Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Furqan 21-34 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 21-23
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Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim
lesson number 187 sort of recon. I am number 21 to 34
will call alladhina lei of June Anika Anna and those people who do not expect the meeting with us, they say Lola en de la Elena and Monica.
How come the angels don't descend upon us? Oh no robina or how can we don't see our Lord
Allah. Allah says about such people locker the stackable roofie and footsy him What are the what are two when Chavira they have certainly become arrogant within themselves, and they have become insolent with great incidents.
This shows their great pride that they're demanding to see Allah subhanaw taala
who, which people and Medina lay of junella Karana your journey is from Roger and Roger has two meanings First of all, it means to hope for something to look forward to something to expect something
so they do not look forward to the meeting with us. Meaning they do not look forward to the hereafter to the reward of the hereafter to meet Allah subhanaw taala to see him. They don't have any such hope. They don't have any such desire.
And secondly, the word Raja is also used for health for fear.
Like for example, Malecon Latham, Jr, Leila hirakata.
So Raja also means fear. So they do not fear our meeting, meaning they do not fear the Day of Judgment. They do not fear giving the account. They do not fear being questioned about their deeds. What's the reason behind that? When does a person not look forward to the hereafter? And when does he not fear the hereafter either? It's when he does not believe in it.
So layer Giuliana, what does that show? They deny the hereafter? They don't have any fear. They don't have any hope.
And because of that, they say Lola unzila, Elena and Mila eka.
How come? Why not do the angel to descend upon us?
earlier in this lesson, we learned about the many, many objections that the machine of MCI raised against the profits are the loudest. Amongst them were that he is a human being, he eats just like we eat, he goes to the marketplaces just like we go. So there is no difference between us and him.
So over a year, they're saying that if there is no difference between us and him, in human terms, that he's a human, and we're human beings, then if angels come to him bringing revelation than angels should also come to us bringing revelation.
So why are they demanding that the angel should come to them, bringing revelation that if the angel can bring it to Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam. And he's a human being just like us, then Angel should also come to us. They should also bring it to us. Because we are better than him. We are more powerful than him. We are wealthier than him.
So this was our first event, Lola en de la, Elena Malaika. How can the angels do not descend on us?
And the second event that they had was that, oh, not on a banner? How come we do not see our Lord? meaning how come we don't see Allah? If Mohammed salatu salam is really a messenger, that Allah should show us, himself, and he should tell us that we should believe in him and we should follow him. And nothing like this happens. He's our messenger, he's a liar.
And you will see that even today, people make the same demands.
That if we are expected to believe in God, then how can we cannot see God is an utter. If we're expected to believe in the angels, then how can we don't see the angels?
The fact is, that in our faith, there is something known as belief in the unseen and that is a test. That is a test for everybody.
So they make such demands that are not on our banner, how can we do not see our Lord? What does Allah subhanaw taala say about such people, that leopard is stuck by roofie and fuzzy him? They have become very arrogant in themselves. They have assumed greatness, about themselves in their own hearts. What does it mean by this fi and fusi him? Meaning with regards to themselves, they have become very arrogant. They think too highly of themselves. They think they're very, very great.
And whether or not somebody actually
And to be great, they think that they're very great. And you see this is the reality of arrogance that a person thinks he's very mighty. And other people don't even consider him to be mighty isn't.
A person thinks he's up there a person thinks he's very, very special. However, in the sight of others, he's not that special. He's not up there.
So luckily Stockwell roofie and forcing him what I tell her to one, Kabila Otto was from the roof letters, I enter well, and or do is to disobey out of arrogance. It is to cross the limits do exceed the limits in disobedience. Why, out of arrogance that a person does not care about any bounds, any limits, any rules, any restrictions. He just does whatever he desires.
So such people, they're so incident, they're so arrogant, they're so disobedient, that they're demanding to see Allah. They're demanding that the angels should come to them. This is as though it is being said that what do these people think of themselves? What do they think of themselves that the angel should come to each and every single one of them and that Allah subhanaw taala should show himself to these people.
