Channel: Tawfique Chowdhury
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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen
wa sallahu wa salam ala Sayidina Mohammed in while he was here in a shadow one in
the whole sharika wash or the one Mohammed Abdullah who were a solo about Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu
Mashallah, this is the first session of the day. And the title of the of the talk or the presentation is restoring the honor of women restoring the honor of women, which no doubt, women as well as men will deeply benefit from in Charlottetown. Our speaker today is share Hubbell use of Sophie choudry. Many of you many of you will already know him, Mashallah to Allah. I'm going to give a brief background about him for those perhaps who have been are just been introduced to him for the first time. Chef tofik is a graduate of Medina University, and he graduated from the faculty of Sharia, or sacred law.
He studied in Medina with a number of scholars and chefs and he has an agent or an authorization in physical handling or handling.
He's currently completing his medical training in Australia, which is where he resides. He is the CEO of an IT company in Australia. He is also Mashallah the director of coal for Institute and many of you will have seen our go through Institute has a table just directly outside the main hall, which if you haven't gone there, please, please feel free to visit it. So he's the director of alcohol for Institute and he's also a director of a consultancy firm on Sharia and legal solutions again in Australia. So Masha Allah to Allah with that brief background about shift of each ovary. I'm going to hand it over to chef
al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Taala people to deal with the pain all over the world in an overly mean we're
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Nina will read a shadow Anam hamedan Abu hora solo Bella Garissa Amana one NASA Hello oma wotja feasibility jihadi watarrka Allen Mahajan, Valle de la you do have
one Illa Holic for salatu salam wa alayhi wa early he also should be hedge mining
district two brothers and sisters in Islam Salam alikoum Allahu barakatuh.
Since our respective brother might have overlooked this American and everybody put their hands up, please. I want everyone to just make an oath. So put everyone's hands up please up ahead. And then reach into your pockets and pull up your mobile phones. Yeah.
You don't have to give it to me
into your pockets inshallah.
And then digital, thank you for that.
The topic today brothers and sisters in Islam
is a topic which is of great importance to our life here in the West. And the question and the topic Mashallah, the way it is worded, and titled when was presented to me, it posed a challenge because in reality, it calls for discussion about some of the most important things that we are just about to face or we are facing. And in reality, it is talking about the first line of defense for Islam in the West, it is talking about the Muslim woman, because as you know, the very first thing that will be eroded about Islam in the West is the hijab, and that is something which is started already. So in reality, when we talk about Muslim women, we are not only talking about the women, which is 50%
of our people, rather we are also talking about the first line of defense for this woman. We're talking about a dow potential or a sign for this for this religion, that that is that is prevalent everywhere, wherever Muslim women are because they became the dean, when they walk around with the hijab they show the religion on themselves. And so they are the first line of defense for this oma and in reality it is for this reason why the first thing that will be that that people are the
media in the west or in the West and our life in the West will be tackled and will be challenged, is the issue of the hijab. And it is for this reason why the topic is of great importance.
Also, without doubt, we receive a lot of importance from the media and, and women receive a lot of importance in media. And
in addition to that, a lot of issues which are not really Islamic, but have been done by Muslims.
issues and problems which are actually Muslim problems rather than Islam's problems are usually being spoken about in the media in derogate returns and therefore Islam is always attacked in that way. It is for this reason why restoring the honor woman is a very, very pertinent topic to our time today, and inshallah I will try and just do some sort of justice to this topic. I hope everyone has their pens and papers, because we will be going through a lot of different principles of how to derive the rulings of the rights of women, and rights of human beings in Islam, which will inshallah give you a good basis for understanding not just about the rights of women, but also rights of men
I want you I want you to just
to remind my brothers and sisters about something before I even get started. And that is that even though it's known as the champion of women's rights, and in reality, it is the true champion of women's rights. In this world, we find that the media and the West, labeling Islam as, as a religion, that that that suppresses women and their rights, and SubhanAllah. This feeling is so strong, that even now, those images of our sisters trying to enter into the schools and trying to enter into the universities with the jabs on, and with the French police trying to prevent them from going into it, or that all our sisters in Turkey trying to go into schools. And the police tried to
prevent them going into the into the into the government schools with the jabs are still flashes in our mind. And it is something that reminds me of a Hollywood movie that I had seen a couple of years back. And it was regarding the year 1962 is a time in which there was a man by the name of George Wallace, who was the governor of the state of Alabama, in in America. And he was trying to do he was trying to prevent the blacks from actually going into the schools in Alabama, because he wished to actually keep the blacks separate from the whites. That point. You see the only difference between this incident, which which is which is in the Hollywood movies, this incident and the one that just
happened in a couple of years back regarding the sisters trying to go to school with the hijabs on. The only difference here brothers and sisters in Islam is that there is no more sympathy for the Muslim woman. Sympathy is lacking. Whereas with the blacks on that time in 1962, the sympathy was there for the blacks until we find the President Kennedy, in reality actually sent the National Guard to actually force the schools in Alabama to open up the doors to black students. Whereas there is no President Kennedy defending the Muslim women at our time. And there are no National Guards enforcing the God given right for Muslim women in the hijab to enter into schools Subhana Allah
