Seekers of Knowledge 033 – Tafseer of Surah al-Ghaashiyah #01
Channel: Tim Humble
File Size: 75.21MB
Alhamdulillah alameen wa salatu salam ala dilla who are solely Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ajmeri
so inshallah Allahu taala we starting brand new surah we have to sort of levar Shia
shortly love tada and this is the first class that we've had back since the lockdown rules
somewhat ended so Alhamdulillah we're able to have some attendance at the class as well inshallah. So we reached sola alga, Shia
and we're going to start with the statement of olara zoa. gel Hello, attacca howdy funakoshi.
The word hell here.
Hell generally in Arabic is a word that makes something into a question.
So for example, you say, Ra ieta, zaidan usos eight.
And that's a statement. And you say hell right as he then did UCS ad and it takes a statement and turns it into a question.
It takes a statement, and it turns that statement into a question. But here in these kind of,
in these kind of
statements that in the ayat like this Heil attacker,
has it come to you?
Has it come to you?
Does this mean allies so jealous asking the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam? Have you received news? Hell attack a hadith. Have you received news of Alvar Shia? Or does it mean something else to opinions of scholars of Tafseer hut? One of the some of the scholars of Tafseer they said that hell here it doesn't mean a question.
its intended meaning his emphasis and it caught caught the attacker, hidey hole gotcha.
The news about alcohol Shia has certainly come to you. And there are others who said, Well, this is a question. It's a question. But
and it will become clear when we understand what Akasha is.
or we say that the ions that come afterwards serve to answer the question. Hello attacker, Heidi full Russia. Has they come to you the news of Elva Shia
and then allies origin answers the question of what aloha Shia is and the news that relates to alhaja.
Okay, let's start with a question then. Our own question.
Does anyone have any idea what I love arshia is
what's this word? Urvashi.
Does it come elsewhere in the Quran? You heard of it? or similar words before?
Has there come to you the news of aloha Shia?
Do we have any answers on YouTube?
If I tell you what the word means in English, then maybe we can get a bit closer.
We already came across the word yaksha. Which Sora Did you come across the word yaksha?
Were layli either yaksha
by the night when it covers so yaksha generally means to cover something to cover something or to
encompass something also into completely cover. cover something
hell attacker, Heidi Takashi
has they come to you the news of that which covers
one of the names of Yokoyama. That's correct.
Okay, if it is one of the names have you put that on the screen
Yep, if that's one of the names of Yeoman piano
if that's one of the names of Yamaha piano
Well, that's one of the opinions the scholars of Tafseer had. Why did they call Yamaha piano? Why did a light switch we'll call your piano alhaja
the thing which covers
what they're like lots of reasons.
lots of reasons.
You have an idea.
Even Okay, Thea, he mentioned.
mean Esma yamaki, Emma Pilar, who have not burst? What could turn? Well, cortada webelos aid?
From the names of yamaki ama that was the opinion of him. Yeah, bass and cortada and mozaik.
That's very good. I like that answers. Excellent answer, no one will be absent. And it's going to cover everybody. Nobody will be accepted or will be absent or will be on the side. It will. Like even Okay, theory said Leanna hartog tion nurse What are more, because it's going to cover the people and it's going to completely all of them. And every one of them is going to be is going to be touched and covered and within this huge event. That is your piano. Can you tell me some some other names that yomo piano has names that you might have heard in the Quran? simple ones or difficult ones.
l piano What does the word pm mean?
What is clear, though, really mean? pm even in the Sala or the iqama?
Or what's pm
come and Come, come, come.
Okay, so it means to stand up.
is the resurrection and when the people will stand up from the from their graves. And the people were
were sleeping in their graves. Anyway, they were in they were in the life of the buzzer. Member Athena member Kadena who is it who
resurrected us from our place where we were. We were resting or we were lying, who made a stand again from that place? So it's called al qiyamah. The Day of Resurrection.
And it's called What was it called in sort of 30
What is a lot colio multivitamin salty fatty.
Everybody knows sorts of fatty has a difficult question.
Yo, a deed. A deed we said is is the recompense and you like everyone getting back what they whoever has done good getting the good that they have done whoever's done bad getting the bad that they have done whoever's oppressed someone the day when things will be made rights.
Many names men and choose armies full of names of your makia
A Saha Tom metal Cobra, many names Yokoyama has, but this one we're going to focus on here is allagash. Yeah, even Okay, fear he mentioned because it covers everybody.
It's an event that will completely encompass and cover everybody.
In the English translation.
they translate this, this particular word alhaja as the overwhelming event in something that will completely overwhelm the people.
The scholars of Pepsi, although they differed about what is meant by this word Alyosha. So the majority of them
the majority of them, they said it's one of the names of Yamaha piano.
But some of them, they said, it is the hellfire.
And then one of the names of the Hellfire is alhaja Why do you think they said that one of the names of the Hellfire because if we said I'll share his Yamaha piano because nobody will you know,
be an exception. Everyone will be covered. Everyone will be involved in that event. It's going to cover everybody.
Why would I mean not everybody will go to the fire.
Service. Why will why would the Hellfire be cold Elashi
the opinion of Mohammed mcap quote or the
Sorry I didn't Jubail
rahimullah who Jimmy?
Why would they call the Hellfire? alar? Shia?
Okay, that's a good answer. What a mean, come Illa worry to her, every one of you will walk over it. That's a good attempt. That's a good answer. But that's not the reason they gave. That's not the evidence they gave, but it's a very good good try what you mean come illawarra to her, every one of you is going to walk over it. So it will not like it will kill everyone. But the if we say that the basic word meaning of Russia is the thing that covers covers or covers over something.
So why would the fire be called alpha Shia?
Okay, it's to do with the punishment I agree to do with the punishment you can put on the screen is to do with the punishment but what to do with the punishment. We've also covered this in some of the Tafseer classes as well.
