Seekers of Knowledge 002 – Tafseer of Al-Faatihah #01

Tim Humble


Channel: Tim Humble


File Size: 46.91MB

Episode Notes

Share Page

Transcript ©

AI generated text may display inaccurate or offensive information that doesn’t represent Muslim Central's views. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.

00:00:14--> 00:00:15


00:00:19--> 00:00:23

de de de una de

00:00:24--> 00:00:36

Alhamdulillah hirak benign amin wa Salatu was Salam ala Abdullah he was also de Nabina Mohammed while he was a marine.

00:00:38--> 00:00:48

We begin with the praise of Allah and by asking Allah to exalt dimension, and grand peace to our messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and to his family and his companions.

00:00:50--> 00:00:58

I think the position of the table is a little bit better today. I feel like I can see you all today. I think last week I was sitting right back and the pillars and the camera and

00:01:00--> 00:01:01

I felt like I was by myself

00:01:04--> 00:01:06

by the grace of Allah azza wa jal.

00:01:07--> 00:01:13

Allah subhanaw taala has blessed us to be able to come together for another evening

00:01:16--> 00:01:18

of tip seal of the Quran

00:01:20--> 00:01:27

and we are in the middle of what we just started the Tafseer of surah 230

00:01:28--> 00:01:40

and we said the soul to 30 is the greatest surah in the Quran. What's the greatest ayah in the Quran? Who knows? I could see

00:01:42--> 00:01:55

the greatest surah in the Quran Surah 230. And we said that it's like a summary of the whole quarter and it's like a summary of everything that the Quran contains.

00:01:57--> 00:01:58

Almost like an introduction

00:02:00--> 00:02:00

to the Quran.

00:02:02--> 00:02:07

And we finished Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem. As much as time allows.

00:02:09--> 00:02:20

So inshallah to Allah we're going to resume our class today with the Steven of Allah subhana wa Taala Alhamdulillah he or have been an amine.

00:02:21--> 00:02:25

So the first thing we're going to look at here is the word unhemmed.

00:02:27--> 00:02:32

And we all know this word, right? We say it's not a strange word for us, we see it a lot, right? Alhamdulillah

00:02:35--> 00:02:49

what is the l mean here in Al hunt? So al has lots of meanings in Arabic. A lot of people if you ask someone who speaks Arabic, and you say to them, what does l mean? They will say it means that right?

00:02:51--> 00:02:59

Al Kitab al bait, but not always hear the Al in Alhambra, it doesn't mean that

00:03:00--> 00:03:14

it's something that we call in Arabic is still all cool jeans, which means it covers everything in that category. That's what it means everything in the category of

00:03:15--> 00:03:16


00:03:19--> 00:03:21

It means everything

00:03:22--> 00:03:24

that falls within hand.

00:03:25--> 00:03:41

And sometimes that's why if you read the English translation of the Quran, where it says Alhamdulillah European al amin, it says all praise. Someone says where is the word all? The word all in Arabic is kulu or Jamie arrow.

00:03:42--> 00:03:52

Where is the word all we see are here. It's a little bit subtle, it's in the owl. The owl here means every kind of

00:03:53--> 00:03:55

every kind of

00:03:57--> 00:03:59

every type of

00:04:01--> 00:04:02


00:04:03--> 00:04:07

Now we know generally I think everybody here knows that Hammond means praise.

00:04:10--> 00:04:19

But here we have two terms that are similar to each other and we might we need to explain the difference between them and that is Alhamdulillah sugar.

00:04:20--> 00:04:23

So, what is Hamed and what is sugar

00:04:24--> 00:04:29

and what makes one of them or how do we

00:04:30--> 00:04:38

how do we distinguish between the two we translate hand as praise and sugar as gratitude.

00:04:41--> 00:04:46

So the scholars say about Alhamdulillah sugar bainer hoonah or moonwalk.

00:04:47--> 00:05:00

That means that one of them is more general in one aspect and one of them is more general in an in a different way. So in one way Hamed is more general and in one way sugar is

00:05:00--> 00:05:01

more general

00:05:03--> 00:05:18

How is hemd more general? And how is sugar? more general what way? So Hamed is more general because you you say hand to Allah for Allah in every situation

00:05:19--> 00:05:23

and handle Alhamdulillah he Allah Cooley Halle

00:05:25--> 00:05:29

Praise be to Allah in every situation.

00:05:30--> 00:05:34

As for sugar, gratitude, when you say sugar

00:05:37--> 00:05:46

when you're given something right, you say sugar when you have been given something you say hand all the time

00:05:48--> 00:06:21

you say sugar when you've been given something. So sugar is in response to a near miss a blessing from Allah, that Allah gave you a NEMA from Allah, then you have sugar, whereas a hand is Allah Cooney, hand you praise Allah in every situation. But how is sugar more general? I think for this, if we look at the ayah, in which Alliance origin said here mailloux Elijah Buddha shukra act or family of Tao owed in gratitude.

00:06:22--> 00:06:29

So what do we see about sugar, sugar is with the tongue and the limbs and the heart.

