Seekers of Knowledge 043 – Tafseer of Surah Al- Mutaffifeen #01

Tim Humble


Channel: Tim Humble


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do you

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think Maddie Wani Oba

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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen

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wa salatu wa sallam. I remember with your maternal alameen Nabina Muhammad, while early he will suck me as mine. So today inshallah to Allah, we started a new surah within just ama. And of course, we've been going backwards through juice ama. So we started with salt and NASS. Actually before that we started with salt and fatty.

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And then through juice ama, we started with salt and now sort of fell up sort of teleclass. And now we reach to salt and water 15

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sort of tomato 15 is the 83rd solar in the Quran.

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roughly, we reach three quarters of the way through just

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as for the solar itself,

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then the first difference of opinion that we're going to look at, or the first issue that we're going to look at is where was this sort of revealed?

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Is this surah macchia, or madonia.

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And we've mentioned before, and it's quite important, that really when it comes to deciding which surah was revealed in the time period of Makkah, and which surah was revealed in the time period of Medina, it should be based on authentic narrations not really based on the content of the surah. So a lot of time this disagreement, you see, for example, some of the scholars they said sort of tomato 15 it has the words in it as you roll away the stories of the people of OLT. They said this is what people in Makkah used to say.

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You follow me so far, that people in Makkah when they wanted to insult the Prophet, slice a lemon and speak badly about Islam, Carlo sulfuryl are worried. They said this is the stories of the people of old. So they said okay, if this surah mentions this, it must be makiya, it must be MK others they said this surah talks about cheating people in the weight. And in the measure that when you're selling in the marketplace, and you cheat people on the way to cheat people on the measure, and they said this was what was happening in Medina.

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So it must be madonia others including if an actual Rahim Allah to Allah, they said this surah must have been revealed between Makkah and Medina.

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Why? Because it deals with something that was present in Makkah, and it was present in Medina. Pei, what's the answer? The answer is none of the above. The answer is we go by the rewire what is the what is the narration say to authentic narration say we don't really go by the content. Because sometimes Allah can reveal something in the Quran, which was not present at the time, the surah was revealed. But that is speaking about the future, for example, and we came across examples of that already in the Tafseer in things like sewers, which are machiya that were revealed in the time when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was living in Makkah. And that's all our talks about jihad,

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for example. And we know that Jihad wasn't legislated until Medina, the time in Medina. But that doesn't stop that being mentioned in the Quran as a prophecy of the future what will happen in the future, so it's not very accurate to look at the surah and say, this surah talks about the the cheating of the balance, so it must have been revealed in Medina this surah talks about the stories of the people of old so it must have been revealed in Makkah. Instead, we look at the narrations. And we have an authentic narration from Abdullah the Ibis

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rob the Allahu anhu humor and is narrated by an SRT and merger.

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From Abdullah, the ambassador of the Allahu anhu mother, he said, lemma Kadima, Naboo sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said lemme Kadima Viola solo Allah who I knew who was selling them in Medina can warming up but in nursey Kayla, when the Prophet of Allah came to Medina, they were the worst of the people in giving a measure. So there's two things we're going to talk about today. We're going to talk about el Calle well, Misa l k L is a measure of volume. Okay. So for example, a liter they didn't use to measure in liters back in that those days, but that's the example of it. It's a measure of

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Volume alcaide. What I'll make here is a measure of volume. So like a liter, or a cup, like the American system, like when you get recipes from American says like one cup of flour, that's a measure of volume, right. And then you have alwayson, or you have an Amazon. And this is a measure of weight, like a kilo, or 500 grams, and so on.

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These people, even our boss, he said they were both are nasty or mean, Buffy, nasty kailyn. When it came to measuring the people, they were not, they weren't good. They used to cheat people, when it came to measuring people at measuring out things in the marketplace. And there's two ways that they could cheat people. And both of them are mentioned in this. One is that

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when they would take their own measure, they would demand extra in it.

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And the other one is that when they would give a measure to other people, they would give them less than the measure that they had

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agreed or paid for.

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In terms of how they were both unless they were all made up by thinness from the worst of the people in measuring. One of the things is asking more money for something which should be less money.

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And another way is by not giving the measure of what was paid for.

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And this was a habit of the people in Medina, because remember, generally speaking, how how was the what was what was the, the what's the word? The job or the the trade of the people of Makkah was

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you know, they were, you know, buying and selling. They were trades people. And Medina also had a thriving marketplace where people bought and sold. And they were typically farmers, they did a lot of farming. So it's a lot of farmed goods that were bought and sold there.

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And when it came to the wheat, they would not give people when it came to measure they would not give people their proper measure.

