Kamil Ahmad – The Beautiful Names of Allah #03

Kamil Ahmad
AI: Summary © The speakers discuss the names of Islam and its attributes, including its use of Aratchios' name and the use of words like "arays" and "arAKs" to describe actions. They stress the importance of showing mercy and compassion towards others, particularly animals, and the need to be mindful of one's actions. The speakers also emphasize the importance of learning about Islam and not just asking for it. The importance of the names of Islam for actions and their role in the church is also emphasized. Finally, the speakers stress the importance of not referring to oneself by a name and explain the concept of God in Islam to avoid confusion.
AI: Transcript ©
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Yes, Jeffrey.

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Yeah. I I see you're growing live. Just

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Yeah. I

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see.

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I'll just I want I want to check

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the sound.

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I'm ready. Just I want to check the

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sound.

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And I'm already we're doing ready to go.

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Can you check the green can you check

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the green line?

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Yeah. Take it out. It's easy for you.

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Just

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okay.

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Yeah.

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But I have to

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Sure.

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I had I had meat,

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to give to you.

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Can I come by tonight?

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After after Orisha.

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So

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yeah. Like yeah.

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Yeah. Because,

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I recently,

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got appointed as imam in,

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TIC, you know, downtown,

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Toronto Islamic

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Center.

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So I'm gonna praise Allah here, and then

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I'll come. It's like it's not far from

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here.

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Yeah. It's Jung and Jung and Blue.

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Jung and Blue.

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Yeah.

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Uh-huh.

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Yeah. Yeah.

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Mhmm.

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Yeah. Okay,

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Okay.

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Okay. Yeah.

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Yeah. Yeah.

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Yeah. No. No. Not no. Not all 5.

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Just.

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5.

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Right now, just, twice.

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We continue on our series

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on Isma'ilah

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al Husna,

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the most beautiful

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names of Allah.

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And last week we covered

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the

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most important names of Allah.

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Allah Al Ira and

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Arrab.

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And so today we move on to

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perhaps the next most important names of Allah

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that would come after,

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the names that we covered, last week.

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And what names would that be?

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And? Rahman and Ar Rahim. Yes.

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And then after that we're gonna cover 2

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more names which are considered,

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special and among the most important names of

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Allah and that is

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Al Hay and Al Qayyum. Insha'Allah that's what

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we're gonna be covering,

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for today.

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And so Ar Rahman

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and Ar Raheem

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are the two names of Allah that are

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related to

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his sufah, his attribute

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of arrahma.

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And this attribute of arrahma is one of

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greatest

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attribute.

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One of His

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greatest

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attribute.

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And so from

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the attribute rahma we have these two names.

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And.

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Now how have these names been mentioned

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in the Quran?

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These two names

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have been mentioned in the Quran

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in different ways.

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Sometimes they're mentioned

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on their own individually,

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sometimes they come together

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and other times

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other times

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they are associated with other names of Allah

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as we're gonna see.

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So

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first of all,

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Arrahman

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coming with Ar Rahim together,

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this comes in a few instances

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or

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perhaps twice in the Quran

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besides the best manna.

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So

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Bismillahir

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Rahmanirrahim

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is in is it

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an eye of the Quran or not?

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It is?

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Okay where?

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Surah

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Fatiha.

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Surah Fatihah. BismillahirRahmanirRahim. Like that.

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Soleiman. Yeah. That's in Surah Tun Namal.

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Alright. Now Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem coming in the

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beginning of each surah including Al Fatiha.

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This is a debate among the scholars as

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to whether

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that is from the Quran or not. The

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scholars differed. Some said it is

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considered the first ayah of every surah except

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for which surah?

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Surah Tawbah.

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But many other scholars say it's not an

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ayah from every surah,

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but it is what we begin is surah

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with.

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And this is the the more correct opinion

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insha'Allah.

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So that having been said,

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comes only once in the Quran that is

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in Suratul Namil.

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And that was in the letter of Surayman

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to Bilqis

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in Nahu Minh Sulaymanah.

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This letter is from Suleiman and he begins

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it with the name of Allah, Ar Rahman

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Ar Raheem.

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And it has been mentioned

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Arrahman with Ar Raheem has been mentioned in

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Surat Al Fatiha.

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Alhamdulillahi

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rabbil Arami

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This is when they're mentioned together.

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Al Rahman

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on its own

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has been mentioned in several places in the

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Quran.

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And

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Allah mentions it

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as

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a substitute of his name Allah,

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which is rare in the Quran.

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Usually throughout the Quran,

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Allah either refers to himself as Allah

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or arab as we mentioned last week.

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For example,

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worship your

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and your Lord has said. And Allah comes

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throughout the Quran. Allah referring to himself as

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Allah.

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As for Ar Rahman then it has also

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been mentioned.

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For example, Allah says

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This is in Surat Taha.

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Ar Rahman rose above the throne.

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So you notice here Allah did not say

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Allahu

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* Akshistawah.

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Right? He uses his name.

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Also

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in Surat Miriam.

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Ibrahim Alaihi Salam says,

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Ibrahim alaihis salam says to his father,

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My father, I'm afraid that

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a punishment will touch you from

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Ar Rahman. He didn't say from Allah, He

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said from Ar Rahman.

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And of course we have Surah Ar Rahman.

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Allah begins it

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by saying Ar Rahman

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So this is Ar Rahman mentioned on its

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own. So whenever Ar Rahman is mentioned on

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its own

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it usually

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refers to

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it's referring to Allah.

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As for Al Raheem,

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Al Raheem being mentioned on its own.

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It is mentioned

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either

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or when it's mentioned on its own,

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it is mentioned

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restricted

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to

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a certain subject.

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Restricted to a certain subject.

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So Allah doesn't use it

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as he uses Ar Rahman, as we have

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seen.

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Right?

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He doesn't say

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Ar Raheem

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said such and such or Ar Raheem did

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such and such

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as we have seen with Ar Rahman.

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But when Ar Rahim is mentioned on its

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own,

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it's restricted to a certain subject.

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And an example of this,

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Allah says,

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And the Allah

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is

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Rahim

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to the believers. So the subject here are

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the believers.

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So when it's mentioned on its own, Ar

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Raheem,

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it's usually restricted to a certain subject.

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In this case, the believers.

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And finally, we come to Ar Raheem being

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mentioned

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with other names of Allah.

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And

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this comes in several different places in the

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Quran where Allah combines Ar Rahim with other

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names.

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Like Al Azziz Ar Rahim,

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and this comes a lot in the Quran.

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Raheem being associated with Al Ghafoor,

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it comes a lot in the Quran.

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Etcetera.

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Also we have

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and

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So this is how Ar Rahman and Ar

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Rahim have been mentioned in the Quran.

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Alright.

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If both Ar Rahman and Ar Rahim

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are

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talking about the same attribute of Ar Rahman

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then

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what's the difference between the 2?

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There must be a difference

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between the 2

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because not

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the names of Allah are not synonymous

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from every sense.

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There are differences

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and one name

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gives a certain meaning that another name does

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not.

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Even if it's relating to the same attribute

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as is the case with Ar Rahman and

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Ar Raheem.

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So what is the difference between the 2?

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Muqtasah for what?

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Yes. This is the most common explanation that's

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given

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for the difference between

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Ar Rahman and Ar Raheem.

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The Ar Rahman is

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the all encompassing mercy of Allah general

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for

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all of his creation.

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And this is specific

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with regards to his creation in the dunya.

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Right?

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As for Raheem,

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then it is specific

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what we'll mention here is that we have

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the following differences between Ar Rahman and Ar

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Rahim and this is the first. What I

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just mentioned right now

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is the first difference.

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Rahman

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is the all encompassing mercy of Allah for

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all of his creation

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in this dunya.

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And you can see that.

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You can see Allah's mercy to animals.

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You can see Allah's mercy

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to the kuffar,

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to everyone,

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irrespective.

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So this is referring to Arrahman.

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As for Ar Raheem, it is specific for

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the believers.

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It is specific for the believers

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in this dunya and in the next.

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It is specific for the believers in this

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in this dunya and in the next.

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And you see this throughout the Quran.

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We mentioned right now.

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That Raheem,

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it comes

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restricted to the believers.

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And you don't find that with arrahman.

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Allah does not restrict his name arrahman to

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something in particular.

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The second difference

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between the 2

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is that Ar Rahman

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is an attribute of Allah's very being, his

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very essence.

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What we call the that of Allah.

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So we say this is

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What

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does mean? Basically the scholars they,

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say we have

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and

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An attribute related to the that is an

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attribute related to the very essence of Allah,

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His very

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being. Whereas,

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Raheem

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is It is an attribute of action.

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Whereby

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Allah's mercy is seen in action.

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And the result is seen in his creation.

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Right?

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So you see the rahma of Allah

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upon so and so, for example.

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Allah was merciful to so and so

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And this is why we use

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or this is why we see Allah using

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Ar Raheem

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to describe himself when he is showing mercy

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to others.

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Because this is

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an action.

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And, as we mentioned, waka nabilminina

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Rahima.

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He was merciful towards

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the believers.

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Whereas he doesn't use that with Arrahman.

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He doesn't use that with Arrahman.

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The third difference

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is that Ar Rahman

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is exclusively for Allah.

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No one can,

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say that so and so is Rahman

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but you can say so and so is

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Raheem.

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If you want to describe someone being kind

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and compassionate

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and merciful,

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you don't say he is rahman

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but you say he is raheem.

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You say he is Raheem and Allah uses

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that for the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

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in the Quran.

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Allah says that the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa

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sallam

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is Raheem

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towards the believers.

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This is at the end of Surat at

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Tawba.

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A messenger has come to you

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from among yourselves.

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He is concerned about your suffering

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and he's anxious for your well-being.

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And he

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is Ra'uth,

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gracious, kind,

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and Raheem

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merciful

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to the believers.

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Here Allah is describing the Prophet sallallahu alaihi

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wasallam.

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Now why is this?

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You know, why is it that

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arrahman is exclusively used for Allah and we

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don't use it for others?

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Right?

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What is the scale that Ar Rahman is

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on?

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The scale of fa'alan.

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The scale of

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And this scale

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in Arabic is used to describe someone who

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is filled with a certain description.

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He is

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filled with a certain description.

