Pearls From Surah Yusuf – Part 5
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
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Rahim al hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah while early he was so happy he woman wala hammerberg So last week we mentioned we got up to the place where use of Allah His Salaam was in the world, and the travelers came by and they sent their waterboy their water carrier and he sent down the bucket and when he pulled it up, he said what good news there is a boy here's a boy, so they hit him as merchandise was so raw who bill Barr and Allah azzawajal knew well what they weren't doing was shadow who be Theremin him
bassin and they sold him for a miserable price box means an insignificant price. They sold him for a price that was far less than what he was worthy of box means they made a loss on him. And this has two meanings. Firstly, Yusef is invaluable no matter what price they placed on him. It would have not had been enough this his use of it his setup, you cannot put a price on how much he is worth. Even if they sold him for 10 million, it wouldn't have been sufficient. So Allah azza wa jal is saying here they have a treasure and no matter what they sold him for, they would not been worth what use of is worth. So firstly, you Eliza gel is indicating use of his priceless. Secondly, Allah
is saying that what he would have gotten as a normal slave, they went far less than that anyway. So suppose the market value might have been 400 silver coins, they sold him for a fraction of that maybe a 10th of that 40 coins if an Ibis said they sold them for 40 coins, so they sold them for a miserable loss 10 million bacin. And then to emphasize the point, Allah said, there are human I do the data harms that you can count. Now, the fact that you can count them shows them that that's not a lot of items, right? If you have 1000s of items, you're not going to count them. If you have 100. You're not going to count them fold you have a handful. If you have 1520, then you can count them
there are Hema Mark Duda. They are countable, did hums. What can roofie mean? Azhar hidden and they were regarding him, not very eager. They were they considered him to be insignificant. They didn't consider him to be a great prize. Now, this ayah tells us a number of things. First and foremost, there is a human psychology here, that when you get something for free, you don't value it. When you get something for free, you don't value it. Had they purchased use of on the legal market, a boy of use of age, he might have been around 13 years old or eight years old. We don't know exactly had they purchased him he would have been worth a fortune. Because the most expensive slave is a young
boy. So had they purchased use of he would have been worth a fortune. But they found him for free. And this is human nature that you trivialize what you get for free. You and and subparallel the best example for this is our religion of Islam. We were born Muslim, we don't value it. Those who convert to Islam, they have to search for it, they have to find it, they value it. So Allah azza wa jal is saying they didn't consider him to be very significant. What kind of fee Mendoza he didn't, because it was stolen merchandise. Also, a lot of xojo is saying that because Yousuf was stolen merchandise, they wanted to get him off of their chest as fast as possible. You know, when people sell stolen
merchandise, they do it quickly. They do it. They you the the classic is they show you a watch and say, here's a real watch. It's a Rolex or something, you want it for 50 bucks, they just click on the street just quickly by it. They want to get rid of it because they're guilty. And so these people are guilty. They have captured an innocent boy who doesn't deserve to be captured. And they have hidden him. They should have announced him in the marketplace. We found a boy is there any boy missing, but they stole him. They kidnapped him. And so when they got to Egypt, they sold him for a miserable price. There are Hema ma Duda a very paltry, a very insignificant sum. What can roofie
mean Azhar hidden and they consider him to be of those who they were very, very trivial about who use of force. Now who did the selling common sense. And the context tells us that the people who were part of the caravan did the selling. However, some of the early scholars of the scene, they said that the selling here was done by the brothers of use of In other words, they say that after the brothers of use have returned, one or two of them kept on coming to the well to monitor what would happen. And then when the caravan went by, and they found the boy they said oh, this is our runaway slave and they sold us serve to the caravan. Now they seem to have gotten this from the
biblical stories and this is one of those areas where the Quranic story does not conform to the biblical story, the biblical story, the story in the Old Testament, it tells us that the brothers of use of sole use of to the caravan, the Quran does not seem to suggest that the Quran says that the caravan traders sold them to the people in Egypt. And so Allah azza wa jal knows best but it appears that what we will go with was the Quranic story, because the context clearly shows that the people who did the selling are the people of the caravan. Dada him Mr. Duda a very insignificant amount of Dada him that are him is the plural of did him did him of course did hum is the coinage that was
used by the Persians and it was made out of silver and it comes from the ancient Greek and the first people to
coinage where the Greeks they had coinage called come from duck made went to Persia and the Persians called the did him. And then when the Arabs began to trade, they traded with the Romans and the Persians. The Romans minted their coinage in gold, and they called it the nodose. And they saw the Arabs called the gold coins dinar. And the Persians minted their coins and silver, and they called it the ROM and so the Arabs called it did him. And so the Arabs did not have their own money at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam they had the money of the Romans in the Persians, they had two currencies, right. And today in this today still in this world, there are places where
the dollar might be more powerful than the currency of the country. There are many third world countries, if you have $1. It is more powerful than the current currency of the country. But all countries mean to their own coins in the time of Jehovah. And in the time of early Islam. The Islamic State was new. So they used these coinage is just a side point here, the first person to begin minting coins for the Muslims, or the early oma years, and especially after medical Mr. One, he was the first halifa to say let's do our own. And so he began minting gold and silver. And so he called the gold dyrham sorry, dinar, and he called the silver dyrham. And to this day, in many
countries in the world, in Iraq and Syria and other countries, sorry, not Syria and Iraq and Libya and other countries, they call the coins, dinar and Dirham from this original, the Quran is using it in ancient ancient times. And this shows us that the word did hum as we now know from historical usage. That's the point I'm trying to show that the word did hum goes back 1000s of years. And the people at the time of use of Joseph were selling and buying with did hums. And this is something that modern science has shown that the term did harm goes back 1000s of years. Now, they sold him. So we say that the strongest opinion seems to be that they sold him meaning they sold us serve in
Egypt to the Minister Aziz, there is a 50 point to be made here used to be stolen merchandise, that means he's illegal, that means he's not a legitimate item. How then, can they sell the illegitimate item when they don't own it? Do you understand the point here? If I steal your watch, right, and then I sell it to you, technically speaking, this is a void transaction. Why? Because I wasn't supposed to steal, and I don't own the watch how then can I sell it to the scholars say here, and we're going to derive many points from the story of use of, and inshallah maybe in a later lecture, I'll explain why we can derive from a story that goes back 1000s of years. But now we'll just leave
it that we will derive Philippines from the store your users, the scholars say here that
if somebody sells you an item, and it appears that he owns the item, your transaction with that man is valid. If he did not own it, then the sin goes to him.
