Seekers of Knowledge 030 – Tafseer of Surah al-Fajr #02

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Tim Humble

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Alhamdulillah here abila alameen wa Salatu was salam, ala Abdullah he was solely Nabina Muhammad wa ala early, he was happy he married. We're continuing on with our Tafseer of sorts and federal.

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And as you know, due to the UK, national lockdown, there is no opportunity to hold this class in public. So yes, we are in the masjid. But there is nobody here except for one cameraman, and one of the mustard staff. So we don't have

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any students in attendance, which means that we need from the brothers and sisters who are participating via YouTube. We need them to be very active today in answering questions, because otherwise there really isn't anyone else to answer the questions that are posed during the class.

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And this is for the duration of the national lockdown, which has been announced in the UK, they are allowing us to hold online classes, but they're not allowing us to have public participation up to now.

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So that being said, we are on to the Tafseer of sort alpha and we actually need to revise a little bit of what we've done.

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And what I wanted to quote to you was the Tafseer of Hyeme Rahim Allah to Allah for the first part of the soul because it's really amazing and he really brings a lot of beneficial points. I'm not going to read it in Arabic In case we just end up spending a really long time. But what I will do is I'll quote certain parts here and there. So we had spoken about the statement of a larger General Ledger well Ellen Asher was chef very well worthwhile lady either yes. Healthy Delica possum on leave the hedge

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so the first question is these are all Earth's allies or just swears by the ledger to dawn. Eliza just shoot swears by Elliot Asher the 10 days Allah Xhosa swears by a shift will wetter the even numbered things and the odd numbered things. Will lady there Yes. And the night as it passes on.

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And then Eliza just said healthy Delica Casa mon Lizzy hedger, the in this there is a oath for people of intellect. Now, what I want you to think about here is where is what we call Job Costing. Now you know that generally when Allah swears by something, there is a statement that comes at the end. Right? So for example, we'll do have

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one lady that such a man was corrupt bukhoma

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by the Doha.

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And by the Knights,

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Allah swears by the door handle or swears by the night. And then Allah says, Your Lord has not he does has not left you and he does not hate you. That's the purpose. That's the that's the reason for the oath. The oath is there. And then there's a sentence that comes from the all of that, that Allah swearing by those things was for the purpose of that sentence. We call it job.

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Where is it? in sort of Agile?

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That's a big question.

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So some of them said, it isn't a statement of Eliza gel in Arabic Allah will Meursault

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However, even though came he said, Well, her body only y chain.

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He said I had to home out to Calum while phoslo bainer Kazami would be he be Joe Malin kathira.

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He said this is a weak opinion.

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Because in reality between the the last swearing well fetcher well al and national worship, it will work well lady it is and between inara decolonial Mossad there are how many ayat

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healthy Derrick Acosta only the hedger islantilla Cave of Allah book ibrd Rama Dotty datil a matte Latina bucolic miskito Hasselblad was a modal Latina Jabu Sakuraba altered, a Latino taco Philby that for Xl roofie Health I said

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sobre La Habra buka Soto adab in Nevada calibre ml salt and this is unknown in the Arabic language, you do not have this, that you bring the point of the speech a long time afterwards like that.

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So this is a signal came he said, Well, how old are you?

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This is a weak opinion.

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So even though I am

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even okay.

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He said the second reason it's weak is that the statement of Eliza gel in Naropa callowhill Meursault is mentioned to him mentions the punishment

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and a loss retribution upon the previous nations.

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And for more than for our own.

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And this

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it doesn't have it doesn't have a direct relationship to the customer.

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And it's not connected

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to the customer. It's connected to fear around an ad in thermowood. So this statement in naraba, kellyville meadowside isn't doesn't have any connection to well fetcher. Well, Ellen ashlesha very well wetter lady is is.

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So even Okay, he said wax No, minha and Yukon better than this is to say.

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And now you know, calcium is going to show you the connection between these different ayat and reminders, a bit of the TFC that we already heard.

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He said federal and federal

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in the 10 nights

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and federal

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Phil Layali national and federal in the 10 nights has certain actions in it which are more, you know, monastic.

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What does he mean by this? There are things that people do in the election in the 10 days of the hedger.

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There are things that people do for example,

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what about Federer? On the day of Yeoman now,

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federal on the day of aid, what do people do federal on the day of human aid? in hajj, what are they doing? They are in was Delica. Right?

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And they are making dua to Allah in a lush idle harem in the place sacred place of mas Delica.

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So, this is a huge thing in the sight of Allah Azza

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wa m kena, marajuana. So, there are f L and more avana What am Kenan whatever he said

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there are actions which are huge in the sight of a lie those days.

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And there are places which are huge in the sight of Allah and those days which places Give me an example of some of the places which are very significant in the sight of Allah in the 10 days of the hedger. Give me some examples of those places.

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We mentioned was Delhi for where else

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where do people stand on the ninth day

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arafah then they go to Mina stone the jemar art these actions are more of them are in the law. And these places are more avamar in the law. They're very significant in the sight of a light soldier.

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And even Okay, him he said Weatherly come in sha Allah, Allah moto Amina, who do absolutely Robbie the inner hedger when nusach abou de ma ba Lillah wa Zulu noir holy Alba Mati with Alec has big dome. I also have a big and with mo that was around a minute or two we were kept body was touchable. He said something amazing. He said, this is from the major signs of Allah.

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From the era of Allah, the major signs of Allah.

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what he's done in those days, that contain the symbols of Islam, the Shire are like the symbols of Islam, right? The things that Islam is known by the people coming out of

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that people go to mosque Delica the people stone the jemalloc Islam is known by these things. Islam is famous for these things, these are from the Shah are the major public, you know, signs that you see that religion

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Islam the major rituals of Islam. And these rituals contain complete submission to Allah.

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Because Hajj and sacrifice are pure acts of worship to Allah and acts of humility and submission to the greatness of Allah. And this is the opposite of what was mentioned about AD and thermowood. And around their disobedience, their arrogance, their

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transgression against people and their pride.

