Bukhari 108 The Group Prayer Hadith 682 686
Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Series: Taimiyyah Zubair - Bukhari
File Size: 15.20MB
Lesson 108 – Chapter 46-50 Hadith 682-686
Episode Transcript ©
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Hello sweetie Hill Kareem and my birth for Aruba Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim. Rubbish finally acidity, where suddenly every dollar of data melissani of coho coli or Bonanza dinner eema.
So into Hebrew hurry we are studying the above the chapters that are concerning imama meaning the person leading the people in prayer and Salatu Juma praying together in congregation. And the verb that we ended at was a hula ilmi Well, funnily or how COVID Imam, the people of knowledge and excellence have more right to lead the prayer meaning who should be the man, the one who has most knowledge, but not just knowledge of the deen along with that also some fuddle meaning some, something that he possesses because of which he has authority over the rest of the people. It could be his age, it could be his social status, it could be his other virtues. And in the ahadith,
remember, Harry has mentioned under this chapter heading are the Hadees that tell us about the time when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was passing away? And when people ask that follow needs to be performed, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam insisted that Abu Bakar alone who lead the people in prayer, why is it that I will buckle down and who was appointed because he was the most knowledgeable amongst the companions. But besides that, even though there were other companions, who had more knowledge of the Quran, more reason was that he was someone who had fuggle, meaning people would accept his leadership, his imama and his felida over the rest of the people was known, it was
established, the prophets of Allah sent him to digital with him. There were so many events in the lifetime of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam when it was made evident that Abubakar Ludo who really he had excellence over the rest of the people. So in all of these Hadees we see that Abubakar ludivine, who was appointed as the man and the last half decent this Bob we will read had the scenario heaven Suleyman caller had doesn't have no weapon or had that any unit and even if she hadn't, and Hamza Tommy Abdullah and no more and Avi, Allah He said, Lama when he said Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a warrior who, when the illness of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam became worse, it grew worse.
Pina hufa Salah he was asked about the prayer meaning the prayer has to be performed who's going to lead the people in prayer for Carla? So he said Moodle Ababa clean falou Salinas del Abubakar and he should lead the people in prayer call it a Shall I shall do No, no, she said in Nevada clean Rajendra Abubakar is a man who is very soft hearted. So what will happen either Cora Hola Hola. buka when he will recite the Quran, his crying will overtake him and he will not be able to lead the people in prayer. So she was suggesting basically that or mobile or a new lead instead of aboubakar because or Morocco or new was more you can say strong hearted but what happened the prophets Allah
Islam insisted Allah Morocco for you Sally tell him and he should lead the people in prayer for our that too. So she also repeated her suggestion column Morocco for you Sally in a corner so I have a use of any scolded them, and he insisted that no aboubaker Okinawan who should lead the people in prayer. Deborah who's the baby you have no earthly azura us how can we help lbu on his radio collar Oak Island? Well, Martin Martin and his reindeer and Hamza an interview sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, another chain has been mentioned. So it is clear from all of these texts that Elon will follow our most worthy most deserving of being the
Batman comma Illa jumble mme leery Latin man comma, the one who stood in a jumble Imam on the side of the Imam leery Latin for and Allah meaning for a good reason. Now, Imam, where is he supposed to stand in the front of the people, meaning the rest of the people are supposed to form rows behind him. And obviously this isn't the case of the men when a woman is leading other women than where she's supposed to stand in the middle of them. But the Imam is supposed to stand in front of the congregation. Now what is mentioned over here, the one who stands next to the Imam, because of some reason, meaning, let's say there's not much space. The Masjid in itself is very small, and more
people are coming in. So a person has to stand right next to the Imam on his right side. And there is a genuine reason behind that there's no space. So is that permissible when there's a genuine reason? Or is it something that's not permissible at all? We learned that it is permissible.
Because we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam when he came in order to join the people in Salah. He sat next to Abu Bakar Buddha. Right now from the Hadees we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came in and sat on the left side of Abu Bakar alone. What does that show that the prophets of Allah said i'm joined as
because the room the one who's following the Imam where is he supposed to stand on the right side of the
But we see that where the profits of a lot of them came and joined the people. He was on the left side. Abubakar was on his right side. So that shows that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came as the Imam
had done as a career opener here Kala had done even an amazing color bar on a sham of neuro water and Avi here on our Aisha takala she said, Amano Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about bachlin the Prophet sallallahu Sallam instructed Abu Bakar I knew salia Vanessa Femara that he that he should lead the people in prayer during his illness for kind of use or leaving him then he would lead the people in prayer. As you know this happened for several days for three days. So what happened on our Ottawa to four wedges Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam if enough see,
at one occasion the Prophet sallallahu Sena found in himself some different lateness meaning because of which he was able to come to the masjid and join the people in prayer. So as soon as he found in himself some strength to join the people in prayer to pray in jamara what happened for holiday so he came out and we learned from other hobbies that he was taking the help of others in walking, but he came out in order to join the congregation for either Abu Bakr and ominous and at that time, what was happening Abubakar boo boo. He was leading the people in prayer meaning the jamara had already started Filmora el abubakr in when Abu Bakar saw the Prophet sallallahu Sallam coming, what happened
is that hora, he stepped back, why did he step back in order to join the rose behind him so that the Prophet sallallaahu son would be the Imam. But what happened for sha Allah He bought the Prophet sallallahu Sallam indicated to him that uncommon and that as you are, meaning Stay where you are, don't move back Stay where you are. And what happened for jealousy Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came and said, Hey there, Abby Bucklin Ella Jambi, meaning the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came and sat next to Abu Bakar for Cana Abu Bakr and you Saliba. Salatu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when NASA use aluna, Allah to be back. So Abubakar,
Abdullah, who was following the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the rest of the people who are the following Abu Bakar.
