The Message of The Quran #8

share this pageShare Page
Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Episode Notes

Surah al-Anfāl

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:27--> 00:00:27

Yes

00:00:38--> 00:00:39

long hour

00:00:43--> 00:00:44

long

00:00:49--> 00:00:51

mini

00:00:57--> 00:00:58

either looky

00:01:00--> 00:01:03

loo boom or either Julia

00:01:14--> 00:01:16

levena up una

00:01:24--> 00:01:26

una

00:01:29--> 00:01:32

una por la lung damage

00:01:38--> 00:01:38

is

00:01:39--> 00:01:41

Gary

00:01:43--> 00:01:43

john

00:01:47--> 00:01:49

Beatty Community Health

00:01:51--> 00:01:53

from mini

00:01:56--> 00:02:01

yuja de Luna caffeine D Bowden de yanaka

00:02:04--> 00:02:10

una lol no D whoo whoo zoo. What is the I don't

00:02:12--> 00:02:12

know

00:02:18--> 00:02:18

what do

00:02:20--> 00:02:20

ya

00:02:22--> 00:02:26

antetokounmpo Lancome. What do you read along?

00:02:28--> 00:02:30

Bobby can EMA dee

00:02:33--> 00:02:34

dee dee

00:02:36--> 00:02:36

dee

00:02:42--> 00:02:48

dee dee Moon is test Elisa oh no Banco

00:02:49--> 00:02:49

de La

00:02:54--> 00:02:59

Nina mo de

00:03:02--> 00:03:03

well magia hula

00:03:05--> 00:03:06

Juanito palma

00:03:07--> 00:03:09

de PUE

00:03:10--> 00:03:12

one also in

00:03:16--> 00:03:17

in

00:03:19--> 00:03:19

LA

00:03:21--> 00:03:22

Jackie

00:03:24--> 00:03:24

was she

00:03:38--> 00:03:39

the

00:03:42--> 00:03:44

ages a shame Bonnie Bonnie

00:03:48--> 00:03:50

beaten the hill for the

00:03:53--> 00:03:55

if you hear a book at 11

00:04:05--> 00:04:06

TV boo

00:04:09--> 00:04:10

boo

00:04:12--> 00:04:14

boo boo home

00:04:50--> 00:04:51

yeah

00:05:01--> 00:05:03

To one Lu

00:05:09--> 00:05:10

Lima woman

00:05:15--> 00:05:19

Nikita and in the hyenas and Eli

00:05:36--> 00:05:38

Mosley lead

00:05:41--> 00:05:43

felon tempo to loom

00:05:45--> 00:05:45

long

00:05:48--> 00:05:48

one

00:05:53--> 00:05:54

long held on

00:05:56--> 00:05:58

what do you really mean I mean

00:06:01--> 00:06:02

as

00:06:04--> 00:06:06

long as me

00:06:09--> 00:06:10

very

00:06:12--> 00:06:17

long moving gaining caffine

00:06:19--> 00:06:20

in

00:06:22--> 00:06:23

the home

00:06:29--> 00:06:29

what

00:06:36--> 00:06:36

well

00:06:41--> 00:06:41

Tony

00:06:44--> 00:06:44

Shea

00:06:50--> 00:06:52

Leni

00:07:14--> 00:07:15

can let me know

00:07:29--> 00:07:30

the law

00:07:38--> 00:07:41

was a long field

00:08:02--> 00:08:03

Lima Yoshi

00:08:11--> 00:08:17

model will be one who lie

00:08:21--> 00:08:24

what tappu Fitness to see

00:08:33--> 00:08:34

what level

00:08:37--> 00:08:39

law sad

00:08:43--> 00:08:45

well Guru is

00:08:53--> 00:08:55

one clue

00:09:00--> 00:09:03

fill out data for food

00:09:14--> 00:09:15

Well, uh Yeah, that's

00:09:17--> 00:09:18

been asleep.

00:09:21--> 00:09:24

No, believe it now I like

00:09:28--> 00:09:59

I said, I'm wanting to lie here wabarakatuhu Alhamdulillah Alhamdulillah, who created the sun and the moon and the heavens and the earth. He made man in different tribes and races but decreed that piety is what gives us our worth. He gave us life and shall cause us to die and then resurrect us with the new rebirth and hamdulillah. Today we are moving on to sudo tel and file and before I continue just a reminder that please tweet your gems out on Twitter with the hashtag YQ gems

00:10:00--> 00:10:40

Also inshallah tomorrow, Friday, we have our fundraiser. So those of you that watch us live, please tune in at 10pm Central time in America and watch the fundraiser the initial load Tally. After that there will be the, the usual tafsir program. So today we have a special methodology we're going to be using because we're doing sudo, tail and fall and certain and fall, it is the shortest surah that we're dealing with. Up until now. It's only 75 verses and it's around, you know, half a juice. And it's going to be the last time that we're going to be spending an entire session on a such a short sudo we'll just have a few more days where we're going to be doing one sort of each, and then we're

00:10:40--> 00:11:19

going to have to double up for a few days, and then triple up for a few days. And then obviously when we get to the end, we're going to be doing a lot more sudo as per every single episode. So today inshallah, what I ask all of you to do is to have a translation open up and we will skim over as much as we can of the entire surah we have the luxury of doing this. And this is not a detail of Sita. It's a very basic level, as I've said many, many times, and as soon as hell and fall one thing that we need to know about suited and fall, suited and fall is one of the early earliest of the Madani sutras. In fact, it was revealed right after the Battle of butter, when the prisoners were

00:11:19--> 00:11:56

still with the Muslims. And they were wondering what to do with the prisoners. And also when the Sahaba when the companions were wondering what they should do with the, with the war of aneema, or the booty of war, and hence the name and file means the spoils of war. And of course, for those of you that aren't aware, what are the spoils of war. So after you finish a battle, all of the armor, all of the horses, all of the tense of the art of the opposing army, all of their possessions are now basically in your possession. This is called unfold. And there was a controversy about who should get what share and where does it all go. And this sort of came down to explain some of the

