The Prophet’s Emigration To Madinah Part 1

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Riyadul Haqq

Channel: Riyadul Haqq

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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When I was learning you should audit loops and elements are the outline

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for

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when you

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want to share a

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lot more aka hula should ecola

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sallallahu alayhi wa

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sallam cathedra

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my biographer will be learning the shape on every gene

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in Allahumma Ecto who is

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using levina he was

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a lot

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later

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on he Ibrahima in the

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locker

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[email protected] about

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respect to listeners, Salaam Alaikum.

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Today we'll be beginning the reading study of

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the famous for the youth of Hitler.

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By money on a shuttle to your loved one from your horrible heart.

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For those of you who have cerebral Buhari with you,

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number 3905.

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from GitHub or monopoly unsolved, the bulk of the merits of the answer

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and specifically the chapter level hijacking the BS in the law, it

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was hard to hear the Medina chapter of the immigration of the profits of the law it was some of them and his companions to Medina.

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And for those of you who are following using the abridged version will say he will lead the study then the How do you think these 15 nine to 315 nine three

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in this chapter Bible handwritten nimbyism the law it was that was hard he didn't Medina mom hard to learn he really is

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mentioning the obvious, and including those that have these which are related to this particular chapter heading of the prophets of the law. It was the limbs, hedgerows and emigration to Medina.

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And that's of his companions.

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There are a number of Hadeeth in this chapter, we won't be reading all of them I've selected this particular Hadeeth of mean it shall be alive.

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This video has been

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quoted by Mohali law Healy in a number of places throughout his book, but the other narrations are all abridged narrations

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of the same

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this, this narration in this particular chapter and Bach is the full and lengthy version of the headings and that's the one which we will be reading.

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So number one, he says ba ba, ba, ba, ba la it was the last chapter of the immigration of the prophets hedge Allah

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was happy he and his companions Illa Medina to Medina.

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Now

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that's the key word here.

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The word hedger comes from Hydra yadgir 101

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which means to cut off,

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to shun, to abandon, to leave behind.

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And that's the original meaning of Hitler.

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The idea of traveling or emigrate leaving one place and taking up residence elsewhere.

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The meaning of Hitler in that sense is secondary.

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Otherwise, the primary original meaning of hedger is to

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shun to leave to abandon.

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And that's a tested

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In the Quran, in fact, the two earliest slots of the Quran to the earliest sorts of the Quran. So from a

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Muslim man, both of them contain a reference to this were installed from a deathbed. Yeah, you come from there, what

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was the abacus here? What was the

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law, addressing the profits in the law hiding from them, tells them to rise at night. It tells them to rise and to warm

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and to glorify his Lord.

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And he says,

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with the abaca for blah here and your clothes do purify

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what roads and impurity fragile shun abandon,

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and in sort resembling,

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what's with Alan if

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john jameelah and be patient of what they say Be patient or what they say. Referring to the brush.

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Well, john Hodgman Janine and shun them a noble shunning, I leave them

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Do not say anything in return.

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Be noble, be more honorable withdrawn and leave them

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huddling jameelah and noble leaving a noble shunning. So, and again in other verses of the Koran

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loves Allah subhanho wa Taala uses this word and as mentioned in the Quran, in its original meaning of abandoning, or being abandoned, of shunning, of leaving aside. So that's the original meaning of hedging.

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And then, as a secondary meaning it came to be known, even amongst the Arabs before it's so even before Islam, even before the hedge of the Arabs did take the meaning of it, hedging it I believe in one place and taking up residence elsewhere. Normally, it was used for the betterment, who would abandon their nomadic lifestyle and take up a sedentary residence in any one of the townships or cities. So even before Islam, the Arabs used to refer to that as

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but the original meaning is to shun to abandon. And I've expanded on this because this is quite important in understanding the significance of the hijab.

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So chapter of the hedra, the immigration of the province of the law, legal sentiments, companions to Medina, throughout the life of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, there were many ins

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which

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were significant in their own right. But

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in retrospect, and through the vision of history,

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these individual incidents proved to be momentous, and a great watershed in their own right, and life changing for those who were involved,

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and world changing for others. And one of these was undoubtedly,

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the emigration of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from mcdata Medina, that marks a remarkable change. That was a real watch.

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Everything changed.

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That one journey of the Prophet, some of the love, I think, was changed the history of the people of Makkah. The history of the people of Medina, the history of all the Arabs, in fact, the history of the world. And this is why

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Muslims especially accord great significance to that one single journey of Hitler and panela. The Muslims in fact, even during the time of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wa sallam the Arabs.

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They followed

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their calendar, but being a very

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undeveloped society in comparison to the larger cultures and civilizations at the time. The Arabs

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would refer to dates as

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going back coming from or going back from, so they're normally say in the year of this or a few years after this. So these were their pointers and Mark has major incidents. In fact, the as I mentioned him sort of feel in the seat of sort of defeat

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Last time who would rather

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protected the garbage

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from the advance and the invasion of

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miraculously, the gamma was saved. That was a momentous occasion, it was a huge incident. So the Arabs would refer to that as animal feed the year of the elephants, and they would normally say, three years after the after animal feed and 10 years after animal feed. So major incidents would act as watersheds as markers for the Arabs to calculate their dates and years and months from

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so the province of the law it was the limbs birth, the year of the elephant, etc. And this is why later

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the Muslims standardized the calendar and the calculation of all dates from this one single momentous occasion of the hedgerows, Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now, as we will learn when we actually read the studies, the hedgerow to place in Arabic

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In the third month of the Islamic calendar, but when the calendar was fixed, it was fixed not from A to B 101, but rather from two months before from happen.

