Tafseer Juz E Amma Tafsir Surah Tafseer Al Quraysh

Navaid Aziz

Channel: Navaid Aziz

Topics: Tafsir

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Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim in Alhamdulillah Hina motto and

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well now the VEDA haematuria fusina mitsuya Dr. Medina, Maria de la dama de la la la la la la la la la la la la sharika what wash I don't know Mohammed Abdullah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa early he was he was seldom at the Sleeman kathira and my bad, my dear brothers and sisters to them it cuando La Habra Koto

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we continue with our explanation of the court and then we continue with the Tafseer of Soto coalition this week between Lita either in terms of the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala has preferred this tribe of cooperation over the many, many tribes across the world. And particularly in terms of the Quran, you'll find two main virtues, particularly with this surah

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a man will be happier Rahim Allah I mentioned the narration from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that Allah subhanho wa Taala has preferred the Quraysh with seven things he has preferred the Quran with seven things and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam goes on to mention that I am from kurush, that the Buddha is inside of Quraysh that chorus has a surah revealed about them, that the Qureshi were in charge of feeding the Hajaj and granting them their drink. And he mentioned two other things as well. Likewise, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam another narration talking about the

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chorus, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam said that Allah subhanho wa Taala chose from the Arabs ki Nana, and from ki Nana. He chose the kurush from the Quran. She chose Banu Hashim, and from who knew Hashem he chose me. So here is another virtue of the courage that Allah's Messenger sallallahu Sallam said that they were selected specifically by Allah subhanho wa Taala, from amongst the various tribes. Now, when you get into the sutra, when you get into the sutra itself, it starts off by saying, and this is one of the interesting facts that I don't know if you remember, but when we started off this tafsir halaqa, we mentioned that the individual who relies purely on

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translation, he becomes captive of the translator, meaning that you will be purely dependent on the one that is translating the Koran. So if you look at this very first word verse in Soto College, where Allah subhanaw taala says, the elf Eucharist, you'll notice that in the translation that you have, and if you look at the various translations, every single translator will translate this verse differently. Every single translator will translate this verse differently, I went through six different translations. And all six of them had six different translations of this very first verse. And the different translations are purely dependent on how the translator understood the word

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enough, how did the translator understand the word elf. So the general meaning of elf over here comes down to one of three meanings, it comes down to one of three meanings. So the first meaning of elf that is possible over here is that of a gathering is that we gather and so when a person when a when people gather, then this is a type of lF, and you'll notice that this is what Allah subhanaw taala mentions in various parts of the Quran, when he talks about that uniting of the hearts and uniting of the people, this term elaphe is used. The second meaning of Allah over here that is possible is that of being granted security, that have been granted security. So when people are

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granted security, this is like a contentment in the heart that Allah subhanaw taala grants, and that is another meaning of a laugh over here. And then the third meaning of a laugh, what is possible as well, is that of a custom or a vat of a ritual of that of a ritual. Now that you understand what the term elf means it has these three possible meanings in this context. So Allah subhanaw taala, says, The love of the Cornish, the elf of the kurush.

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Sorry, the the third meaning I gave you in terms of custom, it's a customary protection, so at certain times, they will be granted a protection. So it's not just a custom, but it's the customary protection that at certain times that certain rituals, Allah subhanaw taala will grant them protection. So now that you understand the meanings of elaphe, let us look at what the elf is actually referring to over here. So firstly, looking at this lamb over here, looking at this lamb over here, this color is different. Why is this lamb over here to begin with? Because this lamb, it makes the word after its happy customer. Now generally speaking, in order to do so, it can have

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possible connotations. So you look at why is the Lamb over here and again, we come down to three opinions, we come down to three opinions. Number one, the first opinion is that shortall coresh is in fact the continuation from the soda before it

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And who can tell you what the soda before it is?

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Which is certain field. Excellent. So they said it is a continuation of certain field dealing again with the city of Makkah, and how Allah subhanaw taala protected Makkah and the coalition in particular at that time. So they said that this lamb is to indicate that it is a continuation from the shorter before it, why did they make this claim? So the reason they made this claim was that if you were to look at the most half of obeya vocab, mobile vocabulary, one of the companions, who wrote down the Koran obey vocab in his must have a certain feel and sort of courage, when in fact, one saw there was no separation between certain fields, and certain Quraysh. Whereas if you look at