00:06:32--> 00:06:43

Sugar is a full body experience your whole body makes sugar to Allah shows gratitude to Allah. So Allah gives you health.

00:06:44--> 00:06:55

You use your health, to please Allah you pray, you fast, you go help people, you go and you know you use your health,

00:06:56--> 00:07:06

physically to show thanks to Allah. So gratitude can be with any part of the body. Whereas hand is with the tongue. And handle

00:07:08--> 00:07:15

prays is with the tongue. So in that way hand is more general in the sense that it's

00:07:16--> 00:07:17

all the time.

00:07:18--> 00:07:23

And sugar is more general in the sense that it can be done with any part of the body.

00:07:25--> 00:07:42

But sugar is only done in response to a blessing. Whereas unhemmed You don't look at whether you've been given a blessing or not. It's not about whether you have a blessing or you don't and hand is something that is a constant

00:07:43--> 00:07:45

thing which belongs to Allah subhanaw taala

00:07:47--> 00:07:49

al hamdu Lillah. He

00:07:50--> 00:07:57

belongs to Allah, this lamb here lilla He means to belong it belongs to him.

00:07:58--> 00:08:02

It's his right. He's the one who deserves it.

00:08:04--> 00:08:07

It might be that others are praised but

00:08:08--> 00:08:13

true, the true praise deserving for Allah subhanaw taala.

00:08:17--> 00:08:20

But the question comes here, why?

00:08:22--> 00:08:31

Now I think as Muslims it's not as important but especially if you were explaining to a non Muslim. And they asked you why.

00:08:32--> 00:08:37

Why is all praise Jew to Allah? Why?

00:08:39--> 00:08:42

Allah azza wa jal answers this question

00:08:44--> 00:08:51

because Allah is Rob bull alameen r Rahmani Raheem, Maliki oma Deen.

00:08:53--> 00:09:04

That is why Alhamdulillah. So in other words, a hand belongs to Allah because of his names, and his attributes and his actions.

00:09:06--> 00:09:20

Because of his names, and his attributes, and his actions, praises only for a lie soldier, because of his names and his attributes and his actions. And so this is explained in Surah 230.

00:09:22--> 00:09:24

And it's explained throughout the Quran.

00:09:25--> 00:09:35

If you look at any time that Alhamdulillah comes in the Quran, you're going to find that it's preceded or followed by something that a lot is in his names or his attributes or his actions.

00:09:37--> 00:09:46

Alhamdulillah he led he had, he had all praises to Allah who guided us to this.

00:09:48--> 00:09:59

We praise Allah because of his names, and his attributes and his actions, among which are his name Allah

00:10:01--> 00:10:10

And this name or description of him, Rob bull al amin, and his name R Rahman r Rahim

00:10:12--> 00:10:14

and his name al Malik.

00:10:16--> 00:10:21

And the fact that he is Maliki Yogi Dean or Mary key Yomi Dean.

00:10:22--> 00:10:31

These are all reasons to praise Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this also tells us that from the etiquettes of do

00:10:32--> 00:10:36

is that when you begin your art, because remember sola to Fatiha is just one big deal.

00:10:38--> 00:10:45

When you begin your UI, you begin it with Alhamdulillah, signer, you praise Allah, you glorify Him,

00:10:46--> 00:11:01

by mentioning his names and his attributes and his actions, and then you lead into your question. This is more likely for your daughter to be accepted, then for you to just simply say, he didn't set out a monster team,

00:11:02--> 00:11:19

that you introduce your request with the praise of Allah through his names and his attributes and his actions. So what are the names and attributes that are mentioned in this first part, the first we have to do a or we have to stop with is Allah. Al hamdu

00:11:20--> 00:11:21


00:11:23--> 00:11:25

al hamdu lillahi.

00:11:26--> 00:11:32

Allah, this word, the great scholar of Arabic says boy,

00:11:33--> 00:11:41

he said, it is a rough riff, it is the most clearly defined word

00:11:42--> 00:11:54

in the Arabic language or in any language. And I'm going to explain to you what I mean by that. When I say that to you now, if I were to use the word God,

00:11:55--> 00:12:01

and I were to go to a Hindu here in Dubai, and say to him, Who is God?

00:12:03--> 00:12:27

So he might mention to me the names of some different gods that he has. And he might mention this one or that one, or he meant mentioned some of his idols or statues, or he might mention the greatest of his, the idols that they worship, or he might mention three of them, or he might, okay. So I go to a Christian. And I say to the Christian, who is God, the Christian might say, the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.

00:12:28--> 00:12:39

And I go to the Muslim and I say, Who is God? And he says, Allah is the one that there is no god worthy of worship except him. But everybody understood the word God in a different way.

00:12:41--> 00:12:45

You might talk to one of these feminists and you might ask them, Who is God? They might say, God is a woman.

00:12:47--> 00:12:59

Everybody has for God, it's not clearly defined what we're talking about. It could be right, it could be wrong. As a Muslim talking about God, what I'm gonna say about God is going to be right in Sharla.

