Seekers of Knowledge – 045 – The Tafseer of Surah Al-Infitar

Tim Humble

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© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Well

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Maddie Wani Oba

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Salam

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ala rasulillah from attended alameen Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ajmeri

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today in sha Allah who tada we're going to finish sola, Ellen Fatah. And we're going to also start saw at a tech we're in Sharla. What I'm going to do with the live stream is ask

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ehresmann if you can, when we finished the surah just cut the live stream and start it again. And that's just so that when we have the video later we have a marker for which one because otherwise you will not find the beginning of the song.

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We reached the statement of Allah azza wa jal in Del Mar Allah theanine we're in del Fujairah fbj

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there are two really interesting things to talk about here. This is or similar to it has already passed by us in solid

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Elmo 15 right

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in a bar I left a name and an ally a key on zero

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what's the difference between

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this one here and the iron sort of motto?

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bearing in mind that we said the rapid there's no repetition in the Quran right we said that there's no not even one ayah in the Quran is repeated without a reason.

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So here in about all Allah Fie nine. What's the difference here between this one in between the iron SWAT and motor 15? What do you guys think? I know I started I started quickly with a question.

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What's the emphasis on here? And what's the emphasis on there?

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Do we have any answers retube

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It's too early for them.

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Okay.

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Here one of the things you can notice just one example is that the emphasis in the iron salted infopark is on the contrast right? Between straightaway in psalter moto 15. The contrast is not there in LA Bharara Latina, ame Allah, Allah aeons want to add if available to him. Now tonight, here, we stray, we have the contrast, this is where the abroad the people of bill are. And this is where the people of

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who I forgot the people who are doing the the alphadog, the acts of evil and the acts of depravity, that's where they are. So the first thing we take from this is the difference between the two.

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And that the people ultimately are divided into two groups.

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He hear the word epilogue we think we mentioned it already. But it's good to revise that the word bill.

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Often in the Quran, it comes by itself. And sometimes in the Quran, it comes along with a taqwa or along with a different word. So this is one of the words that when it comes by itself, it covers all types of good, everything good and also keeping away from the Haram. In other words, when you get the word beer by itself, the whole of Islam comes into it. And

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they are the people who do all kinds of good and stay away from all kinds of evil. What happens when you get bitter along with taqwa? How is it how's the difference then?

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So if taqwa comes on its own, it's also the whole of Islam, right? For example,

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the advice of allies origin

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that ally advise the early people and the later people, any tackler. This advice is general right. It covers the whole of Islam doing good and keeping away from evil. And Bill, when it comes, it covers all of Islam. But when you put them together, what are our eligibility? What tuck Wha

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What's the beer, and what's the tequila then

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is the bit doing the good. The beer is doing the good and the taqwa is keeping away from the bad when they come together. There's a lot of words like that. And that's why context is really important when you're when you're looking into the Tafseer of the Quran. Is that you take into account that there are some words they change their meaning depending on where they found, in which

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Way Allah subhanaw taala is saying those those words. So for example, when Bill and taqwa come together, Bill is the side of doing good and taqwa is keeping away from bad. And when they come separately, both of them cover the meaning of the other.

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These are the words that sometimes the scholars they say, either HTML or tafawa.

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When they come together, they go apart. What are you there to follow Christ and I, when they come, when they come together, they go apart. And when they go apart, they come together, it just means that the word when it's on its own, it has the biggest possible meaning. But then when it's restricted by mentioning other things, can you give me another example of a word like that very famous example of a word like that, on some of the Shabaab at the back,

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you're certain that give me an example of a word. That is a very famous word anaise as a complete when you when it comes on its own. It covers everything. But separately, each word has a different meaning.

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We have a think if you guys know the answer.

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What is it? Did anyone on YouTube wake up?

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Islam Okay, Islam. Good. So what would could the word Islam come with? Where the meaning will change? Like Amen. Right? So for example, if we have the word Islam by itself, in Medina, in de la Hill, Islam, the whole of Islam comes in everything. But what about when the Prophet sighs and was asked by gibreel about Islam and Eman and sn? Did he give the same answer for everyone? Or he gave a different answer?

