Tafsir of Surah Yaseen – Embracing Quran #01
Channel: Abdul Wahab Saleem
File Size: 22.91MB
Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. And Ramadan Kareem in Ramadan Mubarak to all of you. Welcome back to another season of embracing Koran. And this time around, we're looking at a surah that is the heart of every Muslim when it comes to the surah of the Quran. And that is also known as the heart of the Quran itself and that surah Yaseen, so that they are seen as a special place in the hearts of the believers around the world. And this is something that Allah subhanaw taala had chose for the surah really, I would say that there's no other surah in the Quran that has that type of status, that type of feeling that people
have in terms of clinging to this Surah Now, that's because there are a number of ahaadeeth related to the virtue of this surah I'm just going to pause here for a second and make an important note, and that is that when it comes to the virtues of the Surah Surah of the Quran, in general, the sewer, for the most part, these virtues are not authentic, okay? For the larger majority of them, but there are some sewer
about which we have specific statements from the prophets of Salaam which are authentic and one of those sewers is actually this Surah Surah Thea scene and and that virtue is when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says ikara uya, Sinhala modaco This isn't something to be dealt with and some of the scholars they consider this hadith to be authentic that go ahead and read the surah Yaseen read surah, Thea seen upon the people who are dying a mystery people who are your relatives, or your friends or family or anyone who happens to be close to you, and he's dying before you read to them. Salty ice. And the reason for that is because salty sea actually has many meanings related
to the Day of Judgment, and has many reminders that a believer needs throughout his life as well. And so this is one of those headings. Yes, it's disputed. Some scholars, they say it's not authentic, other sales, authentic, but generally speaking, the folk Aha, the scholar is a fifth day they accept this and they encourage this practice as well. And there is another Hadith as well. And that Hadith isn't so he even hidin. So according to inhibin, this hadith is authentic and that he says, When I see and feel a lesson if de la jolla Warfield Allah who whoever read surah, Thea seen in one night, and he's hoping for the reward of Allah Subhana, Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala will
forgive him. Okay, so this is one of those Hadees, which is again, it's not super strong in terms of his authenticity, but it is still a an acceptable hedis according to a bit headband at least. And last but not least, there is one more Hadeeth which again, some scholars have deemed authentic, other states not. And that had, he says that yacine happens to be the heart of the portal on. But through these ahaadeeth although they remained disputed, we can generally come to a conclusion that there is some sort of virtual behind this surah and through the fact that Allah gave this surah a special status in the hearts of the people around the globe. No matter where you go in the world.
You'll hear people saying read the scene, read the scene, and you'll have these little booklets in which they put place the scene as well. And they print them out literally in hundreds of 1000s if not millions, and they're distributed and people read in almost, you know, every person in specific cultures, they will memorize the suta as well. So this sorta has that special closeness to the oma of Mohammed Salah Lau Eddie O'Sullivan. So that's why it's very special that we've decided to go with sort of the scene within the season. Certainly a scene by the way is a surah makiya, by the consensus of the Islamic scholars. So this surah is is. There is one verse in this order. However,
that sums who some scholars, you know, which some scholars believe is not actually makiya, and that is the verse number 12 from the surah, which says when tubal mappa demo
and there's a story behind it, but anyways, the better opinion in that regard as well is that this is a surah makiya including verse number 12 as well. This is a little bit of the prefix related to Surah Yaseen now salty I seen, like some other solos in the Quran, like Alif Lam Meem, like a flam rah, like hammy, and others who are that start off with letters, which, which are known as broken letters, so that the scene also starts off with these broken letters. What does that mean broken letters, they're called an herbal bath and Arabic. What that means is, they are letters that don't necessarily have any specific clear meaning.
Because the Arabic words which are made up of letters, they're known. So for example, Kitab means a book. So it's made up of a certain amount of letters, but we pronounce it like that. We
I pronounce each specific letter separately, we don't say gaff de la ba. But when it comes to kapha, inside in sort of medium or when it comes to LA Fleur means or salted Baccarat when it comes to your scene when it comes to how mean, we pronounce the letters themselves, and these are known as the broken letters. Now, what's the significance of these letters? There's around 12 different views of the scholars. What exactly is the significance? I personally have one of those views, I hold it, and I've shared it before as well. And that is that basically these letters are meant to captivate the attention of the listener. Okay? What does that mean? Well, when Allah subhanho wa Taala, wants to
really hit home run with a message. Sometimes in the beginning of the surah. He starts off with these strange letters, which are not known to the Arabs, meaning the letters are known, but they're the combination is not known. So, by this, the listener will say, Hey, what's going on? What's he saying? Right? So it kind of captures and captivates the person and captivates the attention of the listener. So that's where these words come from. Yeah, seeing gafa inside and Islamism and so forth. So these are letters, they're meant to captivate. Secondly, normally along with these letters, which come in the beginning of certain surah in the Quran, right after Allah subhanaw taala mentions the
Quran while or Anil Hakeem in this case. So the scholars, they said that Allah Subhana, Allah is trying to tell the listeners and the readers that hey, this little en is actually is actually made up of these letters over here, okay, it's made up of the same letters that you and I and, and everybody knows, but the Quran is much more magnificence magnificent, it's, it's much more greater, it's much more superior, it's much more eloquent, much more powerful, much more captivating than anything you can create with the same letters. So that's why Allah subhanaw taala starts off these little with, with these letters yacine will put on and hecke now there are other opinions as well.
