Tafsir Series – Al-Fatiha in Prayer

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Wasim Kempson

Channel: Wasim Kempson

Episode Notes

West London, Cultural Centre

Episode Transcript

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Okay, we're gonna continue now, shall we? So we spoke about the Yeah.

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The football or the virtues of pseudocode 30 high last weekend, we mentioned Hadith where one of the companions used sort of 30 ha, in the

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four form of Rokia in treating somebody and that person was killed and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam agreed to that practice that Al Fatiha can be used as a form of of raffia.

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Okay,

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now as for the recitation of Al Fatiha Of course, we've not gone into the

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store itself in breaking it down, which we will do shortly. And we may spend a little bit more time on Al Fatiha big due to the importance of Al Fatiha and that all meanings of the core and they go back to and fatty has mentioned. So, we may spend a little longer than we will usually when we go to or from one quarter to the next.

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So,

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the next issue concerning that alpha

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is the recitation of alpha 30.

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In the prayer, the recitation of Surah 230.

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In the prayer

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now

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is a must because here even casier Rahim Allah to Allah He mentions, and he goes into some filthy issues is important to understand how the author I've modeled it has gone through these issues. He says, Well, I can Estella foofy, concerning the recitation on 30. That is that they have different

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is it a must the recitation

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of 30 her

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in the Salah, do you have to read Surah 1030 while you are in prayer, or is it not a must?

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There's two opinions. The first opinion and this is the opinion of the gem Who?

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The jumhooree meaning the majority, that is that short at will 30 is a must, that it must be read in your Salah. We're not talking and what rocker yet that's another issue. But it is upon the Muslim to recite shorter than 30 her in their prayer.

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The second opinion is in Abu hanifa Rahim Allah, Allah

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that He says that I'm going to lie and alert Italian but it does not a must for you to recite and 30 in the Salah.

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Rather what that person can do is write and recite another portion of the quarter and while that they are in their prayer,

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what is here a whole lot out what is it based upon the verse which isn't suited to the Muslim men?

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In verse number 20 where Allah subhanaw taala says omerta yes sir Amina cor n. Read that what is easy for you from the Quran.

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It doesn't specify that you have to recite Al Fatiha. So this is am it's general. Therefore a person recites any portion of the Quran that what is easier for them

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then it is sufficient. That's the evidence from the Quran. Do they have anything from the Sunnah? Yes, they do. the opinion of Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah. They also have the Hadith, which is

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Hadith which is in a Sai hain, in both Bukhari and Muslim and is the Hadith of the hora de terre de Allahu anhu and it is called the pista Tomasi masala tea.

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And coffee salata, he, the one who performed his prayer badly, that a man he came in to the masjid and he prayed, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told him to pray again because he hadn't prayed. And this happened three times. On the third occasion that the man has a hobby or the Alon replied, he said the other sort of law in the Little House in Ohio, they're like, I don't know anything better than that. So in the beautiful Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, either come to Illa solidarity for Kabir, that if you stand up for prayer, here the Prophet lsmw taught this man how to pray.

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He said, Elisa, Sunday we stand up for Kabir, then you say Allahu Akbar. Then you read what is easy for you from the Quran.

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And the Hadith continues into the end. This Hadith is used in the fact that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam did not specify that this man had to recite Surah Fatiha. Okay.

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This is an opinion.

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The jumhooree the majority of scholars, they say oh no, we differ slightly because

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there's interpretations to these narrations. So these eight if you like, or these are general ones. There are specific narrations, which state that the recitation of Al Fatiha

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is a must. Okay? And

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that is based upon the Hadith, in which the hadith of robotic techno assignment

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or body techno sarmento de la Han is found in both Bukhari and Muslim in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said less alerta leemon lamea cannot be 30 hatin keytab that there is no Salah, there's no prayer for the person who does not recite 3131 keytab the of course Al Fatiha

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okay.

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There is also other narrations which are found in Sahib nazima and Sufi hypno freeburn. Also recite them from Abu huraira deola one that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said led to the solar

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the first narration it says allow solar to lemon lemon lemma, there is no prayer for the one who does not

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recite Al Fatiha

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there is a potential possibility of interpreting that narration IE less or later, less salata Kameelah that there is no perfected Sala without the recitation of Al Fatiha means that your solo is valid, but it's not perfect solo.

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However, the narration which is in Sahib nazima, and also Sufi burn, removes that potential interpretation in that the profits are some said lead towards zero

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is not valid. It's talking about validity validity now, that the Salah is not valid by the one who does not read the Quran. Okay.

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So what seems to be the strongest opinion or Lahore to them is that the recitation is a must

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in one's prayer.

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Like

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the next issue is okay, we've agreed now and what seems to be the stronger opinion

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is that the one has to recite Surah Fatiha, how often do you have to recite Al Fatiha

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is once enough in the whole prayer

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or is it you have to recite it in every araca.

