muslim and you can

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be arrogant. You can be a Muslim and

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be miserly and order others or encourage others

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to be miserly. You can be a Muslim

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and you can do certain things that Allah

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is mentioning in these verses such as boasting

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and so on. And so the Muslim has

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to be careful. They have to be mindful.

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Why? Because if that becomes your norm and

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that's something which becomes your, you know, part

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and parcel of your character,

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then either it will lead to you sinning

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and disobeying Allah

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or your good deeds being nullified because of

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certain things like showing off taking place or

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you may at the extreme level even lead

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towards rejection of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala and

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some of his Sharia. And that's why arrogance

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is so so, pride and arrogance is so

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dangerous. That's why showing off is so dangerous.

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That's why the prophet

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told us that there are certain signs of

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hypocrisy.

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Stay away from them. The one who speaks

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and he lies, the one who breaks his

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promises, the one who doesn't fulfill his trust,

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that doesn't mean that the Muslim who breaks

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his promise is a monafiq, he's a hypocrite,

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but it means that that's a sign of

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hypocrisy. Be careful because if you do that

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often and that becomes your norm

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then you may lead it may lead you

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to the greater hypocrisy which is rejection of

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Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. But even at the

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smaller level, it is still hypocrisy because hypocrisy

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is being 2 faced. So likewise, the Muslim

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has to be aware of arrogance

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because today you're just being arrogant in terms

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of the way that you're looking down upon

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someone, but tomorrow your arrogance leads you to

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rejecting

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certain parts of Allah's laws and that is

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dangerous to say that Allah is a wajat,

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I don't agree that that's obligatory, I don't

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agree that that's from the religion of Allah,

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I don't agree that that applies to me.

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That's a very dangerous thing to have and

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we see that in our time. We see

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people saying, oh, I don't think I have

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to wear the hijab. I don't think I

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have to pray. I don't think I should

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have to give the zakah. I don't think

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that riba is haram for me or whatever

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it may be. These types of assertions, these

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types of it is coming from a place

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in which there is also arrogance and that

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is that a person doesn't humble themselves before

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Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala and know their true

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place, that their place and and purpose in

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this life is servitude, one of submission to

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their Lord and creator Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. So

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Allah says in verse number 39 that those

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people who refuse to spend in the way

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of Allah, those people who don't believe in

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Allah in the last day, wama dhaa'arihi, wahaam

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would he do?

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Especially if a person doesn't think that there

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is anything coming after this life, There's nothing

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else anyway.

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What harm would it do to you to

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on the side of caution? Someone is saying

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to you that if you go down that

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road,

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you may be punished.

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Maybe there's a trap there, maybe there's some

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harm there, maybe you'll die down that road.

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But on this road, I know that there's

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nothing that's going to happen to you. A

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sensible person, if they had that choice in

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this life, they would say, okay, let me

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on the side of caution and I'll take

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this path just in case on that path

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there's some harm or some death or destruction

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that will occur to me. Allah is saying

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that there would have been no harm upon

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them had they simply believed in Allah, believed

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in your mumqiama, believed and given childably from

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that which Allah has provided for them. Indeed

00:13:06 --> 00:13:06

Allah

00:13:07 --> 00:13:08

knows them well.

00:13:09 --> 00:13:11

In verse number 4 2 Allah says

00:13:22 --> 00:13:24

He does not wrong anyone by as much

00:13:24 --> 00:13:26

as the weight of a speck of dust.

00:13:26 --> 00:13:28

He doubles any good deed and gives a

00:13:28 --> 00:13:30

tremendous reward of his own.

00:13:30 --> 00:13:32

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala says that Allah does

00:13:32 --> 00:13:33

not oppress.

00:13:34 --> 00:13:35

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala as the prophet told

00:13:35 --> 00:13:37

us salallahu alayhi wa sallam in the hadith

00:13:37 --> 00:13:38

al Qudsi that Allah said,

00:13:48 --> 00:13:51

haram upon myself, Allah made it prohibited upon

00:13:51 --> 00:13:52

himself

00:13:52 --> 00:13:54

and therefore I have made it prohibited amongst

00:13:54 --> 00:13:56

you, so do not oppress one another.

