Lives Of The Sahaba 13 – Sunni Beliefs Regarding The Companions​ of Prophet Muhammad

Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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In this interesting and reflective video, Shaykh Yasir Qadhi​ attempts to shed some light and get acquainted with the meaning of the companions (the Sahaba) and the Sunni Muslims’ beliefs about the Sahaba from the Qur’an and the Sunnah.

We are made aware of the classification of the Sahabas and how there are 12 categories that can be enumerated and are as follows:

  • Those who accepted Islam from the beginning of Makkah, for instance, Abu Bakr RA .
  • Those who accepted Islam in Darun Nadwah such as Umar Ibn khattab RA.
  • Those who emigrated to Abyssinia.
  • Those who gave the first Uhd Al  Aqabah
  • Those who gave the second Uhd Al  Aqabah.
  • Those who emigrated to Madinah.
  • Those who are amongst the Badriyoon.
  • Those who emigrated between Badr and Hudaibiyah.
  • Those who participated in Baiah Ridhwan.
  • Those who emigrated after the Treaty of Hudaibiyah and before the conquest of Makkah such as Khalid Ibn Waleed RA.
  • Those who converted to Islam after the conquest of Makkah.
  • Those who were the young children who were not baaligh but had seen the Prophet ﷺ and had memories of him.

For further explanation on these categories and much more, do listen to the talk which is a revelation of sorts on the great companions who have walked the face of this earth.

 

Episode Transcript

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smilla Mohammed Hamza De La Habra, alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad Ali, he will sign me up very bad. So today inshallah tada in light of the fact that we have a shorter class and also next Wednesday, as you know, we are having our third session or

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over here. So we're going to have a very short haul today, what I'm going to do is I wanted to give this talk actually from the beginning. And it's a good talk to give now before we move on, and that is our beliefs regarding the Sahaba our beliefs regarding the Sahaba. This is a point of history a point of theology, a fundamental point of who we are as Sunni Muslims, right? The The point being that, why do we as as Sunni Muslims respect the companions the way that we do? So today's lecture is actually an introduction to the whole topic of the companions. And it should have been done when we started a vocalist. But I think it's a perfect time now, because we'll be pausing for a while. So we

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began by talking about who exactly is a Sahabi? Who exactly is a Sahabi? What is the definition of a Sahabi. And in fact, in early Islam, this was a point of some controversy, that who exactly gets defined to be a companion. For example, one of the early Tabby ruins at the minimum was ceja, who was one of the students of the Sahaba. He said, we only consider a Sahabi, somebody who lived with the Prophet system for at least a year or two. And he participated with the Prophet system and at least one or two battles. Now why would somebody make this definition? Because you see when we talk about the Sahaba, the first people that come to mind obok are Omar Osman Ali, Abdullah Ahmed, now

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palha, we think of the great Sahaba. But we need to understand that the bulk of the Sahaba are not of those whose names come to mind, most of the Sahaba we don't even know their names as we're going to come to most of the Sahaba they simply were people who maybe even from the Bedouins who came and visited Medina, simple example. Every story that we ever come across in this year of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam regarding Muslims, they are amongst the Sahaba. So the Bedouin who urinated in the masjid. He's also so happy, right? Even though this Bedouin has not narrated anything, he's name is not even known. We don't know any blessings about him, but he constitutes the Sahabi. Right? For

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example, the one who, the better ones who raised their voices about the process and when Allah says in the Quran, that sort of our swatter. confocal sutra nebby. And they were calling out Dr. Mohammed, come and visit us come and see us we're waiting for you, solo Selim. They are technically also so happy for us. But the early tablet rune were hesitant to open this door. They didn't some of them did not want to include those categories amongst the Sahaba. Right, they felt that that would be too much of a blessing for them. So they attempt to to restrict it. And so they said, for example, as we said at the museum, he said, The Sahabi is somebody who at least he lives a year or

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two, or he participates in one or two battles, because participating in a battle boosts your level up to just living in Medina, or even passing through. Remember, we talked about the year of delegations, many Sahaba over at least four or 5000 people visited Medina for one day two days, spoke to the process and went back. Are they included amongst the Sahaba or not? Some of the early scholars said no, let's not include those types of people, they must have lived in Medina, or they must have participated with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. However, as time went on, later, scholars began incorporating more and more people into the term Sahaba. Until finally, the standard

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definition that was embraced by the second century of Islam was we will take us a hobby, as anybody who linguistically can be called Sahabi what is hobby mean? So, hobby means Sahiba somebody Sahiba somebody he becomes a sort of the hub. So Sahaba means to accompany. Sahaba means to be with this is linguistically what Sahaba means to be with or to accompany. And therefore, Emmanuel Buhari rhodiola, or mo LA to La MaMa Buhari and his. So here, he has a chapter heading, and that chapter heading says, Whoever Sahiba the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or even saw him is considered to be a Sahabi. So he takes the linguistic definition, that whoever has any relationship directly

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with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is considered to be a Sahabi. And in fact, he brings a hadith that we will bring later on in today's lecture, and I'll mention that and I'll remind you, this is the

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evidence that Mr. Bahati used. So based on this the precise definition that was agreed upon in later Sunni Islam is the definition that even hedger himself proposed or he doesn't propose it, but he he codifies it, if you like, in hedgerow the famous scholar of Hadith, and perhaps the grand Hadith of the medieval times of Islam, he defined as a hobby as anybody who met the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, while believing in Him, and then died upon Islam. Anybody who met the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam while believing in him. So in that first condition, he met him, he didn't just hear about him, he met him. And by using the word met earlier, people had said, Whoever saw the Prophet

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system, even Buhari mentioned whoever saw but there was a habit who were blind. So by using the term meeting, this is more precise. So anybody who met the Prophet system while believing in Him, so while believing in Him, obviously means those who saw him and did not believe will not be considered a Sahabi. Likewise, those who saw him as a Kaffir, then embraced Islam afterwards, and never saw him after that are not going to be considered Sahaba. And there was the famous narration that I gave an entire lecture on half electron of the nuclear man who became the emissary between the Prophet system and heraclius. And he came to see the three signs and the process of asked him, Why don't you

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embrace Islam, and he said, I'll think about it. But right now I have a job, I'm getting paid for a job, I'm not gonna get become a Muslim right now. And later on, he became a Muslim. This person is not considered a saboteur, because he met the professor, somebody, he was not a Muslim at the time. And he then later embraces Islam. So he is does not get the level of the Sahaba he doesn't get those blessings of a Sahabi. So whoever meets the Prophet, so set them while believing in him. This excludes as well, those who don't physically meet him when he's alive. So the law while he was setting them, so anybody who sees the process in a dream does not become a Sahabi because they

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didn't meet him while he's alive. Also, there's the record of at least one or two people whose names even are mentioned, who saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his body on the day of his death, that they entered Medina, assuming to meet the Prophet system, but Allah willed that he died on that day. And so there are, we know of some people, they pray janazah over the prophet SAW Selim, but they did not see him when he's alive. So that doesn't make them as a hobby. Okay, so the definition is whoever sees or whoever meets the process, and while believing in Him, and then dies upon Islam, because there are a handful of hypocrites, who, at some point in their lives, they claim

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to be Muslim, and then they became mortal. They left the faith, and especially amongst the movements that were the false prophets, a number of them fall into this category. Okay, especially amongst the followers of the false prophets. Some of them did indeed pretend to accept Islam, and they remained Muslim. Then when the fitness happened, in the words of Linda, they embrace the faith of their tribal leaders. So these people are not considered Sahabi. So therefore, anybody who met the Prophet for some while believing in him and then died upon Islam, this is the definition of a Sahabi. Now, the Sahaba are not all one category.