Now why, why did this happen? Why didn't aboubaker Why wasn't he allowed to simply join the rest of the people in prayer? And the prophets, Allah latson would be indifferent. Why? Because you see, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was ill, and he came and he sat down. Now the people behind him would not necessarily be able to hear him, or even watch his movements because he was too sick to even stand up. Correct. So you don't like how it happens that if there is a large congregation, and there's no microphone, or even if there is microphone, it's possible that the people who are in the back rows will not be able to hear that you ma'am. So then what happens? There is a person who is appointed do
repeat the words of the Imam. Isn't that so? So that when the Imam says Allahu Akbar, that person is called mocha Bish, what does he do? He says Allahu Akbar out loud, very loudly. Why? So that everybody can hear? Correct. Now the thing is that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was sitting, and when he would say anything, you would say very, very softly. So even the people standing right behind him, would find it difficult to hear him, right, or to know his movements to recognize his movements. Because you know, when a person is sitting, sometimes you cannot tell whether they're going into record, or they're still sitting. Isn't that so? And sometimes a person is too sick to
even go into such depth. So he will just do ishara right. So this is the reason why Abu Bakar Alden or Neil was standing next to the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So whenever the Prophet sallallahu Sallam went into the next position, Abubakar Buddha, who would follow him, and he would say out loud, so the rest of the congregation would know what to do. So Is this clear? So in this, what do we see that the McCubbin was standing next to the Imam? All right. So this shows that if there is a genuine reason for someone to stand next to the Imam, is it permissible? Yes, it is permissible. But if there is no reason, then should it be done? No, it should not be done. Because the Imam is
supposed to stand in front of the congregation. That is the rule. In this hadith we also see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did a Shara he gestured with his hand and cannot enter and avocado or nofollowed him. So what does this show that first of all, a shout out will be followed. Meaning it's not necessary that we get verbal instruction or written instruction, even if someone gestures with their hand we should follow okay, because sometimes we wait for a very clear instruction. And this also shows to us that when and if shadow will be followed, then that means a shadow
or body language should also be appropriate, right? This is why a HELOC should not just be demonstrated good manners should not just be demonstrated in our words, but also in our body language, right? Because even they have value, right? anything you'd like to add to this, there are many, many occasions where we learned that someone was praying, and they did a shadow in order to communicate with the other. Now remember that every kind of a shadow is not allowed, right? So for example, you're praying and somebody asks you where so and so and you point upstairs or you say, outside, not only that, ishara which will, which will help you in your prayer, which will help you
in your prayer, inshallah, we'll go more into the detail of this in the following a Hadith, but basically, it's such a shot that will help you in your prayer. In the muscular harem, we hear them look a bit. Why because there are so many people, and if the Imam says Allahu Akbar, and you know, because of some noise, people didn't hear it, there is a chance that their Salah would be affected. So in order to, you know, make it very clear to the people, we see that the makabe is appointed in large congregations, even with the presence of the mics and all of these high tech systems, still the macabre is present. The roadmap said that the macabre will be appointed when there is a need. So
when is there a need, when the voice may not be heard. And there could be two reasons behind that. A, because the Imam is sick. And secondly, because the congregation is too big.
Because even if there are 1000s of people, and there's you know, speaker system, still because of the noise, or because you're so far from the Imam you could miss it.
This was a very clear indication of Boko Haram and Mama that Abubakar abalone was supposed to be the leader.
Bab manda holla. Leah omen. nessa The one who entered in order to lead the people. Mandela who entered meaning who came forward. Why? Lia luminesce so that he can lead the people in prayer you can be there Mmm. So what happened for JAL? emammal Uh, well then the first Imam came for the ahora so the one who's currently leading the people in prayer, what does he do for the ahora he goes back the fact that after a while Oh, let me attack her or he does not go back Jazakallah boots on his Salah is valid. What does this mean? This means that the regular email the appointed email, he is not present for whatever reason he's not able to make it for prayer. So what happens someone else
the holler someone else steps forward in order to lead the people in prayer. So what happens he starts tomorrow and the regular appointed Imam he walks in
here you see what's happening. The regulary man was not there the people waited and they thought okay the time is the time for the prayer is going so we should we should begin to pray. So they begin the prayer now the regular appointed Imam he walks in now the one who is leading the people at that time, what should he do? Should he continue as Imam or should he step back so that the actual amount can lead the people in for both options are valid to see both options are there either can be done whatever is done. So now will be valid. Okay, here. Now what does this show to us?
Okay, the flexibility. But what else? does it teach us about the Imam?
Exactly that the Imam must be treated with respect his position and the fact that he is to lead the people in prayer. If someone else has taken his place temporarily, then what is the etiquette that when the man walks in, then he should be made to lead the people? And if he says no, it's okay you continue on you carry on, then that is also valid, but it shows to us that the respect that must be shown to the man. Now, if the appointed the regular Imam, if he comes when the people are still in the first car, you understand the one who's taken his place. When we started the prayer, he just did Allahu Akbar, and after a couple of minutes and regulary mom walked in. So what happens? He steps
back and the regular Imam he takes over. Okay, now, everything's fine. No problem. They can complete the prayer. But what if the regular man when he walked in the people were in their second car or in their third rocker?