00:13:00--> 00:13:37

But it's not clearly defined. It's not clear what I mean until you explain it. When I say Allah, does anyone get any confusion? Not even the Christian, not even the Hindu, not even the atheist or the Buddhist or the Sikh or the whatever newfangled ideas they have, none of them get confused. When I say Allah, everybody knows what I'm talking about. And that's what Savoy said, when he said, are awesome if it is the most clearly understood word.

00:13:38--> 00:13:41

And it is the only name of allah

00:13:43--> 00:13:46

which has never ever been taken

00:13:47--> 00:13:48

by others.

00:13:50--> 00:13:59

Even the dead JAL when he comes, he will say I am your Lord and our book, but he won't say Allah, I am Allah.

00:14:02--> 00:14:07

around when it's narrated in the Quran, he said, an hour bukhoma Allah

00:14:09--> 00:14:20

I am you know, the Most High, the name Allah, everybody knows that Allah. That is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, everybody knows.

00:14:21--> 00:14:24

The other thing which makes the name of Allah different

00:14:26--> 00:14:37

is that all of the other names are referred to by that name. So I don't say Allah is a name of a ramen.

00:14:38--> 00:14:51

What do I say? A ramen is a name of Allah. So Allah is like the, the, the base, the source, you know, like the name that everything goes back to.

00:14:52--> 00:14:56

And all of the other names are Names of Allah

00:14:58--> 00:14:59

as for the meaning of Allah,

00:15:00--> 00:15:03

Whoo. It is the UI Yeah.

00:15:04--> 00:15:09

The one who is deserving of worship,

00:15:10--> 00:15:14

or the one who has the attributes of divinity.

00:15:16--> 00:15:17

The UI Yeah.

00:15:18--> 00:15:26

That is the meaning of because the word Allah, linguistically, comes from an era.

00:15:30--> 00:15:40

And so this word, Allah, it means don't only hear the one who possesses the attributes of divinity.

00:15:41--> 00:15:53

In that sense, all of the names of Allah, come under Allah, ne Allah is like an umbrella name that covers all of the other names.

00:15:55--> 00:16:01

So if you look at it, all right, man is an attribute of divinity. So it comes under Allah,

00:16:03--> 00:16:17

an attribute of being God, or Rahim, Rama like this is a name that indicates that the person who has this name is God is divine. So all of these names come back to Allah.

00:16:19--> 00:16:24

And that is why many of the scholars said that Allah is Allah His greatest name.

00:16:26--> 00:16:41

Others among the scholars had the greatest name of allies and how you will pay you and others said it's not one name, but a category of names. But I personally believe the stronger opinion if you gather together all of the Hadeeth is that the Greatest Name of Allah is Allah.

00:16:42--> 00:16:45

Because all of the other names of Allah go back to it.

00:16:48--> 00:16:58

So Allah azza wa jal is Zulu. He is the one who possesses the names and attributes of God of divinity.

00:17:02--> 00:17:03


00:17:05--> 00:17:08

Allah azza wa jal is our Rub,

00:17:10--> 00:17:10


00:17:12--> 00:17:20

So if Allah means Zulu, here, the possessor of the attributes of divinity, the one who has the names and attributes of God.

00:17:21--> 00:17:23

And a rub means the rubia.

00:17:24--> 00:17:27

The one who has the attributes of lordship,

00:17:28--> 00:17:33

the one who has the attributes of Lord ship,

00:17:34--> 00:17:36

the one who is the Lord.

00:17:38--> 00:17:49

And in Arabic, the word Lord is used or rubber is used for a saved al Malik, Al matar.

00:17:50--> 00:18:05

And if you want more information, by the way on these names, you can come to my names of Allah series on YouTube, and you can reach out to either get even more details about each name, but just briefly, a rub. The Arabs used the word rub for

00:18:06--> 00:18:07

the master,

00:18:09--> 00:18:22

the sovereign, and the one who is a bait that's in the language. In linguistically they would say, the rub is the one who said al Malik, Al Mopar, the one who is the

00:18:23--> 00:18:24


00:18:25--> 00:18:31

the one who is the Sovereign, the king of everything, and the one who is to be a bait.

00:18:32--> 00:18:59

But the word Rob, in that sense, could be applied to lots of things, right? If you don't make it like absolute, you could say, Rob busara, the Lord of the family. So in his family, he's the head of the family. He's the master in his family. He is the King, the owner, you know, he's the one who got all the he's the one who's got all the money.

00:19:00--> 00:19:05

He's the one who owns the house. In his family, he's the one everyone listens to.

00:19:06--> 00:19:31

So here we want to make it clear that our lives so a jet is nothing like his creation. So one of the things this indicates this to us is that Allah is Rob bull al Ameen. So who is a lover of Allah is the robot house, or is a lover of a family or is a lover of a country or a place on the earth law? Allah is the rub of the mean.

00:19:33--> 00:19:51

And the island means the plural of Island, and the island is a world. So ally is not the Lord of the world. He's the Lord of the worlds with an S on the end. So what are the worlds what actually if you think about it, there are many worlds there is the world of men.

