Channel: Mufti Menk
Series: Mufti Menk - Ramadan 2015
Mufti Menk lecture continues with the verses of Surah Baqarah, its reasons and occasions of their revelations which are listed below.
•On the occasion of Hudaybiya for the Mekkans.
•Statement of Umar Ibn Khattab R.A.
•Change of qiblah and Masjid ul Qiblatayn.
•Oneness of Allah, distance between us and Allah
•Clearing the misconception on righteousness.
•Rules in the war
•Illness during Hajj and arriving for Hajj without provision.
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salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam, ala MV mursaleen Nabina Muhammad, Allah Allah He was happy he would have been a woman to be on be sunny Villa Medina we're back. We praise Allah subhanho wa Taala we send blessings and salutations upon Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and all his companions We ask Allah Subhana Allah to Allah to bless them all his entire household and May Allah subhanho wa Taala bless every single one of us, my brothers and sisters, this is the house of Allah subhanho wa Taala. It belongs to Allah it is known as beta law, the house of Allah and the primary house of Allah Subhana Allah to Allah is the Kaaba in Mecca.
Tomoko Rama and mosquito Haram is the greatest of all places on earth. That is a magical haraam, the greatest of all the masajid where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says whoever reads one Salah there, it is equivalent to 100,000 Salah read elsewhere besides a mosquito, never we and must you do archosaur So at the time the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had taken his companions and proceeded to Mecca to Makkah Rama with the intention of making Amara praising Allah subhanho wa Taala doing the power off and so on. And they were blocked by the mushriks of Mecca. And as you know, they stopped in a place known as her davia. And these people were blocked for no reason. In
fact, the mushriks had said we are not going to allow you here. And it was not the norm because anyone who wanted the house of Allah subhanho wa Taala was always free to go to that house. So Allah subhanho wa Taala reviewed verses. This number 114 of Surah tillbaka woman of
being Bula chama can Allah.
He, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, who is more oppressive than the one who blocks the remembrance of Allah subhanho wa Taala, the one who stops people from coming to the house, the one who causes harm to the house of Allah subhanho wa Taala The one who not only destroys the infrastructure of the house of Allah, but the one who harms those who come to the house of Allah, those who block people from the masjid, they are criminals, Allah says they cannot be a worse person than that. So although the verse was revealed regarding the Muslims of Makkah on the occasion of today, BIA, we have something to learn from it. Brothers and sisters in this house, everyone is welcome. In this house,
the people who are here, we need to facilitate for them there stay in the house of Allah subhanho wa Taala. We need to learn to greet one another to make each other comfortable, so much so that if there is an offensive smell coming from us, we are meant to ensure that we've gathered our mouths, perhaps we've applied some perfume. We've washed ourselves correctly before we come into the house of Allah because we would not like to harm people. Nobody should stand next to us and feel that they are uncomfortable standing because of a smell because of a few bad words that we've added. We should not make people feel unwanted in this beautiful house of Allah subhanho wa Taala This is not a place
to do business deals. Sometimes you find a wealthy businessman, the only place you might be able to have a decent private chat with him. A star Villa is the house of Allah subhanho wa Taala
Did you come here to do business? Did you come here to make people feel very difficult in the sense that perhaps they might feel uncomfortable because of what you're asking them. Leave all that for outside? Allah subhanho wa Taala help us understand.
Another very important lesson we learn Omar Musa Pavarotti Allahu anhu we all know was the second was the second in rank of all the companions of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam after Abu Bakr Siddiq about the Allah one. This man was so powerful he was known as alpha rock. And the Hadith says that had shapen or had Tom walked on a galley shake pan would read another galley all together. That's the power of this man. So he used to be extremely intelligent, and he was a person who used to utter words sometimes. The revelation came coinciding his exact words. On one of the occasions he was telling Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, why don't we read Salah or fulfill at least some
Salah at the point where Ibrahim alayhi salatu was Salam
There is a demarcation of his feet known as mcom Ibrahim.
