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Buloogh al-Maram – The Book of Zakah, Lesson 05 – Hadeeth 484 (c)

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Tim Humble

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Call

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me see one.

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Caller Tune in howdy Salwa.

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Dini

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kana fi 100 rely on build alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Abdullah he was suli Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ajmeri. So we continue with the hadith of Anna's in Bulova muram and Kitab zakka. And we have reached as far as the discussion on silver.

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Before that, or before we get into the discussion on silver in sha Allah, Who Tada, I want to just to cover a few

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sort of outstanding issues that we haven't spoken about. The first one is we've been talking about camels, and we've been talking about sheep. And so far, we haven't spoken about Eritrea bar and hold the passing of one year.

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And the reason we haven't spoken about that yet is it hasn't come into Hadeeth. It's going to come in a future Heidi, but just for the inshallah to Allah, we will get to it shortly. But just for the purpose of the lesson so that everyone is clear, when it comes to the camels and the sheep, there is still what we call consideration given for the passing of a year. And that's true in almost all of the kinds of soccer with limited exceptions we're going to talk about, but generally speaking in most of the kinds of soccer, we have to have this condition, which is we say or we refer to it is as either hyla Allah in Islamic Hijri passes.

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So that means that it's not the first time let's say for example, someone has 39

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sheep, for example, they have 39 sheep, it's not the case that the first day that they go and buy the 14th sheep, and then now they have 40 sheep, that now there's a case jus upon them. That's not the case. Rather The case is that is when a year has passed by. So they have the new sod the minimum amount, and a year has passed by. However, there are a lot of issues around that consideration of a year. Like for example, when do you

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When do you gather things together? When do you bring things together that you have added during the year. So to give an example.

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A person let's say, has an investment for example. And that investment returns money during the year at different times. When is that consideration given the salary that comes monthly? When is that consideration given somebody swaps,

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let's say camels for camels. So they they they sell 10 of their camels in return for 15 have a different kind of camel, for example. So all of these are things that we have to come to later on. But just the general concept is that a year has to pass by and that year is a three year.

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Also, it's a we haven't spoken yet about our old ecthr the goods that our business goods or trade goods. So here when we've been talking about camels and sheep, we've been talking about camels and sheep that are not trade goods, in the sense that the person is raising camels and sheep, they are raising them. And they it's not the case that I have bought these 10 camels to sell these 10 camels.

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Next year, for example, I've bought them for the purpose of selling them, or these are set aside for the purpose of selling them. They are the camels that are part of that's what the person does. They're a camel herder. That's their, you know, that's the kind of property they have, or they're a shepherd or a sheep or an owner of sheep, for example. So it's not here, we're not talking about the ones that are prepared for trade. We're not talking about the trade goods. And by the trade goods, trade goods could be anything, which could be for example, cause it could be houses, but it's something that the intention is to sell it it's being prepared to be sold, it's prepared for for

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sale, those trade goods, we can come to them later on inshallah to Allah and those trade goods, whether they're camels or sheep or cars or houses or anything else. They have a different ruling. So the camels here are not taken in the normal way. Rather, the value of those camels is considered and as a case paid

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Upon the value of the camels are not upon the camels themselves, like where you take from the foot from

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every five camels or sheep, so on and then from 25. camels, you take

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been to my hub, for example, as we've learned in the Hadeeth, we're not when we're talking about trade goods, trade goods are a completely different category. So we want to make it clear that we're not when we're talking about camels and sheep in the previous lessons, we're not talking about those which are prepared for trade.

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It's also also mentioned last time, at tastes.

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That the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam excluded what our tastes, not the taste, and I translated the taste as a rum. Actually, the original word tastes in the Arabic language refers to the male goat. Now, if you remember we said when we're talking about sheep, in the in the Hadith about zeca, the shot the one that they actually apply to sheep and goats. And you know, all of that class of animal the sheep's goats are the variations of sheep and goats, if a reply applies to all of them.

