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Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala de la what a soli Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi h moraine?
Are we okay to start? Okay, excellent. You guys already? All right inshallah. Okay. Alhamdulillah. So we've been talking about the Sierra of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a little bit about his life. And we haven't been talking about
it in a lot of detail, have we? we've not been going into loads of detail, but we've just tried to get a general idea and a general picture about the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
What do we speak about in the last class?
Which part of his life
that was two weeks ago, we spoke about when he was born?
his children we spoke about we spoke about his wife Khadija, and we spoke about soda, his wife soda, and we spoke about a little bit about Asia, or the law of mind her.
And we said that I shall have the law on her. He married her just before he left at the time he was in Makkah, but he didn't live with her until he went to Medina. So we'd spoken just a little bit about what was the last thing we spoke about last week.
The very last thing that we spoke about last week, what was it?
Le slot. When we very briefly we spoke about how a lot took the profit slice lm on a special journey. And that special journey was from where to where?
Where did the journey start?
in Mecca, to Jerusalem to the heavens sapan LED Esra drbd he laid a million messages How long? It will mess you up for Viva La Conner Hola, hola. Nordea home in a Latina, a la took the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from the festival harem, all the way to beta macness in Jerusalem, and what did he do in beta democritus in Jerusalem.
He led all of the prophets in prayer. And then he went up to the heavens until he reached a scissor of Solomon to heart the last place that a person can go. And that was that jabril he said to him that this is the last place that I'm allowed to go and you can go from here. And then our last spoke to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam directly. And what did Allah tell the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to do?
Only two people a week today
everyone else is sleeping three people go on
the 50 times prayer so that's how many times we pray a day right 50
comes in Will you pray everyday?
Or just 555
Okay, why do we only pray five?
A lot told us 50 why how can we pray in five
but we have to take him as an example.
What kind of like computer rasulillah he was what would happen? You have to copy everything he does. So if you prayed 50 times we have to pray 50 times to yes Rihanna.
It's kind of a lot is what love is kind of a lot
very good Mashallah beautiful.
Here asked Allah to make it easier.
does Allah want our religion to be easy? Or does Allah want our religion to be difficult use of what do you think?
Easy. Does anyone know evidence for that? Something Allah said that he wants our religion to be easy. You can get it from any I have the haramaty you know any Heidi? Yes.
Very good. I think it's excellent answer from like just just thinking about it if the religion was hard people wouldn't want to become Muslim right? But do we? Does anyone know what evidence for something in the Quran something in the Hadith some of the small solos, you know, when Allah says how he wants to make Islam easy for you
for in MLS reuse raw in America three, use raw, when things are difficult, Allah will make them easy when things are difficult, Allah will make them easy. Some of the scholars they said Allah mentioned two easy things.
Because the way it's repeated like this, the difficulty is just one.
The answer in the ayah The difficulty is the same difficulty Allah speaking about and the user is different. So every time one thing is difficult, two things are going to be easy. Allah said you read Hola Hola, como nuestra voila, you need to become an Ursa. Allah wants to make things easy for you. Allah doesn't want to make things difficult for you. So is that is the things in Islam? Are they things in Islam that are difficult?
What do you think? Are there parts of Islam that are difficult?
You think so? Okay. Are you sure thinks there are things in Islam that are difficult? Who agrees with her?
Okay, who says there is nothing difficult in Islam?
Okay, very good. Actually, I think both of you are right in different ways. There is nothing in Islam, that is a burden. That's, that's too hard for you. You can't do it. Right? Because Allah said, law you can live Allahu nevsun illa Allah, Allah will never put something on you that you can't manage. Allah will never ask you to do something you can't do.
A law will never ask you to do something, if you're not able to do it. Is that clear? Allah is never going to ask you to do something you can't do.
At the same time, sometimes there are difficult things, why might there be some difficult things? What might be the reason is if something is a little bit difficult for you?
Well, you find it a little bit hard. In a sense, what do you think?
I test for you very good. It could be a test for you. But is it too much? Is it too hard?
Is it too hard? No. It's not too hard. But you have to you have to try. We said in the tipsy class on Friday for Lakota Hamel acaba.
Do you not want to try and walk over the mountain?
walking over the mountains a little bit hard, isn't it?
It's a little bit hard to walk over a mountain.
Yeah. So sometimes there can be things a little bit difficult, but it's never, there's always a reason for it. And that's what I really wanted to share with you. There's nothing in Islam without a reason for it.
without a reason for it. Everything in Islam has a reason. Everything that Allah told you to do. There's a reason for it. does it benefit our life you pray five times a day?
No, nothing benefits Allah, nothing.
harms Allah, you can't you can't harm Allah. Who does a benefit? If you pray? Who is a good for? If you pray five times a day, who is it good for? Yes. robbia It's good for you. That's what all of Islam is like that. Whatever you do in Islam is good for you. It's what's right for you. And it's what's right towards Allah.
Because if Allah gave you everything, and Allah created you, doesn't Allah deserve for you to pray to Allah is not the right thing to do. Yeah, it's the right thing to do is all I need you.
Allah doesn't need you.
Allah doesn't need you. Allah doesn't need anyone. Do you understand what I mean by need?
Allah doesn't need you a lot. If you didn't exist, it wouldn't hurt Allah. Right? If you didn't pray, it wouldn't hurt a lot because Nothing hurts all our lives to great Nothing hurts Allah. Nothing harms Allah.
