Taimiyyah Zubair – Taleem al Quran 2012 – P28 280D Tafsir Al-Mumtahinah 10-13

Taimiyyah Zubair
AI: Summary © The conversation covers the history and cultural implications of the Prophet sallua Alaihi wa sallam, which refers to the god who gives birth to children. The community is warned of potential consequences of not following rules and not giving anything to anyone. The speakers emphasize the importance of men testing their faith and being aware of their religion to avoid compromise and risk failure.
AI: Transcript ©
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After salehoo they via there was another issue that came up.

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And that issue was regarding women. What was it? Remember that the treaty stipulated that any men leaving Makkah and making Hijra to Medina would have to be returned to Makkah

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is in itself. And if a person would leave Medina and go to Makkah, then the Moroccans will not have to return him. So basically, if any person from Makkah accepted Islam and made hijra to Medina, the people of Medina would have to send him back to Makkah.

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And remember when this condition was set of agenda of de la noir and who he came, remember his story, he came, and you know, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said that look, you know, the treaty has not concluded yet. We're still in negotiating, processing it. So let's leave this out. And Sohail he got stubborn over here. And he said that if you don't agree to this, that's it because he was the father of Abuja. And the Prophet sallallahu sallam said, okay, just make an exception for Abu Jandal. He said, No, you either agreed to this or we don't make a treaty at all. So this condition was set. Now, what happened was that some women migrated from Mecca to Medina. All

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right. And some of these women were from noble families, such as the daughter of Iraq, women or be more and some of these women were married. And so they had left their families and they had come alone. They'd love their husbands and they had come to Medina.

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Now their relatives demanded that these women be sent back to Africa, according to the treaty, but returning women, to their families who did not agree with their religion, what would that mean that these women would most definitely be oppressed? They would be harmed. They might even be killed, their lives would be in danger. Their Deen would be in danger. So the Muslims took advantage of the letter of the law. All right. The text said any module? Who is Rajan? Man, male. All right. It didn't say a person. It said Rajan.

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So the Mercy keen, they were responded that look, they're women. They're not any drug. So they're staying here. They're not going anywhere. All right. So what did this mean? The Mercy king could not really say anything. Because yes, the Muslims were following the treaty they were keeping true to the treaty. All right. So what happened now that many women started making Hijra to Medina?

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All right, many women. Now, so many women's already coming that, you know, you'd wonder, are they actually going making Hijra or are they coming for some other reason? Maybe they're being sent as spies,

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by the Moroccans do Medina, to spy on the Muslims, because if a man would come, then certainly he would be in trouble. But a woman, she can fake it, you know, my family has been persecuting me. I embraced Islam. And so she's sheltered in Medina, she lives for some time, and she finds out all the information and then one day she leaves and, you know, she's basically working as a spy.

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Right? Or she could be coming for some other reason. So what happened? Allah subhanaw taala revealed these verses. All right, that when the men, when they embraced Islam, they would take by or they would give the pledge of allegiance to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that we believe and we promise that we will refrain from Schick and we will not do this, and we will not do this. And we will not do this. And we will do this and this and this. You know, in Sierra, we learn about the different pledges that people would give to the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam when they would embrace Islam, but women generally would not do that. Because it was understood that if the man of

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the house is giving the bearer then the whole family is part of it, you understand? But here what's happening is that a woman is coming herself.

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So now, these verses stipulated that even the women must take bearer

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you understand. Now some people they get offended over here, but all women their Eman is being doubted. And you know, they have to take the bar. I think this is very amazing that women are being recognized as who, as individuals.

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You understand that it's not that the husband or the man of the house is embracing Islam and is taking the pledge for the whole family. No, it's every adult that matters the man and the woman.

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So the women must take the bear also and the details of that are given. So Allah subhanaw taala says yeah, you will Lavina Amanu all you who have believed either Jaya como el Mina to When believing women come to you, Mohammed, you rotten as immigrants plural of the word Mahajan.

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era. One who does Hijra a woman who does hero? So when they come to you emigrating, what should you do? From there? Hey, no hana. So test them.