00:13:57 --> 00:14:00

Allah does not oppress and Allah does not

00:14:00 --> 00:14:02

love oppression and oppression is to take something

00:14:02 --> 00:14:04

from its rightful place and to put it

00:14:04 --> 00:14:07

somewhere else, to not fulfill someone's rights, to

00:14:07 --> 00:14:10

withhold someone's rights, to harm them in a

00:14:10 --> 00:14:12

way or to oppress them in some other,

00:14:12 --> 00:14:14

these are all types of oppression.

00:14:14 --> 00:14:16

Allah ahsawwajal does not oppress

00:14:17 --> 00:14:18

even in the smallest amount,

00:14:19 --> 00:14:21

an atom's weight of oppression. Allah subhanahu wa

00:14:21 --> 00:14:23

ta'ala does not perform.

00:14:23 --> 00:14:25

And so therefore what a person receives,

00:14:26 --> 00:14:28

they receive either because of the good that

00:14:28 --> 00:14:29

he did, in which case Allah

00:14:30 --> 00:14:31

through his favor and his mercy and his

00:14:31 --> 00:14:33

bounty increases and multiplies

00:14:34 --> 00:14:36

or they receive because of the evil that

00:14:36 --> 00:14:37

they did in which case from the justice

00:14:37 --> 00:14:39

of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala and his fairness

00:14:39 --> 00:14:42

is that they received exactly that which they

00:14:42 --> 00:14:44

did. So when you do a good deed

00:14:44 --> 00:14:47

Allah multiplies it by 10 up to 700

00:14:47 --> 00:14:49

and more if you wish. Subhanahu wa ta'ala.

00:14:49 --> 00:14:51

So for one deed, the least that you

00:14:51 --> 00:14:54

will receive is 10 times its reward. But

00:14:54 --> 00:14:56

when it comes to evil deeds, Allah only

00:14:56 --> 00:14:58

gives you 1, Allah doesn't multiply,

00:14:59 --> 00:15:02

Allah doesn't increase but Allah gives you exactly

00:15:02 --> 00:15:03

what you have. And that is why in

00:15:03 --> 00:15:05

the hadith al Qudsi the Prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:15:05 --> 00:15:07

wa sallam said that Allah said the old

00:15:07 --> 00:15:09

child of Adam

00:15:20 --> 00:15:22

O children of Adam, these are your deeds.

00:15:22 --> 00:15:24

All I do is record them and then

00:15:24 --> 00:15:26

I will recompense you for them on the

00:15:26 --> 00:15:28

day of judgement. Reward or punishment.

00:15:29 --> 00:15:31

Allah just records and then he will judge

00:15:31 --> 00:15:33

and he will give you your dual recompense.

00:15:33 --> 00:15:35

So Allah ajd then says in the hadith

00:15:35 --> 00:15:36

al Qudsi, so

00:15:37 --> 00:15:39

if you find good, then praise Allah. Why?

00:15:39 --> 00:15:41

Because Allah has multiplied,

00:15:41 --> 00:15:43

Allah has increased, Allah has given you more

00:15:43 --> 00:15:45

than that which you deserved.

00:15:45 --> 00:15:47

And if you find other than good, meaning

00:15:47 --> 00:15:49

evil, then don't blame anyone except yourself

00:15:50 --> 00:15:52

because Allah gave to you exactly that which

00:15:52 --> 00:15:54

you did in terms of evil deeds. And

00:15:55 --> 00:15:56

that is what Allah azza wa ji says

00:15:56 --> 00:15:58

in verse number 40 and if it is

00:15:58 --> 00:15:59

a good deed, Allah

00:16:01 --> 00:16:01

will multiply

00:16:02 --> 00:16:04

it. Allah will multiply it.