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Look at the opposite look at how even okay and he says, look at the link, you want to see the link between these things. Allah azza wa jal mentioned Ireland, more Alabama, actions that are huge in the sight of a lot like Alibaba. Standing on Alibaba, the profitsystem said I'd had drew out of the hatches out of

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this is the day where a lot freeze more people from the fire than any other day, Yeoman. Now, the day of sacrifice. This is the greatest of all of the days of the year in the sight of Allah. The greatest of all the days in the year in the sight of Allah is the day of a normal hijack upon the great day of Hajj Yeoman. Now

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look at what Hajj and sacrifice includes. And then contrast that would fit on an item for mood

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had shows complete submission and servitude and humility before a lot. And what did identify more than four around show complete objection and rebellion and pride?

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He said for in the new soccer. Yes, Obama. No, hi. I tell Hulu, theater Domino hires will who do it in?

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He said that the acts of pilgrimage and the sacrifice. It contains the pinnacle the peak of submission before Allah

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and these nations they disobeyed and they were arrogant when our last command came.

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And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said ma'am I am in Miami I am in Amarillo, Silas Rafi in Lola, Manhattan, I am in Asheville. There are no days in which good deeds are more beloved to Allah than these 10 days.

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Then even look at him. He said at the end of mentioning these a hadith he said for zemon Alamo taba min limits Lehigh the hill, Amal alone, and yoke Sam and yuksom or Rob Bobby he, as our agenda he, he said, the time in which these huge acts of worship are done, is deserving of being sworn by.

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He said then a federal if the meaning of fetcher is not the federal on the day of alpha, at the federal on the day of aid, some of them said the federal on the day of aid, if it's not the federal on the deer eat, and it's federal generally. And he said, Well, whoever had will love that's what seems to be. That's what it seems to me.

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What it seems to me is that the ledger here is general.

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Then he said, this is the time of the Federal prayer. That is the first of all the press

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is the time of the Federal prayer. That is the first of all the press.

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So Allah began this, swearing by these things in the time that contains the first of the press. And he concluded it will lelee either, yes.

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which contains the last of the press. So it's like Allah azzawajal is swearing by the times of the prayer, the first of the prayer times until the last of the prayer times, the first of the prayer times, what is it? Well,

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what's the last of the prayer times well, lately, either Yes, the night when it starts to go on, starts to run into the night at the time of Asia.

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And if it is intended, the Federal which is a specific feature of the Federal of the day of aid, and the night, the night of alpha, then this is from the best of the nights of the year. And the shaytaan is not seen to be any more disgraced and lowered and humiliated than on that day. And after mulgrave on the day of alpha The shaytaan is seen covering himself in in dust and he's disgraced and he's low because of all the people that are lost forgave on the day of alpha

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and the best of the days is the day of eight

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And here I am is talking about

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here

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is talking about the fact that what if Alfredo is not the prayer time. What if a fetcher is the fetcher on the day of read

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their aid, which is a little odd.

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So here it's still the same thing because ultimately, this is one of the most important days. And if the label is the label, if the night is the night time, that comes from it the night of that day of alpha, then this is the day when the shaytaan is the most disgraced and low of any of the days.

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He said what Allah had to cut the nominal cost almanor Sica was solid, I managed to go Salawat while human matassini be a bear that Allah He will hold for a while.

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The Alpha Mati he, when he had a pilot Holly acqualina salatu wa nasukawa haoma Mattila Europa alameen wa clearly ha tema Rasul sallallahu alayhi wa sallam for suddenly Rob Biko and how even Okay, and he said, then based upon this, this costume this oath that is mentioned in sawtooth ledger. A contract contains an oath, by what by two things what two things that have been a mentioned

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what two things generally speaking, what does it contain an oath by an oath by the rights of the Hajj and an oath by the prayer and the rights of the Hajj. Look at it. nakamise malizia, Julius, a genius. He said that these two things come together the prayer times well federally until well lately either, yes.

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From February until Isha.

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And the rights of the hatch well, alien ash was shared very well.

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And so on. Or as federal if you see all federal to mean the federal on the day of aid, and the layer to be the nights that relate to the 10 days like the night after alpha when the shaitaan is disgraced. So here Allah has sworn by the two good actions which are pure a bad for Allah, absolute pure a bad for Allah. And they are the prayer and submission and humility before him and they are the prayer and the rights of the Hajj. As Ibrahim said, or as Allah told us that Ibrahim said CMD my prayer and my sacrifice Am I living in my day, and my prayer and the rights of sacrifice. And like for Allah in my living in my dying of Allah, Lord of the worlds, and like the prophets, I seldom was

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told for suddenly Rebecca 100 pray

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to your Lord and sacrifice to him.

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And this is opposite to the situation of the Muslim king who are arrogant, they don't worship Allah alone. They make partners with him and they are too proud to worship him like ad and sammut and forearm

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so it seems here that what happened okay am Rahim Allah to Allah is really saying is that there is no job will come here.

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There is no there is no sentence which is going to come to bring a conclusion to these things. These things in of themselves are the reason they are mentioned.

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Allah swore by federal because of federal, not because of what was going to come later, like in order to do have a law swore by the Doha, and Allah swore by the night, because in order to show that he didn't leave the profits isolated, and that he didn't hate the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam but here there is no other purpose. The purpose is the figure itself. The purpose is the Salah itself. The purpose is the Hajj and the sacrifice itself. This is the very reason why Allah azza wa jal mentioned, these are not for another reason not to bring another sentence afterwards. But for these Earths. There are other opinions among scholars of Tafseer. There are those who said,

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that are mentioned these things, in order to say you are certainly going to be recompensed for your deeds, but even look at him said these things in of themselves are so great. And so huge in the sight of Allah, that there isn't any need for another sentence to you know, kind of conclude or bring it to a close. It's enough just to mention the greatness of the prayer and the sacrifice the rites of the Hajj and so on.

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Even okay and goes on to talk about worship a little

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and he said

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These great symbols of Islam these great shy of Islam some of them are even and some of them are odd weather places or times or actions so even okay him he mentioned places that are odd and even times that are odd and even an actions that are odd and even he said a Safa and Marwa are even.

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And the carrabba is odd,

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right? How many suffered model to suffer model so it's even and the carrabba is one so it's odd

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and the jemalloc are odd numbered how many gems are there

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that you stone

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how many gem a lot?

