The Stories of The Prophets #24 – The Story of Adam Pt. 12 – Ibleess Temptation of Adam

Yasir Qadhi


Channel: Yasir Qadhi


File Size: 48.22MB

Episode Notes

Share Page

Transcript ©

AI generated text may display inaccurate or offensive information that doesn’t represent Muslim Central's views. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.

00:00:02--> 00:00:04


00:00:05--> 00:00:11

Bismillah yo, yo Rafi

00:00:13--> 00:00:14


00:00:15--> 00:00:17

call the call source

00:00:26--> 00:00:26


00:00:33--> 00:01:12

I said I want to La hamdulillah salat wa salam ala Rasulillah. While they're early, he was so happy woman while I'm about. So we are continuing in our journey of the study of the Stories of the Prophets and we are now Hamlet doing the story of our father and our mother. Damn it he miss salaam, and we had discussed the reality of the gin or at least that bliss was from the gin. And we talked about the opinions about this and the size of that. So we now move on to the actual temptation. We will now move on to the infamous story. When I say the first I mean like especially in the Judeo Christian tradition, this is the infamous story The paintings are given in their tradition is a

00:01:12--> 00:02:04

very, very important parts of the Quran has an alternative narrative which we'll talk about today in sha Allah who died a very key differences and also some similarities as is typically the case. So the Quran mentions the temptation of of Adam, the bliss is tempting of Adam in two different verses. sutil out of verse 20 suited our offers 24 Wes was the LA he shaytaan that sorry, so suited to Tahoe verse 124, Source la shaytaan all the demo Hell do Luca Allah shedule rotten holdie one will kill. Yeah, Bella, this is Surah verse 120 that follow us swasta LA has Shavon Shavon whisper to them. And shaytaan said Yeah, Adam O Adam, Hell do Luca, Allah shedule hold. Don't you want to know shouldn't

00:02:04--> 00:02:51

I tell you about the tree of eternity, while Moodle Qin and a kingdom lie of law that will never stop? So, in surah Taha we are told that it believes Shavon whispered directly to Adam, and he called out Adams name. And he tempted him by promising him that he's going to tell him something really important. And what was that thing that? Shouldn't I tell you? Don't you want to know about the tree of eternity, the tree that is going to make you live forever. And once you have this tree, and you eat from this tree, then you shall have a kingdom that will never stop. You will have dominion and power that will never seize you're going to live eternally in this kingdom and insert

00:02:51--> 00:03:39

that out off verse 20. Allah azza wa jal says, First was a day he was Shavon Shavon whispered to them Leo, but the Allahumma warrior and humans so Artie Hema, so that he could expose to them their private parts that had been hidden, while call and he said, Man, how kumara bukhoma And how the Szeged Rottie in takuna Molokini out. akuna minal Holly Dean, the only reason your Lord has stopped you from eating of this tree is so that you may not become angels, or you may not live forever, while cause semma Houma and he swore to the both of them in Anita Kumar lemon and NASA Hain that I am indeed surely by though there's multiple what are called emphases dokie in Neela, Kumar, lemon

00:03:39--> 00:04:32

and NASA and I am indeed surely a sincere advisor to you. Fidella Houma baharu So he coaxed them by his deceit, he coax them by his deception. Now, in these verses, the difference between sola SUTA out off is that a number of things is that ensued out of Allah subhanho wa Taala says that shaytaan spoke to the both of them, and shaytaan whisper to the both of them. And in surah Taha, the emphasis was on Adam that he said, Oh, Adam, so he mentions Adam by name. So it is as if he's coaxing the both both of them, and then he calls out to one of them in particular, that yeah, Adam, O Adam, let me tell you of this tree. And in sorted out off, he gives a special oath, he swears work all summer,

00:04:32--> 00:04:59

like he's giving his hell of his oath to Allah He I am sincere. I'm telling you, I am the one who's going to help you. I'm your real friend. I'm your advisor. And so Fidella Houma, Bihu rule he slowly coax them he caused them to sway by his deception. So in this and also sort of our off we learn that he believes understood the repercussions of what they're going to do. And that was that the you with the Allahumma, who

00:05:00--> 00:05:50

Woody Allen moments so it Hema that if Adam disobeyed Allah and if what disobeyed Allah that the clothing that they would wear would disappear and they would no longer be clothed. So, he believes he wanted to do this. And we will talk about this in a future lecture, that this story, Allah azza wa jal uses it and sort of out off, to remind us, and to make us aware that a bliss wants us to be disrobed, and the bliss aims for us to leave our clothing, and he wants us to display of our nakedness and of our newness to others, and it is of his tactics. And Allah does not want that in public for us. Allah wants us to protect our chastity and our modesty. And so he believes wanted

00:05:50--> 00:06:33

this reality to happen. Now, the question arises that how did you please do this? How did you please coax them? How did he speak to them? Well, when you look at the books of the FCC and our classical tradition, you find a lot of opinions out there, there is an opinion first opinion is that actually he did not seduce them himself because he was banned from Jenna. Rather, he sent his minions and he sent another entity to seduce them. So this is an opinion that is found in some of the early books as well. Others other famous scholars such as Lucy, the famous Mufasa, and Lucy, he says that he believes was not present on the scene, but his Westwater was done remotely because a bliss was not

00:06:33--> 00:07:16

supposed to be there. So remember, the point being that Allah azza wa jal said to a bliss after a bliss did not bow down that, oh, clergymen have encouraged him get out of here, you are going to be cursed. So my Akula cantata Brophy, you have no right to have your cable over here for how did you get out of here? So the Quran says, oh, Raj, get out you cannot be here. How was he there? How did he get there? So Lucy and others, he's not the only one they say that he believes did his Westwater from a different location that is a core IBLEES time and space are not the same as it is for us and his time and space are his way of seduction and Westwater does not have to be in physical proximity.