00:16:06 --> 00:16:07

And he will give to you a tremendous

00:16:07 --> 00:16:09

reward of his own. And that is why

00:16:09 --> 00:16:11

the prophet told us, salallahu alayhi wa sallam,

00:16:11 --> 00:16:13

showing to us how this works in terms

00:16:13 --> 00:16:15

of good and evil deeds. The prophet said

00:16:15 --> 00:16:17

that if a person has

00:16:17 --> 00:16:18

a a,

00:16:19 --> 00:16:22

a serious conviction, a sincere intention to do

00:16:22 --> 00:16:24

a good deed, Allah records it as a

00:16:24 --> 00:16:26

good deed even if they don't do it.

00:16:26 --> 00:16:28

And if they do it, then Allah multiplies

00:16:28 --> 00:16:30

it by 10 to 700 and maybe much

00:16:30 --> 00:16:31

more.

00:16:31 --> 00:16:33

And if a person does an evil deed,

00:16:34 --> 00:16:37

meaning they have the conviction to do it,

00:16:37 --> 00:16:38

then Allah records it as 1 and they

00:16:38 --> 00:16:40

do it. And if they have the evil

00:16:40 --> 00:16:42

conviction and then they stop,

00:16:42 --> 00:16:44

they turn away, they turn back to Allah

00:16:44 --> 00:16:46

azza wa Jal, Allah doesn't record it and

00:16:46 --> 00:16:48

Allah forgives them for it. And so therefore

00:16:48 --> 00:16:50

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala is all merciful and

00:16:50 --> 00:16:52

all just subhanahu wa ta'ala.

00:16:53 --> 00:16:55

In verse 41, Allah aza wa jal then

00:16:55 --> 00:16:55

says,

00:17:04 --> 00:17:05

Allah

00:17:05 --> 00:17:07

says that Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala,

00:17:08 --> 00:17:10

what will they do when we bring a

00:17:10 --> 00:17:12

witness from each community with you or Muhammad

00:17:12 --> 00:17:15

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam as a witness against these

00:17:15 --> 00:17:18

people. Allah will draw from every nation witnesses

00:17:18 --> 00:17:20

that will testify against them as to whether

00:17:20 --> 00:17:23

they worship Allah alone, whether they obeyed their

00:17:23 --> 00:17:25

Prophet and Messengers that Allah sent to them.

00:17:25 --> 00:17:27

And from all of those witnesses then that

00:17:27 --> 00:17:29

are grown, the

00:17:29 --> 00:17:31

Prophet will be witness over them. And so

00:17:31 --> 00:17:33

this hadith shows to us the level, the

00:17:33 --> 00:17:36

station, but also the responsibility that was given

00:17:36 --> 00:17:37

to the Prophet

00:17:38 --> 00:17:39

and responsibility.

00:17:39 --> 00:17:41

We were speaking in the last episode about

00:17:41 --> 00:17:44

the responsibility of the husband. We said the

00:17:44 --> 00:17:46

best of people in positions of responsibility whether

00:17:46 --> 00:17:47

it's the husband

00:17:47 --> 00:17:49

or for example the the the employer

00:17:49 --> 00:17:50

or the leader

00:17:51 --> 00:17:52

of a of a of a state or

00:17:52 --> 00:17:53

someone, the best of them are those who

00:17:53 --> 00:17:54

understand that responsibility

00:17:55 --> 00:17:57

and it humbles them and makes them serve

00:17:57 --> 00:17:59

others. Look at this example here, from all

00:17:59 --> 00:18:02

of Allah's creation, the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam

00:18:02 --> 00:18:03

will be the one who will witness over

00:18:03 --> 00:18:05

all of them. In the hadith of Abdullah

00:18:05 --> 00:18:08

ibn Mus'ud radiAllahu an, the prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:18:08 --> 00:18:10

wasallam asked ibn Mus'ud to recite from the

00:18:10 --> 00:18:13

Quran. And ibn Mus'ud said, oh, messenger of

00:18:13 --> 00:18:15

Allah, should I recite when the Qur'an was

00:18:15 --> 00:18:17

revealed to you?' The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa

00:18:17 --> 00:18:19

sallam replied that indeed I love to hear

00:18:19 --> 00:18:21

others reciting it. And Ibn Mus'ud was known

00:18:21 --> 00:18:23

to be from the most fluent and

00:18:24 --> 00:18:26

most profound reciters of the book of Allah

00:18:26 --> 00:18:27

Azzawajal.