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So it was fixed in the beginning of the year in which the hedger took place not in the actual not on not from the day in the month of the actual hedge. So the Hitler took place and it'll be

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the most common date is the 12th of April Oh, well, although there are other opinions, but in reveal oh one, and the Muslims place the calendar

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from the beginning of that year. Now, so from the first album, we regard we regard the first album as the beginning of the new year, and that's marked by the digital hub Rasul Allah, some of the love might equal some of them. Now as Pamela. I had promised some time ago that I would be commenting on the hadith of Hitler in detail. Today we begin the hadith of hedger from

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and after McCullum, Salah It is also the first half of the 14 136 year after the hedger. So, this is actually the first day of the new Islamic calendar, the new Islamic year.

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Now,

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there are many

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there are some details which we would need to be aware of before we actually read these

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as an introduction,

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why was the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam them

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eventually compelled to leave Medina.

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And what did that mean?

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As I've explained on other occasions,

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wasn't simply

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a relocation from A to B.

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It wasn't simply a journey.

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It wasn't

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merely taking residence in another city.

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The history of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his companions meant a lot.

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It was so difficult.

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And it was so momentous that forever

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Even before the heavy the or arm a lot in the court has more or less divided Muslims into two groups. Those who did the hitcher up and those who never

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even Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam when Makkah was conquered, he declared higit at the back and said, there is no hedgerows, there is no emigration after the conquest.

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So even then, after the conquest of Makkah, anyone who traveled from any part of the world and joined the province to love it was certainly

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assisted him took up residence in the city of Medina alongside him, pledged his loyalty to the province and the law it was Sunday and became a devoted sincere follower. Still.

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His position would never even though in a way he did a drive to. Of course he did Hitler. He left behind his home city, his birthplace and he trapped

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to Medina from any part of the world, any part of Arabia, still, his position would not equate to the position of any of the guns all the others around McCann, Medina, who did his draft of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam before the conquest of Makkah. So in in the in that declaration, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wasn't denying the validity or the concept of Hitler, after the conquest of Makkah, far from it, but he was distinguishing between the true hedger which is mentioned again and again, whose emigrants are mentioned again and again in the Quran, and who enjoyed that superior privileged position. So even the unsolved so how about the Allah and even

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though they assisted the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from the very first day in fact, before his arrival in and Madina munawwara still their position was not equal to that of the largest or the marginal, not always mentioned First, the province of the law it was always gave them privilege and preference. That's why law has original says or Levine at the boat what will data when he man I mean, to him, you should warn him and harder to delay him. What are you doing a few supporting him? at the minimum

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that those Allah praises the unsolved so how about the law of Medina? that those who took it who

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adopted Emma

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and who inhabited the city of Medina, before the Mahajan?

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You should warn them unhatched in alien, they love those who have emigrated to

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we sit on our land.

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What are you doing a few stories in handwritten? We are auto and they do not harbor any

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hajra here means hazard. They do not harbor any envy.

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They do not harbor any envy towards the Mahajan room for what they have been given.

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Now, what does that mean? It's exactly what I'm referring to. That even though the unsolved Sahaba of the line, they sacrifice so much before the Hitler has been explained as part of the introduction to the hedger, they traveled from Medina to Makkah.

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And they pledged their loyalty and their willingness to support them to defend the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. First a group of 12 and then a group of seven to five, including women.

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They invite to the province of the law and he was summoned to Medina. And not only that, but the panelists to defend him with their lives to protect them as they would protect their own family and children.

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So

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they assisted the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam even before he did the hitcher, atta Medina,

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and from the very first day, even though they were under no obligation,

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they traveled with the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam, wherever he wished, wherever, whenever he needed them. They never held back, they did not falter. They did not hesitate. They sacrifice their lives. Many of them suffered

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as a result of their belief in Islam and as a result of their supporting and assisting the messenger sort of the livelihoods of them. Yet despite all their sacrifices,

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they would always witness the Mojave rune being given preference. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would speak of the Mahajan fares the poor spoke of the Mahajan before this spoke of the answer.

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In gatherings of Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would reserve the

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best of places towards the front of the gathering for the Mahajan. They were his chief consultants. Whenever the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will consulting companies confer with the companions who would do so primarily with the Mahajan room.

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They were the leaders amongst the Muslims. They were the privilege. They were the ones who were given preference,

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even though in a way, they were, they were immigrants they had emigrated so they were immigrants. And this is a very point to like Norway even was at all tried to play on on a number of occasions, including on the occasion of a puzzle who studied

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when, as I've explained in my commentary had equal if so he tried to play on this very point. And when disagreements arose between an unsightly and a more

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He exploited that.

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And he used some very offensive words about the Muslims and even about about the Mahajan and even about the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam. And he said of them at all, that the example of them at all.

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He said, Look, we have invited them, we adopted them, we accommodated them. They came to us as immigrants as panelists in need, of shelter of protection. We took them in, we sheltered them, we help them.

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We fed them and close them. And then they are lording it over us.

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Then he said, the example of us on the Mahajan room

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is as the Arab say,

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some in callback, you can

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fax in your dog so that one day he will devour you.

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So we feed them only for them to turn against us. And then he spoke disparagingly of the prophets of Allah might even send them to threaten him to drive him from the city of Medina.

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So even the one after all tried to exploit this point that the larger room were immigrants. They were not part of the indigenous population of Medina.

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It was the unsolved Shelton them who closed them who gave them protection, who even shared their wealth with them. They open their homes to them, they opened up their city to them. And yet it was a Maha Joon, who were always given preference. Yet as to how it was only the one after all, the hypocrites are trying to exploit this point otherwise themselves. How about the alarm by the testimony of the poor, despite all their sacrifices, and despite seeing and witnessing the other Mahajan being given preference over them all the time.