Now the same thing is mentioned elsewhere as well. We don't have an arm I have 124 that what Elijah at home is on our low learn note, Mina, nota, muslimah udia, who sort of law
that whenever assigned comes to the people, what do they say? That we are never going to believe until we are given what the messengers of Allah are given?
We don't want to see things we want, that these messages, these angels should also come to us, that if God spoke to Musa medicina, he should also speak to us. If Allah subhanaw taala spoke to Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam at Mira Lodge, he should also speak to us.
So, these were the demands of these people. And this shows that it is the arrogant people, it is those who are very arrogant, who demand such things.
We learn in sort of Islam 92, that out that Dr. Billa, he will Mullah exotic Kabbalah, or you bring a lot and the angels right before us.
When you bring them right before us, then we are going to believe.
And Allah subhanaw taala responds to all such people into the Prophet, I have 56 that in alladhina yuja de Luna Fie it la Hebrew lady so funny, at our home in fucile duty elac kebudayaan muhimbi. Verily,
that indeed, those people who dispute concerning the Ayat of Allah without any authority having come to them, there is not within their hearts except pride, except arrogance, the extent of which they cannot reach.
So when does a person start making such demands? That I am only going to believe I see God, I'm only going to believe if the angels come to me. What's the reason behind that?
pride. The reason behind that is arrogance.
And we see that the bunny is an eel also, they made a very similar demand.
They also demanded from Masada center, that arena la Jara, show us a lot openly, and we want to see him clearly openly. But what happened? What happened then, a thunderbolt struck them and they were punished immediately.
So we see that any person who makes such demands, the reason behind that is pride. And Allah does not like pride.
Because a person who is humble, a person who is submissive, what is his behavior, that if the messenger tells him something, you will accept it?
And people who think very highly of themselves, what do they want, that everything should be proven to them, everything should be shown to them. I will not accept I will not believe until I see this until you show it to me. So this is a sign of great pride that a person has in his heart. Allah says, yo yo owner Mullah ekata on the day that they will actually see the angels. Right now. They're demanding to see the angels Yes, there will be a day when these people will see the angels and when is that day
before the day of judgment is the day of death, because on that day, the angels will come to take their souls.
So on their death, when the angels will come to take their souls Yama, Yama, Mullah ekata, la Bushra Yama, remain on that day. There is absolutely no good news for the criminals. Level sre no good news at all. There's nothing to rejoice about on that day, for who Lynwood remain for the criminals.
If you notice caffeine has not been said. what has been said would you mean
Criminals, those who are arrogant, those who don't care about the limits that Allah has set, those who make such insolent demands, those who are very defiant.
So lavishly yoma even little more dreamy, there is no good news for them on that day.
We have coluna and they will say, hey john Madura a barrier that is prevented or prevented and inaccessible.
What does it mean by this hedger on module
hedged on modular is a phrase
and literally the word hedges module both are from the newsletters had GMO
and hedger from the same route, what does it mean?
A rock a stone.
And from that it is used for manure meaning a barrier. Because when you have a rock in your way, it serves as a barrier, it prevents you from going forth. Remember that incident where the Sahaba they were all digging the trench, and there was a huge rock a huge boulder.
And they could not get past it, they couldn't either break it, nor could they take it out. And then they call the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and then he came and he struck and then a light emerged, you remember that incident?
So hedger, it serves as a barrier, which is why the word Hydra results are used for a very something that is solid, which does not break easily. And if you look at it, boundary walls, or even forts, what are they made of? solid rock, isn't it so forth, they are made of solid rock, Why? So that it's not easy to break them, it's not easy to go past them. Whereas if you have a building that is made of wood, it's very easy. You can break through it, you can burn it, isn't it.
But something that is made of solid rock, it's very, very difficult to break through it.
And hajer what it means to surround something with rocks. And when something is surrounded with rocks, what happens? What is inside is inaccessible.
What is inside is secure, you cannot reach it.
It's inaccessible, it's prevented.
