Dawah & Fatwas in Light of the Dunning Kruger Effect
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
File Size: 8.78MB
Tip number seven
Zani hi dee
smil Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Allah Allah He was so happy
today short Katara do something different inshallah we'll mix some psychology with Islam learn something inshallah beneficial and linked to our tradition as well.
Modern psychologists have documented a phenomenon that is common in all disciplines in all fields is a human problem is what is called a cognitive bias. And that is something known as the Dunning Kruger effect. Okay, Google that after today, Dunning Kruger effects a very interesting phenomenon. And what this phenomenon indicates, and this is across all disciplines, is the following. When you don't know something, you know, you don't know it, and you give weight to the people have authority in that field. But an interesting phenomenon is observed. The minute you start learning, and you master level one,
you get an over boost of confidence, and you think you know exponentially more than you actually do.
And you have a sense of such confidence that you feel more qualified than majority or many experts. And it takes some serious mistakes to cause you to come crashing down, and then slowly you build another so the Dunning Kruger effect has actually been charted. If you have confidence with knowledge, you start at zero, it shoots all the way up with a little bit of knowledge very high, and then it falls down slowly. And then very slowly, it begins to rise again. Okay, so if you had a chart of the Dunning Kruger effect, it would be straight up like a you know, straight sharp angle, and then it's going to go down on a curved parabolic curve, and then slowly is going to go and
that's going to be real knowledge. Okay, now we see the Dunning Kruger effect. Most commonly, every parent is going to love this in teenagers. Okay? The notion of the when the teenagers learn how to drive, when the teenagers Google a few facts, or they study something in college, they think they know, you know, and maybe they do know that one fact better than you do. Maybe they do. But obviously they don't know life Do they? They don't know experience when they drive cars. Okay. Why is it that every 19 year old gives his parents heart attacks when he's driving? Because he's overconfident? He thinks he knows everything. Right? He knows because he's just learned how to drive
and that's the Dunning Kruger effect. Okay, the same goes for every single discipline. Now, how is it linked to Islam? Our scholars say that the first sign of the student of knowledge of studying Islam of learning Islam, is arrogance. When you begin to learn halus, you think you know you heard a fatwa? You heard one of these, you heard one ayah helaas. You know, if you hear one share, give a verdict. You think this is how can Vata that's it and you will fight over it and consider everybody else to be wrong and deviant. But as our teacher said, the more you learn, the more tolerant you become. The more you learn, the more humble you'll become. And the sign of a person of knowledge is
humility. And the sign of a true person of knowledge is acceptance and tolerance, you understand where others are coming from. And the sign of the Dunning Kruger effect is the beginning student of knowledge, the one who just learns one opinion, and that's why our teachers would say when we were studying overseas, they would say, diversify your teachers learn from lots of people. So you learn the spectrum of opinions. Don't just learn one, don't just learn one opinion or one person that's going to then you're not going to be you know, open minded enough. And another classical alum of the past he said that, you know, without mentioning the Dunning Kruger, but this example is exactly the
Dunning Kruger right? He said that, you know, the beginning student of knowledge, he stands at the shore when he's just beginning he looks at the ocean, and he knows he knows nothing is too far away. Then when he gets on the boat, he gets confident I can conquer. I know everything. Okay? Hello. So I'm here when the boat goes in the middle of the ocean and he can't see anything. He realizes what does he realize? He knows nothing. Okay, this is the example of that when you really know nothing. You know nothing else that's the ocean there. But when you just get into the boat and you feel I can drive I know this is the shore there, the water there, but just wait when you go deep in the ocean.
Wait when you are completely
Last you cannot see the shore, then you realize that is a barrel is a knowledge that has no end to it. And that will only come once you have comfortably left once you have gone forward. So the bottom line and what is the purpose of this in every single field, every single field, we have to be careful that we do not become guilty of that overconfidence. And Allah reminds us in the Quran, do not speak without knowledge. Allah reminds us in the Quran, ask the people of knowledge if you do not know, final example to know we conclude another example that was sometimes results in a tragedy that in the time of the Prophet system, famous example, I've said this before, that there was a
group of Sahaba on an expedition. There were no scholars amongst them. But there was one person studied a very little bit. And in the battle, one of them became wounded. There's a wound in his head that is frustrated, it's pus, and for whatever reason, then he fell asleep and then he woke up he had to do Osen and there was no scholar in the expedition. So this minor student of knowledge and he's also hobby, he goes no, the fatwa is clear the fingers clear, you have to do also, even if there's a wound and it's festering, you have to pour water on it. This is the Dunning Kruger effect. Okay. The guy didn't know any better, has also harbor he did also poured water on the festered
wound, and obviously it became worse and he died. By the time they go back to the dinner, he died. The profitsystem was visibly angry. And he said How could you have said this? In fact, in one version, they he literally says without otterloo katella hula they killed him with that fatwa. May Allah curse them this actually a hadith that in your overzealousness you think Islam doesn't have any leeway any concession and by the way, look at what is happening Well, I don't want to go too long and look at the foolishness the stupidity look at what happened in the COVID crisis when minor students of knowledge did not want to and we were saying and people were saying we need to shut the
massager down this is a crisis but it was those minor students of knowledge know the *tier this Yeah, hey there surely I want you to live it doesn't want you to die. The *ty our takes into account common sense. But this is the Dunning Kruger effect all over again, the same as what that that person gave, oh, he has to do so. And the profitsystem said you killed him. That's not what the *ty I says. Why didn't you ask the real people of knowledge it is in the Hadith. Why didn't you ask if you didn't know? Why did you think you knew when you didn't have that. So the point being again, much can be said here but to Allah He dear brothers and sisters, we see the manifestation of
this reality Call it whatever you will, that obviously modern psychologists call it this effect. In reality, it is human psychology. We find it in these ahaadeeth as well that it is a phenomenon of human nature. Be careful do your brothers and sisters do not take knowledge from those that are just beginning do not take knowledge from in any discipline in the field of medicine when cutting edge stuff it needs to go to the senior those that have wisdom and experience and long, you know, degrees or pedigrees, I should say not just degrees, long experience and not to the beginning students of knowledge. May Allah subhana wa tada bless us with humility and with Iman and taqwa And may Allah
guided all of us and guide others through us darkman lockups and I'm Malik Malik Missoula water catchment.