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For Enza, Allahu taala why you live in moto Fifi then Allah revealed wailer little morphine for her sanel Kayla Banta garlic. And then the people began after this surah that people began to give the proper measure the fair measure after that, this narration for our delivery and thus, it's not a narration from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam but it's a narration from a Sahabi who witnessed this event take place. And so based on that we should say this surah is madonia the surah was revealed in Medina, it was revealed in Medina

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and once it was revealed the people began to take their measure properly.

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So this surah wilo lynmouth afifi this word Waylon weyden even Kathy ibaka Thea he says about it.

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I get you the court What does he say?

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He talks about that this is a statement of hallak is as is is a statement like May the person beat he said

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and levena

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he said

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when he had that first SATA Animoto 15 led in a wider home, Bill casati Well, hallak So two things, that they will that it means that they will lose, and that they will be destroyed. So destruction is for them will puffy destruction is for the lotto 50.

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In Nigeria, he doesn't say that way, it means that he has a different opinion. He said where you don't His Word in Fiji is a valley in Jannah.

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A valley in Japan. So he says that way to limit of 15 that Allah is threatening jahannam or the Hellfire for Elmo toffee,

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whatever the case may be, and those two are not that far away from each other destruction or Valley and Johanna, one of the things we can take from this is that this action of these people el moto 15, which we're going to come to is a major sin. It's not a minor sin because when we define the major sins, how do we define them we said a major sin is the one that Allah threatens punishment or his anger or the Hellfire or his curse for it. So Waylon, this indicates that it's a major sin. It's not a small sin a little sin way, little more puffy. Destruction. For the more toughest

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scene or jahannam, or a valley and jack, the more puffy feet.

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So what does the word more puffy mean? This word morphine.

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It is Elmo. Fifth is L monk is the one who is deficient

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or who gives less than what is due.

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So I'll move on fifth is someone who gives less than

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what is, you know, they don't give the full amount they give less than what is due way low limit of 50. destruction is for those people who give less than what is jus. And this giving less than what is due is a kind of theft, right. And it's a kind of betrayal of the people. And it's a kind of cheating people that when you had an agreement that I will purchase such and such a thing, buy it for a price, like I will purchase a kilogram of such and such a product for a price, or I will purchase a saw like they used to have in those days, like a measure of volume for a certain price.

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And then they don't give them the volume that they asked or they overcharge them.

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For the price they give them they charge them more than what they said they would charge or they give them less than what they said they would charge. These are the people who Allah said they are enomoto 15. The people who give less than what is due.

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Then Allah azza wa jal said,

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and levena either Turtle Island naseous tofu. So here we have tip Cyril qurani. Bill Horan. We have an example of the Quran the Tafseer of the Quran from the Quran, because Allah describes who l mustafina. It's like if you ask the question, that you have the ioway limit of 15 that Hellfire or destruction is for the morphine. And if you ask the question, Who are the mortal 15 you only have to recite the next is a lady in a doctor who Allah nursey esto foon. What either Curlew, whom I was a no whom you have zero. They are the people that when they take a measure from people, they take it in full, yes.

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They take the full amount.

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So it's even worse, not only do they cheat people when they weigh out for those people, but they themselves demand the full amount when they so they know the tricks of the trade when they go to the marketplace. They don't accept that the person says to them, for example,

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give me You know, I've come in for a kilogram. He'll say yeah, I said a proper kilogram go and put more and again and again he when he goes for himself, yes, still food, he wants the full amount, or he wants extra.

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But when he is the one selling to someone in the marketplace, why are you there care law him when he goes to sell in value? hours a new home or he sells to them in wait? You see,

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he gives them less than

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what they agreed upon, either by charging them more, or by waiting for them less. I want to stop here for a second and ask ourselves, why is this such a big deal? Okay, you know, like cheating on the wait is something which is everyone thinks it's blameworthy. In every culture. I remember reading a newspaper article about

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I don't know whether it was a meat shop or something. And they had put like, some, I don't know, weights or something underneath the scales, so that when they put the meat on the scales, it makes it look like it's heavier than it is and they you know, charge some people and then they got caught by the Trading Standards people and they had to pay the money back. Everybody thinks it's a bad thing. But when this becomes something which is spread in the whole society, like it was in Medina, it causes people not to trust each other. And it causes people to have hatred and enmity for each other. You know, look at this guy, this guy made money off of me.

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He made money making money off of me cheating me.

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And that's why even until this day, there is a famous statement in Arabic a hash fn was so Akilah Are you selling me bad dates and cheating me on the wait? You say to somebody who did two things bad at once? Hash F and we're so Akilah Are you cheating? Are you selling me bad data and then you're not giving me the you're not giving me the weight that I asked for.

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So it

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causes a breakdown in society causes people to hate each other. It causes people to be suspicious of each other, right? People start to become suspicious that this person, you know, I'm sure he's cheating me. He's not giving me until this date. And this is one of the things that that I was amazed when I came across this Tafseer

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is that the scholars of Tafseer they say about this, the mention of El Calle Well, meezan hora Jama.

