Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Isra 11-22 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 16-19
What either or dinner. And when we intend and no Liga forgotten that we should destroy a people we should destroy a town meeting the people of that time
when Allah intense that people should be punished in this dunya what happens? A Marina Mata Rafi her we command its effluent once mutrah fee is actually moved rafina, Florida the word would throw off and motor off is little letters that are fair.
And at refer telephone is to live in luxury.
What does it mean? To live in luxury?
To be affluent? To have plenty
to live a life of ease, to live a life of comfort?
Do you have a lot of free time to indulge
in the pleasures of this world.
And especially, it's also used for someone who has a lot of authority as well.
Because many times what happens, people who have a lot, they don't get to enjoy
maintenance that happens with people who have a lot of money, they don't get the time to enjoy their wealth.
Or for example, if a person does have a lot of time to enjoy, then what happens he doesn't have much
or he doesn't have that authority.
So mutrah off are those who are enjoying the pleasures of this world.
So Allah subhanaw taala says that when people are to be destroyed, then what happens? It's affluent ones are ordered.
They are commanded.
They're commanded to do what
they are commanded by their messenger. Do obey Allah subhana wa Tada. Do refrain from disobedience.
So in other words, Allah subhanaw taala sends a messenger to the people in the previous eye. What did we learn? Womack would know more Divina. hattah never I thought Rasulullah so when the messenger is sent, he tells the people especially the mudra that they're to obey Allah and refrain from disobedience. But what happens? The affluent ones the elite, the mullet, do they listen? Do they comply? No further poofy hair, but they defiantly disobey in it in what in the Korea meaning they continue to disobey Allah soprano
and as a result what happens for healthcare la health Oh no. So the statement becomes deserving abundant. What statement the sentence of punishment
the Kadima either that is the people do not believe they will be punished
so as a result what happens further Monahan so we destroyed it the meal a complete destruction.
The mala Udemy looted me that mean brah we have done this word earlier as well,
basically is to destroy something completely by uprooting it by cutting it off from the root, and also to destroy something by demolishing by collapsing.
For the Murnaghan, that Mila we completely annihilate completely destroy the people.
Now in the previous ayah, a last point I mentioned that he would never punish a nation until he sends to them a messenger.
So what happened?
Allah subhanaw taala sent various messengers to various people.
But what have we seen, what has been the trend that every time a messenger went to people who oppose the messenger
it was leaders, it was the elite almelo the molap said, it was always the elite who oppose the messenger.
And if you think about it, the elite also they are responsible for the corruption of a society many times Why?
Because whatever the elite does, the rest of the people that blindly follow them,
isn't it. If they are doing something, the rest of the people will do that. whatever they're eating, the rest of the people will eat that however they're dressing up, the rest of the people will dress up in the same way.
Whatever they do, the rest of the people follow them.
From the time of new hologram up until today, what has been the case that the elite, the cream of the society, the rich, the affluent ones, the people with authority, they have resisted the call of the messenger
and they have opposed the messenger
What's the reason behind that? It's their arrogance. It's their, it's their pride, because they think that if they follow the messenger, they're going to lose their authority. And if you look at the word motor off has been used because motor off is one was busy enjoying the pleasures, he is indulged in them. And he knows that if you listen to the messenger, what's going to happen he will not be able to enjoy as much anymore.
Because the messenger is saying, don't eat around. Don't commit Hara. If I don't do that, what else is there to enjoy.
So this is why such people have always opposed the messenger.
But what happens when they continue in their defiance, in their rejection, in their opposition, in their injustice, then what happens the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala descends upon them. And the nothing of them remains, but I'm telling you,
if you look at the word, a Motorola Moto raffia, this has been understood, in many ways.
A moto now first of all, as I mentioned to you is from command, so we commanded them. Secondly, it has been said that the word amona is from MRI, which also means to increase something, to multiply something
amount to shape our mo to meaning kosaku. I made it abundant, I increased it. So among them atrophy, what does it mean, we increased the blessings, we increased the enjoyment, we increase their pleasures for them.
And when they were increased, they further indulged in
and they resisted the messenger even more, they oppose the messenger even more
AMOLED. Now with raffia, we increase them in their numbers, we increase them in their pleasures in their blessings.