Most either excellent. I really liked that in LA, he said that it's closed over them. It covers them from every from every side. That's one but Allah is so we can actually use the same word to describe the hellfire. And that's why some of the scholars of Tafseer they said that Akasha is the Hellfire because a lie so gel said whatever she will do her home or not.
Their faces will be covered by the fire in Surah Ibrahim
so they took this ayah from Surah Ibrahim look at Suhana lies amazing whenever you see this I To be honest, it is amazing that whenever you see this opinions of the scholars of Tafseer you see that they don't take this tip seal just like this. You know, I think it's the Hellfire because this is the language or this is what the word means. Or it might be like this. Everything has evidence for it. They said Allah used the word towel share for the fire yo makia so if Allah said about the fire talga then the fire is Harsha. That's the way the language works. If Allah said tell him she will do her home now. Whatever Sherwood you have home now, then
the word the fire itself is Garcia and it covers the people within it. It covers the people within it and it covers their faces. That's how allies Mitchell describes that it covers their it covers their faces.
There is another opinion.
There's another opinion and that is
that is that the meaning of aloha Shia, all the people in the fire.
the people in the fire.
Now this one is a little bit more difficult to understand the reasoning behind it. But broadly speaking, it's because a lie so the next is what did I lost the hell attack a Heidi focaccia would you mean Yama even harsher? And Allah described the people who will be punished. So they said that last year here is the people in the fire. They said they used it they said that the people
they cover the fire any pops from the number of them the large number of them.
It's like they cover they cover the fire.
In any case, the majority of the scholars of tafsir they took the opinion of the first one that was harsh. It is one of the names of yamaki and even JD Rahim alota. Allah He mentioned both the first and the second.
opinion and he said what kulu that leka de de Marana that both of these are true. That alhaja is a name of Yama, Yama. I know Harsha is also the name of the hellfire. Because Allah said about the Hellfire that it will cover the faces of those who are in it. And yarmulke, Yama will cover everyone. Everyone will be a part of that event, the events that take place, Yamaha piano
there's quite a bit of discussion
Order of the ayat here. But I'm going to delay that slightly and come back to it because we need to cover a few ayat. And then we need to come back and try to understand about the order. Because there's a little bit of a discussion about allies which begins by talking about this Garcia either it's the day of judgment or either it's the Hellfire and then Allah subhanaw taala talks about the faces, some faces on that day. And then Allah subhanaw taala would you know my eating Kasha? amulet will now Ciba tous. learner on hammer there's some discussion about these four ayat and which situation happens when and is it before they enter the fire? Or is it after they into the fire, and
so on. But for now, we'll go on to the next idea with Julie Elma. Even her she
faces on that day will be cautious.
It comes from the word who should write although it's related to the word who should having who should.
But this word can be used in a positive sense, and it can be used in a negative sense. The essence of the word horseshoe is to humble yourself or to be humbled. In a good sense, it can be used like the statement of Eliza gel cut f wilhelminian alladhina homefree Salatu him Kashi the believers are successful, those who have who are in their prayer, they humble themselves, they're fearful. They have humility, they lower themselves before Allah. But here the crucial riches mentioned
the crucial riches mentioned here is not positive. Harsha here is negative it means humiliated that loss humiliated them. And the key that is clear from the next ayah amela tune now siba that they are working hard yet exhausted, with disgrace and they are exhausted. They haven't achieved anything from their work, they're working but they've achieved nothing from it. So the Hershey are here it doesn't mean in a positive sense. It doesn't mean that they were fearful of a law or they were humble before a law it means that a lie so gentle, disgraced and humiliated them would you mean you're not eating her she faces on that day will be harsher meaning that he let that's what even
okay here he said. He said Carla who patata we'll call him our best touch while
I'm Aloha, if my boss he said they will have this humiliation but their action will not benefit them anything any this humility they will have on that day will not benefit them. And whatever they're doing on that day to get out of what they're in, it will not benefit them on that day.
And it seems like give me a bus or the alarm. He took that meaning from the next ion electrode. Now see that because as we said the word CATIA could be used in a positive way it could be used also in a in a negative way. But here it's clear that the meaning is negative, especially when we take the context of the three ayat Hal attack Heidi Slovakia, would you even call she me Latin, now Siva. So who should the meaning is today alone to be lowered l hobo to be humble alink hisar to be broken.
So now the question starts to come amulet to NASA army that means working right? Still referring to these faces will join
means they are working
from an ml they're doing work on electron. Now Siva.
Now Subbu means that they are weary, they're tired, exhausted.
And then Eliza just said,
Tesla now on hanja
they will enter
in a intensely or in an intensely hot fire. So now we come to this big discussion in these ayat because there's a discussion about the order of the ayat. In other words, when are the is white? What is the time being referred to in each Ayah? That's the question. So it seems
even Luca Thea, what he mentions here.
And it seems that
any it's possible to understand from what I've been advising
This is referring to the dunya
that would yo yo ma eating Kasha
faces on that day will be humiliated and militant. Now Siva, in some of the scholars, they said to me in the dunya, they were working in the dunya. They were striving and struggling for what they were trying to get whatever they were working for, they were working for it.
They became weary and exhausted and they tried
tusla now on hammy, the outcome of those people is they're going to enter into a burning fire and intensely hot fire.
Others they said
others they said
that this is their description in the hereafter
that this is the description in the hereafter.
So it's almost like depending on the time frame you understand from the ayah the understanding of the words can also change. So even the word Harsha
could be seen to mean the horseshoe or that we know like the horseshoe or we know in the Salah. Like they were like the Mona if you're calling for example.
They were demonstrating who should
have amela to now see about working hard striving for what they will work but puzzler now adhamiya The end result is they go to the fire.
And it said that this doesn't refer to them on African, but it refers to the nosara the Christians. Has anyone got any idea why some of the scholars of Tafseer they applied this to the Christians particularly armella to NASA?
Why the lots of for example, the machinery corn of the Arabs associate many partners with a lot for sure the Christians You're right, the Christians associated partners with Allah. But why did they say that these ayat, what did they understand from the word khushbu? And the word armella now, Seba?