And the person who's leading at that time, he insists he steps back. Right? He insists he steps back and what happens? The regular appointed Imam then he leads the people in prayer. Now how is he supposed to lead the people in prayer because, I mean technically the people are in their second
Our third recall, and that is first recall what's going to happen because of a person joins as a follower a congregation later on, what's the rule, you just complete? After the Imam ends the prayer, but this person is the man, he's supposed to be leading the people in prayer. Now what's going to happen? What the Imam is supposed to do is that he's supposed to continue the prayer from where he joined. So for example, the people are in the second or third row, I'm telling you, because just in case something like this happens, you should know not that there is a chaos and what's going on. And you see, there could also be an accident or something a big congregation. He's a human being
the man if he falls unconscious or something, you know, anything like that can happen and somebody else steps forward in order to lead the people in prayer. Or somebody else comes and joins me people should know what to do. Right? So anyway, the man What is he doing? So let's say you join in the second rocker, he is going to lead the prayer as if he is in the second record. Okay. Now, the solid fourth record, everybody sitting in the shadows. Now should the Imam say the Salaam everybody will end their prayer and then the Imam will stand up and complete whatever he's missed. should he do that? Know why? Because he cannot say Salaam when his Salah is not finished. You understand? He
cannot say Salaam when his fellow is not finished. So then what is he supposed to do? He is going to lead the people in prayer until the very end of the prayer. Okay, and now there's two options available for the people. Either they sit in the shadows and wait for the Imam to complete his missed rocker. Right, or they can say salon themselves. So you understand people are sitting in the shadow. The Imam he just says Allahu Akbar, he completes his rocker people are waiting in salah and as long as they're waiting, they're getting their award. Okay. So if a person has to wait no harm inshallah. So they wait for the man to complete his rocker. And then the man says Salaam and
everybody says Salaam with him. But if it's difficult for the people that say the man came in the third or fourth rocker, and they're like, okay, we're supposed to be sitting like this. So then they have the option of saying the salon themselves and the man can complete his prayer on his own. You understand? Because they're not alone there. Why should they be forced to sit and wait? People have the option. If somebody wants to carry on sitting waiting for the Imam, they can do that. And if they want to end the prayer, like everybody's situation is different. Why? Because, again, the respect that for the for the actual Imam, because you see, the option is there. Right? The option is
there. You see, it can happen. Like, for example, the regular Imam, he's a teacher, a person of authority, and the one who's leading is someone younger than them and age in rank. And they feel embarrassed leading their staff in prayer. Right. I mean, the one who has other for his staff, he will not be able to lead his teacher in prayer as we will learn from the venerable bocadillo. So he will not be able to pray he will not be able to focus in his prayer, he will have this guilt in his heart. So if he feels more comfortable stepping back and letting the actual Imam lead then that option is available to people at the back they see that okay, mom is standing up. He just said
Allahu Akbar. And people in front of me are saying Salaam where they're sitting so they will follow the people who are in front of them. Okay.
Feed dr Isha to an obese on Allahu alayhi wa sallam concerning this matter. There is a report from our show, Lorna and basically imambara is integrating towards the Hadees that talk about how Abu Bakar Abdullah and who when he was leading the people in prayer in the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came, what happened in Bogota, the lower end who tried to step back with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam insisted that he stay right and there's other studies that choice something that happened something different that happened.
Had doesn't have the lack of new use of color Aqua nomadic and a B hasn't been added unsettledness hardiness sorry D and not asuna la he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they have an 11 year armored near orphan, he went to the tribe of Banu armor been off, why loosely have a new home in order to do so between them there must have been a dispute or something. So the prophets Allah sent him went there went to them he visited them in order to resolve their dispute for hannett so while the profits are a lot of sun was away, what happened? 400 so the time entered for what a Salah the prayer, at the time for the prayer came in. The people are
all gathered together. The prophets of Allah Islam is not there and they don't know if he will be able to make it in time for the prayer. Those days there are no cell phones, right that somebody says, Go on and pray because I will be a couple of hours. They don't know he could show up in a minute. He could show up in half an hour. He could show up in one two days. They had no idea
So what happened fudger event so there will have been the person who was appointed to give the event and most probably it was beloved or I know he came to who illa abeba came to Abu Bakar Allah
for Allah and then he said to Salinas, he would you lead the people in prayer for Thema so that I can give them your karma. I can give the event and the karma color obachan Oh, no, I knew. He said now, yes. He said, Okay. I will lead the people in prayer because he saw the need. Right? The time for prayer has entered the prophets of Allah and is not here. Now. Somebody's got to leave silverback gorilla and who was asked, What did he say? Yes. So then what happened? For Salah Abu Bakr in Abu Bakr Allah, I knew he led the people in prayer. And as he was leading fudger Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam one NASA persona. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam came in the people were
all praying for the Hon Lhasa. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam went through the rows. He entered the masjid and he went through the rows were to the front of the masjid had that until walk off of his stuff. He stood in one of the rows. So the prophets of Allah Islam came forward, and he stood in the row, meaning he intended to join the prayer as a moon abubaker Apollo and who being the man and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam following Abu Bakar in the prayer, so what happened? The people were like, this is not happening. So for Safa con NASA, the people, they began clapping, why in order to get the attention of Abu Bakar Okinawan Wakanda, Abu Bakr and Abu Bakar Buddha, I knew it was his
habit that lay in front of you so that he would not look away in his prayer didn't matter what happened and we'll talk a little more anyway if he's standing in prayer he wouldn't look right or left front you know, back or anything. So what happened for them axon so to speak, but when the people there clapping was so much of what goes on around you realize there's something serious? So a lot of clapping basically distracted him from prayer.
Can you imagine what happens to us something that's not even relevant to us? We're distracted by it. And the people had to clap so much in order to get aboubaker attention. So when it happened, then it'll definitely he looked back at what's going on. Is everything okay?
For Allah Salallahu salam,
and he saw the profits of the by the center. So what happened for a Sharla la he Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the Prophet sallallahu Sallam pointed towards him indicated to him and it was mechanic that stay in your place. Forever. Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu he had a he
his hands for Hamid Allaha and he Glorified Allah, Allah Amara who be Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Delhi, at what the prophets of Allah is and instructed him to do so he raised up his hands and said, hang of law and handed it let you only the prophets of Allah since telling me to lead on while he's here. So he Glorified Allah. So Mr. hora and then he stepped back who Abu bakunin had the stellar facade until he joined the role. what occurred the more Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the prophets of Allah and stepped forward for solenn and he let the people in prayer follow mon Salva, then when he and that means the prayer ended, follow the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
said, Yeah, a Birkin or abubaker monarca What prevented you and that's good. That's Buddha that you remain it emoticon. I told you mean it you should have carried on as I told you to remain in your place. Why didn't you do that? For Karla abubakr in so Rebecca said McKenna live near a beautiful half. And you suddenly Albania de Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam It is not possible for everyone of you to have that he will pray before the prophets a lot. It doesn't fit even who have that he should be standing in front and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is standing behind him for Karla Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Then he turned towards the rest of the people and he
said Molly, a to come to speak that What's the matter? How can you start clapping so much? Man raba who shade on peace on it? Whoever probably puts him to doubt anything in his prayer meaning if there is anything that is a cause of concern for a person in prayer, then what should he do for you somewhere he should do? He should say Subhana Allah for inner huida sub baja because when he will do this beer will Topeka la he would be looked at me the Imam would then look back and see what's going on is everything okay? Or not?