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Three,

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a silver

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and it was four and aloka geminal tilaka. There are three

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and Mina and most Delica or even an alpha is odd. Why did he bring Mina and Metallica together and put alpha on its own?

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Why do you bring min min and Metallica together and say why did he not say Mina and was deli fat and arafa what

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was different about Alibaba? I give you a clue. Qureshi never used to go there. Why?

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Why this correlation they had never used to go to Alibaba until the Prophet sighs lm they, the ones who believed and became Muslim then they went Why did the non Muslim Quraysh never go to alpha?

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No, it's a place is to do with the location of alpha. Where is alpha?

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Live we got anyone at all like watching this on YouTube. There is there they are thinking about

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where is our offer?

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Okay, let me ask you an even easier question is our offer in Makkah?

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No, elephants not in Makkah. The others are inside the boundary of Mecca. Alpha is outside. And that's why coloration never went to alpha even though everybody else did. The people in January and we used to make Hajj they all went to alpha except for koresh. They used to say we are the people of Makkah, don't go outside of Mecca.

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So he said alpha is odd. Okay, what else did he say? He said, As for the actions, tawaf is what

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odd number seven,

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and the true rock art of tawaf or even and going between Safa and Marwa is odd numbered seven, and throwing the jemar art is odd numbered, everything of that is seven seven. Well what does the foundation

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and Allah is return on your head bill whittle, Allah is odd numbered and he loves that which is odd numbered, and among the prayers are those which are even and those which are odd. For example, fudger is even the Horus even Arthur is even Asia is even and Magnum is odd. And Witter is odd.

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And Witter makes your night prayer odd, like the prophet SAW, I saw him said Salatu layli Messner Messner for either har[???]a sub

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Ooh, to Beaver Haider to tulika mercato, late or chemical. He said that the night prayer is two by two. And if you fear that federal time is coming close, pray one Witter, and that one, Witter will make your night prayer. odd. As for the times, then the day of alpha is odd. And the day of aid is even what does he mean by that the day of alpha is odd, and the day of aid is even.

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What is the alpha, which day of the month?

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ninth, what's the day of eight 10th. That's what he means. We'll have the colo XL facility in and this is the opinion of the major majority of the scholars of Tafseer.

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And now, so he mentioned that the majority of the scholars of Tafseer the way they saw a shift very well wetter than even in the odd is the different actions and places and times

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the actions of those 10 days, and the places in those 10 days and the times and the prayers because we said the nusach the hydrates and the sacrifice and we said the prayers that I was talking about the five daily prayers, and among them there are many things that are even and odd and sort of referred to her as we know is separate LMS and either seven oft repeated versus unsought.

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But Mujahid narrated from ebony Ibis and withdrew

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Adam,

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Adam is the odd one. And what's the even one?

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Adam is odd number how many is Adam?

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One? How did Adam become even? How What? How what makes Adam even this is narrated from Mujahid.

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And in another narration, Adam? And how are the odd are the even number. So in one narration, who is the odd one, Adam? And Adam becomes even with her work in another narration, Adam and how we're together even who is the odd one?

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Not the chat. They used to have twins always twins.

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They used to have twins all the time.

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And how Where are the even ones who is the odd one

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Adam and Hawa or even who is odd?

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Well, a YouTube is sleeping. I've got no one in the class today because of the lockdown and Allah. Allah is the odd one.

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Allah is the odd one

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in our house.

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And in another narration, the even is the day of aid and the odd is the third

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illuma Cyrus the third day and cortada and others they said a chef, a chef or will we true? He is Sala a chef, a will what is the prayer? And there is a hadith narrated about it.

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And I'll tell you to the ofii. He said a Scheffer, elk. He said that even his creation

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and the odd

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is a lot as the widget because Allah said wahala kunekune. What? as well. We made you all of you in pairs, two by two.

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And the odd one is Allah azza wa jal, the odd numbered in Allah how we turn your head will return allies odd numbered and he loves that which is odd numbered.

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And this is also the opinion of a hacker. And ever that they said that everything is even except for a law who is odd numbered, and above silent. They said Allah created a law created from everything to pairs and allies are jealous Witter. Anwar hate. Allah is odd numbered and he is one and he is alone. And it hasn't he said a chef or well with our walwater either to kulu mean chef.

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He said all everything which is even an odd and this will allow item statement of a person who was so up, Willa Harlan, this is the this is the strongest of the opinions that everything which is even an odd comes into this and you don't have to limit it to one thing

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and it was as he said, A Hulu Hulu min chef and waiter. He said all of the creation, the things in creation which are even and the things in creation which are odd. And McCarty, he said a shepherd is Allah jambalaya Lee, this is suppiler how you how they thought of this how they come to Tafseer. He said, A Scheffer is the day in the night. Why? Because Allah azza wa jal told us about well, Al and Asher the days and the Nights of The Last of the first 10 days of elijah.

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So what is the odd numbered one? If the day in the night is even?

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What is odd

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is a riddle for you. If the day and the night is even

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then what is odd?

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Unless someone has to answer they haven't answered anything.

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In the day in the night yeah. And he saw

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no not the day and the night every day and night. Every day has a night every day has a night. Every day has a night.

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Sorry.

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The day in the night or even what's odd

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the break

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I was 24

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Not the months in the in idea to shoehorn it into life now I shall show one freaky tabula he Omaha La Casa La to up 12

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the seasons even

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one yomo kiama

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yomo Kiana is the day which there is no night.

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Yokoyama, right. Yokoyama. He said the day and the night or even an Yokoyama is odd because there is no night that comes with it's a day that has no night

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and there are many other opinions even I'll pay him He said, Well, okay, let's acquire and Oh Ha, ha ha, ha, ha, ha Allah Kohli. He said all of these opinions come back to to

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and this is a sign of an alum of a scholar, Rabbani Ross affiliate in that they take all these opinions and they just bring it back. For you. Even though Caitlyn is gonna say all these opinions, all of them come back to to.

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The first

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is that a chef very well, wetter are two types within creation and within the things we've been commanded to do.

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The days that night, the prayer within the things that Allah has created and commanded Allah Allahu hulkower amor, but within the things that Allah has created uncommanded There are even an art

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or that elevator is the creator and a Schaeffer, his creation, all of it comes back to this.