Thirdly, the word among them has also been understood as a mama, which is from the work that means and that means is to give homage to someone
to give authority to someone. So among them with raffia, meaning we give inara we give leadership and authority to who to its affluent once
they are given the authority they become the mother. And when they become like that, what happens for foster hufa they continue to commit Fiske in their cities, and then what happens the punishment of a loss penalty descends upon them.
So what lesson can we extract from this if for ourselves?
If you connect this with the previous ayah, in the previous if recibe was mentioned, actions are mentioned.
And many times a person does wrong actions. Why? Because he is busy enjoying this dunya isn't it? Because he's enjoying one thing after the other.
Like, for example, he's enjoying the food so much he doesn't want to fast.
He is enjoying his money so much. Every weekend, he goes shopping. Every other day, he buys something, he goes somewhere. He doesn't want to save to go for Hajj.
He's busy watching one thing after the other when he's praying he cannot have for sure. So what prevents us from excelling in our good deeds improving in our good deeds. It's the enjoyment of the pleasures of dystonia.
But we see that this is a fitna, this is a trial. This is a temptation.
Because when people are increased in their pleasures in their enjoyments, then what is that? That is rescued from a loss parameter.
That's a fitna, that's a big test.
Because when a person continues to indulge in them, then sooner or later, the punishment comes. So we need to be very careful that when a Lost Planet Allah has given us the blessings of this world, where are they taking us? Are they taking us closer to Allah? Or are they taking us farther away from
if they're taking us farther away from Allah, then that is a warning sign.
There's a big problem.
Exactly. Many times it happens that when a person is given the enjoyment of this world, the blessings of this world he forgets the higher purpose he forgets the dean, he forgets his after. So in this is a warning that when you are enjoying the blessings, don't forget the AHA because if you do so, then
the consequences are very serious.
That if a person has been given authority or a person has been given something because of which other people look up to him, then he needs to be extremely careful
We'll follow him blindly.
Like, for example, if a person is the eldest sibling, then what's going to happen, other siblings are going to follow, right? Whatever you listen to, they're going to listen to whatever you watch, they're going to watch, however you dress up, they're going to dress up. Isn't it's a similarity. If a person has been given a lot of wealth by a lot of panel data, then you should be very careful.
Why? Because other people are going to want to emulate him in whatever he does, whatever he's wearing, whatever he's saying, wherever he's going, other people are going to want to follow him. So it's a good test.
Exactly, sometimes worldly success of a person blinds him. And he thinks that because he is successful, whatever he is doing must be right. Which is why he continues to do whatever he's doing for physical fear.
Welcome alakina and how many we have destroyed mineral Cooney after generations, meaning so many generations we have destroyed. Member the new afternoon an excellent worker, fabulous, bigger and sufficient is your Lord be the Newberry vida, he would send off his slaves hobby run as one who is aware Basilan as one who is seen,
meaning Allah is sufficient as hobbies and proceed of the sins of his servants. He knows very well, and he sees them as well. He is fully acquainted of their actions, and he sees them perform those actions as well. So none of their actions are hidden from him.
In this ayah is a warning that so many people have been destroyed before for their wrongdoing.
Even our best for the Darren who said that between them and no artisanal there were 10 generations between Adam and knew how many were there 10 generations, during all of which people were upon Islam.
They were upon the religion of though hate.
Yes, there were some things, perhaps a major as well like murder.
Other Madison's own son, he committed murder. There were sense. However, people were still upon the religion of the hate.
But at the time of new Hadassah people had fallen into shark. And since the time of new aerosol, this chain continued,
that every now and then, ship was completely finished. However, people started again, people started again. And this continues still today.
And this chain has not stopped that people were upon guidance. But then, after some time, corruption began and it continued one generation after the other.
And when this corruption, it became rampant. It became very common that what happened Allah subhanaw taala descended his punishment upon the people.
So so many nations were destroyed after New Hardison. in Surat Ibrahim is number nine we learn elemi decode, never Latina man kobelco poblenou handwired in water mood, one Latina member the hidden layer on the moon Illa Allah, so many nations were destroyed.
people whom you don't even know about, some nations we know of and others we have no idea about.
Waka fabula becoming an OBE by the hubiera embassy Allah, Allah sufficient, as one who is aware, none of their crimes are hidden from him.
The people may be unknown to others, their crimes may be unknown to others, but alas, penetrated is fully aware.
He is fully aware.
And if you look at the end of the ayah, alive, sufficient as one who is aware and one who has seen many times what happens that a person is doing something and other people are completely unaware of it.
