Ahsan Hanif – Quran Tafseer – Page 106 – The Divine Decree

Ahsan Hanif
AI: Summary © The speaker discusses the distribution of inheritance in the United States, including siblings and brothers, and the importance of fulfilling obligations and committing to various contracts. They also address issues of inheritance and marriage, including the importance of fulfilling spiritual and moral commitments and not violating the holy month. The speaker warns against anyone who tries to harm people by killing or selling them, and emphasizes the importance of not seeking revenge and helping anyone by doing things like killing or selling them.
AI: Transcript ©
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Welcome to another episode of our tafsir. And

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today Insha'Allah

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we are on page 106 of the Quran,

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which is the final portion of the final

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verse of Surah Al Nisa and then the

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beginning of Surah Al Maidah in the 6th

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of the Quran.

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In the previous episode, we mentioned those verses

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in which Allah Subhanhu Wa Ta'ala speaks about

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the people of the book and the scriptures

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who went to extremes in their religion.

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For example, in aspects of their belief.

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For example, when it came to their belief

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concerning the prophet Risa alaihi salatu was salam.

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And you see those extremes

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in views because some of the people of

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the scripture denied that Alisa Alaihi Salam was

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a prophet or messenger of Allah. They completely

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rejected him and refused to believe in him.

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And others from amongst them went to the

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other extreme, and they placed the prophet Risa

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Alaihi Salam where they gave to him a

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station above his station and they claimed for

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him divinity.

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Allah Subhanu Ta'ala says, as we mentioned in

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the previous episode,

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that neither Isa Alaihi Salam nor the messengers

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and prophets of Allah, nor the angels that

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are close to Allah

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None of them have disdain or are too

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arrogant to worship Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. But

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each one of them knows their place in

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terms of their servitude before him Subhanahu Wa

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Ta'ala. And Allah Azzawajal then mentioned that those

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people who have iman and do righteous deeds

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Allah will give to them their reward. And

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those who are too arrogant, too haughty

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to worship Allah

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look down upon that, Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

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will give to them the worst of punishments.

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Today we begin with verse 176

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which is the final verse of Surah Al

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Nisa

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and it is going back to a topic

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that we have spoken about throughout this surah

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and that is the topic of inheritance.

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And as we said that that is an

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important topic because it is often something

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in which people don't follow the laws of

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Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala or certain people are

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repressed when it comes to their rights of

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inheritance.

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So Allah in this final verse of Suratul

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Nisa will speak about an aspect of inheritance

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and that is found in the statement of

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Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala.

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They ask you meaning the prophet salallahu alaihi

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wasallam for a ruling.

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Say Allah gives you a ruling about inheritance

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from someone

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who dies childless with no surviving parents. If

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a man leaves a sister, she's entitled to

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half of the inheritance.

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If she has no child, her brother is

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her sole

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heir. If there are 2 sisters, they are

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entitled to 2 thirds of the inheritance between

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them. But if there are surviving brothers and

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sisters, the male is entitled to twice the

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share of the female. Allah makes this clear

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to you so that you do not make

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mistakes. He has for knowledge of everything.

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Here in Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala begins by

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mentioning that the prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam was

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asked questions regarding certain elements of inheritance.

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And in particular, this issue that in Arabic

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is known as Al Kalala. And it is

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mentioned, for example, the hadith al Bukhali Muslim

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that from the companions who were in this

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situation of Al Kalala was the famous companion

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Jadr Radiallahu anhu arda. There are a time

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came when he was extremely ill and he

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was in this situation so he asked the

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prophet salallahu alaihi wasallam how the inheritance should

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work and Allah

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revealed this verse. Al Kalala is when a

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person is passes away and they have neither

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ascendants nor descendants that survived them. Ascendants meaning

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that their parents aren't living or their grandparents

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are living. They don't have anyone above them.

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So their parents, grandparents, great grandparents, no one

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survives them from that direction.

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And likewise, they have no children that survived

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them. There's no children, no grandchildren, no descendants.

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So on both sides, either above or below

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them in terms of the family tree, there

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is no one that survives them. Who do

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they have then that are their closest family

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relatives?

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It is their siblings, either full siblings

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or half siblings that are from your father's

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side. Half siblings from the father's side means

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that you share the same father, but you

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may have different mothers.

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So you have the same father or their

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full brothers and siblings, full brothers and sisters

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meaning that you have the same parents, same

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father, same mother.

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For these people because the mother, the the

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siblings from the mother's side, half brothers and

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sisters from the mother's side, that ruling we

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already mentioned previously in a verse in Surat

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Al Nisa. So this is now speaking about

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this group of people. And as we've said

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before, usually when it comes to inheritance, the

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people that inherit from you are usually from

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the male line. So here it's either full

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brothers and sisters or half brothers and sisters

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from the father's side, meaning that you shared

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the same father and you have different mothers.

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Allah says that they ask you meaning the

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prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

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concerning

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something. They ask you a question.