So Allah doesn't need you to pray. But it's the right thing for you to do. Does that make sense now? Yeah, it's the right thing for you to do. And it's good for you.
So 50 prayers became
five press. What did Moses say? la sala
too much. Go back. Go back. It's too much.
Five times a day, five times a day is a lot.
So what happened? The Prophet sighs and went back. And ally made it once a day.
No, no. What happened?
he was too shy said, That's enough. That's enough. So it became five prayers with the reward of
ikura bukal Ekrem. Your Lord is more generous allies more generous. Five rewards five prayers with reward of 50.
every prayer is worth 10 you prayed magnet now, right? You pretend times 100
Did you see you prayed
10 times actually only print marketing once but you get the reward of
10. If you're going to print a show, now you're going to get the reward of
every prayer you're going to get the reward of 10 it's like you pray the ratio 10 times.
And then when the Prophet slicin came back to Makkah in one night, in one night, he went all the way to the heavens.
And if you think about it, you think about how huge the universe is right? how huge people until now, they can't even make it to the moon.
They can't even make it. They're talking about one day we might be able to go to Mars.
And the Prophet sighs I mean, one night, he went all the way to the seventh heaven.
When the people came back, do you think people believed him?
know, the people didn't believe in the non Muslims. They didn't believe him at all. They didn't believe that. They believe they knew he told the truth. They said we never knew you told a lie. But they wanted to make fun of him. So the first thing he did, he started to tell them about the trip to Jerusalem and how it was and he would describe in everything that happened.
Who was the person who believed him? The most famous all the Muslims but who was the most famous person who believed in
Abu Bakar and that's why Abu Bakr was known as a Siddiq. The one who truly believes the true believer, because he really believed when they said to him, they said, your friend, your companion, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says that he went to Jerusalem in one night. Then he says from that one night, he went all the way to the heavens and back, do you believe him? And Abu Bakr said, Yes.
If that's what he says that I believe.
So the situation for the Muslims is very, very difficult. But there were some good things that happened. We talked about when Hamza became Muslim. Did we talk about when Armand became Muslim, American Top so Abu Bakr became Muslim right at the beginning Yeah. Abu Bakar became Muslim, right at the very beginning of, of Islam. When the Prophet slicin first became a prophet. Abubakar was the first man to become Muslim right? Who was the first boy to become Muslim?
Nora supersize me Yes, first person. I mean, I mean, after the lawsuit when he saw I said, Who is the first boy
the first little boy in the time of the Prophet size and we're not talking about we're not talking about before we're not talking about when Allah created mankind I mean, in the in the prophets times I said lemon his, the people around him who was the first boy to become I live in Abu Talib rhodiola was the first lady who became Muslim
called Khadija Fabiola Varna. Okay, Khadija, okay. Khadija
Ali, what the other one and from the men,
Abu Bakar. I'll answer that when I put my hand up.
Who is the best person after Abu Bakr after Abu Bakr, who comes next in the list of the companions? Who is the best? The best of all the companions is? Abu Bakr right? We know that. Yeah, Abu Bakar is the best of all of the companions. He's the best one of all of them. Who is the best one after Abu Bakr. Omar, probably Allah when what happened with the story of
what happened with the story of Omar
was our friendly towards Islam
in the beginning
I was not friendly.
He was not friendly towards Islam at all.
And in fact that they said that
he wanted to kill the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam or he had in his mind that he was going to
hurt the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam
and he came to his sister's house
and he found something very surprising.
What do you think he found?
He found that they had become Muslim and he found them reading the Quran.
So he took it
and already almost hot it started to go soft, slowly, the prophet size and just to make sure he was making to Allah for Allah to help the religion with one of the two armors and Allah chose for the religion American caught up.
When Omar came to become Muslim, they thought that he'd come to harm the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam but Hamza was there Hamza said, if he's come to harm him, I'm going to take care of him.
But when he came, he came to the Prophet size seven he told him he wants to become a Muslim and he gave the Shahada eyeshadow Allah Illallah
Muhammad Rasul Allah.
And when Omar became Muslim, what do you think happened to the Muslims? How did things change for them in Macau when he became Muslim?
A little bit more stronger because they said that before that they didn't used to pray at the cabinet as a group.
Because it was very hard for them. They used to get attacked and they used to get hurt.
But when armor became Muslim, they came out one day with Omar and Hamza, one at the front and one at the back.
And they came to the cabinet and they prayed to Allah, the cabinet.
So Herman he became a very, very good Muslim, and he became the best of all of the Muslims after Abubakar rhodiola.
But did the situation in market improve enough for the Muslims to stay there?
Did it become good enough for Muslims to live there? What do you think why wasn't good enough?
So I told you last time, that what happened in this situation is that the Muslim started to look for a way out
a way to escape Mecca. The Prophet sighs him had been too tall if, which is next to Makkah, but he didn't get anything.
He didn't get any chance to stay there. The people didn't accept him in life. And we said that some of the Muslims had gone to which country
they had gone to know.
habits a habit. I was senior.
And they had gone twice, right. They went, they came back again. And then a bigger number they went we told you about this last time.
But even then, there was nowhere for the Muslims to go.
And I told you the people used to come to Mecca for the Hajj, right, every year,
one year when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam was
around about 52 years old.
A large group of people had come from Medina. So before that, what had happened, a small number had come.
And they had accepted Islam. And the prophet SAW Selim, who did he send back with them. He sent a very famous Sahabi back with him.