If you look at the word hedges, the first word that you see hedges on Madura. The word hedged has several meanings. Because this word appears repeatedly in the Quran in different meanings. So just to clarify, hedging, first of all means a place that is surrounded by a stone wall. So what is it, a place that is surrounded by a stone wall, so a place that is secure? And from this is also the hidden? The hidden? Why? Because there's a stone wall around it.
Right by the Carver, you see the semicircle wall, right? So that's the whole thing. It's also called hedges.
Secondly, hedges, as a proper now is the name of the people of the mood as well as how we hedge. Why, because they build their houses out by carving rocks, they used a lot of rock in their architecture.
So this is why they were known as the people of hated the people have rock and that entire area was known as a hedge.
Thirdly, the word hated is also used for for intellect. Why? Why do you think so? Because it stops you from doing wrong from behaving inappropriately in the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala says healthy Delica Casa only the hedge Is there a possum in this for Lydia hedges for those people who have some intellect
then the word hedging is also used for something that is held on whose consumption is prohibited.
We have learned that while corlew had he and Armand were howelsen Hadrian that the people of Makkah they will claim that these animals have livestock and this produce is what it is hedged.
Meaning it is manure, it is forbidden. No one can consume it unless we allow them to and who did they allow?
It was only the males. The women were not allowed to eat. So hygiene is what something that is forbidden, something that is prohibited.
So, hey jalon. My doula my Judas is enough room. So my schedule is one that is banned, one that is barred one that is forbidden, one that is made inaccessible.
Now keeping the literal meaning in mind, hedgerow Matura together is a phrase together, it is a phrase
and what does it mean?
It means that such and such thing is prevented such and such thing is inaccessible. You cannot reach it, you cannot harm it. You cannot
inflict any harm upon it. And the Arabs, they had this custom, that whenever they were struck by a misfortune whenever they were struck by a calamity, or whenever an enemy was approaching them, and they felt that they were unable to defend themselves by for example, you're walking and all of a sudden you see somebody approaching, imagine the middle of the desert, how can you run away? Imagine if a person is walking and the other is on a horse? They're approaching you. So at that time, what would the Arab say, hey, gentlemen,
meaning we are safe, we are prevented, we are inaccessible, you cannot harm us, you should not be able to harm us. And if they would say that, then the enemy would not harm them. You don't you wouldn't have these games as well. If you say something, and you were saved, and nobody can harm you. So similarly, they had this concept as well. This is just like when the angel came to medium, an incident. What did she say? Mandala? I seek refuge in Allah. So why did she say that? That don't harm me. Don't touch me. Don't do anything wrong with me. I have sought the refuge of Allah, I should be saved from you do not harm me at all.
So hedgetrimmer doula as a phrase, what does it mean? That I seek refuge or you can say Help Help or do not harm me or do not attack me, I am prevented, I am inaccessible.
If injured, ah, he said that when the Arabs were surrounded by some difficulty, they would say this, they would say this expression and it would give the meaning of our within our the meaning we are saved, or do not attack us We seek refuge.
Now, going back to the context, right now, these people are demanding to see the angels When the angels will come, they will not come with any good news. They will come with punishment. And when these people are going to see the punishment, what are they going to do? They're going to start seeking refuge. They're going to start seeking refuge. Right now they're demanding and then they will be seeking refuge.
Now, this part of the eye has also been understood in another way. And what is that, that hedgerow Madura I told you one mean that as a phrase it means do not harm Do not touch and secondly, hydro Maduro is also used for a strong barrier between two things
is used for a strong barrier between two things or hedges a barrier magura one that is inaccessible one that cannot be broken through. So hedgerow Madura is such a hurdle that cannot be removed.
Such a hurdle such an obstacle, such a barrier that cannot be removed. And in certain Furqan only I number 53 we learn what our lady module vahini has been forgotten where Heather Miller judge or jury anabaena whomever was the one where he jomar Judo
that Allah is the one who has made do different waters. One is sweet one is salty, and was them when they're together, they do not mix with one another because between them as what about as a barrier and a hedgerow module as such a barrier that cannot be broken through. You understand?