00:07:16--> 00:07:34

So they can we in our modern vernacular, telepathically, right? So it release can give the source or from far far away, because according to this group, it bleeds cannot have been there because Allah says Get out. So this is another interpretation, yet another interpretation and the great Mufasa shank clearly

00:07:35--> 00:08:13

seems to are actually he actually says this, that Allah said to a bliss he cannot be in Jana ology minha. Therefore a bliss did not enter Jannah. But bliss was at the gates and bliss was whispering from the gates, and he could see Adam and Hawa inside, and he's not allowed to go in. So he is outside, and he's speaking to them, his Westwater is from outside. And so this is one opinion as well, a third opinion by the great scholar, a young lady and other scholars as well, when I give you one name doesn't mean that there is nobody else, I'm just giving you a name that, you know, some of you would be aware of, obviously, keep on giving the disclaimer that obviously, this is an

00:08:13--> 00:08:49

intermediate level class. So if you want it to go much more than you will have to spend even more time as it is I'm getting so many so many complaints, and so many people love it that I'm going into a lot of detail. So imagine if I went into even more detail what would be the case and other in any cases. So back to our lecture. So this was though a third opinion, fourth opinion whether whatever, shall Katie says that a bliss was outside the door, and he was giving what's worse from the gates from the grill, and he was speaking to them inside. And so he was not inside because Allah said get out. Another opinion, fourth opinion, I think now is that a quite a lot of the earliest callers

00:08:49--> 00:09:27

Qatada and others, they said that a bliss entered the body of a snake or disguised himself as a snake, and then went past the guards agenda, and got into the agenda surreptitiously. And then as a snake, He then spoke to Adam and Hawa. Now, if you know anything about the Old Testament, you know that this is a story straight out of the Old Testament. And frankly, you know, because these people who narrated it are known to take from Old Testament from Australia that there is not much weight we need to give to this. They took it from that, that source and there is no Quran and Sunnah that mentions this that Allah punish the snakes the snake used to walk apparently according to the Bible,

00:09:28--> 00:10:00

and when the snake agreed to take a belief inside and go into the garden, so the snake was punished by depriving it of its legs. This is a biblical story. It is found in our tradition, by some of the earliest callers who would narrate from the biblical stories, and we don't really have to follow this. Yet another opinion, suggests that IBLEES enter Jannah surreptitiously like a thief darting in and out, and he was hiding from the angels and the angels were supposed to

00:10:00--> 00:10:44

Make sure that he doesn't enter. But just like a bliss and the shell theme have access to the higher heavens even though they're not supposed to be there. So to they had access to Jenna or bliss had access to Jenna, even though he wasn't supposed to be there, and therefore a bliss once again disobeyed Allah, and he please enter Jannah knowing he shouldn't be there, and he spoke to them directly. Now, this interpretation really does seem to make a lot of sense. And the point here is that when Allah says, Raj, and when Allah says you should not be here, he was not issuing a decree that is a bar he was issuing haram and hella like this is not allowed for you. Like Allah says, Do

00:10:44--> 00:11:19

not drink. Does this mean that nobody in the world drinks like Allah says that do not kill? Well, people still murder because there are two types of commandments that come from Allah. There's the commandment that is a lot that is going to happen good fire cone. And then there is the commandment that is the errata that Allah wants you but Allah azza wa jal is leaving it. Some volition upon that. So when Allah says, Do not kill, do not drink, do not murder, do not commit Zina. These are prohibitions, and we're not supposed to do them, but people do them. And that's because Allah azza wa jal has given if you like the I mean, again, I don't want to get called on color. This is a very

00:11:19--> 00:11:50

detailed topic. But you understand my point here, that there are certain types there are two types of cobalt, this is a theological issue, that when Allah says something, and this is clear in the Quran, by the way, there's nothing any this is well known in the scholars of theology, you know, this and the students of theology, you know, this, that when Allah says, Let there be seven heavens, there are seven heavens, this is the coolfire. Kuhn, when Allah says, Let there be no bloodshed, well, there is bloodshed. Why? Because there are two different types of commands, there is the command that is the Radha Sharia, and there's the commander, or the cornea. These are the technical

00:11:50--> 00:12:27

terms, I don't want to go down there. So I'm kind of, you know, coming back to this point, but for those who are studying Islamic theology, you know, these two different types of errata, sometimes what Allah says, is meant to be created, and it happens, and there's no exceptions. Allah says the leaf falls, it falls. And sometimes what Allah says, He is giving a ruling, and he wants us to apply it. But sometimes we don't apply it. And that's Allah has given us that is our test, whether we obey what we do, we don't obey. So the point being, this group of scholars says, and this makes a lot of sense, that when Allah said to a bliss, get out, you're not supposed to be here. This is a