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Their hearts and minds remain clean and pure towards them.

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They did not harbor any resentment or any envy towards the Mahajan ones habit of the law. And that's by the testimony of the poor.

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So Allah says, not only did they not harbor any envy or reservation, they actually love them dearly. So Allah says you warn them and harshly him. They love those who have emigrated to them.

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What are you doing if you slaughter him

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and they do not have any reservation any passive jealousy, any need in their heart towards the larger room what we have been given over them.

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And the reason they respected that and accepted that is that they recognize that the Mahajan on has a unique position in the sight of Allah and in the sight of his son the law it was and that they deserved that merits and virtue. So you can imagine how great the virtue of hijra was, at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from the time of his hedger and slightly before, till the conquest of Makkah.

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It was a unique act of devotion and unique activator. That's why at the beginning of Hebrew, and in the beginning of many of the books we have the famous Cathedral of the hubbub of Viola and about hedger. And I've commented on this on numerous occasions. So the hijra has mentioned with sincerity of intention. So the prophets of the love it was seldom sayings, deeds are only buying intention. So whoever's,

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and a man will only receive once he has intended. So whoever is hijra, has to alarm is that a soul? Some of the law it was, then is Hitler is indeed to Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and whoever is Hitler is

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to the world that he wishes to acquire or a woman that he seems to marry than his heritage to that which he has emigrated. So of all the deeds of Islam, when speaking about sincerity, of intentional purity of motive, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spoke about the hitch, because at that time, indeed, that was the greatest deed. So, hijra was unique. And it wasn't just a simple journey from A to B, there was a lot that led up to the hitch. And I've explained this in my talk, Hydra watershed.

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But just to recap, when the province and the province of the law was born in America, that's where he lived, where he spent his childhood where

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He grew up when he was finally, that's where he was married. That's where his wife was from. That's where his children were born.

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All of his children with the exception of Ibrahim or the Alon was born in the eighth year of Hitler. With his exception all of the prophets of the law it was those children are born in America, and his sons that were born there were also buried there. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was born, he lived, he grew up spent his child, his youth, his middle age, all of its in muckety muck around all the way till 53 years.

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He loved the city. He loved the city, not only as his birthplace in his hometown, because of that natural inclination and devotion and attachment, but also because it was a holy city that was a holy city of Mugu. He was a city offseason is my email he said he was a city of the Canada

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at the age of 40, when he was given Prophethood the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam proclaimed his message. And he began preaching secretly at first and then open.

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Eventually the poor age. They did not take kindly to his message. And at first they taunted him they dined at him.

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They sneered at him. Then they hurl verbal insults at him and his followers. Eventually this escalated until the verbal harassment turned into physical persecution.

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The mental verbal and emotional abuse meted out to the Muslims escalated into direct physical abuse. And physical abuse may be a light term. They were actually handed beads and whipped, tortured, and killed even tortured to death.

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Just like Samia or your loved one, her.

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She was a first Muslim to die

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in Islam, as a result of her beliefs, and she died under severe torture. The first Shaheed the first martyr of Islam is a woman. So me out of the alarm, I'm the mother of American, the acid of the alarm.

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When, and the persecution was severe, and I'll expand on this later,

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because of the persecution of the Prophet salallahu, alayhi wasallam. The Muslims were weak in strength, there were few in number, they had no authority, central power.

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They were a small group, disparate, scattered.

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They weren't even able to pray in congregation.

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And because of the tribal society,

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they were unable to defend themselves or others, they relied on the protection of their families. So those Muslims who are either refugees or foreigners, or who were slaves or freed slaves.

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These Muslims were extremely vulnerable because they did not have the protection of their families or clans and tribes.

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This is why they were tortured and persecuted. And many of the others were left

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not because they were treated well, or because the others were members of the aristocracy or nobility, or they were wealthy or powerful in their own right. That wasn't the case. It's because they belong to powerful families and clans. And that's how the Society of Macau structured.

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So they escaped,

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not because of any lack of desire to hurt them on the part of the machine again on the part of the pagan rage, but rather because of that balance of power.

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The British knew that hurting and harming or persecuting these people physically or torturing them,

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will result in a confrontation with their families, their kin and clan.

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And that's not something they could afford. So they victimized and picked out

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and they unselected the weaker members of the Muslim community, those who did not have any backup those who did not have the protection of families, or clans, and tribes and these weak so how about the law? We not in their faith week because of their lack of family or clan protection. They were the ones who are picked

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One by one

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and physically tortured. The other Sahaba of the Allahu including the sort of law, some of the law it has continued to suffer in verbal and emotional abuse. But these are the alarm who are physically tortured, and the others were helpless. So when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saw this, he eventually advised the Sahaba of the Allah, approximately five years after receiving the revelation of the Quran, in the 45th year of his life, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam advanced advise the Muslims to travel to Abba sr, which has just crossed the Red Sea.

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There in modern day Ethiopia, so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam

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advisors How about all the Allahu to do his job. And he said, there is a just King.

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And that region was autonomous. Although it was autonomous, they had their own rule their own Empire, but it was weaker than the Persian and the Byzantine Roman Empires to the north. But theirs was a powerful Kingdom in their own right. And the ruler was

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the Najafi that was actually the joshy was

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a title just like

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Caesar for Roman ruler, and kisara Casa rose for a Persian ruler Naja. She was a title for a generic title for any of the Abyssinian rulers. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam advised him to travel to Kenya, which was actually a Christian kingdom. And he advised them that there is a just King, no one who travels there, and takes refuge there by him suffers any injustice. And even though it was a Christian kingdom, they knew that they would be given liberty to work freely, and to live in peace and security. So the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam advisors, how about all the alarms that whoever Have you can then emigrate to to Abyssinia. Now, even that was a great hedge. It wasn't

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easy.