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Now, here, we said the taste is generally the male goat, it's the male, the male goat. However, it's also mentioned in some of the ahaadeeth tastes a little one that tastes from the random and the random is the shadow is the is the button. And Alas, it refers to both the goats and the sheep, or the sheep and the goats. So we said here that whether you translate it as a rum or a billy goat, it doesn't really make any difference, because the principle is the same not to take the male that is used for the male that is used for breeding. So you don't take the male that is used for breeding. And we said, there are two reasons why you don't take the male that is used for breeding. One of

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them is because the meal that is used for breeding is useful to the owner. So it's harmful to the owner to take away the meal that he uses for breeding his animals. And also, it's harmful to the person who is receiving there's a car because the person receiving the car doesn't get the same value for the male as they would for the female. So we said in general, there's a car as it relates to

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camels, and as it relates to sheep and goats, is generally paid in female sheep, goats and female camels.

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We spoke about an exception to that which we had mentioned in the Hadith.

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Regarding the one who doesn't have the been to Muhammad, the female bent mccobb camel, but he has a blue lagoon. He has a granola bone. So he has a male camel, which is a year older than he can give the male camel which is a year older as we already come to in the Hadith, but generally speaking, we've understood that camels and sheep are both given female so we're talking about female sheep, female goats and female camels, she camels.

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We now come to the part of the Hadith that deals with silver and we're going to also talk a little bit about money although that will also come later on. So through to the parts of the Hadith he talks about Silva, the Prophet slicin said were filled with party fee me at Durham rulership for Islam. taekwon Inlet is in our mere philosophy has sada Illa Anisha or Buddha.

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So we'll deal with this part first. The Prophet sighs um, said Pharaoh,

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or Rica, it refers to silver, and it's also called an

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L Word.

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It's called alpha, and it's called a Rekha and it's called alberich.

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And these are all terms for silver. And it doesn't matter whether that silver is minted or not. I think that's the word they use for model roba. Like the scholars say model Uber or hydro model Uber, whether it is and I believe the right term is minted I whether it's pressed into the shape of a coin, like an official coin that has been weighed, or whether it's just a block of silver or a piece of silver. It doesn't matter whether it is a block of silver as in a silver bar, or whether it has been produced into the silver coins, which were the Durham, Durham and nabawi as it's called, and Durham and nabawi, the prophetic Durham because obviously we have Durham's now that we think about

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the Durham internal

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have for example the UAE that has a DA him that has Durham's, but we don't we're not talking about that Durham here. We're talking about the Durham which is the Durham and Nebo E which was a silver coin, that Durham was a silver coin and the dinar was a gold coin. So the silver coin was referred to as the Durham and the gold was referred to as the dinar. And they were both macgruber Aslan and they were they were produced into a set weight and pressed and minted into a into a specific coin, but it doesn't matter for the purpose of the zaca whether the silver is model roba O'Hara model roba whether it is minted and pressed into the shape of a coin, or whether it is not minted into a shape

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of a coin, it's just like a bar or a piece of silver with a Riccati fee me at a Durham rulership

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when it comes to silver

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200 Durham 200 Durham is the nisab. And you remember in the first lesson that we did in cadavers a cow we did some terminology. We talked about the new SOP, and we said any SOP is the threshold, the minimum threshold. In other words, anything less than that doesn't count in zakka. If it doesn't, it doesn't make Zakat obligatory. It doesn't make Zakat obligatory. So you have, let's say 190,

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prophetic Durham's worth of silver, we're going to talk about what that is in grams and ounces in a moment. You have 190, prophetic,

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Durham, Durham nabawi, the Durham that existed in the prophets time sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, you have 190 of them. So you're not eligible for soccer, you're not eligible to pay that car because you haven't reached the threshold. The threshold is 200 199. no 200. That's a threshold. So what is this 200 deram.

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This 200 DRAM is equal to 140 mathcad

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140. mythical. Now, I didn't really find a good term for what the myth call is.

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But 140 myth call, like some people might translate the myth call as an ounce, but it's not the ounces that we know today. So it's it's a myth call, let's just keep calling it a myth call 200 Durham, of the Durham and Nebo he is 140 mathcad. Now what you do with that 140

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is you times it by 4.25 to get grams.

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So 140 times by 4.25 gets you the grams. So that's approximately or to the best rounding that we can do 595 grams of silver, which is approximately 21 ounces, in the modern ounce that we use today. 21 ounces of silver, or 595 grams of silver. So 595 grams, or 21 ounces. That is the that is the threshold.