00:18:28 --> 00:18:30

So he started to recite from Suratul Nisa,

00:18:31 --> 00:18:33

and he continued to recite until he reached

00:18:33 --> 00:18:36

this verse, verse number 41 and recited this

00:18:36 --> 00:18:38

verse and the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:18:38 --> 00:18:40

said, too, enough. When Ibn Mus'ud raised his

00:18:40 --> 00:18:41

head and he looked at the Prophet he

00:18:41 --> 00:18:42

saw tears

00:18:43 --> 00:18:43

from his eyes

00:18:45 --> 00:18:47

because here the Prophet is being told that

00:18:47 --> 00:18:48

this is his responsibility.

00:18:48 --> 00:18:49

But look at what he does to him,

00:18:49 --> 00:18:52

it humbles him, makes him fear Allah

00:18:52 --> 00:18:55

makes him understand the gravity of the responsibility

00:18:55 --> 00:18:57

that Allah has placed upon his shoulders.

00:18:58 --> 00:19:00

So likewise should be the leader, likewise should

00:19:00 --> 00:19:03

be the employer, likewise should be the teacher

00:19:03 --> 00:19:04

and the husband and the father and the

00:19:04 --> 00:19:07

mother. Allah is placed upon you a responsibility.

00:19:08 --> 00:19:10

Don't think that gives you the right to

00:19:10 --> 00:19:11

be a dictator, the right to be a

00:19:11 --> 00:19:13

despot, the right to be a tyrant. What

00:19:13 --> 00:19:15

it should do is humble you and make

00:19:15 --> 00:19:17

you understand that just as Allah gave you

00:19:17 --> 00:19:18

that responsibility,

00:19:18 --> 00:19:20

that means that you have more scope to

00:19:20 --> 00:19:21

do wrong and

00:19:22 --> 00:19:24

oppression and as a result of that Allah

00:19:24 --> 00:19:26

may punish you. And so this is something

00:19:26 --> 00:19:29

which humbled the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam.

00:19:30 --> 00:19:32

In verse number 42, Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

00:19:32 --> 00:19:33

then continues and says,

00:19:44 --> 00:19:46

On that day, those who disbelieved and disobeyed

00:19:46 --> 00:19:47

the Prophet

00:19:47 --> 00:19:49

will wish that the earth could swallow them

00:19:49 --> 00:19:50

up.