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Test them. This is the word from which the name of the surah has been derived manga Hana, the woman who was tested. So Fanta, hey, no hana, empty Han. Meme, how noon test examined. So test them, test them concerning what concerning their Islam? That Are there really believers or not? Of course, you cannot examine their hearts. But you can ask them questions to ensure that they're actually believers. And you can make them take an oath.

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You understand? Because you see if a person has accepted Islam, then they must know at least the basics. They must know something. Right? So if a woman is coming, saying that she's doing hijra, and she has believed, while don't just accept her word that she has believed, ask her a few questions to ensure that she has really embraced Islam, and that she has done her job she has made this Hijra for the sake of Allah. So Fanta he No one asked them. When I look at this word, I think this word is so empowering, that women should be knowledgeable of their religion. Allah is saying that's them. That's them regarding their Islam. Do they know Islam even or not?

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They must know it's not just the men who are supposed to be educated about their Deen even the women have to be educated. So firms that hey, no one asked them. Thus them Allahu Allah Allahu Allah is most knowing be Imani, you know of their faith. Meaning Allah knows about their Iman. So if somebody says, You know what, I'm not going to take the test because Allah knows how strong my faith is. Well, yes, Allah certainly knows. But we as people also have to test you. Right. So Allah who are Allah will be Imani hin for Interlimb to more Hoonah than if you know them as me natten as believing women, meaning they passed the test. And you see that they are certainly believers, then follow

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through G ruhuna LL Cool foul, then do not return these women to the disbelievers. Do not send them back to Makkah, do not do that. Because if you were to do that, you would put them in a lot of difficulty. Why should you not send them because learn not Hoonah? They, meaning these women are not? Hey Lulu home permissible for them, permissible for who? For their disbelieving husbands heal from Halal one who is permissible. Remember, some of these women who migrated were married. So their husbands demanded that their wives be sent back. Allah subhanaw taala says over here, that once this woman has embraced Islam, and she's made hijra, that marriage is no longer valid.

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You understand? Because in Soudal, Bacara, what do we learn that a Muslim woman cannot marry a mushrik. Man, remember, and a Muslim man cannot marry a mushrik woman. marriage to the machine is not permissible. It's not halal. It's not Gize. So law Hoonah Hindu law home, wala homea, Lunella Hoonah. These women are not permissible for them. And those men are not permissible for these women. What to whom, and give them give who to their ex husbands, wish the husband's ex ones give them man and for who? Whatever they had spent whatever they had spent on who, on their wife, before she embraced Islam and left. Because what if, you know, let's say there's a couple Mushrik All right,

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let's suppose they lived in Makkah, at the time of the Prophet salallahu Salam. And what happened the man gave the wife a lot of jewelry, a lot of money, a lot of wealth, right? And he even told her where his wealth was. So what happened one day she embraced Islam and she said, You know what, let me take all of this money and run off to Medina. So she goes to Medina. Now the man is left without a wife and without any money.

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Allah says the woman is not going back. That's not Hello. But you know what the money is his. So that must be returned. How fair is our Lord. So give them back what they had spent. While I do not hire Aleikum, and there is no blame on you. And thank you who will know that you marry them. In other words, now these women are free to marry.

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They were previously married to Mushriks but now with the hijra, that marriage is terminated. So now these women are free to marry somebody else. Of course a Muslim, but there is a condition ie their title Munna Adora Han Allah addresses the Muslim men that if you do intend to marry such Mahajan women, then you must give them their would you do plural of Ajit and this is referring to the mouth

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You must give them the money.

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You see how the women are being protected over here? Now think this woman is alone. She's got no family and a Muslim man in a foreign land proposes to her and she agrees to marry him. Well that Muslim man must have the fear of Allah to give that woman her rights because her family is not there to ensure that she is given her rights. So Allah instructs the Muslim men, well Adam Seco now the Muslim men are being addressed that welcome Seco and you do not retain keep various law Milka affairs be with reason, reason is the plural of the word is SMA is SMA. And there is SMA means protection.

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And what this is referring to is Nikka. Marriage. So do not keep marriage ties with who Alcoa fifth plural of the word cafetera. disbelieving women, so now the Muslim men are being ordered over here.