00:11:56--> 00:12:33

rules and the details regarding this, this issue of the honeymoon or the spoils of war. And this entire sort of from beginning to end is really about the Battle of better. So in today's episode, we're actually going to be doing a Sierra and a Tafseer. And a summary of the pseudo all combined in one because that is what the surah is all about. And a quick rehash of what the Battle of budget was. And obviously allow me to just plug in here for those of you that haven't seen I have obviously a detailed Sierra on YouTube many of you know about that. So if you want to refresh your memory and watch the episodes about the Battle of butter, along with watching this one as well that will follow

00:12:33--> 00:13:13

to either help you so to recap quick recap the Battle of butter was the first major battle of the Muslims with the courage and it took place in the second year of hijra in the month of Ramadan right now this month of Ramadan in the second year of the hedgerow. And the Muslims of course had been persecuted for 13 years. Many of them were killed, many of them were forced to flee to Abyssinia and then all of the Muslims migrated to Medina, they were denied their basic freedoms. For two years in the boycott, they were almost killed the prophets the lesson was attacked multiple times. And now the Muslims have been forced to migrate to Medina and when they migrated to Medina, this is when the

00:13:13--> 00:14:01

offensive war begins many skirmishes, the Muslims are launching now an attack back a declaration they have every right to do so according to any law of any society, what had happened to the Muslims, now they have the right to attack the economic, the economic lifelines of the corporation. And the Muslims would then engage in mini skirmishes and try to cause damage to the society that had persecuted them for 13 years. And in one such instance, a very, very large caravan. The annual major caravan that was headed by Abu sufian was on its way up north to go to the lands of Syria. And of course, you have to pass by Medina at some level you have to pass by Medina, because Mecca is south.

00:14:01--> 00:14:40

So when you're going up north, you're going to pass by Medina, and then you're going to get to the land of Syria. And of course, this is referenced at the schita it will save the two big caravans so Abu sufian had charge of the the main annual caravan that would have so much fortune you can imagine, like millions of dollars equivalent, and the Muslims decided that they're going to attack the caravan of Abu sufian. However, by the time the prophet SAW the Senate and around 310 or so volunteers because but there was a voluntary skirmish in the beginning, by the time they left the city rumors began to spread, scouts began to come back. And they began to hear conflicting reports,

00:14:41--> 00:14:59

is there a caravan or not. And what had happened was, unbeknownst to the Muslims at the time, that Abu sufian had heard that the Muslims of Medina so he took a much larger route. And he sent word to the Porush that come and defend and attack the Muslims. And so the origin

00:15:00--> 00:15:42

prepared an army to orange prepared an army of around 1000 people, a massive army that had never prepared. And these people weren't just people of the orange, they were mercenaries, they're hired hands as well, they brought out as well, some of their slaves and their armed guards. So over 1000 people marched towards that where the caravan was, in order to have a offensive battle with the Muslims. And at this point in time the Muslims are hearing both of these camps. One of them is by Abu sufian has the caravan and the other is by Abu Jihad with the army. And the Prophet system was told by Allah, that you have guaranteed victory over one of these two, he was told by Allah that

00:15:42--> 00:16:25

Allah has guaranteed me victory over one of these two meanings either over soufiane or Abu jihad. Eventually, the news was confirmed that our soufiane was out of range, and Abuja had with over 1000 men armed to the hilt was now ready and prepared. And the night before the battle, the profitsystem sees a dream. And he tells them I saw a dream. And they were not that many in number. And so this is the context that encouraged them slightly more to engage in battle. And then when it was finally confirmed, that indeed we're not going to be fighting, we're not going to be attacking the caravan. It is a scourge, it is an actual battle with abou jazz 1000 army. This is one the profitsystem

00:16:25--> 00:16:52

called the meeting on the plains of butter on the on the it was an area, which is like an hour and a half drive outside of Medina, on the plains of Berlin. And he called the meeting Why was this meeting called and this is important to understand the story all of this I'm setting up the story of actual the the surah of an alien fall, there were around 310 plus Danny a few more people 312 115 people in the Battle of budget, 90 of them were the muhajirs one.

00:16:53--> 00:17:34

And 210 plus were from the unsolved from Medina. Now, those 210 Plus, they had taken an oath with the Prophet system, this famous oath of Africa for defending the Prophet system. If he was attacked in Medina, there was no oath, there were under no obligation to now defend the Prophet system in the floodplains and whether because they can go back to the city and that's it, end of story. They are under no contractual obligation. That's not what they signed up for. They were not asked to sign up for something of this nature. The asking that the prophets has said to them was that will you protect us Muslims, like you protect your families if Medina is attacked, and they agreed to that,

00:17:34--> 00:18:12

and in return, they were given gender. Now, the Bible of the contract is going to be upgraded. But it has to come from them. They cannot be forced. And so the Prophet system called a meeting of all of them, and he asked, What do you think we should do? Should we, you know, stand up and fight back or should we retreat? And so one of the Muhammad Yunus stood up, and he gave a rousing speech, we're going to, you know, we're going to take them on. And the process of thank Tim and sat down a second one stood up from the Mahajan also thanked him the process and asked for a third time that people were confused. Why is he asking the same question? You know, the third time Finally, one of the

00:18:12--> 00:18:50

leaders of the hazard side had been Obeida, he was their main leader, sadly, when Obama stood up, and he said, perhaps you intending us you want to know what the unsought are going to do? And the profitsystem silence indicated Yes, that was what was intended. So then Syed gave the famous response out of Salalah. If you ordered us to plunge our horses into the seat, we would do so if you ordered us to go to the ends of this world, we would follow you. We will not say to you the way that Moosa and his followers said to Moosa that you go with your Lord and fight, we're gonna sit here No, we will say you go with your Lord and fight and we are with you wherever you are. And so the