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Leaving one's home city traveling across the desert. And when the orange found out that the Muslims were leaving mucker

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they weren't in the sense they were enraged, and they actually pursued them in order to bring them back. forcibly even in chains.

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And yet men, women and families made that hedra that's how devoted they were to their religion and to their Deen. They risked everything.

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Even members of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his family, they did.

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So they emigrated to

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Abyssinia, some of them those who could, but the others couldn't, and they continue to suffer. Then, there was a second wave of emigration from Makkah to Abyssinia that's known as the second journey to hedger the second wave.

00:33:18--> 00:33:20

And then finally,

00:33:21--> 00:33:44

approximately, in the seventh year of the race, we're now quite exasperated because that attempts to even bring back the Muslims from Abba Celia had failed miserably. So now they were enraged that things they really stepped up their persecution and their torture, and they targeted more and more Muslims with with even more abandon than before.

00:33:46--> 00:33:54

Eventually, as a result, they even tried to pressure awardwallet into renouncing his protection for his nephew. But will,

00:33:55--> 00:33:58

he continued to sack the profits in the lab, it was

00:33:59--> 00:34:13

unexplained again, when we're actually doing the Hadeeth about GMR. And the concept of protection and how it works. And what it really meant in our society at the time, eventually

00:34:15--> 00:34:19

decided that if nobody ever refuses to

00:34:21--> 00:34:42

hand over to us, otter announces protection and get out of the way between us and him. Then we will boycott we will punish but we're hashing to the family of the clan of the prophets and the line even send them so they did, they punished the whole of them or harsh.

00:34:44--> 00:34:59

And that led to the boycotts. So for approximately just over two years from the seventh year, before sorry, not the seventh, seventh year before seven years after the Prophet of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam till for just over two

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

Yours.

00:35:02--> 00:35:41

under three years, the British enforced a boycott of the family of the profits of the love it was some of them and members of his clan and another clan to eventually that was disrupted. And that boycotts came to an end. And it was a very severe boycott. It was known as the boycott, ensuring that the barley in the valley of a will target. You wasn't actually a whole valley but there was a part of Medina, which was known to be finally part of Mecca. And they were all left there and abandoned. People could not trade with them. People could not marry with them.

00:35:42--> 00:35:53

People could not help them in any way, things were so severe. They reported that they resorted to eat chewing on leather in order to satisfy their hunger.

00:35:55--> 00:36:14

Eventually the boycott end and not not long thereafter. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam limbs two pillars of support, both died in the same year. One his unkillable body and to his beloved wife, I mean for the Jacobean line

00:36:16--> 00:36:23

that was a severe. These were two great calamities in that single year for the province and the love and even some

00:36:26--> 00:36:29

things were critical now for a number of reasons.

00:36:30--> 00:36:33

province the law highly alayhi wa sallam hitherto

00:36:34--> 00:36:57

had always been verbally and emotionally persecuted. And on a few occasions, although he wasn't physically harmed, or physically hit, per se, however, he was harassed. And we may recall the story of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam performing Salah in harem

00:36:59--> 00:37:02

and the orofacial gathered around the garba

00:37:05--> 00:37:07

Abuja Helens crumbs

00:37:08--> 00:37:11

and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was praying and they were watching him.

00:37:13--> 00:37:28

And then a Buddha has said, which one of you will rise and go to such and such a family who she can or has just recently given birth? So camel is a huge animal.

00:37:30--> 00:37:47

So she she kind of has just recently given birth, the afterbirth and the amniotic sac. It's all still there, which one will have you will go and collect that and dump it on the back of Mohammed, while he is in frustration.

00:37:48--> 00:37:54

So the worst of the group stood up, and he went, and he fetch that filth, the afterbirth of the she camel,

00:37:56--> 00:37:58

the amniotic sac, with guts in the blood.

00:37:59--> 00:38:10

And he brought that filth and impurity. And exactly when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wasn't subdued in frustration, he dumped it on his noble pack, the weight of it

00:38:12--> 00:38:15

prevented the Prophet sallallahu Sallam from rising from such.

00:38:17--> 00:38:19

And when he did that the others

00:38:20--> 00:38:41

from the comfort of their seating right next to the gamma. They began pointing at the profits to the love it was in them, pointing and laughing and digging at each other. Just as people point and laugh at each other. They were pointing at the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and golden each other to watch to observe and to laugh.

00:38:43--> 00:39:13

Abdullah was Oh, there'll be a lot more than he was present. He says, I wish I could have done something. But again, he was one of those weeks. How about all the alarm, who couldn't do much he had been physically beaten unconscious himself. So just then, Fatima, it'll be a lot of fun. So momentum informed the family of the prophets and the love it was in fact, the model the alarm house a little girl at the time she came running, and she bravely

00:39:15--> 00:39:25

pushed away and shoved that weight of filth from the back of the province of the law legal system. And then that little young girl she stood in the harem

00:39:26--> 00:39:30

shouting apps and abusing the leaders of the Quraysh

00:39:31--> 00:40:00

then they realized they must have raped because they did not say anything back to Fatima model the alarm on her. Even though she was just a child. She shamed them that a child of her age was able to see the evil of what they were doing, regardless of their difference with the Prophet Sall Allahu alayhi wa sallam, and they as not just adults but chieftains of the Quraysh. They prided themselves on their nobility on their armor on their dignity and

00:40:00--> 00:40:20

leadership of the brush on their being the custodians of the garba. And yet in their enmity towards the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam them, that enmity blinded them, and that he caused them to sink so low that they resorted to such despicable behavior. Throughout history, noble men have respected even their enemies.