flooding, this is the time that we that we truly live in, if I were to ask our brothers and sisters in Islam, and I for where to also ask the different philosophies and religions of this of this world, to actually give me one statement, which will actually define the the rights and the obligations between men and women in their religion or in their philosophy or in the way of life, you will find that all of them come and agree on one statement. And that statement, is laser Decker ruka. Verily, man is not like women, or females are not like males, or males are not like females. What do I mean by this, this point, what I'm trying to illustrate to you but instance, is that the
slogan for all people, the slogan for all ideologies, and for all religions, and for all philosophies regarding the rights between men and women is the same. And that is men are not like women. There is an Islamic meaning to it. And there's a non Islamic meaning to it, meaning Muslims when they say or Islam, when they say men are not like women, what do they truly mean? What does it truly mean? Islam truly means men are not like women, just like the mind is not like the day. So therefore Everyone has their own responsibilities, and everyone has their own obligations. This is what it truly means. Whereas the non Islamic meaning of it is something else. What they mean is that
women are either inferior to men, so therefore they need to, to beautify themselves, or to present themselves or to worry about about pleasing men. Or on the other hand, women need to readdress all the
injustice is done to them in the past years. So they need to make themselves or think themselves completely equal to men. And so therefore, challenge men and
And and and work with them or try and attain the same level of rights that men have in this society. So you see, they both have the same slogan but they mean different things. In fact, in the Quran, Allah subhana wa Taala talks about this. Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about a pseudo algebra and I want you to pay attention to what Allah subhanaw taala says, He says in the law Stouffer Allah verily Verily Allah chose them I want to know how Allah Ibrahim unless one of the chose Adam, and knew Harrison and the family of well imraan family Brahim and that of imraan Elisa to Salim Salam
ala mein over and above that of mankind, Juliet and Babel Hummingbird they are the progeny and the and the children of one generation to another generation. Well, now who sent me a link and let's practice is what it's called a motor neuron and when the wife of Iran said it's called Marana Rob be in another tilaka, Murphy, botany Mahabharata. pelmeni I have promised you Oh my Lord, that which is in my stomach that which is in my in my in my womb for you oh my lord sacred
and a consecrate what is in my stomach. What is in my room for you? Oh, my Lord, for a couple minutes to accept it for me in Atlanta. Samuel, Annie. Verily, you listen and you hear all things. Fallon Nevada attire, listen to this for the distance that
Allah says what? So when the wife of Mr. Nanny sort of gave birth to this child for llama odorata call it she said what? Robbie in Nevada to her own sir. Oh my Lord, I gave birth to a female child.
Look, first of all, she's being amazed.
What did she say? She said, she's being
Oh my Lord, I have given birth to a female child. We're laser veka Lucan.
So when I O Allah, verily, men are not like women, meaning What is she talking about here? But
because she mentioned that over here, she actually when she said, Oh Allah, I promise you what in my room, she actually intended that insha Allah in her womb is a man is a male child. And so why a male child because then a male child could do so many things, you know, earn money, give it to you give it a charity, fight for the cause or unless Petrella do so much more than then the women so when she said Oh, like give you what's in my womb, she actually intended inshallah there is a male child in there. But Allah subhanaw taala decreed that this be a lesson for the oma decree that this be a lesson for generations to come. So Allah subhanaw taala made it into a female child. So she said in
the water to our own cell one Melissa Decker, who can answer when we submit to her Maria and I have called her Maria and I seek refuge in You from the grosser traitor. So then Allah subhanaw taala says, Buttercup, Allah hora boo ha peekaboo and hastening what I'm about to hand the baton Hudson, Rockefeller has a career. So Allah subhanaw taala, accepted from her with a good acceptance and gave her a good living and gave her the protection or caretaking of Zakaria, Allah usato surrounded the prophet who llamada Allah Allah has a career every time the courier entered upon her watch or the end the horoscope. Whenever the courier entered in the Makarov to find Maria Malin salatu salam over
there, he would find that the angels had actually brought a lot of food and provisions for her. So zecharia Allahu salatu salam said what color Yeah, Maria and Malika Oh, Maria, where is all of this from? Where is all of this from? Paula, who Amina and in verily it is from Allah in Allah Yasuko, Manisha will be very severely Allah provides those who wills without any any
accounting. And then Allah says I listen to this unless una Liga as a courier. At that point, the courier called Allah and asked for a child to Subhana Allah deem the weakness over here in this verse is Allah says una Lika. Meaning that thereafter because of what many Amalia salatu salam had said to Zachary Elisa personnel, the courier learns a lesson and went and he may go to a lot to ask for a child for this formula. Here is a lesson for more for us. What is the lesson?
The lesson is a woman taught a prophet to go back to a law, a woman taught a prophet of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Maria Malian Soto Salam was not a prophet according to most great opinion, monster lemma.
However, a woman was able to teach a prophet to go back to Allah and ask Allah for the risk and that of a righteous child, as a parent. In this in this verse, Allah subhanho wa Taala was teaching us
showing us that even though the mother of the wife are in Milan is the mother of of Marianas, salatu salam wanted a male child, yet even a female child can be as good and sometimes not just as good, why Can she also be even better, she can also be better and also better, to the extent that she can also advise a prophet of Allah subhanaw taala. To go back to the look at the honor that Allah Subhana Allah showed in this verse. And in these verses unless parliament is restoring truly the honor of women in the heart of the mother of, of Madame la salatu salam, the honor which she had lost, or she had had had not had to the level that was handled and a truly honored women in this
verse and this incident brothers and sisters, Islam is truly an indication of how Islam truly honest women, and how Islam truly shows the status of women to be that of equal to men.
