Shaban (Arabic: شَعْبَان, Šaʿbān) is the eighth month of the Islamic calendar.
The “Night of Records” (Laylat al-Bara’at) falls on the fifteenth night of this month. However, there is some debate about whether or not this day should be observed.
Since Shaban is the last lunar month before Ramadan, Muslims use it to decide the first day of Ramadan fasting.
Shaban’s virtues are mentioned in various narrations of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Aisha, the wife of the Prophet (SAW) narrated that, “(she) did not see him fasting in any month more than in the month of Sha’ban.” except Ramadan
Months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is seen on the Islamic calendar, which is a lunar calendar. Shaban migrates throughout the seasons because the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar calendar year.
Our angels are always recording our deeds, and Allah is already conscious of everything we do and say. However, the Prophet (saw) identified particular occasions when our deeds will be brought to Allah’s attention in order to remind us to account for our acts and concentrate on our worship:
The Messenger of Allah (saw) said, ‘Angels take turns among you by night and by day, and they all assemble at the dawn and afternoon prayers. Those (of the angels) who spend the night among you, then, ascend, and their Lord asks them, though He is the best informed about them, “How did you leave My servants?“. They say, “We left them while they were praying and we came to them while they were praying”’. (Muslim)