Lessons from the Seerah #68 Events After Khaybar #01

Kamil Ahmad

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AI: Summary © The Prophet sallavi Alaihi wa sallam's marriage with Habiba led to the most expensive marriage, and the court had to protect them. The couple eventually married and had a significant victory, but the couple later married again and had a significant victory. The Prophet's stance on diversity and history of his stance on diversity was discussed, as well as his use of "has been spoken" and "has not spoken." The importance of knowing the dates of the Prophet's time to determine which hadith is authentic or false is emphasized. The importance of knowing the dates of the Prophet's time to determine which hadith is authentic or false is emphasized.
Transcript ©
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Last week we concluded our

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discussion on the battle of Haibar.

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Looking at some important scenes

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from the battle,

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both good and bad.

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We saw how there are scenes

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of

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the suhada,

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and

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there are also

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negative scenes

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from the battle.

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We also looked at the assassination attempt

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of the Jewish woman who tried to poison

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the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

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And we also looked at how the news

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of the outcome of this battle reached Mecca.

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And

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the reaction of that from both

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the Kuffar and

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the few muslims who were living in Mecca.

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And then we concluded by looking at

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the fate,

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what became of

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the Jews,

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eventually what became of them

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in the Arabian Peninsula,

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the remaining few, what became of them

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because khaibar was the last remaining stronghold

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of the Jews in Arabia.

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And so now we'll move on to

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other significant events that took place

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around

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the time of

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the conquest of Khaybar

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and after it.

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So the first of these events

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that we're gonna discuss

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is a very important marriage

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of

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the

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Prophet

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And so during this period,

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the Prophet

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was married to a close

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family member,

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and she was

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or Hambiba

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Habiba was

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one of the early women

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of Makkah who had accepted Islam.

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And

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she was also among those who migrated

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the 1st hijrah

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to Abyssinia.

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And so she migrated with her husband,

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urhugaydillahibin

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Jahsh.

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And as if her leaving her homeland

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was not enough of a test for her,

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Allah

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gave her an even greater test.

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She says,

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narrating to us a story.

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She says,

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I saw in a dream

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that my husband

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appeared to me in the worst and most

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deformed state.

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So I was terrified.

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I said to myself,

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This condition of his has changed.

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His condition has changed.

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So the following morning

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he called me

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and

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he said, oh, habiba.

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I considered

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other religions before embracing Islam

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and I found no

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religion better than Christianity.

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And I was inclined towards it.

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Then I embraced Islam

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and I followed the religion of Muhammad.

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But now I want to return to Christianity.

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She says, I was horrified

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by his words

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and I said, by Allah, it is not

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good for you.

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I informed him of the dream that I

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had seen about him

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but he didn't care about it. He continued

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to pursue what he had intended.

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He left Islam.

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He became a Christian.

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She says,

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he continued

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to indulge in drinking wine until he died.

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And so he had a change of heart.

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He was deceived by shaitan

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and he apostated.

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He became a murtad and he left Islam

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and became a Christian.

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He used to make fun of the Muslims.

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He used to say,

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You are looking with half of your eyes

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open

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while I have seen the light.

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What's he referring to? To Christianity.

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Anyways,

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when the news

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of this reached the Prophet

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back in Madinah,

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he sent a message

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to the king, the Najashi.

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He sent a message to him

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to marry

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Habiba

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to him, the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

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And so Habiba she continues her story. She

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says, so I was afflicted with immense sorrow

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and distress because of that

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until I saw in a dream someone calling

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me

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saying,

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O mother of the believers.

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And this title,

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who is it for?

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The wives of the Prophet

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She says, and so I interpreted that dream

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as

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Rasulullah salallahu alaihi wa sallam wanting to marry

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me.

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Then as soon as my 'uidah, my waiting

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period finished,

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then Ajashi

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sent someone

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for me.

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She says,

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It was a slave girl.

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She came

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and she entered and she said,

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the king says to you

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that Rasulullah

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has written to me requesting that I marry

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you to him.

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I was overjoyed

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and I said, 'May Allah bless you with

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good.'

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Then she added,

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the slave girl said to her, the king

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says to you to authorize someone

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to appoint a wali who can conduct the

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marriage

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on your behalf. A wakeel, on behalf of

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the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam.

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So she says, I sent for my cousin

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Khalid ibn Saeed Al A'as, and I appointed

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him for this task.

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And I gave the slave girl all the

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jewelry and the gems that I had as

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a reward for the good news

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that she brought

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to me.

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Then the Najashi called the representative of the

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Muslims

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in Abyssinia and he was Ja'far

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ibn Abi Talib,

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the cousin of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam.

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The brother of who?

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Ali. Ali ibn Abi Talib

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Along with all the other Muslims in Abyssinia.

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And

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the

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representative

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who she appointed Khalid ibn Saeed,

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they were all present

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and he conducted the marriage

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and he married Habiba too, Rasulullah

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And he gave her on his behalf,

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he gave

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her a mahar of 400 dinars,

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which was a huge amount.

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And he prepared a massive feast, a walima,

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for this marriage and then he sent her

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off

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to Madinah.

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Now

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this marriage as we can see

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was unique in so many different ways

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compared to all the other marriages of the

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Prophet

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that we have covered up until now.

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Habiba, she was the closest of his wives

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to him in terms of blood relations.

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She was the closest of them.

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Also,

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her marriage was one of the most expensive

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due to being hosed by the king

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of Habesha of Abyssinia.

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As we mentioned,

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he gave her 400 dinars and also he

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hosted this huge walima.

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And it took place in the absence of

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the

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Prophet No other marriage of his happened in

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this way.

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And so this was

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the marriage of the Prophet

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to

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Habiba

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Bint Abi Sufyan, the daughter

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of Abu Sufyan.

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The next major event that we're gonna look

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at

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were the Muslim delegations

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that arrived

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to meet the Prophet

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while he was still

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at Khaybar.

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When the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam was in

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Mecca

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with his companions

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persecuted

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and without any power, without any strength.

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Whenever outsiders would come

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and accept Islam,

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he would tell them to go back to

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their people.

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He wouldn't let them stay with him in

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Mecca. Why? Because

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he didn't have the power to protect them.

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So he would say, Go back to your

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people.

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Teach them about Islam.

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And then once you have heard that I

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have migrated,

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once you have heard that I have gained

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some power,

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then come to me.

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So

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now

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as we have mentioned,

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after the Battle of Al Ahzab

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and

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after

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the conquest of Khaybar,

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now the tides had turned and

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the tides had turned between

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the Muslims and their enemies.

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And the Muslims now had gained power

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as we can see.

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And so now several of those

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early Muslims

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who had met the Prophet

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in Mecca,

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after

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going back to their people and

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giving them dawah,

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now they were starting to come.

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They were starting to come and migrate to

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Medina.

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And they didn't come alone.

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They came with their entire families

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and tribes.

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And this will continue from now

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all the way until the death of the

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Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam.

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So while the Prophet salallahu alaihi wa sallam

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was still in khaibah,

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he received

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3 of these delegations.

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The first of them was

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the Ashari delegation or

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the tribe of

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the Asharis.

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And so they are a family from Yemen

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who lived along the sea coast.

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And the famous companion

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Abu Musa Al Eshaa'ali was one of them.

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And so he tells a story

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as found in Sahih al Bukhari.

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He says,

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The news of

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the migration

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of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam reached us

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while we were in Yemen.

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So they have heard and learned that the

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Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam has migrated from Makkah

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to Al Madinah.

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He says, 'So we set out as migrants

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to him. We set out to make hijrah

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to him.

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We were 3,

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me and my 2 brothers.

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I was the youngest of them.

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He says, And our total number, meaning his

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immediate family were 3. He set out with

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his 2 brothers. He says, However our total

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number

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was 53 or 52 men of my people.

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So this was a large group.

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He says, We got

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onto a boat

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And

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we start to travel.

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The destination was Madinah.

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However,

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our boat went off course.

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And so it took us

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to Abyssinia.

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We ended up in Habeshah.

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He says, There we met

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Ja'far ibn Abu Talib

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and we stayed with him.

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Why? Because

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he gave us instructions

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that the Prophet

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told us to migrate here.

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And we have to stay here until he

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gives us orders

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to leave.

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So they said, Okay, fine.

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And

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so Abu Musa Al Ashari, he says

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that

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we ended up staying with them.

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He says,

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we ended up staying with them

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until

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until the conquest of Haifa.

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He says,

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it was around this time

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that we all set out.

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We all set out with Jafar ibn Abi

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Talib

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and

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the Muslims who were living in Abyssinia, all

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of us set out in 2 boats

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to,

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meet the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam in Madinah.

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He says,

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and so we all came to Madinah and

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met the Prophet salallahu alaihi wa sallam at

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the time of

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the conquest of Khayr.

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So this was the first delegation, the Ash'aris.

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The second would be

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the people of Mecca who are living in

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Abyssinia.

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And so

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Jafar ibn Abi Talib radiAllahu Muhammad and

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the Muslims with him

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who had migrated

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to Abyssinia

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years earlier,

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separated from the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam

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for so many years,

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not witnessing these major events that we have

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covered in the Sirah.

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The battles and all these different events.

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Finally, they came now. Why?

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Because now the Prophet

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sent a message to them

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to come.

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He sent this message

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with Amr ibn Umayyah Abamri

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to the Najashi

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asking him to send the remaining Muslims to

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Madinah.

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And so when this group arrived

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and the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam saw

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his cousin

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Ja'far ibn Abi Talib, and this is after

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some

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more than a decade.

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This is after more than a decade.

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He hugged him. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa

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sallam hugged him and he was so happy

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that he said,

00:15:44--> 00:15:46

I don't know which has brought me more

00:15:46--> 00:15:46

joy.

00:15:47--> 00:15:48

Remember

00:15:49--> 00:15:50

that they are in khaibar.

00:15:51--> 00:15:54

And this victory was very significant. He says,

00:15:54--> 00:15:56

the Prophet says, I don't know which has

00:15:56--> 00:15:58

brought me more joy.

00:15:58--> 00:16:00

The conquest of khaibar

00:16:00--> 00:16:01

or

00:16:02--> 00:16:03

the arrival of Jafar.

00:16:05--> 00:16:07

And then He salallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:16:07--> 00:16:10

gave all of them, everyone who arrived

00:16:11--> 00:16:12

in those boats,

00:16:12--> 00:16:14

He gave them a share of the booty

00:16:14--> 00:16:16

of khaibar, the spoils of war,

00:16:16--> 00:16:19

even though they had not participated in that

00:16:19--> 00:16:19

battle.

00:16:20--> 00:16:21

The Prophet did

00:16:22--> 00:16:23

not give anyone

00:16:24--> 00:16:26

any share of the booty

00:16:26--> 00:16:27

of Khaybar, and

00:16:28--> 00:16:30

previously we spoke about how

00:16:31--> 00:16:31

you know,

00:16:33--> 00:16:34

these particular

00:16:35--> 00:16:35

spoils

00:16:36--> 00:16:38

and the wealth of khaibar was extremely significant.