And there's a camp of scholars, by the way, who believe that we shouldn't even be looking at any reasons behind these letters, because we would not we would basically be trying our luck with information that we don't have. But I believe that you know, and as the majority of scholars believe that we should be looking at some sort of wisdom behind these letters, and then there are 12 different opinions about what those wisdom wisdoms are. And I've given you one of those opinions, and I believe that is the, the strongest view when it comes to this particular
idea, the hurdles and macapa the broken letters. Okay, well, we're on Anakin now. Al Quran Al Hakim,
the Why is spot on. Okay, that's one way of looking at hacking. The second way is that it's the perfected on sometimes Allah subhana wa tada chooses certain word forms, because certain word forms can actually have multiplicity of meanings. So Hakeem, which is on the pattern of very, very ill has the ability to have two meanings. One of them is that it's the wise but on and the other one is that it's the perfected or animal, or an Hakim, a Sahaba and hikma. So it's possible that Allah is intending this or that or both. And that's what would make sense because Allah subhanaw taala chose a word that can have two possible meanings. Neither of them negate the other that means and both of
them are true. The Quran is full of wisdom, the Quran is perfected as well. So this is the perfected one. And this is also the wise put on as well. One on in Hakeem and the Quran which is, which is perfected as well in NACA laminin mursaleen. You Oh, Mohammed. Now Allah Subhana Allah speaking to the prophets, Allah said, Lim is saying, you Oh, Mohammed happened to be of a shorty and definitely from the mousseline from those who have been sent by Allah subhanho wa Taala, from those who have been granted the message by Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now, there are three words that are unusually used for messenger or prophet, okay, the one word is a nebby, which means a prophet. And you have
another word which is a rustle, which means a messenger. And you have the word modal setting as well, which is also a messenger but slightly different. Oftentimes in English translations, we just translate both Russell and Woodson as as a messenger, but they're very, they're, there's a subtle difference between the two. When it comes to the Russell. When it comes to the resume, the resume represents the angle of the delivery of message, okay, so the messenger when Allah Subhana, Allah wants to highlight the quality within a messenger of delivering the message to the people. Allah Subhana Allah uses the term of resume and I looked through the entire Quran and looked at every
single occurrence of both of these words and came to this conclusion, Allahu Allah, and this is a differentiation that even emilija lasqueti in his book
For over a lava we I mentioned as well, that a resume is basically that angle of the messenger ship that is meant to deliver the message, but there's another angle and that is to receive the message. So when Allah subhanaw taala wants to highlight the reception of the message, he says and Mosel when he wants to highlight the the delivery of the message, he said, he says, Russell, okay, so over here, Allah is highlighting that the reception of the message. And the reason for that is in the academy and more serene, you happen to be among the people who received the message because Allah is going to speak of people who have received a message and their people denied their messenger ship,
because their claim of the Quraysh was that the idea that you got a message from Allah subhanaw taala is completely flawed. And Allah subhanaw taala wants to emphatically say to the prophets, or send them that you are definitely of the people who've been granted a message. He starts off Firstly, a lot of but is that he was gentle by saying well put on in hacking, see making an oath or taking an oath by the Quran which is ever wise and ever perfected as well. And that's his own word. So this is one of the characteristics of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And after he takes that oath, Allah Subhana, Allah says, you have a shorty, you definitely happen to be from the people who have
been granted a message by God in the condominial mursaleen. In a kilometer masuri. Oh, Muhammad, Allah said often must have been and you happen to be on the correct path as well, you are on the right path as well. Now, the word sirop. It comes from the word setup, with a scene or zetta thought with azuay. And all three are used xalapa setup and slot all thought as well. And what it basically means is, it means to swallow something, okay. And
the Arabs, they called a syrup, a path or a road, a direction, a path, they call it a syrup, because when you have a very long path, and people keep on treading on this path, and they keep on walking deep down or very late into the path, it looks like the path is basically swallowing them up. So when they would see some people basically far away on the road, kind of being swallowed up as it disappeared from the from the vision of the individual, they would say, startup startup, the whole upper the the the path has basically taken him all right. And that's why the set artist Paul called eight setup Allah set out the Mr. Team. So now we're talking about two things over here. Through
this, we can understand two things that because the idea the concept of swallowing, the person is being denoted within the word set off, you're talking about a straight path already.