100%. This is why they said it completely correct. They said the Christians you see from them who who were who should you see some of them from the monks and the people like they had kosher like they would cry they would genuinely you know, really genuinely strive and struggle for what they believe to be right. Tesla now on hammy at the end result is they were burning fire.
Even though they would strive and struggle and work and make efforts and they would be, you know, their hearts would tremble at the thought of God.
But it didn't benefit them anything.
And that's why and they say that whoever said these other nosara this is an example it's not like a it's not a that the ayah was revealed about the Christians, but that the Christians are one example of this any in the dunya those people who said that the ayah refers to the dunya they're an example of a people like this. It's a better example the example of the 115 because someone else your kin really didn't have who should not when you look at them like ours. We are so either como una sala de como kusa Allah when they stood to pray, they were lazy. While I have Quran, Allah Allah kalila they only remember a lot a little bit. But the Christians you see from them those who spent their whole
life they gave up marriage they gave up a family they locked themselves in the monastery just to remember a lie in the morning in the evening was the result. tussle anala Hermia they enter into an intensely hot fire.
So there are many their hard work and this now Siva nossob nossob the hard the striving and the hard work they did it didn't benefit them. anything cool hell no no bill Campbell oxide ina, another alladhina baldassari Phil hayati, dunya homea, Ivana and Omar soon as soon as the people who are the worst in loss, the greatest losers, the people who strive the day they stay had sorry they made efforts in this world, but their efforts
all of it ended in loss.
was just efforts in the world while they thought they were doing the best of deeds, so to say it's the Christians is not the ayah was not revealed to say that this is an ayah about the Christians, but they are an example and even assures you that among the people who worship other than Allah, you might see from them who sure you might see from them that they really genuinely and sincerely
believe in what they are doing. It's not the case that all of them are just cynical and all of them are just lying and or some of them really genuinely believe what they what they follow it and they genuinely make efforts for it. They make huge sacrifices for their religion was the end result tusla now on
and not will lie is the effect of Elgin of ignorance. That's what ignorance does to you. The end result of ignorance is you waste your efforts, you waste all your efforts, all those things you're doing go away right you know, you making striving so hard working so hard, but all of it was the end result. Tassler now adhamiya because you didn't have him You didn't have knowledge. You didn't know what was right and what was wrong?
Yeah, they do. They do. They believe in a lie soldier. They believe in Allah. They have a very, very
confused belief of what that means. But if you were to meet an Arab Christian, and you were to ask them what is God's name, they would say Allah. Likewise, Arabic speaking Jews, if you ask them who is God they say Allah. But the thing is, even though she came from the mushrikeen of the Arabs, they used to believe that the truth the true God was Allah. And they used to even pronounce this in the in the Hajj. They used to say, love Baker, llama bake, love Baker Shetty killer killer bake English, Eddie can who elect him lick technical Rama Malik. They used to say that or LA we answer your call Allah, we answer your call, you've got no partner except the partner that you have. You have the
dominion over them and they have nothing. This is the belief of the mushrikeen of the Arabs. So a lot of people one way or another have a basic belief in Allah but it doesn't make them it doesn't enter them into Islam because they didn't dedicate their worship to Allah alone. They didn't make their worship for Allah. They didn't make the religion for Allah, Allah. They made partners with Allah, they believed in
this idea of Trinity, that there are three that there is the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit and so on. But even when they say that they actually say Allah me there, they actually some of them when they express this they say Allah and the Son and the Holy Spirit.
It's upon Allah. But look at what ignorance did to them available gorbea it what a barley ignorance so many efforts so much work, but it doesn't bring you anything.
So this is one
but it seems analyzer generals best.
It seems that
the meaning of this analyzer general is best appears to me that it is related to the accuracy based on the statement of allies origin
would you even Harsha on that day, Lavasa. And if we say alpha refers to yamapi ama, or it first to the Hellfire, on that day, the faces will be harshly our faces will be humbled and humiliated.
But then we have to ask ourself a question
and we have to ask ourselves
a question and see what then is the meaning of our mula tune nalsa.
What's the meaning of the fact that they are working hard
and they're weary?
How do we if we explain this now to be yomo Kiana? We said that the context of the ayat indicate that this is in Yokoyama, would you Yama eating?
Then how do we explain that this is in the
this is in the Acura?
First of all, it's not correct to say those who said it's in the dunya.
Where did they really were Why did they What did they rely upon to say that this is in the dunya? Because the word you're not using? What you understand from the is that this is in the accurate? So where did they really get it from? To be honest, what they did is they looked at the word amela. And they said the do
Nia is the place where you do things where you work, the place of work and actions and deeds is the dunya. The Hara is dar. Joseph is the place of getting rewarded, or recompense, punished or rewarded. But it's not the place of Amell it's not the place of doing things. But this in itself needs to be qualified and you can't make that as a blanket statement actually, in general, there are ama, but it's not they're not I am mad that you're gonna get. It's not what you get. It's not a place of a test, where you are rewarded or you are punished based on your choices. But there are actions and in general, there are acts of worship. People remember Allah subhanaw taala praise Allah
azzawajal they thank Allah subhanaw taala
in the Hellfire there are actions, the people call out to the guardian of the Hellfire, Kalia Malika Jacobi Elena probook. Make your Lord causes to die.
And Ally's ritual talks about the actions Yama, Yama.
Runa. Bina how abena Hanuman and they will go between it and between a spring of boiling water. So there are actions both yamaki Yama, and there are actions also in the in general and in the fire. But they're not the kind of actions that are intended in the in the dunya where you have a choice to do something and then you are given a recompense based on the choice that you make based on the actions you did. So it's when people say that the ark era is not a place of actions. They don't mean that there are no you don't do anything in the Acura. They don't mean that you don't do anything in the after about what they mean is that the dunia is a place where the intention The purpose of the
dunya is for you to perform actions that you will receive the reward of yomo Kiana or for a person to a person performs actions that they will be punished for Yamaha piano. So when they say that that dunia like you get some statements sometimes that this world is a place of action and no reward, and that the accurate is a place of reward and no action. That's true, but it doesn't mean absolutely like that. Does that make sense? It doesn't it's not on a purely absolute level. Because in this world, you can also be rewarded, but the purpose of this world is not to be rewarded. And the purpose of the art here right is not for you to be tested by the actions that you that you do.
