40 Hadith of Imam Nawawi – Episode 9
Channel: Navaid Aziz
File Size: 22.05MB
Mandela him in Al Hamdulillah Hina Meadow who wants to know who and the stock photo went out to be let him in surely and fusina woman sejahtera Melina Mayor de la vida mo de La da da da da wa Chateau La la la la whoa la sharika wash iguana Muhammad and after hora pseudo sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira ama but my dear brothers and sisters, Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.
So we're going to be discussing the fourth hadith of Imam no is 40 Hadith. And this is actually a very relevant Hadith and there's a lot of lessons that need to be learned from this hadith. So let us start off with the very beginning of the Hadith where it says we must know him Allah, He says, and Abdur Rahman Abdullah bin Masuda radi Allahu anhu Khan had de nada sobre la la la vida he was seldom what was thought the whole must doc. So this hadith is narrated by Abdullah Abdullah the Allahu anhu and Abdullah bin Masuda the Allahu anhu was one of the early companions that accepted Islam in Mecca. Now, you'll notice that he starts off this hadith by saying that the Messenger of
Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he is a sodic almost duck, the term Assad that means he is the one that speaks the truth and must do it means the person whose
honesty has been proven whose honesty has been proven and legislated. Now, why does Abdullah Abdullah Abdullah and who start off with this disclaimer that he is the trustworthy one, and his trustworthiness has been affirmed. The reason why I've done this over the last minute starts off with this disclaimer is because of the content that is going to be coming in to this headache. As we know that when Islam First came the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself was unable to read and write. And this was the case of the vast majority of people. So even in terms of progress in terms of science, and particularly medical studies, very little was discovered. And with
the coming of Islam, science progressed very, very quickly in terms of its theoretical knowledge, because Allah subhanaw taala revealed knowledge that was unknown to mankind at that time, and that was the knowledge of how the human being is formed. So if you look inside the very first verses of Sultan Menon, you'll notice that Allah subhanaw taala discusses the concept of how the fetus is formed, and what happens in the womb and the different stages of human life at that time. And this is why Abdullah Masuda the Allahu anhu he starts off with this disclaimer that he is a sodic must look Can someone just ask the brothers who are talking in the back? Please stay quiet inshallah.
Circle mocha. And this is why he gives this disclaimer that he is a sodic must look. Now what is the effect of this disclaimer in terms of aqeedah in terms of our faith? What effect does this have? It has a huge effect My dear brothers and sisters and that effect is that anything the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came with, it needs to be accepted. So anything that is authentically attributed to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it cannot be rejected whatsoever in certain how gerat Allah subhanho wa Taala he describes the believers. He says they're the ones that believe in Allah subhanho wa Taala and the messenger film lm your Sabu. And
then they have no doubt about this whatsoever. So anything that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam claimed with Allah subhanho wa Taala said that it has to be accepted without a shadow of a doubt. So now a situation arises, what if there is a hadith that is in contradiction, and is in contradiction to two things? Number one, with another Hadith and number two, with science, so let's talk about in terms of Hadith being in contradiction to other revelation, so we'll make it general not just other hobbies, but other revelations whether it is the Quran or the Sunnah. How do you deal with contradictions between different forms of revelation? Mmm Nakajima Rahim, Allah, He
died in the year 311. He died in the year 311. And he made a very pompous claim. And that claim was that anyone that ever finds any contradiction in Revelation between either one candidate or another, or one Hadith in the Quran, then let him bring it to me, then let him bring it to me. And I will reconcile it for him and I will reconcile it for him. So the point that he was trying to make is that there is not going to be any contradiction and Revelation, because the source of that revelation is one, that source of Revelation is one. So what are possible reasons that one may find an
appeared contradiction is not going to be real contradiction, but what are reasons that a person might find an apparent contradiction and you want to find three main reasons for that three main reasons for that. Reason number one is that it is not authentically established. So particularly when it comes to a Hadith, you will find some Hadith that may contradict one another, but some of them are authentic, others of them are not. And if something is inauthentic, then obviously it cannot be used as a proof it cannot be used as a proof. A second reason why you may find contradiction between the apparent contradiction between revelation is the concept of NASA and
mansukh as the concept of abrogation. So Islam came as a very practical religion. And that being said, there are certain things that were revealed in God gradually they weren't revealed all at one time. The easiest example of this is that of alcohol, Allah subhanho wa Taala. When you prohibited alcohol, it was prohibited in three main stages, it was prohibited in three main stages, until Allah subhanho wa Taala finally prohibited alcohol altogether. So that is a second reason why a person may find an apparent contradiction. But in reality, it isn't a contradiction, it just that if something has abrogated the command or has abrogated the ruling, the third reason why a person may find a