00:18:50--> 00:19:33

unsoldered agreed to up the contract the onside agree that they're now going to be a part of the oma and that was the main and one of the main causes of the victory of the Battle of whether the Battle of Bethesda was a resounding victory. The main leaders of the chorus Abu Jamal himself, wrote about and Shay but if not, I'll be I'll allow 70 a sham, the father of Abdullah Ahmed, Ahmed, even Alice's father oma, you haven't heard of the one who tortured by that. And the list goes on and on over 70 of the leaders of the kurush. They were killed in the Battle of butter, and the moose raccoon, they fled, and the Muslims captured over 70 prisoners of war. And this is the first time that this has

00:19:33--> 00:20:00

happened as well. And the button the suited and file is going to talk about this as well. And also for the first time, they acquire a lot of wealth, and that's lying there in the fields and it is for them to take and so disputes arose, who gets how much and that is why this is called suits, and fall. Now, with all of this background, let us now dive into the suit up and I hope that you have your translations open up and we shall inshallah, we'll go over

00:20:00--> 00:20:42

You know quite a lot of verses we cannot read the entire translation, the sutra begins, yes aluna guided and further they asked you about these bounties, the the rahima say all of them belong to Allah and His messenger. So be mindful of Allah and settle your differences and obey Allah and His messenger. If you are believers from this ayah Allah subhanho wa Taala saying the hack or the right of the unfold and how to divide it, it goes to Allah and His Messenger, it is up to Allah to decide how it is going to be divided. And by the way, the the permissibility of acquiring aneema it is something unique for this oma, it didn't exist in the previous nations. Our Prophet sallallahu

00:20:42--> 00:21:24

alayhi wa sallam said, I have been given certain things no prophet before me was given, and of them that war booty or the NEMA or spoils of war has been allowed for me, and no prophet before was ever allowed these spoils. So this is the first time that Allah subhanho wa Taala is allowing this for any, for any oma for any generation. And then from verses two to four, Allah describes the believers. Now the point here, the majority of the minima will indeed go to the warriors. But Allah begins in line number one, by saying that look, it is up to Allah subhanho wa Taala, to decide, and the believers should accept the decree of Allah. And verse number five, that your Lord has brought

00:21:24--> 00:22:03

you out of your home with truth. And indeed, some of the believers were reluctant to get to the stage. And they were arguing with you about the truth, even after the matter was made clear, as if you know they're being driven to their death. And that's not what is happening. Verse number seven. Remember that a lot promised you one of the two groups of Buddha, Abu sufian, remember that a lot promised you one of the two groups that you would be victorious, you were promised that and you wanted the group that was also fans, you wanted the easy group, you wanted the group that had more money, but Allah wanted something else. Allah wanted to prove the truth and allow one to to defeat

00:22:03--> 00:22:42

those enemies. In other words, your vision and your plan was limited. And you just wanted an easy victory with a lot of money. And the lies origin wanted the truth of Islam to be established and alone wanted to send a message to the origin. And this, of course, shows us a reality that we all know there is no question about this, that the plight of Allah is infinitely more wise, we are always short sighted, we are blinded by our own, you know, greedy intentions, whatever they might be, the plan of a law is always the best plan. So Allah says in verse number eight, that this was the plan of a law in order to confirm the truth and to nullify falsehood, even if the unbelievers

00:22:42--> 00:23:24

did not like it. And so Allah Subhana, Allah is telling the believers that I know what I am doing, and I had the best plan and I promised you one of the two, you wanted the easier one, but I had a higher goal for you. And that is exactly what happened. Verse number nine. When you are making dua to your Lord, and you were begging and pleading him to help you, he answered you and he said, I shall reinforce you with 1000 angels in succession, the Battle of weather was not won by only 310 Muslims. The Battle of butter was won by a battalion of angels that Allah sent down. The Muslims would never have one over 1000 people who are better armed than them who had horses than more horses

00:23:24--> 00:24:03

than them who had better military than them. They had a hired mercenary, and the Muslims were not looking for a battle. They didn't even have their full body armor. They weren't ready for a war so they were pleading to Allah to help. And the books of Sierra mention that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spent the whole night before the battle, praying to Allah and the morning of the battle he was outside with his hands up and his hands up and his hands up for so long that his shirt he was wearing an upper shirt that his shirt fell off and he was left bare chested. And Abu Bakar of the law one took his shirt and put it on him and said enough Yasuo Allah, Allah has heard your drop

00:24:03--> 00:24:47

and Allah will answer your prayer. And this is the verse that this is referencing that it this study tuna, Bhagwan festa Java come when you were beseeching your Lord He answered you and how was the answer to Allah? In the first person Eliza announced to the angels that 1000 angels should go down so 1000 angels versus 1000 men there is not going to be that battle and Allah azza wa jal only made it a message of hope and to set your hearts at rest. And indeed woman not throw in lamb in the law. Victory only comes from a law what a simple phrase What a powerful phrase what a true phrase. Victory only comes from a law, the only one who can give us victory is Allah subhanho wa Taala. And

00:24:47--> 00:25:00

indeed a law is the Almighty and all wise and verse number 11 is EULA shikumen, no acid imonitor Minho, and again, it's so important to read the Koran with a background information and

00:25:00--> 00:25:33

This is something that every student of knowledge knows if you don't know the story if you don't know why the verses came down if you don't know the Hadith related to the verse, you will not fully understand the verse what is although this of drowsiness and rain coming down and cleansing what is going on here? So the night before the battle, when people should be so nervous when people are going to be you know, how can you fight Allah Subhana Allah to Allah made them go to sleep so that they have strength, you know, when you're nervous sleep is almost impossible. When you have a major exam you cannot sleep How about when you're going to face a battle you don't know if you're going to

