Seerah – 66 The Treaty Of Hudaybiyya Part 4
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
Series: Yasir Qadhi - Seerah
File Size: 37.18MB
Shaykh Yasir Qadhi now begins to elaborate on the incidents that happened after the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah came into effect.
The first incident is related to the son of Suhail ibn Amr – Abu Jandal. On hearing of the return of the Prophet ﷺ to Madina, Abu Jandal who was captured at the hands of the Quraysh made a headway to Hudaybiyyah. But his father demanded that his son be returned to him abiding by the clause. Thus, the Prophet ﷺ had to return Abu Jandal but asked him to never lose hope.
What happened next? Listen intently to inculcate the very same trait of Abu Jandal – uninhibited and unabashed love for Allah and His Messenger ﷺ.
The next important incident is that of Umar RA anger due to the terms of the Treaty and how it was a blatant disregard for the Muslims and how the Prophet ﷺ could have agreed to the terms and conditions.He is calmed down by Abu Bakr RA.
To release themselves from the state of Ihram which they had assumed when they had made the decision to got to Mecca, the Prophet ﷺ followed by the Sahabas shaved their hair, sacrificed their camels and headed back to Madinah.
Umar RA now feels the need to apologize to the Prophet ﷺ for his lapse in respect and regard for the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. So he tries his best to strike a conversation with the Prophet ﷺ but is met with no response. Finally, when the Prophet ﷺ calls him, he is elated and overjoyed beyond measure and this makes way for the Prophet ﷺ to recite the verses of Surah Fath which was Allah’s revelation to honour the Sahabas who had participated in the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. Allah has praised them with profound and beautiful poetry and hence, Umar RA doubts are finally put to rest.
When and how did Prophet ﷺ miss his prayers? What happened that caused a lapse of this sort? Shaykh Yasir Qadhi divulges details and it is very amazing to know and gives us some assurity on missed Salah for genuine reasons.
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad Anwar Ali he was a big mind about. So last week, we were talking about the writing down of the Treaty of Philadelphia. And in it
in it we have swayed up an hour Finally, agreeing with the demand of the orange that whatever you do, just make sure he doesn't come back next year. And the rest they left it to Swain. So So hey, as soon as the treaty begins, so
Bismillah way too loud, lower. Whatever you did, there was nobody asleep to that level. Okay.
This Miller testing.
You guys done, done playing around?
You didn't do anything? No, you definitely did something. The is better now. Okay. So, so hey, there's an AMA, as we said, he had his own personal agenda. He's already lost one son, the other son is in his basement as he speaks, and it was the father of Allah. Otherwise, the courage did not put this condition on him. But no doubt they would like to condition. Right. So this condition, excuse me, this condition is coming from him.
And so he says that not a single man will come to you from us, even if he'd be upon your religion, except that you will return him to us, right. So before they write this condition down a number of people object before even it is written down. And they say sukanto law, how can we return one of ours to the wish record when he has chosen us as a place of protection and realize the bulk of the Sahaba had migrated from Makkah, if this condition had applied six years ago, there would not be Islam in Medina, right? They feel this condition, especially personally, they feel it. Because every one of them Mahajan, this condition applies to them. And how many are the people every few days
somebody is migrating, fleeing from their family fleeing from persecution, fleeing from torture, and the Muslims embrace him. So if they were to implement this condition, the trickle of Muslims would be cut off completely. And there would not be now a surge of Islam. And no doubt, this is a very big factor, we need quantity, we need quality. Additionally, there's the issue of helping innocent Muslims. They're being persecuted. They're coming to Medina, we need to protect them. So the Muslims find this condition to be very, very demeaning, very harsh. And before even it is written down. They are objecting to Sohail, and the very fact that they're objecting while the conditions are being
said, it really shows how emotional this condition is. because technically, it's not their place to be speaking now. Right? This is the process of them. And so hey, technically, it's not their place to be getting involved in the negotiation. But this shows us how emotional how personal this condition was. And a number of them remarked, how can we and maybe it was a little hard, because we will see later on that he really found this condition to be very problematic. So how can we return a Muslim to the moose recon, when he has come to us as a Muslim? So So hate insists? No, this is going to be the condition. And as I said, and there is no question if you look at the timing and the
context and everything will lie, this is a card that allow you really cannot. It is simply too melodramatic. It's simply too much going on. A lot of soldier wanted to send the message clearly. And that is right when they're discussing the condition. It has yet to be written down, perhaps five minutes, you're going back and forth between those who are objecting, and Sohail who is insisting right then and there. Abou gendell, who is the younger son of sohei. He's the one who comes to the army of the Muslims. His chains are still tied around his hands, his torture marks the blood clearly visible. His upper chest is clearly exposed because he's being tortured, is being kept in a depraved
condition for two to three years. And no doubt he's figured out a way to escape but how Where can he escape to so when he hears the Muslims are right outside the city? Now he realizes this is my chance, I can escape right to the army, because as I explained last week, he can escape from the dungeon you've probably figured out in two, three years, how to escape what's your going to do after that? Right. What's he going to do once he gets out in the streets of Mecca? How is he going to get to Medina? Where does he have the money, the ride? All of these are cut off. So when he hears that the Muslims are camped outside. Now he realizes it is my golden opportunity. And whatever his plan
was that he had made in his mind for two three years. He saw the conditions appropriate and he managed to flee and rushes out to her they be right at the time when his father is negotiating with them.
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so he throws himself upon the Muslims. And he calls out all Muslims helped me all Muslims save me. And so he, of course, sees his own son in the distance. And he recognizes this is a boo agenda. And so he turns to the prophets, I set him and he says, how the Raja Mohammed, this man, or Mohammed is the first one that you shall return to us, as per this condition. Obviously, this is his son, he's not going to let him go now. So his only son love the other ones already in MK and Medina, we're not going to let this one go. So the profitsystem said, that we haven't written down the conditions yet. We're still discussing them. So he said, If you
refuse, then we'll law he, no more conditions, call us treaties over because obviously, this is his son. And again, had it been anybody else. Maybe, right. But this is his son. If you refuse, then I will not agree with anything ever after this. So the process of said have hooli, gift him to me, and then we'll start the condition after this. Just one gift, give him to me. And the rest will be Carlos will implement it. And he said, Nah, I'm not going to give him to you. So the President said, but if I just go ahead and do it, and in my reading of the Sierra, I have never found a place where the Prophet says Adam is pleading multiple times the way that he was pleading for will gendell, the
son of sohaib annamma multiple times is it just make an exception for him? Just give him to me just go ahead. Three, four times. He's literally pleading with him to give him a Buganda, his own son. And of course, this is his father. And he said, kept on saying, No, I'm not going to do it. I'm not going to give him to you. This is the condition Take it or leave it. And it seemed as if the entire, you know, treaty would basically go into a stalemate until finally MC Ross, who was so hailed companion. You know, the one that failed in the actual attempt to the president said, this is an evil man, he's not going to do any treaty with us. And he failed while he was having the discussion
then. So hey, Devin, okay. myka said, okay, we will at least guarantee his safety from now on. In other words, okay, he'll remain with us. But he's not going to be tortured in this manner. Right. So Nick Ross, he has a role as well in this and that is that he, when he saw the insistence of the prophets are seldom, he felt some type of deadlock that we need to break at some impasse. So he said, okay, we will protect him, for you from now on, right? Meaning he's not going to be persecuted. He's not going to come over to you. But we're going to make sure that he's not going to be tortured in this manner. So I will gender is watching the entire proceedings, his father on one
side and the profitsystem on the other side, and it's clear that probably another 510 minutes goes by, and then negotiations are against him. I will gender cries out all Muslims. Will you return me to the mushriks while I have come to you, as a Muslim, now, put yourself in his shoes for three, four years, he's been building up the hope, when can I make my way to the Muslims. And in this Meantime, he must have heard of at least a few dozen of the Sahaba made hedgerow from Mecca to Medina and found safety in Medina, right. It's happening. People leave all the time and they're still leaving to this time. And his dream, when can I get out and when can I get to Medina? When
will I get safety and away from these change? chains and Subhana Allah look at how he was tested. He freed himself from the chains. He made his way to the camp of the Muslims. And now he is being turned away. So he is now begging and pleading for his life. Will you return me after I have come to you and I have sought your protection? Don't you see what they have done to me? Don't you see what they have done to me? And the narrator in Ebony Sharman every single book says that the marks of torture were clear on him and the mushy raccoon had tortured him a severe torturing. So you can imagine the whips the lashes, the chains, the emaciated body the blood clear that this man has been
tortured. And the Prophet system addressed him directly. And he said his video agenda Be patient agenda for Allah subhanho wa Taala will make a way and an exit out for you for in the la hija de Luca Mahajan was Sevilla Allah will make a way out for you Be patient. And we see we see her Subhana Allah how persistent the processing was, when he could not get it. At least he gave him that constellation. And he said to him, that make sure that you know that you put your trust in Allah and Allah subhana wa tada will free you in sha Allah who tada aroma when he saw this happening and most likely it was Omar who said how can we do this to them? Oh my
Angela, how can we give them this condition? When he saw what was happening, he stood up. And he walked towards abou agenda. And he said to him, that Be patient or agenda, the same thing that the process of him said. But then he said something very militant, he said, and realize that their blood is not worth anything. And as he said, this, he pointed with his eyes to his sword.