And imagine now, if we had to verify every single person, do you actually own this watch? Do you own this code? If it appears that this person is an owner, and all the supporting evidence indicates that He's the owner now had used to have been a regular kidnapped boy, he would be screaming and saying, I'm a kidnapped person, I'm not a slave. Why these people have kidnapped me? Why didn't he do so? Because his brothers are going to kill him. He can't go back home. Where is he going to do? Right? Also, perhaps he's also terrified. Also, perhaps Allah has told him to be quiet, because the wife already began, or the In Home already began. So regularly speaking, if a 13 year old boy is
kidnapped, he's going to be screaming and yelling his head off that I'm not a slave. Don't buy me the fact that he's quiet in the marketplace. And these people are saying we have a slave purchase him. So all of the supporting evidence indicates that use of is a slave owned by this group. So scholars say and this is the general rule that if a transaction is made, and later on, it turns out that the person who sold you the item didn't own it, you are scot free, and you don't have to defend yourself and you will get your money back. You will get your money back because you didn't do anything wrong. The one who did wrong was the one who cheated you the one who did vote. So Allah
azza wa jal then says
War College to whom a missile The one who purchased him from Egypt, now we get to Egypt. So Allah azza wa jal indicates that from the land of Philistine they have now moved to Egypt. So use of Allah His Salaam the caravan has taken him over the Sinai Peninsula, and now they're in the land of Egypt, the one who sold him from Egypt, he said to his wife, accademy mouthwash, a creamy mouthwash who
make his stay comfortable. mouthwash means where a person rests. And so the man tells his wife make his place of rest comfortable academia mouthwash. In other words, treat him nicely. Give him all that he needs. As an onion, Fina owner Takeda. hawala,
he will benefit us or we might even adopt him. So this man and Allah calls him Aziz later on. And Aziz simply means the honorable man. And many scholars say that because use of himself is called al Aziz later on in the story, that this man was the Minister of Finance, because we know that used to become the Minister of Finance. So, because the terms are the same, then there is an indication that eventually use of takes on the role of his master. And this seems to make sense as well, because the terms used are the same. So, this man was at the rank of azeez means a noble minister. This means that he was one level below the king. And so, he is the one who purchases use of and he senses in
use of something above and beyond the ordinary, he senses This is not your regular slave. This is not your average person. And so, he tells his wife, treat him honorably, don't treat him like the regular slaves of the house, treat him honorably, a creamy mouthwash. Why? I have a feeling that this person might benefit us later on. Or we might even adopt him as a son. And the scholars say that this shows that they did not have a son, they chose they did not have a son. And so they thought that maybe this child we will be able to adopt him. Some of the scholars of the past some of the scholars of the of the past such as Eben Massoud, they said, three people showed that depth of
philosophy what was philosophy said last week, what is philosophy? philosophy is intuition for us is having a gut instinct. They said three people excelled in philosophy, when they made their decisions. The first of them was, this man as he is when he chose use of, he saw something in use of the second was the daughter of the shepherd, when she told her father hire this man, who is talking about here. masala, his setup, right, the daughter of the shepherd when she told her father hire this man. He seems to be a noble man. And it turned out to be Moosa and the third was Abu Bakar Cydia went on his deathbed, he chose Omar to lead the the khilafah after him. So the this has been
Massoud saying three people perfected their philosophy that they showed before something happened. They showed that they knew that this was the right man for the job. And one of them is this person of use of the minister, a creamy mouthwash that will be generous in his hospitality, he will benefit us or perhaps we will adopt him later on. What can likoma can the use of and this is how we established use of in the land. This is how how, by having the most generous and kind host by having a very rich patron and that is the minister by having the person whose job you would eventually take over, find him in the marketplace. If Allah had willed, He would have gone to a hard labor camp. If
Allah had willed he would have gone to the farms field. If Allah had willed he would have been in very horrible circumstances. But Allah azza wa jal is saying what cathartic This is how we took him from the depths of the well and we put him into one of the mightiest palaces, one level removed away from the king, one level removed away from the king. And notice, had he not enter this household, he would not have been so close to the king, because when the situation gets bad and worse, who does the minister and his wife appeal to the king immediately, and it is the king who then extracts useful from the prison and talks to him directly, had he not been in the house of the minister had
he been in some ordinary business man's house had he been in a very rich man's house but not a political figure? He would have been treated nicely, but he would not have established him in the land. McCann fell out of Allah is saying we gave him power in the land.