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It's mentioned, because this is the majority of the things that people cheat in. But it's not limited. The word motor 15 is not limited to alcohol well means and it's not limited to Weights and Measures. Anything where people cheat each other in a sale, all of it comes under Alamo toffee. And I was just thinking about even today, for example, most of the time, when you go to a mechanic, you believe you don't trust the person, is it not true like hamdullah there's some good brothers who are mechanics and Mashallah they have nice places where we go, but you find a mechanic you trust you hold on to that guy. And sometimes one of them goes abroad, I'll wait like even three months for him

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to come back before I'll take my call. Because I believe that the majority of those people that are from McAfee, from the people who they will cheat you, in, they'll give you less, they'll charge you more, they'll tell you or cost 200 pounds when it only costs them 150 pounds to do. And this leads to a lack of trust to the point where even you have sort of been, you know, you have bad thoughts of people, someone says, Oh, go to this, you know, you should go to this guy, but I'm not going to go to because I think he's going to cheat me, I don't know, he's going to cheat me, he might be a nice guy. But because it's become so common in that industry, you get to the point where you don't trust

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anybody. And that feeling of not trusting people, it actually causes a bigger problem than losing out, you know, a few pounds on some weight. Of course, over time, it adds up, I was reading the article on those people, they added like a few grams only I like I don't know, 100 grams or something they added to the scales. And they made something like I don't know, 50,000 pounds or something like that. It adds up a lot. But the point was that it's not even the loss of money. But it's the loss of trust in a society, that people don't trust each other anymore. And people start to hate each other, and start to see about each other, you know, that guy is a cheat and a liar. And

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maybe that guy's a cheat. And then he says, No, you're the cheat, and everybody starts to have hatred and enmity for each other. How do you feel I remember the first time I you know, when you when you went when I went to a market in a Muslim country. And you get to the weight, like for example, you ask for a kilogram, they give you a kilo, and you see him put one 200 grams on top.

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So until the scale goes well over the kid, the mark goes well over the kilogram. And they put it in the bag for

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the love you have for that person. It's like, Oh, this is really good. You know, that trust you have for a person, even if it's just a little bit. But that feeling that this person didn't didn't cheat me.

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And like we said, this is something sadly, which is in many, many areas today, many different industries, many different places you go to where you find that you don't trust people to be honest with you. And it's horrible feeling not to trust people to be honest with you, when they come to do something, when and the fact that people make money off of other people by dishonesty.

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And this is a wider problem than just lk will miss that than just weighing the measures and the weight, where you don't trust somebody to be honest with you. Like when you go to shops or something and the person swear, well, like I got this for the wall lighthouse or I'm gonna lose so much money. Well, I've got what like what I'm all the arguments that happening and you just don't trust that person is gonna give you a fair deal. Whereas you just want to go to a place where you trust the person is going to just say to you, this is what it's going to cost you okay? And you have a trust in that person.

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So Pamela, this is something which is, until this day, even though most of these days we probably don't go to markets where we get things weighed out or measured out for us pretty much you go to a supermarket and things are just wrapped in a packet. And that's it you get it how it is so panela until this day, you feel the effects of this. Is this what this is talking about, wait only more coffee. The people who cheat other people.

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When they buy and they sell and you don't trust them and it causes enmity among the people

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and even worse, as we

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said is that those people when they go

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to get the same thing, they know the trick. So they say to the guy No, no, no, I know it doesn't cost you that much. Give me the proper price. They say okay for you, you know, you and me We knock it, I give it to you for the proper price. And then someone else comes in behind any charges them the price that is not fair.

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And will lie Stan is built upon one of the fundamental things that Islam is built upon is the concept of justice, right? In the La Jolla model Bill addley. Well, sadly, what he taught is, Allah commands you to be just with each other, and not being just with each other, causes a lot of hatred. And so this issue of, you know, Baraka in your wealth, getting blessed in your wealth is blessing in the wealth that comes when you do things the right way, not when you do things the wrong way. And that's why you see those people who cheat other people and they make money out of cheating other people. You will not see them have bollock in their wealth, you'll not see them blessed in their

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wealth. Whereas the person who sells and they they're honest with people, Allah will give them blessing in their wealth.

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Then Allah rebukes them and says to them, ally, ovenu, Ola, Anna whomever or thought

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to those people not think that they will be resurrected.

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Hear the Word ven.

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The word van when it comes in the Quran, it comes with different meanings.

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Sometimes it comes with the meaning of Do they not? Do they not think about it? Or or guess like a guess. And sometimes a one comes in the Quran to mean knowledge. Do they not know?

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Do they not know that they will be

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resurrected Allah, your oven order.