Robot had a sword, right? And he's pointing with his eyes that look, here's the sword, use it against. Now, he would have had to use it against his own father and against mikulas. Right, we can't do anything because we are with this site, you have come from their city, if you were to, you know, get rid of them. That's your business, and we're not gonna get involved, basically, right, that's your job to do. So he gave him the opportunity by giving the shower giving him the green light, that here's the sword, take it and do something with it, right. But for whatever reason, and most likely, it appears it was simple psychology that at the end of the day, this is his father, and
the end of the day, he cannot, you know, do such a deed. And so he did not take this opportunity and agenda was therefore put back into his chains and returned back to Makkah. But the condition that mikulas said is not going to be tortured after that. And other conditions were placed after this, of the conditions was that there would be a piece for 10 years, for 10 years, neither side would fight. And they said the exact phrase they said no armor and no swords, which is an Arabic phrase that means no fighting, no armor, and no stories between the two
between the two sides, and the conditions came that both of the two sides can engage with treaties with any other entity, both aurash and the Muslims can engage with treaties with any tribe that wants to enter into alliances and if any tribe entered with the Muslims, all of these conditions must apply to them. And if any tribe entered with the kurush all of these conditions also apply to them. So, there is now this this sense of political separation political entity being established, you have the right to negotiate fully and legitimately with any other group and we also retain this right and of the conditions was that when the process and have said we will be performing Umrah, the
first thing so he said Mahajan am Fela as for this year, then no, let not the Arab say that you had the upper hand over us, that shall be next year. And this was of course, another blow for the eagerness of the Muslims. They've been marching, you know, for a week and a half. Now they've been camped out here for so many days. Another blow, it's not going to be this year is going to be next year. And when you come next year, you tell us and we will give you three days to vacate the city, you will do what you want and then you will leave and we will come back to the city. And of course we already said that are the conditions was that if any Muslim were to come
rejecting the people of MK and going to Medina, he will be returned. If any man did this, he will be returned. However, if any Muslim came to Makkah, after having rejected Islam, and returning to the ways of their forefathers, he too shall not be returned. So it's clearly a one way street. Right? Clearly, the kurush are demanding something that is not fair. We're not going to do to you what we want you to do to us, we will not return your people, but you will return our people. And clearly this is a slap in the face. Anyone who's neutral route will realize the arrogance of the chorus here. And can you imagine the anger of the Muslims in this regard as well. And this is exactly what
happened. And we already mentioned that.
It was it who wrote the contract. And except for one, one phrase were to set that the process of them took it and erased it himself. And according to one version of Bodhi, it says that he wrote it will come we'll come back to this version and what it means. And both of the sides had their witnesses on the side of the Muslims. There was a walker and Roma northman and nearly all of them witness all of the 405 rashidun were witnesses on the side of the orange there was a delegation mikulas and so Hayden there was one or two other people from the arrange all of them were witnesses to this covenant. Now, before we move on,
whatever, whatever negatives that we will feel at this point in time, and before we will talk about any other positive, the one biggest positive that is clearly occurring is that for the very first time the Muslims are being treated as an independent, powerful person.
no matter what you want to say, and we feel anger and the Sahaba, his anger was much more than ours, obviously a million times more. But clearly, for the first time, the Treaty of today via the Muslims and the Quraysh, are on the same table. They're on the same negotiation level, because you don't write a treaty except with an equal. And the fact that the chorus are forced to write such a treaty, the Muslims have been upgraded. Now, after all of these battles, and all of this, finally, the Muslims are being given the respect, and there is of being a separate political entity. So much so in fact, and this is another point of the code a BIA that notice, on one side, you have a religious
identity, Muslims. On the other side, you have a tribal, ethnic identity crush.
And we see here the beginnings of the real split between Islam and paganism, that in Islam, what really ties you together is what's your religion, it is more powerful than the ties of kinship, the ties of nation state the ties of tribalism, whereas in every other society, including the society we are living in, there are things that Trump your religion, that are more important than religion. And for the Quraysh, it was the tribe. So even though there are two different entities, the nature of every entity is very different. If you're a seller saying here, the one is a religious entity, the oma and the other is a ethnic entity, and that is the harsh and those who undertake an alliance with
them. And then the clause that says, Whoever wants to can undertake a treaty with the Muslims, whoever wants to can undertake a de treaty with the whorish. What is happening here, the entire Arabian peninsula is being divided into two,
Islam and Kufa.
This is the precursor to the futtaim aka, it is the precursor to the conquest of all of Arabia, right? That it's not just Quraysh versus another tribe of Croatia, another w Hashem, which again, in the beginnings of Makkah, was the brainwashing versus the orange remember, right the Shabbat before live in the boycott and all that in the beginnings of Islam, it was really something that was relatively small, slowly, but surely, the entire Arabian peninsula and the Arab race is being dragged in until finally, and this is amazing. Within a few years, paganism will be wiped out from the face of the at least the Arabian Earth, right? There are no more Arabs who worship idols. Think
about that, right? How the Arabs were and then what happened. And this is now the camp being divided on the one side, Islam on the other side, idolatry, paganism, jalahalli, ethnicity, tribalism, all of this is being represented, right? So for the first time, people have to make up their minds which side of the coin are you on? And this is the Treaty of Philadelphia is the precursor to this division and split. So So hey, then returns back happy and content, they have their conditions, the orange have their conditions, so hate has his conditions at this aroma rhodiola hotel, and he was the one who verbalized what was in the minds of many Muslims. And he came up to the Prophet
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and asked him a series of rhetorical questions. And as we have already said, so many times, a rhetorical question is said to emphasize that which you already know. It is said to emphasize the note, he said, Are you not the Messenger of Allah? Allah rasulillah? Are you not the messenger of a lot the president said, but he said, Are we not upon the truth, and our enemies upon the battle upon the misguidance? He said better? Yes. So then Omar said, then how can we accept the lower hand the humiliation of denita being disgraced in our religion? How could we have allowed them to trample over us like this? We came here basically, one thing I'm extrapolating
the original, he says, How could you accept humiliation, but put yourself in the shoes of the Sahaba know how they're feeling? The majority of them, they're feeling very much angry at the kurush. They're feeling let down at the edge. How could the courage have done this to us? And why did we accept these conditions? We should have refused. Why do we have to say yes, when we are coming in peace? We have been waiting here for two three weeks, you know, outside camped outside Makkah, it's taken us 10 days to get here, right? an entire month must have gone by minimum for all of this to go on. We're tired, we're hungry, we're away from home. We just want to go to the Kaaba, and we've been
stopped. Additionally, now we have all of these other conditions that we weren't even expecting. No more Muslims come to us. We have to return every Muslim back to them. And they get to keep anyone not that there's a threat but it's an emotional factor. Not that there were any people who left Medina to go to Makkah that didn't happen.