And Allah azzawajal is saying, Well, you know, Allah, Muhammad said, we did a hadith so that we may teach him the interpretation of events. Notice in three in three separate verses, Allah subhana wa tada mentions this, that we will teach him the interpretation of dreams, and allows you to sing I'm doing all of this in order to fulfill the dream that he himself saw the dream that his brothers would prostrate to him. And I'm doing this in order that he will interpret the other dreams including the dream of the king, and Allah saying, well law who Hollywood Allah, Allah, and Allah has full power and control over all of his affairs when I can act on nasci law. Yeah, the moon, but
most of mankind do not know. Now, Subhan Allah what Allah is saying here is, I know what I'm doing. And I'm doing this with a plan. No one can outsmart me. The brothers thought that they were doing a crime. All of this was planned use of went from the deserts of Sinai from the deserts of Philistine, he would have been a shepherd and the son of a shepherd even if he's a prophet, but what would he have done over there, and I will take him now to one of the most powerful kingdoms that ancient mankind
ever knew and that is the kingdom of Egypt. And this was as you know, at that time, there was no Rome there was no grid, this was the mighty Empire, the the Empire of the ancient Pharaohs and the ancient Egyptian kingdoms. So use of goes as this young child and Allah azza wa jal transports him to the mightiest land at the time, Allah is saying, well love will Hollywood either, I shall overcome all others and my command shall be done. No one can outsmart to me No one can outwit me when I can act on Nazi law, yeah, and the moon, but most of mankind do not know. And this really shows us that if we had to what could in Allah, if we put our trust in Allah, then we would resign
ourselves to his decrees and command if we truly understand that nothing happens except if Allah wills that not to leave falls except that Allah has told it to follow to fall and we put our tawakkol in him then everything we wouldn't feel the agitation we wouldn't feel the worry, we wouldn't feel the grief. The problem is we don't have that to work on Well, I can act on NASA lie on the moon we fall short and having this feeling that Allah azza wa jal has decreed everything and everything is running in accordance with a laws plans, what am Bella should do and when he reached his, uh, should, I should means his manhood.
It means his full powers. And the term I should, the scholars or the other languages, they say it applies from anywhere from 18 to 40. And the Arabic language a should is not just a few years, it is basically you are a a full man, anywhere from 18 to 40. And then after 40, you begin old age or Shahada. It comes after that, and so up to the age of 14. Now, some scholars say use of was 30 years old when this incident occurred. Many say no, this means what a mobile or shooter when he reached the age of, of manhood around 1920. Some say 22. We don't know the age, but no doubt. The point is he was a young boy when he's captured by the traders. And he's sold into slavery. He spends probably
a decade, probably a decade or less, and he reaches his adulthood in this house of Aziz. What am I Bella should the Who? Tina who hookman were ilma we gave him he'll come. He'll come here. Primarily it means wisdom, but there is another meaning of hokum and that is power. Now right now use of has no power, but within 1015 years, you shall also have power. So Allah is saying when he reached his manhood, we gave him power, that is going to happen. But at this stage when he reached his younger manhood, we gave him Hickman, the word hokum, once again has two meanings. The word hokum has two meanings number one power, but at this stage usage does not have power. So we understand then that
he shall reach power when he's still a young man. And this is exactly what happens. The second meaning of hokum is hikma and Hickman means wisdom. So ally say we gave him wisdom, and they're in a lot combines both of these, because one without the other is incomplete. Put together you have the perfection, in we all know what it is. And that is knowledge. heckler means you know how to act upon that knowledge, because you can have knowledge, but you don't know how to teach it properly, or you don't know how to act upon it, or you don't know what to do with it. hikma means you have the knowledge, and you know how to act upon it. And so it is a level that is higher than just having him
because many people have him, but they might act foolishly, or they don't act upon them, or they don't know what to do with him. So Allah is saying we gave use of hokum, and in and this means that we made him a prophet, because the perfection of a lot of giving in is not like my in manure in the perfection of Allah giving him is that he made him a prophet, Tina hookman, where ilma Waka leka Niger z, moistening, and this is how we perfect or this is how we reward the more senior Morrison is, of course, the one who is excellent The one who practices exam, our Prophet system explained a son and he said a son is that you worship Allah as though you see him because even if you don't see
him, he sees you. And the meaning of Morrison is the one who has reached the highest level of excellence in a man. Now think about this a lot is saying, We gave him wisdom and knowledge. And this is how we reward those who are very righteous. And what this means is when you strive to be righteous, Allah will bless you with wisdom and knowledge. What Allah will your limo qumola have the taqwa of Allah, Allah will give you more in what taco la where you Alamo como la. Because knowledge. There's two types of knowledge. There's book knowledge and this knowledge you need to study to obtain. But there is an inner knowledge that Allah blesses people with. There is a knowledge of a
Understanding that you will not find in books and this knowledge, how do you get it by your piety and a class and we already spoke about one type of specific knowledge that is not found in books and that is the interpretation of dreams. You cannot study interpretations of dreams from books. This is a gift from Allah and only comes for those whom Allah azza wa jal chooses what karateka Nigel Martini, and this is how we reward those who have perfected the level of a sound and the point to the benefit for us here. If you want to be blessed with wisdom, then make sure that you are of those who practice exam. If you want to be blessed with knowledge, then make sure that your righteousness
your level of taqwa is high. The more righteous you are, the more a man that you have, the more Allah azza wa jal will give you back in return. So this finishes the first section and another section begins. So Allah azza wa jal has mentioned that use of has gone from the deserts of Philistine to the lands of Sinai. Now he is in Egypt. And by the way, just as a side point, some scholars say this is interesting for us here in this city. Some scholars say that the city that he ended up in is called Memphis, right? Many of you didn't know that this Memphis is not original, right? Do you think this was named after Elvis Presley? No, no, no, no, the city of Memphis is named
after an ancient city in Egypt. Right? How many of you knew that? Mashallah. Half of you, okay, so the other half you're learning this, okay? Your city of Memphis, my city now which Allah is well, hamdulillah this city of Memphis is named after an ancient Egyptian city. And this ancient Egyptian city, it was the capital of one of the ancient dynasties of the upper Middle Kingdom, because Egypt was divided into two kingdoms, the upper and the lower, and the lower had his own capital and the upper had its own capital, and the capital of the upper kingdom was Memphis. And so a lot of scholars they applying this is not in the Quran and Sunnah. But they get this from other sources and
we have no problem as we said over and over again, the prophet system said, you may quote from those other sources don't believe and don't deny Allah knows. So the the other sources tell us that use of Allah His Salaam ended up in Memphis. Now, one interesting thing here, and we'll come to this later on, that Allah subhana wa tada describes the rulers and the kings of that time with the term medic. We'll call it medic, and he never uses the term fit down. pseudo use of does not have the term fit down in it.
