Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Luqman 20-34 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 20-21
Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim
lesson number 215 sudut. Look man, I am number 2234
and under Oh, do you not see? An Allah her that Indeed Allah, Sahara calm he has subjected for you, what has he subjected for you?
Man has somehow it whatever that is in the skies, woman fill up and whatever that is in the earth
or people, do you not see this? Do you not realize this, that Allah has subjected everything that is in the skies and everything that is in the earth for you for your benefit?
What does it mean by Sahara. So her seen her Sahaja yusaku, to see, is to forcibly appoint someone to perform a particular task,
to give them no choice with regards to it,
to make it mandatory on them.
So what does it mean, then, to force someone to do something
to make them subjected to make them subservient. And that the see the subjection of everything that is in the heavens, and everything that is in the earth is for whose benefit,
the benefit of people, that if you look at it, in the skies, in the earth, everything is doing what it is supposed to do.
Nothing moves away from what it is supposed to do,
isn't it so like, for example, if the sun is supposed to rise at a particular time, that is when it rises, and if it's supposed to set at a particular time, that is when it sets, the clouds, the way they function is predictable? The coming out of the sun, the setting of the sun that is also predictable, isn't it?
And if there was no order, if everything in the universe followed its own desires, like people do, then would anything function. Would anything be possible with any life be possible in this world?
We see that people are such beings who have choice who have free will. And what happens when people are asked to do something, many times they don't do what they're supposed to do. Or they don't do it at the right time.
They leave it unfinished, they leave it incomplete.
And as a result, when some people are together working on a particular project, because of the laziness of even one person, the entire work gets affected, isn't it so?
But we see that when it comes to the heavens and the earth alasa panda has not left any choice. Allah subhanaw taala has not left any choice with anything in the heavens and the earth, the only creature that does have choices who human beings.
So do you not see that indeed Allah has subjected for you, there is objective for your benefit. Math is somewhat when I fill up.
And if you look at it, what is in the skies, the moon, the sun, the stars, the clouds, the winds that blow and what is in the earth, different things. For instance, rivers, animals, birds, fruits, vegetables, plants, so on and so forth. Rocks mountains. Now, Sahara is first that they are reduced to service. Right? That they have no choice they do what they're supposed to do.
But hora is also that the hora Lacan that he has subjected for you, so that you're able to do what you want to with them.
Some creatures, we are able to do whatever we want to with them. But other creatures, we cannot do that, isn't it?
Like, for example, when it comes to some animals, such as the animals of livestock, we're able to slaughter them, we're able to deem them, isn't it, we're able to set them free. We're able to let them pasture we're able to control them.
So who has given us this authority, this power, this ability, Allah subhanaw taala and who has made these creatures so humble? So those signs that we're able to train them we're able to tame them, however, that we wish, Allah subhanaw taala
so they're available to you, you are able to do whatever you wish with them, and they are there for your service
Sahaja Lacan method sama wati wa marfil of the
Well as Baba Aleykum, and he has amply bestowed upon you, what has he bestowed upon you, near Allah who his blessings which blessings rahila 10 apparent ones, and also, well cleaner, and also hidden ones, blessings that you see, and blessings that you don't see. But all of them are there for you.
And the word that has been used over here is a vulva. And Escobar is from the roof ever seen the line?
And sabella literally means to be vast.
And when something is vast, when something is huge, then isn't it sufficient? Isn't it a lot in its quantity? Generally, this is what we think. Right? If something is vast, it's spacious. That means it has to be huge, spacious house vast house, we think it's going to be a huge house.
So from this, the word is also used for that which is complete and that which is perfect. Nothing is missing.
It's ample, right?
So it's perfect. It's complete, nothing at all is missing. It's ample in its quantity.
From this is also their own sebelum didn't meaning such armor that fits the one who's wearing it completely.
You know, sometimes you're wearing certain clothes and what happens? The sleeves are not long enough.
And constantly What are you doing, you're pulling your sleeves down. Or sometimes the pants are not long enough. So constantly you're either putting them down or you pulling them up or something or the other.
But deren savvy alone is such armor that fits a person completely, it fits very well
that no part of his body is exposed when he's wearing that armor. And this is where in the Quran is also mentioned a Nirmal sabya lot from the same root tag a lot.
And you may have heard of his bear who will do as well who will do is to perfect the will do to complete the
wear at times of difficulty and then look at
that when you don't want to but still, what do you do? You wash yourself three times like just imagine a cold night a cold and you have no hot water in the house.
So what do you want to do at that time? Not wash your arms completely, isn't it? You don't want to wash your feet completely. But what is well we'll do that you don't leave any part of the body dry, any part at all. You do it with perfection. You do it with perfection.