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That if you have a woman in your marriage, who is a mushrik, then you do not

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keep that marriage. You're not allowed to do that either. If Muslim women are not to be married to non Muslim men, then Muslim men are not to be married to non Muslim women. Well, Adam Sikh will be our sawmill co if it

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was Aluma and Folkstone. And you can ask that which you have spent, meaning if you have given her your property at this time of divorce, remember that if the woman is taking divorce, right then whatever property the man has given her has to be returned. So what's Aluma and factum, while yes Alou and they should ask Matt and Falco what they have spent, meaning the non Muslim men, the Moroccans will demand what they had spent on their wives who have now migrated to Medina. So basically what is being said is summarize

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that if there is

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a woman,

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a mushrik woman who lives in Makkah, she embraces Islam, goes to Medina, what has to happen? She's going to stay in Medina if she passes the test, right.

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And secondly, whatever wealth she has brought that belong to her husband has to be returned.

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Clear. Okay. Now, on the other hand, if there's a Muslim man who has in wishek wife, and let's say she decides I'm not staying in Medina anymore, I'm going back to Makkah. She goes to Morocco, and she takes the Muslim man's wealth as well. Can he ask for it back? Yes, he can, it should be returned. So you understand what's happening here. Valley come hokum Allah that are you people is the command of Allah Jacobina calm, that he has judged between you this is the Hukum that Allah has given you. Well, Allah who are leaving Hakeem and Allah is Knowing and wise.

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You see over here, this is the law of justice.

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What in and if Fattah come,

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you have lost Fattah fote Farewell data is basically when something slips from your hands, you've lost it, and it's impossible to retrieve it impossible to get it back. This is why the word faith is also used for death. Because once a person dies, there's no coming back to the world. So when in fact, accom che on now the Muslim men are being addressed. That let's say was the man who was married to Mr. Coleman the mystic woman decides she's going back to Makkah and she leaves

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and she takes his money as well. And what's the man sends word to the authorities in Makkah, send me back my money. And they say too bad. We're not giving you anything. You understand what's happening here? So what in fact are calm che on if you have lost anything, if you have lost men as well as you can have your wives ill co ferry to the disbelievers. Meaning they take your property and they never return it despite your asking then what should be done then in the case where file a button, then you took some revenge. And what this is implying is that there is some battle in the future let's say there is some battle

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all right, there is some battle and the Muslims gain some benefit from the enemy. The war booty so now that the war booty has come remember when it comes to the war booty we learned about it earlier, that it is to be divided amongst two

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amongst to the participants, and the shares are specified.

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Right. But here's the person who lost his why

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and money, do that enemy. And now from that enemy, the Muslims have gotten some war booty.

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Now, technically, that Muslim does not really have a share in that war booty because he wasn't part of that battle, you understand? But Allah is saying over here that too, then you must give a part of that war booty to who Alladhina the habit as well as to those people whose wives left them and took their wealth with them. Give them something, give them how much Mithila and furcal equivalent to what they had spent. You understand? Okay? It's a little complicated, but if you keep reading the verses gets easier.

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What's happening here is there's a Muslim man, his Mushrik wife, went to Makkah, went to Makkah took the money also, let's say she took 1000 Enough.

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The Muslim man sounds a word. I want my money back. And the authorities in Makkah say No way. We're not giving anything to you, not one dinar. Now this man has lost his wife and his money. You understand what happens? Now Allah is saying that if let's say there's some battle in the future, with these bushes ticking

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and it so happens that you got war booty

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1000 D now from that war booty will be given to who to this Muslim man

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whose ex wife took away his money.

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You understand?

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Again, this is the law of justice.

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That if someone has suffered anything in the way of Allah, then it is the responsibility of the community to ensure that they get what they deserve. And so you see from the public wealth from beta mile a portion has been given to this person what the cola lady and to be him me known and fear Allah, in whom you are believers. Fear Him and carry out the commands that Allah has given you.