00:27:23 --> 00:27:24

So for example, what do we say?

00:27:26 --> 00:27:27

We say Someone

00:27:28 --> 00:27:30

who is very very angry.

00:27:33 --> 00:27:33

Keslan

00:27:34 --> 00:27:36

Someone who is very very lazy.

00:27:38 --> 00:27:39

Sakuran.

00:27:40 --> 00:27:42

Someone who is very very drunk

00:27:42 --> 00:27:44

and so on and so forth.

00:27:45 --> 00:27:48

And no one is filled with mercy

00:27:49 --> 00:27:50

to the max

00:27:50 --> 00:27:51

besides

00:27:52 --> 00:27:54

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. Therefore only Allah is

00:27:54 --> 00:27:55

referred to as

00:27:56 --> 00:27:56

Ar

00:27:59 --> 00:28:00

Rahman. Now

00:28:02 --> 00:28:05

what did the prophet, salawahu alaihi wasallam, tell

00:28:05 --> 00:28:06

us about

00:28:07 --> 00:28:07

the mercy

00:28:08 --> 00:28:09

of Allah subhanahu

00:28:10 --> 00:28:11

wa ta'ala.

00:28:13 --> 00:28:15

There are so many different hadith in which

00:28:15 --> 00:28:17

the prophet, sallallahu alaihi wa sallam,

00:28:18 --> 00:28:20

describes the mercy of Allah to us.

00:28:23 --> 00:28:25

Now, as we have already covered previously,

00:28:26 --> 00:28:27

when it comes to the names and the

00:28:27 --> 00:28:28

attributes of Allah,

00:28:30 --> 00:28:32

there's no way for us to

00:28:34 --> 00:28:34

you know

00:28:36 --> 00:28:36

completely

00:28:37 --> 00:28:38

grasp

00:28:40 --> 00:28:41

how Allah's attributes are.

00:28:42 --> 00:28:45

Right? Because they are without limit

00:28:46 --> 00:28:48

and our human mind is

00:28:49 --> 00:28:49

limited, right?

00:28:52 --> 00:28:54

However, the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam gave us

00:28:54 --> 00:28:55

examples

00:28:56 --> 00:28:58

to at least bring near to us,

00:28:59 --> 00:29:00

you

00:29:00 --> 00:29:02

know, the mercy of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala.

00:29:05 --> 00:29:06

And so

00:29:07 --> 00:29:09

the first hadith we have, this is in

00:29:09 --> 00:29:10

Bukhari and Muslim.

00:29:12 --> 00:29:13

In one of the battles,

00:29:14 --> 00:29:17

some captives were brought to the Prophet sallallahu

00:29:17 --> 00:29:19

alaihi wa sallam, and among them was a

00:29:19 --> 00:29:20

woman.

00:29:23 --> 00:29:26

And she was frantic looking for someone.

00:29:27 --> 00:29:28

She looked around and

00:29:29 --> 00:29:30

she couldn't find him.

00:29:32 --> 00:29:33

She was desperately

00:29:34 --> 00:29:35

desperately looking for someone

00:29:36 --> 00:29:37

among

00:29:37 --> 00:29:39

the captives and the soldiers.

00:29:41 --> 00:29:42

And suddenly,

00:29:43 --> 00:29:45

her eyes fell on who who she was

00:29:45 --> 00:29:46

looking for

00:29:47 --> 00:29:48

and she went,

00:29:48 --> 00:29:49

and she wept,

00:29:50 --> 00:29:52

and she picked him up,

00:29:52 --> 00:29:53

and she hugged him.

00:29:55 --> 00:29:56

This was

00:29:57 --> 00:29:58

her baby.

00:29:59 --> 00:30:03

After witnessing the scene, the Prophet salallahu alaihi

00:30:03 --> 00:30:04

wa sallam asked the companions,

00:30:06 --> 00:30:07

do you think

00:30:07 --> 00:30:08

that this woman

00:30:09 --> 00:30:12

would throw her child in a fire?

00:30:13 --> 00:30:14

They said no.

00:30:15 --> 00:30:16

By Allah,

00:30:16 --> 00:30:17

she would not.

00:30:20 --> 00:30:22

And then the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:30:22 --> 00:30:26

said, Allah is more merciful with His servant

00:30:26 --> 00:30:29

than this woman is with her child.

00:30:30 --> 00:30:31

Allah is more merciful

00:30:32 --> 00:30:33

with His servant

00:30:34 --> 00:30:34

than this

00:30:35 --> 00:30:36

woman is

00:30:36 --> 00:30:37

with her child.

00:30:39 --> 00:30:40

So

00:30:40 --> 00:30:42

here the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:30:42 --> 00:30:44

is giving us a glimpse

00:30:44 --> 00:30:46

of how merciful Allah is.

00:30:48 --> 00:30:49

Bring the most,

00:30:50 --> 00:30:50

you know,

00:30:52 --> 00:30:53

bring the most

00:30:54 --> 00:30:56

merciful scene in the dunya

00:30:57 --> 00:30:58

and Allah's mercy,

00:30:59 --> 00:31:01

you know, is far greater than that.

00:31:02 --> 00:31:04

And that's why we mentioned this previously, one

00:31:04 --> 00:31:05

of the

00:31:05 --> 00:31:08

one of the scholars of the salaf,

00:31:09 --> 00:31:10

he was

00:31:10 --> 00:31:11

asked if

00:31:12 --> 00:31:14

you have the choice between

00:31:16 --> 00:31:18

Allah judging you on the day of judgment

00:31:18 --> 00:31:20

and your parents, who would you choose? He

00:31:20 --> 00:31:21

said, I would choose Allah

00:31:23 --> 00:31:25

because I know that Allah is more merciful

00:31:25 --> 00:31:26

to me than my own parents.

00:31:28 --> 00:31:29

The second hadith is also

00:31:30 --> 00:31:32

in Bukhari and Muslim, the prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:31:32 --> 00:31:33

wa sallam says,

00:31:34 --> 00:31:35

Allah has divided

00:31:36 --> 00:31:37

Rahmah,

00:31:37 --> 00:31:39

mercy into a 100 parts.

00:31:41 --> 00:31:43

And he sent down to earth one part,

00:31:43 --> 00:31:44

only one part.

00:31:45 --> 00:31:46

Imagine

00:31:46 --> 00:31:47

there are

00:31:47 --> 00:31:48

a 100

00:31:50 --> 00:31:51

there are a100 parts

00:31:52 --> 00:31:54

to Allah's mercy that He has

00:31:56 --> 00:31:57

that He has created.

00:31:59 --> 00:32:01

And He sent down to earth only one

00:32:01 --> 00:32:04

part, meaning He is merciful and we see

00:32:04 --> 00:32:05

that mercy around us

00:32:06 --> 00:32:08

but that's only one part out of a

00:32:08 --> 00:32:09

100.

00:32:09 --> 00:32:11

The prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam goes on

00:32:11 --> 00:32:13

to say through this one part,

00:32:14 --> 00:32:17

creatures deal with one another with compassion.

00:32:19 --> 00:32:21

So much so that an animal lifts its

00:32:21 --> 00:32:22

hoof

00:32:22 --> 00:32:24

over its young one,

00:32:24 --> 00:32:26

less it should be hurt.

00:32:27 --> 00:32:29

You know, that rahma that we see

00:32:31 --> 00:32:32

between animals,

00:32:33 --> 00:32:34

you know, a mother

00:32:37 --> 00:32:38

taking care of her child.

00:32:39 --> 00:32:41

That is all from this one part of

00:32:41 --> 00:32:43

Allah's mercy that He sent down.

00:32:44 --> 00:32:45

And then the Prophet said

00:32:46 --> 00:32:49

and Allah kept 99 parts with himself

00:32:50 --> 00:32:51

which he will use

00:32:52 --> 00:32:54

to show mercy to his servants on the

00:32:54 --> 00:32:55

day of judgment.

00:32:58 --> 00:33:00

And so that is gonna be Allah's mercy

00:33:00 --> 00:33:01

that He's gonna show to us on the

00:33:01 --> 00:33:02

day of judgment.

00:33:03 --> 00:33:04

But even that,

00:33:04 --> 00:33:07

it's gonna be exclusively for the believers,

00:33:09 --> 00:33:11

at a time when we're gonna need the

00:33:11 --> 00:33:12

rahmah of Allah.

00:33:13 --> 00:33:15

And that's why, you know, our dead

00:33:16 --> 00:33:18

You know, what is the one du'a that

00:33:18 --> 00:33:20

we always make for them? May Allah shower

00:33:20 --> 00:33:21

them with the mercy.

00:33:22 --> 00:33:23

That is the one thing we always ask

00:33:23 --> 00:33:24

for.

00:33:25 --> 00:33:27

May Allah have mercy upon them.

00:33:29 --> 00:33:29

Right?

00:33:30 --> 00:33:31

Because we're hoping that

00:33:32 --> 00:33:33

those 99 parts,

00:33:34 --> 00:33:36

this person will will have a share of

00:33:36 --> 00:33:37

that,

00:33:37 --> 00:33:38

in the akhir.

00:33:42 --> 00:33:43

The 3rd hadith is also in Bukhari and

00:33:43 --> 00:33:47

Muslim. The prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam said,

00:33:47 --> 00:33:50

when Allah created and He completed the creation,

00:33:51 --> 00:33:52

He wrote

00:33:53 --> 00:33:56

in His book which is with Him

00:33:56 --> 00:33:57

on his throne.

00:34:00 --> 00:34:02

He wrote he decreed this.

00:34:18 --> 00:34:18

My mercy

00:34:19 --> 00:34:20

has prevailed over

00:34:21 --> 00:34:22

my anger and my wrath.

00:34:25 --> 00:34:27

This does not negate that Allah

00:34:29 --> 00:34:29

is not,

00:34:30 --> 00:34:32

is not attributed with anger.

00:34:35 --> 00:34:36

Allah is attributed with anger,

00:34:37 --> 00:34:39

and he does get angry with certain people.

00:34:40 --> 00:34:41

However,

00:34:42 --> 00:34:43

if one is to

00:34:44 --> 00:34:46

prevail over the other, it would be the

00:34:46 --> 00:34:47

mercy of Allah.

00:34:47 --> 00:34:49

And so Allah shows more mercy

00:34:51 --> 00:34:51

then

00:34:52 --> 00:34:53

he shows anger.