So Escobar Alaykum Nirmal Allah, he has perfected his blessings upon you.
So that there is nothing that you need, that is missing, that you don't have
everything that you need.
Everything that is necessary for your well being for your survival, a loss of personal data has provided that to you.
Whether it is in the form of air or food, nutrition, anything
he has amply bestowed it upon he perfected it.
And also as well gives the meaning of showered meaning he has given an abundance, that there are so many think about how many apples you've eaten in your life, can you count it? No, you cannot even
think about how many grains you've eaten impossible for you to count.
So he has showered them upon you amply bestowed upon you and completed them.
So that nothing at all that you need is missing from your life.
And these blessings neerim is the plural of nirma these blessings that Allah has bestowed upon you these countless blessings. What are they like?
They're both law harriton apparent, and also about Polina and also hidden ones. What does it mean by this, that the blessings that Allah has bestowed upon you, some of them are law here, what is law had
that which can be seen, that which is visible, and battlin, that which is hidden, that which is invisible, that which you cannot see.
So the blessings that Allah has bestowed on us, some are such that we see them clearly. We clearly see them around us, we clearly notice them.
But there are other blessings, which we don't even notice, which we don't even see.
Like, for example, what's going on inside our bodies, that the heart is functioning properly, that the blood is flowing,
right, the sugar level, so on and so forth. This is what a hidden blessing, is it? Can we see it all the time? No. We have to use machinery to figure out if everything is working normally or not. But just imagine if we had to do it all the time and regulate our bodies ourselves. It would be impossible for us to do so.
So this is what about when blessing, something that we cannot see but it's there.
Also it has been said that law hid it refers to outward external blessings, and belting internal blessings.
laughead tangible blessings, and belting intangible blessings,
raw hair blessings that we know of, and vows and blessings that we don't even know or
we don't even know they exist
is an utter
so many blessings we see, we notice we are grateful for them. But many blessings, we don't even notice them. And this is why we don't even appreciate them.
Right here, rotten Weber cleaner. If you look at your body, this is what I had. The knowledge that you have that is what battlin
and sometimes there are some blessings, which we don't view as blessings. They come in the form of difficulties in the form of problems and what do we say later on?
What do we say about them? It was a blessing in disguise. That is what badly, isn't it? So what us Viva La comme neuroma whose la Hirata and webapp Lina nothing has he left out everything that you need, he has given it to you, in abundance, perfected the blessings, completed the blessings and bestowed abundantly on you apparent, hidden, visible, and also invisible.
But still, what is the state of people? That woman and see and among the people, there is my new J Dilla. filler? He, there is one who disputes concerning Allah, how belaid your ailment without any knowledge?
Allah is the one who has restored everything to you, everything. You see it, you don't see it, you know it, you don't know it. But Allah has bestowed all of these blessings upon you.
Some, you're grateful for others, you never realize you never say sugar for them.
But still, what is the state of people that there are some who instead of thanking Allah, instead of submitting before Allah, instead of obeying a law? What do they do?
They argue with regards to a loss or penalty.
Now, what does it mean by geniale? fella arguing with regards to a loss of parameter.
It could be about his oneness. It could be about his attributes. It could be about his existence, it could be about his exclusive right of being worshipped.
There are people who argue with regards to a love behind here in men without any knowledge, meaning without any evidence,
that whenever they do argue, it's not that their argument is based on some sided proof.
whatever they're saying is not based on any evidence, what evidence nor any guidance, guidance from who, from a messenger, on the basis of which he's arguing, know,
what archetype in money, nor is his argument based on a radiant book, what does it mean by money? That which illuminates that which gives light?
So it's illuminating? And kitabi? Money refers to some divine scripture, because what does divine scripture do? It guides people, and because of it, there is light.
So these people who argue with regards to Allah, it's not that their argument is based on some solid evidence. It's not that their argument is based on some guidance they have received from the messenger. Nor is it some argument that is based on something that is mentioned in Divine scripture.
So then, what does it mean? Their argument is based on what? Nothing? Nothing, it has no basis whatsoever.
And because of that, it's completely invalid. Completely invalid.
Think about it. If two people are arguing about something, they have a debate about something. What do they want to do? They want to prove each other wrong, basically, and prove themselves, right.
So what will they do in order to do that? They will cite evidences, they will cite proofs, isn't it?
And these proofs, they will take them from where?
From something that has some weight.
Now imagine somebody arguing about something and they say, Oh, I got this from Wikipedia.
Now, for many people, Wikipedia means a lot. But for others, they say no, it's not trustworthy. It's not reliable, isn't it? Has it ever happened that on an assignment or something that you submitted at school, the references that you provide at the end, you say, Oh, my mom said this.
