Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy
Friday Halaqah at the Abu Huraira Center
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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad, while he was so happy to jump in with that. So
fasting Garcia In brief, it's abstaining, abstaining from
drink, and from sexual intimacy, from sexual intimacy.
That's primarily what fasting is from dawn from the time of fudger starts until sunset, until the sun sets,
and especially in a maverick.
there are important etiquettes to observe to observe while we are fasting. So we're going to look at things that the first thing person has to abstain or keep away from. And these things could compromise the person's reward for fasting, and it could lead if a person commits them, it could lead to that person getting zero reward, zero reward from their fasting.
So we said primarily, fasting is about abstaining from food, drink and sexual intimacy.
One of the things that a person should also abstain from which is already,
but when the person is fasting, if you commit to such a thing, it could compromise completely, the reward of his fast, and this is called a zoo. kolu Zoo, false testimony. false testimony means in a court, or even it could mean in a social setting. Or it could even go down
to as a small of an act as telling a lie, is telling a lie. Because azole is essentially telling a lie. Something that's not true. Something that's not true. So the prophet SAW Selim says in the Hadith, of the love and the rates that the messengers said man Amida zuri Well, Mr. Ravi felice, Allah azzawajal Mahajan, and we had the alto Mashallah, who, who a person who does not give up saying falsehood, speaking falsehood and doing falsehood,
then Allah subhana wa, tada doesn't need from him, that he leaves off his food and his drink. That means, obviously, there's a there's an Arab and Arabic style and what it means it means basically, you're not getting anything from your first. So people who involve get involved in lying and deception. You know, somebody might say, okay, saying
falsehood is saying the lie is obvious, but what is acting on false one is deception, any kind of deception, treacherous pneus. And the act of deception is actually considered to be unresolved, unresolved. So this compromises on the reward of fasting completely to the point, the person most likely is going to get zero reward from their fast. Another thing that a person is supposed to or the fasting person is supposed to keep away from, is a level one with a level one.
From avoidably Allahu anhu. Allah messengers Muslim said Lisa cm Amina actually was shut up in nimasa mamina. Last week, one Rafi for insert Baca huddle, Lj. Apollinaire saw him in the sign, the prophet also underneath is reported by even hoceima. And we'll hug him and say,
fasting is not only from food and drink, but fasting is also to keep away from
a level is idle, idle talk. That means any kind of speech where there's no benefits. So we're going to have a chat. And there is no benefit in this chat at all. It's just you know, we're just killing time. The first thing person is supposed to keep away from that. That's what the professor is saying. So, first thing is not only abstinence from food and drink, but also abstinence from a level one refer. If it has different meanings, it means also sexual intimacy, but it also means as well, any kind of evil talk, any kind of evil talk evil speech, you swear it someone cussing. backbiting, saying a nasty word,
you know, answering back parents, elderly people, so on and so forth. Any kind of evil speech that a person says is basically goes against fast and so the problem then gives the gods someone fights against you, someone
you know, has a quarrel with you, or an argument with you, you say in near saw a man in new so I am a fasting person. And we said previously, that this could mean that you say this to the other person to inform them I'm fasting so I'm not gonna engage in this kind of content.
session this kind of discussion, or it could be a reminder to yourself as well, that I'm a fasting person, I'm not going to compromise my fast for the sake of my ego for the sake of an argument. I'm going to be careful in this regards.
And this way the prophet SAW Selim says in another Hadith reported by a man collected by even manager and
the prophets of Salaam says
obasa in hava, who means to me he'll do.
How often you will find a fasting person, the only thing they will get from their fast is hunger and thirst.
That's the only thing they're getting from their first Mombasa even have the woman Samuel jukola. How often you will find a fast in person, the only thing the only outcome they are getting from their fast is hunger and thirst. So the scholars say these are people who engage in these evil things, or the evils false testimony for speech or deception, or any kind of rude language or disrespectful language.
Because the reality of fasting we said the last one that it says in reverse that Allah contact upon so that you may attain taqwa. So if you are fasting, abstaining from food and drink, but you're not abstaining from what is originally held on seeing a lie, telling a lie, or swearing or backbiting or saying anything bad with your tongue, this shows that there's no taqwa the whole point behind fasting has not been achieved, you're not even observing it. So you are attached only to the external surface of what fasting really means. But you are not tapping into the depth of this experience that we call fasting and its spiritual consequences and fruits.
Now we'll move on to talk about things that are permissible and Hillel for the fasting person to do, you can do and these do not compromise your first some people have issues with these or they have misconceptions about them. So hopefully this will clarify.
A fasting person can begin their day can begin to fast in a state of job.