00:34:53 --> 00:34:55

And so that's what we learned from this

00:34:55 --> 00:34:55

hadith,

00:34:56 --> 00:34:59

that my mercy has prevailed over my anger.

00:35:00 --> 00:35:00

Alright.

00:35:02 --> 00:35:04

We go through some of the things that

00:35:04 --> 00:35:05

these two names teach us,

00:35:07 --> 00:35:08

Ar Rahman and Ibrahim.

00:35:09 --> 00:35:10

1st and foremost,

00:35:15 --> 00:35:16

putting our hope

00:35:16 --> 00:35:19

in Allah's mercy and not despairing of it.

00:35:23 --> 00:35:25

Never despair of Allah's mercy.

00:35:27 --> 00:35:29

When you understand that Allah is ar Rahman

00:35:29 --> 00:35:30

and ar Raheem,

00:35:32 --> 00:35:33

That's it. You would never

00:35:36 --> 00:35:36

lose hope

00:35:37 --> 00:35:39

in the mercy of Allah because of how

00:35:39 --> 00:35:40

much

00:35:41 --> 00:35:43

or because of the fact that you know

00:35:43 --> 00:35:45

how much merciful Allah is.

00:35:45 --> 00:35:46

You will never

00:35:47 --> 00:35:48

give up hope in the mercy of Allah.

00:35:49 --> 00:35:53

No matter what circumstance you may be in.

00:35:53 --> 00:35:54

And

00:35:55 --> 00:35:56

so we associate

00:35:57 --> 00:35:58

the rahma of Allah

00:36:03 --> 00:36:04

with our sins.

00:36:06 --> 00:36:08

So we transgress and

00:36:11 --> 00:36:12

we commit so many sins.

00:36:15 --> 00:36:17

Will Allah show us mercy and compassion and

00:36:17 --> 00:36:19

not punish us?

00:36:21 --> 00:36:22

Or

00:36:23 --> 00:36:25

will he not show us any mercy

00:36:25 --> 00:36:27

and we are bound

00:36:28 --> 00:36:29

to be punished by Allah.

00:36:33 --> 00:36:34

And so this is where

00:36:36 --> 00:36:38

when you know how merciful Allah is,

00:36:40 --> 00:36:42

you never give up on that mercy, you

00:36:42 --> 00:36:43

never give up hope in that mercy.

00:36:46 --> 00:36:47

And so you understand, yes,

00:36:49 --> 00:36:51

Allah's punishment is severe

00:36:51 --> 00:36:53

and he has promised

00:36:53 --> 00:36:56

that if certain people do certain things and

00:36:56 --> 00:36:57

they commit certain crimes,

00:36:57 --> 00:36:58

He's gonna punish

00:37:00 --> 00:37:01

them.

00:37:01 --> 00:37:04

But if you come with a repentant heart

00:37:05 --> 00:37:06

and you turn to Allah in repentance, and

00:37:06 --> 00:37:08

you change your ways then,

00:37:09 --> 00:37:11

here, you don't give up. You don't fall

00:37:11 --> 00:37:12

into despair,

00:37:13 --> 00:37:15

and you think, no, my sins are too

00:37:15 --> 00:37:15

great.

00:37:16 --> 00:37:18

They are too great for Allah to forgive

00:37:18 --> 00:37:18

me.

00:37:20 --> 00:37:21

You know, my life the way it has

00:37:21 --> 00:37:22

been going,

00:37:22 --> 00:37:24

I I don't deserve any of Allah's mercy.

00:37:24 --> 00:37:26

You don't say something like that when you

00:37:26 --> 00:37:27

know how merciful Allah is.

00:37:28 --> 00:37:30

And Allah tells us that in the Quran.

00:37:41 --> 00:37:43

Say my servants who have exceeded

00:37:44 --> 00:37:45

the limits against themselves,

00:37:46 --> 00:37:47

against their souls.

00:37:47 --> 00:37:49

They have done all the sins in the

00:37:49 --> 00:37:49

world.

00:37:51 --> 00:37:52

Allah says here, a message to them,

00:37:53 --> 00:37:55

do not lose hope in Allah's mercy.

00:37:58 --> 00:38:00

For indeed Allah forgives all sins.

00:38:01 --> 00:38:02

For indeed Allah forgives

00:38:03 --> 00:38:04

all sins.

00:38:04 --> 00:38:06

Now obviously in the dunya,

00:38:07 --> 00:38:09

as the scholars say, the the mukmin is

00:38:09 --> 00:38:11

supposed to balance between

00:38:13 --> 00:38:16

having hope for Allah's mercy while at the

00:38:16 --> 00:38:17

same time

00:38:17 --> 00:38:19

fearing Allah's punishment.

00:38:20 --> 00:38:22

And we should not understand from this

00:38:23 --> 00:38:25

that we shouldn't give up hope in Allah's

00:38:25 --> 00:38:27

mercy. We should not understand from this

00:38:28 --> 00:38:28

that

00:38:29 --> 00:38:31

Oh well, Allah is the most merciful

00:38:32 --> 00:38:34

so I can continue to commit all the

00:38:34 --> 00:38:35

sins that I want

00:38:36 --> 00:38:39

and I am guaranteed the mercy of Allah.

00:38:40 --> 00:38:42

You know and you don't change your ways.

00:38:42 --> 00:38:44

There are people who will justify

00:38:46 --> 00:38:48

them committing certain sins when you come to

00:38:48 --> 00:38:49

them and say,

00:38:50 --> 00:38:51

you know, fear Allah,

00:38:53 --> 00:38:54

change your ways.

00:38:56 --> 00:38:57

They'll say, well Allah is the most merciful.

00:38:58 --> 00:39:01

So they're using this that we're just talking

00:39:01 --> 00:39:01

about,

00:39:02 --> 00:39:03

but they're misusing the concept.

00:39:04 --> 00:39:06

Right? They're misusing the concept.

00:39:07 --> 00:39:09

We're not saying that Allah will not show

00:39:09 --> 00:39:10

them mercy.

00:39:11 --> 00:39:12

Right?

00:39:12 --> 00:39:15

We hope that Allah shows everyone mercy.

00:39:15 --> 00:39:18

But what we're saying here is that it

00:39:18 --> 00:39:20

should not be used as justification

00:39:20 --> 00:39:22

for committing sin and continuing

00:39:22 --> 00:39:23

in committing sin.

00:39:25 --> 00:39:27

And so the believer, he balances between 2,

00:39:27 --> 00:39:30

the two things, between hope in Allah's mercy

00:39:30 --> 00:39:32

and at the same time fear,

00:39:33 --> 00:39:34

fearing Allah's punishment.

00:39:38 --> 00:39:40

However, the scholars say that at the time

00:39:40 --> 00:39:40

of death,

00:39:42 --> 00:39:42

when,

00:39:43 --> 00:39:45

you know, death is near,

00:39:47 --> 00:39:48

at this time

00:39:51 --> 00:39:52

you do

00:39:53 --> 00:39:54

put more emphasis on

00:39:56 --> 00:39:57

the aspect of mercy.

00:39:58 --> 00:40:01

They say this because at that time, if

00:40:01 --> 00:40:02

you're thinking about your sins,

00:40:04 --> 00:40:06

what's gonna happen is you're gonna fall into

00:40:06 --> 00:40:06

despair.

00:40:08 --> 00:40:10

And you're gonna think Allah cannot forgive me.

00:40:10 --> 00:40:12

That's it. I'm meeting Allah, that's it. I'm

00:40:12 --> 00:40:13

doomed.

00:40:14 --> 00:40:16

Right? And the believer should have,

00:40:17 --> 00:40:19

he should have good thoughts about Allah subhanahu

00:40:19 --> 00:40:22

wa ta'ala and he shouldn't think about Allah

00:40:22 --> 00:40:24

except in a positive way.

00:40:24 --> 00:40:25

Alright, the second

00:40:26 --> 00:40:27

lesson that we learn here

00:40:29 --> 00:40:30

is that

00:40:32 --> 00:40:34

just as Allah shows mercy,

00:40:35 --> 00:40:37

we should also show mercy to others.

00:40:39 --> 00:40:41

As the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam says,

00:40:42 --> 00:40:44

those who show mercy

00:40:45 --> 00:40:46

will be shown mercy

00:40:46 --> 00:40:48

by the most merciful.

00:40:55 --> 00:40:58

Those who show mercy to others, they will

00:40:58 --> 00:40:59

be shown mercy by Allah.

00:41:02 --> 00:41:03

And then the prophet says,

00:41:04 --> 00:41:07

so show mercy to those on the earth

00:41:08 --> 00:41:11

and He who's in who's in the heavens,

00:41:11 --> 00:41:12

He will show mercy

00:41:16 --> 00:41:16

to you.

00:41:22 --> 00:41:24

And so certain attributes of Allah,

00:41:26 --> 00:41:27

we should

00:41:28 --> 00:41:30

use them and implement them in our lives,

00:41:31 --> 00:41:32

such as this one.

00:41:34 --> 00:41:37

And there is this general rule,

00:41:39 --> 00:41:41

It's a sunnah of Allah. How you treat

00:41:41 --> 00:41:43

others is how Allah is gonna treat you.

00:41:46 --> 00:41:48

How you treat others is how Allah is

00:41:48 --> 00:41:49

gonna treat you.

00:41:50 --> 00:41:53

Be merciful and compassionate with others and that's

00:41:53 --> 00:41:55

how you should expect to be treated by

00:41:55 --> 00:41:55

Allah

00:41:57 --> 00:41:58

Be difficult on others

00:41:59 --> 00:42:00

and

00:42:00 --> 00:42:01

that is how

00:42:02 --> 00:42:03

Allah will deal with you.

00:42:15 --> 00:42:16

It includes everyone.

00:42:16 --> 00:42:17

It includes everyone.

00:42:18 --> 00:42:20

It includes even the animals. Right?

00:42:22 --> 00:42:24

So the brother asked, does it include the

00:42:24 --> 00:42:25

kuffah?

00:42:26 --> 00:42:27

And so we say yes.