00:12:27--> 00:13:07

commandment to a bliss. And the bliss knows he's not supposed to do that. And if he does this, he is disobeying Allah. And so he did it. And this makes sense. He disobeyed Allah again. And this was a second sin. And He once again flouted the commandment of Allah, because he hated Adam, so much. So the point here is that just like the heavens are shut for the for the shayateen. And yet still, they dart past like the Quran says, And they managed to hide themselves 11 instead of a summer, go read the Quran in this regard, that Allah mentions that the jinns are able to do this. If they hide, surreptitiously, Allah knows. But Allah azza wa jal is allowing them to disobey and he's going to

00:13:07--> 00:13:51

punish them for that disobedience, the angels, they are not all knowledgeable, the angels are not all knowledgeable, and the shayateen have the capacity to hide from the angels. So a bliss hid from the guardians of Jannah IBLEES managed to however he did it, we do not know, enter Jannah and then he spoke to them directly, therefore, authority of this of this opinion that the Quran is very clear that a bliss spoke to them directly. And it's not as if he's far, far away. No, he is in front of them. He's having a dialogue with them. And authority is very clear on this point. And I am sympathetic to this. Because he says the Quran itself indicates that he believes we're speaking

00:13:51--> 00:13:52

directly to Adam and one

00:13:53--> 00:14:39

of them is the term West USA, West West that means to whisper in a hushed tone. And this is how shaitaan deceives us and beguiles us and entices us. shaitaan does not, you know, telepathically throw his thoughts into us from a different region no shaytaan the shaitaan that misguides me and you or gives evil advice. He's whispering into our ear. He's literally next to us. And he's whispering the Westwater is to our brain. We get it we cannot hear it with this year, but we hear it with the ear of the of the mind. So the West was is right here. And in this case Shavon is there and he is beguiling Adam and he's tempting Adam, also the term walk or Semih, Houma, and he swore solemn

00:14:39--> 00:15:00

oath to the both of them, if he believes was telepathically communicating, or if he releases in the body of a snake. There is no he swore to them. You only swear and you make your point here when you're having a conversation. And when you want to affirm something, I swear to you I'm telling the truth. That's an affirmation. You're there. You're speaking to them.

00:15:00--> 00:15:45

person directly. And also the very explicit flip phrase. We'll call it Yeah, demo. Hello. Do look. A bliss said Hey, Adam, O Adam, this is not telepathically nor is it from behind the gates or something. He is speaking directly to Adam. And he is saying, Adam Yeah, Adam, I want to tell you have the tree of eternity. So all of this indicates and Allah knows best that IBLEES surreptitiously enter Jenna again, he disobeyed Allah again, and he sneaked into agenda like a thief sneaks into the house when he's not supposed to be there. And he disobeyed ALLAH SubhanA wa Taala out of a sheer hatred for mankind wanting to misguide mankind, and he therefore seduced Adam and Hawa, also look at

00:15:45--> 00:16:31

how he seduced them. He promised them he promised them what every single person desires. Every person desires, eternal life, every person desires, kingdom and power that never goes away. Subhanallah we are this day, you know, the multimillionaires? What are they doing? They're spending their money to find a cure to prevent them from death and our prophets. Allah send them said, there is no cure to prevent you from death. You cannot protect yourself from death, eternal life, that is what are to prolong the life that is what everybody is seeking. And Adam alayhis, salam, Adam had been told Adam knew that his creation was different than that of the angels. And that's why a bliss

00:16:31--> 00:17:13

said that, if you were to eat from this tree, you will become an angel, meaning you will live forever until the trumpet is blown, you're going to live forever and ever and ever. Adam knew that his lifespan was limited, he probably did not know at this stage, because we're going to come to the meat out or we're going to come to what Allah and he said, whether he knew who was going to live an exact number of years was whether he was told that or he simply knew that he was going to live and die. We don't know those details. But clearly, Adam knew that he was a human and not an angel. And that's why he believes his saying, I will make you an angel, listen to me, eat of the tree, because

00:17:13--> 00:17:56

this is the tree that Jen net that is the sheduled that'll hold it is the tree of eternity and it will give you the kingdom that will last forever. Also, he addressed them in the best of manners. Yeah, Adam, he speaks to him like a friend. Also he is swearing to them will cause some humor in the local moment Inasa Hain and he kept on seducing he kept on making it beautiful. And this is one of the tactics of iblees one of the tactics of bliss is to promise pleasure when there is no pleasure and to promise a long a pleasure and there is no long pleasure it is immediate, you know what a punishment an immediate ASAP is going to take place. So it pleases tactics should be understood, and

00:17:56--> 00:18:50

we should not fall for the tactics of a bliss. So Adam and how what they ate from the tree them and how what they ate from the tree. Now here the question arises that how could our father Adam have disobeyed Allah after all that he saw and after all that had transpired, and Allah Himself had warned him Do not take this entity. If wahconah demo in harder I do will laka what is ergic fella, your regenda kumana generative Pradesh, Allah said to Adam, make sure that this entity of you this entity, this being is an enemy to you and your wife, so make sure he doesn't cause your expulsion from Jenna, or else you will suffer Subhan Allah, Allah told Adam explicitly beware of a bliss. And