And when it comes to Musa alayhis salaam, Allah uses the term fit out throughout the whole now fit down is not a proper name. His name wasn't found fit down his His Excellency, frown is the title. And we'll talk about this but keep this point in mind. We'll talk about this wisdom about this later on. We now get to the story of the enticement. We're all we're there to let you who are fee beta i never say what are the two Leterrier our the means to seduce to entice, and the verb structure Fila means she continued to do so.
In other words, it wasn't just a one time thing. It wasn't just she started one day and that's it. No, rather one can imagine that as use of is growing older and as usage is increasing in his German and his handsomeness. And we already said that our Profit System said that Allah divided beauty into two halves, and half of beauty was given for all of mankind. And one half of it was given to use of Allah, his Salah. Now that's really mind boggling, right? All of the beauty in the world, if you add it together, think of every single person who's handsome and beautiful that Judo and then add that to those who have gone ever since time, and then add that to your meal chiama that equals only 50%
and 50%. of all of that was given to one person and according to another version, use of and his mother, even if you say 25% was given to us, him Subhanallah really, it is amazing. And this really shows us by the way, and especially address the sisters, that Allah knows who to give beauty to and who not to. And that beauty that you are given or not given. It might be a fitna for you. And it might be a temptation that will destroy you. Use of Allah Hassan was given beauty and he was tempted and because of his Iman, he rose up from the temptation, how many amongst us could strive to that level. So accept what Allah has made for you, and know that Allah has a better plan. And Allah loves
you more than you love yourself. And Allah azza wa jal knows you and your weaknesses. So be content with what Allah widget has given you. Because and the same applies for men and primarily power and money. As I said in a previous lecture, men are generally greedy about power and money and fame, and women are generally jealous of beauty. And these are the two main motivations
factors that cause jealousy amongst the same gender. And I have said over and over again that a Muslim accepts the decree of Allah and the Muslim is content with what Allah has given him. And this story illustrates that over and over again. So Allah is saying, we're all we're there to let you who are fi Beatty have
noticed is beautiful. Allah doesn't say the wife advisees seduced him. Allah says, the one in whose house he was living.
To emphasize how difficult it must have been. He could have said the wife of Aziz seduced him but he didn't. Allah said, this is a man living in another woman's house. What are the two Letty who are feeding it? Every single day he has to serve her every single day he has to do all of the chores, all of the the household affairs and the man is going for work and she is alone in the house and he is the main servant because why the husband said treat him special. Don't let him do the other stuff. Treat him special. A creepy Martha right. So this is you can say the personal attendant of the wife. And so Allah is driving the point home that this isn't just an average enticement. This is
a man who's living in the house of a woman and he doesn't seduce her. She the owner of the house, the one who's in charge, the one who controls seduces him. Where are the two lady who are v Beatty her and FC she she seduced him to herself. And of course, the point being here that we can imagine and Allah Zoysia does not go into details. We can imagine that she is beginning with flirtation. She's beginning with insinuation, she's beginning with innuendos, and she goes more and more until finally and Yousuf is ignoring all of this and Yousuf is pretending nothing is happening. But finally she has to make the first move. She has to make a clear cut move that no, I'm not just I'm
not just flirting. I want to do more than this. So she says walk on that hated Well, sorry, well, a lot of work with a lot of work locker file, there's a shutdown here to show she didn't just close the door. She locked it and double did it. locker, there's an extra emphasis, there's a shed, and there's no need for a shutdown. While her locker means she made an extra effort to bolt, not just the Bab but the ASVAB the doors. So she has a plan now. And the beauty of the Quran as we go over and over again. Allah does not go into details when there's no need. When there's no need, don't just mention what needs to be mentioned. And the rest Leave it. Why does Allah do this? We mentioned
this last week. Why does Allah do this? Because mentioning these details is of no benefit. And it brings about feelings it brings about imagination, it brings about scenarios that are no need to be mentioned.
And we mentioned this is the Quranic methodology, the Sunnah methodology, in contrast to modern pop culture, in contrast to the modern news, in contrast to these magazines that we find on the shelves as we check out of the counter every single detail whether it's of a Fantasia, whether it's a murder, whether it's of a crime, it is better that people's imaginations are not flooded with such evil. Why? Because then evil is trivialized, because evil becomes second nature because then everybody wants to do it. You don't tell people and Allah clearly says in the Quran, in many verses we don't have time to talk about here. Allah clearly says in the Quran, why didn't you hide this?
