Lessons From The Past
Channel: Tariq Appleby
File Size: 17.65MB
Lecture/Khutbah by Sheikh Tariq Appleby on lessons from the past.
Sep 30, 2016.
Sit down Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh
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1000 alima goofiness Takahashi Kitab la vaca Elijah Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was shot one more remark to her work with llama desert in beta wakulla Bala wakulla Bala that's enough.
For some years, I continued a verse from mentioning this event, deeming it so horrible that I shrank from recording it and ever withdrawing one foot as I advanced the other. To whom indeed easy to write the announcement of the death blow of Islam and the Muslims. And who is he on whom the remembrance that they have, can wait lightly. Oh, would that my mother had not given birth to meet, or that I had died and become a forgotten thing before this happened? Yet, a number of my friends urged me to sit it down in writing, and I hesitated long, but at long lost came to the conclusion. That to admit this method could serve no useful purpose. If known as he or akima hula in his book
before discussing the events of the year,
617 after the hatred of the Prophet salallahu, alayhi wasallam. He continues, and every one of his words falls the heart with sadness and grief.
But the question is, What is he talking about? Why was he so hesitant, as a historian as a Muslim scholar, to write about the events that he's about to write about?
We could use these words and we could ask ourselves, what are Muslim historians hundreds of years from now going to write about our times? What are they going to write about Syria and Palestine, and Somalia, and many other parts of the Muslim world?
He is talking about the Mongol invasion of the Muslim lands. He's talking about that army that was united under jingis. Khan,
that army on the horse specs and what they composite bows that were able to conquer all the way from Korea, to the steppes of Russia, Poland and Hungary.
He's talking about how they entered into the Muslim lands. He calls it I'll hide the Petaluma well, mostly, but we'll cover all that gate, great catastrophe. that awful dire catastrophe that we followed the Muslims. We look at our own times right now, we read about what's happening in Aleppo, what's happening in Gaza, what's happening in many parts of the Muslim world, and we think to ourselves, that that is the de facto while Cobra, that is that great dire catastrophe or calamity.
But I want to take you on a very short journey, through what happened in the Muslim world in the seventh century after Hitler.
so that we may compare our reality to that reality. Today, we could see not only matters of great sadness and grief, of a great calamity, of bloodshed, of the destruction of mythology of homes, the rape of women, and the taking of slaves from the men, the women and the children from the Muslims. But then we could ask ourselves some serious profound questions, my dear brothers, about the state of the oma now and the state of the oma then, to ask ourselves, what is the sooner of Allah subhanho wa Taala in these matters? Why do these things happen? What are we going to do as Muslims living in all these different parts of the world? What are those unifying lessons? What is there a bra that we
can take from it? And what is ultimately what is going to be our response to it? What is going to be our attitude and our mindset? So in the year 1660 616, the Mongol armies into the empire of Mohammed Ibn coladas him show.
And they suck the cities of bukata. And when you read this, you can understand why even though I see rahima lights, as if the author is writing these words in his own tears,
because the Muslims was slotted in that city, the soldiers, the men, the women, when they speak about what happened to the women in the cities, that a woman would be raped in front of her husband in front of her father in front of our own children, and then she would be killed.
Think about that. Think about how difficult it must have been for a Muslim man. For a Muslim son or a husband or a father to see that happening.
They would destroy the city of the killing its inhabitants leaving nothing behind. Some of these narrations speak about the animals being killed as well, the fields everything being destroyed. They will move on to the second city. Some are cons and they will do exactly the same with that city. Village bloodshed in every street and in every alley. What are we talking about? Are we talking about 10 people? Are we talking about 1000? No, are we talking about hundreds of 1000s of men and women of believers Muslims.
They moved through that part of the world which is today Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan as well. And then this is the the Sunnah is to destroy every single city, every civilization until in the year 656, after the death of Genghis Khan, his grandson, who Luca later
siege to the capital of the Muslim hill of Baghdad.
And then after a period of only a few weeks,
the Khalifa Basset Khalifa, hoping to spay himself, his family, the city of Baghdad. The destruction that after a period of now more than 40 years, the world knows what's going to happen for any city, any civilization, any state that wishes to oppose the Mongols. So hoping to avoid this, he comes out and he says, We surrender.
