Taleem al-Quran 2010 – Juz 28 – L282C
Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
File Size: 9.51MB
Al-Hashr 1-17 Tafsir 3-7
Allah says well, Ola and cutterbar Allahu alayhi wa Jalla and if not that Allah had decreed for them evacuation. Allah Jalla Jalla is from the root letters, Jim lamb well, and Joe is to appear when something becomes apparent when something becomes visible. from the same root, the word gela is also used for clarification,
to make something clear to make it law hit, and then the word July is also used for evacuation, immigration departure. Because before people leave a place, where are they in their rooms and their streets and when all of them are living together?
Then all of them become visible, not just them, but also their properties, their belongings.
So if Allah had not decreed expulsion on them, lived ever home feed dounia surely he would have punished them in this world.
Meaning because Allah had decreed expulsion for them, that they were meant they were supposed to leave Medina, this is what Allah had decreed for them.
If this was not the case, he would have punished these people in this dunya but regardless, whether homefield ferati available now, for them in the Hereafter, is a punishment of the hellfire.
So they were saved right now, only because of the decree of Allah. Otherwise allowed would have ordered his messenger to punish these people. But regardless in the Hereafter, for them is a severe punishment which is of the fire why, then it can be unknown Shahrukh Khan Mahabharata Sula, who that is because they oppose Allah and His Messenger chicag. To be in opposition
to be on the other side.
So, these people have opposed Allah and His Messenger, and will mean you shall be let her for in the lush editor
and whoever opposes Allah, then Indeed Allah is severe and penalty. Anyone who opposes Allah, Allah severe and penalty, Allah does not spare that person. And when he inflicts retribution on him, that completely humiliates him. And it completely breaks him down.
Now remember that while the Muslims had laid siege upon the value and the lead,
Wi Fi, they hurled arrows as well as rocks on the Muslims.
And the Muslims also did the same in return.
However, the veteran earlier were more successful in hurling arrows at the Muslims. Why? Because they were throwing from the fortresses, right? And besides right outside, the fortresses were their boundaries, as well as their houses.
So the Muslims, what were they told to do? Pull down the houses in order to expand the battlefield in a way, and also cut down some of the palm trees. Why? So that the place is more spacious for them, when it's more spacious, they can draw closer to the fortresses. When they can do that, only then they can attack back powerfully.
But what happened, they heard when they saw the Muslims cutting down their trees, this was a big shock for them.
And they said, that oh Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam used to forbid mischief in the earth and blame those who did it. Why is it that you had the day trees cut down and burned? Because all of the trees were also burnt?
So why is it that the profits are a lot of sudden had them pulled down, had them cut down for the purpose of war strategy. And remember that normally, it's not allowed to cut trees, especially those trees that bear fruit, and all of these trees, they were mature, they gave fruit. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam instructed them to cut them down. So this was an exceptional case. Why? For the purpose of war strategy.
The thing is that those trees were a means of profit revenue for them. That was the mark of their glory, their honor, their riches, their Well, it was a means of their revenue. And when those trees were brought down, when they were cut down, it was like as though they're, you know, it's like you've made something your business and it's being collapsed before your eyes.
So it was also a source of humiliation for them.
That was also a source of humiliation for them. It was in order to enrage the elite to show them their helplessness, that look you have fortified yourselves in your Forge, but can you protect your trees you can't.
Similarly you cannot protect yourselves anymore from the messenger subtle latas Allah.
So Allah subhanaw taala says over here with regards to that, that mercato, millena teen whatever you
You have cut down of palm trees. Oh, Dr. moussaka. Emerton Allah also Leah, or you left them standing on their trunks, then why did you do that? For me it Mila than by the permission of Allah meaning Allah give this permission to you. This was an exceptional case. This is not a general ruling that Muslims when they go to war, they can cut down trees they can do anything they want to know this was an exceptional situation. And this was done at the permission of Allah.
The word Lena is from the roof letters lamb well known Have you heard of the name Lena.
Lena is used for some say every type of data,
every type of novel except for the ajwa and the botnia.