Why didn't you go to the people in charge? Why didn't you go to those in authority instead of spreading it? And with regards to the other rumors? Allah says, when you heard it, why didn't you close your mouth and be quiet? The rumors of Arusha Allah says, Why didn't you close your mouth and be quiet? Why did you throw it from tongue tongue, gossip, innuendo, slander, this is not the way of the believer. We don't talk about these things. And brothers and sisters when a scandal happens in our communities, in, in our extended families and relatives, we're lucky it is not of the lack of the believer to gossip even with his own family. It's not of the manners of the one who fears Allah
subhana wa tada to tell titillating tales, and to talk about juicy gossip. And he did this and she did that it is not of the of the lack of the believers. And notice this is a factual account. It's not gossip, it's not slander. This is the fact but Allah only mentions what you need to know. Why does Allah need to go into detail? She did this then she did that then she know what are locked in. She locked all the doors. Now the rest we can understand. She's planning for days. And finally the opportunity presents itself. Perhaps her husband is going out on a longer trip. Perhaps she knows that now is the time there's no other servants. So she starts locking all of the doors from the
outer door to the inner door all the way to the
door of her chamber, and she must have arranged for him to come to present something or to do something was locked in a blob. We'll call it a Tilak. In one Corolla heated accord. There's many different color as many different ways of reciting heeta or hater. scholars of the Arabic language were kinda sorta I shouldn't say stumped, but they were really trying to explain what is this word hater, because it's not a common Arabic word. And the bottom line is Allah subhana wa tada is using an obscure word intentionally to show that she's using a type of flirtatious talk that was very vulgar, and it clearly gave the message across there might not be a perfect equivalent in Arabic.
And so Allah uses a word that is not very common. And what it basically means is, come on, let's do it. Hey, Tilak. This is not a common word in the Arabic language. But Allah is using a word that perhaps gives the best indication of her vernacular, she's using a crude terminology that gives the message across Come on, let's do it. Hey, Tilak. And even Abbas says that even Ibis says that she had prepared herself and she had beautified herself. Now these are details Allah doesn't mention, because there's no need to but it's understood that of course, when she is going to do this deed, she's not going to be dressed normally. You can understand she is already making sure that use of is
ready to receive her so much so that had been at best said that she was lying down. We're ready for him waiting for him. We'll call it Hey Tilak. Now, notice this is not an ordinary seduction. This is not any ordinary seduction, and as it is for a woman to seduce a man, this is a fitna in and of itself. This is a problem in and of itself. how few are the men who can avoid this. Usually it is the man who seduces the woman. Usually it is the man who flirts and who continues and attempts. When a woman does it. The man's defense system is almost zero. He has almost no control when a woman comes up to him that said, Alice is just going to go for it. Right now. This isn't just any
seduction. Rather, this is a very difficult seduction. Why? First and foremost use of is a stranger in the land. He's not from the people of Egypt, he's from a faraway place, a different culture, a different religion. He's not amongst his family, his kith and kin. He's not amongst people who know him. What reputation does he have 00 if you go to a foreign land, nobody knows you. Well, then if you do something, who's gonna who's gonna report your father doesn't know your mother doesn't know your sister, your brothers don't know, you're all alone. And it's a different culture. It's a different religion. He's the only Muslim in the whole country that people are used to. Just like in
this land, if you do it, it's not that big of a deal. I mean, it's not a crime that goes against humanity, right? It requires a man. So he's all alone. Secondly, he's a slave. And slaves, as it is don't have any honor. It doesn't matter. Society. I'm saying society expects slaves to behave in a dishonorable manner. Right? society, at that time, expected slaves to do this, that was the culture like why should a slave not take advantage of this? Thirdly, she is not just any woman, she's not a fellow slave, she is a free person. She is a free person. And in the days of slavery, in the days of slavery, a free person thought himself better than a slave,
a free person, uh, you know, I mean, we don't have an hamdulillah slaves anymore, sometimes to say these things is to some might be obvious to others who never thought about this. But that's how humanity was that when there were slaves, men and women who are free thought themselves a different class, a different level to the slaves. What does that mean? The way that you know, some societies have untouchables, right? Of course, not to that level, but you feel slaves to be beneath you. And that is why a free man would not go and have intercourse with the slave that wasn't his own. It's beneath me. I'm not gonna do that. Right? I want to seduce a free woman, I want to find a free
woman. Similarly, the opposite is even more. So a free a slave would never think of seducing a free person gonna get him into extra trouble. So there's this category difference, but it is not the slave who is seducing it is the free person seducing the slave. And then, to add to this is not just any free person, it is his own mistress, his own owner, not just a stranger, not just somebody who's no relation to him. It is his own master or mistress in this case, which means she has power over him. And she's interacting with him on a daily basis. And she has been flirting with him for months or perhaps even years. So it's not a stranger doing this. And if he were to have done this, who
would have found out who would have known it's his own mistress, and it's in her own house. And that's what Allah says, The one whose house it was seduced him right? What what what our overall word that who led
Who are fi batyr powerful messages are being sent in the Quran here. And then lastly, lastly, as if this was in difficult enough use of has just reached manhood. And as we all know, a younger man 17 1819 This is the most difficult to control at that age, right? When you're 50 6070. That's a different story. Even that is difficult, but at least there's a different story. But as an 18 year old or 17 year, however young us we don't know. But definitely he has just reached his young adulthood. And we all know that, at that age, it is the most difficult to control your, your desires and your Shahada. And then to add to that, the plotting and planning and the bolting of the doors
was alacrity above all the doors have been have been shut. And of course, this is why our prophet SAW sent him forbade a man from being alone with a woman that is not a relative of his because he said, and there's an authentic hadith anytime a man and a woman are in halwa, which means in a place that nobody can see them. Anytime a man and a woman are in halwa, then they are never alone. shaitaan is the third of them. shaitaan is the third of them. We're not supposed to be alone in a room with a woman who is not our relative, because this is what leads to temptation and use of either his system has been for years serving this lady and being becoming close to her as his slave.