So if we take this meaning, that hedgerow Maha Shula that a strong barrier that cannot be removed, what does it mean by this? This has been understood as that way of goo Luna and they will say, they refers to the angels,
that the angels when they will come with the punishment, when they will come to take their souls. They will say to these people hate Jerome Maduro, meaning hallum and mohalla, a loss favor His mercy, his gender, good news, all of them are banned and prohibited.
You cannot enter Paradise. You cannot run you cannot escape. hedgerow Matura
This is just like a criminal who is caught What is it all? Stop right there. Hands up, get down. Similarly, these people when the angels will come, they will try to escape. They will try to run away. But the angels What are they going to say to them? Hey, drama, doula, stop right there. Hands up, down. And that's it you cannot run and there is no good news for you. There is no mercy for you. There is no paradise for you. No favor of Allah for you.
We are kulula hedger on my doula. So what do we see in this ayah
that these people who demand to see the angels
When they actually see the angels, they will not be happy. There will be no good news for them on that day. Because either the angels are bringing death, or they're bringing punishment for them.
So obviously, there's nothing to rejoice about.
So what do we see? That when the criminals do see the angels, it will not be a good day for them?
in total and File Number 50, we learn one out our idiot often Latina, cafaro and Malaika to the ugly Buddha, would you have a more at home with Luca I'd ever hurry. And if you could see, when the angels take the souls of those who disbelieved
that they are striking their faces and their backs and they're saying taste the punishment of the blazing fire.
So obviously, they will not rejoice at that point. in Surat, Al anon. Number eight we learn what carlu loana en de la la Malecon, Allah says hello, Angela manneken, Laconia, Andrew, some Alejandro, that the people demand How can an angel is not sent down? Allah says that if we send down an angel, then the matter would have been decided and then they would not be reprieved, they would not be given any chances whatsoever. So little and am I number eight.
Now, over here in this ayah Allah subhanaw taala says level sre, there is no good news for them.
What does this show that some people when the angels come to them, they do not bring any good news to them. But there are others as well. Who When the angels do come to them, what do they bring good news to them.
As we have learned, that there are people who When the angels come When the angels can protect their souls by you being that they're good, they're clean, they're pure, and the angels give them good news of Allah's reward, his forgiveness, His mercy, his paradise
cemetery, we turned into a full slate that is 3232 that in alladhina, Carlota, buena la So Mr. Karma, that unecessarily with Monica, at the angel descend upon such people and what do they say, I let her for whatever reason, whatever she will be generated, let it continue to her doing that do not have any fear. Do not grieve and rejoice with Jenna, that you have been promised.
So there are people who in the angels will come to them they will not bring any good news. But there are others who when they will come to them they will bring good news and obviously Who are they those who have belief in the hereafter. Those who fear the meeting with Allah, those who look forward to that meeting.
Because when a person fears that meeting, when a person looks forward to it, then he's preparing for it. So such people when the angels do come to them, they will bring them good news
or dinner. And we will regard it Mr. Emmylou Minh or Merlin what they have done of any deed fudger Allahu Hubba amend surah and then we will make them as dust that is dispersed.
But in addition, learn from the root letters of the mean, or the what is other mean? Step right. And other is to go step by step. So in other words, it is to advance towards something to proceed toward something.
So what are the net ILA, we will advance towards? Meaning, if you look at the well, what does the well show that this is connected with the previous ayah
that when the angels will come, the criminals are caught, and the accountability has begun. Now, whatever deeds that these people have done, we are going to take them up for assessment. We're going to pay attention to them. We're going to consider them. ILA ma, ma amilo min Amelie, what does it show any deed that they have done? And in particular, over here, it refers to good deeds, because on the Day of Judgment, which deeds are really going to help a person the good deeds that he performed? Obviously, bad deeds are going to be a liability a detriment.
However, good deeds are going to be a source of benefit. But these people who do not look forward to the year after and make such demands that they want to see a lot they want to see the angels what's going to happen to their good deeds in America milou Minh Amelie any good deed big or small they have done. Allah says vajor Allahu. We are going to make it however a min surah as dust that is dispersed. All those big good deeds they had done,
what's going to happen to them, they're going to be turned into dust that is dispersed. How bad is from the reflectors habit well, and Hubba is used for fine dust particles.