Today we find the argument in really in, in Western society, and an argument that is presented to us is that religion oppresses women. In reality, this is a lie. religion does not oppress women. What is a truth is that the the Judeo Christian traditions that are that are present from from their time that does oppress women. And so for them religion has become synonymous with with it with Judaism, and Christianity. And so they use this loose term and say religion oppresses women. In reality had they taken the time to look at Islam and its and its principles, and its rights and regulations regarding women, they will find that it liberates women, rather than oppressing them. I want to give
you some quick examples to show you how, in reality, women lived in utter tyranny and utter oppression. For so long until Islam came the Sharia of Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam came to remove the injustice that women were facing, and restored the honor of women back before back when, to that which Allah subhanho wa Taala originally intended, I want to draw your attention to the incidence of other malignancies and insalata celeb, when he ate from the when he when he approached, it approached the tree that lots of panels Allah had told him not to approach at that point, we remember that Allah subhanaw taala talks about this incident. And he mentions that, that unless
partner forbade Adam and Ceylon and his wife,
how are salatu salam from coming close to the tree. But shaitan came to both of them, and spoke to them and told them that Allah has prevented you or told you not to go to the tree, so that you don't become an angel. Also that you don't become everlasting. You don't have everlasting life. So go to the tree. When you go there, you'll become like an angel, you have wings, and and you'll have everlasting life. So they disobeyed a lot of went to the tree, and they became sinners. On the other hand, the Christian interpretation of this is something very different. The Christian interpretation of this is that Eve was the one who was the temporaries. She was the one who shaytan came to a
whisper of the serpent came to a whisper. And she was the one who fooled her husband, and took him and fooled him into going closer to the tree and eating from the apple as they say. So let me just quote to you what they said, when God in Genesis in chapter two, and page in verse three to four, God prohibited both of them from eating the fruits of the forbidden tree, the serpent seduced Eve to eat from it, and Eve intern seduced Adam to eat with her. When God rebuked Adam for what he did, he pulled all that he put, he put all the blame on the woman you put here with me, she gave me some some fruit from the tree. And consequently, God said to Eve, I will greatly increase your pains in
childbearing with pain, you'll give birth to children, your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you to other men in sort of slump. He said, because you listen to your wife and ate from the tree, cursor is a ground because of you through painful toil, you will eat of it all the days of your life. So how does that apply then? So you see that the incident is completely different. We find that the original sin in reality the Christians talk about, it is not the sin of man, rather, it's a sin of women.
And in reality, they go to the extent to say that Oh, a woman or woman You are so evil, to the extent that that the Son of God had to die, because of your sin.
And this is the philosophy and this is the argument that is borne out in the Bible again and again. We find
that that that in the Bible, they mentioned about about, about the temporary eat, they say, I find more bitter than death. The woman who is a snare, whose heart is a trap whose hands are change. The man who pleases God will escape her with a sinner. She will no
snare while I was searching, but not finding are found one upright man among 1000, but not one, but not even one upright woman among amongst all of them. And this is tremendous, tremendous How can a word of god this is this is from the Catholic Bible? How can a word of god contain such such bias against women? For what what have they earned? They have, they have been our mothers. They have been our sisters and our wives, they've given us comfort they raised us panela have they earned this sort of speech? so powerful? Is there no honor for them? Who is there that will restore the honor?
So how do we find as well in the Hebrew literature, we find
that the Jewish rabbis if you can go back to encyclopedia Judaica, you will find this over there. You find it the Jews, we find the Jewish rabbis listed mind curses inflicted on women as a result of the fall, which is the temptation of eating from the tree to the women who gave nine curses and death, the burden of light of menstruation and the burden of burden of virginity, the burden of pregnancy, the burden of childbirth, the burden of bringing up children, the head is covered as one in mourning. She pieces her ear like a permanent slave, a slave go, who serves her master she is not to believe that as a witness, and after everything, death, and up until now, in the courts of the
rabbi's in the rabbinical courts in Israel, women are not accepted as witnesses
to this day,
to this day, look at the honor the day that that that that they that they get refined St. Paul in the New Testament, and this is an eye opener handler. He said in First Timothy,
chapter 211 to 14, he says a woman should learn in quietness and full submission. I don't permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man she must be silent. For Adam was formed first and Eve. And Adam was not the one to see it was a woman who was deceived and became a sinner.
This is St. Paul. Also, St. St. Tertullian was even more blunt than St. Paul, when he talked about these about these beloved sisters and faith. And he said, Do you not know that you are such an Eve
and the word Eve has become synonymous with the word sinners panela. The sentence of God on these sets of years lives in this in this age the guilds must of necessity live to you are the devil's gateway, you are the unsealing of the forbidden tree, you are the first desert of the Divine Law, you are she who pursued who persuaded him whom the devil was not relevant enough to attack you destroyed so easily God's image man on account of your of your desert, even the Son of God had to die. And Subhana Allah didn't look at these statements. And these are all from the Bible, that really show that really showed you some of some of the statements regarding how they used to
consider women. And in fact, it was a shameful thing to actually have women born to you. We find that in the Catholic Bible, they explicitly stated the birth of a daughter is a loss.
And and this is in in economics. This is in chapter in chapter 22 verse three. And so we find some kind of other plug in that they mentioned that the birth of a woman is a loss.
If you look at the issue of female education, we find tremendous issues regarding it in the in First Corinthians 1434 35. They mentioned that whoever teaches his daughter, as in all the congregations of saints, women should remain silent in the churches. They are not allowed to speak but must be in submission. As the law says, if they want to inquire about something they should ask their own husbands at home, for it is disgraceful for a woman to speak in the church. We also find that the rabbi's being very strict about women not gaining knowledge. And they have various statements such as this, let the words of the Torah rather be destroyed by fire rather than impart it to women.