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Now Imam even casier and half of them Kathy Rama to lie it wasn't adherent to which must have Do you remember,

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Mr. Chef, Mr. Lowe to Allah. And he says he must have a chef in Natasha theory Rahim Allah wa Juma to me.

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According to the school of thought of Amanda Shafi and a number of scholars

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that the recitation of Al Fatiha is frequently Raka is in every rocker.

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And then he mentions other opinions or high moral law saying there's another opinion that is an obligation only to recite and 30 in the majority of the record.

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And he says what Carlisle has an accident masurian he quotes here al Hassan al basri Rahim Allah to Allah

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that it is an obligation only to recite Al Fatiha in one anaka. So as him as I mentioned that the the way of even Kathy Rahim Allah to Allah is that he doesn't just give you opinion as a mama chef, his opinion you stick with that? That's it. No, he mentioned that opinions that do exist. Okay. But first, first and foremost, he mentioned the opinion of your mama Shafi that it has to be recited in every article.

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That is the opinion of amateur for a why, and that is understood by the lack of

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the Hadith being restricted. It's just open, unrestricted. Okay. Those those are Hadith that we mentioned earlier, that there was no prayer for the one who does not recite Al Fatiha or that there was no prayer valid by the one who does not read by oma Quran. It's not restricted. Therefore, we would understand that whenever you stand in prayer that you will recite Al Fatiha and that's the understanding that Imam Shafi Rahim Allah to Allah and others that they would that they have taken.

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There is an aeration which other opinions other ournament that have taken

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that

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there is a hug is found in soon anybody merger

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and I will say the hoodie or the Allahu anhu

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that the the narrations is less salata, leemon Lamia, Cora Pico Lyrica, Tim bilham de basura

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that there is no prayer for the one who does not read in every locker Al hamdu Al Fatiha and Shura fee for reporting Aveda. In the obligatory prayer or otherwise, however, the Hadith is life.

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It's a weak Hadith and it's found in Sunni Liberty merger in Hades number 839.

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Okay, so we'll say that the person has to recite it if you're on your own you have to recite Al Fatiha in every article.

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Okay, now

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we're going to go break the issue down a little bit further now.

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That is, when you go to the masjid, you have the Imam and you have the moon, you have the one who's leading the prayer and you have the one who is following the prayer the following the Imam.

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Now, if you are on your own, we say that you have to write the recital Fatiha. If you are the Imam, again, the strongest opinion is that you have to recite or rather you have to recite Al Fatiha in every locker.

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So the one who's leading the prayer is the same ruling for the one who's praying on his own because like he's an Imam on his own. Okay.

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The issue here now

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is that what about the one who is following the mmm when he was listening to the meme?

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Does he have to recite Al Fatiha or not? Or is the recitation of the Imam sufficient for the one who is following

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okay.

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There is an opinion to say that the recitation of the Imam is sufficient for the ones who are following

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in the loud press.

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Because as you know, the five daily prayers are three are set out loudly and two are said quietly in the loud prayers.

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They state that the recitation of the Imam of Al Fatiha is sufficient for you. If you are a follower, ie that it is not an obligation upon you to recite Al Fatiha because it has been said in the Sala, it has been said in the prayer and it is sufficient for everybody. And you should be listening to what Allah subhanaw taala is saying

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this is an opinion. Another opinion is that no it is upon the Imam and it is upon them as well. It is upon both that we don't make a differentiation between the two both have to recite Al Fatiha

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whether it is allowed prayer or a quiet prayer.

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Now those scholars and the first opinion that I mentioned, ie that Al Fatiha is an obligation in the loud press.

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They say that you have to read it when you're saying it in the quiet prayer.

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Again, they split into again here.

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Some say that you have to in the quiet prayers you have to say it alone. Others say that it doesn't matter whether it's a loud or quiet prayer, the recitation of the meme sufficient for everybody. Okay, so they go and break it down further.

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So

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some evidence is just to give a clearer picture to the issue of the women were mentioning here

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that the hadith of an Obi sallallahu alayhi salam, which is found in Sahih Muslim and Hadith of Abu Musab al Sharia radi Allahu anhu Kala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Julia Louis de la mm Lee, maybe,

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which is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that indeed the man was made to follow

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for either kembara for kabiru whether araca for Kuru, whether such efforts to do that it goes like this and it continues that the Imam was made to follow. So if he says that to be yours, the mm then you say to Kabir, if he goes into record, then you go into record. If he goes into servitude and you go into salute, if he ends the prayer, you enter prayer. So therefore, you are supposed to follow the Imam. Now the interpretation of this hadith has a number of interpretations.

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You're supposed to follow him you do what he does. The first interpretation is that this is specifically concerning the movements. You have to follow the Imam in movement.

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Okay, and the Hadith

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mentions that when you go when he goes into

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bowing you bow when he goes to prostrate you prostrate. So it's specifically talking about those things, which the Imam does in,

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in movements. Now, you may say, doesn't say whether kabara kabiru. If he says thick beard, you're supposed to take a beard say that could be it as well. Allahu Akbar.

