Ahsan Hanif – Quran Tafseer – Page 104 – Divine Guidance And Consequences

Ahsan Hanif
AI: Summary © The history of Islam is discussed, including the use of the " 6th chapter" and expansion of the central message. The importance of belief in prophets and messengers is emphasized, along with the need for fulfilling obligations and staying away from disrespectful behavior. The speaker warns of negative consequences of living according to rules of Islam, including negative behavior and obligations, and emphasizes the importance of witnessing people who dispute the revelation. The message of Allah is not just a promise, but a path, and people should not be punished until they have been warned.
AI: Transcript ©
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The tafseer page by page and InshaAllah Ta'ala.

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Today, we are on page 104 which is

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in the 6th chapter of Quran Surat Nisa.

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In the previous episode, we mentioned those verses

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in which Allah aesawajal describes the people of

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the scripture and in particular those who by

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way of their sin, some of those sins

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being their rejection of Allah signs, some of

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those sins being unjustly killing some of their

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prophets, some of those those sins

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being some of the statements that they made

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concerning

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some of those people that Allah

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had chosen and elevated such as 'Isa

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and his mother Maryam 'alayhi salam. For example,

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that they accused

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her with slander or they slander her and

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accused her of being unchaste and immodest. Allah

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subhanahu wa ta'ala after ministering all of this,

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Allah speaks about the major sins that they

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were engaged in such as zina and devouring

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the wealth of people unjustly.

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Allah

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makes a distinction between those people and what

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they did and between those people from amongst

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them who were fully grounded upon knowledge and

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because of that they believed in all of

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the scriptures and they believed in all of

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the prophets and the messengers of Allah. They

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established the salah and they gave the zakah.

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We begin today with verse 163

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and there is an extension of the same

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topic in which Allah now will expand

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upon those people who believe in all of

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the prophets of Allah

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and how those prophets came with one central

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message and that is the central message of

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the tawheed of Allah that you should worship

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Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala alone and obey him

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Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala submitting to his will.

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Allah says in verse 163

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We have sent revelation to you, meaning the

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Prophet

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as we did to Nuh and the Prophets

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after him

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To Ibrahim, to Ismail, to Ishaq, to Yaqub

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and the tribes.

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Theresa,

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to Ayub, to Yunus, Harun and Soleiman.

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And indeed to thy word we gave the

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book of the Psalms.

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Allah azza wa Jal in this verse speaks

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about the

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favour that Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala has upon

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mankind and the blessing that he bestowed upon

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them that he sent to all of them

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prophets and messengers

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to whom he inspired with revelation from himself

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Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. Allah says that indeed we

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gave to you revelation meaning the Prophet sallallahu

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alaihi wasallam and we know that the prophet

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salallahu alaihi wasallam was the last and the

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seal in a long line of prophets and

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messengers that began all the way from the

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time of Adam alaihi salallahu alaihi wasallam as

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the first prophet of Allah azza wa Jal

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and from the time of Nuharihi salam as

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the first messenger of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala

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sent to the people of the earth. Allah

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says that we sent this revelation to you

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as we sent it to those who came

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before you from the time of Nuh and

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the prophets that followed after him.

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Allah mentions the Prophet Nuh here

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specifically

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because Nuh as we said was the first

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Messenger of Allah

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before the time of Nuh

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from the time of Adam until the time

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of Nuh, everyone was upon Tawhid as is

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mentioned in the narration of Ibn Abbas radiAllahu

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anhu. That after Allah Azzawaj sent our father

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Adam

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down upon the earth,

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for 10 generations people stayed upon Tawhid. They

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were upon the worship of Allah

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until a time came

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when there were 5 righteous

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people and those 5 righteous people passed away

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and Allah azza wa jal will mention them

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by name in Surat al Noor in the

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29th Juz.

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When those 5 righteous people died, Shaitan came

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to those people in the form of a

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man and he said to them, these people

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amongst you were righteous, known for their works

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of piety and goodness.

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Surely you should build some type of reminder

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to them so that when you see those

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reminders they remind you of Allah Subhanahu WA

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Ta'ala and to worship and be like them

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in terms of their righteousness and goodness.

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So he made it appealing to them that

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they should make statues in the forms of

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those 5 men.

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And look at how at the beginning

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the reasoning for that is one which is

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very innocent as a reminder, as something which

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will inspire you and motivate you, encourage you

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to worship as these men worshiped, and then

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he leaves them. That generation passes away and

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another comes and passes away until a time

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comes when those people that are living now

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can no longer remember the origin of those

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statues and where they came from and what

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the reason was behind them. So then shaitan

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came to them again in the form of

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a human and he said to them, 'Shall

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I not tell you what these statues are

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for that you don't know what they're for.