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Allah

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will give to you the warning concerning Al

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Kalalah. This is in Arabic Al Kalalah and

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it is from the

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terms of the Arabic language and the Quran

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that is very comprehensive. But when you explain

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it into English, then obviously it requires slightly

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more detail. Allah goes on to say,

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if a person passes away and they have

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no child and at the same time it

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is understood

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that they have neither any parents or grandparents

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and so on. So they have no one

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that survives them from those directions either above

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or below.

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But he has a sister that survives him.

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Then

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she will inherit half of that which he

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leaves behind. Why only half? Because as we

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said, the women,

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when they are by themselves in terms of

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that relationship, meaning a sister, without any brothers,

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a daughter, without any sentence, so on and

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so forth. When it was just women by

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themselves, they are given what we call a

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fard, a fixed share

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and it is only the men, the males

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in most cases or or

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women alongside those men that share that same

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relationship with them like siblings

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or children

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and those, it is only men in those

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cases and women when they are met with

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those specific men that become asaba, that take

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whatever remains after the fixed shares have been

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distributed. And so here Allah is saying that

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for the sister, so this person passes away,

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no parents, grandparents, no children, no grandchildren. He

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has a sister that survives him. She will

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take half of his estate, half the inheritance

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goes to her and the other half will

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go then to his closest male relative. He

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may have, for example, a paternal uncle or

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that paternal uncle's son, something like this. They

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will get the other half of that chair

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but for for in terms of his closest

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relatives, that sister is only his only surviving

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one and so she takes half.

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Allah says

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and if she has no child then her

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brother is her sole heir meaning he takes

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everything.

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Why does he take everything? Because he is

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a

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and there's no one with fixtures that's surviving

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because there's no parents, no children, there's no

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other sisters, there's only a brother that survives

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that. So he takes all of the shares

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because that's how that is what the meaning

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of the is. They take whatever remains behind

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after the fixtures have been distributed. Sometimes that

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means they get nothing. And sometimes they that

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means they only get what's left over, whether

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a greater amount or a small amount and

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sometimes it means they get everything

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depending on that situation.

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And so Allah says here because there's no

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likewise there's no children, no grandchildren, no parents,

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no grandparents and so on,

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then she has only one surviving

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brother.

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That surviving brother is her closest male relative

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and so he will take all of that

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wealth. For in Canada,

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but if there is more than 1 sister,

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meaning 2 or more. If there are 2

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or more sisters, then they are entitled to

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2 thirds between them. So now this person

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passes away, he has 4 sisters.

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Those 4 sisters,

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if it was one sister, she takes Sahaf

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as Allah as which I mentioned at the

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beginning of the verse. If there's more than

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1 sister, 2 or more. So in this

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case, for example, there's 4 sisters, they will

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have 2 thirds

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and they split that equally amongst them and

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the other 1 third then will go to

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the closest surviving male relative whoever that may

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be.

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But if there are surviving brothers and sisters,

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then the male is entitled to twice the

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share of the female.

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And that is because the sister, as we

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said, by themselves, in and of themselves,

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women

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are people who have fixed shares. But when

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there is a man who is in the

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same level, meaning a sister and a brother

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are the same level, a daughter and a

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son are of the same level in terms

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of their relationship to the deceased.

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When there are brothers and sisters together, then

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what the sharia does is it says that

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we put them all together as one group

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and the men will get double the share

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as the females. This is the only case

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and scenario in which this happens, that the

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male gets double the share and that is

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because they're on the same level. On the

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same level means therefore

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that they have to now split this in

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a different way and that is that the

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male gets doubled the share

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over the female. If there was no one

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on the same level, like we said before,

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it's just one sister or there's a group

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of sisters, they have a surviving uncle,

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so their father passed away or or or

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sorry, the the man passes away and there's

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a surviving uncle.

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He becomes He doesn't get the majority of

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the shares. He doesn't come and he doesn't

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fix with their shares or mix with their

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shares. No. Because he's of a further relationship.

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The distance of an uncle is further away

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than from a sister,

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in terms of the deceased. So here Allah

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is saying but now there are people who

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are both brothers and sisters to the deceased,

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both of them. Again, there's no parents, grandparents,

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no children, no grandchildren. Now there's a group

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of brothers and sisters. How do we distribute

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it? They will get the shares between them

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but the male will get double the share

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of the females meaning they get 2 shares

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for 1 share to the female.

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Allah says Allah

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has made this clear to you so that

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you do not make any mistakes All Allah

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will be called and he asked for knowledge

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of everything. And as we said before, this

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was something which the,

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Arabs when it came to these issues of

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inheritance and even today, unfortunately, in in amongst

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the Muslims and and even today in the

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Ummah, you will find people when it comes

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to issues of inheritance are not very fair.