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Yes, but that's, of course, tech Bureau to the harem. You all need to say that enter your prayer. Everyone needs to do that. And there's no he left on that. But the rest of the remaining part of the house talks about movements. So some say that this hadith is to be

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always restricted to the movements as for the statements, as for the statements, then you are supposed to you individually that's responsibility.

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upon you all.

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The

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another interpretation of the Hadith is that when the Imam that he does say Al Fatiha and he says it out loud for everybody, then it is enough for everybody.

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Okay?

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Another version of the Hadith that the man was made to follow

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mentions the following in Nima julio de la mammillaria. Tim maybe the Imam was made to follow for either kabara for kabiru refuses to clear the new or to say to clear way the Cora for only two and if he reads you are to remain quiet.

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Now this hadith saboteur fee Sahih Muslim, it's a hadith in Sahih Muslim just an authentic hadith. Now, where is it that you are required now to remain quiet?

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Is it concerning alpha? Or is it concerning the recitation of the Al Fatiha and aloud prayer DML is possibilities talking about the recitation of infatti Hmm. And it's also the possibility is talking about the recitation after 30.

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So, therefore, those who say I don't go into too much

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those who say that you don't have to recite Al Fatiha, they understand the Hadith that when the Imam he starts to recite You keep quiet, while his sight reciting and Fatiha

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and that's enough for you.

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Other say no, it goes without saying you have to recite Al Fatiha. So you recite them for it. But when the Imam begins reciting a sword or after alpha, that is when you are required to remain quiet.

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What seems to be

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stronger while la lm is that the recitation of Al Fatiha is upon the Imam and

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it's upon the email and also the follow up. However, if a person takes another opinion that he doesn't have to, it's not allowed for any one of us to say that your soul is not valid because he didn't recite Al Fatiha because he takes the opinion. For example of a moral animal habit

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or behavior for example, you'll have to recite Al Fatiha

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it would be sufficient for the Imam for everybody. Now you personally believe you have to recite Al Fatiha.

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But there's a valid opinion. Great earlimart take that opinion based upon evidences that you don't have to recite Al Fatiha because the reputation of the Imam is sufficient for the recitation of everybody else. You couldn't for example, after the Salah, and you realize that maybe he followed another middle heaven and where he prayed. You couldn't say salata, babina you couldn't say the your Salah is invented. Why? Because I know that you didn't recite Al Fatiha. You don't have the right to say that. And this show is no dead. This shows no manners of hilife and it shows no manners of understanding differences of opinion and understanding the richness of scholarship in Islam.

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Okay, so the list goes on all issues this has to do with Iraq. And by the way, this has to do with one of the pillars in the prayer.

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That is a valid filler a valid difference of opinion whether you say or not. So what about those issues where our sooner Will you put your feet together or not? The person doesn't want to do it, they don't want to do it don't chase people and other issues.

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So that's the next issue. Then another issue we're gonna go into now is and it's the other

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the saying of all the biller him in a shape on of login.

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In Casio Rahim Allah to Allah.

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He says, The explanation over is the other which is seeking refuge. You seek refuge you seek protection in Allah subhanaw taala before you begin the recitation of the Quran.

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Now he mentions three verses in the Quran here.

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The first verse being in Surah, two are off in verses 199 and 200.

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The second verse, which is in Surah, to me noon,

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and the third the third verse, which is in sorta to foresee let me know, 1996 and 9896 to 98.

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And sort of the fourth slot, verse 34, to 36.

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And he says that these three verses

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lei sallahu nara atone FEMA Anna, this reverses there is no fourth verse which talks about this issue

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concerning the str the seeking refuge

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so the first verse which isn't sorted out off in verse, verses 199 and and 200

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were a loss of pinata either. He says when millions or one Naka Mina shade windy and as the first step is below he know who sent me on a limb.

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where lots of pinata begins diverse, talking about

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who the laugh that show forgiveness, enjoying good and stay away from the jar Helene. Stay away from ignorant visit all about human beings by the way.

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Then Allah subhanaw taala says that and if an evil whisper comes to you from the shape on, then seek refuge with a loss of penalty either. Here's the hearing and the knowing.

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The second verse, which is in sort of mean on

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what a loss of panel dialysis ability he has, and

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that you should

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repel evil. With that, which is better. We are best acquainted with things they utter.

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And say, we'll call Robbie I will do becoming hammers attache one and say seek refuge. I seek refuge from

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refuge with you from the whisperings and the suggestions of shavon. Again, context to this verse. He Allah subhanaw taala is talking about the evil that may come from humankind.

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And a loss of control is commanding us to seek refuge in Allah subhanaw taala when the whispers of shaitaan come, and the third verse, which is inserted to facilite, again, Allah subhanaw taala says, it's the ability here,

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that you should repel an evil with that which is better.