00:18:50--> 00:19:34

Allah said he is going to try to get you kicked out of Jenna. So another question arises, how could he have done this? And this question is actually linked to a very deep controversy in the books of theology, which we have actually summarized in a much earlier episode, I think, maybe 2030 episodes, I don't know how many episodes we've done the Rila. But very, very early on, I did a whole episode about can the prophets commit sins? Want to talk about the introductory lectures about the prophets? We said, Can the prophets commit sins and this issue of Adam Alayhis Salam eating from the tree? It fits in perfectly to this controversy. And depending on which med Have you follow theologically, you

00:19:34--> 00:19:59

will then look at the story of Adam in a different way. And the fact of the matter is that our scholars of the past, depending on how they viewed the question of can prophets commit sins, then went on to the story of Adam and understood the story of Adam in light of the presupposition in light of the paradigm that they're looking at the story from, and this is a very, very interesting point, brothers

00:20:00--> 00:20:46

And subhanAllah, it really shows us how fragile our minds are and I am guilty, you're guilty, we are all guilty. There is no such thing. As a 100%, unbiased person, we all absorb our biases, we all have certain ideas about whatever it might be. And then it's very difficult to change those ideas. And frankly, when we're presented with evidence or what not, we are trained because of our biases, to look at the evidences, so that it confirms our bias and this is the reality and Allah Stan, it is what it is. So and the same applies not just for a scientific issue, not just for, you know, a factor any reality of this world. It also applies to Altidore theology, right? Believe it or not, if

00:20:46--> 00:21:22

you are, if you have, for example, respect for the Sahaba, as we all do, then you will interpret that entire era of differences between the Sahaba in a particular manner, and if you are approaching this without that respect, then you're going to approach the whole narrative from a different story. If you have already in your heart, something that is, you know, let's say Pro, let's say it rhodiola, one and anti the other three, then it's very easy to interpret in a certain manner. And if you are pro all four, then you you can interpret in a different manner. So depending on your paradigm, depending on I say, the glasses that you wear, the lenses that you wear, you will look at

00:21:22--> 00:22:00

the facts in a different manner. And so a large group of scholars and this is one of the positions of the famous Ashanti school, frankly, it is perhaps the majority position within that school, even though there are many who disagree with this within that school. But many of the Ashanti theologians, they say that prophets cannot commit any sins whatsoever, major or minor? And so based on this, what are you going to do with the story of Adam, so because they have this as a premise, so then they will approach the story and have their interpretations of it. And so a very large group of scholars such as for caridina Razi, the great professor, who wrote Cedric Kabir, and are called to

00:22:00--> 00:22:32

be unelma worthy, and many of the scholars they said that Adam did not actually commit a sin in the technical sense, because Adam forgot completely about Allah's warning, I believe a bliss and he forgot that he was not supposed to eat from the tree. And they base this on the Quranic phrase, fairness here in surah Taha, verse 15, that a bliss for God Fantasea for them the jeweler who asthma, that a bliss for God,

00:22:34--> 00:23:17

pseudo hovers 1159, verse 15. So divers want to find that bliss for God fantasy, or William Nigella, who asthma and we didn't find them to be affirm, affirm, resolved. So they say that a bliss did not actually sorry, not Adam did not actually knowingly willingly disobeyed Allah, because their premise is prophets cannot commit sins. Another group, and this is a minority, but we find it in the classical tradition, we find it in the books of the seat, they say that it wasn't Adams fault, it was how was fault completely. And there are some strange opinions even that we find and I'm only saying this because you will find this in our mainstream books in the in the Arabic, as far as the

00:23:17--> 00:23:57

more these books have not been translated, but mainstream Arabic books that have been written in the past, you find narrations from some of the earlier tab your own habits of your own, that how what caused them to become drunk? And how Wah then fed them while he was drunk. So Adam is completely sinless in this regard. And of course, this is completely false. The story we have to reject it completely, absolutely, for multiple reasons of them is that it changes the whole narrative, ABC saying, Yeah, Adam, and Allah says, Wow, saw Adam, Adam disobeyed. And now somebody comes along and blames on Hawa as we're going to come to this is simply not the Quranic narrative. So there is this

00:23:57--> 00:24:18

interpretation that Adam is sinless, and he was drunk. But you see, not only is there no basis for this, but the wine of gender doesn't make you drunk right now hold on fee Hawala, and how you answer a phone that Allah says the wine of gender doesn't make you drunk. So how could Adam have gotten drunk, so again, these are things will simply discard and other groups of scholars they try to to reinterpret

00:24:21--> 00:24:59

the prohibition so that they get Adam out of committing a sin because remember the point being, that they have already made up their minds that Adam could not have committed a sin, because none of the prophets commit sins and again, by the way, I mean, we went over this and you probably didn't realize he mentions that in Ambia animal cinema, so Muna Fiza man and a woman that karate was saw anybody that the prophets are protected by a law from ever committing sins, major or minor, however, in minus three, so if they neglect and they forget for who Ajah is, it can happen. This is again following mineralogy, and this is a mainstream as I said,

00:25:00--> 00:25:35

position over the Fit school. And the Morteza also held similar beliefs by the way, and the it's not actually a she I also hold this believe it is actually a very large group of people who hold this opinion. And by the way, again, I mean, I have said this multiple times, and you if you listen to my library chats on my YouTube channel, you will hear this type of stuff over and over again, the sheer quantity of people who say something doesn't make it right, there are a lot of people who hold certain views doesn't make it right. And perhaps Perhaps, the average Muslim also might have an opinion that the prophets, you know, cannot commit any type of sin. And that is understandable,