Some say that Lina applies to every type of debt bomb except for these two which are ardua and Vanya.
And otherwise the word leader is used generally as well to refer to a data
and some have said that Lina This is from the word known. What does loan mean? Color Selena is used for the best of the date bombs, which are mature, which also bear fruit, which are also lush in their color. And the fruit that they produce the dates even they are very beautiful in their color, because it's from the word loan.
So Malka tartan Molina, thank you did not get any leaner out Dr. Maha Karima or you left it standing Allah also Leah also deplorable I saw a slew her there, we don't work for her this summer. What does also mean?
The root of something the foundation, the base of something. And otherwise, it's also used for the trunk of the tree.
You left them standing on their roots on their trunks. So whatever you did was at the permission of Allah. And also secondly, when you use el phacility, do disgrace the disobedient people or the Vaseline over here, they are good. So the second reason behind that was what to humiliate them.
Because when their farms were cut down, it meant that their means of earning their source of income, mark of their wealth and prosperity that was being destroyed. That was being brought down.
They were very proud of their farms, because that's what they owned.
That was why they had all their wealth.
But when those bombs were brought down, it meant they had nothing left.
It meant that their glory, their honor was also being destroyed.
And remember that they are who they have this hope that someday these Muslims will be defeated. Someday, we will expel them from Medina. This was the hope of the old as well as the
as well as the minority, remember.
So they were always in this hope that someday the Muslims will leave. And even if they would have to leave temporarily. Eventually they could come back to Medina and you know, reclaim all of their possessions.
But if their farms are destroyed, what would they come back to? What would they have left in Medina nothing.
So when they saw their trees being cut down it enrage them. It made them very upset. And it actually made them very afraid as well.
They made them very afraid, because it meant their future in Medina was finished.
Their life in Medina was based on what those palm trees if those palm trees are not there, that's it they have nothing left. So it was a means of terrifying them as well. Because if they would come back to Medina, they would come back to nothing.
So, over here, Allah says that whatever you cut down of the palm trees or you left them standing, it was first of all at the permission of Allah and secondly to humiliate these people, Vaseline,
humiliate them. This was a means of humiliation.
And this is also to show that Muslims have complete authority over you and your possessions. So there is no point of you staying over here. And it is said that when the Muslims actually cut down the trees, that is when the when when the lead surrendered.
Because they figured out that said we can't stay here anymore.
Can we listen to the recitation and then we'll continue.
This may learn you wash your
hi tsunami does he boo,
all Oh, man Papa,
Allahu Allah, Allah su li, and whatever Allah restored of property to His Messenger men home from them from who, from the banana leaves.
In this video we will learn about and the following that we will learn about the man of faith.
Faith, faith is from the root letters fire Hamza, Matt
is also from the same root and faith is to return
from one state to another,
what does it mean to return to shift from one state to another, and in particular, it is to shift from a bad state to a good state, meaning to do one is law to rectify oneself to improve oneself.
And it is also to return from nearby meaning the person did not go too far. And he returns from there from nearby.
Over here fate, what is it the wealth that is gained from the enemy?
Remember that there are two types of wealth that is obtained from the enemy.
One is minima, which is also known as unfair.
And the second is fate.
With regards to aneema, we learnt about where it's a little unfair. Yes aluna aka Anil and fan, they ask you about unfound who does it go to? Whose share is it? How much goes to who.
So, all those rulings are given where intellectual and fair
and and fan or minima is that wealth which is obtained from the enemy after a battle?
How is it obtained after a battle? So for example, the Muslims fought the enemy, the enemy was defeated, whatever wealth they gain, that is what aneema and how is that to be distributed? Remember, there are five parts that are made out of that which are divided amongst the soldiers as well as one part is exclusively for a line is messenger, so on and so forth.
Then, the second type of wealth that is obtained from the enemy is mal a fake, fake. And fate literally means what? Return shift from bad state to good state, so it was in the hands of the enemy. And now that wealth has gone in the hands of the Muslims. Okay. So shift from one hand to the other.