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They're just there. You know that your parents,

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your grandparents, your forefathers used to honor them,

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but you don't know how they used to

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honor them and then he said to them

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that they used to worship them. These are

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gods. These are the people that you or

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these are the gods that you should worship

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and that is when they began

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to or that is the first time that

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Sheikh became manifest upon the earth. And it

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is after that time that Allah sent the

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Prophet Nuh alaihi sallam.

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Allah says that we have sent revelation to

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you O Muhammad salallahu alaihi wasalam as we

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did to Nuh and the prophets who came

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after him. And then Allah mentions them Ibrahim

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and his 2 sons Ishmael and Ishaq

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and the son of Ishaq Yaqub and

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the tribes that came from Yaqub alayhi sallam

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that are his tribes that essentially became Bani

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Israel and then the different prophets and messengers

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that were sent to Bani Israel from among

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them Ariese

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and Ayoub and Yunus and Harun and Sulaiman.

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And Allah says that we gave to Dawud

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'alayhi salam the zabur.' Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala

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mentions and names a number of prophets here.

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Each one of them their stories is mentioned

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elsewhere in the Qur'an in more detail, and

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Allah honors them here in the sense that

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he specifies them by name and mentions them

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but also to show to us that their

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message was 1 and the same. There is

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no difference between Nuh and Ibrahim,

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no difference between Ibrahim and

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Risa and Ayyub or Ayyub and Harun and

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Suleiman and Dawud. And that is because all

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of these prophets, despite the different times that

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they came in, the different nations that perhaps

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they were sent to, the different lands that

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they lived in, all of them came with

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one central message and that is the message

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of the Tawhid of Allah Azzawajal, the worship

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of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala alone.

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Allah Azzawajal then says in verse 164,

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Allah says that there were many prophets and

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messengers

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that

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Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala spoke directly.

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Allah says that there were many prophets and

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messengers that Allah

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sent to the people of the earth over

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the generations and over time.

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From amongst them are those that are mentioned

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in the Quran

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in addition and above to what Allah Azzawajal

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just mentioned in the previous verse. So some

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of the prophets salallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned

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by naming that verse such as for example

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the prophet Yusuf alayhi salatu wa sallam or

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the prophet Zakariyah and Yahya alayhi wasallam. These

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are prophets salallahu alayhi wa jal mentioned their

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story in the Quran, they are not necessarily

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mentioned here in that verse. But Allah says

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that there are other prophets as you know

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that we have mentioned their stories to in

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the Quran.

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And then there are prophets and messengers

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that you know nothing of. That there are

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stories we have not mentioned to you. And

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that is why as we have said previously

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from the iman of the Muslim when it

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comes to this pillar of faith which is

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belief in the messengers,

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we believe in all of the prophets and

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messengers of Allah. Even if we don't know

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their names and their stories or when they

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came or who they came to, we believe

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in them. Because Allah tells us that there

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are prophets and messengers

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that we don't know of. And in the

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notion of

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over which the scholars

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mention

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some some some statements concerning its authenticity and

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so on. But in that narration it is

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mentioned that Allah when he was asked by

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radiAllahu and the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said

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that Allah

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sent prophets over a 120,000.

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Abu Dard then said, O Messenger of Allah,

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how many were messengers from those prophets? He

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said some 300 odd.

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And so therefore that shows you, either way,

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whether that statement is exact in terms of

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its number or not that narration, it shows

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you that Allah has just sent many prophets

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and messengers in the thousands they came and

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we know also that there were prophets and

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messengers that we were not familiar with because

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in the authentic narrations the Prophet told us

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that

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a Prophet will come on Yawmul Qiyam and

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he will only have 3 followers and a

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Prophet with 2 followers and a Prophet with

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a single follower and a Prophet of Allah

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will come on Yomul Qiyamah on the Day

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of Judgement and you won't have a single

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person following him. No one believed in him.

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No one accepted him. No one listened to

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him. But still he is a Prophet of

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Allah and still he has the honour of

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the Prophets of Allah

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And so Allah

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sent many Prophets to the people.

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Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala sent prophets to the

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people so that they would know the way

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back to their Lord. They would know what

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Allah

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created them for and their purpose of existence

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upon this earth.

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That is the worship of Allah alone. Allah

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sent those prophets so that they would be

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examples and guides to those people, that they

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would show them the halal from the Haram

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and that they would make clear to them

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that which is pleasing to Allah from that

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which will incur his wrath and his anger.

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And so Allah says here that we sent

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to you many prophets, prophets whom you know

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in terms of their stories because they are

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mentioned in the Quran, Allah has given

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to us their stories, the likes of Hud,

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Salih, Sharayb, Alut and others and then the

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Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Jal didn't tell you

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off, didn't mention their stories too.