00:19:53--> 00:19:54


00:19:56--> 00:20:00

the world of the Jin Jin, there's the world of the

00:20:00--> 00:20:05

Angels Island, aka, there's the world of the Animal Kingdom,

00:20:07--> 00:20:08


00:20:12--> 00:20:14

and how many other worlds that

00:20:15--> 00:20:20

only allies are generals. Allies so a gel is the rub of all of them.

00:20:23--> 00:20:38

And the word rub covers like we said the word Allah covers all of our laws names, the word rod covers a portion, if we give examples it will become clear. So if we say that from the meanings of a rub is alcoholic, the creator

00:20:39--> 00:20:46

and from the meanings of our rub is the one who gives to his

00:20:47--> 00:20:50

servants or B stores to his servants and Wahab

00:20:52--> 00:20:54

and from the meanings of

00:20:55--> 00:21:23

a Rob is Al Qadir The one who is able to do everything, and controls everything. These are all so it's all related to how Allah Subhana what Allah is. It could be how he is to also how he is in itself. It's all related how Allah subhanaw taala is all of our lives, lordship the character attributes and characteristics of lordship. So it relates to how Allah is with himself and his actions.

00:21:25--> 00:21:26

As for

00:21:27--> 00:21:31

when we talk about worshiping Allah, that's how we behave towards Allah.

00:21:32--> 00:21:33

That's how we behave towards Allah.

00:21:35--> 00:21:36

And that's coming later on in the surah.

00:21:38--> 00:21:41

So Allah told us that he is Rob Bula al Amin.

00:21:42--> 00:22:05

And if we look at Alhamdulillah hero bill al amin, we see that this ayah gathers together the three types of toe, heel, toe heel, or rubia. Until he Alalu here, until he does most of it in one ayah. As for toe hate, Lulu here, it's found in Alhamdulillah,

00:22:06--> 00:22:10

because I'll hand is something that we do to Allah

00:22:14--> 00:22:16

Al hamdu Lillah

00:22:17--> 00:22:39

this relates to us worshiping Allah and that's one part of a Muslim towhead your, how you believe in the oneness of Allah. One part of that is that you worship Allah alone, you you in your, in your worship is only for Allah. And that's found in Alhamdulillah. As for rubia, which is what Allah does for you.

00:22:40--> 00:22:44

And this is found in Rob bull alameen.

00:22:45--> 00:23:10

And as for the US mousy fat, then there are two names found in this ayah and that is a rub and Allah both of them are found and some of the scholars added Rabbul aalameen as the name of Allah. This is a difference of opinion among the scholars as to whether the names that are like sentences are names or not. So some of the scholars said, Rob bull, Al amin is in itself a name.

00:23:12--> 00:23:15

And those are the names that are joined together like in a sentence form.

00:23:16--> 00:23:25

Like Rob bull alameen, and our hammer rahimian and hieroglyph theory in some of the scholars consider these to be Names of Allah as well.

00:23:26--> 00:23:44

So it contains worshiping Allah alone, Al hamdu lillahi praises to Allah alone. And it contains that Allah is the law, the one who does everything for you, gives you everything takes care of you creates you looks after you and it contains

00:23:46--> 00:23:47

Allah's names and attributes.

00:23:49--> 00:23:51

Allah Rabbul aalameen

00:23:52--> 00:23:55

so this is like a title for the Quran.

00:23:57--> 00:24:02

And anyone how strange is it that somebody says you can't find three types of tawheed in the Quran?

00:24:03--> 00:24:40

Or they say that three types of tawheed is something you guys invented, you know, 200 years ago or 300 years ago, we said them yeah, you didn't read the first idea of Surah Fatiha before we get to sort of Maryam is 65 and you know, you didn't get to iron number one out of surah number one, and if you had read IR number one out of surah number one you would understand that the oneness of Allah is oneness in worshiping Him and oneness in his lordship and oneness in his names and attributes. And this is very clear from just the first sentence Alhamdulillah or bill alchemy.

00:24:41--> 00:24:49

And there's no surprise that this is the first ayah in the Quran, and the most therefore the most important thing to gain your attention.

00:24:50--> 00:25:00

That when you talk about believing that Allah is one, that means that Allah is one in your worship of Him in His names and attributes and in His Lordship

00:25:00--> 00:25:02

And the things that he does for use of Hana which

00:25:04--> 00:25:13

Alhamdulillah he Robin aalameen. One of the meanings of our Rob is, am Rob be the one who nurtures you,

00:25:15--> 00:25:18

the one who nurtures you and takes care of you.

00:25:20--> 00:25:44

And Allah mama Sadie Rahim Allah to Allah in His step See, he mentioned this, that this is what perhaps the secret as to why the prophets used to frequently make dua to Allah robina robina you know, you get that book 4040 Rob banners in the Quran, Rob banner, or a banner or a banner?

00:25:46--> 00:25:49

Why did the prophets keep on saying Rob banner Rob banner.