And a state of impurity major impurity, Jenna, Jenna, okay, so
three young people here, sometimes you need to be careful, right?
a husband has sexual intimacy during the night, and he happens to sleep afterwards, and let's say he woke up 20 minutes after fudger. After that, then
normally the younger kids, they know this more than more than us.
You can see
is what schools teach, right.
So the this person wakes up 20 minutes after the advent of 5g.
I'm going to state of Genova my day has started. Some people think this compromises or violates the first It has nothing to do with it. It has nothing to do with it. Fast is separate from this from Geneva, in that sense, is separate from Geneva. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam has actually low and the rates
and fees collected by Bukhari and Muslim and then a BSL law and he said I'm kinda you'd recall federal law who was you know, who was you know, born and he may have a Tesla where some profits are so now Sometimes you'd wake up and forget time. For time that means after the other when he was in a state of job, so he would take your hustle, and he would start his first
so waking up in a state of Geneva does not compromise on your fast at all. Let's say someone who's not married someone has a wet dream. You happen to wake up five minutes after after the other numerous juicer, let's say for example, or you took a nap while you were waiting for federal new happen, are you and you want to do take a bath or also you happen to fall asleep? You woke up five minutes 10 minutes sometimes an hour after Okay, woke up or haven't made who should? What about my first nothing to do with it? You fast is is correct. You can carry on fasting it's it's normal. This kind of Genova does not violate it in Sharla. Number two, something a fasting person can do is using
the miswak using the miss work or they see work. So you can use this work. Where do we get this from? Because there is no nothing authentically reported from the prophets of Salaam that he ever prohibited the use of the work
during fasting On the contrary, we know the Prophet Selim recommended using this work so often and he emphasized it many times. He says they will no matter how much busy work and the cool he will do another narration and the coolest Allah so the first one says
I don't want to make it hard for me.
People otherwise I would have commanded them to use this to work with will have integration with Salah.
So this kind of emphasis on the law on using the miss work. And there's nothing about the prophet SAW sent him that he probably did that during the fast then it remains as it is we say asleep, we call this the original state. There's no state nothing changes it.
So people obviously going to have a question, what about using toothpaste? toothbrush? Can we do this? Because it leaves an aftertaste. Right? Some some of the
some of the some of the taste, or the material stays with the saliva. So does that compromise your fast? Now the same question, this question goes to see what was this one, when you use Odin Iraq, when you use old Iraq, don't you find the taste stays in your mouth, it stays, it stays. So what makes the natural taste of the olden rock, by the way, what you what we use is called is a plant called an Iraq we use either the root or we use the branches of it. And Iraq.
This work is any stick that you clean your teeth with that's what swac is, by the way, Iraq is the name of the plant. See work is whatever you clean or you walk or you clean your teeth and your mouth with so what's what makes it different between this work or between the Iraq and between the toothbrush?
Now we have to acknowledge there is a there is some kind of discussion among the scholars whether it's similar or not.
But what I personally see the most correct opinion among the scholars is that brushing your teeth is just like using this work. There's nothing wrong with it. But make sure you rinse your mouth afterwards properly. So you get rid of as much as possible of the material. Whatever taste remains afterwards, it doesn't make any difference and shallow doesn't compromise your fast and this is the first one that is given by the majority of the well known scholars today and hamdulillah.
Something else a fasting person can do is rinsing the mouth and the nose Mother Mother in shock. When you make the dough you rinse your mouth and your nose and even you can do this without although even if you're fasting yes you can do this but the prophets of Salaam drew our attention to something. He said we're about a Philistine Shafi Illa and takuna saw him and the processor in Waldo he recommended that you exaggerate rinsing your nose so you let the water go and sort of you know in inhale it not properly but let it go into your nose. So it rinses your nose from inside or some emphasized this that you actually actually exaggerate to clean your nose. But he said unless you're
fasting unless you fasting Don't Don't exaggerate because you don't need to risk your first so the same thing goes with rinsing your mouth The same thing goes with all I'll treat something else shall separate later on.
What is also permissible for the fasting person. The fasting person if he's married, they can also kiss their wife. Yes, the younger folks
For married people they asked Can I kiss my wife when I'm fasting? You can absolutely kiss your wife there's no problem the promise of Solomon he was fasting he did that.
As I shall be allowed one has said cannot sort of lie sal Allahu Allah He will send you a bill who are who are saw in where you will bear Shiro well, who I saw him what I can know who can Malacca commonly it will be he
will I can know who can be, you know, the younger brothers.
It's very good to have you here guys. And I hope you're learning from this. But I have to be careful. So I shall the law says the Prophet sallallahu sallam. He used to kiss his wives when he was fasting. And he used to also engage in some kind of foreplay with his wives when he was fasting. You bash it was fine. Well, I can no can I'm lucky to be here but he was. He had the most control over himself among you are men.