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Different, right, each answer was different. So that means when these words come together in the same sentence, or in the same place, each word has a slightly different meaning. But when they come separately, and they just by themselves, the whole meaning comes into it. So for example, if you say, a you mean Oh, people have Amen.

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Then here, this includes Islam, and email, and so on, everything is all in there.

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But when you say, for example, that the difference between a man and a son is the difference between the person who does all of the obligatory deeds and the one who does the voluntary deeds, for example, that he has a meaning is different. So just be a bit careful. Sometimes words come like that. So here Abra is mentioned by itself. So all of the good things come into everything good and keeping away from everything, but because to be a Muslim, right? It's not just about doing good things. You also have to keep away from bad things. And when you keep away from bad things, you have to remember what the Hadeeth have heard Eva, even earlier, man robiola and when he said can

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unnatural, yes aluna Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam annual higher Welcome to slo Anisha Maha Mudra Kenny Oh, come on. He said the people used to ask the Messenger of Allah slice him about good things. And I used to ask him about bad things, because I was frightened that it would happen to me. So it's not enough just to do good things. But you have to also keep away from the bad things. And it's not enough to keep away from the bad things without knowing what's good and what's bad. How like it's been said in the past for key for Turkey. How will you How will you keep away from something? If you don't know? He limited remoter turkey if you don't know what you're trying to

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keep away from? If you don't know what's right and what's wrong, so you can't be from that Abra Abra they have to have knowledge. They have to have sincerity for Allah subhanaw taala and they have to do the good things and keep away from the but those people are Luffy nine they are certainly the lamb here gives us certainty for sure. laughing I'm even okay him he has a tiny here which is amazing.

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He said rahima Hello Tyler. Well I Tessa and Nicola huzzah Allah in Al Abdullah, Allah theanine. We're in El Fujairah fija him MK su Ron Alana email ophira wotja Haney socket.

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Bell fi Dori hemos selesa Catholic Annie dalla dunya with dada dada dada calar for her Allah a feanor in Baja Allah if IJA hain were held in a more inland evil cult were highly visible in Isobel called

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Eva Nakayama. Hey, Mahalo to Allah. And he says this in a job Kathy wrote him a loudhailer. He said, Don't

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believe or don't think

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Think

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that Allah statement in Nell ebara fi name

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that the righteous people are in blessings

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are in a blessed situation. And that the wicked people are in a situation of Jane they are in a situation of punishment. Don't think that this is limited only to the actor

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to the name of Allah and the J Haim of the end the blessings and the fire of the accurate or the punishment of the art rather than in each of their three homes. Okay, what are the three homes this again? I'm gonna ask the young kids in the back what are the three places a person lives in?

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We're not talking about the home you have here and the home you have

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in the UAE and the home you have no the three play the three stages of a person in their life they start off Where do they live? In which place do they start off in Jenna?

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Yes, you were born in gender right? No. Where Where do you live first of all?

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Where do you live first of all

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here in this world right? Everybody is born into this world nobody is born in gender right?

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Nobody's born in gender?

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No, you're born in this world. You're born in this world.

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In this world type after you leave this world you go to a different world what is that world

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Mashallah, how did you get the answer except that somebody whispered it to you the grave. And then

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when you leave the life of the grave, where do you go?

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Which life do you go to?

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The ACA Okay, so even Okay, him he said, this state of blessing is not restricted to the ACA, you think that only the righteous people are in blessing. And in a good situation in the UK here are no, they are like that in the dunya. They are like that in the grave. They are like that in the Acura. And we can see in this, that actually, they're now in their blessings and their state of bliss increases as they go from one life to the next.

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So if you look at the hydrothermal pod noise above your level, and hold the Hadeeth which is known his long Hadeeth about the grave. The blessings the believer gets in the grave. Now I'm gonna ask you this question. Because you were there in my class. Okay, what is the DA that the believer makes in the grave when they get all those blessings in the grave?