00:25:33--> 00:26:13

win or die, you're going to lose or die. And in that night before the battle, Allah subhanho wa Taala said, I made you drowsy as a security as a piece that you slept completely the whole night. And then in the next morning, when you're marching forth, instead of the soft sand which is going to you know your feet are going to go into the sand. I caused the rain to drizzle just enough because too much rain would have made it muddy and he would have not been able to walk and not no rain would be would be just the sound. If I just sent down the right amount of rain it would make the earth firm so you're walking would be easier. And also you felt energized you know a little bit of rain

00:26:13--> 00:26:54

you feel fresh, you feel nice. And so Allah subhanaw taala saying you have bitter behind them, that your your feet and your hearts they're becoming strong and Subhana Allah when Allah sends his armies, what can any mortal army do against that? How can you How can any person be so foolish as to pretend to fight the armies of Allah, Allah azza wa jal will let him work with semiaquatic will have everything belongs to Allah, the wind, the air, the sky is the rain, the sand itself is at the service of Allah subhana wa Tada. So Allah facilitated this for the Sahaba. And then Allah spoke to the angels and Allah inspired the angels that go and attack the people of the Quran. And the angels

00:26:54--> 00:27:34

indeed terrified the people of the orange and the angels as the Quran is very explicit here that they went out and they fought the Quran. And so verse number 17, Allah subhanho wa Taala says that it was not you who killed them, but it was Allah subhana wa Taala. And it was not you who threw the stones what motivated me to work in aloha Rama, but it was Allah subhanho wa Taala Who did that? Because before the battle right before the battle when they could see each other and there were a long distance away, the prophet system picked up some sand some pebbles, and he threw it in the direction of the Cornish and all of them they felt the the, the, the dust and they felt the pebbles

00:27:34--> 00:28:12

that into their face and their eyes and they were just somewhat blinded for a while. And Allah azza wa jal is saying when mount Amita is ramita Joaquin de la rama when you threw you didn't throw but a lot through what a powerful verse when you threw you didn't throw he did throw and Allah saying you did throw that Allah saying it wasn't just that throw you did a little bit, yes, but it was a loss of Hannah was Allah who did the rest of it. And again, this really summarizes the reality of other and tawakkol. I've said this so many times, when we put our trust in a law when we believe in clutter, that doesn't mean we do nothing. We do what we need to do, and Allah will do the rest. One

00:28:12--> 00:28:53

hour later, no matter what like in the law, Rama, Allah affirms that he through then Allah says, but your throat didn't actually do the throwing. It was Allah who did the throwing. And this is the nutshell in a nutshell what we believe about the reality of Qatar. And Allah subhanho wa Taala then mentions the reality of the situation, verse 22, and 23, that these are the worst of mankind, they are deaf, dumb and blind, they don't think they're not understanding. And then this is a very important verse 23 If Allah had seen any good in them, if Allah knew that their hearts were pure, he would have caused them to hear. And if he had made them to hear in any if if they had a little bit

00:28:53--> 00:29:32

of head in them, they would have been guided to Islam. This shows us a very important point to your dear Muslims, we believe in God. And we believe Allah guides whomever he wishes, and we believe whoever Allah does not guide will remain misguided. But this also shows that when people are sincere, Allah will guide them. This is a very important fact, a law does not misguide the sincere. It is only those who are truly arrogant and are not worthy of being guided. The one who wants a law, Allah subhanaw taala will always choose him, but the one who doesn't, and the one who doesn't have an ounce of good and doesn't want to have good, that person will never be chosen. And that's why

00:29:33--> 00:29:59

Allah is saying here in the Koran, that if Allah knew there was good in them, and there's going to be a similar verse in this later on as well. And then verse 28, we're just going to skip a bits here and there, verse number 28. That Allah is saying that you're now going to get a lot of wealth and so realize that your wealth and your children they are a test for you, and that a lot possesses an immense reward if you pass that test. So the Muslims now they were impoverished before the Battle of buds

00:30:00--> 00:30:39

After the Battle of whether will be their first financial success, and then of course, within, you know, a 1020 years within a generation, the Muslims are going to be a global civilization within 100 years they're going to be a superpower is changing at an exponential rate. So Allah is telling them from the beginning, that look, you're going to get some money Good for you. But realize that all the wealth that you have, and all the blessings that you have, they are a test, make sure you pass the test, and the rewards you will get from Allah are much better than the money and the wealth and what you had in this dunya in this world. And verse number 30, that, remember, when the people of the

00:30:39--> 00:31:18

aurash they plotted against you, they tried to imprison you, they tried to kill you, they tried to expel you. This is talking about the hijra. This is when the Muslims were being persecuted the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you know, a year ago, barely a year and a half before the Battle of whether the Muslims fled for their lives from Mecca to Medina. And Allah is saying, look, within a year this victory has been given to you. They planned and Allah planned but Allah is the best of planners, and verses 32 and 33. Allah describes the orange as mocking Allah subhanho wa Taala that why can't Allah punish us? You talk about this punishment, then Allah is saying, Well,

00:31:18--> 00:31:55

you've had a punishment during the battle, the budget, but the big punishment that you're asking Allah to send, now again, the harsh word sarcastically mocking, where is this punishment? Where is this, you know, power of God that you're talking about? So the Battle of better silence them, and then Allah subhanho wa Taala says that I'm not going to destroy all of you, while the Prophet system is still alive amongst you, and I'm not going to destroy all of you. As long as you're still asking for forgiveness. There's a hope of repentance. In other words, the presence of the Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on this earth, the presence of the solar system in Makkah and in Medina

00:31:55--> 00:32:33

is enough of a blessing that Allah will lift up the punishment from the Quran. And then Allah is saying even if there are so is not going to be there at some point in time, but there is hope for your is still far there is hope for you to turn to Allah subhana wa Tada, then the punishment is not going to come. And this really shows us the linkage of is still far with the lifting of the punishment. We are currently in a complete lockdown crisis. This is a type of punishment, and we need to increase our is default. Verse 36, about the financial spending of the Porush, Allah subhana wa tada is referencing the fundraising that the aurash did before the battle, the fundraising that