What intimate the sphere. And he said that the clapping is for who? luminesce for the women. Now there's many things that we learned from this Hadees First of all, we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he made Abubakar autoren who lead the people in prayer.
The end of his life. But this was not the only time it happened before also the prophets, a lot of them was healthy. Everything was fine. In his absence, the admin himself approached Abu Bakr right because there must have been a clear instruction from the Prophet sallallahu sallam, it must have been understood that in his absence, who should be the Imam, Abu Bakr,
right. So this shows that Abu Bakar was the man of the people in the absence of the prophets of Allah, right, and also, after his death,
why, because of his father over the people, a Secondly, we see the humility of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that he himself went out in order to resolve the dispute.
He didn't have the whole group of people come to him, bring their case, and listen to them and resolve their dispute, it was easier that he would go to them and resolve the dispute. So he didn't call them rather he went himself. And sometimes it happens that the person in charge he, he keeps in mind his own convenience, rather than the convenience of the rest of the people. So sometimes really, it is more convenient for other people to come to him. And sometimes it is more convenient that he go to them. In either case, no one should, you know, let his ego come in the way whatever is most suitable in that situation should be done, even if it means that the leader has to go to the
people. Also, we see how good it is to do Islam, between people that when there was a dispute, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he went in order to resolve that dispute. Typically, what is our attitude was I don't want to waste my time, I don't want to get stuck in this mess. But you see if there's a dispute in the people, and you have the ability to resolve that dispute, and you should step forward and help the people out. Right? Especially the people are coming to you seeking advice, seeking some solution, and you have the ability to advise them, then what's your responsibility that you help the people, right Islam by ness, resolving the disputes of people is something that's very, very
virtuous. Also, we see that in this Hadith, that when the appointed Imam is not able to make it in time for prayer, then there is no harm if someone else steps forward in order to lead the people in prayer. Now, in which case will this be done and how it will be done, inshallah, we will discuss that in the following Hadith. Then we also see the other of them as in what's the etiquette that the oven must follow, that he should not give the other than or do the karma, except after seeing that the Imam is ready, taking permission from the Imam, because you see them more often he saw the prophets, Allah allows them is not here. And it's possible that he might not be able to make it
anytime soon. So he didn't just give the outline and people are waiting. And they're like, Oh, you know what, we're just waiting for the Imam to come
know this as soon as this is bad, Adam, what is appropriate other than should see okay, mmm is here. He is ready, take the permission from the email, and then give the other so in the more advanced all the prophets are a lot of them is not there, he went to abubaker. And he said, Would you lead the people in prayer abubaker agreed, then then we'll have him give the other these days what happens the man is doing will do. And what happens the plan is pronounced and the man is rushing, rushing, rushing, there is no regard for the man. So what's the proper etiquette that the person who has to come and lead the people in any matter? What should be done, when they are present? when they are
ready? Then the announcement be made or the event be given or whatever that has to be done, should be done. Like for example, let's say there is a class somewhere and many times it happens that the scholar who is teaching, there is a break. And it's supposed to be his break also. But do people let him have a break? No, they don't. So what do they do? They all gather around him and they ask him questions, questions, questions, now he has to, he has to drink his water go to the washroom or something. And he's gone. And the people are just, you know, they make the announcement class has begun. And everybody's sitting and waiting for him to come. It's very disrespectful. So whether it
is in the matter of Salah, or in any other matter. The congregation should not be called except after the leader is ready, except after permission has been taken from him.
Then we also see over here, that going through the rows all the way to the front, is that something that's generally permissible. Everybody's standing in prayer and you're cutting through the rows going through is that permissible? No. But it's only permissible in two cases over here first, when it's the man who has to go. Okay, so the prophets on a lot of time, he went through the rows all the way to the front, it's the man who has to go and secondly, there is a gap in the front.
Okay, so if there is a gap in the front, then it's your responsibility to
To fill it up. So even if you have to go through everybody, okay, walk through the class or through the machines in order to go join the salon, the front door, the congregation the front, then you can do that. So for example, the man realizes he doesn't have to, then he has to go through the rows all the way back to his will do and then come back when he's coming back. Again, he's going to go through the rows, right? But sometimes it happens that the Juma is going on. And people are sitting, scattered, and you come, and you sit to the back, but you see there is a big, you know, space in the front, towards the front of the masjid. So you can go over there, as long as you don't bother the
people, and you go carefully, you can go to the front end, fill in that gap. There is no harm in that in Sharla. Also, we've seen this Hadees that during Salah, looking away from the place of frustration, is that permissible? No, because it will buckle down or no, he did not do in fact, right. And we learned from other attorneys that when a person looks away, here, they're even if it's for a second, even if it's just a glance, a quick one. That is what the part of the prayer, the champion has stolen shaytaan stole that part of prayer from you. He snatched it away from you.
So it is not permissible to look away from the place of such though, where a person is supposed to be looking at during flutter. Okay, it's not permissible to do that. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam also warned he yakka will defend this Allah that don't do this, be warned against it.
So lt fat is allowed when there is hijra, when there is extreme need. So for example, over here, what happened? I don't know, I know, he's not looking away. But the people are tapping louder and louder and louder. So he realized there's something serious. So because of that reason he
turned back. Likewise, a person is standing in prayer. And, you know, he senses that there's a lot of you know, sparks or something coming from the wall, it could cause a huge emergency. Now, he wants to confirm that. So if he looks towards that, to see if it's really a cause of concern, danger, or, for example, person sees something crawling on the floor towards him, and he wants to make sure it's not something harmful, dangerous. So he looks towards that and sees it's a snake coming towards him, you know, in something, you know, quite dangerous. So in that situation, is he allowed to look there? Yes. Okay. So in that situation, remember, when there's hajer, when there's
extreme need, then Ill divide is permissible. With regards to children, if they are continuously coming to you and looking towards you, and they want you to look at them, you can pick them up, but you'll see that inshallah gradually, they will get trained, because if you look at them, once you look at them twice, they will expect that from you all the time, and you won't be able to focus in prayer, now they're expecting you to look at them, next time they expect you to go away with them or answer them right. So, you know, unless if it's an extreme extreme need, like the child has hurt or something, right. So, remember extreme need, then you may look to what is necessary, very, you know,
for for a brief period of time, during the prayer, if you need to move forward to your right or to your left, it is permissible in order to fill in the gap in the row and also in order to move towards a place where you will have a Citrine front that is also permissible.