But it's an emotional factor. Why should we allow hours to go to them and they will not be coming to us. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, I am the Rasul of Allah, I am the messenger of Allah, and I will not disobey a law and he will help me. Meaning that I don't know what to tell you other than this was what I was commanded to do. I don't know what else to tell you. I don't know where where this is leading. But Allah subhanho wa Taala has told me this is the intent here. Allah azza wa jal has told me to accept these conditions and I will not disobey Him. And Allah will help me how I don't know. But a law surgeon will help me and
this is a solid response. How are you going to respond to this? This tactic is basically a very solid response, and that is a lot of xojo will help me Romana cannot argue here. So Omar then backtracks and attempts a new line of reasoning. This is a dead end now, he said allows you to help me tell us That's true. Let's go back. So try another tactic. Yasser Allah, didn't you tell us that we will be doing the walk around the house of Allah? This is another tactic now. Okay, that's not working. Let me try another thing. You told us jasola when we were in Medina, that come with me, and we will do toe off around the house.
And obviously, we're not going to resolve now.
And so the profitsystem said, Indeed, I told you, but did I say you will do it this year?
Omar said no. So the President said then you will do it next year. My vision will come true. You will do it. But I didn't tell you this year and I I saw the dream. Allah didn't tell me which year I assumed it this year. Now we find out it is next year. So you will come back to the house and you will perform tawaf around it. Now, here we see that roamers anger his lira is for the religion of Islam. He is feeling angry because he feels Islam has been trampled on. He feels the religion of Islam has been given the shorter end, they've been shortchanged, because of the koresh and his lira, or his anger is not coming out of a soft Elijah, he lists out of anything is coming for the religion
of Islam. However, it is clear that he made an error and a mistake, and that he surpassed what is legitimate, because the Prophet says and represents Islam completely. And Omar does not represent Islam. And emotions make a man do things that he they will he or she will regret. And that is why our process on when the man came to me said advise me. He said lots of people don't get angry, said advise me more, don't get angry, don't get angry, don't get angry, because in anger a man does what among the two regrets. Anger is that one emotion that whenever you act upon it, you will later regret it. And Bob definitely acted out of anger. And even though the base of that anger was coming
from him, and this is a very important point here. Why was he angry that his own ego was hurt? Why was he angry that jehadi customs were trampled on? No, he was angry because he felt that the religion of Islam had got to shortchange that the religion of Islam had been humiliated by the horizon. And he wants to know what he can do about it. No doubt, he went beyond his bounds. And he himself realized this not yet though. He needs somebody else to put them in place. And what man is there that can put in place? None other than abubaker. So he goes to Abu Bakar. And the very fact that he goes to a Booker number two shows us the rank of Abu Bakar, out of all of the Sahaba. Even
Omar knew that here is a man that I can express after the process of Who should I go to? And he asked him the exact same questions that are we not upon the truth? Yes. And is he not the Messenger of Allah? Yes. Then how can we accept humiliation in our religion? This will Baccarat do louder and he got angry at Roma.
And he said to him your module.
And that is a very harsh thing to say that oh man, hey, you should watch out.
He is the messenger of a law, meaning Who are you to say these types of things. He is the Messenger of Allah, and he will not disobey his Lord. So you hang on to the stirrup of his saddle. ie put yourself at your place. Right, you hang on to the stirrup of his saddle, you know the saddle on top of the the camera, you hold on to the bottom of that. Otherwise, there is no salvation or there's no hope for you. And we clearly see here that we've got all the log data and without the Profit System speaking with him, he already has analyzed all of these things in his head, and he has no issues accepting what has happened. And this clearly shows the superiority of Albacore over Omar that I
will walk around the lowdown on even though no doubt he is also
Hurt is also, you know, angry, but he understands there must be something I don't know, Allah knows. And his messenger knows, and I do not know. And he said the exact same thing to Omar that yes, indeed he said we would pray we would do it off. But did he say we would do it this year? No. So then we will do it next year, we will come back and do it and perform it. And this shows us the correspondence of what a worker says to what the process limb says. Without the process of telling a worker these things, it clearly shows us, our workers, our workers understanding and we also see over here, a side of a worker that is generally overlooked our image of a worker is a extra polite,
crying, humble, soft man. And this is valid. But there is a side of him that comes out when he is provoked.
And we have already seen this in her debut.
He's the one who gave the violent vulgar threat, something we could never imagine a worker to say. And now when almost coming to him, he tells him Yeah, Rajan Oh man, calm down. What are you doing? And he puts aroma in his place. And when and and of course he would do this later on at the death of the process as well. When Omar emotionally he really he did lose it and emotionally and will law he has every right to lose it at that time. When the process and passes away. Omar cannot fathom it. He cannot imagine a world without rasoolillah system. It is a worker that puts him in his place. It is a bunker that quotes him diverse. Omar says as if Abu Bakar cut my two legs from underneath me.
Right? Nobody has the audacity to speak to Omar except abubaker. What does that show that no doubt. abubaker is soft and crying and gentle and humble and meek. But when push comes to shove, when a man needs to be a man, Nobody beats abubaker as well, including armor. And this is the fifth and this is the superiority of Roma over aboubaker over aroma so Omar will be allowed on.
He himself later said that farfalle to design Amal and I after this I continue to perform good deeds, hoping that Allah would forgive me for what I had done. And it is said that he gave so many slaves and freed so many slaves He fasted so many days he prayed so many nights meaning he realized he had done more than he should have, even though it's an act of emotion, and Allah is the origin. And he has forgiven these types of emotional outbursts. But he realized that he had gone beyond what was appropriate. And he said, I made that up, I continue to do things until I feel that I had made it up. And we see here the confusion of his disappointment. He later remarked during his khilafah to
those around him, he said that on the day of the via the prophets or some put a condition on us. If any other leader had put it on me, I would never have accepted it.
So he's being Frank here, that if any other leader had told me that I have to give up Muslims and hand them back to the the pagans who are torturing them. I would never have accepted this. He cannot understand this except that it is coming from the Prophet salallahu idea he was setting them. Also Omar was not alone. No doubt Omar was the only one who went directly to the prophet of Islam. But the frustration and anger was common. And we have another Sahabi Sally Eben Hanif a very well known Sahabi Sadly, many, many years later, in the Battle of Safin when the Muslims were once again lined up to fight this time other Muslims, he's trying to calm them down. And he says oh people,
oh, people are yohannes always find your own opinions blameworthy over the Quran and Sunnah. Meaning accuse your own opinions before you accuse the Quran and Sunnah.
accused your own positions before you accuse the Quran and Sunnah. Verily, I remember myself on the day of Abu gendell. Notice he didn't even call it the day of her day via
yom Abbey gendell. Can you imagine the emotional trauma, the shock to see this man being tortured, throwing himself to the Muslims in front of their eyes, he's taken away.