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That's the threshold. Now, I give you an example. Because we haven't and we're going to come to money later on. But for example, if an ounce of silver is 12 pounds, if an ounce of silver is 12 pounds, then that would then that would equate to 252 pounds because we times it by you times it by 21. So it's 21 ounces, it's 595 grams of silver.

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The prophet SAW I sell him said worth it for me at a dealer how many would bulrush there is a quarter of a 10th and that is what you pay out. So it's not like the camels were five camels a sheep 10 camels is two sheep 25 camels has been to my heart is nothing like that. Instead, it is a simple percentage rube a literal robot is a quarter and a sharp is a 10th ruble Russia is a quarter of a 10th which is 2.5%. A quarter of 10% and Russia is 10% and Robert is a quarter so a quarter of 10% is 2.5%. And that actually also tells you a nice way of working out if you struggle with percentages. A nice way of working out is to simply divide the total by 10 and then divide it by

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four

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So for example, if I had 1000 pounds, for example,

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worth of silver, so I'm going to give

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rulership divided by 10. That gives me 100 and then divided by four, and that gives me 25. So if you see, I mean, if you're good with percentages, it's fine, but it's a nice way of doing it rulership divided by 10 divided by four 2.5%.

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So that's what you pay out. You pay it from the silver so you take your silver coins, or your silver bars, and you pay two and a half percent on those silver coins are those silver bars as long as those silver bars are over?

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Are over 200 Durham Nebo v 200, prophetic Durham's, and that is 595 grams or 21 ounces of silver.

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said for any of them taken in notice in our meter, Felisa, he has sadhaka in the English or a Buddha. He said, if there is nothing except 190, meaning the person is less than 200 they've only got 190 this is an example of the Prophet size them otherwise it would be the same for 150 it would be the same for 191 but he gave an example for in MTech one inlet is in omya if you only have 190 190 so what would 190 do? You can work this one out for me quickly. 565 so 565 grams 565 grams for example. So, if you only have 565 grams, which is 190, prophetic Durham's philosophy hasakah. There is no solder, do on this Illa inertia or Booyah, unless

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the owner wants to give it. So can you give us a car when you don't have enough money to reach the threshold? Of course you can. Can you give Zakat on 100 grams of silver? course you can. Can you give Zakat on 200 grams of silver? Of course you can. Can you give Zakat on 300 or 400 450 500 550? Yes, you can. But it's only obligatory when your silver reaches 595 grams, which is 21 ounces. And that is what we call 200, prophetic Durham's and 200 Durham's that were used at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, which is 140 mythical, and that is, as we said, 595 grams or 21 ounces.

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So, sidecar azekah is possible, but only on a voluntary basis. And we're going to come to this car on a voluntary basis when we talk about money. So let's just I mean, we haven't really got to the detail of money yet. But obviously money in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was gold and silver coins. The silver coin was a Durham, and the gold coin was a dinar.

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And they didn't have paper currency, or any other kind of currency. What is sometimes called the flus not the fools as in the Arabic slang kind of term for money, but the fools as in the fields, the money that was not from gold and silver. That was not from gold and silver, they called it the filth or the fools that was not from gold, or from silver, like it might be made of copper, it might be made of brass, it might be a combination of different metals, nickel or something like that.

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So now in our time we deal with money, which is neither gold nor silver.

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And here, of course in this Hadeeth it doesn't talk about gold, or it doesn't talk about the cap on gold talks only about silver gold is going to come later on inshallah. So we're just talking about silver right now. But there's no doubt that money is comparable to either gold or silver. And that even in even in its origin, it's comparable to either gold or silver. So should we compare our money which is our let's say pounds sterling, or Emirati Durham's for example, should we convert that into silver or gold should we consider that to be like silver or to be like gold

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and here the scholar is different because obviously you can consider it both ways. You can convert it to silver you can convert it to gold, originally, paper currency was backed up by gold deposits or some people said you should compare it to gold, but in reality, it also has an element which is comparable to

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Silver as well. I believe the strongest opinion in this is that you take what is more beneficial for the poor person, ie whichever venusaur the threshold is lower, whichever threshold is lower, because if we consider it gold right now, then the problem is that gold may mean that many people never pay zakat on their on their money on their stuff pound sterling or the MIT Durham's, they don't pay any Zakat on it, because it never reaches the threshold of gold, which might be 2000 pounds, for example, or 3000 pounds, which might be 10,000 Emirati Durham's or 15,000 mit Durham's, it comes to quite a lot of money. So maybe a lot of people would not have that much savings that they've had for

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a whole year, and they haven't, it hasn't gone below that amount for the whole year.