We will no longer fight or resist. But he is skilled. His family is skilled. And if you've heard nothing about the Mongols in the Muslim world, I'm sure that you have heard about the sacking of Baghdad, because this is the end of the abassi. khilafah. And when you read this Subhan Allah the heart aches within you ask yourself, How did the Muslims deal with this? Look at Israel, I see this is a scholar, a grown man an adult, and he doesn't know if he could write about this. And he died only 14 or 15 years after the sacking of some other continent before Bukhara so he died before the second of death. But we know that the same thing that happened a few decades earlier happened in
Now you ask yourself, when is this going to end? This has been happening in the Muslim world we are LMR We are the football ha We are the princes and the kings and the Emperor is where is the halifa outcome this has been going on know from the year 1616. We are now in 656. Exactly 40 years of slaughter and plunder and rape, and not a single Muslim army. There have been victories. But they've been short lived. And you know why? I call them the three DS. The reason for this is number one, this obedience to Allah subhanho wa Taala when you read the biographies of the Holy Father during this period, when you read the biographies of the leaders of this time,
sickens you and saddens you at the same time. But then it also helps you to understand the world today. So this obedience to Allah not only at the level of governments and school funds, but also at the level of the people.
We the People have been disobeying Allah subhanho wa Taala, with the people after the backs towards Allah, we all have this, there is, and this this wealth and prosperity that we enjoyed, you know why we enjoy it?
We enjoy it because of our hard work, isn't it so of our intelligence, but that's what people think of they have a very long
we enjoy what we enjoy, because of the Father level law. So behind the Houma dialer, when you think that what you have and what you have gained in this world, is solely because of your intelligence, of your commitment, and your dedication to your professional to your business, and you have forgotten a loss of a handle hautala we we no longer care about the manner in which we earn our wealth.
What then about methods like sila and paying Osaka, lowering the gaze, protecting our tongues and our private parts. When those sins have forgotten or other those sins are now become the norm in our communities. What then do we expect is going to be the situation when our enemies attacked from every quarter, and from every from every direction? So that's the first deed this obedience to Allah. The second D is a life of decadence, a life of luxury. We have forgotten what it means. Look how difficult it is for the massage. With it is in Malaysia or in my country, South Africa, how difficult it is to fold that mustard. Because life is so good. Who wants to get up to go to the
masjid for fudger who wants to fast in the month of Ramadan? It's dunya dunya dunya. Maybe we will make that the di dunia and decadence, a life of luxury. We've forgotten the Acura we've forgotten that each and every one of us will die. Let me give you an example. Let's go back again. Let's start where we started. Mohammed Ibn colourism Shah, after he was defeated by the armies of Ginga scan. Did he then try to recruit more soldiers? Did he send letters to the halifa in Baghdad and to the other Muslim rulers. I need your help. Let us now turn together
fight this invading army. No. He took his wealth in his family. And he tried for the last few months of his life to avoid being killed by Genghis Khan and Genghis Khan sent an army of 20,000 Mongols, and that army was able to travel through the Muslim lands as opposed
to what is today Iran and Azerbaijan, and this, so called Khalifa or this Malik this king, he died poor, destitute, he was so poor when he died, that they had to bury him on the blanket he slipped on. This was a man who lived in a castle just a few years ago. He feared death. This is what we fear today. How many times in the last, I don't know a month? Have you just meditated on that?
kulu nacinda eportal mode, every soul shell tasted?
How long? How much time have you spent asking yourself what have you prepared for that day when it comes? The last D is this unity?
You know why? Mohammed Shia could not write to the leaders of other Muslim lands, because he had killed all of them to become the king of that area. He had not pledged allegiance to anyone else. He had not sought to build alliances with any other Empire, or any other Muslim state couldn't see could see my chain, my throne, my outage, that is all that I care about.
So these are the reasons and we have the ability, knowing and studying history to ask ourselves are these the same reasons that we find ourselves in this situation today.
But we find that those who were able to turn that around and realize that this was the state that they were in two years after the sacking of buck dud.