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And verily,

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then with whom you have enmity that there is up to enmity, hatred between you and another person,

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okay,

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that you shall goodness, as though he was a close friend, showed them goodness manners, like they were good friend, good manners, even to an enemy. But none is granted that except those who are patient and none are granted except the owner of a great portion of happiness.

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Then, Allah subhanaw taala again, it says in millions or one neck a ministry apply and he knows that again the shape one may come to you or whisper to you, these whispers. First day is biller so seek refuge in Allah subhanaw taala in know who who was me on him, because he is all hearing, the all knowing.

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So these three yet he also kind of data describing a situation where there's a problem with you and another human being, and how you should behave.

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Then the Chapin will get involved and you are you are taught to seek refuge in Allah subhanaw taala it's not to be understood that these are the only three verses which talk about seeking refuge in in,

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in Allah subhanaw taala from shared one because there are the verses with a product called earner for stability.

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If you read the Quran, then you should seek refuge in Allah subhanaw taala from the Shaitaan ology.

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But these three verses are talking about when there's an issue between you and other human being. Because you have to understand what your mom even conceived what he's saying. These are the only three you're carrying this meaning, what the meaning of is the either know, the meaning. These three are the carry the meaning that there is enmity between you and another human being and then you are to seek refuge in Allah subhana wa tada

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otherwise, that there are many other verses in no code and that you find the seeking of refuge in Allah subhanaw taala from

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the shape one.

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So Allah subhanaw taala commanded Benny Adam.

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Allah Subhan, Allah commanded that we be lenient with every human enemy, so that his soft nature might make him an ally and a supporter he now supports is explaining the three if

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he also Subhana Allah commanded that we seek refuge from the satanic enemy, because the shaitan does not relent in his enmity, if we treat him with kindness and leniency

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because the shape on maybe come in the form of a human and may come the form of Guinea.

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Now, he makes a point here that the enmity of your share barn the hatred of the share party has for you. You showing goodness

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And leniency and gentleness towards that evil shaitaan doesn't doesn't do anything. He hates you. You can't do anything to make him like you. It doesn't matter. The only way that he will like you is what? If you listen to him, and you take that misguided path that he's happy with you,

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but don't try to show him leniency and goodness. For this reason Allah subhanaw taala mentions and he mentioned a number of verses here.

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In sort of off in verse number 27. Yeah, Bernie, Adam, oh, Bernie Adam, left in a new comerciais one comma, Roger above a communal agenda, do not allow the shavon to test you to trick you, as he deceived your to your parents in the agenda is sorted out of 27 also inserted or faltered in verse number six, in a shame upon a lack of due for a zoo.

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That indeed the shape one to you is an enemy, so take him as an enemy.

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And there are other verses in sort of alkaff as well. In verse number 15.

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Allah subhanaw taala also commands us to

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seek refuge in Allah subhanaw taala before the recitation of the Quran, and this is mentioned in sort of

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the B in verses number 98 and 99 as I mentioned previously, whereas Pantone says for either correct teleco Erna festa is Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim. If you recite the Quran,

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then seek refuge in Allah subhanaw taala. Initiate bonobo gene?

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If you pay attention to what the ayah says it says for either Cora elk or

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is that not in the past tense?

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For those who understand Arabic, this is actually set in the past tense. If you have read the Quran, I read the Quran, then what am I going to do? Now I'm going to seek refuge in Allah subhanaw taala? Is that what the intended meaning is here? That after you have read the Quran, then you will seek refuge? Or is the meaning that actually before you read.

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He mentions

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similarity in another place in the end,

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and the similarities and sort of telemarketer.

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This is an example if you hear last week where even Kofi Rahim Allah Allah when I said that he might bring an eye he brings a verse and for you to understand that verse, he may bring another verse for you to understand it. Of course, it's the there's not a verse. But the point is that he's mentioning the meaning of the other, which is found in the code and how do we understand this verse? Let's go to another verse. And there's this sort of thing about either in verse number six, Allah subhanaw taala says, either come to Isla Sawyer, if you have stood up for the prayer,

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for the SEIU, would you then wash your faces? Does it mean that after you pray, have you stood up for praying? Then you're going to make your widow? No, of course not. The meaning here is that if you intend if you intend to make Salah, then you make your lot before

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that's well known as understood. Likewise, here, likewise here, that if you intend to recite the whole urn, then you have to make this the either you seek refuge in Allah subhanaw taala, for misshapen alleging

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also there was a Hadith, which is found in the Muslim of Imam Muhammad Rahim Allah tada narrated by Abu Seidel Audrey rhodiola. One is Hassan.

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Authentic,

00:29:07--> 00:29:25

that he said cannot also lie sallallahu Sallam now he's going to describe how the Prophet alayhi wa sallam would pray. He said that he sallallahu ala some of you stood up for the night prayer for stuff to hustler do who will come back that he would open his bread and make tequila by saying Subhana Allah Houma will be Hambrick whatever like a smoke water iron agenda.