00:32:33--> 00:33:18

they did that they raised a lot of money and they invested a lot of money to go fight against the Muslims. And Allah said of what value was all of that. But then in verse 38, Allah subhana wa tada says, that after all that they've done, if they stop in yenta, who you follow who mcerts Allah Subhana Allah after all that they've done, if they stop their past shall be forgiven. If there is hope Muslims, listen to this if there is hope for the people who tried to kill the prophets, I send them who tried to kill the Muslims and Allah is saying to them, if you stop and you repent, okay, there is hope for you your pass will be forgiven, if they can be forgiven, then how can any believer

00:33:18--> 00:34:00

in Allah lose hope and despair over the mercy of Allah for the sins that you have committed? There is no sin worse than fighting a prophet wanting to kill a prophet? How can those people be forgiven Allah is saying that tell them that if they stop, and if they repent, their past shall be forgiven. And then a lot reminds us in verse number 39, that there is a reason why we are fighting will call to him, Hector lacuna fitna fight them until there is no persecution, they're persecuting you. They're the ones preventing you from worshipping Allah, they're the ones expelling you from your lens. So fight them until there is no more persecution and the entire religion is established for

00:34:00--> 00:34:42

the sake of a lot peace is established that a lot can be worshipped freely, that is when that is why the fighting is done, because they are persecuting you and when the persecution stops, then inshallah tada as well. You can have peace with the origin, which is what happened in the Treaty of her baby, as you all know, in the Sierra, in verse 41, is when the answer to the first verse comes that who does the Lima or spoils of war belongs to? And so verse 41, is the legal answer that how much is going to go here and there and this is the books of illegal Islamic law to discuss and realize do Muslims never ever, ever derive detailed Islamic laws from a simple verse in the Quran,

00:34:42--> 00:34:59

the verse in the Quran is the basis and then you need other verses, and then you need other ahaadeeth. And then you need other evidences as well. So there's an entire science of interpretation, that science is called a solar field or how we extract or the principles of a deriving fit. So that is an entire branch.

00:35:00--> 00:35:41

is a separate branch of Islamic law. It is not appropriate to just open up the Quran and take a verse and then derive a ruling. The Koran is the basis Yes. But the Quran tells us to go to the Sunnah. And the Quran is revealed in Arabic. So you need to know Arabic. So there's a whole science involved with interpretation, the point being this verse, it tells us that in a nutshell, four fifths of the the spoils shall return back to the warriors and one fifth will go to the state, so the army will get four fifths. Now, if somebody says, How come verse one says all of it belongs to Allah. And then verse 41, says, four threats belongs to the, to the army, the response is Allah is

00:35:41--> 00:36:22

saying in verse number one, I have the right to decide. And then in verse 41, Allah is deciding, and Allah, his decision is one fifth of the unfiled will go to the state, and the state will then deal with it and give it to the orphans and give it to the poor people and give it to the you know, the widow. So all of the the list is mentioned there, and four fifths of this liniment with the spoil shall be returned back to the people who are fighting in that battle. So this is how the Muslims then resolved that issue. Verse 42, is another reminder about the reality of belief in other in predestination, that Allah is telling them that if the both of you had planned this meeting, if the

00:36:22--> 00:37:02

both of you wanted to participate in the Battle of butter, and you wanted to have a fight, you would never have done so disagreements would have happened about the timing, the place the methodology that conditions, but a loss plan was that you meet and a loss plan was that the Battle of other take place, Li Allahu Imran Khan Emma fula. And so a loss plan that was already predetermined, the plan was indeed planned by Allah, and you're planning could not unplan the plan of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And so this is the point of verse 42. That look, Allah had already will this it was the father of Allah. And Allah is saying, If I had delegated this responsibility to the both of you, you

00:37:02--> 00:37:42

would not have been able to do it. But Allah did it, it was a less will. And even if you didn't plan it, it was indeed the plan of Allah subhanho wa Taala verse 43, you have to understand the story behind it. I remember we said that the Prophet system saw a dream. And the people that you saw in the dream were fewer in number. And so Allah says, that remember when a law caused, you know the Prophet system to see the dream, and he saw fewer people. Now, this is a deeper point here, and that is that Allah says in the Quran, hello araca homecare here on the left, I shall tomb whether they will attend as an auto fill. If Allah had showed you their numbers as being a lot, the 1000 you

00:37:42--> 00:37:52

would have lost your resolve, and you would have not proceeded onwards when I can. No law has settled them. But Allah save the situation because he knows your hearts now.

00:37:53--> 00:38:36

Can somebody asked Is this a type of deceit that the Prophet system saw fewer people rather than the actual number? Their response is? No, not at all? Because the question what he saw in the dream, let's suppose he saw instead of 1000, who saw 100, or 200, or 300? Suppose you saw 200, those 200 that you saw, is that valid that there were 200 people yes or no? The answer is yes. Were they only 200. The Dream did not say the dream only was that he saw some people now, what is the point here? Allah subhanho wa Taala is telling the Sahaba that if you knew their actual numbers before the battle, you wouldn't have engaged, but Allah subhanho wa Taala. He showed that dream to the Profit

00:38:36--> 00:39:18

System and the interpretation that the process that I got was that there were less than 1000 it was not something explicit, and the Sahaba felt a type of encouragement, okay, we can fight this, we can do that. And so Allah says, it was a gift to you. Now in hindsight, you understand now that it's all over, you won the battle. Now you understand why this is taking place. And Allah subhana wa tada says in verse 44, that not only did I gift a dream, I actually did another miracle on the battlefield, both of you saw each other to be much less than you actually were. So when you met, he made them appear as fear in your eyes, and he made you appear as fewer in their eyes. Leah called

00:39:18--> 00:39:53

the Allahu Emraan kanima fruta. So that Allah may conclude a pre determined matter, and indeed, all the fears go back to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Once again, what is happening here, so both sides are seeing the other side as fewer. And in fact, it is narrated that when the Battle of whether it was beginning, one of the Muslims turned to another and said, these aren't 1000 How many do you think they are? I think there are 100 and another seven, I think that even less than 100. So when they're looking at all of this, they're not even seeing what is going to happen when the Muslims see the correlation is being 50 they're going to feel more power, more energy, and that's exactly what

00:39:53--> 00:39:59

happened. They fought with a more power and bravery that would not have existed if they saw the actual number.

