Nadim Bashir – Community Ethics – Surah Hujurat Tafsir Verse 9-10

Nadim Bashir
AI: Summary © The speakers discuss the use of "medestream" in the Bible to describe conflict between groups, emphasizing the need for people to be mindful of their own behavior and avoiding harmful behavior. They stress the importance of acknowledging one's actions in public and breaking apart in a community, as well as avoiding conflict and bringing mercy to one's actions. The speakers also mention a video about a situation where a Muslim brother joins a group and tries to kill them, and emphasize the importance of uniting and handling one's affairs based on the way it was shown.
AI: Transcript ©
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So continuing on Saturday, with the tafsir of

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Surah Hujarat. The next two verses

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are very beautiful verses, and really Allah is

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helping us address our issues and our concerns.

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See, it is there's a a very well

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known,

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statement in Urdu. I don't know the exact

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statement, but it's something along the lines

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that when dishes come together,

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then they're about to make some noise. What

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is it called?

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So, basically when dishes come together, when utensils

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come together, they're bound to make some noise

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when they come into contact with each other.

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Basically, what it means that when people come

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together,

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there's bound to be some conflict. It's a

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it's a human thing. And we see from

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the time of the prophet

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even subhanallah, the fact that

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the Sahaba were the Sahaba.

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But in Madinah, the Sahaba comprised of 2

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different tribes primarily,

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Aus and Khazraj. These were the 2 primary

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tribes, besides the Jewish tribes living in Madinah.

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And majority of your ansar are coming from

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these from these two tribes. Now, before we

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get into the next verse, one thing that

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I want you to understand before we get

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into this next verse is,

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Allah

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in some cases,

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he's not gonna pinpoint

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every single detail.

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What he may mention is something which is

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very extreme,

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and that means that anything that comes below

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that, everything is covered. So you mention one

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thing, but in essence, Allah is covering all

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the cases.

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So Allah

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in this verse, he says,

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Allah Subhanahu wa ta'ala he begins the verse

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by saying, if there is a conflict,

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if there is an issue

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between 2 parties,

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I'm gonna translate it first for you, and

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then we'll go into the explanation.

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If there are 2 parties

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who are at each other's necks,

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they are trying to kill each other.

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Then you do salah amongst them. You do

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conciliation. You reconcile between them.

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If one turns against the other,

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if one oppresses the other.

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Then turn and revolt against the one who

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has committed the transgression

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until they come back to Allah

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If they come back to Allah Subhanahu wa

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ta'ala,

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then

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do salah amongst them, And then he says,

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That be in your approach,

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and apply

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and be also a just in your approach.

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And I'm gonna explain the difference between the

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2. And then Allah says,

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Allah loves those who apply justice. Now, let's

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get back to the beginning of the verse.

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The very first thing Allah

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says Remember I told you about the extreme

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thing? Now listen to this. He says,

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If there are 2 groups

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Or that means that there might be even

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more than 2 groups.

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But now a person may say that what

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if there's a conflict between 2 people? It's

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not 2 groups. Just 2 people. But you

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see Allah when he mentions 2 groups,

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everything else is covered underneath.

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That means that it could be 2 individuals.

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It could be 2 or 2, or 3

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or 3. As long as it turns into

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a group, and often it will always turn

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into a group. One group may be in

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a conflict with a with another group. So

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Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala instead of saying that

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if individuals are fighting with each other, or

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groups are fighting with each other, instead of

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all that, Allah just says, if 2 groups

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Meaning that anything beat under that, everything is

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covered.

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So if 2 groups are

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in they are from the believers.

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Now listen to this very carefully.

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Why do you think Allah mentions mumineen?

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He could have said Muslimine.

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There's a difference between a Muslim and a

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Mu'min.

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The fact that he mentioned mumineen,

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that is the extreme case. That means that

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if it's the believers

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or anyone under that, even a person who

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doesn't even have a lot of religiosity

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in their life. If these people come into

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a conflict, everyone is covered under the word

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mumineen.

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And this also tells us another thing, that

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it does not mean that just because we

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may be believers,

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that we'll there will not be a conflict.