And there's a hadith also reported from Abdullah Abdullah. He says couldn't
and then maybe you saw Allah when you send them a Shabbat for Karla Rasul Allah Akbar when I saw him. So I'm loving I'm says we were with the prophets of Salaam. A young man came and he asked the prophet SAW Selim, he said, Can I kiss when I'm fasting? Obviously because my wife and I'm fasting. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam says
Carla, he said no.
For just show you one for color or up below and so on. And
so an older man, an old man senior, came to came, same time. Straight Afterwards, he came to the professor and he said, Can I kiss you? When I'm fasting? The professor said, Nam, yes, you can kiss. So the competitors were puzzled. I'll have another about Luna Isla Bob. So we looked at each other like in
you know, what, did he give two different answers to the same question?
For a lot of Pseudomonas, a lot of you said, I'm in a sheaf, I am licona f cell, the older man has more control over himself. Why because you're not if, if a fasting person has set full sexual intimacy intercourse with his wife, that's a huge thing. That's a huge thing. And the, the expiation they have to do for this is very difficult, freeing a slave, which is obviously not accessible these days.
Fasting 60 days consecutive
60 days consecutive, for having sexual intimacy with his wife during the fast during one of the days of Ramadan, and Ramadan.
So, so the process of thought this is a young man, he might lose control. So I'm not going to put him in that tight spot. I'm going to protect him from this, the older man most likely, he's gonna have control over himself. So the professor gave him the original, the original ruling, which is you can ideally you can, but for the younger man, the profits are seldom feared, and because it's very likely he might lose control. So the professor said no.
So this is why the Fed what changes for changes from one person to the other, it changes from one country to the other. And this way, there is a I definitely have a maxim that's very well known among the scholars. It says, The human chiroptera full effect word erotism and arbitrary resume and it will matter. It should never be denied or questioned, why the footwear changes from country to country from time to time.
Because footwear, footwear is personal. The process of selling gave this manifest one the other man, another footwear the same question the same situation. Why? Because it's different. The conditions are different for each person. So this is how footways and this is here. There's something very important for people who go online and find a fit what is given in a certain situation, they go apply to their situation or to someone else's situation. They want everyone to abide by this federal law. Federal law is different from an outcome, the outcome is the ruling, the ruling of Islam was the ruling of Islam about this, is it halal or haram and so on and so forth. But the first one is
very context specific and it's personal.
it pertains to the individual.
So we have to be careful about this. A lot of like younger brothers in mature students of knowledge. Sometimes they take a photo and they generalize it. You need to understand the fact what is different underlying model they allow
the great companion
he was teaching his students and a man approaches him and he says a little carteri tilba
tjahaja Rajan sakala rT tuba Fernando Abdullah he might have a few g for Karla
for the habit, Roger.
So the man came to I'm loving I'm not and he was teaching and he asked him a question he said a murderer person who kills another one. Is there a tober for him?
I'm loving I'm gonna looked in his in his face. He was reading his face and he said no.
But we know in Islam, there is a tempo right? You can you can you can repent from any sin, right.
So his his students later on, asked him They said, We know there is a tuba. He said Navarro to feel virtually out of service to Ferragine for a fee. I looked into the man's eyes and I saw the intention to kill in his eyes. And I wasn't going out. I wasn't going to be the reason or the cause for him to commit.
For isotropy, I need to be master metal. So I saw in that this man the intention, this man's eyes, the intention to murder someone. So I gave him the answer you heard. That's the first one. So for twice personal. So this is why sometimes as color gives effect why people take it out of context. They say, Oh, he's making the heroin, heroin, heroin, heroin and so on and so forth. Oh, he's compromising on Islam. He's doing this. He's doing that. No, you cannot take effect. What is context specific is personal. You cannot generalize it. So this is this hadith from the prophets of Salaam is a clear example.
On this, although, I mean this has
Ruth has been questioned by some of the scholars is reported by Mr. Mohammed, because there is one of the narrator's there is even earlier here in Manila, He is known for his weakness, right. But a lot of the scholars still said this habit, how do you do about this hadith gets strengthened with other narrations to the same effect.
Okay, another thing that is halal
and permissible for the fasting person without compromising the fast is having blood test, injections, injections, as long as they are not nutritious, like glucose.
injections do not break the fast unless they are nutritious like glucose. And ideally, glucose. If someone needs to take that in their bloodstream, they they are not in a healthy state too fast in the first place. So automatically, these people are supposed either to make up their fast or to pay for their if their illness is chronic.
Actually jamma copying, does copying break the fast or not?