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And this is something that everybody recognizes and understands. Why because the Quran itself categorizes the Sahaba. There are multiple verses in the Quran that categorize the Sahaba of those verses is that Allah subhana wa Taala says, law Yes, the women command unfair communicable fatwa cartel, Allah, Allah modera Jetta minute, ladies and gentlemen, back to a quarter you were cool and why the listener, they are not the same. Those who embraced Islam before the conquest, and they fought battles. They cannot be the same as those who embraced Islam after the conquest law yesterday. And Allah azza wa jal mentioned what could learn what the law is now, both groups Allah

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has promised her SNA and husen as one of the names of gender, both groups Allah has promised Krishna, but a law clearly says not equal. Likewise, and we'll come to this verse again when we talk about the blessings of the Sahaba Allah says was sabya una, una Mira Mahajan, Ansari, well, Edina terbaru, whom basin and the earliest batches that won the race, the first groups of them Oh Ha Joon, and the unsolved and then those who came after them. So Allah azza wa jal is clearly mentioning that when you embrace Islam plays a big role in your status.

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Was savvy overload so the earliest batches have the highest level and the mohajir don't have the highest and then the unsold have because alum inches wider than the unsold. So a lot literally prefers the Mahajan over the unsold in the Quran by mentioning them first. But then Allah says all of them Allah has promised good for Okay, so based on this, earliest scholars fully understood that the Sahaba are of categories, they are not all the same category. And many scholars gave different categories categorization schemes, some of them gave five categorization some of them made it all the way up until 17. And I will quote you, the one that has become the most famous one. It was

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perhaps first proposed by the famous scholar of Hadith and hackin, the author of Mr. Abdullah, who died four or five, and then it was narrated or accepted by most scholars, including Ibn Kathir, and others call those who made these 12 categories. This is the perhaps the most famous categorization 12 categories of the Sahaba. And notice, by the way, as we're going to go over these 12 categories, these 12 categories are not fully distinct, perhaps some Sahaba are in more than one category. So this gives them two blessings or two badges, okay, so they're not completely unique. Rather, these are 12 categories that we can discern from the text of the Quran and Sunnah that has specific

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blessings or whatnot. And most of the Sahaba are in one category only. But the more categories also hobbies in so the more blessed are, the more higher his rank is. So these 12 are the first category. Those who accepted Islam from the beginning of mcca, earliest converts of Makkah, and included in them is Abu Bakar and earthman. And Omar and Ali rhodiola. They were the earliest batch, okay, the first batch of converts the first few years of Dawa. Okay, this is the first category, the second category, those who accepted Islam in daru najwa. So that another one was established after a few years, in Makkah, okay. There were groups that converted even before that, that's the first

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category. The second category, those who converted in doubt, or najwa, okay, and technically are multiple copies of this category, that he converted in doubt another one, but it's also an early convert as well. So we also included there, but he converted when there already was a dot a network. So this is the second category that is the category of data network, those who embraced Islam, when there was that, that dark that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam used the third category, those who emigrated to Abyssinia, those who did hegira to Habesha and our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned that they will get a double reward, they will get a double reward. Those who emigrated to

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Habesha will get a double reward. And there is a very famous tradition in Sahih Muslim that

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once was

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talking to Ole Miss Ella, and said to her to Ole Miss Emma that almost said Emma, you know, don't don't long story she was going to the visit, the prophet SAW said him and armour was exiting from the process. And so he said, you know, don't think that you have a high status in the eyes of the Prophet says Adam, while you were enjoying an easy life and every senior we were the ones protecting him in Makkah and Medina. Okay. So because she was of the opinion, but

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immigrants, okay, so you had an easy, you lived an easy life. And we were the ones with him defending and protecting him. And, and she became enraged, Mashallah, she became enraged, and he said, law will lie, you at least had him in your presence and company. And you could see him day and night. And we were all alone in a strange land struggling with our a man not having access to the profits of the law either who was selling them, right being strangers in a land with a different language, different everything, at least you had the Profit System in amongst your own people, right? And then she went immediately to the process of whatever her reason was for going was out the

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window. Now there is a new reason. And she says Yasuda law, Bob said such and such, what do you think is that true or not? Right? Put him directly like what is the thing and the process of said, you and the people who have emigrated to Habesha have double reward. You have a jiron because you were the ones who emigrated to Abyssinia, then you came back and you immigrated to Medina, you have to rewards. So on the selama went out, you know, telling everybody, and for the rest of the day, every single habashi immigrant went and came to understand Emma's House said, I want to hear it from your mouth directly. What did the President say about us? Right? So the Sahaba were so eager to get

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these blessings, every blessing that the process of getting

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them. And this is that's why they are considered in this category that those immigrated to avicennia, the fourth and the fifth category. The fourth one is those who gave the first oath of Alibaba. And the fifth one those who give the second order acaba. So, the fourth and fifth category is the beginning of the unsought. Okay. And amongst the unsolved the elite of the unsolved are who those who attended the first art club. Then the second category of the unsolved those who attended the second club, obviously, how many attended the first October please everybody tell me you should know this?

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No, no, that's not the

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those were those who embraced Islam, the six how many attended the first art club

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as the second October

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around 12 and the second October around 7372 73. Okay, so those who attended these are considered to be the fourth and the fifth. The sixth category of Sahaba are the first batches who emigrated to Medina when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was at Oba a while he was building the masjid. So the prophets are included in this, for example is Ali Ali, of course, is included in the first few as well. And in this as well, that the processor is waiting for them to come. And small groups came at this time, and they have extra blessing that the process have waited for them. So the sixth category that those who emigrated while the Profit System waited for them at Cobra or while he was

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building the masjid, the seventh category of Sahaba are the bedri Yun, the bedri Yun and they are considered to be amongst the most elite of the Sahaba 315 or so. And to be a birdie is the highest honor, after the honor of being the first batches of converts to be a buttery is the highest honor and of course, all of the first batches of converts participated in better except for a man of the law, one who either excuse who had an excuse, okay, so the the seventh category, those who participated at better, and I went over so many a hadith about the blessings of the people of butter. So of them is the Prophet system said Allah has looked at the people of better and he has

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said, Do as you please, for you all you have all been forgiven, do as you please, anything you do, it doesn't matter you have been forgiven. And of them is the hadith of gibreel that jabril asked the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that how do you view he asked the processor? How do you view those who participated at burden amongst you. And the President said we view them as the best of us. So gibreel says similarly, the angels who participated at Bethel, we view them as the best of us. Okay, so the Sahaba, who participated at better, or the best and the most elite of the Sahaba, that's the seventh category, the eighth category, those who emigrated between butter and de beer. So

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that is around four and a half years between butter and herbet, who they be those who came in this stage, so they came from Makkah or from other lands, they came and they immigrated to Medina, this is the eighth category, the ninth category, those who participated in the back to read one, the third one, the third one is of course the author of who they be. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself testified for them and said Allah will forgive them. And Allah revealed or on concerning them, and they are to read one had 1400 people in it. And it is explicit in the Quran.