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All of it comes back to this. And I'm indolic even more general than that is to say that the word is general and it covers all of that. It covers Allah and His creation. And it covers all of the even and odd things within a Hulk well, within creation and within the command of a large soldier.

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Even though came he keeps going he keeps bringing benefits. He said well lately either Yes.

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He said in certain with death, I asked you to do research on this. Where's my where's my research?

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So ultimately, madatha so when layli

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allegedly swore by the night is edible, when it

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departs meaning the end of the night right, the last part of the night kiss ultimate death fit the last part of the night tight.

00:32:45--> 00:32:52

Okay, and sort of the tech we're belatedly either as as the night when it starts.

00:32:53--> 00:32:57

Okay, we're full Sara, the Cabal we're full Sara be added, but

00:33:00--> 00:33:22

I'm coming one second. I'm still getting there. I'm not going to leave the answer. You did put onto the screen, right? Yeah, I'm coming there. In sort of the tech we're the scholars of Tafseer differed over the meaning of access. Some of them said asked us means to come. And some of them said as means to go when it departs. But if we take the meaning to be the night to come,

00:33:23--> 00:33:30

okay, then Allah azza wa jal has sworn by all three parts of the night. Carry on but yeah.

00:33:37--> 00:33:44

Okay, by the night and what envelops all the things that are okay enveloped within the night.

00:33:49--> 00:33:52

We just want the night so it's excellent what you've come up with all of them.

00:34:04--> 00:34:06

Excellent, excellent. All of those quickly.

00:34:10--> 00:34:10

So here

00:34:12--> 00:34:16

in reality, Allah has sworn by all three parts of the night.

00:34:17--> 00:34:25

Allah swore by the beginning of the night. is whatever not pay him said he said Oksana facility. modesitt Oksana Bill layli it addabbo

00:34:28--> 00:34:42

he swore by the night either. When it goes away. Wi Fi solid tech real xml relaly either ss rocketfuel Sierra the awkward. He swore by the night when it does when it starts.

00:34:45--> 00:34:59

And if this is the case, then Allah swore by the beginning of the night and the end of the night. And the night as it passes by, which isn't sort of federal will lately either yesterday, the night when it

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

goes on as it passes as it goes on.

00:35:04--> 00:35:05

So this just shows you.

00:35:07--> 00:35:34

This just shows you how the scholars of Tafseer they bring the IR together. They don't just look at what the meaning is here they look at Okay, what is Allah said about the night in the Quran? How do we bring it together? Okay, our last one by the beginning of the night, then passing of the night. And by the end of the night, the three situations of the night, either the night is coming. And the night night is for, what do they say then, like the night is

00:35:36--> 00:35:43

not falling, but the night The night is. It's coming about. It's the darkness is descending,

00:35:44--> 00:35:52

or either the night is going on. Or either the night is passing away and ending for the dawn to come.

00:35:58--> 00:36:00

And even what he

00:36:02--> 00:36:18

said, Here, he still he still gets we're still talking about benefits even Okay, you mentioned he said federal alpha jar is mentioned with a lab because everyone knows it. And a layer in Azure, I mentioned without the lamb because they can only be known by knowledge.

00:36:21--> 00:36:29

And also when you remove al you honor something it's one of the ways of honor when a URL in Azure. It's one of the ways of honoring it.

00:36:30--> 00:36:39

So he said it could be or it is in order to honor it. And what is mentioned with Alfredo indicates how famous the federal is.

00:36:41--> 00:36:43

He said so when this possum

00:36:44--> 00:36:51

contains that which Ibrahim and Mohammed Salalah who actually alayhi wa sallam brought

00:36:53--> 00:36:59

this contains is what everyone claims it can be their likoma della Ll moxham. Allah.

00:37:00--> 00:37:14

He said that the list itself contains the answer to what a lie swearing by what allies swearing for any what is the purpose of it, what's the job? This itself is found.

00:37:20--> 00:37:27

He said, Well, he had a tableau custom picoliter Allah healthy daddy caucus Mr. Liddy hedger

00:37:29--> 00:37:46

for the greatness of this oath can only be understood through Prophethood That's what he said the purpose of it is that you can't understand what Allah is the greatness of what ally swearing by, without the guidance of prophethood

00:37:49--> 00:38:03

whether you're in a huddle, this needs intellect natural Sahiba who animal hoffler what divide however, we met were men who were middle ality by Rousseau,

00:38:04--> 00:38:15

the Li You see the Houma Asada main character about Russell CAD in warfare, our sammut Allah sometimes you read the Stephen Hakim is just well is amazing.

00:38:16--> 00:38:22

He said, You can only know this through Prophethood. And this requires an intellect that

00:38:24--> 00:38:26

will protect

00:38:28--> 00:38:45

a person from algorfa from being unaware, and from following their desires, and will cause them to follow the messengers so that they are not affected by an afflicted by what happened to add and thermowood and to fit around.

00:38:46--> 00:38:48

So this is a panel

00:38:49--> 00:39:10

and it contains a number of benefits. And then he continued, and he said, the disorder contains rebuke of those people who were amazed by their strength and their authority and their wealth. And they are these three nations add and thermowood And Pharaoh

00:39:11--> 00:39:14

he said I'd given up a lot earlier he said

00:39:16--> 00:39:17

they were

00:39:20--> 00:39:27

amazed by their strength and their mood. were amazed by their

00:39:29--> 00:39:30

gardens and their

00:39:32--> 00:39:40

springs and their lands. And for our we're amazed by their wealth and their authority.

00:39:43--> 00:39:46

So Allah azza wa jal destroyed them as he told us,

00:39:47--> 00:39:50

as he told us in Surah

00:39:51--> 00:40:00

April kefir now he goes on to talk about the statement of Eliza gel lm taraki for ferula book heavy art. Do you not see how

00:40:00--> 00:40:05

Your Lord dealt with at how your Lord dealt with art.

00:40:09--> 00:40:13

He said that these people were mortal melodien they were.

00:40:15--> 00:40:36

What's the word? Not stubborn, more than stubborn. They were obstinate. They refused to obey Allah. they disobeyed a lot. They were full of arrogance and pride. They went away from the obedience to Allah and to his messengers, and they rejected his books.