00:19:50 --> 00:19:52

They will not be able to hide anything

00:19:52 --> 00:19:55

from Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala. An yumul qiyama,

00:19:55 --> 00:19:57

when the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam and

00:19:57 --> 00:19:59

those witnesses are drawn from every nation and

00:19:59 --> 00:20:01

they will testify upon those people and from

00:20:01 --> 00:20:03

those witnesses as we know and as we

00:20:03 --> 00:20:04

mentioned at the beginning of the second juz

00:20:04 --> 00:20:06

of the Quran in Surat Al Baqarah, from

00:20:06 --> 00:20:09

those witnesses also will be us, the Muslim

00:20:09 --> 00:20:11

Ummah, the Ummah of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi

00:20:11 --> 00:20:12

Wasallam because Allah

00:20:12 --> 00:20:14

says that Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala will make

00:20:14 --> 00:20:17

us witnesses as well. We will testify to

00:20:17 --> 00:20:17

the truthfulness

00:20:18 --> 00:20:20

of the Prophet and Messengers and what they

00:20:20 --> 00:20:20

brought

00:20:21 --> 00:20:22

as a result of what Allah revealed

00:20:23 --> 00:20:24

to us in this Quran and what the

00:20:24 --> 00:20:27

Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam brought to us. Allah

00:20:28 --> 00:20:29

will say that those people then on the

00:20:29 --> 00:20:31

day of judgement on yomul qiyama

00:20:31 --> 00:20:35

who refused to believe, who rejected their prophets

00:20:35 --> 00:20:35

and messengers,

00:20:36 --> 00:20:38

rejected for example, in this time our Prophet

00:20:38 --> 00:20:39

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

00:20:40 --> 00:20:42

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala says that,

00:20:43 --> 00:20:45

those people will wish that they would be

00:20:45 --> 00:20:46

destroyed,

00:20:46 --> 00:20:49

that the earth would simply swallow them up,

00:20:49 --> 00:20:51

that they will not be in existence and

00:20:51 --> 00:20:53

that is because they will know the reality

00:20:53 --> 00:20:55

of that day that they will now have

00:20:55 --> 00:20:56

an eternity of punishment.

00:20:56 --> 00:20:58

They would rather die and be destroyed.

00:20:59 --> 00:21:01

That is why the Prophet told us that

00:21:02 --> 00:21:03

when all of the people of Jannah enter

00:21:03 --> 00:21:05

into Jannah and are settled therein

00:21:05 --> 00:21:07

and all of the people of the fire

00:21:07 --> 00:21:09

are in the fire and are settled therein,

00:21:09 --> 00:21:09

Allah

00:21:10 --> 00:21:12

will bring out death in the form of

00:21:12 --> 00:21:13

a ram, an animal,

00:21:13 --> 00:21:15

and it will be slaughtered. And then it

00:21:15 --> 00:21:17

will be said to the people of Jannah,

00:21:20 --> 00:21:22

for you is eternity and no death. And

00:21:22 --> 00:21:23

it will be said to the people of

00:21:23 --> 00:21:25

the fire, you ahlanaar or people of the

00:21:25 --> 00:21:26

fire,

00:21:27 --> 00:21:29

there is for you also eternity and no

00:21:29 --> 00:21:30

death.

00:21:30 --> 00:21:32

And so those people will want to be

00:21:32 --> 00:21:35

destroyed as Allah Azzawaj will mention in the

00:21:35 --> 00:21:37

forthcoming surah and verse that they will call

00:21:37 --> 00:21:39

out the people of the fire to the

00:21:39 --> 00:21:41

guardian of the fire, the angel that is

00:21:41 --> 00:21:41

in charge

00:21:42 --> 00:21:43

or charged

00:21:43 --> 00:21:45

with the, guardianship of the fire. His name

00:21:45 --> 00:21:47

is Madik. They will say

00:21:50 --> 00:21:51

They will call out to Malik saying, Malik,

00:21:51 --> 00:21:54

oh, Malik, let your Lord destroy us in

00:21:54 --> 00:21:57

this fire. We would rather be destroyed than

00:21:57 --> 00:21:57

this

00:21:58 --> 00:22:00

incessant punishment that we are suffering. And he

00:22:00 --> 00:22:01

will say, you

00:22:02 --> 00:22:05

will remain therein forever. May Allah save us

00:22:05 --> 00:22:06

from that punishment.

00:22:07 --> 00:22:09

The final verse that we will take

00:22:09 --> 00:22:12

in today's episode, verse number 43, Allah subhanahu

00:22:12 --> 00:22:13

wa ta'ala then says,

00:22:52 --> 00:22:54

Oh, you who believe do not come anywhere

00:22:54 --> 00:22:56

near the prayer if you are intoxicated,

00:22:56 --> 00:22:58

not until you know what you are saying,

00:22:58 --> 00:23:00

nor if you are in a state of

00:23:00 --> 00:23:02

major ritual impurity, though you may pass through

00:23:02 --> 00:23:04

the masjid, not until you have bathed, if

00:23:04 --> 00:23:06

you are ill on a journey, have relieved

00:23:06 --> 00:23:09

yourselves or at * and cannot find any

00:23:09 --> 00:23:11

water, then find some clean sand and wipe

00:23:11 --> 00:23:13

your faces and hands with it. You need

00:23:13 --> 00:23:15

Allah is always ready to pardon and forgive.