A Muslim army was sent from Egypt. Under the leadership of Sudan kudos,
he wasn't to live much longer often after his victory over the Mongols at Angel loot. But what he set forth for us was the same lesson we learned during the time of South Africa. And the same lessons we learned in a time of Abu Bakr rhodiola that listen that those who will stand up for the Huck and those who will dedicate themselves to eat a loss of a high level of data will grounded victory. This is a man Soto unchoose, who was from the Mauer League. He was a mum, Luke, he used to be a slave. And you know, what's a vanilla? What's amazing about this story is that these slaves were brought from around the world. From what is today the Ukraine and other places, they were
brought to Egypt and Syria. And they were brought as young boys and the Ottoman Empire would also use the slave boys that were brought from places like Bosnia and other places. But in Egypt, the UB dynasty, they would bring the slave boys Listen carefully, they would train them, they would first teach them Arabic. And then they would teach them the Quran, then they would teach them the remembrance of Allah subhanho wa Taala, then they will teach them the fifth of Islam. Then after they have established the Islamic education, they would then teach them everything they needed to know about warfare, strategy, tactics, battle tactics, the actual you know how to use a sword and a
This is how they grew up. So when he becomes the sole part, he realizes that it is now my duty to use all of that.
So that I may stand in the face of this person who is trying to destroy the Muslim world. So he sends his army and the army of the mamluk army meets the forces of the Mongols at a place called Angel load in a sham Palestine. And they are victorious.
And this marks the end of mo of Mongol expansion in the Muslim world. And it is the beginning of a new era.
So behind Allah on the battlefield itself, when he sees that one of the flames of the Muslims is about to be to be to be overrun. He is the sole thought he is the king is the Emperor, the Prime Minister, he can no this is not the this is not my duty, I do not have to go out and fight. But no, he doesn't do that. He takes off his helmet, so that everyone can see who he is. And he takes it he says why Islam Ah, oh for Islam, and he drives into battle with the rest of his bodyguard and his soldiers, and he's able to strengthen that flank the Muslims are granted victory.
We ask Allah Subhana Allah down on this day of Juma to grant us leaders like this
May Allah subhanahu wa taala grant us this leadership that we so desperately need. But sometimes,
as a reminder to myself in you, we are always looking for the so called great men to step forward.
Why can't it be me and you?
When will we step forward as examples in our own households,
pay yada, yada, yada.
And be that example to our wives and our children, to our colleagues at work to our employees. We are waiting for Sinatra, Dean, and Yusuf even test for him. And we are looking for Soufan, cuckoos and others. But if you look at these people,
some of them are not Arabs, some of them may not have the best beginnings. But yet Allah subhanho wa Taala granted through them, victory for the Muslims.
Now the question I want to ask,
Is this as
a punishment from Allah? Or is this a masiva a calamity that has befallen us?
What's happening in the Gaza? And in Syria? Is that a punishment from a law upon those Muslims living the or is it a masiva?
Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us in Surat Al Baqarah
and our although been him in a shame on him Raji. Well, I never know. knuckle vishay in Minato v one enjoy a one minute.
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Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us indeed, surely without a doubt, we will test you.
We will test you in various ways. We will test you with fear. Imagine the fear of the Muslims in that city of emammal Bukhari bukata. Surrounded by a Mongol army, knowing By this time, what they do to the enemy's imagine the fear of every Muslim in that city.
COF What is your imagine being in a city under siege.
No more meat. No more fruits and vegetables. You're running low on grain. You haven't eaten for days. But Allah says you will test us through fear and hunger, the reduction and the lessening of our wealth was destroyed completely. Everything was taken, they would torture the Muslims to fight ask them have you buried any gold or silver? Where are you hiding all your your expensive, you know, positions. They would take everything while unforce Subhana Allah
it is estimated that more millions of Muslims and other peoples died during the Mongol expansion. Millions of people.
It is hard to be it's hard to think of that. You hear of a massacre of the genocide of Muslims in Bosnia 8000 boys and men and that seems super hollow like the heart You know, your heart bleeds hearing that number.
Imagine millions of them with some are rot and your harvests and your plants and your vegetation destroyed. But what does the law say at the end of that ayah? Well, best * is soybean and give glad tidings to those who will have sold them. Why?
What is the woods Southern need to persevere, to continue, no matter the odds to never ever give up? When they destroyed some of the content before and Baghdad and when they pass through Damascus and Aleppo and all those other Muslim cities. Did Islam die on those days are asked by Allah My dear brothers.