00:40:37--> 00:40:40

And that's why Allah azzawajal mentioned how he destroyed them.

00:40:41--> 00:40:50

And he made them a hadith that he turned them into a story. Allah subhanaw taala and made them a sign in a story for the people.

00:40:51--> 00:40:58

And he said lm tala ki for file or book had the ads do not see what your Lord did with ad ilma that he met.

00:40:59--> 00:41:05

He said well, how would I add on alula Here we have to stop even kasteel

00:41:06--> 00:41:12

even kathira Evangelio poverty as well. Rahim Allah Allah Allah they took this

00:41:13--> 00:41:19

statement of ad they want to explain to you who is

00:41:21--> 00:41:22

who is ad and who is Iran.

00:41:24--> 00:41:41

So they said ad is the first AD AD and oola the first group of art. Now here the scholars of Pepsi they differ. Is there such a thing as the first ad and the second ad or not? Where did they get which sort of did they get this from?

00:41:44--> 00:41:45

Yes, abderrahman

00:41:47--> 00:41:48

ad alula

00:41:54--> 00:41:54

Come on.

00:41:56--> 00:41:59

I know Allah, Allah with mo de forma

00:42:01--> 00:42:02

come on with Sora

00:42:08--> 00:42:16

common common common in gnome can or home Avraham Otto with our

00:42:19--> 00:42:33

Russia hamaca chef of a Europe Dakota Tamara, then a European and Nova Allah as effective as Eva, laser Hamdulillah, aka Shiva, come on. So let's imagine the end of certain magic.

00:42:35--> 00:42:55

The end of sort of imagine, so in the end of source najem, a lot of described ad and he said I had an oola the first ad And likewise, not only that, but also in the Not only that, but also even Allah describes the jar helia Allah describes the

00:42:56--> 00:42:57

time of ignorance.

00:42:59--> 00:43:01

Allah describes the time of ignorance.

00:43:03--> 00:43:24

Is this is the audio okay? Allah describes the time of ignorance as being what did I last a while at about which net? Well, it Bharatiya terbaru jalaja he at oola. Don't go out and adorn yourself to the women. Don't go out and dress up and adorn yourself, like the way of the first Gehenna Yeah.

00:43:25--> 00:43:41

So the scholars have Tafseer about this word and oullette the first they have two opinions. There are those who took the word Lula to be as as it appears to be that there is a first and a second. Okay. I'm full of riddles and puzzles today.

00:43:43--> 00:44:00

While I talk about writing about Richard J, he at oola. Don't adorn yourself to the women. Don't dress up and adorn yourself. Like the first J. Leah. What is the first jar here? What is the second J. Leah? If there is a first and a second? Allah Coleman called

00:44:02--> 00:44:09

the opinion of the people who said there is a first jar helia and there is a second jar. Haley, what's the first jar Haley and what's the second one?

00:44:22--> 00:44:23

Any ideas?

00:44:29--> 00:44:33

I have to give them time. Yeah, there is a delay. There's a five second delay on the stream.

00:44:37--> 00:45:00

Okay, very good. Yeah, I can take that. Yeah. So they said the first one is at the time of Ibrahim. And the second one is at the time Mohammed sal Allahu Allah said, however, and likewise ad then they said there is a first ad and another ad. The first ad is the one that they sent to which to whom allies which are sent hood and the ally destroyed and that is mentioned in the story.

00:45:00--> 00:45:12

Well I know Allah, then Allah and Allah destroyed the first group of art. That's one opinion. The other opinion is the word oola means

00:45:14--> 00:45:15

Kadima,

00:45:16--> 00:45:29

the old, the ancient, and there isn't a first ad and a second ad, there is just an old ad. That means the ancient people have art. And they are ancient,

00:45:30--> 00:45:37

even ocassion He said, Well whom Allah to add new Iran, near our Sydney Sami binoy.

00:45:38--> 00:45:47

They are the children of add, son of Iran, son of ours, Son of Sam, son of new.

00:45:49--> 00:45:53

right between add a new there are three

00:45:54--> 00:46:00

fathers between ad and between between them and between the people of ad and No.

00:46:01--> 00:46:36

There are four ad era I was Sam, and then new way. So they were very close to new, only five generations, four generations to five generations between them and for generations between them and no very close to No, no he was the first of the or Russo's the first of the messengers who were sent to it the first time that people deviated from tau he then started to worship other than Allah and so they were the first of those people as a bonus hack. He said

00:46:37--> 00:46:51

that's not a matter of agreement by the way. The scholars differ over how many people between them and newer hand what their names were and how you say their names. But in any case is what even Kathy he mentioned and it had the word mushroom This is the famous opinion

00:46:52--> 00:46:55

and all isodiol destroyed at how did Allah destroy Add

00:46:57--> 00:47:11

salt salt in Aditya, Sahara Allah Himself are laden with ammonia to a man who Soma federal coma fee Hazara can adjust when opening hardware for Hello Tara home in baqia

00:47:12--> 00:47:13

sort of hacker,

00:47:14--> 00:47:18

Allah sent upon them a continuous

00:47:20--> 00:47:21

destructive wind

00:47:23--> 00:47:35

for seven nights and eight days and the people were left destroyed. And there was no there was no remain seen of them.

00:47:38--> 00:48:04

Analyze which I mentioned their destruction in many places. So if we know who it is, we now know everybody here now knows who it is here are people who are close to Norway and not far away from Norway, not like too many years, round about five, four to any forefathers between them and before ancestors between them and

00:48:07--> 00:48:10

and so pan like shows you how quick people change, doesn't it?

00:48:11--> 00:48:17

I suparna law nor was saved all the kuffaar were destroyed in the flood. None of them left.

00:48:19--> 00:48:22

I knew him and his children walked on the earth.