Most I've ever made. He sent Musab in Romania, as the first ambassador in Islam, the first one to go and he sent him to Medina. With those few people that became Muslim. He sent him to Medina, to teach the people about Islam and to invite the people to Islam. And in the end, a large number of people ended up becoming Muslim.
In fact, so many people became Muslim. And inshallah, when we do the stories of Sahaba, we do story of Masada or mayor and you can hear more about insha Allah, that actually so many people became Muslim, that the situation in Medina became that they were ready to accept the Prophet slice for them to come to Medina.
They were willing there was enough people that they said yeah, there's enough of us and the chiefs and the tribes men and the people in charge that they wanted to welcome the Prophet so I tell him to come to Medina leave Makkah and come to Medina. So is that what happened?
Why certainteed straightaway, when they came in, they said to him, come to Medina said, okay, and he just left like that. What do you think? If you give an answer you have to give an answer why?
And your answer why has to include the name of another prophet.
for permission from Allah and was the name of the other prophet Yunus. Yunus. So what happened to Yunus, Yunus left before he was told right, Yunus left the town before Allah gave him permission to leave, before Allah gave him permission to leave Yunus left. And then he went on the ship, and then the ship was sinking and they threw him overboard and the whale ate him. He was eaten by the fish.
So the Prophet seisen didn't leave without permission. He was waiting for permission from Allah, many other companions were able to go slowly, in numbers, you know, few more, and a few more, and a few more. But you know, when they went, they had to leave all their families behind. They had to leave their money behind that leave everything for Allah.
That's hard, right?
Most of us, most of us, I don't see all of us quite imagined because some of us experienced that this people who experienced that kind of situation of leaving your family behind and leaving your money behind and leaving your house behind. But not many people go through that kind of difficulty. It's very hard for them. But the prophets I stayed in Medina. He stayed, he stayed in Macau. He stayed in Macau waiting for permission from Allah.
when he was 53 years old.
So how many years have you been in Makkah?
When did he start becoming a prophet?
14, and he was there until 53. So what does that make?
1313 years in Makkah. Now want to ask you before we talk about Medina, I want to ask you,
I want to ask you.
What was the teaching like in Macau? What kinds of things was the profit slice on teaching the people? Now we said that Salah was very late to Israel, remember the straw? We made a large?
We said it happened very late.
It happened very, very late.
51 years old, approximately.
He was. So for that first 11 years. What was he teaching people? Generally what kind of things? Was he teaching them about?
To be Muslim? I like that. That's a very good answer to be Muslim. Yes. Use what do you think?
teaching them okay. Yeah, teaching them and still there was no Hajj there was no walking around the cabin. Not at least not the way we know. Now as Muslims. There wasn't.
I mean, people used to go around the Kaaba but it wasn't like we know now in Islam.
The basics so what are the basics of Islam? What basics? Was he teaching?
believing in Allah? That's a very good answer about belief in Allah. If you look at the sources that were revealed in Makkah from the Quran, they always talking about Allah. Can you give me an example of a source that was revealed in Makkah?
Can anyone give me an example of a surah? That was revealed in Makkah?
which part not the whole Quran somos Medina, some maka, which part was revealed that give me an example of a soldier that was revealed in Makkah.
called who Allah who I had
all about Allah, Who is Allah?
Why do you think a person needs that before they need to know how to go to hygiene, how to give zakah and all this different stuff like that?
Why do they need to know about Allah first? Yes.
It gives them the basics and it makes them strong makes their heart strong.
Because there's a lot of tests. So the Muslims weren't fighting in Makkah. They weren't doing the five daily prayers until the very end. There was no Zakah there was no fasting Ramadan. There was no Hajj like not I mean, there was a Hajj but it wasn't the hygiene of Islam, the Islamic the proper hygiene that we know now.
All the people were learning about Allah. And what does that show you that you have to get the basics right. You have to
To learn your basics about Allah, about Islam, about what you believe, stories of the prophets as well,
to make the people's hearts strong, so that they will be strong enough to be able to leave their houses. And to go on this big journey from Mecca to Medina. Does anyone know how far away? It is from Medina?
Roughly? What do you think?
No, it's made by plane it's by plane one hour? Maybe?
It doesn't take 16 years now. You're gonna give me a if I said one hour by playing 16 years? Yes, a
little bit more than two hours.
How many times you guys have been there back and forth?
No, but by photo by up to about by car, if I get it by my car now from MK and I drive to Medina How long? It's going to take me? Roughly.
Okay, for three to four hours, about four hours is going to take it's around about 400 kilometres a little bit more than 400 kilometers. What's that in miles? Anybody know? I'm divided by 1.6 200, something 200?
To 250, something like that. 200? I don't know. Anyway, it's somewhere around around that amount. So it's quite far, is quite far. And it is a long journey. And they say that if you did it in that time of the Prophet, so I said,
it took a long time. And it took weeks, it didn't take like a day or two. It took a long time. And you had to have
you had to have you know your things with you. There's not like there's a service station or a hotel on the road, you can stop off and stay in the hotel. Yeah, you have to go by camo. And it's very, very, very difficult. And you imagine you have to put all your things as well, you're leaving for good, you're not going to come back again. So when you leave in for good, it's not easy to bring everything right. It's not easy to take everything. So when the Prophet sighs headlam he got permission to go. Finally.
The non Muslims, they made a decision.
The non Muslims in Makkah, they made a decision.
Or they decide, go on to kill the Prophet. So I said that. They said, That's it finished. We're going to kill him.