contradiction, and that is that in reality, that concept or that point, is not from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself, but from his hobby is from it's a hobby. So when this hobby or the person narrating the Hadith, he actually introduces something from himself into the Hadith itself. And the reason why I mentioned this one in particular, is because this is something we're going to see in this Hadith, where Abdullah and Massoud are the Allahu anhu. He introduced something from himself to explain something from the Hadith to explain something from the Hadith. So we need to find out that yes, even if it is authentic, are these truly the words of the Messenger of
Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or is there something introduced from the Sahabi himself from the Sahabi him self. A fourth reason that you will find apparent contradiction, and that is particularly when it comes to the Hadith as opposed to the Quran. The Quran is preserved in wording and meaning, meaning that the wording of the Quran will never change, the meaning of the Quran will never change. Whereas the Hadith of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they are preserved in meaning, and not necessarily in wording, meaning at the Sahaba, the Allahu anhu, they used to take the luxury, that if they did not remember the word, they would use a term that was synonymous with
that term. So as long as the meaning was preserved, they didn't have a problem narrating the Hadith. And sometimes a person or it's a hobby or the person narrating the Hadith, may use a term that is not truly synonymous. And that is what causes the contradiction, and that is what causes the contradiction. So those are four primary reasons. And the scholars have listed up to seven, some of them even up to 10 different reasons why a person may find an apparent contradiction, but in reality, it will not be a contradiction. Now we get to issue number two, and that is what if an individual finds an apparent contradiction between science and
Revelation. And rather than using the term science, we're going to use the term intellect because science is a product of our intellects. And this is the term that the earlier scholars used. And one of the great I guess thesis is if you want to call that there was written on this subject was written by shaken Islam, even Tamia Rahim Allah, it was called data out of the knuckle, the knuckle, that removing all of the doubts relating to the contradictions between intellect and Revelation. So the first thing that's important to understand over here is that the source of Revelation, and the creator of the intellect again, is one in the same. So if they are both from the Creator, then there
shouldn't be any contradiction, then there shouldn't be any contradiction. So where will the contradiction come from? Where will the contradiction come from? The contradiction will come from two main cases in this situation. case number one is that there is a flaw in the understanding there is a flaw in the understanding a flaw in the logic. So logical deduction that mankind comes to that's where the flaw is, whereas the text to it and of itself is perfectly fine. And there's no issue with it. what so ever. A second reason that actually sticking to the first reason first. Another thing related to Reason number one is that there's a flaw in logical flaw in the deduction
is that this can also be applied to progress in science. So as science progresses, and as science develops, obviously, theories will change. Right? And as what was known as a fact, 50 years ago, is no longer
Considered a fact and now, because our understanding of the world our understanding of science is developing. So this will go under category number one, then the second reason why a person may find a contradiction or an apparent contradiction between intellect and Revelation, then this is from one of the points from Part Number one, and that is that perhaps there is the narration that is being referred to is an authentic perhaps the narration that is being referred to is an authentic. So, those are generally how the scholars addressed the issue of contradiction between revelation and contradiction between
science and intellect within the themselves to people that paid a lot of attention to this from the people of the past was a big deal to him Allah in his thesis out of the locker linocut and in our time, someone who paid more close attention to the concept of revelation with love itself was Sheikh Mohammed amin smpt, Sheikh Mohammed the municipality of mahalo Tada, what he did was, he took all of the verses and all of the Hadith that people had a problem with. So the Hadith that, you know, the sun bows down to the arch of Allah subhanaw taala every day as it rises and sets and the Hadith that, you know, if one part of the wing of the fly has the poison in it, then the other part of the
wing has the cure in it. All these narrations people will have a problem with they're like, how do we understand these things? How can this actually be true? And Sheikh Mohammed ammunition please he has a book that he compiled, dealing with all the verses and the Hadith that are problematic on the appearance, and you can research more about that book a bit later. kitana so that is why I'm doing this oh dolla dolla Han who started off with this disclaimer, that he is a solid Muslim, that anything that comes from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, his truthfulness, his trustworthiness has already been established. So you cannot deny it, because to doubt it or deny it,
then this would be disbelief. If you doubt it, or to deny it, then this would be disbelief. Now let's actually get into the actual text of the Hadith itself. So we're going to just say it in English with the exception of one party with the lights on. So it says verily the creation of any one of you takes place when he is assembled in his mother's womb for 40 days when he's assembled in his mother's womb for 40 days. So the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he talks about the very concept of how human beings are developed. And this is one of the scientific miracles of the Quran. So obviously, this knowledge was not known at the time of the Messenger of Allah