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Bring your will kiama faster aka Robbie akademiska quickly bring the hour to come.

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Why because the person knows that everything which is going to come to them is better and better and better. So I can name the most perfect nine that they're in. This is when they enter Jenna. But before that in every stage they go through they're in nine now a person might ask though even Okay, um this is perfect what you said about the grave the How do you spell Bravo as it makes perfect sense. But how are you going to say the believers are in name in this dunya

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Keith because they in this dunya they are in the Bella in in tests and trials and sickness well you know they are in a hopeful Jew and Warnock simulate and while he will and for

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a while while they are in proximity and while he will emphasize with them a lot they in they lose people's people lose their lives, people lose their income people lose their fruits. How can it be that they are laughing at him? Even Okay, Abraham allowed to Allah He said we're helping him in the name of cope.

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And this to me it seems like this is the answer for the dunya Otherwise, the name of the bottles and the name of yomo Kiana is by him but the question is how can you be a name in this dunya because your heart Your heart is attached to Allah subhanaw taala

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and the punishment these non Muslims go through in this dunya is not the punishment of a fire that burns them every day. This is in the grave or is in the kiama right What did they go through now? Even okay him he mentioned elsewhere in the same in a job McAfee said what are you either up in a shed do

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menial how fee will help me What?

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What do you casado? Where are all the anila who were daddy? What are loopy he behaved in the one theater he anila be coolly what he mean who share a bedroom were kulu Shea entire Lockerbie he had the woman Daniela for in whom he assume Oh who Sue.

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He said which punishment is

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is worse than the fear and distress and sadness and feeling restricted in your chest and turning away from Allah and turning away from the hereafter and having your heart attached to other than Allah and being cut off from Allah, a person in this situation who is cut off from Allah their heart is cut off from Allah, this person is Laffy jehane they are being punished with a punishment that no one can see except them. And this is interesting because there is a similar statement in the statement of Eliza gel inshallah, pa woman out of the and victory for in Allahumma. Asia. Tom banca some of the scholars they put this to the grave right, that they will live a hard life a few covery

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because this is before the yamaki. How do we know it's before yom Okayama because if we read the next IR

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when I show who yo Mel pm at ama, so this person before yom Okayama, lives a hard life. Some of the scholars they said this hard life is in the grave. But some of them made it more general. They said this, my Asia term banca this depressed life and hard life is not just in the grave. It's in the grave, and it's in the dunya. But you don't see it. Because what you see is the person is trying to escape their life. They're trying you know, they have retail therapy, they go out and buy things until they feel happy, or they go out and get drunk until they can't remember what they've done. But ultimately, they're trying to escape a profound sadness that exists in their heart. And that is the

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punishment AKM is referring to when he talks about the jehane, which is the jakeem of the dunya. And it's in the person's heart, the person's heart is burning out of sadness, and out of

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feeling anxiety and out of being distant from Allah. Because ultimately, if the soul doesn't have its nourishment, it's the same as when the body that in fact, it's worse than when the body doesn't have its nourishment. The body can survive some days without nourishment, but the soul can't. So when the soul doesn't get its connection to Allah, the person feels the worst you can feel, but they just can't express it. They can't explain why they feel like that. And maybe on the outside, they will show themselves to be in a good state, but on the inside, they're a person who is suffering. On top of that, it may be even worse, which is some people may see but I see some people they are so

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happy. They are like turning away from Allah and they are the happiest that they can be. But this is the big punishment of Allah azza wa jal. He mentioned in many places in the Quran, that a person Ally's or Jill opens for them the whole dunya until they completely forget about the suffering in their heart, and then Allah takes their soul while they are disbelievers. Allah takes them like that. And this tends to be the punishment Allah gives them at the very end of their life. Generally speaking, that they go through a stage where they feel suffering and they feel hurt. Why, like Allah mentioned in solids, such that, for example, when I know the minute either I will do not either I

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will act, but if

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we make them taste some of the small punishment rather than the big punishment, so they may return to Allah. And when they don't return to Allah sometime it's the case that Allah azza wa jal opens for them the whole dunya everything gives them everything. Until when they are in that situation, and they forget everything that happened to them. Then Allah Subhana Allah seizes them suddenly, and then they are caught off from any good. Rather this situation of going through difficulties and depression and sadness is something that should bring a person back to Allah and should make a person realize and make a person think and really the worst thing that can happen to you is you fail

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to get that reminder you don't get that reminder at all. And then Allah subhanaw taala seizes the person suddenly, and they're cut off from all good.