00:42:28 --> 00:42:30

As a general rule, we show mercy to

00:42:30 --> 00:42:30

everyone,

00:42:32 --> 00:42:33

including animals

00:42:34 --> 00:42:36

as we have the the various ahadith in

00:42:36 --> 00:42:38

that regard. The woman

00:42:38 --> 00:42:40

who showed mercy to

00:42:40 --> 00:42:41

the dog.

00:42:42 --> 00:42:42

Right?

00:42:44 --> 00:42:46

And, you know, quenched the thirst of the

00:42:46 --> 00:42:49

dog. She was a prostitute and because of

00:42:49 --> 00:42:50

that one

00:42:50 --> 00:42:52

act of kindness, Allah entered her into Jannah

00:42:52 --> 00:42:53

and forgave her. Right?

00:42:55 --> 00:42:56

However,

00:42:57 --> 00:42:59

certain people from the kuffar, we don't show

00:42:59 --> 00:42:59

them mercy,

00:43:01 --> 00:43:04

right? So it's not like everyone's the same.

00:43:05 --> 00:43:08

Obviously with with the enemies of Allah, we

00:43:08 --> 00:43:09

don't we don't show them mercy

00:43:10 --> 00:43:11

and we take this from the life of

00:43:11 --> 00:43:12

the prophet

00:43:14 --> 00:43:15

There are certain people who,

00:43:16 --> 00:43:17

the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam did not

00:43:17 --> 00:43:19

show mercy to them.

00:43:19 --> 00:43:21

But the rest of the kuffar,

00:43:21 --> 00:43:22

he showed mercy to them.

00:43:23 --> 00:43:25

You know, for example, in certain battles

00:43:27 --> 00:43:28

after the battle of Badr,

00:43:30 --> 00:43:32

when he had captives in his hands,

00:43:33 --> 00:43:34

Some of them, he ordered for them to

00:43:34 --> 00:43:35

be executed.

00:43:36 --> 00:43:36

Right?

00:43:37 --> 00:43:37

Others,

00:43:39 --> 00:43:39

he

00:43:40 --> 00:43:41

let them go.

00:43:42 --> 00:43:42

Also,

00:43:43 --> 00:43:43

in Fatima,

00:43:45 --> 00:43:48

generally everyone was safe. He gave

00:43:48 --> 00:43:49

amnesty to everyone.

00:43:51 --> 00:43:53

But there were, you know, certain individuals who

00:43:53 --> 00:43:55

he said, I'm not gonna let them go.

00:43:56 --> 00:43:56

Right?

00:43:57 --> 00:43:59

Alright. The third lesson that we learned

00:44:02 --> 00:44:02

is

00:44:03 --> 00:44:04

let us learn

00:44:05 --> 00:44:07

about those things that

00:44:08 --> 00:44:10

bring about the mercy of Allah.

00:44:12 --> 00:44:14

There are certain things that if we were

00:44:14 --> 00:44:14

to do,

00:44:15 --> 00:44:17

we would deserve Allah's mercy.

00:44:17 --> 00:44:18

And these are mentioned,

00:44:20 --> 00:44:21

in the Quran

00:44:21 --> 00:44:22

and in the sunnah.

00:44:24 --> 00:44:25

And so for example,

00:44:26 --> 00:44:27

Allah says,

00:44:35 --> 00:44:38

The Rahmah of Allah is close to the

00:44:38 --> 00:44:39

people of Ihsan,

00:44:39 --> 00:44:40

the good doers.

00:44:41 --> 00:44:43

If you want the mercy of Allah then

00:44:43 --> 00:44:45

be from among the

00:44:45 --> 00:44:46

Muslim.

00:44:46 --> 00:44:47

Also

00:44:47 --> 00:44:48

Allah says,

00:45:00 --> 00:45:02

When the Quran is being recited,

00:45:02 --> 00:45:04

listen to it attentively

00:45:05 --> 00:45:06

and be silent

00:45:07 --> 00:45:07

so that

00:45:08 --> 00:45:09

you are shown mercy,

00:45:09 --> 00:45:11

obviously by Allah.

00:45:14 --> 00:45:14

And

00:45:15 --> 00:45:15

the

00:45:15 --> 00:45:16

Prophet

00:45:16 --> 00:45:18

says, may Allah have mercy

00:45:19 --> 00:45:22

on the one who is kind,

00:45:23 --> 00:45:24

easygoing when he buys

00:45:26 --> 00:45:27

and when he sells.

00:45:29 --> 00:45:31

He's easy going when he buys and when

00:45:31 --> 00:45:33

he sells. Not difficult.

00:45:34 --> 00:45:36

Right? So here the prophet says, may Allah

00:45:36 --> 00:45:38

have mercy on such a person.

00:45:40 --> 00:45:43

And in another hadith, the Prophet says, may

00:45:43 --> 00:45:45

Allah have mercy on the man who gets

00:45:45 --> 00:45:46

up at night to pray

00:45:47 --> 00:45:48

and he wakes up his wife

00:45:49 --> 00:45:50

to pray

00:45:51 --> 00:45:51

and

00:45:52 --> 00:45:52

she refuses,

00:45:53 --> 00:45:55

so he sprinkles water on her face.

00:45:56 --> 00:45:57

So the prophet

00:45:58 --> 00:46:00

said, may Allah show mercy to to this

00:46:00 --> 00:46:00

man.

00:46:01 --> 00:46:02

And then he went on to say, may

00:46:02 --> 00:46:04

Allah have mercy on the woman who gets

00:46:04 --> 00:46:05

up that night

00:46:06 --> 00:46:08

and does the same thing. She, wakes up

00:46:08 --> 00:46:10

her husband to pray and he refuses so

00:46:10 --> 00:46:11

she sprinkles water

00:46:12 --> 00:46:12

on his face.

00:46:13 --> 00:46:14

So here the prophet

00:46:15 --> 00:46:17

is encouraging us to do these things

00:46:18 --> 00:46:20

and he's saying he's making dua that the

00:46:20 --> 00:46:21

one who does this

00:46:22 --> 00:46:23

may Allah have mercy

00:46:24 --> 00:46:26

on such a person. So we should learn

00:46:26 --> 00:46:27

these things

00:46:27 --> 00:46:29

that are mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah

00:46:31 --> 00:46:32

that basically,

00:46:33 --> 00:46:34

you know, guarantee us

00:46:35 --> 00:46:37

the rahma of Allah subhanahu

00:46:37 --> 00:46:38

wa ta'ala.

00:46:38 --> 00:46:39

Finally,

00:46:41 --> 00:46:43

we learn the importance

00:46:44 --> 00:46:47

of asking Allah for His mercy,

00:46:49 --> 00:46:51

His rahmah and not just asking but,

00:46:52 --> 00:46:54

you know, begging it from Allah.

00:46:56 --> 00:46:57

You know, it's one thing to ask

00:46:58 --> 00:47:00

and it's one thing to

00:47:00 --> 00:47:03

persistently ask and being adamant

00:47:04 --> 00:47:06

that, oh Allah, give me your mercy.

00:47:07 --> 00:47:09

I don't just ask you for your mercy,

00:47:09 --> 00:47:11

oh Allah, I beg you for your mercy.

00:47:13 --> 00:47:15

And so the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:47:15 --> 00:47:15

says,

00:47:18 --> 00:47:20

do not make the dua, oh Allah forgive

00:47:20 --> 00:47:21

me if you wish.

00:47:23 --> 00:47:25

Oh Allah have mercy upon me if you

00:47:25 --> 00:47:25

wish.

00:47:26 --> 00:47:27

The prophet shalallahu alaihi wa sallam says,

00:47:28 --> 00:47:29

do not say

00:47:30 --> 00:47:32

Allahumma afirli inshipt.

00:47:32 --> 00:47:33

Allahummaarhamli

00:47:34 --> 00:47:34

inshipt.

00:47:35 --> 00:47:37

And this hadith is in Bukhari and Muslim.

00:47:40 --> 00:47:41

You know, don't

00:47:41 --> 00:47:42

be hesitant

00:47:43 --> 00:47:43

in this way.

00:47:46 --> 00:47:47

But rather the prophet says,

00:47:51 --> 00:47:53

You know, be determined when you're asking Allah

00:47:55 --> 00:47:57

for no one has the power to compel

00:47:57 --> 00:47:58

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala.

00:48:03 --> 00:48:06

Yeah. Every dua. Every dua. We should not

00:48:06 --> 00:48:08

link it with the mashiya of Allah, with

00:48:08 --> 00:48:11

his will because here

00:48:11 --> 00:48:12

you know you're

00:48:14 --> 00:48:15

saying that

00:48:16 --> 00:48:19

you know, as if someone is compelling Allah

00:48:20 --> 00:48:22

or influencing Allah to

00:48:22 --> 00:48:23

answer your dua.

00:48:24 --> 00:48:26

And so we shouldn't say it like that,

00:48:26 --> 00:48:27

but rather we should

00:48:28 --> 00:48:30

ask Allah knowing

00:48:30 --> 00:48:32

that nothing can prevent him.

00:48:33 --> 00:48:33

Right?

00:48:37 --> 00:48:38

And so we should call upon Allah Subhanahu

00:48:39 --> 00:48:40

Wa Ta'ala You Raheem.

00:48:41 --> 00:48:41

You

00:48:42 --> 00:48:42

Raheem.

00:48:43 --> 00:48:45

We should use these names to call upon

00:48:45 --> 00:48:48

Allah and not just ask for His mercy,

00:48:48 --> 00:48:48

but,

00:48:49 --> 00:48:51

be adamant about it.

00:48:53 --> 00:48:54

Alright.

00:48:54 --> 00:48:56

We move on after that to the next

00:48:56 --> 00:48:58

two names that we want to

00:48:59 --> 00:49:00

cover tonight,

00:49:03 --> 00:49:05

and they are Awa's two names,

00:49:09 --> 00:49:10

Al Hayd

00:49:10 --> 00:49:11

and Al Qayyum.

00:49:12 --> 00:49:13

Al Hayd

00:49:14 --> 00:49:15

and Al Qayyum.

00:49:20 --> 00:49:22

These two names of Allah,

00:49:24 --> 00:49:25

they come together

00:49:26 --> 00:49:27

in 3

00:49:28 --> 00:49:29

different places in the Quran.

00:49:34 --> 00:49:36

They come together in Surat Al Baqarah, in

00:49:36 --> 00:49:38

Ayatul Kursi, obviously.