Also, we see over here that it will buckle down on who What did he do? He raised up his hands, but Hamidullah. Now, was that Vicar.
Part of prayer? No, in the sense that, is it part of the prayer to raise up your hand like that and say Alhamdulillah No, it's not. So what does this show to us? The fact of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam didn't objected that what does it show that in the prayer, if there is a reason to glorify Allah to praise Allah?
Then it is permissible to do that. So for example, a person is standing in prayer and he sneezes
You understand? So can he say Alhamdulillah? Yes, he can.
He can. Okay.
But who the person is standing next to you, they sneeze and they said, hamdulillah now you don't go on saying how vocalign there?
You know, a conversation should not start. And remember that this reason could be something that happens in the prayer or something that happens outside of the person, for example, you're praying for that you sneeze, so you say Alhamdulillah valid. Now someone, let's say they come in, they give you some really good news. They come rushing and guess what Guess what? This person has come this person has come and they don't see that you're praying. And as soon as they walk in, they're like oh
but you have
Receive the good news Have you understand? They've been yelling all the way in the hallway. And you heard them. So you're really happy. You're very excited. So can you say Alhamdulillah? Over there? Yes, you can. You can say Alhamdulillah okay because Abubakar Oh I know, this was a big nirma that the prophets of Allah is telling him to lead in prayer. This was a huge Nirmal. So he couldn't resist but say Alhamdulillah. Now many times it happens that during the prayer, something like this happens, and if you wait until after the prayer, you can't focus in prayer.
Right? And you want to thank glorify Allah, instantly, immediately, you know, like, during select reciting the Quran, and there is an ayah about, you know, on which says that Allah has to be done, then what do you do? You go into sector immediately, isn't it? so natural.
But remember that if that Vicar is going to distract you from prayer, than it will be avoided?
So for example, you're praying, you're nestled in the masjid and the oven starts to give the other?
Now, should you start responding to the other? No, because if you start responding to the other end, you won't be able to pray. You understand? So if it's just a word or two, okay, then it is permissible. So, for example, the man was reciting suddenly his model, because Allah says is it really new, sometimes it hits you. So you, you say it, there is no harm, as long as it's just a word or two, there is absolutely no harm. And you can also, like, for example, you're sending in PM, you receive this good news or, you know, you receive a blessing from Allah subhanaw taala. So what happens? You go into record, and you glorify him into the core, that is also possible, right, so you
have both options. Then we also see that Rebecca Luna Warren, who not only glorified a las panatela dedication, he also raised his hands. And that, again, that action is not part of the prayer. And the prophets are the laws and did not object after the prayer that why did you raise your hands? Right? So this shows to us that in the prayer, and also outside of the prayer, you may raise your hands in doing handover last panel data, but it should not be a regular habit. Because we know the correct way of raising your hand in the prayer is what, roughly a day like that. But some people what they do is they get it from ruku. And they go like this, right? Or every time they get it from
from such though or in Iraq or anything, every time they go like this, and the whiter hand on their face. Now that making that a part of the prayer every time that is not permissible. But if it's like a once in a while thing, you will overcome with feelings of joy and gratitude. So you said Alhamdulillah and you go back to where you were, that is permissible. You see shocker when when your heart is filled with you know, feelings of gratitude and joy. It's almost spontaneous to say something or do something. When you're making yourself You don't need to say me. Then we also see over here that the prophets Allah said, I'm told Abubakar to he just shoot him carry on carry on but
avocado or no, he just Glorified Allah and he insisted and he stepped back now Didn't he technically disobey the prophets of Allah. And the prophets, Allah wa sallam asked him later on what prevented you when I told you, otherwise you should have listened to me. So then I will back up disobey the prophets, Allah once, it was out of respect. So you see, if a person does not obey the order that he is given, not with the intention of disobedience, then it's not going to be considered disobedience. Okay. Abubakar did not listen to the prophets of the laws, and I'm not in opposition to the command of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but out of what respect out of dalim out of out of Islam. Right.
So it's not going to be considered disobedience.
Okay. So for example, somebody you know who's older than you and age are the doors open and you say you go first You go first, and they say, No, no, you go first. They're older than you. And they're telling you you go first, you say, Well, I will not go first. I will not go until you go. Is this disrespect to the person? No, is it opposition to their command? No, it is in fact out of out of respect. So it will not be considered a sin or bad luck. Then we also learn about the humility of Abu Bakar Allah and the respect that he had for the Prophet sallallahu Salah that even though the prophets of Allah gave him that, you know, honor of leading the people, even though the prophets of
Allah was standing behind him, Abubakar did not accept that rank for himself. He said it's not possible that even a vehicle halfa would lead the people in Britain. Even a vehicle however, is a lock up that would be given to someone, you know, when they would be humiliated or insulted, which is why I was a fan.
What did he say is even half amongst you in order to degrade so well, because I know, I know, he's calling himself by, even if you have like, I'm a nothing, it doesn't, you know, suit a person, you know, like even a vehicle have to stand and lead the people when the profits or the losses of them is present. And you see it was this humidity and this other that really brought him that honor. I mean, the lesson we see here is that bocadillo I knew he was so humble, despite the fact that he was honored. Still, he was humble. And it was this humility that really brought him honor monta well, Darla, he
and we think we will gain honor by putting ourselves out there and going forward. And yes, that that is also a way of you know, being successful. But, you know, true success comes with what humility, not false fake humility, true, genuine humility.