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the finalized version of us manual of the law, before all of the other copies of the Quran were destroyed in the finalized version of us 911. They were in fact, two different suitors. And after that consensus actually took place, there is a dilemma amongst the Sahaba. That sort of field and Soto college were in fact, two different suitors. And that is why this opinion in particular, you see that the scholars did not hold it in, you know, much did not give it much weight. They didn't say that it was a popular or accepted opinion. The second opinion, and this is one of the opinions attributed to Abdullah bin Arbus is that this lamb over here again is to show a connection with

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another verse inside of this sutra and other verse inside of the surah. And that is the verse number three, what Allah subhana wa tada says, For Leah Buddha has a bit. So the translation, the way it would be affected, then would be that look at the way the corporation gathered. And this gathering that is being referred to over here is the gathering for the journeys that used to take to Yemen and to Syria to a sham and the winter and summer times. So look at the way they used to gather during those times that they will be will go in flux and in caravans to these lands to do business. So Allah subhana wa tada is indirectly telling them that let them let them gather in the exact same way

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to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala as well, that if you can gather together for the sake of the dunya and for the sake of doing this business, then let them gather as well for the sake of worshipping Allah subhanho wa Taala. That was an opinion attributed to Abdullah bin abuzz about the Allahu anhu.

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Then the third opinion over here is that the lamb is what they call for a job for amazement for meaning that Allah subhanaw taala is telling the people that this is something so simple, you need is something to be profound of something to be amazed by. And the gathering of the courage was something to be amazed by that without fail. Every single year, no matter what would happen. The Qureshi would gather to go and travel either to Yemen in the wintertime or to a sham in the summertime. So this is something to be amazed by. Now why is this something to amazed by Can anyone possibly think why? Why is this something that would be amazing to the chorus that will make them

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stick out?

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This requires a bit of historical perspective of that region at that time. What was the Arabian Desert like at that time?

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Okay, so indirectly, you're correct. So that's the the second point I was going to make, we're number two is that wherever the Qureshi went, they had like a preferred status. You know, in our day and age if you find out that someone's like born and raised and lives in Medina, like Mashallah, you know, this is such a noble status to have. Similarly, at that time, and even until this time today, if you're from the chorus, you're from the caretakers of the Kaaba, you're the ones that took care of the pilgrims, the people that came to meet Hajj, and people used to give them special attention. So that was the second thing that the coloration The only reason they were preferred amongst the

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people was because Allah subhanho wa Taala granted that preference to them first, but there's a second and more simpler reason that why was that an amazing journey for them?

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I'll give you a hint that if you think about a woman traveling without a Muslim, there's a hadith talking about a woman traveling What are Muslim? That is a clue to why this trip was amazing.

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Okay, it was explained.

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Did you pick that up from my hint or did you just

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Okay, so explain the hint. What is the headache that was referring to?

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sent I sent? So in the Heidi? Was that what you were going to mention as well as you go? Let me hear what you're gonna say.

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Travel is so predictable.

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That's a good point. That's a good point. Okay, that's good. We can mention that as well. So the first point and the most important point is that the corporation were granted safety, that you know, they would travel these far distances, no one would rob them.

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They will not get attacked by animals. There is no sandstorms. None of these things were actually reported during those journeys. So the hint that I was trying actually trying to give is that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam talks about safety at the end of time that a woman will travel from the sacred lands to Hydra mode, not fearing anyone except Allah subhanho wa Taala. Meaning that generally speaking, that journey from the sacred lands to Yemen was a very dangerous journey, that you will get attacked by animals you could get robbed, but this woman would travel by herself, and she would have no one to fear except Allah subhana wa Tada. And this was something

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amazing that outside of these times, if anyone was to travel, then they will get attacked by animals by storms, they will be robbed, as he was mentioning that this was something that took place twice here it is very predictable. You want to rob a whole caravan of people, you know, this is your ideal opportunity, you know, when they're going to do it, you know, approximately how many are and you'll know what they have. So they all could have went down. But Allah subhanho wa tada protected them, Allah subhanho wa Taala protected them.

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A second point pertaining to the elf over here, this gathering. We mentioned that opinion number one is that the lamb was referring to that is a continuation from certain field. There's also an opinion that when Allah subhanaw taala talks about the elf, the gathering, this elf is referring to the elf that took place during the attack of circle field where the coalition got together and they were, you know, on the verge of protecting their lands before Allah subhanho wa Taala sent those birds. And that's something we'll talk about next week within the hits Allah. So the elaphe could also potentially be referring to the protection or the the gathering of the Quraysh that they had during

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the attack of abraha and the attackers of the Kaaba during that time.