00:25:50--> 00:26:40

The scholars they see it his early memories Saturday here, he suggests that it's because of this meaning of almora be the one who takes care and nurtures you and looks after you. And you know what nurturing is like how you take a baby. And you look after the baby, you feed the baby and the baby gets, you know, fed and clothed and looked after until it becomes a bit bigger and a bit bigger than becomes an adult. That kind of nurturing. Allah subhanaw taala nurtures you. And Allah nurtures the island mean, in one of two ways, a general way and a special way. So Allah nurtures the Al amin in terms of generally, in terms of their their life, you know, letting them grow in age, giving them

00:26:40--> 00:27:03

their sustenance, teaching them, what harms them, and what benefits them in terms of you know, what is suitable to eat and what is harmful to eat, and how to live and how to earn a living. And Allah azzawajal gives them a general nurturing he, he he causes them to grow, or causes them to be able to live their life.

00:27:05--> 00:27:33

But that's not the total BIA that we are concerned with here. That tarbiyah is a part of a large rubia that the whole of creation is only here because Allah nurtured it. And if Allah didn't nurture you, you wouldn't be here. Not you, not the animals, not the jinn or the angels, or the heavens or the earth or the stars or the grass. Nothing would be here unless Allah azzawajal nurtured it and looked after it and took care of it.

00:27:34--> 00:28:01

But that's in a general way. It doesn't distinguish between the believer the disbeliever. The inanimate object, like a stone or a living being like a person doesn't make any difference between the animal and alive, so just gives it to everybody. But there is a special kind of Tobia and that is the Tobia of a man that Allah azza wa jal causes a seed of a man to grow in your heart.

00:28:02--> 00:28:05

Until I see the man becomes like a tree of email

00:28:08--> 00:28:24

becomes like a tree of email dorabella who method and Kelly met 10 by 10 cache Jonathan forgiven us who has beaten water who have set up a lie give the example of a good word and the good word is La Ilaha. Illa. Allah is the seed of Eman, the start of Eman.

00:28:26--> 00:28:28

A good word like a good tree.

00:28:29--> 00:28:37

its roots are firmly grounded, strong in the ground, and its branches are up in the sky.

00:28:40--> 00:29:28

That's the example of how Allah nurtures your Eman. It starts off with a word La ilaha illa Allah and Allah makes it grow into loving praying and fasting and cod charity and being good to your parents and looking after the weak and the needy and allies origin brings about all of these branches and all of these leaves on this tree which came out from La ilaha illAllah. When you think of that, that is the reason why the prophets called upon Allah robina because Allah give them a nurturing that was even more special than what Allah has given to the other other Muslims and that is Allah looked after them in bringing them into prophet hood, and giving them the guidance and the

00:29:28--> 00:29:41

Scripture and Revelation. So a lot took care of them and nurture them look at the profit sighs How did he grow from the time when gibreel grabbed ahold of him and squeezed him and said he caught up and he said my antibiotic

00:29:42--> 00:29:52

until the very end of his life. So a lot of it was send them How did he grow as a prophet in knowledge in his

00:29:54--> 00:29:59

you know his connection to Allah subhanaw taala in what he conveyed from Allah, a star

00:30:00--> 00:30:06

With a crop analyzer gel made it grow into this entire religion of Islam.

00:30:08--> 00:30:12

It started with ikura and it became 604 pages of the must have.

00:30:14--> 00:30:27

Look at how Allah azza wa jal nurtured the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, after you think about that, how could he not call upon Allah Bennett? The one who nurtured me, my nurturer, my lord.

00:30:29--> 00:30:37

So, that is something when you think about it, it instills a particular emotion in you. And that is the emotion of love.

00:30:39--> 00:30:44

You feel immense love for Allah subhanaw taala, would you read al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen.

00:30:46--> 00:31:32

And I'll hand remember is in every situation, so it's also reminding you that your love of Allah is constant. It's always you know, doesn't matter what I'm given or not given. I love Allah, for his names and his attributes and his actions, all the things that are lost with Hannah with Allah is and does and is described with all the blessings that Allah subhanaw taala is given in the tarbiyah, the man that Allah has given as a gift. When you think about the gift of Eman and how Allah needed, think about your life, how many of you can see that you were practicing Islam from the very first day of your life? Some of you are handling that. But many of us can remember a time I remember a

00:31:32--> 00:31:38

time when I was not a Muslim. And then you think how Allah azza wa jal took me.

00:31:39--> 00:32:07

And I didn't do anything to deserve it. Allah xojo took me from not being a Muslim at all, to Islam. And then when I was a Muslim, I wasn't really under didn't understand Islam properly and wasn't practicing, and then to start practicing Islam, and then ally xojo took me to start learning Islam. And then I realized oh, God blessed me to be able to sit in the masjid and share some of that learning with people will lie to you. If that doesn't make you love Allah, what will make you love Allah.

00:32:09--> 00:32:44

When you think what Allah azza wa jal has done for you. How many of you, for example, if you think about the beginning of your life, you're thinking about poverty, about hardship, about struggles, and hamdulillah? Now you're in a better position where you have, you're comfortable in your in your dunya Look how Allah nurtured you. Did any of that come from your own hands? Well, I say nothing. It came from Allah subhanho wa Taala that Allah took you and looked after you and nurtured you, and you disobey Him. When you when he looked after you, you disobeyed him.