Is that worth anything? Will your professor accepted when your teacher accepted, no matter how much you respect your mother, no matter how much you believe her to be true and accurate, but still is it acceptable?
Know what is acceptable, some book some research, isn't it?
Some study that is acceptable.
So this person when he argues about Allah, He is arguing based on what just his desires? That's
his argument is not based on any evidence whatsoever, because the fact is that Allah subhanaw taala, because he is the Razzak. He is the one or him, he is the one who bestows blessings. This is why he's the only one who deserves worship
and the entire universe, it supports that. Because as we have discussed earlier, many, many times the entire universe, what is it show that it's all functioning together? It's one system, right? And this one system shows there is one being above all of this, isn't it? The sun, the moon, the night, the day, the sky, the earth, all of them are coordinated with one another. None of the creatures and the heavens and the earth are independent of one another? Isn't it?
All of them together work. And this shows that there is only one being above them. And when there's only one being above them, then the entire universe? What does it show? What is it an evidence of one creator?
Right? So the universe supports what? One creator? That isn't evidence for that, when it comes to who they are. When it comes to guidance out of the messengers. What did they teach?
Or the law worship only Allah? And every scripture that Allah revealed kitabi Mooney, what did that say as well?
worship of Allah alone.
So when a person brings in evidence, other than these are in Hoda, kitabi money, then what is that evidence? It's based on just his desires, and it's not worth anything, it's not going to be acceptable at all.
So what do we see over here? That why is it that some people despite the truth being so clear, despite the fact that a Lost Planet Allah has bestowed everything upon them? Why is it that they still hold on to falsehood? Because jodel filler, this is what holding on to falsehood.
So what's the reason behind that, following the desires and obviously man's enemy shaytaan,
we learned into little anom I have 121, that were in the shower cleaner, you hoonah either Odia M. Li j De Luca, and indeed the devils what do they do? They inspire their allies, among men to dispute with you.
Remember that this is a Maki surah.
And basically, the people of Makkah, they're being addressed indirectly over here, that are people of Makkah, you deny the Prophet of Allah, you deny the oneness of Allah subhanaw taala. Yet, do you not see that Allah is the one who has bestowed all of these blessings upon you? Still, you reject him? Still, you disobey Him? Still, you will not thank him.
And when it comes to submitting to Allah, instead of submitting to him, what do you do? You argue about him? And who do you argue with, with the Prophet of Allah, and what you're arguing based on Nothing? Nothing at all.
So the people of Makkah, they're being addressed. And this verse can also be understood genuinely, that all people
are in a way being addressed as well. That when Allah alone is the one who has given everything, that he alone deserves to be wishing, he alone deserves to be thanked and appreciated.
What either feel alone, and when it is said to them, to, to the same people that interview manzanilla follow that which Allah has revealed. Because whatever they say is based on what just their desires, their whims. It's not any sound proof. It's not the teachings of a messenger. It's not a book.
So when it is said to them, follow what Allah has revealed. follow the guidance that Allah has sent kalu they say their responses been rather meaning no, we're not going to follow what you say Allah has revealed. Instead, what are we going to follow? netopia Oh, man, we're giardina la.
We will follow that which we found our forefathers on.
We will live according to the way that we found our forefathers living.
We're not going to see what Allah has said. We're not going to see what's more, right. What's more better. Instead, what are we going to do? We're just going to follow our forefathers. Allah subhanaw taala says a willow, still, meaning will they follow them? Well, even if can
shaytani shaytan is the other room he is calling them Illa or the adversary to the punishment of the Blaze?
Who is your phone calling them?
Yeah the room home them it may refer to their forefathers.
So will these people still follow their forefathers, even if shavon is calling their forefathers to the punishment of hell?
Or their own home then we also refer to the people who are following their forefathers blindly.
That will they still follow their forefathers even though she upon is calling them to the punishment of the Blaze? How? How is your phone calling people the punishment of the Fire by calling them to shake
by calling them to disobedience of a loss of data by calling him to turn away from what Allah has revealed?
Because instead of hedge I am number four we learned about children that quotevalet unknown momento Allahu Allahu Yu Li Lu Wei de la iDevice sorry,
it has been decreed for every devil, every level every shaitan that whoever turns to him, whoever befriends him, then what will shutdown due to the person who will misguide him and he will lead him to the punishment of the place, he will lead him to the punishment of the hellfire.
Now we see something over here that the problem is that people instead of following guidance, instead of following knowledge, what are the following their desires and also also their forefathers?
Now if you look at this a lot earlier, what did we learn about Look, man?