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They're not very just, they don't distribute that

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inheritance according to the shaliya of Allah Subhanahu

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Wa Ta'ala and the laws of Allah and

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and so Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala mentioned as

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we've seen throughout this Surah Surah Many

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of these issues concerning inheritance and this is

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the final verse of this Surah. So we

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see that this Surah is a Surah that

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really focuses on

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dealings and interactions when it comes to things

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like inheritance and marriage and divorce and the

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way that people should be and the mindfulness

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that they should have of Allah Subhanu Wa

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Ta'ala when it comes to all of these

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issues. Because if a person has iman and

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belief in Allah and they love and follow

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the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam, then that should

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manifest itself in terms of their interactions, their

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dealings, the way that they have, that their

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interactions with people, their dealings and the justice

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that they show when it comes to these

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types of issues, especially when there are things

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like wealth

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involved

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or things where there is a personal benefit

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to be gained, that is often where people

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will

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fudge between the lines and often go and

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look for the gray areas because they benefit

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in terms of money or in terms of

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marriage or in terms of something else. And

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so many of these rulings speak to the

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person who or speaks to us in the

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sense of those people who are conscious of

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Allah and mindful have him of him and

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have taqwa of Allah

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So we now move on to the next

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Surah which is the 5th chapter of the

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Quran and

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it is Surah

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and Al Maida literally means the table spread

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or the feast and that is something which

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will be mentioned towards the very end of

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the Surah in a story related to or

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relating to the prophet of Allah, Isa Alaihi

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Sala to was Salam. Surah to my that

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is a Madani surah and it's from the

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the final Surah that will reveal to our

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messenger and prophet

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and it is a Surah that begins and

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mentions

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a number of important issues but one of

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those issues that will be stressed throughout the

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Surah is the issue of pledges and oaths

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and covenants.

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So when a person believes in Allah

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the prophet

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and they then manifest that in terms of

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their in their actions, they're essentially taking a

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pledge with Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala, a promise

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that they're making with Allah A binding covenant

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of worshiping Allah following his Sharia, following his

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commandments,

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doing that which is pleasing to Allah Subhanahu

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Wa Ta'ala and so Allah Azzawajal as we

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will see begins the surah by telling people

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to stick to their oaths and their covenants

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and fulfill their pledges and throughout Allah, Azzawajal

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will mention different forms of this including how

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certain nations that came before us, certain people

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of certain prophets

00:13:42 --> 00:13:44

broke their pledges and they broke the covenants

00:13:44 --> 00:13:46

that they made with Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala.

00:13:47 --> 00:13:47

So Allah

00:13:48 --> 00:13:49

says at the beginning of this Surah

00:13:50 --> 00:13:52

in verse number 1

00:14:10 --> 00:14:12

O you who believe, fulfill your obligations,

00:14:13 --> 00:14:15

or fulfill your covenants and pledges.

00:14:16 --> 00:14:18

Livestock animals are lawful as food for you

00:14:18 --> 00:14:20

with the exception of what is about to

00:14:20 --> 00:14:22

be announced to you. You are forbidden to

00:14:22 --> 00:14:24

kill game whilst you are on pilgrimage. Allah

00:14:25 --> 00:14:26

commands that which he wills.

00:14:28 --> 00:14:29

Allah Azzawajal

00:14:30 --> 00:14:32

begins by this very important issue

00:14:33 --> 00:14:34

and that is because our iman and Allah

00:14:34 --> 00:14:35

is a covenant

00:14:36 --> 00:14:37

as the prophet

00:14:38 --> 00:14:40

mentioned that hadith of Mu'adhi Abu Jabal radiAllahu

00:14:40 --> 00:14:42

an when he asked him, oh, what is

00:14:42 --> 00:14:45

Allah's rights upon his creation? And what are

00:14:45 --> 00:14:47

the rights of the creation upon Allah? Mu'adhi

00:14:47 --> 00:14:49

said Allah his messenger know best. The prophet

00:14:49 --> 00:14:51

said, salallahu alaihi wasallam Allah's rights upon his

00:14:51 --> 00:14:54

creation is that they worship him alone. Don't

00:14:54 --> 00:14:56

associate anyone in worship with him. And their

00:14:56 --> 00:14:58

rights over him is that if they do

00:14:58 --> 00:15:00

that, he won't punish them. So we have

00:15:00 --> 00:15:02

made this covenant and pact with Allah Subhanu

00:15:02 --> 00:15:05

Ta'ala. It is a pledge that if we

00:15:05 --> 00:15:05

fulfill,

00:15:07 --> 00:15:09

we will receive our reward insha Allah ta'ala

00:15:09 --> 00:15:11

in this life and the next. But if

00:15:11 --> 00:15:13

you break it, then you will receive the

00:15:13 --> 00:15:14

punishment of Allah

00:15:15 --> 00:15:17

and so Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala speaks about

00:15:17 --> 00:15:18

this in terms of,

00:15:18 --> 00:15:21

the greatest of covenants and pledges. And that

00:15:21 --> 00:15:23

is what Allah mentions as we will, we

00:15:23 --> 00:15:25

come to that verse when Allah

00:15:25 --> 00:15:27

says that he took a covenant from all

00:15:27 --> 00:15:30

of the children and offspring of Adam Alaihi

00:15:30 --> 00:15:32

Salam when they were in his loins. So

00:15:32 --> 00:15:34

Allah has made this covenant

00:15:34 --> 00:15:36

impact with all of us that we should

00:15:36 --> 00:15:39

worship him alone That is the greatest of

00:15:39 --> 00:15:40

covenants impact.