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Now, when you look at it,

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Allah knows best but it seems that the lamb the lamb over here, is referring to the Lamb of the lamb over here is referring to the Lamb of God. That is an act of amazement that Allah subhana wa tada is bringing attention to as well the elf over here, when Allah subhanaw taala talks about the gathering, it seems that the gathering that seems to be strongest, is the gathering that is actually referring to in Soto college is the guy that has actually being referred to as sort of Polish, and we'll speak about it, why we'll mention it why. So in the very next verse, Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to say, he left in Brazil at the schita he was safe, that they're gathering for the journey

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of the winter, and the summer, the winter and the summer. Now who can remind me of a principle when word that deals with repetition in the Quran? We throughout our journey, this tafsir class, we've been talking about a principle and tafsir that deals with repetition, and how we should deal with repetition. Go ahead.

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repetition.

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Emphasis is better than emphasis. Yes. So the principle states at sea soup, our laminator kid that establishing a new meaning for the Koran is more eloquent than repeating and emphasizing the same point over. So when Allah subhana wa tada mentions, he left a group of scholars and it almost seems like the majority, they said that the left is repeated over here for the sake of emphasis that the left is referring to the journey of the winter and the summer. But according to the principles of tafsir, we want to try to establish different meanings. So if you would, if you take this principle and apply it over here, it seems that the left over here is the gathering of and field when they

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gathered together to protect the Kaaba, that is what it is referring to. And Allah Subhana Allah knows best. Then we move on to the second verse, he left him relative schita he was safe. So they're gathering or their protection and this journey during the winter and the summertime during the journey and the wintertime. Now I want to do a small exercise over here. Allah subhana wa tada when he speaks through the Quran. Every single word is said with wisdom behind it. There is a wisdom behind each and every single word that is said. And as a person who reads the Quran, you want to try to ponder and deliberate what is the wisdom behind each word. So here Allah subhanho wa Taala

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specifically mentions of Allah to sheeta he was safe, that he mentioned the journey of the winter, before the journey of the summer. What are possible wisdoms that we can derive that why the winter would be mentioned before the summer? When generally speaking, if you look at the seasons of the month, the summer comes before the winter. So what is it possible wisdom that Allah subhanho wa Taala would mentioned the journey of the winter before the journey of the summer.

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This is going to require a bit of thinking.

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No, go ahead and mention it. There's no fear in these things. It's a learning experience. Go ahead.

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Why?

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You just guessed it

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was a good guess. Go ahead.

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There's

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no other things Desert Storm, a very hot

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disaster.

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So Allah subhanaw taala prefers the winter or the summer. I don't know how you came to that conclusion. But that is an opinion. Honestly, that is an opinion. I don't know how you got there. But that is an opinion that Allah subhanho wa Taala for the believer prefers the winter months prefers the winter months. And this is why you find a narration from a customer Bosley. Some of them attributed to the process of selling but Allah knows best it seems it is a narration from the hustle and bustle he, he said How amazing is the winter time for the believer that the days are short, so that they can fast and the nights are long so that they can pray. So this is an indication that

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Allah subhanaw taala give preference to the winter times over the summertime. So where there is more difficulty involved. So that was one of the opinions that is mentioned. What was your opinion? Again? Why did you say it was better?

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more beneficial, there was more benefit in it. Honestly, I don't remember coming across such an opinion. I don't remember coming across such an opinion. The reason why I mentioned this is because obviously this is a very simple point that anyone who's reading this verse, they will claim that the summer is meant to come before the winter in all in any language you study. There's no language that says, you know, winter comes before summer everyone has, generally speaking the same order. Now, what's interesting to look at is what was attributed to I'll have a look at it, I couldn't find this in me Kathy abilities attributed to him, that in fact, when Allah subhanho wa Taala created the

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Arabian Desert, there are only two seasons there, there was no spring and autumn they just had winter and summer. So, there was no transition and that is why

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you know it only comes down to two it only comes down to two. Now with that having been said Think about it this way, what is summertime, it is the presence of what it is the presence of heat. Now when that heat is taken away, you get winter correct. So they said that the US sun the foundation and weather is the absence of heat, which is the wintertime and that is the the origin and whether that it will be cold until Allah subhanho wa Taala blesses them with sun and then it becomes hot. So the answer would be the the cold until the heat is brought. And then the sun comes in. And this shows you again the subtlety of of the quadrants panela such simple concepts. yet very, very few

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people will take time to ponder that even if you look inside the books of dipsea You don't even find too many more facilities discussing this point that why did Allah subhanho wa Taala mentioned this Cheetah before the safe and it seems that the answer is called until Allah subhanho wa Taala blesses the people with heat and then you know that the summertime comes about another point about this verse