So they made a plan that they were going to surround his house.
And they were going to kill him. Which profit Do you know which profit that happened to that that was going to happen to as well. And Allah saved him.
There was a profit and they all were going to kill him all at the same time. So that they couldn't blame one person for it.
Go on man.
Okay, Mohammed. So I said no problem, but I'm saying which other profit?
profit profit nebby.
No, he said, he says good. Guess what? You're right about a circus. They tried to kill us as well.
Sorry, profits slyly that they said that they were going to surround his house.
They were going to say what Marsha hated me. Luckily, we didn't. We didn't see who killed his family. They were going to all hit him at the same time so that they said they didn't blame anybody for it. So they decided to surround the house of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
But they weren't successful. The prophets lie some had escaped from his house by the permission of Allah. And he had gone, gone outside of Makkah, just outside of Mecca, and who did decide to take with him on the journey? And who did he leave behind in his bed? That's my question. Who did he decide to take behind take on his journey with him? And who did he leave behind in his bed? Because he had to leave someone behind? Right? He has to leave someone behind so that the people don't know that he left
karma who did he take with him?
And who did he leave behind?
Who did he leave behind? I do have a lot of wine. So he left alley behind so when they all jumped in the morning to get hold of him.
Who did they get hold of? Ollie? They got hold of Alibaba Taliban. He said I know him I'm not him. So they let him go.
Then the profit sighs I've had gone out to Makkah and Esmeralda Allahu Allah who is a smart
she's I should have
Sister to be exact. Yeah she's not she's a she's half sister. So she's our workers daughter. But her mom is not the same as I she's mom. She's a she's half sister, as much as much used to go out and bring food for her father Abubakar and for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, she's to go and bring food for them.
But now the non Muslim they decide to chase the prophets. So we're going to find him we're going to get hold of him on the road and we're going to kill him.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he took a different path. He didn't take the path to Medina. He went around towards the coast. So they got confused about where he was, but they chased after him.
They chased after him and Abu Bakr and him they set off towards Medina. And the non Muslims were chasing them to try and catch them. try and stop them. Because they know when they reach Medina, the people in Medina are ready for them. They're going to welcome them, the people in Medina, they're going to welcome them. So they chased him out towards
the chase him towards Medina. And many things happen on the road. Many, many things happen on the road, but we just going to mention a few of them.
We're gonna mention a few of them. One of the things was a lot of things happen when they were chasing them. So one of the things is that there was a man who was chasing the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam.
And every time he got near his riding animal, it would just
it would just go and
just fall down.
Then he would pull it and he would try to go faster and go and get we just go down like that. And there was a time when they caught aboubaker.
And they said to Abu bakkar, who is this with you?
So what did Abu Bakar say? Our worker said something very clever. That he said it's Mohammed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
He didn't What did he say? But he can't tell a lie. Right? You can't lie. Islam doesn't let you lie. So what did he say?
What do you think?
closed? Close. Close. Is my guide.
He said he's my guide. He's showing me the way. Okay, who can be who can figure it out? Then? He's my guide who's showing me the way he showed me the way What does it mean? Show me the way.
Okay, that's what they thought. They thought like a GPS telling me which way to go. That's what they thought. Well, I say exactly what they thought. But what did Abubakar mean? He does not what he meant. What do you think?
No, no, that's what they thought. That's the same as what your brother said. That's what they thought. But that's not what he really meant.
He's guiding me the way to gender. He's guiding me about Islam. He's guiding me to the Serato stuck him, but instead, they thought he was just the person who was showing him the way. And the famous story of the cave. Definitely, you've heard the story of the cave.
Fan, his name is Homer, Phil Hall, is he a coolie sahibi. He later has an in Allaha Marina
who wants to try and give you if you can remember you can tell me and then we can see if we got some things to add to remember.
Allah is with us, allies with us.
And they came to the cave.
And some of the scholars said that there was a spider that covered the the mouth of the cave. Some of them said this that they couldn't take with the cobwebs they couldn't see inside. But the main thing is that they didn't get caught and indicate if something happened to Abu Bakar
will happen to him. He got stung by a scorpion on his foot.
He got stung by a scorpion on his foot. And the Prophet seisen was resting his head
and the profitsystem fell asleep. And at that time Abu Bakar got stung by a scorpion on his foot is that painful right? hurts a lot. I did a while back I didn't move he stayed still because he didn't want to disturb the Prophet sizer. So he stayed still until the his tears were running from his eyes. And they were dripping on the profit slicer and then he realized and then the profit size and he on it and he wiped over it and then it went away the pain went away by the permission of a light switch.
So after all of that they finally reached towards Medina we're not going to tell everything cuz we're just going to give an idea we just want to get an idea later on. We can go into details in other classes in the future inshallah. We can talk about all of the details, but for now we just want to get a general idea
So they went and they reach Medina.
And generally how do you think that people of Medina were? How did they feel? What do you think? How is the people of Medina when the Prophet size Lmk? What do
you think they were sad? We think they were happy.
You think they were happy? Huh? What do you think you said, happy? What do you think? They were very happy and very excited because many of them had become Muslim.
But Medina was a completely different place.
Medina was a completely different place. These people had all left their families.
They had left their homes, and they come into a new city, I want you to imagine that you're like this. How would you feel?