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Yeah, are you gonna be you all Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam, either jackal Minato, When believing women come to you,

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meaning they believe and they do Hedra they come to you? What should they do? You buy a year in Africa. They should give the pledge of allegiance to you. It's not just the men but the women also have to give the bear what is the pledge that the women have to give our Allah upon? Allah you shriek Nabila that they will not associate anything with ALLAH che and anything. They will not do Sheikh

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Secondly, wala yes Rechner

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and that they will not steal.

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The women must give this pledge that they will not do shit and they will not steal

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Wallah you as Nina

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and that they will not commit Zina

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after Islam with Islam there is no Xena It's haram. So ladies need they will not commit Zina.

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Then whenever your katana will add the Hoonah and that they will not kill their own children.

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Like tuna they will not kill. You see the noon at the end. This is for feminine, feminine plural.

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So they will not kill Oh LaDonna their children? Why would a woman kill her own children?

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Many women do that.

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Many women do that. Even today. Sometimes there are bodies and bodies of children found in the homes of people

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that a woman gets pregnant she doesn't want that child a baby is born or she tries to abort the baby herself. So lay up. A Muslim woman cannot do that. While I talk to Lola Donna they will not kill their children. Then when I Yeah, Tina and they will not come up with Bhutan in with a slender meaning they will not invent slanders false stories about other people and spread them around as if they were facts. They will not do that. This is not something that befits a Muslim woman.

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They will not invent lies. Laya Tina be Bhutan and you have to you know that they would invent it meaning the Boutin the slander, they would invent it, Boehner ad hinda or Judy hinda between their hands and their feet.

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They will not invent a slander between their hands and feet. What does this mean? There are two interpretations of this. Firstly, inventing something with your hands and feet meaning right in front of you. It's something that you've come up with you've invented

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Alright feet, you walked somewhere, you heard something, and then you you know, baked it into something else, right? That they will not invent lenders, this is one interpretation. Secondly, others have said that what this means is, this is referring to illegitimate children.

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Right? That a woman, she is pregnant, she finds herself pregnant because of the relations that she had with a certain men. Right. And then when the child is born, she says, Oh, this is my husband's child. You understand? Or this is so and so's child. This is so and so's child. Right now, you may have DNA testing, but many people do not have access to that. Right? So that they're not going to come up with this. When a teenager Bhutan and you have Torino Boehner ID in our our Julian, so between their hands and feet, this is referring to the act of Xena

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What are your Selena coffee ma roof and that they will not disobey you concerning my roof concerning that which is right. You as in the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam. So these are matters over which this should give back to you for about a year. Who knows? Then you will Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam take their pledge was still Fiddler Hoon Allah and seek forgiveness for them from Allah. In the love of photo Rahim Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. When you seek forgiveness for them. Why? If they fall short in observing their deen

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and Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. So what do we see in this ayah the bearer is mentioned, which the women would take with the Prophet sallallahu already who was sending our shuttle de la Miranda, she said that whenever the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would take the pledge of allegiance from a woman, his hand would never touch her hand. Because generally they are is one that you put your hand in the hand off the other person, or on top of it or under it or whatever you join hands. So I shall deliver on her said that this was always verbal. This bar was always verbal, it wasn't that he would shake their hands or anything.

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Now there's a very interesting story. Hint, the wife of Abu Sufian at the conquest of Makkah, we learned that she came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in order to give the bare, right. But she came and she had, you know, covered her face, even though she was the mother in law of the Prophet sallallahu sunnah. All right. But she had covered her face and you know, she was hiding from him. And she came in a group of women. Why did she do that? Because she knew how hurt the Prophet sallallahu sallam was because of the death of the murder of Hamza de la Morena. And hint had a big hand in that. Right. So she was embarrassed. And now she's embracing Islam. And, you know, it is

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said that there are some Sidra books in which this has mentioned that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said, You have no God but Allah meeting you give the pledge that you will worship only Allah. So when she said, we promised that, yes, we will not do shit. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that you will not steal, give the buyer that you will not commit theft. So she said that I only used to steal a little bit before because my husband is very stingy. So I only take from him what I need. Alright, so she's making sure that she's allowed to do that, you know, continue to steal from her husband's money because he's too stingy. You wouldn't give her anything. All right.