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Whereas if we were to consider it to be equivalent to silver, if we will consider our money to be equivalent to silver, then the cow would be something that many people would be able to give, because approximately silver last time I looked, it came to around about 250 pounds, 250 pounds being

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I'm not I don't know what the currency exchange rate is right now. But 250 pounds, maybe like 1200 or 1300 dirhams, something like that, UAE dirhams so it's very possible for many people to give zakah many people can give us a cut if we compare it to silver. So I believe that money isn't compared to gold or silver but it's compared to whichever of the two is most beneficial for the poor people. So if the threshold for silver is lower, because the price of silver has gone down, compared to gold, then silver is used. And if the price of gold goes down and silver goes up, then the price of gold is used whichever is more beneficial for the poor people.

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So here, what we said is that if we take this and we look at this again in terms of money, then money is the equivalent of 595 grams or 21 ounces here ounces is easier because on the when they give you the price of silver on the internet and the exchanges that give you the price of silver, then usually they give it in ounces. So 21 ounces of silver. Last time I looked was 250 pounds, which as I said is around about maybe it could be 1200 or 1300, Durham's something like that.

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So if you're if you have that much money, less, I'm just going to talk in pounds now just to make it easy, if you have 250 pounds, and that 250 pounds, has stayed a constant for a whole Islamic year.

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In other words, when it came into your account, it came into your account on the first of Ramadan. It came into your account on the first day of Ramadan. And it might have gone up might have gone down might have gone up might have gone down but it's never gone below 250 it's never gone below that 250 you took 250 pounds

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in cash was given to you and a whole year 12 Islamic months passed by and you never went below that amount. Then that amount you give this a card you on it, you give this a car which is due upon that amount because it is equivalent to 200 prophetic Durham's because 200 prophetic Durham's was 595 grams, 21 ounces, and 21 ounces, roughly 250 pounds, it'll change it'll go up and down by the day, but approximately right now 250 pounds, which as I said around about 1200 or 1300 dirhams, something like that. So that would be the amount that if you get that amount of money, or if the amount of money you had and you put your money together now it's gone over 250 pounds, okay, start to

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calendar, all 12 months goes by 12 Islamic once in that 12 Islamic months, it never went below the threshold. If it went below the threshold, we start the counting again, we start the counting again we only count once it starts above the threshold, then we start counting the dates and then it comes to 12 Islamic months and a person then gives the Zakat which is a quarter of 10% 2.5%.

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Now that can be complicated, especially when it comes to salary because salary comes monthly. And because each amount of money

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has to stay with you for that 12 months and we're going to talk about bomb

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a no or at all.

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Gathering the type of the car together, like when do you put your money together, and when do you keep your money separate, that's going to come later on in Sharla. But for now, just consider salary to be separate. So every month is a separate amount. Let's say somebody receives a salary of 1000 pounds. And it's only what they save from that. So out of that 1000 pounds, they save in the first month, let's say 100 pounds. So 100 pounds didn't reach the nisab didn't reach a threshold hasn't reached 250 yet. Okay, the next month, they saved another 100 pounds. So now they've got 200. But that 200 still hasn't reached the threshold of 595 grams of silver, or 21 ounces. Now the next month

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comes they save another 100. Now they've got 300. Now they've gone over the threshold can now they start counting.

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Now they start counting from their savings from what is they haven't spent is 300 pounds to come three months to get there, they start counting.

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One month goes by two months go by three months go by 456-789-1011 12 Islamic months go by and from 12 Islamic months from the time that it went over the threshold. Now they give this account on just that amount on just that amount.

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Then they have other amounts that that came in, that are also due the next month and the next month or every three months or whatever it might be because it depends on how much a person saves each month. But here, there is an easier way of doing things.

