Ahsan Hanif – Quran Tafseer – Page 72 – Calamities Can Be Tests Or Expiation

Ahsan Hanif
AI: Summary © The speakers discuss the importance of Allah's statement about actions and the importance of providing perspective to understand one's past experiences. They emphasize the importance of showing immediate repercussions of sin and dis comply with commands and actions to avoid negative consequences. The speakers also discuss the history of Islam, including predictions of a battle between two armies and actions of Islamists against Muslims. The importance of the holy grail and its recognition by the Bible is also emphasized. The sermon on the importance of the Hayran language in protecting Muslims from evil behavior is offered.
AI: Transcript ©
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Welcome to another episode of our page by

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page. Insha'Allah Ta'ala. Today we are on page

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number 72 of the Quran which is the

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4th Jewish surah to early Imran.

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And we are coming now towards the very

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end of this passage of this long topic

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and subject matter that Allah

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has discussed in Surat Aliramran and that is

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the battle of Uhud.

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And Allah

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will conclude in this next in this episode,

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and some of the next episodes, some of

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the issues that are remaining with regards to

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this particular, with this particular battle that took

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place in the 30 of the Hijra during

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the lifetime the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam.

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In the previous episode, we spoke about how

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Allah azza wa Jal spoke about the importance

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of the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam being of

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a good disposition,

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having good character, being gentle, being kind, being

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merciful towards the believers. And had he been

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the opposite, harsh,

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hard

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hearted strict

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stern

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then many of those people would have dispersed

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from and from amongst him And Allah is

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a which I'll also mention in the previous

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episode as we as we said, Allah is

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a which I'll also mention to the fee

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with that he bestowed upon us of having

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a messenger from amongst the believers who would

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come and teach us his revelations,

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purify us and teach us the book and

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the wisdom.

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So today we begin from verse

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165 which is the last verse on the

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previous page, page 71.

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But we said that we would mention it

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together with today's verses

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and that is the statement of Allah subhanahu

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wa ta'ala.

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Why do you say when a calamity befalls

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you?

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Even after you have inflicted twice as much

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damage on your enemy, how did this happen?

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Say to them, you brought it upon yourselves.

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Indeed,

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Allah has power over everything.

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Allah, subhanahu wa ta'ala, in this verse is

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now concluding the issues of,

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the battle of Uhud and one of those

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issues or one of those points of the

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prophet that Allah is mentioning as a principle

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as a lesson that we can all benefit

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from

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is the way in which is concerning the

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believers the believers who on that day suffered

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in the sense that they lost 70 odd

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of their brethren

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70 odd of the companions of the Prophet

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sallallahu alaihi wa sallam who martyred on that

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day and so Allah ajawajal is saying that

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you question yourselves

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and you said, how could this possibly happen

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to us?

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The fact being that we

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that 70 of our brothers died on this

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day. Like so as we said before Hamza,

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radiAllahu anhu was the 1st ambassador in Islam.

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He was the 1 the prophet salallahu alayhi

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wasalam first sent to Medina to call the

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rest of the people of Medina to Islam.

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He was considered to be from the from

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the major companions of the prophet, Somalahu alaihi

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wasalam. Then you have other companions, maybe slightly

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less known, but also people to people, the

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likes the likes of the father of Jaggard,

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radiAllahu, and the companion by the name of

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Abdullah Muharram.

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You have a companion by the name of

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Hambala

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who got married on that day of of

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of the battle of Uhud, and he and

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he, died on the battlefield,

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or he got married the night before the

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battle of Uhud, and he died on the

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battlefield.

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All of these different stories that you have

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concerning the martyrs of that day.

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Allah

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says that when this calamity befell you, you

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asked yourselves, how did this happen?

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Even though you inflicted twice, as much damage

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upon them Meaning in the previous year, on

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the day of the battle of Badr, which

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took place in the previous year, the second

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year of the hijrah of the prophet, salallahu

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alaihi wa sallam, it is said that when

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the Muslims fought in the battle of Badr,

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the Muslims killed 70 of the Quraysh

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and

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they imprisoned 70.

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So 70 of the enemy died, 70 of

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them were taken as captives or prisoners of

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war. And so Allah is saying that, yes,

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70 of your brothers died on the battle

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of Uhud, but you inflicted double that upon

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them, either in terms of what you did

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in terms of killing them or in terms

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of taking their captives

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and their, you know, their prisoners of war.

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And this is one of the ways in

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which Allah

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lightens or consoles the believers

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after what took place on the day wahat.

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And that is Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala gives

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to them perspective.