How would you feel? you've left your city, you've left your house. You've left your family. You've been traveling for weeks in the desert. And you've arrived in this place. You don't know anybody there. You don't know anyone. It's all new to you. You don't have a house there. You don't have a hotel to stay in. You don't have a place you don't have. You are coming with nothing. Maybe all your money you left when you escaped from Makkah.
So how were those people feel? Yes.
Yeah, they will probably say they will probably. It was very hard for them. So there needs to be the Prophet size and had to do something to take care of them.
Yeah, people will feel homesick. So what the prophet sighs 17 he made brothers. Between the people he made people into brothers. So everyone from Makkah gets paired with a brother from Medina. And that brother has to kind of look after them and take care of them. Everyone gets like we say, Ah, ha, Badal Mahajan, you know, when
he made brothers between them, oh, hygiene and hygiene other people coming from Makkah. And unsolved, who had unsolved
people who live in Medina.
But what how did that affect the people in Medina? Then? If someone comes and someone says to you, okay, he's your brother. Now look after him.
Does that affect you?
What do you think? What do you think?
You feel excited? For what is the effect what's difficult for you?
to like, look after them and like you have to give up your things that you like and you love.
And that's why Allah azza wa jal told us about these people. And he said, Well, you have your own Allah and foresee him well Oh, can I be him? kasasa they gave up what they needed, even though they they when they needed it, they gave it up. And that's why one of the best things you can do for someone in Islam is to give up something that's yours to help somebody else. Dennis now what I mean, give up something that's yours, to help someone else. Maybe you have something that's yours and you give it to help somebody else. And that's what they did. And the very first thing the prophet SAW him Did he didn't arrive in Medina to start with he arrived in a small
place outside of Medina called coda. And what was the very first thing that he did? What do you think if you move to a new place? What's the first thing you're going to do?
What do you think? You've just moved to a new place? What's the first thing you're going to look for? A house?
No money a job. can look for a job right?
The first thing you're going to do when you come to a new place is to
find food. Okay?
You might be surprised.
Look for friend. Okay.
What do you think? We lead with you?
Okay, so I'm going to show you around, build a message. Okay. The very first thing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did is he looked for a place to build a Masjid. What does that tell us about the masjid in Islam
is very important. The very first thing the Prophet seven did
is he built a message what was the first message he built?
What do you think?
No, that's good. Know what she says a good idea like inhabit Shelley might have built a message, Bantu about the profits I sell what the first message that he built. Mr. Cooper. How many of you been to Mr. Cooper?
You too have been Have you? Any of you been to Medina?
You've been to Medina, you've definitely been to masuku I'm sure if you've been Timothy, how has he been through the night? You haven't said? Are you a little Okay.
So Mr. Cobra, but he didn't stay in Cobra for very long before he went into Medina itself. And in Medina, what was the first thing that he did?
To fill the budget? Yeah. So when when the very first thing that he did was to build his message and messenger never we, the masjid of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa send them
the message, if you been to the messenger of the Prophet size is huge, right? It's really, really big. Do you think it was big in his time? Do you think he built it like that? With a million people can play inside or half a million people can fit inside was very small, was very, very small. And you think it was big, made of marble and stones and pillars and big, you know, like, do you think there was any AC
was the carpet
there wasn't any of those things. It was sand on the floor. It was made of very simple.
Like the fibers and things like that was made a very, very simple materials. It wasn't like it is today. Today it's called huge. In those days, it was very small, but it was the center of everything that happened in Medina. It was the center. And I want to tell you a little bit just give me a minute, I want to tell you a little bit about the people who were in Medina, so that you guys have an understanding of what the people were like, who were in Medina. So in Medina, there were really
let's say three groups of people. Let's say just to make it simple. Let's make a simple essay. There were three groups of people.
Well, let's start with two groups. And then we'll go We'll break it down. We'll start with two groups. There were the unsolved
you guys listening?
There were the unsolved
the Muslims in Medina, the Muslims in Medina, okay.
And the answer they were two tribes. One tribe was called Laos. And one tribe was called as Raj
and also has Raj Can you remember that else? No. Because okay.
Just remember there were two two tribes
and then there were a lot of Jews in Medina
yahood there were a lot of Jews in Medina Why were there a lot of Jews This is a really interesting question. Why there were not many I mean, there weren't any Jews in Makkah. Why were they all of the Jews? Why were they all in Medina? It's really important question why were they in Medina?
Okay, I think you know part of the story but we go in ahead like you said like, they were causing problems for people they were they were causing problems for people but that's a bit ahead of the story. Like why did they come and live in Medina?
It's very important question.
I like it's good answer. It's not quite right. It's a good right. It's a good answer. He said it's a rich place. It was a place with a lot of dates. Definitely. Hello dates and farming. It was a place for farming. So what was my place for we said in our first Syrah lesson, what was a marketplace for
maca was a place for what? What were people doing in Makkah?
trading business. Yeah, it was Business Center for Business trading, buying and selling, buying and selling. What was Medina place for farming? dates, especially dates, best dates you can get as Medina dates. He had dates from Medina. So it was a place of mostly farming.
But why would the Jews there?
Why they settled in that place? It's not like they lived there the whole time. They came there to live for a reason.
Who were they waiting for?
Not because it was safer. They were waiting for something.
They were waiting for a profit.
See the Jews are a people who which who was their profit originally? Who who would Where did they? I mean, at the end of the day, all the prophets were Muslim, right? We explained all the prophets were Muslim, but who was the Prophet that they looked up to that they had as their prophet that they were following
Musa Musa and the prophets who came after Musa Tao, Suleiman you Shabbat noon,
So they were following those prophets.