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It's very possible that you could be a

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believer, you could be a sincere person, you

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could have a lot of taqwa, and yet

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you could get into it, you could engage

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into a conflict. And there's no better example

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that we find in the stories of Rasulullah

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alaihi wasallam. There was not a lot of

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conflicts between the sahaba,

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but in during the time of the prophet

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alaihi wasallam, there were 1 or 2 conflicts

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that did occur. And rasul as salam, he

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was able to step in, and he was

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able to do sull amongst them. But you

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see, if the sahaba can get into a

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conflict,

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then we as human beings, not a sahaba,

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we can easily get into a conflict. Once

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again, we're human beings. Then Allah subhanahu wa

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ta'ala says,

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Now the word technically

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means that those who are about to kill

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each other. Now once again Allah is mentioning

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an extreme case.

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What does that mean? It means that anything

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below that, it could not be that they're

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killing each other. Or it's not that where

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they are in such a serious conflict, where

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they're at each other's necks or each other's

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throats. But the meaning The point is that

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even if it's a minor conflict, it is

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covered under the word

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So if Allah is saying that if there

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are 2 believers,

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or there are 2 groups of believers, they

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are in conflict with each other.

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Now Allah

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says, what should the community do? Should you

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just stand back and watch? Wallahi want the

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greatest issues that we have. Today in our

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community is, when we see an issue between

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2 people,

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why do you want to butt into their

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business? Why? Brother, you should just mind your

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own business. Don't get into their matter. You

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should just stay away.

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What is Allah telling us?

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The society tells us, mind your own business.

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Allah is telling us,

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By the way the ulamadis say, this fa

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in front of is

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means

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an emphatic

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fa. Mean that you should not wait, you

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need to jump in. The Muslim community needs

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to jump in and do sull amongst them.

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Also, look at very beautifully Allah is

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telling us that he's not say telling us

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take a side.

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Because often what we see in a conflict

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when it happens, that people are taking sides.

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I'm standing on this person's side. I'm standing

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on that person's side. And what happens is

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Think about it. It might be 2 people

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who have started a conflict,

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but what happens is

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that slowly and gradually, if people do not

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step in and they say, let them mind

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their own business, let them deal with it

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by themselves,

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and the community

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does not step in, then it might be

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2 people, but those 2 people can become

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eventually 2 groups.

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Because when people participate,

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a lot of times they're not participating

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to bring and to bring the hearts together,

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they're usually taking sides. And this is a

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very big problem when this happens.

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Allah

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is telling us, instead of taking sides,

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rather step in and bring sull amongst them.

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So Allah is saying,

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Now Allah says,

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If one of them turns against the other

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group Let me give you an example.

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Imagine there's a conflict between group A and

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group B,

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or person A and person B.

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The person c, or the group c, who

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is the mediator,

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or the arbitrator,

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they step in and they try to bring

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sull amongst them.

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Now if he brought sull amongst them,

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then what happens if A turns against B?

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Then what happens in that situation is that

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B and C, person B and C, because

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B is being oppressed.

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Or and and C because they are the

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mediators or the arbitrators.

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They will join forces, and they will go

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against person A or group A.

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Because after doing sull,

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they are still revolting against the other group,

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this is absolutely wrong. When the sull has

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taken place, we need to learn how to

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move on. One of the another big issue

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that today when we have in our relationships

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is after even the soul is done, yet

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we cannot let go of the past. And

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we keep on bringing up the past, and

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sometimes the past

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is a is a reason and a cause

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for future conflicts. So Allah subhanahu wa'ala is

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saying that group C and group B, you

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turn against group A. Now Allah is saying,

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what if group A turns back to Allah?

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They come back to Allah and they do

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again.

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Then you do amongst them with Adal. Now

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Adal is something

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that Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala he mentions many

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places in the Quran.

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But when you talk about establishing

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justice and adal,

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it is often done in a public format.

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So let me give you a good example.

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Imagine in the community,

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there is 2 groups once again. Group a

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and group b.

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Group c, who's a mediator arbitrator,

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instead of making it a public scene, they're

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gonna take it on the, they're gonna take

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it behind closed doors. And they're gonna bring

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group a and group b, and behind closed

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doors, they're gonna try to mediate amongst them.

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Now let's just say they were able to

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mediate amongst them. Later on,

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if group a turns against group b, as

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I as I gave you this example before,

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if group a turns against group b, group

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b and group C will come together against

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And and tell group A what you're doing

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is wrong. If group A wants to come

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back, and they want to do surah,

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in that case,

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it is not gonna be done behind closed

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doors.