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And that is always important in major calamities

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and in major trials of life, whatever that

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trial may be, whatever form it may take,

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it is important to put things into the

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larger, greater perspective

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to understand

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everything that happens in your life and to

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see this as one event in a chain

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of the rest of your life or in

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in the whole greater picture of what is

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your life. So sometimes, for example, a person

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may be,

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afflicted by a major calamity. Maybe it's the

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loss of a loved one or something to

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do with their health or something to do

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with their finances and wealth. But to remember

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that Allah has given to you so much

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more. And that is what Allah is saying

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here to the believers, that Allah gave to

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you double that in terms of victory in

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the previous year. So, yes, you lost here

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but that doesn't mean that Allah

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has forsaken you. It doesn't mean that Allah

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doesn't love you. It doesn't mean that Allah

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subhanahu, this is the way that Allah decrees

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that certain things would happen and we mentioned

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some of the the wisdoms already of why

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Allah sometimes decrease defeat upon people from those

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reasons as we said was that Allah ahsawajal

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can show the difference between the true believers

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and those who don't have true iman in

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their hearts. Because otherwise, those people of hypocrisy

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and others would always constantly be with the

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believers because they're always winning. But when you

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lose, sometimes those people leave you. They abandon

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you. You see their true colors. You see

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their true worth and value.

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And so Allah says, but you question

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when this happened?

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How did this happen to us? Where did

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this come from? Why did this calamity befall

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us? Allah ahsawajal responds

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say that it is something which you brought

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upon yourselves.

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Meaning when you differ amongst yourselves when those

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companions are the archers of the mount, when

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they differed amongst themselves and some of them

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left because they wanted the spoils of war

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and so on, this is as a result.

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And this is something which we know that

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Allah tells us in the Quran that that

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which befalls us of calamities is often as

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a result of our own doing, our own

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our own sins of what we have earned

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in terms of our own deeds and actions.

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And so here we have a clear example.

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They disobeyed the command of the prophet salallahu

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alaihi wasalam and so Allah says that you

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were struck with the calamity that you were

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then struck with. And likewise within our lives,

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how often do we not do what Allah

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is obligated?

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How often do we fall into the haram?

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How often do we ignore the commands of

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the Quran and the sunnah? How often do

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we oppress others and so on. And then

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as a result, there are calamities.

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And sometimes those calamities

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are immediate.

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Sometimes those are not necessarily calamity as in

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there has to be a major thing, but

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sometimes it can be a relatively small thing.

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So for example, you may lie

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or you may cheat and then as you're

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walking, you bang your foot. You hurt yourself.

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You trip. You fall

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over and you can automatically feel someone who

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is conscious of this and is aware of

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this, you can sometimes link that I just

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did that thing which I shouldn't have done.

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I just committed some Haram I just sinned

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and disobeyed Allah

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and immediately now Allah

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has tested and tried me with this thing

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And that is what some of the scholars

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of the past used to say,

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that when we do something wrong, we see

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its effects

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in the way that our families treat us

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and in the way that our animals treat

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us, meaning the animal that we're riding. So

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today, I'm riding my horse and the horse

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is just being stubborn. The horse isn't listening

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to what I want it to do. It's

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not going the way or ride allowing me

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to ride it the way that I would

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normally ride it. Or for example, you come

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home and there's absolutely no reason

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as to why your wife, your husband, your

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children shouldn't be very happy with you. There's

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no reason why they should be giving you

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grief and difficulty, but for some reason, they're

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just not in a good mood. For some

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reason, you're going home and there's problems and

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there's tension and there's issues.

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Maybe it's not because of something that you

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directly did, but it's because of a sin

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or repression that you committed outside

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and these are the results that you're face

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facing now. Subhanallah, that is something how how

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Allah sometimes

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shows us the immediate repercussions

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of that which we have done in terms

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of sin and disobedience.

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And obviously there are other ways in which

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that can be shown as well. So sometimes

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it is immediate but not necessarily always the

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case. But sometimes you see it manifesting in

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ways and there's no other logical reason. There's

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no reason as to why that should happen

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except for the fact that you have done

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something which you shouldn't have been doing.

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And indeed Allah has power of all things.

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In verse 166, Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala then

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says,

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you on the day that the 2 armies

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met in Basmuh happened with Allah's permission

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and in order for him to see who

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were the true believers

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and who were the hypocrites.

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Allah subhanahu ta'ala and the hypocrites part is

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part of the next verse which is 167.

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Allah subhanahu ta'ala is saying on the day

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that you met 2 armies, met meaning on

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the day of the battle of Uhud, Allah

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Azza wa Jal gathered the Muslim army and

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the non Muslim army together

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and Allah Azza wa Jal is saying that

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that which afflicted you of that day from

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the harm, from the injury, from the loss

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of your brothers or 70 odd that were

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martyred on that day, that is from the

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decree of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala. Allah decreed

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it. And as we said before that there

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are numerous wisdoms as to why Allah sometimes

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decrees

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calamity or defeat or loss upon the believers

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from those reasons is that which Allah mentions

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here

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that Allah may make it known who are

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the true believers

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and who are the people of Nifaq and

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hypocrisy.