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In the legend Are you by your own aka in your value una La Jolla de la he felt like a DM those who give you their beta and the bedroom one, they are actually giving the buyer to Allah subhanahu wa tada a laws handed over their hand. And regarding the bear to read one Allah says, are all the love one home one old one, Allah is pleased with them, they are pleased with him. So everybody who participated in victorious one, Allah has said he is pleased with everyone without exception, the entire 1400 they are considered to be of the of the elite of the Sahaba. And this is the those who participated in our third one, the 10th category of Sahaba. Those who emigrated after the Treaty of

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Arabia, and before the conquest of Makkah, and this is the final batch of Maha judo. Okay, this is the final batch of Mahajan. And included in this are luminaries such as Khalid who lead

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us and also those who didn't come necessarily from Makkah. They were batches that came from Yemen at this time. Most Famous amongst them is Abu hurayrah or the LA one. Abu hurayrah. emigrated from Yemen. He didn't come from Africa, right?

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But he emigrated before the conquest. So he is considered a type of Mahajan, not a monkey Mahajan, a Yemeni Mahajan. So he got the blessings of hegira. Even though he didn't immigrate from Makkah, he emigrated from Medina to live with the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he emigrated, basically between the Treaty of Arabia and the conquest of and the conquest of Makkah. In fact, he came after the conquest of hiber. So after the conquest of hybrid, that is an Abu hurayrah came to Makkah, sorry, to Medina, and he was with the Prophet system for at least a year before the conquest of Mecca, What number are We are now, number 10, number 11. Number 11. Now,

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and this is the largest category,

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and it is those who converted after the conquest, they're just put in one category.

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And they number in the 10s of 1000s.

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Because included in this category are those who performed Hajj with the Prophet system. So this category is the largest category, it overshadows the others by a factor of 100, or something. Because we do not know how many people attended the hygiene, we're going to come to this point as well. But they are considered to be in the scale of things on the lower side of the scale, but they are still Sahaba. And they were the ones who converted from the day of the conquest up until the end of the life of the Prophet. So set them this is the 11th category. So what's left, what is the 12 category, the 12 category is a unique category. And that is

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young children who were not to buy live, but they still saw the Profit System. This is not Toddlers and Babies, Toddlers and Babies, who whom the Profit System saw are not considered Sahaba

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they have a special category in the books of Baba called or ranks. And it is mentioned that, for example, his mother came in the process and blessed him. So he gets some blessing. But he's not considered as a hobby, because he doesn't remember meeting the Prophet so sort of, okay, he the young, young boy, you know, one year old, two year old infant and toddler, and it was the Sunnah of the people of Medina, that anytime a baby was born, they would bring him to the process of them the next day, the next morning. So every single baby born in Medina, and the the process that and basically bless the child, okay, so it was there soon that the baby would be brought. And the

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processor would basically make some date or something or even if there was nothing just make the art form or something. It was the sooner of the people of Medina and the processor to do that. But that category is not considered a hobby, unless the child grew up and has memories.

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But if he's not badly,

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then he's considered in this category. And that category is basically the young children who saw the prophecy sell them. And they have memories of him and the narrative. Now this is not people like Java in him in a bus. They were young men,

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jabber and even Abbas and others. They were post Bulu 12 1314. That's basically they've made it to the ranks of the others that have, but there were those who were. So for example,

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able to fail Ahmed, the one who did the very last Sahabi, whoever died, he died 110 110 at the very last Sahabi overnight. So he was a young child, he died at the age of 105. And he was around five years old and he remembers the process of them. So this is the last Sahabi to die. He doesn't have any Hadith from him. He does. But he remembers seeing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So this is that category of those young children who have memories of the process of them but they didn't get to the level of actually narrating from him or learning from him. That's that's why they're put in a special category. Okay, so this is the primary categorization of the Sahaba. How

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many Sahaba are there? No one knows. And some of the earliest scholars of Islam attempt to to give their numbers or at least numbers of categories amongst them. So Mr. Michel fury said there must be at least 60,000 of the Sahaba and Mr. Malik said that there are at least 10,000 Sahaba who lived in Medina when the process and have died. He's not talking about all the subleasing in Medina, he's estimating there must have been at least 10,000 people on the process from die which is actually very, very accurate ballpark figure. Okay when the process and passes away, Medina is a city of around 10,000 people and those 10,000 for sure every one of them has interacted with the process and

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without doubt, eat hot buzz Juma. Eonni. Just being in Medina, how could you not they're all Muslims. So you have 10,000 definitely who are in the city interacting with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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Qatada one of the students that had been Ibis, he's a Tabori. He mentioned that at least 1005

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100 Sahaba settled in the New City of Kufa, Kufa was to become the capital for a period of time. When did Kufa become the capital who can remind me

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know, all my years don't have Kufa as the capital, omega is hated. And there was a big tension between the optics and the

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eyelid. The Allahu anhu made Kufa the Capitol for a short period of time, just for like four years, three and a half years. gufa was the Capital Group was only the capital with the shortest capital in the history of the oma was Kufa. But because of that, and for other reasons, Kufa was a huge influx of Sahaba 1500 Sahaba emigrated to Kufa so all of this tells us there's 1000s and 1000s. But how many, the fact of the matter is, we will never know, we hear figures of 100 120, even as found in some of the early books. And the fact of the matter is, we will simply not be able to even guesstimate, because the majority of this number goes back to the people who did Hajj with the

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Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This is where the bulk of the number comes from. We know how many people who aren't bothered at all, we know how many people were at, in the conquest of Makkah. But there there are battles that are beyond numbers. So for example, to walk, to walk, we do not know how many people because the book was a battle that was fought dying on every single Sahabi. Remember, that's why the priests have to walk and the repentance happened. And as the book said, as we mentioned it, that the names of the people who went would not have been able to be written down in a registrar sigil. You couldn't write all of those names down. So you have references of

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20,000 30,000 40,000. So we have maybe 30,000 people going into a book. That's a huge number. Think about it, right? So where are their names and whatnot. The fact of the matter is, we barely have the names of even four to 5000, Sahaba. And even those 45 It is a great stretch. And there are many attempts by our scholars to compile the names and biographies of the saga. Many attempts, at least a dozen books have been written in our history to compile the names of all of the Sahaba even Abdullah has, at least the RV manufacturers have, and other books as well, was still harbor as well, by even a theme, but perhaps the most comprehensive book written to chronicle the names and biographies of

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the Sahaba is the famous book is Saba feet Emmys is Sahaba by none other than urban hedgerow the famous urban legend at the Saba theater, Misa Sahaba. And this was by the way, one of my main sources for the seat Oh, by the way, every seat of class, I would always look up at the Saba every hobby, and I would see any stories from there that I could put into this hero. So the Saba is the most famous one of the most famous books of the names of the narrators of the of the sorry, the names of the Sahaba. And in that book, we barely have four to 5000 names of the Sahaba. And even these names, sometimes it's not even a name. It's like the one who was sent to this tribe.