00:25:35--> 00:26:19

because it's a very emotional topic. It's so emotional, by the way that even I am hesitant to go into a lot of detail. Because people, they start paying attention to the facts and the Quranic verses, and it becomes an emotionally charged, sensitive, ultra sensitive topic to the point that it is very easy for a person to cast a claim of heresy against you, or to even say this is Cofer and kaffir and whatnot. It's very easy. And the persona, especially of our Prophet system, is so beloved to the omoyele unhemmed. We love that that is so beloved, that sometimes that love causes them to do things that they should not do. And we see this when it comes to, for example, the cartoon

00:26:19--> 00:26:37

controversy, but not that they do things, some people that they should not do they go overboard in this regard. And the same applies to this theological topic. You know, we I believe, and I said this in the previous in that lecture I gave many, many, many months ago, I think a year ago, I want to talk to about the theological controversy over the,

00:26:38--> 00:27:17

the the sins of the prophets that I think it is quite clear from the Quran. And this is the position of many scholars, including Imam and Noah, we including, of course have been to me, including, I will call Blair yelled, mentions that this is the majority in his time. And then he himself says, but I don't agree with it. And then perhaps after his time, it became the minority. So all the elders in his famous book are Chifa. He says the majority of the scholars of al Qaeda and the majority of the scholars of Hadith and what's called the moon and as Hubble Hadith, they said that the prophets can commit minor sins, not major sins, if these minor sins are not going to repudiate

00:27:17--> 00:27:56

or to harm or to tarnish their image. And of course, the evidence is for this I went over, no honey has said I've asked Allah to save his son. And Allah had told him don't ask me to save any of your family members. And he had to ask us forgiveness for this. And Allah literally says joy in the one I'm going to invite you to solder what you have done is something that you should not have done. And so he says that I ask Allah Allah ask your forgiveness and if you don't forgive me, I'm going to be destroyed. Dough daddy his Salam. Allah mentions a mistake of his in the Quran in surah Assad and that would says first step for Allah who will hurrah Ganga and up for foreigner, Allah Who daddy, he

00:27:56--> 00:28:11

fell into frustration, and he repented. So We forgave him that and this a mistake of that would prefer nella who daddy. So the man at his side, we're going to come to the story as well, that he fell into a state of laferla. And he, you know, he,

00:28:12--> 00:28:51

he had to repent, we're going to get to the story don't want to jump the gun. You understand? He has some very well known right? That is the hubba mahal the Ben fall one Atlanta called the rally that units left the town in a state of anger, and he presumed that Allah would not punish him. And he disobeyed in the sense he was not supposed to leave the city until the commandment came. In his frustration, he left the city. And so Allah says that, for one Larnaca, Allah He he thought we would not punish him for this. And so Eunice was in fact punish Fernanda for automatic in the Highlanders of Hanukkah in the country, you know, volumen so what did you do? If it wasn't a mistake? What did

00:28:51--> 00:29:32

you just do if it wasn't a minor sin in the sense it's not a major sin in the sense he's not disobeying an expect explicit commandment, but he is doing something he knows he should not do and Allah shall forgive him and Allah has forgiven him and our prophets has become so emotional that I simply say that dear Muslim, read the Quran, Leo fireluke Allahumma. To them, they come after her so that Allah may forgive your sins, that ones that you have done, and the ones that you have yet to do. This is in the Quran, and our prophecies, some says Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim Verily, I asked Allah to forgive me more than 100 times a day. And what is this default? And again, I understand and

00:29:32--> 00:29:59

I fully know, the other group says, Oh, he's just saying this other humility, or he is saying, and I know their interpretations, utmost respect. This is extended controversy. I'm not the one bringing it up. So again, please, may Allah protect all of us I have to always end Subhanallah if I say the sky is blue, people come and say I'm saying this and that along with everything I say is, you know, made into a reputation what not alarm was done, my dear brothers and sisters. The issue of whether profits can commit minor sins

00:30:00--> 00:30:40

Something that is well known well disgust you find it in the classical books between back and forth, and I quote you, many of them are enough for you to know that Imam in no way held this position. And Imam Ibn Taymiyyah held this position, and also called the Riyadh mentioned that this is the majority of the scholars of Hadith al katabi, and others, many of the scholars they held this view. Now it is true to state that greater Adama disagreed. So what then did they save the story of Adam, the story of Adam then becomes that Adam, for God that Allah azza wa jal told him that he was not supposed to eat from the tree. Another interpretation, which is even more bizarre, to be honest,

00:30:40--> 00:31:38

very bizarre, but it is what it is. And I think it is bizarre, but I will mention the two that Allah subhanho wa Taala said to them, that they should not eat from the tree. And Allah spoke to the both of them in the in the plural, that do not eat of this tree. We said to you to Adam and his wife that enter Jana, and do not eat from that tree. So a group says listen to this. Adam made a tag, we'll a reinterpretation. And Adam said, The prohibition is for me, and how what to eat simultaneously. If we eat one by one, then there is no prohibition. So that's how they said, Adam did not commit a sin in his eyes, okay, because he thought that the prohibition is to do both. Now, again, this is called

00:31:38--> 00:31:57

Tikka loaf in Arabic. And Urdu has a slightly different meaning of Tagalog. But the point is there you're kind of sorta making it complicated when there's no need to make it complicated fact to the matter. Simple fact it is in the Quran. Really, it's not that controversial. And I can, brothers and sister The problem is, here's let me just be brutally honest with you.