00:40:22--> 00:40:23

So

00:40:25--> 00:40:37

pluck them out of the alarm has shamed them into silence. And then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam rose, and then he prayed to Allah subhanho wa Taala naming every single one

00:40:40--> 00:40:41

of them it could be Abuja,

00:40:43--> 00:40:44

love Mara Lake,

00:40:45--> 00:40:53

or LA sees Abuja hellhammer Masha Allah sees, Akbar Allah sees shava

00:40:55--> 00:41:32

over la Allah sees former former and he named all of them. That's when they feared for themselves because they knew that the province of the law it was in them was a trustworthy, honest person. They recognize them they acknowledge the sanctity of the gather. And they also believe that prayers were answered around them in and around the garden. So they feared for themselves a light set to the door. But the manifestation of the acceptance of the prophets of the law it was a prayer and supplication was not immediate. It happened almost 10 years later, in the Battle of but

00:41:33--> 00:41:40

when Abdullah Massoud, there'll be a loved one who says I saw those named ones, all lying in the well of

00:41:41--> 00:42:04

that. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was accepted by Allah immediately, but the manifestation of the DA was not to come was not to appear to many, many years later. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam still suffered physical harassment in that manner. And in a similar manner.

00:42:06--> 00:42:23

But at least till the fifth year of his life, he had the protection of our body. And again, as I've explained on many occasions, that meant a lot because he was a leader of the clan have been harsh

00:42:25--> 00:42:25

was his brother.

00:42:28--> 00:42:32

But a Buddha had was still would still defer

00:42:33--> 00:42:43

to the authority of barley because he was a leader of the clan, there was always a hierarchy. So being a leader of the clan, what he said went

00:42:44--> 00:42:45

whatever he said

00:42:46--> 00:42:50

his word was final. So Abu Talib

00:42:52--> 00:43:05

granted the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his protection not just as an individual, ultimately upon him, he wasn't so rich. They weren't very rich or powerful in that sense.

00:43:06--> 00:43:20

So even in wealth and trade, he couldn't match the other leaders of what age. In terms of military power, he couldn't match the some of the other more powerful tribes such as blue Muslim, and others. However,

00:43:22--> 00:43:26

he was still one of the leaders of the clans, and his clan. The clan

00:43:28--> 00:43:35

ultimately wasn't that powerful compared to the others, but he was still a clan. Now, boo hushan

00:43:36--> 00:43:43

the leader was Abu Talib. So when he gave his protection sort of sort of La Salalah alayhi wa sallam

00:43:44--> 00:43:52

all the for all the members of the clan deferred to the authority of will blindly accepted what he said he was their ruler, he was their leader.

00:43:55--> 00:44:05

His protection and the protection of the whole clan, no one would oppose him. That was the hierarchy that was a manner in which they ruled themselves. They organize their society.

00:44:07--> 00:44:27

Now, when it was largely passed away, this is why it was I said he lost two pillars of support. One was almost meaning for the job of the law. And the other was a will partly because when he passed away, the leadership of the crime of brainwashing was transferred to the next brother, and that was

00:44:29--> 00:44:30

an Abu lahab.

00:44:32--> 00:44:34

Even though members of his clan did not like him,

00:44:35--> 00:44:39

they still had to respect his authority and his leech.

00:44:40--> 00:44:47

So they would not rebel. It just wasn't possible for members of the clan to rebel against their leader

00:44:48--> 00:44:59

and divide the Klan. So even though they were averse to it, even though they wanted to help the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and grandson protection even though they did not want to

00:45:00--> 00:45:04

align themselves with the rest of the Quraysh. The members have been all hashing, we're now

00:45:05--> 00:45:15

in a very difficult position. And they could not openly support the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam or give him their protection, their protection did not mean anything

00:45:16--> 00:45:28

if it went against the decree and decision of the leader of the National Lab, so as soon as a Blue Valley passed away in the protection and the leadership went over to

00:45:29--> 00:45:32

the loss of law, and lost that protection,

00:45:33--> 00:45:44

and this was a severe blow. This is why he actually started meeting with other tribes. And this is why he even traveled to bife

00:45:45--> 00:45:58

to see if he could win the support of some at some of the clan clans, clan there from bootha beef, which was most prominent and powerful tribe in the city of life. So,

00:45:59--> 00:46:04

my gun life were regarded as two even though they were not very large, but they were comparable.

00:46:06--> 00:46:20

So he went to the northeast and see if he could gain that protection. But unfortunately, we know the story of life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was chased out of the city and physically hurt. Now because he had lost that power.

00:46:21--> 00:46:27

His condition was such that they felt free to physically hurt him to make him bleed.

00:46:28--> 00:46:34

To see him fall unconscious. Now his life and person watch risk.

00:46:35--> 00:46:41

Eventually, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam only gained entry into Makkah from kurama gang

00:46:42--> 00:46:46

because he got the protection of a clan.

00:46:47--> 00:46:54

But it wasn't enough, it was enough to save his life then, but in the long run, in the long run, it wasn't enough

00:46:55--> 00:47:05

last time who gave him the gift of his salon Mirage after that. And then during the season head season, the province of the Long Island who was silom

00:47:08--> 00:47:08

maps

00:47:12--> 00:47:16

with some people from Medina, which was known as yesterday, but at the time

00:47:18--> 00:47:23

now, the city of yathrib was an oasis.

00:47:28--> 00:47:30

A few 100 miles north of Makoto macaron

00:47:31--> 00:47:34

is a very beautiful and fertile oasis.