sallallahu alayhi wasallam not with the doctors not with the Muslims, not with the previous religions. But this is one of the things that Allah subhana wa tada revealed to prove that this was a revelation from Allah subhanho wa Taala himself. And this brings us to a topic of the one of the criticisms that is made against the Quran is a criticism known as Hagar ism. And what Hagar ism actually is, is it is an accusation against the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that he compiled the Koran from previous sources. So they say that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you know, wants to go see what a cup No, no fun, that's when he had knowledge of the Bible. So he took
some of the Bible and made it into the Quran. And when the prophet SAW them came to Medina, he had interaction with the Jews of Medina, and he took some of the Torah, and he put that into the Quran as well. And that is how the professor Sonam put the Quran together. And that is in just brief summary, what agar ism actually is. Now, one of the simplest ways to refute that concept is how about that material that isn't found inside of the previous scriptures. And this is a clear example of it, that the form of how human beings were formed and developed is not mentioned in any of the previous scriptures. But rather, this is something that Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed in the
Quran itself, and something like this in our DNA, it may not uplift our Eman because the less science has now reached that level where we understand these things. In fact, so much so that, you know, when a couple was expecting a baby, they go to a doctor now, even before the baby is born, they can tell what the gender is. And I'm not just talking about, you know, just a simple, what's the word called? Non in the autism.
It's not the ultrasound thing of different words. But in the simple version of it is the ultrasound. But even the ultrasound has been taken to a next level, like the ultrasound is usually just in 2d form. And it's like black and white. But now technology has come to such a level, it actually creates a 3d image of the baby. And you can see a 3d image of the baby while it's inside the mother's womb. And that is how far technology has come. So in our day and age, it may not uplift our spirits. But you can imagine for the bedroom man that has no understanding of how you know the human being is developed, or even the philosopher at that time, if you look at you know, Aristotelian
philosophy and how they perceive the development of human beings they just
considered it, you know, one, tiny, tiny human being. And that tiny human being over time gradually grew inside the mother's stomach. And that's what's key. That's what came out. So that's what the Greek philosophers of old used to assume that's what happened with the human being. And that's, you know, how the human being came about. But Allah subhanho wa Taala, for the first time, introduced this to mankind, the concept of how the fetus actually develops. Now, the first stage, as mentioned of the Messenger of Allah, sallAllahu, alayhi wasallam over here is that of the combination of the two fluids is the combination of the two fluids. Now, when looking at this subject from the Quran
and the Hadith, there's two important distinctions to keep in mind. One was the creation of Adam alayhis salaam, and the second was the creation of human beings themselves. And a lot of the times people will get this confused. So Allah subhanho wa Taala, when he talks about the creation of Adam alayhis salam, or the creation of mankind as a whole, Allah subhanaw taala will say that mankind as a whole was created from dust, or was created from dirt. And people assume that hey, Allah subhanaw taala is saying that our creation came from dust and dirt. Yes, as a species, that's how I was fine with Allah created Adam and his Salah, whereas all of us now we're past that stage. Our first stage
is this phase known as the motiva the first phase is known as the neutron. And that is a combination of the two liquids, the liquid of the male and the liquid of the female, as they climax, that liquid is released. And SubhanAllah. If you study this, this is like one of the the greatest, you know, miracles that unless panel dad has created, and inshallah I don't think we have any young kids here. Do we have any young kids here? I don't want to give them their first introduction to, you know, sex that they do we have any kids here, no kids, right? speak freely, not too freely. shyness is from Islam. So just to keep it very simple, the miraculous point that I'm talking about, is that Allah
subhanaw taala, will send one egg from the woman's womb, and this one egg will be approached literally by millions and hundreds of 1000s of sperm. And it is just one of the millions, one of the 100 1000s out of the various possibilities that could you know, happen at that time, that one gets selected, and one gets chosen. And through that combination, that is where the human being comes from that is where the human being comes from. And then the second phase of this miraculous nature is how from two liquids, Allah subhanho wa Taala brings about a solid from two liquids. Allah subhanaw taala brings about a solid, of flesh of skin of bone of intellect, from two things that you
know, have no value whatsoever, you can't do anything with those liquids other than you know, reproduce human creations. panela so it shows you the miraculous nature of this. So this is the first phase that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is referring to. Now what's important about this aspect of the Hadith is that the term motiva is it actually a part of the Hadith, or is this something that Abdullah bidness Oh de la de la one who introduced into the Hadith. So the first thing we look at is that if you look at the versions of this Hadith, and this hadith is mentioned by many, many people, as mentioned, by Bukhari, by Muslim by Ahmed, by a Buddha