00:29:27--> 00:29:31

And he said on occasion, now you know in the law three times

00:29:33--> 00:29:40

from my Roku, Roku biLlahi semi la Muna shavon rajim immingham z whenever he he one of them,

00:29:41--> 00:29:57

which is an elongated way of saying all the relationship ology I'm gonna explain what that means even considered, he explains what that means. The point of the high yield is what, but he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would say that it's the other seeking saying all the blemishes on origin before the recitation of L or n

00:30:01--> 00:30:02

Like

00:30:11--> 00:30:15

that Hadith that I just mentioned, which is found in the Muslim Devi by Mohammed

00:30:16--> 00:30:18

narrated by Abu Seidel hodari radi Allahu anhu

00:30:20--> 00:30:29

What is the meaning of these three words at the end Hamza he will never he whenever we're going to explain what the Shabbat and the regime means as well

00:30:30--> 00:30:32

but he says here I'm allowed to Allah

00:30:34--> 00:30:41

there are actual I should mention there are some scholars who say that you say is the other at the beginning

00:30:43--> 00:30:45

and you also say is the other at the end

00:30:46--> 00:30:49

because the ISS at the end as well after you have read

00:30:51--> 00:31:06

looking it up what what seems to be strongest the meaning of the this the other one you should say is the other is before you recite what and there's no need for you to say at the end Okay, what is one known amongst the majority of scholars that you say is the either

00:31:07--> 00:31:15

at the beginning of the prayer and it is highly recommended, highly recommended according to the majority not an obligation

00:31:19--> 00:31:21

okay. So, these three words

00:31:22--> 00:31:34

mean Hamza he whenever he whenever there, what are these means? What do these mean? amor said hums. Means, like you seek refuge from asphyxiation, strangulation

00:31:36--> 00:31:41

and never means arrogance. And Neff means poetry.

00:31:47--> 00:31:48

These are the meanings of

00:31:49--> 00:32:01

all have hams enough and never you seek refuge in Allah subhanaw taala from strangulation and from means of arrogance, and also poetry.

00:32:11--> 00:32:15

As for the statement, although below him in a SharePoint old regime,

00:32:16--> 00:32:18

he says that I have more load to add,

00:32:19--> 00:32:20

that the meaning of this is that

00:32:21--> 00:32:28

I seek aid protection from Allah soprano Tao in Allah subhanaw taala, from

00:32:29--> 00:32:40

the shavon regime from the shape one, the accussed the one who may harm me in this life, and also in the Hereafter,

00:32:42--> 00:32:46

or the one who will encourage me to do

00:32:48--> 00:32:53

or sorry, block my way, or prevent me from doing things which I have been commanded to do.

00:32:56--> 00:33:05

Or he will encourage me, you're seeking protection and our sponsor from these things, from those things which he may encourage me to do, which I have been prohibited from doing.

00:33:07--> 00:33:14

That Indeed, it is only Allah subhanaw taala is the one who can protect you from a shade one. So you ask a loss of penalty and alone

00:33:16--> 00:33:18

from the harm of shaitan.

00:33:25--> 00:33:34

So Allah subhanaw taala commanded us when seeking refuge in Allah subhanaw taala from the shape and the shape and form a genie, the one who hates you eternally.

00:33:35--> 00:33:50

As for the shaitaan may come in the form of insane that this allowed for you you don't have to do this allow for you to show gentleness and softness to them. Because they may change because they're human being but the shape on himself, he will never change.

00:33:52--> 00:33:53

As for the word shape on

00:33:55--> 00:34:07

as for the worship on then, some say it comes from the word sharp on Shabbat shodhana which means to be far away, okay to be distanced.

00:34:11--> 00:34:16

So, therefore he is far away from the way of a human being.

00:34:23--> 00:34:28

And He is buried his far away by his disobedience and from any good exam.

00:34:29--> 00:34:42

It is also said that share dawn comes from the word sharper, sharper, not Shabana Masha, which means what something that was created from fire, something that was created from fire.

00:34:43--> 00:34:52

He says, Even casier killer hamasaki both are valid, both are correct. However, while I can allow a while,

00:34:53--> 00:35:00

but the first opinion seems to be stronger, as a more authentic that it

00:35:00--> 00:35:03

means that somebody has been, you know, thrown away distanced

00:35:11--> 00:35:22

the fact that Allah subhanaw taala made Sheltie in from both mankind and from Jin is found in the verse in Sunil And in verse one one to 112

00:35:25--> 00:35:42

where lots of penalty alysus worker vertica, Allah to Allah nikolina been washed out in an NC virgin that we made for every prophet, enemies from Shay Aldean who are from men and trading from the gym that is

00:35:43--> 00:35:45

sort of an arm and verse 112.

00:35:54--> 00:35:56

As for a gene, the meaning of a gene

00:35:57--> 00:36:07

it means monodrama throwed and inhaled equally, that something has been distanced and thrown away from any from any good.