Now we have to acknowledge this is a big discussion among the scholars as well. There is a big discussion among the scholars. So some scholars say at the beginning of Islam, it was considered one we'll move on to lots one of the one of the things that break the fast hijama copying. And we say copying what I say wet copying in the sense with copying, they create some kind of a cuts in the skin and the blood come out because there's dry copying when they don't create a cut in the skin. So no blood comes out. That's fine. But copying in the sense of creating a copy in the sense of creating cuts in the in the body and then doing the copying where the blood comes out. So
at the beginning at the early stages of Islam, it was considered to break the fast. But
some of the scholars believed this was abrogated no see.
No see ha because it came authentically from a blahblah Batson this line and hydrosoluble Hari, and the nebia sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Gemma who saw him issues of abrogation unless you will find often a difference among the scholars did it come first? Or did it come last? Did it come first or come last? So this is why there is a disagreement among the scholars so you're gonna find some scholars will say it breaks the fast some scholars will say it doesn't break the fast Now which one to take I personally take that it doesn't break the fast but you need to check the scholar that you usually follow. Okay.
tasting food without swallowing it and that's obviously for mainly for our sisters or mothers who cook at home sometimes they want to check the salt or the taste of the food as they are cooking during the day. They want to taste if it's good or not. So can they take they can taste it as long as they do not swallow it. They spit it then they rinse their mouth. They can do this
and this is also came from Abdullah bass a lovely Allahu anhu he was asked about this he said let's and yet Oh Allah we shade MLM yet who will help or who saw him. He said there's nothing wrong if the person tastes the vinegar or anything else as long as they do not allow it to go down their throat. While they are fasting is also reported and Buhari one of them I look at it's my luck
using eyeliners Some people think that he breaks the fast using an eyeliner does not break or God does not break the fast. It does not break the fast because it has nothing to do with it. And what follows from this is an eye drop eyedrop does not break the fast it does not break the fast.
taking a shower
taking a shower or rinsing your head and your face and this does not break the fast swimming in a pool doesn't break your fast. As long as you're careful you don't swallow water. inshallah doesn't break the fast if you happen to swallow water by mistake. It doesn't break your fast You carry on fasting, but you need to be careful, it's better to avoid it. It's recommended to avoid it. You don't want to jeopardize your fast but if you happen to swim you happen to take a bath it doesn't break your fast even if you get to swallow some water it goes through your nose into your throat by mistake still doesn't break your fast inshallah. So these are these are things they
person can do now there are some questions pertaining to this
eardrops do they break the fast?
That's a big question. That's a very common question. So as I said I take the opinion of the scholars who say it does not break the fast it does not break the fast
nose drops do they break the fast
nose drops? Do they break the fast
same thing they don't break the fast and Sharla Are you going to find a different federal federal to the opposite you're going to hear this yes you're going to find this if you search you're going to find this but as I said there's an issue of what we call title g
finding which is the strongest opinion based on the evidence okay.
Mouth drops to the break the fast
absolutely break the fast they absolutely break the fast because you know the issue of fasting is about LG oh four is about eating and drinking. So do people normally somebody might say okay, but the ear canal is linked is linked to the front. Because if you're going to get some air drops, you're going to feel the taste in your throat That's true. But do people eat through their ears? They don't do people eat through their nose? They don't do people eat through their mouth? Absolutely. So that's why mouth drops obviously break the fast nose ear eyedrops Don't break the fast inshallah.
Okay, who can
miss their fast who can miss the fast? First one is the traveler Alamosa a person who travels they can absolutely break their fast and then they can make it up later on which is obviously in the verses and sort of the Baccarat talk about
fasting and a man came to the Prophet Solomon asked him that should I fast when I'm traveling? The Prophet Solomon said some in Shinto after in ships, if you want you can fast and if you want, you can breach your fast. You have the option. You have the option and nomadic probably Allahu anhu says, so I thought to my Allah Sula, he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a few Ramadan, fellow Mia Eva saw a more edited and move split will move to Allah saw him. So he says I traveled with the prophets of Salaam as a group in Ramadan. So the people who kept their fast they did not
sort of ridicule or speak bad about the people who broke their fasts. The people who kept their fast did not speak bad about the people who broke their fast. And the people who broke their fast did not speak bad about the people who kept their fast. So it was optional. So when you are travel, you have the exemption, you have rasa, you can break your first you want to stay fasting without putting yourself in extreme hardship you still you have this option you can still do this
some some people today say you know we traveling by air it's easy traveling by car. You know traveling is traveling anything that's considered to be traveled. And this is well
you know, sometimes there are some other have that say travel or suffer is 22 kilometres anything more than this. It's considered to be suffer. It's considered to be suffer. Some other mother have and there are narrations by the way supporting this say 50 kilometers. One of the mother I have says 20 kilometers.