And look, man, what did he do? He advised his son. He gave us some beautiful advice. And where a father is giving such good, excellent advice to his son. Is it not mandatory on the son to listen to his father? Isn't it? Is it not mandatory on children to listen to their forefathers? Of course,
what did we learn in the soda that was slain in Santa BYD, they, Allah has made it obligatory, and people do, do ersan towards Who? towards their parents and part of your son is obeying them listening to them.
But over here, we see that people are being condemned for following their forefathers. Why? What's the reason?
What's the reason? at one place we see we're being encouraged to obey our parents to listen to righteous forefathers. But on the other hand, we see that following the forefathers has been condemned. Why?
Look, man, what did he say to his son letter Shrek villa. And these forefathers What are they doing? They're following the footsteps of shavon worshipping idols and heading towards hellfire.
obedience to parents will only be where they're calling to righteousness to goodness, which is why we also learned that we're in Jehovah Karla officially gonna be my laser like, I'll be around for like two terumah, then you're not going to obey them.
So we see that following once parents following once forefathers, following one's tradition and culture.
This is not something that is absolutely prohibited.
Just because your family does something, doesn't mean you're required not to do it. No. This is not something that is absolutely prohibited. What is prohibited is what blind following.
And what does it mean by blind following, that you just do whatever they're doing, without using your mind without using your reason, without thinking without critically analyzing their ways, their practices, just doing what they're doing. Blind following is something that is forbidden.
And a term is used for that which is known as duck lead.
You may have come across it, you may have heard it. This is something that is not permissible or not suitable, that a person does not even question where the other is taking him. And he just has because my father said it. This is why I'll do it. Because my teacher said it. This is why I'll do it. This is not the correct way.
What is it that we're supposed to follow? What do we see over here? Matt unzila law, that which Allah has revealed,
and if anything contradicts what Allah has revealed, whether it is in the form of one's parents or culture or society or traditions or teachers, then it will not be preferred what will be given preference, morons and a lot that which Allah has revealed.
Now again, just because you say that, Oh, I'm not supposed to be following my parents blindly. If
To tell you to do something, right? It doesn't mean you oppose them over there. You understand? When they tell you to do that, which is right, you're supposed to listen. But if they tell you to do something that contradicts my answer a law, that is something that we should not do.
And for this, what is required knowledge, knowledge is required, which is why if you notice over here in the previous ayah, what was mentioned below here in all our hidden or our kitabi monies.
So, what does it show that a person must learn him, he must learn who they are, and he must get a stronger understanding of kitabi Mooney and all of this is what man under a law that which Allah has revealed.
So, knowledge is extremely important.
And one thing I want you to understand is this term, the clean the clean is from cough lamb that
and you remember the word color it
what we're calling it,
the garland did animals remember that when the animals they would be taken for slaughter for Hajj, then they would be distinguished, they would be marked out from the rest of the animals
with what with certain Garland's? Like they would put like a strap or something around the animal. Now mockolate is someone who has around his neck a strap, okay, who has around his neck, like a rope?
And wherever you take that rope, you know, you pull that animal with that drop, and he will just follow you blindly.
Does it suit a human being?
Think about it as a human being. It doesn't. This is greatly disrespectful.
And we may feel that if our leader we're following them, and we're giving them so much respect that we don't even question them. This is not respect. This is not respect. When it comes to the book of Allah. When it comes to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, that is where we're supposed to say, Samir. Now what a foreigner, without any question. Without demanding any logic, anything whatsoever. That is where we're supposed to submit. But when it comes from any other person, then we are supposed to use our mind. Because that person could be wrong.
That person could have misunderstood. That person, after all, does not have complete knowledge. That person is not the source of guidance isn't at all.
And that person is, after all, a weak human being he could he could make a mistake and on the Day of Judgment, he will not take responsibility.
The blame will fall on who on people themselves.
So we see over here that the problem with the people of Makkah was that whenever they were told, come and follow what Allah has revealed. Listen to this messenger. Look at what the Quran tells us. What would they say? No, we only do what our forefathers notice. That's it, nothing else but that. And Allah subhanaw taala questions is over here, our Locanda shape lanaya the room Illa are the adversary will they still follow them? Even if shavon is leading them to the punishment of Hellfire? Still will they follow them?
And sometimes it's amazing that people they clearly find something contradicting what their scholar has said what their teachers that what their parents have said the Quran clearly contradicts that clearly. But still what will they prefer?
What the family tradition is, what the lifestyle is, whatever the teacher has said whatever the scholar has said, Remember they are human beings. It's possible they didn't know and you cannot follow them blindly. I will ocana shaytani r the room. It are the adversary