00:16:39--> 00:16:41

The Prophet did not give

00:16:41--> 00:16:42

anyone

00:16:42--> 00:16:44

any share of it except those who have

00:16:44--> 00:16:45

participated.

00:16:46--> 00:16:49

But here, he made this exception. The scholars

00:16:49--> 00:16:49

say

00:16:50--> 00:16:51

that the reason is

00:16:53--> 00:16:53

perhaps

00:16:55--> 00:16:55

because

00:16:56--> 00:16:56

of

00:16:58--> 00:16:59

their great sacrifice.

00:17:00--> 00:17:02

The sacrifice of these Muslims

00:17:04--> 00:17:07

being the original migrants, the original Muhajirun

00:17:09--> 00:17:11

and living in a foreign land

00:17:13--> 00:17:16

all by themselves for so long, sacrificing all

00:17:16--> 00:17:17

of that for the sake of Allah. And

00:17:17--> 00:17:19

so the Prophet of the Prophet wanted to

00:17:19--> 00:17:20

reward them.

00:17:20--> 00:17:22

And so he gave them a share

00:17:23--> 00:17:25

of the spoils of Khaybar.

00:17:26--> 00:17:28

We continue on with the hadith of Abu

00:17:28--> 00:17:29

Musa Al Ashari

00:17:30--> 00:17:31

in Sahil Bukhari.

00:17:31--> 00:17:32

He says,

00:17:34--> 00:17:36

Some of the people used to say to

00:17:36--> 00:17:36

us,

00:17:38--> 00:17:39

meaning those who had arrived

00:17:41--> 00:17:42

on these boats.

00:17:43--> 00:17:45

Some of the people used to say to

00:17:45--> 00:17:46

us, meaning

00:17:48--> 00:17:49

the Sahaba of Madinah.

00:17:50--> 00:17:51

They would say to us,

00:17:51--> 00:17:53

We have migrated before you.

00:17:54--> 00:17:56

Meaning the Muhajirun who migrated to Medina.

00:17:58--> 00:18:00

We migrated before you.

00:18:01--> 00:18:03

Meaning, we're better than you. So

00:18:06--> 00:18:07

Asma bintur Umayz.

00:18:09--> 00:18:11

She was the wife of Jafar

00:18:12--> 00:18:13

Radhiyallahu Han.

00:18:16--> 00:18:18

Abu Musa'al actually is narrating the story. He

00:18:18--> 00:18:18

says,

00:18:19--> 00:18:22

Asma'ah bintur Umayis, who was one of those

00:18:22--> 00:18:23

who had come with us,

00:18:24--> 00:18:27

she came as a visitor to visit Hafsa

00:18:27--> 00:18:30

radiAllahu anha. The wife of the Prophet Sallallahu

00:18:30--> 00:18:31

alaihi wa sallam and the daughter

00:18:32--> 00:18:33

of Umar ibn Khattab.

00:18:38--> 00:18:38

And

00:18:40--> 00:18:42

she was sitting there with Hafsa,

00:18:42--> 00:18:43

and Rumah

00:18:44--> 00:18:45

comes in.

00:18:46--> 00:18:48

Her father, the father of Hafsa.

00:18:48--> 00:18:51

And she sees Asma'a bintur Umais.

00:18:52--> 00:18:54

And she's someone new. So

00:18:57--> 00:19:00

he asks his daughter Hafsa, who is she?

00:19:01--> 00:19:05

So Hafsa says, she is Asna bint Rumays.

00:19:06--> 00:19:08

So Umar radiAllahu anhu says,

00:19:10--> 00:19:11

al habashiyahiyahalbaheriyahiyah.

00:19:15--> 00:19:18

Is she the Abyssinian woman or the one

00:19:18--> 00:19:19

who is living in Abyssinia?

00:19:20--> 00:19:21

Is she

00:19:21--> 00:19:24

the sea traveling woman, the one who came

00:19:24--> 00:19:24

by sea?

00:19:26--> 00:19:28

So Rama radiAllahu anhu had heard about her.

00:19:30--> 00:19:31

So as

00:19:32--> 00:19:33

a Hafsa replies, yes.

00:19:34--> 00:19:35

So then

00:19:36--> 00:19:38

Umar radiAllahu anhu he says

00:19:38--> 00:19:40

to her, to Asma.

00:19:40--> 00:19:43

He says, We have migrated before you.

00:19:45--> 00:19:45

We migrated

00:19:46--> 00:19:48

before you. So we have more of a

00:19:48--> 00:19:49

right

00:19:50--> 00:19:51

to Rasulullah

00:19:51--> 00:19:54

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam than you do.

00:19:57--> 00:19:59

So when she heard this,

00:20:00--> 00:20:01

she became angry

00:20:02--> 00:20:03

and she said, no.

00:20:04--> 00:20:05

By Allah,

00:20:06--> 00:20:07

while you were with Rasulullah

00:20:10--> 00:20:12

who was feeding the hungry among you and

00:20:12--> 00:20:15

advising the ignorant among you. We

00:20:16--> 00:20:19

were in the far off land

00:20:21--> 00:20:23

that was disliked,

00:20:25--> 00:20:26

the land of Abyssinia.

00:20:27--> 00:20:29

And all of that was for the sake

00:20:29--> 00:20:31

of Allah and the Messenger of Allah.

00:20:32--> 00:20:33

By Allah,

00:20:33--> 00:20:36

I will neither eat any food nor drink

00:20:36--> 00:20:37

anything

00:20:37--> 00:20:39

until I go and inform the Prophet

00:20:41--> 00:20:42

of everything that you have said.

00:20:44--> 00:20:44

She says,

00:20:45--> 00:20:47

while we were living there in Abyssinia,

00:20:48--> 00:20:49

we were harmed and we are living in

00:20:49--> 00:20:51

a state of fear. I'm gonna go and

00:20:51--> 00:20:53

mention this to the Prophet salallahu alaihi wa

00:20:53--> 00:20:55

sallam. And I will not tell a lie

00:20:56--> 00:20:58

or take away from anything that you have

00:20:58--> 00:21:00

said or add anything to it. I'm gonna

00:21:00--> 00:21:02

tell him as you have told me.

00:21:03--> 00:21:04

So she went

00:21:04--> 00:21:06

and she told the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa

00:21:06--> 00:21:09

sallam of what Umar had said.

00:21:10--> 00:21:13

And the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam then asked

00:21:13--> 00:21:14

her, what did you say in reply? What

00:21:14--> 00:21:16

was your reply to him?

00:21:17--> 00:21:18

She says,

00:21:18--> 00:21:20

you know, this is what I told him,

00:21:20--> 00:21:20

what we heard.'

00:21:22--> 00:21:24

And so then the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:21:24--> 00:21:25

said to her, no.

00:21:27--> 00:21:29

He does not have more of a right

00:21:29--> 00:21:31

over me than you do.

00:21:32--> 00:21:34

He and his companions

00:21:35--> 00:21:36

have 1 hijrah

00:21:37--> 00:21:38

and you have 2.

00:21:42--> 00:21:44

And so they made hijrah once,

00:21:45--> 00:21:47

and you made hijrah twice.

00:21:47--> 00:21:50

And so if there is any competition, if

00:21:50--> 00:21:52

there is anyone better, it's you. Basically, this

00:21:52--> 00:21:53

is what the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi Wasallam was

00:21:53--> 00:21:53

saying.

00:21:54--> 00:21:56

Asma bintur Umais, she says,

00:21:57--> 00:21:58

after that,

00:21:59--> 00:22:02

I would have groups upon groups of the

00:22:02--> 00:22:04

Muhajir from Abyssinia, those who were with us

00:22:04--> 00:22:05

in Abyssinia,

00:22:05--> 00:22:06

coming to me,

00:22:07--> 00:22:07

asking

00:22:08--> 00:22:10

me to narrate to them the hadith of

00:22:10--> 00:22:10

Rasulullah

00:22:11--> 00:22:11

Sallallahu

00:22:12--> 00:22:12

Alaihi Wasallam.

00:22:13--> 00:22:16

Nothing was more beloved to them in the

00:22:16--> 00:22:16

world

00:22:17--> 00:22:19

than hearing those words of the Prophet salallahu

00:22:19--> 00:22:21

alayhi wa sallam.

00:22:21--> 00:22:22

She added,

00:22:23--> 00:22:25

And I would remember Abu Musa al Ashari

00:22:26--> 00:22:27

visiting me

00:22:27--> 00:22:29

again and again,

00:22:29--> 00:22:31

asking me to narrate

00:22:32--> 00:22:33

the hadith to me.

00:22:34--> 00:22:35

And so he wasn't

00:22:35--> 00:22:36

satisfied

00:22:36--> 00:22:37

having heard it once,

00:22:38--> 00:22:39

he wanted to hear

00:22:40--> 00:22:41

it again and again.

00:22:41--> 00:22:41

Why?

00:22:42--> 00:22:43

All because

00:22:43--> 00:22:46

of how the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:22:47--> 00:22:48

acknowledged

00:22:48--> 00:22:50

and appreciated their sacrifices

00:22:51--> 00:22:53

that they had made for the sake of

00:22:53--> 00:22:53

Allah subhanahu

00:22:54--> 00:22:55

wa ta'ala.

00:22:56--> 00:22:57

And so they had every right to be

00:22:57--> 00:22:58

happy.

00:23:00--> 00:23:02

The other delegation that we can mention here

00:23:04--> 00:23:05

was the delegation

00:23:06--> 00:23:08

of the tribe of Adaus.

00:23:10--> 00:23:10

And

00:23:12--> 00:23:12

Adaus,

00:23:13--> 00:23:14

they were also from Yemen,

00:23:14--> 00:23:16

a place called Al Azd.

00:23:17--> 00:23:19

And they had also arrived

00:23:19--> 00:23:20

when the Prophet

00:23:21--> 00:23:22

was still at Khaybar.

00:23:23--> 00:23:24

Among them

00:23:25--> 00:23:26

is who?

00:23:27--> 00:23:28

The famous companion.

00:23:31--> 00:23:32

Abu Hurayra

00:23:35--> 00:23:37

Abu Hurayra narrates the story.

00:23:38--> 00:23:39

He says,

00:23:40--> 00:23:41

50 families from Adaus

00:23:42--> 00:23:45

made Hijrah to Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam and

00:23:45--> 00:23:46

arrived in Madinah.

00:23:48--> 00:23:50

But we were told that Rasulullah

00:23:50--> 00:23:52

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is in Khaybar.

00:23:54--> 00:23:55

Abu Hurayra says,

00:23:56--> 00:24:00

wherever Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam is,

00:24:00--> 00:24:01

we'll go to him.

00:24:03--> 00:24:05

So they didn't want to wait

00:24:06--> 00:24:08

until the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam came

00:24:08--> 00:24:09

back to Madinah.

00:24:10--> 00:24:12

They said wherever he is, we'll go to

00:24:12--> 00:24:13

him.