00:49:44 --> 00:49:45

And they come in the beginning of

00:49:46 --> 00:49:46

Surah

00:49:47 --> 00:49:48

Aliyamran

00:49:55 --> 00:49:56

And in Surah

00:49:58 --> 00:49:59

Taha.

00:50:03 --> 00:50:05

Why are these two names important?

00:50:07 --> 00:50:08

And as I mentioned,

00:50:09 --> 00:50:10

at least in the beginning,

00:50:11 --> 00:50:11

you know,

00:50:13 --> 00:50:13

when

00:50:14 --> 00:50:14

anyone

00:50:16 --> 00:50:18

discusses the names of Allah and if you're

00:50:18 --> 00:50:19

gonna go through all of Allah's names, you

00:50:19 --> 00:50:21

begin with the most important names.

00:50:21 --> 00:50:23

That's why we began with Allah

00:50:24 --> 00:50:26

Arab and then Arrahman Ar Raheem.

00:50:27 --> 00:50:30

So why Al Hayyil Qayyum after that in

00:50:30 --> 00:50:30

this order?

00:50:31 --> 00:50:33

The reason for why these two names are

00:50:33 --> 00:50:34

important

00:50:35 --> 00:50:37

is that all of Allah's

00:50:37 --> 00:50:39

attributes of action.

00:50:40 --> 00:50:43

We said Allah has attributes of action, sithat

00:50:43 --> 00:50:43

fiyaaliyah.

00:50:44 --> 00:50:45

They are based

00:50:47 --> 00:50:48

on his life,

00:50:49 --> 00:50:50

his haya.

00:50:53 --> 00:50:54

And what kind of life is it?

00:50:56 --> 00:50:58

It is an independent life,

00:50:59 --> 00:51:01

self sustaining and that's the meaning of Al

00:51:01 --> 00:51:01

Qayyum.

00:51:03 --> 00:51:05

So what does Al Hayd mean? What does

00:51:05 --> 00:51:07

Al Qayyum mean? We'll talk about it a

00:51:07 --> 00:51:09

bit more, but basically Al Hayy is the

00:51:09 --> 00:51:10

ever living

00:51:10 --> 00:51:11

and Al Qayyum

00:51:12 --> 00:51:14

is the one who is independent.

00:51:16 --> 00:51:19

His life does not depend on anything.

00:51:24 --> 00:51:26

Now Al Hay

00:51:26 --> 00:51:27

has been mentioned

00:51:29 --> 00:51:30

5 times in the

00:51:33 --> 00:51:35

Quran. 3 times

00:51:36 --> 00:51:37

with Al Qayyum.

00:51:38 --> 00:51:40

Okay? 3 times with Al Qayyum

00:51:41 --> 00:51:43

and we mentioned those 3 times.

00:51:45 --> 00:51:47

The 4th time is in Surat Furkan.

00:51:53 --> 00:51:54

Put your trust

00:51:55 --> 00:51:57

in Al Hagg, the ever living

00:51:58 --> 00:51:59

who does not die,

00:52:00 --> 00:52:01

and that is only Allah.

00:52:03 --> 00:52:06

And the 5th time it's mentioned Surah

00:52:14 --> 00:52:15

He is Al Hayd.

00:52:16 --> 00:52:17

There is none

00:52:17 --> 00:52:19

there is no God except him,

00:52:20 --> 00:52:21

So call upon Him

00:52:21 --> 00:52:23

with sincerity in the Deen.

00:52:24 --> 00:52:27

So what does Al Hayi mean exactly?

00:52:29 --> 00:52:32

It means that Allah is the ever living.

00:52:32 --> 00:52:34

But what does that mean?

00:52:34 --> 00:52:35

It means that

00:52:35 --> 00:52:37

the life of Allah

00:52:38 --> 00:52:40

is unlike human life.

00:52:45 --> 00:52:47

What can we say about human life or

00:52:47 --> 00:52:48

the life of any other creature for that

00:52:48 --> 00:52:49

matter?

00:52:51 --> 00:52:54

No. The life of But

00:52:54 --> 00:52:56

before that? It was before.

00:52:57 --> 00:52:57

Exactly.

00:52:58 --> 00:53:01

Human life or the life of any,

00:53:01 --> 00:53:05

created being was preceded by what? By non

00:53:05 --> 00:53:06

existence,

00:53:07 --> 00:53:09

and it is followed by nonexistence.

00:53:12 --> 00:53:13

Right?

00:53:16 --> 00:53:19

It was preceded by non existence, you never

00:53:19 --> 00:53:20

existed once upon a time.

00:53:21 --> 00:53:22

And then you exist

00:53:23 --> 00:53:24

and then you live,

00:53:24 --> 00:53:26

you know, that is your life and it

00:53:26 --> 00:53:28

comes to an end and there's no more

00:53:28 --> 00:53:28

existence.

00:53:30 --> 00:53:30

Right?

00:53:31 --> 00:53:33

Whereas the life of Allah is complete

00:53:34 --> 00:53:36

and perfect in every way.

00:53:37 --> 00:53:38

It did not have a beginning

00:53:39 --> 00:53:40

nor does it have an end.

00:53:41 --> 00:53:43

And that's why we say Allah is the

00:53:43 --> 00:53:44

ever living.

00:53:46 --> 00:53:48

And that's why we cannot compare the life

00:53:48 --> 00:53:49

of Allah to

00:53:50 --> 00:53:52

the life of any of His creation. In

00:53:52 --> 00:53:53

fact,

00:53:53 --> 00:53:57

no life exists except that he, subhanahu wa

00:53:57 --> 00:53:58

ta'ala,

00:53:58 --> 00:54:00

is the one who granted it

00:54:00 --> 00:54:01

to that being.

00:54:04 --> 00:54:06

Now let's take a look at Ayatul Kursi

00:54:06 --> 00:54:07

for a moment.

00:54:07 --> 00:54:08

We mentioned

00:54:08 --> 00:54:11

Al Hayy Al Qayyum comes in Ayatul Kursi.

00:54:11 --> 00:54:12

Right?

00:54:13 --> 00:54:13

Notice

00:54:14 --> 00:54:15

how after Allah mentions

00:54:16 --> 00:54:18

his soul right to be worshiped.

00:54:18 --> 00:54:19

Allah

00:54:20 --> 00:54:21

La ilaha

00:54:25 --> 00:54:27

He immediately follows that up

00:54:27 --> 00:54:29

with the reason for that.

00:54:30 --> 00:54:32

So as if to say,

00:54:34 --> 00:54:35

Allah is

00:54:36 --> 00:54:39

La Iraha Illahu, the only one who we

00:54:39 --> 00:54:40

should worship.

00:54:42 --> 00:54:44

As if someone asks why

00:54:44 --> 00:54:46

and the answer is right there.

00:54:49 --> 00:54:50

He is

00:54:52 --> 00:54:54

the ever living and Al Qayyum will come

00:54:54 --> 00:54:55

to the meaning of it.

00:54:55 --> 00:54:56

But basically,

00:54:58 --> 00:55:00

why should you worship Allah and not anyone

00:55:00 --> 00:55:01

else?

00:55:02 --> 00:55:02

Because

00:55:04 --> 00:55:05

his life is perfect

00:55:08 --> 00:55:09

and complete.

00:55:11 --> 00:55:12

It doesn't have a beginning,

00:55:13 --> 00:55:14

it doesn't have an end.

00:55:15 --> 00:55:15

And worship

00:55:16 --> 00:55:17

cannot be

00:55:19 --> 00:55:20

suitable or appropriate

00:55:21 --> 00:55:22

or valid except

00:55:22 --> 00:55:24

for one who is described as such,

00:55:25 --> 00:55:27

and no one is described as such.

00:55:28 --> 00:55:28

Right?

00:55:29 --> 00:55:30

As we mentioned,

00:55:30 --> 00:55:31

Allah says

00:55:36 --> 00:55:38

Put your trust in the height, the all

00:55:38 --> 00:55:39

living who never dies.

00:55:41 --> 00:55:43

And this is why we see the amazing

00:55:43 --> 00:55:46

insight of Abu Bakr radiAllahu anhu.

00:55:47 --> 00:55:48

What did he say?

00:55:50 --> 00:55:51

What did He say

00:55:51 --> 00:55:53

at the time of the death

00:55:53 --> 00:55:54

of Rasulullah

00:55:58 --> 00:55:59

when, you know,

00:55:59 --> 00:56:01

it was a shock for me.

00:56:01 --> 00:56:04

Imagine including Umar radiallahu alaihi wa sallam,

00:56:04 --> 00:56:06

he couldn't believe it.

00:56:08 --> 00:56:09

And so what did What was the first

00:56:09 --> 00:56:11

thing that Abu Bakr radiyaoullahi walaam said?

00:56:17 --> 00:56:19

Exactly. He said whoever among you used to

00:56:19 --> 00:56:20

worship

00:56:21 --> 00:56:22

Muhammad, then indeed Muhammad

00:56:23 --> 00:56:24

has died.

00:56:25 --> 00:56:27

And whoever used to worship Allah, then indeed

00:56:28 --> 00:56:28

is,

00:56:29 --> 00:56:30

Allah is alive

00:56:30 --> 00:56:32

and cannot die and does not die.

00:56:34 --> 00:56:36

And so, look at his knowledge

00:56:37 --> 00:56:38

and his insight

00:56:39 --> 00:56:42

that was missing from many others from among

00:56:42 --> 00:56:42

the Sahaba.

00:56:43 --> 00:56:44

So the point is

00:56:44 --> 00:56:45

that

00:56:46 --> 00:56:47

by Allah mentioning

00:56:48 --> 00:56:49

his

00:56:50 --> 00:56:51

ever living nature,

00:56:52 --> 00:56:53

he is proving

00:56:54 --> 00:56:56

that he alone deserves to be worshipped.

00:56:57 --> 00:56:57

As

00:56:58 --> 00:56:59

for someone who

00:57:00 --> 00:57:03

is living, but then eventually dies like,

00:57:04 --> 00:57:05

Alisa alisa alisa lam.

00:57:07 --> 00:57:09

Or someone who

00:57:09 --> 00:57:10

is dead

00:57:11 --> 00:57:12

and

00:57:13 --> 00:57:15

you know, he is not living right now.

