Instilling Yaqeen: Lesson 3 – Proofs for Allah’s Existence
Channel: Kamil Ahmad
Series: Kamil Ahmad - Instilling Yaqeen
File Size: 31.46MB
* Proofs for Allah’s existence.
* Rational proofs and arguments.
* Proof #2: The Origin of Creation/Causality
* Proof #3: Divine Precision/Design
smilla rahmanir rahim
al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen
wa Salatu was Salam ala at Emmanuel at marani Allah, Allah.
Allah Allah He was sotheby he woman he said that he had he was standing up soon at Eli Yomi Dean and adad salaam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.
Last week, we basically started looking at the proofs for the existence of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
And we started with the first proof, which was the fitrah.
That is the innate
natural disposition of us human beings, is evidence of the existence of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
And we said, at the end of last week that
we're going to move on to the next
two proofs for laws existence, and that these
next two proofs are based on rational arguments. So the first is the fifth law. And then the next two arguments are based on the human intellect based on logic. And so we find these proofs, once again from the Quran itself.
And so, they are proofs that Allah subhanho wa Taala uses in the Quran, to basically appeal to our human logic and our intellect, calling upon us to reason
and use our rational minds that he gave us to ponder over His signs.
Throughout the Quran, you find Allah subhanho wa Taala, telling us to reflect, to ponder over the signs in his creation, what are the signs, there are basically clues, they are hints, they are indications, all pointing to him, so panda who were to add.
And so by doing so, we come to the conclusion that
when we ponder over these signs, we not only come to the conclusion that a lot exists, but that
he has certain attributes, such as being the greatest, being the all powerful, being the all wise.
And then this acknowledgement, it leads us to wanting to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala.
And that's the whole purpose of why Allah tells us in the Quran, reflect over the signs, because it leads us to what not only to recognize Allah subhanho wa Taala not only information, but for that information to basically
come out in the form of devotion to Allah subhanho wa Taala, the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
And so moving on to the next proof for Allah's existence,
this is the second proof that we are going to be covering.
This proof is basically the origin of creation,
the origin of creation, or it's also known as the causality argument.
And so this proof, and this argument is the most common
and most widespread, not only among Muslims, but among all civilizations and all religions.
And that's because
of how simple this argument is, and how anyone can understand it, regardless of their level of comprehension, regardless of their level of literacy.
You don't have to be smart in order to understand this argument, as we will see.
And so, this argument,
basically, it says that the existence of all material things, the existence of all material things proves that
Something or someone caused it to come into existence from nothing, because it is impossible for it to come into existence on its own without a cause, without a cause.
And so as you can see, it's a very, very simple argument.
Nothing exists from the things that we can see in this world,
except that it had a beginning.
Everything in this observable universe had a beginning.
That beginning who caused it, to come into existence, it must have had a cause.
It must have had a cause. And that cause leads us to conclude that, that there was a creator and initial creator.
And what I said about this argument is that it is very simple. And that's why there's a famous statement. A Bedouin was asked a breadwinner in the desert,
who's illiterate, doesn't know how to read or write.
He was asked, How do you know your Lord?
How do you recognize
your Lord? And so he said,
he replied, by basically what he sees in front of him.
He said, The droppings
the droppings in the desert,
of an animal, they told me that an animal came here, a camel came here.
The footprints that are in the sand, tell me that a traveler passed by here.
And then he said, the sky,
the earth with mountain passes, the seas with waves, do they not tell me of the all here are the
that these are traces
in the creation, that prove
that there was a creator, the argument is so simple. In Abu hanifa,
he was once asked by a group of atheists to prove the existence of Allah. And so he said, Let me think.
Then he said, I'm thinking about a loaded ship that was tied
to a port.
The cargo unloaded itself with porters and the ship sailed away without a captain.
So he said, that I'm imagining that there was a loaded ship
that was tied to a port. And then all of a sudden, the cargo unloaded itself without anyone to unload it. And the ship then sailed away without a captain.