00:24:13--> 00:24:14

And so

00:24:15--> 00:24:16

the people of Madinah,

00:24:17--> 00:24:18

the Sahaba who were there,

00:24:19--> 00:24:20

they gave them provisions

00:24:21--> 00:24:21

and

00:24:22--> 00:24:24

they got them ready to set out once

00:24:24--> 00:24:24

again.

00:24:25--> 00:24:28

You know, imagine traveling such a long distance

00:24:28--> 00:24:30

and they could have

00:24:30--> 00:24:30

simply

00:24:31--> 00:24:31

rested,

00:24:32--> 00:24:33

taken a break and wait for the Prophet

00:24:33--> 00:24:34

sallallahu alaihi wasallam, but

00:24:36--> 00:24:37

they didn't want to do that. They weren't

00:24:37--> 00:24:41

satisfied until they met the Prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:24:41--> 00:24:41

wasallam.

00:24:42--> 00:24:44

And so they set out for the journey

00:24:44--> 00:24:46

to Khaybar to meet the Prophet sallallahu

00:24:47--> 00:24:49

alaihi wasallam, and they met him there.

00:24:52--> 00:24:54

Now based on these two stories,

00:24:56--> 00:24:56

we learn

00:24:57--> 00:24:58

something very important,

00:24:59--> 00:25:02

something that is very important for the scholars,

00:25:02--> 00:25:04

especially the scholars of Hadith and the scholars

00:25:04--> 00:25:04

of Fiqh

00:25:05--> 00:25:07

and also the scholars of Tafsir.

00:25:09--> 00:25:10

What have we learned?

00:25:11--> 00:25:12

2 very

00:25:13--> 00:25:14

important famous companions.

00:25:15--> 00:25:17

Abu Musa al Ashari

00:25:17--> 00:25:18

and

00:25:18--> 00:25:19

Abu Hurayrah

00:25:20--> 00:25:21

radiAllahu anhu.

00:25:22--> 00:25:25

When did they join Rasulullah SallAllahu

00:25:25--> 00:25:26

Alaihi Wasallam?

00:25:27--> 00:25:28

They join him at this time

00:25:29--> 00:25:31

in the 7th year of the Hijra.

00:25:33--> 00:25:34

Right? We mentioned

00:25:34--> 00:25:36

that the battle of Khaybar took place in

00:25:36--> 00:25:37

the beginning of 7th year.

00:25:40--> 00:25:42

Knowing these dates is very important for the

00:25:42--> 00:25:43

scholars

00:25:43--> 00:25:45

because these two particular

00:25:45--> 00:25:46

companions

00:25:47--> 00:25:48

narrated so many hadith.

00:25:50--> 00:25:51

Abu Hurayra is the number 1.

00:25:53--> 00:25:56

Abu Musal Ashari is also not far behind.

00:25:56--> 00:25:58

He is one of those who narrated many

00:25:58--> 00:25:59

many ahadith.

00:26:01--> 00:26:02

So

00:26:03--> 00:26:05

the scholars need to know this information

00:26:07--> 00:26:08

because

00:26:08--> 00:26:09

they now know

00:26:10--> 00:26:12

that whatever these 2 companions narrated,

00:26:14--> 00:26:16

any narration coming from these 2 companions,

00:26:16--> 00:26:18

it was towards the end of the life

00:26:18--> 00:26:20

of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam in his

00:26:20--> 00:26:21

last 3 years.

00:26:23--> 00:26:26

This helps them when they when there are

00:26:26--> 00:26:27

seemingly contradicting

00:26:27--> 00:26:29

contradictory hadith

00:26:30--> 00:26:32

where one hadith mentions one ruling

00:26:33--> 00:26:35

and another hadith mentions a different ruling.

00:26:36--> 00:26:38

And so in order to decide which one

00:26:38--> 00:26:39

is correct,

00:26:40--> 00:26:42

there are different ways of figuring out which

00:26:42--> 00:26:45

one is correct. Sometimes one is authentic, the

00:26:45--> 00:26:46

other is weak.

00:26:46--> 00:26:48

But another way of doing it is by

00:26:48--> 00:26:49

seeing

00:26:49--> 00:26:50

which

00:26:50--> 00:26:53

narration came first and which came later.

00:26:53--> 00:26:54

Because it could be

00:26:55--> 00:26:56

that

00:26:56--> 00:26:57

the later hadith

00:26:58--> 00:26:59

abrogated the ruling

00:27:00--> 00:27:01

in

00:27:01--> 00:27:03

the first hadith. This is called neskh.

00:27:05--> 00:27:07

So if we have 2

00:27:08--> 00:27:11

opposing rulings, 1 for example says that this

00:27:11--> 00:27:14

is halal, and the other says this is

00:27:14--> 00:27:14

haram.

00:27:15--> 00:27:17

Right? It's about the same thing. How could

00:27:17--> 00:27:18

both of them be correct?

00:27:19--> 00:27:21

So you look at which one came later,

00:27:21--> 00:27:22

which

00:27:22--> 00:27:23

hadith came later,

00:27:24--> 00:27:24

and

00:27:26--> 00:27:27

this is the way to do it, by

00:27:27--> 00:27:28

knowing

00:27:29--> 00:27:29

which Sahabi

00:27:30--> 00:27:31

accepted Islam when

00:27:32--> 00:27:34

and met the Prophet SAW Alaihi wa Salam.

00:27:36--> 00:27:38

And so it's very important to know these

00:27:38--> 00:27:38

dates.

00:27:40--> 00:27:42

And what we also learned from this

00:27:42--> 00:27:43

is the barakah

00:27:45--> 00:27:46

that Allah put

00:27:47--> 00:27:50

in the likes of Abu Hurayra radiAllahu anhu.

00:27:51--> 00:27:53

There are companions who lived

00:28:03--> 00:28:04

and Ahali,

00:28:04--> 00:28:06

and all of these companions.

00:28:06--> 00:28:09

And yet they did not narrate as many

00:28:09--> 00:28:09

ahadith

00:28:10--> 00:28:12

as Abu Hurairah in a short span of

00:28:12--> 00:28:13

only 3 years.

00:28:14--> 00:28:16

Look at how much knowledge he learnt

00:28:16--> 00:28:18

and then he passed on.

00:28:19--> 00:28:22

There are many reasons for this. Among them

00:28:22--> 00:28:23

was the dua of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi

00:28:23--> 00:28:24

Wasallam

00:28:24--> 00:28:27

and also among the reasons was that Abu

00:28:27--> 00:28:28

Hurair radiAllahu anhu,

00:28:29--> 00:28:31

he stayed with the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

00:28:31--> 00:28:32

wherever he went.

00:28:33--> 00:28:35

He was with him and

00:28:35--> 00:28:37

the only reason he did that is for

00:28:37--> 00:28:39

this reason. He wanted to gain as much

00:28:39--> 00:28:41

knowledge as he could so that he could

00:28:41--> 00:28:42

pass it on.

00:28:43--> 00:28:44

Alright.

00:28:44--> 00:28:45

So these are

00:28:45--> 00:28:48

some of the Muslim delegations that arrived in

00:28:48--> 00:28:50

this period. We're gonna see more and more

00:28:50--> 00:28:51

delegations coming

00:28:53--> 00:28:55

in the future all the way until the

00:28:55--> 00:28:57

death of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam.

00:28:58--> 00:29:00

Next, we move on to the expeditions,

00:29:01--> 00:29:02

the Saraiyah

00:29:03--> 00:29:04

that

00:29:04--> 00:29:05

took place

00:29:06--> 00:29:07

after the Battle of Khaybar.

00:29:09--> 00:29:10

And so

00:29:12--> 00:29:15

the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam continued

00:29:15--> 00:29:17

sending military expeditions

00:29:18--> 00:29:19

after Kaibah.

00:29:20--> 00:29:21

In fact,

00:29:21--> 00:29:23

this period of time saw an increase

00:29:24--> 00:29:25

of military campaigns.

00:29:27--> 00:29:29

Why? Because the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam was

00:29:29--> 00:29:30

now

00:29:31--> 00:29:34

not worried about his main opponents.

00:29:35--> 00:29:35

Right?

00:29:36--> 00:29:39

Quraysh, they're in a peace treaty with him.

00:29:40--> 00:29:41

As for the Jews,

00:29:42--> 00:29:44

they have been expelled and their danger they

00:29:44--> 00:29:45

don't pose a danger anymore.

00:29:47--> 00:29:50

And so here the Prophet now had the

00:29:50--> 00:29:50

opportunity

00:29:51--> 00:29:52

to send

00:29:52--> 00:29:54

Suraya military expeditions.

00:29:56--> 00:29:57

And so

00:29:58--> 00:30:00

we're gonna look at some of these military

00:30:00--> 00:30:01

expeditions.

00:30:01--> 00:30:03

There are many but we'll we'll look at

00:30:03--> 00:30:04

just a few of them.

00:30:06--> 00:30:07

The first of these

00:30:08--> 00:30:11

is the sariyah of Abu Bakr Asudiq radiAllahu

00:30:12--> 00:30:12

Muhammad.

00:30:13--> 00:30:14

Now once again,

00:30:14--> 00:30:16

we've mentioned this many times.

00:30:17--> 00:30:19

There's a difference between a ghazwa

00:30:20--> 00:30:21

and asariyah.

00:30:22--> 00:30:23

So arghazwa

00:30:24--> 00:30:26

is a battle in which the Prophet salallahu

00:30:26--> 00:30:28

alayhi wa sallam participated himself.

00:30:30--> 00:30:31

And

00:30:32--> 00:30:34

it's called a ghazwah whether fighting occurred or

00:30:34--> 00:30:35

not.

00:30:35--> 00:30:37

As long as the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam

00:30:37--> 00:30:38

was there,

00:30:39--> 00:30:40

then it's called a ghazwah.

00:30:40--> 00:30:42

Like ghazwat Badr,

00:30:43--> 00:30:44

ghazwat Uhud,

00:30:44--> 00:30:46

Al Ahzad, etcetera.

00:30:48--> 00:30:50

A sari'ah is where the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi

00:30:50--> 00:30:51

Wasallam sends out.

00:30:52--> 00:30:53

He sends

00:30:55--> 00:30:55

an expedition

00:30:57--> 00:30:58

consisting of a group of companions.

00:30:59--> 00:31:02

He does not go himself in that group.

00:31:02--> 00:31:04

So that is called a sariyah.

00:31:05--> 00:31:06

The Prophet

00:31:08--> 00:31:09

sent an expedition

00:31:09--> 00:31:11

to the tribe of Bani Fazara

00:31:12--> 00:31:13

who are located

00:31:14--> 00:31:15

in Najd

00:31:16--> 00:31:16

under the leadership

00:31:17--> 00:31:20

of Abu Bakr As Sudeek radiAllahu 'an.

00:31:21--> 00:31:22

And this was

00:31:23--> 00:31:24

in Sha'aban

00:31:25--> 00:31:26

of the 7th year of the Hijua.

00:31:28--> 00:31:30

Salama ibn al Aqwa

00:31:32--> 00:31:33

He narrates the story,

00:31:34--> 00:31:35

and this is in Sahih Muslim.