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Maybe it's mentioned in a story, the process of send somebody or this happened or that happened. So it's not even the full name or is just a cornea, I will show and so we don't know anything else about him. So the bulk of this book really just has a name and maybe even one line not even not even more than that. Therefore, the number of Sahaba, who actually narrated from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a Hadith, so we're getting smaller and smaller. Imam. Hakeem was the author of when we started, he said, around 4000 Sahaba narrated from him. But the famous scholar, Imam is that Hubby, the student of even Tamia, remember that we said, No, this cannot be correct, perhaps 2000 or

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maybe even 1500 narrated from him, even Kathy are the famous, even Kathy that all of us know. He said that the most comprehensive book of Hadith is by Mr. Mohammed Mohammed, I mentioned it last two classes ago, the Muslim Mr. Mohammed, and despite the fact that Mr. Mohammed is the most authoritative scholar of his time, and he has the rank that he does, he has traveled so much, despite all of this, he has narrated from only 978 companions.

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And if you go look up other books beyond this, you will not find more than two 300. Other names, so the grand total is around 1200, who narrated from him, and of those one, and this is mean there's not many of those 1200 literally only four or five narrated the bulk of the traditions,

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like only four or five Sahaba were the ones who excelled in narrating like 5000 4000 3000 or 5000 3040

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1000 ahaadeeth Okay, all right Isha and jabber and Abu hurayrah. And even even Omar Ibn Abbas, these were the ones who became like the lions of narrating the Hadith, the bulk of our religion really is preserved by less than maybe 15 Sahaba. There, though those were the ones who became proficient in narrating the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So the bottom line out of all of this before we move on, is that perhaps 90 to 95% of the Sahaba, they are really not known to us. We don't even know maybe even their names.

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The example of the Bedouin, who urinated in the masjid is just one example. Imagine for that one bedroom that urinated how many 10s of 1000s would have crossed into Medina who have not done anything of that nature, we don't even know their names, not even their tribes, nothing is known, just rough estimates. And because they didn't narrate anything, so we have no knowledge of them whatsoever. And only a very small percentage of the Sahaba are the ones whose names that we know, and an even smaller percentage are the ones who excelled in narrating the traditions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Now, we now move on to the next part of our lecture, and that is,

00:31:17--> 00:31:40

what is the position of us as Muslims towards the companions. And this is an issue of Great Controversy In early Islam. And it remains an issue of controversy amongst the various groups and sects of Islam today. And in fact, it is the hallmark or the defining feature of what we call Sunni Islam.

00:31:42--> 00:31:50

This is the one theological issue that defined Sunni Islam from its very beginning.

00:31:51--> 00:31:53

It wasn't over

00:31:54--> 00:32:08

other issues, the first issue that defined Sunni Islam, what is your attitude towards the Sahaba, and every other movement and group differed with us? And they still differ with us.

00:32:09--> 00:32:16

So we believe that it is an article of faith to respect the Sahaba.

00:32:17--> 00:32:22

It's not just history. It is our al Qaeda, our theology, our Eman

00:32:24--> 00:32:26

and to disrespect the Sahaba

00:32:27--> 00:33:13

is something that hurts and harms our Eman. Why do we say this? Why did early Sunni Muslims refuse to join other movements in groups? And they made it a point of theology from the perspective of those Muslims and that's what we are as well in this match to that handle and the bulk of the Muslim world Alhamdulillah has always remained Sunni, the Quran and Sunnah, and common sense and unanimous consensus all proved this point, or Ensenada article nh Ma, and these are the only sources of anything. So the Quran has so many verses, the sooner has mutawatir traditions and common sense, logic and reason and unanimous consensus. All of these points are the same thing. As for the Quran,

00:33:13--> 00:33:52

and I had to choose a few verses the reality is there are too many verses to do in even a few lectures. There's too many verses I chose, I chose seven of them for today's lecture. And these are verses that all of you should be aware of. And this is very useful. If you meet somebody who doesn't respect the Sahaba you should know these verses and quite explicit in the Quran I I chose verses that I thought would be the most useful in our dialogues with perhaps other movements and whatnot, who did not respect the Sahaba The first of these verses is the famous verse of Bukhara what karateka Jana Martin was Sultan, Lita kuno, Shahada, Adina Zhi Wei, akuna, rasuluh, alikum shahida.

00:33:53--> 00:34:14

And this is our decree karateka here means this is our will, this is it. This is the decree, what is the decree, we have made you the worst salt nation. Now, the word salt, the word was that has two meanings to it. The first meaning is the best. And the second meaning is the middle.

00:34:15--> 00:34:28

And these two meanings are complimentary. Because generally speaking, the best of the person the crowd is surrounded by the crowd, he comes into the middle.

00:34:29--> 00:34:59

Generally speaking, the leader is surrounded by the entourage, he's in the middle. The Imam is in the middle. So being in the middle here, indicates that you are surrounded by others, they are showing you respect. So the word was sought has both meanings and they are interconnected. The first meaning is the middle nation and the second meaning is the best because the best is the middle and the middle is the best in this regard. Okay. And even the Quran Allah says in the Quran.

00:35:00--> 00:35:19

od o central home. Apolo comm loads of your own. The one in the middle said, Why didn't you praise a lot, but it's not the one in the middle. It's the best of them said, Why didn't you praise Allah? On Oh sell to him? The best of them said, Why didn't you praise Allah subhana wa Tada, this is the story. What story is this? Do you know your story? Is it

00:35:23--> 00:35:42

as taboo gender, there's two genders in the Koran which one so that the animals have an agenda not through the gavel psychogenic. There's a taboo gender of calf. And then there's sort of noon has also the agenda. So there's two gardens that are parables and their stories in the Quran. So in any case, where was I? So

00:35:43--> 00:36:04

the the issue, Allah says, couldn't come higher or better than us now, we have always heard this ayah being used to describe us as Muslims versus the other nations. And this is valid, there's nothing wrong with that. But pause here. When this verse came down, who is it applying to

00:36:05--> 00:36:10

the Sahaba the primary application of the verses not me and you

00:36:12--> 00:36:23

when this verse is coming out a lot is addressing a live audience. And he's speaking to them directly. And a lot is saying, couldn't Tom hire our own mutton origin leanness?