00:23:16 --> 00:23:18

In this verse, we have a number of

00:23:18 --> 00:23:20

points that Allah 'azawajal mentions to us. The

00:23:20 --> 00:23:23

first of them is one of the stages

00:23:23 --> 00:23:26

in the prohibition of intoxicants and alcohol.

00:23:26 --> 00:23:28

So in the time of the prophet as

00:23:28 --> 00:23:29

we know before Islam came, it was very

00:23:29 --> 00:23:32

rampant and very common place that the people

00:23:32 --> 00:23:33

would drink intoxicants.

00:23:34 --> 00:23:36

Islam then came and eventually prohibited this, but

00:23:36 --> 00:23:38

it was prohibited in 3 stages. The first

00:23:38 --> 00:23:39

stage

00:23:39 --> 00:23:41

is, as as we mentioned in the previous

00:23:41 --> 00:23:44

verse, that people asked concerning intoxicants and Allah

00:23:45 --> 00:23:46

said that there is sin in it but

00:23:46 --> 00:23:48

also some benefit but the sin at which

00:23:48 --> 00:23:50

outweighs the benefit.

00:23:50 --> 00:23:51

That is simply Allah

00:23:51 --> 00:23:53

saying that it is better to stay away.

00:23:53 --> 00:23:56

That's not a prohibition, that's the first stage,

00:23:56 --> 00:23:58

better to stay away. The second stage is

00:23:58 --> 00:23:59

this verse

00:23:59 --> 00:24:00

that Allah

00:24:00 --> 00:24:02

says, don't come to the prayer in a

00:24:02 --> 00:24:02

state of intoxication.'

00:24:03 --> 00:24:05

Meaning now 5 times a day Fajrulullahuhur Asa

00:24:05 --> 00:24:08

Madri Bin Isha, stay away from it. So

00:24:08 --> 00:24:09

the majority of the day and night, stay

00:24:09 --> 00:24:11

away, but there's still times in which people

00:24:11 --> 00:24:13

can drink and so on because the time,

00:24:13 --> 00:24:15

for example, between risha and fajr is a

00:24:15 --> 00:24:17

number of hours and so on. But generally

00:24:17 --> 00:24:19

speaking, stay away from it. This is the

00:24:19 --> 00:24:21

second stage and the third stage is the

00:24:21 --> 00:24:22

one that we will come to inshaAllah ta'ala

00:24:22 --> 00:24:25

in Suratul Alaihaam where Allah prohibits it outright.

00:24:25 --> 00:24:27

So this was now the 2nd stage and

00:24:27 --> 00:24:28

that is that Allah Azzawaju said don't come

00:24:28 --> 00:24:30

to the prayer in the state of intoxication

00:24:30 --> 00:24:32

that you're worshipping Allah and calling upon Allah

00:24:32 --> 00:24:34

and you don't even know what you're saying.

00:24:34 --> 00:24:36

Likewise, a person who is in a state

00:24:36 --> 00:24:38

of major ritual impurity

00:24:38 --> 00:24:39

which is either through intimacy,

00:24:40 --> 00:24:42

sexual intimacy or it is for example a

00:24:42 --> 00:24:45

woman that's been on her monthly cycle or

00:24:45 --> 00:24:47

postpartum bleeding after childbirth,

00:24:47 --> 00:24:49

those people should not enter into the Masjid.

00:24:49 --> 00:24:51

In the state of major ritual impurity,

00:24:51 --> 00:24:53

there are certain things that you can't do,

00:24:53 --> 00:24:55

like for example praying, like for example making

00:24:55 --> 00:24:57

tawaf and so on. And from those things

00:24:57 --> 00:24:59

that you cannot do is you cannot sit

00:24:59 --> 00:25:00

in the masjid.

00:25:00 --> 00:25:02

You can't stay in the masjid unless you're

00:25:02 --> 00:25:04

simply passing through.