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Because otherwise, the believers

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would always have those people amongst them and

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in their ranks who are just there for

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the worldly benefits, who are just there for

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the worldly accolades.

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But the believers also suffer defeat,

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also suffer problems because that, for them, is

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a way of purification,

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of expiation,

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of increasing reward and higher status and and

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higher levels in Jannah. But at the same

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time, it allows the Muslim ranks to be

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cleansed from those people who are truly and

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sincerely part of them or alongside them. And

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that is what Allah says in verse 167.

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And so that Allah may make it known

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who are the hypocrites. Allah then goes on

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in verse 167 to describe the hypocrites and

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what it is that they say and what

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it is that they do.

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He says,

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when it was said to them come and

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fight for Allah's cause or at least defend

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yourselves

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they answered

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we would follow you if we knew that

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there was going to be fighting

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On that day, they were closer to disbelief

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than belief. They say with their tongues that

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which is not in their hearts. Indeed, Allah

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knows exactly that which they conceal.

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Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala says that on that

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day the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam said to

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them because these are the people who as

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we said they stayed away from the battle

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day. A third of the Muslim army went

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back with the and they retreated towards Madinah.

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It was said to them come and fight

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in Allah's way or at least defend yourselves.

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Help us to defend the city. They said

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in response

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Had we known that there was actually going

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to be fighting, we would have come. These

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are not the excuses that they make. And

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as we said before, that the hypocrites often

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would stay away from the major battles. And

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then when the prophet salallahu alaihi wasallam returned,

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they would come with their excuses. And the

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prophet salallahu alaihi wasallam knew that they were

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false excuses,

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that they were lying, but he would accept

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what they said. Because he's not there to

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open up people's hearts. He's not there to

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because as Muslims, we can't judge what is

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in a person's heart. We have to base

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it upon what is apparent. So they would

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come and they would say, oh, Messenger of

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Allah, I was sick. Oh Messenger of Allah,

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my parents were sick. Oh Messenger of Allah,

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I had this issue or that issue and

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it prevented me from accompanying you in the

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army and fighting alongside you. And the prophet

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salallahu alaihi wasallam would accept this. And we

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know this from the hadith of Karab ibn

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Malik radiAllahu an concerning the battle of Tabuk

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when he did stay behind along with a

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couple of his friends and they missed the

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battle without any valid excuse and they confessed

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to this in front of the prophet salallahu

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alaihi wasalam. He says about the Allahu alaihi

00:13:43 --> 00:13:45

that narration that you find in the books

00:13:45 --> 00:13:47

of hadith, mukhadi, and Muslim and so on.

00:13:47 --> 00:13:48

He says that as for the hypocrites, they

00:13:48 --> 00:13:50

came and they made their false excuses,

00:13:51 --> 00:13:53

and they lied. And he said, and I

00:13:53 --> 00:13:55

had also the ability to come and lie

00:13:55 --> 00:13:57

because Allah gave me eloquence. Allah gave me

00:13:57 --> 00:14:00

the ability to speak. But I knew that

00:14:00 --> 00:14:02

even if I lied in front of the

00:14:02 --> 00:14:05

prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam here, Allah would expose

00:14:05 --> 00:14:07

me. Allah knows the reality. And that is

00:14:07 --> 00:14:08

why Karbib Malik

00:14:09 --> 00:14:11

says in the hadith that there was nothing

00:14:11 --> 00:14:14

more beloved to me after my Islam than

00:14:14 --> 00:14:16

the fact that I spoke truth to the

00:14:16 --> 00:14:16

prophet

00:14:17 --> 00:14:19

on that day of taboo. That I told

00:14:19 --> 00:14:21

him the truth in that incident and Allah

00:14:22 --> 00:14:24

obviously after those 15 nights of trial and

00:14:24 --> 00:14:27

tribulation of testing him, Allah Azza wa Jal

00:14:27 --> 00:14:29

revealed his Tawbah and his repentance.

00:14:30 --> 00:14:32

So therefore they come to the Prophet Sallallahu

00:14:32 --> 00:14:34

Alaihi Wasallam. What is their excuse their time?

00:14:34 --> 00:14:36

We didn't actually think that they would be

00:14:36 --> 00:14:36

fighting.