00:36:24--> 00:36:59

So this ayah is an explicit ayah that praises all of the Sahaba and it affirms exactly one of the things we're going to do in 10 minutes, and that is hydro. nascio koroni. The best of all people is my generation. And that's the Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim and this is the vs hypo hottie, Quinto, Hydra oma and the Hadith hydro nasi Ernie, exactly complementing one another. So this is the first evidence with abakada verse 143. The second evidence surah Emraan verse 110.

00:37:00--> 00:37:02

So the other number on verse 110.

00:37:04--> 00:37:06

And it is

00:37:07--> 00:37:40

this the same as Surah Baqarah. That Allah says worker dedicated under compensated Masada similar thing that Allah says Quantum hydromet in Oakridge Athena's I misquoted. Sometimes I'm quoting that I a few minutes ago, but this is the I have sued earlier in Milan Surah Baqarah. His work at Attica Jana moombahton basato su rally Emraan kuntum Hira, Mateen Oakridge Athena's You are the best oma that has been sent to mankind. So Allah is addressing the Sahaba You are the homeless and Masato, You are the hero oma.

00:37:41--> 00:38:17

And literally it is applying to those who are alive and believing in the Quran when it comes down. And that's all of the Sahaba therefore, Allah has called the Sahaba, the best and the most middle and the highest ranking. Those who believe in the Koran of the evidences as well is storage and file storage and file versus 7272 to 7472 to 74 instead of that and file 72 to 74 Allah subhana wa tada says that well Edina

00:38:18--> 00:39:08

world Athena aman Waheguru Raja one Latina in the Latina Raja Raja, sorry, in the Latina Amarillo, Haji Raja do those who believe and emigrate and fight with their money and their and their cells in the way of Allah. And those who helped them and comforted them are either Mahajan, the unsought. The two of them are helpers of one another. And unless Rattata goes on, until he says, Ola eco humble Muna hochkar, sosua and fall versus 72 all the way to 74 will not take a hormone mineral and a haka. These people who are they, those who believed in you, those who fought those who gave up their money, those who helped the people doing this. These are the real believers. So anybody who believed

00:39:08--> 00:39:55

in the prophets, I send them when this verse comes down, and he fights with the Prophet system, and he gives up his money to the prophets, I send them and he helps the cause of Islam at this time. Allah is saying una ecohome manana. How are so Allah himself has said that the truest believers are the Sahaba you cannot get higher than the Sahaba they are the health believers would like to have God and Allah says that Allah has promised for them my fellow two What is your Kadeem a great forgiveness and a great reward. So in the Quran, the Sahaba are called the only true believers or not eco human movement manana hochkar. And this means no one can reach that level. Because when a

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

law says they have achieved the reality of a man, so then they have it

00:40:00--> 00:40:45

The level nobody else can achieve. Have the evidences and report on as well is suited to Toba. Verse 100 suited to Toba? Verse 100 and pseudo tober verse 100, already quoted at the beginning of the lecture was Sabbath on an hour Luna min mo hygena. Well on Saudi well, Latina Tiburon, bearson are all the Allahu anhu. What else do I know? What are their own genetic diseases detected? How many of you have other vertical Fazal owls in a South Dakota alone? The ones who converted at the very beginning, the earliest of the early from both of them will hide your own and the answer. And then those who follow them. So you know those 12 categories, not all of them are the same. So the

00:40:45--> 00:41:26

earliest batches, and then those who follow them in righteousness, those are the people Allah is pleased with them, and they are pleased with him. So what do we say Abu Bakar rhodiola? One Omar rhodiola, who and where are we getting this phrase rhodiola one straight from the Quran in over half a dozen verses. And it's only applied or I should say primarily applied for the Sahaba almost actually one or two times others But otherwise, there's always only for the Sahaba or the Allahu anhu will do. And that's why we say abubaker rhodiola one aroma rhodiola one because Allah has said that all the loved one home. So if Allah is content with them, and they are content with him, which

00:41:26--> 00:41:29

means Allah is affirming their Eman.

00:41:30--> 00:42:12

Allah is saying, I'm happy with them. They are happy with me, but I'll do a lot more on him what I'll do I know. So in this verse once again, we learn a Sabbath on our own the earliest of the early from the Maha June and the unsought, Allah is pleased with them and Allah has promised them, gentlemen, so this is verse number, what fourth, right? fourth, the fifth verse that we're going to do sort of Fattah, verse 29, sort of Fatah verse 29 and Surah Fatiha verse 29 is another famous passage in the Quran. Mohammed Dora Zulu law, one lady in America who I should that wailuku fari rowhammer ooh payneham mohammadu Rasulullah.

00:42:14--> 00:42:34

Mohammed Salim is Rasulullah This is the only time in the Quran where this phrase occurs in this form. In the standard form Muhammad Rasulullah is the only time right after the second part of the Kadima. Allah praises the Sahaba and this in and of itself is to show you how great the Sahaba are the only time the second Kadima occurs in that form,

00:42:35--> 00:42:51

Muhammad Rasulullah in that form, of course, it occurs in other ways. But in that form is the only time then Allah says, and those who are with him, when levena Mara who, so this is the Sahaba. This is the Sahaba and then Allah praises them and describes them

00:42:53--> 00:43:06

that, that this is their example in the todo this their example in the Injeel meaning I have already talked about the status of this group in the Torah and in the NGO and that Allah has prepared for them Gardens under which

00:43:07--> 00:43:23

rivers are flowing. So once again, this The point being in this verse, the Sahaba are praised. And Allah says I am pleased with them, they are pleased with me. And in fact, in this verse, Allah says, I have also mentioned their praise in the total and in the Injeel.

00:43:24--> 00:43:33

So we can say the status of the Sahaba a lot predicted it, and mention it even in the total. And in the in the

00:43:34--> 00:43:38

sixth verse, the sixth verse Surah hoogenraad verse seven,

00:43:41--> 00:43:42

sort of odorata verse seven,

00:43:44--> 00:44:35

while mo and fukumura sola LA and know that you have amongst you the Prophet of Allah, so clearly who is the recipient of this ayah Sahaba so they're the ones who have the process amongst the wild everyone is a little low you'll see your own fee Kathy Lila, and if he were to place much burden on you, you couldn't handle it. You would have become frustrated you would have become tired but what has happened what kinilaw her have Baba la como de man was the Yana who feel kulu become what Kira la como cofra woelfel suka what else Yon hola como rashidun South la mina La, La La La Hollywood. Hi Kim. This is of the highest praises of the Sahaba a law has written love of a man in your hearts and

00:44:35--> 00:44:46

made a man beautiful for you. And he has caused you to hate Cofer and evil and disobedience to a law. These are the rightly guided

00:44:47--> 00:44:52

clearly who are the rightly guided the ones who have the process of living amongst them.