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Waqallamullah

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Musa Taklima

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and from the famous of Allah is

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that he spoke to Musa alayhi wa sallam

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directly and that is when Musa Alaihi Salam

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was on the mountain and Allah Subhanahu Wa

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Ta'ala spoke to him directly and Allah does

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as he pleases Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala for whomsoever

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he wishes of his creation.

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In verse 165 Allah azza wa Jal then

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says speaking about these prophets and messengers

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They were messengers bearing good news and warning.

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So that mankind would have no excuse before

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Allah

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once the messengers had been sent. Indeed Allah

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is Almighty and All Wise.

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Allah

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in this verse says that Allah sent the

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prophets and messengers, all of these messengers, whether

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we know their stories or we don't know

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them, whether they we know them by name

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or we don't know their names. Allah said

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all of these prophets and messengers

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with 2 main

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responsibilities,

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2 main tasks,

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and that is to give glad tidings and

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to give warnings.

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They would give good news, glad tidings and

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they would also bring warning. The glad tiding

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is the tiding of those people who follow

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the path of Tawhid. If you worship Allah

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alone and you obey the commandments of Allah

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Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala and you live your life

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in accordance with that which Allah has legislated,

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then you have glad tidings. Your glad tidings

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are that Allah will not punish you, that

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you will have Jannah, his reward,

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his mercy and his forgiveness. Subhanahu wa ta'ala.

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As the Prophet told us

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in the hadith of Mu'adh Abu Jabbal. When

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he

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called out to Mu'adh and he said, 'O

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Mu'adh, do you know what is the right

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of Allah upon his creation?'

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And Wa'adh said, 'Allah and his Messenger know

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best. He said, the right of Allah upon

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his creation is that they should worship him

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alone

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without any partner.'

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And then he said, 'Omu'ad,

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do you know what is

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the right of the creation upon their Lord

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upon Allah azza wa Jal?' And he said,

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'Allan is Messenger no best' meaning that Allah

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has made this a right upon himself because

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we have no rights upon Allah but Allah

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can make something incumbent and obligatory upon himself

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subhanahu wa'ala if he chooses to do so.

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What is the right of the creation upon

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Allah? He said Mu'adh said, Allah and his

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messenger know best. The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

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replied,

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he said that if they do that meaning

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they fulfill the first part which is the

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tawhid of Allah

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then he won't punish them. That he won't

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punish them. That he will give to them

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their reward, that they will have Jannah as

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Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala promises in the Quran.

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And therefore

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Allah is saying that this was one of

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the main tasks of the prophets and messengers

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of Allah. They came to give people this

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good news. All you have to do in

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this life

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is live your life according to the rules

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that Allah has set for you. There are

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certain things that you stay away from and

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those things in and of themselves are detrimental

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and harmful to you in ways. Maybe you

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don't appreciate them, maybe you don't understand them,

00:13:37 --> 00:13:40

maybe you're short sighted so you don't realize

00:13:40 --> 00:13:42

but they are detrimental to you. All of

00:13:42 --> 00:13:43

the things that Allah

00:13:44 --> 00:13:46

has made haram, either because they harm you

00:13:46 --> 00:13:48

or they harm others around you. And either

00:13:48 --> 00:13:50

way that is something which is detrimental

00:13:50 --> 00:13:52

to the whole community and the whole society.

00:13:53 --> 00:13:54

And Allah

00:13:54 --> 00:13:56

has said to you, do certain things that

00:13:56 --> 00:13:59

are obligatory upon you, fulfill certain obligations

00:13:59 --> 00:14:02

because they are the rights of Allah or

00:14:02 --> 00:14:03

they are the rights of the people around

00:14:03 --> 00:14:06

you from your parents, from your relatives, from

00:14:06 --> 00:14:09

your children and likewise from those people that

00:14:09 --> 00:14:11

have need of you like the poor and

00:14:11 --> 00:14:12

the needy and the orphans and so on

00:14:12 --> 00:14:14

and so forth. Fulfill these obligations,

00:14:15 --> 00:14:16

stay away from these prohibitions

00:14:17 --> 00:14:18

and you will have the reward of Allah

00:14:19 --> 00:14:21

That is the first task of the Prophets,

00:14:22 --> 00:14:24

to make that clear and the second task,

00:14:24 --> 00:14:25

the second responsibility,

00:14:27 --> 00:14:28

and there are warners.