Because then a person is honorable in the sight of Allah and when a person is honorable in the sight of Allah, and Allah will make him honorable, amongst the rest of the creation also, because when a person is loved by Allah, and Allah tells gibreel, to love him, and then the video tells the Elsa my wife to love him too. And then the love and respect for that person is spread everywhere in the summer, and also in the up. So this is the way to success. And you see, this is an evidence that that knowledge had really had an impact on him and all that companionship with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had an impact on him because he was humble.
Right, drew the quad, in under sfic translates into the welder into humility. I mean, when someone is given so many opportunities, I mean, he has been ahead of everybody in almost everything. When it comes to sort of Coca Cola or Anna was ahead. Right? When it comes to your relationship with the prophets, or a lot of them he was his close companion, his friend, and also his father in law. Think about it right? abubaker was a father in law, who are the prophets have a lot of setup, but never do we see that he is showing that he's something. He's always always being humbled before the prophets of the lies. I mean, can you imagine his daughter is married to the prophets of Allah? And what
happens? Now? I mean, what is it that people expect that if my daughter is with somebody better served me for the rest of my life, I mean, we demand respect from others, and those who demand respect, they never get it on the outward, people will show respect. But in the heart, there is no respect.
So avocado or no, he's ahead of people in so many ways, yet he is so humble, then we also see that if there is something that is a cause of concern during the prayer, then a man should say, Subhan Allah, and a woman should clap, because this is what the prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Now, remember that something could be a cause of concern, because of a matter that is related to the prayer. And also, because of a matter that is not directly related to the prayer. Now something that is directly related to the prayer. So for example, the Imam is making a mistake. Right? He's reciting the Quran, he forgot and I, right, or he cited the Shahada. Where is he supposed to be
standing up? A mistake can happen, he's a human being. So those who are following him, what should they do? What should they do? They should say, Subhan Allah, because the prophets of Allah and him said that whoever will glorify look, and he will be looked at, right? And then the man will stop and think, okay, what's going on? Or he will look back and make sure that everything's okay. So what are the men supposed to do? They should say, Subhana Allah. Also, if there is a matter that is a cause of concern.
And this could be a matter that is not directly related to prayer. So for example, somebody comes at the door, you're inside the room, a man is inside the room, and he's praying further, and somebody is at the door and they're knocking. They're saying, may I come in, please? And I mean, he's praying inside, he can answer. Do you see what I mean? He can answer. So what should the man do?
Break his prayer and go open the door? What should he do? Should he start reciting very, very loudly? No, he will just, you know, say Subhana Allah cough a little bit or something so that the person at the door has an idea that Okay, he's praying Salah so he can wait to see what I mean. So, for for something like that also. And for a woman, what will she do? She will clap. Why will she clap?
Why would she clap Think about it. A jamara is going on. You ma'am is in the front. There are men behind him couple of rows. Then towards the back of the mustard. There are a couple of rows of women. If a woman
realizes that you might have made a mistake, for example, none of the men corrected him. And she realized, now what is she gonna do?
She has to clap that to the profits of a lot of them instructed Why?
Think about it? Why?
Why? Why can't she says upon Allah. She's far from the Imam.
She's far from the Imam if she says to panela it might not be heard. But if she will clap, then definitely, it will be heard. So first of all, this is to make sure that the woman, you know, she's able to convey the message. Okay, so that because she might not be heard if she says soprano. Secondly, because her voice might be low, and she might feel shy. possible, right? I mean, men are generally louder compared to women. Right? So a woman she might be shy of saying soprano out loud. Or even if she tries to say soprano out loud, she's not able to. So why put her in distress? simple solution, she can clap. And another reason is that it could be it could be a source of fitna. For
who? For the men, because men think differently, right? So they, they're in prayer and all of them. They're like, Oh, who was she? Right? So it, it can, it can definitely be a source of fitna. So for this reason for the protection of the woman and for the protection of demand, what has been done that she should clap. Now, this does not mean that the voice of the woman is outta you know, the voice itself is not alone. Because I mean, women would have voiced their concerns, they would also speak in the presence of men in the presence of the prophets of Allah and in the presence of the companions, that happened at multiple occasions. Right? So this does not mean that the woman's
voices are louder.
It's just that it's easier for her in this situation to clap rather than, say, SubhanAllah. Okay, and how will she clap?
Some have said, with the back of the right hand hitting the bottom of the left hand, or there's even a normal clap is fine. Okay, so it can be like this, and also like this, but usually when you strike the palms together, there is an echo also. So if you do like this, it's softer. It's more toned, you can say there's no melody that all.
loudly, obviously, as much as is needed.
I mean, letter, the man makes a mistake. The woman from the back, she claps out loud, the man stops for a moment. And he thinks in his head, he's like, everything's fine. I didn't make a mistake. And he carries on. And now he's gone far ahead. Now, if she keeps, I mean, it's gonna be confusing what's going on here, the etiquette of the environments that if he is told in the prayer, that there's something going on, then what should he do, he should pay attention to what's going on. So we're gonna want to even look back.
Right. So even if it means looking back, repeating the ayat, or whatever it is, it, it should be done. That's the responsibility of the man. But if the man does not understand, and he continues, now, we see over here that Boko Haram, who didn't understand with a little bit of caffeine, but the people stop, they carried on and then because it was something serious. So if it's something serious, then the people will continue to make noise until the man gets it. Now, like I mentioned earlier, that a man will say, Subhan, Allah, for a matter, there's a cause of concern that is directly related to pray or not even, it could be an external factor also, right? Same with the
woman, she can clap because of something that's going on in the prayer or something that's going on outside of the prayer that is a cause of concern. So for example, you're praying, you're facing a wall, and there is a baby that crawls in front of him. There's a light switch, for example, right in front, and he's putting his little teeny teeny fingers inside. And nobody's getting it. The mother is sitting right there, she's busy talking away. Now, you know, from the corner of your eye that the baby's gonna hurt himself. So then, can you clap at that time? Can you clap at that time? Yes, you can. And you should, to alert the mother to alert the people who are around you.
Now, typically, what people do is that they start reading out loud.