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that

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you're saying

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wasn't isn't there? He's saying that the desert used to be green

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until the desert becomes green to me like that? Yes, they created

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a lot of I don't know, I have no idea. Research it and let me know inshallah type another point when you study the books of Tafseer. There's a minority opinion in fact, this was attributed to Abdullah bin abus but it's not the way it actually has a weakness even though some of the scholars mentioned it anyways. And that is when Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about elf immorality, she thought it was safe. He left him again meaning gathering over here. The Gathering, meaning that the relative sheeta was in

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his it was in in Makkah during the summertime, and in a thought if during the wintertime. So maca during the summertime and a pipe during the wintertime This was attributed to a bus you should know just across just in case, you come across this opinion, but it is a very weak opinion and even the snapshot version of us. It seems very, very weak. We move on to the third verse, where Allah subhanaw taala says, finally Abu Dhabi has a debate for the Abu Dhabi debate. So let them worship the Lord of this house, let them worship the Lord of this house.

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The fact at the beginning of this verse, we saw this fire very recently, two sources ago, this far, we saw it very, very recently, two soldiers ago who can remind me what this fire is for, what is this fire indication for?

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I was

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connected to something that came before probably about that they're given the privilege of having these journeys and these gatherings. So give thanks and worship. Excellent, excellent. So in certain COVID Allah subhanho wa Taala says, In now playing that Kolkata for suddenly lire be governor so the fight over here is an indication that this is an action that you should now take that Allah gave you these great blessings. So follow up those great blessings.

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By action, which is worshipping Allah subhanho wa Taala. So this fire that is mentioned over here is the exact same fight that was mentioned in sort of culture. So here Allah subhanho wa Taala says, as compensation for these great blessings that Allah has given you, in terms of the safety in terms of the journey, and successful business and protection, and all of these things, then let them now worship the Lord of this house, let them now worship the Lord of this house. And you'll notice that Allah subhanaw taala over here, he doesn't mention, so let them worship Allah subhanho wa Taala he does not mention, let them worship Allah subhanho wa Taala. But he says, Let them worship the Lord

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of this house, meaning that Allah subhanho wa Taala created the Kaaba, as a clear sign of Allah subhanho wa Taala. When you talk about, you know, signs of the existence of God, the existence of Allah, one of the clearest signs, is the Kaaba itself is the Kaaba itself and for so many reasons. Number one, is that anyone who has seen the Kava for the very first time, can, you know, can read, remember that feeling that overcame them the very first time, that the first time you see the Kaaba, it is almost impossible that you will see the Kaaba and you will not break down in tears, it is almost impossible. Till this day, when you go for a hike when you go for Amara, you can tell who are

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the people who have been here for the first time, just by the tears that are coming down their eyes, that they get overcome by this emotion that they can't hold back. It is just a feeling that Allah subhanho wa Taala gives inside a person where they break down and they start making dua to Allah subhanho wa Taala. So that is a clear sign. Another clear sign is that 24 hours a day, seven days a week, some type of a bad day is taking place over there, some type of a bada is taking place over there. So either people are making profit or Salah is going on, there is not a time where either tawaf or sulla is not going on. In fact, if you read the story of Joe Heyman, do you guys know the

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story of Joe Heyman Joe Heyman his story was that him and his crew, they took the Cowboys hostage, they took the cabin as hostage, this is in 1979. They take the Cowboys hostage. And you know, gardens start blazing and people are being shot. And a whole bunch of stuff is happening, you can read the historical perspective of it. But if you read the live accounts of this story, they mentioned that even at that time, even though there were no people making pull off, you would still see the birds main off around the house, you will still see the birds coming off around the house, meaning that Subhana Allah Allah subhanaw taala at that time to continue the worship being taking

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place at that time, he sent the birds to make the walk around the Kaaba at that time. Now, you may think this is exaggerated, but if you look at the historical, you know, recordings of this event, this is what quite a few of the recordings mentioned, that the birds were sent to make the walk around the Kaaba. So the sign, Allah subhanaw taala created the Kaaba as a sign to worship Allah subhana wa Tada. A second reason why Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions for the Buddha has been worship the Lord of this house, is that this is amongst them. This is a reminder for them all the time that they would go to the Kaaba for their gatherings, they would go to the Kaaba for their

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rituals, they would see the Kaaba during the Hajj time. So this is a reminder for them that this caliber is there, and let them worship the Lord that created this great blessing amongst them, that the ability that they had to take care of the judge, the ability that they had to be preferred over the people. It was because of this very caliber. So let them go worship the Lord that created this Kaaba and placed this Kaaba over there.