And it truly is amazing statements, truly amazing statements. What will I mean I am actually ashamed to read in any more from this because in reality this has destroyed the honor of women with with the complete destruction Subhan Allah until Allah subhanaw taala said, the pristine Islam we find as well when they talk about unclean and impure women, when they when they miss reading they they consider them to be so impure and and their impurity to be actually infectious. So if they were to touch something that would also become impure. And this is for this reason why they have been forbidden, coming close to their husbands because when they in the in the state of impurity, they
are impure and at the touch the husband's that they will also become impure. This is one in Leviticus in chapter 15. Matthew 23 when a woman has her regular flow of blood, the impurity of a monthly period will last seven days and anyone who touches her will be
unclean till the evening. Any anything she lives on during her period will be unclean and anything she sits on will be unclean. Whoever touches her bed must wash his clothes and bathe with water and he will be unclean till the evening. Whoever touches anything she sits on must wash his clothes and bathe with water and he will be unclean till the evening, whether it is the it is it is the bed or anything she was sitting on, when anyone touches it, he will be unclean till the evening.
Allahu Akbar, Allah hauptwerk, any Subhana Allah gloving allowing any truly amazing stuff, adultery, the punishment adultery in the Bible, of course, is his death. But what is adultery? The adultery that is adultery, according to, according to the Jewish and Christian scriptures is to actually sleep with another man's wife. But if a man wants to sleep with another woman who is not the wife of anybody, that would not be considered adultery, that would actually be considered Hello, according to them, and that will be at the end, the children of that wedlock will be considered permissible and will be considered legitimate. Why do you know the reason is, but as a citizen snap, and you'll
be amazed. The reason is because when a man marries a woman, according to the Bible, the woman is the possession or basically the slave of the man.
It is for this reason, brothers and sisters man, that the property of the woman becomes the property of the man. And it is for this reason as well that the fathers actually had to had to write a lot of property for for all of their daughters, so that men would want to marry their daughters why so that the property becomes theirs. So when you get married marriage to them at that point was actually slavery. And this is truly amazing. It is for this reason as well, that when a woman in Christianity or in Judaism were to make an oath, saying I swear, but law is not obligatory on them, you know what, it's not bigotry, because they do not own themselves. their oath is dependent upon the the
agreement of the father of the of the Father, before marriage, and of the husband after marriage.
We find it is for this reason, that a lot of the scholars of the Maliki method, from the time of the the, the the time when the Muslims were endless, that they used to mention that we that we used to find in a Sharia courts, a lot of the women from the Jews and the and the Christians coming to ask for their rights in our courts, and they would avoid the Christian courts. And they would avoid the Christian priests and the and the and the and the and the Jewish rabbis. Why? Because the Muslims were actually giving them more rights than their own religion was giving them. It is for this reason why the mood was modified in the in the in the time in which the muscles were in Spain a couple of
times, and also the Christian churches, they actually modified their laws regarding women a lot so as to prevent their women from going to Muslim courts to ask for their rights, and truly amazing stuff. Truly amazing stuff you think about it.
The question now must be asked whether this is Islam? How is it that that Islam restores honor of women, on what principles on what basis but what grounds? Just Allah subhanho wa Taala say that we will give women this and this, but what grounds Allah subhanaw taala permit men to have four wives and women to have only only one husband? But what grounds is Allah subhana wa Taala order men to provide Mahara and women to take them up? On what grounds does Allah subhanho wa Taala do not allow a woman to travel except without them? On what grounds? What basis but love, let us look at how Islam derives the conditions or the or the rights and specific rights of women, which will then show
you in its clarity and in its wisdom, the reasons why certain things are are so and if you understand these principles, which I will certainly talk about right now inshallah, if you understand these principles in Islam, it will become very clear to you how to understand and refute all these arguments about women's rights in the West, it will become very clear to you because then you will understand the wisdom behind which Allah subhanho wa Taala actually devise these rules and these duties and obligations upon men and women. First of all, first of all, the basis in the wisdom for devising different rules and laws for men and women in Islam is based upon four pieces of
wisdom. The first piece of wisdom that is based upon is that Allah subhanaw taala created all of mankind and jinn in order to worship Him. So if Allah subhanaw taala created mankind in order to worship him, then he would, then it is the most logical thing to actually define roles, responsibilities and duties in order for us to be able to do in order to fulfill and to understand exactly how to watch
Allah subhanaw taala This is the first reason of wisdom why Allah subhanaw taala defined duties and rights for women and men. The second reason is because Allah subhana wa Taala wished to honor mankind. As Allah says the Quran Walcott kolomna Benny Adam, Verily, We have honored the children of Adam, Allah. So Allah subhanaw taala wish to honor them. So how best to honor them except by actually giving them specific rights, which would show them their status amongst themselves. Allah Subhana Allah did not give these similar rights to to animals. Rather, he gave them to human beings as a sign of his honor towards mankind. This is the second wisdom for why Allah subhanaw taala gave
and chose rights for men and women. The third reason why Allah subhanho wa Taala distributed rights and obligations is that Allah subhanaw taala wished for it to be a test unless part of the wish that these rights and these obligations are much harder to define for men women just kind of wanted them to be tests for people. And it is for this reason, a third reason a wireless printer no