00:48:23--> 00:48:33

And the people on the boat the people who believed about it believed in us. And they came down to the earth and within how long within

00:48:35--> 00:48:49

one to three children after North sun sab 123 and the people have started worshipping other than a light soldier again and disbelieving in the messengers and disbelieving in the prophets

00:48:51--> 00:49:27

when we see this believing in the prophets, sometimes people say well, you know they only knew nor How do you say disbelieving in the profits? But that's a term the Quran uses because when you disbelieve in one prophet you believe disbelieve in all of them. We don't accept for someone to say I believe in all of them. But I don't believe in Isa I don't believe in Mohammed Why don't believe in who Why don't believe in so and so. or any of the other prophets Allah Hamas salatu salam, we have to believe in all of them without exception you disbelieve in one it's like you just believed in all because their message was all the same.

00:49:31--> 00:49:32

Very, very close.

00:49:35--> 00:49:37

Now these people they lived

00:49:39--> 00:49:43

in a place or that was mentioned as a cough.

00:49:44--> 00:49:46

With quote, aha, it is under

00:49:48--> 00:49:50

coma who will kick off he

00:49:52--> 00:49:59

off they say are the sand dunes and that's why there are people who say analyze journals best that the places

00:50:00--> 00:50:17

That ad lived was what is now known as a robbery highly the empty quarter in Saudi Arabia, what is now in Saudi Arabia, out of the benefit, by the way, there is no grave of a prophet that is known, other than the grave of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam.

00:50:19--> 00:50:36

Not all these places where they say who is buried here sila has buried here and you know, Moosa is buried here and so on. There is no grave of a prophet, which is known and proven and known other than the grave of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam.

00:50:38--> 00:50:58

So now the question we learned a little bit about where they lived, we know how they were destroyed, we know who they are, it seems to me and Allah knows best, Allah knows best. I personally feel like either Allah, it just means the old ancient people, because Allah destroyed them. There is no evidence of another ad who came afterwards, largely generals best.

00:51:02--> 00:51:04

So now the question is,

00:51:06--> 00:51:09

the question is, who is Iran?

00:51:11--> 00:51:13

So we heard even Okay, theory, he mentioned that Iran

00:51:14--> 00:51:15

is the

00:51:16--> 00:51:24

grandfather of it. He's the father, the father of, of art, the grandfather of the people of art.

00:51:26--> 00:51:30

But the scholars, they differ over the era that is mentioned in the iron era modality.

00:51:34--> 00:51:39

And they differed with so many different opinions will lie so many different opinions.

00:51:40--> 00:51:50

However, they agree that Iran is a clarification. They all agreed that Iran is there to clarify what is intended by the word ad.

00:51:52--> 00:52:00

And generally, they agreed. It was everyone but generally speaking, they agreed that the word Iran is there to show

00:52:02--> 00:52:29

what who is meant by ad, but they didn't know what Iran is. Some of them said that Iran is add in In other words, Iran highlights that this is odd. alula. This is the first if not the second art. We said this call is different about whether there was a first and second so some of them said I do Iran, meaning the ad whose grandfather was the ad whose father was Iran. That makes sense.

00:52:30--> 00:52:34

lm tell Okay, for Fila robocopy ad, Iran.

00:52:36--> 00:52:41

Have you not seen how you law dealt with ad the ad of Iran?

00:52:42--> 00:52:43

The Art of Iran?

00:52:46--> 00:52:50

Some of them said Iran was a sub tribe within add

00:52:51--> 00:52:56

any not all of add? were the people that are lost destruction came upon.

00:52:58--> 00:53:15

Like that, but there was a particular group of them who became known as odd and they were called Iran any a sub tribe of art. Some of them said Iran was the city they lived in the town or the city they lived in was Iran.

00:53:17--> 00:53:22

And that is also why we have disagreement over that limit.

00:53:23--> 00:53:25

And Imad, generally speaking,

00:53:26--> 00:53:36

there are two opinions within the scholars of Tafseer about the word a man, there are lots but we can bring them back to to one of them is that a mad here is

00:53:38--> 00:53:39

literal.

00:53:40--> 00:53:48

In the sense of it means pillars, a mud army, that any pillars, Paul's pillars, long pillars.

00:53:49--> 00:53:52

And the other is that the word of

00:53:54--> 00:54:05

a mud here, it refers to their strength only. It doesn't refer to the pillars, but it refers to Alcoa, the strength of them their strength and their power.

00:54:06--> 00:54:16

And has an evidence for in the Arabic language, but most of them they took the word a nod to meet Amida the pillars.

00:54:17--> 00:54:19

But what is meant by

00:54:20--> 00:54:25

pillars are these polls. Again, there are many differences, but let's just look at

00:54:28--> 00:54:41

let's just look at two of them. The most famous is that ad used to travel within the desert, and they had tents that were made of hair. And they had huge poles that held up the tents.

00:54:42--> 00:55:00

huge, massive, huge poles. Some of them said their city was made of tall, like almost like tall structures. I'm not going to say buildings but tall structures. And that was that a map? others they said that when a man goes back to it

00:55:00--> 00:55:15

themselves, they were a people who were extremely tall. So they were people who is as though they were, you know, their spines were like me they're like pillars and it said that they were six meters in over six meters in height

00:55:16--> 00:55:22

and they were over six meters in height. They were huge. So any the goes back to

00:55:24--> 00:55:42

the pillars of the tents that the pole that they used to hold the tents by and listen to in reality is actually doesn't contradict because all of these things revolve around the same thing. Because if you are carrying this huge tents and huge poles you must be a people that are tall, right?

00:55:43--> 00:55:57

And they were a people of strength. They were a people who are tall. They were a people who are strong. They had these huge structures, whether tents or other structures that were huge and had huge vast pillars and poles.

00:55:59--> 00:56:05

They were very powerful people. But Allah subhanaw taala destroyed them.

00:56:07--> 00:56:20

For Health, Allah homi Bhabha, do you see anything left from them at all? They're pillars, they're huge tents, they're, they're huge bodies, their power, you don't see anything left at all.