00:31:36--> 00:31:37

He says,

00:31:38--> 00:31:39

they ambushed the enemy

00:31:41--> 00:31:42

and

00:31:42--> 00:31:43

they attacked

00:31:45--> 00:31:47

the Muslim force. They attacked the enemy

00:31:49--> 00:31:50

and

00:31:50--> 00:31:52

he saw them running away.

00:31:54--> 00:31:56

And he saw a group of them, among

00:31:56--> 00:31:57

them were

00:31:58--> 00:31:59

women and children.

00:32:00--> 00:32:01

He says,

00:32:02--> 00:32:04

they were running towards a mountain to take

00:32:04--> 00:32:04

cover.

00:32:06--> 00:32:08

He says he was worried that they would

00:32:08--> 00:32:09

reach the mountain and then

00:32:10--> 00:32:11

have a place to,

00:32:12--> 00:32:13

you know, protect themselves

00:32:14--> 00:32:15

before he was able

00:32:16--> 00:32:16

to catch them.

00:32:18--> 00:32:19

So he took an arrow

00:32:21--> 00:32:22

and fired it

00:32:24--> 00:32:25

and it landed between

00:32:26--> 00:32:27

this group

00:32:27--> 00:32:28

and the mountain.

00:32:29--> 00:32:30

So here,

00:32:30--> 00:32:31

Salima

00:32:32--> 00:32:34

he he was not aiming to hit them,

00:32:34--> 00:32:35

to kill them.

00:32:36--> 00:32:39

He just wanted to take them as captives.

00:32:40--> 00:32:42

So he fired this arrow

00:32:43--> 00:32:45

to have it land in front of them

00:32:47--> 00:32:49

to make them understand that, you know, he's

00:32:49--> 00:32:50

within range.

00:32:50--> 00:32:52

And if they don't stop, he's gonna keep

00:32:52--> 00:32:54

on firing, and it could hit them.

00:32:55--> 00:32:57

So when they when they saw this arrow

00:32:57--> 00:32:59

fly right in front of them,

00:32:59--> 00:33:01

they stopped in their tracks,

00:33:02--> 00:33:04

and Salama radiAllahu anhu went,

00:33:04--> 00:33:05

and

00:33:05--> 00:33:06

he took

00:33:06--> 00:33:08

them, and so they fell as captives.

00:33:10--> 00:33:11

He brought all of them to Abu Bakr

00:33:11--> 00:33:13

radiAllahu alaihi. 'anam.

00:33:14--> 00:33:17

Salama then says that there was a woman,

00:33:17--> 00:33:19

a Bedouin woman among them,

00:33:19--> 00:33:21

who was wearing leather

00:33:21--> 00:33:21

clothes.

00:33:22--> 00:33:24

And she had a young girl with her,

00:33:24--> 00:33:26

perhaps her daughter.

00:33:28--> 00:33:29

Says,

00:33:29--> 00:33:30

she was

00:33:30--> 00:33:32

the most attractive woman among the Arabs.

00:33:34--> 00:33:35

He says

00:33:35--> 00:33:37

that Abu Bakr radiAllahu anhu

00:33:37--> 00:33:38

gave her,

00:33:39--> 00:33:40

gave him, gave Salama,

00:33:41--> 00:33:43

the girl as a prize for her.

00:33:44--> 00:33:45

He says,

00:33:46--> 00:33:47

we went back to Madira,

00:33:48--> 00:33:51

and Rasulullah He Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam,

00:33:51--> 00:33:52

he met me

00:33:53--> 00:33:55

in the street or in the marketplace.

00:33:56--> 00:33:57

And he said, Oh Salama,

00:33:59--> 00:34:01

hand me over the girl.

00:34:05--> 00:34:06

Salama responded by saying,

00:34:07--> 00:34:08

You Rasulullah,

00:34:10--> 00:34:11

she attracts me and I want to keep

00:34:11--> 00:34:12

her.

00:34:14--> 00:34:14

So then,

00:34:16--> 00:34:17

the next day,

00:34:18--> 00:34:20

he says, the Prophet

00:34:21--> 00:34:22

met me again.

00:34:23--> 00:34:25

And again he said, O Salama,

00:34:26--> 00:34:27

hand me over the girl.

00:34:29--> 00:34:30

Salama radiAllahu anhu.

00:34:31--> 00:34:32

He said the same thing,

00:34:33--> 00:34:34

You Rasool Allah,

00:34:35--> 00:34:37

she attracts me.

00:34:37--> 00:34:39

I want to keep her. However,

00:34:40--> 00:34:42

O Messenger of Allah,

00:34:42--> 00:34:44

I will give her to you.

00:34:45--> 00:34:47

And so he handed her over to him.

00:34:49--> 00:34:50

Now

00:34:51--> 00:34:53

what did the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

00:34:53--> 00:34:54

do with her?

00:34:55--> 00:34:56

Until here

00:34:57--> 00:34:59

in the story, one would imagine that

00:34:59--> 00:35:00

the Prophet

00:35:01--> 00:35:03

wanted her for himself.

00:35:05--> 00:35:06

In fact,

00:35:07--> 00:35:07

even Salama

00:35:08--> 00:35:09

had taught that

00:35:09--> 00:35:11

because in the narration it says,

00:35:12--> 00:35:13

You Rasulullah,

00:35:14--> 00:35:15

she is yours

00:35:16--> 00:35:17

and

00:35:17--> 00:35:18

I have not

00:35:19--> 00:35:21

been intimate with her yet.

00:35:22--> 00:35:23

She's all yours.

00:35:23--> 00:35:24

I have not touched her.

00:35:26--> 00:35:27

So even he was thinking

00:35:28--> 00:35:29

that maybe the Prophet wants

00:35:30--> 00:35:31

her for himself.

00:35:33--> 00:35:35

What did the prophet do with her?

00:35:36--> 00:35:36

He took her

00:35:37--> 00:35:39

and he sent her to Mecca.

00:35:40--> 00:35:43

He sent her to Makkah in exchange

00:35:44--> 00:35:45

for some Muslim prisoners

00:35:46--> 00:35:47

who are being held there.

00:35:50--> 00:35:51

And so he knew

00:35:52--> 00:35:52

that,

00:35:53--> 00:35:54

you know, a young

00:35:55--> 00:35:58

attractive girl like her is gonna fetch a

00:35:58--> 00:35:59

huge price.

00:36:02--> 00:36:04

And his concern was

00:36:05--> 00:36:05

for

00:36:06--> 00:36:07

freeing Muslim prisoners

00:36:07--> 00:36:09

who are being held

00:36:09--> 00:36:10

by the enemy.

00:36:12--> 00:36:13

And so this was

00:36:14--> 00:36:16

the sariyah of Abu Bakr

00:36:17--> 00:36:18

as Sadiq Radi Waqqani.

00:36:18--> 00:36:19

The next sariyah

00:36:21--> 00:36:23

is the sari'ah of Bashir

00:36:24--> 00:36:25

ibn Sahid

00:36:27--> 00:36:29

This expedition was also

00:36:29--> 00:36:31

sent in Sha'aban

00:36:31--> 00:36:33

of the 7th year of the hijrah.

00:36:34--> 00:36:35

Rasulullah

00:36:35--> 00:36:37

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam sent 30 men

00:36:38--> 00:36:39

to the tribe

00:36:39--> 00:36:40

of Banu Murrah

00:36:41--> 00:36:42

who were close

00:36:43--> 00:36:44

to Fadek.

00:36:45--> 00:36:45

And

00:36:46--> 00:36:48

Fadek, we mentioned last week,

00:36:49--> 00:36:51

was a town north of Khaybar.

00:36:51--> 00:36:54

And this was also a town inhabited by

00:36:54--> 00:36:54

the Jews.

00:36:55--> 00:36:57

And last week we mentioned how

00:36:58--> 00:36:59

after

00:37:00--> 00:37:02

the conquest of Khaybar, this

00:37:03--> 00:37:03

town,

00:37:04--> 00:37:04

the Jews

00:37:05--> 00:37:07

who were living there came to the Prophet

00:37:08--> 00:37:09

and asked him

00:37:10--> 00:37:11

for a peace agreement.

00:37:13--> 00:37:14

So

00:37:15--> 00:37:16

the Prophet

00:37:18--> 00:37:19

he sends Bashir ibn Sa'ad

00:37:23--> 00:37:25

to the tribe of Banu Murrah.

00:37:27--> 00:37:28

And so Bashir and his men,

00:37:29--> 00:37:30

they reach there

00:37:31--> 00:37:32

and they kill a large number of the

00:37:32--> 00:37:33

enemy,

00:37:33--> 00:37:36

and they seize a lot of their camels

00:37:36--> 00:37:39

and their cattle, their sheep, and their goats.

00:37:40--> 00:37:40

However,

00:37:42--> 00:37:44

on their way back to Madinah,

00:37:45--> 00:37:47

the enemy gathered up forces

00:37:48--> 00:37:50

and overtook the muslims at night.

00:37:52--> 00:37:54

And they showered

00:37:54--> 00:37:56

Bashir and his men with arrows

00:37:57--> 00:37:58

and they killed

00:37:58--> 00:37:59

almost

00:37:59--> 00:38:00

all the Muslims.

00:38:02--> 00:38:04

And when they thought that they had killed

00:38:05--> 00:38:06

all of them,

00:38:07--> 00:38:09

they took back their

00:38:10--> 00:38:12

their wealth, their camels, their sheep,

00:38:14--> 00:38:16

and they made it back

00:38:16--> 00:38:18

to their to their homeland.

00:38:20--> 00:38:22

The leader of the Muslims, Bashir ibn Sa'id

00:38:22--> 00:38:23

radiAllahu

00:38:23--> 00:38:24

Bashir ibn Sa'id,

00:38:26--> 00:38:27

he fought very ferociously.

00:38:29--> 00:38:30

However, he did not die.

00:38:31--> 00:38:32

He fell, he was injured,

00:38:33--> 00:38:34

but he did not

00:38:35--> 00:38:36

die. He managed

00:38:36--> 00:38:38

to make it to Fadaq,

00:38:39--> 00:38:41

and there there was a a Jew who

00:38:42--> 00:38:44

hosted him and who treated his injuries,

00:38:46--> 00:38:46

and then

00:38:47--> 00:38:49

he made it back to Madinah.

00:38:50--> 00:38:51

Mashid ibn Saad, he made it back to

00:38:51--> 00:38:52

Madinah.

00:38:54--> 00:38:55

And so this was

00:38:56--> 00:38:58

the story of his sariyah.

00:38:58--> 00:39:00

Now the next suriyya is related.

00:39:01--> 00:39:03

The suriyya of Ghali bi bi bi Abdullah

00:39:03--> 00:39:04

radiahuwan.

00:39:05--> 00:39:06

So because of the defeat

00:39:07--> 00:39:08

that Bashir and

00:39:09--> 00:39:11

his men suffered, the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa

00:39:11--> 00:39:14

sallam, he sent out another expedition. This time

00:39:14--> 00:39:15

led by

00:39:16--> 00:39:18

Ghalib ibn Abdullah radiAllahuhan.