00:57:15 --> 00:57:17

Like some Muslims

00:57:17 --> 00:57:18

who go and

00:57:19 --> 00:57:20

they'll

00:57:20 --> 00:57:22

make dua and worship graves

00:57:23 --> 00:57:23

of saints,

00:57:24 --> 00:57:25

right?

00:57:26 --> 00:57:27

Or

00:57:28 --> 00:57:30

something that has no life to begin with.

00:57:31 --> 00:57:33

Like, idols made of rock and stone.

00:57:34 --> 00:57:35

All of these

00:57:36 --> 00:57:38

do not deserve to be worshipped.

00:57:39 --> 00:57:40

Right?

00:57:41 --> 00:57:43

Because they are missing one of the most

00:57:43 --> 00:57:44

fundamental characteristics

00:57:44 --> 00:57:46

of someone who deserves

00:57:46 --> 00:57:46

worship.

00:57:47 --> 00:57:49

And that is life

00:57:49 --> 00:57:52

and perfect life for that matter. Perfect life.

00:57:52 --> 00:57:54

And this is why Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala

00:57:54 --> 00:57:56

says, who will hide you

00:57:56 --> 00:57:58

La iraha illahuwa

00:57:58 --> 00:58:00

faderruhu mukhli siyin alabatdil.

00:58:02 --> 00:58:04

Now why does Allah say that

00:58:04 --> 00:58:06

here? Why does Allah say therefore

00:58:06 --> 00:58:07

worship him

00:58:08 --> 00:58:10

after he mentions that he is Al Hayd.

00:58:12 --> 00:58:13

Right? To make that connection.

00:58:17 --> 00:58:18

He is the ever living.

00:58:19 --> 00:58:21

There is no god except him who deserves

00:58:21 --> 00:58:21

worship.

00:58:24 --> 00:58:24

Therefore,

00:58:25 --> 00:58:26

worship him

00:58:27 --> 00:58:28

with sincerity in the deen.

00:58:31 --> 00:58:34

Another point to reflect on Ayatul Kursi

00:58:35 --> 00:58:37

is that after Allah mentions

00:58:37 --> 00:58:39

his attribute of life,

00:58:40 --> 00:58:43

he immediately follows that up with

00:58:43 --> 00:58:46

what's mentioned after that in Atul Kursi.

00:58:48 --> 00:58:48

And then?

00:58:57 --> 00:58:58

This is also meant.

00:59:00 --> 00:59:01

This is intended.

00:59:02 --> 00:59:03

Right?

00:59:04 --> 00:59:06

Why does Allah say that right away after

00:59:06 --> 00:59:06

that?

00:59:07 --> 00:59:07

That,

00:59:08 --> 00:59:10

you know, no fatigue

00:59:10 --> 00:59:10

nor

00:59:11 --> 00:59:14

tiredness nor sleep touches Allah.

00:59:16 --> 00:59:17

Because

00:59:18 --> 00:59:19

as we know, sleep is

00:59:20 --> 00:59:22

a minor form of

00:59:23 --> 00:59:25

of death as a prophet sallallahu alaihi wa

00:59:25 --> 00:59:26

sallam told us.

00:59:28 --> 00:59:29

So Allah negates

00:59:31 --> 00:59:31

from himself

00:59:32 --> 00:59:33

drowsiness,

00:59:33 --> 00:59:34

which is sinah,

00:59:36 --> 00:59:37

and sleep,

00:59:37 --> 00:59:40

which is a minor form of death,

00:59:40 --> 00:59:41

after

00:59:41 --> 00:59:43

having affirmed for himself

00:59:43 --> 00:59:44

perfect life.

00:59:46 --> 00:59:49

Right. He affirms for himself that he's Al

00:59:49 --> 00:59:50

Hayd and then he negates

00:59:52 --> 00:59:52

any

00:59:53 --> 00:59:54

idea

00:59:55 --> 00:59:57

of the fact that, you know, he requires

00:59:58 --> 00:59:58

sleep

00:59:59 --> 01:00:00

or drowsiness, etc.

01:00:02 --> 01:00:03

Alright. So this is the meaning of Al

01:00:03 --> 01:00:04

Hayd.

01:00:05 --> 01:00:07

Al Qayyum has been mentioned

01:00:07 --> 01:00:08

only

01:00:09 --> 01:00:10

3 times in the Quran.

01:00:12 --> 01:00:14

So it has only been mentioned

01:00:14 --> 01:00:15

with Al Hayd.

01:00:18 --> 01:00:20

Okay. It has only been mentioned with Al

01:00:20 --> 01:00:20

Hayd.

01:00:24 --> 01:00:27

And Al Qayyum, as we mentioned, it means

01:00:29 --> 01:00:30

that Allah

01:00:33 --> 01:00:36

is independent and not needing anything.

01:00:37 --> 01:00:37

So

01:00:37 --> 01:00:39

his life does not depend on anything.

01:00:40 --> 01:00:41

His existence

01:00:41 --> 01:00:43

does not depend on anything.

01:00:48 --> 01:00:48

So

01:00:49 --> 01:00:51

he is perfectly established

01:00:52 --> 01:00:53

without any support,

01:00:53 --> 01:00:55

without depending on anything.

01:00:58 --> 01:01:00

And so he is

01:01:01 --> 01:01:01

independent

01:01:02 --> 01:01:03

and self sustaining.

01:01:06 --> 01:01:08

Meaning he does not depend on any of

01:01:08 --> 01:01:10

his creation to exist.

01:01:12 --> 01:01:14

Allah does not depend on any of his

01:01:14 --> 01:01:16

creation in order to exist.

01:01:22 --> 01:01:24

And it also means that

01:01:24 --> 01:01:25

he

01:01:26 --> 01:01:28

that everything else is dependent upon him.

01:01:31 --> 01:01:32

The entire creation

01:01:33 --> 01:01:34

depends on Allah.

01:01:37 --> 01:01:38

So,

01:01:38 --> 01:01:39

He is

01:01:40 --> 01:01:41

the Sustainer

01:01:43 --> 01:01:44

of all of existence.

01:01:47 --> 01:01:49

And so we cannot live

01:01:49 --> 01:01:50

without his support,

01:01:51 --> 01:01:52

without his risk,

01:01:53 --> 01:01:54

without his sustenance,

01:01:55 --> 01:01:56

without

01:01:56 --> 01:01:57

food, without

01:01:58 --> 01:01:58

air, without,

01:01:59 --> 01:02:00

you

01:02:00 --> 01:02:01

know, water, etcetera.

01:02:02 --> 01:02:03

And

01:02:04 --> 01:02:07

we need His support and cannot be independent

01:02:07 --> 01:02:08

in our existence.

01:02:11 --> 01:02:13

So Allah is independent

01:02:13 --> 01:02:14

in every

01:02:14 --> 01:02:16

way, whereas the creation

01:02:17 --> 01:02:19

is dependent upon Allah.

01:02:21 --> 01:02:23

And there's no created being that is not

01:02:23 --> 01:02:25

dependent upon Allah.

01:02:27 --> 01:02:28

And again,

01:02:30 --> 01:02:31

that is proof

01:02:31 --> 01:02:34

that he alone deserves to be worshipped.

01:02:35 --> 01:02:36

Because

01:02:36 --> 01:02:39

a being that is dependent upon something else,

01:02:40 --> 01:02:42

it means that it's imperfect.

01:02:44 --> 01:02:47

It means that that being is imperfect.

01:02:49 --> 01:02:51

Suri'e alaihis salam,

01:02:52 --> 01:02:54

He was a human being.

01:02:55 --> 01:02:57

He depends upon Allah.

01:03:00 --> 01:03:01

So why worship him

01:03:02 --> 01:03:04

when he is dependent upon someone?

01:03:07 --> 01:03:09

Likewise, all other objects of worship.

01:03:11 --> 01:03:12

So while Allah

01:03:12 --> 01:03:13

is completely

01:03:14 --> 01:03:17

independent and self sustaining, we are fully dependent

01:03:17 --> 01:03:17

upon Him

01:03:18 --> 01:03:20

as Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala says,

01:03:20 --> 01:03:22

and this is a Surat Fatir,

01:03:22 --> 01:03:24

You ayuha nasa antumulfuqarao

01:03:24 --> 01:03:25

illallah.

01:03:28 --> 01:03:32

Oh mankind, you stand in need of Allah.

01:03:33 --> 01:03:34

While Allah is what?

01:03:38 --> 01:03:39

While Allah

01:03:40 --> 01:03:41

is alone is

01:03:41 --> 01:03:42

self

01:03:43 --> 01:03:43

sufficient,

01:03:43 --> 01:03:46

and he is the praiseworthy one.

01:03:51 --> 01:03:54

Alright. So what do these names teach us?

01:03:57 --> 01:03:59

First of all, we learned that

01:03:59 --> 01:04:01

Allah is Al Hayd,

01:04:03 --> 01:04:04

the ever living,

01:04:04 --> 01:04:07

and everything else will perish and die.

01:04:09 --> 01:04:11

And so the life of Allah

01:04:12 --> 01:04:14

has no shortcoming

01:04:14 --> 01:04:15

in it whatsoever.

01:04:17 --> 01:04:18

The life of Allah

01:04:21 --> 01:04:23

has no deficiency in it

01:04:23 --> 01:04:24

whatsoever.

01:04:25 --> 01:04:27

So there is no tiredness,

01:04:28 --> 01:04:29

There is no

01:04:31 --> 01:04:31

drowsiness.

01:04:33 --> 01:04:34

There is no sleep.

01:04:35 --> 01:04:36

There is no illness.

01:04:38 --> 01:04:39

There is no sickness

01:04:41 --> 01:04:42

like the life

01:04:42 --> 01:04:44

of created beings.

01:04:47 --> 01:04:49

And that's why Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

01:04:50 --> 01:04:52

when He mentions in Surat Qaf

01:04:53 --> 01:04:55

that He created the heavens and the earth

01:04:56 --> 01:04:58

in 6 days. What did He say right

01:04:58 --> 01:04:59

after that?

01:05:12 --> 01:05:14

What's the point of mentioning that after mentioning

01:05:14 --> 01:05:16

that he created the heavens and the earth

01:05:16 --> 01:05:16

in 6 days?