00:15:40 --> 00:15:43

And then every single covenant that you make

00:15:43 --> 00:15:45

and pledge, it is something which is extremely

00:15:45 --> 00:15:47

serious in this religion. The prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:15:47 --> 00:15:49

wasallam told us that from the signs of

00:15:49 --> 00:15:51

the hypocrites is that they break their pledges

00:15:51 --> 00:15:53

and their covenants. They make a promise, they

00:15:53 --> 00:15:55

break it. They take a pledge, they break

00:15:55 --> 00:15:56

it. They sign a contract, they break it.

00:15:57 --> 00:15:57

So

00:15:58 --> 00:15:59

therefore from the,

00:15:59 --> 00:16:02

from the attributes and the characteristics of the

00:16:02 --> 00:16:04

Muslim, the believer in Allah is that they

00:16:04 --> 00:16:05

fulfill their pledges.

00:16:05 --> 00:16:07

And those pledges don't just have to be

00:16:07 --> 00:16:08

the contracts that you sign

00:16:08 --> 00:16:10

or the business dealings that you have or

00:16:10 --> 00:16:12

the money and the loans that you take

00:16:12 --> 00:16:14

but everything is a covenant that is from

00:16:14 --> 00:16:17

Allah your iman is a covenant with Allah

00:16:17 --> 00:16:20

the way that you should behave or interact

00:16:20 --> 00:16:21

with the book of Allah

00:16:22 --> 00:16:23

Prophet or your parents

00:16:23 --> 00:16:25

or your children and your family. These are

00:16:25 --> 00:16:27

all types of covenants that you take. The

00:16:27 --> 00:16:27

marriage

00:16:28 --> 00:16:30

contract is a covenant that you've made with

00:16:30 --> 00:16:32

your spouse. All of these are different types

00:16:32 --> 00:16:34

of contracts even though they may not necessarily

00:16:34 --> 00:16:36

be in the traditional form of a contract

00:16:36 --> 00:16:38

that we understand, but there are pledges

00:16:38 --> 00:16:39

and there are promises

00:16:39 --> 00:16:41

and there are packs that are made with

00:16:41 --> 00:16:42

1 or another

00:16:43 --> 00:16:44

or packs that are made with Allah subhanahu

00:16:44 --> 00:16:46

wa ta'ala and all of them should be

00:16:46 --> 00:16:46

fulfilled.

00:16:47 --> 00:16:49

Allah therefore says, oh you who believe, fulfill

00:16:49 --> 00:16:52

these covenants, meaning fulfill all of your obligations

00:16:52 --> 00:16:54

that you've agreed to. All of these things

00:16:54 --> 00:16:56

and therefore the Muslim is the one who

00:16:56 --> 00:16:59

fulfills their conditions and the covenants that have

00:16:59 --> 00:17:01

been placed upon them. You agree to something,

00:17:01 --> 00:17:04

then you should fulfill it. You entered into

00:17:04 --> 00:17:06

an agreement that you signed willingly of your

00:17:06 --> 00:17:08

own free accord, then you should be someone

00:17:08 --> 00:17:11

who fulfills that agreement, fulfils that covenant because

00:17:11 --> 00:17:13

that is what Allah commands

00:17:13 --> 00:17:15

you to do and that is how the

00:17:15 --> 00:17:17

believer should be. Allah Subhanahu Wa'ala then mentions

00:17:17 --> 00:17:19

to us some of the laws of Allah

00:17:20 --> 00:17:22

because the laws of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

00:17:22 --> 00:17:25

his commandments are covenants upon us. Allah

00:17:25 --> 00:17:27

binds upon us certain things that you must

00:17:27 --> 00:17:29

do and tells us to stay away from

00:17:29 --> 00:17:30

certain things because they are prohibitions.

00:17:31 --> 00:17:32

That is a covenant and a pact that

00:17:32 --> 00:17:34

we made with Allah sought.

00:17:36 --> 00:17:36

Allah

00:17:37 --> 00:17:38

says in verse number 1,

00:17:40 --> 00:17:43

livestock animals are lawful as food for you.

00:17:43 --> 00:17:45

So animals that we can consume that are

00:17:45 --> 00:17:48

halal from amongst them are the livestock animals

00:17:48 --> 00:17:49

and they are the vast vast majority of

00:17:49 --> 00:17:51

what is halal for us. So

00:17:52 --> 00:17:54

sheep, goats, cows, camels, all of these are

00:17:54 --> 00:17:58

considered to be livestock animals. Allah says that

00:17:58 --> 00:17:59

they are all halal for you.

00:18:00 --> 00:18:02

Except with or the exception being

00:18:04 --> 00:18:06

that which will be recited upon you and

00:18:06 --> 00:18:08

that will come inshallah in verse number 3

00:18:08 --> 00:18:10

of the surah that Allah will list certain

00:18:10 --> 00:18:13

things that make those animals haram and that

00:18:13 --> 00:18:15

is because livestock animals are

00:18:15 --> 00:18:16

halal

00:18:16 --> 00:18:18

if they are sorted in the name of

00:18:18 --> 00:18:19

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala ritually.