So for example, if they are, you know, reciting the Quran, they will say 100 in the hillbilly rod, I mean, as if they're scolding or yelling somewhat now, this, it doesn't sound nice at all, because you're standing before last panel data. So in the voice, there should be humility. Remember, Omarosa know where and when he would recite out loud in order to wake the people up the prophets. A lot of them told him recite a little softly
because he would recite out loud so that those who were sleeping would wake up and pray he would be getting mad at them. Why are they sleeping? They should be praying right now.
So what was he told? recite softly. So we have been taught as to what we should do if we have to alert people.
And we should follow that. We think clapping is kind of strange in prayer. That's the etiquette that we've been given. Clap. Don't start yelling out the words of prayer. Because that would be disrespectful towards Allah soprano. Third, it's important that we educate the family as well because if you're clapping in prayer, and they don't know what's going on, why is mama clapping? Or why is Baba saying Subhanallah out loud? So children should be taught about
Okay, so for example, there is an emergency situation right during the prayer. Now, there are people that to their sisters nearby who are not praying Salah they're sitting, but they don't know somebody just fell unconscious. So you clap loudly so that they realize something's going on and they come and they, you know, respond to the need. Alright. Now we also see in this hadith that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that this view is for men and clapping as for women. Now, this is specifically with regards to the prayer. But even otherwise, we see that it was disliked by the Salah that men sing, and the clap. This was something that was disliked typically, who would sing
and clap in social gatherings at times of happiness, for example, it read, who would generally clap and sing it was the women or young children. All right. So it was the young girls children who would sing clap. So it was not like that. Men should, you know stand up clapping and singing, it was something that was disliked. And we seen this hadith also that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that clapping is for women. Also, another important lesson that we learned in this hadith is that the profits are the loudest and then was ready to follow Abu Bakr in prayer.
So what does that show that Abu Bakar Abdullah are in his ways, they are to be followed by us meaning we should also follow the way of Abu Bakr we are to follow the Quran. We are to follow the Sunnah and we are also to follow the ways of the companions of Rasulullah sallallahu Do
you see you know, like we say the Quran and Sunnah and the way of the Companions for in Amma No, we met Lima and dum dum you all who does you all refer to the companions right. So, a statement of a companion can be taken as a proof as long as it does not contradict the Quran and Sunnah, it will be taken as a proof it will be followed. In fact, it has to be followed because that was the understanding of the companions. Now, obviously there is if the laugh or there is, you know, a text of the Quran or sooner that says otherwise than that will be given preference, right. But in general, so for example, you know, there are cases of inheritance for instance, there are certain
matters that we learn about, you know, from the Quran, that in this case, in this case, this much portion will be allotted to this relative and this much portion will be allotted to this relative. There are other details that we learned from the seminar. And then there are some details that we learned from who, from the companions how they divided the inheritance of someone. Now, what's in the Quran? What's in the Sunnah, yes, you have to follow. Now what the companions did, are we supposed to follow that? Yes, we're supposed to follow that. Because the prophets are a lot of sudden was taken Abu Bakar as email. So what does that show that Abu Bakr is so nice to be followed
also, his sayings, his actions will also be followed, they will be taken as her job. So for example, we see after the death of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, there were some people who refuse to give the cat. So what happened?
Did the companion say, Oh, nevermind, it's their decision, since the profit or loss and is not here anymore? We're not going to do anything. No. From their understanding, what did they realize that if someone refuses to give us a cap, it is just the same as someone refusing to praise Allah. They didn't differentiate between the two.
And they took it as what apostasy and they waged war against such people. That was the understanding of aboubaker. And we're to follow that understanding in the sensitive of Abu Bakar believed that you cannot differentiate between Sadat and Zakat, then we also follow that way. Clear, right? Likewise, we see that at the time of avacado, on who and later on at the time of Earth mindelo or the Quran was collected, it was written down. Was this an innovation? No. Yes, the profits of the Walton didn't do that. And there were reasons behind that. But if Abubakar decided that the Quran should be collected, all right. And later on, of the whole of Russia, Dean was Horace Mann, who aren't who if
he decided that the Koran should be copied, all right, and the copies should be spread across the oma, then is that an innovation? It's not an innovation because it was the understanding of a companion.
So is it clear
Because sometimes people raise objections at the decisions of the companions, and on what basis did they do that? There's so many examples that we see. The companion started something. All right. Remember, it was not an innovation as long as there's some proof behind it something they did based on some understanding of the Quran and Sunnah. Then it's absolutely a hurdle for us, we must follow that.
Bab either stouffville karate failure Oh, Muhammad Akbar whom is a stone when they're all equal, meaning when the people are all equal
in recitation, meaning they all know the same amount of Quran. And when it comes to their knowledge, it's all the same. I mean, they're all at the same level, then who should be the Imam folia or Muhammad Akbar, then the eldest of them will be the Eman. Now, we learned earlier that it's not just knowledge, but it's also follow. Right. And over here we see that awful is age. In a Hardee's, we learn which is a Hardee's that is authentic and a Muslim has recorded at the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam said, the person who is best versed in the recitation of the book of Allah should lead the prayer, meaning the person was most knowledge of the Quran, he should lead the people in
prayer. But if all those present are equally versed in it, meaning they have the same knowledge of the Quran, they're at the same level, then the one who has most knowledge of the sooner then he will lead the people in prayer.
All right. And he said, if they're equal in that respect to then the one who has immigrated First, the one who did hijra first, you see, it gives him fumble over the rest of the people, right? Then he will be the man. And if they're all equal in disrespect, also, then the oldest of them,
the person who is best versed in the recitation of the book of Allah should lead the prayer, but if all those present are equally versed in it than the one who has most knowledge of the center, and if they are equal in that respect to than the one who has immigrated first, and if they are equal in this respect, also, then the oldest of them, this isn't a Muslim. So we see that age in itself is not a factor that will qualify person to be mm, what is it? knowledge, knowledge, and,
and all of that is a part of follow. Obviously, at that time he drove was, you know, clear, but But what does it show? His you know, what does it show that they have done something that the others have not done? They have accomplished something in the way of Allah. Okay, that others have not. Alright, so for example, there are three people, all three of them are hopeful.