00:14:28 --> 00:14:31

Warners to those people that if you don't

00:14:31 --> 00:14:33

fulfil this part, which is the Tawhid of

00:14:33 --> 00:14:36

Allah, his obligations, staying away from his Haram,

00:14:37 --> 00:14:38

then you are under the threat of his

00:14:38 --> 00:14:40

punishment. Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. You are under the

00:14:40 --> 00:14:42

threat of the punishment of Allah and

00:14:43 --> 00:14:45

we are warning you of that destruction. And

00:14:45 --> 00:14:47

those Prophets came with different types of warnings

00:14:47 --> 00:14:49

from amongst those prophets were those who came

00:14:49 --> 00:14:52

with the warning that Allah will destroy you

00:14:52 --> 00:14:54

upon this earth. You will be destroyed here

00:14:54 --> 00:14:56

and now as happened with many of the

00:14:56 --> 00:14:57

prophets of Allah as we know in the

00:14:57 --> 00:15:00

stories of the people of Nooh and A'at

00:15:00 --> 00:15:02

and Thamud and Lot and Shaib and so

00:15:02 --> 00:15:04

on and so forth.

00:15:04 --> 00:15:05

Or

00:15:05 --> 00:15:08

that Allah if he doesn't punish you in

00:15:08 --> 00:15:09

this life, he may punish you on your

00:15:09 --> 00:15:10

Multiyama.

00:15:11 --> 00:15:13

And that may also depend on 2 things.

00:15:13 --> 00:15:15

Number 1, if you don't fulfil the central

00:15:15 --> 00:15:18

aspect of this religion which is tawhid, then

00:15:18 --> 00:15:20

you will be punished because that is the

00:15:20 --> 00:15:22

promise that Allah has given in the Quran

00:15:22 --> 00:15:24

that Allah does not forgive shirk. And if

00:15:24 --> 00:15:25

you fulfil Tawhid

00:15:26 --> 00:15:28

but you don't perform those obligations, you don't

00:15:28 --> 00:15:29

stay away from the Haram

00:15:29 --> 00:15:32

then Allah may choose to punish you if

00:15:32 --> 00:15:34

you so wishes Subhanu wa Ta'ala because of

00:15:34 --> 00:15:35

the sins that you have incurred

00:15:36 --> 00:15:38

or because of the obligations that you have

00:15:38 --> 00:15:40

fallen short of.

00:15:40 --> 00:15:41

That is what Allah

00:15:42 --> 00:15:45

sent these prophets and messengers for. Why? Why

00:15:45 --> 00:15:47

did he send them with these warnings, these

00:15:47 --> 00:15:48

light tidings?

00:15:53 --> 00:15:55

So that the people would have no excuse

00:15:55 --> 00:15:57

before Allah once the messengers had been sent.

00:15:57 --> 00:15:59

No one can come on Yomul Qiyama and

00:15:59 --> 00:16:02

say, oh Allah, I did not know. Oh

00:16:02 --> 00:16:03

Allah, I was unaware.

00:16:03 --> 00:16:06

Oh Allah, no one told me. Oh Allah,

00:16:06 --> 00:16:07

there was no message that came to me.

00:16:07 --> 00:16:10

I didn't receive any of your revelation or

00:16:10 --> 00:16:12

none of that revelation was recited to me.

00:16:13 --> 00:16:15

Allah Azzawajal sent these prophets and messengers

00:16:15 --> 00:16:16

with the clear

00:16:16 --> 00:16:19

message from Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala so that

00:16:19 --> 00:16:21

no one would have an excuse and that

00:16:21 --> 00:16:23

is because from Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala's justice

00:16:24 --> 00:16:26

and his fairness is that Allah did not

00:16:26 --> 00:16:28

just leave us by ourselves

00:16:28 --> 00:16:31

without any revelation, any guides, any examples

00:16:31 --> 00:16:33

just to figure out for ourselves what to

00:16:33 --> 00:16:35

do and what not to do because that

00:16:35 --> 00:16:37

way we would like confusion,

00:16:37 --> 00:16:39

that way we would like chaos, that way

00:16:39 --> 00:16:41

we would like the different people having different

00:16:41 --> 00:16:44

ideas. So Allah made clear to them the

00:16:44 --> 00:16:46

way and the path that is pleasing to

00:16:46 --> 00:16:48

him. This is the Siratal Mustaqeem.

00:16:48 --> 00:16:51

This is the straight path. You follow it,

00:16:51 --> 00:16:53

you reach your destination which is Jannah. You

00:16:53 --> 00:16:55

stray from it, then you may be punished

00:16:55 --> 00:16:58

by Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala in this life

00:16:58 --> 00:17:00

or in the next or possibly in both.

00:17:01 --> 00:17:02

So that the people when they come

00:17:03 --> 00:17:04

will have no excuse.