The Sahaba would rather have died in battle defending agenda than willingly meekly hand him back and go back to Medina. This is there a man here? How can we just hand him back? So the whole day has been called yoma be gender.
And so Helene Hanif says, I saw myself I remember myself on the day of Abu gender. If I could have rejected the command of the Prophet system, I would have done so.
This is an amazing, amazing, amazing quote.
sadhana Hanif is one of the famous Sahaba He is known for his piety, his taqwa and many years later he confesses some
thing to another group. Why is the opening up here because the Battle of Safin was a very traumatic battle. And people were, as you know, going to war was just about to be, you know, launched between Huawei and I'd never thought it and there was very a lot of tension in the camps and set had wanted to calm them down and basically say, look, follow the Quran and Sunnah even if you don't understand it, avoid the bloodshed just obey Allah and His Messenger you know, obey the hadith of not fighting this and that, no matter how sure you think you are, accused your own opinions before you accuse the Quran and Sunnah de Medina either write your own right, make it to him of that make accused your own
opinion, before you accuse the religion of Allah, He that quote needs to be memorized by all of us, especially in this time, where everybody's opinion holds more weight than what the prophet says and himself said, right? Where everybody thinks, oh, I understand this. I know this better. Right? So much so that stuff for a lot one time in my life, I'll never forget Danny met one of these these are anoon these Moncure you know, the ones who reject Hadith, right? Who Allah he went, he said it It made me almost stand to lose my consciousness at him in anger and whatnot. When I quoted him ID. He said that was the opinion of amateur wrestler. I mean, just like mind boggling. You know, that was
his opinion. You don't have to copy his opinion, who will lie. This is Cofer. There's no two questions. There's no two ways about it. Right? If you're going to do this, and you just say that's his opinion, I have my opinion. Right? And this is what law school for. There's no two ways about this, right? My point being this type of attitude, even though hamdulillah none of us have it explicitly. Yet it is common in the oma that we recorded a hadith when he quoted a verse of the Quran. We think we should know better than this. We don't have to take this exact Hadith and this is not the spirit of Islam. So Marina well, Dinah or Veronica been away they Kumasi we hear and we obey
and this is what Salim Hanif is saying that accused your own interpretations before you accuse the Quran and soon accused your own opinions before you crucified on certain because I was about to reject the command of the process. And because I felt it to be wrong. And if I could have done it and gotten away, I would have done it. Right. And this shows us of course, later on, he himself realized that her debut was a victory. He himself realized this was the best thing to do. But at the time, he couldn't see that. And at the time, he could only see one thing and that is we have lost. We have accepted humans. This is not more this is sad. So the point is this sentiment was not alone
with Omar. There were many other Sahaba who felt the same sentiment as well. No doubt we also see over here that a very important lesson in making up one's transgressions. Omar made a mistake he said for file to retire dekha Ahmed and I made it up by doing good deeds. And this shows us the sense that we do the best way to make up to Allah subhana wa Tada. The best way to come closer to Allah is to increase our good deeds. And that is why real tober real tober will bring about extra actions.
It's easy to Allah forgive me Allah forgive me, but real Toba will bring about a change in lifestyle and change in actions. Allah says in the Quran in lamentable Armando, Amina Ramadan saw the HA except to repents and believes and does righteous deeds. Were Amina Ramadan. sada. So he linked I mean, I went and saw the Hunter tober 11 tab, what am I gonna? Well, I'm in abernant sada. And this is what Mr. himself understood, I made a mistake, I needed to make it up by doing a lot of good deeds after that. And the same applies to any mistake that we have done. Also another very interesting thing that we learned over here.
No doubt what Omar did was beyond what was exactly appropriate right. Now, I have to say before we move on, that the other group, the non Sunni group, they use this type of stuff and they say they say about Omar what they say. But this is ludicrous because our Omar anger was a misjudgment of an Islamic anger.
In other words, his anger is not personal. His anger is not coming from his own ego. His anger is not i'm not going to listen to you, which is what Abdullah noblewomen is so loose that in the Battle of word, why should we listen to you didn't listen to me. That is nifa and Cofer.
As for omers emotions, there is no doubt we all agree he agrees that he went beyond the bounds right? We're not making any excuse that his AdMob was not the best that his anger got the better of him. And he made a mistake. But the mistake was a mistake of emotion, not a mistake of kibble or arrogance, number one, and the mistake of emotion everybody makes it and you are forgiven for making like
The man who finds his Campbell lost in the desert and he utters a statement of gopher, right? He's forgiven because of his emotion. And as soon as those emotions got the better of him, sorry, as soon as his emotions Calm down, and he got the better of his emotions, he realized, right, so this is an emotional outburst. Number two, where do those emotions come from? From the love of Islam?
No doubt, misinterpretation, because you cannot love Islam more than the processor, right. But the point is, his emotions came from an anger for the sake of Islam, we need to take this into account. Right. So the other group really has no evidence whatsoever and clear fact, neither the process of nor obachan, or any of the Sahaba held this against him, they understood that his emotions got the better of him, they understood these emotions to be stemming from Islamic anger. And so they let it to be he himself made up for it with his own deeds. But the point here, a very important lesson that is demonstrated by this outburst, and by the process of responding back to him and defending himself
a very important lesson. And that is objecting to even arguing with respect with the leader is something that tusheti allows
bringing another point of view, trying to see your position. And no doubt, I'm not going to claim here that Islam has freedom of expression, it doesn't have freedom of expression, the way that Western society does. You cannot make fun of Allah and His Messenger, there's a line that is to be drawn, but you can criticize and give other positions to the rulers. It's not as if you just have to acquiesce and agree. Now, if they insist, you must follow the rulers legitimately a legitimate ruler, but you have the freedom to disagree. You have the freedom to bring another position to argue a point back and forth almost arguing three, four different tactics. And if this is being done with
Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, how about somebody who is not to that level. And this clearly demonstrates and This is in contrast to what some of the more extreme hardcore, ultra conservative movements say that whatever the number says, Hello, America will find no ultimate summon, I will tell you there's only two and as messenger, ultimate, as for the Dalai Lama, or the person in charge, or the halifa, or whatever, no doubt if it's a legitimate halifa, and he insists you to do something that you must follow, but you have the right to go back and forth. And this is demonstrated in Bob's own attempts with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So now that this is
clearly understands that he was at fault, and the Sahaba have to wrap up their bags, the Prophet says, and basically said, como stand up, shave your heads, and basically, let's return.