Because you'd only imagine a person being swallowed. When it comes to the vision before you hide hidden. Three, four kilometers later or less than that, or more than that, if the path is straight, if it's crooked, if it's going right and left, then they don't get swallowed up by the path they just get hidden because the path is going in another direction. So set out the scholars they say we take from this route, meaning of it that's a lot is already a straight path. So Allah subhanho wa Taala is highlighting that this is a straight path. Another quality of the word Surat is that it's a wide path. Now despite the fact that the term set up already has the connotation of the straight
path in it. Allah subhana wa Tada. He wants to emphasize that specific quality, he wants to highlight that specific quality. He wants to underscore that specific quality. So he brings another qualifier, he brings another adjective and he says I'll also author must have been you happen to be on a very straight path, because he wants you and I to realize that the path of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the path of all prophets happens to be that true and straight path that that Allah subhana wa tada wants us to be on. Now by the way over here. There's a very important point to note. And that is that so often stuck in the straight path is basically a
metaphor for guidance because guidance is what leads you to Allah subhana wa tada and Allah Subhana Allah often he talks about how the right in the beginning of the Quran We ask Allah subhana wa tada we say add in guidance to the straight path. Okay, so Allah has made the straight path, a metaphor for guidance, because straight path happens to be the shortest route to get to the end. Okay. Now let's say you have to go from here to three kilometers ahead, you have a couple of roads, you can take the ring road which will go round, you could take the you could take a right and go into the the the inner streets and go through the inner packs and you might have to go take right and left
and right and left and then there's like a day
And then you turn around and make a U turn and you finally get to the end, or you take a highway that goes straight right to the end of the road, wherever you're trying to get to. And so Allah Subhana Allah wants you to know that the straight path is the path of Allah. And that's the fastest route to get to Allah subhanho wa Taala and to get the agenda and to get to where you want to get to, but if you take the other paths, if you take the path that is slightly crooked, then you will admit you may have to make a stopover in the Hellfire, you may have to make a stopover and in the Hellfire and getting get cleaned up for the sins that a person has committed, but Allah wants you to
be on that straight path. So you get right to Allah subhanho wa Taala he doesn't want you to go on the side roads. He doesn't want you to do as the poet says selaku buena Yachty Fosbury omotenashi been an activity that they ended up treading the side roads and that and because of treading the side roads, they couldn't be on the straight and large road Allah wants you to be on that highway. And when you get on that highway to Allah subhanho wa Taala that is your highway to success as well. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala continues, and he says that Tenzin and Aziza rahane.
This poor on Hakeem that I've told you about the wise put on the perfected or on, this happens to be 10 zeal, it happens to be a revelation from Allah is that he will Geralt who is described with two qualities, Allah Subhana Allah is described to be the Mighty One. And Allah subhanho wa Taala is described to be the Merciful One as well. Now, by the way, this surah also has what we can call, but at least a LAN, and this is a current concept that the scholars of the Arabic rhetoric talk about, and that is that in the beginning of your speech, you talk about all of the main things that you're going to be talking about throughout. Okay, so, Allah Subhana Allah talks about, right in the
beginning of the surah, he talks about the fact that Allah Subhana Allah His messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is actually sent by Allah subhanaw taala in a colonial more serene, you happen to be sent by Allah, you happen to be a person who has been given the message by Allah subhanaw taala, you'll see that one of the main themes of the surah is actually messengers or send By Allah, and how Allah subhanho wa Taala treated those message and what happens to be the broad guidelines of the straight path as well.
Then another thing is Allah Subhana Allah will show you manifestations of his mind, and also manifestations of His mercy within the surah as well. Both of them will be shown within the surah. So Allah Subhana Allah wants you to be reminded right in the beginning of those concepts that will be discussed later on in the suta Tenzin al Aziz r Rahim. It's a revelation from Allah Aziz, the Mighty One and also the Merciful One as well. And by the way, this always in speech, when speech writers know this, and people who happened to be public speakers know this as well, if you can tell the listener or kind of hint to the listener, what what you're going to be talking about throughout
your speech in the first few sentences that you make that's considered very powerful, because you've already kind of set the tone for the discussion. So Allah subhanho wa Taala, in the beginning of the surah, is already set the tone for the discussion. So he says Tenzin Aziz Rahim. It's a revelation from the ever mighty, and it's the revelation also from the ever Merciful as well. Now, the thing about those two qualities, one may say, how could the the is the might come together with other him as well. Aren't those antonyms to one another, a person who's mighty and powerful and is able to completely annihilate anything he wants, or is able to do whatever he wants to anything he wants,
that level of ultimate and absolute might.