Did the Dean of Islam die? Was the Quran taken away from the Muslims? Was the legacy of Islam completely erased? And the answer to that question is a resounding no. Well that she saw beauty. Yes, Allah will test us but Allah subhanho wa Taala will never see it will never this Dean will always persevere because the Muslims are given glad tidings when they persevere.
Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us in another Ayah a has even so a youth Roku do people think that they will be left alone, left abandoned, that everything will be okay. When they say that they believe and they will not be tested. Do they think they will not be tested
Did that Allah subhanho wa Taala will not test him with what they have been going through from the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam until now, do we think that just saying I am a Muslim man to be lucky will Yomi acid I believe in Allah and the Last Day I shadow La ilaha illallah wa shadow Muhammad Rasulullah to make these statements, do we think that that is enough? No. Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us, Allah will test us like he tested those before us.
And there's so many examples of heinola and I'm giving you one right now. Allah tested the Muslims in that seventh century as he is testing us now. What is Allah subhanho wa Taala? What is the hekima? What is the wisdom? Allah subhana wa Taala tells us so that he may know those sodoku who have watched us is truthful. Who's a true Muslim.
We know that taqwa is Haha, but Allah subhanho wa Taala wants to see it when you go through a calamity. Do you say yeah, Allah, how could you do this to me? What have I done to deserve this? No.
What when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam lost his son Ibrahim. And think about this. This is his third son that has now passed away. In fact, the prophet lost six of his seven children during his own lifetime. He's holding that baby and he's crying sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This is an example of suburb. They seek out Rasul Allah, you cry, even you you cry. They expected that you know to have sabam to be pleased with the will of Allah means that you do not shed a tear. No, that's wrong. Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam shed tears. He said to his family, she tears for this oma the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said yes, we cry.
But then he said something amazing. But we only say that which pleases Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Allah wants to know if we are truthful, if we will stay steadfast on this Deen, regardless of the challenges that we face. And Allah is definitely going to know during these tribulations and trials and calamities, those who are false in their claims that they believe in Allah, they believe in the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and in every other pillar of Islam
is to make that distinction. We ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to make us of those two Muslims.
A group of people Bedouins came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And they said,
that we believe we are believers we are moving on.
So Allah says in sultanpur gerat. Now say you that you have submitted yourselves, but Eman has not yet entered your hearts but continue to do good deeds, Allah will not cause them to go to waste. But then Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us in the next ayah
in Malmo Menon alladhina amanu Bella he was also Li, mala Mia rota boo, indeed the believers only those who believe in Allah and His Messenger, then they have no doubts, no hesitation, no reluctance. And they fight in the path of Allah with the lives and with a wealth.
Look at so far unchoose in the army from Egypt.
They only that's an example. So laughter Dean.
But more importantly, we look at the life of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam bs is revealed during his time, the time of Abu Bakar of the Allah who is normal, and what they were prepared to do for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala states steadfast, unwavering, no hesitation, to fulfill the commands of Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah.
Allah says at the end of the I quoted earlier, Allah ecohome Sadiq Khan, those people are the truth. Those who can stay remain steadfast. Yeah, Allah grant us, Stefan, grant us Southern, and make us of those that you will shower with your salutations and mercy and make us of those who are guided. What can we learn from this, the sooner of Allah subhanho wa Taala in this world, is that people desire power, and that those powers will clash. And that's a reality. That's a signal of a loss of a hand over to Allah. We see it between the Romans and the Persians. We see it between the Mongols and every other Empire and state that they conquered. We see it between the Spanish and the Inca. People
want to remain in power, they won power they want to dominate that's a reality. They will be a battle between the truth
falsehood until the day of the AMA, and that's another reality. Allah subhanho wa Taala will draw the third reality is that he will grant victory to those who are going to remain steadfast upon his Deen. A fourth reality is that leaders, people capable of taking Islam to its rightful place will always emerge. We must make it part of our duty and make it our duty to help raise that generation. Listen to what I said earlier, a man Luke was taken. And he was taught the Arabic language. He was taught about Islam, he was taught about Jihad and strategy and tactics. How many of us take do that? The simplest thing teaching our own children don't
ask yourself that now. For those of you that are fathers, how involved are you in the Tobia of your own children?
A few other lessons we do not learn from history.