A person is performing an action. He has a completely different near in his heart. Other people think he has a very good near because they're judging him based on his outward who knows about his real near a las panatela who knows about his true side, a loss of panel data, who knows about his other side a loss of data. So at the end of the day, a person should be fearful of Allah, I might be able to hide from people, but I cannot hide from a loss prenton wildermuth anila uronema Murphy and forsaken father who sort of vaca to 35 that know that Allah knows what is within yourself, so be aware of him, fear him.
Then there is a warning that is given to us. Man, can you read it later? Whoever should desire the immediate
whoever desires larger and larger that is from the newsletters I in Joomla.
And what is urgent I mean what can
In sino our jeweler haste to desire something before it's due time.
So Allah Angela means Adele Angela,
that is a larger the immediate home the immediate result. And what is that? The dunya
dunya is a place of work and Africa is a place of reward and Recompense.
But there is a person who wants his reward and recompense before before the time is due. So where does he want it? In this
whoever desires Allah, Allah, whoever desires, that he should be given reward in this dunya.
So, in other words, he is working for the sake of the NEA.
He does whatever he does, so that he can attain benefits were in this life of his, he doesn't want the reward in the asset, he wants the reward where now,
so, what happens to this person, our agenda we hasten, meaning we give him quickly Lahu to him to who to this person who desires a dunya where fee her in it, meaning we give him the reward where
in the dunya
but what do we give him?
Manisha whatever we will, he doesn't get everything that he wants, he gets what, what Allah wants for him
because many times people work this drive to earn, Sonia.
They spend day in and day out, working to make more money working to be successful in their worldly career. But are they successful completely? No. Do they become a billionaire? No, they don't. They're still struggling.
So a person gets in this dunya only what Allah has destined for him, Manisha
and for who Lima ludie do for whoever that we want.
Meaning every person who desires dunya
will not necessarily get his reward in the dunya
it's only those who Allah wants to give he gives to those on the
So in other words, a person who strives to gain the near
his reward is not guaranteed
his recompense his reward is not guaranteed. Because it's up to Allah to give him whatever he wants.
So much Your Honor, then we have made low for him for who for this person who desires the dunya What have we made for him jahannam A Hellfire yes Lucha he will burn in it.
movement. One blame mother hula one rejected
meaning in the hereafter he will get nothing. He will get no reward, he will only have punishment for him in the hereafter.
Moon from the Ruth address that may mean from the word them
and them is to blame someone. Basically it is to reveal someone's reveal to expose someone's faults
and motherhood. motherhood is a little fetters del Hara. And the hood is to drive someone away to chase someone away. Someone who's one who is banished one who is driven away from what from the mercy of
so much movement, one who is blamed, condemned for his wrong actions for his
worldly desires, and Madhu one who is
then driven away from the mercy of a loss of friends.
What do we learn from this is
that a person who wants the recompense for his deeds in the dunya his recompense in the dunya is not guaranteed.
However, what is guaranteed for him is that in the Hereafter, he will have nothing.
He will get no reward, he will get no benefits in the hereafter. The only thing that is prepared for him in the Hereafter is what? It'll fire.
Because whatever he did, has been consumed, it's finished. So he has nothing that is worth taking him to paradise. Therefore he will end up in the hellfire.
We see that every person
every person who is doing something, he expects some kind of recompense in return.
Isn't it like for example,
If you smile at someone, you do expect that perhaps the other will smile.
Or you think that it's a good deed, it's on its own.
Or you think that perhaps they will think positively about me. Any action that you do, there is always a need behind it. There's always some intention behind it.
There is always some reason behind it, there is always something that a person expects as a result of it.
Now, there are two ways of performing actions. One is that a person works. A person does something a person says something, do get the benefit immediately in dystonia
to get some worldly recompense,
like for example, he smiles so that he can attract people he smiles so that he can influence people. He smiles so that people just think positively about him.
This is what a worldly benefit.
Another is that a person does something to get reward from Allah serpentine.
Do secure some has an ad for himself for the Day of Judgment,
let's say at the same action of smiling,
that a person smiles, why, so that he can leave a good impression on the other, so that he can give that What
do you understand,
so that he can make the other person think positively about him, so that he can come and speak to him and he will tell him something about the dean.
He smiled suddenly, because it says when
he smiles to give sadaqa this is what he is doing a very tiny action for what for the hereafter.
And we see that the results of these actions are different.
Apparently the action is the same, but because the intention is different. Therefore the result will also be different.