00:17:04 --> 00:17:05

The messengers,

00:17:06 --> 00:17:08

the prophets of Allah, they are witnesses amongst

00:17:08 --> 00:17:10

their people. As we mentioned in that verse

00:17:10 --> 00:17:12

at the beginning of the of the of

00:17:12 --> 00:17:13

the second Jews of the Quran in Surat

00:17:13 --> 00:17:16

Al Baqarah. Allah says that the messengers of

00:17:16 --> 00:17:17

Allah, his prophets

00:17:18 --> 00:17:18

are witnesses

00:17:19 --> 00:17:21

over the people. They will come and they

00:17:21 --> 00:17:23

will say we conveyed the message of Allah

00:17:24 --> 00:17:26

and if those people dispute the conveying of

00:17:26 --> 00:17:28

the message then Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala will

00:17:28 --> 00:17:29

call this Ummah to testify

00:17:30 --> 00:17:32

based upon the truth that we have in

00:17:32 --> 00:17:34

the book of Allah in the Quran. So

00:17:34 --> 00:17:36

no one has an excuse.

00:17:36 --> 00:17:38

No one can come before Allah and

00:17:39 --> 00:17:40

say I didn't know,

00:17:41 --> 00:17:41

I was unaware,

00:17:42 --> 00:17:44

I was ignorant, no one told me. Mother

00:17:44 --> 00:17:47

Allah has established evidence and that is from

00:17:47 --> 00:17:49

the fairness and justice of Allah subhanahu wa

00:17:49 --> 00:17:52

ta'ala because once people know they have no

00:17:52 --> 00:17:53

excuse of ignorance.

00:17:53 --> 00:17:55

Waqana Allahu Aziz and Hakima

00:17:56 --> 00:17:56

and Allah

00:17:57 --> 00:17:59

is almighty all wise.

00:18:00 --> 00:18:03

In verse 166, Allah subhanahu ta'ala then says,

00:18:17 --> 00:18:19

but Allah himself bears witness to what he

00:18:19 --> 00:18:21

has sent down to you. He has sent

00:18:21 --> 00:18:24

it down with his full knowledge. The angels

00:18:24 --> 00:18:25

too bear witness

00:18:25 --> 00:18:27

though Allah is sufficient as a witness.

00:18:28 --> 00:18:29

Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala says that if these

00:18:29 --> 00:18:31

people come and they dispute this revelation

00:18:32 --> 00:18:34

that it wasn't sent, that they didn't understand,

00:18:34 --> 00:18:36

that it didn't come to them, Allah Azzawajal

00:18:36 --> 00:18:38

is a witness that Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

00:18:38 --> 00:18:41

sent down the revelation to you meaning the

00:18:41 --> 00:18:43

Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

00:18:43 --> 00:18:47

Allah sent down this revelation to Muhammad Sallallahu

00:18:47 --> 00:18:50

Alaihi Wasallam. So if the Quraysh dispute it,

00:18:50 --> 00:18:53

the Arabs dispute it, people who come afterwards

00:18:53 --> 00:18:54

dispute it, Allah knows

00:18:55 --> 00:18:57

what he sent down and Allah knows what

00:18:57 --> 00:18:58

he gave us revelation

00:18:59 --> 00:19:00

and that is why not only for this

00:19:00 --> 00:19:02

Ummah but the Ummahs that came before the

00:19:02 --> 00:19:05

nations that preceded us, Allah knows that he

00:19:05 --> 00:19:07

gave them prophets, sent to them messengers, sent

00:19:07 --> 00:19:07

to them revelation,

00:19:08 --> 00:19:10

the words of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

00:19:11 --> 00:19:13

and so those prophets and messengers of Allah

00:19:13 --> 00:19:17

are establishing the proof upon those particular nations.

00:19:18 --> 00:19:21

And Allah says that he sent it down

00:19:21 --> 00:19:23

with his full knowledge. Allah knows what he

00:19:23 --> 00:19:25

sent down Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala and Allah knows

00:19:25 --> 00:19:28

to whom it was sent down and who

00:19:28 --> 00:19:29

received that message.

00:19:31 --> 00:19:32

And likewise

00:19:32 --> 00:19:35

all of the angels bear witness. The angels

00:19:35 --> 00:19:37

that heard the revelation of Allah Azza wa

00:19:37 --> 00:19:39

Jal that bore witness to the revelation descending

00:19:39 --> 00:19:41

that brought it down from amongst them Jibreel

00:19:41 --> 00:19:43

alayhi salaam that brought it down to those

00:19:43 --> 00:19:46

prophets and messengers of Allah. They are also

00:19:46 --> 00:19:46

witnesses.

00:19:49 --> 00:19:51

But Allah alone is sufficient as a witness.

00:19:51 --> 00:19:53

Allah doesn't need anyone else to bear witness

00:19:53 --> 00:19:56

alongside him but again from the total justice

00:19:56 --> 00:19:58

and fairness of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala

00:19:58 --> 00:20:01

is that Allah has other witnesses as well

00:20:01 --> 00:20:02

And that is why

00:20:03 --> 00:20:05

as we know when a person will come

00:20:05 --> 00:20:06

and they will have led a life of

00:20:06 --> 00:20:09

kufr and disbelief and sin, Allah

00:20:09 --> 00:20:12

will make their own bodies testify against them.