00:14:37 --> 00:14:38

We didn't actually think that there would be

00:14:38 --> 00:14:40

a battle and war. And this is such

00:14:40 --> 00:14:41

a

00:14:41 --> 00:14:44

bad or poor excuse to give because the

00:14:44 --> 00:14:48

Muslims are coming together and preparing an army.

00:14:48 --> 00:14:50

They know that the Quraysh are coming and

00:14:50 --> 00:14:52

they're seething because of what took place from

00:14:52 --> 00:14:54

the battle of Badr. They know that they've

00:14:54 --> 00:14:57

come towards the outskirts of Madinah to destroy

00:14:57 --> 00:15:00

the city and its inhabitants and the prophet

00:15:00 --> 00:15:02

salallahu alayhi wasalam. Not only that, but the

00:15:02 --> 00:15:05

Muslims have stepped outside of the city to

00:15:05 --> 00:15:05

defend.

00:15:06 --> 00:15:07

So it's not like there's the the 2

00:15:07 --> 00:15:09

armies are not going to meet and the

00:15:09 --> 00:15:11

odds are that if the 2 armies are

00:15:11 --> 00:15:13

going to meet on an open battlefield, then

00:15:13 --> 00:15:15

there is going to be fighting. What did

00:15:15 --> 00:15:16

they say? They said, no. We didn't think

00:15:16 --> 00:15:18

that they would actually be fighting. We didn't

00:15:18 --> 00:15:20

actually think that it would get to that

00:15:20 --> 00:15:22

level. And so we thought it wouldn't make

00:15:22 --> 00:15:24

a difference. We'll just go back home and

00:15:24 --> 00:15:25

it wouldn't make a difference. And that is

00:15:25 --> 00:15:26

what Allah says.

00:15:30 --> 00:15:32

That is a state on that day in

00:15:32 --> 00:15:33

which they are closer

00:15:34 --> 00:15:37

to disbelief than iman. That is because of,

00:15:37 --> 00:15:38

you know, the the hypocrisy

00:15:39 --> 00:15:40

that they had in their hearts.

00:15:44 --> 00:15:46

They say with their tongues that which is

00:15:46 --> 00:15:47

not in their hearts.

00:15:49 --> 00:15:52

And Allah knows exactly that which they conceal.

00:15:53 --> 00:15:55

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala in verse 1 68,

00:15:55 --> 00:15:55

he then says,

00:16:07 --> 00:16:09

As for those who stayed behind and said

00:16:09 --> 00:16:11

of their brothers, if only they had listened

00:16:11 --> 00:16:12

to us, they would not have been killed.

00:16:13 --> 00:16:15

Tell them, oh messenger salallahu alayhi wasalam, then

00:16:15 --> 00:16:18

ward off death from yourselves in what you

00:16:18 --> 00:16:20

say is true. And this is similar to

00:16:20 --> 00:16:21

the verses that we took in a couple

00:16:21 --> 00:16:23

of episodes or 2, 3 episodes ago. Those

00:16:23 --> 00:16:25

passages of the surah in which Allah

00:16:26 --> 00:16:28

mentioned that form the statements of the munafiqeen

00:16:28 --> 00:16:31

and the hypocrites towards the Muslims that fought

00:16:31 --> 00:16:33

on the battle of Uhad was that had

00:16:33 --> 00:16:34

you listened to us, had you stayed with

00:16:34 --> 00:16:37

us, those companions wouldn't have died, there wouldn't

00:16:37 --> 00:16:39

have been injuries, the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam

00:16:39 --> 00:16:41

would have been injured. Had you listened to

00:16:41 --> 00:16:43

us, there would have been no fighting or

00:16:43 --> 00:16:45

no killing. And that is because

00:16:46 --> 00:16:48

they want to show themselves to be more

00:16:50 --> 00:16:54

intelligent, more wise, that their decisions were justified,

00:16:54 --> 00:16:56

that what they did was correct and true.

00:16:56 --> 00:16:57

And that is because they only look for

00:16:57 --> 00:17:00

the dunya. They only look for the temporary

00:17:00 --> 00:17:02

benefits of this world. Whereas Allah subhanahu wa

00:17:02 --> 00:17:04

ta'ala is telling us that indeed Allah wants

00:17:05 --> 00:17:07

for the believers what is better and that

00:17:07 --> 00:17:09

is the reward of the hereafter. And that

00:17:09 --> 00:17:11

is why Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala then says

00:17:14 --> 00:17:15

so therefore prevent

00:17:16 --> 00:17:18

from yourselves death if you are able to,

00:17:18 --> 00:17:21

if you are truly truthful. Because they're hiding

00:17:21 --> 00:17:24

from death. They're escaping death in their, in

00:17:24 --> 00:17:27

their thinking or according to their rationale and

00:17:27 --> 00:17:29

their intelligence. They're escaping from death by not

00:17:29 --> 00:17:32

being upon the battlefield, but not pawning themselves

00:17:32 --> 00:17:34

in that situation which they may die. And

00:17:34 --> 00:17:36

Allah says that you can never escape death.