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And the home mother, also

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the young woman, Avi,

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and they're going to be resurrected for a day which is alvie

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yom Okayama April Kathir, he said meaning to those people not fear that they will be resurrected. And they will be made to stand in front of the one who knows everything which is hidden and everything which is concealed.

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The secrets and secret feelings

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on a day, which is our V will have a day which is very severe in its terror.

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Cathy Ruth has a day which has a lot of scary things that will happen on it.

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And whoever loses on that day, that person will enter a burning fire. That's what even Okay, fuel, he said

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that if a person if you lose on that day, you lost everything. And yet people are worried about losing something small in this dunya small amount of profit. They're worried about losing a very small amount of profit.

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And they're not worried about what will happen if they lose your McKeon.

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And so one of the themes of this surah, which is really important is this theme that this world is insignificant in compare comparison to your makia. And if you're thinking about the Day of Resurrection, then you're thinking about what you're going to do in this world that might cause you to lose on that day. You're not thinking about how to win temporarily in this world. And I think that's something worth stopping on and thinking about. Because again, this is a problem that we have, which is very big, which is people who are willing to compromise themselves, and even to cheat, to lie maybe to steal to commit fraud, whatever it is, for the sake of a small benefit in

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this dunya

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but you don't ask or they don't ask themselves. What's going to happen to me on the Day of Judgment, when I stand in front of Allah and I have to justify what I did.

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Allah Yabu Allah aka no Maduro also to those people not think that they will be resurrected Li yo min. avi for a day that is alvine

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ID that is severe in the sight of Allah.

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yo maya Kumar nurse with your appeal anime

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a day when the people will stand up before the Lord of the worlds.

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How will they stand up? Even Okay, Thea he said yaku Mona Hofer 10 are all our 10 Golden

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female Cliff inside.

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They're gonna stand her fat as is mentioned in the Heidi without

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rot without cloths will now uncircumcised

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in a, in a tough standing place, which is

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it's hard for them

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and they're going to be surrounded by the trials and tribulations of that day.

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Yo may have coolness with me.

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Even with kefir he mentions some of the narrations in which the Prophet salallahu it who was sent them, sought refuge from the severity of yamaki ama

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and the severity of what will happen on it.

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And he mentions a number of different narrations he mentions, for example, in Swindon Abbey doubt, the Messenger of a loss I send them cannae it always will be let him in leave Bielema, kamiyama piano,

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that the Messenger of Allah used to seek refuge with Allah from the vehicle makaan that how constricted it will be on the Day of Resurrection.

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Yo may a corpsman nurse lira bill anime,

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and they will stand in front of the Lord

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of the worlds.

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What that should do is that that should correct a person's behavior.

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That should the knowledge that you're going to be resurrected. And that you have to stand in front of Allah subhanaw taala

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that should be something that seriously changes the way a person behaves.

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And changes the way that they think about what they're doing in this world. And makes them think that if me in this world, if I'm going to I would rather lose a small amount in this world then lose a lot on the Day of Resurrection

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as opposed to a person who says I would rather gain a small amount in this world and deal with what happens later.

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And then Allah subhanaw taala he said, kill in Nikita Belford Jerry Luffy CG

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he said in Nikita Belford Jerry Luffy CG

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This is

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the translation of it is that the record of the foot job the wicked people is in CG

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even okay here he said about it a in MLC Rome one that well whom Luffy CG

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that their destination and their abode will be in CG and he said this is from fairing you don't mean a CG it comes from the word oxygen imprisonment.

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Well hold Greek it means some way which is constricted and imprisoned

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and Allah so it just says that there record

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there their record is found in a C gene

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and then Eliza which has said wema at araca merci je

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what will make you know what c gene

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What will make you know what it is?

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And then even okay theory he quotes the Hadeeth

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in the long Hadith about barbed wire, which talks about what happens when a person dies,

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that Allah azza wa jal said Oct kita houfy Cg write his record in CG. One of the things that the scholars mentioned about this,

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they mentioned that even the person's record of the one who is wicked is not allowed to exist in general. Even their record is not allowed to, to be to be given anything high, that even their record of their deeds is not allowed to be in a high place. Even their record it has to be in CG in the in a place of in a low place.

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So then the question is,

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is C gene a place? Or is it the name of the book or the record?

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Which their deeds are kept in?

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Even luchetti what we understood from what he said,

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is that

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it's a place

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because what did he say? He said that eventual destination and they're at their aboard is in CG.

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And even with jetty, he said the same thing

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that is, underneath the seventh Earth and underneath the last part of the earth.

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And they use for that the evidence of the Hadeeth will arrive no as of October keytab, houfy. CG write his book in CG underneath the seventh Earth.

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In that case, it's a place called C gene.

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And it's called C gene because it's a place which is extremely constricted and narrow like a prison.

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And some of them said c gene is the name of the record.

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ie that the name of the record that records the names of the people who are food jar, the wicked people, the name of that record is called CG.