00:20:12 --> 00:20:15

Allah knows he's all hearing, all seeing, everything

00:20:15 --> 00:20:17

is recorded and Allah is sufficient as a

00:20:17 --> 00:20:19

witness. But those people will not accept that

00:20:19 --> 00:20:20

testimony

00:20:20 --> 00:20:23

so Allah will make their own selves

00:20:23 --> 00:20:26

testify against them. Their own hands, their own

00:20:26 --> 00:20:29

feet, their own limbs will testify against them.

00:20:29 --> 00:20:31

And so Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala

00:20:31 --> 00:20:33

says that this is how Allah has his

00:20:33 --> 00:20:34

perfect justice

00:20:37 --> 00:20:38

Allah

00:20:38 --> 00:20:39

says in verse 167

00:20:40 --> 00:20:42

that the reality of those people who disbelieve

00:20:43 --> 00:20:44

is that they won't accept this, that they

00:20:44 --> 00:20:47

won't accept the revelation or the prophets or

00:20:47 --> 00:20:47

the messengers.

00:20:57 --> 00:20:58

Those who have disbelieved

00:20:58 --> 00:21:01

and barred others from Allah's path have gone

00:21:01 --> 00:21:02

far astray.

00:21:02 --> 00:21:04

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala speaks about these groups

00:21:04 --> 00:21:05

of people now

00:21:05 --> 00:21:08

who we know that when the Messenger of

00:21:08 --> 00:21:11

Allah would come throughout the generations, every single

00:21:11 --> 00:21:13

nation had these people. When the prophets would

00:21:13 --> 00:21:16

come, they would find amongst them people

00:21:16 --> 00:21:18

who were barring others from the path of

00:21:18 --> 00:21:18

Allah ajduja.

00:21:19 --> 00:21:20

They disbelieve themselves

00:21:21 --> 00:21:23

but worse they are stopping others from receiving

00:21:23 --> 00:21:25

that revelation and

00:21:25 --> 00:21:26

guidance. They are the ones who will follow

00:21:26 --> 00:21:29

the Prophets around and mock them openly,

00:21:29 --> 00:21:30

ridicule them openly,

00:21:31 --> 00:21:32

punish them openly,

00:21:32 --> 00:21:33

oppress them openly,

00:21:34 --> 00:21:36

harm them openly. They were the ones who

00:21:36 --> 00:21:37

when people would come to try to listen,

00:21:37 --> 00:21:39

they would ward them off and push them

00:21:39 --> 00:21:43

away, threaten them, intimidate them, whatever way that

00:21:43 --> 00:21:45

they could use and means that they could

00:21:45 --> 00:21:47

use in order to stop those people coming

00:21:47 --> 00:21:50

closer to that revelation, they would do so.

00:21:51 --> 00:21:52

And like in the time of the Prophet

00:21:52 --> 00:21:55

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, when sometimes people would come

00:21:55 --> 00:21:56

and they would want to just out of

00:21:56 --> 00:21:59

curiosity listen to the prophet sallallahu alaihi wa

00:21:59 --> 00:22:01

sallam. This man who's come and has changed

00:22:01 --> 00:22:03

the whole system in Arabia is upended.

00:22:04 --> 00:22:06

The whole system has become upside down because

00:22:06 --> 00:22:08

of what he's saying. People are now leaving

00:22:08 --> 00:22:10

the religion of their forefathers, families are being

00:22:10 --> 00:22:12

split, the slaves that used to be weak

00:22:12 --> 00:22:14

are being honored, all sorts are happening. People

00:22:14 --> 00:22:15

were curious,

00:22:15 --> 00:22:18

what is he saying, what's his message, what

00:22:18 --> 00:22:19

are the words that he is reciting

00:22:20 --> 00:22:21

and the Quraysh would say to them, this

00:22:21 --> 00:22:22

man is crazy

00:22:23 --> 00:22:25

he is a magician if you listen to

00:22:25 --> 00:22:27

his words, he will bewitch you. And no

00:22:27 --> 00:22:28

one wants to be bewitched, no one wants

00:22:28 --> 00:22:30

to go crazy, no one wants to go

00:22:30 --> 00:22:32

back to their family insane, so they would

00:22:32 --> 00:22:34

say to them, what should you do in

00:22:34 --> 00:22:36

the city of Mecca, just in case he

00:22:36 --> 00:22:39

comes and reads words and they enter into

00:22:39 --> 00:22:40

your heart or you hear them and they

00:22:40 --> 00:22:43

enter into you and then you become crazy

00:22:43 --> 00:22:43

or bewitched?