by a tournament, and so you know, a lot of the major collections of Hadith, they will have this hadith. When you look at the version of Bukhari and Muslim though, you will find that the term mitzvah is not actually a part of it, the term mitzvah is not actually a part of it. And this is one of the earliest indications that shows us that this was a dorridge. And what it actually means, it was introduced by the companion himself to explain this concept. So why is this so important and relevant? Why is this important and relevant, it is important and relevant, because once you introduce this term, not for then it changes the whole meaning of the Hadith, because well, the term
not for it means that the first 40 days of this phase is known as the note four phase. And then you have a second 40 day phase, and then you have a third 40 day phase. That is the implication of it. And you'll see from a physical perspective, that has a huge implication for two reasons. Number one, is the issue of the janaza the issue of the jenessa. Because if we say that each phase is 40, and then the soul is introduced at 100 and 20th a day, then that means that the janaza should only be prayed after the 100 and 20th day, and likewise, the issue of abortion has a woman killed a soul when she has an abortion before 40 days after 40 days after 121
After 120 days, what is the issue here. So that is why the term look for is of the utmost significance in this narration. And Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best, but the term not far is not actually a part of the Hadith, it was not said by the messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And this obviously has great ramifications now, and the great ramification being that rather than the soul being introduced on the 100 and 20th day. Now the new meaning of the Hadith is that the soul is introduced on the 14th day, that the new meaning is that the soul is introduced on the 14th day, and we'll discuss some of these issues as we go along. So he goes that he is assembled in
his mother's room for 40 days. And then he has a drop of fluid that is the term mouthwash that is the garage from of the loving mother the Allahu anhu then it becomes a clot for a similar period. The second phase is the phase known as alaka. And when blood becomes clotted or coagulated, that is when it becomes unaka. And this is the second phase, where now from the the the two liquids meeting, it now becomes a form of blood, and this clod this clot of blood would becomes coagulated and jelly like it actually clings to the womb. So here Allah subhanaw taala is giving us a second insight in terms of what's happening. So it's not just inside of the womb, but it's clinging to the uterus at
that time, and is something again, the doctors did not know. And Allah subhanaw taala tells us about and this is the second phase of it, where it becomes an alpaca. And then thereafter, it is a lump looking like and the term over here used is a model. The term model over here is a lump of like looking think, and to get a clear example of Mandala is that I want you to imagine that you've been chewing a piece of gum, when you take that piece of gum out, what does that gum look like? That gum will look like you know all wrinkly and you know shaped up in a in a curved form that exactly what a mandala is. That is exactly what a mandala is, is like a chewed piece of flesh, a piece of meat,
that is the third phase that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to over here for a similar period, then an angel is sent to him who breeds the roof into him. And we said that this is where the the love takes place amongst the scholars, that isn't at 40 days, or is that at 120 days, because if it's at 40 days, then it means that all three phases took place within the 40 days. However, if we say that Northwest is a part of the Hadith, then not vice for 40 days, and Allah codes for 40 days and Mandala
is for 40 days and God gives us 120 days and 120 days. This angel is commanded to write blows the spirit into him, actually, let's comment on this. The concept of the Spirit. Allah subhanho wa Taala he refers to the spirit in sort of a Salah, where Allah subhanho wa Taala he says, Yes, aluna can you do that the people they ask you about the spirit, and Allah subhanho wa Taala concludes the discussion by saying that this is from the knowledge of Allah subhanho wa Taala or Malou Tito minella ilmi illa kalila and you have not been given of knowledge, except for a little bit. Now what exactly does that mean? You have not been given a lid except a little bit of knowledge. There's
obviously the general understanding that our knowledge compared to the knowledge of Allah subhanaw taala is that comparing finite numbers to infinity? Right? That's the relationship between our knowledge to Allah subhanho wa Taala but there's a greater implication over here and the greater implication My dear brothers and sisters is the miraculous nature of life itself. Do we have any doctors in the house by any means? We have a doctor here so you can collaborate this if I make a mistake inshallah. And I'll try to keep it as simple as possible. I want you to imagine that we take someone's heart Okay, mela protectively Shall we take your heart, we take suggests brain, okay, we
take you know, raise one's body as a whole. Okay, and we'll take someone else's but we'll take our minds blood, okay. Now we have a brain, we have a heart, we have the whole body and we have blood. If we were to put all of these things together, could we create human life? Could we create human life, you have a functioning heart, a functioning mind, functioning blood, a functioning body, everything is there that physically is needed to create human life, you still wouldn't be able to create human life. Because while Muslims perspective what brings life into the individual is the role of that Allah subhanaw taala places they're in. And when Allah subhanho wa Taala decrees for
that role to be taken out. Even though you may have a perfectly healthy body, life will cease to exist, life will cease to exist. And this is the miraculous nature of Walmart Oh Tito, minella ilmi illa kaleena that you do not have except a little bit of knowledge that even with
You know, as far as we've progressed, we do not understand truly what this rule is that Allah subhanaw taala has created. And this is what the rule is referring to over here.