That's what's meant by otherwise there are actions
that take place Yokoyama, there are actions that also take place among the people of Jenna
Qatada, Rahim, Allah to Allah He explained some of the actions that are that he believed to be intended by this amulet to nalsa the actions they were doing. He said, Rahim Allah to Allah,
Allah subhanho wa Taala
caused them to do these actions and cause them to become weary through doing them, like pulling their chain the heavy chains along with them, and they're wrapped in heavy chains, and they drag these heavy chains along with them in the fire. And like carrying the, you know, the, the, the but the, what you call them the Outland the fetters upon, you know, the things that bind them upon their necks
and standing prefer to rot.
They're standing barefooted and unclosed yamaki ama, Allah made them weary, the sun came to the distance of a mile, they were sweating, and some of them were muzzled in their own sweat. And he Allah gave them actions and made them do them and made them weary through them. So that's how Qatada he took the meaning of this ayah relating to the accurate that the iron relates to the accuracy and the actions referred to or the actions of Yamaha piano, or the actions of the people in the fire, like carrying dragging their chains like carrying the weights upon their, upon their back. Like the things that happen on the Day of Judgment running from profit to profit. These are things that Allah
made them do and Allah made them really through them.
And that's why one of the clearest examples of this
when you see the egg, the Hadeeth of the people running from profit to profit from oil, azmoun are also they go to New York, they go to Ibrahim they go to Moosa, they go to Isa, they go to Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wasallam or LA masala to set up
They run from profit to profit. And they see Mr. tarama National fee. Don't you see what we are going through right now. But they are not syba. Really they are like they are they are weary, they're exhausted, they're suffering yomo qiyamah and Ally's or gel made them like that. So even though it's not a place of deeds, it's not a place where you're being tested for the purpose of what you're going to do right and wrong. There are still huge actions and exhaustion that takes place Yokoyama, and indeed it takes place among the people of the, of the fire. So now the next question comes about the timing here. If we said that
appears, and a lot of generals best that the
that this takes place Yamaha piano, when does it take place Yamaha piano? Is it before they enter the fire?
Or is it after they enter the fire? So here they differed in the people who said that it happens Yokoyama, they differed
among two groups. Some of them said it happens before the fire and some of them said that it happens after the fire.
And this was the choice of
even jarier. And it was also the choice of Shahada Islam and retain me or him Allah to Allah wa Rahim Allah Hi, Jimmy, that they said that this takes place in the Acura but then they said some of them they said army Letwin phenol, now Seba twin fear, they said that they are doing actions in the fire that Allah made them do and they are weary and exhausted in the fire. However, the context of the ayah appears analyzer generals best
it appears that this refers to what will happen before the fire because after that Allah says, Tesla now Hania
after he mentioned that they will be working hard and they will be exhausted and weary, alive. So john mentions that they will then enter a Tesla and Armand hammer, they will then enter a fire which is Hermia
they will then enter a fire which is Hermia even okay theater, he said Rahim Allah to Allah hi Mia, a how to or how to return. Shadi that will help.
He said that this will be a fire that is extremely hot.
A fire that is extremely hot
to score mean I in in
to score them in any
area, they will be given a drink from a spring.
But this spring is not a spring that brings them any relief.
And there is a
there's a principle in this.
And this principle says that the punishments for the disbelievers yamo kiama.
They continue to get worse and worse.
They get worse and worse and worse.
And they never get better. They never get easier.
So a person might think after they enter the fire and then realize oh just had to score mean ironing. These faces that are harsher, that are humiliated, these faces that are weary and exhausted. These faces that have entered an intensely hot fire
to score meaning they're going to be given from a spring perhaps this spring will bring them relief but this spring is Ania is boiling to the point where it has reached the highest temperature that it can reach.
It's a boiling
and it's boiling so much and it's so hot
that it's reached the peak of burning them.
Like they say Casa Bella hot mineral harati well hollyanne Alva
a reached the absolute peak of boiling
and the peak of his temperature
Then Eliza we just said, les sallahu para mon el amin Gloria
they will have no food except for barrier
I'd even be Pollyanna rated from even the best that he said. shedule one minute now from the trees that are from the hellfire.
They're from the trees that are from the
from the hellfire. But this tree, to be honest, is a tree that was known to the Arabs. This tree is a tree that was known to the Arabs this body.
The people of ages the people
who alive gel, the Quran was revealed and they witnessed it. They knew this word, this word, buddy. The word buddy is what they call a shipwreck.
And I did find the name of it.
I mean, the name of it as close as we can get in English. Get it for you.
But basically, it's a plant that when it becomes dry, it's just dry phones. It's just a roll. You see it sometimes rolling around in the desert when the when there's a sandstorm, like this plant that is very, very dry. And it's just a collection of thorns, just like very hard. It's very spiky and it has phones on it.
And this is what they
what they called a budhia
and they call it a barrier when it's dried out in when it's not dried out and it's green.
And it has some flowers on it or some not flowers leaves on it some green on it. They called it a shubik and when it was in the summer, and it just became dried fawns just like a bundle of dried thorns. They called it buddy.
Now that doesn't mean that the data that will be given to the people in the Hellfire will be the same as the one that they knew. But also it just spoke to them with what they knew.
Eliza just spoke to them with what they understood. So they know that this is a thorny dry plant that would do nothing if you ate to except cut up cut up your insights but that which is in the Hellfire is far worse than that which is in the dunya so if the Dory we know in this dunya is nothing but harm and you take it is a dry, spiky thorns that would cut your mouth and cut your insights. Then how about the lottery which is the plant from the Hellfire and this is even even worse.
law you may know while are you going aiming joueur
lie use minnow literally means that it doesn't
lie use me No.