So they had some knowledge of Islam, right? Would you say that's true? What do you think? Libya? Do you think?
You don't know what
you think is true. They had some knowledge about Islam.
Because they knew about Moosa, they knew about dowload, they knew about Sulayman. They knew about many of the prophets, Harun, they knew about heroin.
They knew about they didn't accept ERISA. Right?
guys understand that they didn't, they didn't accept a set, they didn't believe in Isa.
They didn't believe they didn't accept them.
But there are many prophets they believed in. So they had some knowledge, they knew that there was a prophet that was going to come.
And they knew that the Prophet was going to come was going to come to a place which grew dates.
So all of the major places that grew data, they went there.
They went to
They went to
they went to Medina, they went to certain places where they had they thought maybe this is the place where this prophet is going to come? Where did that what did they think about that? prophet? What imagine I'm not, it doesn't matter. If you don't know the story, I'm telling you think about it. What do you think they thought? What did they think that Prophet was going to be?
What do you think?
from them, right? They thought that profit was going to be another Jew, like them, who is going to come with another part of Judaism, another part of their religion, I was going to basically make them in charge of everybody, right.
And they were waiting to be in charge of all of these Arab tribes, they really wanted to be in charge of them. They wanted to be in control of them, they were waiting for it. They were waiting. And they used to make fun of them. And they used to say to them, like you said, use of you said, they used to make fun. They used to make fun of them used to say when the Prophet comes, watch what we're going to do to you.
Watch what we're going to do to you and the day the profits going to come, we're going to take care of you people, we're going to be in charge of all of you because the profit is going to come from us. They thought the profit was going to come from them.
How do you imagine they felt when they saw the Prophet came from
those Arab tribes.
He didn't come from them. He wasn't a Jew, like them.
The whole world tipped upside down, right?
Everything they had planned for just went backwards upside down, they had planned everything they used to tell each other when the profits gonna come, we are going to take care of you people, we're going to be in charge of you, we're going to be the ones who are going to run the show because he's going to be one of us. Now imagine the person you've been saying that to the Prophet comes, and he's with them not with you.
So they had a choice to make?
Shall we believe
and join with those unsaved people? And sorry, people? Should we go together with them and join with them and be friends with them? And we all be Muslims?
Shall we go on the other side.
And they made a solid decision. Most of them not all of them. Some became Muslim, but many of them made the decision. They said that we're going to make the decision, we're not going to believe in him. And we're not going to follow him. We're going to be his enemy.
And they made a lot of trouble for the people in Medina.
And some of them made trouble in a very, very dangerous way. What they did is they pretended to be Muslim.
They came in they said today they said we Muslim.
They came and they said we Muslim, just like you
and then at the end of the day, they used to say we don't believe in Islam anymore.
And try to confuse people and make people want to go out from
make people want to go out from Islam.
And they used to hide about being non Muslim and try to make problems for people. And some of them became Muslim. There were people among them there were some who became Muslim. A lot told us about in the Quran.
But generally a lot of them they decided to become enemies of the Muslims.
So Medina was different
I want you to tell me some of the ways Medina was different from Makkah.
As many as you can, I want you to guys I wish were alive. I'm wishing that we can get the people on YouTube to share but we don't because it's a kids class we don't have a way to make them involved. It doesn't let us take the answers from them or things like that. So I want you guys who are sitting in the masjid I want you guys to give me some ideas how was Medina different from Makkah? all the ways you can think that Medina was different from any way any way you can think it was different from Makkah? Yes.
Okay, so it was welcoming. maca was hostile he had mccobb people with enemies your enemies of you. Medina was welcoming karate think.
Okay, so maca was mostly trading and Medina was all about farming. But when the people came from Macau What did they bring to Medina? trade? Yeah, they went to the marketplace. And they started buying and selling and they started to try to you started trading as well.
Yeah, so the people in Mecca Medina different. Generally, moko was full of idol worship as they used to worship the sun and the trees and the stars, whereas Medina was Al Kitab there were Jews there and there was some people who were idol worship as well. But generally most of the people accepted Muslim accepted Islam became Muslim and the rest of them they were the Jews, Jewish tribes that were there.
Yeah, Medina was a place of dates. Medina was a place of dates that's how they knew the Prophet was going to come there.
What about the rules in Medina? What about Islam? How did Islam become different in Medina?
It was definitely a difficult journey for them it was a big journey for them was a big journey for them.
How did the rules change? How is Islam different?
So they so isn't it the big difference that the Muslims now Islam started to have lots more rules. Lots more do and don't. Can you tell me some things that happened in Medina that didn't happen in Makkah, some of the rules. So in Macau, what did we have believing in Allah? and praying at the end of the time in Mecca, praying five times a day right?
What things what new rules happened in Medina?
That was in Makkah and they change to become Muslim. They're not going to go back to wishman stars again, are they? Yes, good.
A lot of things in the halal and haram they were halal and haram in Makkah but the rules were very small. in Medina the rules became more So can you tell me some things that that that were different that when you in Medina
What do you think? Amano What do you think?
What are you wearing?
Hey, Job was new in Medina. They didn't have a job in Makkah.
When they came to Medina, Allah azza wa jal revealed the ayat of the hijab what else was new in Medina that was different
what was Haram in Medina that was not Haram in Makkah for example.
Later we talk about that more Yeah.
Okay, yeah, more rules about outcomes on to a job right about separating between men and women.