And now this has led to her this lady being infatuated with use of we'll call it Hey Turlock and she said come I am ready for you Come here. Let's do this. Allah Tater. Immediately Allah either la he said ma de la. Now it's difficult sometimes not to speak about the Arabic eloquence
we try to avoid it but sometimes it's difficult to when when you talk about Arabic eloquence it's complicated because to try to explain but Allah in English, it's very difficult. He could have said rubella but he said masala
and there's a difference. Now what is this difference is difficult explain in Arabic and in English. rubella means I am the one seeking refuge in Allah. And so this is Joomla What is it fairly obvious Mia where you Joomla fairly your Joomla fairly, it's the fared ma the law is Joomla is Mia Now for those of you who studied this Arabic, generally speaking, Joomla is Mia is more powerful to Joomla fairly. Okay. Now, to put maybe to try to translate this to English. Ma de la means the one whose refuge is sought is Allah odubel la means I am going to seek refuge in Allah. And what he is saying is, regardless of what I do, or don't do, a law is always Supreme, and his refuge is always sought.
He gives a statement of fact, Miranda law. And this is powerful because it's as if he's saying, even if I cannot get to that level of actually seeking is the other. Even if I don't reach the level, Allah is always mad Allah. Right. I hope that kind of sort of makes sense. But in English is difficult to explain the Bulava but he's basically saying that Allah is the one whose help is always sought. Allah is the one who returned to for protection, call them either luck in hula be a Santa mathway He is my Arab, and he has made my my stay or my livelihood or my life so comfortable. Now, a lot of scholars for some reason, they understand this phrase to mean he meaning your husband is my
master. And he has made my life so comfortable. But in my humble opinion, this does not make any sense. Because he says my the law in
refuges sought in a law he meaning Allah is my Rob, because the word Rob can mean Lord and it can be mastered. So is he talking about Allah is my Rob, who has made my life comfortable? Or is he saying that my master, ie your husband has treated me so nicely? How could I do this? A lot of scholars they seem to suggest the second however, Allah knows best. It doesn't make sense because he's talking about Allah, he's a prophet. And what difference does it make how the husband treated him? This is a crime in his own law. This is a crime, even if the husband was mean, was that mean? Okay, well, then it was permissible for me. Right? So Allah knows best but I personally do not find myself
agreeing with this interpretation. And I do firmly believe in the other interpretation, which is that he is speaking of Allah in the asset about why and what clearly proves this point in the hula, you flip the Volume One, the ending of the verse, those who are evil will never be successful. This is a statement of fact regarding a law, not regarding the husband, those who are evil will never be successful. And this is a state
Men that is talking about a laws laws, not about the laws of the husband. So the beginning of the verse and the end of the verse clearly are talking about a law. Why should the middle phrase talk about the husband? Right? So Allah knows best, but it's clear that he's talking about Allah subhana wa Tada. Call them the law. He says, refuge is sought in Allah in the hora de Maya my Allah is my Lord. He has been so kind to me, meaning how could i sin? How could I do this after all that Allah has done for me, and that he has saved me from my brothers, he has saved me from the, from the well, he has taken me to this great land, he has made me live such a comfortable life. And remember, now
we said his life was closer to that of a luxurious servant, rather than a slave. Right? He's living a very different type of life. Probably no other slave in the city has as much luxuries he's sleeping in the house in the palace. He's been treating extra nights. So he's saying after all that Allah has done, how could I possibly disobey Him in the horror of the accent number three, in LA, you flew over the moon. Verily, Allah subhana wa tada will never cause the evil people to be successful. And this shows us the instantaneous, instantaneous reaction of use of alayhis salam, that he turns to Allah subhana wa Tada. And this shows us what we should do. When we are tempted
with evil, we will never be able to overcome evil ourselves. It's not possible. We don't have that much strength in us to fight evil. Whether that evil is our passions, whether it's our anger, whether it's our whatever problem, we can find it by ourselves. So the first thing that you serve does, I need to turn to Allah, I need a lot of help. But I had the law, turn to Allah subhana wa Tada. Verily, my Lord, that's the one who will help me against this. And this is what methodology we need to follow Allah says in the Quran, what in Mayans Ivana commonly shaytani knows when first started Billa any time shavon gives you some thought, some evil thought, seek refuge in Allah.
Verily, Allah is the one who hears and knows all. One awkward him might be he will hum Maybe her. What occurred to him might be he will him Maybe her, Lola, Aurora Bora, Hannah Robin, this is perhaps the most commented on verse in the whole surah. And we could literally spend the entire next halaqa, which we're not going to do an orange Allah just about this is it has caused a lot of problems amongst the classical scholars why, let us translate this verse verbatim.
And indeed, she desired him. And he desired her. Had it had he not seen the evidence that his Lord gave. Why is this problematic? Well, the main reason why so many classical medieval scholars, even modern scholars found this problematic is the phrase, and he desired her.
And this has led to so much consternation and worrisome commentary, and how could use of have desired her when she was an evil lady, and she was not legitimate for him and she was not lawful, how could a prophet of God have gone down to this level to actually have a desire of her? So they say, No, no, no, this is not possible. What do we do then? They say we need to reread the verse. How do you reread the verse? What are the homage be he full stop?
She desired him, period. Why him maybe Hi, Lola Ravana. Robbie, he would have desired her. This is how they translated now Lola becomes would have, he would have desired her had he not seen the evidence from Allah. So he didn't actually desire he didn't actually have the hum for her. Now, what is ham mean? ham is the strongest level of Nia before it reaches the level of Harmon. I'll repeat that in Simple English. A ham is the strongest will before any action is done. So will has levels right? You have a heart, you have imagination, a fleeting fantasy, right? You have a desire, which is just a fanciful desire. A ham means you have made the strongest possible desire, you are going to
do this. This is the meaning of him. But you haven't actually physically done anything yet. This is the level of him. So what this means is she had a burning desire, or she had a strong inclination to do something. And she was adamant she's going to do it. The only thing preventing is the actual act. So hum is a very hard word, right? Hum is a very hard word meaning it's not just it's something you're very close to actually physically doing. So
She She desired him or she had that inclination for him, and he would have desired her now, which of these two that is correct? Should we say that Jews have had the hum? Or should we say use of did not have the
the majority of scholars lean towards the fact that you sort of did not have a desire?