00:36:14--> 00:36:19

So Jim is the one who has been thrown away and distance away from from any good

00:36:21--> 00:36:27

from the word regime regime. Now he mentions a number of yet

00:36:28--> 00:36:39

well expelled, that's another word expelled, redeem what it means to be expelled. He mentioned a number of verses were linguistically The word rajamma is also used.

00:36:40--> 00:36:44

For example, the verse in certain milk in verse number five,

00:36:46--> 00:37:08

what Allah subhanaw taala says what are called as a young summer a junior masabi that we beautified the sky with lamps wotja alna aerodrome Alicia teen room from the word Rama morjim which means here, we made them as like things to expel this child in

00:37:11--> 00:37:16

and also versus in sort of sofort in verses six to 10.

00:37:17--> 00:37:22

And also incidental hedges or little hedger and verses 16. To 18.

00:37:24--> 00:37:26

where lots of panels Allah says that they were

00:37:27--> 00:37:33

a room they used the stasis to expel and to be to hit the shouting.

00:37:37--> 00:37:38

That's the other

00:37:39--> 00:37:45

thing. Now we go into the word of Bismillah R Rahman you're walking

00:37:48--> 00:37:51

is Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.

00:37:53--> 00:37:58

Is this an area from Al Fatiha not as a well known healer between the lemma

00:37:59--> 00:38:19

from them Mr. Masha euro Hey, Malta states. Yes. Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim isn't a isn't verse number one is verse number one of sort of 31 there are others who say no, it is not a verse from sort of 30 Surah Fatiha begins from Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen.

00:38:22--> 00:38:22

Like

00:38:24--> 00:38:31

the companions or the Allahu anhu that they would begin, when they wrote the Koran down, they would write the best Mullah.

00:38:32--> 00:38:41

They would write Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim to all of the chapters except sort of the tober ninth chapter of the Quran.

00:38:43--> 00:38:52

Another issue is that they all agreed that the verse in Surah 10 EML in verse number 30,

00:38:53--> 00:39:00

that the say the statement Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim is an ayah of the Quran we'll come to that shortly.

00:39:02--> 00:39:17

There was a verse which is in sort of tanaman when Sulaiman Elisa Lam wrote the letter by saying this is from Suleiman and it is in the name of Bismillahirrahmanirrahim. This is an idea from the Quran without any doubt the verse which is Bismillah R Rahman Rahim and sort of the nimal they agree on that.

00:39:23--> 00:39:24

He mentions

00:39:26--> 00:39:28

five different opinions concerning the best manner.

00:39:29--> 00:39:45

He says that I'm allowed to either he is to master killer, we all will equally solo there was an opinion that to say that the best manner is a separate verse from all of the chapters that you find them is one of them. Another opinion is that

00:39:46--> 00:39:47

it is

00:39:54--> 00:39:54

and

00:39:56--> 00:39:59

only an Al Fatiha and the rest is recommended.

00:40:01--> 00:40:07

Okay, I Bismillah from Allah who is an Al Fatiha, but the remaining is only just if you want to write it

00:40:08--> 00:40:15

others say for example, it is there just written as a fossil as a break between all of the chapters. So he mentions a number of opinions.

00:40:18--> 00:40:26

Allah Allah Allah, Allah Allah Allah is Allah for Allah. This is the opinions of the scholars who preceded us and who are who went after as well.

00:40:27--> 00:40:27

Okay.

00:40:32--> 00:40:35

There is a hadith which is in Safi, swollen, widowed

00:40:37--> 00:40:45

sunon epidemic doubled in Heidi's number 788. And is the narration and bustle of the law and woman as an authentic hadith

00:40:46--> 00:40:52

and Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam kennela yardi Fossella surah had 10 zero Allah He Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim

00:40:54--> 00:41:08

and Obi Salallahu it some did not know that that from one source to the next except that there was when it was revealed to him to say Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. So this was support to say that the best mother is in fact called n they are yet

00:41:10--> 00:41:10

okay.

00:41:11--> 00:41:27

And The Beast Allahu Iseman is receiving revelation. He wasn't aware of this or sound from one quarter to the next until Allah gelada then revealed Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim to differentiate between the different chapters. So this will support the view to say that the best meta is in fact, an ayah.

00:41:29--> 00:41:46

Like, there is also another narration, which is in Sahih bin Hosea. Now, hypno hoceima by malata is great Adam, he named his book no actually didn't actually name it. So he was known as

00:41:48--> 00:42:01

Simon Hussein has a long title. Not every Hadees in that book is sorry, in fact, because he's criterial were slightly different from moldable, Hardy and Muslim. This Hadith is in fact weak. However, it's important to mention

00:42:02--> 00:42:23

because one may understand that they may support another view that is the Hadith or narration of ohm selama. What are the Allahu anhu that the messenger sallallahu alayhi Salaam Cora al Bismillah FeO, what is Al Fatiha the unappeasable Allah what is and recited the best Mullah Bismillahirrahmanirrahim at the beginning of authority in the prayer

00:42:25--> 00:42:26

and considered it a verse.