00:22:44 --> 00:22:45

Take cotton

00:22:45 --> 00:22:47

or take something that you can place in

00:22:47 --> 00:22:49

your ears so that even if he comes

00:22:49 --> 00:22:50

across you or you come across him and

00:22:50 --> 00:22:52

he's reading and reciting, you won't listen to

00:22:52 --> 00:22:54

what he's saying. You won't hear any of

00:22:54 --> 00:22:57

his words. And that's what they would do.

00:22:57 --> 00:22:59

And they would bar people from Mecca when

00:22:59 --> 00:23:01

they would come in and they would say,

00:23:01 --> 00:23:03

beware. There's a crazy man in Mecca these

00:23:03 --> 00:23:05

days. His name is Muhammad salallahu alaihi wa

00:23:05 --> 00:23:08

sallam. He's a crazy man. Beware of him.

00:23:08 --> 00:23:10

And as as I mentioned in some of

00:23:10 --> 00:23:12

the narrations that some of the people who

00:23:12 --> 00:23:15

later accepted Islam said that we came to

00:23:15 --> 00:23:15

Mecca

00:23:16 --> 00:23:17

and we would see the Prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:23:17 --> 00:23:20

wa sallam going around calling people to Allah,

00:23:20 --> 00:23:22

telling them to believe in Islam, and we

00:23:22 --> 00:23:24

would see a man following him behind him

00:23:24 --> 00:23:26

saying to those same people, don't listen to

00:23:26 --> 00:23:29

him, he's crazy. Don't listen to him, he's

00:23:29 --> 00:23:31

not woe. Don't listen to him, he's a

00:23:31 --> 00:23:32

poet or a madman.

00:23:33 --> 00:23:33

And so

00:23:34 --> 00:23:35

these people who are strangers

00:23:36 --> 00:23:38

to this land of Mecca, they would ask

00:23:38 --> 00:23:39

people who are these people? Who are these

00:23:39 --> 00:23:41

2 men? They would say the first one

00:23:41 --> 00:23:44

is Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. He claims to

00:23:44 --> 00:23:46

be a prophet of Allah and he's calling

00:23:46 --> 00:23:48

people to his new religion. And the man

00:23:48 --> 00:23:50

who's behind him is his own uncle Abu

00:23:50 --> 00:23:53

Lahab. He's going around saying this is my

00:23:53 --> 00:23:54

nephew, I know him, don't listen to him,

00:23:54 --> 00:23:55

he's crazy.

00:23:56 --> 00:23:58

And most people when they hear that, especially

00:23:58 --> 00:23:59

if it's from someone who's a close family

00:23:59 --> 00:24:03

member, the father, the mother, the the grandparents,

00:24:03 --> 00:24:05

the uncles, the aunts, don't mind him. It's

00:24:05 --> 00:24:07

something not right with him. Don't mind him.

00:24:07 --> 00:24:09

It's not a while. People tend to believe

00:24:09 --> 00:24:10

them. They tend to believe and take that

00:24:10 --> 00:24:12

word for them. These are different ways and

00:24:12 --> 00:24:14

paths as we see that people were

00:24:15 --> 00:24:16

barred from the path of Allah azza wa

00:24:16 --> 00:24:18

Jal. Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala is saying in

00:24:18 --> 00:24:19

this verse 1 67

00:24:20 --> 00:24:21

that those who disbelieve

00:24:21 --> 00:24:23

and bar others from the path of Allah

00:24:23 --> 00:24:26

azza wa Jal, they have indeed strayed very

00:24:26 --> 00:24:26

far.

00:24:40 --> 00:24:42

Allah will not forgive those who have disbelieved

00:24:42 --> 00:24:44

and do evil. No will He guide them

00:24:44 --> 00:24:47

to any path. These people have disbelieved and

00:24:47 --> 00:24:49

because of the oppression and the harm that

00:24:49 --> 00:24:50

they have done over and above, they will

00:24:50 --> 00:24:52

never find the straight path. They will never

00:24:52 --> 00:24:55

believe. Their hearts have become sealed

00:24:55 --> 00:24:57

because Allah knows that there is no good

00:24:57 --> 00:24:59

in them, that they will never accept guidance,

00:24:59 --> 00:25:01

that they will never accept Islam.

00:25:01 --> 00:25:04

So they will only go and become harmful

00:25:04 --> 00:25:06

enemies to the message of Islam, they will

00:25:06 --> 00:25:08

only bow others away, bow others from the

00:25:08 --> 00:25:10

path of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. They will

00:25:10 --> 00:25:13

only harm and do oppression to the believers.

00:25:13 --> 00:25:13

Allah

00:25:14 --> 00:25:16

says they will never find the path. And

00:25:16 --> 00:25:17

that is what you see in the time

00:25:17 --> 00:25:18

of the Prophet

00:25:19 --> 00:25:21

those leaders of Quraish, the likes of Abu

00:25:21 --> 00:25:24

Lahab and Abu Jahl and Hudba and Shaiba

00:25:24 --> 00:25:26

and all of those other leaders of Quraish.