00:47:35--> 00:47:38

And it consists of a number of settlements.

00:47:40--> 00:47:47

And there were three main there were a number of powerful tribes and the city was divided.

00:47:48--> 00:48:23

You had three famous Arab tribes have been acquired and the lead a little braver, and you have two powerful Arab tribes, the oldest and the Hasidic. These five tribes were divided into two parties two alliances, and they have been warring and fighting with each other for generations. And they were involved in such things new sign warfare, that's a war of attrition, that the leaders in the nobleman of the city feared that they would kill themselves eventually, and drive each other into the ground unless it was saved.

00:48:26--> 00:48:33

And things were so severe in yesterday, as it was called at the time, but law describes that condition in the Holy Quran.

00:48:35--> 00:48:42

Watson will be heavily loaded up for Roku was kurunegala to law here they add a little bit

00:48:44--> 00:48:57

at 130 minute nap for minha law essays and hold on fast collectively to the rope of Allah and do not differ.

00:48:58--> 00:49:00

Do not disperse.

00:49:02--> 00:49:04

And remember a lost favor on me.

00:49:06--> 00:49:08

When you were enemies,

00:49:09--> 00:49:14

then he reconciled and united your house.

00:49:15--> 00:49:23

And this through his blessing. You became brothers, even though Welcome to Marla Scheffer, Mina

00:49:24--> 00:49:30

Mina, even though before you were on the edge of a pit of the fire

00:49:33--> 00:49:59

mill has Allah saved you from it. Now we've all heard this first before and it's translation and meaning we're familiar with. It's a very common verse. But this is what it actually refers to. And Allah says, Remember when you were enemies, everyone's heard the beginning. Apple sing we'll be happy to learn Jimmy on what ads for Roku and the meaning hold on faster. The role of alarm does not differ and disperse verse continues with Google and the law

00:50:00--> 00:50:47

heerlijk with quantum ADA, and remember when you were bitter enemies of one another, and then law reconciled and united your heart. So this is in reference to the ancient rivalry and the bitter enmity between the old son, the husband and the two main tribes of Medina. And in fact, they were ultimately one tribe because their great great great great grandmother was called Baylor and the Olsen the husband together were known as a blue paler the children of Baylor and they were immigrants from the from the south of Arabia, from Yemen, to Medina. So also has an edge where two tribes whose origins actually laying in southern Arabia in modern day Yemen, and they have traveled

00:50:47--> 00:51:33

towards up north towards Medina, and it was one single tribe known as urban hailer and then eventually over generations that splits into two sub tribes. And they were the awesome husband. So ultimately, they were cousins. But they were bitter rivals, and enemies of one another to such a degree, that they, because of their warring against each other, the three Jewish tribes of Medina have, at the time, they align themselves with the awesome husband, and they fought against each other. So things were terrible in a terrible state. And this is what the what am refers to, that you were on the pit, you were on the edge of the pit of the fire of a pit of fire, and all that saved

00:51:33--> 00:51:37

you from it. So what how did Allah save them? And

00:51:38--> 00:51:55

what was that blessing of Allah, through which Allah reconcile their hearts and unites them? Ultimately, it was Islam and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So they were very concerned about their situation in yesterday, and they were looking for a savior.

00:51:57--> 00:52:44

They weren't actually looking into religion. Some of them individually were just as some in makaha, but as a community as a society, they just wanted somebody to save them from themselves. And in that pursuit, a group of them came across the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, in hajj in the season of Hajj in Makkah. So they met the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they were inspired, but what he said to them, lots of love, and he will send them even during Hajj and all the fairs all the fairs that will take place the trade fairs the religious fairs, the fairs or pilgrimage. The fairs of poetry, Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will gather these would attend these fairs merely to

00:52:44--> 00:53:03

give our hand nearly to invite the people and even during Hajj, which was the largest gathering Abu lahab his own uncle, far from assisting him far from protecting him like his noble brother of all barley before him had done regardless of whether he agreed with him or disagreed with him.

00:53:04--> 00:53:27

One of the reasons why a wallethub oppose the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam refused protection was that Abu lahab had extensive dealings, financial dealings, and he had commercial interests with the other leaders of the rush. So ultimately, he put money before his own nephew.

00:53:29--> 00:54:15

Of course, he put this dunya and this world before the next life. But even when it came to his own blood nephew, his his blood brothers son of hula hoop gave preference to money, and to trade and to business, and his friendship with the chieftains of the Grange over his own nephew. So far from protecting the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam what he would do is when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would go from group to group in the season of Hajj, Abu lahab, would follow him. And as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would speak to these groups who had come from all over Arabia, and invite them to Islam. Abu lahab would be behind him throwing pebbles at him. And he

00:54:15--> 00:54:41

would say, so he would speak to one group and move on a hula hoop would throw pebbles at him from behind, and walk up to the same group and say, Don't listen to him. He's my nephew, some mental plague has afflicted him, he is mad. And then he would move on to the next group, a Buddha would follow in his footsteps and speak to the next group. That's how he would speak of his own nephew. So I'm one of those visits to various groups.