It doesn't mean literally in a literal sense. It doesn't make you put on weight, like you smoke and it doesn't nourish you.
It doesn't nourish you.
doesn't give you something that will benefit you while you honey mean joueur
and it will not save them from hunger.
You will not benefit them against the hunger that they feel.
So this punishment Allah subhanaw taala describes the punishment in the beginning of soul to Garcia
is a series of punishments.
First of all, Eliza gel describes the yomo yomo piano itself being Ohashi.
It's as though their terror of that day will cover everyone
except the one that Allah has mercy upon.
Then ally so we just mentioned the faces on that day that will be humiliated
and from the humiliation that they will suffer is
that they will be our Neela to NASA. They will be working hard and striving and and but they will be suffering from it and exhausted from it and weary from it.
They will end
into a fire that is blazing hot.
And then they will be given to drink from a spring that has reached the absolute peak of burning and boiling.
Then for food they will be given a barrier
which is a dry thorny plant law use mineral while Are you going to endure it will not give them any benefit will not give them any nourishment, they won't eat it and take any good from it. And it won't stop them from feeling hungry.
It's just a punishment on top of a punishment top of a punishment.
Then Allah subhanaw taala contrast this with another group of people
would you who Yona eating nerima
faces on that day will be now Arima
they will be in a state of pleasure in a state of Noreen in a state of blessings.
Lisa Yee Ha. All the
after the efforts they made, they will be
satisfied with them.
They will be satisfied with the efforts they made. Now I just want you to think when you're listening to this description before we go into the detail
of the tafsir look at how the ayat called each one of them contrast what the other one said.
A contrast before. So we saw Buju we young man even harsher faces on that day will be disgraced that will be lower, they will be in a state of disgrace. Would you know my eating? Now, there will be faces on that day that are in a state of pleasure.
amela to now siba working hard and suffering.
Lisa, raw via the others, they've made efforts. But where were their efforts, their efforts were in the dunya. And their efforts were pleasing to Allah and they are pleased with their efforts. They are satisfied with what their efforts have given them. So they had to make an effort. It's not like there was some people who didn't do any effort. They didn't do anything.
But the ones who made the effort at the time for it in the way that Allah commanded them to do those people saw the benefit of that effort, Yokoyama,
they saw what came out of those efforts, they made your Machiavelli sorry, they made sorry, they made efforts they worked hard. But they worked hard in the dunya. And they worked hard with knowledge with
they knew what was right and wrong, they did what was right and they worked hard in it. And so yamaki Emily, sorry, her grovia as for those who tusla. Now on hannya, they go to the intensely hot fire, what's the opposite feagin net in Alia, they will be in a garden which is idea which is high up.
Alia here, it might mean Alia, in itself, it's actually high, the garden itself is is physically high. And it can also mean earlier to Qatar, that it is high in status
is high instead it can be physically high, like it's elevated, the garden is elevated above other things. So it's above.
And it can also mean
like a fifth dose, right, a fifth doses, Allah agenda, the highest part of
agenda. And it's our salt agenda, the best part of Gender, Women who too fragile and hollow gender and the reverse of gender flow from it. So this could be one of the meanings of earlier that it's physically high above other places, and also that it's earlier to Qatar has a high status
test Maratha Latvia, they will not hear in it any love hear any level, any false speech on evil speech, any wasteful speech, you know, a level is every kind of speech that is
worthless and bad, any kind of any kind of like we call it music is level swearing is level in all sorts of bad useless, worthless, sinful speech. They will not hear any love here.
What will they hear in Jeddah in luckyland? Salama Salama, they will hear the Salaam they will hear the praise of Allah subhanaw taala
Carl will handle the landlady.
They will say all praises to Allah, the referral of the one who in caused us to inherit the earth.
That's about one woman at genetti Heights when I shall
we travel through paradise wherever we wish.
funnier, magical Amylin how excellent is the work of those who they worked in the dunya they worked for in the dunya.
And all as we just said, fee her I known jharia.
In it, there is a spring dice flowing.
No is what the first group got
to score me in Ireland. And here, they got a spring that is burning the people agenda they got a cool spring
iunknown geria. But the word ion here doesn't mean a spring.
It doesn't mean one spring here, I think analyzer general is best that both of the translations than the normal translations we use of the Quran. They didn't translate this well. The word I in here, it doesn't mean one spring. But it means genes rune that that the springs there will be springs in Jenna flowing, there will be flowing, flowing springs.
Before we go any further, I just read you those parts as a you know in terms of the contrast between the two. But I want to sort of go back onto some of the points.
And take it a little bit slowly, because I just wanted you to read those so you get the idea of the contrast. And this all it keeps on coming again and again in the core. And this is a theme of the Quran, which is the contrast between the people of gender and the people of the fire. What will the people of the fire get what will the people of gender get? And that's because a fundamental
style or fundamental, even as you can see from the son of Allah, the ways that a lot,
teaches us is through a taheebo leap through making you fear
and giving you encouragement and hope.
So the Quran is like this all the time between fear and hope it gives you I have to tell you what will happen to the people on that day, good and bad.
That gives you fear of being of those people who Allah describes and hope and encouragement to be from the other people that Allah describes. And this is something that is a such a fundamental lesson in the Quran. There's so many of us we miss out sadly, which is the balance between fear and hope. And this is a big thing. You could take it from social cachet. You take it from many sources of the Quran, that Allah azza wa jal balances between fear and hope that there is the fear and Allah terrifies you with what is going to happen to the people of the fire and ally encourages you with what is going to happen to the people of gender. There are a hadith that if you listen to them
Wallah, you will think that not one of you will ever see the fire.
There are Heidi's I need that, like the Hadeeth of the person with the vitarka who has nothing but 99 scrolls of evil deeds.