And guess what? Sometime later with number 125 or Surah Al Baqarah was revealed exactly the wording that was used by America photography. Aloha. What does he do Mima? kami
musala and you should take the place of the footprint of Ibrahim alayhi salatu salam, as a place where you should read the prayer. And we all know after engaging in this a combination of of the Kaaba seven rounds, you have to actually read those two units of prayer at that particular point or somewhere nearby. If possible. We ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to accept it from us. What a beautiful verse, reasons of Revelation. It was the statement of honorable Allah Han and revelation came from the heaven, confirming what this beautiful powerful men had actually uttered. This narration appears in Sahih al Bukhari narrated by Anna's Malakal, the Allahu, and
then we have a beautiful story which is Mustafa palay, reported by Al Bara Ignacio de la when you and I are aware that before we faced muckety muck Obama in Qibla waited we used to face by to mock this Jerusalem. So they came a time when Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he wanted to change the facing of the Jerusalem to facing somewhere else and he used to look up to the skies and Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Bada na da je Caf is
indeed we have seen the turning of your head, the turning of your sight and vision towards the sky. We saw the turning of your face towards the sky, we will indeed
let you face a Qibla that will please you it will be something that will make you happy a place and Allah subhanho wa Taala says for one Li Hua jakka Shelton SGD Oh, so turn your face towards a Masjid al haram and that is Macedon mocha Rama and Allah subhanho wa Taala had revealed this and the people have fulfilled Salah to Lhasa facing the new direction facing the direction of Macedon maka Rama so after having read the Salah, one of the men from amongst those who read with Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam happened to go out to another area
in the outskirts or on the outskirts of Madina munawwara and he saw people reading shala classes they were they were involved or engaged in Salah was Gemma Salah to Lhasa, they were facing the old Qibla they were facing Jerusalem. And so while they were in Salah, he made an announcement loudly to say the Qibla has been changed to muckety muck aroma to mosquito Haram in Makkah, and they heard him they knew he was honest, the the Imam was standing facing the front, the entire Masjid in Salah, Salah to Lhasa, they turned around while in prayer and completed the rest of their prayer facing muckety muck aroma. And for your information, it was a 180 degree turn. That place became known as
masjidul kibble attain, if you visit Madina munawwara now and you see l kibble attain you should know the history of it is they were in solitude. So it is the only place where one Salah was read half of it facing the old direction and the other half facing the new direction, how beautiful. So now, some people later on, obviously a question would arise what is the question? What happens to the Salah that we read, facing the old direction. So Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed verses and this is made mentioned in both Sahih al Bukhari and Muslim and many other books of Hadith where Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Alma can aloni God, amen eco Allah will never ever waste your prayer.
When you've read your Salah Allah is not going to waste that Salah of yours you face the old direction, those who passed away, not having even known about the new direction their Salah was valid. For example, if we were to make a mistake and we were to try our best to face the direction of the Qibla and we then fulfilled our Salah later on, we found out the direction you read was wrong. The truth is, your Salah will still be valid
because the time has lapsed and you did not know you tried your best your duty was to try and you did not know so Allah subhanho wa Taala says he will not waste you. Amen. Amen here is referring to Salah, your prayer Subhana Allah, it is the height of belief May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us a lesson from this. Let us all learn to fulfill our Salah.
Because Salah is a sign of Eman Salah is a sign of your belief in Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Thereafter an interesting incident again, where the unsolved they used to make Hajj prior to Islam as well. They used to visit Mecca, and they used to do whatever they could,
in terms of circumambulation of the Kaaba and so on. But they did not use to run between Safa and Marwa known as say, they did not use to run Why? Because they used to be some idols on the two mounts according to one narration, the narration of Sharia law and how also Mata Hakuna LA or they were idols in the direction of those months either they were on the mounts or they were in the direction of those mounts. So whenever they used to wear the hum they did not use to wear it in the name of Allah, they used to wear it in the name of these idols. So they felt it disrespectful to go up Safa and Marwa because the idols are there you cannot climb onto there because those are the gods
that we will do harm for. And this is why Allah subhanho wa Taala when he speaks of Hajj and Umrah he says what our team model had
when you fulfill Hajj and Umrah you complete it for the sake of Allah, the major pilgrimage and the minor pilgrimage known as Hajj as well as Amara, you fulfill it solely and only for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala you don't do it for an idol and you don't do it for anything else. So Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed versus because
the unsolved or the people who used to be was mushriks before they did not use to run between Safa and Marwa they found it difficult they found it disrespectful for the reasons I just made mention of. So Allah says verse number 158 of Surat Al Baqarah in a sofa
indeed safa and marwah are the sacred signs of Allah subhanho wa Taala. They are not there for idols. They are not for idols, they are the sacred signs of Allah you and I know the history dating back to the time of hotjar May peace be upon her, the time of Ibrahim alayhi salatu salam, when she was busy looking for water going up the mountain going down again to the other month. So Allah subhanho wa Taala says Furman had gel beta we're uttama rafaela junuh
whoever makes Hajj or Umrah
there is no harm in them going between the the Safa and Marwa
now when you read that it says no harm in them going between Safa and Marwa it seems like that means that if you want to you can do it and if you don't want to you don't have to do it. But the reality is no it means there is no harm that you people are thinking there is they thought there was harm because of this respect. So you have to actually run between Safa and Marwa as a completion of both your Hajj as well as the Umrah Subhana Allah, this is an amazing incident. And the verses are understood if you were to actually look at the reasons of revelation of this beautiful verse, And as I said, made mention of by eyeshadow, the Allahu anhu.