00:39:19--> 00:39:21

And this was in Ramadan

00:39:22--> 00:39:23

of that same year,

00:39:25--> 00:39:26

the 7th year of the hijrah.

00:39:28--> 00:39:29

Now on their way,

00:39:31--> 00:39:34

they met a man named Malik ibn Harith

00:39:34--> 00:39:34

Alaithi.

00:39:37--> 00:39:39

And they didn't recognize him. Who is this

00:39:39--> 00:39:40

man?

00:39:41--> 00:39:42

We don't know who he is. He could

00:39:42--> 00:39:43

be from the enemy. He could be a

00:39:43--> 00:39:44

spy.

00:39:45--> 00:39:46

So

00:39:46--> 00:39:48

not knowing who he was,

00:39:48--> 00:39:49

Ghalib

00:39:49--> 00:39:52

Ghalib ibn Abdillah, the leader of this expedition,

00:39:53--> 00:39:53

he ordered

00:39:54--> 00:39:54

that

00:39:56--> 00:39:57

he be detained.

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

Let's hold him,

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

keep him as

00:40:01--> 00:40:02

a a prisoner.

00:40:03--> 00:40:04

So

00:40:04--> 00:40:06

the man he said,

00:40:07--> 00:40:09

I have only come to accept Islam.

00:40:11--> 00:40:12

Ghalib told him,

00:40:13--> 00:40:15

If you're telling the truth

00:40:16--> 00:40:19

and you really came to accept Islam, then

00:40:20--> 00:40:22

us holding you for a day and a

00:40:22--> 00:40:23

night is not gonna harm you.

00:40:24--> 00:40:26

But if you have other motives,

00:40:27--> 00:40:29

then we need to take our precautions.

00:40:30--> 00:40:31

Because

00:40:31--> 00:40:33

if he was a spy,

00:40:34--> 00:40:35

he would disclose

00:40:36--> 00:40:36

their location

00:40:38--> 00:40:39

and their numbers

00:40:40--> 00:40:43

and give valuable information to the enemy

00:40:44--> 00:40:47

allowing them time to mobilize their forces and

00:40:47--> 00:40:48

gather to attack,

00:40:49--> 00:40:51

you know, this small Muslim force.

00:40:52--> 00:40:53

Right? How many were they? We said they

00:40:53--> 00:40:54

were

00:40:54--> 00:40:55

only 30.

00:40:58--> 00:41:00

And what have we noticed about all of

00:41:00--> 00:41:02

these Saraya, all of these expeditions?

00:41:04--> 00:41:05

These expeditions

00:41:06--> 00:41:08

relied on the element of surprise,

00:41:09--> 00:41:09

right?

00:41:10--> 00:41:12

Due to their small numbers.

00:41:14--> 00:41:15

Whenever the Prophet shalallahu alaihi wa sallam would

00:41:15--> 00:41:16

send out

00:41:16--> 00:41:17

a sariyah,

00:41:18--> 00:41:20

he wouldn't send an army. It would be

00:41:20--> 00:41:21

few men.

00:41:23--> 00:41:25

And because of their small numbers,

00:41:27--> 00:41:27

they have to

00:41:28--> 00:41:29

take the enemy by surprise.

00:41:31--> 00:41:33

And this is what we have seen throughout

00:41:33--> 00:41:34

the Seerah.

00:41:34--> 00:41:34

Right?

00:41:35--> 00:41:37

Most of these most of these Surahiah,

00:41:38--> 00:41:39

they would ambush the enemy,

00:41:41--> 00:41:41

suddenly,

00:41:43--> 00:41:44

You know, catch them off guard

00:41:45--> 00:41:46

either at night

00:41:47--> 00:41:48

or early in the morning.

00:41:49--> 00:41:49

And so

00:41:50--> 00:41:53

now they had come across this man

00:41:54--> 00:41:55

and,

00:41:56--> 00:41:57

you know, they had to hold him

00:41:59--> 00:41:59

because

00:42:00--> 00:42:01

he could be a spy.

00:42:02--> 00:42:04

Right? But now we have another problem, and

00:42:04--> 00:42:06

that problem is that he is claiming

00:42:07--> 00:42:08

that he's a Muslim.

00:42:10--> 00:42:12

And it's not permissible to

00:42:12--> 00:42:14

hold a Muslim and to arrest

00:42:15--> 00:42:15

a Muslim

00:42:16--> 00:42:17

for no reason,

00:42:17--> 00:42:18

right? For

00:42:19--> 00:42:20

a crime he hasn't committed.

00:42:22--> 00:42:22

However,

00:42:23--> 00:42:25

this was a necessary move

00:42:25--> 00:42:27

on the part of the leader of the

00:42:27--> 00:42:27

Muslims,

00:42:28--> 00:42:31

and he even explained that to the man.

00:42:31--> 00:42:33

He explained it to him. He said, Look,

00:42:33--> 00:42:35

if you have really come to embrace Islam,

00:42:36--> 00:42:37

then us holding you for a day and

00:42:37--> 00:42:39

a night is not gonna harm you.

00:42:39--> 00:42:41

But if you have come for other reasons,

00:42:41--> 00:42:41

then,

00:42:41--> 00:42:43

you know, we have to be careful and

00:42:43--> 00:42:45

we have to take our precautions.

00:42:46--> 00:42:49

And so then the expedition, it carried on.

00:42:52--> 00:42:53

1 of the companions,

00:42:54--> 00:42:55

Jundub ibn Mookith,

00:42:56--> 00:42:57

he says,

00:42:58--> 00:43:00

he was sent to spy on the enemy

00:43:02--> 00:43:04

because they had reached at the time of

00:43:04--> 00:43:04

'asr.

00:43:05--> 00:43:06

So it was

00:43:07--> 00:43:07

still daylight.

00:43:09--> 00:43:10

So he

00:43:11--> 00:43:13

says he climbed a hill

00:43:13--> 00:43:14

to overlook

00:43:15--> 00:43:16

the enemy,

00:43:18--> 00:43:21

and he took a position lying down flat

00:43:21--> 00:43:22

on the ground

00:43:23--> 00:43:23

so that

00:43:24--> 00:43:26

the enemy would not spot him.

00:43:27--> 00:43:28

However,

00:43:29--> 00:43:30

one of the men

00:43:32--> 00:43:33

from the enemy force,

00:43:34--> 00:43:35

they noticed him

00:43:36--> 00:43:36

from the distance.

00:43:38--> 00:43:40

So this man, he said to his wife,

00:43:42--> 00:43:44

I see some dark object on that hill.

00:43:46--> 00:43:47

Go and check if the dogs

00:43:48--> 00:43:49

have taken

00:43:49--> 00:43:50

any of our utensils.

00:43:52--> 00:43:54

Now, he was thinking, maybe these are some

00:43:54--> 00:43:54

dogs.

00:43:56--> 00:43:59

So she went and checked, and she didn't

00:43:59--> 00:44:00

find anything missing.

00:44:00--> 00:44:02

So she came and said, The dogs haven't

00:44:02--> 00:44:03

taken anything.

00:44:04--> 00:44:05

He said, okay.

00:44:06--> 00:44:07

So they're not dogs.

00:44:08--> 00:44:10

He said, go and bring me my bow

00:44:10--> 00:44:10

and arrows.

00:44:12--> 00:44:13

So he took an arrow

00:44:14--> 00:44:17

and he aimed it at He

00:44:18--> 00:44:19

shot at him

00:44:20--> 00:44:22

and the arrow hit him at his side.

00:44:23--> 00:44:25

Jun Dub says,

00:44:25--> 00:44:27

I pulled out the arrow

00:44:28--> 00:44:29

and put it down slowly

00:44:30--> 00:44:31

without making

00:44:31--> 00:44:33

any noticeable movements.

00:44:35--> 00:44:36

The man,

00:44:36--> 00:44:37

he then

00:44:38--> 00:44:39

aimed at him again

00:44:40--> 00:44:43

and fired and shot at This time he

00:44:43--> 00:44:44

hit his shoulder.

00:44:46--> 00:44:46

Says,

00:44:47--> 00:44:49

Slowly I pulled out the arrow

00:44:50--> 00:44:51

and I put it down without

00:44:53--> 00:44:54

without moving.

00:44:56--> 00:44:57

So the man, he says,

00:44:59--> 00:45:01

my 2 arrows have definitely

00:45:01--> 00:45:02

struck him.

00:45:04--> 00:45:06

If he was a scout, if he was,

00:45:07--> 00:45:09

you know, someone spying on us,

00:45:10--> 00:45:12

then he would have definitely moved,

00:45:12--> 00:45:14

but I haven't seen anything move.

00:45:16--> 00:45:18

And so you could see the discipline of

00:45:18--> 00:45:18

the Sahaba

00:45:20--> 00:45:22

Look at their training and look at their

00:45:22--> 00:45:22

discipline.

00:45:23--> 00:45:24

You know, here he was

00:45:25--> 00:45:26

struck twice

00:45:27--> 00:45:29

by these sharp arrows, and yet he didn't

00:45:29--> 00:45:30

move

00:45:30--> 00:45:31

a bit.

00:45:31--> 00:45:33

So now this man, he was

00:45:34--> 00:45:35

comfortable, he was satisfied

00:45:36--> 00:45:38

that whatever this object was,

00:45:38--> 00:45:40

it could not be a human being.

00:45:41--> 00:45:42

Then he told his wife,

00:45:43--> 00:45:44

tomorrow in the morning,

00:45:45--> 00:45:47

I want you to go and collect for

00:45:47--> 00:45:49

me my 2 arrows so that the dogs

00:45:49--> 00:45:50

don't

00:45:50--> 00:45:51

chew on

00:45:52--> 00:45:52

them.

00:45:53--> 00:45:53

Says,

00:45:55--> 00:45:58

I remained in my position until it was

00:45:58--> 00:45:58

nighttime,

00:46:00--> 00:46:02

And their camels and their shepherds came back.

00:46:03--> 00:46:05

And then they had their dinner

00:46:06--> 00:46:07

and they went to sleep.

00:46:08--> 00:46:09

He says,

00:46:09--> 00:46:11

It was then that we attacked.

00:46:12--> 00:46:14

He says, We killed some of them and

00:46:14--> 00:46:16

took their cattle and their camels with us.

00:46:17--> 00:46:17

However,

00:46:19--> 00:46:21

now the remaining men who were not killed,

00:46:22--> 00:46:22

they mobilized

00:46:23--> 00:46:25

a force and they chased after us.

00:46:26--> 00:46:29

Jundub says, The forces they gathered were overwhelming.

00:46:29--> 00:46:30

Huge numbers.

00:46:31--> 00:46:33

And we couldn't face off against them.

00:46:34--> 00:46:36

And they were chasing after us, and they

00:46:36--> 00:46:38

were getting very close to us.

00:46:38--> 00:46:40

And there was no way that we could

00:46:40--> 00:46:41

defeat them.