00:25:26 --> 00:25:28

This is what happened to them despite them

00:25:28 --> 00:25:29

being

00:25:29 --> 00:25:32

by the Kaaba in Makka drinking from Zamzam

00:25:32 --> 00:25:35

from the lineage of the prophet Ibrahim al

00:25:35 --> 00:25:36

Ismail alaihi wasalam

00:25:36 --> 00:25:38

they didn't accept the message of the Prophet

00:25:39 --> 00:25:41

because the message of Islam is not based

00:25:41 --> 00:25:42

upon your lineage

00:25:42 --> 00:25:44

or your location or what you eat or

00:25:44 --> 00:25:45

drink necessarily,

00:25:45 --> 00:25:47

thought is based upon the purity of a

00:25:47 --> 00:25:49

person's heart and their willingness to find and

00:25:49 --> 00:25:51

accept revelation.

00:25:51 --> 00:25:53

And that is why Allah says concerning them

00:25:54 --> 00:25:56

in verse 169 that they will not find

00:25:56 --> 00:25:58

a path or be guided to it except

00:26:03 --> 00:26:04

waliqaajahhanamaqaridinafihaabada wakanada rika'alaalahi

00:26:05 --> 00:26:05

aseera

00:26:06 --> 00:26:08

except that of * meaning they will not

00:26:08 --> 00:26:10

be guided to a path except the path

00:26:10 --> 00:26:13

to hal, where they will remain forever. This

00:26:13 --> 00:26:15

is easy for Allah azza wa Jal. They

00:26:15 --> 00:26:17

will never find guidance in this life, they

00:26:17 --> 00:26:19

will never find a path that will lead

00:26:19 --> 00:26:20

them to paradise,

00:26:20 --> 00:26:22

the path that they will find will lead

00:26:22 --> 00:26:24

them to the fire and that is what

00:26:24 --> 00:26:25

happened to them they found that path to

00:26:25 --> 00:26:27

the fire and they followed it until their

00:26:27 --> 00:26:29

end until their demise and their death and

00:26:29 --> 00:26:31

that is something which Allah Azza wa Jalal,

00:26:31 --> 00:26:33

it is easy for him Allah Subhanahu Wa

00:26:33 --> 00:26:34

Ta'ala,

00:26:34 --> 00:26:36

it is not difficult upon him to do

00:26:36 --> 00:26:38

away with those people who are the enemies

00:26:38 --> 00:26:40

of his religion and his prophets and messengers.

00:26:41 --> 00:26:42

In the final verse that we will take

00:26:42 --> 00:26:45

today, verse 1 70 Allah Azzawajal then

00:26:45 --> 00:26:46

says, giving this

00:26:47 --> 00:26:47

Quran.

00:27:06 --> 00:27:08

O mankind, the messenger has come to you

00:27:08 --> 00:27:10

with the truth from your lord. So believe

00:27:10 --> 00:27:12

what is best for you. For even if

00:27:12 --> 00:27:12

you disbelieve,

00:27:13 --> 00:27:14

all that is in the heavens and the

00:27:14 --> 00:27:16

earth still belongs to Allah and He is

00:27:16 --> 00:27:18

all knowing all wise. So after mentioning the

00:27:18 --> 00:27:21

names of all of these prophets, after mentioning

00:27:21 --> 00:27:23

why they were sent and the message that

00:27:23 --> 00:27:24

they were sent with and then after mentioning

00:27:24 --> 00:27:27

those people who disbelieve in them, turn away

00:27:27 --> 00:27:29

from them, bar others from the path that

00:27:29 --> 00:27:30

leads to them and do all of that

00:27:30 --> 00:27:34

harm and oppression towards them that eventually leads

00:27:34 --> 00:27:36

them to the path of the fire, Allah

00:27:36 --> 00:27:37

gives this command.

00:27:37 --> 00:27:38

O people,

00:27:38 --> 00:27:41

the messenger has come to you, so follow

00:27:41 --> 00:27:43

him. He's come with the truth from your

00:27:43 --> 00:27:46

Lord, follow him, believe in him. Because if

00:27:46 --> 00:27:48

you don't, Allah has no need for you.

00:27:48 --> 00:27:49

If you don't, Allah owns everything in the

00:27:49 --> 00:27:51

heavens and the earth. Allah has no need

00:27:51 --> 00:27:53

for you and you harm no one but

00:27:53 --> 00:27:54

yourself and Allah

00:27:55 --> 00:27:56

is all knowing

00:27:56 --> 00:27:58

and all wise. And with that, InshaAllah Ta'ala,

00:27:58 --> 00:28:00

we come to the end of today's episode.

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