00:31:58--> 00:32:03

The main issue is how do you view the prophets of Allah.

00:32:05--> 00:32:46

My position throughout my entire Sierra, if you listen to it throughout my entire life of teaching and preaching, is that the prophets of Allah, all of them are 100%, fully human. They have blood, they have DNA, they eat, they drink, they marry, and they reproduce, they have children, and that means they're married. And they're, they're having children, which is what married couples do, they eat and drink, which means they also interfere, understand, so they're human beings, but they are the best of the best, and they are the most pious or the most pious, and Allah speaks to them directly or through God, and they are the best of the makuu art, but they are still human. And so

00:32:46--> 00:33:32

their humanity indicates that they might slip once. They never commit perpetual sins. They don't do the same mistake twice. And the sins that they do commit are number one minor, by this means they don't murder, they don't steal, they don't for negate minor sins. And number two, they are of the desires that are not ignoble, because there's desires that are ignoble. There's desires that are very derogatory, very demeaning, such as lustful desires. We don't expect this of the prophets to slip up in that regard, we don't have this, but to slip up in a different type of desire. And we understand this desire, it doesn't go against their nobility, so to be told, you can live forever.

00:33:32--> 00:34:10

That's not in and of itself an ignoble desire, right? It's that we all understand it, who would not want to live forever if given the opportunity and and to be told you're going to have a perpetual kingdom. This is in and of itself, a noble desire, the path that at least told them to do it is not noble, but the desire and the goal is noble. If we we actually do want to live forever. In Ghana, we want to have a multi level in Ghana. So we're doing what we're supposed to do to get the same goal that our father Adam had in mind, the only difference is the way to do that was not allowed the same goes, you understand his setup, he got frustrated with his own people, and he had every right to be

00:34:10--> 00:34:49

frustrated. You know, normally, he said, I'm the love for his son, such a human desire. We all every parent can sympathize with that desire. How is that ignoble, every parent can understand that he's slipped up, it's a human mess up. It's a human minor sin, he shouldn't have done it, but his love for his son overtook him and he did it. See this is why I honestly I don't see any problem in being so blunt in this regard. It really makes complete sense. And I have said, as I have said multiple times, if you listen to my co lectures from beginning to end every time something like this quote unquote, awkward happens, in my opinion is not awkward at all. Actually, me personally as a

00:34:50--> 00:35:00

childhood believing Muslim, I'm open each other you will understand and believe this, that I am a believer in Laila, Laila mammals hula for me, all of these incidents actually make

00:35:00--> 00:35:43

prophets are some more relatable to me and makes him into the perfect role model. If the prophets were angels, and if the prophets didn't have the emotions me and you have, then to me there's a disconnect. And to me, I can't really look up to a person that's not a person, the fact that it's a human being and the fact that the fallibility aspect of the, actually I understand that FAL ability. And despite that FAL ability, they are still so perfect, and they never return to the same sin twice, and they repent to Allah, and they become role models, even in their repentance. To me, it's a no brainer open shut case. Along with this, the Quran is explicit. Wow, saw our demo robber HuFa

00:35:43--> 00:35:55

Hawa Adam disobeyed his Lord and he went astray. You can't get more explicit than this. It literally you cannot. If you wanted to find a warning that's more explicit,

00:35:56--> 00:36:38

disobeyed and then went straight. Then what's the next verse from metabo, either he or somebody Stevo. Then Allah chose him back and taba. Either he accepted his repentance and had and then guided him again. What more do you want? Right? And the fact that Adam says odd are benevolent and fusina. They said the both of them or our Lord, we have wronged ourselves. How if they literally forgot that Allah commanded them? Right? Our Prophet system said that if you forget, you have no sin. If you forget to pray, right, it's also time and you want to pray acid, and whatever, you're busy working and whatever playing with the kids. Next thing you know, it's all stuff for the life forgot. Are you

00:36:38--> 00:37:21

sinful? No, because you forgot. So if Adam literally forgot, there would be no sin, and he would not have been expelled out of Genda. And he will not be embarrassed and the trees of Genoa data uncovered the nakedness. So the whole attempt to reinterpret the Adamic sin as not being a sin, frankly, with utmost respect to these great giants and Lemma and they are far more knowledgeable than me. But there's so much of a hermeneutical gymnastics, I call it or take a look, that really it kind of defeats the purpose. The prophets can commit minor slipups it's a minor sin in the sense that major sins are murder and should know the prophets cannot commit Allah has protected them. And

00:37:21--> 00:38:07

there's not a single instance in the Quran and Sunnah of a major sin being committed pre or post prophethood Allah has protected them, but a minor slip up the Quran and the Sunnah is full of examples of minor slip ups. And they are disobedience is but it is a minor disobedience or anyway, I went a little bit into detail because frankly, to me, the whole academic story is the this incident is the most explicit example of the theological premise that the prophets are human beings. The other side, the other group, frankly, they make the prophets into almost almost like divine representations. And in fact, some of them do, as you're aware, there are certain mystical strands.