00:40:00--> 00:40:40

So it was a gift to the Muslims and that gift when they saw the results. As for the flourish, when they saw the Muslims to be rather than 300, they saw them as let's say 50 or 100, they would have become more foolish and more arrogant and they're marching towards their death. And so when the orange saw the Muslims as fewer in number two, this was bait. This was enticement, when the Muslims saw the Quran as fewer a number. This was a means of making them braver and stronger and SubhanAllah. The same tactic on both different sides had a different result. And this is what Allah is saying, I gifted this to you. Once again, when Allah is on your side, when the armies of Allah

00:40:40--> 00:41:22

are on your side, how can you possibly lose? Nobody else can do these tactics. No superpower can do these tactics. This is only the Lord of the worlds who can bring in these tactics. And then Allah azza wa jal reminds them that when you're going to fight stand firm, remember Allah verse number 45, verse number 46, all day alone is messenger. Do not fight amongst yourselves because if you fight amongst yourselves, then you will falter. You will lose your courage, be steadfast, verse 47, be sincere and do not show off. And so all of this tells us one of the main reasons for being victorious in a battle is that we obey Allah and His Messenger, that we have unity amongst

00:41:22--> 00:42:09

ourselves, we do not bicker, there must be a complete unity amongst ourselves that we do whatever we do for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala. There must be no showing off there must be no arrogance involved. Move on to verse number 60 that Allah subhanho wa Taala says, what a doula whom Mr. Tato Minho. Now this is really interesting. The whole chapter has told us so many miracles that Allah gifted the Muslims, so many miracles were given to them, I made you sleep the night before I made the earth firm for you, I gave you this dream I made this I did that I sent the angels down. Despite all of those miracles, Allah is telling the Muslims, prepare for them as much as you can go out and

00:42:09--> 00:42:52

train, make sure you have horses, make sure you have bows and arrows, make sure you have weapons. All of this is very explicit. And it shows us the reality that once again, and I've said this so many times, but this is the message of the Quran, to what could in a law and other doesn't mean that you just sit back and you expect the miracles to happen. No, you have to do your utmost and this verse is so powerful, what a doula who must still talk to him as much as you can be prepared as much as you can be ready to engage with them in battle Minh Whoa, whoa, what in one minute rebuttal height of all types of strength, and it is narrated that our Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, the

00:42:52--> 00:43:33

best strength is archery, the best strength is archery, meaning that for the timeframe, obviously, for the time of that era, what is better than archery, because archery Of course, as long distance you are going to be able to fire volleys of arrows, you know, so far away, whereas when you're fighting combat in a one on one, then obviously, it's far more dangerous. So obviously, in our times, anything and of course, our scholars of modern times do mention that this verse isn't just for physical, it is for all types of battle. And in today's era, and in today's you know, global village, some of the best mechanisms that we can prepare is that on the intellectual battlefield,

00:43:33--> 00:44:13

that on the the debate, battlefield, preparing mechanisms to discuss the reality of Islam, the validity of Islam, this is also what I do the homeless, Dr. tomiko when it comes under here, as well. And this is not to negate that at times, you know, our religion does tell us to defend physically, I'm not negating that at all. But I'm saying this verse also applies, and especially for us who are living in areas and places and times where the physical aspect is not something that is being done anymore, okay, there is the intellectual battle as well. And that is something that encourages every one of us to arm ourselves intellectually, to study the religion to know our faith,

00:44:13--> 00:44:56

and then to engage in positive dialogue and positive speech and to become active in our communities and societies. Will I do the homeschool curriculum, anywhere that we have any, you know, power that we have, we can utilize it for the service of Islam. And in verse number 61, and by the way, of course, I forgot to mention that even in the battles are a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he utilized different mechanisms. He himself by the way, were armor in the Battle of Orford, which was going to be a very severe battle. He wore two coats of armor like a double coating of armor. So this is the reality of tawakkol doula home Mr. tartan you do what you can, as much as you can to the best

00:44:56--> 00:45:00

that you can. Then and only then will allow

00:45:00--> 00:45:42

gift you the miracles, the miracles will come. But you have to put in that effort as well. Verse number 61 is particularly important. What in Jenna hooli sell me Fijian Allah, when we were doing the Battle of butter, I said a phrase, and I'm going to repeat it over here. There are and let's be honest here there are, you know, different interpretations of the concept of jihad, this is not the time in place to go into all of them. But it is obvious that there are, you know, small groups of Muslims that have a very, very atypical interpretation that becomes very violent. And, you know, it is a type of modern guerrilla warfare or terrorism of our times, and they are engaging in in

00:45:42--> 00:46:19

militancy, and in Acts of killing civilians and whatnot. And they are quoting the Quran, and they're quoting their message directly from the Koran. And the majority of Muslims, the vast majority of them and hamdulillah. They don't sympathize with these types of groups they don't understand I don't see these groups as being faithful to the religion and I said something instead of the Bukhara and I'll repeat it again, those who want to cherry pick verses and construct an alternative narrative they can do so they will find such verses, but those who want to look at the holistic message of the Quran, and especially the seal of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and those who want to

00:46:19--> 00:47:01

stick with the mainstream body of the oma because that is also a part of our religion. We are the omoton was hotter We are the higher our own mutton the best of all oma, we are the middle and moderate nation, as the majority of Muslims and the majority of scholars Alhamdulillah they will easily be able to construct a narrative that is faithful to the Quran. And it is not terroristic it is not bloodthirsty Islam. It is an Islam that is predominantly and the base default is peace. And this verse over here, which was revealed at the Battle of butter, which was at the pinnacle of the conflict, the Battle of butter did not take place in the time of peace. The Battle of butter was at