And in particular faith is that wealth which the Muslims obtained without fighting any battle,
meaning no battle had to be fought, the enemy surrendered, or there was a peace treaty.
And as a result, the Muslims gained something. So for example, over here
at the siege that was laid on the avenue and nearly all that the Muslims had to do was what lay the siege, right. After some time, the enemy surrendered, they agreed to leave and leave behind their arms and their weapons.
Now that the Muslims have to fight them in battle, did they have to know they didn't have to fight in battle at all.
So whatever welfare
Got what was that it was mal a fake
Okay. Now this is not going to be distributed in the same way that vanilla is distributed. There are different rulings regarding this Why? Because it was obtained differently it was gained differently.
So Allah says over here, wanna Allahu Allah Allah Suleyman, home, whatever Allah restored of property to his messenger from them.
Only the messengers mentioned over here, believers are not mentioned. Why? Because if you think about it, when the enemy surrendered, why did they surrender? What made them surrender? The fear of the messenger of a muscle
they didn't have the guts to face him.
So, what was the cause of their surrender the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam This is why all of the fate who does it go to a line is messenger only?
This is why Allah Rasool Allah He men whom
Allah says farmer Oh Jeff Tim I lay him inhaling while every cabin you did not have to spare for it any horses or camels you all Muslims man oh Jeff Oh Jeff down from the roof letters well Jean for what?
What is to be agitated to move hastily you know when a person is agitated he's not still he's not calm right he's moving
and then it is also to move hardly to move quickly. So for my Oh Justin, you did not have to set in motion. I lay in order to obtain this fate.
What did you not have to set in motion? Min Highland any horses? Well, every cabin or any riding camels, regardless of Florida ruku. Riding camel.
So in other words, you are Muslims did not have to suffer for it. You didn't have to spend for it. You didn't have to suffer any kind of hardship. When the Muslims have to go to bed when they had to go to or did they have to travel?
Yes, they had to use their own horses, their own camels, their own weapons all the way to weather all the way to 100 correct. But over here, all they had to do was just go down from their houses a few miles away to the houses of banana lead. This lazy over there, Camp outside. And after some time, they gave up they left that was it. No battle was fought. No horses, no camels had to be used. So Allah says when I kin Allah but Allah you send little sooner who Allah Masha. Allah is the one who gives mastery who gives power.
To who to his messengers, on who Allah mania on whomsoever He wills, meaning Allah is the one who granted this victory to His Messenger over here.
You didn't have to fight for it. You didn't have to struggle for that victory. That victory came from who alone Allah and he granted it to his messenger.
Allahu Allah, Alicia encoded and Allah is over all things, competent, everything is possible for him. Therefore, when Allah is the one who causes victory to happen,
you didn't have to spend anything on it. Therefore you have no right to any of this booty either.
This fate this booty who does it go to it's exclusively for Allah and His messenger.
It's exclusively for who for Allah and His messenger.
Now remember that Bernoulli they lived only two miles away from Central Medina from where the Muslims live. So only two miles.
And the entire Muslim army was actually on foot. They didn't even have to take their animals. They walked all the way to Miles's how much I mean, people walk that much on a regular basis. Some people do at least.
And we see that only the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was riding a camel everybody else was on foot.
So for my old Jeff to Marlena Van Halen, what Eddie Kevin? And secondly, the Muslims don't have to fight the balloon elite either. But Allah caster into their hearts and the venue in the lead, they surrendered themselves.
So this fate, whose right is it exclusively Allah and His messenger?
And Allah subhanaw taala instructed his messenger as to where to spend the fate, how it was to be further divided. But as a general rule, it was not for the people who participated in the expedition.
Typically what happens the soldiers who go for the battle, depending on how much they have contributed, that's what they gain that's the share that they gained from the booty. If someone has
gone on foot, his chair is less. If someone has gone on his animal, his chair is more, isn't it? And someone who hasn't gone? Obviously he will not get anything. Isn't. That's the general ruling. But over here, this is different.