Then he goes on to say then an angel is sent to him who breathed life into him. And this angel is commanded to write for decrease. He's commanded to write for things. He is commanded to write down his risk. He is commanded to write down his lifespan, he is commanded to write down his deeds, and whether he will be from the happy people, or the wretched people commenting briefly on the happy people or the wretched people. This is not just referring to happiness and wretchedness in this life, but it is referring to the greater element of happiness versus meaning the people of gender versus wretchedness being the people who have not, and Johanna, that is what it is referring to.
Now, this leads us into the element of God, you know, and we want to have a bigger discussion on Qatar, in the second part of this Hadith, but our belief in Qatar as Muslims consists of four levels, does anyone know what the four levels of our belief in Qatar are? We've discussed this a couple of times in the past hour, quarter hour belief in Qatar, as Muslims consists of four different levels, we need to believe in four different things to properly believe in
any Muslims in the house?
Go for it.
No case, so those are the different types of cover, but I'm talking the different levels of cover we have to believe in.
before the creation of
me, mean, the what given time, I really don't know what he created all the human beings at one time, and he told everybody to bow and then everybody bout, then that's the reason the coffers are there, because cafe's will previously had bout at the time he did not, they did not about later on when they went down to there. So Allah subhanaw taala has already created all human beings, all of us, and has given us our
fantastic. Second, okay.
I'll let you finish now comment on it, go ahead, please continue. And then the other the other thing is that once the person comes in, comes down to the earth, of course, as per the innovation, when the person is born in the person is in the womb of in the uterus of the mother, the time the mother or his fate has already been created, is now there is a concept about if, for example, the person is a good dude is a moment, right? And he has a calamity, does he have similar type of calamity? Does he have exactly the same? No, it gets modified a little bit. And that because of even the other changes, even the other changes, if the person is really a good pious Muslim, then he will not have
that same exposure of calamity as a coffee person. And that that's why it says that they even the calamity, or the degree of the balance of the degree of the bad effect on an accidental something can also be modified.