But again, what seems to be the strongest opinion that is based on a proper understanding and seems to be supported by many of the evidences what Shannon seven Tamia clarified about the meaning of a cipher is a safe Hallmark and a few often nasty sofala. so far is what people agree in the norms of people. They consider this to be a trip. They consider this to be a trip. Like for example here you don't say I'm traveling to Brampton, right? You don't say this. I'm traveling to Brampton. But if you go to Ottawa, say I'm traveling to Ottawa, but probably I'm commuting maybe to Mississauga, things like this, okay. So if people consider this to be like a trip or a journey, suffer some kind
of traveling, then that's what traveling is. That's what traveling is. For example, I mean, here in Canada, you can go from, let's say bowmanville to Brampton Brompton about 100 110 kilometres.
But no one says I'm traveling no one in bowmanville says I'm traveling to Brampton.
All in Brampton, say I'm travelling to, to Bolivia, no one says this. They don't say this. So even though it's more than 82 kilometres, it's not considered to be suffered, it's not traveling. So the person should not break their fast. But let's say for example, in the UK, if I'm traveling from London to Leicester, that's naturally I just said I'm traveling from London to Leicester people consider this to be a travel to be a journey a trip. So b people usually Muslim is usually a break there first, and this it's almost the same distance 100 and 110, round a little bit more, maybe 110 kilometers.
So it's based on the URL for we say the norms of the people. And this is when the person is exempted and are allowed to, to break their fast a person who is ill a person who is an analyst penalty mentioned, Furman ketamine co Maria one hour lsfo. So whoever amongst you, is ill or they are traveling, then they are exempt and they can make up days afterwards inshallah. Now the woman in her menses or postnatal bleeding, so the scholars obviously indicate they cannot fast, a woman in her menses and a period cannot fast, she's not supposed to fast, it's not allowed for her to fast and in her NFS or postnatal bleeding, they are not allowed
to fast now, and a very old person, a very old person, they reach old age and fasting becomes very difficult, physically very difficult and challenging for them. These people the same thing, these people pay the video, which is and video has to be given us food.
It has to be given us food, whether they denote a fit the atone. bayamo mysskin fadia is for ammo. miskeen is food. giving food to a poor person is not money, because if the person takes it as money, and he buys clothes with it, it doesn't count as video for you.
That's the issue with giving out money. But if you give it to an organization that feeds people, in that sense, fine. If you send it to someone overseas, and you guarantee this person is going to buy food with it, and give it to poor people fine.
But if you hand it as money to poor people,
it depends how they're going to use it, if they buy food with it, they eat with it, it counts for you, if they don't buy food with it, it doesn't count for you. So don't take that risk. Be careful with this.
Also the pregnant woman
if fasting becomes a strain on her and might jeopardize her health and the health of her
child, then she should break your fast and then inshallah she can make up
the fast later on.
So these are people who are exempt from fasting, these are the excuses, when does the fast or the person open their fast at the time of
time of modeling the time of moderate is when the sun sets
is when the sun sets. Now, it's not about calculations. It's not about you know, the different stuff here and there and or it's not it's too early, we have to wait until we see the stars and so on and so forth. Now once the sun sets, it disappears, horrible, chumps that is fasting person opens their fast. Now, obviously, if you live in a hilly area, mountainous area,
you have to observe this, you have to be careful about this. So if the sun goes behind the mountain, it doesn't mean this is Maghreb. No one says this is Malala. Okay, like there's remember there's, I think in Finland, one of the Scandinavian countries, there is a town that's between two mountains. And
they I think they get like two hours of sun, sunlight, two hours of sunlight a day. And what they did, they actually made a giant mirror,
put it on the mountains. So the mirror actually reflects the sun on the town for the rest of the day. They try as much as possible to get some kind of sunlight. So I mean, someone there cannot say, okay, the sun is behind the mountain. I don't see it. Hello, we're gonna break off first. It doesn't work like this. So you have to make sure it's basically it goes beyond the horizon or it disappears be below the horizon. That's where the sun goes. So you have to be careful about this.
What's up, man?
sunlife in aerates, something from Amarillo Blue mamoon and od tabet. He's from integrity and he said Canada's how
Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as a nasty fallen What about our home so hold on,
as long as if done so the sooner the sooner is to make your thought as soon as Muslim falls as soon as the sun sets Don't delay it might say, Oh, I want to be careful and be on the safe side. You know, let's take precautions no don't take precautions when the sun sets that's it break your fast don't make a big fuss out of it.
And because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
mentioned in, in this study the importance of you know breaking the fast early, he says a hadith reported by reliance on natural behavior in general people will be in good state for as long as they hasten the start the open the fast as soon as the time comes in, soon as the time comes in.