01:05:17 --> 01:05:17

And

01:05:19 --> 01:05:21

no fatigue touched us.

01:05:21 --> 01:05:22

No tiredness

01:05:23 --> 01:05:24

touched us.

01:05:24 --> 01:05:26

Why did Allah mention this?

01:05:30 --> 01:05:32

Exactly because Ahlul Kitab made the claim

01:05:33 --> 01:05:35

that Allah needed to rest on the 7th

01:05:35 --> 01:05:36

day.

01:05:38 --> 01:05:39

Right?

01:05:40 --> 01:05:41

And we mentioned earlier that

01:05:42 --> 01:05:43

when it comes to

01:05:45 --> 01:05:46

when it comes to

01:05:47 --> 01:05:48

the names and attributes of Allah,

01:05:52 --> 01:05:54

Allah affirms for himself

01:05:55 --> 01:05:55

specific

01:05:57 --> 01:05:59

names and attributes of perfection.

01:06:02 --> 01:06:02

Right? Like,

01:06:04 --> 01:06:04

Rahma.

01:06:06 --> 01:06:07

Like him being the all forgiving.

01:06:08 --> 01:06:09

Right?

01:06:10 --> 01:06:11

And all the names that we're gonna be

01:06:11 --> 01:06:12

covering. Specific

01:06:13 --> 01:06:14

names and attributes.

01:06:15 --> 01:06:16

But when it comes to negation,

01:06:17 --> 01:06:19

when Allah negates

01:06:20 --> 01:06:22

certain qualities or attributes,

01:06:22 --> 01:06:23

in general,

01:06:24 --> 01:06:25

Allah doesn't

01:06:25 --> 01:06:26

specify certain

01:06:27 --> 01:06:27

attributes.

01:06:29 --> 01:06:31

To negate it from himself. Uh-huh.

01:06:32 --> 01:06:34

Allah makes general statements

01:06:38 --> 01:06:38

like,

01:06:38 --> 01:06:40

There is nothing like

01:06:45 --> 01:06:48

him. There is nothing like, there's no equal

01:06:50 --> 01:06:51

to Allah. Right?

01:06:54 --> 01:06:55

Do you know of anyone

01:06:56 --> 01:06:59

who is similar to Him? Right? These general

01:06:59 --> 01:06:59

statements

01:07:00 --> 01:07:01

negating in the general

01:07:02 --> 01:07:05

in general, negating any similarity between Allah and

01:07:05 --> 01:07:06

His creation.

01:07:06 --> 01:07:07

However, sometimes

01:07:08 --> 01:07:11

Allah does negate specific attributes

01:07:12 --> 01:07:12

when?

01:07:13 --> 01:07:14

Only when

01:07:16 --> 01:07:17

there is

01:07:18 --> 01:07:19

a claim made about Allah,

01:07:20 --> 01:07:22

that He is attributed with a certain negative

01:07:22 --> 01:07:23

attribute

01:07:24 --> 01:07:26

Such as here. There's

01:07:27 --> 01:07:28

no need for

01:07:29 --> 01:07:29

for

01:07:30 --> 01:07:31

for Allah to say

01:07:32 --> 01:07:35

that no tiredness touches him, no fatigue touches

01:07:35 --> 01:07:37

him because we know that he is Al

01:07:37 --> 01:07:37

Hayd. Right?

01:07:38 --> 01:07:39

And

01:07:39 --> 01:07:42

we know that there's nothing similar to Allah.

01:07:42 --> 01:07:44

Right? But Allah mentions this specifically

01:07:45 --> 01:07:47

to refute that notion,

01:07:48 --> 01:07:49

brought forth by Uhlul Kitab.

01:07:50 --> 01:07:51

Likewise,

01:07:53 --> 01:07:53

a son.

01:07:54 --> 01:07:55

Why does Allah negate

01:07:56 --> 01:07:57

having a son?

01:07:57 --> 01:07:59

Because of the claim of the Christians that

01:07:59 --> 01:08:01

Allah had a son. Otherwise, there would be

01:08:01 --> 01:08:03

no need for Allah to mention specifically

01:08:04 --> 01:08:05

that he doesn't have a son.

01:08:06 --> 01:08:06

Because

01:08:07 --> 01:08:07

of the perfection

01:08:08 --> 01:08:08

of

01:08:09 --> 01:08:09

Allah.

01:08:10 --> 01:08:10

Likewise,

01:08:11 --> 01:08:12

another attribute,

01:08:14 --> 01:08:17

Why does Allah negate a throughout the Quran?

01:08:19 --> 01:08:20

Because

01:08:20 --> 01:08:23

of the idea that comes in people's mind

01:08:23 --> 01:08:25

that if we're gonna be punished, it's because

01:08:25 --> 01:08:27

Allah is doing us injustice.

01:08:28 --> 01:08:31

So they attribute injustice to Allah. Therefore throughout

01:08:31 --> 01:08:33

the Quran and not in 1 or 2

01:08:33 --> 01:08:35

places but throughout the Quran.

01:08:36 --> 01:08:38

Usually when Allah mentions his punishment

01:08:39 --> 01:08:40

he follows that up by saying

01:09:18 --> 01:09:18

and similar

01:09:20 --> 01:09:20

Ayat. Alright,

01:09:21 --> 01:09:22

the second

01:09:22 --> 01:09:24

lesson that we learn here

01:09:25 --> 01:09:26

is that

01:09:29 --> 01:09:30

Allah is Al Qayyum,

01:09:31 --> 01:09:33

meaning that he is the one by whom

01:09:33 --> 01:09:34

all things exist

01:09:35 --> 01:09:37

and all creatures depend upon.

01:09:38 --> 01:09:40

And so none of them can exist or

01:09:41 --> 01:09:44

stay alive without him for even a blink

01:09:44 --> 01:09:45

of an eye

01:09:46 --> 01:09:48

while He does not need any of them.

01:09:50 --> 01:09:52

He is the one upon whom all the

01:09:52 --> 01:09:53

creation,

01:09:55 --> 01:09:55

they

01:09:56 --> 01:09:57

exist

01:09:58 --> 01:10:01

and they need him to manage their affairs.

01:10:03 --> 01:10:05

And you won't find anyone

01:10:05 --> 01:10:08

except that he is in need of Allah.

01:10:08 --> 01:10:11

Even the prophets and the messengers, even the

01:10:11 --> 01:10:14

malaika and the angels the closest to Allah

01:10:15 --> 01:10:16

Their existence

01:10:17 --> 01:10:18

depends upon Allah.

01:10:21 --> 01:10:22

And it is this,

01:10:23 --> 01:10:24

you know,

01:10:24 --> 01:10:25

clear

01:10:26 --> 01:10:29

Aqidah that we Muslims have concerning Allah

01:10:30 --> 01:10:32

that you won't find in any other religion

01:10:32 --> 01:10:33

on the face of this earth.

01:10:35 --> 01:10:37

And this is one of the the beauties

01:10:37 --> 01:10:38

of Islam.

01:10:39 --> 01:10:40

That we should actually

01:10:40 --> 01:10:42

focus on when we're giving dawah.

01:10:44 --> 01:10:45

And that is

01:10:46 --> 01:10:46

the clarity

01:10:47 --> 01:10:47

of

01:10:49 --> 01:10:50

the clarity

01:10:51 --> 01:10:53

of the concept of of God in Islam.

01:10:57 --> 01:10:59

Right? You won't find any religion on the

01:10:59 --> 01:11:00

face of this earth

01:11:01 --> 01:11:02

that gives us such a clear

01:11:04 --> 01:11:05

and perfect

01:11:05 --> 01:11:08

attribution of who the creator is besides Islam.

01:11:10 --> 01:11:11

And this is one of the things that

01:11:11 --> 01:11:12

we should use in our dawah

01:11:14 --> 01:11:16

Because whatever people worship besides Allah,

01:11:17 --> 01:11:17

they

01:11:19 --> 01:11:20

have deficiencies.

01:11:21 --> 01:11:23

And we need to point out these deficiencies

01:11:24 --> 01:11:25

in those,

01:11:25 --> 01:11:27

you know, objects of worship.

01:11:27 --> 01:11:29

And this is one of the way of

01:11:29 --> 01:11:29

doing so

01:11:30 --> 01:11:30

by saying

01:11:31 --> 01:11:32

there is no

01:11:34 --> 01:11:34

God

01:11:35 --> 01:11:37

that is worshiped out there in this world,

01:11:39 --> 01:11:40

except that

01:11:41 --> 01:11:43

its life is dependent upon

01:11:43 --> 01:11:44

someone else.

01:11:46 --> 01:11:46

And that is

01:11:47 --> 01:11:47

Allah.

01:11:48 --> 01:11:50

The third lesson that we learn here,

01:11:52 --> 01:11:55

is the importance of calling upon Allah by

01:11:55 --> 01:11:56

these two names

01:11:57 --> 01:11:58

and especially combined.

01:12:00 --> 01:12:03

Especially combined as Allah combines them

01:12:05 --> 01:12:06

in the Quran.

01:12:09 --> 01:12:10

And

01:12:11 --> 01:12:12

how powerful it is for

01:12:14 --> 01:12:16

for someone to do so when he is

01:12:17 --> 01:12:18

in desperate need.

01:12:20 --> 01:12:21

When you're in desperate need,

01:12:22 --> 01:12:24

call upon Allah by these two names.

01:12:28 --> 01:12:30

The prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam taught us

01:12:30 --> 01:12:30

a dua

01:12:31 --> 01:12:32

and that is

01:12:42 --> 01:12:43

It's from the adkar

01:12:43 --> 01:12:45

of the morning and the evening.

01:12:49 --> 01:12:49

Right?

01:12:50 --> 01:12:52

And then you're asking Allah

01:12:52 --> 01:12:53

by His mercy, you're saying,

01:12:54 --> 01:12:56

by your mercy I seek your help, O

01:12:56 --> 01:12:57

Allah.

01:12:58 --> 01:13:00

Rectify for me all of my affairs and

01:13:00 --> 01:13:01

do not leave me

01:13:01 --> 01:13:04

in charge of my affairs for even the

01:13:04 --> 01:13:05

blink of an eye.

01:13:06 --> 01:13:09

So here you're showing your need for Allah

01:13:11 --> 01:13:13

because he is Al Hayyul Qayyum.