00:38:08--> 00:38:48

They literally believe that the Prophet system is new to Elahi that he is a divine manifestation on Earth. And this is the reality of groups that are they have a different perception of who the Prophet system and all the prophets are. And to me, I mean, that's an extreme love and an extreme veneration that has lost the purpose of the prophecies and being a role model for us. He cannot be a role model, if he's not human, if he is a divine manifestation of God. Forget the theological problems as Muslims, we don't believe there is a divine manifestation that is walking on Earth. Forget that the law, the theology, I'm talking straight up facts of how can you relate to a person

00:38:48--> 00:39:33

whom you think is a manifestation of God? How can you become a role model to he's only a role model when he's human, and you can aspire to a level that at least you understand even if you can't get there? So the point being all of this is to go back to this reality that the mighty his Salaam is our Father, and we can relate to the fact that he messed up and it was a sin. And Allah forgave him Simple as that. It's really not that difficult. And in fact, the Prophet Musa, his own son, you know, literally confronted our father Adam, and said the same thing to him Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim that Musa argued with Adam and Musa said, that are you Adam, the one whom ALLAH SubhanA wa

00:39:33--> 00:39:59

Tada created with his own hands and cause to enter Jenna and honored by having all the angels bowed down Adam said yes. Then Musa said, so you are the one who caused people to be expelled from Jenna, be them beaker by your sin. This is a Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim the prophesy ism is telling us of a conversation taking place in Bahasa between Musa and Adam and Musa is saying you're

00:40:00--> 00:40:41

The one who committed this sin be them big that caused us to be expelled. And Adam says that, are you Musa? Musa says yes. That says you're the one Allah chose and honored with his direct speech and column. Yes, I am that one. Are you daring to criticize me for something that Allah had decreed before even I came, right? And we're going to come to this hadith because it raises the issue of other we're going to come to this hadith. Okay. So the point being, Musa literally says, Adam, you're the one who committed the sin. Adam didn't say, Hold on a sec, I forgot. It's not a sin. technicality? No, he accepted, it's a sin. But then said, Look, this was a calamity, Allah had

00:40:41--> 00:40:47

decreed this calamity. And he forgave me because I repented. So this clearly indicates that

00:40:48--> 00:41:23

it his salaam, our father, Adam, is our father, my father, your father, he was tempted with temptations that we can all sympathize with. And he was told that if he does this, then he shall live a long, long life, and forever live. And therefore he slipped, and it's a temptation we can relate to. Now, next point, that was the point that I don't see any problem, frankly, and I really find it problematic to make it a problem that Adam knew what he was doing. That's the whole point. I mean, again, brothers, sisters.

00:41:24--> 00:41:44

Iblees is saying to Adam, I'm going to give you the tree of eternal life, eat from it. What do you think is happening right now? Adam knows he's a mortal, he's going to die, it believes is promising an eternal life. And he believes says in the same verse, look at it read sort of out off.

00:41:45--> 00:42:31

The only reason Allah stopped you and prohibited you from eating of the tree, is so that if you ate you will become eternal. A bliss reminds Adam that Allah said, don't eat from the tree with utmost respect to those great aroma. How can you say, Adam, for God, when a bliss is putting it right there, that there is a reason why you have been forbidden, and that reason is you're going to become eternal, there is no forgetfulness. When Allah says fantasy, the forgetfulness here, it is not, he forgot that Adam, that Allah told him to not eat of the tree that's in the temptation of Emily's it is that he forgot here. So again, what does NESEA mean? There's two types of Insteon. The first type

00:42:32--> 00:43:15

is you forget, like legitimate you don't know. The second is a forgetfulness that is simply a state of Afula that you kind of slip up you you forget the awareness that you should have. And this is for example, NASA la Havana sia home, they forgot about Allah. So Allah forgot about them, both natural love and SEM does not mean they forgot who Allah is. They didn't give the rights of Allah and so Allah didn't give them back the rights that he would have given them otherwise, right. So now sola and this Yan can mean to ignore, and this Yan can mean to genuinely forget the Arabic language has both of these meanings. So when Allah says that, We tempted Adam, sorry, we, we tried and tested

00:43:15--> 00:43:55

Adam not tempted when we tested Adam and NESEA. He ignored that the test he ignored it. He didn't remember the sense he wasn't spiritually or not that he forgot, did it remember, but that he ignored the commandment. So this is the the clear cut interpretation of this of this anecdote of the story that he believes tempted Adam, Adam, was seduced by the temptations of bliss, and Adam then ate from the tree. Now, what was this tree? There are over 10 opinions. Actually, I think if I'm not mistaken, I quickly did my research today, I think I discovered 11. You know what, I'm not going to go over any of them. I decided I'm going to go over none of them. Why? Because in the end of the

00:43:55--> 00:44:22

day, whether it was an apple tree, it was a fig tree. It was a tree of synthetic wheat, or like a stock or in a tree. It was the tree of a grape. All of these are mentioned in our books of deceit, but in the end of the day, who cares? It's not it's not something as a number of diversity and say, Allah didn't tell us the tree. It's not found in the Hadith. So it's irrelevant. It's there's no there's no, there's no

00:44:23--> 00:44:59

benefit to know what type of tree it was. Because the point wasn't that this tree itself is evil there how wrong it's that Allah subhanho wa Taala put a test on Adam. And Allah said to Adam don't eat from this tree Simple as that. The tree itself is like any of the trees of gender whatever it was, but Adam knew this particular tree, it should not be eaten from Now very interestingly, in the Judeo Christian tradition, in the Bible. The tree is called the tree of knowledge, the tree of knowledge of good and evil, and the commentators of the Bible, the Jewish and Christian commented This in Genesis