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A third interesting thing to mention over here is that Allah subhanho wa Taala he mentions that let them worship

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behind the back, let them worship Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now the question arises, did the Qureshi worship Allah subhanho? wa Taala or not? What's the answer to that question? Did the Quran worship Allah subhanho wa Taala or not? was almost a panel, the other ultimate object of worship? Go ahead. Yeah. Explain

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that.

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Excellent. So that's point number one.

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is they would

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drink

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the ultimate goal.

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Can you give me a verse from the Quran to supplement what you're saying? Or substantiate what you're saying?

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And the structure of manga abodo.

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So they say over here, we don't worship them, except for so that they will increase us

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to Allah subhanaw taala assent jazak Allahu COVID. So the third point we mentioned over here is that Allah subhanho wa Taala is telling us that their worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala was not accepted. So if you look at the way the chorus used to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala. It wasn't a direct worship. It was not

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Direct worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But rather they would always bring intermediaries they would always bring intermediaries. So this verse over here, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Man, Buddha home that we do not worship these people, except that they will bring us closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala and another verse, how will our issue for our winner in the law, that these intermediaries, they're the ones that will intercede on our behalf with Allah subhana wa Tada. So here listen, I know what that is saying that even though Allah subhanho wa Taala was their ultimate goal and their ultimate desire, the fact that they brought intermediaries in between showed that

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there was not accepted it showed that there a bada was not accepted. And the second point that you mentioned was that the Quraysh, in times of distress, they would eliminate their intermediaries, they will go to Allah subhanaw taala directly and worship him directly in terms of making dua. So the fact that sometimes they went to Allah subhanho wa Taala directly, and sometimes they did, it still shows the fact that Allah subhanho wa Taala did not accept their abeja, Allah subhanaw taala did not accept their a bada. And then the last verse, Allah subhanho wa Taala goes on to say, under the Obama who means you can have that he is the one who has fed them against hunger, and has made

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them safe from fear. He is the one who has fed them against hunger, and has made them safe against fear. The first thing to notice is that Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions these two things, in particular, because they are the two most important things that every country needs, that the country will need its members to survive its citizens to survive through food. And that is the physical survival. And then you have the concept of emotional survival, that you can't constantly be living in a state of fear. So if you've been granted these two things, it is as if you are the most successful and you know, you have the most in this dunya. And this is in fact, an approximate

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wording of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that who ever wakes up and has had, you know, been sufficed in his food, and his body is without any illness, then it is as if he has been blessed with all of the blessings of this dunya meaning that there is no one that is more successful than him, because every individual is designed is that they be in a good state of health, and they be emotionally well. So here, Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions these two particular things, because these are the two most important things that all the citizens are seeking, that they want to have food in their stomachs, and they want to be safe. They don't want to live in times of fear.

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They don't want to live in times of war. And so by No, this is like a reflection for us. A real reflection for us. That Savannah here living in Canada, particularly Calgary. I mean, when was the last time we felt any hunger? That we it's so bad, that we have to impose hunger on ourselves. You know, imagine if we did not have Ramadan? When would we ever feel hunger? We wouldn't, because Allah subhanaw taala has blessed us with so much. And for those of us who have been born and raised here in Calgary and hadn't lived in Canada, you know, when was the last time we actually felt any fear? You know, when was the last time you you heard a siren saying that a bomb is now going to drop. When

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was the last time you thought that someone would break into your house and rob you When was the last time you thought that someone would come in and kill your father or rape your mother or take away your children. I mean, these are great blessings from Allah subhanho wa Taala that they're rampant and the other part of the world but here living in North America living in Calgary, this is a big, big blessing from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is something that, you know, you get so used to because when you haven't experienced it, you know being in that state and to it you don't see it amongst the people so you become heedless of this. But this is something that we you know, when you

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count the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala This is something that you make sugar for that the fact that Allah subhanho wa Taala granted a safety in our lands is is a big, big, you know, blessing from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And you'll notice that you know, I don't know if you guys have seen this documentary, Bowling for Columbine. Has anyone seen that documentary? Bowling for Columbine? No one. Has anyone heard of that documentary? We have one person. Anyone else heard of this documentary? Bowling for Columbine? Michael Moore Exactly. I'm surprised no one's heard of this. So anyways, this documentary is based upon a shooting that took place in the United States. So what