Now, this obviously was such an anti climactic ending, after having been built up, that inshallah, finally we'll have a big breakthrough. Finally, we'll be able to go to the Kaaba Finally, so hey, it's coming, everything will be made easy for us. Instead, they're told us and the story, let's shave, and let's go back. And the Sahaba were so depressed that the only time in the whole Sierra, as far as I know, nobody had the hearts to implement what the process would have said, and my humble reading, I haven't found any other instance in the wholesaler like this. And this really shows us how traumatized they were one thing after another is happening, one from their perspective,
humiliation after another, and now finally, shave your hairs and go now, by the way, this is something new in the shediac, pre Islam didn't have it. And that is, if you cannot go to the club, and you're stuck, and you have to stop hair loss, you get out of your head on you shave your hair, wherever you are, and you return. Now the Muslims had never heard this is the first time it's ever happening. It is now a standard part of our Shetty. Ah, by the way, right? If any of us may Allah protect all of us, many of us are prevented from going to the bottom. Whatever happens, whether it's a political thing, and by the way, throughout Islamic history, so many times there are political
crises, the pilgrims had to return home, or pilgrims from one country had to return home, right? Or it's an economic crisis, or it's a plague or whatever is happening, and the road is blocked, whatever and you cannot make it you cannot do it. What do you do? This is what you do. Wherever you're stopped wherever you're stuck. And you know, you cannot make it in time for height. Or if it's an omelet, you cannot go on for whatever reason, then you will basically shave their sacrifice your camels there, get out of Iran right then and there. And then you will make it up later on as the Muslims did. Right? That's exactly what the Muslims did. Now, this ruling was new. They had
never heard of it before. Why had they never heard of it? Because when would they apply it? Right? This is the only time they applied themselves. And this is the only time in the history of the Prophet system and the sealer that it is applied that he didn't actually make it to the Kaaba, right. And so he told them, shave your hair, do your hair, and let's go back and return. So not only
Is it anticlimactic? Not only is it a lack of razor humilation. Now this is a ruling that really is bizarre. These animals were meant for the Kava, our ROM is not going to be removed until we do too often say this was their understanding. And it is the general rule. Now they're being told, don't worry about it. Unless it's done, shave off your hair, sacrifice your camels, get out of your head on where your regular clothes, we're going back home. And the shock was so much, and this is understandable as well completely. And also another thing is when no single person is being commanded, and all of them simply sit there, there is this, you know, complacency with the mob. When
the mob does it, I'll also do it right. No one person is being singled out. When everybody's immobile. So then everybody remains immobile. Right when nobody's standing up, Hollis, I'm not standing up, either. And the process of repeated this a second time. And nobody moves, he repeated it a third time and nobody moves. And clearly the tension is great here and the process and then returns back to his tent, and almost selama is in his tent.
Or myrcella is in his tent. And the profitsystem is visibly agitated. And he confides in oma selama that I commanded them to shave their head, and not one of them responded to me. So Mr. Lama said, Do you wish that they follow you on messenger of Allah? He said, Yes. So she said, then why don't you show them you're doing it. When they see you doing it, they will follow you
as parallelism, basic human psychology, basic human psychology.
And the Profit System took the advice of oma Salama, and he went outside, he called for his Barber, there was a Sahabi that was known for basically trimming and shaving hair. He called for his Barber, and he shaved his hair off in front of everyone. And when the Sahaba saw him shaving his hair off, and they realize the colors This is it now and he's doing it. So when he started doing it, then they started calling for each other to shave their hairs off until finally everybody was young. And they were fighting one another. And this is happens every time when we ourselves do hedge. You're fighting for the barber who's going to be next I'm going to be next I'm going to be the one right
this is anybody who's done has knows exactly what I'm talking about. You know barbers are scarcity that day. And martial everybody becomes a barber as well, which is a very dangerous thing on that day. Do not ever do a first time barber on your own hair. You can do it on his own dime. 20. Okay, so that everybody is now fighting to make the to shave their hair off. And it was here as well that the process of them made dua for those who shave their hair off. And he said, may Allah azza wa jal Have mercy on the mohalla clean, and some of them had only trimmed their hair. So they said, and those who cut so he said, Well, second time Allah have mercy on those who shave. So the ones who
trim said and those who cut for the third time, he said, may Allah have mercy on those who shave when the when he said for the fourth time when they said and those who cut so the fourth time, he said, and those who cut as well. And from this, the scholars have derived the famous ruling that we have all covered in the physical phenomena so many times, and that is that shaving is much more rewarding than trimming. Shaving is much more awarded than trimming. And that's because the process may dry three times for those who shaved and two times or sorry once for those who trimmed. So with this, the animals were sacrificed and
it is said that the meat was still sent to Makkah and somehow the look at the Quran, they will accept the meat, right but they will not accept the Muslims. And it is also said that the first camel that the process that I'm sent was a Buddha hubbs camel which he had conquered or captured in the Battle of butter, somebody was writing it and he sent sorry, not a Buddha Buddha Buddha Buddha was on the battle about the Buddha who was in the Battle of budget. I will have died in Makkah, Abu jackals camel that they had, they had conquered, not conquered they had captured they had confiscated the camel of Abuja and it was a well known camel obviously Abuja will, you know afford
the most expensive and whatnot. And those days they recognize Campbell's By the way, you know, I mean, they're not like us, everybody. Everything looks the same. They recognize Campbell's right. So the the first Campbell that he sent was the Campbell of Abuja, and this is no doubt and his psychological tactic as well. And this was painful for the Irish that this is the camel that is being sent to them, nonetheless, so the profitsystem shaved his hair and sacrifice the camels and then they're on the way back, and on the way back to Medina. Omar obviously feels greatly troubled by what he has done. And finally when he comes down and his senses returned to him, he realizes he
needs to apologize he needs to make up to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so he rides up to the camel of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and tries to engage in conversation says
Salah, but there is no response,
says Salam for a second time.
No response, as if there's being ignored, says Salam for the third time. And that's the maximum you're forced to say as you know, you're only supposed to ask three times, and there's no response. And so Omar thought the worst that held us, I am now finished. And he said to himself, he narrates later on, he says to himself, let Omar's mother mourn the loss of her son. Let my mother start crying over me know how lost I am gone. And he thought that because of his deeds, now, he has lost any chance at salvation or mercy. And it appears that his fears seem to be confirmed by a writer who came up to him and said, the process of his calling you have lost now this is it. I'm going to end
now everything right. So he writes up to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he sees the Prophet sister's face beaming with joy, just light coming out of it. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam started reciting the famous chapters of the whole answer that alfetta that are similar to him in a dynamic of a time movie now, the alpha Coloma demdaco mata waiting whenever to adequate cassata, Mr. Thema and he recited and the entire sudut alfetta was revealed. At this point in time, it was a one singular surah that came down to his 123 and a half pages know 1234 and a half pages so far, that's four and a half pages and the whole surah came down at that particular point in time,
and the beginning of it summarizes the entire sutra and inshallah, next Wednesday, we'll quickly go over some of the main verses of sort of as our as our customers, you know, I always want to go over the Quran, when we when the Quran is revealed about the Sierra so that we appreciate for the rest of our lives, whenever read sort of data, we should link every IRA to exactly what it is referencing. And inshallah I hope you understand this is lengthy but no doubt, I think it is very important that we link the Quran directly to the serum, and that inshallah we'll do the first in of 20 minutes or shall have next week before we move on. And so the beginning of the pseudo summarize it enough data
like a fat ham movie now, we have surely given you the biggest victory. This is fat ham movie not a clear victory. There is no doubt about this victory. And so Omar said a Fatone Jolla rasulillah. Is this a victory? That he's asking is this a victory? And the processor said he will lie it is a victory. And so Omar said Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar and he began racing with his Camel Up and down the lines of the Muslim saying in for tanika Fatah Medina, Allah has given us the biggest victory and our Prophet says in praise the Soren he said, Allah has sent down a surah that is more beloved to me than everything on this earth. In other words, the surah cheered him up more than anything on
this earth could cheer him up. And the Spirit alfetta Of course, it predicts so many things we'll talk about that next week, but it predicts the forgiveness of the Sahaba that Allah azza wa jal will give them genetic data and how the one of the main themes of the surah is praising the Sahaba Nakata rhodiola. One is meaning, right? And the very last verse, Mohammed Rasulullah, will Latina Mara who those that are with him, and then Allah praises them in the Quran, he gives one of the most poetic examples of the Sahaba. Right, CML who was a method of authority, one method of infill in Gd khazanah in 100 years Shaco, Allah compares the Sahaba to a beautiful tree that has been planted by
the farmer and the farmer is happy at what he has seen from this tree. And the farmer in this in this instance, is the Prophet says and planting the Sahaba. And, and he is happy at what the Sahaba have done in that, no matter It was a very difficult test. But in the end, they did pass it. Nobody was difficult. They were emotional. But in the end, when push came to shove, they follow through, right. And it is impossible to imagine any other group following their leader in such a difficult circumstance. Firstly with the vertical red line and then with the emotional and then regenda all of this they're simply following along. And so Allah praises the Sahaba throughout Surah alfetta. And
Allah blesses them with a great promise of forgiveness, and one Mohan ima katerra tanto de una, you will should shortly gain a lot of war booty O'Mahony McCarthy era tanto de una, you will shortly gain a large victory. And of course that victory they didn't know what at the time it was going to be the Battle of hybrid, which is going to be our next major battle in two weeks a shallow data we'll discuss that so soon as that photo was revealed and the Muslims all of them, their attitude changed from being depressed from being gloomy, to understanding this was a victory and thanking Allah subhanho wa Taala for that, and in this there is a very
controversial theological point. It's not easy to say that
But it must be set as a very controversial point and we have had discussions about this in this semester as well.
