Mufti Menk – The Achievements Of Umar bin al-Khattab

Mufti Menk
AI: Summary © The speaker discusses the history of the court system and the use of the hij scenes in the calendar. They also mention a former president who created a police department and employed men to service cities and towns. The speaker emphasizes the importance of recording and creating infrastructure for people in cities to ensure safety.
AI: Transcript ©
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I'm going to go through a list of

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what he did because he is our hero,

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really.

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He is a champion of note. We know

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of so many stories of his, I'm sure.

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But I want to mention what he achieved

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in the 10 years that he ruled.

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Remember I told you he was 13 years

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younger than Muhammad

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approximately.

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And he ruled for 10 years. So he

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too was murdered when he was at the

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age of 63 approximately.

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62 to 63.

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Here is what he did, he was the

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person

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who started the use of the hijri calendar.

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Today we have the calendar hijrah, 1435

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hijrah. That was Umar ibn Khattab radiAllahu anhu.

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He is the one who started that calendar

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off. And he said, from now on, the

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Muslims, whenever we talk about the years, we

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should relate them to the hijrah. And he

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made it compulsory, and that is what we

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are using to this day. He is the

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one who gathered the people in tarawih

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in Ramadan. So the tarawih we read today

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in a gathering of this nature, Umar ibn

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Khattab

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was the one who started that off because

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before him they used to read in small

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groups,

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and the smaller groups later on became larger

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groups. He said, Let us read in 1

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group in the masjid, and inshaAllah we will

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follow 1 imam. Even though there were so

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many reciters amongst them. But he put bayib

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nukab in the front

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and he said, We will all read behind

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you.

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May Allah grant us an understanding.

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He was the first person who created a

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proper army.

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An army that had a job, and that

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was only to defend the Muslims. And he

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was the first person who had actually sent

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his army to the borders in order to

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protect them full time, the borders of the

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Muslim nation.

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And he was the first person who created

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the police department amongst the Muslims, where he

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had people who would walk around at night.

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And he did too himself,

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Finding out what happened, and maintaining law and

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order, and seeing that everyone was okay. There

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are so many incidents. In fact, I can

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mention to you one very touching incident.

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One day,

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Umar ibn Kathtab

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who decided to walk through.

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He decided to walk through the gullies of

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Madinah Munawar at night. And he was followed

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by Talha

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And

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he walked into one home,

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quietly when no one was watching.

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And he came out after a little while,

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and he went back. And he had a

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home that no one would distinguish because when

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he became the khalif, he did not change

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his house. He remained where he was all

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along.

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So Talha

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decided to go the following day to that

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house to see who there was and what

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happened. And he found there was a very

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old blind woman there. So he asked her,

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Who came to you last night, and why

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did he come here? She said, I don't

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know.

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But it's a man who told me that

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he will come every so often. He brings

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me some food stuffs, and he cleans my

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whole house in a little while, and then

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he goes back.

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Tal Har says, Subhanallah, this is amirul mumineen.

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This is the leader of the mumineen. And

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he goes himself at night to clean the

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house of this blind woman, and to bring

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her some food once in a while. This

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was Umar ibn Khattab

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The same man Muhammad

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says, If Umar walks down the gully, shaitan

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would never walk down the same gully. Shaitan

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would walk down the other gully. Because even

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shaitan feared Umar Bil Khattar

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This was a man, the hero. He was

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the first man who maintained

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the roads, and built roads between cities and

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towns.

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He actually employed his men

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to service the cities by creating drainage and

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so many other facilities for the people of

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the cities and the towns. He was the

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man. He was the first man who

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developed

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what we know today as the registrar

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general. You know, everything is recorded. The births,

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the deaths, everything.

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Who is a civil servant? What do they

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get? And so on. Everything recorded. That was

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Umar ibn al Sattab

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