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This is something

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which is important to note about this also, but before we come to that,

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Allah azza wa jal said, Why am I Dada kmsc Jean kita boon Marco,

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what will make you know what see Jean is it is a Rekord

00:31:56--> 00:31:57

kita boon

00:31:59--> 00:31:59


00:32:00--> 00:32:02

it is a record

00:32:04--> 00:32:06

which is inscribed.

00:32:07--> 00:32:10

So in this, then C gene is the name of the record.

00:32:11--> 00:32:16

But we see that even or Kathy or Mike was even Jerry, they took the opinion that C gene is a place

00:32:19--> 00:32:23

that C gene is the place underneath the lowest Earth in the in the lowest of the low

00:32:26--> 00:32:32

Kitab Wan, Morocco, Morocco, it means must talk. And it's written down it's inscribed in it

00:32:35--> 00:32:36


00:32:37--> 00:32:40

a rock, which means Al Kitab. Writing.

00:32:45--> 00:32:47

So what is in this in this book, which is a gene?

00:32:50--> 00:32:58

Is it the names of the people? Or is it the deeds of the people? Some of them they said this book, it contains the actions of all of the people

00:33:02--> 00:33:05

who did evil and the evil the evil people.

00:33:12--> 00:33:14

As we said many of them, they said it's a police

00:33:18--> 00:33:20

otherwise, it just said Kitab and Marco

00:33:21--> 00:33:25

it is a book that is in scraped or a record that is

00:33:26--> 00:33:27

in scraped.

00:33:29--> 00:33:31

And from the Heidi thread blog, no is

00:33:32--> 00:33:34

that right down

00:33:35--> 00:33:39

my slave, the book of my slave in CG in the place of

00:33:41--> 00:33:43

or in the record of the people who did evil.

00:33:51--> 00:33:56

And some of them said it contains their need names and it contains their deeds

00:33:57--> 00:34:17

of the people who are ahead of Chicago, the people who have who are wretched the people who are alpha job, the wicked people. But there's a question here from the Hadeeth of Wagner Isaiah, which is very important. Well, that's very important. And that is that if you if you pay attention to the heavy third bullet,

00:34:20--> 00:34:24

which is the Hadith that deals with what happens to a person when they die.

00:34:26--> 00:34:27

What happens to a person when they die?

00:34:29--> 00:34:34

One of the things you know it says it mentions what happens to a righteous believer, right.

00:34:35--> 00:34:38

And it mentions what happens to a disbeliever

00:34:39--> 00:34:44

but it doesn't mention what happens to a bad Muslim.

00:34:46--> 00:34:49

Hadith about verado as it doesn't mention what happens to our buttons.

00:34:51--> 00:35:00

And there's a reason for that. And that is to keep the fear of that day alive in the hearts of people who

00:35:00--> 00:35:03

Might be Muslim but not doing what they should be doing.

00:35:04--> 00:35:17

Because this idea or this surah was revealed about who it was revealed about Muslims and non Muslims but but Muslims in Medina, who their habit was that they did not give fair weight to people.

00:35:21--> 00:35:25

And then Allah said in Nikita Belford, Jerry Luffy, CG,

00:35:26--> 00:35:30

the record of the wicked people is in CG.

00:35:33--> 00:35:36

Either it's the name of the book, or it's the name of a place.

00:35:46--> 00:35:47

But if it's the name of a place,

00:35:49--> 00:35:53

then how do we understand the idea in Nikita Belford Jerry Luffy CG

00:35:58--> 00:36:01

that the book of the foot job

00:36:03--> 00:36:06

or the record of the wicked people is in,

00:36:08--> 00:36:08

is in

00:36:10--> 00:36:10


00:36:14--> 00:36:33

then here, then it what they take it as is that this is the decree of the people. This is what is decreed for the people of wickedness, that what is decreed for the people of wickedness, I what Allah decreed for them is CG is that they will be from the people of from the people of Jan.

00:36:35--> 00:36:52

So genuinely, there's a, there's something that you see time and time again, which is that Allah might tell you about what happens to the worst of people, and what happens to the best of people, but not tell you the details of what happens to the people who are in the middle

00:36:54--> 00:36:56

in order that those people fear

00:36:57--> 00:37:05

from being from those people who are in CG, who are in the worst record in the lowest place, but they also have a hope

00:37:06--> 00:37:11

to be from the people whose record is in a lien is in the highest place.

00:37:12--> 00:37:32

So they have a fear, and they have a hope. And they sit between those two things. And that's how you're supposed to be between fear and hope. You worry for the things that you do that are wrong and you hope in the things that you do that are right, you hope in the reward of a lawful for the things that you did that are right, but you're scared for the things that you did that are wrong.