00:44:53--> 00:45:00

So Allah testifies, I am the one that has cleansed your hearts and made a man beloved unto you.

00:45:00--> 00:45:28

Again, any one of these verses would be explicit enough. We have so many and then even more than what I'm going to quote you today. The final verse I'm going to quote you is verse the surah. Tahitian verse eight. So the tidy verse eight, where Allah subhana wa Taala says, yo mala yakezie Allahu nebia Valentina, amen numa. On that day, the day of judgment, Allah will not humiliate the Prophet nor will he humiliate those who believed with him.

00:45:29--> 00:45:36

Those who believed with him were Latina Mara, who, so the Sahaba referenced here, then a lot goes on. And he says that

00:45:37--> 00:46:19

was it no matter who knew Romeo sabaidee where women in their light is going out in front of them. And they are saying, oh, Allah, perfect our light, your order, or Robin atmananda Luna about Filipina. So once again, the Sahaba are praised. And Allah says I will not humiliate you on the Day of Judgment. Now, these are seven verses I quoted you. And the fact of the matter is, there are at least triple this amount that are explicit about the Sahaba, not to mention the verses that apply to specific groups of the Sahaba. For example, the better for example, the people of the conquest of Makkah, for example, the people who participated, who responded to the call administer Javelin,

00:46:19--> 00:46:43

Rasool Allah, then those who responded from offered, so those who responded as are praised, there are dozens of verses that praise specific Sahaba, even Abu Bakr, so there is praised and at least a dozen verses, but we're going to leave those aside. every verse I quoted you is one that applies to all of the Sahaba. generically. As for the ahaadeeth, again, too numerous to mention.

00:46:46--> 00:47:31

And in fact, most books of Hadith has special chapters about the blessings of the Sahaba. So Sahih Bukhari has an entire key taboo for the Sahaba. So he Muslim has a whole lot of Sahaba and a Timothy and an ISA. And in fact, they're even booklets written by some of the classical scholars of Hadith, the book of the blessings of the Sahaba the book that narrates the blessings of the Sahaba Mr. Mohammed and his son wrote a book of the Philip Fogarty the Sahaba. So we have too numerous to mention. And that is why the one of the reasons why Sunni Islam is called Sunni Islam is that you cannot affirm the Sunnah of the prophet SAW Selim and disrespect the Sahaba because the sooner is

00:47:31--> 00:47:38

full of praise of the Sahaba. So if you believe in the sooner you will praise the Sahaba so you are a Sunni.

00:47:39--> 00:48:21

That is why no other movement has books have had these other than we, us, no other trend or group has had the the way that we do, because if you believe in Hades, you're going to affirm respect for the Sahaba. Simple as that. And if you don't believe in Hades, well, then you're not a Sunni, right? You're not following the center. So Sunni means following the sooner and of course, by the way, the broader term is, and the sooner will GMR. And a lot of people ask Where did this come from? And it seems that it goes back to the time of the late Sahaba. Perhaps even Ibis there are narrations from even Ibis, that when the Hadith appeared, so, he the terminology had to be invented to distinguish

00:48:21--> 00:49:04

them from the whole adage. And so the term 100 soon well Gemma was coined, but it became in vogue at the time of the tap your own and the time of the second generation and the meaning of the Sunnah. There are following the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam because the holidays didn't follow the sun and the other movements the morata Zilla, the rafidah did not follow the Sunnah. And Gemma here means the group of Sahaba the Gema means group and the group here is the Sahaba. So the reason why we are called Sunni Muslims is because we respect the Sahaba that our term itself goes back to respecting the Sahaba so as for the Hadith, there are too numerous to mention. I will mention only

00:49:05--> 00:49:51

five of them today, that again, I thought were more comprehensive. Of those a hadith. The most famous of them, and the most obvious of them are profitsystem said multivalue Buhari and Muslim that hydro nascio corny, Thumbelina, Runa home from bollettino Lula home, the best of all mankind is my generation, then the generation to come, then the generation to come. So this is a simple sweet to the point from the history of mankind. We believe as Muslims, no generation has come greater than the generation of the Sahaba. And you look at history, the followers of Isa were few in number very few. The followers of Musa as we know the bunnies trade had a lot of tensions. They did many things

00:49:51--> 00:49:59

here and there. Our Profit System was blessed with the largest and the most copious and the quality and this is

00:50:00--> 00:50:49

Sara at no other prophet had this. So hi Ron nascio corny, somebody know somebody in Iran. So in the history of mankind, the best generation was that of the Sahaba, the second Hadith that will do our process and said, The and this is a cryptic detail deciphered for you a new jumeau aminata sama, the stars are the protectors of the heavens. So when the stars disappear, the skies will face what is destined for them. And I am the protectors for the companions, when I disappear or go away, then what is decreed for the Sahaba will come to them. And the Sahaba are the protectors of my oma. And when they disappear, then what is decreed for my oma will come to them. And this hadith is a Muslim,

00:50:49--> 00:50:56

and Muslim Imams and others and it is clearly authentic. The meaning of the stars are the protectors of the heavens is that

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they that the stars are somehow protecting the heavens from destruction. And when the stars disappear, then the heavens will also be destroyed. This is a metaphysical or physical thing, maybe the astronomers can talk about it. And clearly, there's something that happened towards the gamma time the stars will, will disappear. And Ron mentioned this as well, when the stars are going to be folded up and disappear. So when the stars disappear, a gamma is close by, then the president said and I am the protector of my companions, when I go away, things are going to happen to them that Allah has decreed, not very good, some calamities will happen. And this is what the fitna between

00:51:36--> 00:51:39

the Sahaba. This is the warfare between the Sahaba. So it happened to them.

00:51:41--> 00:51:44

The Sahaba are the protectors of my oma.

00:51:45--> 00:52:19

When they go away, what has been destined for my oma, we'll come to it. No matter what happened at the time of the Sahaba. We had, we had glory and these differences between them. When you look back, look at what's happening now. And it's trivial. So when the Sahaba leave, the President said, What is decreed for my oma is going to come and that shows us the Sahaba are the protectors of my own. That's the main phrase for us, we need to concentrate on the third Hadith. Very interesting. One is in Bosnian Muslim with difficulty.

00:52:22--> 00:52:42

And it is one of the most famous Hadith as well, and it involves a story about holiday dividend. Waleed getting irritated with drama. And this was one hot it was a brand new convert, and he came back from the Battle of mortar, and he was a brand new convert. And Khalid gave some harsh words to Abdul Malik now,

00:52:43--> 00:52:59

and there are both Sahaba but after Ramadan alphas of the 10th, Ashura MOBA, Shara and Khalid inverleith is of those who converted right before the futtaim aka the last batch you can read before the fight. So the prophets are seldom

00:53:00--> 00:53:02

reviewed how they've been bullied.

00:53:03--> 00:53:07

And he said in that famous Hadith, large Sue boo us hobby

00:53:08--> 00:53:34

do not revile my companions do not do sub or cursing my companions. For one law he, if one of you were to give the mountain of code as gold feasibility law, it would not equal a handful of wheat that one of them gave, or even half of a handful.