But how can that go along with with mercy? The reality is that these two qualities they complement one another, if a person is excessively merciful, but they don't have might, it may be occurring because of weakness. But if a person is excessively strong, and they don't have mercy, then that that's a sign of oppression and transgressive. pneus. So Allah Subhana Allah wants you to know that the might of Allah is fashioned with the mercy of Allah and the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala is also is also fashioned with the might of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And that he's not merciful because he's weak, he's mighty, and he's not oppressive and aggressive because he's mighty because he's
merciful. A lot of electricity went euro. So those are two qualities of Allah that are very, very prevalent when it comes to the themes of the Surah Surah Yaseen as well. Allah subhanaw taala continues and he says, The tune the Raka woman, I sent to you this furano Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, all messenger who has been granted by Allah the message I did that lead to Miracleman so that you may warn a people you may give a warning to people
Now that's very important over here because there are a group of people out there who believe that the only conversation we should be having is the conversation of of beshara and that's a glad tidings we have to have a happy go lucky slum everything is just perfect and great and we have to hold hands with everybody in the world and sing Kumbaya and and that's what we have to do to be presenting to the world. And that's what the Quran Quranic messages as well and that's not true. That's basically deviating the the message of the Quran because Allah subhanaw taala said, I gave you this quote on Wiley to Indira Coleman, it's wise you have to do it with wisdom. Okay, we're not
talking about becoming noxious. But you still have to warn the tundra Coleman, not with your coffee, so that you weren't a people whose forefathers hadn't been warned. Now, I'll pause here to make a very important point. Who are these people between the rock Coleman mountains are that Allah Subhana Allah has given the message to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So the primary people that the Prophet alayhi salatu salam will be warning is of course who is going to be Quraysh but then everyone else as well because Allah His Messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was sent to all of mankind, but Allah subhanho wa Taala continues and he said Matlin via bat, whom, for whom lafay.
Known their forefathers were not warned. Okay? Is it true that the forefathers of Paradise were not warned? Yes, for a couple of generations, this is true that the forefathers of Pradesh, the forefathers of the prophets have said them when it comes to the Quraysh at the time of the Prophet, they weren't sent with a warner because the prophets I send them was the first Warner. After he sat, he said, I'm so mad, about whom for whom coffee don't and because of that, they are now heedless.
They don't have concern any longer. The practices in Arabia, when the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam had come, they were very, very obnoxious. Every evil that you can think of, was being practiced in Arabia. And that's why when some authors, they talk about the Arabs at the time of the prophet in Arabia, and they say they had these beautiful qualities, and they had this charm, and they had this greatness. And that was the reason why the prophets and send them was sent to them. That's not really true, that the prophets are sent to people when the nation happens to be at the furthest
point away from guidance, because that is those are the people that are most deserving of guidance, those who have went far, far away. Yes, there were certain qualities of chivalry and other things that that the pagan pagans and Rabia had, but generally speaking, they were far away from guidance. These are people who would walk around naked within the streets. These are people who literally had prostitution, that was not only legalized, but it was publicly done as well. They had many different qualities, which were very, very evil, kind of like the they even had the concept of the red light district that we have today. But at that time, used to be the red flag. So every evil that you can
think of drinking, you know, anything that you can think of that's Evil Within your mind, was being practiced within Arabia, for the most part, okay? Yes, there were some qualities like for example, some of them had they mentioned they didn't used to lie. So there was honesty, because honesty goes with chivalry as well. So the Arabs in Arabia didn't have the concept of lying until they ended up meeting other nations. And that concept of lying started to become common within within the entire world at that point, right, including Arabia. But the point of the matter is, yes, there were some positive qualities. But generally, misguidance was the hallmark of the Arabian society. At that
time, literally, the rock home and Mountain View, that one fell on the hunger feed on Now this doesn't mean that they're about their forefathers weren't warned at all. No, no. This means the recent forefathers otherwise, we know that the lineage of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam goes back to his marry that he said, I mean, it's married. himself is he is a prophet as well. lapad hepco Allah accetti him for him, let me know. And we'll stop here in sha Allah, we'll carry on with our lessons on salt at the scene. I pray that Allah subhanaw taala grants you a great fast, a great Dr. McGrath see I'm in accepts from you all of your deeds, and allows us to understand this
beautiful surah Allah Ameen. sallallahu ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Germain