Then we have another very interesting incident when the verse was Isla hukum, Isla de la isla.
When that verse was revealed, the meaning of which is indeed your Lord is the one and only Lord. There is none worthy of worship besides Him, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful, when that verse was revealed, the mushrikeen Do you know what they said in Cana Hakata for Latina Biya, if that is the case, if your Lord is one, then we want to see a sign, send us a sign.
So the next verse was revealed verse number 164 of Surah Al Baqarah. Allah subhanho wa Taala is literally saying you are asking for one sign from us. We want to show you there are millions of signs If only you were bothered to look, if you want to prove allies one, there are millions of signs listen to the signs
law cover In fact, this was in so often, but it ends in a different way in
the joaquina in a new one
Yeah Been a
what else revia he was Sahabi Musa some low. Water powerful was, let's make mention of what Allah is saying. He says, indeed in the creation of the skies and the earth, Signs for those who have intellect, in the creation of the skies and the earth, and the connection of the night and the day. And Allah makes mention of the ship that is moving on the sea. And the law makes mention of the rain that comes from the heavens that causes the plants to grow. And the wind that moves the seeds as well as the clouds and so on. Subhan Allah Allah says, these are all signs for those who have sound intellect, you asking if Allah is one, if there was more than one God, there would have been chaos.
But look at how uniform the creatures of Allah subhanho wa Taala are, the movement of the day and night is so immaculate that today we can literally calculate exactly when the sun is going to rise and when it's going to sit and so on. If there were other gods besides Allah, perhaps there would have been a dispute even once. May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us.
Then Allah subhanho wa Taala makes mention of a very, very powerful point even connected to this beautiful month of Ramadan in a beautiful way. There was an a Bedouin men and this is made mention of intersil tabari. He came to Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wasallam and he says acari, buena buena
Fernanda je, Eden, Fernanda de
O Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, I want to ask you our rub that we call out to his he knew that we just have to whisper to him, or is he far that we have to call out to Him loudly?
What a powerful question. So Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam read the verses that were revealed. Allah subhanho wa Taala says verse number 186 of swords and batara were either does I like anybody
in any body but Fuji Buddha.
When you study buli when you mean ob La La homeo
Oh, mama Mohammed salatu salam, if my worship is asking you about me,
tell them I am very near. I hear the call of those who are supplicating I respond to them positively. So call out to me. Answer me obey Allah subhanho wa Taala In other words, and believe in Allah subhanho wa Taala in order that you may achieve success Subhana Allah amazing. Look at these verses. Allah subhanho wa Taala is telling us He is so near you don't have to scream and yell and shout. You can call out so much so that Allah knows your prayer, your supplication before you actually utter it. That's how close Allah subhanho wa Taala is, may Allah have mercy on us all.
Then another narration or incident made mention of Buddha con la narration of Nazareth the Allahu anhu once again, where he makes mention of how the machine or the answer when they used to wear a ham in order to go for Hajj or Umrah. They used to abstain from entering their houses from the main door. They used to believe in a bad omen. something bad will happen if you enter from the main door you're in a home or as you return, you need to make sure you enter from the back or from the window somewhere else don't enter from the main door to this day. Well. There are people who have these weird beliefs that if you enter the house or from the front door and so on, I remember the
footballers at one stage in one of the countries they were told by one of the witch doctors that if you enter the stadium from this door, you are going to lose your match. All of you have to enter the other way round and then you will win they entered the other way around and they still lost.
May Allah subhanho wa Taala forgive us people believe in these bad omens to this day. Allah clarified it and Allah subhanho wa Taala says that is not righteousness. In this hadith of Allah hryvnia as he broke the law and he says that verse number 189 of smokin Baccarat was revealed because of this people used to enter from the other doors thinking I will not enter from the front door. bad omen what bad omen for what that's not righteousness. What a sad will be Rubio. That boo Jamuna wala King,
taco, what do you boo Jimena Bella be her righteousness is not that you enter the back into the house from the back. righteousness is that you are conscious of Allah you fear Allah subhanho wa Taala that is righteousness Subhana Allah and Allah subhanho wa Taala says righteousness
That you feel Allah enter the door the homes or the houses from the front door from the main door. Don't feel that there there are bad omens, we are taught to say Bismillah and you enter the house and hamdulillah Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us and our homes. What a beautiful incident.