00:37:33--> 00:37:41

And you remain like that, because you don't know how much of this could happen to a person

00:37:42--> 00:37:43


00:37:44--> 00:37:55

did these things, even if they were a Muslim? But what do we know about the Muslims who are wicked or who do bad things is that they will not remain in the Hellfire forever.

00:37:57--> 00:37:59

If they hide Islam, they will not remain the firefighter.

00:38:01--> 00:38:05

But they will be from the people who eventually will go to jail.

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But that in itself is not a comfort because nobody wants to be from those people, not even for a minute, let alone for a long period of time.

00:38:15--> 00:38:36

So it remains open for people to be scared about. And for people to think about that if I'm a person who is doing the actions of the people that this is what is threatened for them. Why you a valley in jahannam CGN, that the book will be written with the people who are

00:38:38--> 00:38:42

it'll be written with the wicked people, or that they will be put with the wicked people,

00:38:44--> 00:38:50

then it makes the person think that is it worse for me to lose all of that for the sake of a small profit in the dunya.

00:38:52--> 00:38:58

And that's really the purpose of what is being said, or the purpose of this remainder.

00:39:09--> 00:39:14

I think it's a good place to stop because if we go any further The next section is going to take as a whole lesson.

00:39:15--> 00:39:54

The next section is going to take us all lesson. So it's not a bad place for us to stop inshallah to Allah and take any questions that we had, or any questions that anybody had on the topic of the topic. Sharla The classes are going to be regular not after mother. But in the later eyelet on a Friday, the bulusan mom classes we will start in Sharla soon, but we need a little bit time just to find the time in the schedule to start it in Sharla kids classes have started on the Sunday after us Sunday after ourselves for the kids, small kids and Sharla just for the general duels like stories of the Sahaba COI and things like that type see a little bit with the kids.

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

So let's see if anyone had any questions about what we mentioned so far. What

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

Wisdom beyond like, you know, some of the Quranic verses where there's like, multiple lakes of

00:40:08--> 00:40:44

interpretation? Yeah. It's a very good question. So the the passages that have multiple interpretations, there are different situations or different circumstances that can happen. First of all, you ask the question, are those different interpretations contradictory or complimentary? In a lot of times, they're complimentary. And that is actually part of the miracle of the Quran that you have an idea that has three different meanings, all of them are true. Inside of the iron. All of them are true. So that's one

00:40:45--> 00:40:47

thing. For example,

00:40:49--> 00:40:53

many, many times we came because I just the other day we were talking about for Omaha, we

00:40:54--> 00:41:13

that's, does it mean that the person's head will fall down into jahannam? Or does it mean that the person will be from the people that that that falls into Well, how we and how we as a name of Johanna, like, the Abyss or something like that. And both of those can be true.

00:41:15--> 00:41:46

When they are contradictory, I you have two opinions, and one of them, they can't be taken together because they don't they don't fit together. then in this case, the test is what is mentioned in Salt Lake and Brian and I are number seven, will know the nlra Kitab Minh, who I are to come out on hoonah multitap. Well, hieromartyr shabby hat for a melody in a few kulu becomes Avon fair to be at all, no matter shabba humming it with you while fitna Werber to your heart attack really were my alma mater, Guido in the law.

00:41:47--> 00:41:55

This is, it tells us that the majority of the ayat of the Quran have only one clear

00:41:56--> 00:41:57

meaning to them.

00:42:01--> 00:42:08

And there are some which have different meanings, right that have a meaning that is that two meanings that oppose each other.

00:42:10--> 00:42:16

So as for the people who have a deviancy in their hearts, they follow

00:42:17--> 00:42:27

these, they look for these situations where there is a multiple multiple interpretations that that go against each other. And they try to twist the meaning to something that pleases them.

00:42:28--> 00:43:05

But those who believe they understand the IR, which are have more than one interpretation in light of the ones that are clear. So the benefit of this is that it's like a test. Are you going to understand the idea in light of the rest of the Quran? Or do you leave the rest of the Quran and take the idea as though it's by itself, for example. So give a simple example of that. Allah says Allah miaka to mean and Mohammed and for Joseph will jahannam call it a V hat is that whoever kills a believer deliberately is recompense is the Hellfire and he'll be in it forever.

00:43:07--> 00:43:08

This idea

00:43:09--> 00:43:16

has two options. Either he's in the fire Forever, forever, or he's not in the fire forever.