defined their their rights or duties. And the fourth reason is that Allah subhana wa tada wanted to wanted human beings and mankind to attain the good and stay away from the evil and how best to do that except to base or to give them rights and responsibilities and and duties that would be in accordance with the principle of attainment of good and forbidding of evil. These are the four principles for wisdoms based upon which Allah subhana wa Taala thereafter, devised the laws of women and men. The laws of women and men are based upon eight principles, the eight principles if someone were to ask you a question, and this is the answer the question, if someone were to ask you, what is
the basis upon which human rights are or or human rights? Yes, human rights are derived in Islam? On what basis what is the the the the principles, what are the principles and the ethics upon which you have derived the basis for your rights of humanity and rights of Muslim men and rights of Muslim women, they are at number I will go through them in Sharla. And and and you will find inshallah, a lot of clarity when you actually understand these eight principles, why certain things are so the first point is, that the ultimate authority that it takes right of men and women is surely Allah Subhana which are the ultimate authority that has a right to talk about, whether men can do this or
women can do that is Allah Subhana, which on the benefit of knowing that the ultimate authority is Allah subhana wa Tada. And that it is the benefit of knowing that brothers and sisters in Islam is that Allah subhanho wa Taala therefore has therefore the right to restrict what He wills and he has the right to expand what he knows he has a right to restrict the rights of women from traveling, restrict the rights of women from showing their body and he has a right to widen the scope of women for example, from from not being able to not having to attend Juma prayer, for not having to attend congregational prayer from not having to find the cause of Allah, etc, etc. Meaning Allah subhanho
wa Taala is the ultimate authority. So because he is ultimate authority, he has a right to do what He wills. This is the first principle upon which Islamic principles of human rights is based upon the second principle upon which human rights are based upon Islam. The second is that the rights and obligations should be restricted to that which is legislated by Allah subhanaw taala without any innovation in it. And so, the second point, and that is that we restrict human rights and loss of human rights of of males and females and their duties responsibilities to that which has been clarified by Allah subhana wa Taala, without any integration or any addition or subtraction from it.
Point number three, the third principle upon which human rights in Islam is based upon is that the intention behind the application of the rights and obligations that Allah has given us must be in accordance with the goals and purposes Sharia. What am I talking about here? I'm talking about when a person like a man or a woman, a Muslim man or Muslim woman wants to enact or or act according to the rights or duties that Allah subhanaw taala has given him, he must do so making sure that his intention is in accordance with the goals of preposition. Let me illustrate this by a simple example. Let me illustrate this by simple example. Imagine that, for example, I'm a very rich man,
and I have a lot of Zakat to give people. So I go to this poor person in front of me and say, Here you go, here's all this a cat. here's, here's the 20 tons of
of corn that I have harvested from my, from my, from my, my fields, and this is a cat and here's all my 50 camels, and here's all my, my 20 sheep. And this is the cap, thank you. And then I go back to him. And I say, by the way, can I buy them off, you know, and I'll buy the sheep of you, and I buy the 20 tonnes of corn of view, and I buy the camels of you, but you don't pay him the right price because you're a shrewd businessman, and what you do is you pay him half the money. Now, is this acceptable to Allah subhana wa tada No, it is not why because in here you have cheated him out of his money and also you have acted according to other than the goals and purpose of Sharia because
because the Sharia was that you give you give him the these issues these are items of value to the appropriate and correct market value, not that you can then try and cheat him out of out of those issues. And out of those those those those things buy half the value it is as if then you've given only half the cut not the other half, this would then not not be allowed. Second point. So So over here for example, the the issue of acting kind of goes with the Sharia is restricting the right of the of the brother to actually buy and sell shoe.
On the other hand, let's look at
a manner of circumventing the Sharia which will actually be in accordance with the goals of Proposition e when a person will actually be using his right but he will be actually acting clinical supervision here but actually circumventing a law like what For example, let's say a person wishes to give the cat to build the most and we know that the cat according to the classical opinion and also according to the the the clinics and the eight categories of people is a cat money cannot be given to build a mosque money for the cat cannot be given to build a mosque. Well how about this now? And this is something which even Aberdeen Rahim Allah mentioned in, in his in his Hashi, he
mentions what here's what we want you to do if you want to really build a mosque and all you have is a cat money, this is what you do, what you do is you get a person you get a Muslim brother and you can you make the Muslim mother give all his money away. So he becomes poor Where does he give his money he gives all his money away to building the mosque then he becomes poor when it becomes poor now we can give him as a cat money
okay, Mashallah, you know, the books of the Hanafi madhhab Mashallah are full of these beautiful, pale, and many of them. And we may disagree with sometimes, but in reality, this is a healer, which all of the methods agreed upon, by the way. And this is a healer to actually build a mosque using that money, but actually not using the cat money, but using the cat money, any you know what I mean?
Okay, so do you see how over here in this in this matter, you've actually according acted according to the goals of purpose of Sharia. Right.