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You Yes, hello Naha. Yama, de they will enter it yom a dean.

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They will enter it yo

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a dean on the Day of Recompense. And that's why here if we take this into account

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yes lona Hey, yo Medina. Then here,

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there is no SQL because here then we can see why the scholars of Tafseer generally they took these ayat to be upon to be relating to the Acura yes Lola haoma. t. Even Okay, in Rahim Allah to Allah. The way he brings this is that this is the complete nine and this is the complete nine

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The complete punishment is your McLemore

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a name that is common that is from everywhere perfect. And the punishment that is complete in every sense, this is your muddy before that the punishment in the grave is not the same as the punishment in the archiver. And that's why the person in the grave was being punished. What do I do they make Rob be led to him, Sir, my lord don't allow the Day of Resurrection to come, they don't want the Day of Resurrection to come.

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Maybe someone will be punished in the grave and their punishment will stop for a time, not the disbeliever but from the disobedient Muslim and so on. The issue here is that the complete and total blessing and complete and total punishment is your salona Haile Mati that's what they get your muddy, but that doesn't restrict the fact that the idea can be broader than that prior to yo Medina, because Allah azza wa jal kept the ayah general and the general principle we have in Tafseer is that we keep general what Allah azza wa jal

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kept general

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one at home on her behalf even

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even though Kafeel Rahim Allah to Allah He said a lie of the Buddha and in other bisa attend wide

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while you have for for I'm home in Arabic

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What are you jab una Ilana? Yes, I don't aminul mouth our raha? Where are we oh man wahida he said they will not be absent from the punishment even one hour, nor will it be lightened for them at all. nor will they be answered what they asked for from death. Or they asked for raha to be given a break. Or they asked even for one day to be given a break from the punishment.

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We mentioned many things about the Hellfire so far we mentioned in Surah Al Hamza

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about a hammer Crusher, and we mentioned in her IRA him what cider that they will be locked inside of it in my locker, they won't be able to get out of it. And we mentioned what some of the alumni said about Fiamma adding more metadata, that either these are the pillars that will lock the doors of jahannam or the people will be trapped inside. The people will not be given space to move in the head either a barbed wire is probably your loved one. You have the heartbeat of the person whose ribs are crushed until their ribs interlock into into themselves and their bed is a bed of the fire. This person has no way out there is no escape for them, one of them and had the hobby they will not

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be able to be absent from it. They will not be absent from it at all, not even one hour. And if you look at that questions of the people of the Hellfire or the statements, they asked for different things at different times, right? Sometimes they ask Allah azza wa jal to

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lighten for them the punishment. They asked for a lot lightened the punishment even one day, Allah doesn't accept it from them.

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They asked the people of Jenna and Effie Elena middle map can you give us some of the water or what Allah has provided for you? They ask the guardian of the fire

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for Allah azza wa jal, they call out to Malik

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for Allah subhanaw taala to cause them to die

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for a lot to cause them to die.

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Malik only responds to them and in some of the Hadeeth is mentioned in some of the self mentioned in any case

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that Malik waits to reply to them

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for the like the time of Yamaha piano and he liked the time of the piano

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like or like the time of the dunya

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and he replies to them in Nickelback, he thought you people are staying where you are

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until they appeal to Allah as a surgeon to take him out of the fire as is mentioned at the end of sort of movement or analyze which assists them Excel Fie her while I too can stay in it forever and do not speak.