00:25:04 --> 00:25:06

So if someone is passing through, they need

00:25:06 --> 00:25:07

to pass through, it is permissible. But for

00:25:07 --> 00:25:09

them to come and sit in the Masjid

00:25:09 --> 00:25:11

in that state, it is not befitting because

00:25:11 --> 00:25:13

of this command of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

00:25:13 --> 00:25:15

and because that person is in a state

00:25:15 --> 00:25:16

of major, major ritual impurity

00:25:17 --> 00:25:19

unless they make Ikhdisat, unless they take that

00:25:19 --> 00:25:21

ritual bath that will then cleanse them.

00:25:22 --> 00:25:24

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala then says and if

00:25:24 --> 00:25:25

you are ill

00:25:26 --> 00:25:27

or you are sick

00:25:28 --> 00:25:29

or one of you has now relieved yourselves

00:25:30 --> 00:25:31

or you've had *

00:25:32 --> 00:25:34

and you can't find water. This is now

00:25:34 --> 00:25:35

the verse of Tayamu.

00:25:35 --> 00:25:36

So we know that the way that you

00:25:36 --> 00:25:38

come out of the state of minor or

00:25:38 --> 00:25:39

major ritual impurity

00:25:40 --> 00:25:42

is that you must cleanse yourself. For minor

00:25:42 --> 00:25:44

ritual impurity, it is wudu. For major ritual

00:25:44 --> 00:25:47

impurity, it is ghusl or the ritual bathing.

00:25:48 --> 00:25:50

However, if a person is in one of

00:25:50 --> 00:25:52

those 2 states, minor or major ritual impurity

00:25:53 --> 00:25:55

and they can't access water, either they don't

00:25:55 --> 00:25:57

have water or they're not able to use

00:25:57 --> 00:25:59

water. Some people because of the illness or

00:25:59 --> 00:26:01

an ailment that they have, to use water

00:26:01 --> 00:26:03

would make their situation worse. So they must

00:26:03 --> 00:26:06

avoid water for a temporary period of time

00:26:06 --> 00:26:08

or they don't have access to water. Maybe

00:26:08 --> 00:26:10

they're travelling and they don't have access to

00:26:10 --> 00:26:12

any water. Then the sharia says that you

00:26:12 --> 00:26:14

can make tayamum. What is tayamum? It is

00:26:14 --> 00:26:17

to strike clean earth the ground and to

00:26:17 --> 00:26:19

wipe over your hands and your face as

00:26:19 --> 00:26:19

Allah

00:26:19 --> 00:26:21

commands in this particular verse to wipe over

00:26:21 --> 00:26:23

the face and the hands and Allah

00:26:24 --> 00:26:26

is always ready and pardon to ready to

00:26:26 --> 00:26:28

forgive and to pardon and this is from

00:26:28 --> 00:26:30

the mercy of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala that

00:26:30 --> 00:26:31

Allah

00:26:31 --> 00:26:34

opened for people this door of Tayamun and

00:26:34 --> 00:26:36

this is something which will be repeated again

00:26:36 --> 00:26:38

in Surah Al Maidah InshaAllah Ta'ala when we

00:26:38 --> 00:26:40

get to that particular verse we will speak

00:26:40 --> 00:26:41

about one of the or the reason and

00:26:41 --> 00:26:43

the cause of this revelation, which is the

00:26:43 --> 00:26:46

incident that took place with our mother Aisha

00:26:46 --> 00:26:48

radiAllahu anha inshaAllah ta'ala. We will mention it

00:26:48 --> 00:26:50

there. There is one verse that is left

00:26:50 --> 00:26:52

on this page, but we will inshallah delay

00:26:52 --> 00:26:53

that to the next episode because it is

00:26:53 --> 00:26:55

connected with the verses that will come on

00:26:55 --> 00:26:57

to the next page. So inshallah with that

00:26:57 --> 00:26:58

we conclude

00:26:58 --> 00:26:59

today's particular episode.

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