The fact that the Sahaba psychology change instantaneously at the revelation of suitors.
First and foremost was Roma.
Notice almost 180 degree turn. Is it a factor? He will lie? Allahu Akbar. Enough Adana COVID mo Vina
instantaneous 180 degree turn.
This clearly demonstrates for us that they realized the humanity of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the infallibility of Allah zwei.
Because the whole point they were worried this may be not coming from Allah directly. This is your ht hat.
And that's why they were feeling this isn't the best, until Allah subhanho wa Taala confirms it
in an effort ahead of Adham Medina.
And this is a very controversial point of view. Even as we said in this lecture, there's some back and forth that took place that the Prophet system was allowed each day had by a law, as we had said, and that he had is binding on the oma regardless of whether it is binding on the oma, whatever it comes from, we have to follow it. But the Sahaba simply felt that maybe, you know, even though we're gonna follow it, and they did follow it, but maybe there's something we didn't understand, maybe there could have been a better option or whatnot. And Allah subhanaw taala said, No, this was enough at a heck of a time bobina the change of psychology, especially of almost instantaneously, it
clearly demonstrates this theological point that we have said so many times throughout the Sierra. And that is, it's the heart of the Prophet so seldom is something Allah allowed him to do. And his he had, if Allah approved it, it was silence. And if Allah wanted to change it or do something else, why would come down and he would change it. And this is what we see throughout the Sierra and this incident proves that as well. So the Sahaba returned back to the city of Medina, and most likely, they stayed in
the DB for around 20 days even a walk it says 20 days and had been sad as well says around 20 days they stayed
so back and forth between the corporation the Muslims for 20 days, and the entire trip lasted them a month and a half. So the entire trip from beginning to end. They left Medina they came back after six weeks. And when they returned back to Medina, the first incident occurred that will test this treaty and that is a boo boo sees. I will see you this story is a very quick and interesting story. I will say it was somebody who lived in Makkah he was not Cora, she was from cassava, he's living in Makkah. And he's basically a part of the basically the tribes now have associated with maca and his tribe is associated with maca. Our will see it is the first muhajir after her they be to make his
his euro to Medina. And Abu Basir comes. And the process of them does not say anything. He's in this he's in the city. After two three days, the Quraysh or the Jose I basically send the two emissaries to emissaries and they say hand us back a mobile suit. According to the treaty, hand this back of overseas, we have a treaty you agreed. So the profitsystem called a mobile seat. And he said to him, these two men have come to take you and you came knowing the treaty that we signed, and I will not be treacherous. So return to your people.
Now, notice here, I was here and everybody in the world knows the treaty. I will will see the fields Come on, you're not really going to do this right. So he risks it. He leaves maccha he goes all the way to Medina. And notice here when he comes the Prophet system does not turn him away. Why? And we're gonna see this over and over again. Because the Prophet system is following the letter and not the spirit of the contract over here. He's following the letter of the contract. The letter of the contract did not say you have to return the person.
The enforcement of the contract is not up to you. You don't have to patrol Medina and make sure people go away. The enforcement is open. So the Quraysh come for the enforcement. And when they come, he says okay, you've come then, okay, he's yours. I can't protect you from them. Notice here, right. So if they had not come,
it's not my job to enforce. You didn't tell me I have to enforce. And so I will see us living for a few days when they come. Abu Basir says the same thing that Abu Janda said and he said, Are you going to return me O Messenger of Allah after Allah
has saved me and he was told exactly what I will gender was told that Allah will make a way out for you Allah will make a way out for you. So I will see was handed back to these two men and the story goes that when
he was with their company he started chatting with them he started becoming friendly with them opening up their you know just feeling comfortable and whatnot psychological you know tactic and then when they sat down and they reached dhulipala which is literally 25 minutes outside by driving those days because take an hour and a half to walk so when they sit down and they start eating some dates so the conversation has now become so open that we will see your starts praising one of the man's swords. I've never seen a sword this beautiful.
This is an amazing sword. What have you done with it? Tell me so he starts recounting you know a man's pride I've done this and I've done that. You know in our days men talk about how big of a fish they cover the fishing rod those days they have some real stories about sores and what they've done right so it says you know, I went to this battle I did that battle and I kill this and I you know did that Oh, you did this Oh great, Mashallah you keep on making his Eagle bigger and bigger, right? By talking about his manly swordsmanship. And then overseer says, Let me see this legendary sword. It's an amazing sword. Let me let me see it. And of course, naively, the man hands him the sword
instantaneously, who will see it hands, chops off the man's head and turns to the other man to chop his head off. And the man just yells and screams and runs on his bare legs back to Medina. Right. And he races back to Medina. And he makes it to Medina before I will see it himself makes it back to Medina. And the process has barely handed over over we'll see it probably an hour and a half, two hours has gone by still sitting with the Sahaba. And this oroshi, who has come to take over See, he comes yelling and screaming into the masjid, tired, all disheveled, you know, because he's been running nonstop, right? panting and he's saying that my companion has been killed, and I'm just
about to be killed. So protect me. The guy just killed my other companion. And now he's turning to me. So protect me. And after a while, we will see it again. And he said he had a pseudo law. You have fulfilled your responsibilities. You returned them, you return me to them. But Allah allowed me to escape meaning Give me another chance now, right allow allowed me to escape. Now I can stay right. And the profits are seldom did not speak to him directly. He turned and he spoke into the air. And he said way to me he Misato how to bend. This is a very poetic thing. It doesn't really translate into English. But it basically means whoa to his mother, meaning vote his mother is an
Arabic expression meaning that he's going to not be leaving soon vote to his mother. And he's not going to be alive, too much miss out on how to be what a great warrior he is translates like this. What a great warrior he is, what a talented swordsman. If only he had someone else to help him. Meaning
I cannot help him.
Right? Why would his mother, this guy's lethal he's dangerous. What a What a great weaponry. What a great talented warrior he is, if only somebody could help him. Now by turning away the indication is given before somebody else comes you better get out of my sight.