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Stay in it forever and do not speak

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for the people of the fire they will not be out of this fire at all. They will not get any break one at home and hobbyhorse even,

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not even for an hour or for a day, nor will they be answered their questions that they ask the people of Jenna for water they asked Malik to cause them for a lot to cause them to die. They ask Allah to take them out of the fire

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and they will not be answered their questions their questions will not be answered.

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And then Eliza gel says woman A Da Da como yomo de

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even even okay Thea he says to LVM only shot neoma pm.

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This is like the ally seeing you know this word madaraka when it comes in the Quran

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the words madaraka when they come in the Quran, they are used for talvin to show how serious this issue is.

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And a dean here it is LG as

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a dean, it is Al jezza

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lj is the reward or the punishment the Recompense.

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Some of the scholars they said

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that sometimes the word yomo Dean or ideen, it could mean the religion shared with me and said that sometimes it the word a dean,

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like that kettlebell to catch the board or be Dean. It could mean the religion generally speaking, the majority of the scholars of Tafseer when they come to this when they say a dean here they say it means yo Mati. Any means the Day of Recompense,

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The Day of Recompense

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for mama or Dada kameyama Dean,

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this is again further emphasis

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knew from Allah subhanaw taala that emphasizes that this is a very serious matter.

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And this is something you have to know about.

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And then Allah azza wa jal yBnL, Kathie Lee said some fslr who because he then Allah explains to you what the Yama Deen is.

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Yo mela Tim liko, Neff soon enough cinchy

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no one can benefit anyone else.

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nor can they take them out of what they are in.

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unless Allah gives his permission for whoever he wishes, and is pleased, and he had been Cassia he mentioned the Heidi. Yeah, Benny Hashem unqiue enforcer, koombana now, la um liko la camino la he she

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or Benny Hashem Save yourselves from the fire. I cannot do anything to help you.

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Likewise, faulty model Viola and the Prophet slicin. themselves. You're talking about vinta

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Mohammed. He said to her, Sally, he said to her is any is Eleni Mary machete? Let me call luckyme Allah He will come back on. He said Ask me whatever you want from my wealth but I cannot do anything. I cannot do anything for you in the sight of Allah.

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Yo mela Tim liko nevsun Lena sin Shia nefs here is a general word right? It's not specific as general nor neps Lana B.

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Lana B Yun hola Anna Bian que Lana, Lana, bu Mosul. What a Malecon macabre, no angel that is near no prophet that is sent. Low net no next is going to benefit any other nefs nobody can benefit anybody else.

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Well, m mu yo ma Ed Linda.

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And the command on that day is for Allah. Here the question even or Kafeel addresses it. Why does Allah say that the command on that day is only for Allah. When the command everyday is only for Allah and Allah azza wa jal

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allele learning how cool mo Allah has creation and command in everything. And every matter in this world in every moment is only in the hands of Allah. The reason is, because on that day, on that day,

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no one like Qatada said Rama hello to Allah he said well ambu wala he Lila well I can now hula unit zero houfy oma even ahead, nobody is going to is going to try to claim that they have control on that day.

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So Qatada, he said, One law he everything is for Allah, all the command is for Allah. But on that day, nobody will say that they have to come and nobody will compete and say, No, I have control. Nobody will say that everybody will confess that the matter on that day is only for Allah. There is another benefit from that also, which is that

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when a person is emphasized when it's emphasized to them that everything on that day will be in the hands of Allah. They don't seek it from someone else.

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So they don't go to the prophets and the angels and you know and the people in this we see them in this life and they go to the graves and so on and they make to add to that earlier they say that save us on Yama Dean.

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Yama, let me call Neff son Lin F sin Shea, while Emerald, yo man, even Lila nobody will be able to benefit nor well he will be able to benefit someone nor nebby will be able to benefit someone. No Angel will be able to benefit someone.

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And everything on that day will be fought for Allah. So if you want their help, or the intercession of someone on that day, you ask it from Allah. So you say Oh Allah give us the intercession of your Prophet, or Allah makers from those who's who intercession is accepted for us. But you don't ask those people for the intercession because while Mr. uyama even Lila everything on that day is belongs to Allah. It doesn't belong to those people who will intercede. Now that doesn't mean that there is no intercession the intercession is there no doubt there prophets will intercede the angels will intercede the believers will intercede.