And he doesn't bring anything yamaki except a single piece of paper and written on his Lyla heilala and he says, My Lord, what is this going to do against that? 99 schools of evil deeds as far as the eye can see nothing, he has nothing that he did nothing good that is left for him. Except La ilaha illa Allah,
Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah outweighs those 99 schools, he goes to gender.
When you listen to a hadith like this, you think that none of us will go to the fire.
And there are Heidi's will allow you listen to it and you will think that nobody will go to gender
that a person will do the actions of the people agenda until there is nothing between him and Jenna except a hand span, the length of an arm, the forearm, then the decree of Allah will overtake him up from the people of the fire.
You hear things that you think that I act like Elijah said in NEMA to Kabbalah human talking, Allah will only accept good deeds from the people who are people of taqwa who do everything that a lot commands and keep away from everything that Allah prohibits. Who can say from this, these people
use Pamela here is that you will that will make you believe that you can be from the people of the fight and I can make you believe you can be from the people of Jen.
This is the sloop This is the style or the way that Allah subhanaw taala teaches us
The crowd, through fear and hope encouraging you to do good and threatening you and making you scared of punishment.
So I just want to go back, I'm not going to take too much longer, but I just wanted to go back and clarify some of the points on the ayat that we were talking about.
Would you tell me anything? nerima What does it mean? nerima the word nerima comes from a nine.
Nine is the opposite of other right?
The opposite of punishment is not in to be in a state of pleasure, in a state of blessings, like we talked about, either will cover when I will cover the punishment of the grave and the
the pleasure of the grave. So you have both right, you have some people who go to their graves and they will be punished and you have some people who go to their graves and they will have blessings and pleasures in their grief.
So what why did a lot describe their faces? as being not as having pleasure?
Why did Allah describe their faces? Why don't describe them? Why not say that there are people who are in nine there are people of nine
a lot described the paradise as being genette and nine
the paradise of nine.
Get you did that's, that's very, that's very close. Definitely. That's one of the points.
Their reaction in going when they find out too, like when they are to give the given the book in their right hand and they say, How are mokara Aki tabea come and read my book in Nirvana and two anymore. lauching Hey, sabya, I was sure that I was going to meet my Lord, who officiated robbia in a wonderful life, a pleasurable life regenerating earlier in a lofty garden, and so on. That's one part of it. Why anyone else got any thoughts on why their faces are mentioned to you?
Yeah, that's similar to what what the brother said like, do you when they're told the reward of Jen now you can see in their faces. But actually, this this is mostly what I wanted. I just wanted to add one, one more point your squat.
You're comparing to the disbelievers. That's a very good point. So here what it really means is that you will be able to see that the pleasure on their faces, their faces will be a mark of the blessings you'll be able to see the blessings of Allah on their faces.
And that is a lie, which tells us that you'll be able to face will be like a sign of the person because Allah subhanaw taala said Yama
Yama, turbo boo. What's this word do? We do on a day when some faces will be bright and some faces will be dark?
Is the faces will be bright bright because they've been a las panatela give them the blessing you'll see the name on their face.
Their faces will become bright from the name on their face. What is what do we do and some of the faces they will have a darkness on them? And that darkness on there will be because of their disbelief and a rejection of Allah Subhana Allah they will you be able to see in their face what their eyes we just see in salt ramen.
You are a former jury moon MPC male
you will know the criminals by their signs you look at them you can see the you can see the state of those people in their faces and the people of gender you can see from their faces.
The Prophet sighs told us about this rumor that they will be resurrected the omo qiyamah or one more had jelly that they will have
loophole is a is a description of a horse. When the horse has white marks on its face and its legs.
In it has you have a horse that is let's say
just not that horse color. Yeah, okay. You have a horse that is chestnut and it has white marks on its face and on its legs. This is what you call
a core cohort and mahadji almajiri.
And they will be like that from the Waldorf method they will do because of the Waldorf that they made. You will see on their faces that effect that they will have a brightness like the horse when you have a horse that has white marks on its face. You will see that Muslims the believers have white marks on their faces from the effect of making will do in the dunya
So you'll see on the faces,
would you at nerima, you see the nine on their faces?
robia, I need this happened. Why do you see the blessing on their faces because of the efforts they made in Estonia. And this is another thing that I want to emphasize.
Want to emphasize, which is that a lot of
a lot of people, sometimes you become confused about certain things in Islam, and what's required from us. But one thing you have to remember is that this dunya is a place you have to work hard.
And no one should sit back and say this is, you know, this is what Allah decreed for me and, you know, what can I do, I'm in the situation. I mean, Allah has given you opportunities, whatever situation you're in, Allah has given you an opportunity, but you have to work hard. You have to work hard for it. And you have to strive because your chance for working hard is now Don't be from the people who have to work hard you're luckier be from the people who work hard now, Lisa, are all via not from the people who are working hard. In the firewall area, it will be amela turn. Now Siva, they're working hard in the Hellfire from the people who are working hard in this dunya. So they can
be from the people who are the Sangha are all via they are pleased with what has
what they've put forward.
Lotus microfi Hello here.
In general, the meaning here is as we said, aloud, here, the meaning is a level
and there are some different opinions among the scholars of Tafseer about how this works out, but broadly speaking, the meaning is not the meaning doesn't really change. There is a different era there are some different opinions regarding the idea but the meaning doesn't really doesn't really change.
But one of the nice benefits you can take from this lattice marathahalli via they will not hear any worthless speech
is the effect that a level has upon people in this dunya
look at the people of genda was how are they described as it relates to a level
worthless speech, music, swearing bad language, you know, idle gossip, silly talk between people.
foolish things, how are they described in the dunya and in the Acura.
The believers are described in the dunya what either ma Ruby love we Maru Kira
when they pass by a level when they pass by this worthless speech. Maru kiralama they pass by with dignity. They don't get involved in it, they don't lend their ear they shut their ear to it. And they walk past quickly and with dignity and with honor not getting themselves involved in it.