Right? And this shows us the precision of the Profit System. That look, it's not my job to put you in chains and take you back to the harsh but you cannot live here because the treaty clearly says that. Nobody can live here. If somebody comes to pick them up. And now that you've killed this guy, they're going to come back again.
And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam hinted at him that look, I can't help you. So I will see understood, and he immediately fled from the machine and run ran away. Because he understood now now that the other party is going to come and you know, the processor is not going to give me a chance to be here. And so he ran away and he set up he set up a small place to live in, which was close to the city of Jeddah but more on the shore more northern northern on the shore, sorry, Southern on the shore, Southern from Jeddah, close to Makkah. And in the meantime, when he set it up there he sent the message out that I'm over here, Abu gendell heard that I will proceed is setting
up camp over there. So I will gender can escape and go down a little bit. He couldn't have gone all the way to Medina. So he escapes and he meets with a mobile seat. So we'll see that and agenda The both of them they meet up and the new spreads, that you can't go to Medina or Muslim converts come over to our new city.
And so 10 1520 3040 7080 people eventually congregate at
people congregate. And they basically form a new camp and a new settlement. And what do you think they're going to do? Not that they're at strong.
Attack the caravans of the kurush.
Attack the caravans of the crash, and they made it their livelihood, and will lie This is completely justified. You're not letting us live with you and peace, you're not letting us go to Medina in peace, right? You're not letting us do anything? Well, guess what, we are going to now attack back at you. And so and notice here as well, by the way, some handler, the Treaty of who they be, has said that there is going to be peace for 10 years correct. But this group is not being allowed to sign a treaty with the Prophet
by the orders of the koresh correct. So they're not on the side of the Prophet system. So the treaty doesn't apply to them.
And this is the intricacies of the own kurush. They're the ones doing this. And so the treaty doesn't apply to them. And therefore they make it their livelihood, that every single caravan that goes to Syria, that they would attack it. And situation became so bad, because 7080 men is a strong contingent, and the caravans are long caravans of 70 8090 camels, and you cannot protect a caravan, you know, against a marauding bands of 80 who are living in the desert, you don't know where they're going to attack from. It's very problematic. And so within a year and a half, the chorus sent a delegation, Abu sufian sent a delegation to Medina, begging the Prophet system by the rights of
kinship, please take these 80 people and put them in Medina,
begging the process and if you truly are our blood, have some mercy on us and take these people and keep them with you in Medina, get them away from that city, get them away from their cabin and taking them back to Medina. And so the Prophet system sent a messenger to overseas and told him to bring all of your men back to Medina. But alas Booba seed had suffered a wound or he was sick. We went to the to the Wyatt and he got the letter. But Subhana Allah, he actually died because of his sickness before reaching Medina. So he was buried where that camp was, but the rest of the 7080 they came back to Medina and they basically took up life with the Muslims. And here we have the one of
the first signs of how the Treaty of Abia would become a victory. One of the first signs we see here, what's happening here, that will make Corolla Corolla.
You cannot outwit Allah subhanaw taala you cannot, no matter what you think, or what not Allah as origin is the best of all planners and look at the infinite wisdom of Allah subhana wa tada that the pagans literally, literally, they have to beg
the Prophet system to take the very people that they insisted not to take, they had to beg him to take him back. And this shows us in the end, a law's plan will always be the winning plan. Right? And the very Abu jandal who was the cause of all of this is the one who led the camp back into Medina agenda, the son of Swain, look alazani perfection, right, the very person who basically set it all off with agenda is the one who led the the camp back into Medina. Also, before we go on here, why one of the most amazing lessons of this incident
which is commonly overlooked
is the the man of Abou gendell in particular, and then a boba seat.
I cannot think of a test that is more traumatic or difficult than to be rejected. But for political protection by the very profit that you believe in ciloleucel think about that test
to go right to the camp of the Muslims and to see the process and right there. And you really think how long that's it man I've made it. Three years I've been tortured. Now here I am. And then the process and tells you Sorry, I can't go back.
Can you imagine the man how it must have been shaken to the core.
And yet still he man wins.
May Allah protect me and who will lie he we get into the most minor issue we start out doubting what's wrong. get into a car accident get into some minor loss of money. And our Imani shaken. Look at how weak our Eman is. Now put yourselves in the shoes of a boo gender.
The very messenger
He believes in, tells him I'm sorry, I can't do anything go back.
What are you going to do? What are you going to do with gender shows us what he did. He remained firm. And what happens is panela out of nowhere allas help here Allah is there from there and you return back leading an entire on an entire caravan an entire group of Muslims with lots of money and aneema from the Quran, you're the leader, you're in the other the person of honor the warrior of honor, you're now the soldier of honor and you come back into Medina Subhan Allah,
He who puts his trust in Allah, Allah azza wa jal will fulfill that trust. Only a teleca Allah He for who has boo, hoo meter yet tequila, ha, ha ha ha Maharaja. And Abu Basir shows that Abu agenda shows that I will proceed as well. twice, he comes to Medina. And still the process of them says, we'll do your mother, what a great warrior. I can't help you.
And he has to flee. He doesn't even know where he's going. put yourselves in the shoes of a global citizen. Now. He can't go back to Makkah, he can't go back to Medina. What's he going to do? Every city has a treaty either with the Quran or with the Muslims, right? That's right. There is no neutral land. What does he do? He founds his own country basically and I'm just exaggerating country but you get my point. His own political entity No. One person but and can you imagine how long was he like this? How did you leave? We don't know what the story is who's going to record that for us right? But put yourselves in that shoes. Imagine his loneliness no wife, no family, no society, but
then somebody else hears that's our gender, our gender comes these two already legends in the Convert community who cannot immigrate how lost you got both of the legends in one place instantaneously. 1234 1022 2003 2017 at look now. And this is what happens when you have to work within Allah subhana wa Tada. You truly believe Allah azza wa jal take care of things. Allah will take care of them. And we see this in the amount of a we will see it and the amount of abou gender. Now, after a while, we'll see if another immigrant came another immigrant cream, but this one was far more problematic. Because the name of this immigrant was Omegle foum. Been to Cuba. Even he
even have been married. We've already done him in the past. He's one of the seven who are around the camels. The one who threw the camel on the process of them is their Aqua a bit every month right? He had a daughter on the courtroom. All Mickelson embraces Islam. At this stage Around this time, she embraces Islam, and she flees persecution and she finds your way to Medina. Now this is very sensitive. It's one thing to return a man to be tortured to return a woman
that's very painful. As every one of us understands here. It's very painful. And even the process of him to not know what to do now.
Should we return her What are we going to do? And then Allah subhana wa tada revealed sooner to the moon tahina, verse 10, Allah revealed suitable Montana verse 10 and it says that Yeah, you were letting me know that Oh, you will believe that Jacqueline Minato Mahajan, Ratan Tata, a new one is believing women come to you, then test them. Make sure that they are coming for the sake of religion, they're genuine conference right? And if you find them to be genuine, then Fela tojiro hoonah illa Kufa don't return them to the kuffaar the hoonah Henri de Humala, homea Hey, Luna lavon. Neither are they halaal for these women, as spouses, nor are these women headed for them.