Why? Because they find it difficult to swallow that a Prophet would desire a woman who's not lawful for him. And they say, it's not possible. He's too holy. He's too. He's too high. He's too noble, to actually have a hem. A healthy minority, I would say if there's if you were to do percentages, maybe 4555. Just off the top of my head, I mean, roughly a slight majority, I would say, say he didn't have him. But a very strong minority, not just 510 percent, maybe 40 45%. They said that no, what's the problem? What's the problem? ham is a desire without action. And what would be sinful is what's the sin? action.
The sin is the action and not the desire. And the very fact that he conquered the desire
is a means and a manner of praising him. In fact, if there is no desire, he's not worthy of praise.
And This to me is very
common sense. I mean, it's logical, right? I mean, some of us have absolutely no desire for some sense, okay. Hamdulillah, I have no problems saying, I have no desire to do drugs and alcohol. hamdulillah there is not even the slightest inclination, you put it in front of me, and you guarantee me, nobody is looking. And we all travel, it's easy to get this right. hamdulillah thank Allah, there is no fitna at all. Now, the sad part of it is I'm not rewarded for having free wine in the hotel room and not drinking, I'm not rewarded for it. Why? Because there's no battle. But some amongst us maybe they've had drug problems or alcohol problems. And they go to a hotel room and they
have that minibar. They know nobody's looking, they know they can drink it, and they're tossing and turning at night fighting that desire. I am Mashallah sleeping away, I get zero reward. Right? The one who's tossing and turning and fighting that desire, so pyla his status and his rank, and his agenda cannot be compared to mine. Right? And I thank Allah we think we don't want to be tested. Right? But the point is the one who is tested and overcomes it, that is the one who's worthy of praise, correct? Right, not the one who has no inclination. And so it's To me, it's pretty obvious, then I don't see a problem that, yes, he did have a ham. What's the problem? He did have a desire.
And in fact, people have a tendency to make profits superhuman.
And in my humble opinion, the Quran doesn't tell us that prophets are superhuman. The Quran tells us that prophets are the best of humans. And there is a big difference between the best of humans and superhuman, correct, right. They are not superhuman. They are simply the best of men. And if we look at the lives of the prophets, if we look at what the prophets have done, this leads us to a very deep theological question. Can the prophets of God commit mistakes? Can they commit what we call sins? So huge theological debate, there's over eight or nine opinions we don't have time for, for all of those opinions. But the strongest position seems to be the prophets of a law are protected
from major sins, and also from sins of a nature that impugns their character, such as lying or cheating. This is a very mean since a very cheap sin. Right? But it is possible that the prophets of Allah, do mistakes out of a human emotion, such as anger, such as
basic sense of wanting something that is otherwise permissible. So our father Adam alayhis, salam, he wanted life. And so he did what he did, right? He ate from the tree, and he wanted life. And one thing life is a human desire, is it not? It's not something that is it doesn't corrupt your mortality if you want life. So to take a regular desire, or a regular emotion, and impulsively act upon it once, it seems that the prophets can do this, but anytime a prophet does do it, immediately, Allah corrects him. And immediately he stops. Profits do not commit repetitive sins. So it is possible that the prophets of God do commit minor sins. But in this case, we don't even have to
worry about that. Because use of did not commit any sin. Why not? He didn't do anything. He didn't do anything. Allah simply says he was a regular 1920 year old male who went this beautiful lady we can imagine now I didn't mention this before, but it's common sense that when you have a rich and powerful man, generally speaking, when you're rich and powerful, you will
Choose a pretty wife. Correct? Right? So azeez it is understood that he had a beautiful wife. And when you have this wife, tempting you for years and years and you're a young man, well, you suffer as a human being. So what am I? Not a problem he would have desired at any one of us would have desired it and our profit so I send them and said that I have not left any trial that is more difficult, and more, if you'd like unbearable for men than women. This isn't authentic. Heidi, it's the most difficult trial and all men amongst us know this right? And Allah says in the Quran xuyen Alina Boucher Swati Mina Nisa well benina Welcome to mock ontology that have been filled with the
wellhead musante when an animal health Allah mentioned six things that men are greedy, and desire, these six things of them is gold and silver and horses and wealth. But number one, number one xuyen and unnecessary. busha wati, Minh and Nisa. Right. And this is human nature that men are attracted to women, like they're attracted to nothing else. So the fact that you use of is attracted to her, and he wants what any man once it does not in any way belittle his rank, rather, if anything, it makes him a normal human in this regard, and that it makes him the best human in that he overcomes it. How does he overcome it, Lola Ravana, the two would have done something. But he saw a sign from
his Lord Lola era burriana he saw a sign from his Lord Abraham, what is a forehand? upper hand means a clear, unambiguous evidence and evidence that is crystal clear. There's no doubt about it. He saw a border hand. What was this border? Huh? There's like seven or eight opinions. Some of them are ludicrous, really. And this really shows us when you read a book of Tafseer have some common sense as well, right? And don't be afraid to ask questions from other people of knowledge. Because what happens is that a lot of the books of the year, they become storytellers. And you know, what storytellers do they exaggerate or they just add on details. So some of these stories is that the
forehand was that the roof broke up in the in the house of Allah Aziz. And use of could see his father Yaqoob, staring down at him in anger. So this is a shorthand. Now, where did you get this from? I have no idea. It's not in the Quran. It's not anywhere else. Right. Another another. Another evidence or another interpretation, excuse me, is that Juanita himself came down and told him stop use of stop. But you see, the point is, if you accept this, where is there a shorthand? Where is there a test? I mean, if we saw an angel, who were about to commit a sin, so an angel said, Stop, is any one of us going to continue? Right? I mean, where's the test then? Right? It doesn't make sense
to, or if we saw our father, looking down in anger,
it doesn't make any sense to me to say these types of interpretations. One interpretation is that, that when she, you know, went back on her back to lie down, she covered up her idol. So you said, Why are you covering up for your idol? She said, because I don't want it to see me in this state. So the use of thought, Well, my lord is more worthy than this idol. Now, this might be at least theologically a little bit a little bit better. But again, there's no evidence for this at all. Another interpretation is jabril, came down and smacked him with his wing. And when he smacked him, then all of the desire left use of But once again, if we if we believe this, where's the trial?