And, and, and, and, and you've done that which is what So here, the third principle was, that the intention behind the application of the rights and obligations should be in accordance to the goals and purpose of the city. Over here, when you have done this deed, you have acted according to cause a preposition here. And so this is in accordance with the with the with the rights of human beings in Islam. Right. Number four, the fourth principle upon which the rights of human beings are based upon Islam
is that justice must be maintained in the use and application of every right given by Allah subhana wa Taala. And this is truly important, the issue of justice in the application of the rights given by Allah subhanho wa Taala is a matter which is of paramount importance. Why? Because in reality, Allah subhanaw taala orders in the Quran to be to be just he says, well, will you let me know are you believe kunafa wamena
Elijah, or you believe the upright for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala Shahada witnesses upon justice, and then unless pantallas Escuela de leeuw and then Allah says in the Quran as well say be just so Allah subhanaw taala orders is to be just in the end. And justice here is because in order to prevent it is in order to prevent
person when you have one is applying his his rights and his obligations and duties from harming someone else. This is the main reason why Allah subhanaw taala tells people to be just and it's for this reason why a person must be just so let's say for example, we know women, they have a right to work. However, they must not abuse this right to work. What do I mean by that? Meaning, okay, we know that women have a right to work, but she also has all the other rights as well as looking after the husband and looking after the wife, looking after the children etc, etc. So, he or she is not allowed to abuse her work, abuse her right to work by actually encroaching and using that to
encroach upon her duties back home diet. So this is an example of
justness in, in working also, for example, justice, in freedom of speech, we know that for example, women have a right to put their opinion forward. Yes, of course, they do. Have you not seen how Allah subhanaw taala revealed the verse magetta? The Surah magetta? What's it about? A woman came to the sewer system asking and arguing about her right? that her husband had left her in a state of not divorce or not marriage in a state between the two states. And that is called a state in which of the heart when the husband goes to the wife in the in the in that priests a pre Islamic time, they used to say you are like the back of my mother. And this is neither a divorce, nor is it a marriage
because then you would not be not be married anymore. However, you still not divorced women were left in limbo in between the two things. And so she went to the source of arguing about her right. So it is permissible, of course, women have their opinion and lots of others given the right for women to have their opinion. And so however, Justice must be applied, when when women wish to wish to use their right to express their opinion. This is just an example an example of how Allah subhana wa Taala
has to take the principles upon which human beings may use their rights, which allows them has given them number five, and this is truly an important point. And that is that preference must be given to those rights that are more important than the ones that are lesser in importance. preference my brothers in Islam. And because we're talking about women's rights over here, sisters in Islam, you must give preference to that which is more in importance to rather than that which is lesser importance, what decides that which is more important. That which decides that which is more important, is the Sharia itself. Let me give you an example of guidelines on how to then understand
what is more important and what is lesser in importance. I'll give you three guidelines. The first guideline is that the right of the masses of people of the other of the general public is given preference that of the individual or a general harm is prevented by a specific one. What's an example of that? An example of that is the dowry for example, women have a right to ask for any, any dairy that they want, isn't it? Allah Subhana Allah says in the Quran
about about talking about the dowry, that that men Give, give women and he uses the word in thought and thought means a huge treasure or a large large piece of piece of wealth. And so, and in reality, it used to be used for large amounts of gold coins, says the word the word Pindar as
as as it is mentioned in the lesson, it used to be word used to be used for large amounts of gold coins. And so when unless it says in thought, without specifying a limit over here, we understand that women have a right to ask for any money. And as you know, you know, the narration, which is for mama rose, yellow and blue, that are that one more of the one who wanted to put a label on dowry, and a woman got up and said, Oh man, how can you do that? How can you put a label on it on the gallery which is which Allah has Allah has never, never, never, never put. And at that point, Omar agreed and basically gave the woman the woman the chance to to continue on and and he did not put a
level this narration by the way, is not authentic, and even
mentioned that this is this is not this is the eighth, it is mentioned in stage
So over here, we understand in reality, it is permissible for the Imam to restrict the dowry of the women. If you look at some Arabian countries where the dowry the woman has gone beyond measure, we find that it is permissible to actually restrict the dowry of the women in the in cases in which
where the general public needs to their Muslim needs to be protected. So this is an example the right of the masses is giving preference to the rights of the individual. And so here, the right of the woman would be restricted in putting a level on the amount of dowry another point would be individual obligations preference over communal obligations. So for example, would a woman prefer her career over raising her children? The answer is no, because individual obligations upon the woman is given preference to communal obligations upon the woman like the woman might be a teacher for example. So she has more responsibility over her own children before she tries to then raise the
children of other people. Point number see the last guideline for preference is the preference is given to that which is more obligatory over that which is less obligatory, such as an example was the scholars in Kodama Who will I mentioned in a movie when he says that the wife must not leave the house when the when the parents are the parents of the wife are actually sick? When the husband has said no a woman cannot leave? So here I mentioned that the wife must not leave the house. If the fall if the if the parents have if the husband said no you can't leave, even if the father and mother are actually sick. Why? Because visiting father and mother when they're sick, of course is we
It is lesser in obligation than listening to your husband. It is for this reason why, why and it is for this reason why they are right over here is being restricted her her right to visit her parents is being restricted. So when you understand the principles upon which Islam gives us rulings and restricts rights, or allows rights to be to be open ended, you will therefore really be very clear in your mind in answering questions about why are women's rights in Islam so and so on
this and that. Now, point number six and that is the sixth principle upon which human rights in Islam are based. And that is, the Haram must be removed to the application of rights and obligations. And in reality, this is an important point that I'm sorry, not the harm, the harm must be the harm must be removed at the application of rights and obligations to the to the to the level to the to the nth level possible to the maximum level possible. And this is a really wonderful women to to to remember that when applying the rules and they and their rights, they must be wary of the rights of Allah subhana wa tada and the rights of the general community. Point number seven. And
that is, and that is a important point that is that men and women are similar in their rights and duties. And this is an important point. Men and women as a large part of Decree are similar in the rights and duties. And this is this is quite, quite amazing because Allah says
many times, he says was sorry, who was sorry for the photo idea Houma and the one who steals the mailman who steals and the female stealer in the mail sealer cut their hands off. So here we find them talking about the same ruling applies to both men and women. Also, as Annie was Ania to fudge a little cooler, mommy agenda, the male adult
person who commits adultery and the female adulterers
punish them by actually slashing them 100 lashes we also find Allah says in the Quran will kill me Nina boomin up sorry for the Fuji home. And then the last one that says later on vocal will move me that you have to deny me I'm sorry, hidden away from the Fujian and law says this in this verse, or sources tell the believing men to lower the gaze and protect the private parts, and until the believing women to protect it to lower the gaze and protect the public part. So we find therefore, the rulings regarding men and women are similar in Islam. Why is that the case? Because of and this is in general? Of course, why is it the case because of two reasons. The first reason is is that the
science and the reasons for obligations are the same meaning meaning what we say in Arabic to be monitored hokum in regarding obligations at the cliff, moneta, Cliff, are are both the same regarding men and women. What are the monastic life? What are the signs of obligation in Islam for men and women? What are they? It is it is blue, which is maturity, puberty, and then alcohol, which is the Faculty of Science, and lastly, Islam, which is to have the religion of Islam. So all of these three things are started or joined between men and women. And this is why, therefore the rulings of Islam that are general are, you know, both pertain to both men and women as well.