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The shefa at your multi ama are many intersections. But those intersections they can only be after Allah gives us permission and after our lives please welcome in melech infest Mr Hua Tina tonisha photo homeshare ylim embody a year then Allah who may have shot way up

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this IoT and in the end of the first page in solid najem.

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Allah azza wa jal mentions a very important principle. How many angels are there in the heavens? There shafa their intercession doesn't benefit anything unless Allah has given his permission and Allah is pleased. So Allah giving his permission, this is clear. The angel does not have the ability to intercede unless Allah gives his permission Mendel levy ash fell into who in Libya evening, who can intercede with him without his permission? But here, unless Allah gives us permission, we are VA and Allah is pleased. Here we know Allah is already pleased with the angel.

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There is no issue that Allah is pleased with the angel the angel of Allah being pleased with them. That is a given any, Allah is pleased with all of the angels.

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Lay asuna lahoma Mr. Wirth, I want to know why don't they do what they're told they don't disobey Allah Allah is pleased with the angels. The issue is is Allah pleased with the one that in angel is asking for?

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And Allah azza wa jal will not be pleased. Well, I urba let everybody Hilco for Allah will not be pleased for his servants who disbelieve or his servants who make partners with him in Allah Allah.

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Allah doesn't forgive you to make a partner with him. So therefore asking intercession from the angel will not help because the angel cannot give intercession without Allah's permission, and the angel will not intercede unless Allah is pleased with you. And Allah will not be pleased with you, if you have committed Cofer, or if you have committed ship because Allah told us he's not pleased with copper. And Allah told us he will not forgive ship. Therefore, intercession from the angels or the prophets or the righteous, if you made a partner with Allah or you left the religion of Islam will not benefit you. And so here will amblyomma even Lila is the clearest evidence that you need to

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ask your shaeffer from Allah, not from them. So you ask Allah azza wa jal, Oh Allah, make us from the people that you accept, you know your that you accept or make us from the people that you we ask it from Allah azza wa jal that you give us the intercession of your messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and so on, but not to be from the people who say to those people, because they don't have it in their hands to give it what angle? Yo, Matt, even Linda,

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also from the benefits of this idea at the end, as we bring this one to the end of the surah

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is that a person attaches their heart and their hopes to Allah subhanaw taala and not to people, some people generally they attach themselves to others, right? Even in the dunya. They make themselves someone who is attached to other people in everything, right in everything, someone else is going to get me out of this problem.

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The problem with this is that even if it is permissible to ask people for help in the dunya, and it's not forbidden, but when a person develops a habit of this, and their heart becomes attached to, for example, people around them, whether they're relatives or whether they're friends or whatever, that a person starts to apply.

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Even to their religion, that someone else is going to get me out of this mess that I'm in, rather a person keeps themselves that their attachment is to Allah subhanaw taala and they try to ask their needs from Allah azza wa jal and to minimize the amount that they rely upon other people who are ill or when, you know, there is no other option or when, you know it is infrequent, but they try not to make it the case that they attach themselves to other than Allah azza wa jal so that this doesn't become something within their religion, as well as within their dunya. And there are there are numerous examples of that among the Sahaba robiola one home, that some of them they would give the

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beta to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that they will not ask anyone for anything, not even if they drop the whip from their camel, or the stick from their camel, they will not ask someone else to pick it up in order to attach their heart completely to Allah subhanaw taala. And to get out of the habit of relying on other people to get you out of a problem because Yeoman piano, there will not be anybody who comes to save you, or anybody who comes to help you. This is from the benefit some of the scholars of Tafseer. They mentioned with regard to this idea,

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the people's attachment to people in the dunya and that even though this might be something which is permissible in some situations, a person shouldn't make a habit of it.

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What we'll do is we'll just stop for a moment just

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is okay, just, I only want to stop the livestream started so that we have a marker for the start.