So when they heard this, these atheists, they said, How can you say something like this? This is impossible.
We don't believe in.
So he said, If you do not believe in this, then how do you believe? How do you believe in the sun, the moon, the stars, the sky and the earth? How can you believe that all of these things came into existence without an originator without
And so this argument is by looking at everything
that exists around us, it had a beginning.
If it had a beginning,
then logic dictates that every beginning has a cause.
To bring it into existence.
And so we can break down this argument in the following way. We can say that every material thing that exists.
Or we can say every material thing exists prior to being non existent.
Take the example of this universe.
It exists today. There was a time when he never existed.
And this is something that scientists today all agree upon. There was a time in the past when
scientists thought that the universe was eternal, and it had no beginning.
But this is a view that
no scientists holds To this day, there are a few but the vast majority of scientists believe that the universe does have a beginning. And most of them attribute that to what to the Big Bang, regardless of whether you attribute to attribute it to the Big Bang or not. The point that we're trying to make here is that the universe does have a beginning and this is something that everyone agrees upon.
So the second point is every
Material thing in existence, it proves the existence of a cause that brought it into existence from nothing.
Every material thing proves the existence of a cause that brought it into existence. From what? from nothing.
Therefore, the logical conclusion is that an eternal all powerful creator brought everything into existence from nothing from nothing. Now we look at what Allah subhana wa tada tells us in the Quran.
In the Quran, there are two verses here in Salt Lake.
where Allah subhanahu wa, tada uses this argument.
And so Allah says here, I'm Holly whom in Hawaii Rishi in human, Harlequin,
where they created by nothing? Or were they the creators of themselves? And Hanukkah, somehow it will, Bella Ukrainian, or
did they create the heavens and the earth? Rather, they are not certain.
In these two verses, if we were to look at these two verses,
certain possibilities here that our law mentions
a lot here
is giving us certain possibilities. And this is known as the process of elimination.
That if A is not possible, B is not possible C is not possible, then we've
narrowed it down
the answer, that only one possibility is, is D.
And so here we have the following possibilities.
Allah says, I'm hooli, whom enviroshake? Or were they created from nothing? So the first possibility is that we were created by nothing?
That we are created by nothing?
Who will Holocron?
The second possibility, or were they the creators of themselves?
Meaning did they create themselves? This is the second possibility.
The third possibility,
and Holocaust somehow it will or or did they create the heavens and earth?
did another created being create the heavens and the earth, meaning as human beings?
Did we create the heavens and the earth?
Meaning, the third possibility is that we were or that the universe was created by something else that is also created.
The first the fourth and final possibility, Allah says Bella Ukrainian, but rather they are, they are uncertain.
And so, what Allah is trying to say here is that look at these possibilities, these three possibilities.
None of these are possible.
And so the denial of Allah is existence is baseless.
Therefore, there is a creator and that creator
has no beginning, that creator is uncreated.
So, if you want to take this argument, now, that our law uses here, you can put it in a formula
in the following way, you could say
that this universe is finite,
this universe is finite, meaning it has a beginning.
could have come either from nothing,
or that they created themselves, or that they were created by,
by something else that was also created. Or, and this is the fourth possibility that they were created by someone uncreated. So now we look at each of these possibilities, they could not have been created from nothing. This is illogical to say that something came into existence, from nothing.
Everything that we have in this world today, it came from something else.
It is a product of something else.
trace it back to the beginning.
trace it all the way back to the beginning.
And you get this universe. Where did it come from? Did it come from nothing. This is logically impossible.
The second possibility
we were created, that we are self created, and this is also illogical, nothing creates itself.
Nothing can create itself. So it cannot come from, it cannot just appear out of nowhere on its own, nor can it create itself. Thirdly, it could not have created, but it could not have been created by something else that is also created.
Why is that?
Why is it that
this universe could not be created by something else that is also created?
Think about it.
Because if you are to say that
this universe has a creator, who is also created, then the natural question will be, who was that creator?
Meaning who is the creator of the Creator?
And then after that you'll ask, okay, so we've identified who that second creator is,
then who created that second creator.
And then who created a third creator. And so this is known as, basically what is happening here is that you're going in a cycle,
you're going in a cycle that will never end.
And this is known as infinite regress of causes, where
the cause keeps on going back to another cause
And an infinite regress of causes is something rejected by all scientists and philosophers, this is known as infinite regress of causes. It is something illogical It is something impossible.
And perhaps we'll we'll talk more about this later on.
But basically, we've we've come to point number three, that none of these possibilities are acceptable. Therefore, therefore,
the universe and everything in existence was created by someone who is uncreated, someone who is uncreated. And so basically, we've concluded that,
that this universe,
that this universe has
an uncreated creator.
And so it naturally leads us to believe
in a designer, and a creator who must possess certain attributes, certain qualities.
So we know that this universe has a creator, but now Who is that creator?
There are certain attributes, there are certain qualities that this creator must possess, such as
omnipotence, which basically means that this creator is all powerful and unlimited kind of power.
This creator must be eternal, as we already discussed.
This creator is absolutely self sufficient.
Meaning that this creator does not depend on anything else for its existence.
Because if it does, then we go back to what we spoke about infinite regress,
who is supporting that creator and other creator and so on and so forth. So,
from our discussion, we see that this creator must possess certain qualities. And that is how we know that
Allah subhanahu wa Italeri exists.
The existence of Allah
is real, because this creator must possess these qualities, and other qualities as well. It's not limited to these three.
It's not limited to these three qualities.
But rather These are some of the main qualities and attributes that a creator must possess.
And so this, in short, is the
the proof known as
the causality argument, or it's also known as the creation argument.
It's also known as the beginning of existence.
Meaning that In short,
every, everything that we have in existence, it has to have a beginning.
And that beginning must have a cause.
Therefore, this universe has a beginning and who calls it an uncreated creator.
After that, we move on to the next proof.
We move on after that to the next proof for the existence of Allah subhanahu, WA Tada. And this, this proof is known as
divine precision, or the design argument, the design argument. So the previous argument,
the previous argument that we looked at just now,
it is by looking at creative things,
from the perspective of its beginning, we're looking at the origin of things,
we're trying to trace back the beginning of things. And when we trace it back, we find
that a must have had a first cause.
looks also at creative things around us.
But from a different perspective. And that is by looking at the design of creation,
as it exists before our eyes,
and in our observation.
And so, if we were to look
at this marvelous created universe,
we find that it has a certain design a certain
And so basically, this this proof
of divine precision.
This argument basically states that,
that there are signs
that there are signs of very accurate and precise design,
in all things in this universe.
If we were to examine and look at everything in this universe, whether it be living things on Earth, or whether it be nonliving, such as,
you know, the stars, the universe, and even on Earth.
So, if we were to look at all creative things, we find
that something or someone
design them in this precise, systematic way,
there's a certain order, there's a certain precision
and accurate design,
why does it prove that there is a designer and a creator, because it is impossible for anything to exist in this particular accurate, precise manner
just by chance without
without a creator, without a designer, who deliberately
designed every creative thing in this way.
And so, this argument,
it can be formulated in the following way.
We can say that every material thing exists
prior to being
non existence, or this was the previous one.
Okay. So, there exists a very accurate and precise design in creation. There exists a very accurate and precise design in the creation showing very careful consideration for every minor detail. And we'll give examples will give examples of this.
But if you were to examine
all things around us, you'll find that they have a precise design showing that there was very careful consideration given to every small detail in that design.
The existence of this fine precision, it proves the existence of a causer a designer who is characterized with certain attributes. These attributes are that omnipotence as we mentioned, being all powerful
and having knowledge infinite knowledge
And being all wise,
being all wise, because it is only through wisdom that you're able to
put every single small thing in its proper place.
Therefore, the conclusion is that an eternal, all powerful, all knowledgeable and all wise creator designed creation in this way
this universe and designed life to exist in this way.
And this argument is a very old argument
that has a modern form to it.
And so, in the Quran, Allah subhanahu wa tada mentions
that he created whatever he created with
in more than one place in the Quran,
Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about this accuracy. And so for example, Allah subhanahu wa tada says, sooner Allah Subhan Allah,
Allah de at corner.
That is a design of a law who has perfected everything. Made it precise meter accurate. In the whole hobby Ruby matters alone. Surely he is all aware of what you do.
And the loss of Hannah who attacked it says regarding the sun and the moon,
a shampoo will come out Rubio's ban that the sun and the moon, they move by precise calculation.
Very, very accurate numbers.
at a loss of Hannah who was out it says regarding the heavens above us,
Allah de la casa de hacer unawatuna Dhaka He is the one who created seven heavens, one above the other matter of you hulka Rahmani minto it, you will never see any imperfection in the creation of Allah, firm, a boss or a hunter on football. Then look again, do you see any flaws? Meaning look at the heavens above us.
the cosmos, look at the planets, the stars, the galaxies,
and how they are all moving in a systematic ordered way.
And then a lot asked do you see any flaws? Do you see any mistakes? Do you see
any gaps? Do you see
any of these
planets in our solar system, for example, colliding with one another?
And so all of these verses and other verses in the Quran, they basically echo what
scientists in the last several decades have discovered,
show us that the universe
and also biologists that life, life,
that the universe and also life have certain laws.
Life on Earth
has certain laws,
and that the universe also has certain laws.
And that these laws
are very precise. They have been precisely calculated
to such a degree that if there was a slight change in these numbers,
life would be impossible for us on Earth.
It would be impossible for life to exist on Earth.
All of these all of these calculations basically show us
that these calculations and these laws of physics and biology have been put in place
in order to facilitate human existence
in order to facilitate our existence on earth.
And this precision is something
that scientists today they refer to as fine tuning
and how the universe has been fine tuned
to sustain life
in such a remarkable way
the planets have been ordered. Put an order
and the sun has been put
in a particular place.
And our Earth has been put in a particular place.
All of that
in order to allow life to exist, and especially not just any life,
but complex, conscious life,
And then if we were to look at the human being, we find the same thing.
None of that would have been possible Unless
Unless someone deliberately put these laws in place and these numbers as they are,
it's impossible that any of that could have happened by chance.
And so, if we were to look at
this universe, if we were to look at let's look at the the earth
it's one planet in our solar system.
And our solar system is one of the systems in this galaxy that that we're in.
And then think about how there are millions of galaxies,
and how they're all in order.
And none of them are colliding with one another.
And then come to Earth. Look at this earth around us.
Look at the oceans, look at the fish, look at the insects, look at birds. Look at bacteria.
Each of them has a certain law
that they follow with total balance and harmony.
move away from that. Look at yourself.
As Allah says in the Quran, Wolfie and fusi come,
fly to the moon,
and in your cells are signs.
Meaning in us human beings, we have signs
that point to Allah subhanahu wa Tada. Think about your human body, with its massive
and intricate control systems.
Look at our nervous system, look at our
digestive system, look at all the different systems in our body.
Look at your brain,
and how it works, how it functions, how it analyzes how it stores information, retrieves information, then distinguishes that information, and then recognize it, recognize it
in a millionth of a second.
These are precise numbers.
Very, very accurate.
Think about your heart.
Think about your heart, and how it continuously pumps
for 60 7080 years,
maybe for others shorter in taking and discharging blood throughout your body and maintaining that steady precision.
Maintaining it throughout your life.
And so when you see this design,
whether it be in the universe, or whether it be in life,
you come to the realization
that none of this
have come on its own.
That is powerful and precise system. It's even beyond our imagination.
It's even beyond our imagination. It could not have just been thrown together like that,
as they want us to believe.
And so they say everything goes back to evolution, and everything evolved on its own.
We say fine, but how then do you explain
this fine tuned universe?
And how everything depends
on each other. That's another argument that we haven't even discussed.
The argument of dependency
that everything that exists in this universe depends on something else for its existence.
And everything is moving in a systematic order
depending on one another
How do you explain all of them
unless they will
original creator, who is not dependent on anything.
And so did all of this synchronization, this variation, this design this infinite numeration happen by itself, by chance, do all of these things in our universe and here on Earth function perpetually and perfectly
on its own?
Is that logically acceptable?
Of course not.
And that's why it's illogical and foolish to believe that all of this happened by chance. And so the design, the order, the complexity of this universe, as well as the world around us, is all evidence of the existence of a supreme, intelligent,
all powerful, all knowledgeable, all wise creator, or designer.
when we read a book, we recognize that there was an author who wrote this book,
when we see a house,
we accept that a builder built it, and an architect designed it.
When we see all of these things, we recognize that, but why is it when we look at
everything around us in this world, we don't recognize the existence of a creator.
And so this is the argument
from divine precision or the argument from from design, as it is also known. This is also a rational argument that we can use to prove the existence of a loss of Hannah who went to hell. So today, we basically we basically looked at two very, very important arguments concerning the existence of Allah subhanho wa, taala. To add, to add to the first proof that we spoke about last week, which was the fitrah. So the first proof for a law's existence is a fedora. The second is
the fact that
everything in existence has a beginning. Therefore, it has a creator. And then the third argument, and the third proof that we discussed so far, is
the design argument. And so all of these are proofs for
the existence of a loss of Hannah, who, what?
So do we have any questions at this point?
consequences of what?
Not really, you mean
the evolution process
is a process that through this universe is fine tuned.
So basically, that
they're saying that until the earth was created,
fine. The Universe was fine tuned. But then after that, we have the evolution process. Is that what you're saying?
Can evolution come out of
a fine tuned universe? Not really, because the process is continuous.
When we talk about the fine tune, the fine tuning of the universe, it's something continuous, something perpetual, not something that ended and then evolution took over. Because the very definition of evolution that is that it is a chaotic process
You know, it evolves chaotically without any systematic process. It's blind, as they say, how is it not?
Okay. So basically, what I what I meant to say was that the, the fine tuning of the universe is something that is continuous to support life, that if some of these numbers were to be changed right now, not just previously, but even right now, it would cause chaos, and it wouldn't allow life to exist. And it so and so basically, not only does it prove the existence of a creator,
but also a creator who constantly maintains this universe.
So it's not like what the deist believe, where there is a creator for the universe, because they're convinced of the first argument. They're convinced of that first argument that every everything in existence proves that it has a beginning and who caused that beginning. So they say, okay, fine, there is a creator. But then they say that creator created the universe and just left it
and doesn't have any control in what happens,
doesn't have a hand in this universe. Just create it and left it.
But the fine tuning argument or the argument from design proves that no, that creator created it.
And also continues to maintain it, and sustain it.
And it's doing this
in a systematic way, forever.
And if some of these numbers were to be changed even slightly,
then it would cause total chaos.
And alone was best
we'll conclude here for today in sha Allah. And with that, we come to the end of our discussion concerning
the existence of Allah subhanho wa Taala. There's so much more that we can talk about.
But because this this class, is more than just about
the existence of Allah, it's also about proofs for
for the prophethood of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And also for the fact that the Quran is
a true revelation from Allah subhanho wa Taala.
And so, that is what we will be moving on to next week.
Those proofs for, for the, the truth of the Prophet hood, and messenger ship of our Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
an after that proofs for the
authentic authenticity of the Quran, in sha Allah Subhana Allah no behenic a shadow like a healer and so fuuka to La Casa de la sala I know maybe you know Mohammed while early also be here.