00:47:01--> 00:47:45

the pinnacle of conflict between the Polish and Muslims and read verse 61. Read it, what does the law say? What in general who would sell me for general law, if they inclined towards peace, then you as well inclined towards peace and put your trust in Allah subhanho wa Taala we are not fighting for the sake of fighting. Islam is not a bloodthirsty religion. Islam does not aim to just kill, kill, kill, kill not know what in general does sell me for gentle holla if they inclined towards peace, you as well inclined towards peace, the Battle of butter was the result of what the Quraysh themselves had done for 13 years. If the Quraysh weren't as evil as they were, there would not have

00:47:45--> 00:48:22

been a battle of burden. And therefore in Islam, the default is indeed peace. There is no denying this. And that's what the Quran itself is saying. And that's why of course in our times, many modern or the Ummah and all the filth councils of the world and whatnot, they are all understanding the modern world to be a place where generally speaking, we are engaged in treaties with other countries, we are a part of a global network. And so they have extracted very reasonable, very sensible laws based on the Koran and obviously you will always have smaller groups that are you know, anybody who doesn't agree with them becomes a type of sellout. That's the reality of the oma,

00:48:22--> 00:49:04

we just have to, we just have to deal with in any case, verse 61, is very important in this regard. We do not fight for the sake of fighting, if they let us live in peace, then we will let them live in peace as well. But if they will not let us live in peace, like the courage that we have no alternative except to fight them as well. And verse 62, and 63 Allah subhanho wa Taala reminds us of some of the blessings that He has given the Muslims. He is the one that has supported you with his aid, who will be a luminosity he he is the one all of this help comes from a law and a law helped you with the believers as well. Allah helped you with the believers verse 63. What I left they in a

00:49:04--> 00:49:54

Hulu beacon, and he caused all of your hearts to be united. Low and factor marfil olimpija me on my left the vein of Peruvian Malacca Nala left Albania. This is one of the most oft quoted verses of Surah Al Anfal, and it is a powerful verse, had you spent everything on Earth had you spent all the money in the world to bring these groups together of the believers and to unite their hearts? You wouldn't have been able to do so. But Allah united their hearts for Indeed Allah is almighty and all wise. What is the law referencing the oath and the hazards in particular, they were at war with one another for two generations. There was a feud between the US and the huzur Raj. And that feud was

00:49:54--> 00:50:00

nasty and ugly, and that feud had caused hundreds of their seniors on

00:50:00--> 00:50:39

Both sides to be killed. And that feud was one of the main causes where there was a power vacuum. And they felt that they needed an external person to come in. Because internally there was just too much history between the house and the church. So when Islam came along the center has George willingly embraced it. And they saw in the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as someone who was a healer, someone who could unite. And that's exactly what happened. So they invited the prophets of the law I set him to come. And this is what Allah is referencing, that the O 's and the hustlers these two tribes of Medina of yesterday at the time, they would never have come together under the same

00:50:39--> 00:51:21

banner, they would never have viewed each other as brothers. Add to this mix, the Maha judoon because there's three, technically there's three groups or the Maha juden from the house and the Raj from Medina, and all three of them are one team, despite the fact that the muhajir don't have no blood ties with the unsought with those enhancers. And the Osen hunters themselves have a bitter feud that goes back a generation and a half two generations, and there is no way that they would have come together, but Allah brought them together. And what this shows us dear Muslims, is that whomever Allah azza wa jal wants you to reconcile with you can reconcile it is a lot more elephant

00:51:21--> 00:51:55

kulu One of the characteristics or adjectives of Allah, yam or elephant poop, the one who brings friendship between the hearts so remember this verse, And anytime you have a problem with somebody, anytime you think I'm never going to be you know, that person's friend or you have a bitter, you know, dispute with your cousin or with the relative or whatnot. Remember this verse, And remember, Allah subhana wa Taala can bring about a friendship, like nothing else can not all the money in this world can do, what Allah subhanho wa Taala can do. So Allah is indeed probably Yoon Aziz,

00:51:56--> 00:52:38

in verses 64 to 66, Allah subhanho wa Taala. He mentioned certain aspects about numbers and ratios. And what this means that the basic premise is that smaller numbers are going to overcome larger ones, if they are firm, if they remain firm to their, to their principles. And this notion, of course, what it what our scholars have derived from this, is that in cases of battle, if there's a smaller group versus a larger one, when are you allowed to just call it quits? When are you allowed to just call it okay? That's not going to work here. The ratios are mentioned in these verses, first, the ratio is given as much higher than Allah is saying, I know that you are not able to live

00:52:38--> 00:53:02

up to that. So I'm going to reduce the ratio. And so the ratio is basically one to 10 people, that one to two people, if that is the case, then you are not allowed, you must remain firm, and with what to remain firm, as you are challenging the other side. Verse 67, is the famous dispute that happened, verse 67, is the famous dispute that happened over the prisoners of war.

00:53:04--> 00:53:44

And this dispute, it goes back to the issue of what is to be done with the 70 plus people who had been captured in the Battle of burden. And this is the first time that the Muslims have these prisoners of war. And this dispute actually, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he called the Sahaba. And he called them together, he said, What can we do? What should we do about all of these prisoners of war, and they differed amongst themselves one group, and this is human nature, like you have a course of action, and you know, your your personalities are going to come into play, there was one group of Sahaba, they looked at the the positives of reconciliation, they said, Jada sutala,

00:53:44--> 00:54:23

at the end of the day, they're all we're all part of one tribe. Let's just forgive, and let's just, you know, release them and get some ransom. And another group of Sahaba said, Dr. rasulillah, we need to send a message, these people tried to kill us. We need to send a message that we cannot tolerate this. This is not acceptable. You're going to war and you're sending an army. You're the ones who started all of this, we need to just end it by being harsh. And you know, subtitle is difficult because sometimes justice is harsh. And sometimes mercy wins hearts over when do you do when do you decide to be strict with the justice and when do you decide to forgive? It's not an