00:32:45--> 00:32:55

When he gave you, you were ungrateful. And still he gave you again and again and again. You fell short in your duties and still he guided you.

00:32:56--> 00:33:01

Still, he forgives you. What will make you love our life, it's not that

00:33:02--> 00:33:09

every time you disobey Him, He keeps on forgiving you. Every time you fall short, he keeps on guiding you.

00:33:10--> 00:33:25

Lots of hands on with Allah. This is his tarbiyah This is how Allah nurtures your heart until by his permission he causes it to die upon La ilaha illAllah and then he takes it and he brings it to Jenna.

00:33:26--> 00:33:30

If that doesn't make you love Allah then what will make you love Allah

00:33:31--> 00:34:15

so this ayah is all about loving Allah jela Florida and about feeling love for Allah and you love Allah because of who Allah is and what Allah does and what allies describe with you love Allah because he is a Rahman r Rahim. Al Malik l produce a Salam because of his attributes and his actions as why you love allies origin. That's what makes you love allies origin. And that's why this first part of sort of affect how we praise Allah because of his names, his attributes and his actions. And we remember how Allah nurtures us and looks after us and takes care of us and we therefore

00:34:16--> 00:34:23

love or increase in our love of Allah for that. And when you love Allah what happens? Allah loves you.

00:34:27--> 00:34:27

Allah loves you.

00:34:29--> 00:34:32

When you love Allah azza wa jal, Allah azza wa jal loves you

00:34:34--> 00:34:43

just mentioned Solomon, you get a reward, which is the same type of thing as the action that you did. You love Allah and Allah will love you.

00:34:44--> 00:34:46

And when Allah loves you,

00:34:47--> 00:34:48

he calls to jabril.

00:34:49--> 00:34:53

And he says, I love so and so so you should love him and then jabril loves him.

00:34:55--> 00:35:00

And then gibreel calls out to the angels in the heavens that Allah loves this person. So you should

00:35:00--> 00:35:20

Love him to see all the angels in the heavens love him. Then Allah puts for him I'll cabul fill out a lot of petroleum acceptance on the earth so that people accept and welcome and you know, they they're accepting of him and of what he has to say or of her and what she has to say and so on.

00:35:22--> 00:35:27

And so agenda loves every Muslim, but he doesn't love them the same.

00:35:28--> 00:35:52

Allah loves every Muslim, but he doesn't love them the same. So just as your Eman differs from person to person, likewise, how much Allah azza wa jal loves you differs according to your righteousness and your sincerity and your following of the Sunnah of the prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam or Rahmani Raheem

00:35:54--> 00:36:00

This is a continuation The eye is continuing we know it's continuing because of the the kassala

00:36:01--> 00:36:33

the the the vowel marking the E. R Rahman r Rahim because it started al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen urashima Rahmani r Rahim. So it's it's a continuation. It's like you could put bullet points Alhamdulillah or praise is for Allah. One bullet point, Lord of the world's next bullet point. R Rahman. next bullet point out Rahim. next bullet point. Maliki Ahmed in the praise is for Allah, Who is

00:36:34--> 00:36:37

Robert alameen Rahmani Raheem Maliki Ahmed de

00:36:38--> 00:36:44

R Rahman r Rahim both come from the word Rama.

00:36:46--> 00:36:51

So both Ar Rahman and Rahim indicates that Allah is the Rama

00:36:52--> 00:36:56

and we know this because Allah said it in the Quran wa butel Corfu.

00:36:58--> 00:37:00

Allah is the possessor of mercy.

00:37:03--> 00:37:06

But we know something and I'm going to teach you a little principle which I'm sure you knew anyway.

00:37:08--> 00:37:11

Nothing in the Quran repeats itself for no reason.

00:37:12--> 00:37:23

There is no you know, part of eloquence is that you only see what needs to be said You know, sometimes I waffle on in my my classes I know okay, I may Allah make it easy for you, but sometimes I was a little bit.

00:37:25--> 00:37:45

waffling is a sign of a lack of eloquence, right? When you just say things in the fewest number of words possible. That's a sign of, of eloquence. So one of the features of the Quran is that everything is said in as few words as possible, with the biggest meanings and the most powerful meanings.

00:37:47--> 00:38:00

So why did Allah say then R Rahman r Rahim? If they both come from a Russian? Why not suffice with one of them? Why not say Alhamdulillah? here Oh, Bill al amin, alright ma,

00:38:01--> 00:38:02

ma, Maliki yo MIDI.

00:38:04--> 00:38:05


00:38:06--> 00:38:14

is the difference between the two? Both of them refer to Allah as rush Matt in different ways. So our man

00:38:15--> 00:38:20

refers to a laws right man as an attribute of him.