So Allah azza wa jal what reward did he give them when they kept away from the level in this dunya lab test Murphy's
Law here they're not going to hear any level engender any of this foolish useless talk? And will lie there's a lot of lessons in this for how what what does this useless talk do to you? It ruins your mind you know your your your mind, it has an effect on your, the way you feel. You know it brings about a hand welcome depression and
you know sadness and grief and worry and stress and all this kind of you know, vain and useless talk. Whereas remembering allies or gel, what does it bring brings about relaxation in your heart. I love you
Victory law he talked to my email coop it makes you feel relaxed, it makes you feel happy makes you feel at peace. And then he almost kiama it brings peace to you.
So I think this is a very
important point to be honest, which has to do with the way that we should be.
In relation to this kind of stuff in the dunya Don't get involved with sitting around talking rubbish people just sit into talking, talking rubbish all the time talking trash, sitting there just talking about things that don't benefit them love and you know, not even in the dunya let alone in the accurate and bide language and idle talk and gossip and swearing and music and all these kinds of things that are just wasteful examples of a level all of it you want either what either model will be lovely model Karolina just walk past with dignity, don't get yourself involved, don't even discuss it, don't even talk about it, don't be involved in it, just
get out the way.
And if you do that, let us mafia law here be from the people who allow will reward them yamo kiama that they won't hear any of that they won't hear anything. Whereas what the people of the Hellfire will hear from the screams of the people of the Hellfire from the crying out of the people of the hellfire.
They'll hear the sounds of the Hellfire burning around them.
So you see I'll just mention cell amellia you get rewarded in the same way as the thing that you did. So every time you leave something in this dunya for the sake of Allah, Allah Subhana Allah will give you a vast reward for it your makia and no doubt we are we as Muslims, our people we leave thing we have to leave things for Allah. There are many enjoyable things that people enjoy themselves with that we leave it for the sake of Allah.
But don't ever think you left it for the sake of Allah you Mr. Yama, Yama, you will realize the reality of what happened to you when you left those things for Allah. And you see what Allah will give you in return for those things that you left for the sake of Allah, and not just in the archaea in the dunya will lie. You leave something for a lot of Lost Planet Allah will give you in the dunya. But you see, when you read a surah like saltiel Harsha, you see really what will happen to the people. You see really the reality of the fact that the people who left something for Allah yomo qiyamah, they're going to see the result of what they left for Allah. And Allah Subhana Allah will
give them from the many things that are lost pantalla mentions in the solar that he will give them from the blessings of Jenna
I think shallow to Allah will stop there after the questions. So that's long enough for the class inshallah, generally, we, we know, try to keep it at a reasonable pace, but the only thing I'm thinking of is just that we do want to finish as much as we can. tafsir is a
very, very big topic. And really, this is not something you should ever just do once. The aim is you finish this tafsir at this level, and then you go further and deeper into more details and you understand it more than you are now. But at least for now we get a reasonable summary of the Tafseer of the surah a reasonable understanding of the meaning of the ayat, then we move on from there inshallah. So, if anyone has any questions, they're more than willing more than welcome to ask.
No as an excellent question. And this is, in reality, even though I am described it beautifully, he said that the slave has to be like a bird. With two wings, the wings are fear and hope. If one if the bird loses one wing, it'll fall to the ground. Likewise, if the bird is just flapping with one wing, it's gonna it's not going to go straight. If you want to fly straight, you have to balance those two. So the easiest way to explain how to balance them is to explain what you what the two extremes are and then you can see what the middle one looks like. So the two extremes on one side
one of the extremes is a person has too much fear. And what you see from this person is despair. When we say too much fear you know sometimes when people stopped practicing and their families in the family said the more you know, you're just practicing a bit too much you need just relax, calm down. That's not what is meant by too much fear. Too much fear what's meant is the person starts to despair.
They say that there is no forgiveness for me Allah will not forgive me. I'm just going to I know that I'm going to the fire I've resigned myself that I am from the people of the fire there is no agenda for me I know this, that person
has really taken on board a characteristic of the disbelievers because a lot as we just said about the disbelievers in the whole a asuma rohilla hola como Catherine. Nobody despairs, from help from Allah except the disbelieving people is the disbelievers who say, there is no gender for me. But as for the Muslim, the Muslim should never reach a level of fear where they say, I do not think I'm ever going to go to gender. Because that's a great injustice against the law, that you see the law will not forgive me. And even if you say it about someone else, it's an injustice like the Hadith
about a person who says what llahi Allah will never forgive this person. And Allah says, Who is it who said, I will never forgive this person I have forgiven them and destroyed your deeds. Like we never ever feel that on the other side, too much hope. The extremists the person becomes relaxed, easygoing. You know, hear people saying Allah Karim. Allah is gonna forgive you. Why are you worrying? Why are you stressing about things? A lot, we forgive you. You see the people doing every kind of sins, doing sins that Subhana Allah, you if the Sahaba saw this, how would they behave and like huge things people do. And when they say I just relax, I'll go to Hajj. When I'm all done, I'm
gonna repent inshallah. It's alright. It's fine. Allah forgive me for Rahim.
That's an extreme. So what the Muslim does is they try to keep themselves balanced. But sometimes in your life, even when you're trying to keep yourself balanced, you're going to see that you go too far on one side or the other. You see that you To be honest, you're a bit too relaxed about things. And you see that, yeah, you know, especially after you weren't practicing, start practicing and then you become quite relaxed in it like comfortable like 100 law, you know, you hear people come to the consensus 100 lamb you know, hamdulillah we all we all good Muslims were practicing law you don't know that Allah even accepted one Salah from you don't even know that Allah accepted anything from
your or perhaps allies never looked at anything that you did. And never given you anything for even one thing that you did? You don't know. So you go like that. But then when you go like that, you sometimes start to think that. Well, now what if there's not what if I'm, what if I'm just doomed to the file, and then he said, Okay, now you have to come back again. So you stay between the two, but from the fifth of a person, and this is what Lyman, mythical expert really is, from the greater field is, you know, your own heart. And, you know, if you feel yourself too much hope you start to push yourself and remind yourself of the, of the fear of a lot of fire. And when you see yourself to
to like a bit of despair, or a bit of, you know, you start to panic and even stop doing good deeds, because of how much you're panicking over the bad things you've done. Then this is also a time to increase in your hope. And really, just by listening to the Quran and reading the Hadith, you get both. And I arta. You know, I make you feel like, like I said, this ayat, when you read them will lie. You think that I do not know how I can be from the people agenda. There's Abraham Rahim Allah to Allah. He wrote in one of his letters, if I'm not mistaken, he wrote about sort of out of what are our fury generally it couldn't be see now, this does are off whether people's deeds are equal.