00:54:42--> 00:54:57

The people of Medina, a very small group came across the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. He spoke to them, invite them, they liked what he said. And eventually they promised to go back to your club and speak to others and come back again. Eventually

00:55:00--> 00:55:32

12 of them gave back sort of sort of laughs a lot of them. This is known as an acrobatic oola, the first beta of the Acrobat, the first pledge of Acrobat. And the following year, they gave 75 of them seven, three men and two women came and from Medina and they gave back sort of sort of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that was known as beatin. After that the Fannia, the second beta of acaba

00:55:34--> 00:55:36

we did sort of ballad, only masculine

00:55:38--> 00:55:57

and in the last round of what the other mentions for the Malacca, so why doesn't he scale the ascendant? Why doesn't he attempt the ascendant and I explained the meaning of October then. And same thing, October means a very difficult mountain path, or

00:55:58--> 00:56:07

an a sense, which is difficult to climb. And wherever they have such a natural feature of the terrain, they would call it

00:56:08--> 00:56:27

to be found in many different places throughout Arabia, where it's actually been named acaba, one of them is on the outskirts of mud garden Minar. And that is known as the ACA. That's where that's where the beta took place. So it's referred to as beta Apple, October alula, and be

00:56:28--> 00:57:12

the first and the second pledge of appa. So, in the second pledge, which was a much more serious one, because 75 of them pledge, they invited the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam to come to the city of Bethlehem. And their purpose of inviting him was that initially, they were eager to invite him merely to save them, save their save them as a community as a society. Then when he invited them to Islam, and they heard his message. Now they were eager for him to come and save their community and save their souls, to save them from themselves and save their beliefs save their hearts and minds save souls. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam agreed that he would come, that was the

00:57:12--> 00:57:24

final bait. Eventually, after that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam made an intention to travel to Medina, and he advised us of how about the love to travel.

00:57:25--> 00:57:55

As soon as they could, eventually one by one in small groups as to how bad the alarm began traveling to Medina, some of them have traveled before as well before the second layer of Africa. In fact, Mr. Mayor De La Hoya and I traveled much before. And he remained that inviting people to Islam and actually teaching them that these were some of the introductory factors that led up to the actual hedge. Eventually,

00:57:56--> 00:58:23

after the second beta of APA province, a lot of things became even more intense. And when the Quraysh found out that Mohammed has now reached a position whereby he is creating alliances with people from other places, such as the city states of yesterday. And for them, the city state of yesterday was arrival.

00:58:24--> 00:58:27

So you had the city state of Makkah, and you had the city state of yesterday.

00:58:30--> 00:58:33

And if he won the support of a whole city,

00:58:35--> 00:58:48

and they gave him that pledge of protection, and that was extremely serious, this was now a threat to them in every way. So the British decided to

00:58:50--> 00:59:18

once and for all, and this whole affair, and now they began plotting and scheming against the very life of a similar sort of the law it was sent them and that's referred to in the last panel with Anna says, What in the world we can live in a gopher or leave the talker or your dog or your cat a joke. William, William got a law or law haven marketing. Law says And remember, when those who disbelieved they were plotting against you

00:59:20--> 00:59:23

in that they wanted to leave the talk, imprisoned.

00:59:25--> 00:59:42

Leave, meaning bind you banned you there. And the meaning of binding the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that is too impressive. So to imprison him in Makkah, so he would have no freedom to travel. Now, we're not talking about the Quraysh attacking

00:59:44--> 00:59:45

the weak Muslims,

00:59:46--> 00:59:59

or those without protection. Now they came straight for Salima some of the lahardee or some of them. So they were scheming and plotting and planning and conferring between themselves to either improve

01:00:00--> 01:00:07

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam permanent, so that's actually changed him and shackle him. So that he would,

01:00:09--> 01:00:09

he would be in prison

01:00:11--> 01:00:19

forever until he renounced his faith, or he pledged not to preach the message.

01:00:21--> 01:00:26

And they confer it amongst themselves. So some of them suggested that less impressive.

01:00:27--> 01:00:43

And the manner of imprisons would be that we just chain Mohammed and shackle him, and keep him in chains and keep him in bondage forever. So he would not be able to move, let alone gather associated with others or preach, he won't be able to move.

01:00:46--> 01:00:53

But the others immediately dismiss the idea. Then some of them suggested that let's banish him from

01:00:54--> 01:00:56

we don't want him in our city.

01:00:57--> 01:01:01

So let's banish him from the city. Others objected to that,

01:01:02--> 01:01:08

just as others objected to the first suggestion, saying that eventually, his followers will come and free him.

01:01:10--> 01:01:20

And this suggestion that we banished, and they said, this is even more dangerous and foolish, because he will then be free to do what he wishes outside the city, we will have no control over him.

01:01:22--> 01:01:31

So they were at a loss as to what to do about the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And finally, they came to the

01:01:35--> 01:01:44

final suggestion, which according to the historical narrations was made by double jab, double General said, we should kill him.

01:01:47--> 01:01:59

And the manner of killing would be the reason they hadn't done it till now, is because that's how the tribal society work. If one person killed another,

01:02:02--> 01:02:02

then

01:02:04--> 01:02:09

there was no law. The only law was a tribal law of retaliation.

01:02:10--> 01:02:13

If one member of if one member was killed,

01:02:14--> 01:02:19

then justice demanded that the others had a right to kill him.

01:02:22--> 01:02:24

And if they killed him,

01:02:29--> 01:02:45

and his men, the members of his tribe didn't accept, then they would retaliate against the wider against the other tribe. And this in itself would lead to a raging ongoing battle over many generations. So the

01:02:46--> 01:02:55

there was this balance of power. So for the sphere, nobody would kill anybody. And if they did, that, it only if it was justified, and if it was

01:02:57--> 01:03:15

a rash act, then this led to battles and wars between them. So this was their balance of power. This is what preventing prevented them from going out and killing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam randomly. So, according to the historical narrations of all Joe when he came up with the suggestion,