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So, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at this he laughed and he recognized hint. And then she asked the Prophet salallahu Alaihe salam for forgiveness. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he did that he forgave. And then he said he continued, You will not commit Zina. And hint said, does a free woman commit Zina? Right because a free woman, a woman of such honor, and big family was unheard of. She would never commit Zina. So basically, she's saying that of course I would not do that. And then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, You shall not kill your children. Instead, we brought up our children, but you kill them.

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You understand what's happening? She's saying that we raised our children but they were killed that bothered him or her then in all of these battles, they were killed. We didn't kill them, somebody else did. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, You will not spread slander, and said slander is indeed something terrible and exceeds all bounds. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, You will not disobey me in anything that is right. And she said, had we intended to disobey you? We would not be here right now. Meaning we're coming here because we want to obey you. Alright, and it is said that Hindus the reason why she was so bowled over here and how she you know answered

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everything

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Every time the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam asked the woman to give the bear on something, you know, she had something to say either an affirmation, not objection, but a remark. She had a remark. Always. And the reason was because she was the mother of all Habiba. All right. So anyway, what this is teaching us is that women should also be

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aware of their Deen it is a duty upon Muslim women to be knowledgeable about their religion. It's not just the men who are required to know women are also required to know

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Allah subhanaw taala says, final verse of the surah Yeah, are you hon Latina Manu, or you who have believed Lata? Well Lo, do not make allies of Coleman of if people do not turn towards the people seeking their protection and their help, which people of people whom love the biller who are lay him, upon whom Allah was angry with meaning Allah's wrath is upon them in this dunya and in Athleta. So if you were to join them, what do you expect for yourselves? If you were to become their allies, what do you expect for yourselves Allah's mercy or wrath? These are people whom Allah is angry with, or the UAE zoom in an era. These people have despaired of the Hereafter yet you so from yes to

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despair give up open, meaning they don't expect any reward in the Hereafter, which is why their ultimate concern is this dunya and because of that, they will lie, they will cheat, they will betray, they will harm others, because all they want is the dunya. They're not aiming for AKA, you see, when a person is looking forward to the Accra, then what happens he suffers some loss and he can be patient, he will remain true and honest, he will not cheat, he will not betray. Why because he knows that even if he has to suffer right now. There is a tomorrow

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and for his patience and his honesty, Allah will reward him. But these people do not expect the hereafter at all. So that means they don't worry about the consequences of their actions. And secondly, they don't care what measures they have to take in order to ensure they get what they want right now. Are the assuming Allah Hera, gamma, just as yet you SELCO federal. The disbelievers have despaired minerals Habil Prabhu, from the inhabitants of the grave, meaning the Kafala when any one of them dies, and ends up in his grave than those who are alive. Do they ever expect to meet him? No, they don't. Say he's dead. He's finished. He's gone.

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Forget him. No.

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So what is meant is these people do not fear any consequences.

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They're selfish and greedy. But you on the other hand, hope for a while. So do not compromise on your deen

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lying and betraying and cheating, losing your integrity. Do not do that remain truthful, honest and loyal to Allah. Because you hope for the

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don't sell your deen for dunya that's the message. remain true to your deen because you believe in the hereafter and it doesn't befit the person who is seeking the hereafter

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that he would compromise on his Deen for worldly benefits. Let's listen to the recitation of these verses yeah

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Mina to Munna ger

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Allahu our level ve man

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so in gnarling to move

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Meena.

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Wala homea Hello

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Wallah Jonah

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what atoms equal the

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theory was

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to

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sample the moon como la here, como

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walawe Honeyman. Hackie we're

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gonna share

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I mean as

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Ilan refer

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to leadin other habit as word

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lemme

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sample what the law levy

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human be you either

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mean to you by

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shriek Nabil he

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is on our

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team Danny Studien been

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doing

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clean caffeine

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law in lawful walking see

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call woman

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Body

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Body

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panic alarm I'll be hunting a shadow Allah ilaha inlanta as the Heruka were to breathe AsSalamu Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

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