00:18:20 --> 00:18:21

So the ritual slaughter is done in the

00:18:21 --> 00:18:24

manner that it was prescribed, they become halal.

00:18:24 --> 00:18:26

But there are exceptions to that certain animals

00:18:26 --> 00:18:28

even from amongst those livestock animals are not

00:18:28 --> 00:18:31

to be sorted for one reason or another.

00:18:31 --> 00:18:32

And also,

00:18:32 --> 00:18:33

there are certain exceptions

00:18:34 --> 00:18:36

from consuming them and usually that is because

00:18:36 --> 00:18:38

they have not been sorted in the correct

00:18:38 --> 00:18:40

way. They die of their own accord or

00:18:40 --> 00:18:42

they're injured and they die from the injury

00:18:42 --> 00:18:43

or they fall off a cliff and they

00:18:43 --> 00:18:44

die as Allah mentioned

00:18:45 --> 00:18:46

in verse number 3. So Allah

00:18:47 --> 00:18:47

says

00:18:48 --> 00:18:49

everything is halal

00:18:50 --> 00:18:52

except for that which Allah has made haram

00:18:52 --> 00:18:54

upon you and also,

00:18:57 --> 00:18:59

the other exception being is that whilst you

00:18:59 --> 00:19:01

are in the state of haram because when

00:19:01 --> 00:19:02

you're in the state of e Haram, you

00:19:02 --> 00:19:04

cannot hunt. In the state of e Haram,

00:19:04 --> 00:19:06

it is not permissible for you to kill

00:19:06 --> 00:19:08

game. It is not allowed for you to

00:19:08 --> 00:19:10

hunt because that is from the restrictions of

00:19:11 --> 00:19:12

being in the state of the Haram. So

00:19:12 --> 00:19:13

that's another exception

00:19:14 --> 00:19:15

because from those animals that you can, for

00:19:15 --> 00:19:17

example, hunt would be, for example, like a

00:19:17 --> 00:19:18

gazelle,

00:19:19 --> 00:19:21

my or wild deer. All of these are

00:19:21 --> 00:19:23

animals that are halal to consume. The halal,

00:19:23 --> 00:19:25

you hunt them when you eat them, or

00:19:25 --> 00:19:27

like for example a rabbit and so on.

00:19:27 --> 00:19:29

However, when it comes to being in the

00:19:29 --> 00:19:31

state of Haram, the one in the Haram

00:19:31 --> 00:19:32

is forbidden from hunting.

00:19:34 --> 00:19:37

May you read, indeed Allah commands what he

00:19:37 --> 00:19:39

wills and look at the eloquence of this

00:19:39 --> 00:19:41

verse as some of the scholars of Tafseer

00:19:41 --> 00:19:43

mentioned that Allah

00:19:43 --> 00:19:45

begins by addressing the believers. So in this

00:19:45 --> 00:19:47

verse you find an address, a call to

00:19:47 --> 00:19:49

the believers. Then Allah

00:19:49 --> 00:19:52

gives us a command, fulfill your obligations, your

00:19:52 --> 00:19:55

covenants. Then Allah makes something halal in the

00:19:55 --> 00:19:58

same verse and that is livestock animals. Then

00:19:58 --> 00:20:00

Allah makes an exception to that And that

00:20:00 --> 00:20:03

is accept that which will be an will

00:20:03 --> 00:20:05

be announced to you or recited to you

00:20:05 --> 00:20:07

in a forthcoming verse. And then Allah

00:20:07 --> 00:20:08

gives to us

00:20:09 --> 00:20:09

AA restriction

00:20:10 --> 00:20:12

within that exception as well or within that

00:20:12 --> 00:20:12

general

00:20:13 --> 00:20:15

within that general commandment and that is that

00:20:15 --> 00:20:16

if you're in the state of haram then

00:20:16 --> 00:20:19

also it is something which you must avoid

00:20:19 --> 00:20:21

in terms of hunting and then Allah

00:20:21 --> 00:20:23

concludes this verse by saying that he does

00:20:23 --> 00:20:25

as he pleases. And so this is a

00:20:25 --> 00:20:27

verse that contains so many different things within

00:20:28 --> 00:20:30

a few short words and that is from

00:20:30 --> 00:20:31

the and the beauty of the book of

00:20:31 --> 00:20:34

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. In verse number 2,

00:20:34 --> 00:20:35

Allah Azza wa Jalal then says,

00:21:12 --> 00:21:15

Allah says, oh, you who believe do not

00:21:15 --> 00:21:18

violate the sanctity of Allah's rights, the sacred

00:21:18 --> 00:21:20

month, the offerings, the garlands, know those going

00:21:20 --> 00:21:22

to the sacred house to seek the bounty

00:21:22 --> 00:21:24

and pleasure of their lord. But when you

00:21:24 --> 00:21:25

have completed the rights of pilgrimage, you may

00:21:25 --> 00:21:27

hunt. Do not let your hatred for the

00:21:27 --> 00:21:29

people who barred you from the sacred mosque

00:21:29 --> 00:21:31

induce you to break the law. Help one

00:21:31 --> 00:21:33

another to do what is right and good.