What's the most famous thing What are Muslims not allowed to drink?
Alcohol I Medina.
here in Medina was revealed you can't drink How was alcohol made? haram? First of all, Eliza gel told them you can't come to the prayer when you are drunk. And then Allah told them they can't drink alcohol at all and they pulled the alcohol on the floor. They just pulled it in the sand.
Very good. What else can you into Islam zeca.
fasting Ramadan Hajj
hedge like the Muslims do not the hedge that they used to do in Jamelia.
most of the rules of Islam the details came in Medina.
What about fighting?
Did the Muslims used to fight in Macau when people used to hurt them and attack them? Did they used to fight back in Mecca? I know you fight back in any way.
No problem. Did they used to fight back in Mecca? No. What did we say about the family of Yasser? What did the Prophet say some say to them sobre la Asad for enumerator enumerator, common agenda. Be patient or family of Yasser, you're going to go to Jenna, they didn't fight back. When did they start fighting back?
who was in charge in Makkah?
who was in charge of the city?
No, not in Makkah.
If the Russell was in charge in Mecca, he wouldn't have left.
allies in charge of everything but who which which people were running mcca
Quraysh the people who are the enemies of the Prophet sighs heaven the non Muslims they were in control in Makkah, who was it who was in charge in Medina? Now you can answer
a lot no doubt who is in charge in Medina which person? The Russell slicin the Russell Solari said the prophets lie Selim he was in charge in
he was in charge in Medina. So now the rules of Islam started to become many. And there were many famous battles all the battles in Islam happen after
the Hydra. And what was what else did we get from the Hydra? Something very important we got from the Hydra. The when the profitsystem came to Medina, what started
I'm not talking about rules or regulations was a cow Hodge, something very important started.
The Muslims could fight back. Something else.
It's very important for the topic of Sierra,
the calendar, the Muslim calendar,
what's our calendar called? what we call the calendar?
The Hindery calendar?
Because it's based on what
what's the year is based on? What was your number one?
Was your number one the year the profitsystem was born. Right? Isn't that how the krisztian calendar supposed to be? Your number one is the year that a cell was born and now we're in 20. What are we in 2020 2020? Any 2020 years after they say that Isa was born, but they probably almost definitely rocks, they don't even know when he was born. You definitely don't get caught up on the 25th of December, I can tell you that now.
You don't get soft dates growing on trees in the 25th of December. So for sure, they don't know when he was born. But that's when they say that he was born. So what about our HD calendar? Is it based on when the Prophet slicin was born?
When he made heater, that's when it's based on the year that he made hegira. So now the Hijri year is Hijri. Year number.
Year number one.
It was your number.
Your number one.
And so now, when when we were talking about timing mcca How were we talking about? things? How are we speaking about events? We were talking about how many years are either we talk about the age of the profits this morning was 5153 50 to 50.
We talk about what
what's our like? How do we measure what year was
what year was the profit slice and born?
The year of the elephant. So we don't have even numbers for the years. We just have the year of the elephant and the year of the Prophet hood than the year when he was 53. And they we don't have even a proper we talk usually about lbs the time when he became a prophet two years before he became a prophet two years after he became a prophet 10 years after he became a prophet.
But after Medina, we talk about everything
in terms of the hijra, so what is the Hijri year and what is the Hijri? Does anyone know what month we're in right now? Hey, Judy months.
Have you got it in front of you on the calendar, you put your hand up? So definitely you're like, Oh, you got it.
Okay, first of all, what month are we in right now?
You're looking doubtful. We had a football on it. How can we not be on right now?
Okay. 1442 That's brilliant. Fine. 1442 excellent. What month is it?
He's looking at the clock The clock switched off in the background.
I'll give you a clue. A very good clue. The month we are in right now.
2020 2020 It's got nothing to do with the hegira he writes like your brother said 1442
the month we're in right now is the month of prophets lie Selim.
meet each other in
Acts obviously not
sure it's not Ramadan right now.
100% Sure. It's not Ramadan right now.
It's gonna be an hour. We're in revere. A well.
The Prophet Simon was born on which day? What day was he born?
I don't see the date. We don't know the date. We don't know the date. Exactly. I think the strongest date is the eighth but there is difference of opinion.
What day he was born on a Monday. What day did he leave Makkah?
What day did he arrive in Medina on a Monday okay.
The prophets lie Selim.
He arrived in Medina
and the Hijri year started so now everything we talk about in Islam. So how many years ago was it the Prophet size from arrived in Medina
1442 years ago.
Wow, that's a long time.
That's a long time.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam arrived in Medina and as we spoke about
we spoke about how the life in Medina was
was different. I don't want to talk too much about the battles the battles I want to do next week. Next week I want to do all about the battles the Muslims did because they're all different.
All the different battles that the Muslims Did
I just want to talk a little bit about
who do you think joined before we stop? Who do you think joined the Muslims in now who started now Medina is the Center for Islam now right?
Medina is the center of Islam. So who do you think now got news and came to Medina?
What do you think? Do you have an idea?
What do you think?
Muslims from all around? Where were the some Muslims who had left Morocco where were they?
At the senior also? Yeah, also they
half of them any who would come from Abyssinia.
and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. In our first year he started to live with Arusha. Robbie Allahu anhu. So now how many wives the Prophet sites have have until now until this part of the story we first wife was
tomix wife and the one who looked after him when he was small and he weeks all of
his first wife was Khadija who is his first wife, Khadija rhodiola Juana when Khadija died he married
soda or the Aloha and then he married
our issue of the Aloha
But he didn't live with her until after the move to Medina until after the move to Medina then they started to live together. The Prophet slicin was with eyeshadow, viola and her and I she learned so much from the prophets a lot. I said,
What was it known for?