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There are two easy ways of doing things. So that's kind of the minimum standard. But there are two really easy ways of doing it. One is just to give two and a half percent of the salary. Now two and a half percent of the salary is too much. It's more than there's a car because the car is only doing what you save. But even if you know you never save more than 500 pounds a month, and you give the two and a half percent on that that's also allowed, you're giving more than you need. Because what you technically need to do, wait till the money goes over the threshold, the savings go over the threshold, start counting the months, when that 12 months finishes, then that amount of Zakat is due

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and then another pot of money. When that goes over the threshold. When that 12 months is due, then there's a case. But some people just find it easier because it's such a small amount just to give two and a half percent of the salary or two and a half percent of what they typically save each month, even if they sometimes go below that, but they don't go above it.

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And also what some people do, is what they just look at is they look at their savings for a whole year. They look at their savings for a whole year. So here somebody let's say for example, they start saving on the first of Ramadan. And they continue adding to their savings, let's say salary 100 100 100 100 100. At the end of the 12 months, they pay on the whole amount of savings they have, that's actually too much also, because each of those amounts is considered separate for the purpose of zecca. So each one of them has to reach 12 months before it becomes eligible for zecca. However, a person can pay early by just simply paying it on all their savings every 12 months, which is what

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a lot of people do. So they get to Ramadan, for example, there's no particular reason it should be in Ramadan. You can give Zakat early but you can't give it late. So if Ramadan for you is early because your savings didn't reach that threshold until after Ramadan. There's no harm in your giving it in Ramadan. But if your savings were due before Ramadan, you can't wait until Ramadan to give you a second, you can't give it late You can only give it early. So here what some people do is they let's just say for example, first of Ramadan person gets 500 pounds in savings. Let's say a gift, somebody gives them 500 pounds 500 pounds JazakAllah. Thank you very much. Take it put it in my

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account, okay, my money is going over the threshold now. over the year they save, let's say 2000 pounds in total. So they give this a car on the whole 2000 pounds. That is a sidecar from them. Because actually that 2000 pounds wasn't used as a car wasn't you? It might have been jus Ramadan, and then two months after Ramadan, and then another bit three months after Ramadan and a bit six months after Ramadan because the amounts were going on during the year like that the different pots were reaching the threshold during the year. However, people some people just find it easier to give Zakat on all of their savings after a year and there is no harm in that at all. There are times when

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you have to do that. And we're going to come to them when we talk about Gemma and man well, Bumble man. When do you take well

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And classified as one amount. And when do you keep it in separate pots. So we said salary generally is kept in separate pots, which means that every month salary is considered to be a separate amount of wealth for the purpose of Zakah.

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But there are times when wealth is put together is joined together and gathered together and kept as one amount. And in those cases up his account the entire amount you don't just pay as a car on the first amount that started in the beginning, you pay on the whole amount. So as we said, For salary, the easier thing is either just pay two and a half percent of your salary completely, or two and a half percent of what you typically save each month completely, or at the end of the year, look at all the savings that you had, since you reach the threshold until a year passed and just pay zakat on the whole amount. But all of those three examples, you're paying too much, you're paying a

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socket, you pay more than you need to give. Because what you need to give is you get some money from a separate source, the money comes in, the money is above the threshold, you start the account, when the account finishes for that pot of money, you pay zakat on that pot of money. And when the count finishes for another pot of money, you pay zakat on that one. But keeping track of that might be more difficult. And might be more complicated than a person who just says, Okay, I went over the threshold on the first of Ramadan. So when the first of Ramadan comes next year, I pay his account all the savings that are in my account, regardless of whether they came early or late or whatever, I

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just paid on the whole amount, which is a southern hot from that point of view. But it's easy for people to do like that. So this is the nice thing about soccer, there's a minimum amount you have to pay. But there's also the possibility of paying early, there's the possibility of paying, estimating how much you'll pay and paying it early. Of course, when you pay on time, you can't estimate you have to work out exactly. But if you pay early you can estimate I can say I think my xikar this year will be 1000 pounds, okay, let me give 1000 pounds today

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in zeca. And when the time actually comes, I check to see whether my Zakah was actually 1000 pounds or whether it was less whether it was more than that I give that money accordingly. And as we said you can give more, and you can give it early. And that's especially helpful if you don't want to be really precise in the in the amounts in terms of when each amount is due. And you just want to take it generally because most people earn from a salary these days. And so people say you know what it is after I pay my rent and my bills and my basic needs, I have left this much money, and at the end of the year I pay his account the whole amount that's giving more than what you need. But

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Alhamdulillah that's an option when it comes to this occur.