But you must return the Maha out of every one of their husbands, you have to return it, because that's not fair that she takes them ahead and comes she has to return them out. And then Allah says after there's over if you wish to marry, then you may marry them. And this omega zoom, she was married to Zaid, avian hadiza has either been hydatid the quote unquote adopted son she was married to say they've been hotter. And so Allah azza wa jal said that any matter that has that they have done, you returned it back to them, and then after they have their finished, then you can marry them. Now. Why was it allowed to have the women stay? Because once again the process of is following
the letter of the law and not the spirit of the law. It was so Hale who said, that law team in raw Julian, no man shall come to us.
that follows your faith, except that you shall return that man to us. Now it is understood and that is the spirit of the law. That when you say man, you mean
person. It's understood that
When you say man, it applies to a person. Right? That's how most treaties are written. Well, most treaties before lawyers were invented but you know, lawyers change everything now, but that's how you know you you write generically. And so he basically and and no doubt the majority of the muhajirs were men. And when you're writing this what is in mind is a man coming?
So the treaty, the spirit of it, no doubt includes women as well as the point, but it doesn't say so.
And so Allah subhanho wa Taala said, Look, you didn't agree to women, basically, you agreed to men, and it literally says in the 3d light at the middle row, Juliet says, Roger, the treaty, that what they wrote down, no man shall come to us, except that shall come to you except that you should return him. And he doesn't say women. And so Allah azza wa jal made the obat he made the decree that it will not apply to women. And therefore, women were allowed to immigrate but not men, and SubhanAllah. Once again, Allah zoologist plan came into effect, that it was not on the minds of either parties.
But Alhamdulillah women were given the exception, because as we understand, okay, it's tough enough for a man How about a woman being tortured and persecuted? Right? We're not going to stand for that. And it was not a part of the treaty. And so they were allowed to emigrate. And one more thing that we'll mention, and then we'll break and then inshallah, next. Next Wednesday, we'll talk about all of the benefits of today be as good as data and then also move on in shallow data. One final incident occurred on the way back from the day BIA, and as we said, they spent around 20 days captured her data. And then they spent another week and a half 10 days going back and forth. So a
total of six weeks they spent away from Medina. And on the way back, that famous incident occurred, where after a long day of heavy marching all day, they've been marching, and they march all the way late into the night. And it was the Sunnah of the Prophet, so set them to March as much as he could at nighttime. He liked to March at night as well, because he said that there's a hadith that says that land shortens at night. And the meaning is that you actually are able to travel more at night, anybody who has driven at night and driven in the day, you actually end up stopping a lot more in the day, and things happen in the day, whereas at night, if you managed to stay awake, you Mashallah
drive nonstop, and it goes much more. Not that I'm encouraged you to drive at night if you get sleepy, but I'm just saying, for those who are used to long drives, then driving at night has its benefits. And our process of them would like to travel at the nighttime, so he's traveling as much as they can, until finally when everybody's exhausted and tired. They get off of the side of the road and they camp. And he says, Who shall stay awake and protect us and guard us and then wake us up for fudger
and beloved volunteers that I'll be the guard, and I'll be the protector. And I will be the alarm clock and was in for 5g. But everybody is dead tired. And as we know the famous story that the first to wake up was either a workout or Omar when they felt the rays of the sun on them. This means this is around seven, eight o'clock in the morning. Imagine how tired for a group that never ever sleeps beyond the break of dawn, not just because of fudger because of their livelihood. That's when people are programmed to wake up as at the crack of dawn. Right? Can you imagine the entire 1400 Not a single one woke up until around maybe eight o'clock when the heat of the son gets to them? how tired
they must be of this whole trip. Right physically exhausted. And they will back or overstressing Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Because of Allah, they never had the audacity to shake the process of up stuff with Allah. Right? They're not going to say wake up, you're azula. So how did they wake him up? Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, by saying Allahu Akbar. And then the Prophet system woke up. And lo and behold, beloved, is still asleep. Right? They also have Bilal is still asleep. Obviously, he tried his best, and he was the last to fall asleep. So he's going to be the last to wake up. So he wakes up and he finds everybody staring at him. Right. And so he said Yasuda law I tried. But, you
know, the, the the one who took my soul took my soul. I mean, it's, you know, I tried to stay away, but I wasn't able to. And so the Prophet says, Adam said, let us get away from this place. Because you know, shaytan has caused us to miss ledger. So let's go a little bit further. And then they prayed for God a little bit further. And now here's a bit of a controversy.
Did this incident happen twice or once because there are other versions that mentioned this incident after another battle, which we'll talk about, and some divide mentioned. It happened after the Battle of prodibi. Not the battle after the incident of
Maybe somebody had mentioned it came on the incident of Arabia. And other you I've mentioned other things. So scholars have different that did this happen twice in the life of the process and where it only happened once and, frankly, is very difficult to say for certain. Allah knows best, maybe it happened twice. Maybe it happened only at this time. And then the other version is a mistake, or maybe it happened at that version. And this version that mentions her they be is a mistake. Nonetheless, what we learned from this is that Subhan Allah, the only Salah of the Prophet system ever to have been missed by oversleeping is fudger.
Now we have already covered in the Battle of conduct.
So that answer was delayed one time, because of the volleys and the arrows coming in. And Allah had not yet revealed a lot of health, so that the hope had not yet come down. So the hope came down in this in the next few months. We talked about this right, so as a whole came down after conduct. And so in hunt duck, they delayed onset, not out of laziness, but out of war.
And the process made against them. And he made us set up before he prayed Muslim and from this Allah has allowed us to basic fifth which is whenever you miss us Allah, you need to make up the Miss Salah before the current Salah. So for whatever reason, now obviously for the process, and he had the best reason in the world, there is no sabbatical hope. So that's a Jihad and he is in the middle of the war. He has now one minute to spare to go in and pray. So if for whatever reason, and in our case is almost always laziness or forgetfulness, now, May Allah forgive us? If for whatever reason we don't pray, what are we supposed to do? We make up the first prayer, then we pray the current
prayer. Right now in this incident, it is no doubt another blessing in disguise because no matter how righteous and pious we are, the one Salah that humanity over sleeps once every while we hope, the process of once in a lifetime, or maybe max twice in a lifetime. If it happened twice, it happened twice. There is no three, right? Or maybe it's one time. So in the entire 23 years of the Prophet system, maybe once, maybe twice max. And both of them not when he's home. Never once did he miss fudger at home on both occasions, or they might be the same occasion. He's missing them after something like this this long day, camping, and then, you know, over sleeping and in this there is
just a little bit of a constellation for us as well. That it is human once in a blue moon to accidentally Miss fetch. Now of course for us will lie there is no comparison. And you were sleeping in our beds, we have alarm clocks, we have this and that. Look at the processor, man his situation and scenario. But my point being if Allah wanted to he would never have misread you. Correct for low one to two, he would not have misread Djibouti, Djibouti would have come down to work, Mr. White, but there is a wisdom here. And that wisdom is all of us we this the best of us, it doesn't matter. Right? The best of us once every while Yeah, and it just happens that the alarm clock does not go
off. You're still you know, you'd whatever legitimate reason, and this is a demonstration for us that if it happens beyond our control, we didn't intended then inshallah Tada, we just prayed as soon as we're able to now ask for the Prophet says that he felt that the area itself was not good because shavon cause Bella and shaytaan caused the people to fall asleep. And so he wanted to get out of that area. And so that's a special ruling. As for us in our houses, obviously, that's nothing we can do. We will pray in our houses. But this clearly shows us the Sunnah of what to do when you miss a prayer and you wake up late and that is you pray it as soon as possible. And inshallah next
week we'll talk about at least 30 benefits that we can derive from the incident of who they be, if not more, and also we'll go over quickly sort of data and then inshallah mentioned some other incidents that took place right after the Treaty of who they be.