01:03:16--> 01:04:07

of course, they had already had the idea of killing him before But how was it to be done? If they killed them blue Hashem would retaliate. It blue Hashem retaliated, then blue Hirshman would gain the protection of the wider clan that the parents claim have been been robbed them enough. So what he wouldn't just be a battle with bundle hashing it would be able to add them enough to so abou gel came up with the evil suggestion that what we should do is we should get some young warriors from all of the clans and tribes, and they should all go collectively and together simultaneously in synchrony. Leisha spear Mohammed to death. So by by doing so, his blood will be divided over all the

01:04:07--> 01:04:17

clans and tribes. And but Adam and Eve will not be able to fight and resist everybody. So they will finally settle for the mean blood

01:04:18--> 01:04:53

blood rates, because that's how the Arabs would work sometimes they through negotiation, they would agree to accept Blood Money rather than actually taking the assailants life. So as compensation. So we'll just said they won't be able to retaliate against all the tribes because we will all share the responsibility of killing Muhammad. So they agreed to his idea. And according to historical generations, that's what they intended to do. But the Koran does refer to this with the words and remember what you've got to be kidding. Athena cafaro leaves the talk.

01:04:56--> 01:05:00

And remember when those who disbelieved or plotting against you that

01:05:00--> 01:05:16

They would imprison you, or kill you or banish you and remove you from the city. We have grown away in a court of law, and they were plotting and Allah plan allows planning or law, halal marketing, and allies the best of planners.

01:05:17--> 01:06:03

So they then, when things became so serious, then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam intended to travel But do remember, it wasn't like he didn't want to travel beforehand, or he never made the intention, even with the hedger. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not do anything of his own accord until he was given permission, and granted a command by law. Regardless of the rest of his life, the province of the law it was and did not move from Makkah, even though most of his companions had left all of them even the Allah and had left and the other side of the alarm had left approximately 70 to 80. So how about the alarm I had already done before sort of law, some of the

01:06:03--> 01:06:10

law or legal some of them, now only he and members of his family remained and see you then I will look at us a vehicle of the alarm on his best friend.

01:06:11--> 01:06:13

He was waiting for permission

01:06:14--> 01:06:21

from a last round of water Allah, and he had seen, he had seen the oasis of Medina in a dream.

01:06:22--> 01:06:29

And that's when he told us about the lava and him that I have been shown my place of hitch and instead of wasteless

01:06:31--> 01:06:35

and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually thought it was somewhere else.

01:06:37--> 01:06:42

Then he realized it was yathrib. So these were the

01:06:43--> 01:07:08

introductory factors that led up to the emigration, the hedgerow have Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then he finally decided to do hedra. There is that historical narration, that story of the young warriors of the race gathering around the house of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, intending to kill him. And then it's quite possible they did this after learning that

01:07:10--> 01:07:18

the province of the Lavalle who seldom wants to do his job, however, that is one narration. And then,

01:07:19--> 01:07:58

but many other man have actually questioned the reliability of those narrations. And I'll explain that when we actually do the heavy, but in essence, the province of the LaValle, who was selling them did Hitler and he emigrated from and that's the beginning of the Hadees. So, this was just a brief intro. Well, this was just an introduction in Sharla. Let's begin the actual hobbies. And we will continue next week. I won't be giving any background explanations, but we will concentrate on the heavy finish words. So for those of you who are following us have eaten the 3905 from

01:08:00--> 01:08:07

from kitanomine article on SAR, Baba V is a lot of them was happy eliminating

01:08:09--> 01:08:16

the thymus and for those who are doing who are following from the gelida study, the summarized version is 1593

01:08:18--> 01:08:18

will be the

01:08:21--> 01:08:21

law

01:08:23--> 01:08:27

located in our head the sun laser entertaining audible Shihab

01:08:29--> 01:08:31

robot to Brisbane

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and nourish there'll be a lot

01:08:35--> 01:08:40

this is the chain of narration mum Hardy's teacher is hidden Okay.

01:08:41--> 01:08:50

Who relates us for the from a leaf relate from hearted who relates from English you have somebody

01:08:52--> 01:08:59

who himself relates from Robert to Brisbane, or to Brisbane, vane was the son of availible.

01:09:01--> 01:09:04

And the brother of Abdullah who was evade the law

01:09:07--> 01:09:08

and he relates from his armed

01:09:09--> 01:09:16

shadow the alarm her his mother, his mother was a smart employee, but claims deal. So this Hadeeth is about his grandfather.

01:09:17--> 01:09:22

And he relates it from his arm to his mother system, and shuttle the alarm.

01:09:23--> 01:09:24

So

01:09:27--> 01:09:34

he says, to Brisbane relates inform me, and that'll be a la cocina de Silva love it.

01:09:35--> 01:09:36

That

01:09:37--> 01:09:44

movie, the Chateau de la, the wife of the Prophet sallallahu I think she said, No.

01:09:48--> 01:09:51

I do not remember my parents at all.

01:09:52--> 01:09:58

In law Mahamaya, the nanny Dean, except that they were both following the religion.

01:10:00--> 01:10:13

Welcome Mr. Alena young and not a single day past buyers Illa Tina Fie Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, except that Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would come in

01:10:15--> 01:10:21

at both ends of the day will grotto marshy in the morning and in the evening

01:10:23--> 01:10:25

for them the Muslim

01:10:26--> 01:10:28

then when the Muslims were

01:10:29--> 01:10:42

tested how Raja Abu Bakr in Mahajan Habesha Abu Bakr rhodiola, he left emigrating towards the land of the

01:10:45--> 01:10:50

allender this this was just a translation. I just wanted to start

01:10:51--> 01:10:55

it's quite long inshallah we'll continue from next week we will actually do

01:10:59--> 01:11:09

quite a number of pages. So inshallah we'll continue next week, we will do these proper. So please continue to come yourselves and invite others also.

01:11:21--> 01:12:00

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