00:21:33 --> 00:21:34

Do not help one another towards sin and

00:21:34 --> 00:21:35

hostility.

00:21:35 --> 00:21:37

Be mindful of Allah for his punishment is

00:21:37 --> 00:21:40

severe. Allah mentions to us a number of

00:21:40 --> 00:21:42

guidelines or a number of commandments within this

00:21:42 --> 00:21:45

verse. Allah again begins by addressing the people

00:21:45 --> 00:21:46

of iman and as we said when Allah

00:21:46 --> 00:21:49

addresses the people of iman it is always

00:21:49 --> 00:21:52

followed by commands from Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala.

00:21:52 --> 00:21:54

Allah says do not violate the

00:21:54 --> 00:21:55

of Allah.

00:21:55 --> 00:21:58

The of Allah, the symbols and the rights

00:21:58 --> 00:22:00

of the region of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala.

00:22:00 --> 00:22:01

Like for example, the

00:22:01 --> 00:22:02

Haram and the Hajj

00:22:03 --> 00:22:05

and for example, the massage, the mosques and

00:22:05 --> 00:22:07

the Quran and the Adhan. All of these

00:22:07 --> 00:22:09

are symbols of Allah, azza wa jay. Do

00:22:09 --> 00:22:09

not violate

00:22:10 --> 00:22:12

them because to respect them and to honor

00:22:12 --> 00:22:14

them as Allah mentioned in the forthcoming Surah

00:22:14 --> 00:22:15

in it

00:22:16 --> 00:22:18

is from piety of the hearts and it

00:22:18 --> 00:22:19

is from the good of the Muslim that

00:22:19 --> 00:22:21

they understand that these are symbols of their

00:22:21 --> 00:22:23

religion. And so to mock them, to make

00:22:23 --> 00:22:25

light of them, to ridicule them or ridicule

00:22:25 --> 00:22:27

the people who are practicing them is a

00:22:27 --> 00:22:29

sign of weak iman and you may even

00:22:29 --> 00:22:31

need a person too falling into a major

00:22:31 --> 00:22:33

sin. And so a person has to understand

00:22:33 --> 00:22:35

that these are from the the sites of

00:22:35 --> 00:22:37

Allah, aza wa jal. When you see people

00:22:37 --> 00:22:40

in the state of Haram performing Hajj, that

00:22:40 --> 00:22:43

state of being disheveled, that state of being

00:22:43 --> 00:22:44

unkempt, that is something which is beloved to

00:22:44 --> 00:22:45

Allah aasawajal.

00:22:46 --> 00:22:47

To make fun of that person

00:22:47 --> 00:22:50

because they may not look very well groomed

00:22:50 --> 00:22:51

or they may look slightly shabby or whatever.

00:22:51 --> 00:22:53

That is something beloved to Allah ajazhu. To

00:22:53 --> 00:22:55

make fun of that is to say that

00:22:55 --> 00:22:57

you're making fun of the original Allah ajazhu

00:22:57 --> 00:22:59

or the person who's fasting, who from their

00:22:59 --> 00:23:01

mouth emanates a odor because they haven't had

00:23:01 --> 00:23:04

any food or drink, that scent is beloved

00:23:04 --> 00:23:04

to Allah

00:23:05 --> 00:23:06

to make fun of that person and you

00:23:06 --> 00:23:08

know that they're fasting, You know that they're

00:23:08 --> 00:23:09

worshipping Allah

00:23:09 --> 00:23:11

These are things that a person should be

00:23:11 --> 00:23:13

mindful of. Nor should you violate the sacred

00:23:13 --> 00:23:16

months that Allah has placed as we've mentioned

00:23:16 --> 00:23:18

before and as will be mentioned further on

00:23:18 --> 00:23:19

in the Quran. Allah

00:23:19 --> 00:23:21

has told us there are certain verse of

00:23:21 --> 00:23:24

certain months that are sacred. The months of

00:23:24 --> 00:23:24

the and

00:23:26 --> 00:23:29

of the 12 lunar months, those 4 of

00:23:29 --> 00:23:32

the Islamic months are sacred. Meaning that in

00:23:32 --> 00:23:34

those months, you should be more mindful concerning,

00:23:35 --> 00:23:37

oppression and harming others and doing that which

00:23:37 --> 00:23:38

is Haram.

00:23:38 --> 00:23:40

Nor should you violate al hadi. Al hadi

00:23:40 --> 00:23:43

is the sacrificial animal. The offerings that people

00:23:43 --> 00:23:45

give towards the haram and the hadi specifically

00:23:45 --> 00:23:48

is that which is given during Hajj or

00:23:48 --> 00:23:49

during the pilgrimage.

00:23:49 --> 00:23:51

So when a person makes pilgrimage, what they

00:23:51 --> 00:23:54

sacrifice, in Arabic that is called hadith because

00:23:54 --> 00:23:56

there are different types of sacrifices in Islam.