00:56:21--> 00:56:48

You don't see anything left at all. And this as we mentioned from a minute, it links in with what is mentioned previously, that just how we submit to Allah we lower ourselves before Allah, there were nations who rebelled against Allah and their power didn't help them. And their huge buildings didn't help them. They huge structures and tents didn't help them their massive poles that they held pillars they held their tents up with didn't help them

00:56:50--> 00:57:05

it said that they had a city that they used to go back to but they were you know, they would go out in certain seasons in the spring into the desert and they would you know hunt for you know vegetation, whether it be truffles, whatever it is, they would go and they would

00:57:07--> 00:57:08

or the the

00:57:10--> 00:57:29

the time when there was vegetation for the for their animal animals to eat, they would go out into the desert and these huge tents and in reality, all of this is to indicate their strength and their power and how Allah azza wa jal destroy them even though they had that huge

00:57:30--> 00:57:31

power

00:57:32--> 00:57:34

Rama data limit

00:57:35--> 00:57:47

and let him your clock Miss to half a minute. So here again, those who you know, those who know creation has been known like them

00:57:49--> 00:57:55

Philby lacked in any of the cities or in their city or in their area no one

00:57:58--> 00:58:02

no one knew of anything like them.

00:58:05--> 00:58:12

No one knew of anything like them. Now here what is referred to as the thing that was not not nothing was created like

00:58:14--> 00:58:17

is it referring to the pillars? Or is it referring to add?

00:58:18--> 00:58:24

That there is nothing like it created? There is nothing created like it.

00:58:26--> 00:58:35

within any of those cities, there was nothing ever that was created like that. Is it referring to the pillars? Or is it referring to at

00:58:36--> 00:58:44

what seems to me to be the correct opinion is that it's referring to add, because we don't use the word Yahoo look, or you look

00:58:46--> 00:58:59

for something which is fashioned by people, usually, people when people make things like pillars and buildings, we say use not fashioned, manufactured.

00:59:02--> 00:59:09

Or you are men that are formed and made by their hands. But we don't usually say you lock

00:59:10--> 00:59:43

your lock, there's nothing being created like this is usually reserved for creation, and is that Allah subhanaw taala in like mankind, everything is from the creation of allies origin. But those things that usually we don't use that things that are fashioned by people, and created indirectly like that any fashion by people, we don't usually use the word uralic created for them. Instead we use the word manufactured or fashioned, it seems that

00:59:44--> 00:59:58

it refers to it refers to add that nothing like ad had ever been seen. No power. No strength had ever been seen. Like the strength of

01:00:00--> 01:00:00

I'd

01:00:01--> 01:00:12

like the strength of ad analyze john mentioned was that a kung fu healthy, best galarza just made you strong and powerful and made you

01:00:13--> 01:00:18

in you have more in your, the way he created you more than others and in height and so on.

01:00:19--> 01:00:23

And they said men actually do mean Nakula, who is stronger than us?

01:00:25--> 01:00:25

who is

01:00:26--> 01:00:28

who is stronger than us.

01:00:31--> 01:00:33

So this is what is mentioned about

01:00:35--> 01:00:36

and what is mentioned about,

01:00:38--> 01:00:38

at

01:00:39--> 01:01:16

what is mentioned about art, and I think a shout out to either as a good place to stop. I know, we didn't go too much further, but there was a lot of things we had to talk about. And next time, we can talk about thermowood and figure out and we can get towards insha Allah the middle of the surah. But like we said, Today was a little bit there was a we had to go back through because it was a little bit difficult, how they, how they all link together, and what's intended by each one. And even though, you know, we're not trying to make the Tafseer difficult, right? We're trying to keep it simple for people. But at the same time, sometimes there are benefits that

01:01:17--> 01:01:32

it's not that i i want you to get confused by them. But I want you to appreciate how deep the Tafseer of the Quran is. This is a summarized FCO, by the way this is not a detailed Tafseer This is not even a like a real depth.

01:01:33--> 01:01:40

This is a summary of the Tafseer of even cateel. And Miss patrimonial is a summary of the Tafseer from Cathy

01:01:42--> 01:01:58

with explanations, brief points, bullet points. And I just want you to see how deep the Tafseer of the Quran can be, and how much there is to think about. And then sometimes we go quickly and we you know, we explain things, but it's nice to link

01:01:59--> 01:02:09

draw all the parts of the Quran together, bring them all together, for example, the different things that are said about different things said about some different things said about your own.

01:02:11--> 01:02:28

And that for add, it was their strength that caused them to believe that Allah would not punish them. And with the mood, it was the luxury of their living, you know, their gardens and their rivers and so on. And

01:02:29--> 01:02:39

their, you know, the vast houses that they had and carved from the mountains and so on. And with foot down, it was their authority on the earth.

01:02:41--> 01:03:05

The people of Iran were in charge Benny, Israelites, Israel was slaves. They believe that their authority and dairy is on Earth. So it's like a light switch that is going through the three major reasons or three of the major reasons I'm not gonna say the only three but three of the major reasons why people turn away from Allah and believe that Allah will not be able to punish them.

01:03:07--> 01:03:09

Either because they see their strength.

01:03:10--> 01:03:18

And they say, who is going to touch us? How can a punishment come to us with this strength that we have?

01:03:20--> 01:03:31

And the second thing is, I the luxury they live, oh, we have technology, we have medicine we have, you know, electricity.

01:03:32--> 01:04:13

You tell him leave me for real, we're gonna get destroyed by a wind. When we have less electricity. And we have early warning systems and we have satellites, we're going to be destroyed by a wind. And the people who are fooled by this solta by the authority, they say, look, we can control. things don't happen in this world. We're behind everything we in control of everything. Rather, allies are generally destroyed. People in the past, who were stronger and more powerful, had more luxury, and had more authority on the earth than any country or any people today.

01:04:14--> 01:04:20

But still, people are fooled by the same three things. They're fooled by their

01:04:21--> 01:04:22

power

01:04:23--> 01:04:27

and strength. Or they're fooled by their

01:04:28--> 01:04:40

luxury that they live in. Or they're fooled by their authority and their command over the situation. And in reality, so many of the people today are fooled by all three

01:04:42--> 01:04:49

Sora Hyemi. Some of the enemies of Islam they are fooled by all three. They they have authority on the earth.

01:04:51--> 01:04:52

They have power

01:04:53--> 01:04:54

and they have luxury.

01:04:55--> 01:05:00

And so they turn away and they go towards all kinds of things.

01:05:00--> 01:05:09

And he these days, atheism and all this kind of stuff, because they've been fooled by these things. And this is really interesting because Quraysh we're not fooled by them

01:05:11--> 01:05:18

Quraysh despite their disbelief and their rejection, but koresh were terrified when they heard about AD and flower.