00:45:00--> 00:45:42

Genesis we are told that Adam and Hawa or Eve were forbidden to eat from the tree of knowledge and the tree of knowledge of knowing good and evil. And there's been a lot of commentary from the very beginning of time. What does this mean? The knowledge of good and evil? Does it mean morality? Does it mean sexuality? Does it mean Crime and Punishment reward? What is good, what is not good? Overall, there is this notion in the, in the earlier Judeo Christian commentators, so this is not the modern school, or I should say, not the majority, the modern school, medieval and early Christianity, there was this notion that Adam and Eve were ignorant, and that ignorance was better

00:45:42--> 00:46:26

for them. And there was this notion of they were in a naive, blissful state, it's best for them to not know. And so that tree of knowledge, would have given them knowledge, but knowledge was not good for them. And the interpretation that many people say, which again, I don't have a problem with, but always when it comes to these issues, I'll have give you the caveat. I'm not an expert, and I'm simply telling you like any well read and educated person, and so if an expert in church history disagrees, that's good for them. I'm simply telling you one interpretation, that the interpretation is that the Church of medieval times, adopted or maybe even created is a better word, this

00:46:26--> 00:47:12

interpretation, because they wanted people to remain ignorant, and so ignorance becomes praiseworthy. And so knowledge is deemed to be the knowledge of, of temptation knowledge makes you go straight. So the church wants the people to remain in the Adamic state. According to them. This is not the Quran, the Quran has no reference to the tree being a tree of knowledge, nothing at all. The Quran sunnah, has no such reference. This is completely one of the main distinguishing factors between the Quranic narrative and the biblical narrative and the Quranic narrative. There is no description of the tree, it beliefs creates a description, and that description is shattered,

00:47:12--> 00:47:54

rotten, hold the tree of eternity, one more look at the tree of a kingdom that will never persist. This is coming from a beliefs not from Allah. Allah simply says that do not eat from that tree, no other description needed. The Bible comes along and says it was the tree of knowledge indicating that the Adamic state the default is that the believers of the church should be ignorant. And to gain knowledge is opening the doors to Satan. Satan's tempting them through science, Satan's dumping them through the so there is this mainstream interpretation that the church wanted this. And it kind of succeeded until, you know, until the scientific revolution and the Reformation. So the whole

00:47:54--> 00:48:34

point of the Reformation was to fight against this narrative and to educate the church goers. And of course, the Protestant Reformation. Believe it or not, this is something again, us Muslims, we don't even appreciate. We are expected to learn and read the Quran for most of church history for most of Christianity's history. Those who believed in the Bible, were not even expected to read it. And therefore, Martin Luther, translating the Bible and publishing it became an act of heresy. Imagine, you know, imagine a Muslim not having a copy of the Quran in the house. Imagine the average Christian did not have a Bible nor that were they allowed to read the Bible, because of they say

00:48:34--> 00:49:13

this is the interpretation because of the Adamic story because of the interpretation of the Church of the early church fathers that knowledge is from satan and innocent belief is from God. That's never been the Quranic or the Islamic narrative. Never. No scholar ever said this. On the contrary, the Quran begins with what if Cora that's the first revelation, knowledge is something that is praised throughout the Quran, and our civilization has always been a civilization of education. To this day, in the rural villages of the Muslim world, children are learned and taught how to read and write Arabic and understand the Quran. Even if it's basic education, you cannot contrast this to

00:49:13--> 00:49:57

medieval Europe, there is no difference or chill, sorry, there is no similarity between the two. So in the Judeo Christian tradition, there is this notion of ignorance being the Adamic state, and that Satan wants to tempt you with knowledge. And so when you gain knowledge, knowledge is going to be how you reject God, and how you disobeyed God this is becomes the biblical story right? Now, again, to be pedantic and accurate. This is what the biblical story was for much of church history these days. Obviously, modern Christians, generally speaking, by and large, do not view the Adamic story in this in this manner, but the mainstream narrative was that that's how it was viewed. And that's

00:49:57--> 00:49:59

one of the main justifications for people being

00:50:00--> 00:50:38

remaining in ignorance. Now, in contrast to this, of course, the Quranic story has no such thing. And we believe that ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada did not at all on the contrary, the notion of knowledge being linked to the tree is not found in our sources. The next point that we caught we'll have to come to and I'm going to have to pause you because this is a long point. Once again, I don't want to give half of it today. But we will come to this point, which is another significant crucial difference between the biblical and the Quranic and that is the role of our Mother, how we're the role of our Mother, how we're between the Bible and between the Quran, there is a very marked

00:50:38--> 00:51:17

difference. I'll simply stay here and then I'll come back in Sharla resume in our next lecture, that the Quran ik story is liberating for women, and the biblical story is demeaning for women. The Quranic story blames our father Adam, and the biblical story exonerates our father Adam and 100% of the blame is on our mother Hawa. This is a market difference between the biblical and the Quranic story about our mother how what but that will require quite a lot of time and it requires its own episode. So inshallah I will pause here for today and continue in our next lecture. Giacomo, Allah will head on set on why he can Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

00:51:18--> 00:51:19