00:23:56 --> 00:23:58

A person can sacrifice because they want to

00:23:58 --> 00:24:00

feed their family or guests.

00:24:00 --> 00:24:02

They can give a sacrifice for when they

00:24:02 --> 00:24:04

have a newborn child. They can give a

00:24:04 --> 00:24:06

sacrifice on the big Eid, Eid al Adha,

00:24:06 --> 00:24:07

that's called

00:24:07 --> 00:24:09

and then there is a sacrifice for the

00:24:09 --> 00:24:11

people that are making pilgrimage and that is

00:24:11 --> 00:24:12

called Al Hadi. Don't violate

00:24:13 --> 00:24:14

those animals those animals

00:24:15 --> 00:24:15

are earmarked

00:24:16 --> 00:24:16

for

00:24:17 --> 00:24:19

the rights of Hajj and for the sake

00:24:19 --> 00:24:19

of Allah

00:24:20 --> 00:24:23

to violate them, steal them, harm them, kill

00:24:23 --> 00:24:25

them, it is not something which is

00:24:26 --> 00:24:29

nor the gardens, It was the practice of

00:24:29 --> 00:24:30

the Arabs that what they used to do

00:24:30 --> 00:24:32

is that they would have these animals for

00:24:32 --> 00:24:35

sacrifice, for the ritual sacrifice for pilgrimage and

00:24:35 --> 00:24:37

they would place upon it a garland.

00:24:37 --> 00:24:39

They would make something out of out of

00:24:39 --> 00:24:41

out of some type of of of of

00:24:41 --> 00:24:43

day farm pipe, day farm fibers and they

00:24:43 --> 00:24:45

would make a garland which goes around the

00:24:45 --> 00:24:46

neck of the animal.

00:24:46 --> 00:24:47

And when people would see they would know

00:24:47 --> 00:24:49

that animal, they will recognize instantly that is

00:24:49 --> 00:24:51

meant to be for Mecca. It's going to

00:24:51 --> 00:24:53

Mecca and it's going to be sacrificed there

00:24:53 --> 00:24:55

and that's to differentiate it from other animals

00:24:56 --> 00:24:58

because there's many animals. Some people may want

00:24:58 --> 00:24:59

to eat some or some may want to

00:24:59 --> 00:25:00

sell some but if it's garlanded

00:25:01 --> 00:25:03

and you can see it, then you know

00:25:03 --> 00:25:05

that's an animal that is beyond your reach.

00:25:06 --> 00:25:07

And so that is something which then Islam

00:25:07 --> 00:25:10

also established as the prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:25:10 --> 00:25:12

used to used to do himself as is

00:25:12 --> 00:25:14

in the hadith of Aisha, Radi Allahu Anish,

00:25:14 --> 00:25:16

he says that I would make these garments

00:25:16 --> 00:25:18

with my own hand for the hadi and

00:25:18 --> 00:25:20

for these animals that the prophet

00:25:21 --> 00:25:23

would send to Mecca in order to be

00:25:23 --> 00:25:24

slaughtered there.

00:25:26 --> 00:25:28

Nor should you violate the sanctity

00:25:28 --> 00:25:30

of those people who are going to the

00:25:30 --> 00:25:31

sacred house.

00:25:31 --> 00:25:33

They're going for the hub, they're going for

00:25:33 --> 00:25:34

Hajj, they're going for Umrah, they're going to

00:25:34 --> 00:25:35

worship Allah

00:25:35 --> 00:25:37

In the olden days, people used to travel

00:25:37 --> 00:25:40

by land and sometimes they'd come across bandits

00:25:40 --> 00:25:42

or they're coming across people who may harm

00:25:42 --> 00:25:43

them or to take their money or see

00:25:43 --> 00:25:45

them as as as as an opportunity to

00:25:45 --> 00:25:48

rob and steal from. Those people are going

00:25:48 --> 00:25:51

for this worship of Allah to violate them

00:25:51 --> 00:25:52

is from the violation of

00:25:53 --> 00:25:54

of the rights of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

00:25:54 --> 00:25:56

and the symbols of this religion.

00:25:59 --> 00:26:01

Says they're only going to the house to

00:26:01 --> 00:26:03

seek the bounty and pleasure of their lord.

00:26:03 --> 00:26:05

So be careful when it comes to them.

00:26:05 --> 00:26:06

All of this shows us therefore that the

00:26:06 --> 00:26:07

Muslims should be mindful.

00:26:08 --> 00:26:09

These are all aspects of the region of

00:26:09 --> 00:26:10

Allah

00:26:10 --> 00:26:12

clear symbols of the signs

00:26:13 --> 00:26:15

of the region of Allah subhanahu ta'ala to

00:26:15 --> 00:26:17

honor them, to respect them, to know their

00:26:17 --> 00:26:19

place in this religion. It is something which

00:26:19 --> 00:26:20

is beloved to Allah.