00:53:36--> 00:53:47

This Hadith is Bukhari and Muslim. Now this hadith is really powerful for so many reasons. Why? Well, firstly, who is the process of speaking to

00:53:48--> 00:54:04

Holly diviner Waleed contrasting Hadith a later convert to, and not just any later convert somebody who he himself called Safe woman. So you, fella, but still hard It cannot be compared to the first 10.

00:54:06--> 00:54:15

So if between these two, there is such disparity in rank, then where do I stand and use tend?

00:54:16--> 00:55:00

Harder than what is being told? If you manage to give the mountain of offroad? You know, Motorola has said as a whole range of mountains, two and a half, three kilometers. If you could give that as gold at this stage now, it would not equal a handful of barley or wheat that one of them gave not even a half of it. Why? Because when did they embrace Islam and when did you embrace? What did they have to suffer? And what do you have to suffer? their sincerity and their dedication has no comparison with anything that you now do once Islam is powerful and established? So if this is being told to Holly they've been bullied, where do we stand on

00:55:00--> 00:55:00

The skill

00:55:01--> 00:55:27

right so this hadith is extremely powerful about the status of the Sahaba. And it's an explicit headed to draw speak Hello, my companions. latter suit was happy, even though what Holly said was not what we would call cursing. But it was just not very it was harsh and derogatory. It's not actual subserviently, like, you know, Lana and Krishna wasn't like that, but it was still harsh. And the President said Don't do this.

00:55:28--> 00:56:27

And this shows us therefore as Sunni Muslims, we keep our mouths pure. Our tongues are absolutely clean. When it comes to speaking about the Sahaba we either say good or we remain quiet. We do not say anything bad about the Sahaba and one other Hadith that we'll do is the famous Hadith asuna Timothy, Allah Allah Hafiz. Javi. Allah Allah Hafiz happy, Allah Allah, this is a way of Arabic. That is it basically means remember Allah fear Allah recall Allah. When it comes to my us hab Allah Allah feels happy. Okay, think of a law about my Sahaba meaning, be careful about my Sahaba remember Allah when you speak about my Sahaba do not take them as targets after me. So whoever loves them,

00:56:27--> 00:56:47

has loved them because of my love. And whoever hates them has hated them by hating me. For might have been homophobia who Beerbohm woman abogado, homophobia, boo, Ababa. In other words, in this Hadith, our Prophet system is linking loving the Sahaba to loving him

00:56:48--> 00:57:03

and hating the Sahaba he himself has linked it to hating him. And this is a very scary Hadith to those waiters a hammer that whoever despises the Sahaba he is despising them by despising me.

00:57:04--> 00:57:22

So this hadith clearly demonstrates once again, the status of the Sahaba and the fifth and final tally that will do is the all of the Hadith that praise the unsought alone. And I mentioned this because we have gone over them and of those Hadith is that the Prophet system said and this is motto for Hydra Buhari and Muslim.

00:57:24--> 00:57:25

The process that I've said

00:57:26--> 00:57:32

I actually moneyhub bull ansara We're here to nifa our coffee bottle on saw

00:57:33--> 00:57:58

the sign of Eman is to love the ensemble and the sign of gopher ornithopter is to hate the unsought this edited by Holly and Muslim and all of the other additive appraising the unsolved and we know from the Quran that the maharjan are higher than the unsolved. So if the muhajir are higher than the unsolved and a sign of Eman is to love the unsolved. So then a sign of Eman is to love the Sahaba.

00:58:00--> 00:58:06

The sign of demand is to love the Sahaba and ask for unanimous consensus and sameness of the Sahaba.

00:58:08--> 00:58:10

Again, so much can be said

00:58:11--> 00:58:33

that all the Allahu anhu said a law looked at the hearts of mankind. And he saw the best heart the hearts of Muhammad Sallallahu sallam. So he chose that hard to be his messenger and he sent him to the people. Then he looked at mankind, and he chose the next best hearts to be the hearts of the Ansari and the

00:58:34--> 00:59:07

helpers of the Prophet system by onside here. He doesn't just mean the onside he means anybody who helped the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and so he chose them to be his helpers and his aid. So whatever the Muslims meaning the Sahaba see as good, it is good in the eyes of Allah. And wherever whatever the Muslims see as bad, it is bad in the eyes of Allah. And this is urban mushroom, and I can quote you at least two dozen other narrations from the Sahaba and Tabby rune, they talk about the status of the Sahaba and it is something that is mutawatir from them, as for common sense and reason and logic.

00:59:08--> 00:59:30

Then, when Allah subhana wa tada sends the last prophet and the best Prophet, then he must also give that last prophet and the best Prophet, the best of all followers, the best of all people surrounding them, it does not make any sense that the best of all people is going to be surrounded by the worst of all people,

00:59:31--> 00:59:59

which is the claim of some groups of Islam. In fact, it is an insult to align His messenger to claim this because by their fruits, you shall know them, the pure the heart, the pure that people are attracted to that heart. And the more filthy the heart, the more filthy the people that tried to do that aren't correct. So when the purest of the pure the Profit System is sent, who is going to be attracted to him who is going to be following who's going to be defending the purest of the pure, who will choose to be the defenders of the process and the best of the best life

01:00:00--> 01:00:13

Twice. If you criticize the Sahaba, you have no basis even to be a Muslim anymore. But what do I mean by this? I'm not making tuxedos. What do I mean by this? Who told you? What is the Quran?

01:00:14--> 01:00:58

Who told you what is Islam? Who told you how to pray? Who told you each and every detail you need to know about everything of your religion, the Sahaba if you consider the Sahaba, to be not righteous, you have no religion left, literally, you have no religion left. Think about it. If you're going to consider the Sahaba to be untrustworthy, they disobeyed the profit center, then you have no Islam left to trust. Where do you get your Islam from? If you're not going to get it from the Sahaba, and therefore, the one who doubts the Sahaba in reality, this will lead to doubting the entire religion of Islam. And that is why we conclude time is almost up there was much more left. To summarize, we

01:00:58--> 01:01:44

conclude by stating that it is a part of our theology, our faith in Allah subhana wa Taala, that we respect the Sahaba that we ask Allah as blessings and forgiveness for them that we defend their honor, that we affirm their trustworthiness. And this means we do not doubt their overall sincerity, we are not saying that the Sahaba or moulsecoomb. mosuo means sin less without a fault. That is the Prophet Mohammed says. So they sell them that he is malformed from any major sin from falling into any mistake. That's the prophet SAW Selim an individual so hubby can and will commit to mistakes and sins, he's human at the end of the day. But those mistakes and sins will not be to harm Islam.