And Salim recyclebank Allahu Allahu Allah
and that also was a solemn call that is our own material as soon as he madam pentobarbital, he
says my oma will remain upon my sooner for as long as they do not wait to see the stars to break their fast basically waiting for the night. And by the way, the she is what they do generally speaking, they wait for the for the stars to show at night for them to make sure that the night has fallen. But as we said what we see from the Hadith of the prophets of Allah is that as long as the sun sets we are supposed to open our fast
the sooner as well is that you open your fast before you pray mother
you open your fast before you pray magnet so you take some dates, drink some water, drink some milk, and
then Charlie Primavera and then if we want to eat later on Jolla, you can eat but you have the recommendation from the prophets of Salaam is to open your fast as soon as possible.
I would say Allahu anhu says falafel Min harappan Nobu, Star whatever he also mean Allah Chemin de sola. He says three things are from Prophethood from the demeanor of prophethood.
Breaking opening the fastest soon as possible as soon as the sun comes in and delaying the support until the end of its time, and putting the right on the left and Sala putting the right hand on the left hand. In
the profits of Solomon he opened his fast
generally speaking, he would use fresh dates, or rooftop rooftop fresh dates. Now most of what we have now are not these are dried dates. A lot of them are dried dates fresh dates are the ones that are soft root as they call them. Up until today they are called rota so the province of some would prefer rooftop for opening the fast the dates that are still fresh. If not then he would go for the dry dates which is tomorrow.
If not, he would take a few sips of water
now the prophets also known as when you open you fast the prophets of Salaam says that so that I can muster jab at that what you saw in whatever form of Lumi musafir he says three types of Dora are answered
the Dora have the fastest person and the daughter of the oppressed person and the daughter of the traveler
and the prophets of Salaam said in a slightly more in depth in that he saw me individually he liked that one match will do for the fostering person there is a door that will never be rejected.
So sees these moments when the thought comes just before you open your thought before these seconds or just before you eat. Okay, make this two hour so what are you waiting for the other that's the best time to make the best time to make two How often do you take a couple a few days, like or sips of water make dry as well that's the time to be accepted for that to be accepted. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam when he
opened his fast he would say that have a llama will work 10 letter oak with a better agile insha Allah. Now the most likely time to be said is actually when you after you eat. You eat a number of dates. You drink some water
Basically you say that Obama first has gone. What tiller tiller. Oh, and so the veins have been rejuvenated, with haematological insha Allah and the reward for fasting has been confirmed in sha Allah insha Allah
so this is a vicar from the province of Salaam, it's good that we actually keep it and do it.
Some of the good things is well to do is to feed a fasting person to open their first offering, offer them the food to open their fast and the Prophet sallallahu when he was sending them
segment photolysis him and Canada whom he flew actually he
this woman Angela saw me she whoever feeds a fasting person and he will get similar reward without reducing the reward of the fasting person.
Now there is something some ethical from the prophets of Salaam if someone feeds you someone offers you foods want to invite you to food whether it's Ramadan, outside Ramadan, fasting or not fasting breakfast, lunch, dinner.
When you eat from their food, there are some mathcad that you can say or you can make something out for that person. The proper the easiest among them is probably a lot of men are many was semen sacani or Allah feed whoever fed me and provide water for whoever provided water for me allama apartmani was famous or corny. Or else you can say a kelapa Armando Oklahoma como la la la la comunidad after in the coma saw him on
another drive would be a llama philomel hamlen robotic female as of the home
okay, what does break the fast so we're gonna inshallah close with these What does break the fast
break breaks the fast is eating or drinking deliberately.
eating or drinking deliberately obviously, break the fast but if you do this by mistake you'll forget for you having to eat or drink the prophets of Salaam says either nscf ahkello Shelly Bethel Newton Musoma hoffa innama mahalo was if you happen to forget to eat or drink by mistake, you remember, you complete your fast and it counts as a fast and it's basically a last one that has fed you and provided you
what breaks the fast also is pushing yourself to vomit. pushing yourself to vomit either by taking some substance obviously breaks your fast or putting your finger in your throat to feel sick and
But if you vomit by like it happens you don't push yourself into it but it just happens then Sharla there's nothing wrong on on you.
We said any kind of nutrition nutritious or nutritional injections that provide new injections as we said they don't break the fast unless they are they have a nutritious material like glucose or anything else similar to that
obviously as well as sexual intercourse, sexual intercourse nullifies the fast and we said the cafaro the explanation for this is huge.