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Michael Moore did was that he compared the United States, Detroit, and Windsor. And you know, these are like almost two twin cities. In fact, Windsor is the only city that is south of the United States. So meaning that Detroit is actually higher than Windsor. And you know, they're right next to each other. Literally, there's a bridge that connects the two cities, you go to a place like Detroit, and honestly, it looks like you're in a dump. Like it looks like a war took place. And you know, this is like the remnants of that war. And then everyone is like carrying guns with them. And, you know, they're locking their doors, they have like fences on their doors, security alarms and

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everything. Then you cross the border and literally you just crossing a bridge, you come into the city of Windsor, and Michael Moore shows how he starts his going door to door and he just starts opening the door. Meaning that at nighttime people don't even bother locking their doors because that's our customers.

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Safety they have become, and this is again a big blessing from Allah subhanaw taala. So that is the first thing to mention that Allah subhanho wa Taala he creates these blessings, that these are the two biggest blessings that Allah subhanaw taala grants civilization. Number two is that these two particular descriptions are the descriptions of a true Lord. Then, you know, when we talk about Takeda rubia, the actions that Allah subhanaw taala does that if anyone wants to try to claim obeah he wants to try to claim to be a lord, then let him try to do these two things, Grant foods to the people and grant them safety. That as an individual, no one will ever be able to claim this because

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safety is not something that is just purely physical, but rather it is something emotional, and spiritual. And the fact that Allah subhanho wa Taala allows people to be serene and tranquil. This is a sign of the trueness the true oneness of Allah subhanho wa Taala in his actions, because when you're in the control of a human being that claims to be a Lord, how safe Will you actually feel? That way if this person gets sick, if this person is killed, who will take care of you then? But when Allah subhanaw taala, Allah subhanaw taala never dies. And this is you know, something that the Messenger of Allah subhanho wa Taala is reminded of where Allah subhanaw taala tells the Messenger

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of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, what are what can Allah when Allah Allah, Allah Allah de la emotes that put your trust in the eye, we're living that never dies, then Allah doesn't get sick, he doesn't disappear, he doesn't die alone will always be there to protect and to take care of his servants and slaves. So this is the true aspects of robia the actions of Allah subhanho wa Taala is taking care of his slaves, and that if a person truly wants to claim lordship, they let him try to do these two things. The third thing that Allah subhanho wa Taala is addressing in this over here is again, the breakdown of the body and the soul that both of these things need nourishment. So the

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body needs food, and the soul needs safety. Now, this concept of food and safety is not just in this dunya alone, but it is something in the Acura as well. So you'll notice that one of the major incentives that Allah subhanaw taala mentioned time and time in the Koran again about gender is the types of food that they will eat, the types of food that you will eat means that in general in the Hereafter, you will need food as well. Right. And that is why is one of the ways that the people of Paradise are given their blessings is the food that they're given. And one of the way the peoples of the health are punished is the food that they're given. So here Allah subhanho wa Taala is talking

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about how this is going to be continuous, not only in this life, but in the

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and then same thing with the element of safety, that safety is not only for this life, but the ultimate safety is in the hereafter when people will have nothing to grieve and nothing to fear. And this is why I lost my note at a time and time again tells us what our whole family him What does he know that there will be no fear for them that they on that day, and they will have nothing to grieve about. So again, this is for the hereafter as well. Same thing with the people of the Hellfire, that they'll be in a constant state of fear, they'll be in a constant state of panic, always distressed. So Allah subhanaw taala tells us that just like you cherish these things in this dunya long for

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these things in the hereafter as well. So how do you turn them in the Acura by going one ayah back finally Abu Dhabi hadn't paid that let them worship the how the Lord of this house when oneness alone, let them worship the Lord of this house in oneness alone, and that is how they will attain these blessings not only in this dunya but in the Acura as well. And Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best was a lot more cinematic and then the Vienna Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam will open up the floor for q&a. I know today's halaqa was short, but it was a very short surah and will continue next week. So we'll have five questions. Go ahead.

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Ronnie comes Salama from Poli barakaatuh

00:34:03--> 00:34:05

Shahada Shahada, yeah.

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Yes.

00:34:12--> 00:34:14

Right. That means the

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food and everything else that they need. Yes. But

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continuously like

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they have in between time.

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Yes. So this people are taking something between here and here. When they go

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to Jasmine, yes.