Then a very interesting point, issue of war. Yesterday I made mention of how verses of war would only be applicable under certain conditions, and so on. So, if we take a look at the live now buzzworthy Allahu anhu makes mention of Sunni Helford Abia and he says, when the Muslims were stopped from entering Mecca, they struck a deal that we're going to come back the next year, I'm sure you know of the deal. So the following year, they started making preparations and they were now leaving to go for muckety muck karma for hombre. So something interesting happened some of the Sahaba of their loved one whom they they had the feeling that what if the mushrikeen of Mecca
happened to break their promise. They said they will leave for a period of time until the Muslim can finish their Amara, and then they will come back to Mecca. What if they don't? What if they harm us? What should we do? Because maca is a sacred place. You all know that they are sacred places you're not allowed to fight it and they are sacred months you're not allowed to fighting. So Allah subhanho wa Taala clarifies it Allah says wakatipu fees have been in Lahaina, Dena Yoko Tina kumala doctorado. In Allah, Allah, more daddy in verse number 190 of Surah Al Baqarah. Allah says, fight in the path of Allah in the cause of Allah, those who fight you, and do not transgress don't go beyond
the limits. Remember not to destroy infrastructure, remember not to harm women and children. Remember not to harm those who don't want to fight you remember not to harm those who are in their places of worship, no matter what they are worshiping, and so on. Remember not to destroy the ecosystem. These are all rules and regulations of combat. So panela this incident, they were fearing that perhaps someone might attack them in a place that is sacred. So should we just take the attack and get smacked up and perhaps lose? Allah says no, if they attack you, even in Mecca, you attack them back because they started, if they attack you, even in the months that are sacred, you attack
them back because they started Subhana Allah, look at the justice system of Islam, but Allah says do not exceed the limits don't go beyond the limits. And I've already explained to you part of the rules and regulations stipulated by Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam today, people are using the name of Islam, to destroy infrastructure to kill people of other faiths to destroy anything that comes in their, in their path to to harm people to destroy plant life, the animals to kill people in their places of worship, to destroy the places of worship, to harm women and children and so on to attack those who don't want to fight them. And they're using the name of Allah and they're using
verses that they have not understood. May Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us. Yes, indeed. We we muslimeen are attacked or anyone is attacked for that matter. They have the right to defend themselves. May Allah subhanho wa Taala help us mainly protect us in May he protect all those who are oppressed across across the globe. But May he safeguard us from transgression and from going beyond the limits? I mean,
then Allah subhanho wa Taala makes mention of another thing regarding Hajj and Umrah again, we have a Sahabi a famous Sahabi His name is qab even Raja Ravi Allah and he says in this hadith is Mustafa palay. He says, you know, we went for hombre and I was in a harem and I had lice in my hair. And now you know that you're not allowed to cut your hair until you have done certain things. So you cannot just start put on your arm and shave your hair. We still haven't even run into Mecca, and the lice was affecting me so badly. You know, His hair was obviously full of these little
I'm sure you know what Lacey's, right? So what happened as a result is Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam saw him and asked him a question. Is this harming you? He said yes. He said, Okay.
shave your head. Subhana Allah, but you haven't yet made aamra shave your hair, either. You can free a slave or you can fast some days or you can feed some poor people, and so on. Or you can sacrifice an animal sorry, not free a slave but sacrifice an animal. If you don't have an animal, he said I don't have an animal to sacrifice. Well then fast for three days or feed six poor people have a measurement each feed them and therefore and then Allah subhanho wa Taala had showed Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam this and it became a verse that was recited and is recited and we read it tonight in the beautiful tarawih Allah subhanho wa Taala says
family can go many been I will be
sci fi dear to me.
See, I mean, oh sada cotton
regarding the aroma and the aroma and the roots of the hand then Allah subhanho wa Taala says was number 196 that if anyone from amongst you is sick or they have a problem in their Hey, the lice of cabbage, or the long run being spoken about in the verse, then they can obviously cut their hay but they will have to compensate in one of three ways. Either you slaughter an animal, or you fast three days or you perhaps would be able to feed six poor people, we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to help us imagine if it was banned, if it was not allowed, and if you did it, you had was nullified, what would happen. There are so many acts that we do in hajj out of error, that we have the option of
compensating or expiating by fulfilling something known as a dumb, which means you would either sacrifice or sadaqa you would either give out to charity, that's the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Then another interesting incident also mentioned it so he had Buhari by an ambassador of the Lahore and he says, you know, the people of Yemen, the man was so strong, that when they used to come for Hajj, they did not use to bring with them any provision. They used to say we lay our trust in Allah.