00:17:36 --> 00:17:39

You can never escape death. Allah Subhanahu Wa

00:17:39 --> 00:17:40

Ta'ala in the next number of verses

00:17:41 --> 00:17:42

from

00:17:42 --> 00:17:44

169 onwards and we've now more or less

00:17:44 --> 00:17:46

finished the passage of the surah that speaks

00:17:46 --> 00:17:48

about the battle of Uhad and its lessons

00:17:48 --> 00:17:50

and its many benefits that we can derive.

00:17:50 --> 00:17:52

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala will now go on

00:17:53 --> 00:17:55

to speak about an issue that is extremely

00:17:55 --> 00:17:57

important and linked to the battle of Wuhad

00:17:57 --> 00:17:58

in

00:17:58 --> 00:18:01

a way and that is the station of

00:18:01 --> 00:18:01

the martyrs

00:18:02 --> 00:18:05

their station and their reward and their position

00:18:05 --> 00:18:07

in the sight of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala.

00:18:07 --> 00:18:09

Allah says in verse

00:18:09 --> 00:18:09

169.

00:18:25 --> 00:18:27

Rather they are alive with their Lord

00:18:27 --> 00:18:28

well provided for.

00:18:29 --> 00:18:31

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala says that these people

00:18:32 --> 00:18:33

say what they say if you were with

00:18:33 --> 00:18:35

us, had you listened to us, stayed with

00:18:35 --> 00:18:36

us, you wouldn't have died, they wouldn't have

00:18:36 --> 00:18:39

been killed, there would have been no death.

00:18:39 --> 00:18:41

Allah is saying that's because they think

00:18:42 --> 00:18:44

that the death of this dunya is the

00:18:44 --> 00:18:45

end of everything.

00:18:45 --> 00:18:48

There was nothing after it. But actually this

00:18:48 --> 00:18:50

is only the temporary world that is the

00:18:50 --> 00:18:53

stepping stone to the permanent abode and the

00:18:53 --> 00:18:54

permanent existence.

00:18:55 --> 00:18:56

As for those people that Allah

00:18:57 --> 00:19:00

fevers and Allah honors the believers,

00:19:00 --> 00:19:03

then they, even after death, are not truly

00:19:03 --> 00:19:03

dead

00:19:03 --> 00:19:05

in the way that you understand it, meaning

00:19:05 --> 00:19:07

that there is no existence after it that

00:19:07 --> 00:19:09

they are simply going to rot and there

00:19:09 --> 00:19:11

is nothing more but rather they are living

00:19:11 --> 00:19:13

the life of the barzakh, the life of

00:19:13 --> 00:19:15

the grave and after it on no more

00:19:15 --> 00:19:17

qiyama they will be resurrected.

00:19:17 --> 00:19:19

And Allah subhanahu ta'ala says that for some

00:19:19 --> 00:19:21

of these people as we know from the

00:19:21 --> 00:19:23

sun of the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam that

00:19:23 --> 00:19:25

Allah honors the believers in their graves. Allah

00:19:25 --> 00:19:28

subhanahu wa ta'ala expands their graves for them

00:19:28 --> 00:19:30

and he makes them bright and illuminated and

00:19:30 --> 00:19:32

he opens for them a gate from the

00:19:32 --> 00:19:34

gates of paradise so that they can smell

00:19:34 --> 00:19:37

and see Jannah even as they are living

00:19:37 --> 00:19:39

in their graves. And there are no numerous

00:19:39 --> 00:19:40

hadith that speak to

00:19:41 --> 00:19:43

the blessings of the grave and so on

00:19:43 --> 00:19:45

and so forth. So Allah is saying that

00:19:45 --> 00:19:47

these people are not truly dead. Those people

00:19:47 --> 00:19:49

that you claim as being dead are not

00:19:49 --> 00:19:51

truly dead, but rather they are living in

00:19:51 --> 00:19:53

a different way, in a different life with

00:19:53 --> 00:19:55

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. And from those people

00:19:55 --> 00:19:57

that Allah azza wa Jal honors, from the

00:19:57 --> 00:19:58

general group

00:19:59 --> 00:20:02

and the general number of believers from those

00:20:02 --> 00:20:03

that are honored specifically

00:20:04 --> 00:20:06

are the martyrs. They are given specific honors

00:20:06 --> 00:20:08

as Allah says,

00:20:13 --> 00:20:14

Do not think that those that have been

00:20:14 --> 00:20:15

killed in Allah's way

00:20:16 --> 00:20:17

are truly dead.