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You're talking about the Shahada. The Shahada are always taken care of, they're always taken care of that a person who dies heat, he will be taken care of by Allah subhanho wa Taala. That the second you know, the blood falls onto the floor. Allah is showing the slave of his where his

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Place will be in paradise. So there will be like the Shahada or the one one of the few groups of people that are nice taking care of you. They don't they won't need to worry about anything in Sharla as long as they were sincere

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for the night journey, yes

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to

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another perfect Okay, like

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right.

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was praying.

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So, I have never come across a narration like that, why would someone need to pray the accuracy and they will do the spear, but in terms of actually performing Salah I have never heard of any narration like that.

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Yes.

00:36:08--> 00:36:09

Yeah.

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Bring it next time and let me see it in shall bring it for me.

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Confused? Sorry, which two things?

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Yes.

00:36:32--> 00:36:32

Yes.

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Okay. So the first thing to understand is that the life of the buttstock is that while the bodies will be there, it is still a spiritual life, it is not a physical life, that if you were to go and dig up graves, you will find dead bodies there, right. So in terms of what is happening over there, the human eye does not see it, nor does the mind understand it, because it is something beyond the realm of this world. So it is only the physical body that needs food, it is not the spiritual body that needs the food. So in terms of, you know, the two issues, the Hereafter is where the physical physical bodies will be there. And in this dunya, the physical bodies will be there, and that is why

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they need the food. But in the body, there is no concept of the physical body, even though the physical bodies will feel pain. There's no concept of the physical body being alive, and that is why they want to eat food. That is the way I understood your question. I hope that makes sense. inshallah.

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Right, well, he I mean, he says, provisions over here is very general, but there have been years acun and one of the aspects of risk is food. But is that specifically what Allah subhanaw taala is referring to? Allah knows best? We'll find out when we go there. And Shall

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we the lights on question number two? Okay, go ahead.

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Let us shoot, it was safe. Yeah. So I'm gonna head over here. It just comes from the travel. So anytime you travel, this is considered arella. This is what the word right over here means. Now the majority of scholars decided that the shooter was safe. This is the caravan that used to travel to Yemen, and to a sham Yemen in the wintertime and a sham in the summertime to do business. Yes, for business caravans.

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Question number three, anyone go ahead.

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That, for example, for somebody to give

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the correct ruling, with their understanding, they get two rewards. And if they make a mistake, they get one reward correct? Again,

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we're

00:38:58--> 00:38:59

probably not

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told that we're we're not supposed to come up with an interpretation unless we have some

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background for it. In other words, like I couldn't say, I think this is what it means.

00:39:18--> 00:39:18

Right?

00:39:19--> 00:39:20

Right.

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We have a personal event in our life and we associate something or we think of something right.

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Excellent. So this issue of can there be new interpretations and meanings for the Koran that were not known during the times of the predecessors? The first student actually differed on this issue. And Allah subhanaw taala knows best. What seems to be correct is that you are allowed new interpretations and new meanings of the Quran.

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As long as one thing is kept in mind that it is not in direct opposition or in contradiction to the Quran itself to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah or the interpretation of the companions. As long as this principle is kept in mind, then the person can

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come up with new and you know different meanings for the poor, as you mentioned that even personal events can be taken into light in terms of the Koran, even though they may have not, you know, happened at that time as of yet. So as long as that principle is kept in mind, the new interpretations are allowed. Now, keep in mind, this is not an opinion that there is consensus on some of the scholars clearly said that we can only stick to what they call a suitable metaphor, that you have to have evidence for everything that you say. But if you look at one of the goals of the Quran, which is to build a relationship, and it is a lifelong message, that meaning is not just

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restricted to the time of the messenger or the time of the Sahaba. But it will continue until the day of judgment, it seems that, you know, it fits the cost of the Quran, that one can come up with the meanings, and they can have a personal relationship and journey with the Quran that another person might not have. But the key condition is that it should not oppose or contradict with those three things, the Quran itself descendent of the Messenger of Allah, and the opinions of the companions about the Allahu anhu. Allah knows best. Generally speaking, if you want to look more into this, study what they call tafsir, Alicia de tafsir, Alicia de olanzapine autonomous best

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question number four.

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And you want to go ahead. I have a question that came to my mind a lot. The past few years, if somebody from your family is

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paralyzed, or something like that, but still alive. Can you perform his Salah on his behalf? He says he is if he is awake, but cannot physically perform it? Or if he's on a coma? Okay, excellent question.