What kind of dust very fine small tiny dust particles
that you can only see floating in the air.
Especially when there are sunlight. Like for example, a window is open and the sunlight is coming through. And in that light you can see specks of dust that are floating in the air.
Very, very tiny, can you try to collect them? No, if you do try to collect them or they have any weight, can you eat?
are they worth anything at all, nothing.
Similarly, the deeds of such people will be blown up into dust particles, dust particles that are tiny, like ashes, and they will be spread Matsuura montsouris on the roof letters noon, Sarah and NASA is to scatter something to disperse something.
What does it mean to scatter something, and you may have heard of nothing and share two types of column one is shared shared is poetry. And poetry is what set speech that is in order. That rhymes that's short, that the endings are the same, perhaps the beginnings are the same, the letters are the same. So this is what sure it's organized speech. And on the other hand, there is nothing and nothing is prose. Why because it is scattered speech. It's an ordinary form, it does not have any structure, it does not have any rhyme or nothing whatsoever.
So when So, one that is scattered one that cannot be collected, one that cannot be assigned any weight, any value whatsoever.
This is something very scary. That will Kadima Ella Amina, Amina, Amelie all their good deeds, they will be assessed, and what's going to happen to them, they'll be turning to dust. This is just like you're called by a teacher, and your call that come and submit your assignment. As you go submit your assignment, what happens? It is torn into shreds right before your eyes. What do you think at that time?
How would you feel that all your effort has been wasted?
It's an insult. Isn't it? Something that you tried so hard to do? You spend so much time you spent so much effort in order to do it. As soon as you presented what happens to it. It is stoning to shreds right before your eyes, it's just a way it's an insult. It's a source of great embarrassment, great embarrassment, ridicule, and absolute rejection. And in Estonia, what happens? You submit an assignment it's rejected, then you're given another chance, go and do it again. But in the hereafter when the deeds are turned into dust, when a person be given another chance that go and do this work again? No, no more chances. That's it. Time is up. So what does it show that if their good deeds are
wasted in this way? If they're turned to dust in this way, then what do they have left? Nothing. What do they deserve now? Only punishment? Because what is it that makes a person worthy of Paradise, it's the good deeds that he has done. So the good deeds are finished, then he has nothing to take him to Jenna, nothing to take him to paradise.
Now you see that the disbelievers even they perform many, many types of good deeds. Like for example, even today, people who are very charitable, people who help the poor and the needy, people who are great counselors, great psychologists, they want to help people, great doctors, who go and treat people for free, who sponsor students who provide free education, who provide a lot of social services, to help mankind to help people to help animals to help the environment. All of these are what good deeds.
But if a person does not perform those good deeds for the sake of Allah,
because what was mentioned at the beginning
of June alikhan.
If a person is not performing these deeds for the sake of Allah, he's not doing them in order to please Allah. Why would I give him reward for them?
They don't deserve any reward for such deeds. This is just like, if a person says, I'm studying very hard, and I am trying to cover all the curriculum that's going to be taught at a university. And then at the end, he goes and he studies independently, and then he goes and says, Give me the degree, will he be given? No.
Or a person says that my efforts should be acknowledged, just as the efforts of someone who goes to university are acknowledged, are they going to be acknowledged? No.
Because he did not do it for that purpose. He did not do it in the proper way.
Similarly, when a person does not perform good deeds for the sake of Allah to make his a hill, then they will not be assigned any weight on the Day of Judgment.
We see that the machine, they will do many, many types of good deeds.
Like for example, we see that they were very charitable, especially when it came to hosting guests, they're very, very hospitable. Like, for example, we learned that there were some tribes who would keep a fire lit all night long. Why?
So that if there were any travelers passing by, they will be able to spot the fire from a distance, and they will be able to come over there, they will be able to rest, eat, drink, replenish their supplies, and then continue the journey in the morning.