00:46:41--> 00:46:42

He says,

00:46:43--> 00:46:45

while we were running away from them, we

00:46:45--> 00:46:46

crossed the valley.

00:46:47--> 00:46:48

He says,

00:46:49--> 00:46:50

at this time there was no rain

00:46:51--> 00:46:53

and there were not even any conditions for

00:46:53--> 00:46:54

rain.

00:46:54--> 00:46:56

However, none nevertheless,

00:46:57--> 00:46:59

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala brought a flood in

00:46:59--> 00:47:00

this valley

00:47:01--> 00:47:03

that separated us from them.

00:47:03--> 00:47:05

We looked back at them

00:47:05--> 00:47:07

and saw all of them standing on the

00:47:07--> 00:47:08

other side of the valley

00:47:09--> 00:47:09

unable

00:47:10--> 00:47:11

to do anything.

00:47:12--> 00:47:13

Then we made it

00:47:13--> 00:47:14

back safely

00:47:15--> 00:47:16

to Madinah.

00:47:17--> 00:47:19

And so this is the Saria of

00:47:21--> 00:47:21

Ghalib,

00:47:22--> 00:47:23

Ghalib ibn Abdullah

00:47:24--> 00:47:24

However,

00:47:25--> 00:47:26

before we move on,

00:47:27--> 00:47:29

there is one very very famous

00:47:30--> 00:47:30

incident

00:47:31--> 00:47:32

that took place

00:47:34--> 00:47:34

that

00:47:35--> 00:47:37

many scholars say it was

00:47:38--> 00:47:39

during this particular expedition.

00:47:41--> 00:47:44

They disagree. There's a difference of opinion

00:47:44--> 00:47:47

as to when this incident took place,

00:47:48--> 00:47:49

but many of them say it was during

00:47:49--> 00:47:50

this expedition.

00:47:50--> 00:47:52

And that is the story of

00:47:54--> 00:47:57

Usama ibn Zayd radiAllahu an And the man

00:47:57--> 00:47:58

who said,

00:48:01--> 00:48:03

And this story, it's a very famous story.

00:48:03--> 00:48:04

It's found

00:48:04--> 00:48:06

in Bukhari

00:48:06--> 00:48:09

and Muslim and many other books of hadith.

00:48:10--> 00:48:12

Basically, there was a man

00:48:13--> 00:48:14

who would always be

00:48:15--> 00:48:18

ahead when the Muslims were attacking the enemy.

00:48:19--> 00:48:21

And whenever they would retreat, he would be

00:48:21--> 00:48:22

the last.

00:48:24--> 00:48:26

Because this is how they used to fight,

00:48:26--> 00:48:27

they would advance and then retreat.

00:48:28--> 00:48:29

Advance and then retreat.

00:48:35--> 00:48:35

So

00:48:36--> 00:48:37

he was ahead in attacking

00:48:38--> 00:48:40

and he was at last in retreating.

00:48:42--> 00:48:44

So he was causing the Muslims problems.

00:48:47--> 00:48:47

Usama

00:48:48--> 00:48:50

ibn Zaid radiAllahu anhu says,

00:48:51--> 00:48:53

me and a man from the Ansar,

00:48:54--> 00:48:55

we decided

00:48:56--> 00:48:58

to double team and attack him.

00:49:02--> 00:49:03

We came behind him

00:49:04--> 00:49:05

and

00:49:06--> 00:49:08

now we were in range of killing him.

00:49:09--> 00:49:10

He turned around

00:49:10--> 00:49:13

and he said, La ilaha illawaha.

00:49:15--> 00:49:17

Usama ibn Zaid, he says,

00:49:19--> 00:49:20

My unsari companion,

00:49:21--> 00:49:22

he pulled back

00:49:22--> 00:49:24

and he stopped the attack,

00:49:24--> 00:49:26

but I carried on,

00:49:26--> 00:49:28

and I struck him with my sword, and

00:49:28--> 00:49:29

I killed him.

00:49:32--> 00:49:33

The news reached

00:49:34--> 00:49:34

Rasulullah

00:49:35--> 00:49:37

Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam when we went back.

00:49:39--> 00:49:41

And the Prophet was

00:49:42--> 00:49:43

extremely angry.

00:49:44--> 00:49:45

He called me

00:49:46--> 00:49:47

and he asked,

00:49:48--> 00:49:51

Did you kill him after he said, La

00:49:51--> 00:49:52

ilaha illallah?

00:49:53--> 00:49:56

Usama radiAllahu waihi. He said, You Rasulullah.

00:49:58--> 00:50:00

He only said it to save his life.

00:50:02--> 00:50:04

The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam repeated,

00:50:05--> 00:50:07

did you kill him after he said, La

00:50:07--> 00:50:08

ilaha illallah?

00:50:10--> 00:50:12

And the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam kept on

00:50:12--> 00:50:13

repeating that

00:50:13--> 00:50:16

until Usama ibn Zaid, he says,

00:50:16--> 00:50:19

I wish I had not become a Muslim

00:50:19--> 00:50:20

until that moment.

00:50:24--> 00:50:25

And

00:50:27--> 00:50:29

so Usama ibn Zaid, he ended up making

00:50:29--> 00:50:29

a vow

00:50:30--> 00:50:33

that he would never fight any Muslim in

00:50:33--> 00:50:33

his life.

00:50:34--> 00:50:36

Anyone who says, 'Laahi raha illallah' after that.

00:50:37--> 00:50:38

And that's why

00:50:40--> 00:50:40

when

00:50:42--> 00:50:44

conflicts took place between the companions after the

00:50:44--> 00:50:46

death of the Prophet in

00:50:46--> 00:50:49

the wars, the battles that took place between

00:50:49--> 00:50:49

the companions

00:50:50--> 00:50:53

after the khilafa of Arasimhan radiAllahu anhuang, during

00:50:53--> 00:50:55

the time of Ali radiAllahu anhuang and Mu'awiya

00:50:55--> 00:50:56

radiAllahu anhuang.

00:50:57--> 00:50:58

And there were many sahaba who fought against

00:50:58--> 00:51:00

each other and were killed.

00:51:00--> 00:51:03

Usama ibn Zayd did not participate in any

00:51:03--> 00:51:04

of those battles

00:51:04--> 00:51:06

because of this vow that he had taken.

00:51:09--> 00:51:11

We'll mention one last sariyah

00:51:13--> 00:51:15

during this period of time, and that was

00:51:15--> 00:51:16

the sariyah of

00:51:18--> 00:51:19

Abu Haderat

00:51:20--> 00:51:21

Radhiallahu Muhammad.

00:51:23--> 00:51:24

Abu Haderat

00:51:28--> 00:51:29

had gotten married

00:51:31--> 00:51:33

to a woman, and he had promised her

00:51:33--> 00:51:35

a Mahar of

00:51:35--> 00:51:36

200 dirhams,

00:51:37--> 00:51:40

which was a very large amount.

00:51:41--> 00:51:43

So he came to the Prophet

00:51:44--> 00:51:45

asking him for some help.

00:51:46--> 00:51:48

You Rasulullah, I've married this woman

00:51:49--> 00:51:51

and I promised to give her this much,

00:51:53--> 00:51:54

but I can't afford it.

00:51:55--> 00:51:58

So the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said,

00:51:58--> 00:51:58

subhanAllah.

00:52:00--> 00:52:02

If you are picking up money from

00:52:02--> 00:52:03

a stream,

00:52:04--> 00:52:05

you would not have paid more.

00:52:06--> 00:52:08

In the name of Allah, I have nothing

00:52:08--> 00:52:09

to help you with.

00:52:11--> 00:52:11

The Prophet

00:52:12--> 00:52:13

was basically

00:52:13--> 00:52:14

saying that,

00:52:15--> 00:52:17

this is too much money to pay as

00:52:17--> 00:52:17

Mahr.

00:52:19--> 00:52:20

And so he declined to help him.

00:52:23--> 00:52:24

Later on,

00:52:25--> 00:52:26

in the 7th year

00:52:26--> 00:52:28

of the hijrah, we're still in the 7th

00:52:28--> 00:52:29

year,

00:52:29--> 00:52:30

in the month of Shawwal,

00:52:31--> 00:52:32

the Prophet

00:52:33--> 00:52:34

called

00:52:35--> 00:52:36

Abu Hadrut

00:52:36--> 00:52:38

along with 2 men

00:52:38--> 00:52:40

to go and check on

00:52:41--> 00:52:41

a man

00:52:42--> 00:52:44

by the name of Rifa'a ibn Qais,

00:52:45--> 00:52:48

who the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam had

00:52:48--> 00:52:49

received information

00:52:49--> 00:52:52

that this man was mobilizing a force to

00:52:52--> 00:52:53

attack them.

00:52:54--> 00:52:56

So the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam wanted

00:52:56--> 00:52:57

these 3 men

00:52:58--> 00:52:59

to go and bring him

00:53:00--> 00:53:01

some news

00:53:02--> 00:53:04

and basically verify that information.

00:53:05--> 00:53:06

So Abu Haderat,

00:53:07--> 00:53:09

he says, we went at night

00:53:09--> 00:53:11

and we arrived at the enemy base.'

00:53:13--> 00:53:13

He says,

00:53:14--> 00:53:15

'I took my position

00:53:16--> 00:53:19

and I gave orders to my 2 companions

00:53:19--> 00:53:20

to hide somewhere.

00:53:21--> 00:53:22

And then

00:53:23--> 00:53:24

I told them, when you hear me making

00:53:24--> 00:53:25

takbir,

00:53:26--> 00:53:29

make your move and advance, and we'll attack.

00:53:30--> 00:53:31

He says,

00:53:32--> 00:53:33

I was waiting for an opportunity

00:53:34--> 00:53:35

but

00:53:35--> 00:53:36

no opportunity came.

00:53:37--> 00:53:39

You know, it's night time, as we mentioned,

00:53:39--> 00:53:41

this is when they would attack to take

00:53:41--> 00:53:42

their enemy by surprise.

00:53:43--> 00:53:45

But he says, I waited and waited, and

00:53:45--> 00:53:47

you know, there was no such opportunity.

00:53:48--> 00:53:50

But then what ended up happening was

00:53:51--> 00:53:52

that these people,

00:53:54--> 00:53:55

their shepherd

00:53:56--> 00:53:57

had not come back.

00:53:58--> 00:53:59

And it's night time now.

00:54:00--> 00:54:01

So they're worried about their shepherd.

00:54:03--> 00:54:05

So their leader, this man,

00:54:06--> 00:54:08

Rifa'a ibn Qais, who the Prophet

00:54:09--> 00:54:10

you know,

00:54:11--> 00:54:13

told these 3 companions to go and see

00:54:13--> 00:54:14

what he's up to.

00:54:16--> 00:54:18

This man he says to his people,

00:54:19--> 00:54:21

I'm gonna go and try to find him,

00:54:21--> 00:54:22

the shepherd.

00:54:23--> 00:54:25

His people told him,

00:54:25--> 00:54:28

we'll do it for you. You stay here,

00:54:28--> 00:54:29

but he insisted.