What How? What was it known for going? Costco honesty Christian going?
teaching? Okay, good.
What she known for?
What do you think
the amount of Heidi's generated lots and lots of Hadeeth
what else she was very clever. She was extremely, extremely clever. And she had a very, very good memory. And so when she lived with the Prophet sighs um, she learned everything that he used to do. And she memorized what he used to do, how he used to behave, what he used to say. And then all her life and she lived for a long time. She lived for a long time after the Prophet size and she died.
four or 556, something like that after the age of one. So she lived for a long time, while the other one she lived for a long time. And all that time she was telling what the prophet sighs and said what he did. She became one of the big scholars of Islam.
The big scholars of Islam, who taught people about Islam, transmitted Hadith. So somebody should learn from her example, how she used to memorize what the prophet slicin said she's to ask him questions.
She learned so much from him that she used to teach people about Islam, especially when the Prophet slicin died. She's a teacher, people about Islam.
One of the other things that was new in Medina that we didn't talk about was the event. Does anyone know the story of that event? How did they advance who gives the event here? Who have you guys give their that you give the example I've seen you give the news of use if you give it as well? Sometimes not yet. Back home. Okay. So I want to ask a question. You give the idea and where did they start from?
It's a very nice story a story of a very nice story.
No, I keep telling you what ko is very simple. maccha there was just a very, very basics Yes, use of God in Medina. And how did that come about? So the Muslims, once I sit down, sit down, the Muslims had to decide a way to call the people to the Salah is at that time. Okay, so that time
Okay, are we good to start again? All right, so we're talking about the event
in the beginning, I'm going to tell you a little bit and then you're going to fill in the rest in the beginning of Islam.
When the people came to Medina, they used to guess the prayer time. And when the prayer time came close, they used to come to the masjid I must be around. Let's all go to the masjid is it
He lost the microphone.
So what about the words of a low echo? Echo, Echo.
Echo, Echo Echo? What does it mean?
To many people?
one, okay. It's kind of
allies, the greatest
allies greater than everything, whatever you think of a lot of lies greater than that. Allahu Akbar was greater than that. So be careful to keep
allies greater than that.
A lot of love like
he had to either hide in the lower
kind of I know it's difficult to translate. I know, you know what it means in Arabic? Yes.
What does it mean ash? Abdullah ilaha illAllah.
When you're seeing you're seeing a shadow, and I'm seeing some, I mean, why do you say
no, this is how you answer that. Yes.
There is no God. That should be worshipped except Allah.
So when you pray you only pray to Allah when you make the eyes and you make dua to Allah when I try to I don't know Mohammed or Rasulullah
I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah hyla sada now this is the bit you said Hayato Sadat
common pre come up free. Hey Ireland.
how you going to give the
What do you think? success? success, success.
This is solid, higher solid, highly come to success called f law. How do we know? The believers are successful? alladhina houfy Salatu him? Cause you will come to success. Then Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Allah is the Greatest allies the greatest La ilaha illAllah. Okay, in the Kaaba, we add one word we say.
called the column it's one of
there's no point looking back with
dad to answer the question. Yes.
telling everyone so I'm going to start calm. I just saw the size and the size. Now stand up, everybody stand up, everyone make a
Next lesson is Sharla.
Next lesson, inshallah we're going to talk about, we're still going to talk about CLR. We're going to talk about the battles that the Prophet slicin to party,
because we can't finish it off in one time, then talk about the battles when we finish CLR. I'm going to do something though, I'm going to do a quiz. And I'm going to do boys again skills, I think.
So we have to finish first story in Medina and the battles.
And then all what we've done, who is your Lord? Who is your prophet? What is your religion?
Before Prophethood life in Makkah life in Medina, and the battles the Prophet slicin took part in.
We're going to do all of them.
And then we're going to do a quiz.
And we're going to see who can answer the quiz who's going to get the answers right. The people at home can play with their families as long as they can have it see if the adults can win off the kids are going to win.
We should do adults against the kids without a tsunami.
I don't think the adults
gonna ask difficult questions.
So you have to remember who's got questions now, guys who's got questions before we start for Sala Yes.
All the girls they traveled with their family, right? It's a very good question. So I should question was, what happened to the girls if the boys became brothers? What happened to the girls? Mostly the girls travel with their family. So they had like their dad with them. They had their brother with them. They had
their husband with them.
So the girls were posting with their family.
Yes, you saw your question.
The prophets I send them he didn't take one specific person as a to beat up to be that close person, but he stayed with different people. So he stayed at one time with you, but I'm sorry, or Viola are some different people.
But he didn't take one person because then that would be like, he could have his one person like that he was there for everybody. What who else had a question?
Was that a question? Yes, Mark. Just said he.
Did any children go with who with the prophet SAW a lot of violence.
Not when he went by himself because he is they came with it. It became with other people. They came with it they came with other
with other people with Hamza
but they didn't come with the Prophet slicin he came to an Abu Bakr by the his family they came separately
because remember, he had to wait for permission from Allah. And also for his family. It wasn't so hard for them to be able to leave. For him it was very hard to meet, so they can easily
pull with other people from the family members.
That make for today.
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