00:42:29--> 00:42:42

If this narration is sorry, if this narration is authentic, there's no argument. However, the narration is weak. So it cannot be used to support the view that Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim is in fact an AR

00:43:01--> 00:43:07

What seems to be the strongest opinion well Oh, and I'm and they both have very strong opinions on both sides.

00:43:08--> 00:43:12

However, the understanding of certain other evidences

00:43:13--> 00:43:18

in which and Wu sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, speaking as a hadith and could see

00:43:20--> 00:43:25

in which Allah subhanaw taala said cause some to solar to benei will be in Aberdeen is fine.

00:43:26--> 00:43:27

Well also panatela said,

00:43:28--> 00:43:37

I asked them to divided the prayer between myself and my servant into two halves.

00:43:38--> 00:43:44

is important for us to note here that the word solo here is talking or regarding what

00:43:46--> 00:43:48

the prayer note is regarding Al Fatiha.

00:43:50--> 00:43:57

Here are some two salata is talking about Al Fatiha, how do we know that? Because you read the continuation of the ration

00:43:59--> 00:44:11

is a caller Abdi al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen call Allah spawn tada hamadani Abdi my servant has praised me. So here we know that the word Salah is regarding what Al Fatiha

00:44:12--> 00:44:15

Okay, so how is this

00:44:16--> 00:44:27

supporting evidence to say that Bismillah Ar Rahman AR M is not an area number one Bismillahirrahmanirrahim is not mentioned in this hadith and Potsie.

00:44:29--> 00:44:31

It begins with Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen.

00:44:33--> 00:44:35

That's number one. The second issue

00:44:36--> 00:44:44

is because as you know, they all agreed all that and 30 has 787 verses.

00:44:48--> 00:44:51

If you look at the sort of 1030

00:44:54--> 00:44:55

where is the half

00:44:57--> 00:44:59

because the Hadith or Hadith quotes

00:45:00--> 00:45:08

He says last month I said that I divided the 30 Mrs. A syllabus into two halves. Where are the two Huff's?

00:45:10--> 00:45:13

Alhamdulillah Hello, Bill i mean is what

00:45:14--> 00:45:16

pure praise for Allah subhanaw taala

00:45:17--> 00:45:29

R Rahman r Rahim praising Allah subhanaw taala His names and attributes, Murli kiyomi Deen again recognizing Allah as well as the owner and the king of the Day of Judgment. That's three

00:45:31--> 00:45:36

we get to the fourth area. He cannot boo. You alone we worship

00:45:37--> 00:45:49

that is you worshiping Allah subhanaw taala again, pure math a bird that was bound to enter. Yes. Now that's the first half because we have seven eight that's three and a half. All for last

00:45:51--> 00:46:02

year Can I stay in now is the abbot now is the servant asking Allah subhanaw taala is for you know you're gonna do what you can to stay in. So the second half of that fourth ayah is for yourself.

00:46:04--> 00:46:11

What are you gonna stay in? It had been a secret almost again Again you is from you know, you are asking Allah subhana wa tada

00:46:13--> 00:46:52

see a lot of love here Latina and I'm totally him. I didn't want to do all of this for you. You're asking guide me to the straight path, the path that you blessed, not the not those who gained your your anger or those who went astray. So if you look at it this way, you can see that alpha isn't two halves. The first half is that the servant of praising Allah subhanaw taala and the second half is the servant asking Allah subhanaw taala which would give a sound meaning to Allah Subhana Allah said on the lips of an episode custom to salata, Bina Abdi benei webinar emptiness feign, that I divided into two halves

00:46:53--> 00:47:01

that's how that how these can be understood when breaking down and 30 in this way, if you add the rest smaller then you can't use that you can't understand it in that way.

00:47:02--> 00:47:09

So this would be the strongest evidence to state that the best metal is not from

00:47:11--> 00:47:12

and fattier.

00:47:13--> 00:47:14

Okay,

00:47:15--> 00:47:17

one more issue and then inshallah terracotta stop.

00:47:18--> 00:47:32

What about the recitation of the best mela while in Salah. Sometimes you might hear the Imam before recites Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen. He says out loud. Maybe that Imam believes what

00:47:33--> 00:47:36

is part of a 30 however, he's going to recite it.

00:47:38--> 00:47:41

If for example, the Imam doesn't say and he says it quietly.

00:47:43--> 00:47:48

And then he begins with Alhamdulillah horrible I mean, maybe he's actually opinion that it's not.

00:48:09--> 00:48:15

There is a hadith which is found in both Bukhari and Muslim, the hadith of Anna signo. Mercado de alerta anhu.

00:48:19--> 00:48:21

And he said, No, Malik was

00:48:23--> 00:48:27

the servant of an OB Salalah who is and was the servant for 10 years.

00:48:28--> 00:48:42

He said so late so late to helfen vi sallallahu Sallam said, Well, I'll be back in we're O'Meara worth man. I prayed behind an abuser I send them also Abubakar and Omar and Osman are the Alon.