00:20:18 --> 00:20:19

But rather they are living.

00:20:21 --> 00:20:23

And with their Lord, they are well provided

00:20:23 --> 00:20:25

for. We know from the sunnah of the

00:20:25 --> 00:20:27

prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam that Allah

00:20:27 --> 00:20:30

places their souls in the bodies of green

00:20:30 --> 00:20:33

birds that fly around the shandiliars

00:20:33 --> 00:20:34

of Jannah

00:20:34 --> 00:20:36

and so they are living in the way

00:20:36 --> 00:20:38

that Allah azza wa jal determines that they

00:20:38 --> 00:20:38

are living

00:20:39 --> 00:20:40

The hadith

00:20:40 --> 00:20:43

of, Jabir radiAllahu an, when his father, Abdullah

00:20:43 --> 00:20:46

Muharram, radiAllahu an, passed away, Jabir radiAllahu an,

00:20:46 --> 00:20:48

came after the battlefield,

00:20:48 --> 00:20:49

or the battle had ended

00:20:50 --> 00:20:51

to take the the body of his father

00:20:51 --> 00:20:53

and to bury it. And when he came,

00:20:53 --> 00:20:55

he was extremely upset. And so the prophet

00:20:56 --> 00:20:58

said to him, Jabbir, what is wrong with

00:20:58 --> 00:21:01

you? And Jabeel radiAllahu an said, oh, messenger

00:21:01 --> 00:21:03

of Allah, my father died and he left

00:21:03 --> 00:21:05

me behind as the only male

00:21:06 --> 00:21:06

child.

00:21:07 --> 00:21:09

And I have sisters and a mother that

00:21:09 --> 00:21:11

I have to now look for. And Jabi

00:21:11 --> 00:21:13

radiAllahu an was young in age. And he

00:21:13 --> 00:21:15

also left upon me debt. Debt that he

00:21:15 --> 00:21:17

didn't pay off. Debt that I now have

00:21:17 --> 00:21:19

to go and find money for. The prophet

00:21:19 --> 00:21:21

salallahu alaihi wasallam said that Allah

00:21:22 --> 00:21:23

spoke to everyone that died in the battle

00:21:23 --> 00:21:26

of Uhad. But as for your father, he

00:21:26 --> 00:21:28

spoke to him without any veil, any hijab

00:21:29 --> 00:21:30

and he said to him, wish, what do

00:21:30 --> 00:21:33

you wish for? And your father said, I

00:21:33 --> 00:21:34

wish that I could go back

00:21:35 --> 00:21:37

and fight again in your way, oh Allah,

00:21:37 --> 00:21:40

and die. And Allah Azzawajal said to him,

00:21:40 --> 00:21:41

but rather this is something which I have

00:21:41 --> 00:21:43

decreed that no one can go back to

00:21:43 --> 00:21:45

the life of the dunya after they have

00:21:45 --> 00:21:47

left it. And so Allah azza wa jal,

00:21:47 --> 00:21:48

numerous hadith speak about the way that Allah

00:21:48 --> 00:21:51

azza wa jal provides for and honors the

00:21:51 --> 00:21:54

people of of martyrdom within our religion. And

00:21:54 --> 00:21:57

clearly, when we say martyrdom, it is in

00:21:57 --> 00:21:57

the way that is

00:21:58 --> 00:22:01

established and legislated in the Sharia with its

00:22:01 --> 00:22:02

rulings and so on. Not what we see

00:22:02 --> 00:22:05

in Washington today from those acts of of,

00:22:06 --> 00:22:08

of immaturity that some people do where they

00:22:08 --> 00:22:10

go and they harm innocent people and they

00:22:10 --> 00:22:13

kill Muslims and our Muslims alike without any

00:22:13 --> 00:22:14

due cause or reason or justification,

00:22:15 --> 00:22:17

and they and they consider themselves to be

00:22:17 --> 00:22:19

martyrs. That's not the martyrdom that is being

00:22:19 --> 00:22:21

referred to here. Not is that the jihad

00:22:21 --> 00:22:23

that is legislated in the Sharia. So those

00:22:23 --> 00:22:26

caveats are important for us to remember and

00:22:26 --> 00:22:29

to mention because otherwise people misunderstand these verses,

00:22:29 --> 00:22:29

misunderstand

00:22:30 --> 00:22:31

the text of the Quran and the sunnah

00:22:31 --> 00:22:34

that can be extremely dangerous. Allah subhanahu wa

00:22:34 --> 00:22:35

ta'ala continues and he says

00:22:36 --> 00:22:36

in

00:22:37 --> 00:22:40

verse 170 continuing speaking about the martyrs.