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We continue with the Hadith because the Hadees goes back to the topic of the candles. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said when Bella was in the home in El eberly saw the call to Jeddah while he said in the who Jeddah winder who hepco for in her talk about Roman for India, who took her in her bedroom in her car got

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way more harsh.

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In his stay Sarah Taylor are actually in a Dr. Hannah, the prophet size and said whoever's zeca, from camels reached giving agenda reached giving agenda. Can we remember? What's that amount? What's the number of camels

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for which you have to give the agenda

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if you can't remember from memory, what helps us to start from the beginning so 25 to 34.

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Is what

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is been to my heart is been to my heart. And then from was an X number of then from 36. Until 45 is mental a boon. Then from what? From 46 until 16, that's where 60 comes from 46 until 60 is

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hepco and from 61 until 75 is a jeder. So that's the one we're talking about from 61 until 75. So here, the the car we're talking about is someone who has between 61 and 75 camels, so they have to give a Jetta, but they don't have a gender.

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They don't have a gender camel.

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They don't have a Java camel. So that's the camel, the camel that reached his fifth year is reading

00:35:00--> 00:35:06

250 or four years have gone by and it's into its fifth year. They don't have it but they have a HIPAA.

00:35:07--> 00:35:08

They have a HIPAA.

00:35:10--> 00:35:13

So they don't have the gender. But they have the

00:35:14--> 00:35:31

they don't have the gender but they have they have Kokomo. So what do we do? Here the person they don't have the right kind of Tamil to give. We've already spoken about an example of this in the beginning of the Hadeeth. In the beginning of the Hadith,

00:35:32--> 00:35:48

in which the prophet SAW Selim said for fee have been to a halt on sir, for England, tekun, February, Lebanon, deca so if he doesn't have a bin to my heart, then he gives a granola Boone a male camel that's a year older.

00:35:49--> 00:36:12

Now what happens he owes agenda but he doesn't have agenda. He doesn't have the agenda. He doesn't have the Java camel, which has completed for years and entered into five years. He has the hepco camel. He has the Epcot camel. So the hepco camel is the one that's completed three years and has entered into

00:36:13--> 00:36:45

the fourth year, completed three years and has entered into the fourth year. So his camel is a year too young. Is that clear? He's got a she come on. It's a female camel, but it's a year too young for the soccer. So he owes agenda. He owes a camel that has past four years and entered the fifth. But he's only got a camel that is past three years and entered the fourth so his camel is a year too young. So what does he do? So his camel is accepted from him.

00:36:46--> 00:37:33

For in her talk about a woman who got his hip caccamo is accepted, where gyral marhaba schatten. But he gives along with it to sheep or goats to female sheep or to female goats in his day, Sara Taylor, if it's easy for him, if it's possible for him, if he finds if it's quite if it's convenient for him. So here, he doesn't have the right age camel. His camel is supposed to be four years complete going into the fifth year. And instead he's got a camel that is three years complete going to the fourth year so year to year. So what he does is he gives two sheep in its place. It gives it along with two sheep. He gives the younger camel and he gets two sheep. But what happens if he doesn't

00:37:33--> 00:37:53

have the two sheep? Because it might be that he doesn't have the two sheep. He might not be possible for him to buy the two sheep or to get the two sheep it's not possible for him. Or a sharena drama or 20 prophetic Durham's or 20, prophetic Durham's.

00:37:54--> 00:37:57

20 prophetic Durham's.

00:38:03--> 00:38:04

20 prophetic

00:38:06--> 00:38:19

Durham's is 10 Dirham each 10 of the prophetic Durham's each and each one of those is 2.975

00:38:20--> 00:38:20

grams

00:38:22--> 00:38:39

is 2.975 grams or 10 Durham 10 prophetic Durham's is 29.75 grams, 29.75 grams and he needs to give two of them. So, he needs to give two times 29.75 grams of silver.

00:38:41--> 00:38:45

So here there is a there are a couple of issues.