So we don't bring any provision, no provision with us. So what have you come with? Well, you know what, we don't kill Allah, we have laid our trust in Allah subhanho wa Taala. Don't Don't worry. Imagine today they won't even allow you to get a visa without a package. Do you agree? May Allah subhanho wa Taala protect us. So verses were revealed to declare that that was not actually laying trust in Allah. Allah says, what does he do for in
you must take provision. And indeed the best of provision is taqwa to be conscious of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Do you know when you do not tie your camel and you say, I lay my trust in Allah. You're actually insulting Allah. Because Allah gave you the power to fulfill something. He tells you, you fulfill your role, I will fulfill mine. It's like you are saying Don't worry, you fulfill both mine and your role. What an insect, you lock your car, you lock your house, you tie your camel, then you say talkin to Allah, Allah, I've laid my trust in Allah. That is called True laying of trust in Allah because you did what Allah gave you in terms of capacity before you just laid it into the
hands of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So this was revealed verse number 197, of Sumatran Baqarah, regarding the people of Yemen, who were coming for Hajj without any provision saying that we have laid our trust in Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Then we have another interesting incident again, mentioned in Sahih al Bukhari by buzzworthy, Allah And once again, he says, you know, there were these carnivals, or there were these
times where they had festivals, the festivals of all the markets known as aka, me, gentlemen, and Wilma jazz. These were festive seasons where they used to have the sale of their merchandise. So during the days of Hajj, they used to sell these products, and they used to sell a lot of products.
And so people started questioning later on, is it permissible to do this? Are we allowed to sell and buy? We are here for Hajj, can I buy and sell things? It's a question isn't it?
We are guilty my brothers and sisters when you go for Hajj people give you a long list to buy. Am I right or wrong? We come back with so much that we fear the customs on our way back. May Allah subhanho wa Taala safeguard us. That's the type of hedge we've been making some time. But don't worry, you have good news. Can I tell you what it is? Listen, they started asking a question Are we allowed to do business can we buy and sell? It was a question. So verses were revealed. The verse number 198 lays on a
there is no harm upon you to seek that which Allah has provided in terms of provision, provision and so on, no harm to deal to seek from the bounty of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But when you get to arafa then you need to know what to do. So there is a limit to everything. Don't make it your main aim. If you're going for Hajj only to buy things then you will come back only having achieved those items. But if you're going for Hajj for Hajj, you're going to make a formula for Hajj. And by the way you have a list shala you know when you pass by you will buy a few things, then there is no harm. So when you go to Mecca, you have to eat you have to buy and sell someone needs to make that food and
sell it as well. If we were not allowed, who would buy who would sell. I don't think the podcast we would have from this part of the world would actually last us so long. Now Allah subhanho wa Taala say if goddess. That's the lunch, I think in Africans that's what they call it.
So Allah subhanho wa Taala makes it quite clear and according to one narration narrated by Imam Ahmed in his Muslim by Abu Omar mahatama, he says, I asked him
that we are people who hire out things. And we also hire out ourselves which means we help you know you want to have a porter for example, in hajj to help you with your bags, someone to take you from Mecca to Medina and so on, they have to carry you you will have to give them something. So the question is, are we allowed to do that this is Hajj. So Abdullayev normally Allah and says, a similar question was asked to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in my presence. He did not answer until this verse was revealed and he read the same verse. My brothers and sisters, a half an hour is up. We ask Allah Subhana Allah to Allah to bless us. We have a lot of days in sha Allah and we will
continue there are some very, very interesting stories coming up. And I think we just warming up the first few days. We ask Allah Subhana Allah to Allah to grant us a few warm days. You know how cold it is? Mashallah, in midrand this time, I think Allah subhanho wa Taala last year this time I was in Malaysia, and I remember it was so hot that we were sweating literally dripping, and this year I'm smiling because it's like free air conditioned from Allah subhanho wa Taala. May Allah grant us that inshallah in the dunya as well as in the air for the best of weather, until we meet again tomorrow in sha Allah, we say well, Allahu wa Sallim wa barik ala nabina Muhammad Subhan Allah Subhana Allah
Homo behenic Masha to Allah Allah hi lantana sofiero kawana Toho