Now if you think about it, they had to camp outside the forts For how many days according to one narration, six, and according to other 15.
If you think about it, okay, they didn't have to use your horses or their camels, but they have to spend their time.
And what do we call time? Money? Isn't we say Time is money.
But if you think about it, the sacrifice that they had to make was what? very minimal, very minimal. They didn't have to fight, they didn't have to travel, they didn't have to use their animals, all that they had to do was just come surround the forests for six days, or 15 days. And that was it.
And this is why they were not given any share of the fake. What does it show to us, give us a very important lesson, that it's quite possible that a person may feel that he deserves, he deserves some material return for his efforts
for his sacrifice.
But he should realize that his contribution is very minimal.
He should realize that his contribution is only little, it's like a drop in the ocean.
So when a person does something for the sake of Allah, how should he view his efforts, his contribution,
very level, very minimal.
And as a result of that, he should not expect anything in return.
Because of a person starting No, I was there for six days, I was there 15 days. And by the way, I had to cut down that tree. And by the way, I had to throw that error. Okay, if you start counting all of these little little things,
then you're expecting a lot in return. But just think about it. Allah is the one who gave you the opportunity to come to be here to participate in this. What kind of follow maharlika of Lima the follow of Allah upon you is great. Not that your follow on the religion of Allah is great, no.
If you did anything where the sake of Allah, if you contributed anything that was a favor of Allah on you, not your favorite on his religion.
Therefore, when the efforts are more when the sacrifice is greater, yes, those who are serving the deen they do deserve some material gain in return. But otherwise,
you know, when the contribution is very little, then don't expect anything in return. Don't expect things in return don't expect any favor in return.
You know, like the menaggio clean, we learned about them until July 17, the bedroom errors when they became Muslim. Allah says that human noon or alayka and assalamu they show their favor on you that they have become Muslim, that they have become Muslim or a huge favor they're doing to you. But Allah says Allah, Allahu Allah, Allah is the one who has shown favor to you and how they accommodate the man that he guided you to imagine.
It's not in your favor upon him, his religion, but it's his favor on you that he gave you the opportunity.
So the lesson that we learned from this is that when we do something for the sake of Allah, when we do something for the deen
we should view our efforts, our contributions as minimal that this is nothing.
Because as long as a person would look at his efforts are small, then he will keep doing more, isn't it so?
Then he will not want any praise from people. He will not want any acknowledgement, any kind of appreciation from people. But if you've used his efforts as very great than what will he want, that even for the slightest thing, he is appreciated, and if he's not appreciated, he says, I'm walking away.
You understand? There is an expression in a loop. Only ketaki shahidullah. Like a person he just wants that his finger is wounded and he wants to become a martyr.
You know, look, my finger got wounded. I'm supposed to be given the reward of a martyr. But is that the case? Is that how it should be? No. Your contribution no matter what you're doing is little. Even if you spend 24 hours in serving the dean, even if you spent all of your energy, even if you spent every single penny you have believed me you have not done justice. You have not
you have not done justice because everything you have in the first place has been given to you by whom? Allah subhanaw taala he has full right to demand everything from you, but he doesn't. He only demands a little bit. And even for that little bit, we want to be praised.
And we want to be appreciated, we want to be paid for it. This should not be the way of a person who has well wishing for the team.
Now we see that use left Medina, they took everything that they could with them going back to the issue of faith. That's the lesson that we learned about going back to the issue of fake.
Notice that that they had 600 camels with them 600 camels that they took with them, and all of these 600 camels, they were fully loaded with their belongings fully loaded.
And what they left behind was, what their weapons and some armor, as well as their forts and their orchards. So basically, it was land property, and what arms
it is that there were 50 armors 50 helmets,
and 340 swords. That's what they left behind. And besides that orchards there and also their forks and their houses.