Okay, the last point and the last point is that
Allah subhana wa tada decreed, and he said in the court, and will lately either such a one no hurry that agenda, and by the night as it as it passes, and envelopes, and by the day in his blazing, blazing glory,
masala Coca Cola will, and by He who has created the the men and the woman in Messiah coalition, verily your, your site meaning your rights and responsibilities, your duties are shut are different as well, just like the night which is for peace and tranquility and harmony, so is the rights, rights and duties upon the wife and and then the day in his blazing glory in its in its obligations and its power and authority in the same way or that of the other man as well. So, you see a lot sparkler here gives the example of the night and day to illustrate the duties and responsibilities and the differences between that of the man and the wife. So therefore, the eighth principle is
that, that that the Sharia differentiates between the rights and obligations in various issues between men and women due to the natural differences between between them,
we find that that the difference is because of four reasons. Allah subhanho wa Taala applies differences are ruling between men and women. And this is a question which can be easily answered and which which can be easily used by yourselves to answer the allegations in the media. Why Muslim? Why does Islam give women this and men that or why is the different rights responsibilities because what what Western
culture over here what they want to do is to make that of the men and that of the women similar, the reason why I must differentiate between them is because of for different reasons. The first
reason is that because similarity in a particular matter will actually lead to harm. Such as, for example, why is the less prevalent allow women to marry only one and men to marry for was the loss of Hannah was Allah allow men to marry a non Muslim, Allah keytab, who is chaste and an honorable, but does not allow a Muslim woman to do the same to actually marry a non Muslim man who is chasing honorable now unless one that does not allow it? Why? Because the harm will be greater than the good. And just for this reason, what is the harm the harm would be that if she actually married a non Muslim man, therefore, of course, the children will be upon the authority of the man, I will
grow up on that religion, because of course, the children will be closer to that. And so it is for this reason, for example, let's further restrict the right. The second reason why let's not allow, allow differences because one gender might be more suitable to a matter than another one, such as, for example, custody of the children are the babies, when in the event of a divorce by it's not the scholars, the wife, or the woman has more right to the babies, what do we mean by babies meaning until the age of seven, by each other scholars, women have more right and authority to the babies than than the Father. And this is an example why is Allah giving the right to the woman here not to
the man, because in reality, women are more suited to this the man. And it is for this reason why in certain cases, the witness of the woman can invalidate the witness of the man as well. We find for example, in issues of Madonna, in issues of looking after children issues of breastfeeding, the witness of the of the of the breastfeeding woman is actually more than the witness of of, of any other man regarding that particular issue, whether she breastfed a particular baby or not. So we find therefore, of course, sometimes even the witness of a of a man of a woman can be stronger than that of a man. So therefore, you know, when we say okay, why do women have half a weakness of a man
that this is only because in that particular issue, and that particular issue is what that that have more or less, that have business transactions that have interactions, which are usually not, not the, the Forte of women because they usually do not involve themselves in these things. The third reason why law allows differences is because of a difference in ability or nature. And this is what allows pantalla, for example, decree that the the woman is softer and kinder and gentle. This is why she is the rebel He is the one who looks after the house was a man is a bit tougher, and and and and he has more responsibility. And obligation is for this reason why it was partly obligated upon the
husband to provide for the wife, not the other way around. So you see, this is very logical, like very logical, you go back to the principles of why the rights have been distributed, you don't have to talk about about why, you know this, and that is Panama and you go back to the original principles, and it will become very clear how to how to talk about it. The last reason is because differences in physical capacity, and because the difference in physical capacity, Allah has allowed, for example, men to fight and women to not find. And believe me, if someone looks at all these eight principles, you will know that the rights women in Islam are more than that of men. The
rights of women Islam are more than that of men based on these eight principles which have just related to you. Right? In the west Islam, strict treatment of women is always under scrutiny. And there are three matters which which they always talk about that is the prevention, preventing women from education, forcing them upon getting married and domestic violence. I have a specific response and a general response to all of this. And I unfortunately, I don't think I will have time to discuss all of that and this idea will have mercy upon me and upon you first of all, Allah have mercy. Me have mercy upon you first of all, give me a few more minutes inshallah. I'm sure he will
be able to give that to us inshallah. Right, because it's the Muslim of the room over here at the moment.