00:38:22--> 00:38:26

In other words, let me give you an English translation, the Most Merciful

00:38:28--> 00:38:34

that Allah is the one that has unlimited mercy. That's the meaning of our right

00:38:37--> 00:38:52

so if that's the meaning of entourage, man, you can't give that name to anyone any human being right? Even you can't even see rock man like that. Even without al because rock man is the owner of unlimited mercy. infinite mercy.

00:38:53--> 00:38:55

That covers everything.

00:38:58--> 00:38:59

Rob Benner was here

00:39:00--> 00:39:10

in Rocky Mountain worrying man, our Lord, You encompassed everything with your mercy and your knowledge.

00:39:12--> 00:39:13

So here,

00:39:14--> 00:39:22

the Rama that is mentioned in our rock man, is the fact that Allah has unlimited infinite mercy.

00:39:24--> 00:39:33

The key bit is a law has. It's the word has here. That's the key in our human that you're describing a law as having

00:39:35--> 00:39:36

that infinite mercy.

00:39:37--> 00:39:39

As for our Rahim

00:39:40--> 00:39:50

for those who know Arabic, it's Allah wasn't a fluorine. It's on the pattern for Isla Rahim. And so it means the action of doing

00:39:52--> 00:39:55

that's what flurry of generally in Arabic is the action of doing.

00:39:57--> 00:39:59

So here it's not about Allah having mercy.

00:40:00--> 00:40:04

It's about Allah giving or bestowing mercy.

00:40:05--> 00:40:12

And this is the correct or the stronger opinion with regard to our manual Rahim. Some of the scholars

00:40:13--> 00:40:20

among them a shipment of a mean Rahim Allah to Allah they took it a different way. They said our rough man is general mercy. And our Rahim especial mercy.

00:40:22--> 00:40:30

But we think the first opinion is more correct, because in some ayat Allah mentions that he is Rahim to all of mankind.

00:40:31--> 00:40:34

So it kind of takes away the special a little bit.

00:40:35--> 00:40:45

But it makes more sense to say that Rahim on the pattern furreal is about Allah bestowing that mercy. It's not just his that he did it just it's his that's it.

00:40:47--> 00:40:57

It's his and He bestows it to whoever he wants, does he bestow it equally to everybody, all of us get exactly

00:40:58--> 00:41:00

100 billions

00:41:01--> 00:41:12

of a share of Allah's mercy. No, Allah gives it to whoever he wants, in whatever quantity that he wants.

00:41:14--> 00:41:46

And that is the meaning of R Rahim, the Bestower of mercy, the one who gives out his mercy. And that is more correct than saying the Entirely Merciful the Especially Merciful. Because there are some ayat in the Quran that don't match that it doesn't match up with all the ions in the Quran. What matches up with all the ayat in the Quran is to say that our rock man is the possessor of mercy. And our Rahim is the Bestower The one who gives it the one who sends it out to whoever he wants.

00:41:52--> 00:41:55

When you think about the rightness of Allah,

00:41:56--> 00:42:01

what's the emotion there? What How do you feel? emotionally?

00:42:02--> 00:42:03

You feel hope?

00:42:05--> 00:42:19

You feel immensely hopeful that Allah is going to have mercy on you. Allah is going to forgive you. Allah is going to give you Jenna, Allah is not going to punish you. How can allies punish when he is

00:42:21--> 00:42:22

out Rahim?

00:42:24--> 00:42:26

And that gives you hope.

00:42:27--> 00:42:34

But too much hope can lead to laziness, and too much hope.

00:42:35--> 00:42:42

Or having love and hope together without fear is exactly what the Christians fell into today.

00:42:43--> 00:42:48

And that is why have you noticed that the Christians basically don't have any Dean left?

00:42:50--> 00:43:00

There's no Dean, there's no laws, there is no harm. When you ask them what's wrong, they have to really think like, well, murder. What else?

00:43:03--> 00:43:14

Suppose theft if it's really bad, they don't have anything left. That's haram because they don't have any fear in their DNA. Their DNA is just love and hope.

00:43:15--> 00:43:33

If you love God, God will save you. Doesn't matter what you did. Human beings don't work like that. And that is why as a Muslim you have to be balanced between fear and hope. And that is where the third idea comes in. Maliki only did

00:43:36--> 00:43:50

this it brings you back down again. You are flying up in the sky and hope Allah will never punish me. Nothing bad is gonna happen to me. Maddie God

00:43:51--> 00:43:55

and then you remember your deen the deal of recompense

00:43:57--> 00:44:01

a dean the day when everyone will get what they deserve.

00:44:03--> 00:44:16

And that makes you scared of Allah. There are two ways of reading this ayah there are two clear art you can read it Maliki yo Medina and that's the reading that we read in half's that have been awesome. That's the one that we read.

00:44:17--> 00:44:18

Most of us

00:44:19--> 00:44:42

in some of the other karate you might have heard the Imams reading Maliki yo Medina if I'm not mistaken, Maliki is the majority of the Quran they read Maliki yo Medina. The difference is that Malik talks about ownership and mellie talks about sovereignty being like a king. The two are very close together.