That's your understanding. You went on a completely different tangent, but for the most part, what you're saying is accurate. For the most part of what you're saying is accurate. Just to make a brief commentary on the first thing that you're saying that Allah subhanaw taala created all human beings. That's not 100% true, Allah subhanaw taala created our spirits before there are physical bodies were created. And that's the world of the of the roof. And this is if you refer to
sutras are off. So number seven, verse 172, Allah subhanaw taala talks about this concept of the mythique. And then we stop is a covenant that Allah subhana wa tada took, where he asked all the source unless to build up the commandment, not your Lord. And so there wasn't actual bowing down, but he posed the question to them that Am I not your Lord? And everyone said, Yes, so that is the first part that you were talking to. And we'll talk about the second part in my discussion over here. So talking about the morality of causes that are compulsory to believe it. So these are the levels of quality that in order to understand, gather, in order to be a believer, you may not know
the terminologies, but you have to agree with these general concepts. And there are four levels so let's everyone memorize them now be the Knights Allah. Number one is that Allah subhanho wa Taala has ultimate knowledge of four things. Allah subhanaw taala has ultimate knowledge of four things, the past the present, the future, and if there was a way to have an alternate reality, then Allah subhanaw taala would have known that as well. So that is how vast Allah subhanho wa Taala his knowledge is, and that is the first element of order that Allah subhanaw taala knows everything, there is nothing that is hidden from Allah subhanho wa Taala. The second element of khadir is that
At our Goddard, what was written down for us was written down 50,000 years before the heavens creation of the heavens and the earth. Allah subhanho wa Taala created the pen and he told the pen to write, and the pen wrote everything that will exist from that time till the Day of Judgment. So anything that is meant to ever happen in our lives, doesn't happen by chance. It doesn't happen just out of a random act. But Allah subhanho wa Taala has meticulously and diligently planned this all together. So all of this was written down 50,000 years before. And this is going to take us into our discussion, what he said was talking about the different types of writing of color. So the greatest
form of writing of the color is known as the lawfulness fourth, and that is what was written 50,000 years before the creation of the heavens and the earth. And we'll talk about the different types of the writings after I finished the four points. Point number three, is that nothing happens, except by the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala, accepted by the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala. The term in Arabic is mushiya. And there's two terms that are used synonymously but are not used. synonymously. And it is at this third third stage of our belief in Qatar, that people make the greatest amount of mistakes. And that is that they are unable to enable to differentiate between the mercy of Allah
subhanaw taala, the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala versus the errata of Allah subhanho wa Taala versus what Allah subhanaw taala actually wants for us, and we'll explain this as well. So the third level is that nothing happens, except by the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And then the fourth level, and this is the final and fourth level is that all of our actions are created, all of our actions are created, the good of them are from Allah subhanho wa Taala. The bad of them are from our own selves, the bad of them are from our own selves. So these are the four levels of God. Can anyone repeat them back to me?
Go for it. First one is that Allah has knowledge of everything. Yeah. The second one is the pencil doesn't use persuasion. Yeah. Is that
when that all all the good.
And the bad comes from us. And the third one was,
nothing happens except,
except by the will of Allah subhanaw taala. So now let's expand on these points. And you'll see the significance of writing these things down. Because I'm telling you, you're not going to remember this if you're trying to memorize this at the end of the halaqa.
So talking about point number two, now, with the writing down of the cutter, the writing down of the cutter, the greatest form of the writing down of cutter is the cutter that was written down in de la palma. Fourth, and this is the cutter that will never ever change whatever is written down the lawful my fourth, this can never ever change. Then the second type of cutter is the color which is written down at the birth of the child at the birth of the child. And these are the four things that are sorted out as the birth at when the Spirit is blown into the child, that these four things are written that his risk hit the span of his life, his deeds, and whether he will be happy or wretched,
meaning general Hello, not. So those are the four things that are written down at the time of when the Spirit is blown in and this is from the other that can be changed. And we'll talk about how color can actually be changed. Then the third type of color that is written down, and that is the quarter that is written down every year on the night of Laila to cuddle on the night of labor to cuddle itself. Allah subhanaw taala has the angels right down at that time, some of the scholars have held in the opinion that there is a fourth type of color, and that is a color that is written down on a daily basis that is a color that is written down on a daily basis. And that is from the
verse in Surah Rahman, Allah subhanho wa Taala says Kula young men who are efficient and that every day Allah subhanho wa Taala has an affair and he said that this affair is the writing down of the gutter, but this was held by some of the the predecessors and not all the predecessors held this opinion. So this leads us into what does it mean that color can be changed. So what is the written in the local mfold is the final decree and only Allah subhana wa tada knows what is inside the lawful foot, no one else knows what's inside the locker number four, that is the final decree. The second types of the writing the we'll call this, the rest of the types of second type, and those are
the types that the angels know. Those are the things that the angels know that they will be dictated by Allah subhanho wa Taala. But as they're gradually happening, and they can gradually change as well. What changes those things, a person making dua, so the Messenger of Allah says m says that nothing changes color, like Dora. So the angels write down one thing a person