No worries, no worries, no choice here. But in general, let me give you the general response before I give you the specific ones because because the specific one inshallah we will talk about in our q&a inshallah, when we do have a chance regarding this topic, the general response is whether the statistics sisters in Islam, you know, the problem was the women being dishonored is not due to a, a extreme attachment to the religion rather it is due to a extreme detachment from Islam. You see, the media thinks that okay, the reason why Muslim women are in this state is because Islam is being practiced. And that is for this reason why most women in this state No, rather Islam is not being
practiced. It is what it is. And it is that for that reason why Muslim women are in this state, we find that that the Muslim society, the societies regarding with respect to women's rights have deviated into two different
spheres. One of them is very conservative, it's very restrictive. It doesn't consider women to be really any good. All the women want to have men baby baby baby boys because that would raise her status in society. Women and
educated women are not given autonomy over their own wealth, and perhaps even inheritance issues. They're not they're restricted. On the other hand, we have some very liberal societies and very liberal sections amongst the Muslim society, that that caters for, that caters for a woman's femininity and feminism, rather than for her fulfillment and our humanity and for her spirituality. And it tells women to actually go for worldly pursuits, rather than for, for for spiritual ones. So we find what is Islam than reality, there is a huge gap between the theory of Islam regarding the status of women and the practice of Muslim Muslim societies, we find that this widening gap between
theory and practice has given rise to not only this issue of dishonouring women with with extreme left or extreme right views on on the status, rather it has led to things such as political tyranny has led to intellectual stagnation, social injustice, you know, scientific bankruptcy, economic, backwardness, any, all of these problems are all due to the fact of the essential cause, and that is, we have truly less than religion and reality, we haven't practiced it and this is why the rights of women are not being given
in our in our society, amongst civil society as well, at the moment, I feel in reality, that a that a, a proper call is required to the Muslim community, regarding the issues of women. And I find that in reality, we need to
understand that for too long women have not been given the right and it is time to address the issue of women's rights in Islam. And primarily because the fact that you know, this is an obligation upon us secondarily, because this is the first line of defense for Islam. And in reality, what this practically requires, I believe, is that Muslims in the west or Muslims in general, the Muslim community should come up with a charter of women's rights, Muslim women,
the Muslim community should come together and draft a charter of almost a woman's rights and based upon these rights, and based upon these, these conditions and these points that people agree upon, and, and and of course, of course, the charter should be based upon the Quran and Sunnah. And that was derived from them. We should come up with means and strategies and projects that will then aim to rectify the situation of the Muslim women, that which is there at the moment and reach it to the level of status that Allah subhanaw taala originally ordained for them, when Allah subhanaw taala promised in the Quran that whether you are believer, whether believing men or believing women, Allah
subhanho wa Taala will truly enter into paradise if you truly believe in do righteous deeds.
I asked Allah subhana wa tada
by his immense glory and mercy to protect our mothers, ask Allah subhanaw taala to protect our wives, to protect our our sisters, and our and our daughters. I asked Allah subhanaw taala to give them the honor in his, which Allah subhanaw taala had originally ordained upon upon them, I asked Allah Subhana Allah to protect them and to and to give them strength. Because Allah He takes a lot nowadays to walk around with your job in the, in the in the streets, I asked Allah subhana wa Allah to give them the courage and to teach us men the courage that they have in their hearts when they walk with is an honor, I asked Allah subhanaw taala to to prevent any harm upon them in specific
orange general and asked the last partner to help his Dean and to and to prevent any time soon any of these
policies coming into effect in our society such as the banning of the job and and any restrictions upon our women, because that will truly be an be an attack upon religion. I asked a lot and I thank you for this opportunity. I apologize. I hadn't I had actually planned to talk a little bit more in detail about about the three important points and that is the specific issues regarding forced marriages and specific issues regarding domestic violence and and regarding
prevent regarding woman's obligation to gain knowledge, but inshallah I will try and find some some time and I will I will talk about them inshallah. In a in a later period, Zuckerman Lafitte, Santa Monica
was off on a friendship topic. Actually, you didn't take the five minutes extra kind of thing almost you almost finished bang on Mashallah barnacle are
one of the things I was going to mention before chef del phix started is that those of you who have listened to him before in various other talks, some of which have been sold on the gms CD store will realize that he normally structures the talks in points and principles and Hawaii and they really need to be refreshed and re listened to and I really do urge the brothers and sisters
Notice that when the the tapes and the CDs and the audio materials are produced, that we really go through those principles, because these principles are really important from these principles, or the issues stem. And if I understand the principle the idea thoroughly, then I'm going to be able to understand the details thoroughly. It's when we don't understand the ideas very thoroughly, we get ourselves into a mess and we have gotten ourselves into a mess. So rather than reiterate the eight points now because of lack of time, please refresh yourself.
Also, I'd like to take this opportunity to say that
one of the issues which is very passionate to me about Muslims learning the etiquettes of deferring, I found Mashallah that perhaps one of the best presentations of this in the English language is a presentation shift affected under a JMS seminar a few months ago, and again, that's on sale. And it's it's probably the one of the best presentations of the principles of etiquettes of differing and unbalancing Muslim relationships with each other in these religious differences and issues. Finally, all I can say is just up on the hands of the chef for enlighten us and reminding us and given us some direction, but in the last hour, I would just like to make an additional zarda to the
hour that the chef made, that we also last wanted to honor by his most beautiful names that he gives men that all seek to give the rights to their women, children to their women and daughters and and the females.
Bar philosophy club so I preempted the shift is up on the home. We have a half an hour break in Charlotte to Anna, please be prompt back in a half an hour for the next session. I'll leave it to