00:22:55 --> 00:22:56

We are happy with that which Allah has

00:22:56 --> 00:22:59

given to them of his favor, rejoicing that

00:22:59 --> 00:23:01

for those that they have left behind,

00:23:01 --> 00:23:04

rejoicing that for those they have left behind

00:23:04 --> 00:23:06

who have yet to join them, there is

00:23:06 --> 00:23:08

no fear nor will they grieve. Allah subhanahu

00:23:08 --> 00:23:10

wa ta'ala says that Allah

00:23:10 --> 00:23:12

will honor these people the martyrs

00:23:12 --> 00:23:15

those who have sacrificed themselves for his cause

00:23:15 --> 00:23:17

and Allah makes them happy and they are

00:23:17 --> 00:23:19

joyous and they are joyous for for the

00:23:19 --> 00:23:21

blessings that Allah has bestowed upon them and

00:23:21 --> 00:23:24

from those blessings is that Allah

00:23:24 --> 00:23:25

tells those people that you don't have to

00:23:25 --> 00:23:28

fear nor grieve. Don't fear about what's going

00:23:28 --> 00:23:30

to come ahead of you and you don't

00:23:30 --> 00:23:31

have to grieve about that which you left

00:23:31 --> 00:23:34

behind in the dunya from your family and

00:23:34 --> 00:23:35

from your loved ones.

00:23:36 --> 00:23:38

And in the hadith of Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi

00:23:38 --> 00:23:41

wa sallam said that the, that from the

00:23:41 --> 00:23:43

the the wishes of the martyrs is that

00:23:43 --> 00:23:45

they could go back to the dunya

00:23:45 --> 00:23:48

and tell their family that which they're experiencing

00:23:48 --> 00:23:51

from the honors and the bounties that Allah

00:23:51 --> 00:23:53

is bestowing upon them. And so

00:23:53 --> 00:23:55

Allah says that they are joyous and happy

00:23:55 --> 00:23:56

and that Allah

00:23:56 --> 00:23:59

saved them from the grief and from the

00:23:59 --> 00:24:00

harm that they may otherwise

00:24:01 --> 00:24:02

have have encountered.

00:24:03 --> 00:24:05

So Allah is mentioning these verses here as

00:24:05 --> 00:24:06

we said because

00:24:06 --> 00:24:07

like we mentioned,

00:24:08 --> 00:24:11

the Mona Fikin, the hypocrites, and others were

00:24:11 --> 00:24:12

essentially

00:24:12 --> 00:24:14

looking down upon the Muslims.

00:24:14 --> 00:24:16

They were looking to to,

00:24:17 --> 00:24:17

looking to,

00:24:19 --> 00:24:22

looking to humiliate them, looking to make them

00:24:22 --> 00:24:23

feel bad

00:24:23 --> 00:24:26

and and sad over that which

00:24:26 --> 00:24:28

the Muslims had suffered on the day. Had

00:24:28 --> 00:24:30

you listened to us, had you been with

00:24:30 --> 00:24:32

us, had you just stayed with us, everything

00:24:32 --> 00:24:34

would have been okay. And Allah is saying

00:24:34 --> 00:24:37

rather what Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala has given

00:24:37 --> 00:24:38

to those people that have been martyred on

00:24:38 --> 00:24:40

that day, those 70 odd companions of the

00:24:40 --> 00:24:40

day.

00:24:41 --> 00:24:42

It is far greater

00:24:42 --> 00:24:44

and far more worthier

00:24:45 --> 00:24:47

than that which you would have stored for

00:24:47 --> 00:24:49

them in the dunya, in this life. Allah

00:24:49 --> 00:24:50

Azza wa Jal honored them on that day

00:24:50 --> 00:24:53

and Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala, Allah Azza wa

00:24:53 --> 00:24:55

Jal honored them in the sense that even

00:24:55 --> 00:24:56

till today,

00:24:57 --> 00:24:59

Muslims from across the world when we go

00:24:59 --> 00:25:00

to the city of the prophet

00:25:01 --> 00:25:01

in Madinah,

00:25:02 --> 00:25:04

often more or less, most of them will

00:25:04 --> 00:25:05

go to Uhud.