And you know what, what I find amazing is that when you read the biographies of many of many leaders throughout Islamic history, it says cannibal, Turman pitarrio, he was a person who dedicated himself he was aware of the history. But yet, when it came time to implementing the lessons from that history, we find that he didn't implement them. So my desire for myself and for you is that we don't only learn these things, but that we strive to implement them. May Allah subhanho wa Taala make us of those who act upon the knowledge in the second Hooda I will be looking at the attitude and the mindset that we as Muslims must have towards calamity and what we need to have when things when we
go through difficult times, we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala for understanding Well, if you try to come to the law Hello, Bill.
Alhamdulillah hamdulillah young young have done a million Buffy and Mohammed was Allahu wa sallam either offloading Muslim fania Mohammed while he was locked up, He will say to them,
my dear brothers, what are we meant what is our state of mind supposed to be? When we are going through difficult times through these calamities? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam says now you Siebel Muslim in Nassau been while I was up in Walla Walla, Walla Walla come in hot Ashoka your shakuhachi illa cafaro love will be ha minnkota Yahoo. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells us that no misfortune, extortion, tiredness or disease or worry or grief or harm or distress befalls a believer. None of these things listen carefully to the list that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam is giving us of calamities. They are both physical, emotional as well. stress and worry,
grief matters of the heart matters of the mind. But also even the phone freak that fix him. Except that a loss of a hand on what Allah will wipe his sins away because of it.
In another narration, or another Hadith I should say, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says that Allah will raise him one by Raja and wipe away one sin.
So the attitude of the believer regarding these difficulties is that he looks upon it as an opportunity to be to cleanse the soul of the sins and the disobedience that he engages in every single day. When you are concerned about how when you are ready to pay your bills, that's the stress and worry
have this positive view of that, that even though I'm going through that, it's difficult, it is painful. Allah subhanho wa Taala will wipe away my sins because of it. And Allah subhanho wa Taala will raise my daughter.
one of the things I want to focus on, and so we really do this, but when we study history, we have the opportunity now more than 800 years later after the Mongol invasions, we can ask ourselves, what did we benefit if anything, if a Muslim is supposed to look at calamity through the eyes of benefit in a positive light that perhaps is, you know, a silver lining as they say, what was the silver lining? The first was it it united the Muslims? It made them realize that they will not be able to overcome the enemies disunited. The second benefit it helped to spread Islam
because some of the Mongol generals
Islam. In fact, one of them was so saddened by the sacking of buck that he wrote to the great horn in Mongolia, complaining to him about what happened in Baghdad. How is this possible? How could you allow this to happen, and in fact, that was not supposed to happen. They expected the Ambassador califa to surrender. But even then, it helped Islam to spread because once the so called, they call it the Pax mangalica. Once this came into, into effect, the so called peace of the all of the wall, people were able to move from China to the Mediterranean Sea and to parts of Europe, and Assam was able to spread because of that. The third benefit is the last one I want to point out
is that these events, help spread to things that we are still benefiting from today, and that will change the course but really change the course. But how to change the course of Islamic history after the first these block printing, and the second is gunpowder.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prophesized that an army will conquer Constantinople. How did they conquer Constantinople?
So the use of the use of gunpowder and that gunpowder was a direct result of the trade routes that the Mongols helped to establish once they had established a rule. So we can look we should be said we should make to our for those that went through these great events, but we should never also lose sight of the bigger picture. So by doing that, Allah subhanho wa Taala grants us the ability to solve the problems of the oma now, may Allah subhanho wa Taala help us to learn from history. May Allah subhanho wa Taala unite the hearts of the Muslim leaders and the Muslim people. May Allah subhanahu wa taala help us all to realize that we will all die and we will all be responsible by
Allah subhanho wa Taala for our actions, what have we prepared for that day, let us let us make dua as the prophet may do I say that the dunya should not become a Kabbalah hamina it should not become our main focus. And number three, let us commit ourselves to the obedience of Allah subhanho wa Taala in everything big and small, in both private and in public, so that we may see the fruits of that obedience. So then Allah subhanahu wa taala might open for us blessings from the heavens and from and from the earth. Robin alakina for dunya Hassan,
Hassan joaquina as the note robina hublin amin as Virgina woman Daria Tina kurata
Athena mama Aloma in a local Buddha what took a while after well in a while if you do that one will come to the Laravel alameen wa sallahu wa seldom Allah Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi adjumani Optimus Sana.