Makes dua Allah changes their fate from the second type of other, and that is what it means color changing. Likewise committing sins, they cut off a person's risk, a person supposed to have an x, y Zed amount of risk destined for them. That's what's in the local map. That's not going to change. But however, what the angel is right, the more sins you commit, then the less risk you will actually have. And the angels will just subtract that as well. In terms of one's lifespan, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells us that nothing elongates one's lifespan, like the keeping of good relationship with one's family members, right. So this is from the second type of quarter,
it is not from the quarter that is written in the law, my faith. Then the third stage of belief, we said is to believe in the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And how nothing happens except by the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So what is the difference between mushiya and errata, the will of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And what Allah subhanaw taala wants for us, the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala is only a one type what Allah wills will happen. That's what it means. When Allah wills something, it will happen, you can try your utmost best to prevent it from happening, try to avoid it as much as you possibly can. But there's nothing you can do to get out of it. Then the second
thing is the era of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And the errata of Allah subhanaw taala is of two types. And that is a Laconia and a Sharia, the konia is referring to the matters of this world, that Allah wants the sunset alone, once the moon and stars to come out, Allah wants it to rain. So this has nothing to do with us. But this has to do with the external creation. Right? So there's no element of reward or punishment related to an era, the old konia that you will not be questioned about when the sunset, and when it rose and When the rain came down, you're not going to be questioned about that. However, the second type of wanting, which is your order, a Sharia and these are the things
that Allah subhanho wa Taala wants from us, but we have the free will to do them or not. And this is what we will be judged upon. So let's find out what Allah gave us the commandment to pray, we will be judged upon did we pray or not? Allah subhanaw taala told us to be good to our parents will be questioned about where we go to our parents or not. So this is the era the Sharia, and this is where a lot of people make a mistake, that hey, if Allah has destined everything, he wants me to be good, I will be good. Right? The mistake is in this third level over here, that do not confuse the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala with the Euro, the Sharia of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So what Allah subhana
wa tada will force into happening is not the same thing as what Allah subhanaw taala expects from you, or wants you to do in your life. And then the fourth and last level of God, we said is that all of our actions are created, however, the goodness of them, then that is our result from Allah subhanho wa Taala. Where as the bad of them, then this is a result of our own deeds. This is a result of our own deeds and our own doing. And the clearest indication of this, as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam made it very, very clear, was shot through laser illich, that when he was to make dua to Allah subhanho wa Taala, he used to say, and no evil is attributed to you. And
Allah subhanaw taala he tells us in the Quran, the whole facade of his body will be Makassar, but alienness, that facade, evil and wickedness has become present in this world as a result, not of Allah's Will, but because of the evil actions that mankind themselves used to do. So he was attributed demand, and it is never attributed to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now, as a sub point related to this, this relates to the concept of good and evil in Islam, that from a Muslim perspective, is there such a thing as absolute complete evil? And the answer to that is no, there's nothing that Allah subhanho wa Taala has created that is 100%, absolute evil. And when my teacher
was explaining this, he used a funny joke. I don't know since this is being recorded and live, how well it's going to work. But he said there's nothing that's 100% absolute pure evil, not even your mother in law.
That's what he said. So I'm just narrating it as he said it.
So even if you were to look at the concept of obliques and shavon is at least in shape on 100% pure evil, and the answer to that is from our perspective, no that is not the case. How so? The reason that is my dear brothers and sisters, because if a police and she found did not exist, then we will have no temptations to fight off with which we will not incur any good deeds. If at least in shaitan did not exist. We will not say our although Billahi min ash shaytani r Rajim and get rewarded
For that act, so it is through the presence of a police that these good deeds are possibly done had at least not existed, then those deeds could not have been done. So that in summary is the portion of the Hadith of the wording of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam. The next part of this narration, they are from the words of Abdullah bin Masood, they're from the words of Abdullah bin nosode. And we'll go through it very quickly and briefly be the Knights Allah, He says, I swear by Allah, and there is no god other than he, one of you may perform the deeds of the people of Paradise, till there is not an arm's length between him and it, then that which has been written
will come forth, and he will become from the people of the hellfire. And one of you may perform the deeds of the people of the Hellfire till there is not between him and arm's length and it than that which has been written will come forth and overtake him, and he will become from the people of Paradise and will enter into it. So now, this is from the statements of Abdullah bin Masuda the Allahu anhu. And he starts off by swearing by taking an oath by Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is a technique that is used to make a person believe so a person says something, you know, I will do something. And, you know, you might not believe them, but when the person says one law he I will do
it, you know, you take it more seriously, you think a person is more dedicated, that they're swearing By Allah, right, unless a genuine insult the Somalis here, but if they say that has a different meaning, or
no offense, inshallah.