They've got equal number of good deeds and equal number of bad deeds. And he said, for all By Allah, I do not know how I can do enough good deeds to be from those people.
to just be from the people that their good deeds and their bad deeds are equal. I don't know. How can I even be from those people?
So you see that fear sometimes and it makes you think that these people felt like that. Any moms of Islam huge imams of Islam on their deathbed, they're crying that I don't know if I'm going to go to Johanna.
And someone comes to you and says, you know, like, if you are guaranteed your place and so you have to balance between the two and you have to just constantly fight with yourself. And when you hear the Quran, you you feel both of those things coming through you feel the fear and also the hope and ultimately,
the fear of a lot. The purpose is to make you act is not for you to despair. There's never the purpose of fear of Allah is for you to start seeing that I'm not going to be helped. The reason that a lot makes you what makes you fear him
And tells you to fear him is so that you can do the actions of the person that fears a lot. You can actually employ, it pushes you to do actions because you're scared of the consequences if you don't do them. So that's the that's how we balance those two things.
Do we have some questions?
Could some faces be humble? Meaning resigned to their fate?
Certainly, linguistically, I don't see a reason I just, you know, with Tipsy or it's important that you have to look and see Did someone say it from the scholars of Tafseer. This is really important, because you know, sometimes, when you see some of the people who, who do Tafseer of the Quran in our time, some of the art who make Tafseer of the Quran. The problem is that they bring statements in Tafseer that no one from the self said no one before them said, maybe linguistically. They work like linguistically Yes, but they didn't have anyone before them who brought the statement? So I think it's very valid point. It's a very valid point that what the person said, which is that, could the
word Harsha mean resigned to their fate, and they are humbled and humiliated because they know what is going to happen to them?
Certainly, there's no reason in the language why That can't be true. But one thing you have to do is if you want to give that tip seal, you have to find who said it from the early generations, you have to find where we took that Tafseer from either from the Quran, or we took it from the Sunnah, or we took it from the harbor, or we took it from the tambourine. That's where we take our generally speaking, that's where we take our tafsir from, right. We don't take our tafsir from
just because linguistically, it works. Right, we have to have a record for it. So I think it's a very valid point, I just want to see research and look into it. Did someone bring this point before? I'd say that's the meaning of Harshad from the early generations, but from a linguistic point of view, I don't see any reason why not
only going to do this difference? Well, I don't know it depends how long Eliza gel decrees for, for me to live and how much Allah subhanaw taala gives me the tofield to be able to do it. And it depends on a lot of things. But we ask a lot face to face, I wanted to do when I started I wanted to do juice, ama and just about that was what I wanted to do. We Haskell office toffee.
thinking, this is a very, very good question.
It's a difficult question to answer.
The question is,
is it the case that Allah subhanaw taala sometimes guides you to a particular idea.
And you feel like that ayah is speaking to you.
And you feel like you are guided to that ayah?
And then you, you know, it just resonates with you.
My answer to this analyzer General's best is yes. But to an extent, there is a Hulu and exaggeration, some people having this which is a Jeep, like for example, if they want to make istikhara they opened the must have for any page and they put their finger on a word and whatever word comes up, they take that word, that's what Allah wanted to tell me. But that's not what the question I meant Sharla what the question means is
that sometimes you read in the Quran and you come across an ayah that just
touches you. And you think Well, I I think this ayah he has a message in it for me. So, there is an exaggeration, like, you see a lot of the from the Sofia and others you see like this kind of behavior, like you see this kind of like that,
you know, this, opening the page a random thing, this is what I like or that this, you know, I was like the the, you know, the is somehow just lands on your desk or something. But it is true that that sometimes when you are reading the Quran, when you're thinking about something that Allah subhanaw taala guides you to a particular ayah that resonates with you yeah, I think that's absolutely true. That's absolutely true. But don't exaggerate in it like don't have people like opening the most half and randomly pointing at things and saying this is what you know, I don't like somebody said to me, once I if I don't know what to do, I just opened the most half. And that's if
that's what Allah guided me to. This is the I but that's not from the what the early generations used to do. That's not how the people before is used to be. But there is no doubt that sometimes you just read in the Quran or
You listen to a lecture and an ayah comes and he just hits you next panel like this is I this is what I need right now. That's absolutely true.
And I was best. Okay, that's it. Any other questions guys before we finish up?
That's totally true. I totally agree that whenever you read the Quran and you should, you should read the Quran that this is Allah is telling me Allah is telling me this Quran is for is for us and that's why even the obverse or the Allahu and and others they mentioned with regard to when Allah says yeah, you are Latina and or you who believe he was talking to you listen, because I was talking to you now, I was telling something too. This is for you, this is a message for you. So yeah, when you read the Quran, you should read it as it as though it is a message to you, this is guidance for you. And that's why Allah described the caranas who then work meaning it's a it's guidance and a
mercy for the believers. So it's important for you to when you read the Quran to have that mentality without going to the extreme of you see things that are not there like you know, you open the iron outfit out and you say that oh, you know now I feel like I'm like, like without the extreme, but in a sensible way. Yes. When you open the Karanja today, boy, you're thinking about the Quran and reflecting you think that this is for me and what what am I supposed to learn from this and take from this.
That's what I made easy for us to mention. analyzer General's best was Salatu was Salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Ah, my