Where's the test? Where's the praise? And so one interpretation, and this is the one that I think makes the most sense is that the bottom hand that Allah gave him was his own knowledge and his own certainty that Allah is watching him, because that is where the praise comes. Right? That's where the praise comes that his only the bottom hand is he has yaqeen, he has certainty that Allah is watching him. This is the Buddha, he doesn't need gibreel to come and smack him. Right? He doesn't need some type of miraculous sign. He is a prophet of God. And he has that sense of he man, that sense of yaqeen that Allah is watching me. And so the horahan that he saw, is the knowledge that
Allah azza wa jal gave him and the Eman that he had. So Allah is saying, We're it and Allah caused it beforehand, to show how clear it was. It's reached a level where it's not one it's not merely a man. It is higher than even a man it is a European now berhad What does borhan mean? borhan means and evidence you cannot dispute. It's the it's the strongest word you can use for certainty higher than your clean higher than your penis boron, you cannot get higher. And so Allah uses the highest word possible that he was so sure of something. That's why he didn't do this. What is this? What could this possibly be?
He is so sure that this is a sin, and that if he does it, Allah will watch him and know what he's doing. This is the borhan, Lola and bhandara karateka The Nasri fan who Sue our fascia, because Alec means this is how this is how we will turn him away from evil and fascia. So is any type of evil and fascia is in particular evil of a sexual nature fluidity and vulgarity and Allah azza wa jal is saying this is how meaning how what is the this refer to the knowledge that he has worker that this because he is so certain we will turn away from him evil and lucidity in who minjerribah dnl mozillazine surely he was of our servants who was more or less in. Now, there are two ways of
reading the verse. And for those of you who are not aware, the Quran has many recitations, many clearer acts, and the prophecies and recited in in different ways. And we recite it and one of them it is called hafsat. Awesome. And other places in the Muslim world have other recitations other cattle act, and there's minor differences in Fattah and casilla, and llama, and all of them come from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and this is a science that is called the science of cataracts. Sometimes if you listen to the boss, and he starts reciting Quran slightly differently than what you're used to Maliki omit the Maliki Ahmed Deen and these types of things. This is
differences in clear art. And so all of these are authentic and that's a science in and of itself. some carrots have more Kolasin and some carrots have more. Listen. More lacing, means use of force of our servants whom we chose. a colossal we chose him more listening means use of force of our servants who had a class who had sincerity. And both of them are authentic, because use of had sincerity Allah chose him. How do you become a less chosen by having sincerity? Now this verse is very, very powerful because it shows us what is the verse say?
What karateka karateka ministry vanhoozer Well, this is how we averted evil away from him because he was a sincere servant. What does that mean for us? If we are sincere to Allah, and if we are truthful to Allah, Allah will avert evil away from us. If we are sincere to Allah subhanho wa Taala and are truthful to him. We will never be able to conquer evil alone. Many of us say I can't do it, I'm addicted. I have a problem. Many of us say there's just no way I cannot become a better person. You know what you cannot by yourself, I agree with you completely. But the reason why you fail, you fail because you don't turn to Allah.
If you turn to Allah with a class, Allah will then avert the evil away from you get radically Nasir define who we are the ones Allah is saying, notice Allah is saying we averted this evil because he was sincere. Without Allah's help, he would have fallen into this. Similarly, if you are facing any problem, if you have any issue, if you don't turn to Allah subhanho wa Taala, you're not going to get it resolved, there is no way you can find it by yourself. If he didn't have that his last or last name is Allah chose him, it would not have happened. And of course, we also know that Fighting Temptations is one of the primary purposes of EMA and of our religion, and especially the temptation
of illegal and illicit affairs of this nature. This is one of the highest and the most difficult and that is why the prophets are seldom said, seven are the people, they will be sheltered in the shade of Allah when there is no shade other than his shade. And these are seven categories of people that have done magnificent things. One of them is a man who was invited by a woman of nobility and beauty, nobility, because if a slave invited you because if a woman of corrupt nature, we're on the streets and we see a corrupt lady on the street, we feel the man will feel disgust a man of Israel will feel disgusted. I'm not this is disgusting, not not with you, right? But a woman who is noble,
a woman who is pure, a woman who is otherwise good and clean. Right? And she invites and also a beauty obviously, if she's not beautiful, very easy to say. Thanks, but no thanks, right? stuff, but you get my point. Right. But if the woman of beauty now, and in the case of use of both have been combined,
both have been combined. So the profitsystem said that a man who was invited by a woman of nobility and beauty to do that deed, and he said, I fear God, I cannot do this. The only thing prevented me is the fear of Allah, I cannot do this. That is one of those seven people who will get that shade. Well use of has perfected it to a level that we ask that none of us is even tested by a fraction of all of these tests right?
Imagine being in the case of use of Allah His Salaam, where nothing would have happened in fact, more lavish and more nourishment and more, if you like money would have been poured on him in a strange land in a house of his own the mistress owning the house in the privacy of the room in the house, nobody's seen this except for Allah subhanho wa Taala. Imagine if, if the Prophet system is saying the average person who refuses a woman will get this How about the Prophet Yusuf Ali his setup and with this we have come to the end of our
interview dounia Salah