00:44:44--> 00:44:56

This is a beautiful thing about the karate I'm not gonna take too much longer. This is a beautiful thing. Sharla This is a beautiful thing about the kettle x. Look at how two words that are different. They're not the same word. Malik and Malik are not the same word.

00:44:58--> 00:44:59

They're not exactly the same.

00:45:00--> 00:45:10

Meaning, but they complement each other. And that's why if you never give any time to think about the Quran at the different styles of reading, you're going to miss out on some of the meanings of the Quran.

00:45:12--> 00:45:16

So Malik school about possession

00:45:17--> 00:45:19

the owner to possess

00:45:21--> 00:45:35

all of the milk on that day Lehman immortal Coolio lilla Hill wha Ha, ha ha, who is the minion who does everything belong to on that day to Allah,

00:45:36--> 00:45:39

the One that cannot be resisted.

00:45:40--> 00:46:00

The one who is alone and cannot be resisted, as fearful. There is no one else going to save you on that day. If Allah azza wa jal doesn't forgive you, there is nobody there is no angel. There is no profit, there is no one coming to see if you if Allah azzawajal doesn't forgive you.

00:46:01--> 00:46:10

Because Allah is mad at God. Nobody else owns the Day of Resurrection. Nobody has control of it. No one except Allah.

00:46:11--> 00:46:22

Not an angel, not a prophet, not anyone else. That doesn't mean that isn't shefa intercession. But intercession will be given to those who Allah approves of.

00:46:23--> 00:46:32

It will not be given to the people who the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam chose, it will be given to people that Allah chooses for him.

00:46:34--> 00:46:53

He will ask and Allah will accept but he will only ask on behalf of those that are law approves of. So you don't have any really any sort of refuge or anywhere to run or anywhere to hide except to Allah subhanaw taala

00:46:55--> 00:47:05

lamelle Jia min Allah He Illa la there is no way to escape Allah except by going to Allah. The only place you can escape Allah is by going to Allah.

00:47:08--> 00:47:16

And that's why we say along in narrow zoo, period, vaca Min sahak will be asked if we can meet or cool by tick we're becoming

00:47:18--> 00:47:18

or Allah.

00:47:20--> 00:47:22

We seek refuge

00:47:25--> 00:47:36

with your pleasure from your anger and your forgiveness from your punishment. And with you from you, there is no other one that can save me except Allah.

00:47:37--> 00:47:40

So the only one I can ask is Allah subhanaw taala.

00:47:41--> 00:48:01

So when you think about many kiyomi deed which is the other era you think about ownership and you think about sovereignty, that is the king of kings, there is no king coming on that day, no one on that day is going to have lineage are going to have power are going to come and say am Fulani been Fulani, from Allah. Allah

00:48:02--> 00:48:13

doesn't mean anything on that day, not even the people from the family of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and that's why the Prophet sighs lm said the one whose lineage slows them down.

00:48:15--> 00:48:25

Mombasa abbiamo Mousavi nessa The one whose lineage slows down whose action slow him down, his lineage will not speed him up.

00:48:26--> 00:48:53

No one's going to come and say I am from elbaite. I'm from Fulani, I'm this person, I'm a king. I'm an Amir, I'm full on on that day, nothing matters. Allah is Melaka Yomi Dean, the king of that day. And every king in this world has his kingdom because Allah gave it to him. But some people don't recognize that Alhamdulillah the Muslims they recognize they say my kingdom came to me from Allah.

00:48:54--> 00:49:02

But some of the non Muslims they might see in ama ot two who either enemy nd I got this because I'm clever, like qarun said.

00:49:04--> 00:49:08

And it's only the Muslims who recognize

00:49:09--> 00:49:22

that the kingdom on that day, only for Allah and everything that came to you in this dunya everything you own and everything you possess and everything you're in charge of, is only because Allah Subhana Allah to Allah gave it to you as a test and a trial.

00:49:25--> 00:49:26

And so we feel fear.

00:49:28--> 00:50:00

We think about lust punishment. We think about jahannam we think about your Medina and we start getting scared and we balance what would happen if you had too much fear. You would start becoming despairing. losing hope Allah will never forgive me a lot will certainly punish me. I have no hope. When you combine our Rahmani Raheem, Maliki Ahmed Dean, you have both. You have fear and you have hope. You hope in Allah's mercy and you feel alone

00:50:00--> 00:50:35

Last punishment we went on for a long time, but I want to get halfway through so that we can reach out the other next week we can finish sort of that had the other suitors will not be long like this, but I feel like well, we should give sort of fact a couple of weeks even if we give it three weeks, because it's important every day in every record, you're reading the same thing again and again. So it's really important we understand it inshallah, to Allah as best we can. And then we can move on and we can go through the other sources. Again, maybe some of the small sources may take a bit longer on and then as we get to the longer ones we can just you know can try and get through the

00:50:35--> 00:50:47

material, these new lighter Allah. That's what Eliza Magellan made easy for me to mention on the last panel Thailand was best was Salatu was Salam ala nabina Muhammad while he was

00:50:49--> 00:50:56

just a colloquium for watching, please subscribe, share, and you can visit Mohammed tim.com