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When it comes to Salah, this is an individual act, this is not something that can be done by another person. Whereas fasting hij, these are things that can be done on behalf of an individual. But with Salah that's not the case. And the reason why that is not the case, is because we never found the process of ordering any of the companies to do this on behalf of other people. Nor did we see the companies themselves take this initiative to do it. So the solution itself is a very individual act. So here you have one of two scenarios. Number one, this person is paralyzed, and their body cannot move. So in such a situation, this person would even make Salah with his eyes. So even if he's

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unable to make will do, he will just make Salah with his eyes. And if someone is able to watch him for Salah, that's great, if not, Allah has uplifted this burden from him, and he makes Salah with his eyes, if that is the very least that he can do. And the states that where this person is in a coma, and he's not conscious, then he has not been obligated with Salah at that current time and is only when he gains consciousness that he will become commanded with Salah. So the pain has been lifted from the one who is asleep. And this is a particular case that it would refer to that when a person is not conscious. They're not obligated with Salah It is only when they gain consciousness

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that they will become obligated with salah and Allah Subhana Allah knows best. I think about a coma. Last question for the night. Go ahead.

00:43:02--> 00:43:02

Yeah.

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As long as it aligns. Excellent. So in terms of our belief of the previous testaments, it comes down into one of three scenarios. Scenario number one, the Quran is in agreement with the previous test with the previous revelations, and we have no problem accepting this. Number two, the Quran is in opposition to those previous revelations. So we prefer the Quran or those previous revelations, or number three, the Quran did not come to speak about those previous revelations. And the correct opinion is such a matter is that we make what they call the wakaf mean that we do not prefer it, nor do we reject it, we just leave it as it is. So in narrated as it came, and we don't say it is

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authentic, nor do we say it is unauthentic. Makes sense. The last panel down and was best.

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To announcements busy lights are the number one is that Friday night to be the night either we're going to be starting up our halaqa on marriage, be the lights Allah, so the brothers who are single or brothers looking to get married. And that's what I said brothers who are single or looking to Kevin.

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I made that very clear. We you know, I won't do that nica, you'll have to find someone else to do the nikka. But if you're single looking to get married this Friday nights, and we're starting up, what are the cameras to watch? You know, what are the things that you need in order for Annika to be valid? What are the things that you should look for in a spouse? What are the integrals of an Islamic contract? So does a woman need to have a family when she gets married? Or is it something that is just recommended? Does the matter need to be stated? What is the matter? Do we need witnesses with a contract all these things with the nighttime that we will be discussing this

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Friday? That's going to be at Edmonton trail at 7pm with the lights Allah and we'll be discussing things related to marriage for the next four weeks. So all the way until January 4 with the lights Allah we will be discussing the topic of marriage. The second announcement I want to make by show of hands, can you show me who has children here in Calgary who has children

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Here in Calgary, accent so quite a few of you. So on December 29, with the Knights Allah, we're having a program that I promised at one oma. And that was a program called date your spouse. Now the point behind this program is that one of the things you'll notice that you're working, your wife stays at home, she's always with the children. She complains that you don't love me anymore, you never show me, you know the romantic side anymore once you started having children. So we wanted to redevelop this concept in our community where you know, a husband and wife, they should be able to be what we call romantic with one another. So what we want to do is be tonight on December 29, you

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drop off your children at Edmonton trail from 6pm to 9pm. And with the lights honor, they will be in the halaal Muslim environment. And we'll be having halaal games and halaal Entertainment and all sorts of fun stuff with the kids. And you can go and have a good time. Now the condition over here is that we will make you sign a contract that is not just about you, parents being free from the kids, and you just sit at home and do nothing. But the contract is going to be that you have to take your spouse out for dinner. So either the brother is taking his wife out to a restaurant, or the sisters preparing a very special meal for her husband at home. And they're having their alone time.

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So that is what this event is about Bits and Bytes Allah. We're recording the promo video for it tonight. So you'll be getting an email about it sometime this week, after emphasis on this that if you have not signed up for the mailing list, please do so because all of the registration and all the promotional material will be available only through the mailing list. So please sign up for the mailing list, you will get the promo you'll get the registration form. And within nights out, I hope you drop off your kids. We are going to be having a limit on the number of kids we accept. You'll either be 25 or 30 kids because obviously we can't accommodate everyone's kids. So I would suggest

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that if you are interested in this, start doing two things. Number one, start making those reservations. December 29 is like peak season because everyone's on holiday. It may not be easy to get a table at a restaurant. So start making reservations. And number two, as soon as you get that registration form, register your kids right away with an eye tada because we don't want you to miss out on this opportunity. And Allah Subhana Allah knows best semantical lahoma nikka shadow now in the heartland, a stockbroker or to a lake wa Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh