Tafseer – Surah Al-Kahf 19

Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

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Topics: Tafsir

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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Karim, Allah Allah was hobby. For many standing beside Mattila Dean operates due to a lot in my last Peace and blessings on the last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

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In the previous class,

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we looked at verses 48 and 49.

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Where a lot described on the Day of Judgment, the state

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of those who would be called before him for judgment,

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mainly focusing on the disbelievers.

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As he was continuing, I lost my dollars Continuing

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from that incident between the believing poor individual and the disbelief in which individual the to the one who had the two gardens, so this is an extension, it's still coming from that.

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So from that method, or that

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parable which Allah gave, he went to the future, looking at the consequences of

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those who had taken the path of that rich disbeliever.

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And in verse 50, he goes back to the past,

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to look at the origin of that pride, that evil which spread amongst human beings, and the individual who has been designated by last month Allah as our major enemy.

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So, last week, we looked at the future.

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This week, we're now looking at the past, verse 50, where a law takes us now back to the origin of humankind, and the jinn, the angels, and he presents for us the scenario

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regarding our relationship

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with the world of the jinn,

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the world of the angels,

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and our main enemy, Satan.

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So in verse 50, a lot smarter Allah says, wife will nan alemana ekati is Julie Adam, for surgery in a police cannon and gin for soccer and I'm Robbie

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Luna, who was a realtor who Alia mean junella duni wahome la kumawu bit Sandy Laurel Amina better la when I told the angels Prostrate to Adam.

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They all frustrated except a police. He was one of the jinns and he disobeyed the command of his Lord. Will you then take him and his offspring as allies rather than me?

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Though they are your enemies, what an evil exchange for those wrongdoers.

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So as we said,

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Allah goal shifts from the Day of Judgment now to the beginning of evil in this world.

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He said, why it's cool man in Milan, is Julie Adam.

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Allah tells Prophet Muhammad wa salam to mention to people,

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when I told the angels prostrates to Adam,

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in order for them to learn

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a critical lesson about the forces which are at play in this world

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and also for the special status, that which Allah has given humankind to be known.

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So a lot begins,

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saying, When I told the angels and the angels represent a part of the unseen world created

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by a law from light, according to an authentic report, related by Ayesha from the prophet SAW Selim in which he said hula cattle melodica to manure, the angels were created from light

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hula called Janu marriage seminar and the jinn from fire. Well holy cow Adam Mousa Fela calm and Adam, was created from what has already been described to you in the Quran, which is from clay.

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So although angels

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are normally invisible to human beings,

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they are visible to some parts of creation. To some animals, Abu huraira narrated the prophets I send them and said, If you hear a rooster crow, ask a law for his grace, for it has seen an angel

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if you hear a rooster crow,

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ask a law for his grace, for it has seen an angel so the angels are visible to some creatures in this world, but not to us as human beings.

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This is a general rule for angels. However, Allah has made some of the angels visible in the case of Angel jabril

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the promise are seldom saw in his natural state on two occasions,

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which he described him

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as having

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several 100 wings 600 to be exact, which filled the horizon.

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And there were multicolored drops like pearls and coral falling from the wind wings.

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So

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the description and this is in the natural state of the angels, that was given by foreigners are seldom

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is one which lets us know that the typical

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idea that we have about angels, looking like a man with two wings on their back bird's wings, this is not the correct

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picture right? This is what has been promoted by Christian tradition. You know where the angels are depicted in this manner. And to some degree, we have absorbed that into our own cultures. Many people have this common idea.

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Angel Gabriel, who used to bring revelation to partners or Solomon to all of the prophets before

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he, on some occasions would come to the prophet SAW Selim, was visible to him but not visible to others, to his companions to his wife, I searched on one occasion she said, alas, messenger said to me, oh, Ayesha, here is jabril greeting you with peace, I said, and may have lost Peace and mercy be upon him, for he sees what I cannot.

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Otherwise, the angels can take human form by a loss permission. And this can be in the case of others whom Allah has chosen, besides the prophets who can see them. We have in the case of Mary, Miriam and laquan, which a lot said and mentioned in the Scripture, the story of Miriam. When she withdrew from her family to a place facing east This is Subramaniam verses 16 and 17. She placed the screen between herself and them. Then I sent to her my angel who appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects.

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So she saw angel in human form.

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And occasionally in the time of the prophet SAW Selim gibreel would come in the form of a human In fact, he was described as a handsome companion, whose name was Dr. Eben halifa. And Kelby he looks similar to this particular individual who was known amongst the Sahaba.

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And other times, he was described as looking like an unknown Bedouin. As in the, the well known hadith of gibreel. When the prophet SAW Selim was sitting with his companions, and he asked them to ask them some questions and asked him some questions about Islam. Nobody said anything than a man came walking in off the desert, about doing

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not looking like anybody who they particularly knew.

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So

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Although the angels

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are recorded as taking human male forms,

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they are not considered to be male or female, and Jos are neither male nor females. And there are no evidences from the Islamic texts, which support that they reproduce. You know, they're just created by a law as is neither male nor female, although the pagan Arabs used to attribute daughters to a law from among the angels.

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Now, in Islamic folklore, there are many different names, which have been given to angels if you go to the dictionary of Islam.

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They have in there a whole list of names of angels

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99.9% of them percent of them are false.

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And these are commonly used in various ways. These

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amulets, which people prepare, you know, as they have a whole bunch of names for the jinn, they have a whole bunch of names for the angels, and they prepare them in these amulets you know,

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tie them up in little pouches and give them to people supposedly to protect them from evil etc. But 99.9% of the names commonly known amongst people are false.

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There are only a few names which have been found in authentic Islamic sources, meaning either requirements so now, among them is jabril that we spoke of the angel of Revelation. McHale or mcal. In English, known as Michael is responsible for rain is Raphael is the angel who will blow the horn, signaling the end of the world. Malik is the name of the guardian of the Hellfire Moncure and Nakheel two angels who will question people at the time of their death in the grave, they will sit the individual up and ask them certain questions how Ruth and Ruth is the two angels who are sent to the people of Babylon as a test of their faith. And this is where the introduction of magic came.

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These are the authentic names, anything else you have in your head of names of angels, just delete them. Now, the rest of them are all false.

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Angels have been put in charge of the heavens and the earth we know as we think of certain forces, which govern atoms of the universe, we recognize now modern science

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identifies, you know, certain electromagnetic forces and forces between different bodies and atomic forces and things which govern gravity, which governs all aspects of

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you know, the physical world. Similarly, angels have been put in charge of the heavens and earth. So whatever movement, whatever it takes place in the world, I mean, we might attribute it to gravity, or to magnetic forces or whatever else. However, angels are behind them. It's not to say that gravity isn't real. But that doesn't rule out the angels. See, some people think that well, since we found out about gravity, and we can cancel the edges from that area, right, wherever we find out, you know, certain forces, then it means the angels are not involved in this part, you know, this. Angels are only in other areas, or people canceled it out altogether, that angels was the ancient

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way of explaining phenomena in nature, which now modern science gives us the reasons why things are happening. So we don't need to resort to angels anymore. But reality is that no angels are there behind all of the movements of anything or any activity which happens in the world.

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Some angels are able to read human minds, they're able to read to understand the very thoughts that we have.

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The recording angels are aware of human intent and the record and record the deeds that are intended, but may or may not have been fulfilled.

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Or Salam was quoted by Abu huraira, saying, the angels say to a law that man intends to do evil.

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He intends to do evil means they have understood his intent.

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Although he is more vigilant than them, that is a law. He replies, watch him if he commits evil recorded in kind,

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but if he abandons it record for him one good deed, for surely he gave it up for myself.

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Watch him, if he commits evil,

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record it in kind meaning as one evil deed against him. But if he abandons it, choosing to abandon it, not abandoning it, because he lost the opportunity to different things, right, don't mistake this. If we make the intention for evil, and then a loss, Destiny catches us and we can't do that evil. There's no good deed being recorded for us because our intention was still evil. But where we abandoned that evil act that we thought to do a lot of records, it does one good deed

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on our scale of good deeds.

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Now angels are by nature, obedient servants of a law, they do not have the ability to disobey a law

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and they are in constant contact with human beings.

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Allah says, We have aluna marone, they do whatever they are commanded to do, they cannot disobey Allah. And this is why, when we talk about Satan, and the issues we're going to be looking at later about whether he was from among the angels from among the jinn. This is clear that he couldn't have been an angel because the angels cannot disobey a law in Christian tradition. He is a fallen angel, an angel who disobey the law, but in Islamic tradition, according to what is most authentic, he was from the gym.

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Now, relative to human beings, angels play a significant role a variety of different roles. From the time we come into existence to the time we go to the grave.

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Once the human being is being formed at conception in the womb,

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Allah commands angels with respect to that particular individual.

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And then aeration from Anna Sidney Malik.

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He said, a lot of exalted and glorious has appointed an angel as the caretaker of the womb, that says, My Lord, it is like an oily drop. Look for my Lord. It is now like a leech. Aloha, my Lord, it has become like it should lump Moodle. Then if Allah wishes to complete its creation, the angel will ask my Lord, will it be male or female,

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and so on, so forth. Right, so there's an angel there, who's the agent assigned to that developing embryo in the womb, and Angel will be sent to blow in the spirit in that individual human spirits which are already created from the time of the creation of Adam, when the when that individuals embryo develops to the point right at the beginning of the fifth month, then angel comes and blows in that spirit, creative spirit, which Allah created at the time of the creation of Adam.

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And that's found actually, in a hadith narrated by Abdullah bin Massoud, in which he quoted the processor as saying, each one of us collected in his mother's womb for 40 days, then becomes a niche for a similar period, likely, which then a lot sends an angel and orders him to record for things, his livelihood, his lifespan, his deeds, and whether he'll be wretched or happy.

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The angel then breathes the soul into him.

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So from his birth, till his death, there are angels assigned and problems as Solomon said in another narration from the library.

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Every one of you has been assigned a companion from among the jinn, and one from the angels.

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These angels are entrusted with the responsibility of guiding and advising each individual by allows will righteousness as we have with us, a jinn who encourages us to evil. We'll talk about that later known as the Quran. There is also a particular Angel assigned to each and every individual that encourages himself or herself to would.

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When we are thinking about anything. We have thoughts,

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coming supportive thoughts coming in our minds, sometimes it's supporting evil, sometimes it's supporting good. Sometimes we hear the support of evil and then another thought comes to discourage us from that evil. You know, these this area of suggestions which are coming to us. This is from the world of the jinn and the angels

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There are also guardian angels,

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which have been in general given to all individuals for various occasions. And it is these angels, about whom the prophets I seldom said, the angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or pictures or statues of living creatures

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lotted human melodica to beighton fie kelburn when a zoo rotten, cannot deal with them, I feel

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the angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog, or pictures or statues of living creatures

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sudra to Timothy,

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I'm sure you've all heard that before.

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And a number of people ask questions about that.

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Because if we didn't understand which angels were talking about, you might think that even the recording angels are not entering your home. So if you have a dog in your home, you know, they're not recording your bad deeds anymore.

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But this is not the case. These are the guardian angels who will not enter the home. Let's do the recording and your generals are right there with you at all times.

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Abu Mama, he reported the sentiment said surely the angel on the left raises the pen from the record of a Muslim who commits an error for six hours. If he repents and allows forgiveness, the deed is cast aside. Otherwise it is written down as one evil deed.

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Surely the angel on the left raises the pen from the record of a Muslim who commits an error for six hours. If he repents and as a last forgiveness, the deed is cast aside. Otherwise it's written down as one evil deed.

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There are also angels that pray for the individual, as it prompts us and them told us as long as any one of you is waiting for prayer is in prayer. And the angels continue to say Oh Allah be merciful to him and forgive him, as long as he does not leave his place of prayer, or past wind. So if we sit in the masjid, waiting for the next prayer, we are considered rewarded as if we were in a state of prayer. And angels continue to pray asking the laws, mercy and forgiveness for us. As long as we don't leave that place, go somewhere else, or lose our will do.

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Some angels have been assigned the job of extracting human souls from their bodies at the time of their death.

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And this, you can find it in the Quran.

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In surah, sajida, verse 11, as well as Surah Al anon, verse 61, he is irresistible, far above his servants, he sets guardians over you until death comes to one of you, then his angels take your soul without fail.

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Some references are made to the angel of death. And people have given him a name, which is false. The Angel of Death

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the issue of taking the soul, some people have a problem with that people are dying all over the world. You know, somebody dies in the North Pole. Second later, somebody dies in the South Pole. somebody dies in the in America a second later somebody dies in Pakistan, you know, so if the engine is rushing off the north pole to the south pole to the east to the west, you know, how is he going to keep up with all these people and take their souls? Again, this is because we're thinking of angels like ourselves. If we're the ones who have to be running around North Pole, the South Pole I mean, of course, it'd be very difficult. But this is not the case of the angels promises, remember,

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describe Angel Gabriel as filling the whole horizon.

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Wherever return to the left and to the right, arising was filled with Angel, the angel Gabriel jabril. So taking the souls This is nothing, you don't have to

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make this a problem for us. You know, when we tried to perceive the the unseen world in terms of our world we always run into problems.

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And Albert Robin azim innovated the last element said, when a believer is leaving this world and entering the next, angels with shining faces will descend from the heavens carrying a shroud and embalming fragrance from Paradise. And then they sit down within sight range. The Angel of Death then approaches sits by his head and says, oh good soul, come out to a loss, forgiveness and pleasure. It will then come out like

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Flowing drop of water from a water skin, and he will catch it.

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But within the blinking of an eye, after he catches it, they will take it and put it in the shroud and fragrance.

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They will then come from the soul a fragrance like that of the sweetest musk found on the face of the earth, then they ascend with it.

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And every group of angels they pass ask, Who is this good soul, to which they reply, so on so the son of so and so using his best names by which people called him on Earth, then they bring him to the lowest heaven, and ask that the gates should be open for him, this is done. And from every Heaven, it's archangels escort him to the next heaven on Jimmy is brought to the seventh heaven. And alarm was great and glorious says, record the book of my servant in the LGU register of the righteous and take him back to Earth, for I created humankind from it, and I shall return them to it. And from it, I will bring them forth again. His soul is then restored to his body.

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The other two angels won't care and the care we said, we're charged with questioning the soul in the grave.

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When the person dies, two angels will come to him, make him sit up and ask him Who is your Lord?

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He the believing soul will reply my lord is a law. Then you will ask him what is your religion? And he will reply. My religion is Islam. They will ask Who is this man who has sent among you? And he will say he is the Messenger of Allah. And they will ask what was the sources of your knowledge, and he will reply, I have read the last book believed in it and declared it to be true.

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So belief in the angels is part of the pillars of faith, which promises are seldom articulated for us in the hadith of gibreel.

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Angels are different from the jinn.

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They have greater abilities and their pure than the jinn.

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Angels enter into the heavens and carry human souls up to Allah. While the jinn who attempt to enter the heavens are driven away.

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Muslims are required to have an unwavering faith in the unseen world of the angels,

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as a means of heightening the consciousness of Allah knowledge and record of all their actions.

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If Allah wished he could have

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told us about Islam without getting into the angels, but he deliberately explained to us about the angels for a purpose

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for a purpose which should affect our own consciousness of a law. And it is, especially with regards to our deeds, the fact that whatever we do is recorded. This should remind us to be very cautious, very careful, deliberate, and whatever we plan to do, not to be hasty, because haste is from Satan. And this is where we do things which are wrong and then regret afterwards. But think about the consequences. Think about the fact that it will be recorded, that we have to meet it again on the Day of Judgment.

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Then Allah

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told the angels Prostrate to Adam.

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Now this frustration.

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So Jude,

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was explained by some scholars as frustration of greeting

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and not frustration on the forehead, in order to avoid worship, which is related to it.

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And its implications because worship is only allowable to Allah. So prostration to other than Allah would be shirk. So, some scholars looking at this,

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interpreted it as one of greeting and not the frustration of a bada.

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However,

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low this was, with good intent. We are islamically required when we are faced with various texts from the Quran, or the Sunnah, to take them on face value.

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We don't shift to other interpretations which are metaphorical explanatory.

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Unless the face value meaning goes against the Sharia.

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in all aspects, it is clearly against the Sharia.

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Whatever else we know of the Sharia, if we take this text

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on its face value, it contradicts the

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Sharia, for example, law says he's closer to you than your juggler when

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that implies, that is inside each and every one of us.

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Which, when we look at all of the other texts, where a law describes himself as being above and beyond his creation, this is in contradiction. So then we look to see what was meant by being closer to us than the juggler when we see that Allah is talking about his knowledge, that he knows what the soul whispers, and he's closer to us than the dragon event. So, this is when we shift. But where we have

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a case like this where

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a lot all the angels to prostrate

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Now, if this prostration

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is in obedience to our last command, then it can't be sure

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if this frustration, though we already accepted to prostrate to other than allies ship, if Allah told us to prostrate to other than Him, when it's no longer shirk,

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right, so the angels When the angels were commanded to prostrates, this became a bother for them. Not a bother of Adam,

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worship of Adam, but worship of Allah.

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Right. So the fact that, in that frustration, there are issues of honor, and

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whether there is issue of greeting, or whatever, that our law is showing that Adam is on a higher level, relative to the angels, they were not worshipping Adam, they were obeying the laws command, which was to prostrate before Adam. So then we don't consider this to be shared. It's just like, for example, when Allah commanded Abraham to slaughter his son,

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think about it, slaughtering Your son is a major evil to kill your child

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is a major evil. However, when Allah commanded Abraham la Salaam to slaughter his son, this became a bother.

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So, he took his son and went to slaughter him, because for him that was a bother.

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So, whether there is a command of a law

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that proceeds or you know, it overrides any other understanding we may have, have the basic laws and rules that we follow and follow commands otherwise, then it becomes a bad in itself to obey our laws command.

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Now,

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the

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issue of

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prostrating to Adam

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is something which

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some individuals have interpreted

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in another light, in the light that it was a form of a bother

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and that

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Satan's refusal to prostrate was in fact, his expression of tawheed on the highest level.

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There is a particular individual by the name of Allah knowledge

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from the 10th century,

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who is well known for his statement, Anil Huck, I am the embodiment of truth, and a lie refers to himself while wallhack, describing himself as ad hoc. So, when this individual who is considered to be, you know, a saint amongst Sophie's one of the

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highest saints who is called upon etc, and how large

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he made the statement he was called, and tried before tribunal of Muslim judges, and asked to recant to take back his statement.

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But he stood up in the tribunal opened up his cloak and said, there is nothing inside of this cloak except a lot.

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So, he was not backing down.

00:34:39--> 00:34:40

And they executed him.

00:34:41--> 00:34:46

He had a he has a book which is called Kitab, Ottawa scene, cow scene.

00:34:48--> 00:34:59

And he states in it if you do not recognize God, at least recognize his sign. I am the creative truth and unlock because through the truth, I am eternal truth myself.

00:35:00--> 00:35:16

friends and teachers are obliques and Pharaoh has his own writings, he believes was threatened with the Hellfire, but he did not recant. Pharaoh was drowned the sea. He did not repent, for he would not acknowledge anything between himself and God.

00:35:17--> 00:35:23

So though I am killed and crucified, though my hands and feet are cut off, I do not recant.

00:35:24--> 00:35:39

So for him, as he said his teachers were a blessing Pharaohs. He was proud of this. A police refused to prostrate before Adam and Pharaoh said hon Kemal Allah Allah, I am your Lord Most High.

00:35:42--> 00:35:52

So, this individual actually enunciated the most primary belief of Devi and Sufism.

00:35:53--> 00:36:04

And this is not to say why I say deviant Sufism, because there are elements of Sufism, where people are described as being Sufi, but it's just individuals who were

00:36:06--> 00:36:46

righteous, aesthetic, not clinging on to the dhulia living very simple lives worshipping Allah, you know, and so on. So they described them as Sufi. So this description when we refer to an Arabic terminology, as zote, people may call it the soul of, or Sufi, but this is not deviation. So where the term sufia to self applies to things done which remain within the Sharia, then there's nothing wrong with it. But the deviant element of Sufism, which is what we're talking about here, where an individual believes that he can become one with a law.

00:36:48--> 00:37:07

The roots of this idea can be found in ancient Greek philosophy, Plato spoke about this, and in Hindu principles of Moksha, Buddhist principles of Nirvana, where they believe that the human soul reunites with the divine soul,

00:37:08--> 00:37:28

after the cycle of reincarnation, and, you know, this is false hood. And they have used texts from the Quran to try to support it, you know, basically the texts which imply that a law when he created Adam, he breathed into Adam from his soul.

00:37:29--> 00:37:33

They said, Allah breathed a piece of himself into Adam.

00:37:34--> 00:37:38

And that is what is in each and every one of us a piece of a law.

00:37:39--> 00:38:01

And this is common belief in Christianity also. But everybody has a portion of God in his or her heart, the soul is divine. It's another way it is expressed. But this is a false belief, because it has problems. If you're saying that the soul is divine. What about those people who are unhealed, people who are going to hell will be punished in hell.

00:38:02--> 00:38:07

They have a part of a loss or portion of allies being punished in hell, problematic.

00:38:11--> 00:38:28

Anyway, it goes against correct Islamic teachings. As regards Adam on the lotto, the angels to Prostrate to Adam, Adam is the father of the human race, whom Allah created from clay with his own two hands, as he stated,

00:38:30--> 00:38:47

only is what prevents you from prostrating yourself to the one whom I created with both my hands. And the prophet SAW Selim, it said, regarding the Day of Judgment, in which Moses will address Adam saying, You are either more law created with his own hand.

00:38:50--> 00:39:04

Scholars have said that the law did not create anything besides Adam in Paradise, Eden of Paradise, Jenna to Adam, with his hands, and he also wrote the Torah with his hands.

00:39:05--> 00:39:29

As mentioned in authentic traditions, Professor Matt said, in the same Hadith about judgment, in which Moses will address Adam, Adam will adjust Moses saying you are Moses whom Allah chose to speak to, and for whom he wrote the Torah with his own hand. Of course, the issue of Allah creating Adam with his hands,

00:39:32--> 00:39:34

writing the tour with his hand,

00:39:35--> 00:39:37

people have gone to try to explain this as

00:39:38--> 00:39:58

other than with his hand because they say well to our hand is like to be to be like human beings, we have hands. So to say that the law created Adam, with his hands is to make a law like us. However, the correct approach is that if a law said he created Adam with his two hands, then that's what we have to say.

00:40:00--> 00:40:24

How that is understood, is best known to a lost medalla. We cannot deny what the Lord has said about himself. And in any case, in our own language, we use the term hand to mean a variety of things. When we speak about the hands of the clock, we don't think of the clock as having a hand with five fingers. And

00:40:26--> 00:40:35

we have another idea in mind, and so on and so forth. We use terms which are normally assigned to human beings face, the face of the mountain,

00:40:37--> 00:40:38

the face of the clock,

00:40:39--> 00:41:09

it's not necessarily the physical face that we think about, etc. So, we accept what however, Allah described himself, as fact, the details of how it is we don't get into, because we don't have necessary knowledge, to be able to understand that. So we accept it as it is, and we affirm it. And we reject, you know, interpretations, which we don't have evidence for.

00:41:12--> 00:41:13

So

00:41:17--> 00:41:18

Adam,

00:41:20--> 00:41:21

he was created

00:41:23--> 00:41:30

by laws, hands, and the rest of creation, was by a laws command B. And they were,

00:41:31--> 00:41:34

he was a prophet, and not a messenger.

00:41:37--> 00:41:41

As a prophet, nor he was the first of the messengers,

00:41:43--> 00:41:48

Prophet Adam, in his time, people were one nation, they didn't differ amongst themselves.

00:41:50--> 00:42:11

So it wasn't until after differences appeared, that the first of the messengers, Prophet NorCal sent his innovation for problems or sell them in which he said, people will then go to Noah and say, oh, Noah, first of the messengers to the people of the earth. This is a statement of the prophet SAW Selim in that regard.

00:42:13--> 00:42:18

But Adam, was the first human being and the first prophet.

00:42:19--> 00:42:21

In one abuser, he asked,

00:42:23--> 00:42:27

Who was the first of the profits as promised, I sell them? And he said, Adam,

00:42:29--> 00:42:39

He then asked him was he a prophet or messenger of Allah, he said, he was a prophet to whom Allah spoke. Some prophets to whom Allah spoke among them, is

00:42:41--> 00:42:52

Musa alayhis salam also profit mamas, I sell them on the mirage. When he went into the heavens, the Lord spoke to him directly also. So there are profits to whom Allah spoke to directly It's a special

00:42:54--> 00:43:04

status which Allah has given some of the prophets and the Prophet Musa because this was the continual way in which he communicated with him. He is referred to as Kelly Milan.

00:43:08--> 00:43:22

He then was asked, prognosis I was asked how many messengers were there? And the Bradshaw Salim said 315, a large group. Another narration you mentioned there was 124,000 prophets

00:43:23--> 00:43:28

and 315, messengers, messengers, being those who receive books of Revelation.

00:43:31--> 00:43:33

So he was a prophet and not the messenger

00:43:35--> 00:43:53

as we said, because there was no need for spreading a new message a clarification because the original message which he received from last month, Allah, which he taught his children was not rejected in his own time. And the human race was limited in number and it's time

00:43:54--> 00:44:17

for such a do in LA a beliefs Can I mean Elgin fossa, and I'm Robbie. And a lot of statement, they are frustrated, acceptable is, he was one of the gins and he does disobeyed the command of his Lord. This means that they are frustrated in obedience to a last command with the exception of employees who refused to prostrate.

00:44:18--> 00:44:23

ablaze is the proper name of Satan.

00:44:24--> 00:44:30

Satan being the English from shape on plural shaft in

00:44:31--> 00:44:43

meanings meaning basically, devils coming from shabaneh verb in Arabic which means to become distant or remote from the truth or the mercy of Allah.

00:44:45--> 00:44:48

When we have the definite article with it,

00:44:49--> 00:44:58

we say a shirt on then it refers to a police shaytaan can refer to a human being, as well as the jinn.

00:45:02--> 00:45:13

Some scholars held that he was the father of the gym. as Adam was the father of humankind. However, there isn't sufficient evidence for that claim.

00:45:16--> 00:45:21

But reality is that he rebelled against Allah disobeyed this command.

00:45:22--> 00:45:24

Though he was among the angels,

00:45:25--> 00:45:27

worshiping a law in their assembly,

00:45:30--> 00:45:31

his nature

00:45:32--> 00:45:35

came out at a critical time,

00:45:36--> 00:45:37

when he was called upon,

00:45:38--> 00:45:44

to prostrate before Adam along with the angels, then his reality,

00:45:45--> 00:45:47

the reality of his nature became clear.

00:45:53--> 00:46:07

As we said, Satan was from the jinn not an angel, though there are some verses in the Quran which seem to imply that he was an angel. Like in Surah Surah verse 11,

00:46:08--> 00:46:19

where Allah said, Indeed that created you shaped you and told the angels Prostrate to Adam, and they frustrated themselves except Iblees. He refused to be of those who frustrated themselves.

00:46:21--> 00:46:27

So this implies this verse implies that a blaze was among the angels,

00:46:28--> 00:46:30

and they were scholars of the past

00:46:31--> 00:46:33

who held this opinion.

00:46:34--> 00:46:35

However,

00:46:36--> 00:46:40

there are sufficient other texts from the Quran.

00:46:42--> 00:47:08

Whether it is those when a blaze was asked as to why he refused to prostrate as in verse 12, those who are allowed off he said, When Allah said, What prevented you from falling down when I commanded you? He replied, I'm better than he. You created me from fire and created him from clay. So he said, You created me from fire. We already said that Salim said that the jinn were created from fire.

00:47:09--> 00:47:27

So this implies that he was from the jinn. And then we also have this verse, verse 50, there of Suren calf, where it says specifically he was from among the jinn. So this is the most correct opinion in this regard.

00:47:33--> 00:47:34

Now

00:47:36--> 00:47:39

in the verse, the verse goes on to say,

00:47:48--> 00:47:51

where a lot made reference to

00:47:53--> 00:47:54

his children,

00:47:55--> 00:47:57

right in the in the main text,

00:47:58--> 00:48:00

for a lot said,

00:48:03--> 00:48:05

a fact that Luna who

00:48:06--> 00:48:07

was the reactor Who

00:48:11--> 00:48:19

will you take him and his children, as close friends and allies,

00:48:22--> 00:48:24

that this implies,

00:48:25--> 00:48:27

or speaks of Satan's children?

00:48:29--> 00:48:30

And from that,

00:48:32--> 00:48:35

people raised the question as to

00:48:37--> 00:48:38

whether Satan had a wife,

00:48:39--> 00:48:48

as Adam had a wife and children, that says another wife, but again, this is an area that we really don't need to go into.

00:48:49--> 00:48:53

Allah created Eve from Adam.

00:48:54--> 00:49:09

He could have created the children, initial children of Satan, from Satan without the necessary necessity of depending on a wife. So all is possible with a last minute Allah we don't need to get into having a wife.

00:49:16--> 00:49:19

Now the gin that we spoke about,

00:49:22--> 00:49:28

coming from the verb Jana, the term gin which means to cover to hide or conceal

00:49:30--> 00:49:46

and in use of Alice tafsir of the Quran explanation, translation explanation, he actually tries to explain that the jinn were foreigners, people who are foreign to the Arabian Peninsula etc. There are human beings

00:49:47--> 00:49:59

you know, you have a set of amongst Muslims, who cannot accept the world of the jinn, you know as being a world of other creatures and visible to us, etc.

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

Of course this is

00:50:02--> 00:50:09

incorrect. We have so much evidence from the both Quran and the Sunnah

00:50:11--> 00:50:14

that the jinn represent another world,

00:50:16--> 00:50:18

whom Allah created from different elements

00:50:20--> 00:50:23

that they are basically invisible to us

00:50:25--> 00:50:53

that such claims you know are deviant or actually denying authentic information from both requirements. So now, once I send them I divided the jinn into three basic categories he said there are three types of jinn, one type which flies in the air all the time, another type which exists as snakes and dogs, and an Earthbound type which resides in one place or wonders about.

00:50:55--> 00:51:11

They are divided into two categories with regards to their faith, Muslims and Kaffirs. You can find amongst them the various religions Christians, Buddhists, Hindus, they have various religious groupings, they have among them also

00:51:13--> 00:51:33

the disbelievers among them, are referred to by the term shale teen Corinne freet, demons, devils, spirits, ghosts, etc. These are all terms referring to basically the evil among them, but there are believers among them. So not every gin is necessarily a demon, though people

00:51:34--> 00:51:38

usually translate that you know as demons.

00:51:40--> 00:51:41

Whoever listens to them,

00:51:42--> 00:51:54

becomes their partners and works with them, becomes a human devil. As Allah said, likewise, you have made for every prophet and enemy devils from among humankind and the jinn.

00:51:55--> 00:52:29

And every human being as a gene accompanying him, known as the Purina, we spoke about that earlier as he as an angel with him. He also has a jinn, as a part of a test throughout his life. And even problems I seldom had. The Companions asked him about it on one occasion when he said, Every one of you has been assigned a companion from the jinn, companions, us even your messenger of Allah. The prophet SAW, Selim replied, even me, except that Alliance helped me against him, and he has submitted now he only tells me to do good

00:52:31--> 00:52:32

profit, so a man

00:52:33--> 00:52:39

was given control over the jinn. And this was his own personal miracle.

00:52:41--> 00:52:43

This power was not given to anyone else.

00:52:45--> 00:53:27

No one else can control the jinn. So all the stories you hear, back in the village, you know of people, having genies doing jobs for them. And you know, molana is having genies that they sent here and there they have command and control over them. This is not true. No one has control over the gin, except for profit, so a man and we have an aeration from the province, in which he said, Indeed, and a freed from among the gin spat on me last night trying to break my salon, however, allow let me overpower him. And I wanted to tie into one of the columns in the masjid, so that you all could see him in the morning. Then I remembered my brother's will a man's prayer, oh, my Lord,

00:53:27--> 00:53:34

forgive me and bestow on me a kingdom not allowed to anyone after me. So I let him go.

00:53:37--> 00:53:44

So problem is awesome seldom. He had the ability to resist, to overcome to prevent

00:53:46--> 00:53:50

the jinn. But he didn't have the ability to control them.

00:53:52--> 00:54:03

So as profit, novice Assalam didn't have the ability to control the jinn. What does that tell us about the claims of others today amongst us, obviously false, is doesn't mean

00:54:04--> 00:54:05

that

00:54:06--> 00:54:19

there may not be people in contact and dealing with the jinn and the jinn do things for them. But this is not by way of control. But by way of contract,

00:54:20--> 00:54:30

they have entered into some contracts with the jinn where they do certain things which the jinn require of them, and the jinn do certain things for them.

00:54:36--> 00:54:37

Now

00:54:41--> 00:54:44

why even spend time talking about the gym?

00:54:45--> 00:54:50

Why because of the fact that the Djinn affect our world.

00:54:51--> 00:54:59

If they didn't have an impact in our world, and a serious impact, then Allah would not bother to speak about them.

00:55:00--> 00:55:01

There would be no sewer to gin.

00:55:02--> 00:55:03

Why have a

00:55:05--> 00:55:09

sewer are named Elgin, we don't have a sewer name swattin melodica.

00:55:13--> 00:55:25

Though belief in the angels is one of the pillars of faith, but we have circle Jin is telling us something, that knowledge about the jinn is very important.

00:55:27--> 00:55:29

It's not something you can just slough off.

00:55:30--> 00:55:38

And that is because of the fact that the jinn in general do have this major impact in our lives.

00:55:40--> 00:55:41

They affect us,

00:55:42--> 00:55:45

by way of

00:55:46--> 00:55:51

different individuals who work with them in one way or another,

00:55:53--> 00:55:57

who then become sources of misguidance in this world.

00:55:58--> 00:56:08

were people who are involved in the various deviant sects, false religions, they get support from the jinn

00:56:09--> 00:56:12

to reinforce their belief systems.

00:56:15--> 00:56:17

The first major group

00:56:18--> 00:56:20

that gets support

00:56:21--> 00:56:24

from the jinn are the fortune tellers,

00:56:25--> 00:56:30

fortune tellers, people who predict the future

00:56:31--> 00:56:36

could become a source of fitna. In most societies,

00:56:37--> 00:56:45

people who are able to speak about the unseen you have in most Muslim countries, people who you lose something, you go to them, they tell you what it is.

00:56:47--> 00:56:54

When you come to them, they're able to tell you what your name is, your parents names, how many children you have, where you live, and all these kind of things.

00:56:56--> 00:56:58

And they tell you information about the future.

00:57:08--> 00:57:09

Link will stop here.

00:57:11--> 00:57:18

Complete in our next session, we'll look at fortunetelling

00:57:20--> 00:57:21

magic

00:57:22--> 00:57:23

and

00:57:24--> 00:57:25

possession

00:57:26--> 00:57:41

to complete our look at the Djinn the world of the jinn and then complete out the verse inshallah. So let's stop here and give you an opportunity to ask questions and what we've taken so far. Basically what we've covered.

00:57:44--> 00:57:52

When I told the angels Prostrate to Adam, they are frustrated, accepted, please, he was one of the jinn and he disobeyed the command of his Lord.

00:57:54--> 00:57:57

We've covered the first part of verse 15.

00:57:59--> 00:58:04

Before looking at questions, let me just announce that

00:58:07--> 00:58:14

from next Thursday, we'll be doing a series on salata, janaza

00:58:15--> 00:58:18

and the rights of

00:58:19--> 00:58:21

funeral rites in Islam in general,

00:58:23--> 00:58:28

including shrouding how to wash the body and things related to it.

00:58:31--> 00:58:37

This will be here on Thursdays for for Thursday's course,

00:58:39--> 00:58:43

familiarizing yourself with issues of

00:58:45--> 00:59:22

Islamic Burial Rites, Islamic funeral rites are very important because the fact that in most of our countries, you know, we have a variety of practices associated with the dead the dying, and much of them are cultural, which have nothing to do with the teachings of Islam at all. So, based on the request from the sister side, there are a number of sisters who asked for this. We will be starting a series which will last for four weeks with a test at the end of it for those who want to take the examination, you know on funeral rites in Islam.

00:59:25--> 00:59:27

So any questions what we've covered so far?

00:59:57--> 01:00:00

Now the name Israel or Israel

01:00:00--> 01:00:02

is not an authentic name. No,

01:00:03--> 01:00:05

it's common, but not authentic.

01:00:07--> 01:00:12

The Angel of Death is not named in any authentic traditions.

01:00:21--> 01:00:46

When there are references in general to the angel of death, you know, though there are some verses which mentioned are angels. So which may imply that there is more, or some scholars look at it, that it is one Angel. But after that Angel has taken the soul, it's turned over to the other angels that we mentioned in narration will take that soul up to the heavens.

01:00:48--> 01:00:53

So, this is where the reference comes that in fact, there is just one Angel, the angel of death, who has no name.

01:00:58--> 01:01:02

Or I should say, if he has a name, which is known only to Allah, we don't know it.

01:01:07--> 01:01:13

molecule mode, some people say that his name, well, molecule note means the angel of death.

01:01:15--> 01:01:18

You know, that's just the title. That's not his name.

01:01:38--> 01:01:40

Okay, brothers question.

01:01:45--> 01:01:53

How did a police come into the picture with the angels we mentioned actually, in the course of the material that

01:01:55--> 01:01:56

he did.

01:01:58--> 01:02:04

He was elevated. Allah elevated him to be among the angels.

01:02:06--> 01:02:08

Right, but he was not from them.

01:02:09--> 01:02:19

He was from the world of the gym, the general creative before human beings. And Allah elevated that individually beliefs to be among the angels.

01:02:23--> 01:02:27

question is, is there any reason to elevate him Allah knows best.

01:02:28--> 01:02:30

Allah knows best not

01:02:32--> 01:02:47

the brothers questioning whether it is from his knowledge or whatever Allah knows best. Allah elevated him. I mean, all we know is it Allah elevated him, but what we know is that his elevation to be among the angels, was the means by which he was exposed.

01:02:49--> 01:02:52

This was the means by which he was exposed.

01:02:56--> 01:02:59

Why Allah elevated him, Allah knows best.

01:03:00--> 01:03:09

There is speculation, you know, Allah gave him certain powers, which he didn't give others among the jinn knowledge and a variety of other things. But it's like the apple,

01:03:11--> 01:03:26

the so called apple in the Garden of Eden, was it an apple? Or was the fruit on the tree that item eight, you know, what was the fruit and Christian tradition, they put it as an apple. You know, some people say it was opium.

01:03:28--> 01:03:49

Other people said it was you know, sex, we were given variety of different meanings as to what it was. But we don't need to get into it. All we know is that there was a tree which Allah said, don't eat from it. And if Allah said, don't eat from it, then we know as he said, he made halau for us, the tree bat, and he made haram for us to have eyes.

01:03:51--> 01:03:58

For you back to the good things come by for the evil things. So if he forbade that tree, it was from the evil things.

01:04:00--> 01:04:02

You know, how we don't know

01:04:03--> 01:04:06

specifically for that tree? Other things we know about.

01:04:15--> 01:04:20

But this question, Is there evidence for the elevation of a police?

01:04:22--> 01:04:28

We would have to say yes, there is evidence, I mean, the fact that he was among the angels.

01:04:30--> 01:04:33

Right? He was among the agents. That is the evidence.

01:04:42--> 01:04:50

No brothers question was, was it only the angels who asked to prostrate? No, it was both the angels and beliefs who was amongst them?

01:04:51--> 01:04:58

No, because they were not amongst the angels when that command came. Okay, let me take a question from the woman's side. Please hold on.

01:05:06--> 01:05:09

Okay from the woman's side

01:05:10--> 01:05:15

questions really concerning the pictures and the house that

01:05:16--> 01:05:18

we mentioned the Hadith of the angels

01:05:20--> 01:05:30

This is the angels of mercy not guardian angels not entering the homes in which there are pictures dogs and

01:05:34--> 01:05:34

statues

01:05:36--> 01:05:47

yeah this is these are the questions that are related one the definition of the house where does the house begin and end that that Hadith

01:05:49--> 01:05:59

is included whereas it included you might have your garbage can outside your front door and you know you've got your newspapers inside there does that include Now, the point is

01:06:00--> 01:06:03

your house your home is

01:06:04--> 01:06:05

whatever is

01:06:07--> 01:06:09

inside the

01:06:11--> 01:06:13

door or the entrance that

01:06:14--> 01:06:21

people cannot enter you know, if you have a home with a yard outside and a wall

01:06:23--> 01:06:33

what is inside that compound that area where you are that's your home that's a part of your home. Now the issue of pictures in books and magazines

01:06:36--> 01:06:37

which are

01:06:38--> 01:06:40

kept in shelves etc

01:06:42--> 01:06:45

newspapers you know which are

01:06:47--> 01:06:49

thrown in the garbage etc

01:06:50--> 01:07:00

is this included? Well we know that problems are seldom with regards to pictures in the home pictures which were on curtains are seldom had

01:07:01--> 01:07:04

Ayesha take them down,

01:07:06--> 01:07:29

tear them up and make them into pillows which they sat on right. So, where they are in that form, it is something that you sit on or you walk on etc You know, in other words, it is not in a position of honor and respect and admiration. Then this is not included.

01:07:34--> 01:07:44

The question went on questions went on to ask about pictures in digital cameras and in albums, clothes not put on display etc.

01:07:47--> 01:07:47

These

01:07:49--> 01:07:54

would fall under similar categories as those in books and newspapers etc.

01:07:57--> 01:08:13

Those who hold that all photography photographs are haram then you have the problem of removing all that you can what you can do with this beyond your control then you ask allows forgiveness for

01:08:14--> 01:08:32

for those who hold that photographs are not the same as the pictures and the statues about which prompts are seldom referred then as long as they're not on display held up put in places of honor etc. You know then they are permissible

01:08:33--> 01:08:53

question went on to ask Can we ask to be recorded among the Elune mentioned in the Hadith, but Francois Salim said if you asked for paradise, and da said ask fulfill dos because Fieldhouse is the highest point in paradise. So to ask for the highest is

01:08:54--> 01:08:57

recommended by the partners or myself.

01:08:58--> 01:09:05

Then there was a question concerning the feet of women being a part of the hour that

01:09:06--> 01:09:14

in terms of a woman what may be exposed, well known is the face and hands to the wrist.

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And this is what comes up in Hades, etc. and the feet are not included. In fact there are some narrations from home selama in which she was asked she was one of the wives of the Prophet SAW Salaam. She was asked about a woman praying and a scarf and a gown. And she said as long as the scarf the gown is wide loose and it covers the tops of the feet. We also have the Hadeeth the bandsaw sanlam telling the men to wear their garments above their ankles, you know make it

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halfway up their shins.

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And

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the women ask but if we did that, it will expose

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Our feet,

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zaeef indirectly showing that obviously the feet are supposed to be covered. Because if the bombs as Ellen said, raise your garments halfway up your shins, then they would just follow. But the woman question he said, you know, so he said, you know, lower it to the tops of the feet.

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So the covering of the feet is in fact, a part of the foreign requirement. For women.

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That is a garment, it should be loose, the hijab, the jilbab, the buyer, whatever they're wearing the ultra garment when they're outside their homes, or inside their homes, the garment they're wearing should cover in presence of people who are marriageable, they should cover the tops of the feet. Now some people go to the point of wearing socks, is it necessary to wear socks?

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You know, you wear a garment, which is up to your ankles and underwear socks afterwards? Well, actually, this doesn't fulfill the requirement.

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Because the socks show the shape of the feet

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in general, and as we would not allow the woman to wear spandex,

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right? outfits, we wouldn't say she's covered though, she is covered.

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In the same way, it's not applicable to say that socks fulfill the requirement of covering the feet. So as long as the garment goes down, covers the tops of the feet, so it's covered. If in the course of walking or whatever, some pieces of it might become visible, that is not held against her.

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Right. So it's not a requirement that you must also wear socks with it because we have nothing from the center about women wearing socks. It has become a common

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practice, you know now where the women will consider it to be more religious. They wear socks also, but it's not actually a requirement. We don't have anything from the Senate as a budget. You wish to do it you may do so, but it is not a requirement with regards to the hour.

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The last point and it's time for Salah is was requested that I make mention advising brothers, that Salah should be on time and in the masjid.

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Right.

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I guess this is in reference to some of us who tend to be lazy on in the matter and they are not making their Salah on time in the masjid. Of course, this is what is required of us as Muslims. This is what the prophet SAW Selim encouraged. So inshallah, let us stop here and go and make some time in the masjid Subhana Allah who humbucker shadowline land and Mr. Furukawa