00:54:30--> 00:54:32

He said he insisted. He said, I'm gonna

00:54:32--> 00:54:34

go and look for him. They said, 'Okay.

00:54:34--> 00:54:36

Let us accompany you.'

00:54:36--> 00:54:37

He said, no.

00:54:37--> 00:54:39

I'm going to go and look for him

00:54:39--> 00:54:40

on my own.'

00:54:43--> 00:54:43

And then

00:54:45--> 00:54:47

he went out to look for the shepherd.

00:54:48--> 00:54:49

And

00:54:50--> 00:54:52

he passes by right in front of

00:54:52--> 00:54:53

Abu Hadurad.

00:54:54--> 00:54:57

Abu Hadurad he says, when he was within

00:54:57--> 00:54:58

range,

00:54:59--> 00:55:01

I shot an arrow at him piercing him

00:55:01--> 00:55:02

in the heart.

00:55:02--> 00:55:04

I swear he did not utter a single

00:55:04--> 00:55:05

word.

00:55:06--> 00:55:07

He just dropped down dead

00:55:08--> 00:55:10

and without making a sound.

00:55:11--> 00:55:13

I then jumped at him and cut off

00:55:13--> 00:55:13

his head.

00:55:14--> 00:55:16

Then I made my takbir

00:55:17--> 00:55:19

and my 2 companions, they came out making

00:55:19--> 00:55:19

takbir

00:55:20--> 00:55:21

and we launched our attack.

00:55:22--> 00:55:23

He says,

00:55:24--> 00:55:25

the enemy,

00:55:25--> 00:55:26

they were in disarray,

00:55:27--> 00:55:28

they were confused,

00:55:28--> 00:55:30

you know, they caught them by surprise,

00:55:30--> 00:55:32

They started to run-in every direction.

00:55:34--> 00:55:35

They took what they could with them

00:55:36--> 00:55:38

but they had to leave everything else behind.

00:55:39--> 00:55:41

He says, we took all of the cattle

00:55:41--> 00:55:42

and the camels

00:55:42--> 00:55:45

and we brought it back to Madinah.

00:55:46--> 00:55:47

He says,

00:55:48--> 00:55:50

Rasulullah hu sallallahu alaihi wa sallam then gave

00:55:50--> 00:55:51

me

00:55:51--> 00:55:53

13 camels

00:55:53--> 00:55:56

and I went and then I concluded my

00:55:56--> 00:55:56

marriage.

00:55:57--> 00:55:58

And so

00:55:59--> 00:56:00

he was able to pay off

00:56:00--> 00:56:01

his Mahr.

00:56:05--> 00:56:06

And so these are some of the events

00:56:06--> 00:56:07

that took place

00:56:08--> 00:56:11

after the Battle of Khaybar. We conclude with

00:56:11--> 00:56:13

some of the lessons that we learned from

00:56:14--> 00:56:15

these events.

00:56:16--> 00:56:17

The first lesson

00:56:18--> 00:56:19

comes from the marriage of the Prophet

00:56:22--> 00:56:22

to

00:56:26--> 00:56:28

Now we mentioned previously that

00:56:29--> 00:56:30

behind every

00:56:31--> 00:56:32

marriage of the Prophet

00:56:34--> 00:56:34

there was

00:56:35--> 00:56:37

a reason and a wisdom.

00:56:39--> 00:56:41

Unlike what the enemies of Islam like to

00:56:41--> 00:56:42

suggest

00:56:42--> 00:56:45

that the Prophet was just marrying for his

00:56:45--> 00:56:45

own desires.

00:56:48--> 00:56:48

No.

00:56:48--> 00:56:50

Every single marriage of the Prophet

00:56:51--> 00:56:52

was planned

00:56:52--> 00:56:54

and it was for other reasons.

00:56:55--> 00:56:57

And we find the same thing here.

00:56:59--> 00:57:02

Here, not only was the Prophet salallahu alayhi

00:57:02--> 00:57:04

wa sallam looking after his companions,

00:57:06--> 00:57:06

right?

00:57:07--> 00:57:08

Habibah's husband,

00:57:09--> 00:57:11

he apostated,

00:57:11--> 00:57:12

he left Islam,

00:57:12--> 00:57:14

and now she was all by herself

00:57:14--> 00:57:15

in this foreign land.

00:57:16--> 00:57:17

And the Prophet shalallahu alaihi wa sallam,

00:57:18--> 00:57:19

he cared about his companions.

00:57:21--> 00:57:23

And she's not the only one. He married

00:57:23--> 00:57:24

for the same reason.

00:57:25--> 00:57:26

There were others like

00:57:27--> 00:57:30

Salama when her husband passed away. The Prophet

00:57:30--> 00:57:31

sallallahu alaihi wa sallam married her.

00:57:34--> 00:57:36

So this is one reason. Another reason

00:57:40--> 00:57:42

is regarding this particular marriage,

00:57:42--> 00:57:43

the Prophet

00:57:45--> 00:57:45

he wanted

00:57:46--> 00:57:47

to bring

00:57:48--> 00:57:50

some of his fiercest enemies

00:57:51--> 00:57:52

close to him through this marriage.

00:57:54--> 00:57:56

Who was the father of Habiba?

00:57:57--> 00:57:58

Abu Sufyan.

00:57:59--> 00:58:02

One of the most hostile leaders of Quraysh

00:58:02--> 00:58:04

against the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, and

00:58:04--> 00:58:05

the Muslims.

00:58:06--> 00:58:10

And by marrying her, the Prophet salallahu alayhi

00:58:10--> 00:58:11

wa sallam did

00:58:12--> 00:58:13

achieve

00:58:13--> 00:58:14

this goal.

00:58:15--> 00:58:15

And

00:58:15--> 00:58:17

so he managed

00:58:17--> 00:58:19

to soften the heart

00:58:19--> 00:58:20

of Abu Sufyan.

00:58:21--> 00:58:23

And later on, as we're gonna learn, Abu

00:58:23--> 00:58:24

Sufyan does

00:58:25--> 00:58:26

eventually embrace Islam.

00:58:28--> 00:58:30

According to Ibn Abbas,

00:58:31--> 00:58:33

the following verse was revealed regarding this marriage.

00:58:34--> 00:58:36

In Surah Al Mumtahhina,

00:58:43--> 00:58:44

Allah says, Perhaps

00:58:45--> 00:58:46

Allah will bring affection

00:58:47--> 00:58:48

between you

00:58:48--> 00:58:49

and those

00:58:49--> 00:58:51

whom you hold as enemies.'

00:58:52--> 00:58:54

Allah will bring affection between you and your

00:58:54--> 00:58:54

enemies.

00:58:55--> 00:58:56

Ibn Abba says,

00:58:57--> 00:59:00

so the bond of affection that Allah placed

00:59:00--> 00:59:00

between them

00:59:01--> 00:59:02

was the marriage of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi

00:59:02--> 00:59:06

wa sallam to Habibah bint Abi Sufyan who

00:59:06--> 00:59:07

then became known

00:59:07--> 00:59:10

as the mother of the believers. She became

00:59:10--> 00:59:11

known as

00:59:11--> 00:59:13

one of the mothers of the believers.

00:59:14--> 00:59:16

He says, ibn Abbas says this,

00:59:17--> 00:59:19

and Mu'awiyah became the uncle of the believers.

00:59:21--> 00:59:21

Mu'awiyah,

00:59:22--> 00:59:25

the son of Abu Sufyan, the brother of

00:59:26--> 00:59:27

Habiba, he says,

00:59:28--> 00:59:29

in this

00:59:29--> 00:59:31

way he became like the uncle,

00:59:32--> 00:59:32

khal

00:59:33--> 00:59:34

of the believers.

00:59:36--> 00:59:37

The second lesson that we learn

00:59:40--> 00:59:41

is the importance of

00:59:43--> 00:59:44

freeing Muslim

00:59:44--> 00:59:45

prisoners.

00:59:47--> 00:59:49

We see this in how

00:59:49--> 00:59:51

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam demanded

00:59:53--> 00:59:56

the slave girl that was captured by Salama

00:59:56--> 00:59:57

ibn al Aqwa

00:59:58--> 00:59:59

to hand

01:00:00--> 01:00:02

to hand her over to him

01:00:03--> 01:00:04

in order to free

01:00:05--> 01:00:08

Muslim prisoners who were held by the enemy.

01:00:08--> 01:00:11

And so he knew that she would fetch

01:00:11--> 01:00:12

a high price.

01:00:12--> 01:00:14

And so he sent her to Mecca

01:00:14--> 01:00:16

in order for Quraysh

01:00:16--> 01:00:19

to release some Muslims that they had taken

01:00:20--> 01:00:21

as prisoners.

01:00:23--> 01:00:25

What does it show us? It shows us

01:00:25--> 01:00:26

the great concern

01:00:26--> 01:00:27

that the Prophet

01:00:29--> 01:00:31

had for the weak

01:00:31--> 01:00:32

and the oppressed Muslims.

01:00:33--> 01:00:35

He wouldn't forget about them

01:00:36--> 01:00:39

even while he was winning battle after battle.

01:00:40--> 01:00:41

And

01:00:41--> 01:00:42

he was,

01:00:43--> 01:00:44

you know,

01:00:44--> 01:00:45

winning

01:00:46--> 01:00:47

all of these spoils of war.

01:00:48--> 01:00:49

And now,

01:00:50--> 01:00:52

you know, their financial and their economic

01:00:53--> 01:00:54

situation had improved.

01:00:55--> 01:00:57

He still was concerned

01:00:57--> 01:00:59

about the less fortunate, those who were being

01:00:59--> 01:01:00

held as prisoners.

01:01:02--> 01:01:03

And that's why the Prophet

01:01:04--> 01:01:05

says in one hadith,

01:01:08--> 01:01:09

Feed

01:01:10--> 01:01:11

the hungry.

01:01:12--> 01:01:13

Visit the sick.

01:01:15--> 01:01:16

And free

01:01:17--> 01:01:17

the prisoner.

01:01:19--> 01:01:20

And the scholars, they say,

01:01:21--> 01:01:22

it is a duty for the Muslims

01:01:23--> 01:01:24

to free

01:01:24--> 01:01:25

their Muslim brothers

01:01:26--> 01:01:28

who have been taken as prisoners by the

01:01:28--> 01:01:28

enemy.

01:01:29--> 01:01:31

They say in fact that

01:01:33--> 01:01:34

if the enemy has taken

01:01:35--> 01:01:37

a Muslim prisoner in the east, it becomes

01:01:37--> 01:01:38

mandatory.