00:43:17--> 00:43:54

Which one of those two goals is consistent with the rest of the Quran and which one of those two goes against the rest of the plan? So between this if desire comes in between two, in which Allah says in Allah, Allah Al Rokeby? Well, Phil might do and radically Masha Allah doesn't forgive you make a partner with him, but he forgives anything else for whatever for whoever he wills. So this tells us that this ayah can't mean that that person is in the fire forever. Because it goes against what is it doesn't it's not consistent with the rest of the crime. So that's one situation, when there's a situation that

00:43:55--> 00:44:36

there are multiple possibilities, and we don't really know which one of them is correct. And they might not be necessarily contradictory, we just don't know which one of them like is the name of the booksy gene, or is the name of the place so gene, there are a couple of things to bear in mind. The first is, this is rarely something important for your worship. Because if it was important for your worship, that Allah would have given it to you without any confusion over it. So that's the first point, whether the name of the book is a gene, or whether the place where the book is kept as a gene. It doesn't change the purpose of the Sora. And the meaning of the IRA in terms of what we take

00:44:36--> 00:44:59

from it. And the lessons we learn and how we practice it in our lives don't change whether the name of the book is to gene or the name of the places to gene or both of them. The book is called C gene and the place is called CG. But it does encourage you to research and it encourages you to look at the Hadees and the statements of the scholars to try to understand more about it and maybe it gains your attention.

00:45:00--> 00:45:29

For you to look into it in more detail. So to think about it, you know, you start to think about that record and why it's like that. But one of the things you benefit from it, whether it's the name of the place, or whether it's the name of the record is that these are people that Allah doesn't even let their record be in a high place. Regardless of where they are, even their record is not allowed them to gender. That's the situation of how bad that their situation is that even then their names on allow them to gender.

00:45:30--> 00:46:03

So that is something which is you know, that's a benefit, regardless of whether the name of the book or the name of the place. But it's a good principle that whatever has been left, sort of, without clarity or without details, is never something which is critical to the understanding of the eye or the benefit. It's an extra piece of information that you're encouraged to research and if you find that you know the truth about the Alhamdulillah. And if you don't, it didn't affect the core message of what you had. But the majority of differences in the Tafseer of the Quran are not contradictory. They are

00:46:05--> 00:46:14

complimentary. So there are different reasons why they're complimentary. Sometimes they're complimentary because they're just really examples. For example,

00:46:15--> 00:46:56

in the statement where I tassimo be heavily leverage me and what I hold on to the rope of Allah and dot altogether and don't be divided. Some said the rope of Allah is the Quran, some said the rope of Allah is the Sunnah, some said the rope of Allah is Islam, some said the rope of Allah is La Ilaha, Illa Allah, these are all examples for the same thing. So sometimes it's examples. Sometimes it's because people are not expressing, it's hard to take the Quran and express it like a one to one concept. Instead, what you do is you just explain. So it's like, you know, Islam and the Quran and like, you're trying to find lots of words, because you can't find just one word to match what is in

00:46:56--> 00:47:11

the Quran. So most of the differences are like that. It's very rarely that you have a difference, which where the difference is completely contradictory. In which case you have to choose one or the other. And if it does happen, it's usually

00:47:12--> 00:47:21

a matter that has a clear reason why, for example, when will talakad yatala boss Navy enforcing method assets?

00:47:22--> 00:47:27

divorced women should wait before remarrying three Kuru.

00:47:29--> 00:47:41

Here, there is a difference of opinion which is contradictory, a few content both. One of them said that the car is a period of purity. And one of them said that alcohol is a period of impurity.

00:47:43--> 00:48:25

So in one, they have to wait three periods of purity. And in one, they have to wait three periods of impurity so the two can go together, it's either one or the other. The reason is that the word color in Arabic is used for both. And there's not, it's not proof one is not preferred over the other. And in Arabic, you use the same word for both. So there's a clear reason why the scholars differ about it generally. But this idea that when you go into Tafseer, Tafseer, is just full of contradictory opinions. It's not really like that it's actually the more you study it, the more you realize that no, most of the time is just people expressing lots of meanings that are found within the IRA. For

00:48:25--> 00:48:29

example, we talked about this, if there are more how that

00:48:30--> 00:49:12

can be a Ross any the head, the person's head is how we are meaning it's falling down. But likewise, for a mohawk can be the place where someone goes back to the home of something where they go back to Omaha where their their refuge will be the abyss. And actually those two are the same, they come together and it gives you multiple understandings. So first of all, you understand that the person has been thrown headfirst into Jannah. And then you understand the jahannam is like a bottomless pit. And then you understand that that will be their eternal refuge. And all of those come together inside of just two words in Arabic so that the Quran is very concise like that. And sometimes the

00:49:12--> 00:49:18

differences in tipsy or just scholars explaining lots of meanings inside of one is usually that's like,

00:49:21--> 00:49:57

a lot of depth inside of one thing, it's very rare that you come across a situation where you have two opinions that are totally against each other. And if that happens, it's there's usually a clear reason for it like a difference in language or a difference in Hadeeth whether the Heidi is authentic or not authentic on that issue. So there's usually a clear reason for it. Otherwise, Allah hasn't left, you know, the Quran to be something confusing for people. But when we go into Tafseer, we tried to go into some different opinions of what different scholars said a little bit, just so we get an appreciation that it's not just like, you know, when you read the translation of the Quran,

00:49:58--> 00:49:59

you just see like

00:50:00--> 00:50:40

Translation is a big problem. Because when you read the translation of the meaning of the Quran, you just see one meaning you just see the translators, like, for example, if I open source tomato 15 here in the track that the translation of the meaning it says water, those who give less, who when they take a measure from people taking full, but when they are given a measure or weight by them, they cause loss, do they not think they will not be resurrected? and so on? Indeed, the record of the wicked is in CG, and you're down to the translators opinion of which of those is right or not. But when you go back to the Arabic so you appreciate that there are more than opinions or more than

00:50:40--> 00:50:44

just what the translator has brought in. That makes sense.