The one who wants only the dunya what's going to happen?
Perhaps he will get the reward how he smiled at the other person, the other person smiles back, okay.
One is, he smiles, the other person does not even smile back. The smile back is not guaranteed, isn't it? So,
the person who is smiling for the sake of the Hereafter, okay, if the other person does not even smile back at him, at least he knows that he tried at least he will be given a good deed for the effort that he put, isn't it so.
So what is better?
What is better doing something for the hereafter
doing something for the sake of Allah. Because if you do something for the dunya the results are not guaranteed.
And if you do something for dunya, you will not be happy, you will be disappointed. Your actions they will dwindle away very quickly.
You will not be able to continue them for long. Because you smile at someone they don't smile back. You say I'm never smiling at them again.
But if you smile at someone for the sake of Allah soprano, dada, even if they don't smile, what are you gonna do? You're gonna smile again. See the difference. So, a person who works for dunya his actions do not have sabbats they will not be constant. He will not be able to continue them for a long time. And he will not even get the reward for it. But a person who does something for the hereafter he will continue to do it.
Woman odle Asada and whoever intends for the hereafter.
What's our Allah Hi sir, yeah, and he exerts the effort that is due to it will who are moving on while he is a believer
for una ecocamp canister you homeschooler then it is those whose effort is ever appreciated by our last presenter
and other behaviors mentioned
that a person who intends the hereafter whatever actions he does, what does he want in result of them the benefit of the hereafter
but it's not just that he desires the hereafter because desiring alone is not sufficient. Do things have been mentioned along with the desire
and what is that first of all wasana has Surya Sara from newsletters senior is sorry, and sorry is to put an effort to do something. It literally means to walk fast and from the sitter's to exert one's effort to do something to accomplish something.
So this person he is striving Lucha for it meaning for the hereafter. How is he striving sir Yeah, what is striving meaning the striving that is necessary. The
effort that is required, the striving that is do without which you cannot get reward in the hereafter.
So what does it mean by that?
That first of all, his Nia is for the sake of the athleta. Secondly, he has a class as well, sincerity as well because I let her not for the sake of dunya but for the sake of Allah, number of acres meaning of if the sauce that he doesn't, specifically for the sake of the Hereafter, he has sincerity as well.
And then thirdly, he does those actions which are necessary.
And this is with regards to quality as well as quantity
in both ways, in terms of quality as well as quantity,
that for the hereafter to get reward in the hereafter your actions need to meet a certain quality requirement. If they don't meet that requirement, they're not going to make it to the hereafter.
If a person does not do it with his loss, is it worth anything?
If a person does it to show off, and at the same time, he says, I also want to reward in the hereafter isn't worth anything? No.
Similarly, if a person does not bring your son to his actions, he does not do it according to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu seldom are they worth anything. No, like, for example, if a person is praying 100 nothing.
Okay. However, he is not praying properly. Let's say a woman is praying 100 never without the headscarf without covering her head. Is it worth anything? No.
So the quality has to be up to the standard as well.
And in the quantity
like for example, Salah if a person says I'm going to be three salads a day, not five, only three, and I'm going to have a lot of pressure in and I'm going to recite a lot of Quran is that enough?
It's not five times $5 aren't necessary.
What's our Allah has Surya the necessary effort,
the effort that is due
that is what is required and when a person does that, then he will get your word in the hereafter.
one more condition and what does that mean? And he should also be a believer because without a man deeds are not acceptable.
So such people Allah says for Allah Eco, then those can assert you whom they're sorry is their striving is their effort will be much cooler one that is appreciated.
appreciated by who
Allah soprano Darla Moscow does from sugar and sugar is literally gratitude. But remember that sugar from Allah subhanaw taala does not mean that Allah will be very grateful for your actions, what does it mean? That he will be appreciated? That he will reward them? He will praise them.
So sugar from Allah means what does it mean?
appreciation? Praise reward.
So if a person wants to hear after if a person wants to reward in the afternoon, what does it need to do?
What do we learn from this guy? What does he need to do? He needs to stay dry.
He needs to do sorry. If you notice that Armand has not been mentioned, Farrell has not been mentioned what has been mentioned? Sorry.
Because you need to put an effort.
If you want something in this dunya Don't you need to put an effort.
The higher your goal, the more effort you need to put Like for example, if a person wants to become a doctor, in this dunya
What does it need to do, he needs to put in a lot of effort. He needs to spend years and years studying, taking one exam after the other spending one year after the other working, why?