Just imagine, they would keep a fire lit all night long. And for that purpose, obviously, you need someone isn't it, you need someone to make sure the fire is on. And you need to burn wood, which was something very, very expensive, because they were living in a desert.
So imagine they would keep a fire lit all night long just to serve all travelers, just to help them for free.
Similarly, we see that the Michigan of Mecca and not just macabre Arabia, they were very, very careful about maintaining ties of kinship, blood ties, so that over him, they gave a lot of importance to maintaining good relationships. And we see that
he was the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he was not a Muslim. But still we see that he supported the Prophet civilize and why, because of the relationship that was between the two.
If your own cousin did something wrong, you would still support him. Why? Because he was your blood. He was your relative.
seminary, we see that they were very, very hospitable do the guests, especially the pilgrims, who would come the people who would come to perform Hajj Roma, they would serve them water, they would serve them food, a lot of things that would serve them why in order to make their journey make their trip a good one.
Similarly, we see that the most shocking they would also stand up for the rights of those who are weak and oppressed. You all have learned about the healthful food, the back that was made amongst the people, the leaders of Makkah, that they will stand up against injustice. That if any guest comes if any person comes to Makkah, if anyone is being oppressed, they will stand up in order to defend them.
So these are all various types of good deeds that these people used to perform. But what do we learn that because they did not have belief in the Hereafter, they did not perform these good deeds for the sake of Allah. their deeds will be turned into dust.
into little calf I 105 we learn Allah He can Latina cafaro big robbing him when he thought he for hubby thought Armada home fellow new Kamala whom Yokoyama it was
that those are the ones who disbelieve in the verses of their Lord and in their meeting him. So their deeds have become worthless, and we will not assign to them on the Day of Resurrection, any importance, any weight,
they will not carry any weight on the day of judgment because remember that the deeds are going to be weighed on the Day of Judgment.
One other thing Okay, is there going to be scaled on which deeds are going to be weighed? So their deeds when they're turning to dust, if you put them on the scale even what result is going to produce nothing.
So, what do we learn in this ayah
that if we are doing any good deed, any good deed, whether it is learning the Quran, or it is reciting the Quran, or it is praying Salah or it is giving sadaqa or it is volunteering somewhere or it is smiling at people wearing the hijab any kind of good deed we are doing.
What should be the intention behind it. It should be done to earn the pleasure of Allah.
It should be done in order to prepare your
because if that is not the intention, and the intention is just getting the praise of people, the intention is to just be acknowledged by others. The intention is just you know, out of goodwill, out of goodwill, you want to help someone it's not for the sake of Allah, then such deeds are not going to be appreciated on that day.
They're going to be wasted on that day.
Because for any D to be acceptable to be assigned any weight on the Day of Judgment, what are the conditions, it must be done first of all exclusively for the sake of them exclusively for
sake, which is why when a person shows off when a person does it, yeah, Allah does not accept those deeds.
And secondly, they should be done in a way that align His Messenger head.us that they approve off.
This is why innovations, even innovations, they will not bring any reward to a person and
what is an innovation? What is
that something that's not in the deen. It's not part of their religion. But people have invented those practices themselves.
There is no evidence, there is no basis. There's no evidence from their religion, people have just invented it.
So such deeds again, they will carry no weight on the Day of Judgment.
Do we have to be very careful, because many times we're doing things just in routine. Many things we're doing out of routine, and we don't think consciously as to why we are doing this.
Recently, there was a meeting that was held for the volunteers were going to be volunteering at the convocation. And repeatedly it was being mentioned that renew your intention. renew your intention, fix your intention, if it was something else before, now make it exclusively for the sake of Allah.
Because what's the point, a person puts so much effort, so many hours, so much energy, by the end of the day, he's exhausted, but because he hasn't done it for the sake of Allah. He hasn't done it again, either from Allah, he doesn't get any benefit out of it, no benefit. So we should be very, very careful that when we're putting in so much effort, when we're putting in so much time, we should make our effort worthwhile, that it's given its appointed some reward at the end.