00:50:48--> 00:50:54

No one is there. What's the difference between we will do away with liquidity.

00:50:55--> 00:51:03

And the second question is that the CJ is not translating. That is not a

00:51:05--> 00:51:07

problem for last minute.

00:51:09--> 00:51:18

That is very close to the knee or CJ close to the ceiling. Because there has been already the signal

00:51:20--> 00:51:39

was okay, we have to go one by one otherwise, okay. All right. The first question you had was the difference between Waylon in moto 15 and Wade on the Cooley homothetic luminesce. The difference is both of them are threatened with a whale. And a whale is a HELOC or it is wired in Fiji.

00:51:40--> 00:51:47

They both threatened with destruction or threatened with jahannam. But the reason for it is different.

00:51:48--> 00:51:51

Here the mapa fifth is the one who cheats on the wait right?

00:51:52--> 00:52:00

And Hemsworth lens refers to backbiting or gesturing behind people's back.

00:52:01--> 00:52:17

So we spoke about in the Tafseer. Well, humans so speaking behind people's back, Lieber, and also gesturing behind people's back, like, you know, for example, when someone says something and behind your back behind their back, you roll your eyes at them

00:52:18--> 00:52:30

like this, this is enhanced oil lamps. So it refers to backbiting and gesturing behind people's back. So the reason is different, and the punishment is the same.

00:52:31--> 00:52:32

That's one thing.

00:52:33--> 00:52:34

The second thing is

00:52:36--> 00:52:44

the difference of opinion about CGN. What is the meaning of keytab? Here, they didn't take the tab to be

00:52:45--> 00:52:56

here to mean the key tab of the names of the people. Those people who said that C gene is a place It seems they took keytab to be any of the Kaaba,

00:52:57--> 00:52:59

something which is decreed by Allah.

00:53:01--> 00:53:05

Like, where is an IRA in which Allah said keytab and it means

00:53:07--> 00:53:08

the decree

00:53:13--> 00:53:18

there are many ayat in the Quran when it comes like that, where the word Kitab that means that it means the decree of Allah.

00:53:21--> 00:53:57

But in any case, that's one. That's why one of them said Kitab. And Mark Kumi means Kitab. And Mark comb is the name of the book. And others, they said that he or Kitab, and Mark comb, it doesn't refer to the name of the gene doesn't go with that. But in any case, that C gene comes from C gene that is not that's not difficult, the book that can still be the name of the book, and it can still be the name of the place. Does that make sense? that it doesn't change, it doesn't change that. But I understood is that when those people who said it's a place they said Kitab, Amara comb is that

00:53:58--> 00:54:00

that sort of thing of ki tabula e

00:54:02--> 00:54:04

Kitab Allah He it

00:54:05--> 00:54:09

it's the decree of Allah inicie tabula e it come

00:54:10--> 00:54:13

the quarter of Allah the color of Allah.

00:54:15--> 00:54:20

Does that make sense? Okay. Good question is the meaning.

00:54:23--> 00:54:23

The meaning of

00:54:24--> 00:54:29

like hormone hygiene. It's a mark on the face of a horse.

00:54:30--> 00:54:34

As someone is our goal is the plural account.

00:54:35--> 00:54:47

Like remember, there was a pining had the name? Almost any write? The name of the plural is good. Yeah. It's someone who has, it's a description of a horse.

00:54:48--> 00:54:52

The horse that has a white mark on its face is called a horse.

00:54:53--> 00:54:59

And the horse that has marks on its legs is called Mahajan. So hold on one

00:55:00--> 00:55:11

Jelly Bean, it means they will have marks on their faces and their legs. Like the horse that has patches on its faces and its legs from the woodwork from the method.

00:55:13--> 00:55:14

Where Yeah, you're

00:55:16--> 00:55:21

okay, shallow Tyler we stopped there. I'm in sha Allah, Allah Allah will resume next week

00:55:22--> 00:55:33

in sha Allah with the rest of the Tafseer of sorts in the top 50 and probably will take two to three lessons before we finish at least in short. That's what Allah made easy for me to mention Allah knows best recite a syllable and I've been hammered Allah Allah. He was