00:38:47--> 00:38:51

The first issue and this is really the big issue.

00:38:52--> 00:39:09

The big issue is what they call a mirage el tema Are you allowed instead of painting camels, just to pay in money? Are you allowed instead of paying in sheep just to pay in sheep.

00:39:10--> 00:39:39

And the opinion of Abu hanifa Rahim Allah to Allah and it's an aeration from Malik and it's also a poll of a chef, but it's not the well known opinion from them. It's the well known opinion of Abu hanifa is that it is permissible to pay there's a cut in money if the person doesn't want to give the actual camel, he can give the value of the camel in money. If he doesn't want to give the actual sheep you can give the value in sheep or they said no, it has to be paid. In

00:39:40--> 00:39:59

the the one that is mentioned it has to be paid as a hip class agenda has been playable and bent. My heart has to be given like that. Unless the person doesn't have it. And if they don't have it, then they bring the younger camel plus two sheep. And if they can't do that, then they bring the younger camel plus 20

00:40:00--> 00:40:44

Durham's shareholders number 10. me or him allowed to Allah took a different opinion he said it is more Artemis and masala. So it depends on what is most beneficial for the poor people, if it's better for them to have it in monetary value, and if the person wants to give it in monetary value and as a car collector agrees to take it, then it's permissible for them to do that. However, in my opinion lies our generals best, I think that it should be given as the animal itself if that's possible, because that's the opinion of the majority. So it should be given as the as the shouldn't be given as value as monetary value unless the person isn't able, it's not easy for them or they're

00:40:44--> 00:40:50

not able to do that, in which case they can agree with as a car collector to pay the value in money instead.

00:40:52--> 00:41:07

So here that was one issue. The second issue is this issue Lina determine the profit size and set it he set it at as we said 20 Durham's, that is 10, Durham's per

00:41:08--> 00:41:50

10, Durham's per sheep, and that equates to as we said 29.75 grams of silver. Now, if we look at a gram of silver being around about 40 Pence, UK Pence, then that works at only 12 pounds for a sheep. Now, as you can see, that is way less than what you would pay for a sheep. I'm not sure exactly what you would pay for a sheet, but I'm going to I'm going to put a guess on it, I'm going to say around about 100 pounds, perhaps, or 80 pounds or something like that, but it's definitely not 12 pounds. So you're looking at maybe a quarter, the price the prophets I seldom gave is about a quarter of the price of a sheep today.

00:41:51--> 00:42:35

So should we go with the price the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave? Or should we go with the value of two sheep? Is it clear on what I'm saying here? So should you go with the value of two sheep? In other words, should it be the case that someone doesn't have the right camel so it gives the younger camel and he gives the value of two sheep whatever the value of those two sheep is in the price? Or in the price or is in the price today? Or should he go with exactly what the prophet sighs I'm set and it's not easy for him to get the sheep. He just goes ahead and he gives exactly 20 prophetic Durham's in silver, which would be around about 24 pounds 24 pounds UK approximately.

00:42:36--> 00:43:18

There are different opinions in this some of them said that when the Prophet sighs heavens, he said, actually another hammer, he was giving the price of the sheep as it was set. In the time of the prophet SAW Selim and others said that no, this is a permanent thing. If he can't find the sheep, he gives 20 prophetic Durham's of silver to opinions that the scholars have, and Allah azzawajal knows best. I again will say that in an Allah knows best that I believe that you should do what is most beneficial for the poor people. So if the reality is that the price of two sheep today would, let's say cost 200 pounds, or 150 pounds or something like that, then ultimately, for you to give 24

00:43:18--> 00:43:30

pounds is less beneficial to the poor people, it's less beneficial. And generally the principle in zecca is you should look at the muscle of the fukada that the need of the poor people. And if the poor people obviously,

00:43:31--> 00:44:22

for you to give 24 pounds or for you to give 150 pounds is a big difference for the poor people. So I think it's safer for you to give the larger amount, it's safer for you to give whichever amount is larger, either the value of two sheep or the 20 prophetic Durham's because the price of silver goes up and down whichever of the two is more beneficial for the poor person. However, it seems that here the preference is given to the two sheep and then if he doesn't find the two sheep to the value of the two sheep which the Prophet size is set at issue Tina there Hannah at 20 prophetic Durham's and as we said 24 prophetic Durham's is two times 29.7 510 prophetic Durham's is 29.75 grams.