So of course, it takes an oath and that is for the sake of emphasis that look, this is really how it is to make people have conviction and belief in this. Now the reason why this is accepted as a part of the Hadith, this is a reason why this is accepted as a part of Hadith. This is one of the principles of the science of Hadith, that if Sahabi ever speaks about a matter of the unseen, even though it is not a Hadith, it takes the ruling of Hadith takes the ruling of the words of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, because he couldn't have known this subject matter, had it not been for the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And that is why this portion
of the Hadith, even though it is from the words of Abdullah bin mosteiro, de la jolla, and who it takes the ruling of Hadith, because he couldn't have known this other than through the Messenger of Allah. And this is further proven through narrations of Bukhari and Muslim that the Messenger of Allah says Allah made similar statements to this. And that is that a person will do the actions of the people of Paradise until God overtakes him. And then he goes to the health bar, and vice versa, the opposite as well. Now, how do we explain this subject matter? How do we explain the subject matter? That How is it fair that a person does the actions of the people of gender, and then all of
a sudden father overtakes him and he's thrown in to the Hellfire, the way we explain this is that we have a simple principle and Hadith. And this is a foundation that you should develop for your deen altogether. there if you want to understand anything in this religion, never take an isolated verse, never take an isolated Hadith and try to develop a complete understanding. If you want to develop a complete understanding of a subject matter, you have to have all of the texts related to that subject matter. So when you combine all of the texts of a hadith and Quran, pertaining to Qatar pertaining to this subject matter, you will find two things, two things. Number one, is that on the
appearance, it seemed like this person was doing actions of the people of paradise. But in reality, this person could have been a hypocrite, that he was hiding his hypocrisy, and then he was thrown into the Hellfire, because it became apparent of his hypocrisy, and that is why that is the case. Right? So that is issue number one is that the person was a hypocrite. Number two is that maybe it did not reach the level of hypocrisy, but there is no sincerity in his actions. So a person is doing all of these deeds, that seemed great, but in reality, there was no sincerity in his actions, there was no sincerity in his actions. And that is why he is thrown into the how far. So that explains the
first portion of the Hadith, where a person will seemingly be from the people of Paradise, but in reality isn't, and then he's exposed for that. But how do we explain the second part of the Hadith, where a person seemingly does the actions of the people of the Hellfire, but in reality, then Qatar overtakes him and he enters into paradise. This tool also has two perspectives to it. Number one, is that this person has goodness in his heart, but because of his surroundings, he's just been completely led astray. So these are Muslims by definition, that they were raised in a Muslim household. They have Muslim names, but they know nothing about Islam whatsoever. However, as soon as
comes to them, they'll accept it right away. And that is what they die upon. And that's what you see some of the Sahaba de la know, they accepted Islam, they went on to the battlefield and they died right away. And they were guaranteed paradise, because they had that goodness, their their fitrah was still intact. So as soon as Islam came, then all of a sudden, you know, it was very easy for them to accept very easy for them to accept. And then there was a second approach that was taken pertaining to the second part. And this is something that is important to know as well. Our predecessors when they spoke about color, they had two important principles relating to it. And this
is what I want to conclude with. Number one, is that cutter serial law, it is the secret of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And the secret of Allah subhanho wa Taala will not truly be understood, mean that as much as you try to put your intellect to it, you're not truly going to understand how it works, because Allah subhanho wa Taala is beyond space and time. He is the creator of the intellects, and therefore anything we understand is restricted to space and time and is restricted to what our minds can possibly comprehend. And Allah subhanaw taala is beyond that unless I know what the other is beyond that. The second principle they had, they don't comes to matters of codon, pass it just as it
came, meaning that a hadith pertaining to Qatar is pertaining to Qatar, don't try to delve into them, but rather just pass them on as they came. As long as you believe this is from the Messenger of Allah accepted at face value. Don't question it, don't challenge it. Because at the end of the day, the Messenger of Allah, Allah subhanho, wa Taala won't lose anything, but you're the one that's going to lose out by trying to question it. And this is what submission and faith come into play, that your Islam is based upon submission to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And as long as you continuously submit to Allah, you will be guided, but the second you try to rebel and start questioning Allah
subhanho wa Taala then that is when you have already begun to go astray. And Allah Subhana Allah knows best. Now I'm assuming we have questions. People have questions. Okay. We'll leave 510 minutes for questions with the lights on and we'll call it a night Dr. McClellan to everyone for sticking around. I know usually we conclude at night, but I took the extra 10 minutes to explain that anything that I've said that is correct is from Allah subhanaw taala and even though they've said that is incorrect, is from myself and from shavon subhanak a lot more behind the shadow law in the end, as the hirokawa to Bulik