Now, all of this was became the possession of who the profits out of all this and because of this, I have lots of parameters over here, woman, Allahu Allah su Lee. So all of this became his possession of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
and he divided it at his own discretion, according to his own will. He divided it amongst the people, and especially he divided it amongst to the mohabbatein
hygiene, why the more hygiene? Because the more hygiene did not own any property in Medina
whatever they had was given to them by who? The unsold
so because the unsold had given some of their properties to the marjorine that's why the unsolvable also suffering, correct. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam divided this property amongst two demo hygiene, and only two of the unsolved
because they were also needed and who were they able to Jana? And so Hey, honey,
and for himself, he kept only one garden.
for himself, he kept only one orchard. Why? Because remember that he had a huge family he had to spend on his wives. So he kept only one garden for himself and everything else he divided amongst the Menagerie, and some of it to the answer.
Now, some people they say over here, look, he kept everything to himself. But if you think about it, if that was his objective, he would really have kept everything to himself, but did he?
out of everything that became his possession? What did he keep only one garden? Only one garden, and the rest he distributed amongst the hygiene because they were needy.
And he distributed amongst the Sahaba. Why? Because they would need it for future battles. Right? So he hardly kept anything to himself.
Then Allah says over here, Ma, Allahu Allah wa Suleyman, edlen Allah, and whatever Allah restore to His Messenger, from the people of the towns and in Cora,
which towns are these, which cities are these? This is any city, this is talking about the issue of faith in general.
Meaning, that the ruling of faith is not specific to the incident with banana lead only, but rather it is general
that anytime such an incident takes place, that Muslims obtain wealth without a battle from the people of the city, then who does that fake go to family law he well it was who then it belongs to Allah and to the messenger.
So this ayah tells us who the fate is to be distributed amongst
whose right is it who does it belong to Allah and His messenger?
And then while it will Koba and for the near relatives near relatives of who of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, why, and which ones are they by the way? Banu Hashim Babu
Abdul muttalib, right, when Hashem Venerable muttalib So, these are the close relatives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam why is it that they have a shared Malphite?
Because unless So,
okay, first of all, because Allah said so.
So we are no one's to question do raise objections, why is it like that? And why is it like that? No, unless so simple.
But after hekla that we can understand is that because they don't have a share in
the cut, right? So, from the beta Well, something has to be given to them. So when they're in
needy, or whether they're needy or not, they're Huck is what from the malefic
so a little corba and this little Coronavirus, whose relatives only the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, his near relatives,
when he uttama and the orphans, while Messiah keen and the needy weapon is Serbia and the traveler.
So basically, this fe is not going to the soldiers. You understand? It's not going to the soldiers it's going to the rest of the community.
The relatives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam the orphans, the needy, the travelers Why is it so? Kayla acuna do Latin so that it does not become a rotation the circulation vein of Nia even come amongst the rich ones of you.
Kayla, what the sky mean K is have a left.
The reason behind such division of the fate is so that lay akuna do letter it does not become a rotation What does not wealth money. It's not mentioned over here that money wealth. It does not become doula
doula is from newsletters that well lamb and doula is that which is in circulation, that which is being passed around from one to the other.
And this is why the word doula or Dola. doula is also used for wealth, money government. Why?
Because it's constantly in rotation, one person is empowered to do tomorrow, another will be and then another will be similarly money you have today, you buy something, it's with the shopkeeper, he will pay for some bill, it will go for him to another and like this money is constantly in rotation.
So over here, law says that the reason behind such division is so that the wealth does not just remain as a rotation amongst to bainer earning income amongst only the rich ones, our view of net florala, honey, but by this division, Allah subhanaw taala also wishes that the poor, the needy, the orphans, the travelers, they also get some wealth, they can also
enjoy some wealth.
Because if you think about it, in the battles, who would participate, those who could afford as an adult, now only those who could afford to go for battle when they would go participate in the battle, what would they get a share of the war booty.
So they spent they got more they became richer. You understand? On the other hand, somebody could not go why because they cannot afford one they cannot go they cannot afford they will not even get a share the war booty like this the rich, they remain rich and the poor, they remain poor.
What does it show to us?
That Allah subhanaw taala is very happy in the laws that He has given us.