01:05:22--> 01:05:26

When Quraysh heard about them, what happened, the famous story in sort of

01:05:27--> 01:05:29

Quraysh fell to the ground

01:05:30--> 01:05:40

in frustration, as generated in some of the books Quraysh fell to the ground out of fear of what happened to AD and mood and

01:05:42--> 01:05:45

fear out and so on, and the people of Luton,

01:05:46--> 01:05:46

and so on.

01:05:48--> 01:05:58

So Pamela, where is the people today? They hear these stories, they say, I felt a little early. This is just don't tell us about the stories of some tribes who lived here and there.

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And they see themselves to be stronger and more powerful and live more luxury and have more authority.

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But Allah azza wa jal will destroy them the same way that he destroyed the people above.

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And that is a significant lesson that we take from sort of fragile, the agenda. And that's why some of the scholars of Tafseer they said about salts and fragile this costume at the beginning is a costume the purpose of which is that Eliza gel you Jazzy, Eliza gel will recompense every person for what they did. Every one of you is going to get what they sowed, and nobody should ever think they can escape Allah. Don't you see? What happened to these people? Who were the height of power, the height of luxury, the height of

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authority on the earth and Allah destroyed them. So likewise, Allah will give every one of you what you deserve.

01:06:54--> 01:06:58

That's what Allah made easy for me to mention. Do we have any quick questions?

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The book by Okay, so

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in terms of what we've been reading from today, on getting the reference if I can

01:07:21--> 01:07:24

we've been reading from a number of different books.

01:07:25--> 01:07:31

I think today's quote was from I get my reference

01:07:38--> 01:07:41

I think it was from and I'm gonna just confirm it

01:08:14--> 01:08:17

yeah to be on this call today was all from A to B.

01:08:18--> 01:08:26

A to be an fi XM l Qur'an by even Okay, am Rahim allowed to edit the court today was

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the quote today

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was page 27 and 28

01:08:36--> 01:09:11

onwards to 3233 page 27 to page 33. of a to bn by a man even Okay, moving along to Allah but every time we call it when I came, sometimes we call from different sources, where even Hakim commented on a particular color, or commented on a particular if we're not doing the tip seal specifically or even look at him here. We do an even case here from an ms patrimonio to summarized tafsir ibn katheer. We said that we've been taking primarily the explanation of chef, Dr. Holly cept.

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And we've been going around that and we bring in sometimes at Bahai and poverty and different things. But even though we're not quoting specifically, we're not studying in real claims books specifically, but what we do or books, but what we're doing is just bringing in quotes, where even I'll pay him

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quoted a particular idea or explained a particular idea, because there's a lot of lies huge number of benefits that you don't find elsewhere in books of Tafseer. Or you don't find in that way, brought together like that in other books of Tafseer and alar. Is soldier knows best.

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Which testitude Would I recommend? I would only recommend the FSC which are other methods

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that are on the method of the seller.

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sila, the proper aqidah. So there are there are many examples of that. The greatest of which no doubt is the Tafseer of a man of poverty, Rahim Allah Tada. But it's very huge and very detailed. And it's the best of all of the books of Tafseer Lorena tafsir of poverty.

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But it is very huge and very detailed. And of course, it's only available Arabic, I would definitely recommend Alibaba we have steerable bhave which is not so big, but also

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more than even Casio

01:10:37--> 01:10:44

and wanting an Arabic, I would recommend that FCM kefir, no doubt Tafseer Of course will be no doubt.

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And it will even caffeine is available in English. And I would recommend for a simple Tafseer I would definitely recommend the Tafseer of remember Saturday, Rahim Mahalo to Allah.

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These are the books of Tafseer I would recommend. Now that doesn't mean that I we don't benefit from other books of Tafseer there are some amazing books of Tafseer but generally speaking, we want to be grounded in the selfie Tafseer the Tafseer of selling we don't want to be grounded in the Tafseer of them with a Kelly mean and a shy around the mercury D and the Tafseer of the martela and the tafsir of all these different people, we want to be grounded in the Tafseer of the self how the self understood

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and then after that is no harm sometimes we quote from an actual rival law to add

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many people study to pseudo jele

01:11:39--> 01:11:40

by

01:11:41--> 01:11:43

Sue to get the two Geraldine

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and so on. But ultimately these tips are not any of an actual and generally in and so on. They're not a fundamental analysis. So there is a benefit in them. But they have their place and their place is if you have a good teacher to teach you gela Lane who's upon the sooner there is no harm in it if you're a teacher who is teaching to clj Elaine is upon the sooner there is no harm but you don't read it by yourself like that.

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And

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in terms of the the Tafseer that you

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know you focus upon and use you stick to is the Tafseer is a fundamental self as for the Tafseer which is actually and so on, you benefit from it in places but you know, I remember she had to he have it a lot shift used to always have you know, he used to always drill into us

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and he didn't teach me Tafseer at least maybe he did maybe the demo of him Tamia with him but he didn't teach us to see it but I heard many times and say this and he said it to me as well. One time when I visited him that your methodology should be to find the Tafseer from the from the the method itself the way the elephant stood.

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And if you then if you don't find and you only find the benefit mentioned in the books of Bashar era and so on, then you can quote it no problem but you don't go to their books before you go to the books that are upon the method of the setup. And there are so many What Can one of you tell me that they went through a poverty and Alba we no hope to be and even casier and so on and so I managed to have sushi Jose me and

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Sarah de they took many many many and many I have not mentioned and they went through all of them and they didn't find out benefit reality very few most of the time. And then if you didn't find the benefit with someone except you found it with the machete

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caught it but don't make that the first place that you go for Tafseer and for people today in English I strongly recommend to sort of remember Saturday, so very simple. It's available I believe I PhD the whole thing all the way from beginning to end

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it was one of my projects subpanel I will lie they finished it before us a lot less than they finished it before us so will lie maybe I will release mine as a free project or something but there is available anyways they have the full tafsir Saturday beginning

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and data set I'm have like a futures of it. Very, very good.

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Okay, that's what I made easy for us to mention in this online only class because there is no more students with us because of the UK lockdown. And allies of generals best was Salatu was Salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi h mine