00:26:21 --> 00:26:23

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala says

00:26:25 --> 00:26:26

but when you have completed the rights of

00:26:26 --> 00:26:28

Hajj, then there is not permissible for you

00:26:28 --> 00:26:29

to hunt. Meaning once you've come out of

00:26:29 --> 00:26:31

the state of Haram.

00:26:31 --> 00:26:33

And the previous verse, Allah said, you can

00:26:33 --> 00:26:35

eat the animals but not in the state

00:26:35 --> 00:26:37

of Haram. Don't hunt. Don't hunt animals in

00:26:37 --> 00:26:39

the state of haram. And now Allah is

00:26:39 --> 00:26:41

saying that once you're out of the state

00:26:41 --> 00:26:43

of haram, then there is something which is

00:26:43 --> 00:26:45

once again permissible for you.

00:26:51 --> 00:26:54

And don't let the hatred that you have

00:26:54 --> 00:26:55

for the people who barred you from the

00:26:55 --> 00:26:58

sacred mosque induce you to break the law.

00:26:58 --> 00:26:59

And those are the people of Quraish, for

00:26:59 --> 00:27:01

example, that used to prevent the Muslims from

00:27:01 --> 00:27:04

coming and performing pilgrimage or if they came,

00:27:04 --> 00:27:06

they would ridicule and mock them. Allah is

00:27:06 --> 00:27:09

saying, just because that's what they did, doesn't

00:27:09 --> 00:27:10

mean that you should harm them and break

00:27:10 --> 00:27:11

the laws of Allah

00:27:12 --> 00:27:14

concerning them. And that shows that the Muslim,

00:27:14 --> 00:27:16

even if they are oppressed and harmed, if

00:27:16 --> 00:27:18

they're going to seek retribution and revenge and

00:27:18 --> 00:27:20

justice, it is done within the confines of

00:27:20 --> 00:27:22

the sharia, within the laws of Allah

00:27:23 --> 00:27:23

Vigilante

00:27:23 --> 00:27:24

justice,

00:27:24 --> 00:27:27

taking matters into your own hands, doing double

00:27:27 --> 00:27:29

or triple harm to someone who may have

00:27:29 --> 00:27:30

harmed you, that is not allowed in this

00:27:30 --> 00:27:32

religion. And so some of the things that

00:27:32 --> 00:27:34

we hear are unfortunately in parts of the

00:27:34 --> 00:27:36

world where someone did something with someone's wife

00:27:36 --> 00:27:38

or daughter or something, so then they go

00:27:38 --> 00:27:40

and do worse to them. That's not from

00:27:40 --> 00:27:42

this religion. That's not from our religion. And

00:27:42 --> 00:27:44

so Allah is saying, if you have hatred

00:27:44 --> 00:27:46

for someone that shouldn't need you to break

00:27:46 --> 00:27:48

the laws of Allah, if they did sin

00:27:48 --> 00:27:50

and haram, Allah will judge them and Allah

00:27:50 --> 00:27:52

will hold them to account subhanahu wa ta'ala.

00:27:52 --> 00:27:54

But you shouldn't go and fall into a

00:27:54 --> 00:27:56

greater haram than the one that they did

00:27:56 --> 00:27:57

because you think that that in some way

00:27:57 --> 00:28:00

gives you justice or rights the scales.

00:28:00 --> 00:28:03

Allah says, but rather help one another upon

00:28:03 --> 00:28:06

good and upon taqwa, upon righteousness and piety

00:28:06 --> 00:28:08

and don't help one another to do evil

00:28:08 --> 00:28:10

and to do sin and that's a call

00:28:10 --> 00:28:12

therefore that if that person is trying to

00:28:12 --> 00:28:15

do harm, more harm than what was done

00:28:15 --> 00:28:17

upon them or seeking some type of revenge

00:28:17 --> 00:28:18

that is not allowed, then you shouldn't be

00:28:18 --> 00:28:20

helping them just because they're your family member

00:28:20 --> 00:28:22

or your friend or they come to you

00:28:22 --> 00:28:23

and they say, look, our tribe has been

00:28:23 --> 00:28:26

dishonored or our family has been dishonored, our

00:28:26 --> 00:28:27

name has been dishonored, let's go and do

00:28:27 --> 00:28:29

something. No, that's not the way the religion

00:28:29 --> 00:28:31

works. If it is something which that is

00:28:31 --> 00:28:32

good, reconciliation,

00:28:32 --> 00:28:34

piety, pleasing to Allah

00:28:34 --> 00:28:36

then go ahead. But if it is something

00:28:36 --> 00:28:38

which there is sin or evil or corruption,

00:28:38 --> 00:28:40

then you should stay away from that and

00:28:40 --> 00:28:42

fear Allah for Allah is severe and his

00:28:42 --> 00:28:44

punishment. And that is that Allah will hold

00:28:44 --> 00:28:47

everyone to account. Those who do haram and

00:28:47 --> 00:28:50

those who seek revenge also with haram. May

00:28:50 --> 00:28:52

Allah Azza Wa Jal keep us safe from

00:28:52 --> 00:28:53

his punishment and with that we come to

00:28:53 --> 00:28:54

the end of today's episode.

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