00:54:23--> 00:55:00

easy, it's not an easy question at all. And that's why Allah subhanho wa Taala is indeed Yeah, and he is an Aziz and Al Hakim, he is the one who knows when to be strict and he is the one the default of course, is forgiveness. So the Sahaba began deferring amongst themselves what is to be done, and one group said forgive and ransom the other group said no, we need to send a message. These are the worst of the worst they tried to kill us. And Allah subhana wa tada revealed after the prophets of Salaam decided to go with the first group just to forgive and to ransom, Allah subhana wa tada revealed that you

00:55:00--> 00:55:40

You chose a decision that wasn't the best, and I forgiven you for it, you shouldn't have done that. So Allah azza wa jal said, the better option would have been, if you took it, the better option would have been that you send the message. And that's what Allah is saying, Mark Kennedy being a ukuleles rohatgi youth in FL all that, that it's not befitting that you just ran some time off, it seems like a sign of weakness, until you have the upper hand right now you do not have the upper hand right now you're starting at the bottom. And it's good to send that message. But Allah said, I have forgiven you, let's move on now. So he allowed and he accepted that their decision was to and

00:55:40--> 00:55:57

this really shows us a panel that that sometimes, and indeed Allah subhana wa Tada. He allowed the Muslims to do that, of course, if he wanted to, he would have revealed the Quran before. But it is up to Allah, his wisdom, and he accepted the decree of the Prophet sallallahu. I sent him of course, I knew he would accept it. It's not as if it's something

00:55:59--> 00:56:06

not predetermined, everything is pre determined. So what happened was that after the Battle of whether the Prophet salallahu alaihe, Salam then

00:56:08--> 00:56:48

allowed all of the 70 prisoners to ransom themselves off by paying a certain amount, and each prisoner was given an amount that was appropriate for his wealth. And this is amazing, they didn't have the same number. No, the poor prisoner was left off with a smaller amount, the poorest of the poor, who didn't have anything, it is said that 10 of them did not have any wealth whatsoever. So the prophets of the law, while he was send them, let them free. And he said them, sent them back with the condition that they teach 10 of the children of the unsought how to read and write. So education was even valued in the Battle of budget, that they didn't have any money, but they had a

00:56:48--> 00:57:27

skill and talent. So the Prophet has told them that teach, you know, some of the children of the unsought to read and write and then you will be let go, but those who had the money and those who had the wherewithal, they got ransom. And the more money they had, the higher was their ransom, and the richest of the aurash, they had the highest ransom. Some of them had 4000 dinars, that's a large amount of money. And of them was that a bass, the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So when the Prophet system told him his amount, and I busted Yasuda law, you know, his his nephew, and at the time, he was not a Muslim, I don't have that much money, you can check my house, I don't

00:57:27--> 00:58:04

have that much money. And the Profit System said that how about that money that you hit at such and such a place and you only told your wife, or my father, and only the two of you know that there was a treasure hidden in case something happens to you. And when he heard this, he knew that the Prophet system must have heard this from Allah because that was a secret conversation that an Ibis rhodiola why he had a secret stash he had a hidden treasure that he had told his wife about that, if anything happens to me, there's a good amount of money buried over there. And so the Prophet system said, how about that money, you told your wife once upon a time, that was God telling him at the time. So

00:58:05--> 00:58:29

Allah is now telling the Prophet system and the Muslims, verse number 69. So go ahead and take this, this ransom, and you may use this ransom now it is permitted for you, even though the previous verse said that, that you shouldn't have done that a lesson. Okay? Now you've done it I've forgiven you can consume what you have gained, and remain conscious of Allah and Allah is Forgiving, and merciful. And then in verse 70,

00:58:30--> 00:59:12

old Prophet, say to those whom you hold as prisoners, if Allah finds any good in your hearts, he will give you better than what has been taken away, and he will forgive you. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. This verse in particular, is a reference to a lab bus, and overall to all of the people above that who eventually converted, because an Ibis rhodiola, while he said, This verse, when it came down, I know it applies to me, because Allah took something from me, and he gave me back much more. And he gave me much, much better, he gave me Islam, and he gave me more than what was taken away from me and our boss became a wealthy person after he embraced Islam. And so verse

00:59:12--> 00:59:54

70, once again, this issue of if Allah knows that there's good in your heart, and this is a reality that we still apply to this day, a law does not misguide the sincere, if Allah knows there's good in your heart, Allah will give you back more than what has been taken away at the Battle of budget, and the final verses of the surah. They deal with protections and loyalties and alliances. And the message is very clear that believers need to be united that the believers their bonds are stronger than anything else. And those who do not believe in Islam, they even if they fight amongst themselves, but they will unite against Islam and we see this so many times, you know, even in our

00:59:54--> 01:00:00

times as well, that those who have even within themselves differences, the one thing they will have in common

01:00:00--> 01:00:38

common is that they will want to unite against the Muslim ummah. And so Allah is saying he Latifah Lu. If you do not unite, then they will unite and they're going to cause a lot of fitna and facade. And this really shows us the importance of Muslim unity, the importance of transcending our geographic regions and nation states and other loyalties, the oma is one body, and that is a reality. The Quran keeps on mentioning, and it explicitly says that because the Muslim is united at the Battle of butter. That is why they were successful in the Battle of swords, which is going to take place the next year, the Muslims did not unite, and the Muslims differed amongst themselves.

01:00:38--> 01:01:11

And that led to a bit of an issue and a crisis, as you know, and that was explicitly mentioned there. So this concludes our students and fad and as I said, the main takeaway, it is about the victory of better and why it was given to them inshallah Tada. Tomorrow, we will continue and do a very long surah we're gonna now go back to our old style of basically summarizing the entire surah and that is Seurat adobo also called pseudo Elvira until then, Giacomo lokalen Sara mighty Kumara to Lahore barakato.