So there is a hadith
from the prophet SAW Allah so a man
I'm gonna read it in Arabic Then I'll translate
and it'd be
foolish Allah azza wa jal on sakarya Law School of Law he had to
file a woman Lacock colocar to Allah merace Ramadan, so a man came to the prophet SAW Selim and he said O Messenger of Allah have been destroyed and destroyed myself. Thompson said What was that? He said, I had intercourse with my wife and one day one of the days in Ramadan
called a health study or interactive Baraka
Kala personal said can you free a slave? He said, No.
Allah help us who enter so Masha Allah de matar Tabby, I'm Carla. He said, Can you fast two consecutive months? He said no.
Allah helped us to leave until the msft and I'm askin is it can you feed 60 poor people, that's for imagine for having
sexual intimacy during one of the days in Ramadan. Allah Allah, Allah vangelis for jealous for
And maybe you're so low and you send them be out of envy Hitomi all of a sudden Dr. B he
called Mr. Bonilla but I hadn't asked him in California, Hey, can we use a low budget and he called me back. So
so the province of Southern said, Can you feed 60 poor people? He said, No, the President said sit down. So he sat down stayed with the province of Salaam then, because the process I'm used to receive sometimes gifts are used to receive sadaqa to give it out to the people. So something came to the Prophet Solomon was basically some dates.
So the person gave it to him and he said, given us a sadhaka because you can't do any of these patients. Okay, give it as a soccer take this give it as a soda. So the man looks mad man came to the problem with this kind of acts that he did. So he looked at the restaurant in the city, almost in Java, there's no one in Medina that is poorer than me. So the profits are seldom laughed until his teeth politics showed
when he said, Take it and feed it to your family. Can you do this? Can you imagine as well, the promise of Sonam was easy going with the people. If a person cannot do something, you can't expect them to do it.
You can't expect them to do it. Sometimes we want to push people into something they cannot do and we think we are being we are preserving the deen. That's the issue sometimes. Yes. I mean, we want to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet saucer.
But one follow the Sunnah of the Prophet, Solomon, everything you don't pick and choose. You don't choose some of the difficult things and ignore the other things. This is a man who came and he had sexual intimacy in Ramadan. And the explanation for this is to free a slave. If he could not, he should. Fast 6060 consecutive days non stop back to back. And if you couldn't do this, he would have to feed 60 poor people. The man with all of these Who said I can't the problem widened the province and just say Come on, you know, like 60 days, you have to fast 60 days you can the man says I can't the person took his word for it. He took his word for it. And he said no, you can you're playing
games. Because that's not his business. That's always business.
The President told him Can you fast 60 consecutive days demand said no the President took that for an answer. Class. Can you feed 60 people? He said no.
So when something came the proposal and said okay, then your expansion that means your expansion would be saying this give it a supercar to people to poor people. The most said the poorest person in Medina, the person I'd love to visit take it and feed it, feed it feed it give it to your family in consuming guys take it
so why didn't the professor send them say No, you've done something bad You don't deserve it. You won't give it to someone another poor person, right?
So, these are things that we have to pay attention in the example of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Okay, so that's it for today. I'm going to keep going Charla from now on
for Friday, Saturday,
Tuesday and Wednesday.
Friday, Saturday, Tuesday and Wednesday we will be having and before we start one hour and 44 we'll be having halaqa so we will be talking about many will be reflections on Hadeeth but for the first part I will be reflecting on a hadith that are have to do with fasting and Ramadan. And then afterwards we can move into something else through the month inshallah. Now we'll take some questions. Is it permissible or forward slash sooner to say Ramadan Mubarak? Okay.
there is no specific statement that came from the prophets of Salaam of the companions to say about what I'm about to say about a llama. But there is something there is something that was authentically reported that they would sort of convey the good news about Ramadan and congratulate one another about Ramadan being there. So this is why it was narrated by some of the tabea in that they use something like barakallahu li comb fissure or mobile something like this. So this is why this call is say if you say Ramadan Mubarak fine but don't make it as a greeting don't make it as a religion as a greeting Ramadan Mubarak, it never came from the prophets of Salaam never came from
the companions. So you see someone you can say call Rahman one number what's the big deal no problem. But don't keep it as something formal that Muslims have to say Ramadan Mubarak or colorama and to behave and so on and so forth. Whatever any kind of casual wear that you have to convey your happiness about Ramadan, and you congratulate the other Muslim about
You know what this is in the month of Ramadan then use it without making a big fuss out of it and without sticking to one word someone says Ramadan.
Mubarak Ramadan No, no, you have to say Ramadan Mubarak.
Okay, that's that's when we take him as a religion. But if we just say Ramadan Mubarak kulu and want to behave.
Kabbalah something like this. That's fine. That's fine. And that's the federal chef underneath me and I'm on lockdown questions
about fast about a MOBA.