00:44:24--> 00:44:38

The Hadeeth continues, women beloved in the who sada hottel hepco. Well, he said underwater in the whole HIPAA wiring the whole agenda for inner talk BARROWMAN, the inner talk by luminol Jazeera while you're on the hill Mossad

00:44:40--> 00:44:43

Ashley and Adela Harmon OSHA attain

00:44:45--> 00:44:53

so here the profits Isom said whoever is due to give the heck can you remember how many camels you have to have to give the car

00:44:58--> 00:44:59

so start at the beginning

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

25 to 35 is

00:45:03--> 00:45:07

bent my heart 36 to 45 is

00:45:09--> 00:45:13

bent level 45 to 60 is

00:45:14--> 00:45:30

61 to 75 is the gender. So, this person has got between 4540 540-645-4646 46 has got between 46

00:45:32--> 00:45:36

between 46 and 60 between 46 and 60

00:45:38--> 00:46:20

and they are due to give the HIPAA the HIPAA has three years is entered into fourth year but they don't have one and instead they have a camel that's a year older so their camel is worth more money. It's a Jetta it's worth more money. So now what should they do? shall they give the Jetta and lose out? Because if they give the Jetta are they giving something that's more money than they're supposed to give? They're supposed to give the three year old camel but they're giving the four year old camel, so should they give the four year old one and lose out the profits? Isom said it will be accepted for them to give the Jetta it's allowed for them to give it but the person collecting the

00:46:20--> 00:46:38

car has to give them back 20 Durham's or two sheep 20 Durham's or two sheep here the choice came 20 Durham's, or two sheep and the same issue comes back. Is it the value of the sheep

00:46:39--> 00:46:56

today or is it the 20 Durham's? Is the cash alternative no matter what 20 Durham's as we said in silver is 10 Durham's is 29.75 grams of silver, which is roughly around about 12 pounds if I'm not mistaken

00:46:58--> 00:47:00

as according to the price of silver today.

00:47:02--> 00:47:44

And the Heidi thrower who Bahati lm le Mahmoud Buhari, narrated it and that brings us to the end of the very, very long hadith of anise rhodiola. And with regard to the Zakah we're going to stop there inshallah, to Allah. Because already, I'm sure everyone is a little bit confused with regard to camels and sheep and how many camels and what kind of camels, putting shout out to Allah as we said, you go through it, you practice it, keep it in your mind, you keep following the pattern, inshallah, then it will become clear in Sha Allahu taala. And as we said, there are other issues which we still haven't covered relating to this, we haven't finished the topic of Zakat on camels and sheep, there

00:47:44--> 00:48:26

are issues of when do you if you get sheep during the year, when do you count them as part of your flock or keep them separate? And there are other issues as well about what whether as we said things like whether you can pay purely in money or not, whether you have to convert that into sheep or camels first and so on. So there's a lot of discussion still to be had in Sharla, who to either and that's why the book of Zechariah continues for quite some time. So we still have a lot of Hadeeth to deal with, inshallah, to Allah but that's an introduction to the Zakah on camels, sheep and goats, and silver. We still haven't talked about gold. We haven't talked about all the giara. We haven't

00:48:26--> 00:49:02

talked about a herb aasimar. We haven't talked about grains and fruits. We haven't talked about business, a trade goods. And we haven't talked about other kinds of xikar as well. But we have just given an introduction to camels, sheep and goats and silver. Why is it that Anna's had only those in his, in his instructions from Abubakar radi, Allahu and Homer? Because that was the wealth that was present with the people he was going to the people that he was going to in what they call it the time in Bahrain or we call now

00:49:03--> 00:49:41

that those people that's what they had, they had camels, they had sheep, and they had silver so that's what Anis was given the instructions for and others were given different instructions. And we're going to come to the high detail more eyes. Even though Jebel Ali Allahu anhu in when the prophets Isom sent him to Yemen and that includes Zakah upon upon cows and so on. So, we have a bit more information in that inshallah. Tata Docomo, Laughlin and for watching, please subscribe, share and you can visit Mohammed tim.com