All three of them, let's say, they have also studied texts of Hadees for example, right? But let's say one of them.
One of them, you know, he's, let's say in a Masjid, he's a board member, also. Now, doesn't that give him extra follow over the rest of the people? He does. Now, depending on the group of people this model will be different. But remember that the first criteria is what knowledge of the Quran that must be present in a person
had done yesterday madam who had been Allah had done a modernization and a Yoruba and Abby wheelabrator and medical Hadith Allah, Allah Allah no BS en Allahu alayhi wa sallam mana Shah Baba. We have studied this hadith earlier. A group of people they said we came to the prophets of Allah and while we were Shah Baba we were youth. Meaning about similar in age. Fellow bisnar in the hoonah home in Regina later, we stayed with him for about 20 nights, what kind of abuse or the love or to send them rahimian prophets. Allah loves them. Solomon was very merciful. He was very kind. And he noticed that we are missing our families. So they stayed with him for about 20 days and then he
noticed that they're missing their families. He was very kind for all so he said Laura Jarmila Willa Deacon, go ahead. If you want go back to your homes for them to move and teacher families, move home order them for you so Lusaka, Gaddafi Hey, Nika, and they should perform this prayer at this time was Aleta Gaddafi, hey, Nika, and this prayer at this time, so basically, he clarified to them that at which time which prayer should be performed. And he said, What either Hello at this letter for you, Abdullah Khan, come on, the time of prayer enters and one of you should give the event while you're on Mirko acabado calm and he said that the eldest of you should be the email.
Now why did he say over here that the oldest should be the email
because they all came at the same time they all learned the same knowledge. Okay. So, the only distinguishing factor you know, between the meaning the only thing that would make a person greater in rank compared to the others now was what age so because of this reason, age was mentioned
by either zero mm Coleman for a mom it has around him and when the Imam visits omen of people, then what should he do for a mom, then he will lead them in prayer.
So for example, a person is mm in a particular place
in his city. All right, what happens? He goes to visit some people in another city. He's a man.
Right? So when he goes to another city, there's already another Imam over there.
Now who's to lead the people in Peru?
The visiting Imam or the present Imam who
remember what he says over here that the visiting one
huh. But we see from other IDs that it depends and from the Hadees that he's mentioned it that also further clarifies this
head there's no more other than a certain corner of the law on Mr. Mobile on his vehicle, or on Mr. Modern over beer, call us America has been an American Ansari hakala he said, Remember when the profits or losses and visited
when he requested that he come and pray in his house so that he could take us that place as masala because he was not able to come to the masjid every time.
So when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came on, he said is that then and now Vu sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for them to know who the prophets are allows him to permission that okay, should I go in? Should I leave the people in prayer? Should I pray here? So it's been permitted for him? For Karla so the profits are realized and said amen to hibou and suddenly I'm in beta, where would you like me to pray in your house but I shot to the whole Elon mechanical alley or a boo. So he pointed towards the place where he wanted the profits that allows him to pray for karma. The prophets Allah loves them stood was off now Han follows on masala was alumna the people from the rows behind him. And
when the prophet SAW allows him to sleep, he ended the prayer that people also ended the prayer with him. So in this Hadith, what do we see the Prophet sallallahu Sallam? He was the man but he was visiting. Now in a house, Who's the man, the owner of the house, the man of the house, he is the man right? The province of a lot of time was visiting, he did permission from the person of the house in order to lead Salah over there. So what do we see? It should be after in. So for example, the visiting EMA he is requested to please you lead us in prayer. So should he step forward? And lead? Yes.
Or let's say people want him to lead in prayer. But the present the Imam of the place, he doesn't want the other person to lead in prayer. He wants to lead. Is that okay? Yes, who has more authority, the Imam of the place the owner of the house, because in the Hadees, that Muslim that was I mentioned earlier about who should be the Imam, that Hadees continues that no man should lead another in prayer where the latter has authority.
So if someone has authority in a place, no outsider should come and lead Him in prayer. Unless there's unless he's been asked, unless obviously, I mean, you know, there's a half of the Quran or someone and everybody asks, but then again, the person of the house, the owner of the house, their permission should be taken.
Because what happens is that sometimes people live in their own worlds. And they think if I'm boss here and boss everywhere, and they expect that they should be treated like that everywhere. But this kind of attitude is not appropriate. Because this is what creates tension amongst people. And this is what creates rivalry also. And we should all all be, you know, respectful of one another. I remember hearing a part of it was a clip of how thrissur you shuffle Bonnie, she improvised. And she's gonna say mean, they were all present in one place.
And each one was telling the other up to him up the email. Why? Because they had respect for one another, right? So if someone is asked to lead, then yes, they can go ahead and lead but nobody should come in somebody's house, in somebody must shoot in somebody's domain, as a leader, as an Imam, as someone of authority, or there, we should follow the rules wherever we go.
It's a good question. I mean, sometimes you yourself or there are people with you could be your children, you're afraid that if their talent is shown in front of others, they might be affected with evil eye. But you see, just out of this fear, don't cover the potential. I mean, don't prevent it. Right? I mean, they have the potential of going really far. But you're just being overly protective. I mean, if there's a genuine reason like you, you can sense that people don't like it, when your son stands to give the event. And there are people who get offended and they jealousy is visible and it happens.
It happens right in any way. Whether it's a man or a mama or recitation of the Koran or anything, you sense that my child will not be accepted over here. Then, you know, take a step back where you know that you're not welcome. Then, don't you
pulls yourself over there. Right? But if you are welcome somewhere and people want you to leave them or in whatever capacity then go ahead and do it.
And always, you know, trust in Allah subhanaw taala because these thoughts sometimes they're also from Chevron, right? Because he doesn't want us to go forward.
So if you see that the ways paved for you, there is encouragement, then you should go ahead but if you sense that no, you don't feel comfortable, then don't do it.
So inshallah we'll conclude over here. So Chronicle la morbihan, the condition of La Ilaha Illa. anta Mustapha Luca wanted to bootleg a Santa Monica rahmatullah wa barakato.