Yes, it's a good practice to pay zakat during Ramadan. So the scholars usually recommend your point one time in the year where you check your accounts and your possessions, your belongings, your wealth, whatever you possess, evaluate it. And if it reaches any sub the threshold of Zika then you get the value of the Can you pay it. So some of them recommended you do it and Ramadan, but it's not necessary. It's not necessary. They said it's an opener, you want to do it in Ramadan, do it in Ramadan, you want to do it outside Ramadan, do it outside Ramadan, that's fine. But some people like are very rigid about this, that has to be done in Ramadan. Like, that's how the care is done. Now,
if this becomes the perception, that's problematic,
that becomes problematic because for some people, this rule of evaluating your possessions and your wealth once a year doesn't work with everyone doesn't work with everyone. For some people, it might be like,
a might be different. It might be different for some people, maybe I have this amount of money for a year. Regardless, I had it for a year. And it's not necessary. The time that it has been with me for a year is not during Ramadan. So I will I will paste the code for this. Yeah. So in principle it is. It's okay to and MIB even good as well to paisa can Ramadan, but it's not a must. And there's like it's not. I can say don't be rigid about it. Just be flexible. Any other questions? Okay, let me take.
Yes, then I'll come.
We break our first one.
Okay. You check the same day, same dates.
Follow to follow this year's calendar. There's nothing new about this.
There's nothing on you about this. Just follow the calendar. But if you have concerns about this, I mean, you can speak with the brothers speak with Hassan say.
I don't have an answer for this honestly. Like
that's the problem with the issue of the safe side. So the problem is that here you cannot see the sun. Sitting you cannot see it. Most of most likely you cannot see it, there's high rise buildings, there is a lot of pollution and so on and so forth. So it's hard really to tell, but if someone can tell that would be the best thing. Look at the sun when it goes beyond the below the horizon. That's it.
Yeah, so you have no choice but to depend on something. Yeah.
Yeah, I mean, okay, what the professor used to eat what the what the person I'm used to eat for Star for sure.
There's very few indications and that shows. Food wasn't a big deal. So that's a message message strong enough. Okay, but this is the general directions of the prophet SAW Salaam. Mama
taught me that a man would never fill a container worse than his stomach. It has been the Adam and OPI Matthew creaminess will bow enough for the son of Allah.
You know, few mouthfuls that keep him alive and keep him healthy. So yes, food, excessive eating is absolutely advised against in Islam, we're not supposed to engage in that, because it takes away from the even from your experience or from the benefits of fasting. But you can see that
generally speaking, Islam
gives certain directives about certain things, but it leaves as well, some space open.
Because sometimes giving excessive directives might be a fitna for some people. So a lot of zip for the discretion of the person himself, to maintain their fast and not eat excessively so they can actually they, so they do not compromise on the quality of their first. So it's a general advice, nothing specific, but generally speaking, the professor would have
you know, a few dates, and some water or some milk, usually for shareholders, though, is it? Usually that and for if there was, if they had food, they would eat something very simple. That would be it. Yes.
I'll take more. One more question. Yes.
Night from power V.
Is there is it a continuous flow from beginning to end? Or is there is this really covering as much as you can for the duration of that prayer and then like, he skips a little bit, in order to be able to still get through the Quran.
There's nothing about what to read and selected telawi origin is called LTM. The night prayer, that's what it's called. Later on, it was called tarawih because people used to rest in the middle. And that's comes from our heart, which is rests, brakes taking breaks, then it was called taraweeh. Because of this. Now, what is the memory there is no specification.
There is no specification, whatever the memories, but it's been a preference by many people to read through the code on so that's it, but if a man wants to reach salata, nurse so they start skipping, I mean, there's nothing like there's nothing specific if you read from a book or to a nurse even if you skip or from a Fatiha to, unless even if you skip you're gonna get a certain reward. No, there's not even any recommendation from the prophets I send them to complete the Quran and Ramadan, but this is something people try to do to get as much as possible or to read as much as possible, offer people as much as possible reward because they are listening and once you listen, you get similar
reward as you're reciting inshallah. So there's nothing specific. Whatever the Imam finds to be suitable to be good for the congregation they can do. You work a lot.
And that's an answer. That's another question.
But you want me to announce it right?
I always say preferred previously, obviously, we said the quality of your act of worship, your Salah, the quality of your foreshore is more important than a number. Besides Of course, on the level of your reflection to the bolon understanding and to the core as well, that's much more important than reading more Koran just you know, going through the words. The same thing with fast I mean, you can just abstain from food and drink deprive yourself but not experienced and not feel the intention not feel the loss of the sincerity. That's gonna take away a lot of the reward. Obviously, the quality or quality is much more important than quantity when it comes to dealing with a lost
pound to add Zakah hit by balaclava. So Lawson Amina Mohammed Ali