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It should be done in a public format.

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Because Allah says in the second time,

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is you establish justice in public.

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Whenever he would establish justice, a lot of

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times he will not just do it 1

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on 1, he would do it in front

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of other people, so that it will send

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a message to everyone else. That anyone who

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commits an injustice against anyone else, they're gonna

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be brought to justice. Simple as that. So

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means in a public format. Now when a

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public community comes together,

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when a community comes together in a public

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format, and they're trying to address their issues,

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Allah is giving 2 advices.

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Number 1.

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Do it with justice.

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Now,

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interesting. It's a very beautiful word. If you

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look at the word

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it means someone who is rebellious. Like Allah

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says,

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You understand? Allah here is talking about jinns

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who are rebellious.

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But if you add an alif to the

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beginning of the word

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it means

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to to eradicate

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injustice.

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Allah subhanahu wa'am says,

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It is the responsibility

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of everyone in the community to ensure that

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injustice will not take place. And there's no

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beautiful example than the example of Rasulullah sallallahu

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alaihi wasallam

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that even before he became a prophet,

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the story of

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in the seerah of the prophet alaihi wasallam,

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where you have a man coming to Makkah.

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He sold merchandise. He was not paid, and

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he went back to that person who actually

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bought the item, to the Quraysh leader. And

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that Quraysh leader, he basically said, I have

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no idea what you're talking about. I did

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not buy anything from you. This man went

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to the Kaaba, and he basically

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made a public proclamation

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that I have been wronged. I have been

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oppressed.

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Such and such man did something against me.

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The saha I mean at that time it

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was rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, he was

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not a prophet yet. But him and other

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people of Makkah, they came together, and they

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And they This was the story known as

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Hil fur Fudool, but they wrote a pact

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that any man who comes from outside, a

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foreigner who comes inside Makkah, they will not

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be wronged by any Qurayshi leader. Think about

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this, this is before

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the prophet became a prophet.

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Before the prophet became a prophet, meaning that

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every single community should be standing up to

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ensure that no one is treated with any

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kind of injustice. And then Allah

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says, Allah loves those

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who ensure that justice will be applied in

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the community.

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Then the next verse, this is the last

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verse. Allah says,

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You all believers,

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you are brothers to each other. Not just

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like brothers as we say, you are my

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Muslim brother. But no, biological brothers. Now think

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about this, even if it's a biological brother.

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Now I know you might be thinking, well

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there are a lot of biological brothers, I

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know that who don't get along. There are

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a lot of people who I have, you

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know, their biological brothers, they don't talk to

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each other. But Allah is telling us

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that that's not the standard. The standard is

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even when 2 blood brothers, biological brothers, when

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they get into a conflict,

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what does What usually happens in that kind

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of situation?

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Who usually steps in? Who usually steps in?

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The dad. The father steps in. Right? They

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don't The father does not take a step

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back and say, let the 2 brothers fight.

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Let the 2 siblings fight. No. The father

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steps in. The mother steps in. Just like

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the mother and the father, they step in

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that into that situation,

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likewise when there's a conflict in your community,

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the Muslim community should not just be standing

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back and watch the show, but you step

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in and you help you help bring their

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hearts together. Allah is saying,

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Now listen to this very carefully, very beautiful.

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Allah says,

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and bring reconciliation.

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Reconcile

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between your brothers. And then Allah says,

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This part is very interesting to note. Why

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is this interesting to note? Because Allah is

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telling us Allah is telling us that reconcile

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your hearts. Do not create differences amongst yourselves.

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Why? So that number 1,

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be cautious of Allah

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So that Allah can have mercy upon you.

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So that you can be shown mercy from

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Allah

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Why is this so important?

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Because the enemy

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always has one thing in their mind,

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divide and conquer.

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When you divide people, you can attack them.

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When Muslims are together,

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Allah

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will have mercy upon them. How does He

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have mercy upon them? By aiding them, by

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supporting them. When muslims work together,

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then Allah will bring his mercy upon the

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Muslims. But when Muslims are divided, there's no

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way that Allah can bring his mercy upon

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them. And there's a You know, there's a

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some time ago, there's a very beautiful video

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that was that was floating around on social

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media, where you have 2 antelopes.