01:01:39--> 01:01:40

It becomes an obligation

01:01:41--> 01:01:43

on the Muslims of the west to spend

01:01:43--> 01:01:45

all of their wealth to free

01:01:46--> 01:01:46

that

01:01:48--> 01:01:49

Muslim. And so

01:01:51--> 01:01:52

if we have

01:01:54--> 01:01:55

if we have

01:01:56--> 01:01:56

hostages

01:01:58--> 01:01:59

of the enemy taken,

01:02:01--> 01:02:03

we should use these

01:02:04--> 01:02:05

to free

01:02:06--> 01:02:07

our Muslim brothers

01:02:07--> 01:02:09

and sisters who are being held in the

01:02:09--> 01:02:09

prisons

01:02:10--> 01:02:11

of the enemy

01:02:11--> 01:02:13

as we can see happening today

01:02:15--> 01:02:15

in Palestine.

01:02:17--> 01:02:18

Although,

01:02:18--> 01:02:20

what is the enemy saying

01:02:21--> 01:02:22

and their allies?

01:02:23--> 01:02:25

They're saying these hostages need to be released

01:02:26--> 01:02:28

without any conditions.

01:02:29--> 01:02:31

And so we Muslims say that it is

01:02:31--> 01:02:33

part of our deen and part It is

01:02:33--> 01:02:35

from the sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi

01:02:35--> 01:02:36

wa sallam.

01:02:37--> 01:02:39

Do not let them go just like that.

01:02:39--> 01:02:41

No. If we have them, we have to

01:02:41--> 01:02:44

bargain. And we're not gonna release them until

01:02:44--> 01:02:45

you hand over,

01:02:46--> 01:02:48

until you hand over those in your prisons,

01:02:49--> 01:02:50

which are in the 1,000.

01:02:52--> 01:02:54

And so they want they they're concerned about

01:02:54--> 01:02:55

their prisoners,

01:02:56--> 01:02:57

but they don't care about

01:02:57--> 01:03:00

the Muslim prisoners who they are holding.

01:03:00--> 01:03:02

The third lesson that we learn

01:03:03--> 01:03:05

is the sanctity of Muslim blood.

01:03:06--> 01:03:08

The greatest crime after shirk

01:03:09--> 01:03:09

is

01:03:10--> 01:03:12

to to shed the blood of a Muslim

01:03:13--> 01:03:15

who is innocent of any crime.

01:03:17--> 01:03:19

There are so many ayaat and ahadid

01:03:20--> 01:03:22

proving this and showing the danger

01:03:23--> 01:03:24

of

01:03:24--> 01:03:24

shedding

01:03:25--> 01:03:26

the blood of a Muslim.

01:03:27--> 01:03:29

In fact, in one narration,

01:03:30--> 01:03:31

Usama ibn Zayd

01:03:32--> 01:03:33

he said to the Prophet

01:03:36--> 01:03:38

You know, we're talking about the story in

01:03:38--> 01:03:39

which

01:03:39--> 01:03:41

Usama ibn Zaid killed the man

01:03:43--> 01:03:43

after he said,

01:03:46--> 01:03:47

So

01:03:47--> 01:03:49

Usama he

01:03:49--> 01:03:50

said to the Prophet

01:03:51--> 01:03:53

You Rasulullah, I only killed him

01:03:54--> 01:03:56

because of how much damage he had done

01:03:56--> 01:03:57

to the Muslims.

01:03:57--> 01:03:59

He had killed so and so, and he

01:03:59--> 01:04:01

had killed so and so. He was mentioning

01:04:01--> 01:04:03

the companions who this man had killed.

01:04:05--> 01:04:07

And so the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

01:04:07--> 01:04:08

said to him,

01:04:09--> 01:04:11

and how will you face off against La

01:04:11--> 01:04:13

ilaha illallah when it comes on the Day

01:04:13--> 01:04:14

of Judgment?

01:04:17--> 01:04:19

Until killing a Muslim

01:04:19--> 01:04:20

is serious,

01:04:22--> 01:04:24

killing a Muslim is serious. In one hadith,

01:04:26--> 01:04:27

it says that

01:04:27--> 01:04:29

the blood of a Muslim is more sacred

01:04:30--> 01:04:31

and honorable

01:04:32--> 01:04:34

than the house of Allah, the Ka'bah,

01:04:35--> 01:04:37

which, you know, we think as being the

01:04:37--> 01:04:38

most sacred thing on earth.

01:04:39--> 01:04:40

The Prophet

01:04:41--> 01:04:41

says,

01:04:44--> 01:04:45

the life of a Muslim is even more

01:04:45--> 01:04:47

sacred than that.

01:04:47--> 01:04:49

In another hadith, the Prophet says,

01:04:49--> 01:04:51

the one who is killed

01:04:53--> 01:04:54

will come on the Day of Judgment

01:04:56--> 01:04:57

and will hold on to the one who

01:04:57--> 01:04:58

murdered him

01:04:59--> 01:05:01

and will say, 'O Allah, ask this man

01:05:01--> 01:05:03

why he spilled my blood.'

01:05:06--> 01:05:07

And so all of this shows us

01:05:08--> 01:05:09

the sanctity

01:05:10--> 01:05:10

of

01:05:11--> 01:05:12

Muslim blood.

01:05:12--> 01:05:13

The next lesson,

01:05:15--> 01:05:17

which is from that same story of Usama

01:05:17--> 01:05:18

ibn Zayd

01:05:20--> 01:05:23

is that we judge people based on what

01:05:23--> 01:05:24

is apparent.

01:05:25--> 01:05:26

And so

01:05:27--> 01:05:28

in that same story,

01:05:29--> 01:05:30

Usama

01:05:30--> 01:05:31

radiAllahu an,

01:05:32--> 01:05:33

he killed a man

01:05:35--> 01:05:36

after he said, La ilaha illallah.

01:05:37--> 01:05:39

But he killed him because

01:05:41--> 01:05:43

he thought he was saying that only to

01:05:43--> 01:05:44

save his life.

01:05:45--> 01:05:47

So he went into his intention.

01:05:48--> 01:05:48

Right?

01:05:49--> 01:05:51

So So the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam

01:05:51--> 01:05:52

asked Usana,

01:05:53--> 01:05:54

Did you open his heart?

01:05:56--> 01:05:58

Did you open up his heart to see

01:05:59--> 01:06:00

whether he is truthful

01:06:01--> 01:06:03

or whether he is lying about saying,

01:06:05--> 01:06:07

So this shows us

01:06:08--> 01:06:10

that we are supposed to go by what

01:06:10--> 01:06:12

is apparent to us.

01:06:14--> 01:06:16

If a person claims to be a Muslim,

01:06:18--> 01:06:19

then we have to take him for his

01:06:19--> 01:06:19

word.

01:06:21--> 01:06:23

Leaving what is in his heart to Allah.

01:06:24--> 01:06:25

It doesn't matter who he is.

01:06:27--> 01:06:29

Right? We have to go based on the

01:06:29--> 01:06:29

apparent.

01:06:30--> 01:06:31

We're not gonna go into

01:06:32--> 01:06:33

his intentions,

01:06:33--> 01:06:34

into his motives,

01:06:35--> 01:06:37

as long as they are not apparent to

01:06:37--> 01:06:38

us.

01:06:40--> 01:06:43

But not only does this apply to iman,

01:06:43--> 01:06:46

but it also applies to kufr. So

01:06:47--> 01:06:49

yes, anyone who says, La ilaha illallah,

01:06:50--> 01:06:51

that's it. He's a Muslim.

01:06:52--> 01:06:53

And we leave,

01:06:54--> 01:06:56

you know, his

01:06:56--> 01:06:58

inner affair, we leave it with Allah.

01:06:58--> 01:07:00

But likewise, the same thing can be said

01:07:00--> 01:07:01

about Kufr.

01:07:02--> 01:07:02

Anyone

01:07:04--> 01:07:06

who we see kufr coming from him,

01:07:08--> 01:07:10

we consider him a kafir.

01:07:11--> 01:07:12

Anyone

01:07:13--> 01:07:13

who

01:07:14--> 01:07:15

we see kufr from,

01:07:16--> 01:07:18

then we go based on the apparent

01:07:19--> 01:07:21

without asking, okay, what's in his heart?

01:07:22--> 01:07:22

Right?

01:07:23--> 01:07:24

So

01:07:24--> 01:07:27

we don't dig into the hearts

01:07:27--> 01:07:30

to find out what is in them. We

01:07:30--> 01:07:31

go based on the apparent.

01:07:33--> 01:07:35

Finally, one last lesson that we'll mention

01:07:36--> 01:07:37

is that Allah provides

01:07:39--> 01:07:41

for those who fear Him

01:07:42--> 01:07:42

from places

01:07:43--> 01:07:44

they least expect.

01:07:45--> 01:07:46

We see this in the story

01:07:47--> 01:07:48

of Abu Hadirad

01:07:50--> 01:07:51

who was in need.

01:07:52--> 01:07:54

You know, he was in financial need. He

01:07:54--> 01:07:55

had got married

01:07:55--> 01:07:56

and he

01:07:57--> 01:07:57

needed

01:07:58--> 01:08:00

to pay his mahar, which was a huge

01:08:00--> 01:08:00

amount.

01:08:01--> 01:08:03

And he was turned down by the Prophet

01:08:06--> 01:08:07

when he sought his help. However,

01:08:09--> 01:08:10

because he feared Allah,

01:08:11--> 01:08:12

and

01:08:12--> 01:08:13

he wanted to

01:08:14--> 01:08:15

protect his chastity

01:08:17--> 01:08:18

by marrying a woman,

01:08:20--> 01:08:20

Allah

01:08:21--> 01:08:23

made a way out for him

01:08:24--> 01:08:26

and provided him from sources

01:08:27--> 01:08:28

he could never have imagined.

01:08:29--> 01:08:31

And so he went on this mission

01:08:32--> 01:08:33

that the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam sent

01:08:33--> 01:08:34

him on

01:08:35--> 01:08:37

and he brought back all of this

01:08:37--> 01:08:39

wealth, these camels.

01:08:39--> 01:08:41

And the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam gifted

01:08:41--> 01:08:41

him

01:08:41--> 01:08:42

13 of them.

01:08:44--> 01:08:46

And this is as Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala

01:08:46--> 01:08:47

says,

01:08:54--> 01:08:57

Whoever fears Allah, Allah will make a way

01:08:57--> 01:09:00

out for him and will provide for him

01:09:01--> 01:09:01

from ways

01:09:02--> 01:09:03

he least expects.

01:09:04--> 01:09:06

And so this is something we should always

01:09:06--> 01:09:06

remember.

01:09:08--> 01:09:08

That

01:09:10--> 01:09:11

as long as you fear Allah,

01:09:13--> 01:09:15

and you give up something for the sake

01:09:15--> 01:09:16

of Allah,

01:09:16--> 01:09:18

then Allah will provide for you.

01:09:20--> 01:09:21

Don't think it's impossible.

01:09:23--> 01:09:25

Don't ask where is it gonna come from.

01:09:26--> 01:09:27

It's gonna come

01:09:28--> 01:09:30

as long as you are sincere to Allah

01:09:32--> 01:09:34

And so these are some of the events

01:09:34--> 01:09:36

that took place after the battle of Khayb.

01:09:36--> 01:09:37

We'll move on to

01:09:37--> 01:09:38

next week.

01:09:37--> 01:09:38

next week.