To be able to qualify as a successful doctor, as a good doctor as a specialist. The higher your goal is, the more effort you have to put in. And the lower your goal is, the less effort you have to put in
the Hereafter is very high. The goal of the Hereafter is a very high goal. And you need to put in a lot of effort. You cannot just make do with a little bit of effort. No, you have to put an effort you have to do sorry.
You have to endeavor, you have to physically undergo some hardship, because only then you'll be able to achieve the hereafter.
And if a person is putting in a lot of effort, but if the effort is not proper, is that effort worth anything? No. It must be the necessary effort.
The right effort, the
Correct effort. Like for example, if a person wants to become a doctor,
he wants to become a child specialist. But he's reading books on bonds, for example, is it going to help him a little bit perhaps, but not entirely.
When he goes to take a certification, when he goes to get to take his exams, he will not be able to pass them, because he has not studied that material. He is not prepared for that material.
Similarly, for the Hereafter, you have to put in the correct effort.
A person cannot just say, Oh, I really want to get reward in the hereafter. And he's doing one thing after the other without thinking that what is it that Allah subhanaw taala requires from us?
If you look at it, one way is of wanting the Arjuna being extremely arduous,
being very hasty, wanting benefits immediately now in the dunya.
And the other is that a person does sorry.
He's putting in effort. He's working,
working and working constantly.
And when a person is working like that, what does he think what is it that motivates him that I will get my reward later, it's only delayed gratification that can enable you to continue working.
I remember watching a psychology video. And it was an experiment that was done on like, I think, five year old children. And it's called the marshmallow test, if anyone's familiar with it. And so what they did was there was a child. And they placed him in a room by himself. And they put one marshmallow in front of him and they said, Now here's a marshmallow and you have two minutes, okay, you can eat it. Or if you wait and don't eat the marshmallow in two minutes, it will give you another marshmallow. Then they saw that, okay, who eats the marshmallow and who doesn't. So you were looking at the video. And there were some children who were like playing with it, and they did
everything they could not to eat the marshmallow, and some actually ate it. And then they followed up those same children years later, to see which children the ones who were more patient or those who weren't, which ones were more successful. And they found that the ones who waited were the ones with the better grades and they had better relationships with their families and their friends and they were more outgoing and confident. So, there really is a difference between being patient and waiting for the better reward or not exactly, that a person wants immediate gratification immediate results, immediate benefit, he cannot have any sort of and in the long run, he cannot do actions
that are worth anything. And a person who can delay only He can do sorry.
If you look sila has Surya when you're striving when you're putting in effort, you're always putting in effort towards a particular goal, isn't it? So what does it show to us that in our lives, we must set certain goals.
We cannot live our lives without setting any goals thinking this I will do that whenever I get the time inshallah later,
we have to set goals we have to have certain targets, because only when we have them, then we can do sorry, because time will go away.
So to summarize these two,
there are two ways of living in dystonia. One is that a person desires atonia. And the other is that a person desires the hereafter.
If a person desires at the near, results are not guaranteed, but what is guaranteed is punishment in the hereafter.
And if a person desires the Hereafter, then he has to put in the necessary effort. And he has to do it with him and then he will get reward in the hereafter. So we see that living in this dunya is a need. Right? You're here. You have to eat, you have to drink you have to do the things that you do. It's a neat, it's a necessity. You can't cut yourself off from the basic things. You can't cut yourself off from living properly. Why? Because you're here.
However, a person must set the SS go not to donia
if you think about it, people plan for years and years. If I want to buy this house, this much mortgage it will take me 25 years to pay off this house. They make a 25 year plan to get a house interview.
And we think getting house in the year after does not require any planning
any effort. People get so old but still they're working double shifts. Sometimes they don't take any breaks. Why? Because they have to pay off their house and lunia within the house of the Hereafter is cheaper than that, that we don't need to do anything. We don't need to work full time. We can get by with a part time work. No, it's much higher.
When we think about even just getting a little bit of dunya then it moves our concentration of our goal and also we learned in the previous class, like how we should put our full concentration on the Quran and Sunnah because Or else, if we do fall for one distraction, then eventually you're just gonna fall off completely Exactly. And this is why there must be a class if a person does something for a loss of personal data and for others and Allah does not accept such actions, because Allah is ready. He only accepts that which is done exclusively for him.