01:01:46--> 01:02:30

That is what we mean when we say we affirm their trustworthiness, they will never do anything to harm the religion of Islam, they might have their personal faults. And they do. We have Sahaba, who did some things and sins that are not very positive. That's the reality of humans, right. And some of those mistakes might even lead to anger might even lead to warfare between them. But those are personal issues. And our methodology is we remain silent about what happened between the Sahaba and we assume the best, and we keep our tongues free and clean of saying anything negative about them. And the final point, which is a very convoluted point, I'm gonna have to just quickly mention it.

01:02:31--> 01:02:38

There is a controversy amongst our scholars regarding those who reject the Sahaba are they even Muslim or not.

01:02:40--> 01:02:53

And some of our odema have said, anybody who curses the Sahaba cannot be considered a Muslim. And the reason they say this is because when Allah says that all the Allahu anhu.

01:02:54--> 01:03:17

And when Allah says Hola, como una una haka. And when Allah says all of these verses, then somebody comes and curses, these rules, Emma said, It is as if he's rejecting what Allah has said. And this is a very well known position, that anybody who curses the Sahaba cannot be considered a Muslim. And the other position,

01:03:18--> 01:03:44

which is also found in our heritage and tradition, and also many of our Roma said it is that the one who curses the Sahaba has committed a major sin and a major beta. And it is a stepping stone to rejecting Islam, but it is not in and of itself rejecting Islam. And this is my position as well. And the evidences are beyond the scope of this class, but it is my opinion that the one who curses the Sahaba

01:03:46--> 01:04:00

this person is an evil person is a bad person. And his heart has to have something wrong in it. And he cannot be of a pure theology, but it doesn't in and of itself make him a coffered.

01:04:02--> 01:04:09

However, there is one exception. And that is if somebody doubts the chastity of our mother Hypatia.

01:04:10--> 01:04:15

That is the one exception that there is no known difference of opinion.

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Because the Quran has been explicit 20 verses were revealed. And it is impugning the honor of our Prophet Mohammed sysm directly to speak about his wife in this manner. So anybody who crosses that red line, then we say this person cannot claim allegiance to Islam anymore.

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Is that clear? Okay, I don't have to go into exquisite detail what I mean here is very clear, but to ridicule and to curse and to mock other than this, we say this is an evil person whose heart has disease in it, that he is not rightly guided, that he has fallen into one of the worst bidders, but in and of itself.

01:05:00--> 01:05:37

to denigrate some of the Sahaba, because that group obviously does not denigrate all of the Sahaba, they have certain Sahaba that they admire, I might have been acid and said man, unfortunate they consider them to be but the rest of them, there's difference amongst their, their own, their own. So within that group, there are those that are extremist right wing, and there are those that are more moderate. And then there are those that are reconciliate. And then you have the, the masses who really don't know anything. So we don't make a blanket judgment on all of them. We say those who go to these vile and vulgar things to curse and whatnot, these people are evil, and they are not

01:05:37--> 01:06:13

rightly guided in love will deal with them. And they are facing a major punishment from Allah subhana wa Tada. And that is why every single group that was not Sunni, the more it asila, the hardage, the raphaela, Shia, these are the three main groups and the jamea. Early on, and the Moto G and the Qatari, all of these are early early groups. Every one of them made it a point of doctrine, that they don't care what the Sahaba says. They didn't consider the Sahaba to be worthy of respect. And the only group that considered the Sahaba worthy of respect, were the group that eventually now became Sunni Muslims.

01:06:14--> 01:06:25

So Sunni Islam and the irony here, I keep on saying I'll conclude but keep the the irony here within Sunni Islam. There are so many theological movements.

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And you have all types of groups within Sunni Islam now, from the hardcore Sufi to the hardcore selfies, you have all of these trends in between.

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And within themselves, they differ about Allah Subhana, WA tada and his names and attributes. They differ about the Prophet Muhammad wa sallam, and how to understand his son. They differ even about issues of other slightly within Sunday Islam. But the one issue that every Sunni group agrees upon from the hardcore baby to the hardcore Salafi to the Deobandi to everybody in the middle, which is really interesting respect of the Sahaba. It's really interesting to think about, that the one theological principle that still unites certainly Islam, all strands of it, it's not even how we believe in Allah. It's not even how we worship Allah, because within Sunni Islam, there's so many,

01:07:20--> 01:07:32

you know, it's not even the status of the process. And in the sense, as we know, some groups say he was not even human, he's new, newly ilahi. Right? What is the word, the New Deal I would term the use was the term they use

01:07:33--> 01:08:16

that just from the note of a loss, rather, so this is even within, you know, Sunni Islam, we have this right, he didn't cast a shadow. Correct. They have this theology here, don't cast a shadow, he did not eat and drink, he was superhuman. This is within Sunni Islam. But ironically, other Allah The one thing that no Sunni movement has ever rejected is the status of the Sahaba. And I find this intriguing that everything else has even differed over but not the issue of the Sahaba. And therefore, we as well follow along in this and we believe the Quran and the Sunnah, and unanimous consensus and common sense and logic and rationality, all of it proves to us that respecting the

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Sahaba and not speaking ill of them, and not doubting their intentions for Islam is a part of theology and emaan in a law and to go against this is a weakness or maybe even a destruction of our Eman. May Allah subhanho wa Taala, makers of those who are resurrected with the Sahaba and are with the Sahaba in general, for those who either any quick questions, inshallah, before we conclude, yes.

01:08:52--> 01:08:56

So it also lithia and Abdallah him is also a direct reference to the Sahaba. Yes.

01:08:57--> 01:09:31

Because the but it's it's a direct reference that the Tabby rune themselves said, but it's not as explicit as the ones I quoted, because I'm telling him is more than just the Sahaba. But there's no doubt that the primary group when this idea came down again, who are those who are the rightly guided and whom Allah has blessed it is the Sahaba. And it has been interpreted by many times, many times your own that and I'm telling him here is a reference to the Sahaba. And in fact, was it one time where it was it has an image of somebody who said, this is a vocoder

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and I'm telling him is obaku not just any Savio vocalist, so yes, this is a correct interpretation that we find in the earliest of the facies. Okay.

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A lot of come What did I say?

01:09:54--> 01:09:55

Okay, she's like, Oh, okay.

01:09:56--> 01:10:00

Okay, is that good luck, of course, I'm a human being as well and make plenty of money.

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stakes and slip of the tongue, the outcome of course the outcome, the outcome, not the network, the outcome.

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Other questions

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so inshallah the announcement for next Tuesday we have our class at eight o'clock and then next Wednesday, it's the ninth and I hope insha Allah, all of us will be fasting. If you're able to, even if you're not able to just come and join us in sha Allah will be having a thought here at MIT in sha Allah and then we'll come back before Asia and have a short any hotter or something for the before the Asia as well. The timing of Russia sada from now on from tomorrow will be 8:30pm from tomorrow 8:30pm inshallah, tada and fudger from Saturday will be 6pm right.

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Said it again. 6am. See, I wanted pm to 6am from Saturday will be six. Did you send the email out? No. Okay. Okay, Java, we'll do that inshallah. We'll break now for satiation shall