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An antelope is If you don't know what

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an antelope is, it looks like a deer

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but it has long horns. There were 2

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antelopes that were fighting. They were like in

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a in a horn fight against each other.

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And far away there is a lion who's

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watching this,

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and slowly and gradually he's creeping up on

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them. Slowly and gradually he's coming close to

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them. And what basically, many people there were

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floating this video around, that this is the

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state of today, our Muslim Ummah. We are

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fighting so much internally,

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and we have made small issues into big

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issues, that the enemy, 1 by 1 they

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are picking us apart.

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Those 2 antelopes are fighting,

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and the lion is coming closer and closer,

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and they have absolutely no clue that the

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lion is approaching them. Until the lion comes

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so close and he pounces on one of

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them and he kills one of them. But

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this is wallahi. This video, small video,

00:16:46 --> 00:16:49

sort of comp sort of, you know, it

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it gives us a practical demonstration

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of what this ayah means.

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If we want the rahmah of Allah, we

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want the mercy of Allah, we have to

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work together. There's always gonna be some small

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minor differences.

00:17:04 --> 00:17:06

Well, why these small minor differences is not

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the what we need to be focused on?

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In our community, if we're making a big

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difference on, if I'm raising my finger into

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shahud, or if I'm making if I'm doing,

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you know, rafu alayd in my salat or

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not. If I'm doing something different in my

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salat, but it is something that is proven

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from the aimah, it is proven from the

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sunnah of the prophet alaihi wa sallam, why

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are we making into these big kind of

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issues? Why are we raising them, and making

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them into big issues? At the end of

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the day, Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala, he will

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ask us on the day of judgment, that

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not if you pray salat by this imam

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or this imam, Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala will

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ask us, did you pray your salat or

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not? But today we are

00:17:39 --> 00:17:40

we want to make

00:17:44 --> 00:17:47

small, small issues into big issues, and hence

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this is why when communities, they break apart,

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wallahi then they when when people, they break

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apart in a community, and a community gets

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involved, and they're taking sides, wallahi, the community

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will become bickered, and the community will fall

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apart. At the end of the day, every

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single community, brothers and sisters, is not about

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how beautiful the masjid is. It's about how

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our hearts are united from within.

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If the hearts are united from within, wallah,

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you can have no matter you can have

00:18:16 --> 00:18:18

the most, you know, the most less luxurious

00:18:19 --> 00:18:21

luxurious masjid. You can have a masjid that

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has no lighting, no nothing, and yet that

00:18:23 --> 00:18:25

will be the most impactful masjid as we

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saw

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in the life of Rasul

00:18:28 --> 00:18:30

rasulullah By the way, you may not know

00:18:30 --> 00:18:32

this. The first source of light

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that came inside masjid Nabawi was 1 year

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before the prophet passed away.

00:18:37 --> 00:18:38

The first source of light.

00:18:39 --> 00:18:41

Majj al Nabawi, go back and study history.

00:18:41 --> 00:18:43

It was palm trees. There was some, you

00:18:43 --> 00:18:45

know, there was some mats, and you know,

00:18:45 --> 00:18:46

as these we call it in udu chatai.

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Okay? They had these kind of things at

00:18:48 --> 00:18:50

that at that time. That's all they had.

00:18:50 --> 00:18:52

But wallahi, they had a community.

00:18:52 --> 00:18:54

They had rasulullah salallahu alaihi wa sallam that

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made sure that everyone's hearts are united. And

00:18:58 --> 00:19:00

if when everyone's heart was united,

00:19:00 --> 00:19:02

Allah's mercy came upon them, and they were

00:19:02 --> 00:19:05

victorious wherever they went. So I ask Allah

00:19:05 --> 00:19:07

subhanahu wa ta'ala that he keeps our hearts

00:19:07 --> 00:19:10

united. And even if there's a situation where

00:19:10 --> 00:19:12

we get into a conflict, may Allah subhanahu

00:19:12 --> 00:19:14

wa ta'ala give us the tawfiq and the

00:19:14 --> 00:19:14

ability

00:19:15 --> 00:19:18

to handle our affairs and our issues according

00:19:18 --> 00:19:19

to the way it was shown to us

00:19:19 --> 00:19:21

by Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

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