01:13:14 --> 01:13:15

You cannot

01:13:15 --> 01:13:18

depend on your own self and your own

01:13:18 --> 01:13:19

efforts, and your own strength.

01:13:21 --> 01:13:22

Never do such a thing.

01:13:24 --> 01:13:25

Whatever you do,

01:13:26 --> 01:13:27

always

01:13:27 --> 01:13:29

ask Allah for His help.

01:13:29 --> 01:13:31

Because you can never get things done on

01:13:31 --> 01:13:32

your own.

01:13:33 --> 01:13:34

No matter how much you try, you'll never

01:13:34 --> 01:13:36

be able to succeed in doing so.

01:13:37 --> 01:13:39

So ask Allah and make this duha.

01:13:40 --> 01:13:41

Ibrahim

01:13:41 --> 01:13:41

says,

01:13:44 --> 01:13:47

asking Allah by his names, Al Hayy and

01:13:47 --> 01:13:48

Al Qayyum,

01:13:49 --> 01:13:50

has a great effect

01:13:51 --> 01:13:53

on him answering your duas

01:13:54 --> 01:13:57

and obtaining relief from difficulty and hardship.

01:13:57 --> 01:13:59

For the attribute of life

01:14:00 --> 01:14:01

comprises

01:14:01 --> 01:14:04

all attributes of perfection that imply life

01:14:05 --> 01:14:07

and the attribute of

01:14:09 --> 01:14:10

Qayyuma

01:14:11 --> 01:14:12

which is self

01:14:13 --> 01:14:13

sustenance.

01:14:13 --> 01:14:15

The name Al Qayyum

01:14:15 --> 01:14:16

comprises

01:14:17 --> 01:14:18

all attributes of action.

01:14:20 --> 01:14:21

Right?

01:14:22 --> 01:14:23

So when you think about the meanings of

01:14:23 --> 01:14:26

these names, you understand why it's so powerful

01:14:27 --> 01:14:29

to call upon Allah by these two names,

01:14:29 --> 01:14:31

Al Hayd and Al Qayyum.

01:14:31 --> 01:14:33

And that's why there's actually a hadith

01:14:34 --> 01:14:36

but there's weakness in this hadith.

01:14:37 --> 01:14:39

It's in, Sunan Al Tirmidi.

01:14:39 --> 01:14:41

Abu Hurayrah radiAllahu anhu says,

01:14:42 --> 01:14:45

when a matter would worry the Prophet Sallallahu

01:14:45 --> 01:14:47

Alaihi Wasallam he would raise his head to

01:14:47 --> 01:14:48

the sky and he would say

01:14:51 --> 01:14:52

and when he would

01:14:53 --> 01:14:54

be deep in dua,

01:14:55 --> 01:14:57

when he would be making dua and he's

01:14:57 --> 01:14:59

deep in making dua, he would say, You

01:14:59 --> 01:15:00

Hayyu You Qayyu.

01:15:01 --> 01:15:02

You Hayyu

01:15:02 --> 01:15:03

You Qayyu.

01:15:04 --> 01:15:04

So nonetheless

01:15:05 --> 01:15:07

these are two names that we should

01:15:08 --> 01:15:11

constantly mention when we're making tu'a to Allah.

01:15:11 --> 01:15:12

Not just you Allah

01:15:14 --> 01:15:16

and we mentioned last week the importance of

01:15:16 --> 01:15:18

using Allah's name Arab.

01:15:19 --> 01:15:21

As Allah taught us throughout the Quran, so

01:15:21 --> 01:15:23

many of the duas in the Quran are

01:15:25 --> 01:15:26

with etcetera.

01:15:26 --> 01:15:28

But also not to forget these two names.

01:15:33 --> 01:15:34

So these are some of the lessons that

01:15:34 --> 01:15:36

I wanted to go through and we will

01:15:36 --> 01:15:37

suffice with that.

01:15:56 --> 01:15:58

So the question is, these two names,

01:16:01 --> 01:16:02

are they

01:16:04 --> 01:16:04

or

01:16:05 --> 01:16:06

as we mentioned

01:16:06 --> 01:16:07

previously?

01:16:09 --> 01:16:11

The attributes of Allah can be divided into

01:16:11 --> 01:16:12

2

01:16:16 --> 01:16:18

attributes of the essence and the being of

01:16:18 --> 01:16:18

Allah

01:16:20 --> 01:16:22

and attributes of action.

01:16:23 --> 01:16:24

And the difference between the 2 is

01:16:25 --> 01:16:28

that sufat, zatiya Allah is always attributed with

01:16:28 --> 01:16:29

that.

01:16:30 --> 01:16:31

It's not something that

01:16:33 --> 01:16:34

you know is

01:16:35 --> 01:16:36

restricted to time

01:16:36 --> 01:16:37

and place.

01:16:40 --> 01:16:42

Like for example, Allah has a face,

01:16:43 --> 01:16:44

he has hands,

01:16:45 --> 01:16:46

this has nothing to do

01:16:47 --> 01:16:48

with time or place.

01:16:51 --> 01:16:53

Likewise, certain names Allah

01:16:54 --> 01:16:56

is an attribute or is a name related

01:16:56 --> 01:16:58

to Allah's very that.

01:16:58 --> 01:17:00

As for Al Hayd and

01:17:01 --> 01:17:03

Al Qayyum, the same thing. These are

01:17:05 --> 01:17:06

These

01:17:06 --> 01:17:07

are.

01:17:08 --> 01:17:09

They are not related to a specific

01:17:11 --> 01:17:12

time or place

01:17:14 --> 01:17:15

or action.

01:17:16 --> 01:17:18

Right? They are not related to a certain

01:17:18 --> 01:17:19

action.

01:17:20 --> 01:17:21

So the actions of Allah,

01:17:23 --> 01:17:23

they are

01:17:24 --> 01:17:26

Allah carries out certain actions

01:17:27 --> 01:17:28

when he wills.

01:17:28 --> 01:17:29

So,

01:17:29 --> 01:17:31

you know, in time when he wills.

01:17:31 --> 01:17:34

And then some some Sifat fihaliyah or also

01:17:34 --> 01:17:37

Sifat Datiyah the scholars say. For example, Kalam,

01:17:38 --> 01:17:39

the speech of Allah.

01:17:39 --> 01:17:41

He is always attributed as

01:17:42 --> 01:17:43

you know having this attribute

01:17:44 --> 01:17:45

and at the same time He speaks when

01:17:45 --> 01:17:46

He wills.

01:17:48 --> 01:17:49

Wallahu Alaihi

01:17:50 --> 01:17:51

wa'alaam. Any other questions?

01:18:16 --> 01:18:19

So the question is, is there another another

01:18:19 --> 01:18:20

meaning to Al Qayyum

01:18:21 --> 01:18:23

because of the hadith, the dua of the

01:18:23 --> 01:18:24

Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam.

01:18:27 --> 01:18:29

O Allah, You are the Qayyum

01:18:29 --> 01:18:31

of the heavens and the earth.

01:18:32 --> 01:18:33

It means the same thing.

01:18:34 --> 01:18:35

So it means that Allah,

01:18:38 --> 01:18:40

the entire heavens and the earth depend upon

01:18:40 --> 01:18:41

Allah.

01:18:41 --> 01:18:43

So they are supported by Allah.

01:18:44 --> 01:18:45

So Qayyumusanawatiwal

01:18:46 --> 01:18:46

aal means

01:18:47 --> 01:18:47

that,

01:18:49 --> 01:18:51

you know, they depend upon Allah, the heavens

01:18:51 --> 01:18:53

and the earth and he

01:18:55 --> 01:18:56

is the one supporting

01:18:56 --> 01:18:58

the creation and the heavens and the earth.

01:18:59 --> 01:19:00

So it

01:19:01 --> 01:19:02

pretty much it comes down to the same

01:19:02 --> 01:19:03

meaning.

01:19:07 --> 01:19:08

Any other questions?

01:19:20 --> 01:19:22

Alright. So we'll conclude in that case,

01:19:23 --> 01:19:23

and,

01:19:24 --> 01:19:25

we'll see you all next week.

01:19:27 --> 01:19:27

Yeah.

01:19:28 --> 01:19:30

Okay. So we have some questions online.

01:19:40 --> 01:19:42

We answered this question when we covered

01:19:43 --> 01:19:44

the name Allah

01:19:45 --> 01:19:46

and

01:19:46 --> 01:19:48

so the question was

01:19:48 --> 01:19:49

can

01:19:50 --> 01:19:53

we refer to Allah by another name like

01:19:53 --> 01:19:53

God?

01:19:54 --> 01:19:57

And what we mentioned was that

01:19:58 --> 01:20:01

there is no equivalent to the name Allah.

01:20:03 --> 01:20:04

So we should not

01:20:05 --> 01:20:07

use God as an equivalent.

01:20:10 --> 01:20:12

And so this is a mistake and we

01:20:12 --> 01:20:13

should not do that

01:20:14 --> 01:20:16

because Allah did not call himself by that

01:20:16 --> 01:20:16

name,

01:20:18 --> 01:20:18

right?

01:20:19 --> 01:20:20

Allah did not say

01:20:21 --> 01:20:22

you know, I am

01:20:23 --> 01:20:23

God.

01:20:24 --> 01:20:26

So we should refrain from using

01:20:28 --> 01:20:28

God

01:20:29 --> 01:20:30

to refer to Allah

01:20:30 --> 01:20:32

except where it's necessary

01:20:33 --> 01:20:34

and that is

01:20:35 --> 01:20:36

when

01:20:36 --> 01:20:39

we're dealing with kuffar and we're trying to

01:20:39 --> 01:20:41

explain to them what we mean by Allah.

01:20:42 --> 01:20:45

Who is Allah explaining to them the concept

01:20:45 --> 01:20:46

of God in Islam etcetera.

01:20:47 --> 01:20:48

But otherwise,

01:20:48 --> 01:20:49

you know

01:20:49 --> 01:20:52

when we're talking among ourselves we shouldn't say,

01:20:52 --> 01:20:54

you know, God said such and such. Even

01:20:54 --> 01:20:56

with kafar, we should try to stick to,

01:20:57 --> 01:20:57

Allah.

01:21:01 --> 01:21:02

Yeah. I think that's it.

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