00:25:05 --> 00:25:07

Many of them will go to the battlefield

00:25:07 --> 00:25:08

of Uhud and they will look at the

00:25:08 --> 00:25:11

area and they will look at the the

00:25:11 --> 00:25:13

battlefield and they will take the lessons and

00:25:13 --> 00:25:14

hear the story of what took place on

00:25:14 --> 00:25:17

that day and they will see the graveyard

00:25:17 --> 00:25:19

of the martyrs of the battle of Uhad

00:25:19 --> 00:25:21

and they will make dua for them As

00:25:21 --> 00:25:24

the prophet did, samaalahu alaihi wasallam, shortly before

00:25:24 --> 00:25:26

his death, he went towards the battle of

00:25:26 --> 00:25:28

Wuhan, the battlefield of Wuhan, and he went

00:25:28 --> 00:25:30

and he made dua for the martyrs of

00:25:30 --> 00:25:32

Wuhud. And so people still go today and

00:25:32 --> 00:25:34

they make dua for those people, those 70

00:25:34 --> 00:25:37

odd companions. We don't have the same for

00:25:37 --> 00:25:38

the people of Badr,

00:25:38 --> 00:25:40

those companions that died on the day of

00:25:40 --> 00:25:43

Badr, or those that may have died in

00:25:43 --> 00:25:46

other expeditions that the prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:25:46 --> 00:25:47

was part of or that he sent out

00:25:47 --> 00:25:50

during his lifetime. But Uhud is unique. Uhud

00:25:50 --> 00:25:52

is unique that people still go there till

00:25:52 --> 00:25:54

today and they make dua for those 70

00:25:54 --> 00:25:56

people. And that is one of the ways

00:25:56 --> 00:25:58

in which Allah honor those people. That is

00:25:58 --> 00:26:00

one of the ways in which Allah has

00:26:00 --> 00:26:01

preserved

00:26:01 --> 00:26:04

their stories and their remembrance and the mention

00:26:04 --> 00:26:06

of their names. That even till

00:26:06 --> 00:26:08

today, Muslims across the world, young and old,

00:26:08 --> 00:26:11

know the names of the likes of Hamza,

00:26:11 --> 00:26:14

radiAllahu an, local of the prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:26:14 --> 00:26:15

wasallam. And then all the names of the

00:26:15 --> 00:26:17

likes of Musa ibn Walamir

00:26:17 --> 00:26:19

radiallahu an. And even if you don't know

00:26:19 --> 00:26:21

the names of those individuals, 70 of them,

00:26:21 --> 00:26:23

each one of them by name, then you

00:26:23 --> 00:26:26

know generally the story of what took place.

00:26:26 --> 00:26:28

And people still go there and they make

00:26:28 --> 00:26:29

dua for them and they ask Allah azza

00:26:29 --> 00:26:31

wa Jal to send his rahma, his mercy

00:26:31 --> 00:26:33

and his forgiveness upon them. And that is

00:26:33 --> 00:26:35

an honor from the honors of Allah Subhanahu

00:26:35 --> 00:26:37

Wa Ta'ala because from the greatest honors that

00:26:37 --> 00:26:40

a person can receive and favors of Allah

00:26:40 --> 00:26:42

a person can receive and from the greatest

00:26:42 --> 00:26:45

mercy of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala is that

00:26:45 --> 00:26:46

after your death,

00:26:46 --> 00:26:48

people will continue to make dua for you.

00:26:48 --> 00:26:50

They will continue to remember you. And that

00:26:50 --> 00:26:53

is which Allah only affords to his

00:26:54 --> 00:26:56

only affords to those people that Allah truly

00:26:56 --> 00:26:58

loves. And that is why the scholars of

00:26:58 --> 00:27:01

Islam whose names that we still mention, the

00:27:01 --> 00:27:03

companions of the prophet salallahu alaihi wasallam that

00:27:03 --> 00:27:05

we still make dua for, those amazing personalities

00:27:05 --> 00:27:08

in our religion that even today, we still

00:27:08 --> 00:27:10

remember them. We still make dua for them

00:27:10 --> 00:27:11

and we seek Allah

00:27:11 --> 00:27:14

mercy and forgiveness for them. The final verse

00:27:14 --> 00:27:16

that we will take today is verse 171

00:27:16 --> 00:27:17

in the statement of Allah

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They rejoice in Allah's blessings and favor and

00:27:28 --> 00:27:30

that Allah will not let the reward of

00:27:30 --> 00:27:32

the believers be lost. And so those people

00:27:32 --> 00:27:35

that Allah has given to them martyrdom in

00:27:35 --> 00:27:36

the life of the grave and on

00:27:36 --> 00:27:38

the day of resurrection, they will have the

00:27:38 --> 00:27:41

favors of Allah the blessings of Allah subhanahu

00:27:41 --> 00:27:42

ta'ala. They They will have his mercy, his

00:27:42 --> 00:27:45

forgiveness and his reward. And Allah does not

00:27:45 --> 00:27:46

let that reward

00:27:46 --> 00:27:48

be lost. And with that inshallah ta'ala, we

00:27:48 --> 00:27:50

come to the end of today's

00:27:50 --> 00:27:51

episode.

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