That when it comes to the economic system, the financial system that Islam promotes, what is it, that the rich don't keep becoming richer, and the poor don't keep becoming poor? No.
But rather wealth is circulated amongst all people amongst the entire community. The rich should get something the poor should get something. But unfortunately, many of the systems that exist today, what do they promote? Or what do they result in the rich, they keep becoming richer and the poor, they keep getting poorer and poorer.
So look at the system that are lost a penalty like scale, a corner dilaton Badal of Nia iminco
and then Allah says women attack komatsuna for Hulu, wherever the messenger gives to you take it woman, a hacker man who Fanta who and whatever he forbids you from then just stop, stay away from that.
This is with regards to the fate and this is also as a genuine ruling
that anything the messenger gives you take it
anything he stops you from stop from it.
What the colada and fear Allah because in the lunch or dinner club, Indeed Allah is severe in retribution.
This is a very important lesson that a Lost Planet Allah teaches us over here.
Because remember, that when it came to the division of fate, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam divided amongst the people at his own discretion, isn't it? General rulings were given general guidelines were given. It goes to this in this in this but otherwise he distributed amongst the people. So at this point, people could raise objection, that Why are you giving that orchard to him and giving me that portion of that fortress? No, I want that thing.
Don't want this thing I want the other thing, what does the law say? Anything the messenger gives you take it.
Because whatever the messenger gives you, it is in your best interest, whether it is a command or it is a prohibition, it is for your own benefit.
And, you know, this is also out of respect for the messenger, that whatever decision he makes concerning you accepted
any decision that he makes concerning you accepted.
I remember once my mother, she mentioned that one of her teachers or somebody had mentioned to her that if your teacher gives you even a small stick, a small stick a finger
like a small stick, take it
even that is an honor.
Even that is an honor. Why? Because who is giving it to you, your teacher is giving it to you.
So when the teacher gives you something, no matter what it is accepted, take it because many times it happens with with my mother that you offer some food to somebody that they will say no, no, thank you, thank you. No, it's okay. I don't want to like take it, you know, I'm offering it to you take it. So, just out of respect for someone, you will accept whatever they're giving you. There's a messenger of Allah not deserve more respect. Of course he does. Anything he gives you any instruction, any command,
whether it is about the dean, or it is anything that he has decided for you accept it.
Like remember that woman, that young woman, for whom the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent the proposal of Geneva? She accepted it. Why? Because who was it coming from? The Prophet sallallahu Sallam
said anything gives you take it and whatever he forbids you from stay away from it. And fear Allah because Allah is severe in retribution.
So accept the authority of the messenger. This incident taught a very, very important lesson to the Muslims accept the authority of the messenger.
We listened to the recitation
Key new woman is a lacuna doula. Kayla, Hakuna Dora.
Long as surely all
knowledge also gets wasted between China's and pride. So it should not prevent us from doing good.
This ayah that woman, Atacama Zulu woman, a woman who Fanta who basically what is it telling us to accept the authority of the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
Because unless and until a person accepts the authority of the leader,
he cannot be successful.
If a person
objects at every decision of the leader or some of even contradicts him, disobeys him,
will he be able to continue for long? No. Will he be able to gain benefit? No.
Will he spread bad feelings amongst other people? Yes.
What have we been taught so mirana? What
the Prophet sallallahu Sallam advise the Muslims that even if there is a leader appointed on you, who is not as great in worldly terms, but still what should your behavior be? of similar now what a foreigner isn't it? So now that you start saying that oh, this person does not know and Yes, he's a leader.
However, he does not No, no, once the leader has been appointed, accept the authority whether that leader is you know within a small group of people or in a greater group of people, because unless the leader is respected, the work cannot be done.
Unless the authority of the leadership is accepted, the work cannot be done.
And it's mainly pride that prevents people from accepting the leadership of the leader, isn't it so, then why am I not have equal authority?
But a person should not be like that, because if Allah has given him that authority, then there is a reason behind that. Once he's given him that authority, you accept it, and when you accept it inshallah, there will be height and if you objected, every little thing, you will not be able to continue for very long.