00:48:44--> 00:48:53

Excuse me for kernoviae stiff, the Homeowner Bill Hamdi lay, they would open their prayer with Alhamdulillah Hello, Bill. I mean,

00:48:54--> 00:49:06

they were to begin their prayer with Alhamdulillah horrible I mean, not openly loud with the best mela. This is also another evidence to state that the best mela is

00:49:07--> 00:49:09

not a verse from Al Fatiha.

00:49:10--> 00:49:12

But not entirely.

00:49:14--> 00:49:21

Because the fact that the person doesn't say out loud the person may still require and says it's an IRA. But I don't say out loud.

00:49:23--> 00:49:28

You understand that? He may not say out loudly but he's still person and he believes what

00:49:29--> 00:49:30

I don't say out loud.

00:49:31--> 00:49:58

So this Hadith of the hadith of anus about the lion who is not decisive, in that it completely supports the view that the best matter is not from Al Fatiha. Because the person may personally believe that I believe I'll forget the bestseller is from the Quran. However, based upon this Hadith, I don't say it out loudly. I begin saying it loudly with Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen

00:50:06--> 00:50:10

Now, the author of a model Tyler, he mentioned some

00:50:12--> 00:50:13

virtues of the best Miller

00:50:14--> 00:50:16

the saying of Bismillahirrahmanirrahim

00:50:18--> 00:50:20

there is a narration in which

00:50:21--> 00:50:38

it says kulu amarin layup dolphy he Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim for them. But every affair or every matter that has not begun with the statement of Miss Bella model him, then it's deficient, doesn't have the blessings in it amakhala

00:50:39--> 00:50:42

This is a weak Hadith. It's a weak Hadith.

00:50:46--> 00:50:47

But it's often quoted.

00:50:48--> 00:51:08

However, the meaning I form a chain perspective will agree this week life, however for meaning the meaning has weight, the meaning has weight of a person begins any affair any matter and they don't mention the name of Allah subhanaw taala then it will be deficient, it will be deficient because they didn't remember Allah subhanaw taala.

00:51:09--> 00:51:36

So for example, he mentions in circumstances where it's recommended to say the best mother in the doula the Helen Keller, before you enter the bathroom as a common law, you should say Bismillah However, there's not authentic Hadees concerning that. But when you say Bismillah is you're seeking aid, you're seeking aid in Allah subhanaw taala from that, what you're about to undertake you seeking help.

00:51:38--> 00:51:39

Also he mentions

00:51:42--> 00:51:58

at the beginning of Moodle, you say Bismillah some of the ultimate of the opinion is an obligation. However, again, that Hadith is the follow adam has an obligation for you to say Bismillah at the beginning of the law, the Jehovah say No it's not. It's just good if you want to say Bismillah before you make your law

00:52:01--> 00:52:09

like the hadith of Abu Zubaydah hoodie, which is found in Muslim Imam Ahmed levo, lemon lime Yes, Chris Malloy, Ali,

00:52:10--> 00:52:11

that there is no word

00:52:13--> 00:52:20

for valid for the one who does not mention the name of Allah. And even cathedra Mr. Lai says well, Hadith and Hasson

00:52:22--> 00:52:24

he says that the Hadith is Hasson

00:52:25--> 00:52:27

even though other lots of LMS is weak.

00:52:28--> 00:52:35

The majority says he is one of those who say it's had its hasn't okay said he would take this as a proof to say that it is

00:52:38--> 00:52:41

a must for you to say Bismillah before you make will do.

00:52:44--> 00:52:47

Also other times before you eat

00:52:48--> 00:52:53

like the Hudson and Buhari in 5376 in hadith of

00:52:55--> 00:53:09

I'm not even Abby selama and these are some so called Bismillah or coulby emenike are called memory leak, the manager eating that you should say Bismillah eat with the right hand and eat what is in front of you.

00:53:11--> 00:53:13

Woman in Lima man algebra

00:53:15--> 00:53:20

because this statement says according to say that's a command

00:53:22--> 00:53:25

Some say it's an obligation for you to say Bismillah before you eat

00:53:27--> 00:53:30

and you eat with your right hand and you eat with that was too close to you.

00:53:33--> 00:53:34

One other issue in terms of

00:53:36--> 00:53:46

awareness in muscle added those issues where you find as a command and as matters of manners and so on and so forth. There's a whole different discussion on that chemical.

00:53:48--> 00:54:03

Okay, and he also mentioned other times to say the best manner, but as a Muslim, you know, before you undertake any, any new deed or anything you're doing, you mentioned the name of Allah subhanaw taala. We'll see that later. And that is good. And Jonathan here. We're going to stop with an hour later either.

00:54:06--> 00:54:08

And if you have any questions, please save them for next week.

00:54:12--> 00:54:22

So next week, we will begin with discussing the meaning of the name of Allah nephrology, Allah subhanaw taala Baraka, Luffy, Casa La La Salama Baraka la vida Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa salam aleikum wa rahmatullah